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Create Borders

By default, Excel applies a -pt. black solid line border around all table cells. Use the Borders
toolbar button to change the borders of table cells. You can select borders before you draw new
cells or apply them to selected cells.

Follow the steps below to Apply a Border.


Complete Steps A-F. Steps AB are shown below. Steps CF are shown on the following pages.
From the Formatting toolbar,
click the Borders button dropdown arrow to access the
Draw Borders toolbar.

Click the Draw Borders


toolbar.

The Draw Borders toolbar displays after


Step B.

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Click the Font drop-down arrow to


display the different styles and
thicknesses of lines.

Choose the line style you desire.


Click on the Erase button and the Line
Color button to turn on and off (like you
would a light switch).

From the Borders toolbar, click


the Erase button, then click the
line(s) you wish to delete.

From the Borders toolbar, click


the Line Color button, then choose
the colors(s) you desire.

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Delete a Border
The Draw Borders toolbar also contains the erase borders button. There are times you will want to
change the border styles or completely delete a border.

Follow the steps below to Delete a Border.

Complete Steps AC as shown below.

Highlight the table of cells that


have a border.

In the Formatting
toolbar, click the
Borders drop-down
arrow.

Choose the of the Erase option.

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Merge & Center Cells


The Merge and Center button is used to center information across a select range of cells. Typically,
the Merge and Center button is used to center the title on a worksheet.

Follow the steps below to Merge and Center Cells.


Complete Steps A-B as shown below.

Drag across the cell with


entry and adjacent cells
to select them.

From the Formatting toolbar, click


the Merge & Center button.

To unmerge the cells (and create


separate cells again), click the Merge &
Center button on the Formatting toolbar
to turn it off.

Data is centered within the selected range. You can also left-or
right-align data within the merged cell by clicking the Align Left or
Align Right buttons on the Formatting toolbar.

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Wrap Text
If you want text to appear on multiple lines in a cell, you can format the cell so that text wraps
automatically or you can enter a manual line break.

Follow the steps below to Text Wrap.


Complete Steps A-E. Steps AB are shown below. Steps CE are shown on the following pages.

Select text to appear on


multiple lines in a cell.

From the Format menu, choose Cells.

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In the Format Cells dialog box,


click the Alignment tab.

Under the Text control, click


Wrap text.

Click OK.

Note the result of


Wrap text.

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Vertical Text
Many times the label at the top of a column is much wider than the data stored in it. You can use the
Wrap text option (Format menu > Cells command > Alignment tab) to make a multiple-word label
narrower, but sometimes that's not enough. Vertical text is an option, but it can be difficult to read
and takes a lot of vertical space. You may want to try using rotated text and cell borders instead, as
shown in the following picture.

Follow the steps below to create Vertical Text.


Complete Steps AE. Steps AB are shown below. Steps CE are shown on the following pages.
Highlight text.

From the Format menu, choose


Cells.

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In the Format Cells dialog


box, click the Alignment
tab.

Under Orientation,
choose the degree of
orientation.

Click OK.

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Resize Columns
There are two ways to resize a column. To resize or change the width of a column, you can use the
Mouse or the Menu. On a worksheet, you can specify a column width of 0 (zero) to 255. This value
represents the number of characters that can be displayed in a cell that is formatted with the
standard font.
The standard font is the default text font for worksheets. The standard font determines the default
font for the Normal cell style. If the column width is set to 0, the column is hidden.

Follow the step below to Resize Columns Using the Mouse.

Complete Step A as shown below.

Position the cursor on the line


that separates Column A from
Column B, and then double
click.

You can also click and drag with the


mouse to customize the size of the
column.
Note the cell A1 cannot accommodate
the large of alpha data, and there is a
need to resize the cell.

The display in Cells A2 and A3 indicate there is more


numeric data than the cell can accommodate and the
cells should be resized.

Note the display after the


column width has been
resized.

