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M.A.M.

Oktauk

Center for Energy Conversion & Conserva2on Technology


Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT),
Indonesia
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1. Background:
Current Status; Energy Indicators & Planning

2. Renewable Energy R&D and Energy


Outlook
3. Smart Micro Grid for
Renewable Energy Integra2on
4. Discussions & Recommenda2ons
1

Large increase in Electricity Demand: Outlook based on


the Markal op2miza2on method by BPPT shows that:

During 2012-2035 period, na2onal electricity genera2on capacity (PLN


and non PLN) in BAU scenario will increase from 44.8 GW to 215 GW,
or grew by 7.1% per year. If no breakthrough in NRE + EE technologies,
Coal-red power plant will con2nues to dominate 2ll 2035 with a
share of 65% (139 GW).
Long-term view supply-demand growth and op2mal energy mix composi2on

Projec2on of technology trend : distributed, indigenous,


renewable resources.
Advanced electricity system of smart grid in city urban and
rural area: converging high quality and reliability, eciency,
demand response, and renewable integra2on.

250#

50%#
45%#
Oil#PP#

GasPP#

Coal#PP#

NRE#PP#(incl.#Hydro,#nonGNuclear)#

Nuclear#PP#

%#NRE#PP#

40%#
35%#

150#

30%#
25%#

100#

20%#

%#NRE#PP#

Capacity,#GW#

200#

15%#
50#

10%#

2034#

2033#

2032#

2031#

2030#

2029#

2028#

2027#

2026#

2025#

2024#

2023#

2022#

2021#

2020#

2019#

2018#

2017#

2016#

2015#

2014#

2013#

0#

2012#

5%#
0%#

Year#

2035: Large-scale NRE power plants (e.g. geothermal and hydro power) are predicted 12.8 GW (BAU)
For small-scale NRE power plants (e.g. PV, wind, landll, biomass, ocean, and biofuels power plant),
are projected to con2nue growing, its total capacity will reach 4.3 GW (BAU scenario), or has only 2%
share in total na2onal capacity
5

Interconnected Systems

Two of main islands have own interconnected systems


The rests are: (about 500 clusters)
Clusters of service areas with main grids, including remote off-grid distributed
systems (Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Papua)
Small islands: clusters of grids mainly of diesel systems, off-grid distributed
systems
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350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0

ENERGY MIX PROJECTION NEP


37.8

43.4

49

72.2

75.6

84

ENERGY MIX

21
62

26.6
65.4

32.2
68.8

47

51.4

54.8

58.2

61.6

64

84

85.8

87.6

89.4

91.2

93

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Oil

Gas

Coal

40
30

2018

2019

2020

39%

37%

36%

35%

34%

32%

Gas

22%

22%

23%

23%

23%

22%

Coal

29%

29%

28%

28%

28%

29%

NRE

10%

12%

13%

15%

16%

17%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

NRE MIX

50

10

2017

NRE MIX PROJECTION NEP

60

20

2016

Oil

TOTAL

NRE

2015

2
0
3.2
5.2
7.2

1
0
2.6
4.6
6.6

0
2
4
6
9

11.8

14.6

2015

2016

2017

3
0
3.8
5.8
7.8

4
0
4.4
6.4
8.4

17.4

20.2

2018

2019

5
0
5
7
9
23
2020

Geothermal

Biofuel

MSW

Hydro

Ocean

Solar

Other (Wind) New Energy

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Geothermal

43%

46%

48%

50%

51%

52%

Biofuel

29%

26%

24%

22%

21%

20%

MSW

19%

18%

17%

17%

16%

16%

Hydro

10%

10%

11%

11%

11%

11%

Ocean

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Solar

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Other RE (Wind)

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

New Energy

0%

4%

7%

9%

10%

11%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

TOTAL

ENERGY RESOURCES
NO

NEW AND RENEWABLE


ENERGY

RESOURCE (RE)

INSTALLED CAPACITY (IC)

