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MOT

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PROTECTION

• MULTlLlN

GE Power Management

-----------------------------------

Technology Center Malvern, PA, USA

Motor Protection Requirements

• Thermal

• Fault

• Bearing

• PullOut

• Abnormal Voltage - Undervoltage

- Overvoltage

- Unbalance and Open-Phase

- Reversed Phase Sequence

• Abnormal Frequency

• Locked Rotor

• Incomplete-Starting-Sequence

• Out .. ot-Pnaee Re·Energization

• Surge

.• ..

INDUCTION MOTORS BELOW 1500 HP

BUS

CONTROL PACKAGE

Device

27 Time Undervoltage Relay (Type IA V)

49/50 Thermal Overcurrent Relay (Type THe)

50GS Instantaneous Overcurrent Ground Sensor Relay (Type HFC)

48 Incomplete Sequence Timer

(Include if Control Package is Reduced Voltage Start)

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R-3

T

M E

CURRENT

50

R-4

A B

c

MOTOR

THIS

¢1 ¢2 ¢3

NOT THIS If> 1 ¢ 2 ¢3

Device

27 46 49

495/50 50 50GS

87 48

INDUCTION MOTORS 1500 HP AND ABOVE

BUS

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\ 48 r :

......

CONTROL PACKAGE

3

3

Time Undervoltage Relay (Type lAY) Current Balance Relay (Type IJC) Temperature Relay (Type IRT)

Time Overcurrent Stalled Rotor Relay (Type IFC66K) Instantaneous Overcurrent Relay (Type HFC) Instantaneous Overcurrent Ground Sensor Relay

(Type H FC) .,

Differential Relay (Type IJ D or CFD) Incomplete Sequence Timer

(Include if Control Package is Reduced Voltage Start)

R-6

Percentage Differential Relays

Recommended Relay Type

Motor HP 0-2.2kV 2.2-5kV Above 5kV

0-200 200-1499 1500-2999 3000 and Above

IJD

IJD IJD

CFD

CFD

CFD

CJ

Self Balance Differential

B

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· .

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A

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HFC23

R-7

T I M E

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ALLOWABLE STALL

TIME

1[831

150

HOO

I

50

CURRENT

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0.5

0.21----I--+----+-+--+----t"

CEYSa RELAY CHARACTERISTI

MOTOR

R

0.2

0.4

0.8

0.3

0.15

0.7

R-8

,~ SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS (POWER UTILIZATION EO.) BELOW 1500 HP

o

Device

26 27 49/50 50GS

.. ~

55 48

BUS

1

-,

[48 ,_ _ CONTROL

,I PACKAGE

-

3

Thermal Overload Relay (Type DS2820F102) Time Undervoltage Relay (Type IAV) Thermal Overcurrent Relay (Type THe)

Instantaneous OvercurrentGround Sensor Relay (Type HFC)

Power Factor Relay (Type DS3655A 100)

Incomplete Sequence Timer

(Include if Control Package is Reduced Voltage Start)

R-9

SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS (POWER UTILIZATION eo.) 1500 HP AND ABOVE BUS

'8 3
Device
26 Thermal Overload Relay (Type DS2820F102)
27 Time Undervoltage Relay (Type lAY)
46 Current Balance Relay (Type IJC)
49 Temperature Relay (Type IRT)
SO/51 Time Overcurrent Relay with Instantaneous
Attachment (Type IFC)
SOGS Instantaneous Overcurrent Ground Sensor Relay
(Type HFC)
55 Power Factor Relay (Type DS3655A 1 (0)
87 Differential Relay (Type IJD or CFD)
48 InCOmte1ete Sequence Timer
-~ ....... , (Inclu e if Control Package is Reduced Voltage Start)
,_) - 1 " "

( 48 ~ --

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-

3

3

R-10

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SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS (BRUSHLESS) BELOW 1500 HP BUS

