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TERM TABLE

TERM

DEFINITION In Your Own Words!!!

1. Computer

An electronic device used for storing and


processing data according to a certain
program.

2. Desktop

The primary display screen of a computer, on


which icons represent various files that can
be moved.

3. Icon

A small picture on a computer screen that


represents a program, file or function.

4. Shortcut

An icon or link that points to a program or file


data and acts as a quicker way to access the
file.

5. Taskbar

A row of buttons or controls on a computer


screen that represent open programs, from
which the user can easily switch back and
forth and multitask.

6. Wallpaper

A pattern or picture used to represent the


desktop surface of a computer.

7. Hardware

The collection of physical parts of a


computer.

8. Software

A term to describe organized collections of


computer data and instructions. Anything
that can be electronically stored.

9. CPU

(Central Processing Unit) The brain of a


computer, which does all the calculations.

10.

Modem

A program or device that allows a computer


to transfer data, such as a telephone or cable
line.

11.

Peripheral

A device that connects or attaches to a


computer to improve functionality.

12.

Input Device

A peripheral used to provide data and control


signals to a computer.

13.

Output Device

A device that transfers or sends data from a

computer to another device.


14.

CD-RW

(Compact Disc-ReWriteable) A blank compact


disc that can be repeatedly recorded and
erased.

15.

DVD-R

(Digital Versatile Disc-Recordable) A blank


DVD on which data can be permanently
recorded.

16.

Byte

A unit of digital information that commonly


consists of eight digits/bits.

17.

RAM

(random access memory ) A hardware device


that allows information to be stored and
retrieved on a computer; a computer
memory that can be accessed randomly.

18.

ROM

(read-only memory) A built in computer


memory containing data that can only be
read and not written into.

19.

Word Processor

A program or device that is able to store,


edit, format, and print documents.

20.

Formatting

Customizing the appearance of a


presentation.

21.

Title bar

A horizontal bar at the top of a window or


document that contains the name of the file.

22.

Menu Bar

A horizontal bar that appears at the top of a


document, just below the title bar,
associating with different pull down menus.

23.

Font

A combination of typefaces and other


features, such as size, spacing, etc. The font
alters the way text looks.

24.
Portrait
Orientation

A vertical placement of a paper that is taller


than it is wide.

25.
Landscape
Orientation

A horizontal placement of a paper that is


wider than it is tall.

26.

Margins

The edges, rims or borders of something.

27.

Indent

Space that is created by placing the first


word of the text further from the margins.

28.

Bullets

A small symbol written just before a line of


type, such as items in a list, to put more
emphasis.

29.

Columns

A vertical division of a page or text.

30.

Justify

The alignment of the text; describes how text


is aligned.

31.

Alignment

Arrangement in a straight line or in an


appropriate relative position.

32.
Desktop
Publishing

A system that permits the computer to


create high quality printed documents by
using various typefaces, variety of
margins and justifications, and add
illustrations or graphs directly into the text in
order to display visuals of information and
ideas.

33.

Graphics

Any computer device or program that


enables the computer to display and
manipulate images. The term can also refer
to the image itself.

34.

Design Elements

The use of colour, space, texture, and other


parts in an artistic presentation.

35.

Text Box

A rectangular box in which one can type and


enter various graphics, also known as text
field.

36.

Text Art

Art that has a central communicative idea


with use of text as the primary component.

37.

Spreadsheet

A spreadsheet is a document that is arranged


in rows and columns like a table of values
that can be easily manipulated.

38.

Worksheet

A page or section in an electronic workbook


generally found in a spreadsheet application.

39.

Cell

A box in which a single piece of data can be


entered usually in a spreadsheet application.

40.

Row

A horizontal line of characters extending


from the left of a spreadsheet to the right.

41.

Column

A vertical line of characters extending from


the top of a spreadsheet to the bottom.

42.

Cell Address

Refers to the intersection of a row and


column.

43.

Range

One or multiple cells that are consecutive/


one after the other.

44.

Label

A name

45.

Value

Data

46.

Formula

An equation or expression that explains how


one cell relates to another in a spreadsheet
application.

47.

