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,
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2010 , ,
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VMware .
,
. Avaya

. , 80% (!)

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Free-lance.ru .

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Linux-,
Android,

Linux- Android C++, ++


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Android, . , ,
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. .
Google Linux- HipHop 300
. 5 unit-. , HipHop
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Twitter Open Source
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Android,
framebuffer. Google
, ,
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, Linux- Android,

Linux-
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Linux- 2.6.33,
, Android.

Facebook

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PHP, - HipHop.
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Facebook
,
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HipHop,
50%.
HipHop for PHP -
. PHP-

-

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, , 94%
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Avaya, (78%)
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IP- - VPN-. , .
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iPhone Manager Pro)
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. 20 .

Netop Remote Control




90- .
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: NetOp Pack'n'Deploy,
. - Group Policy .
. , -Windows : Macintosh, Linux
, OS/2 .
, . Netop
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Netop Remote Control. ). Netop


Netop 90- , XML-.

: , (,
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, .
: .
Host,
- Guest. .
, BIOS. Netop
( Microsoft Installer), Intel vPro
(, . ,
vPro .

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Guest.
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ActiveX-, .
? , -
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RSA SecurlD. Netop . . Host, Windows
- Mobile, WebConnect,
. - , Guest ,
. GPRS, 3G
. IP-.
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Netop Security Server.
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LDAP), Netop.
Host - Netop On Demand Host.
Netop Host Guest.
- , . , , -
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(
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Netop. : , .

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Netop Remote Control.
Guest Host,
DMZ
WebConnect.
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Manager Connection Server,
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IIS,
Host,
Connection Server.
MS SQL.
Host, , Guest
Connection Manager
Host.
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Connection Server,
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,
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(.264),
(.500), ADSL ISDN OSI.
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ISO (International Organization for Standardization) - .
.
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1947 ,
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RFC (request for comments), IP;
> (Transport Layer),
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(Steve Crocker), , , SMTP, POP, Telnet .
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Bugtraq

Cisco IronPort
Mozilla Firefox 3.6 : Cisco IronPort Encryption Appliance
: Mozilla Firefox 3.6, , . 6.2.9.1; Cisco IronPort Encryption Appliance
: . 6.5.2; Cisco IronPort PostX MAP 6.2.9.1.
: . : .
: - : .
. : 1. -
. IronPort Encryption
URL : www.mozilla.com/en-US/firefox. Appliance.
: HTTPS-
. .
2. - IronPort
Encryption Appliance WebSafeG-.

OpenOffice.org .
: OpenOffice.org 3.2. 3. -
: . IronPort Encryption Appliance .
: .
: 1. - .
RSA- Iibxml2. URL : www.cisco.com.
2. - :
libxmlsec. .
.
3. - MSVC
Runtime.
. Google Chrome
4. - : Google Chrome 4.0.249.89.
-. :
. : .
5. - : 1. -
GIF-.
. .
6. -
Word. .
. 2. -
URL : www.openoffice.org. v8.
: 3.2
. Web-
.
3. -
<ruby>.
Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat .
: Adobe Reader 8.2.1 9.3.1; Adobe 4. -
Acrobat 8.2.1 9.3.1. <iframe>.
: . .
: 5. -
: 1. - Flash
Player . -.
6. -
, .
.
2. - , .
URL : www.google.com/chrome.
. : 4.0.249.89
URL : www.adobe.com .
: 8.2.1 9.3.1
.

:
-

VMware


VMware Inc.,
--
,

2009 . 2007

VMware Inc.
VMware
Microsoft,

,
Accenture, HP. SAP .
Microsoft
V6 Technologies,


Novosoft, -
Eyeiine Teiecom.


.

VMware Inc. -


.
,
2
, 8%
2008 .
2010
35%,
52%.
2009
2008 10% -
985 .
,
VMware,
2010
580-800
,
2009 23-28%.
2010
2,45 2,55
, 21 -26%
2009 .

- , -
? , :
, . , , . ,
,
. . -
? , .
- , .
, , .
.
. , . , - High
-, , Availability Fault Tolerance.
. High Availability
. -
, , , ,
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. - .
,
.



.

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,
.
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. .
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, , : .
-
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,
. .
. Fault
- Tolerance, 10-20%
.
. - .
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.
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-

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.
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, . -
, .
. . ,
, 50-70%. :
. , , - -
, -
, , .
, . ,
. , ,
, , ,
-
, , - .
VMware. .
.
,
Fortune 100,

, , ,
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, .

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,
, . ,
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, ,
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, ,
-,
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http://vmware.com/calculator. - -
. . ,
, , ?
- , - ,
- , ,
. .
, .
:
, 5% , , .
, . , 5%,
, - .
, . ,
10-15 . ,
- , .
, ,
, VMware,
- . , -

, -
, , . 2010 ,
- , ,
, - . ,
,
. , ,
.
(SLA) . .
-, ,
Amazon, ,
. , Google, - .
- Microsoft, ,
. , .
- ,
, .
, . 2007
- . VMware,

- . ,
VMware . , ,
. ,
, . , - .
, - -, .
. ,
.
, , , , ,
, , . ,
,
,
, , . - .

, 95% Install & Configure),



- VCP.
, , - . 54
. . ,
. , ,
, 50%- .
.
. . 2010 .
.
, , ? , -
. . , ,
, , ,
, , .
.
. , , - ,
, ,
: , -. ?
, - - - . -,
- , , , ,
. ?
, , - , 300 .
. , , ,
. ? , .
.
. ,
. , , 60 .
. , 2010 .
.
. - ,
? .
-
- , -
. , ?
. - -
. , .
. , - :
, Apple, Microsoft, Google. ,
- .
? ,
, . . ,
? , ,
- , .
, . ,
.
- ,
10%. ?
, ? .
- . ?
. - ,
. ,
, , , ,
, ..
, - SpringSource,
, . . 80% Enterprise Java
! , Zimbra -
, . VMware : - .
, HP, FastLane Softline.
,
5%, (VMware: .
Bugtnaq

TCP/IP
Microsoft PowerPoint 2002 Microsoft Windows
: Microsoft PowerPoint 2002, Microsoft Office XP. : Microsoft Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows 2008.
: . : .
: . : .
: 1. - : 1. -
. ICMPv6 Router
PowerPoint- Advertisement.
-
. .
2. - 2. -
LinkedSiideAtom-. TCP/IP- Encapsulating Security
PowerPoint- Payloads (ESP) UDP-.

. IP-
3. - .
placementld
OEPIaceholderAtom. , UDP-
MDL.
PowerPoint- 3. -
. ICMPv6 Route Information
4. - .
OEPIaceholderAtom- -
. .
PowerPoint- 4. -
TCP/IP- TCP-,
. SACK-.
URL : www.microsoft.com.
: TCP-
. .
URL : www.microsoft.com.
:
.

