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VLT ® Danfoss Drives – FIDT Training Basic Drive Technology www.danfoss.com/drives | Confidential/Property of
VLT ® Danfoss Drives – FIDT Training
Basic Drive Technology
www.danfoss.com/drives
| Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April 2013 | 1
Learning Objectives In this training module we will learn the Basics of the VLT .

Learning Objectives

In this training module we will learn the Basics of the VLT .

We will focus on:

The main block diagram and components.

How does a VLT frequency converter work

How to control the VLT

Fieldbus

Danfoss Soft Starter

The main block diagram | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April 2013

The main block diagram

The main block diagram | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April 2013 |
Learning Objectives We will focus on: The main block diagram and components. How does a

Learning Objectives

We will focus on:

The main block diagram and components.

How does a VLT

frequency converter work

How to control the VLT

Fieldbus

Danfoss Soft Starter

Basic Structure of 6 Pulse VSD It is a an electric device which provides infinitely

Basic Structure of 6 Pulse VSD

Basic Structure of 6 Pulse VSD It is a an electric device which provides infinitely variable
Basic Structure of 6 Pulse VSD It is a an electric device which provides infinitely variable
Basic Structure of 6 Pulse VSD It is a an electric device which provides infinitely variable
Basic Structure of 6 Pulse VSD It is a an electric device which provides infinitely variable
Basic Structure of 6 Pulse VSD It is a an electric device which provides infinitely variable

It is a an electric device which provides infinitely variable speed control of three phase AC motors by converting the fixed mains voltage and frequency into a variable quantities

The rectifier Uncontrolled? or semi controlled rectifier? | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday,

The rectifier

Uncontrolled?

or

semi controlled rectifier?

The rectifier Uncontrolled? or semi controlled rectifier? | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17
The rectifier Uncontrolled? or semi controlled rectifier? | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17
IGBT (Isolated Gate Bipolar Transistor) Source: Wikipedia | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday,

IGBT (Isolated Gate Bipolar Transistor)

IGBT (Isolated Gate Bipolar Transistor) Source: Wikipedia | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17
IGBT (Isolated Gate Bipolar Transistor) Source: Wikipedia | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17

Source: Wikipedia

How does a VLT frequency converter work Power part of frequency converter V DC  

How does a VLT

frequency converter work

Power part of frequency converter

frequency converter work Power part of frequency converter V DC       L1   L2
V DC       L1   L2   L3 U V W 3-PHASE SUPPLY
V DC       L1   L2   L3 U V W 3-PHASE SUPPLY
V DC       L1   L2   L3 U V W 3-PHASE SUPPLY
V DC       L1   L2   L3 U V W 3-PHASE SUPPLY
V DC       L1   L2   L3 U V W 3-PHASE SUPPLY
V DC       L1   L2   L3 U V W 3-PHASE SUPPLY
V DC      
V DC      
V DC      

V

DC

V DC      
 
V DC      
 
V DC      
 

L1

 

L2

 

L3

U

V

W

3-PHASE SUPPLY

   
  L3 U V W 3-PHASE SUPPLY     MOTOR | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S
  L3 U V W 3-PHASE SUPPLY     MOTOR | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S
  L3 U V W 3-PHASE SUPPLY     MOTOR | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S

MOTOR

How does a VLT The rectifier frequency converter work U DC I DC L1 L2

How does a VLT

The rectifier

frequency converter work

U DC I DC L1 L2 L3
U DC
I DC
L1
L2
L3

3-PHASE SUPPLY Voltage

converter work U DC I DC L1 L2 L3 3-PHASE SUPPLY Voltage | Confidential/Property of Danfoss
U DC I DC How does a VLT frequency converter work The intermediate curcuit (DC-bus)

U DC

I DC

How does a VLT

frequency converter work

The intermediate curcuit (DC-bus)

frequency converter work The intermediate curcuit (DC-bus) V DC I U DC DC | Confidential/Property of
frequency converter work The intermediate curcuit (DC-bus) V DC I U DC DC | Confidential/Property of

V

DC

I

U DC

DC

work The intermediate curcuit (DC-bus) V DC I U DC DC | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives
How does a VLT frequency converter work The inverter (six-step voltage) U DC I DC

How does a VLT

frequency converter work

The inverter (six-step voltage)

U DC I DC U V W MOTOR
U DC
I DC
U
V
W
MOTOR
The inverter (six-step voltage) U DC I DC U V W MOTOR U U U U