~-, 1

, 48 \.\ I

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CONTROL PACKAGE

Device

26 Time Overcurrent Stalled Rotor Relay (Type IFe)

27 Time Undervoltage Relay (Type IAV)

49/50 Thermal Overcurrent Relay (Type THe)

SOGS Instantaneous Overcurrent Ground Sensor Relay (Type HFC)

55 Power Factor Relay (Type DS3655A100)

48 Incomplete Sequence Timer

(Include if Control Package is Reduced Voltage Start)

R-11

SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS (BRUSHLESS) 1500 HP AND ABOVE

Device
27
46
49
50/51
SOGS
55
87
,J 48 ·BUS

CONTROL PACKAGE

EXC.~ FLO ~

3

Time Undervoltage Relay (Type IAV) Current Balance Relay (Type IJC) Temperature Relay (Type IRT)

Time Overcurrent Relay with Instantaneous Attachment (Type (Fe)

. Instantaneous Overcurrent Ground Sensor Relay (Type HFC)

Power Factor Relay (Type DS3655A1(0) Differential Relay (Type IJD or CFD) Incomplete Sequence Timer

(Include if Control Package is R~uced Voltage Start)

R-12

SINGLE-PHASE PROTECTION FOR A GROUP OF MOTORS

• RECOMMENDED PROTECTION - NEGATIVE SEQUENCE VOLTAGE RELAY NBV11A WITH TIMER

• COMMON MISAPPLICATIONS

- THREE UNDERVOLTAGE RELAYS

- CURRENT BALANCE RELAY

- NEGATIVE-SEQUENCE CURRENT RELAY

- THREE SEPARATE OVER AND UNDER

CURRENT OR POWER RELAYS

OUT -OF-PHASE RE-ENERGIZATION PROTECTION REQUIREMENT MET BY

• LEAVING MOTORS CONNECTED WITH RISK OF DAMAGE

• DELAYING RECLOSING UNTIL UNDERVOLTAGE RELA VS CAN REMOVE MOTORS

• USING HIGH-SPEED UNDER FREQUENCY RELAYS TO DISCONNECT MOTORS BEFORE RECLOSING

J

R-13

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VOLTAGE ACROSS SWITCH AT tn

/ E!

SAFE RECLOSING ZONE

/

POLAR DIAGRAM OF MOTOR RESIDUAL VOLTAGE SHOWING SAFE ZONE FOq RECLOSING

R-14

Zone *2 - 2000 HP Induction Motor

& 115KV

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At substation B, connected to feeder B2, is a 2000 HP motor. This

-:lotor ha 5 a full load current rat; ng of 244 amperes with a locked rotor ~urrent rating of 1250 amperes.

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2000 HORSEPOWER INDUCTION MOTOR

Full load current = 244 amperes Locked rotor current = , 250 amperes Max. stator temperature rise = 80· C. Service factor = '.0

DEVICES USED

495/50 Thermal overload (stall) relay with instantaneous overcurrent attachment (Type IFC66K)

50 Instantaneous overcurrent relay (Type HFC)

50G5 Ground/sensor sensitive ground fault reJay

(Type HFC with 50/5 donut CT)

87M Self·balancing differential (Type HFC)

46 Current balance relay (Type IJC)

49 Thermal overload felay (RTD and Type IAT)

47 Phase seQuence/undervOltage relay (Type ICR)

Phase relay devices considered to meet the protection goals for the 20GO HP motor are:

One device 46 (Type IJC) current balance relay to provide phase unba l a nc i ng and 5 i n91 e phase protection for the motor a nd the motor feeder. Trips breaker 82.

One device 49 (Type IRT) thermal overload relay. It operates from a resi stance temperature detector (RTO) imbedded 1 n the machine stator" winding. Trips breaker B2.

R-16

Thi s type of running overload protection is to be preferred over the stator current operated device, Type TMC or Type THe, since it responds to actual rootor temperature.

