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၆၃ ႏွ စ ္ ေ ျမာက္ Aာဇာနည္ ေ န႔

tmZmenfacgif;aqmifBuD;rsm;\
tw¬yÜwådtusOf;rsm;ESifh udk,fa&;tcsuftvufrsm;
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;
1915? azazmf0g&D 13 zGm;jrif
uG,fvGefcsdef touf 32 ESpf

aemufqHk;xrf;aqmifcJhaom
&mxl;wm0ef
bk&ifcH trIaqmifaumifpD
'kwd,obmywd

• rdb
OD;zm + a':pk
• Zmwd
rauG;wdkif;?
awmifwGif;BuD;c½dkif
ewfarmufNrdKU

1932 ckESpfwiG f &efukefwuúodkvfodkY a&muf&Sdonf/


1936 ckESpfwGif tdk;a0r*¾Zif; t,f'Dwmtjzpf
aqmif&GufpOf wuúodkvfrS xkwfy,fcH&onf/ 1937
ckESpfwGif 0dZÆmbGUJ&&Sdonf/ 1938 ckESpfwGif 'dkYArm
tpnf;t½Hk;\ taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rI; jzpfvmonf/
1940? Mo*kwf 8 &ufwGif [dkifvDoabFmjzifh *syefodkY
wdwfwqdwfxGufcGmonf/ 1941? 'DZifbm 26 wGif Armh
vGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmf (BIA)udk xdkif;EdkifiH befaumuf
NrdKUwGif &JabmfoHk;usdyfESifh zGJYpnf;xlaxmif onf/ 1942
ckESpf ZlvdkifvwGif AdkvfrI;BuD;&mxl;jzifhArmhumuG,fa&;
wyfrawmf(BDA)\ ppfaoemywd aqmif&Gufonf/
pufwifbmvwGif a':cifMunfESifh vufxyfonf/
1944ckESpf? Mo*kwfvwGif zufqpfwdkufzsufa&; jynfolY
vGwfajrmufa&;tzGJYudk vSsKdU0SufzJUG pnf;onf/ 1945?
rwfv 27 &uf wGifzufqpf*syeftm; awmfvSefonf/
1946 ckESpf Zefe0g&DvwGif zqyvnDvmcHrS tzGUcJ sKyf
Ouú|tjzpf wifajr§mufonf/ pufwifbm 26 wGif
bk&ifcHtrIaqmifaumifpD 'kwd,obmywdjzpfvm
onf/ 1947 azazmf0g&D 12 wGif yifvHk nDvmcHudk
OD;pD;usif;yonf/
ocifjr
1897? atmufwdkbm 7 zGm;jrif
uG,fvGefcsdef touf 50 ESpf

aemufqHk;xrf;aqmifcJhaom
&mxl;wm0ef
jynfxJa&;0efBuD;

• rdb
OD;bdk;cßGef + a':oufv,f
• Zmwd
yJcl;wdkif;? jynfc½dkif?
xHk;bdkNrdKU

i,frnfrSm armifjra&Tjzpfonf/ om,m0wD at.bD.trf ausmif;


ESifh &efukef bufywpf[dkufpul;wdkYwGif ynmoifMum;cJhonf/
1916 ckESpfwGif &efukefaumvdyfwGif wuúodkvf ynmoif,l
onf/ 1918 ckESpfwGif &efukefaumvdyfESifh umvuwåm;
,leDbmpwDrS tdkiftufpfpD "mwkaA' *kPfxl;jzifh atmifjrifonf/
1920-21 ckESpf &efukefaumvdyfoydwfwGif oydwfarSmuf
aumifpD\ 'kwd,Ouú|tjzpf aqmif&u G fonf/ 1922-1923
ckESpfwGif Munfhjrifwdkif trsKd;om;ausmif;tkyfBuD;jzpfvmonf/
1924 ckESpfwGif bDtufpfpD "mwkaA' *kPfxl;bGJY &&Sdonf/ 1926
ckESpfwGif a':cifnGefYESifh vufxyfonf/ 1927 ckESpf wGif bDt,fvf
0wfvHkpmar;yGJatmifNyD; q&mpHta&;awmfyHkrS trIrsm;wGif
v,form;rsm;bufrS vdkufygckcHcJhonf/ 1936 ckESpfwGif ocif
wpfOD; jzpfvmonf/ 1939 ckESpfwGif ArmEdkifiHvHk;qdkif&m awmifol
v,form; tpnf;t½Hk;Ouú|tjzpf wifajr§mufcH&onf/ ppf
twGif; tpdk;&tzGJYwGif 0efBuD;tjzpf? 'kwd,0efBuD;csKyftjzpf
aqmif&GufcJhonf/ 1944 zqyvudk zGJYpnf;&mwGif jynfolY ta&;
awmfyHkygwDrS OD;aqmifyg0ifonf/ 1945 ckESpfwGif ,if;ygwDudk
jrefrmjynf qdk&S,fvpfygwDtjzpf ajymif;vJzGJYpnf;&m Ouú|jzpf
vmonf/ 1946 ckESpfrSpí AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;acgif;aqmifaom
tpdk;&tzGJUwGif yg0ifonf/
OD;bcsKd
1893? {NyD 23 zGm;jrif
uG,fvGefcsdef touf 55 ESpf

aemufqHk;xrf;aqmifcJhaom
&mxl;wm0ef
jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;