U

U

U

U

U

v

W

U-V

How does a VLT frequency converter work The inverter (six-step voltage) 110 * U o

How does a VLT frequency converter work

The inverter (six-step voltage)

110 * U o 010 100 o = o t 011 101
110
*
U o
010
100
o = o t
011
101

001

U

V

U

U

U

U

V

W

U-

101 100 110 010 011 001
101
100
110
010
011
001
Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) Pulse amplitude modulation ( PAM ) is the transmission of data

Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM)

Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) Pulse amplitude modulation ( PAM ) is the transmission of data by
Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) Pulse amplitude modulation ( PAM ) is the transmission of data by

Pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) is the transmission of data by varying the amplitudes (voltage or power levels) of the individual pulse

Output voltage from the VLT - PWM modulation (VVCPLUS) One phase shown | Confidential/Property of

Output voltage from the VLT - PWM modulation (VVCPLUS)

One phase shown

the VLT - PWM modulation (VVCPLUS) One phase shown | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) Example of PWM | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17

Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM)

Example of PWM

Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) Example of PWM | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April
Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) Example of PWM | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April

| Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April 2013 | 15

The PWM pattern, basic for Danfoss VVC Pulse width modulation Sine – controller pulse width

The PWM pattern, basic for Danfoss VVC

Pulse width modulation Sine – controller pulse width modulation Asynchronous pulse width modulation – 60°
Pulse width modulation
Sine – controller pulse width modulation
Asynchronous pulse width modulation – 60° AVM
modulation Asynchronous pulse width modulation – 60° AVM | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |

| Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April 2013 | 16

Learning Objectives We will focus on: The main block diagram and components. How does a

Learning Objectives

We will focus on:

The main block diagram and components.

How does a VLT

frequency converter work

How to control the VLT

Fieldbus

Danfoss Soft Starter

How to control the VLT Motor speed are controlled by: Hand Mode, directly from the

How to control the VLT

Motor speed are controlled by:

Hand Mode, directly from the LCP Potentiometer, 10 Volt supply for the potentiometer available Voltage signal, 0-10Volt or +/- 0-10 Volt Current signal Field bus signals

Motor speed are controlled in open or closed loop:

Open loop as mentioned above Closed loop using The build in PID controller function Using an external PID controller

How to control the VLT Functionality are controlled by: Keys on the LCP Switches connected

How to control the VLT

Functionality are controlled by:

Keys on the LCP Switches connected to the digital inputs 24 Volt signal Field bus signals

VLT can inform about status via Reading on the LCP Digital outputs Relays Analogue signals, current or voltage Field Bus signals

Learning Objectives We will focus on: The main block diagram and components. How does a

Learning Objectives

We will focus on:

The main block diagram and components.

How does a VLT frequency converter work

How to control the VLT

Fieldbus

Danfoss Soft Starter

Typical Fieldbus Communication “START” “Run forward 1500 RPM” Controller “O.K.” “Ramping” “Running

Typical Fieldbus Communication

“START” “Run forward 1500 RPM”
“START”
“Run forward 1500 RPM”

Controller

“O.K.” “Ramping” “Running forward @ 273 RPM” “Running forward @ 273 RPM”
“O.K.”
“Ramping”
“Running forward @ 273 RPM”
“Running forward @ 273 RPM”
Field Bus control A Fieldbus is a media that links 2 or more physical units,

Field Bus control

A Fieldbus is a media that links 2 or more physical units, for exchange of information. Typically this refers to the controller communications protocol and physical cable connections.

Cables design type is dependent on the protocol used and application design.

Fieldbus cables can be from a few meters, to kilometers in length.

Control signals can be activated via the Fieldbus.

Depending on the application, access to all or selected drive parameters is possible.

Detailed error/status messages can be obtained from the Fieldbus.

Typical Fieldbus communication is via Master/slave protocol commands.

communication is via Master/slave protocol commands. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
communication is via Master/slave protocol commands. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
communication is via Master/slave protocol commands. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
communication is via Master/slave protocol commands. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
communication is via Master/slave protocol commands. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
communication is via Master/slave protocol commands. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
communication is via Master/slave protocol commands. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
communication is via Master/slave protocol commands. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |

| Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April 2013 | 22

Why use a Fieldbus? Less Cost at Installation. Data transfer is more resistant to electrical

Why use a Fieldbus?

Less Cost at Installation.

Data transfer is more resistant to electrical noise.

Reduced number of cables = Less maintenance.

Simple expansion of system.

Increase of productivity.

