Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 5



Prelim Exam
Course & Year: _______________
Anatomy & Physiology
General instruction: Strictly NO erasures of any kind is allowed except for part
I. Fill in the blanks in the following statements.
1. A(n)
is a group of similar cells performing specific functions.
2. The sum of all of the bodys chemical processes is
. It consists of two parts: the
phase that builds up new substances is
, and the phase that breaks down
substances is
3. The fluid located within cells is the
, whereas the fluid located outside of the
cells is
4. The 3 major parts of the cell are:
, and
5. Cell death that is genetically programmed is known as
, while cell death which is
due to tissue injury is known as
6. The four types of tissues are
, and
7. Epithelial tissue tends to be classified according to two criteria:
II. Indicate whether the following statements are true or false. Write TRUE if the statement
is correct and FALSE if the statement is incorrect.
1. In a positive feedback system, the response enhances or intensifies the original
2. A person lying face down would be in the supine position.
______3. The highest level of structural organization is the system level.
______4. A small membrane surface area will increase the rate of diffusion across the cell
______5. The cells created during meiosis are genetically different from the original cell.
______6. Epithelial tissue cells have an apical surface at the top and are attached to a
basement membrane at the bottom.
III. Multiple Choice. Choose the one best answer to the following questions. Encircle the
letter that corresponds to your answer.
1. A plane that separates the body into unequal right and left sides is a
(a) sagittal plane
(c) parasagittal plane
(b) midsagittal plane
(d) coronal plane
2. Midway through a 5-mile workout, a runner begins to sweat profusely. The sweat glands
producing the sweat would be considered which part of a feedback loop?
(a) receptors
(c) effectors
(b) stimulus
(d) control center
3. An unspecialized stem cell becomes a brain cell during fetal development. This is an example
(a) differentiation
(c) organization
(b) growth
(d) responsiveness
4. The urinary bladder of a patient is distended. To accomplish the assessment, the nurse
should assess on what region?
(a) inguinal
(c) hypogastric
(b) epigastric
(d) umbilical
5. Which of the following would not be associated with the thoracic cavity?
(1) pericardium, (2) mediastinum, (3) peritoneum,(4) pleura,
(a) 1
(c) 4
(b) 2
(d) 3



Prelim Exam
Course & Year: _______________
Anatomy & Physiology

6. If the concentration of solutes in the ECF and ICFs are equal, the cell is in a(n) solution.
(a) hypertonic
(c) hypotonic
(b) hydrophobic
(d) isotonic
7. The movement of materials out of the cell by fusing of secretory vesicles with the plasma
membrane is called
(a) vesicular transport
(c) pinocytosis
(b) phagocytosis
(d) exocytosis
8. The movement of water from an area of higher to an area of lower water concentration
through a selectively permeable membrane is called:
(a) diffusion
(c) facilitated diffusion
(b) osmosis
(d) primary active transport
9. The type of endocytosis that involves the nonselective uptake of tiny droplets of extracellular
(a) phagocytosis
(c) exocytosis
(b) pinocytosis
(d) transcytosis
10. The type of endocytosis in which large solid particles are taken in
(a) phagocytosis
(c) exocytosis
(b) pinocytosis
(d) transcytosis
11. Which of the following muscle tissues can be voluntarily controlled?
(1) cardiac, (2), smooth, (3) skeletal.
(a) 2
(c) 1 and 3
(b) 1
(d) 3
12. What type of cell junction would be required for cells to communicate with one another?
(a) adherens junction
(c) gap junction
(b) desmosome
(d) tight junction

IV. Choose the term that best fits the blank in each statement. Some answers may be
used more than once. Write the letter of your answer in the space provided.
(1) Your eyes are _______to your chin.
(2) Your knee is _____ between your thigh and toes.
(3) Your lungs are to _____ your spinal column.
(4) Your calf is _____ to your heel.

(a) superior
(b) inferior
(c) anterior
(d) posterior
(e) medial
(f) lateral
(g) ipsilateral
(h) contralateral
(i) proximal
(j) distal
(k) superficial
(l) deep



Prelim Exam
Course & Year: _______________
Anatomy & Physiology
V. Matching type. Match the following cavities to their definitions by writing the letter of
your answer in the space provided.
_____(1) a fluid-filled space that surrounds the heart
_____(2) the cavity which contains the brain
_____(3) a cavity formed by the ribs, muscles of the chest, sternum,
and part of the vertebral column
_____(4) a cavity that contains the stomach, spleen, liver,
gallbladder, small intestine, and most of the large intestine
_____(5) fluid-filled space that surrounds a lung
_____(6) the cavity that contains the urinary bladder, part of the
large intestine, and the organs of the reproductive system
_____(7) the canal that contains the spinal cord

(a) cranial cavity

(b) vertebral canal
(c) thoracic cavity
(d) pericardial cavity
(e) pleural cavity
(f) abdominal cavity
(g) pelvic cavity

VI. For each of the following items, indicate the tissue type with which they are
associated. Use E for epithelial tissue, C for connective tissue, M for muscle tissue, and
N for nervous tissue.
_____ (a) binds, supports
_____ (h) goblet cells
_____(b) contains elongated cells that generate
_____ (j) striated
_____ (k) generate action potentials
_____ (c) neuroglia
_____ (l) cilia
_____ (d) avascular
_____ (n) apical surface
_____ (e) may contain fibroblasts
_____ (o) excitable
_____ (g) intercalated discs


VII. Match the following epithelial tissues to their descriptions by writing the letter of your
choice in the space provided.
_____ (1) contains a single layer of flat cells; found in the
body where filtration (kidney) or diffusion (lungs) are
priority processes
_____ (2) found in the superficial part of skin; provides
protection from heat, microbes, and chemicals
_____ (3) contains cube-shaped cells functioning in
secretion and absorption
_____ (4) lines the upper respiratory tract and uterine
tubes; wavelike motion of cilia propels materials through
the lumen
_____ (5) contains cells with microvilli and goblet cells;
found in linings of the digestive, reproductive, and urinary
_____ (6) found in the urinary bladder; contains cells that
can change shape (stretch or relax)
_____ (7) contains cells that are all attached to the
basement membrane, although some do not reach the
surface; those cells that do extend to the surface secrete
mucus or contain cilia
_____ (8) a fairly rare type of epithelium that has a mainly
protective function

columnar epithelium
(b) ciliated simple columnar
(c) transitional epithelium
(d) simple squamous epithelium
(e) simple cuboidal epithelium
(f) nonciliated simple columnar
(g) stratified cuboidal epithelium
squamous epithelium

VIII. Essay
1. On her first anatomy and physiology exam, Heather defined homeostasis as the
condition in which the body approaches room temperature and stays there. Do you
agree with Heathers definition? Why or why not?

2. There is much interest in using stem cells to help in the treatment of diseases such as
type I diabetes, which is due to a malfunction of some of the normal cells in the
pancreas. What would make stem cells useful in disease treatment?