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 $ 
y#x-y           
   
 "   V"    
 d


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$ m p  1.67 1027 kg   qm  1.6 10 19 C    
 #
 

 #
%
     v  v p xˆ      
G

  v  ve xˆ    $ me  9.11 1031 kg   qe  1.6 1019 C   
G

       


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