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Regulation on Training Room

1.Present on time;
2.Have a seat as provided;
3.Turn off hand-phone or set in silent mode;
4.Pay attention to the training topic;
5.Fill the attendance list;
6.Answer all questions of HSE Test carefully.
HSE Training

Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment, and


Control
(HIRAC)

Trainer: I Gede Sumantra


Why We Need HIRAC?
Please take a look at the following
formula carefully!

Hazard Exposur Acciden


e t
What is HIRAC?
To answer this question we have to go
through the following…
Hazard
A hazard is any situation, substance,
activity, event, or environment that
could potentially cause injury or
illness.

Example:
Poor lit areas, confined space, high
altitude, noisy location, toxic chemical,
flammable and explosive materials,
radio active substances, heavy lifting,
Likelihood
Value of possibility of accident
occurring in the premises
To determine value of likelihood, consider
following:

a. Unsafe Action. Related to human behavior.


Examples:
- incompetent person commencing work
- personnel ignoring safety procedures
- workers not using proper PPE

b. Unsafe Condition. Related to equipments, site


conditions, weather, etc. Example:
- deep excavation with no barricade
- scaffolding without safety railings
- leakage on hydraulic hoses on heavy
equipment
- poor housekeeping
Severity
Injury level as the consequence
of an accident
• To determine severity, you need to
consider the following:

– How bad the accident might be happened


– Which part of the body exposed to the injury
Risk
Risk is combination of likelihood of an accident and severity
of injury

(Risk = Likelihood x Severity)

Risk Assessment
A risk assessment considers the
effectiveness of existing
OH&S controls and then evaluates the
probability and the severity of specific
hazardous events and exposures.
Acceptable Risk
Risk that has been reduced to a level that can be tolerated
by the organization having regard to its legal obligations and
its own OHS Policies .
Remember!
Risk can not be eliminated. Risk can only be
controlled to the low level.
Control Measures
Action taken in order to control and
reduce risk to acceptable level.
Hierarchy
Control measureof Control Measures
shall refer to HSE
1. Elimination
standard and regulation.
2. Substitution
3. Engineering Control
4. Administrative
5. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Determining Control
Measures
• Once Risk Assessment made, continue with
control measures. In case control measures have
been available, determine if need additional
control measures;
• Plan control measure in systematic way following
hierarchy of control measures;
• Control measures shall refer to HSE standards
and regulations.
How is The Process of Hazards
Identification, Risk Assessment, and
Control?
The Process of Hazards Identification,
Risk Assessment, and Control

Hazards
Identification
The Process of Hazards Identification,
Risk Assessment, and Control

Hazards
Identification

Risk
Assessment
The Process of Hazards Identification,
Risk Assessment, and Control

Hazards
Identification

Risk
Assessment

Control
Measures Plan
The Process of Hazards Identification,
Risk Assessment, and Control

Hazards
Identification

Implementation Risk
Control Measures Assessment

Penentuan
Control
Measures
Pengendalian
Plan
The Process of Hazards Identification,
Risk Assessment, and Control

Hazards
Identification

Implementation Risk
Control Measures Assessment

Control
Measures Plan
The Process of Hazards Identification,
Risk Assessment, and Control

Hazards
Identification

Implementation Management Risk


Control Measures Changing Assessment

Control
Measures Plan
The Process of Hazards Identification,
Risk Assessment, and Control

Hazards
Identification

Supervision &Implementation Management Risk


ObservationControl Measures Changing Assessment

Control
Measures Plan
The Process of Hazards Identification,
Risk Assessment, and Control
Developing
Method
Hazards
Identification

Supervision &Implementation Management Risk


ObservationControl Measures Changing Assessment

Control
Measures Plan
Five Steps to Risk
Assessment
• Step 1. Look for the hazards
• Step 2. Decide who might be harmed and how
• Step 3. Evaluate the risk arising from hazards and decide if
existing precaution are adequate or more should be done
• Step 4. Record your findings
• Step 5. Review your assessment from time to time and
revise if necessary
Documentation and
Communication of HIRAC

• HIRAC documents to be prepared


orderly with clear identity (document
number);
• HIRAC document to be signed by
Management;
• HIRAC to be made understood by all
personnel in proportional way
(communication and information).
Review of HIRAC

• HIRAC process must be sustainable;


• Review of HIRAC periodically will
keep HIRAC up to date with site
condition;
• It’s not necessary to generate
revision if existing HIRAC still in
accordance with the task.
When HIRAC to be Made?

• HIRAC to be prepared prior to


commencement of task, at the same
time with preparation of work
method.
• During commencement of task,
conduct HIRAC review periodically,
should you find a hazard not
identified yet, revise the HIRAC.
Who is Involved in Making
HIRAC?
Those who involved in making HIRAC
are: 1. Engineering Department
(preparation) 2. HSE Department
(advisory) 3. Top
Management (legitimacy) 4.
Construction Department
(implementation, review and or
development/ revision).
Example of HIRAC...
Practice of Preparing HIRAC
End of Training

Thank You