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M4A2 Sherman Manual

M4A2 Sherman Manual

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ОпубликованDenis
M4A2 Sherman - technikal description and maintennence manual (Lang - rus). М4-А2 Руководство по эксплоатации и обслуживанию танка.
M4A2 Sherman - technikal description and maintennence manual (Lang - rus). М4-А2 Руководство по эксплоатации и обслуживанию танка.

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Published by: Denis on Sep 20, 2010
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nOMH", lITO nocae BhIpa60TKH TOnJlHBa "3 BepXHHX 6aKOB eure HMeeTCS1 110 .It ToiIJlHBa B HH}K!lHX (peaepsmax) fiaxax.

Bo H36e}KaHlie nonananua sosnyxa B TonJ1HBHYlO CHCTeMY He Bblpa6aTbIBali AO KOHu.a TOnJIliBO II3 HII}KHIIX 6aKoB (OGT8SJI5IH OKOJIO 20 .It).

ITepeKJIlOlIaTeJIh 20 a n e tu u e r o OCBemeHHH

HMeeT xer srpe nOJIO}KeHII5I: nepsoe nOJIO}KeHHe - sneunree OCBentenae BbIKJIIO'leHO; nropoe nOJIO}KeHHe - BKJIIO'leHbI sracxnpoBO'lHble 38,il,HHe cpoHapli H CTorr-CHrHaJIbI; rperse nOJIO}KeHIIeBKJIlOlIeHbI nepennae cpaphI, sanune cpoHapH H CTOn-CIIrH8JIbI; IIeTBepToe nOJIO}KeHIIe - BKJIlOlIeHbI CTon-CIIrH8JIhI • .lJ..'151 no.nyne-

10

HHH YKa3aHHbIX nOJIO)KeHHH nepeKJIlOtIIa'TeJIH BbITaInIf aa ce6SI KHOIIKY nepeKJIlOtJaTeJI.H, O,nHOBpeMeHHO Ha)KHMaSI aa cronop 21.

B hi K JI 10 tJ a r e JI b ,22 Mac K H p o B 0 tJ H bI X <p a p. ,UJISI

BKJIlOtJeHHSI MacKHpqBOtJHbIX <pap nOTHHIf aa ce6SI KHonKY BbIKJIIOqaT~ISI MacKHpOBOtIHbIX <pap, npenaaparensno nOCTaBHB nepeKJIIOqaTeJIb BHeUIHero OCBem;'eHHSI BO aropoe nOJIO)KeHHe.

B bI K JI 10 tJ a r e JI b 23 JI a M n 0 tJ e K 0 C B e m e H H SI m H T K a n p H 6 0 p 0 B BbIllOJIHeH B anne peocrara H ,naeT B03MO)KHOCTb perynnpoaart, HHTeHCHBHOCTb OCBem;eHHSI tuarxa. .il.JIH BKJIIOtJeHHH JIaMnOtJeK apauiaa KHonKY BbIKJIlOtJaTeJIH nporaa sacoaoa CTpe.rIKH.

q e T bI P e JI a M rr 0 q K II 24 0 C Be m e HH SI In H T K a n p H- 60 p o B.

,U B e 1I1 Ten C e JI b H bI e p 0 3 e T K H 25 ,n JI H n e p e HOCH 0 ii: JI a M n bI.

B H MeT a JI JI H q e 'C K He'll p e ,n 0 x p a H If T e JI H' 26 C H C T eM hI :3 JI e x T po 0 60 P Y n 0 BaH H SI aBTOMaTHtJeCKH pa3MbIKalOT uena npn KOPOTKOM 3aMbIKaHHH B HHX. nOCJIe YCTpaHeHHSI saasrKaHHH' npenoxpaaarena CHOBa 3aMhIKalOT uena.

0603Ha'leHRe npeaospaaareaa

AA BB CC

DD EE

FF GG

Llens BKJlJOqeHli1i craprepa aesoro asararena. Llens BKIlJOqeHlilI craprepa npaaoro naarareas.

Llern, BOllbTMerpa, rOnJlHBO-MaCJlOMepa H urrenceasaux p03eTOK.

