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ACNE: A Cause of Nightmare to Everyone

In partial fulfillment of the requirements in Research IV

Submitted to:

Mrs. Susana M. Gorospe

Submitted by:

Group 6 IV-Diamond

Sevb G. Capili

Charmaine Jhun V. Andaliza

Rae Angela D. Cruz

Mariah Patricia C. Antonio

Jarrell R. Dizon

Julius E. de Venecia

3 February 2010
Acne is a common problem among teenagers. Because of puberty and hormonal changes

that is happening, acne occurs. Teens will find ways to counteract this problem since teenage

years is the time when an adolescent builds up his self-esteem and acne is a major hindrance to


The aim of this research paper is to clear out the misconceptions about the causes of acne

and inform the readers about it. In this research paper also are the recommendations for

preventing and treating acne.


The descriptive method of research was used in this study. Descriptive method of

research is a fact-finding study with sufficient and accurate interpretation of the findings. It

describes what is. It describes with emphasis what actually exist such as current conditions,

practices, situations, or any phenomena. Since the study or investigation was only concerned

about acne, the whole research is only focusing attention on it. The descriptive method was the

most appropriate or fitted to use.

The method of collecting data used was through sorting documents and references

through the help of the relevant reference works like encyclopedias, dictionaries and some

journals regarding acne and by using internet that provides new updated information about

certain topic. The researchers did the mechanics of gathering source materials, taking notes, and

documenting sources with a deeper analysis and interpretation.

The other instrument used to collect data was the questionnaire. The questionnaire was

given to the students to fill up for validation. It was given to them because they are the only
available respondents and fitted to the study (because almost of the students suffered and are

suffering from acne). The needed data were completed and had been validated.

The copies of the questionnaire were distributed personally by the researcher to the

respondents. Just after a few minutes, all the copies distributed were retrieved also personally by

the researcher.


Facts and Myths about the Causes of Acne

Facts Myths
1. Stress 1. Heredity with the exception of very

severe acne.
2. Hormones (especially during 2. Food like pizza, chocolates, junk foods,

menstruation) greasy and fried foods.

3. Oil-based make up, suntan oil and 4. Cosmetics that are water based and oil

hair products. free skin care products.

5. Hard Scrubbing of the Skin
6. Pressure from helmets, chinstraps,

collars and suspenders.

7. Drugs because some medication can

worsen acne.
8. Occupations that is exposed to

industrial products like cutting oils.

9. Squeezing or picking at blemishes.
10. Environmental Irritants.
Table 1.1 Facts and myths about the causes of acne

The researchers conducted a survey on what age does acne occur on teenagers. The

researchers have given this survey to 34 students in 4th year high school. And the results can be

seen on table 1.2.

Age Number of Students
9 1
10 2
11 1
12 4
13 4
14 14
15 7
16 1
Table 1.2 Survey results on what age does acne occur

Like what can be seen above, at the age of 14, occurrence of acne is more prone and

common. Almost 41% of the students had experienced the occurrence of acne at this age. In the

researchers’ conducted survey, there are 14 students who had their acne at the age of 14. That

only proves that puberty stage is the stage of teens that acne aggravates.


Acne commonly starts in the early teen years, especially during the onset of puberty. As

the body begins to produce hormones, the oil gland becomes over – active. The excess oil

secreted by the oil glands combines with the normal shedding of dead skin cells that cause pores

to become clogged. Once the oil and bacteria were wrapped within that pore, skin irritation and

whiteheads occur. Whiteheads are also called closed comedones. When the whitehead is plugged

near the surface of the skin and the air touches it, it turns black and it is called blackhead or open

comedone. If the wall of the blackhead breaks, the area swells and turns into a red bump. This

bump is referred to as a pimple. And if the wall breaks deep into the skin, acne occurs.

For many people, acne is considered as a symptom of stress. Although this topic has long

been debated, researchers have made no firm conclusions about it. But during their studies, most

of the students conclude that acne occurs or worsens in situations of extreme stress. As what is

usually said, there are things that often cause acne or even worsen it.
Parents often tell teens to avoid chocolates and greasy foods because it can cause acne.

Even though these foods may not be good for our health, they don’t cause acne or make it worse.

Sweat does not cause acne. This just proves that it is not necessary to shower instantly after

exercise. Sweat does not cause acne but we must stay clean. Another one is heredity. Just like

your facial features, acne seems to be hereditary too. So if your mom and dad have acne, it is

most likely that you will have it too. Acne is also caused by the excess production of sebum

which is caused by the male hormone testosterone which is present in both male and female.

Cosmetics and skin care products sometimes aggravates acne especially those that are “oil

based”. One disadvantage of these cosmetics is that it’s “comedogenic” (pore-clogging) which

clogs the pore which traps the oil, excess sebum, and bacteria inside the pores. The most

common contributing factor of having acne is an individual’s occupation. When someone is

working and is exposed in industrial products like oil, this may speed up the occurrence of acne.

Usually, when someone is exposed to pollution and high humidity, he is prone to acne.

Exhausting jobs can also cause acne because of the stress someone may have suffered from it.

Hard scrubbing of the skin is also one of the factors while squeezing or picking the blemishes is

one of the major factors that worsen the acne.

But what the doctors recommended is that intensive treatment is needed because acne can

be worse for they are that sensitive when not treated properly. Application of creams that

contains Benzoyl Peroxide and Salicylic acid is one of the best things to do. Just keep in mind

that the first thing to do to prevent acne is to kill bacteria and reduce the oil.


For years, oral tetracycline and erythromycin have been the standard for treating acne.

Now, there’s another option: A prescription topical gel called ACZONE®: Gel, which has

antibiotic and anti-inflammatory effects. It was approved in 2005 by US food and Drug

Administration but came with all sorts of restriction for use, including blood monitoring, because

of potential side effects. This year, after reviewing the results of trials with 3,000 plus patients,

the DFA lifted the restrictions. The manufacturer, Allergan, hopes to have the gel on the market


About ninety percent of all teenagers develop acne at or about the time of puberty when

hormonal levels change. This is the first and the key step in formation of Acne in teenagers

which is not addressed by other treatments in the market. They influence not just appearance, but

very frequently mood and self-appraisal. There have been created lots of methods to treat acne

disease, but it's difficult to say that there is one universal method suitable for everyone.

People also say that acne is a consequence of dirty skin and poor skin care. It's true to a

certain extent because washing face and keeping it clean provides open and clean pores. But

nevertheless, it's not the only cause of pimples. It's a widespread idea that blackheads represent

dirt clogged in the pores. A person should realize that blackheads are actually caused by dead

skin cells, so if someone applies a lot of cleanser to his face he can make his problem even

worse. Everyone should wash our face with gentle cleanser twice a day.

Keep in mind that a person should also get a clean face before applying some medical

creams or gels on it. Lots of people suppose that acne and pimples are peculiar just to juveniles.

Though adolescents suffer from pimples and acne more frequently, acne can affect people of all

ages. And another important mistaken conception is that acne cannot be treated. It's absolutely
untrue, there are numerous treatment methods that assist in getting rid of acne and prevent their

recurring appearance.