RATIO IC/RE

Hydro

75.670 MW

6.654,29 MW

8,79 %

Geothermal

29.038 MW

1.226 MW

4,22 %

Mini/Micro Hydro

769,69 MW

228,983 MW

29,75 %

Biomass

49.810 MW

1.618,40 MW

3,25 %

Solar

4,80 kWh/m2/day

22,45 MW

Wind

3 6 m/s

1,87 MW

Ocean

49 GW

Uranium

3.000 MW (e.q. 24,112 ton) for 11 years*)

30 MW

1,00 %

*) Kalan Kalimantan Barat

RESERVE
(RV)

RATIO RE/RV
(%)

PRODUCTIO
N
(PROD)

RATIO RV/
PROD
(YEAR)*)

NO

FOSSIL ENERGY

RESOURCE
(RE)

5 = 4/3

7 = 4/6

Oil (Billion barrel)

56.6

7.73 **)

14

0.329

23

Gas (TSCF)

334.5

152.9

46

3.07

50

Coal (billion ton)

161.3 ***)

28.17

17

0.353

80

Coal Bed Methane (TSCF)

453

Shale Gas (TSCF)

574

*) Assuming no new reserve are found **) Including Cepu Block


***) Including 41 Billion Ton underground resources

1000Pengembangan
Islands PVPLTS
Development Initiative of PLN
PV Development Program up to 2021 : 850 MW
NAD: 44 locations, 7.4 MWp
Kaltim: 30 locations 24,9 MWp
Sumut: 27 locations 6.1 MWp
Sulut, Sulteng, Gorontalo:
Riau: 151 locations 60.1 MWp
39 locations 30.9 MWp
Babel: 16 locations 35.0 MWp
Maluku, Malut:
29 locations 33.5 MWp
Kalbar: 63 locations 40.1 MWp
Papua, Pabar:
66 locations 44.9 MWp
Sumbar:
42 locations 7.7 MWp

Sumsel, Jambi, Bengkulu:


6 locations 3.4 MWp
Lampung: 18 locations 2.5 MWp

Kalselteng: 96 locations 48.7 MWp


Sulselrabar:
17 locations 29.7 MWp

Jabar, Banten: 3 locations 1.1 MWp


Jateng DIY: 5 locations 0.7 MWp

NTT: 99 locations 45.2 MWp

Jatim: 12 locations 4.3 MWp


Bali: 1 locations 0.3 MWp NTB: 15 locations 44.5 MWp

PLN plan to developed Solar as an hybrid system with existing Diesel, Biomass or other RE potentials in
a small islands, to respond with GOI policy to reduce oil consumption
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1978: BPPT established, engaged in various R&D ac2vi2es in NRE & EE


technologies and applica2ons; e.g.
Solar energy (PV and Thermal), Bioenergy, Geothermal, Clean Coal Technology:
Coal Upgrading, Coal liquefac2on, etc., Microhydro, Wind, OTEC, Fuel Cell, Smart
Grid etc.,
Energy Eciency in Commercial Building and Industries, mainly in the intensive
energy industry, energy audi2ng, waste heat recovery, cogenera2on, etc.

Most technologies remain in their pre-commercializa2on stage.


Their implementa2on could not take-o due to, generally, the non technology barriers, such
as condi2ons in the downstream and non integra2on of upstream and process of Energy
chain development.

Many ac2vi2es under R&D collabora2ons with na2onal or interna2onal


ins2tu2ons or agencies.
Current ac2vi2es priority in the eld of Renewable Energy sources:
Geothermal, Solar PV, Biofuel/Biomass, and also Smart Grid (Micro Transmission/
Distribu2on system)
Others (smaller budget): Wind and Ocean, Solar Thermal.
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Pilot Plant
Bio-Ethanol
& energy
Planta2on

Energy Eciency Applica2ons & Audit


in Energy Intensive Industries, EE
PV Tes2ng
Facility/Lab. Appliances Lab.
PV Hybrid
Pilo2ng

-PV Applica2ons
& Pilo2ngs(Housing, Rural, Biomass
Pumping, etc)
Gasica2on Geothermal
Pilot plant

1979:

OTEC

Microhydro
Pilo2ng

1985:

-Solar Village
Project

1990:

Microturbine
Cogenera2on

Wind Energy
Technology
(Low Velocity)

KS Arc Furnace
ANN Controller Fuel Cell +
Biohydrogen
Prod.