One device 47 (Type ICR) volta~e relay to provide undervoltaye and, during startin~, open conductor and reverse phase sequence protection. Trips ureaker ~2.

One device 871-1 (Type HFC) three instantaneous relays in one case pr-ovides differential ",rotect1on through self-balancing scheme. Trips breaker B2 throu~n device 86M.

One device 061·1 (Type HEA) auxiliary lockout relay when energized by d7jl trips breaker 82.

One devi ce 495/50 (Type IFC66K) time overcurrent rel ay wi th special instantan~ous unit provides stalled rotor detection. In addition, short ci rcui t protecti on is provided for one phase. Trips breaker 82 or al arms ,

Two device 50 (type HFC) for short circuit protection in the remainin~ tvo phases that are not protected by device 495/50.

RELAY RAI~liE SELECTION

Undervolta~e dnd ~everse Phase Sequence

Devi ce 47 (type ICR) ; s selected exactly as the uni t for the 500 rlP notor \'IdS sel ected.

Single Phase and Phase Unbalance Protection

Device 46 (Type IJC) has no adjustment since it compares the current in eacn pnase witn tnat in eacn of the other phases. Increase of the current ma:;Jnitude will not cause relay operat+on as long as the currents in tne pnases are not uncal anced by 25 percent or uore ,

R-17

C)

.• .:

Overload Protection

Recall that part J of I~EC Articl e 430 quoted in the analysi s of the SuO HP uo tor prutec t t on packaye that "a thermal protector integral with

the motor" canst; tutes an overload protector. Device 49 (Type IRT) throu~h the ~TD is d then~al ~rotector inte~ral with the motor. The adjustable rheostat mounted in the relay provides a means by which the \·Jheatstone bric.J~e can be adjusted to account for the cold resistance of the RTD and 1 ead resi stance from the RTD to the rel ay. Note the adjustJ,lent range is l inrt tec , therefore, RTD cold resistance value and lead resistance variance should ue carefully chosen.

Overcurrent Protection

Devi ce 50 (Type HF:C) and devi ce 49S/50 . (Type IFC66K) meet the requi rement of the NEG as prevtous ly stated in the treatment of the 500 HP motor protecti on package. The range sel ection \/i11 be chosen after di scuss1ng another functi on perf'onaed by tne IFC66K.

Stalled Rotor Protection

Device 495/50 (Type IFC66K) relay consists of a long time inverse time current characteristic 49S, a low range , high dropout instantaneous unit

50/hdo and high range instantaneous unit 50.

Starting Current

(+)

Iso

Motor Current

R-18

-. ~

The relay is nonnally wired to the breaker trip circuit as shown. The ap p 1 i ca t i on here is to set tne nigh range ins tantaneous un; t above the .ao tor maximum start;n~ current, but below the short-cireui t current magnitude to provide short circuit or cvercurrent protection. The low range ;nstantanenous unit ;s set below stall rotor current, but above full load current. The lOI1\l time characteristic is set acove full load current and, in conjunction with the low range instantaneous unit, provides a trip functi on if the start; n~ current does not dim; ni sh wi thi n a yi yen ttue • If tne startiny current diminishes below the low ranye instantaneous se t t i ng, but remai ns above the long tilDe cnarecter-t sti c sett;"\:j for a given time, or overload current per s i s ts but tile temperature is within safe liulits such that the IRT does not trip the breaker, then the long time character; stic contacts can be wired to a user suppl ied alann. The a 1 a nil peruri ts operator acti on before the motor i s de-ener~i zed by the I RT through a breaker tri p.

Ranye selection is bdsed on the following steps:

(a) Current TransfonJer Rdt1o:

Full load current s 244 amperes

CT burden consi sts of Relays IJC. IFC66B & IFC66K. Therefore a liled; um ranye eT shaul d be used. Cnoose 500/5 : 100/1 CT and connect wye.