ModSecurity
: ModSecurity 2.5.12.
: .
: Microsoft Internet Explorer
: - : Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.01, 6.x, 7.x, 8.x.
, :
DoS-. :
URL : www.modsecurity.org. : 1. -
: 2.5.12 URLMON .
.
-

.
Microsoft Office 2. -
: Microsoft Office XP, Microsoft Office for Mac 2004. data .
: .
: . .
: -
OfficeArtSpgr- MSO.dll. .
URL : www.microsoft.com.
Office- :
. .
URL : www.microsoft.com.
:
.

ClearOS


ClarkConnect ClearOS ,
.

ClarkConnect > LDAP- ;


. > ;
. Community- > (Primary Domain Controller),
, , Windows;
. > ;
10 , > MySQL;
, DMZ, > - ;
, , > Kolab Outlook Connector;
. > - POP, IMAP, SMTP
Enterprise-. Webmail ( Horde).
ClearFoundation [1], ClearOS
- . , ,
, , , WEB.
. ClearFoundation ,
, , ClearOS .
.
ClarkConnect ClearOS Enterprise 5.1, 2009
- ClearOS. , , ( 5.x 2013 ).
. CentOS 5.4,
ClearOS : ClearOS ,
> , , ,
; CentOS.
> / ISO-
(7- OSI); 690 . 5.1 beta
> VPN-- , IPsec, OpenVPN; VMware.
> (Multi-
WAN), DMZ; System Requirements.
> 1 -to-1 NAT - ( 5 ) : 500 , 512
; 2 .
> ; RAID-,
> RAID-.
Snort/SnortSAM; i386-,
> - . . 64-
, , ,
- DSL Ethernet . ISDN
. .
, ClearOS
: - ,
> DHCP-, DNS-, NTP-; , Wi-Fi ClearOS

, .
. root , .

ClearOS , .
.
. .. , ,
, DNS-.
. , ,
. . , ,
, , SmoothWall,
USB- Fireware- . , , - WAN (RED), DMZ
(ORANGE), LAN (GREEN) Wi-Fi (BLUE). ClearOS
ClearOS. ,
, . , 3- DMZ, WAN
. - LAN.
, IP-
. : ().
Gateway - , . Gateway Standalone
, Standalone No Firewall. :
, ; , , (
; ).
Standalone- , . Setup
; . Wizard .
ClearOS -,
. LAN,
, 81/https-nopry. , https://192.168.1.1:81.
.
Graphical console, ClearOS
. - , .
ClearOS, , .
. ,
. ,
, , , .
. Gateway ,
.
LAN- . .
IP- , , .
DHCP, . , ,
ClearCenter.
, ClearCenter.com [2]
, .
Setup Wizard, . I am adding

ClearCenter

a new system to my account.


ClearSDN . , ClearOS
-DMZ 1 -to-1 NAT ( IP-
ClearCenter. ClearCenter ),
, .
, , ,
, TCP/UDP-: DMZ DMZ-LAN.
.
Software Modules. , Port Forwarding,
, - Advanced Firewal , . ,
File volume encryption utility, .
-. :
. Allow all outgoing traffic - specify block destinations -
Software Updates , ;
. Block all outgoing traffic - specify allowed destinations -
,
, ClearOS .
Directory LDAP,
. .
(, , , ) VPN . ClearOS
, , - , IPsec NAT,
Web, Mail, Proxy, FTP, Windows Network, VPN. NAT-Traversal .
50 ip_nat_pptp, ipjratjrc
4 ( 100 1 ). 1/ ip_nat_ftp
. .
ClearOS Gateway
- All Users Domain Admins, ClearOS
. : ClamAV,
- IDS Snort .
. LDAP, Intrusion Prevention IP,
, (CSV, ODS, Snort - SnortSAM.
XLS) Setup.
. Exempt List.
Network . .
, , .
DHCP, DNS VPN. , ClearOS, .
( External) - L7-Filter [3],
Multi-WAN. Netfilter. ,
: (weight), , L7-Filter
() . , -

Advanced Firewall

. / .
Protocol Filter configuration, ,
, . - .
. Flexshares - ,
Proxy and Filtering , Samba-,
Squid, AdZaper FTP-, Web- Mail-. ,
DansGuardian. ClearOS .
, IP- -
. , .
. . ,
Web Proxy / - . ( /var/
, , flexshare/share) .
. - .
.
. , , Samba-pecypca ( File)
, (
, /).
. . ,
Bandwidth. . Samba
. Windows Settings.
( /) Upload Download, , ,
(Primary Domain Controller Simple File and Print Server).
. WINS.
: Add ,
Bandwidth Rule Add Advanced Rule. : ,
(, ), ( , .
), (/ ),
Greed. .
, IP-, ClearOS .
, (Download/ - .
Upload), Rate Selling. ,
Bandwidth, ,
. . . 5.x ,
Server , , , 4.x.
ClearOS: WEB, SMTP/POP/IMAP, FTP,
Print, MySQL, WebMail ( Horde). 1. ClearFoundation/ClearOS - http://www.
, clearfoundation.com.
, . 2. - https://secure.clearcenter.com/portal/
new_account.jsp.
. 3. L7-Filter - http://l7-filter.sourceforge.net.

Flexshares CentOS

ClearOS... ?

,

,
. ?

), 3.1 RHEL AS 4,
, , , ,
, RHEL,
: CentOS.
, ! ,

. , , ,
, , ,
.
Point
ClearOS Clark Networks ,
FTP-
. - Point . , 3.x
Clark Networks Office vs Professional vs Home,
. , Home, ,
, -, .
ClearOS Enterprise 5.1, , 1.3 (15.04.2003),
, , 4.0 (23.01.2007)
. Community. , 1.2
: ClarkConnect Standard, , [4],
? ? Office, 1.0.2,
, , , ClarkConnect
? , [1]: (. . 2), (. . 1) Internet Gateway.
? , .. .
5.1,
Enterprise, Community
,
ClarkConnect [2] 2002 , community
1.1. DistroWatch [3] ClearFundation [5]. ,
ClearOS 0.9.1 20.12.2001. ClearFundation .com, .org,
0.7.1-3 05.05.2001 (. . 1). - .
, CD ClarkConnect
, . .
ClarkConnect Red ,
Hat, . 0.7.1-3 , - .
Red Hat 7, , . , , , -
, 2005 3.0 .
Fedora Core 2, , (- ,
ClarkConnect - , a Fedora - ,

?


?

