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HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node

Operation Guide

2 Using the LMT of the GGSN9811

Using the LMT of the GGSN9811

About This Chapter


This part describes how to start, configure, log in to, and log out of the local maintenance terminal
(LMT) of the GGSN9811.
2.1 Setting the IP Address of the LMT
This part describes how to set the IP address of the LMT by using the example that the LMT
and the GGSN9811 are connected though the local area network (LAN). When the LMT of the
GGSN9811 changes to another network segment, you need to set the IP address of the LMT of
the GGSN9811.
2.2 Connecting the LMT to the GGSN9811
This part describes how to connect the local maintenance terminal (LMT) to the GGSN9811 by
taking the local area network (LAN) as an example. When you log in to the LMT for the first
time, you need to perform this operation.
2.3 Starting the LMT
This part describes how to start the local maintenance terminal (LMT).
2.4 Configuring the LMT
This part describes how to configure the local maintenance terminal (LMT), including the
maximum lines of the output messages, whether to automatically lock the LMT, timeout of manmachine language (MML) commands, output command report to files, and saving of entered
MML commands.
2.5 Setting Office Information
This part describes how to set the office information on the local maintenance terminal (LMT),
including adding, modifying, and deleting an office.
2.6 Locking the LMT
This part describes how to manually lock the local maintenance terminal (LMT). This is to
prevent unauthorized users from logging in to the LMT when the authorized operator is absent.
2.7 Unlocking the LMT
This part describes how to unlock the local maintenance terminal (LMT).
2.8 Running MML Commands
This part describes how to run the man-machine language (MML) commands. The local
maintenance terminal (LMT) of the GGSN9811 provides a man-machine interface based on the
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MML command line. You can configure data for the GGSN9811 through visual and simple
graphic user interfaces (GUIs) to guarantee the normal running of the system.
2.9 Logging Out of the LMT
This part describes how to log out of the local maintenance terminal (LMT) of the
GGSN9811.

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2.1 Setting the IP Address of the LMT


This part describes how to set the IP address of the LMT by using the example that the LMT
and the GGSN9811 are connected though the local area network (LAN). When the LMT of the
GGSN9811 changes to another network segment, you need to set the IP address of the LMT of
the GGSN9811.

Prerequisite
The new IP address, mask, and default gateway of the LMT are determined.

Context
The principles for configuring the IP address of the LMT is as follows:
l

When the LMT and the GGSN9811 are connected through a LAN, the IP address of the
LMT must be in the same network segment as the virtual IP address of the external network
of the GGSN9811.

When the LMT and the GGSN9811 are connected through a router, the IP addresses can
be in different network segments.

Procedure
Step 1 Choose start > Settings > Control Panel on the computer where the LMT is installed. Then,
select Network Connections.
Step 2 Select the local connection of the LMT of which the IP address is to reset. Then, right-click and
choose Properties. The Local Area Connection Properties dialog box is displayed. Refer to
Figure 2-1.

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Figure 2-1 Local area connection properties

Step 3 Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) on the General tab.


Step 4 Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties. The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Properties dialog box is displayed. Refer to Figure 2-2.

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Figure 2-2 Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) properties

Step 5 Select Use the following IP address on the General tab. Set IP address to ensure that it is in
the same network segment as the virtual IP address of the external network of the GGSN9811.
Set Subnet mask and Default gateway to be the same as those of the GGSN9811.
Step 6 Select Use the following DNS server addresses. Set the address of the domain name server
(DNS) to be the same as that of the GGSN9811.
Step 7 Click OK. The Local Area Connection Properties dialog box is displayed. Refer to Figure
2-1.
Step 8 Click OK in the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box.
----End

2.2 Connecting the LMT to the GGSN9811


This part describes how to connect the local maintenance terminal (LMT) to the GGSN9811 by
taking the local area network (LAN) as an example. When you log in to the LMT for the first
time, you need to perform this operation.

Prerequisite
l

The network port of the LMT (or router) is connected to the LAN.

The communication between the LAN (or router) and the network is normal.