(b) IFC66K long time characteristic range (495 unit of device 495/50) r'IDtor IFL in terms of CT secondary a~ps = 244/100 : 2.44A.

Allowin~ for 10~ overload IFL : 1.10 (2.44) = 2.68A.

Feeder cable ampacity NEe cabl e 1 imi t

In terms of CT secondary amps Thus, settiny limits are:

= 320 amperes

: 6x320-1920 amperes : 19lU/l00 • 19.2

,. 2.44A but < 19.2A

relay TOe adjustable ranye chosen is 2.5 to 7.SA.

(c) HFC and IFC66K h;3h range instantaneous (instantaneous unit of devices 495/50 and 50)

R-19

Locked Rotor Amperes

.. 1250

LRA in terms of CT secondary amps ~ 1250/100 .. 12.5A MSA in terms of CT secondary amps" 1.5xl.1x12.5 .. 20.6

. '. Relay instantaneous adjustable range chosen is 6 to 150A

(d) IFC66K low range instantaneous (SOHDO hi gh dropout instantaneous unit of device 49S/50).

The range of thi s uni t does not take into account offset and safety factor. since the dropout point is of Alare concern than the piCKUP point. The desired setting is above one-half of locked rotor current to assure positive pickup on motor starts.

Locked rotor current • 1250 amperes

1/2 ILR .. (1/2) (1250) ,. 625 amperes

1/2 ILR in terms of CT secondary amps ,. 625/100 • 6.25A. relay high dropout instantaneous unit adjustable range chosen is 2-8 amperes.

Differential Protection - Self Balance Scheme

Device 87M (type HFC). The scheme consists of three window-type current transfonners mounted at the machi ne tenninal s and a three el ement instantaneous overcurrent relay. The line and neutral leads of each phase winding of the machine are passed through the window of a current transfanner before the 1 eads are connected for three phase operation, del ta or wye. Thus, under normal operating currents, since the current transformer monitors incoming versus outgoing current in a given winding, no current flow occurs in the CT secondary. Si nce the scheme is unaffected by nonnal load current, the current transformer and rel ay can be chosen to operate at a relatively low current to provide excellent sensitivity. The range selection ;s based on the following:

(a) CT ratio" 50/5 since burden is only one HFC unit.

(b) relay range" 0.5-4 amperes due to independence from load current.

Due to the relay burden, the pickup of this combination will be approximately 15 amperes if the relay is set at the 0.5 amp tap.

R-20

RELAY SETTINGS

The protective relays should be set to be insensitive to normal equ i puerrt currents - that is. full l oau currents, pennissible overload currents, and startin!;! or inrush currents. At the same time tne relays should provide protection a!:jdinst aanyerous overloads. failure to start.

and fault currents.

To help cnoose tne proper settin~s. Qotor uata (FLA, acceleratin!:J time. LRA. HSA. and maximum al l owaal e stall time) will be enterea on a graph paper \'/hose horizontal and vertical ax t s are assigned current in amperes and time in seconds respectively.

The proper settinys will tnen be selected and their correspondin~ opera ti n9 characters entered on the ~raph paper. These character; sti cs ~.,il1 show graphically if the relay settin!;! selected .\lil1 provide relay operation before the I~EC protect.ton 11m; t and lootor w; thstand 1 evel are exceeded but will override the normal motor operating currents to avoid '1usiance outage.

The re p 1 ; ca type tner.na 1 overload relay ( ty pe THe, THe) provt des overload and fault current protec tf on. The heater coil rating (ultimate tri p poi nt) is sel ected to [Ileet tne NEG requirement. The instantaneous

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ULTIMATI! TRIP POINT TO MEI!T NEC. COOl!

MAXIMUM ALLOWABU STALL TIME

CURRENT IN AMPERES

R-21

()

unit is set above r~SA. This relay is not designed to provi de locked rotor prot.ection. If it is oeing used to provide this protection. the operating characteristic of tne heater coil must be checked to see if it falls below the uax inum al l owaul e stall time. If this condition cannot be satisfied. then another device must be selected to provide locked rotor protec tton, if de s t red.

