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1) HAZOP (Gasifier)

Study node

Parameter

Gasifier

Flow
(water)

Deviation (guide
word)
None

Cause

Consequences
Blocked line or
loss of feed
pressure.

Hot gas released


to extraction
duct.

Action

More

Flow
(hot gas)

None

Change in
delivery
pressure of
water.
Low pressure
water delivery
system changed
over to high
pressure system.

Roots blower
failed causes
total air loss

Less production
Minor safety
issues.

Combustible gas
into duct system

System
designed to
handle hot gas
Duct fan carries
away hot gas.
Hot
temperature cut
out in duct.
Regular
inspection and
supervision
Operator action
on low
temperature or
high flow or
high pressure
across bed
Use
temperature
controller and
cut out at high
temperature
Install
temperature

More

Potential fire
from sparks

Temperature
(water/hot gas)

More

Wrong air/fuel balance

Equipment
damage due to
high temp

Power and/or
instrument air
failure

Combustible gas
will build up in
the room as
extraction system
is lost.

alarm low (tal)


Cyclones
prevent particle
carry over
Sand trap
prevents
particle carry
over
Long residence
time in duct
allows particles
to cool.
Automatic
temperature
cut-out and
alarm
Operator detect
numerous
indications
Two convection
vents exist in
room
Controller
locks out to
prevent
automatic
restart.
Operator needs

Flow
(air through cp-001
and c-001)

None

Roots blower fails,


valve shut

More

Roots blower speed


altered

Less

Ash and dust can clog


pipe to cp-001 and c001

to be trained for
possible power
and/or
instrument air
failure
Rotameters and
pressure drop
will indicate to
operator
Automatic cutout on low/no
air flow

Unburned fuel
accumulation in
c-001 and
combustible
gases into
extraction duct

Cyclone blocked
and sand, ash and
char blown out
the cyclone. Hot
particles in room
and potential fire
hazard

Pressure
indicators
should be
installed

Automatic cutoff when low


air flow