• rdb
OD;bdk;pm + a':jrpf
• Zmwd
{&m0wDwdkif; ajrmif;jrNrdKU

1925 ckESpfrSpí 'D;'kwf*sme,fudk xkwfa0cJhojzifh 'D;'kwf


OD;bcsKd[k vlodrsm;onf/ ajrmif;jr NrdKUESifh &efukef pdefayg
ausmif;wdkYwGif ynmoif,lcJhNyD;? bDattxufwef;
oif,laeqJ rsufvHk;a&m*gaMumifh ausmif;rSxu G fcJh&
onf/ ,if;aemuf aygif;wnfESifh [oFmwwdkY&Sd trsKd;om;
ausmif;rsm;wGif q&mvkyfcJhonf/ trsKd;om;aumvdyf
xlaxmif&mwGifvnf; jrefrmpm oGm;a&mufoifMum;ay;
cJhonf/ 1920 ckESpfwGif a':vSarESifh vufxyfonf/
wdkif;jyKjynfjyKvTwfawmfwGif AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;? ocifjr
wdkYESifhtwl zGJYpnf;yHktajccHOya'a&;qGJa&; aumfrwD0if
jzpfvmonf/
OD;&mZwf
1898? Zefe0g&D 20 zGm;jrif
uG,fvGefcsdef touf 50 ESpf

aemufqHk;xrf;aqmifcJhaom
&mxl;wm0ef
ynma&;ESifh trsKd;om;pDrHudef;
Xme0efBuD;

• rdb
rpöwmat&mref+a':Nidrf;
vS
• Zmwd
rEÅav;wdkif; rdw¦dvmNrdKU

1912 ckESpfwGif rEÅav;NrdKU 0ufpvDa,musfm;av;ausmif;rS


wuúodkvf0ifwef; atmifjrifonf/ wuúokdvfausmif;om;b0
wGif wuúodkvfoydwfBuD;ü yg0ifonf/ 1921 ckESpfwGif rEÅav;
A[dktrsKd;om;txufwef;ausmif;udk zGifhvSpfonf/ 1922 ckESpf
wGif trsKd;om; ynma&;tzGJYBuD;\ bDatpmar;yGJudk atmifjrif
onf/ rEÅav;A[dktrsKd;om; txufwef;ausmif;wGif ausmif;
tkyfBuD;tjzpfaqmif&GufpOf &JneG fYwyfzGJYpnf;NyD; vli,f ausmif;
om;rsm;tm; ppfynmoifMum;ay;onf/ 1941 ckESpftxd
xdkausmif;wGif q&mtjzpf qufvufvkyfudkifonf/ 1938 ckESpf
ü a':cifcifESifh vufxyfcJhonf/ ppfaMumifh ydwfxm;cJh&aom
ausmif;udk 1945 ckESpfwGif jyefvnfzGifhvSpfonf/ jrefrmEdkifiH\
zGJYpnf;yHktajccHOya'a&;qGJa&;aumfrwD0ifwpfOD; jzpfvm
onf/
OD;b0if;
1901? ZGef 11 zGm;jrif
uG,fvGefcsdef touf 47 ESpf

aemufqHk;xrf;aqmifcJhaom
&mxl;wm0ef
axmufyHha&;ESifh ul;oef;
a&mif; 0,fa&;Xme 0efBuD;

• rdb
OD;zm + a':pk
• Zmwd
rauG;wdkif;?
awmifwGif;BuD;c½dkif
ewfarmufNrdKU

rEÅav; OypmaumvdyfrS Oypmwef;atmifjrifolrsm;


xJwGif yxr&cJholjzpfonf/ 1929 ckESpfwGif bDtufpfpD
ocsFm*kPfxl;jzifh atmifjrifonf/ ,if;aemuf a&eHacsmif;
NrdKU trsKd;om;txufwef;ausmif;wGif ausmif;q&m jzpf
vmonf/ 1935 ckESpfwGif a':cifapmESifh vufxyf
onf/ ,if;aemuf a&eHacsmif;NrdKU zqyvtzGJY\ Ouú|
tjzpf aqmif&u G fonf/ jrefrmEdkifiH\ zGYpJ nf;yHk tajccH
Oya'a&;qGJa&; aumfrwD0ifwpfOD; jzpfchoJ nf/
ref;bcdkif
1903? atmufwdkbm 26
uG,fvGefcsdef touf 49 ESpf

aemufqHk;xrf;aqmifcJhaom
&mxl;wm0ef
pufrIvufrIESifh tvkyform;
0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD;