1995 2003

Smart Grid,
Smart Bld.
Ecient
Building
Biomass/Biogas
Power
Genera2on

Sea Current Prototyping

2006 2010:

2013 - 2014

Energi Bus: Lab


Mobile Audit Energi

-Process
Integration
Biodiesel
Solar Agro
in Industry
Plant Dev.
Drying
Study
Renewable Energy
-Solar Thermal Pump
Ecient
IndonesiaProject, incl.
Transporta2on
Efficiency Energy: EnergyAudit, ISPH,
Management
Energy Management + MARKAL Long-Solar Thermal
term Energy Planning Model
Timber Drying

Biofuels for Small Geothermal


Transporta2on Power Plant

Prototyping
PV Industry
Feasibility
Assessment

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BPPTs Indonesia Energy Outlook 2014:


Some challenges
2020 : import 200 MMbbl of Crude Oil and 250 MMbbl
Fuel Oil netto (no new resources)
2020 : NRE share 13 % in Energy Mix
2023 : Net Importer of Gas, (base case)
2025 : Coal supply 38% > Oil Supply (33%), NRE 14.8%
(base case)
2033 : Net Energy Importer (base case)

Decrease/Fading out subsidy (mainly for Diesel


Oil more Renewable Energy),
Increase Electrica?on Ra?o (Accelerate New PP,
more Local/Var Renewable Energy Sources)
Government Commitment for Low Carbon
technology development
more Energy Eciency
required beMer Tari and Technology
Smartgrid technology to accelerate and opMmized
renewable energy penetraMon

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1.Smart interconnecMon
grids
Improved reliability
Energy savings
Robustness of opera2on
and control (Self-Heals)

2. Smart micro-grids for


high penetraMon
distributed energy
resources (DER)

Improve opera2onal
control capabili2es.
Smoothing for high
penetra2on of variable
renewable energy and DER
integra2on

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Development of smart grid technology


has been iniMated by BPPT in 2011
o U2liza2on of large-scale solar photovoltaic
technology 500 kWp
o 3 unit micro hydro with total capacity of
1.800 MW
o Energy storage equipment with capacity 0f
500 kWh/day
o 13 unit diesel power plant with total capacity
of 4.946 MW
Objective: provide best practice of
high renewable energy penetration
by the ability of integrated control
for firming generation fluctuation
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Smart Grid

ImplementaMon
&
Development

Planning

1. Crea2ng Roadmap for


Smart Grid
Implementa2on.
2. Preven2ng failures and
disturbances on
transmission and
distribu2on.
3. Installing smart meters.
4. Remote visualiza2on &
control.
5. Switch Gear Control
6. Prepaid meter
implementa2on for 2500
consumers
7. Outage Detec2on
8. Pilot projects

1. Integrated Smart
Metering
2. Prepaid meter
implementa2on
3. Recloser Control
4. Condi2on Base
Equipment
Maintenance @150 kV
lines.
5. Substa2on Integra2on
6. Outage Detec2on

1. Distribu2on
Automa2on Sistem
2. Condi2on Base
Equipment
Maintenance @150 &
20 kV lines.
3. Integrated Smart
Metering
4. Subta2on Integra2on
5. Outage detec2on

STUDY OF APPLICATION OF SMART GRID


TECHNOLOGY FOR URBAN AREA
1

STUDY DESIGN SMART MICRO GRID AT


ANCOL CITY
STUDY DESIGN SMART MICRO GRID
AT TAMAN RASUNA APARTMENT
KUNINGAN, JAKARTA
STUDY DESIGN SMART MICRO GRID
AT PUSPIPTEK AREA - SERPONG
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Baron Beach (Tourist Area)


