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The Significance of Ramadan and Fasting

Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic astral calendar, maybe 29 or 30 days long. An Islamic
month starts with the sighting of the new semi-circular in the western prospect, right away after
sunset. Muslims seem toward the western horizon for the novel moon on the 29th day of Shaban,
the eighth month. If the fresh moon is sighted, Ramadan has begun with the sunset but fasting starts
with the next dawn. If the new moon is not sighted on this 29th day, Muslims complete 30 days of
Shaban and Ramadan starts the following day.

Allah says in the Quran:

O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, even as it was prescribed for those before you,
that you may attain God-consciousness. Quran 2:183
In the month of Ramadan, the Quran, a book of guidance with proofs of guidance distinguishing
right from wrong, was revealed. Therefore, whoever of you is present in that month let him fast. But
who is ill or on a journey shall fast a similar number of days later on. Allah desires, your well-being,
not your discomfort. He desires you to fast the whole month so that you may magnify Him and
render thanks to Him for giving you His guidance. Quran 2:185

Consequently, the month of Ramadan is called the month of the Quran; so, Muslims have the custom
of reciting Quran often in this month.
Sawm or Fasting:

Sawm means a fast that starts to dawn and ends with sunset. Muslims go up before dawn, eat Suhur
(pre-dawn meal) and drink liquids for the training of Sawm (fasting).

This nightly congregational salah (prayer) is done after the Isha salah. Usually, a Hafiz of the Quran,
a person who has learned by heart the whole Quran which is in Arabic, Guides the prayer
Ramadan Generosity:

The month of Ramadan carries many blessings multiplied various for those who do high-quality.
During this month people are more kind, more pleasant, more friendly and more ready than other
times of the year to do excellent work. The poor and the deprived accept food, clothing and money
from the well-to-do in the group of people. Many people go to the mosque in the district for fast
breaking and meals. People in the neighborhood send fruit, food and drinks to the mosque the
ambiance is that of a friendly pot luck dinner every evening of the month.
Laylat al-Qadr:

We have indeed revealed this (the Quran) in the Night of Value (or Measure). And what will explain
to you what the Night of Value is? The Night of Value is better than a thousand months. Therein
come down the angels and the Spirit (the angel Gabriel) by Allahs permission with all decrees.
(That night is) Peace until the rising of the dawn.Quran 97:1-5
The night of value is a gift to mankind from Allah. However, it is not clear which night is Laylat alQadr.
Itekaf or Seclusion:

The practice of the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) was to expend the last ten days and nights of
Ramadan in the Masjid (mosque). Following his do, it is considered a group of people duty that
some people go in Itekaf (seclusion) in a neighborhood Masjid.
Sadaqat al-Fitr:

In general, any material help comprehensive to the poor, deprived and to those who ask and merit is
called Sadaqah. Sadaqat al-Fitr, which is also called Zakat al-Fitr is the compulsory material helping
comprehensive of the poor of the society before the Eid prayers.
Eid al-Fitr:

The end of the fasting month is renowned on the first of Shawwal, the 10th month, which go after
Ramadan. Usually, on the 29th of Ramadan after sunset, people go out in the open looking for a new
semi-circular in the western prospect where the sun sets. If the hemispherical is sighted, the end of
Ramadan and Eid are affirmed. If the crescent is not sighted, Ramadan is extensive by one day.