. ,
ttyl .
- , 1.0-2 (. . 3).
2.0, , . 5.1
-, -. ,
lynx (. . 4). .
4.0 ( beta) http-pecypc firefox,
. , xul-. 11
SVGA- , , , ratpoison. To
(. . 5).
, (firefox
! http-). -
! ( ), ClarkConnect,
ClarkConnect 1.2, 11
, . -, 4.1 , .
(18.04.2007), , runlevel
(. . 6). 5. , 3-,
, , .
, ,
. , .
, 26 Firefox (

1. 0.7.1-3 2. 1.0-2

prefs.fs ). 0.7.1-3 lilo ,
. . , ,
, [6]: grub. 2.0 -
. , 4.3,
11 (<ctrl> + <alt> + <bspace>) , , .
, . , , , ? :
, , ClearOS . -, ClearOS app-gallery ( cc-gallery).
-, ,
firefox, Open Kiosk [7] 4.0, .
. ! -. ,
! : ? .

> X S ratpoison --display :0 S firefox --display :0 -kiosk


Point Clark Networks
, - -
(. . 7), . ,
, .
! : ,
. , . ,
26 ... , ratpoison ( )
- . ,
<Ctrl> + <T>, ClearOS . ,
,
ClarkConnect -. ( ).
https://:81 . ,
. 0.7.1-3, . 10 ?
http://:81, .
TLS. 1.0-2 ( DNS DHCP.
) webmin. , 0.7.1-3
- - ISC Bind DHCPD .
! webmin . 1.0-2 Bind dnsmasq,
2.1. ISC DHCPD 2005 ,
?.. -, , 3.0 dnsmasq.
4.1. !
, 4.0 18 , DNS DHCP
. , ( . , OpenSSH Dropbear!
) -
2007 (4.1 )
ClarkConnect [8], , , Zeroconf, DNS,
FAQ . ClearOS.
, ClarkConnect
. , , AD Samba. , Bind?

3. 1.0-2 4. - 2.0

.
. MySQL
- phpMyAdmin.

phpMyAdmin,
https://:81/mysql/. , . -,
[9]. ,
security team Point Clark Network IRA:
? ! : ,
,

. , ?
ClarkConnect -
?


ClearOS 5.1.
CentOS 5.4.
2.6.18-164
config-2.6.18-164.el5, ClearOS ,
config-2.6.18-164.6.1.v5. .
:

,
ClearOS ? .
. , ,
.
NE2000 - , ,
-1542 ?

frame buffer:

, frame buffer
. , -

Trident:

5. 4.0 6. 4.1

brltty -
.
3.0 (26.01.05)
3.x 2005 .
4.2
, , (4.2 SP1 05.03.08) ( speakup_sinth
Voodoo 3DFX ( isolinux.cfg). ClarkConnect
90-!) IrDA.
, ( -
: ). ? ,
,
,
- .
, , ,

...
. ,
, ? ?
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( !) 22 :
.
, - , -

. ,
.
... ... !
ClearOS 25 : :

3.x. , ,
3.x Point Clark Networks. TV:
-
, Speakup [10]
. Speakup
,
.

7. firefox-kiosk 8. CentOS 5.4



DVB - 69!
Point
Clark Networks. ,
ClarkConnect, !
ClearOS . ,
CentOS RHEL - . ClearOS.
ClearOS ! , , - ClearOS
23 CentOS .
, , Netfilter
, user-space.
: -

, :
. 1/1 4.0 4.1
! ,
WAN_ROUTER.
? SMB, 4.2 ,
MINIX, - BEFS... , -
. . , ClearOS!
: ,
ClearOS , Point Clark Networks, - ...
? ?
, , : . , ---
ClarkConnect Enterprise
, -
! - ,
ClearFundation,
. , ,
,

RHEL,
CentOS,

ClarkConnect. ! , :
. , !
, ClearOS
GPL. .
, , ClearOS, -
CentOS 5.4.
CentOS (. . 8).
! ,
Welcome to CentOS. initrd ClearOS,
, /sbin/loader,
stage2. ClearOS . ? ,
anaconda-runtime. Point Clark Networks
anaconda,
GPL anaconda:

4.x, ,
, ,
CentOS RHEL :
. GPL, Red Hat
,
CentOS

anaconda-centos-centos-branding-po_files.patch, : src.rpm,
. anaconda - tar-! ? 722?
. GPL, ... ,
GPL.
. ,
, , FLOSS, help@softwarefreedom.org.
CentOS, anaconda-runtime, ,
CentOS , , ClearOS anaconda Point Clark
anaconda. Networks. .
ClearFundation .
ClearOS 5.1 (. . 9): 1. Point Clark Networks - http://www.pointclark.net/
. about.
, GPL, ClearOS 2. . ClarkConnect - .
Linux-,
anaconda [11]. , ! Windows-. 2002 - http://linux-admin.net.ru/
content/494.
3. DistroWatch.com:ClearOS - http://distrowatch.com/table.php?
9. ClearOS 5.1 distribution=clearos.
4. /. ClarkConnect 1.2. 12
2002 - http://www.linuxcenter.ru/news/2002/12/12/1525.
5. ClearFundation - http://www.clearfoundation.com.
6. . . ClearOS 5.1: ... ?
. // , 1-2, 2010 . -
. 60-61.
7. Open Kiosk - https://www.mozdevgroup.com/
clients/bm.
8. ClarkConnect -
http://www.clarkconnect.ru.
9. phpMyAdmin - http://www.xakep.ru/
vulnerability/phpMyAdmin.
10. Speakup - http://www.linux-speakup.org.
11. ClearOS - http://download.clearfoundation.com/
clearos/enterprise/sources/5.x.

Cisco ISR G2

2009 Cisco
Cisco Borderless
Networks Architecture

,
,
-,
.
. , Cisco - ,
, , ,

- , ,
, . , -.
Cisco Systems,
, Cisco ISR G2
Cisco . - Cisco ISR -
, ( , Cisco ISR
Cisco : 2004 , Cisco ISR
Integrated Services , 7 ).
Router Generation 2, ISR G2. ISR G2 ISR ISR G2
.
.
, Cisco ISR G2
,
,

Cisco ISR ISR G2 . ISR G2
Services
Ready Engine,

.
ISR G2 1 ,
.


.



Cisco EnergyWise (
Cisco, http://www.cisco.com/web/RU/news/
releases/txt/2009/012909b.html)
,

- ASR 1002-F.
,
. Cisco ISR G2 ,

. Cisco
, Cisco EnergyWise, ASR 1002-F
. Cisco ASR 1000 .
Cisco
, Cisco I0S Release 15
, . - .

,
. Cisco ,
ISR G2
, ,
,
, ,
. .

