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Internal User Only

iBSC System Structure and Principles

Internal User Only

Purpose of this course


You are expected to know the following knowledge after
this course
Functions, features and specifications of iBSC
Hardware structure, shelves and boards of iBSC
Interface design and logic units of iBSC
Control plane and user plane signal flow of iBSC
Internal cable connection of iBSC

Internal User Only

Contents
iBSC System Overview
iBSC Hardware Structure
iBSC Board Principles
iBSC Interfaces and Logic units
Signal Flow on iBSC Control Plane and User Plane
iBSC Internal Cable Connection

Internal User Only

Network Structure
MSC/VLR

GMSC
Nc

BTS

PSTN
Mc

BSC
BTS
Iur-g

Inter-PLMN

Nb

Gb
MGW

GMGW

IuCs
NodeB
RNC
NodeB

IuPs
SGSN

GGSN

Internal User Only

What does "i" stand for?

C
BS

intelligent

integration

intelligent identification of wireless


access intelligent error
self-correction

integrates multi-interfaces
E1/STM-1/IP integrates multi
transmission supported

intensify

immensity

intensified design
supports FR/EFR/HR/AMR/WB-AMR,
innovative NetSpeed wireless
enhanced technology

large capability
supports 3072 TRX and 15000 Erl
with only two racks

IP
All-IP platform
supports IP bearer

Internal User Only

ZXG10 iBSC Product Features

Based on V3 universal hardware platform


All IP hardware architecture
Large capacity and strong processing
capabilities
Modular design with good scalar
Separation of control streams from media
streams
Supporting Flex A and Flex Gb
Coding scheme: FR/HR/EFR/FR-ARM/HRAMR
Transmission interface: E1/T1/FE/STM-1
Easy and smooth upgrade
Flexible networking modes
High integration and low power consumption

Internal User Only

Universal All IP Hardware Platform


GSM / WCDMA

TD-SCDMA

Universal
Hardware Platform
Totally 16 boards

CDMA 2000

NGN

All
All IP
IP

Modularity
Modularity

Smooth
Smooth
Upgrade
Upgrade

Internal User Only

Modular Design

Boards

Different software can be used to define


different functions for the same board.
AIU, BIU, PCU and TCU are logical units; All
interface units are in the resource shelf.

Easy Scalability

The system can be


expanded via
adding RCBUs.
3 RCBUs/2 racks.

Internal User Only

Multiple Access Modes and Smooth Evolution

iBSC supports multiple access modes

E1/T1
STM-1
FE/GE

Evolution

iBSC

iBSC

iBSC

RNC

RNC&BSC

BSC

RNC

RNC&BSC

BSC

BSC

RNC&BSC

BSC

BSC

RNC&BSC

Advantages
Advantages

Saves
Saves20%
20%space
spacewhen
when2G
2Gand
and
3G
modules
are
integrated
into
3G modules are integrated intothe
the
same
samesite.
site.
Shares
Sharescabinets,
cabinets,spare
spareparts,
parts,
transmission
transmissionand
andOMM.
OMM.
Saves
Savespower
powerconsumption
consumption
Saves
Savesengineering
engineeringand
andnetwork
network
upgrade
cost
upgrade cost

Internal User Only

iBSC Interfaces
No.

Logical
Interface

Link Object

1.

MSC

2.

Gb

SGSN

3.

Abis

BTS

E1, STM-1, FE/GE

4.

Ater

iTC

STM-1 E1

Interface Type
STM-1,E1,FE/GE
E1,FE/GE

Internal User Only

iBSC Interface Specifications


A-Interface
Abis
Interface

E1(T1) Abis

STM_1 Abis

IP Abis

IPoE Abis
(EIPI+DTB)

IPoE Abis
(EIPI+SDTB2
)

Cabinet

E1(T1) A
Number of
Carriers

A Single
Cabin
et

1024

Dual
Cabin
ets

3072

A Single
Cabin
et

1024

Dual
Cabin
ets

3072

A Single
Cabin
et

1024

Dual
Cabin
ets

3072

A Single
Cabin
et

1024

Dual
Cabin
ets

3072

STM-1 A

Interface
Capacity
Abis:208 E1(T1)
A:188E1(T1)
Abis:624 E1(T1)
A:700E1(T1)
Abis:3 pairs of
STM-1

Number of
Carriers
1024

3072

1024

A:188E1(T1)
Abis:9 pairs of
STM-1

A:252E1(T1)
Abis :2 pairs of
GE

1024

A Single
Cabin
et

Dual
Cabin
ets

A:188E1(T1)
Abis:480 E1(T1)
A:700E1(T1)
\
\
\

A:4 pairs of STM-1


Abis:624 E1(T1)
A:11 pairs of STM-1
Abis:3 pairs of STM-1

1024

3072

1024

Abis:9 pairs of STM-1

1024

3072

Abis:1 pairs of GE
A:4 pairs of STM-1
Abis:2 pairs of GE

3072

3072

1024

3072

Abis:160 E1(T1)
A:4 pairs of STM-1
Abis:480 E1(T1)
A:11 pairs of STM-1
Abis:3 pairs of STM-1
A:4 pairs of STM-1
11 pairs of STM-1