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Part IV:
Saving Money and
Working Smart

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Cumulative Fall and Spring Grade Point


Averages Using the Average Function
A formula is a worksheet instruction that performs a calculation. The Average Function is used to find
the Fall and Spring grade point averages. The Average Function adds the grades in the Fall or Spring
grading period and divides by the number of grading periods.

Follow the steps below to find the Cumulative Fall and Spring Grade Point Averages.
Complete Steps AI. Steps AD are shown below. Steps EJ are shown on the following pages.

Click the Function (fx) button.


Click in the cell where the
Average formula will display. In
this example Cell G1.

Select the Average function


from the Insert Function dialog
box.

Click OK.

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Click and drag to


highlight the cells that
need to be averaged. In
this example click on
Cells D1 F1.

Note the Average formula displays in


both Cell G1 and the Functions
Arguments Average Number1.

Click on the blue


Function Arguments
title bar and drag the
Function Arguments
dialog box down so that
you can access the data
that needs to be
averaged.

The colon (:) represents through.


For example D1:F1 means Cells D1
through F1 are highlighted.

Click OK or press Enter.

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Important: It is important that the formula is always placed in the FIRST ROW in order to copy the
formula to all the cells in the desired column. Do not be alarmed that Cell G1 appears to have an error
message, #DIV/0!, displayed. This message occurs because the Header Rows that contain both alpha
and numeric information have been averaged.

Highlight Column G by
clicking on G.

Click EDIT > FILL > DOWN to


copy the Average formula to
all the cells in Column G.

Do not be alarmed that Cell G1


appears to have an error message
(#DIV/0!) displayed. This message
occurs because the Header Rows that
contain both alpha and numeric
information have been averaged.

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Delete the #DIV/0! message in Cell G1


and type in the appropriate Header Row
title. For example Fall Cumulative
GPAs.

Note that all of the formulas have


been successfully copied to all of the
cells in Column G.

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Sort Alpha Data


Rows can be sorted according to the data in any column. For example, in a table of names and
addresses, rows can be sorted alphabetically by name or by city. Excel rearranges the rows in the
table but does not rearrange the columns. You can sort text in Ascending order (A-Z) or Descending
order (Z-A).

Follow the steps below to Sort Alpha Data.

Complete Steps AD. AC are shown below. Step D is shown on the following page.

From the Data menu,


choose Sort.

Click Continue with


the current
selection.

Click Sort.

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Column A is the column you wish


to sort by.

Click OK.

The column will sort according to


the first name that appears in the
cell.

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Sort Numeric Data


You can sort numeric data in Ascending order (1-100) or Descending order (100-1).

Follow the steps below to Sort Numeric Data.

Complete Steps A-D. Steps AC are shown below. Step D is shown on the following page.

From the Data menu


item, choose Sort.

B
Click Continue with the
current selection.

Click Sort.

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Column C, the column you wish to


sort by, is displayed here.

Click OK.

The Numeric Sort is


completed, and Column C
displays the numeric data in
Ascending order.

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Insert Date at the Top of Worksheet


When you want to repeat the same information at the top of each page, create a header. You can
select a pre-designed header from those listed, or create customized ones. A customized header is
separated into three sections: Left (text is left aligned), Center (text is center aligned), and Right
(text is right aligned).
Flip open a novel and look at the facing pages. Most likely, at the top of one page you'll see the
author's name and at the top of the other page you'll see the book title. At the bottom will be
consecutive page numbers. These details are in the document's headers and footers.
Headers and footers in Excel have many benefits, one of the major ones being automatic
renumbering of pages if you add or delete content in your document.

Follow the steps below to create a Header.

Complete Steps AF. Step A is shown below. Steps BF are shown on the following pages.

From the File menu, choose


Page Setup.

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B
From the Page Setup dialog
box, click the Header/Footer
tab.

In the Header/Footer tab, click


Custom Header.

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In the Custom Header dialog


box, choose the Left section
and click the Date button.

You also have the option to


position the date at the Center
section or Right section.

In the Header/Footer tab, the


Header displays the date.

Click Print Preview.

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Print Preview displays the


header on the worksheet.

