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Learning Task No.

3
Chemical Equilibrium
1.

Write the Kc expressions for the following & classify them as homogeneous or
heterogeneous equilibria:
a. SO2(g) + 2H2S(g) 2H2O(g) + 3S(s)
b. NH3(g) + 5/4O2(g) NO(g) + 3/2H2O(g)
c. 2HNO3(aq) + Ba(OH)2(aq) Ba(NO3)2(aq) + 2H2O(l)
d. Mg(OH)2(s) + CO32-(aq) MgCO3(s) + 2OH-(aq)

2. In the reaction CO(g) + 2H2(g) CH3OH(g) carried out at 483 K, the following equilibrium
concentrations are measured: [CO] = 1.03 M; [CH 3OH] = 1.56 M; [H2]= 0.332 M.
Calculate the Kc of this reaction.
3. At a certain temperature, Kc= 1.8 x 104 for the reaction
N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g).
If the equilibrium concentrations of N 2 & NH3 are 0.015 M & 2.00 M respectively, what is the
equilibrium concentration of H2?
5. A 5.00 L evacuated flask is filled with 1.86 mol NOBr. After equilibrium is established at
25C, it is found that there is 0.082 mol of Br2 present. Determine Kc for the reaction:
2NOBr(g) 2NO(g) + Br2(g).
6. A 0.0240 mol sample of N 2O4(g) is allowed to come to equilibrium with NO2(g) in a 0.372 L
flask at 25C. Calculate the amount of N2O4 present at equilibrium.
N2O4(g) 2NO2(g) Kc = 4.61 x 10-3 at 25 C
7. The following Kc value is given at 298 K for the synthesis of NH3(g) from its elements.
N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) Kc = 3.6 x 108
What is the value of Kc at the same temperature for the reaction:
NH3(g) N2(g) + 3/2H2(g)
8. Explain how each of the following factors affects the amount of H 2 present in an
equilibrium mixture in the reaction
3Fe(s) + 4H2O(g) Fe3O4(s) + 4H2(g) H = -150 J
a.
b.
c.
d.

increase the temperature of the mixture


introduce more H2O(g)
double the volume of the container
add an appropriate catalyst

9. Consider the reaction,


2SO3(g) 2SO2(g) + O2(g)

H = 198.2 kJ

What would be the effect on the position of the equilibrium if:


a.
b.
c.
d.

the total pressure on the system is increased


oxygen gas was added to the reaction mixture
the temperature of the system was lowered
an inert gas, He, is added to the mixture

IONIC EQUILIBRIA

10. Nitric acid is used in the production of fertilizer, dyes, drugs & explosives. Calculate the
pH of a HNO3 solution having a hydrogen ion concentration of 0.760 M.

11. The OH- ion concentration of a blood sample is 2.5 x 10-7 M. What is the pH of the
blood?
12. The pH of a solution of HCl in water is found to be 2.50.
concentration?

What is the H + ion

13. Butyric Acid, HC4H7O2, is used to make compounds employed in artificial flavorings and
syrups. A 0.250 M aqueous solution of butyric acid is found to have a pH of 2.72.
Determine Ka for butyric acid?
14. The much-abused drug cocaine is an alkaloid. Alkaloids are noted for their bitter taste,
which indicates that they are bases. Cocaine, C 17H21O4N, is soluble in water to the extent
of 0.17g/100 mL solution, and a saturated solution has a pH of 10.08. What is the K b for
cocaine?
C17H21O4N + H2O C17H21O4NH+ + OH15. What is the percent ionization of 0.010 M acetic acid HC 2H3O2? Ka = 1.8 x 10-5