Abis:208 E1(T1)
A:1 pair of GE
Abis:624 E1(T1)
A:2 pairs of GE
Abis:3 pairs of STM-1

Abis:9 pairs of STM-1


A:2 pairs of GE

2048

3072

A:11 pairs of STM-1


1024

Interface Capacity

A:1 pair of GE

A:11 pairs of STM-1

A:700E1(T1)
Abis:160 E1(T1)

Abis:208 E1(T1)

Number of
Carriers

A:4 pairs of STM-1

A:700E1(T1)
Abis:1 pair of GE

Interface Capacity

IP A

Abis:1 pair of GE
A:1 pair of GE
Abis:2 pairs of GE
A:2 pairs of GE

1024

3072

1024

3072

Abis:160 E1(T1)
A:1 pair of GE
Abis:480 E1(T1)
A:2 pairs of GE
Abis:3 pairs of STM-1
A:1 pair of GE
A:2 pairs of GE

Internal User Only

iBSC Physical Specifications


Item

Specification

Dimensions (H*D*W) (mm)

2,000 * 800 * 600

Weight

<270Kg(1 rack)
<540Kg(2 rack)

Power Consumption

All E1:
2,558W/1 rack, 6,368W/2 rack
All IP:
2,542W/1 rack,3,808W/2 rack

Power Source Requirements

-48V DC (-40V DC ~ -57V DC)

Operating Temperature

Long-term temperature: 0C
40C.
Short-term temperature: -5C
45C.

Operating Humidity:

Long-term humidity: 2090%.


Short-term humidity: 5%95%.

Internal User Only

ZXG10 iBSC Performance Specifications


Item

Specification

BHCA

4200K

Maximum traffic

15000Erl

Maximum throughput over Gb


interface

E1 Gb: 256Mbps
IP Gb: 600Mbps

Maximum TRXs supported

One Rack: 1,024


Two Rack: 3,072

The all-IP architecture conforms to the trend towards

an IP-based network
Large capacity and strong processing capabilities
Supports E1, T1, STM-1 and IP interfaces and

flexible networking modes

Internal User Only

Contents
iBSC System Overview
iBSC Hardware Structure
iBSC Board Principles
iBSC Interfaces and Logic units
Signal Flow on iBSC Control Plane and User Plane
iBSC Internal Cable Connection

Hardware Architecture Introduction


Work Planes

Major Interfaces

Abis IP over E1, E1, IP


A TDM (E1, STM-1), IP
Gb TDM (E1), IP
(Ater)

Levels of Shelves

Control Plane & User Plane

Shelf Types

Control shelf (BCTC), resource shelf (BGSN), switch shelf


(BPSN)

Boards

Internal User Only

Internal User Only

iBSC Shelves

Control Shelf (BCTC)

System control and management

Clock capture and distribution

Processing of control plane signaling

System operation and maintenance

Resource Shelf (BGSN)

System external access

Processing of universal services

Switch Shelf (BPSN)

Large-capacity IP switch platform on the user plane

ZXG10 iBSC Boards


Shelf

BCTC

BPSN

BGSN

Board

Internal User Only

Full Name

Functions

UIMC

Universal Interface Module for


Control plane

Level 2 switch of control plane signaling

CMP

Control Main Processor

Control and management of CS and PS services, processing of


BSSAP and BSSGP protocols, and resource management of the
system

CHUB

Control HUB

Switch and convergence of control plane signaling

OMP

Operation Main Processor

Operation and maintenance, system control, management and


monitoring

SBCX

X86 Single Board Computer

O&M server

CLKG

Clock Generation

Clock generation and distribution

ICM

Integrated Clock Module

Clock generation and distribution (with GPS)

GLI

Gigabit Line Interface

Level 1 switch, interface with the resource shelf

PSN

Packet Switch Network

SPB2

Signaling Processing Board

GUIM

Giga bit User Interface Module

GUP2

GSM Universal Processing

Processing of user plane protocols, such as TC, PCU and RTP

DTB

Digital Trunk Board

Provides 32 E1/T1 trunk interfaces

SDTB2

Sonet Digital Trunk Board 2

Provides two STM-1 interfaces

GIPI

GE IP Interface

Provides four FE interfaces or one GE interfaces for Abis/A/Gb

EIPI

E1 IP Interface

provides E1 or T1 based IP connection

Provides bi-directional user plane data switch with a capacity of 40


Gbps on each direction
Signaling processing, interface board (16 E1 lines for A/Gb,
eight E1 lines for Abis)
Level 2 switch between the control plane and the user plane,
resource shelf management

Physical and Logical Boards of ZXG10 iBSC

Internal User Only

Physical
Board

GIPI

GUP2

SPB2

Logical Board

Functions

IPBB

Completes IP access over the Abis interface, and sever the control
plane from the user plane

IPI

Completes IP access over the A interface, and sever the control


plane from the user plane (signaling from service)

IPGB

Completes IP access over the Gb interface, and sever the control


plane from the user plane

BIPB2

Search 20 ms TRU frames according to the channels and form IP


packets
For IP access over the Abis interface, it also processes RTP.