.
ISR G2
Cisco ISR G2. Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1 ),
,
, , IP-
: . Cisco ISR G2
,
, , .
, Cisco ISR G2 -
.
, Cisco Telepresence,
- Digital Signage. . , Cisco
Cisco -
ISR 3900 - Enterprise Medianet Foundation Architecture,
ISR G2, ,
, . ,
. ( ) ISR G2,

.
,
, , ,
,
. Cisco ISR,
Cisco Learning@Cisco
ISR 2900 - ISR -,
G2, Cisco .
,
, , , ( [2]) -
, ,
.
.
Cisco ***
ISR 1900. Cisco 1941 -
,
,
802.11 , .
,
. 1. Cisco TechWiseTV - http://www.
. cisco.com/web/RU/solutions/smb/techwisetv/index.html.
2. Cisco - https://www.cisco.com/
Cisco web/learning/le3/le2/le37/le10/learning_certification_type_home.html.


Active Directory. 2
,
.

[1]. ,
, (, ),
.
. ,
, WAN-, , repadmin.
. ? ,
, , , ,
, ,
WAN-. , .
, IPsec, Active
WAN-? Direcory - .
,
. Default-First-Site-Name.
: , Kerberos ,
, .. man-in- SiteLink . SiteLink
the-middle. RPC, , - ,
, ; ,
RPC-. ,
. ?
RPC SMB. - .
: ,
. IP-
, 180 .
. ,
: SiteLink-.
.
, ,
Kerberos. .
. , ,
( .
). :
(,
) . , --
, ,

> , ,
, ,
(. . 1). ,
.
: ; , ,
-
. , 3,
(100 = 50 + 50)
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:
DEFAULTIPSITELINK. ,
1, 2 ?
: - -, - , -
-. . Subnets
, ,
.
. --
, , 192.168.5.0/24, , IP-
; , .

Servers . , ,
. , , 192.168.0.0/16,
Microsoft 192.168.1.0/24, ,
IP-, , IP- 192.168.1.15 .
, ,
.
, .
. : , .
,
, ,
. :
: ,
(. . 2).
: , -
> :
.
LOGONSERVER=\\Bl
>
, Windows2000
, .
SiteLink-. :

1. 2.
, ,
LogonServer-a, , Bridgehead .
15 Bridgehead
. , Windows Server 2003
DCLocator
AD. . ,
:
adlb.exe.

,
- (Bridgehead Server), . 4. ,
,
, .. . ,
, - SiteLink, ,
, , , SiteLink, .
, .
. :
Bridgehead-
, 1 1? ,
, , 1
Bridgehead- . - . ,
Active Direcory - ,
, , - .
. , ,
IP, .
(. . 3). 1 . , , .
- ,
,
, ?
?
Active Directory
Bridgehead-. . (ADDS) ,
, - , ,
, : , . ,

3. Bridgehead- 4. Site Link Bridge


. ),
,
( 1 1 )? .
Site Link Bridging. ,
Active Directory,
SiteLink- ,
. , ,
, ( ).
. .
Site Link Bridging.
, 135/tcp, 135/udp (
. RPC endpoint mapper),
, - , ,
. . , ,
, , 1024-65535/tcp.
,
, .
.
, , , ,
(Site Link Bridging)
. , .
Active Directory
, . Site Link Bridging :
Registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Current
. ControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters;
Registry value: TCP/IP Port;
, Value t y p e : REG.DWORD.
Active Directory - RPC--
(. . 6).
, , NetLogon-a DCLocator-a: (
, - SChannel
, ):
( Registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Current
). ControlSet\Services\Netlogon\Parameters;
( Registry value: DCTcpipPort;
, Value t y p e : REG_DWORD.

5. Site Link Bridging ( )


, Windows Server 2003 2008,


- Active Directory,
. DFSRMIG.exe.
: Distributed File System (DFS) Replication - ,
GPO ( , SYSVOL ,
(GUID), , , ), Windows Server
Active Directory , 2008. DFS Replication Windows Server
, ( 2003 R2, SYSVOL
, Windows Server 2008.
adm, admx, adml), DFS Replication?
SYSVOL. > Windows Server 2003 SYSVOL
SYSVOL AD, FRS .
NtFRS DFS-R. DFS Replication
SYSVOL 64 , ..
AD, 64 .
. > DFS-R
NTFRS/DFS-R, . , ZIP.
, .. > . SYSVOL
. .
, > DFS
, . .
NTFRS DFS-R > Read Only Domain Controllers.
, .. . >
Active Directory, .
Windows Server 2003, > ,
Windows Server 2008, -
File Replication service (NtFRS). .
NtFRS : , ,
Registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Current dfsrmig,
ControlSet\Services\NtFrs\Parameters; FRS DFS.
Registry Value: RPC TCP/IP Port Assignment; /GetMigrationState /SetGlobalState.
Value type: REG_DWORD.
Active Directory http://itband.ru/2009/05/sysvol-dfs.
Windows Server 2008 ( Windows SYSVOL
Server 2008 ) DFS-R,
Distributed File System (DFS) Replication. ,
DFS-.
:
6. > :
dfsrdiag dumpmachinecfg

0, ,
DFS-
.
> :
dfsrdiag StaticRPC /port:nnnnn /Member:dc.itband.ru

XML-
: %SYSTEMDRIVE%\System
Volume lnformation\DFSR\Config\DfsrMachineConfig.XML.

Microsoft
Microsoft Windows
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/832017).
,
Microsoft Windows Active Directory.

repadmin
:
repadmin () replmon ( ) .

WindowsServer 2008 , repadmin, ,


repadmin, , ,
Active Directory - (. . 7).
:
.
:
,
Premier
Support Microsoft,
.

repadmin

DC1
ActiveDirectory. D C 1 , ,

.
replsummary ,
, (-DISABLE_
, INBOUND_REPL).
, -
.
(showchanges) ,
, ,
. -
.
. : SMTP-,
,
,
, , , , USN rollback.
(DC1), invocationID (
ActiveDirectory) ,
, . InvocationID, .
, :
1. ., . . Active
Directory. // , 1-2, 2010 . - . 54-59.

7.


PonverShell
Windows 7
Windows 2008 Server
,
PowerShell,

, .
, ( )
VBScript (VBS-), Jscript (JS-),
KIXTart (KIX- -), Active Directory.
(CMD- -). PowerShell, .

, ,
-, .NET Framework, , ..

.
. ,
:
. . .
, , . ,
. ,
.
- .
1. Profile . ,
, -
, -
..

.

Logon Script Profile (. . 1) -
Active Directory Users and Computers.

:
> -

.
.

. ,
- VBscript,
- PowerShell,
- KIXTart.

,

.