Lock.ed rotor protection for ; nduct; on motors can be provi ded wi th a spec i a l tihle overcurrent relay (Ty.,>e IFC66K).

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ALARM _I_TRIP

II HOO INST. AT 112 LRA

FLA

ACCELERATING TIME

STANDARD INST. ABOVE MSA

LRA

CURRENT IN AMPERES

The tap sett;n~ of tnis relay can be selected to meet the NEe requirement. However, it is not being used for overload protection and, therefore, can be set more conservatively, usually between 1.15 and 1.40 tililes FLA. The t ine oi a1 is then se1 ected to produce an operati n9 characteri stic that fall s between the motor I s maximum accel erati n~ current and maximum all owabl e stall time. The n; gh dropout instantaneous, which distinguishes between an overload and a locked rotor condition should be set at half the locked rotor current. The standard instantaneous is set

above liSA.

R-22

The rel ay devi ce bei n~ used for motor protection can. at times, al so

-, ::) provide cable protection. This can be achieved by setting the relay to protect against overcurrents and damaging short circuits.

The ~EC, per drticle 240-100, re4uires that cables rated above 600V be protected aga i nst overcurrents as foll ows: "a fuse rated in conti nuous amperes not to exceed three times the ampaci ty of the conductor or a

breaker having a trip setting of not more than six times the alilpacity of the conductor. II

Cable short circuit withstand levels are defined by the cable ~anufacturers and are snown ~raphically as cable short-time heatin~ limits.

CJ

Breaker Operating Time Plus Relay Operating Time

Short-Circuit Heating Limit For Inlulated Cabl.

Pickup to Meet Overcurrent limits

Maximum Short-Circuit Current

The relay settinys, when plotted ~raphical1y, should indicate tnat the relay ,/ill operate Defore the NEC overcurrent and short circuit neatin~ limits are exceeded. To de tennine if this relay will open the circuit

before the cable heating limit is exceeded, the total operating tir:le of the protective assembly has to be taken into account. Tne rel ay operat t n~ ti"le pl us breaker operat'i n~ tiule. measured at tne Illax;Hluhl snort ci rcui t current, should be less than the cable heatin~ limit curve •

... :J

R-23

There are other motor protection relays whtch r:lust be set, however, their operating characteristics need not be drawn graphically. These r-'ays, along with their suggested settings, follow:

Dev;ce 27, Undervoltage Relays (Type IAV) tap at 80% of normal voltage

time dial set for a 2-second delay when voltage is reduced from normal to zero

Device 46, Phase-Balance Relay (Type IJC)

set time dial at maximum

Dev;ce 47. Phase-Sequence and Undervoltage Relay (Type ICR)

- closing of open contact at 90% of rated voltage (factory setting) closing of closed contact at 80~ of rated voltage (factory setting)

Device 49, Temperature Rehy operated from RTD (type IRT)

set at 10ce belah' allowable continuous hot spot temperature of ; nsul ation.

Device 5OGS, Instantaneous Ground Sensor Relay (type HFC) set at O.S ampere tap

Dev;ce 87M, Self-Balance Differential Relay (type HFC)

- set at 0.5 ampere tap

.8 TIME-CURRENT CURVE NO.2

I. Identify Title Block.

(a) 4l60V substation B - 2000 HP Induction Motor

(b) Phase Plots - Tee #2

2. Construct One-line Diagram

Circuit associated with 2000 HP is drawn

3. Identify Current Scale

o

The lowest current to be consi dered is 244 amperes, the 2000 HP motor full load amperes (FLA). A multiplier of 100 would result in a scale whereby the minimum current of 244 amperes will be identifiable on the log-l09' grid. Thus, the scale is identified as "current in amperes x 100 at 4160 volts".