AIPB

It processes RTP and forms IP packets

UPPB2

User plane protocol processing in the PS field

DRTB2

Completes the transcoding and rate adaptation of TRAU frames, and


provides FR, EFR, AMR and TFO functions

LAPD2

LAPD signaling processing

SPB2

MTP2 protocol processing

GIPB2

Provides Gb interface functions, and processes the FR, NS and


partial BSSGP of GPRS.

Internal User Only

Introduction to BCTC
Completes the global operation
and maintenance of the
system, provides the global
system clock, manages the
control plane, and responsible
for the switch between the
control plane and the Ethernet
Each iBSC must be configured
with one control shelf, which is
located in Shelf 2 in Rack 1

No.

Board Name

Number

Slot No.

Backup

OMP

11~12

1+1

CMP

2~4

1~4

1+1

CHUB

15~16

1+1

ICM

13~14

1+1

UIMC

9~10

1+1

SBCX

57

1+1

Internal User Only

BCTC Working Principles

The clock generation board


(ICM) distributes clock
signals to the switch shelf
and resource shelves through
cables.
OMP and SBCX boards are
connected to the iOMCR
through the hub to sever
intranet segments from
Internet segments.
The CHUB acts as the
control stream convergence
center for the control streams
from the switch shelf, the
resource shelf and the control
shelf.

BPSN

BGSN
GUIM

UIMC

8K/16M
CHUB

UIMC

ICM

Ethernet
CMP

OMP

SBCX
BCTC

HUB

HUB
Outside
network

Internal User Only

Introduction to BGSN
Provides system external
interfaces.
Processes universal services.
Acts as the Level 2 switch center.
The BGSN is configured in Shelf
1 and Shelf 3 of the main rack.
When a single shelf constitutes
an office, it is configured in Shelf
2.

No.

Board Name

Number

Slot No.

Backup

GUIM

9~10

1+1

GIPI

1-8,11-17

1+1

GUP2

2-8,11-16

DTB

0-8

1-8,11-14,17

SDTB2

1-8,11-16

1+1

SPB2

1-8,11-17

EIPI

1-8,11-17

Internal User Only

BGSN Working Principles

The GUIM board is the


convergence and switch center for
various data in the resource shelf.
It completes the information
exchange between modules.
The GUIM board interconnects
with the GLI board in the packet
switch shelf to carry out level 1
switch between different resource
shelves.
DTBs and SPBs provide E1
interfaces, and SDTBs provide
STM-1 access.
GIPI boards provide FE and GE
access.
Processes universal services
(conversion from TC and TDM to
IP packets, processing of user
plane protocols).

Internal User Only

Introduction to BPSN
Interconnects BGSNs and
Level 1 switch centers on the
user plane.
Each iBSC should have one
BPSN, which is configured in
Shelf 4.
If the iBSC has two BGSNs,
then the BPSN is not
mandatory. However, this can
affect the capacity expansion
of the system.

No.

Board Name

Number

Slot No.

Backup

PSN

7~8

Load sharing

GLI

2~6

1~6

Load sharing

CMP

0~2

11~14

1+1

UIMC

15~16

1+1

Internal User Only

BPSN Working Principles

The GLI board receives


user plane data from the
GUIM board.
The PSN provides 40Gbps
data switch capacity.
The UIMC receives clock
and control signals from the
control shelf and distributes
control & management
interfaces and clock signals
in the shelf.

Shelf Configuration (1)

Internal User Only

Abis Interface E1

A-Interface E1

Cabinet Configuration (2)

Internal User Only

Abis Interface IP

A-Interface IP

Cabinet Configuration (3)

Internal User Only

Abis Interface IPoE

A-Interface IP

Internal User Only

Contents
iBSC System Overview
iBSC Hardware Structure
iBSC Board Principles
iBSC Interfaces and Logic units
Signal Flow on iBSC Control Plane and User Plane
iBSC Internal Cable Connection

Internal User Only

OMP

The OMP board processes the global procedure, performs O&M


related control of the entire system (including O&M proxy), and
connects to the OMM through the 100M Ethernet.
As the processing core of iBSC operation & maintenance, the OMP
board can directly or indirect monitor and manage all boards in the
system. It provides two links (Ethernet interface and RS485) for
configuration management of system boards.

Internal User Only

OMP

CPU A is responsible for global operation & maintenance.


CPU B is the Router Processing Unit (RPU).
The HD Disk is a 2G hard disk to store system data, for example,
board software version files, configuration files and logs.

What
What are
are the
the
functions
functions of
of the
the
RPU?
RPU?

1. Enables intranet addresses within the


BSC to communicate with each other.
2. Provides routes for the operation and
maintenance of the BTS.

Internal User Only

CMP

The CMP board controls and manages service calls in the PS


and CS fields, and manages the resources of BSSAP, BSSGP
and the system.
Its physical board is MPx86/2, the same as the OMP, but the
memory capacity is slightly different: 1GB/CPU for the OMP, and
2GB/CPU for the CMP, and the OMP has a hard disk).