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l

The physical connection between the LMT and the GGSN9811 is established.

Context
The computer where the LMT is installed can be connected to the GGSN9811 through the LAN
or router.

Procedure
Step 1 Set the IP address of the LMT. Refer to 2.1 Setting the IP Address of the LMT.
Step 2 Choose start > Run on the LMT. Then, enter cmd in the entry box of Run. Press Enter, and
then the cmd.exe window is displayed.
Step 3 Enter ping Virtual IP address of external network of the GGSN9811 in the cmd.exe window.
When the following similar information is displayed, it indicates that the communication
between the LMT and the GGSN9811 is normal and the task is complete. Assume that the virtual
IP address of the external network of the GGSN9811 is 10.110.42.26.
Pinging 10.110.42.26 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 10.110.42.26: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=125
Reply from 10.110.42.26: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=125
Reply from 10.110.42.26: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=125
Reply from 10.110.42.26: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=125
Ping statistics for 10.110.42.26:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
Minimum = 0ms, Maximum = 0ms, Average = 0ms

----End

2.3 Starting the LMT


This part describes how to start the local maintenance terminal (LMT).

Prerequisite
l

The LMT is connected to the GGSN9811.

The LMT software is installed.

Context

WARNING
Do not modify the system time when the LMT application programs are running. This is to avoid
system errors. You can modify the system time after all the LMT application programs stop.

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether the icon
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of LMT service manager exists in the notification area of the taskbar.

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Condition

2 Using the LMT of the GGSN9811

Operation

The icon of LMT Service Manager exists. It indicates that the LMT Service Manager is
started. Go to Step 2.
The icon of LMT Service Manager does
not exist.

Choose start > Programs > HUAWEI Local


Maintenance Terminal to start the LMT
service manager on the computer where the
LMT is installed. Then, go to Step 2.

Step 2 Choose start > Programs > HUAWEI Local Maintenance Terminal > Local Maintenance
Terminal . The User Login dialog box is displayed. Refer to Figure 2-3.
Start for the First Time? Operation
Yes

Go to Step 3.

No

Select an office to which the LMT is connected in the Office dropdown list box. Go to Step 7.

Figure 2-3 User Login

NOTE

You can also log in to the LMT by clicking Offline. Thus, you can use some functions of the LMT
offline such as help browsing, eliminating the need to log in to the GGSN9811.

You can log out of the LMT by clicking Exit.

Step 3 Click

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. The Office Management dialog box is displayed. Refer to Figure 2-4.

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Figure 2-4 Office Management

Step 4 Click Add.... The Add dialog box is displayed.


Step 5 Specify the office name and virtual IP address of the external network of the GGSN9811 in the
Add dialog box. Then, click OK. The Office Management dialog box is displayed. Refer to
Figure 2-5.
Figure 2-5 Adding the office

Step 6 Click Close in the Office Management dialog box. The office configuration is complete. The
User Login dialog box is displayed. Refer to Figure 2-6.

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Figure 2-6 User Login

Step 7 Enter user name and password, and then click Login. Display the Local Maintenance
Terminal main interface.
NOTE

If the LMT and the GGSN9811 are connected through the M2000 Proxy Server, select Proxy Server in
the User Login dialog box, and then enter the IP address of the M2000 server.
When logging in to the LMT for the first time, you must log in as an admin user. The password is determined
when the GGSN9811 software is installed.

----End

2.4 Configuring the LMT


This part describes how to configure the local maintenance terminal (LMT), including the
maximum lines of the output messages, whether to automatically lock the LMT, timeout of manmachine language (MML) commands, output command report to files, and saving of entered
MML commands.

Prerequisite
The Local Maintenance Terminal of the GGSN9811 is started. In addition, the LMT and the
GGSN9811 are connected.

Procedure
l

Setting maximum output lines


1.

Choose System > System Setting... on the LMT.

2.

Set Maximum Output Lines on the Output Window tab of the System Setting...
dialog box.
NOTE

When the number of the output lines in the output window exceeds the threshold, the earliest
lines are automatically deleted. The latest lines are displayed.