Located at the south area of the Province of Yogyakarta Special Region

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RPJP DIY 2005-2025

Center for Education, Culture and Tourism Leading Destination in Southeast Asia in 2025

The development of tourism, utilization and management of marine potential


Baron Beach as one of the strategic areas

RPJMD 2012-2017

RPJMD 2018-2022

Exploration and utilization of marine and coastal


resources (reverse flow, turn the wheel to the
vision of maritime)

New civilization with a culture strategy: Among


Tani to Dagang Layar

Enhancing the role of marine resources

Maritime-based development with local


excellence

Seven priority program for coastal and marine


areas

South Sea front page, not a backyard

MARINE VISION OF DIY


DIY has established the vision of marine by shifting development paradigm Among Tani
Dagang Layar. Through this policy, DIY seeks to make the SEA AS HOME within the
framework YOGYAKARTA RENAISSANCE, as a center of services for the area of southern
Java and as a hub for the surrounding areas in accessing market internationally. PEMDA
DIY, BPPT, and UGM active role and synergy in efforts to accelerate the development of
the sector, through the development of BARON TECHNOPARK AREA

DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF BARON TECHNOPARK


An Overview
u Baron Technopark : is the centre
for study and dissemination of
Renewable Energy Technology, R&D, and Capacity Building
u Baron Technopark Demo-Site for Self-Sufficient Energy from Renewable
Energy
u Baron Technopark is Tourist Area for Education on Renewable Energy
and entrepreneurship

Baron Technopark is The Center for Renewable Energy Economic and


Technology Socialization to the surroundings villages of Baron
u Baron Technopark
is The Institute of renewable Energy study for
serving Technology Clearing House, Consultant Agency, Training for
design, operation, commissioning test, Inspection & Certification of
Project,
u

u Baron Technopark is an Outdoor Laboratory for Performance Testing of


Renewable Energy Power Generation and the Centre of Excellence of
Renewable Energy Technology.

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Baron Technopark Area: Marine Technopark and Edutourism Concept

CULTURING WELFARE FROM THE OCEAN


DEVELOPMENT VISION

BARON As a Marine Technopark and


Edutourism based on science technology

RENEWABLE
ENERGY

FISHERY

Baron
Technopark
Area

AGRICULTURE

EDUCATION

CONSERVATION

Develop mariMme culture for the


improvement of human quality,
producMvity and prosperity in a
sustainable manner

DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
SYNERGETIC ACTIVITIES THROUGH THE OPTIMUM USE OF
RESOURCES AND INSTITUTIONAL IN BARON AND MARINE
Technopark Edutourism, as the excellence in the eld of:
Renewable energy
EducaMon
ConservaMon
Agriculture
Fishery
Hotel and catering pilot
Commodity management model that populist /
empowerment / a reference / easily imitated by coastal areas
throughout Indonesia with varying typology. Show hilirasasi
S&T-A(RT) and compeMMve in THE world-class independent
research for the future
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BPPTs Baron Technopark

Tourism Suppor Facilities


Restaurant, cottages, etc,
Agro

Baron Beach
Tourism Area

TOURISM PARK
NEW AND RENEWABLE ENERGY
(Maritim Technopark & Edutourism)

Park

Main gate
Baron Technopark

Development Area: BARON TECHNOPARK AREA

DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT OF BARON AREA


MACRO
Concept & Planning of Baron Area

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DEVELOPMENT PLAN
Baron Technopark and Edutourism Area
GREEN CONSERVATION AREA
Konservasi lahan hijau
perkebunan