Internal User Only

UIMC

The UIMC is responsible for Ethernet Level 2 switch within the BCTC
and the BPSN and the management of the BCTC.
The UIMC provides the clock drive function inside the BCTC and the
BPSN. It inputs 8K and 16M signals, which are sent to different slots
in the BGSN after phase lockup to provide 16M and 8K clocks for the
boards.
The UIMC provides management interfaces for the BCTC and the
BPSN; it also provides board resetting and resetting signal collection
functions for the BCTC and the BPSN.

Internal User Only

UIMC

The UIMC provides one internal GE interface that is connected


to the CHUB.

Internal User Only

CHUB

The CHUB works together with the UIMC/GUIM to be responsible for


control plane data stream exchange and convergence in the system.
The control plane data from each shelf is sent to the Ethernet
switching unit of CHUB board through the Ethernet cables on the
control plane.
The data is then sent to UIMC board of the BCTC through GE for
level-2 switch, and then distributed to each CMP board for
processing.

Internal User Only

CHUB

The RCHB1 board has three FE buses, on which FE interfaces are


grouped as FE18, FE916 and FE1724.
The RCHB2 board has three FE buses, on which FE interfaces are
grouped as FE2532, FE3340 and FE4146.

Internal User Only

ICM

Responsible for system clock supply and external synchronization.


The board extracts clock reference via the A interface and drives
multiple channels of clock reference signals for use by each interface
unit.
It receives GPS satellite signals and extract 1PPS signals and related
TOD messages. The 1PPS signals are used as reference for phase
lockup in order to create PP2S,19.6608MHz and 8 K clock
references for iBSC.
Supports background or manual selection of clock references,
including BITS, line (8 K), GPS, local (Level 2 or Level 3); supports
software shielding of manual switchover.
Supports four work modes: CATCH, TRACE, HOLD and FREE.

Internal User Only

ICM

8 K reference input when DTB/SDTB2 provides the clock reference,


it connects with the 8KOUT/DEBUG-232 interface of RGIM1.When
SPB2 provides the clock reference, it connects with the 8KOUT/CPU1RS232 interface of RSPB.
One CLKOUT interfaces outputs a one-to-six cable; one shelf has two
UIM/GUIM boards with two clock sockets, so one CLKOUT interface
can connect with three shelves. The RCKG1 board has two CLKOUT
interfaces providing six clock output lines, that is , it can connect with
six shelves.

Internal User Only

SBCX

The SBCX board is the server board. It mounts the server on the
rack.
It provides the keyboard, the mouse and the VGA interface.
Uses Sossaman dual-path dual-core CPU with a frequency of 2G Hz.
Supports multiple operating systems, including Windows
XP/2000/2003, Linux and Solaris.
Provides three FE interfaces, two GE interfaces and one RS232
serial port.
Provides four universal USB interfaces.
Supports boot from hard disk and boot from USB drive.

Internal User Only

SBCX

OMC1(eth3) is set to an external network address to communicate with


NetNumen M31 server.
OMP1(eth6) is set to an intranet address to communicate with the OMP.

Internal User Only

DTB

Provides 32 E1/T1 links for external connections.


Supports extraction of 8K synchronization clock from the lines, which
is transferred to the CLKG/ICM board through the cable as clock
reference.
Supports 120/75 impedance selection for E1 cables, and supports
coaxial cables and twisted-pair cables.
Supports 100 twisted-pair T1 cables.

Internal User Only

DTB

Internal User Only

DTB DIP Switches

Internal User Only

DTB DIP Switch


Switch Configuration

DIP
Switc
h

Purpose

S1~S6
S9
S12

Used to set the


resistances that
match the
impedances of
different E1 paths to
75 or 120 .

S7
S8

Used for indicating


the receiving
matching
impedance of
corresponding E1
chip to the CPU.

S10
S11

Used for reporting


the long/short wire
status of each E1
chip to the CPU.

Default Location

Mode

75

ON

ON

ON

ON

120

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

75

ON

ON

ON

ON

120

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

SHORT
HAUL

ON

ON

ON

ON

LONG
HAUL

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

ON

ON

ON

ON

ON

ON

ON

ON

ON

ON

ON

ON

Internal User Only

RDTB Jumpers
On the RDTB, the E1 cable
works in the 75 unbalanced
coaxial transmission mode by
default.
If the E1 line uses 120
balanced transmission mode,
the short-circuit block at X9X16
on the RDTB needs to be
removed.
The sending end is grounded
through the jumper. The
receiving end is connected to a
capacitor and then grounded
through the jumper. Jumpers
X9X16 are used to complete
such settings.

Internal User Only

RDTB Jumpers
X9-X16 Pin Connection

Definitions

1-2

Connect E1_TX N -R to the protection ground (Path N)

3-4

Connect E1_RX N -R to the protection ground (Path N)

5-6

Connect E1_TX N+1 -R to the protection ground (Path


N+1)

7-8

Connect E1_RX N+1 -R to the protection ground (Path


N+1)

9-10

Connect E1_TX N+2 -R to the protection ground (Path


N+2)

11-12

Connect E1_RX N+2 -R to the protection ground (Path


N+2)

13-14

Connect E1_TX N+3 -R to the protection ground (Path


N+3)

15-16

Connect E1_RX N+3 -R to the protection ground (Path


N+3)

Internal User Only

SDTB2

The SDTB2 acts as the digital trunk interface board. It provides two
155M STM-1 standard interfaces.
Supports CAS and CCS, and provides an access processing
capacity equal to 126 E1 lines or 168 T1 lines.
Outputs one path of differential 8 K synchronous clock signals for the
reference of the clock board.