Setting whether the LMT is automatically locked


1.

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Choose System > System Setting... on the LMT.


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2.

Specify Automatically locked on the Terminal tab of the System Setting... dialog
box.
NOTE

If the user does not operate the LMT within the specified automatically locked period, the LMT
is automatically locked.

Setting the MML command timeout


1.

Choose System > Command Timeout Setting... on the LMT.

2.

Specify the MML Command Timeout(s) in the Command Timeout Setting dialog
box.
NOTE

The MML timeout refers to the period during which the LMT communicates with the
GGSN9811 through MML commands. If the LMT cannot receive the response from the
GGSN9811 within the period, the system sends a prompt.

Setting the output window


1.

Choose System > Output Window Setting... on the LMT.

2.

Specify the parameters in the Output Setting area of the Output Window Setting
dialog box.
NOTE

Some long command reports cannot be displayed in the maintenance output window. The
command output report in a specified period can be saved in the form of a file. This operation
is valid only for the current login.

Saving input MML commands


1.

Choose System > Save Input Command... on the LMT.

2.

Specify the parameters in the Save Input Command dialog box.


NOTE

This function is used to automatically save the MML commands that are executed successfully
or unsuccessfully. By default, the system automatically saves all the commands.

----End

2.5 Setting Office Information


This part describes how to set the office information on the local maintenance terminal (LMT),
including adding, modifying, and deleting an office.

Prerequisite
The LMT is started.

Context
Adding an office refers to establishing a connection between the LMT and the office so that the
office can be managed through the LMT. Modifying an office refers to modifying the office
name and the IP address. Deleting an office refers to deleting the office information on the LMT.

Procedure
l
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Adding an office
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1.

2 Using the LMT of the GGSN9811

Choose System > Office Management... on the LMT. The Office Management
dialog box is displayed. Refer to Figure 2-7.
Figure 2-7 Office Management

2.

Click Add... in the Office Management dialog box to display the Add dialog box.
Refer to Figure 2-8.
Figure 2-8 Adding an office

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3.

Enter the office name, network element (NE) type, and virtual IP address of the
external network of the GGSN9811.

4.

Click OK. The Office Management dialog box is displayed.

5.

Click Close in the Office Management dialog box.

Modifying an office
1.

Choose System > Office Management... on the LMT. The Office Management
dialog box is displayed. Refer to Figure 2-7.

2.

Select the office to be modified in the office list of the Office Management dialog
box. Click Modify... to display the Modify dialog box. Refer to Figure 2-9.

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Figure 2-9 Modifying an office

3.

Modify the office name, IP address, or NE type.

4.

Click OK. The Office Management dialog box is displayed.

5.

Click Close in the Office Management dialog box.

Deleting an office
1.

Choose System > Office Management... on the LMT. The Office Management
dialog box is displayed. Refer to Figure 2-7.

2.

Select the office to be deleted in the office list of the Office Management dialog box.
Click Delete. Then, a confirmation prompt is displayed.

3.

Click Yes. The Office Management dialog box is displayed.

4.

Click Close in the Office Management dialog box.

----End

2.6 Locking the LMT


This part describes how to manually lock the local maintenance terminal (LMT). This is to
prevent unauthorized users from logging in to the LMT when the authorized operator is absent.

Prerequisite
The LMT is started.

Context
You can lock the LMT of the GGSN9811 in the following ways.

Procedure
l

Choose System > Lock.

Press Ctrl+Alt+M.

Click

on the LMT.

----End

Result
The Terminal Locked window is displayed when the LMT is manually locked.
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2.7 Unlocking the LMT


This part describes how to unlock the local maintenance terminal (LMT).

Prerequisite
The Terminal Locked window is displayed on the LMT.