. ,
PowerShell. ,
PowerShell ,
PowerShell .
- Restricted,
. PowerShell
- Get-ExecutionPolicy Set-ExecutionPolicy.
(. . 2). PowerShell Get-ExecutionPolicy
: (
AllSigned - , Restricted), Set-ExecutionPolicy -
, PowerShell, ,
. Get-ExecutionPolicy,

.
. :
RemoteSigned - , , RemoteSigned -
. , ;
, . Unrestricted - .
Restricted ( ) - .
. , ,
Unrestricted - , .
, .
.
.
Unblock (). ,
.
HKLM ,
1.

.
, PowerShell
. ,

.

2. PowerShell Restricted

3. PowerShell


,
Set-ExecutionPolicy. (. . 1). ,
WDomainX
Netlogon.
. ,
, ,
.
. ,
force:
- ,
.
%0 ,
. , Netlogon
command PowerShell. %0\..\.
, , . . Microsoft Knowledge Base, Q121387 [1].
- (. . 3):

-
c m d ,
bat, vbs, js, ps1 ..
. :
NetLogon,
, . : -
Windows 2008 - %SystemRoot%\
SYSVOL_DFSR\domain\Scripts. .
Windows - %SystemRoot%\ ,
SYSVOL\sysvol\<domain DNS name>\Policies\{GUID}\User\ ,
Scripts\l_ogon. .
. ,
: CMD/BAT
\\DomainControIIer\NetIogon, DomainController - .
NetBIOS- , Esmiralda.
, start wait:

.
\\Domain\Netlogon, Domain - NetBIOS- ,
Island. . -

4. 5.

PowerShell, PowerShell - ,
- . .
2 , ?
PowerShell PowerShell Windows 7, Windows Server 2008.
Unrestricted,
. PowerShell ,
(inventory.ps1), : PowerShell
(netdisk.psl), - Windows 2000.
(netprn.psl). ,
PowerShell Windows 2000.
- Restricted. .
PowerShell, .

,
PowerShell , ,
(KIXTart, VBScript) ,
?
Windows ,

:
PowerShell > ;
, . , >
-version 1.0 PowerShell, .
.
PowerShell
. -windowstyle
Hidden.
. PowerShell . Active Directory
. ,
- - PowerShell PC VBScript PC.
, ,
, PowerShell , - ,
. , VBScript.

.

- Group Policy Object.
VBScript KIXTart Group Policy Objects

6. 7.

(. . 4) New. Active
. Directory Users and Computers (. . 7).
LogonScript - PowerShell Logon Script - VBScript. VBScript, -
, PowerShell.
. LogonScript - PowerShell , :
PowerShell PC. , , - VBScript PC. ,
,
. ,
- . ,
- ( CMD)
Edit . VBScript, Jscript (
(. . 5) Computer ( VBS, JS),
, .. Windows Microsoft
), Policies Windows Settings Windows 95.
Scripts (Startup/Shutdown)
PowerShell.bat (. . 6) PowerShell PC
VBScript.bat - VBScript PC. .
PowerShell
,
Active Directory User and Computers .
VBScript PC PowerShell PC.
- : -. -
, PowerShell,
. ,
, , .
. ,
, PowerShell.
- Start.cmd 3.

, ,

PowerShell.bat, - VBScript.bat.
PowerShell
.

: ,
.
,
.
:
, .
-
.
,
-
.
.

. - ,


.
EXIST , %SystemRoot%\
System32\WindowsPowerShell
. , , PowerShell
1.0 2.0 ,

GOTO ,
PowerShell. , :
, ,
. , .
START /WAIT. WMI,
.
-
. , Active Directory.
. -
, operatingSystemVersion -
. (. . 8), - operatingSystem -
, .
. , PowerShell ,
, , .
. , , 6.0
.
, .
- ,
, .
. ,
, . .
,

. VBScript Jscript.

.
VBScript.

- , .

, ,
. -
% C o m p u t e r N a m e % ,
Windows [ 2 ] .
- Wscript.Shell,

.
RootDSE
, .
Active Directory A D O D B -
,
.
,
WshShell.Run [2]
, - .
Run .
.
( - ) . - ,

(true).
start /wait,
(. 4),
, , .
,
,
2 ,
5.
.

.
Active Directory -

8.
,
,
,
, .

-
. ,
, ,
.

. ,

.

1. Use of the %0\..\ Syntax in the Smsls.bat File - http://support.


microsoft.com/kb/121387.
2. .
Windows. -, 2009 .

NETGEAR ReadyNAS Pro





SSH

2009 [1] ,
,
ReadyNas Pro NETGEAR. UNIX-, Debian
, RAID, - Linux. ,
, , . ,
, .
. -
2009 [2] , (. [1]).
ReadyNas Pro , .
( RAIDiator) Linux Debian.
, SSH,
().
, UNIX-like
Linux-. ,
! , - , ,
, - ,
. ( , , . .
,
.) : -
NETGEAR .
. , ,
, .
.
( ). ,
UNIX-, ( ) , .
.

: , ? EnableRootSSH,
,
? , , , SSH
.
?. , Debian
. , Linux- (shell).
.
SSH. : http://www.readynas.com/download/addons/
x86/4.2/EnableRootSSH_1.0-x86.bin (
tar+gzip. , 1.0).
ReadyNAS. , FrontView (-
-. ) )


,

.

- . Windows,
, UNIX-like
EnableRootSSH .
(. . 1). ,
: malware.
.
.
.
Linux Debian
, , apt-get
, , , :
(. . 2).

, , NAS). ClamAV 0.90,
: .

ClamAV,
:
http://www.clamav.net/download/packages/packages-linux.
,
/etc/
apt/sources.list , -
.
sources.list (
):

! SSH ,
admin,
EnableRootSSH.
root (, passwd) :
admin - FrontView.

Linux Debian
- ,
. ,
:
ClamAV
. ,

, the public key is not available


/etc/apt/sources.list . http://ftp.debian.org etch
, , http://security.debian.org etch. ,
:
gpg-. ,
ID .
: wwwkeys.eu.pgp.net -
keyserver:

1. EnableRootSSH

, :
:

-
:

24,8
. ?

:


Midnight
Commander, .

ClamAV

2.

freshclam.conf,
.
:


, . clamd.conf. :
0.95.2 ( ). ,
.

ClamAV
- -
:
.
flash-,
.

( : ,
..) ,
, , . :

.
/.
mount : :


- , clamd .
,
/c/system/ .
/c/system/clamav:

,
/c/system/clamav . : Users,
: Document Public.
/opt/everydayscan.sh.
.
:

,
.

:

.


,
.