Internal User Only

SDTB2

Internal User Only

SPB2

According to its functions, the SPB2 board can be classified into the
LAPD processing board (LAPD2), the signaling processing board (SPB2)
and the Gb interface processing board (GIPB2).
The LAPD2 board processes LAPD signaling. LAPD signaling data from
the BTS are received by the DTB/SPB/SPB2 board, and then switched to
the LAPD2 board through the circuit switching net on the UIM board in
the local resource shelf or the GUIM board in the local Gigabit resource
shelf. The LAPD2 completes the processing of LAPD signaling data.
The SPB2 board processes MTP2 and X.25 protocols. It supports
extraction of 8 K synchronization clock from the lines, which is
transferred to the CLKG board through the cable as clock reference.
The GIPB2 board processes the FR, NS and partial BSSGP protocols for
the GPRS, and provides Gb interfaces.

Internal User Only

SPB2

Internal User Only

SPB2

Interface unit, which connects with the switching unit and provides E1
interfaces.
Circuit switch unit, which implements the switching between interface
unit circuits and backplane circuits.
CPU, which implements signaling processing, board management and
internal connection control.
Ethernet Switch Unit, which implements control plane and user plane
data switch and provides FE interfaces.
Clock Unit, which extracts line clock signals and sends them to the ICM
board.

Each SPB2 board contains four CPUs.


Each SPBs board provides 16 E1/T1 interfaces.

Internal User Only

GIPI

The GIPI board provides IP interfaces between iBSC and


the BTS, the SGSN and the MSC/MGW.
Implements Layer 3 protocol interface processing,
separates control plane data from user plane data, and
sends the data respectively to the Ethernet interfaces on
the internal control plane and user plane.
According to functions, GIPI can be classified into four
functional boards:
Abis interface Gigabit IP interface board(IPBB)
A interface Gigabit IP interface board IPAB(Signaling)
A interface Gigabit IP interface board IPI signaling and service
Gb interface Gigabit IP interface board(IPGB)

Internal User Only

GIPI

The Interface Unit receives data and sends it to the service processing
unit, which separates user plane data from control plane data. User
plane data is then sent to the GUP2 through the user plane switch
network, and control plane data is sent to the CMP through the control
plane switch network.
The GIPI board can choose RGER (providing one GE interface) or
RMINIC (providing four FE interfaces) as its rear board.

Internal User Only

EIPI

The EIPI board provides E1 or T1 based IP connection and works


together with the DTB. It has no external interface and no rear board.
One EIPI works together with two DTBs to provide up to 64 E1 or T1
ports.

Internal User Only

EIPI

The interface unit receives HW data and sends it to the HPS daughter card.
The data is then processed according to the HDLC protocol and then sent to
the service processing unit. It sends user plane data through the user plane
switch network to the GUP2 for processing, and sends control plane data
through the control plane switch network to the CMP for processing.

Internal User Only

GUIM

The GUIM performs Ethernet Level 2 switching between the control plane
and the user plane in the Gigabit resource shelf, the CS field timeslot
multiplexing slot switching and Gigabit resource shelf management. It
also provides external interfaces for the Gigabit resource shelf.
It has the capability of 16 K circuit switching, and provides an internal
circuit switching network for the GE resource shelf.
It provides the clock drive in the resource shelf. It inputsPP2S, 8K and
16M signals, which are sent to different slots in the resource shelf after
phase lockup to provide 16M, 8 K and PP2S clocks for resource modules
in this shelf.
The UGIM board performs Gigabit resource shelf management and
provides RS485 management interfaces in the Gigabit resource shelf; It
also provides board resetting and in-slot signal collection functions.

Internal User Only

GUIM

Internal User Only

GUP2

According to functions, GUP2 boards are classified into five functional


boards: Abis interface processing board BIPB2, A interface processing board
AIPB, user plane processing board UPPB2, dual rate transfer board DRTB2
and Ater interface processing board TIPB2.

Over the STM-1 or E1 Abis interface, CS and PS services from the BTS are
switched to the BIPB2 board through the UIM board in the local resource shelf or
the GUIM board in the local Gigabit resource shelf. The BIPB2 board searches
20ms TRU frames or PCU frames and form them into IP packets, which are sent
to the TCU or the UPU for processing. Over the IP Abis interface, the BIPB2
board is also used to process RTP.
The DRTB2 implements code conversion, finishes TRAU frame conversion and
rate adaptation, and provides FR/EFR/HR/AMR/TFO function.
The AIPB board processes RTP and forms data into IP packets over the A
interface.
The UPPB2 processes user plane protocols such as BSSGP, PDCP and GTP_U
under the A/Gb mode.
The TIPB2 processes user plane data of the Ater interface.