Llens nonoauareaeaux KHonOK BKIlJO'ICHHII craprepos. Llena asyrpeaaero H BHeUIHero OCBel.L{eHHlI, xoarpoasuux JlaMnO'leK ,ll,aRlleHHlI Macna, CHpeHbI.

Llens nvcxosoro ycrpoiicraa (noaorpeaarens) H COJleHOH]la B03Jl.YlIlHOH 3aCJlOHKH ae soro nanrarexs.

Llerrs nycxoaoro ycrpoacr aa (no anrpeaareas) H COneHOH]la .

B031lY UIHOH 3aC.10HKH npasoro naarareas.

ne,naJIH H phlqarH ynpaBJIeHHSl

Il e n a n s BbIK.'IlOtJeHHH rJIaBHbIX <pPHKIJ;lIOHOB-

JIeBaH nepen MexaHHKOM-Bo,nHTeJIeM. .

, Il e ,n a JI b n p H B 0 J1. a rr 0 ,n a q H Ton JI H B a - npasaa nel pea MexarHlHKOM-BO,ll.HTe.'1eM.

r P hI q a 'r.iJ yn p a B JI e IH 'll SI CBH3aHbI THraMH C TopM03aMH Me\ xaHH3Ma noaopora rana «Knerpax •.

II.

KaonKH lrfeXa'HIHSMOB 6J10IKHPOBKH rmlBHblX cppHiK_.

D.HOHOB pasxemeasr cnpasa OT MexaHHKa-BO)1.HTeJISI aa nepenaea HaKJIOHHOM JIHCTe. ,UJISI 6JIOKHPOBKH r JIaBHblX CPPHKII.HOHOB BbIJKMH ne)1.aJIh BblKJIIOlleHHSI HX H BblTSIHH aa ce6SI KHOnKH )1.0- OTKa3a. ,.

PblllarH PYIlHOrO npHBO)1.a nO)1.allH TOnJIHBa pacnoaoaceasr nO)1.KHOnKaMH MeXaHH3MOB 6JIOKHPOBKH. JIeBhIH psrsar OTHOCHTCSI K JIeBOMY )1.BHrareJIIO, npasua - K npaBOMY .lI.BHraTeJIIO. Cpe)1.HHH psrsaxcox CJIY}I{HT )1.JISI CTOnOpeHHSI psrsa- 1'0B nO)I.aIlH TOllJIHBa npa YCTaHOBKe nOCTOSlHHblX 060POTOB .lI.BHraTeJIeH. ,

K Y JI H can e p €I K JI 10 Il e H H SI 11 e p e.ll. aIl H pacnOJJOJKeHa C npasoa CTOPOHbl OT MexaHHKa-BO)1.IfTeJISI. Cxeua nOJIO}l{eHHH psrsara nepeKJIIOlleHHSI nepenas naoepascena aa pac. 4. ,UJISI BKJIIOq'eHHSI I nepenasa H sanaero xona HaJKMH KHonKY B BepxHeH qaCTH psrsara.

P hI q a r r 0 p H 0 rOT 0 p M 0 S a pasxemeH na 3a.n:HeH qaCTH Kop06KH nepeueau nepenas. .D.JISI BKJIIOqeHHSI TopM03a OTBe.n:H psrIla:r aasan,

nOJibsyiicSi ropHblM TOPM030M TOJlbKO .lI.JlSI saTOpMaJKHBaHHSI TaHKa ua CTOSlHKax.

AOnOJlHHTeJlbHOe ooopy.n:OBaHHe

BcnOMOraTeJIhHblH sapSI.n:HhlH

a r per a r noaemaercae 60eBOM OT.n:eJIeHHH B JIeBOH nmue xopnyca no xozry raasa H npezmasaasen )J;JISI IIo)J;3apH)J;KH aKKYMyJISlropHOH 6aTapeH npn IH1epa6oTaIOmHX )J;BlfraTeJIHx. .D.JIH IIP'HB<e.n:eHHSI arperara B ;)J;eHCTBHe nponeoraa CJIe.n:YIOmee:

1. Pa3BepHH 6aIIIHIO TaK, qT06bI 6bIJI nocryn K arperary.

2. B'KJIIOqH TOnJIHBO. Ilepexpstaaofi TOnJIHBHblH KpaHHK aaxo.n:HTCSI Ha OTCToHHHKe OKOJIO arperaTa.

3. Y CTaHOBH npocceas na MaJlble 060POTbI, .n:JlSl sero pbIqaJKOK ynpaaneans npoccenex nOBepHH snpaao .n:OOTKa3a.

4. B3HBlUHCb JIeBOH PYKOH aa psmaxcox ynpaaneaas npocceJIeM, npasoa PYKOH HaJKMH KHOIIKY C aazmncsro START.

5. KaK TOJlbKO zraararens 3aBe.n:eTCH, orrrycra KHonKY H noCTeneHHO rrpH6aBJISlll 060pOTbI .n:BHraTeJISI pbIqa'}I{KOM yrrpaanenas npocceaex, nposopaaaaaa ero BJleBO.

6. ECJIH .lI:BHrareJlb HaqHHae'T OCTa'HaBJIHBaTbCSI, YMeHbnIH

060POTbI, 'lT06b1 )J;arrb esry nporpersca H\aJ M8JIbIX 060-

porax.

PRC. 4.

CxeMa

nOJllOJKeHHH PhIqara nepexmoseHHlI nepenas

12

7. UOCJIe nporpeaa .lI.BHraTe.nH YCTaHoBH 060pOThI, nPH' KOTOpax aanepxerp nOKa3h1BaeT 50 a.

8 . .llJIH ocranoaxa .lI.BHraTeJISI nponenan c.OO.lI.YlOlIlee:

a) nJIaBHQ YMeHbWH oooporsr .lI.BHl'aTeJISI, nOBepHYB PhltJaJI{OK ynpaBJIeHHSI JI.pOOCeJIeM .lI.OOTKa3a anpaao;

6) rrpopadoraa aa Ma"1blX ooopcrax 5-10 CeKYHJI.;

B) Ha}KMH KHonlKY aa xoscyxe Ma:r.lI.HHhI, 3aMKHYB TeM caMblM ee Q6MOTKY H~ «Maccy:..

III. nO.u.rOTOBKA TAHKA K BOlO BOOPY)KEHI1E ,

nO.ll.rOTOBKa nyuraa

1. Baas YJI.apHblH MexaHH3M, nporpa H OCMOTPH .lI.eTaJIH, nOCJIe ocaorpa cooepa H CMa}Kb CMa3KoH.

2. BblHb KJIHH. sarsopa, nporpa H npoH3BeJI.H OCMOTP, nOCJIe OCMOTpa CMa}Kb JIerKHM cnoea CMa3KH.

3. Ilporpa KaHaJI CTBOJIa H IKJIHHOBoe rHe3.lI.'O Ka3eHHHKa H npoH3BeJI.H OCM'OTp. ECJIH 6YJI.YT o6HapY}KeHbI sayceausr, TpeIIlHHbI, HJIH pa3JI.YTHe KaHaJIa CTBOJIa, 1'0 Ta'Koe opYJI.He K crpensee He .ll.OnYCKaH.

ilocJIe oCMoTpa H ycrpaHeHHSI HeHcnpaBHocTeH OMa}Kb KJIHHOaoe rHe3JI.O Ka3eHHHKa, nOCTaBb KJIHH H Y.lI.aPHbIH MexaHH3M.

4. OTKpbIBaSi H saxpsraaa 3aTBOp BPYtJHYIQ, _ nposeps JI.eHCTBHe MexaHH3MOB. npOH3BeJI.H cnycx MexaHH'IeCKHMlh 3JIeKTpU'IeCKHM cnycxoastxa MexaHH3MaMH.

5. Onporiya nOJI.beMHblH If noaopornaa MexaHU3Mbl H, eCJIH HeOOxOJI.HMO, npOH3BeJI.p CMa3KY HX.

6. Ocxorpa rrpOTHBOOTKaTHble YCTpoHcTBa nYWKH. UPH oCMOTpe nposeps HaJI.e}KHOCTb KperrJIeHHSI urrosos B Ka3eHHHKe, nJIQTHOCTb 3aBHHtiHBaHHSI npooox H nOJI.}KaTHe raHKaMH CaJIbHHKOBoro ycrpoacrsa.