SSH
(shell)
NETGEAR,
ReadyNAS Pro.
. ,
,
.. ,

. , , ,
:
recursive=yes - ; .
detect-broken=yes -
( 1. .
); NETGEAR ReadyNAS. //
phishing-c!oak=yes - URL; , 12, 2009 . - . 40-43.
phishing-ssl=yes - 2. . -
SSLBURL; NETGEAR ReadyNAS. // ,
move=/c/quarantine - 7, 2009 .-. 14-20.
/c/quarantine, quarantine 3. ClamAV - http://www.clamav.org.
. 4. Debian Linux - http://www.debian.org.
,
: 23:59
13:59. /etc/crontab
:

,
:



?

tar. ,
, FrontView,
. , .
tar -z,
,
, .. (
bzip2 -j
bzip2 tar.)
. backup
user.tar.gz,
users:

SoftRAID Mirror OpenBSD



OpenBSD
.
, -
RAID-

BSD- , RAID- .
, - ( OpenBSD 4.2 - RAID Frame
, ). :
OpenBSD > ;
RAID-, > ;
, > ,
. , , ;
. > ;
> -.
, 1. OpenBSD.
RAID , :
SoftRAID, > - 512 ;
RAID. > swap- 1024 ;
> - RAID.
RAID Frame-, ,
, SoftRAID
FAQ, RAID
Frame . RAID Frame
, SoftRAID-
GENERIC-,
.
, , .
. -, , , , (wd1).
, .
. .
. , .
, , , ,
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RAID1. 512 - 80 .
/ 4 , .
. ,
, (misc, comp, man...).
: -. ,
15000 , . , -
( , ), . (, )
. RAID-.
, , 2. RAID Frame.
- , , - -
. ( RAID Frame). .

.
. 1 .

.
/etc/raidO.conf .
:
RAID Frame raidctl.

,
RAID-.

, .
RAID:

, GENERIC.
- GENERIC.MP. - ,
.
. . .

GENERIC.MP. , RAID:
, GENERIC.MP, - ,
GENERIC.RF:

,
.
:
> - 1 ;
: > /home-512;
> /var - .

. :
3. wd1 wdO:

4. SoftRAID RAID Frame


GENERIC,
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. .
,
- , RAID Frame,
. :

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, .
. .

: /dev/wdXa, /dev/sdXa.
/dev/wdXa.
:
> ;
> ;
> , ;
. > ;
5. , . > RAID-.
1. OpenBSD.
:
. > -512 ;
BIOS > swap- 1024 ;
. > - RAID.
MBR-. MBR
PBR, PBR boot.
boot .
.
RAID Frame, raidO.
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rootO.
RAID .
, , , : :
RAID:

RAID
RAID FS type -RAID.
: : .
RAID-.
2. .
, wd1 : , - -
. .
.
, wd1 , :
RAID :

:
>
, ,
(, boot).
,
.
> LiveCD- OpenBSD
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RAID-. :
> ,
RAID Frame. - .
> swap ,
.
RAID.
> RAID Frame. ,
GENERIC-
. .
OpenBSD 4.2 - SoftRAID RAIDSD.MP :
.
SoftRAID
. RAID-
GENERIC-, : ,
.
, .

MBR, . MBR
PBR, PBR boot, boot
, RAIDSD : sdO, ,
.
RAID
: bioctl. , , , :

:
,
sdOa.
: RAID :

:
>
, ,
3. RAID- .
, . , .

.

.
.
RAID Frame SoftRAID :
bioctl.

, RAID1
(). -
.
,
RAID- .
- .
shell install , , .
RAID, . ,
/dev (wd1). . , .
mknod: ,
.
, , /dev/wd1d

, core dump .
, .
-
RAID-

.

. , bioctl
RAID SoftRAID. , RAID Online,
, sdO , :
.
- ,
bsd bsd.sd.mp% RAID-. ,
, ,

.
, RAID.
sdO .
? BIOS 1. http://www.argon18.com/raid_openbsd.html.
. - 2. http://www.openbsd.org/faq.

SSL-

?
Apache https,
?
, ?

? https- , , ,
2009 20202, www.snakeoil.com,
Microsoft Exchange Open Source- ).
[1], , ,
, ,
Microsoft Exchange Open , , (. . 1).
Source-, (. . 2).
.
, , ?
, - , , SSL-.
, ,
. , ,
, . https
https ,
, , ,
- [6]. , - ,
.. , SSL-,
Apache SSL ( - , :
[2], [5]), , ( ),

1. Microsoft Internet Explorer 2. Firefox


, , , > , ,
. , , ;.
, . >
- , .
.
.
? , ,
- DNS - .
,
( , Center of Authority,
), , ,
, - ?
. , , ,
VeriSign ( ) $1200, , ,
, - . ,
, , , SSL-.
, - , - [2]
, [5],
. www.snakeoil.com .
, , .
? . Microsoft , ,
,
, , Firefox, , VesiSign Thawte,
. . , , ,
. ,
Internet Explorer (. . 3). - ,
Firefox (. . 4). .
. -, ,
.
.
-, , , ?
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, ?
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, ,
. , VeriSign... .
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> , (, )
,
; , , -

3. Microsoft Internet Explorer 4. Firefox


, , m a n x 5 0 9 v 3 _ c o n f i g . ,
.
,
VeriSign .
- ,
[4] /usr/local/etc/apache22/ssl.
[5]. , (
/etc/ssl/openssl.conf - a p a c h e l mod_ssl, a p a c h e 2 mod_ssl
, ):
.

-
12 -
,
.
:
.
RSA 1024
.
caserv.key
ssl.key, 0 4 0 0
, caserv.crt - ,
[ssl_server] [ s s L c l i e n t ]
, , -

5. 6. MS Internet Explorer

, ,
. .xml :
,
(
database )
( serial
):

. ,
,
, ,
, <certhash>, (,
. ):
,
- Windows PEM-encoded,
DER-encoded , -
,
- -
(. . 5).
caserv.crt ,
- , -BEGIN SERTIFICATE END SERTIFICATE-.
(. . 6).
Firefox <base64encodedcert>, ,
. , ,
-> - .
, _setup.xml.
.cab ( Windows):
. :
(. . 7)?
, (
. Nokia N95 8G. ), [6].
-> -> -
. ,
- . .
,
: , ,
- *.crt (PEM-encoded) , .
- .
, *.cer (DER-
encoded):
7. Firefox


.
,
,
, .
,
, ,
. ,
(. . 8-10).
, ,
Windows Mobile.
-
Microsoft
,
90-.

,
. .
, , -
A p a c h e .


, C o m m o n N a m e -
,
https.
( ). ,

Apache, apachectl restart
.

