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PUSAT PENGAJIAN SAINS FIZIK

UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA


First Semester, 2010/2011 Academic Session

ZCT 210/4
Part I – Differential Equations (22/7/10)

Assignment #1

(1) State the order of the given ODE. Identify if the equation is linear or not. Verify that the
given function is a solution (c is an arbitrary constant):

(a) y′ = 1 + y 2 ; y = tan( x + c) (b) y′′ + 2 y′ + 10 y = 0; y = 4e − x sin(3x)

(2) Solve the following equations using a suitable method:

(a) y′ + ( x + 2) y 2 = 0 (b) x 3 y′ + 3 yx 2 = 5 sinh (10 x)

1 2 dy
(c) xy′ = y +y (d) + 2 xy = 1 + y 2 + x 2
2 dx

(e) 3 x y 2 y′ = 3 x 4 + y 3 (f) x( x + y ) y′ = y ( x − y )

y y2
(g) y′ − + =0 (h) − y dx + x dy = 0
x x

1 − 2 y − 4x
(i) xy y′ = 2 y 2 + 4 x 2 (j) y′ = ; Let : u = y + 2 x
1 + y + 2x

(3) Test for exactness. If exact, solve it. If not, find a suitable integrating factor first and
then solve it:

⎛ y ⎞ ⎛1 ⎞
(a) ⎜ − 2 + 2 cos(2 x) ⎟ dx + ⎜ − 2 sin(2 y ) ⎟ dy = 0 (b) ( x − y )(dx − dy ) = 0
⎝ x ⎠ ⎝x ⎠

⎛ x⎞ ⎛ x ⎞
(c) ⎜⎜ cos( xy ) + ⎟⎟ dx + ⎜⎜1 + cos( xy ) ⎟⎟ dy = 0
⎝ y⎠ ⎝ y ⎠

(4) Solve the following IVPs:

(a) (cos ωx + ω sin ωx) dx + e x dy = 0; y (0) = 1; ω is some constant

NMT 2010/USM
y
y′ + = 2 xe x ; y (1) = 13.86
1
(b) 2
x

(c) 2 yy′ + y 2 sin x = sin x; y ( 0) = 2

y 2 x3
(d) y′ = + cos( x 2 ); y( π 2 ) = π
x y

Answers

1
c + cosh (10 x)
2 2
(2) (a) y= (b) y=
x + 4x + B
2
x3

2 Ax 1
(c) y= (d) y = x+
1 − Ax c−x

y 3 = x 4 + cx
x
(e) (f) xy = Be y

x
(g) y= (h) y = cx
x+c

(i) y 2 + 4 x 2 = cx 4 (j) 2 y + ( y + 2 x) 2 − 2 x = c

y
(3) (a) + sin (2 x) + cos (2 y ) = c (b) y 2 + x 2 − 2 yx = c
x

(c) y 2 + x 2 + 2 sin ( yx) = A

y = e − x cos (ωx) y =e x ( x 2 + 4.1)


1
(4) (a) (b)

1
(c) y 2 = 1 + e cos x (d) y 2 = 2 x 2 sin ( x 2 )
e

NMT 2010/USM