Increase of product quality due to more and better information.

of product quality due to more and better information. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
of product quality due to more and better information. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
of product quality due to more and better information. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
of product quality due to more and better information. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
Fieldbus Types Supported by Danfoss Drives AutomationDrive AQUA Different Fieldbus protocols are more commonly used

Fieldbus Types Supported by Danfoss Drives

AutomationDrive AQUA
AutomationDrive
AQUA

Different Fieldbus protocols are more commonly used in some application types compared to others.

Here we can see the typical protocols used in the primary VLT® Business Areas.

HVAC

Fieldbus Types Supported by Danfoss Drives   E=Embedded FCM FCD VLT VLT VLT VLT VLT

Fieldbus Types Supported by Danfoss Drives

 

E=Embedded

FCM

FCD

VLT

VLT

VLT

VLT

VLT

FC 301

FC 102

FC 202

O=Option

300

300

2800

5000

5000

6000

8000

/302

HVAC

AQUA

FLUX

HVAC

AQUA

AUTO

AS-Interface

O

 

               

FC Protocol

E

 

√ √

PROFIbus DP-V1

O

 

√ √

DeviceNet

O

 

 

√ √

CanOpen

O

             

   

Modbus RTU

E

 

√ √

Modbus +

O

     

           

Interbus

O

     

     

(√)

   

LonWorks

O

     

 

   

 

Metasys N2

E

   

   

   

 

L&S FLN

E

         

   

 

BACnet MSTP

O/E

               

 

EtherNet/IP

O

             

 

Modbus TCP

O

             

(√)

 

PROFInet (Q2/Q3, 09)

O

             

(√)

(√)

(√)

End of Basic Drive Technology Start of Basic Soft Starter Technology | Confidential/Property of Danfoss

End of Basic Drive Technology

Start of Basic Soft Starter Technology

VLT ® Soft Starter
VLT ® Soft Starter
Market Positioning Complete range three series MCD 100 Soft Start of motors 0,7 – 15
Market Positioning Complete range three series MCD 100 Soft Start of motors 0,7 – 15
Market Positioning
Market Positioning

Complete range three series

MCD 100 Soft Start of motors 0,7 – 15 kW

MCD 200 series

MCD 100 Soft Start of motors 0,7 – 15 kW MCD 200 series 11 Models 7.5

11 Models 7.5 kW~110 kW

motors 0,7 – 15 kW MCD 200 series 11 Models 7.5 kW~110 kW MCD 201 Soft

MCD 201 Soft Start Controller

Voltage ramp soft start/stop MCD 202 Compact Soft Starter Current limit soft start Motor protection

Soft Starter Current limit soft start Motor protection MCD 500 23 Models/5 frame sizes 20A ~

MCD 500

23 Models/5 frame sizes

20A ~ 1600A 7.5kW ~ 850kW

MCD 500 23 Models/5 frame sizes 20A ~ 1600A 7.5kW ~ 850kW | Confidential/Property of Danfoss

| Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April 2013 | 28

VLT ® Soft Starter - applications Pumps Cranes Fans and Blowers Woodworking Conveyors | Confidential/Property
VLT ® Soft Starter - applications Pumps Cranes Fans and Blowers Woodworking Conveyors | Confidential/Property

VLT ® Soft Starter - applications

Pumps
Pumps
Cranes
Cranes

Fans and

Blowers

Soft Starter - applications Pumps Cranes Fans and Blowers Woodworking Conveyors | Confidential/Property of Danfoss

Woodworking

Conveyors
Conveyors
Pumps Cranes Fans and Blowers Woodworking Conveyors | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |

| Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April 2013 | 29

M 3 ~ Contactor A.C. Switches Overload Motor Soft Starter A Soft Starter controls the
M 3 ~ Contactor A.C. Switches Overload Motor Soft Starter A Soft Starter controls the
M 3 ~ Contactor A.C. Switches Overload Motor
M
3 ~
Contactor
A.C. Switches
Overload
Motor

Soft Starter

A Soft Starter controls the voltage applied to the motor by the use of solid state A.C. switches (SCRs) in series with the supply to the motor.