Procedure
Step 1 Press Ctrl+Alt+U in the Terminal Locked window. The Unlock Terminal dialog box is
displayed.
Step 2 Enter the password, and then click OK to unlock the LMT.
----End

2.8 Running MML Commands


This part describes how to run the man-machine language (MML) commands. The local
maintenance terminal (LMT) of the GGSN9811 provides a man-machine interface based on the
MML command line. You can configure data for the GGSN9811 through visual and simple
graphic user interfaces (GUIs) to guarantee the normal running of the system.
2.8.1 Introduction to MML Commands
Man-machine language (MML) commands are an operational means provided by the local
maintenance terminal (LMT) in addition to the graphic user interface (GUI). The GGSN9811
provides abundant MML commands, with which you can perform overall operation and
maintenance to the system.
2.8.2 Introduction to the MML Command Operation Interface
The man-machine language (MML) command window of the local maintenance terminal (LMT)
consists of the menu, toolbar, status bar, and MML command area. The MML command area is
further divided into the following: the command navigation tree pane, the command display
area, the common maintenance/operation record/help information area, and the command and
parameter input area.
2.8.3 Starting the MML Command Line
This part describes how to start the man-machine language (MML) command line when the
current window is not the window of the MML command line. Before running the MML
command, start the GGSN9811 MML command line. When the local maintenance terminal
(LMT) is started, the MML command line is started by default.
2.8.4 Running an MML Command
This part describes how to run a man-machine language (MML) command in the MML
command line. This can facilitate routine configuration and maintenance.
2.8.5 Batching MML Commands
This part describes how to batch the man-machine language (MML) commands. Batching MML
commands refer to that multiple MML commands are executed at one time. You can run the
edited batch files on the local maintenance terminal (LMT), eliminating the need to run an MML
command at one time.
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2.8.1 Introduction to MML Commands


Man-machine language (MML) commands are an operational means provided by the local
maintenance terminal (LMT) in addition to the graphic user interface (GUI). The GGSN9811
provides abundant MML commands, with which you can perform overall operation and
maintenance to the system.
The format of MML commands is "action + object", for example, ADD IP. Table 2-1 lists the
types of actions.
Table 2-1 Description of MML commands action types

2-14

Abbreviation

Meaning

ACT

Activate

ADD

Add

BCK

Dump manually

BKP

Back up

CLR

Clear

CON

Confirm

CPY

Copy

CRE

Create

DEA

Deactivate, close, or disable

DEL

Delete

DLD

Download

DSP

Display

EXP

Export

FMT

Format

FOC

Forcibly obtain

LCK

Lock

LOD

Load

LST

List

MOD

Modify

MOV

Move

REF

Refresh

REQ

Request

RMV

Remove

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Abbreviation

Meaning

RST

Reset

RTR

Restore

SAV

Save

SET

Set

STP

Stop

STR

Start

SWP

Swap, and forcibly switch over

SYN

Synchronize

ULD

Upload

ULK

Unlock

UPD

Upgrade

VRF

Verify

The syntax structure of an MML command is divided into three parts: the command keyword,
parameter, and parameter value. For example:
ADD IP: INTFN="ethernet1/0/0", IPADDR="10.10.10.1", MASK="255.255.255.0";

Here, the character string ADD IP before ":" is the keyword of the command; INTFN,
IPADDR, and MASK before "=" are parameters, which are separated by ","; ethernet1/0/0,
10.10.10.1, and 255.255.255.0 behind "=" are parameter values. The whole command ends with
";".

2.8.2 Introduction to the MML Command Operation Interface


The man-machine language (MML) command window of the local maintenance terminal (LMT)
consists of the menu, toolbar, status bar, and MML command area. The MML command area is
further divided into the following: the command navigation tree pane, the command display
area, the common maintenance/operation record/help information area, and the command and
parameter input area.

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Figure 2-10 GUI of the LMT

When you use MML commands to configure data, the following interfaces are involved: the
command navigation tree pane, the command window, and the output window. Refer to Figure
2-10. The MML command window includes areas (5), (6), and (7). Refer to Figure 2-10. By
default, the output window is hidden, and it is mainly used to display the detailed information
when the command is executed. For details, see the following description.