R-25

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10,000

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100,000

1000

CURRENT IN AMPERES AT 4160 VOLTS

GENERAL ~ ELECTRIC I

TIME·CURRENT CURVES 4160 VOLT SUBSTATION 8 FEEDER 82

2000 HP INDUCTION MOTOR

lNO. 2

DATE

DRAWN BY COMPONENT



LOCATION

R-26

:~ 4. Enter Perti nent Data

• Construct the 2000 HP motor profile which simulates maximum motor acceleration conditions since tne actual motor acc.eleratin~ time-current curve is unknown at this time. Utilizing known aata, construct the profile as follows:

In startin~ it is presumed the motor current is 2062 amperes ([.1SA) at O. Ul seconds and conti nues at tni s current value to 0.1 seconds. At 0.1 seconds the current reduces to 1250 amperes (LRA) and continues at this current value for the remaining accelerating time of 7 seconds. At 7 seconds tne current rea~ces to 244 amperes (FLA) and continues at this current level. Interconnecting these current versus time values with horizontal and vertical lines creates a step function 1110 tor accelerating profile. The actual current transitions would occur at a smoother rate than the step function profile indicates. However, due to lack of additional data this step function, at least, proviaes a benchlnark for setting the 2UOO HP motor protective devices.

• Maxil,lum stall time (I--1ST) pennissib1e, 1250 enperes at 9 seconds hot and 13 seconds cold

• Cable ampac i ty per NEG 3-1/C-2S01·tCr·1 = 320 amperes at 1000 seconds

• Short-circuit current tnrou~n 82 from Bus 14.

Tile instantaneous units, device 50, will be sensitive to the total fault current, thus, its value is indicated.

IUd asym = 1.5 Illd sym. z 1.5 (l0485) • 15700 amperes

5. CaDle Heating Li~it

The first plot involves the cable heatiny limit cnaracteristics, which is traced from GES-95U3. The cable is rated at 900 C, copper conductors and assumed cross-linked polyethylene insulation whose max tuum continuous conductor telnperature is 2S00C, thus current scale A on GES-9503 is applicable. Aligniny cur::rent scale A ~ith current scale on TeC ueing constructed, trace the I2T neating 1 imit for 250t~C[~

conductor.

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R-27

1000
_CABLE -1.5 )( I"d THRU BKR B2
AMPACITY
.. ~ 4.16 KV
SUB B
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1000 10,000

CURRENT IN AMPERES AT 4160 VOLTS

100,000

DATE DRAWN BY COMPONENT LOCATION

GENERAL. ELECTRIC I

TIME-CURRENT CURVES 4160 VOLT SUBSTATION B FEEDER 82

2000 HP INDUCTION MOTOR

I NO. 2

R-28

::J 6.

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2000 HP Stalled Rotor Protection

Device 49S/50 Type IFC66K time-current characteristic is shown on GES 7018.

(a) Time-overcurrent unit. the current taps available with the 2.5 to 7.5 ampere range unit are as follows:

2.5, 2.8, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5. 5.0, 5.5. 6.0, 6.5, 7.5

The setti ng is chosen to overri de the motor full load current pl us a 10% margin since the motor overload and NEC cable ampacity protection is provided by the RTD and IRT relay. The motor full load current plus 10~ was calculated to be 2.68 amperes in terms of CT secondary current. Thus, the 3.0 ampere relay tap is chosen which is 3.0 x CT ratio or 3.0 x 100/1 or 300 primary amperes. The one per unit on GES 7018, therefore, represents 300 amperes.

Al igning one. per unit on GES 7018 with 300A on TCC 12 the relay time dial is now chosen so the relay characteristic overrides the motor profile but is below MST. Time dial 2 accomplishes this fact, thus the 2 TO characteristic is traced and settings recorded (3.0A Tap 2 TO).