Ilposepxa rH.lI.paBJIHQeCKOrO npaaona 6amHH H rapocxonasecaoro CTaOHJIH3aTOpa dyWKH

(puc. 5)

l. Y6eJI.HCb, 'ITQ .BCecoeJI.IHHeHHSI l"H)J,paJB.7FHtJecKoH IH 3JIeKTplHtJe-

CKOii: CFCTeM Tyro 3arSlHYTbI. '

2. Ilposeps KOJIH'IecTBO }KHJI.KOCTH B peaepsyape H npa aeodXO.ll.HMOCTlf nosanpaas, II<HJI.KOCTb .lI.OJI}KHa HaXO.lI.HTbCSI aa ABe TpeTIJ 'BblCOTbl MaCJIOMepHOro CTeKJIa.

"

13

PRC. 5. Mexalllf3MbI H3.Be,u.eWIlI cn:apeHHoH YCTaHOBKIII nyIUKK !Ill IIYJleMfT3: 1 - II&%OBIIE nop;'belllloro Kexa.uH811a.;:t - K&%OBIIK nooopoTHoro KeXa.BH3Ya.;

I - PYEOllTKa. rup;pa.BJIH"leCKOrO YeXa.BH3Ma. noaopora 6amuH; 4 - ID;HTOK BKJIlO.. 'I8URII rup;pa.BJIH'IeCKo:ll: CUCTeKLI 11 cratiaaaaaropa; 5 - ID;lITOK ynpauneaaa cTal'iWIlIaaTOpOY; 1- pLI'Ial' nepeKJIIO'IeBllSI nOp;'beMHOrO yeXaHH3Ma; 7 - psruar nepeK.1llO'IeuWI nOBopOTBOJ;O yeXaHuaMa. 6amHu; 8 - BLIKJIIO'Ia.TeJIb BJIeKTpO-

KOTOPa. Ka.CJIlIBOrO aaeoca

3. 3anYCTH H npoeeps paoory rH)l.paBJIHtIeCKOrO npaaona eainHH, ,nJIH xero nponeaaa CJIe,nYIOmee:,,, a) no,nHHMH asepx pbltIar nepeKJIIOtIeHIUI MexaHH3Ma nOBOpOTa 6aIIIHH H, apamas MaXOBHK MexaHH3Ma, nponeps OTKJIIOtIeHl:ie IIIeoTepHH pytIHOro npHBo,na;

6) BKJIIOtm .:weKTpoMoTOP MaCJISIHOrO aacoca, JlJISI BKJIIOtIeHHSl MOTopa nOTSlHH BblKJIIOtIareJIb aa COOSl H nosepaa no tIaCOBOH CTpeJIKe aa 45°;

B) nOBopOTOM PYKOSI'TKH ynpaBJIeHHSI rH.n.paBJIHtIeCKHM npaso,nOM 6alllHH BJIeBO H anpaso onpotiya pa60TY nOBOpOTHOro MexaHH3Ma.

4. 3anycTH H nposeps padory cTa6HJIH3aTOpa nynnca, ,nJlSl llero nponenas CJIe,nYIOmee:

a) OTKJIIOtIH senymyro nrecreparo no,n'beMHOro MexaHH3Ma, ,nJISl sere nOBepHH pbltIar nepeKJIIOtIeHHSl BJIeBo.,CB06o,nHbIM KatIaHHeM nymxa nposeps OTKJIIOtIeHHe;

6) spamaa MaXOBHK nozrsexaoro MexaHH3Ma, YCTaHOBH xopooxy rapocxona B BepTHKaJIbHOe nOJIOJKeHHe no OTHOllleHHIO K nOJIY;

14

B) YCTaHOBH M!XOBHlJKH perynsropa :>KeorKOCTH - STIFFNESS peryxsropa RECOIL H3 IltHTKe ynpaBJIeHHSI cTa6HJlH3aTOpOY m aynessre ztenenaa:

r) BKJIIOqH 3J1eKTpOMoTOP MaCJISIHOrO nacoca;

