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Artificial Lift Overview

by Christianto Widi D

Artificial Lift
Required when reservoir pressure is not
(longer) sufficient to lift fluids to surface due
water production
reservoir depletion
Uses alternative sources to lift or lighten
fluid column

Common Types of Artificial Lift


Gas Lift
Electric Submersible Pump (ESP)
Sucker rod pumping (or beam pumping)
Hydraulic pumping (piston and jet pump)
Progressive Cavity Pump

Artificial Lift Types

Choice of Artificial Lift (1)


Several factors
Production conditions
Reservoir data
Fluid properties
Economics: capital and operating expenditure

All should be thoroughly analyzed before


final decision is made

BPD
1

10

100

1000

10000

100000

0
2000
4000
Depth, ft

6000
8000

Gaslift

10000
12000
14000
16000
18000

Beam
ESP

BPD
1

10

100

0
2000

Depth, ft

4000

Hyd. Jet

6000
8000

PCP

10000
12000
14000
16000
18000

Hyd.
Recip.

1000

10000

100000

Comparison of Artificial Lift


Operating
Condition
Sand
Paraffin
High GOR
Deviated Hole
Corrosion
High Volume
Depth
Flexibility
Scale

Relative Ability of Artificial Lift Systems


Type of Lift
Hydraulic
Rod Pump
Electric Pump Gas Lift
Pump
Fair
Poor
Fair
Excellent
Poor
Good
Good
Poor
Fair
Fair
Fair
Excellent
Good
Fair
Good
Fair
Good
Good
Fair
Fair
Poor
Good
Excellent
Good
Fair
Excellent
Fair
Good
Good
Excellent
Poor
Good
Good
Fair
Poor
Fair

Artificial Lift type application


Total
ESP
10%
Gas Lift
19%

Other
7%

Rod Pump
64%