A.C. switches (SCRs) in series with the supply to the motor. | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives
Fieldbus connection options MCD options provide connection to fieldbus networks and pc tools: - Remote
Fieldbus connection options MCD options provide connection to fieldbus networks and pc tools: - Remote
Fieldbus connection options MCD options provide connection to fieldbus networks and pc tools: - Remote

Fieldbus connection options

MCD options provide connection to fieldbus networks and pc tools:

- Remote Operator

- ASCII for Remote Operator and WinMaster

- Profibus DP

- DeviceNet

- Modbus RTU

- USB Module

WinStart

WinMaster

MCT10

DeviceNet - Modbus RTU - USB Module WinStart WinMaster MCT10 | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S

| Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April 2013 | 31

VLT Compact Starter MCD 200 MCD 202 Compact Soft Starter Current limit soft start +
VLT Compact Starter MCD 200 MCD 202 Compact Soft Starter Current limit soft start +

VLT Compact Starter MCD 200

VLT Compact Starter MCD 200 MCD 202 Compact Soft Starter Current limit soft start + motor
VLT Compact Starter MCD 200 MCD 202 Compact Soft Starter Current limit soft start + motor
VLT Compact Starter MCD 200 MCD 202 Compact Soft Starter Current limit soft start + motor

MCD 202

Compact Soft Starter

Current limit soft start + motor protection

MCD 201

Soft Start Controller

Voltage ramp soft start/stop

The Range

2 Styles

- without motor protection

- with motor protection 11 Models

- 7.5 kW~110 kW @ 400VAC

2 Voltage Ranges

- 200 ~ 440VAC & 200 ~ 575VAC Three frame sizes

7,5~30kW , 37~55kW , 75~110kW Protection

- IP20 (7.5 ~ 55 kW)

- IP00 (75 ~ 110 kW) Approvals

- CE

- UL508

- CSA

- CCC*

C-tick

(75 ~ 110 kW) Approvals - CE - UL508 - CSA - CCC* C-tick | Confidential/Property
VLT Compact Starter MCD 200 Series MCD 201 MCD 203 MCD 202 Integral Bypass Relays
VLT Compact Starter MCD 200 Series MCD 201 MCD 203 MCD 202 Integral Bypass Relays
VLT Compact Starter MCD 200 Series MCD 201 MCD 203 MCD 202 Integral Bypass Relays

VLT Compact Starter MCD 200 Series

VLT Compact Starter MCD 200 Series MCD 201 MCD 203 MCD 202 Integral Bypass Relays Very

MCD

201

MCD

203

MCD 202 Integral Bypass Relays
MCD 202
Integral Bypass Relays

Very low heat dissipation. No need for additional bypass contactor.

MCD203 Compressor starter Customized MCD201, an example of special design for special customer needs |
MCD203 Compressor starter Customized MCD201, an example of special design for special customer needs |

MCD203 Compressor starter

Customized MCD201, an example of special design for special customer needs

an example of special design for special customer needs | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
an example of special design for special customer needs | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
MCD 202 Adjustments Eight adjustments can be made on the MCD 202 soft starters: Current
MCD 202 Adjustments Eight adjustments can be made on the MCD 202 soft starters: Current
MCD 202 Adjustments Eight adjustments can be made on the MCD 202 soft starters: Current

MCD 202

MCD 202 Adjustments Eight adjustments can be made on the MCD 202 soft starters: Current Ramp

Adjustments

Eight

adjustments can be made on the

MCD

202 soft starters:

Current Ramp Up (2-15 sec) Current Limit (250-450%) + Initial Current (150-250%) Ramp Down (0-20 sec) Motor FLC (50-100%) Motor Trip Class (10,15,20) Maximum Start Time (0-20 sec) Phase Rotation Protection Auxiliary Relay Function (Trip, Run)

Rotation Protection Auxiliary Relay Function (Trip, Run) | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
The MCD500 Range 23 Models –7.5kW ~ 800kW @ 400V –21A ~ 1600 A (3
The MCD500 Range 23 Models –7.5kW ~ 800kW @ 400V –21A ~ 1600 A (3
The MCD500 Range 23 Models –7.5kW ~ 800kW @ 400V –21A ~ 1600 A (3

The MCD500 Range

23 Models

–7.5kW ~ 800kW @ 400V –21A ~ 1600 A (3 Wire)

2 Voltage Ranges

–T5 =

200 ~ 525 VAC

–T7 =

380 ~ 690 VAC

Protection

–MCD5-0021B ~ MCD5-0105B

IP20

–MCD5-0131B ~ MCD5-1600C

IP00

–(Finger Guard Kits Optional IP20)

Approvals

IP00 –(Finger Guard Kits Optional IP20) Approvals | Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S |
| Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April 2013 | 37
| Confidential/Property of Danfoss Drives A/S | Wednesday, 17 April 2013 | 37