MAIN GATE
Ticke2ng
Informa2on center
Public park

AGRO TECHNOPARK
Riset pertanian, peternakan, perikanan
Pengolahan air
greenhouse

BARON BEACH
Wisata alam pantai
Wisata kuliner

Budidaya
Mikroalga

ZONA PENYANGGA/AKOMODASI
Hotel/resort
Rest area

ACCOMMODATIONi

HATCHERY PT CENTRAL PROTEINA

Fishery &

ConservaMon
Marine biota

Fasilitas

akomodasi
ACCOMMODATION FACILITIESI
Bterintegrasi dengan visitor
center

Diolah dari:
Dokumen Penyusunan Rencana Induk Pengembangan
Kawasan Baron, DPUP dan ESDM Pemda DIY, 2011

MICROALGAE
CULTIVATION

ZONA PENYANGGA/AKOMODASI
Hotel/resort
Rest area

Akomodasi

FISHERY
Pangkalan pendaratan ikan
Budidaya hasil laut
Konservasi biota laut
MICROALGAE CULTIVATION
Budidaya mikroalga
Fasilitas peneli2an

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Hybrid SolarWind Power


System
(10+5+4)kW

Solar PV Power Plant


36 kWp

DC BUS

AC BUS

Hybrid Power Conditioner


(HPC)

BlODIESEL
Genset 25 kW

H
Fuel cell 5 kW

Battery

Bidirec?onal Inverter/ Charger


BaMery Mnagement Control
Diesel Management Control
Wind energy monitoring
Local & Remote Monioring

Biodiesel Plant
(500 kg/batch)

User

EV Charging Station

Desalination Plant

Ice maker 10 T

Cold storage

Street Light and


Biofuel Plant Bld

FACILITIES DEVELOPMENT AT BARON TECHNOPARK 2015


Ice maker

PV
Array

Cold storage

Water Well And Fresh


Water Network
Training &
Workshop Bld

Desalinasi Plant

Biodisel
Plant

Hybrid Power System


Control Room & Batrery
Charging Station

landscaping Solar
Watch & View Spot

Renewable Energy
Information center

Techno-camp
Techno-camp

Proposed (DED) Visitor


Center

Fuel cell

Visitor
Center
Plan

Techno Camp

Shelter Charging Mobil/ motor listrik & Workshop

BARON TECHNOPARK
Current Facilities

DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT OF BARON


AREAMICRO
DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT OF ZONING AREA IN AGROFORESTRY TECHNO
PARK

Baron Technopark as a naMonal R & D Center, Technology Clearing House, and Training &
PromoMon Facility of Renewable Energy UMlizaMonTechnologies.
Baron Technopark became a "Demo Plant" of the area that mainly uses electricity from
renewable energy sources.
Baron Technopark as the MariMme Cultural Development Center, which is able to
integrate technology-educaMon-sustainable economy, New and Renewable Energy
Technopark, and Agro Techno Park, to enhance the "usefulness funcMons and
infrastructure" there.

Key Performance Indicators:

ImplementaMon of R & D, training, promoMon and services of the New &

Renewable Energy uMlizaMon technology.


Increasing visitor of S&T edu-tourism in the area of Baron Techno Park.
Increasing acMviMes for economic development acMviMes in Baron Technopark
and the surrounding area.
Increasing welfare of the people around the Baron tourism area and the
surrounding.
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DIRECT IMPACT:
Trainings for economic
empowerment (interlocking brick
making, the manufacture of
handicraos from waste limestone)
U2liza2on of biodiesel plant
facili2es
Agroforestry Development (village
forest)
Entrepreneurship training
Development of Edu-tourism,
Coastal Tourism, Agro tourism

ContribuMon to the NaMonal


Development :
Improve people Produc2vity and
Compe22veness in the Interna2onal
Market (Nawacita no. 6) via:
Development (Technopark), "Demo Plant
area of New & Renewable Energy
U2liza2on Technology (NRE) for
electricity, as well as a means of
promo2on / dissemina2on of science and
technology / educa2on-based mari2me
tourism".
Prepara2on of human resources in the
eld of technology u2liza2on of NRE
resources by developing "Renewable
Energy Ins2tute".
Provision of Electrical Technology based
on the New % Renewable Energy
resources.