Internal User Only

GUP2

Each GUP2 board has 15 DSPs.

Internal User Only

GUP2

CPU: responsible for board management, and provides control plane


FE interfaces for external connection.
DSP: processes universal services, including functions of BIPB2,
AIPB, DRTB2, UPPB2 and TIPB2.
Circuit Switch Unit: connects the serial ports of multiple-chip DSP
with the circuit switching network.
Ethernet Switch Unit: implements the Ethernet connections for
multiple-chip DSP and provides the user plane FE interface for
external devices.
Clock Unit: provides necessary clock signals for the units on the
board.

Internal User Only

GLI

The GB Line Interface (GLI) board is located at level 1 switching


subsystem of iBSC. It finishes physical layer adaptation, IP package
query, segmentation, forwarding, and flow management functions,
processes bi-directional 2.5Gbps forwarding, and implements the
interfaces to different resource shelves and external interface
functions.

Internal User Only

GLI

Interface Unit: provides GE optical interface and supports physical


backup. SD1SD2, SD3SD4, SD5SD6 and SD7SD8 are backup
groups.
Processing Unit: implements bi-directional IP packet table look-up,
fragmenting, forwarding and traffic management.
Queue Management Unit: implements bi-directional queue
management.
The GE optical interface receives user plane data from the GUIM and
sends it through the backplane to the PSN board for user plane data
exchange.

Internal User Only

PSN

Provides bi-directional
user plane data switch
with a capacity of 40
Gbps on each direction
The data from each GLI
board is sent to the Matrix
Switching Unit through
the high-speed serial
links on the backplane. It
is switched and then sent
to the destination GLI
board.

Internal User Only

Peripheral Monitor Unit (PMU)

Includes the PWRD board and the alarm box


PWRD is responsible for collecting some peripheral and environment
board information within the cabinet, including the power distributor
and fan status as well as some environment alarms like
temperature/humidity, smog, water and infrared alarms. Each cabinet
has one PWRD board.
The Alarm Box (ALB) can report system alarms at different levels
according to system fault grades to facilitate timely interference and
handling by equipment management personnel.

Internal User Only

Board Summary 1

Internal User Only

Board Summary 2

Internal User Only

Board Summary 3

Internal User Only

Control Plane and User Plane Interconnection

Internal User Only

Active/Standby Board Design

Key boards have 1+1 backup.


Key interface boards such as GIPI and SDTB can have
1+1 backup if necessary.
GLI and PSN boards work in the load sharing mode.

Internal User Only

General Description of Boards

Front board and rear board

Rear boards are passive boards that provides cabling from


the backplane (such as E1 and network cables) in order to
work together with corresponding front boards.
Front boards are physical boards that process resources.
All system optical cables are led from the front board
panels.

All front boards have four indicators on their panels


(RUN, ENUM, ACT, ALM) to indicate board status.

Internal User Only

Indicators on Board Panels


Indicator
RUN

ALM

Color

Meaning

Green

Running
indicator

Red

Alarm
indicator

Description
Flashing at 1 Hz: the board is running normally
Flashing at 5 Hz: version downloading is in process.
Flashing at 5 Hz: version download fails; board self test
fails because of inconsistency between board and
configuration
Solid on: the microswitch is opened; the board is not in
position; or version files are not downloaded.

ENUM

Yellow

Board
extraction
indicator

Flashing at 5 Hz (quickly): the microswitch generates an


alarm because it is opened when the board is still running.
Flashing at 1 Hz (slowly): the board can be extracted. The
microswitch is opened when the board is running, and the
board is in standby mode or release the resource.
Solid off: the microswitch is normal.

ACT

Green

Active/stand On: the board is active.


by status
Off: the board is standby.
indicator

Internal User Only

Contents
iBSC System Overview
iBSC Hardware Structure
iBSC Board Principles
iBSC Interfaces and Logic units
Signal Flow on iBSC Control Plane and User Plane
iBSC Internal Cable Connection

Internal User Only

iBSC Logical View

Internal User Only

iBSC External Physical Interfaces

Internal User Only

Access Unit Abis Interface Unit (BIU)

E1 Abis

IP Abis

E1 borne TDM link


FE/GE borne IP link

IPoE Abis

E1 borne IP link

Internal User Only

BIU - E1 Abis
The interface board can be the DTB or SDTB2 board. The access capacity
of SDTB2 is four times that of the DTB.

Internal User Only

BIU - IP Abis

Internal User Only

BIU - IPoE Abis

Internal User Only

Access Unit - A Interface Unit (AIU)

E1 A

E1 borne TDM link

IP A

FE/GE borne IP link

Internal User Only

AIU - E1 A

Internal User Only

AIU - IP A

Internal User Only

Access Unit Gb Interface Unit (GIU)

E1 Gb

E1 borne TDM link

IP Gb

FE/GE borne IP link

Internal User Only

GIU - E1 Gb

Internal User Only

GIU - IP Gb

Internal User Only

O&M Unit

OMP Board

System operation and maintenance;


Connects to the iOMCR;
System management and monitoring

Internal User Only

Operation and Maintenance Networking

The networking mode of SBCX is as follows: iBSC OMP board


(OMC2 port) and SBCX (omp1 port) form a subnet. The SBCX
(omc1 port), OMM/EMS Client and EMS Server form a subnet. The
local OMM usually consists of the SBCX (OMM Server), the OMM
Client (PC).
When the iBSC needs to manage SDR BTSs, the OMCB server
manages all SDR configurations (physical, transmission and radio
configurations), links, alarms and versions. The OMCB program is
installed on the SBCX and a pair of GIPI boards must be configured.