Electronic

A program like PowerPoint that enables the

Presentation

user to create a presentation on an


electronic device with informative slides
containing text and various graphics as well
as transitions, sound, and animations to
enhance the visual display.

48.

Slide

A page or section in an electronic


presentation that is informative and contains
text and graphics with various animations.

49.

Transition

The flow or movement from one slide to the


next.

50.
Animation
Scheme

The simulation of text and graphics displayed


in a series of movement.

51.
Internet Web
Browser

A software application used to locate,


retrieve, and display content on the internet
or the World Wide Web, comprising Web
pages, graphics, and other files

52.

Hyperlink

An element in an electronic document that


links to another place in the same document
or a place in a completely new document.

53.

World Wide Web

A system of internet servers that support


documents that are formatted specifically.

54.

Search Engine

A program that finds documents for certain


keywords and returns a list of files in which
the key words are found. Search engine is a
general class of programs, but is commonly
referred to systems such as Bing, Google,
and Yahoo.

55.

E-Mail

(Electronic Mail) The transmission of


messages through a network of
communications.

56.

Netiquette

(Internet Etiquette) The guidelines for


posting messages to online services and
specifically Internet newsgroups. It covers
the general rules to maintain correct
behaviour in online discussions.

57.

Emoticon

A digital icon or a combination of keyboard


symbols used in a digital message to
represent a facial expression and express the
writers emotion.

58.

Domain Name

A way to identify particular Web pages in


URLs. They help recognize IP addresses.

59.

Web Surfing

Navigating through and spending time on the


Internet generally by clicking a mouse.

60.

Ethics

The rules of conduct or moral standards


identified with respect to a certain class or
group, culture human actions, etc.

61.

Utilitarian View

A normative belief or theory of ethics that


states that something is good , or moral
when it makes the greatest amount of good
for greatest number of people. It asks
whether a certain action is good or bad,
moral or immoral.

62.

Deontology View

A normative ethical position that checks the


mortality of an action based on the actions
devotion to a rule or a set of rules.

63.

Piracy

The unauthorized use or reproduction of a


copyrighted recording, book, patented
invention, television program, trademarked
product, etc.

64.

Copyright

The legal right given to an author,


playwright, composer, publisher, distributor
to special publication, sale, production, or
distribution of a musical, literary, dramatic,
or artistic work.

65.

Patent

The special right, given by the government,


to utilize an invention or process for a certain
amount of time, generally 14 years.

66.

Spam

Any electronic junk mail or junk newsgroup


postings that advertise a product and occupy
space in the users inbox.

67.

Virus

A dangerous program or piece of code that is


infused on a computer without the users
knowledge and runs against their desires. All
viruses are man-made. Some can simply
replicate themselves and occupy all available
memory, pulverizing the system eternally.
Others can also bypass security systems and
transmit through networks, which will
eventually destroy all networks in the
computer and bring the system to a halt.

68.

Phishing

Sending an email to a person falsely claiming


to be an established real enterprise to scam
the person and access their private
information and later use it for identity theft
and false personification. The user will
generally be directed to a website and be
asked to update personal information, such
as bank account numbers, and other

passwords that the organization already has,


but anything then entered into that fraud
web site will be surrendered for theft.
69.

Pharming

Similar to phishing, pharming obtains


personal (typically financial) information by
domain spoofing. Instead of spamming
emails, pharming poisons the DNS server by
inputting false information into it. Pharming
is more difficult to detect as the browser will
show the user the correct website, but the
user will be redirected elsewhere. Pharming
usually targets large groups of people at
once, whereas phishing targets individual
emails.

70.

Ergonomics

The study of the workers interactions with


the working environment.

71.

RSI

(Repetitive Strain Injuries) A common type of


injury that occurs when the same movement
is done repeatedly numerous times.

72.

MSI

(Musculoskeletal Injuries) Repetitive strain


injuries and cumulative trauma disorders
that are caused by repeating the same task
repeatedly.

73.

CSR

(Corporate Social Responsibility) A business


concept that encourages sustainable
development by delivering social, economic,
and environmental benefits to all
stakeholders. This business approach can be
defined and practiced in several ways.

74.

E-Waste

(Electronic Waste) All waste caused by the


disposal of electronic devices.