MML Command Navigation Tree


on the toolbar
On the system menu of the LMT, choose View > Navigation Tree, or click
to display the navigation tree pane. Refer to Figure 2-11. In the navigation tree pane, there are
three tabs: Maintenance, MML Command, and Device Panel. Here, the MML Command
tab contains two subtabs: Navigation Tree and Search.

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On the MML Command tab, select the Navigation Tree subtab to display the MML
command navigation tree. Select the Maintenance tab to display the maintenance
navigation tree. Select the Device Panel tab to display the device panel navigation tree.
The navigation tree displays the logical structure of system configuration and maintenance
as well as all the MML commands.

On the MML Command tab, select the Search subtab to display the MML command
search page. To search a command, enter a keyword in the search page.

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Figure 2-11 MML Command tab

MML Command Window


To open the MML command window, you can choose View > Command Window on the
on the toolbar, double-click a command on the Navigation Tree tab, or press
menu, click
F4. Areas (5), (6), and (7) as shown in Figure 2-10 are all in the command window.
Three areas of the command window from top to bottom are as follows: the Common
Maintenance/Operation Record/Help Information area, the command display area, and the
command and parameter input area. Their functions are as follows:
l

Common maintenance/operation record/help information area: Three tabs are included to


respectively display execution results of the command, record history commands, and
provide command help information. The Help Information area details the command
function, precautions, meaning of each parameter, and examples of the commands.

Command display area: It is used to display the complete configuration command.

Command and parameter input area: It is used for entering the command parameters one
by one based on the prompt of the parameter name.
NOTE

In the command and parameter input area, red parameters are compulsory, and you must type or select a
parameter value; black parameters are optional, and you can type or select a parameter value based on your
actual requirements.

Table 2-2 describes the four key shortcut icons in the command and parameter input area.

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Table 2-2 Shortcut icons in the command and parameter input area
Shortcut Icon

Meaning
Goes to the parameter input interface. you can also go to the
parameter input interface by pressing Enter after entering the
command.
Runs a command. You can also run a command by pressing F9.
Selects the next command. You can also select the next command
by pressing F8.
Selects the previous command. You can also select the previous
command by pressing the F7 key.

MML Command Output Window


To open the output window, you can choose View > Output Window on the menu, or click
on the toolbar, and then the output window appears on the status bar automatically. Refer
to Figure 2-12.
Figure 2-12 Output window

By default, the output window is hidden. It is mainly used to display the detailed return
information when the MML command is executed.

Inputting the Command Keyword


You can enter the command keyword in the following ways.
l

Locate the command by double-clicking Set IP address (ADD IP) in the MML command
navigation tree.

Directly type the command keyword ADD IP in the Command Input field of the command
icon or press Enter. When you type one or more letters of
window, and then click the
a command keyword, the system searches all commands initiated by the letter(s) in the
alphabetical sequence. The first command in the sequence is displayed in the input field.

If you remember only part of the keyword, you can search the complete keyword in the
Search tab.

Running the Command


to run this command. You can view the execution
After configuring all the parameters, click
result from the Common Maintenance page in the output window.
If only the command keyword is provided, the earlier mentioned three steps are applicable to
all data configuration commands of the GGSN9811. Therefore, for data configuration hereafter
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in this document, only the keywords of the commands are given in the table. Refer to Table
2-3.
Table 2-3 Setting IP addresses
Command

Function

ADD IP

Set the interface IP address

2.8.3 Starting the MML Command Line


This part describes how to start the man-machine language (MML) command line when the
current window is not the window of the MML command line. Before running the MML
command, start the GGSN9811 MML command line. When the local maintenance terminal
(LMT) is started, the MML command line is started by default.

Prerequisite
The LMT is started.

Procedure
Step 1 Click the MML Command tab at the lower left part of the navigation tree pane on the LMT.
Display the Navigation Tree pane.
Step 2 Double-click MML Command in the Navigation Tree pane to start the MML command line.
----End

2.8.4 Running an MML Command


This part describes how to run a man-machine language (MML) command in the MML
command line. This can facilitate routine configuration and maintenance.