• rdb
ref;ayukef; + a':yk
• Zmwd
{&m0wDwdkif;? [oFmw
c½dkif? ,kefwvif;&Gm

i,fpOfu [oFmwNrdKU atbDtrfausmif;wGif ynmoif


Mum;cJhonf/ uav;oli,frsm; u&ifbmompum;
oif,lEdkifrnfh ausmif;wpfausmif; zGifhvSpfcJhonf/ u&if
vli,frsm; toif;udk zGJYpnf;onf/ 1937 ckESpfwGif ykodrf
ajrmufydkif;rS trwftjzpf ta&G;cH&onf/ *syefudk
awmfvSef&mü yg0ifNyD; u&if-ArmcspfMunfa&;udk BudK;yrf;
aqmif&Gufonf/ zqyvtzGJYBuD; jzpfajrmufa&;wGif yg0if
cJhonf/ xdktzGJYBuD;\ A[dktrIaqmifvlBuD;tjzpf
aqmif&Gufcho J nf/ xdktcsdefwGif u&ifvli,frsm; tpnf;
t½Hk; Ouú|tjzpf wifajr§mufcHcJh&onf/
rdkif;yGefapmfbGm; p0fpHxGef;
1907? ar 31 zGm;jrif
uG,fvGefcsdef touf 41 ESpf

aemufqHk;xrf;aqmifcJhaom
&mxl;wm0ef
awmifwef;a'oa&;&m0efBuD;

• rdb
p0fcGefxD; + eef;pdefO
• Zmwd
&Srf;jynfe,f rdkif;yGefNrdKU

awmifBuD;NrdKU &Srf;apmfbGm;om;rsm; txufwef;ausmif;rS


wuúodkvf0ifwef; atmifjrifNyD; &Jtwwfoifausmif;udk
wufcJhonf/ 1928 ckESpfwGif tcrf;tem;jzifh apmfbGm;
tjzpf cH,lonf/ 1932 ckESpfwGif p0fcifaomif;ESifh
vufxyfonf/ awmifwef;jrefrmyl;aygif;a&;wGif atmif
jrifr&I ap&ef ulnDaqmif&u G fonf/ wdkif;jyKjynfjyK vTwf
awmfwGif jynfaxmifpkESifh jynfe,frsm;qdkif&m qyfaumfr
wD? vlenf;pkqdkif&m qyfaumfrwD? zGJYpnf;yHktajccH Oya'
a&;qGJa&; aumfrwDwdkYwGif yg0ifcJhonf/
OD;tkef;armif
1913? azazmf0g&D 2 zGm;jrif
uG,fvGefcsdef touf 34 ESpf

aemufqHk;xrf;aqmifcJhaom
&mxl;wm0ef
vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;
twGif;0ef

• rdb
rpöwmtdyfcsf'AvsL
w&yf(wf)0def; +a':a&Tjrifh
• Zmwd
rauG;wdkif;? rif;bl;NrdKU

&efukefwuúodkvfausmif;om;b0u &efukefwuú
odkvfwyf&if;wGif wyfcGJwyfaxmuftjzpf aqmif
&Guf onf/ 1934 ckESpfwGif 0dZÆmwef;atmifjrifonf/
1937 ckESpfwGif tdkifpDtufpf pmar;yGJ ajzqdkol 3
OD;wdkYteuf yxr&onf/ 1939 ckESpfwGif rEÅav;NrdKU
ta&SUe,fydkif0efaxmuftjzpf aqmif&GufcJhonf/
1947 ckESpfwGif jrpfBuD;em;ta&;ydkiftjzpf cefYtyfcH
&onf/
&Jabmf udkaxG;
1929 zGm;jrif
uG,fvGefcsdef touf 18 ESpf

aemufqHk;xrf;aqmifcJhaom
&mxl;wm0ef
ynma&;0efBuD;\
oufawmfapmifh

• rdb
OD;udkudkav; + a':rif;&D
• Zmwd
rEÅav;wdkif;?rEÅav;NrdKU ?
awmifjyifodyÜH&yf

e0rwef;txd ynmoif,lcJhonf/ touf 18 ESpft&G,f


wGif ynma&;0efBuD; OD;&mZwf\ oufawmfapmifhtjzpf
cefYtyfcH&onf/
2010 ckESpf Zlvdkifv 19 &ufaeYwGif usa&mufaom
63 Budrfajrmuf tmZmenfaeYwGif
jrefrmEdkifiH\ vGwfvyfa&;ESifh
wdkif;&if;om; pnf;vHk;nDnGwfrItwGuf
BudK;yrf;aeqJ usqHk;cJh&onfh
tmZmenfacgif;aqmifBuD;rsm;\
tw¬yÜwådtusOf;rsm;ESifh udk,fa&;tcsuftvufrsm;udk
vli,frsm; tvG,fwul &&SdEdkifap&ef
jyKpkazmfjyjcif;tm;jzifh
tmZmenfyk*¾dKvfBuD;rsm;\ *kPfaus;Zl;udk
tav;tjrwfjyKvdkuf&ygonf/

jrefrmvli,fuGef&uf

ျမန္မာလူငယ္ကြန္ရက္

Aမွတ္ ၁၃၆/၁၃၇၊ ဓမၼာရံုလမ္း၊ ပုသိမ္ေျမရပ္၊ ေဒါပံုၿမိဳ႕နယ္၊ ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕၊ ရန္ကုန္တိုင္း။


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