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The History

of
Technology

Computer Generations

First Generation: Vacuum Tubes


Second Generation Transistors
Third Generation Integrated Circuits
Fourth Generation Microprocessors
Fifth Generation Artificial Intelligence

8,500 BC
Scientists find an early form of computers:
a bone carved with prime numbers.

1000 BC and 500 BC


The abacus was the
next computing
device that consisted
of a series of
moveable beads or
rocks.

1632
Before we had
calculators we had
slide rules.
In 1632, the circular
and rectangular
sliderule was
invented by W.
Oughtred

1642
Blaise Pascal
invented the adding
machine, France.

1822
Charles Babbage, a
mathematician,
proposed the
construction of a
machine that he
called the Babbage
Difference Machine.

1835
Charles Babbage
creates the Babbage
Analytical Engine.

1943
COLOSSUS the first
programmable computer
created by Alan Turing,
England.

1946
ENIAC first
electronic
computer, USA.

John Mauchly and John


Presper Eckert
developed the ENIAC I
(Electrical Numerical
Integrator And
Calculator). The
American military
sponsored their
research; the army
needed a computer for
calculating artilleryfiring tables, the
settings used for
different weapons
under varied conditions
for target accuracy.

1951
UNIVAC first commercial
computer. The U. S.
government were the first
to use the UNIVAC. The
second was Prudential
Insurance

1961
First interactive
computer game
created.

The game was called Spacewar it


was the basis for all the
"intergalactic shoot'em up" games
to this day.

1966

First handheld pocket calculator was


invented by Texas Instruments, Inc.
Results of the calculations appeared on
paper tape, and not on a screen.

1969
ARPANET was the

first wide area packet


switching network,
the "Eve" network of
what has evolved
into the Internet we
know and love today.
It connected four
universities.

1971
E-mail was
invented by
Ray Tomlinson.

Intel creates
the first
microprocessor.

1975

1976

Microsoft is formed.

Apple Computers is
founded.

1978
5.25 floppy disks
first used.

1981
First personal
computer sold.

The IBM PC was


introduced in 1981. It was
perhaps the first to wear
the "PC" label, but that
was IBM's only
innovation. They sure
sold a bunch of them,
though.

1982
Personal computer.
Man of the Year

1982
CDs and players
introduced in Japan

TCP/IP, Internet
language is
developed.

1985
Symbolics.com is the
first registered
domain name.

1987
3.5 disk becomes
standard in all PCs.

1988 The first

computer virus.

1991 The World


Wide Web is
released.

1993 First graphicsbased Web browser

1995 Dial-up
service offered for
home use.

1994 First online


pizza order.

1995 Toy Story 100%


computer animated movie

1998
Audience judges
ice skating online

1999

Online
banking becomes
available.

1999 - History of Napster

2003

The history of Myspace isnt a long one, since the


Web site has only been around for a few years.
Myspace.com is a social networking site, intended
to bring various users together for personal and
professional interaction.
It began in 2003 and has since grown to become
one of the most popular Web sites in the world.
It currently boasts over 80 million users and is
only gaining in its momentum.
Tom Anderson is the founder of Myspace.

2004

In February 2004 Mark


Zuckerberg launched

"The facebook"

The name taken from the


sheets of paper
distributed to freshmen,
profiling students and
staff.
Within 24 hours, 1,200
Harvard students had
signed up
After one month, over
half of the undergraduate
population had a profile.

2005 YouTube is created.

What will be the next great


invention with computers???