\ b) Hi gh dropout 1 nstantaneous (SO/HOO) • The 2 to 8 ampere i nstan-

taneous unit is continuously adjustable. The setting chosen 1s approximately 50$ of motor LRA to assure pi ckup durj ng start1 ng. 50% 10cked rotor amperes in tenns of CT secondary amperes previously calculated is 6.25 amperes, thus the SO/HOO unit is calibrated for a 6 ampere contact closure which is 6 x CT ratio or 6 x 100/1 or 600 primary amperes. This pickup setting is noted by trac i ng a verti ca 1 1 i ne through the time-overcurrent plot at 600 amperes. Record setti ng (hi gh dropout = 6Al. The fact that when only the 495 TOC contact closes an alann is sounded or when both 495 TOC and SO/HDO contacts are closed a tr1 p functi on occurs is also noted on the TCC.

R-29

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-1.5 x I"d THRU BKR B2

.01
100 1000 10,000 100,000
CURRENT IN AMPERES AT 4160 VOLTS
GENERAL ~ ELECTRIC t TIME·CURRENT CURVES I NO. 2
.: 4160 VOLT SIJBSTATION B DATE
FEEDER 82 DRAWN BY
2000 HP INDUCTION MOTOR COMPONENT
LOCATION
-
R-30 10

_CABLE AMPACITY

HIGH DROP-OUT

4.16 KV SUB B

1

$

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ALARM TRIP

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IFC66K

TIME OVER CURRENT RANGE 2.SA ~ 7.SA HIGH DROP-OUT INST.

RANGE ~ - SA STAND. INST. RANGE 6 - 150A

SET AT 3.OA TAP, 2 TO, 6A HIGH DROP-OUT,

(c) Standard instantaneous (50). The 6-150 ampere instantaneous uni t

C) is continuously adjustable within its range. The setting is chosen to override HSA but be below the fault duty and cable heati ng 1 imi t. The maximum start; n9 amperes (MSA) in terms of CT secondary amperes prev icus lv calculated is 20.6A. thus the 50 unit is calibrated for a 24A contact closure. In primary amperes this represents 24 x CT ratio or 24 x 100/1 or 2400 amperes.

The one per uni t on GES 7018 for the instantaneous uni t (note san,e as for the time-overcurrent unit) represents 2400 amperes.

Aligning one per unit on GES 7018 with 2400 amperes on TCC '2, the ~aximum time-current plot for the instantaneous unit is traced and setti ng recorded (Inst. set at 24A). The 121 instantanenous pl at is extended to 2400 amperes and a vertical line at 2400 amperes is drawn between the instantaneous plot and TOC (495) plot. The TOC (495) plot to the right of the 2400A vertical intersection 1s erased s1 nce the instantaneous operates at currents equal to or greater than 2400A. Since the circuit current cannot exceed the system faul t current any part of the I2T trace of the instantaneous unit extending beyond the lAd asym. is also erased.

Note the instantaneous un1t 50 will operate by 0.011 seconds and breaker clearing time is 0.08 seconds (5 cycle breaker) thus total clearing time is 0.09+ seconds. Therefore. the protector total clearing time will occur before the cable heating limit will be exceeded and thus provide cable protection due to short circuit currents.

R-31

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4.16 KV

.... 1.5 x I"d THRU BK~ B2

CURRENT IN AMPERES AT 4160 VOLTS

TIME-CURRENT CURVES 4160 VOLT SUBSTATION B FEEDER 82

2000 HP INDUCTION MOTOR

SUB B

1

$

IFC66K

TIME OVER CURRENT RANGE 2.SA· 7.SA HIGH DROP·OUT INST.

RANGE 2 - SA STANO. INST. RANGE 6 - 150A

SET AT 3.0A TAP, 2 TO, 6A HIGH DROP-OUT. 24A STAND. INST .

_CABLE AMPACfTY

HIGH DROP-OUT

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100,000

GENERAL". ELECTRIC I

INO. 2

DATE DRAWN BY COMPONENT LOCATION

R-32