,
,

( ,
-
).
?
https://www.sheltonsoft.ru. , .
,
, <filename>.key ssl.key SSL
, - imap.
, < f i l e n a m e > . p e m
, , 1. . MS Exchange. Horde
, Groupware. // , 9, 2009 . - . 42-47.
ssl.csr: 2. Apache2 SSL/TLS. - http://www.ti.chernigov.ua/
labs/ksm/apache_ssl/ssl.htmi.
3. OpenSSL- http://www.nixp.ru/articles/openssl.
4. SSL- - http://
www.opennet.ru/base/sec/ssl_cert.txt.html.
5. apache + modssl https - http://www.
opennet.ru/base/net/apache_mod_ssl.txt.html.
6. Adding a Certificate to the Root Store of a Windows Mobile-based
ssl.crt, Device - http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc182241.aspx.

8. Nokia 9. Nokia 10. Nokia


Bugtraq

Mozilla Firefox
: Mozilla Firefox 3.0.18 3.5.8. Microsoft PowerPoint 2003
: . : Microsoft PowerPoint 2003, Microsoft Office 2003.
: : .
: 1. - :
browser engine. : 1. -
LinkedSlideAtom-.
.
2. - PowerPoint-
Web Worker
. .
2. -
. placementld
3. - OEPIaceholderAtom. :
HTML-napcepe.
PowerPoint-
- .
. 3. -
4. - OEPIaceholderAtom
showModalDialog(). .
Javascript- PowerPoint-
,
. .
5. - 4. - PowerPoint
SVG-, Content-Type Viewer 2003 TextBytesAtom-.
application/octet-stream.
Javascript- PowerPoint-
, SVG-.
URL : www.mozilla.com/en-US/firefox. .
: 3.0.18 3.5.8 5. - PowerPoint
. Viewer 2003 TextCharsAtom-.

PowerPoint-

Apple iPhone .
iPod touch URL : www.microsoft.com.
: Apple iPhone Apple iPod touch 3.1.3. :
: . .
: .
: 1. -
CoreAudio.
2. - ImagelO.
lighttpd
. : ighttpd 1.4.25, , .
3. - : .
USB-. : .
: - ,
.
. .
4. - Webkit,
HTTP-
, (, 1 1
. ).
5. - WebKit, URL : www lighttpd.net.
: 1.4.26
. .
URL : www.apple com
:
.



Word, Excel, Internet Information Services, Outlook,
Internet Explorer Windows. Co

-

, ,
, . , , -
: MS Office .
.
,
, , ; -
. , , - - .
, , 4.0,
.
Windows. , ,
, .
UNIX- . ,
- -?
Windows. C O M ( C o m p o n e n t Object Model -
IIS 7, FastCGI , ) - Microsoft,
[1]. ,
PHP-, , - ,
, .
Microsoft Office. .

1. Word! 2.

Windows COM . :
. : - - word.application.
Microsoft OLE Automation, ActiveX . (
, ), ,
-. .
VisualBasic, ActiveX dll, test_com. (quit(),isset()) ,
HelloCOM.phpcom. , WINWORD.EXE .
: , ,
( ),
.
,
,
dll , :
regsvr32.exe. -,
:

,
.
: -> ->
( dcomcnfg).
(. . 2),
Hello COM!, -> -
-. . DCOM.
! ( Microsoft Office Word 97 - 2003,
) (
Hello, Word! , ) (. . 3).
: ,
Word. :
?
. .
- ? .
:

,
, Word (. . 1).

3. 4.

, AD, 1 ..) ,
:

DisplayAlerts
. ,

, ,
.
:

,
MS Office, ,
MS Office,
, , , (. . 6).

Word: , , . ,
:
. -
Excel.

Hello, Excel!
.
:

, ,

Microsoft Excel Application, ,
Word. . 7.
,
(Workbook),
(Worksheet) (Cell).
.
- ? ,
: .
,
.
.
template.xlsx. .
, (
-

( , , ). ,
Outlook -
, , ,
. 8. , . ,
.
? Windows-, -.
, ? - , , ,
, -. ,
, , , :
-, . , (
, Microsoft ):
Office , .
Powerpoint:

, -
. , , :

- Access:
, -
. :

- -, -,
UNIX-.
Outlook . Outlook 2003 , ,
: , , ,
. , -

. ,
. _

1. . WIMP - Windows, IIS, MySQL, PHP. PHP-


, Outlook, ISS/Windows 2008 Server. //
, 3, 2009 . - . 75-79.

7. Excel! 8.
Bugtraq

SMB- Microsoft Data


Microsoft Windows Analyzer ActiveX-
: Microsoft Windows 2000; Microsoft : Microsoft Data Analyzer ActiveX-.
Windows XP; Microsoft Windows 2003. :
: . :
: . : -
: - Microsoft Data Analyzer ActiveX-
Server Message (max3activex.dll).
Block (SMB) . -
.
SMB-
ActiveX- :
. > Symantec WinFax Pro 10.3 (C05A1FBC-1413-11D1-
: B05F-00805F4945F6);
> Google Desktop Gadget v5.8 (5D80A6D1-B500-47DA-
SMB-. 82B8-EB9875F85B4D);
URL : www.microsoft.com. > Facebook Photo Updater 5.5.8 (0CCA191D-13A6-
: 4E29-B746-314DEE697D83);
. > PandaActiveScan Installer 2.0 (2d8ed06d-3c30-438b-
96ae-4d110fdc1fb8).
URL : www.microsoft.com.
:
.
SMB- Microsoft Windows
: Microsoft Windows Vista; Microsoft
Windows 2008; Microsoft Windows 7.
: SQL- Softhiz Link Directory Script
: : Softbiz Link Directory Script.
: - : .
Negotiate- SMB- :
. : -
sbcatjd
SMB- showcats.php.
.
Windows 7 Windows 2008 R2 SQL- .
URL : http://www.softbizscripts.com/link-
. Windows Vista directory-script-features.php.
Windows 2008 :
. .
URL : www microsoft.com.
:
.
SQL- Joomla HD FLV Player
: HD FLV Player ( Joomla) 1.3,
, .
: .
ShellExecuteO Microsoft Windows : .
: Microsoft Windows 2000; Microsoft : -
Windows XP; Microsoft Windows 2003. id
: . index.php, option com_hdflvplayer.
:
: 1 -
API ShellExecute(). .
URL : www.hdflvplayer.net.
- :
. .
URL : www.microsoft.com.
:
.


Symantec End point Protection 11

Linux- ,
, ,

. ,
, Linux- Windows-.
. , , , ,
- , Symantec Endpoint
Protection 11
. Windows.

. .
Symantec. .
,
. .
,

Symantec
,

1.

Endpoint Protection. .
, Linux-,
[ 1 , 2]. VPN-
(. . 1).

:
> ; .
> . ,
-
. , , .
,
. , .
-

. .

, .
.
Live Update.
Symantec :
> Live .
Update; ,
> Live Update, Live Update
Windows.
; Windows- ,
> Linux-
; ,
> - .
,

Windows-
. Live Update,
Linux-
.
Live Update
, HTTP.