Internal User Only

Operation and Maintenance Networking

Internal User Only

Processing Units & Monitoring Units

Processing Unit - CMPU

CMP Board
PS/CS Service Call and Control Management
BSSAP, BSSGP and System Resource Management

Monitoring Unit - PMU

PWRD board
The PWRD board collects the environment monitoring information
of peripheral devices, including temperature and humidity, smoke,
water and infrared alarms.

Internal User Only

UPU & TCU

Processing Unit UPU

UPPB2: Processes PS protocols

TransCoder Unit TCU

DRTB2: code transfer and rate adaptation

Internal User Only

IP Switch Unit (PSU)


Level 1 switch: GLI and PSN, 40G large-capacity user plane data switch.
Level 2 switch: UIMU,GUIM, UIMC, and CHUB, responsible for the switch and
convergence of control plane and user plane data in the system.

Internal User Only

IP Switch Unit (PSU)

If there are only two resource shelves, the Level-1 switch subsystem
is not needed on the user plane. The two resource shelves can be
directly interconnected using Gigabit optical interfaces.

Internal User Only

Contents
iBSC System Overview
iBSC Hardware Structure
iBSC Board Principles
iBSC Interfaces and Logic units
Signal Flow on iBSC Control Plane and User Plane
iBSC Internal Cable Connection

Internal User Only

User Plane Signal Flow in the CS Domain

The BIU severs user plane data from control plane data, and then
sends user plane data to the TCU, which processes such data
and then sends it to the AIU. Signal flow 12.

Internal User Only

User Plane Signal Flow in the PS Domain

The BIU severs CPU frames from all frames and sends them to
the UPU(UPPB2) through the user plane switching network. The
UPU then separates PS field user plane data from CPU frames
received for further processing. After data processing is complete,
the data is sent to the GIU through the user plane switching
network.

Internal User Only

Control Plane Signal Flow in the CS Domain


Abis interface signal flow Abis interface unit (BIU) sends signaling in the
LAPD channel to the CMP board as control plane data. The CMP
processes such data and sends some of it directly back to the BIU (flow
direction: 11). Some signaling data will be sent to the AIU in the form of
A-interface signaling flow (flow direction: 12).
A-interface signal flow: The AIU processes the MTP2 part of A-interface
signaling, and then sends it to the CMP to complete the processing of
MTP3 and layers above. Some global processes need the participation
of the OMP. The data flow direction is 2332 or 22.

Internal User Only

Control Plane Signal Flow in the PS Domain

For some control plane signaling in the PS field, the system


requests resources from the CMP board, and then sends the
signaling to the UPPB2 for processing.
When the MS is processing PS services, control plane signaling
should be separated from UPPB2 and then sent to the CMP for
processing.

Internal User Only

Control Plane Signal Flow in the PS Domain

Abis interface signaling flow

The Abis interface unit sent (BIU) sent control plane data
in the LAPD channel to the CMP board. The CMP
processes such data, such as the immediate assignment
message, and sends it directly back to the BIU (flow
direction: 11). Some data, such as the packet
assignment message, are sent to the UPU, which
processes then and send them to the BIU through the
user plane switching network (flow direction:: 132).
Data from the Abis interface unit are sent to the UPU
through the user plane switching network. The UPU
processes the data and separates control signaling
packets, which are sent to the control plane processing
board (CMP). The data flow direction is: 2332

Internal User Only

Control Plane Signal Flow in the PS Domain

Gb interface signaling flow

The GIU sends BVC channel data as control plane data to the
active CMP. The CMP processes the data and sends some of
it (such as PTP BVC restart) to other CMPs and some (such
as signaling BVC restart) to the OMP. The CMP or the OMP
processes the data and some signaling generates the Abis
signaling traffic, such as paging messages in the PS or CS
field, whose data flow is 51 or 532; other signaling,
such as PTP BVC restart acknowledgement and signaling
BVC restart acknowledgement, is sent to the Gb interface
through the GUI, with the data flow as 55 or 66.
The GUI routes data from other BVC channels to the user
plane processing unit, which separates control plane data and
sends it to the CMP. The CMP processes the data and some
signaling, such as PTP paging messages, is sent to the Gb
interface through the GIU with the data flow as 435;
some signaling generates the Abis signaling flow, such as
location messages, with the data flow as 431.

Internal User Only

User Plane Board Signal Flow in the CS Domain

E1 Abis E1 A

The BIU severs user plane data from control plane data, and then sends user
plane data to the TCU, which processes such data and then sends it to the
AIU.