Impact on human resource capacity development


and S & T of new & renewable energy:
Hybrid Power Plant Operator training prac2ces for
"opera2on of the produc2on process Biodiesel".
Socializa2on of fuel cell technology as an environment
friendly technology.
Operator Training of seawater desalina2on process.
Training Facility for other Agencies, or local
governments, whom prepare to u2lize renewable
energy technologies in the their area development.

Benet to the Regional Development:


Establishing Baron-Area as a technology-based point of
interest in DI-Yogyakarta (DIY).
Strengthening DIY posi2on as an educa2onal center and a
tourist des2na2on (NRE Edu-tourism) as set forth in the Vision
and Mission of DIY government.
Commitment to suppress the development of disadvantaged
areas of regional imbalances.
As a component of economic development of the southern
region of Yogyakarta and Central Java (Pawonsari: Pacitan,
Wonogiri, Wonosari)

1.

OUTCOME STRATEGY

RDEO (Research, Development,

Engineering and OperaMon)


2. INSTITUTE of RENEWABLE ENERGY
3. EDUCATION STUDY TOUR
4. MODELING OF STAND ALONE & ONGRID RENEWABLE ENERGY POWER
GENERATION
BARON
TECHNOPARK

2015

1. DEVELOPMENT OF INOVASION
TECHNOLOGY
2. TRAINING & DIFFUSION
TECHNOLOGY
3. INCUBASION OF TECHNOLOGY
4. ECONOMIC TRIGGER FOR
DEVELOPING BARONs GREEN AREA
2016

2017

2018

OUTCOME
Increasing
Technology
Service to the
public

OUTCOME
Increasing
Economic
Ac2vity in the
society
2019
36

37

Proong of concept of integrated control for high Solar PV


penetra2on ability in small grid (up to 40% of day2me system
load)
Appropriate technology for tapping high solar resources in area
with long dry seasons
Improving ease of system opera:on through integrated control
Control data communica:on and energy storage technology
play important role in the system opera2on
VRB energy storage technology is found appropriate for high
uctuated system, but suer an ineec2ve opera2on due to its
high internal load and vulnerability to frequent system black-out.
More Renewable sources integra:on seem poten:al to support
economic opera:on of VRB baGery.
38

Long-term Indonesia's energy outlook by 2035 is s:ll dominated by fossil


fuel(85%), as to compare with renewable energy (15%).
RE u:liza:on is slowly developed and most likely could not achieve the longterm na2onal energy policy target if there is no policy breaktrough. Success
story of pilo2ng or demostra2on Plants are required for jus2ca2on.
Gap of electrica:on ra:o s:ll remain, unless there is any progressive
ini2a2ves.This provide wide opportunity for RE technologies & resources
development.
Fluctuated/instability nature of VRE sources: Smart MicroGrid technology at
important role for seamless RE electricity integra2on, hence accelerate the
level of u2liza2on. Availability of beser or cost-eec2ve technology of large
scale basery is important for the near future.
High IKE (building energy consump2on intensity) more than 240 kWh/m2/year;
ecient level is less than 144 kWh/m2/year: smart building would be an
appropriate technology for promo2ng high energy eciency building.
Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) may provide a tools to improve
consumer eec:veness in energy use; including repressing electricity theo
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Communica2on Infrastructures
Big Ci2es: Available but Expensive
Small Towns: poor infrastructure
Rural: inexistence

Informa2on Technology
vLimited SCADA capabili2es
vSmart meters only for large consumers

Regulatory aspects:
Non-compe22ve Electricity Market,
Regulated Government Pricing

Unsteady supply from Renewable Energy Sources: need advanced costeec2ve storage technology, reliable & con2nuous real-2me data of
intermisent RE sources
High capital investments
Low consumers interest to par2cipate need more real experience through
demo/pilot plants
40

kamsahamnida ()

terima kasih

thank you

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