Click Print.

Note all the options in Print


Preview: Zoom, Print, Setup,
Margins, Page Break Preview,
Close and Help.

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Insert Page Number at the Bottom Page


When you want to repeat the same information at the bottom of each page, create a footer. You
can select a pre-designed header from those listed or create customized ones. A customized header
is separated into three sections: Left (text is left aligned), Center (text is center aligned), and Right
(text is right aligned).

Follow the steps below to create a Footer.

Complete Steps AH. Step A is shown below. Steps BH are shown on the following pages.

From the File


menu, choose Page
Setup.

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In the Page Setup dialog box,


click the Header/Footer tab.

Click the Custom


Footer button.

Click OK.

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In the Footer dialog box,


click in the Left section
and choose the Page
button.

You can choose other buttons


(date, time, file path, filename, or
tab name), or to locate the data in
the Center section or Right
section.

Click OK.

Click Print Preview.

In the Header/Footer
tab of the Page Setup
dialog box, the Footer
displays the Footer page
number (1).

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Click Print.

Note all the options in Print


Preview: Zoom, Print, Setup,
Margins, Page Break Preview,
Close and Help.

Print Preview displays the Footer page


number at the bottom of this page.

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Print the Top Row on Each Page


It is important to have the labels for the worksheet to carry over to other worksheets so that the
data makes sense.

Follow the steps below to Print To the Top Row on Each Page.

Complete Steps AF. Step A is shown below. Steps BF are shown on the following pages.

From the File menu,


choose Page Setup.

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In Print titles, click Rows to


repeat at top.

In the Page Setup dialog box,


click the Sheet tab.

Click the row you choose to


print on the top of each page
and press the Enter key.

Note the Page Setup Rows to repeat at top toolbar


displays after clicking the row to appear at the top of
each page.

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Click OK.

From the File


menu, click
Print Preview.

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Page 1

Page 2

The Print Preview displays the Column


Headings on all pages after completing Steps
AF.

The Print Preview displays the Column


Headings on all pages after completing Steps
AF.

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From the PageSetup dialog


box, click Page tab.

In the Page tab, click the


Landscape Orientation.

In the Page tab, click Print


Preview.

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In the Print Preview, you have the following options: see the next page
of the worksheet (Next), enlarge the view of the worksheet (Zoom),
Print, access Page Setup (Setup), change margins (Margins), adjust
where the page breaks are by clicking and dragging with your mouse
(Page Break Preview), Close, or Help.

Portrait
Orientation
(vertical) printout.

Click Print.

Landscape
Orientation
(horizontal)
printout.

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Print the Worksheet on One Page


Overview: To scale data, reduce or enlarge information, use the Adjust to % normal size option on
the Page Setup dialog box from the Page Setup or Print Preview commands on the File menu. Use
the Fit to pages option to compress worksheet data to fill a specific number of pages.

Follow the steps below to Reduce Data To One Page.

Complete Steps AE. Step A is shown below. Steps BE are on the following pages.

From the File menu, choose


Page Setup.

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In the Page Setup dialog box,


click the Page tab.

You may also want to change the page


Orientation from Portrait (vertical) to
Landscape (horizontal).

In the Scaling option, Adjust to


50%, rather than the default
100% normal size setting.

50

Click Print Preview.

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Before scaling the data, only Columns A-G


would fit on a page.

After reducing the data, there are more


columns included on the worksheet
printout (Columns A-N)

Click Print.

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Preview Worksheet Without Printing


Why use Print Preview before printing my worksheet? Print Preview permits you to view the output
before you print, and the use of this feature will save ink and paper.

Follow the step below to Preview You Worksheet(s).

Complete Step A as shown below.

In the Formatting toolbar,


click the Print Preview
button.

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In the Print Preview, you have the following options: see the next
page of the worksheet (Next), enlarge the view of the worksheet
(Zoom), Print, access Page Setup (Setup), change margins (Margins),
adjust where the page breaks are by clicking and dragging with your
mouse (Page Break Preview), Close, or Help.

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