Internal User Only

Control Plane Board Signal Flow in the CS Domain

E1 Abis E1 A

The Abis interface unit (BIU) sends signaling in the LAPD channel to the CMP
board as control plane data. The CMP processes such data and sends some
of it generates the A interface signaling flow to the AIU.

Internal User Only

User Plane Board Signal Flow in the CS Domain

IP Abis IP A

The BIU severs user plane data from control plane data, and then sends user
plane data to the TCU, which processes such data and then sends it to the
AIU.

Internal User Only

Control Plane Board Signal Flow in the CS Domain

IP Abis IP A

The Abis interface unit (BIU) sends signaling in the LAPD channel to the CMP
board as control plane data. The CMP processes such data and sends some
of it generates the A interface signaling flow to the AIU.

Internal User Only

User Plane Board Signal Flow in the PS Domain

E1 Abis E1 Gb

The BIU severs CPU frames from all frames and sends them to the UPU(UPPB) through
the user plane switching network. The UPU then separates PS field user plane data from
CPU frames received for further processing. After data processing is complete, the data
is sent to the GUI through the user plane switching network.

Internal User Only

Control Plane Board Signal Flow in the PS Domain

E1 Abis E1 Gb

The Abis interface unit (BIU) sends control plane data in the LAPD channel to the CMP
board. The CMP processes such data and sends some of it to the UPU (such as packet
assignment message). The UPU processes such data and then sends it to the BIU
through the user plane switch network.

Internal User Only

Control Plane Board Signal Flow in the PS Domain

E1 Abis E1 Gb

The GIU sends BVC channel data as control plane data to the main CMP. The
CMP processes the data and some signaling generates the Abis signaling flow,
such as paging messages in the CS field

Internal User Only

User Plane Board Signal Flow in the PS Domain

IP Abis IP Gb

The BIU severs PCU frames from all frames and sends them to the UPU(UPPBs)
through the user plane switching network. The UPU then separates PS field user plane
data from CPU frames received for further processing. After data processing is complete,
the data is sent to the GUI through the user plane switching network.

Internal User Only

Control Plane Board Signal Flow in the PS Domain

IP Abis IP Gb

The Abis interface unit (BIU) sends control plane data in the LAPD channel to the
CMP board. The CMP processes such data and sends some of it to the UPU
(such as packet assignment message). The UPU processes such data and then
sends it to the BIU through the user plane switch network.

Internal User Only

Control Plane Board Signal Flow in the PS Domain

IP Abis IP Gb

The GIU sends BVC channel data as control plane data to the main CMP. The CMP
processes the data and some signaling generates the Abis signaling flow, such as paging
messages in the PS or CS field

Internal User Only

Contents
iBSC System Overview
iBSC Hardware Structure
iBSC Board Principles
iBSC Interfaces and Logic units
Signal Flow on iBSC Control Plane and User Plane
iBSC Internal Cable Connection

Internal User Only

System Interconnection Modes


Most boards are managed by the OMP via the internal control plane.
The CLKG/ICM board are connected to the UIMC via the RS485 bus, and
then managed by the OMP.
The PWRD board is directly managed by the OMP via the RS485 bus.

Internal User Only

Internal Communications Management

Internal User Only

System Clock Capture and Distribution Principles

The CLK board is responsible


for supplying clock signals and
external synchronization
functions.
Clock level: Level 3 clock
The board extracts clock
reference via A Iu interface and
drives multiple channels of
timing reference signals for
use by each interface shelf
after intra-board
synchronization.
Level 2 forwarding of the UIM
board
DTB, SDTB2 and SPB2 can
be used to extract line
reference
The BPSN does not need a
clock reference

Internal User Only

Intra-shelf Cable Connection

Clock extraction and distribution cables;


Control plane and Ethernet interconnection cables;
User plane optical cable connection;
Monitoring cable.

Internal User Only

Clock Extraction and Distribution Cables

The clock extraction cable


connects the 8KOUT interface
on the DTB rear board to the
8KIN interface on the ICM.
The ICM can also extract GPS
signals as the clock reference.
The clock distribution cables
connect the CLKOUT
interface on the ICM rear
board to the CLKIN interfaces
on UIM boards in each shelf.
To use the clock reference of
the A interface, please extract
it from the 1st E1 of the A
interface.

Internal User Only

Control Plane and Ethernet Interconnection Cables

The FE interfaces of the


CHUB rear boards
connect to the FE
interfaces of the UIM
boards in each shelf.
Internal GE connection is
used inside the BCTC.

Internal User Only

User Plane Optical Cable Connection

The optical interface on the


GUIM front panel in the
BGSN connects to the
optical interface on the PLI
front panel.
Supports physical backup.

Internal User Only

Monitoring Cables

The cables between fans to PWRD


boards are usually 120 ohm
twisted-pair cables that are
connected to the FANBOX
interfaces to monitor fan running
status.
The environment monitoring sensor
is connected to the SENSORS
interface on the PWRD board to
collect environment alarms.
The door access sensor is
connected to the DOOR interface
on the PWRD board to monitor
door access status.
The PWRD board reports
monitoring information to the OMP
board via RS485 cables.

Internal User Only