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CIV2226

Design of Concrete & Masonry


Structures Chapter 1, Textbook

Dr. Barry Y. Bai


Lecture #1 (week 1)
23.07.2010

Overview of reinforced concrete Overview of reinforced concrete


• Concrete • Find the position in tension,
- Brittle • Calculate the amount of steel
- Weak in tension while strong reinforcement
in compression
• Steel • Is the structure strong enough ?
- Ductile • Is the structure stiff enough?
- Used to carry tension (and
compression)
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BM & Shear Force Diagrams


P P

Where we should put steel bars?

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Cantilever Beam Simply Supported Beam
Reinforcement is to
be placed at
A. bottom
B. top
T
C. middle T

Continuous Beams
Cantilever Beam (uniformly distributed load)
A

T
B

Prestressed Concrete
Overview of reinforced concrete • Normal reinforced concrete: cracks under normal service
• Main reinforcement conditions (no adverse effect on safety, but on durability and
• Secondary reinforcement (stirrups or ligatures) appearance)
• Bond between the reinforcement and adjacent concrete • Prestressed concrete: Tendon is tensioned and therefore
(end anchorage) concrete is stressed in compression. When external loads in
tension act, cracking can be postponed or prevented.
• Concrete cover (protect steel against corrosion)

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Prestressed Beams Loads and Actions LL
• Action: any agent, such DL
as imposed load,
foundation movement or
temperature gradient,
which may act on a
structure.

• Load combinations: See AS 1170 or HB 2.2-2003 p23

Loads and Actions Load Path


• Action effects: the forces and moments, deformations, • Load path: How the externally applied loads are transferred
cracks and other effects, which are produced in a through the member and into its supports
structure or in its component members by an action.

• Bending moment diagram (BMD)


• Shear force diagram (SFD)

Load Paths in RC
C
C

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Load Path in Arch

Load Path in Arch Ancient Structures

A. Pure compression
B. Pure tension
C. Bending in the
middle
D. Shear

Load Path

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Load Path

Load Path

W E

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Questions?
barry.bai@eng.monash.edu.au
Building 60, Room 128, tel: 54987