2. Live Update


. liveupdate.
Live Update Linux-
- A p a c h e .
, liveupdate.
Indexes
, A p a c h e
.
default-server.conf
liveupdate:
,
,
Live Update.



, Live , ,
Update,
Live Update. Live Update .
C:\Program Files\Symantec\ .
LiveUpdate Administrator\clu-test.
Linux- .
liveupdate, .
Windows (. . 3).
SMB, HTTP -
. AAA

.
Live Update, Linux ,
(. . 2).
Symantec Endpoint Protection 11 Live Update
-, .
Live Update .
1. Symantec Endpoint Protection Symantec Network Access Control:
.
. . 2. Symantec Endpoint Protection
Live Update Symantec Network Access Control.

.
Dolce Vita



1
,

- , - .
1:,

.

,
, 1- 4- (,
)
.


,
.
, !
. 1 ,
, -> .
. < E s c a p e > .

?.

- . ,

, .
ActiveX. - ActiveX ->
Microsoft Forms 2.0 CommandButton.
, Caption ,
, . M o u s e M o v e
. ,
(. ).
:
1


"1: 8"

1: 8.1 1: 8.2?

8.1 , ,
, 8.2 , (,
. 8.2 ,
("ICEStart.cfg, ).
ICESCmn.cfg, logcfg.xml, nethasp.ini, adminstall.cfg, inetcfg.
xml, debugcfg.xml, comcntrcfg.xml), , ,
. 1: .

, . , 1:. ,
. ,
. ,
.
1: 8.1 8.1.15.14 1: , ,
64- Windows Server 2003. ,
. ,
1:, , .
, - .
, ,
.
1. 1 : 8.2 - ,
,
1: .
,
.
,
,

,
.
64-
, .
,

.
, 1: 8.2

. , ,

,
1

. , (0 -
, 1 - ):
, ,
..
.

. . 1,
:

ICESCmn.cfg

1: (C:\Program Files\1cv82\
common\1cestart.exe), . ICESCmn.cfg
1cv8s.exe ( :\ DistributiveLocation
Program Files\1cv82\8.2.10.7Abin\1cv8s.exe),
.
. 1cestart.exe
,
(. . 2). (. . 3).
, 8.2.
: Windows 98 Windows Me.


. 1cestart.exe , 1
. , 1:,
ICESCmn.cfg. . 8.2
: /,
, ..
.

1cestart.exe.
,
,
, ,
Windows logon-,

.

2. 1 : 8.2 3. 1: 8.2
?

..
( ERF), . (),
. .
,
, . .

,
.
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- ),
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.

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,
.
> -
,
: ();
( -
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,
,
,
. ,

.

2. 3.

YouTube


-,

-


[1]
FFmpeg. ,
. - ,
FFmpeg, , MPIayer , a -ovc, , .
MEncoder, MPIayer. , , :
.

( ); , -ovc.
, ffmpeg, :
mencoder. - ;
. lave - libavcodec, ;
MPIayer MEncoder xvid - XviD-.
. , .
, . -,
GNU/Linux , , :

.
. , , openSUSE,
YaST'oM, Ubuntu Debian-
- , , apt. Iibmp3lame
FreeBSD, ,
. , lameopts.
,
MEncoder. MEncoder - , :
MPIayer
.

, q - 0 9.
FFmpeg, MEncoder . :
man mencoder
.
MEncoder.
, avi,
. ,
, , MEncoder'oM.
. . MEncoder ( , , openSUSE 11.2),
, ,
: .

.
- - - . ,
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-
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, , -
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,
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vhook): http://www.videohelp.eom/download/ffmpeg-0.5.7z. $i - .
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FFmpeg.
. , ,
. ,
, , ? ( . Sous-titres -
. , ) - ,
, ,
vhook , , .
. , .
, *.srt.
. , . 1',
:

: FFmpeg
? MPIayer.
, , :
, MPIayer -subwidth - ;
. , -subcp - , ;
. MPIayer ( -subfont-text-scale - ;
). , : -sub - .
?
, gaupol,
, , GNU/Linux.
: . -
. :

,
59 .

: , -frames - ;
? -outdir - ,
, .
. ?
: 2. MEncoder FFmpeg
, FFmpeg
.
, FFmpeg mencoder.
:

,
. ,

, .
, FFmpeg.
. . , MEncoder. FFmpeg,

. . MEncoder.
, , , , FFmpeg
MPIayer, MEncoder.
, ,
, 3.
.
,
,
. .
xargs. , ,
1. MEncoder FFmpeg . ,
:
, .
, ,
MEncoder, FFmpeg.
FFmpeg , ,
FFplay MPIayer. , ,
. , .
.
FFmpeg ,
, , . , ,
MPIayer, . - ,
, FFmpeg .
. . - ,
MPIayer, . FFmpeg - .
, ,
MPIayer ,
. MPIayer ,
: .
,
. .

: 1. . YouTube.
-ss - -. // , 12,
; 2009 . - . 88-96.

FreeBSD
> FreeBSD?
> ?
> ?


bsdportal.ru

- . Linux -
, . ,
1999 , ,
FreeBSD. .
? , -
: ,
. FreeBSD ,
1995 . . FreeBSD ,
, FreeBSD.
.
, : ,
Linux
. Novell, IBM , .
FreeBSD !
- , , ,
? . -
Linux. , .
: , ,
, Linux. FreeBSD . ,
, Linux . ,

. : .
,
. - ?
:
- 24 2002
. 3- ,
: . 12
FreeBSD 2003

. http://www.bsdportal.ru,
, ,
FreeBSD
, .
. www.bsdportal.ru
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:
. ,
, ,

, : , :
FreeBSD . . ,
wiki,
, .
. . .
- : ,
email@bsdportal.ru , -
. , Word, - ,
: Windows. , ,
.
-
.

24 ,

,
. FreeBSD.
.



, .
- , -,
- ,
? , . ?
: - , , :
!
. , : .
FreeBSD. :
Windows,
. ,
. , .
. !
: FreeBSD
FreeBSD, - , ,
. , ?
. . FreeBSD :
: , , (ARM).
-- . :
. : . -
. .
: ZFS, UTF-8
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, , .
. . FreeBSD .
, .
, ,
. -
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: , . - .
, Windows?
. . :
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FreeBSD. , . desktop-a
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:
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-

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,

- , , , ,
( -
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. -, - computer science -
,
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-, - , 1979 ,
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.
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, (, .
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(, - (
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. 1995 .
-

: !
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-. , - ,
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, . ,
,
, PageRank -.
( ,
. 2001 -
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, ,
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,
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1996 ,
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2006 -
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Collegiate Dictionary Oxford English Dictionary. - .
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. $1 . -,
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The Independent Google Time

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