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EEG Sleep Stages

Abdul Alraiyes MD
Ascending arousal system

Adapted from Saper 2005, pg 1258 [99].


EEG awake

Blinking eyes
EEG awake

Slow eye movements


EEG awake

Closed eyes with alpha frequency in the posterior channels


VLPO

Adapted from Saper 2005, pg 1258 [99].


VLPO

Adapted from Saper 2005, pg 1258 [99].


Sleep stage 1

Generalized slowing of all EEG channels


Sleep stage 1

Vertex wave in stage 1 sleep


Sleep Spindles

Thalamic-cortical activity

Adapted from Saper 2005, pg 1258 [99].


K complex

Stimulating arousal

Adapted from Saper 2005, pg 1258 [99].


Sleep stage 2

Sleep spindles
Sleep stage 2

K complex
Sleep Stage 3

Adapted from Saper 2005, pg 1258 [99].


Sleep stage 3

Slow wave sleep “Delta wave”


Sleep REM Stage

Adapted from Saper 2005, pg 1258 [99].


Sleep REM Stage
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