Prerequisite
l

The LMT is started and the GGSN9811 is connected.

The MML command line is started.

If the configuration commands need to be executed, ensure that the right to configure the
commands is granted.

Context
You can run an MML command in the following ways.
l

Enter the MML command in the Command Input (F5) box.

Select the MML command in the History Command box.

Copy the MML command scripts to the command input area.

Select the MML command in the MML Command of the navigation tree.

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Procedure
l

Entering the MML command in the Command Input (F5) box


1.

Enter an MML command in the Command Input (F5) box of the MML command
line.

2.

Press Enter or click

at the right side of the command input box.

All the parameters of the command are displayed in the command parameter area.
3.

Enter the parameter value in the command parameter area.

4.

Press F9 or click

at the right side of the command input box.

The execution results are displayed in the Common Maintenance window of the
MML command line.
l

Selecting the MML command in the History Command box


1.

Select a history command in the history command box. You can press F7 or F8 to
select the previous or the next history command. Alternatively, you can press
or
behind the history command box to select the previous or the next history
command.
All the parameters of the command are displayed in the command parameter area.

2.

Modify the parameter value in the command parameter area.

3.

Press F9 or click

to run the command.

The execution results are displayed in the Common Maintenance window of the
MML command line.
l

Copying the MML command scripts to the command input area


1.

Copy the complete scripts of the MML command to the command input area.

2.

Press F9 or click

to run the command.

The execution results are displayed in the Common Maintenance window of the
MML command line.
l

Selecting the MML command in the MML Command of the navigation tree
1.

Double-click the MML command in the MML Command of the navigation tree.

2.

Enter the parameter value in the command parameter area.

3.

Press F9 or click

to run the command.

The execution results are displayed in the Common Maintenance window of the
MML command line.
----End

2.8.5 Batching MML Commands


This part describes how to batch the man-machine language (MML) commands. Batching MML
commands refer to that multiple MML commands are executed at one time. You can run the
edited batch files on the local maintenance terminal (LMT), eliminating the need to run an MML
command at one time.

Prerequisite
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The LMT is started and the GGSN9811 is displayed.


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If the configuration commands need to be executed, ensure that the right to configure the
commands is granted.

The MML command line is started.

The batch files are available.

Context
The batch file (file of data scripts) is a text file made through MML commands. The scripts of
a group of MML commands for completing a specific task are saved in the batch file. The MML
commands are automatically batched according to the order of the scripts in the batch file.
You can batch the MML commands in two ways.
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Immediate batch command: indicates that the specified batch file is run immediately.

Timing batch command: indicates that the system runs the batch file at a specified time of
a specified date.

Immediate batch command

Procedure
1.

Choose System > Batch Commands... on the LMT or press Ctrl+E. The MML
Batch window is displayed. Refer to Figure 2-13.

Figure 2-13 Immediate batch command

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2 Using the LMT of the GGSN9811

2.

Click New in the Immediate Batch Command tab, and then enter the batch
commands in the input box. Alternatively, click Open... to select an edited batch file.

3.

Set running parameters.

4.

Click Go.

Timing batch command


1.

Choose System > Batch Commands... or press Ctrl+E on the LMT. The MML
Batch window is displayed. Refer to Figure 2-13.

2.

Select the Timing Batch Command tab. Refer to Figure 2-14.

Figure 2-14 Timing batch command

3.

Click the icon beside Batch File to select the batch file.

4.

Click the icon beside the Execution Time to set the execution time.

5.

Click Add.... The MML Batch window must be displayed. Otherwise, the timing task
is deleted.

----End

2.9 Logging Out of the LMT


This part describes how to log out of the local maintenance terminal (LMT) of the
GGSN9811.

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2 Using the LMT of the GGSN9811

Procedure
Step 1 You can log out of the LMT in the following ways.
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Choose System > Log Out.

Press Alt+X.

Click

Step 2 The Confirmation dialog box is displayed. Click OK.


You log out of the LMT.
----End

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