.n.) nOBepHH K MeTKe ON BbIKJIIOqa-reJIb rapocxona, npa 3TOM OJnKHa saropersca xpacnaa JIaMTIOlJKa aa mHTKe ynpa BJleH lUI Ta6HJIH.3aTopoM. BbIKJlIOqaTeJlb rapocxorta Haxo.u;HTCSI cnepxy H3 HTKe ynpaBJIeHHSI ranponposoncx 6allIHH H cTa6HJlH3aTOpoM;

e) spanraa MaX'OBHK nozrsexsoro MexaHH3Ma, npoaeps .lleA'CT~ He rapocsona aa rrynrxy;

JK) nOBepHH no qaCOBOH CTpeJIKe MaXOBHqOK perynaropa :>KeCTocrn STIFFNESS .n.OOTKa3a. ECJIH nymxa nanaer BH6pHpoBaTb .z(pOJKaTb), TO Me.n;JIeHHO nOBOpaqHBaH MaXO'BHqOK B 06paTHYIO TOPOHY zro rex nop, noxa BH6pa~HSI He npexpararcs.

5. BbIKJIIOqH cTa6HJlH3aTOp H 3JIeKTpOMoTOP; nOCTaBb nymxy noxonnoe nOJIO:>KeHHe.

nO.n.roToBKa nYJIeMeTOB

1'. ITPOH3Be.B:1H H'enOJIHYIO paaoopxy nYJIeMerOO, ·OCM011pH .lJ.eTaR R, CM33aB JIerKHM CJlOeM cMa3KH, codepa BBOBb.

2. OITHHH PYKOSITKY 3apH:>KaHHH B aaznree nOJl'O':>KeHHe HOTR snepen. Ha:>KHMaSi na nYCKQ,BOH KjPIOqOK ny.meMe'Nl, npOH3- eAR cnycx ynapnaxa.

UPH coopKe nYJIeMeTa oc06oe BHHMaHHe 06parn aa peryaaOBKY rOJlOBHOro sasopa Me:>K.n;y 3a.u;HHM KOH~OM CTBOJla (neNb-

o OM) H 3aTBopOM, .n.JISI tIero: .

a) no.n;aH 3aTBOp aasan aa 18-20 ~;

6) .n.OBepHH CTBOJI B CTBOJIbHYIO Kopo6KY C ll'OMOllI.bIO nymr O'Ra 133 aacesxa na CTBOJIe., noxa 3al1'BOp (KOTOpbIH ,nOJI-' ea 6b1Tb noztaa nnepen) He 3aKpOeT CTBOJI;

B) RaK TOJIbKO 3aTBOp KOCHeTcSl CTBOJIa, BbIBepH!H 'CTBOJI H3 .n;Ee acesxa.

Ilpn HenpaBHJIb'H.o orperYJIHpOBaHHoM rOJlOBHOM saaope ~oeJK.n;y TBOJIOM H sarsopo« aapyuraercs padora aBTOMa'UIKH nYJIeMeTa. CJJB 3a30p M<lJI, TO B03MO:>KHbI nOBpe:>K.n;eHHH paxsr CTBOJla, sasopa HJIB 3aMbIKaTeJlSl aarsopa. BOJlblUOH 3a30p npasonar K pashlBY rHJIb3 narpona H BbI3bIBaeT sanepacxa nYJIeMeTa.

3. Ilocrass nYJleMerbI B YCTaHOBKH H saspena HX.

DpHueJlbHoe npHcnocooneHHe H BYBepKa HYJIeBOI JIHHHH npHueJlHBaHKR

'"

rrpH~eJIbHOe rrp~cnOC06JIeHHe

I1PH~enDIroe npncnocodaeaae anapeiHHOH YCTaHOBKH '7S-Jt.M .H nYJIeMeTa npe.u;c'I1aBJISIeT 'l'eJLeCKOrrHlIecKIHH DpH~eJI;,

15

._ c:J-

t •

-

2--

-

PIIC. 6. Cxewa DlIKaJlbl 8 lrOIIe apelDlJI ttpJI.l{e.lla cnapeH30A YCTIllOBKK

CMOHrnpOBaHHbIH B xopnyce CM<rrpOBOfO ntm6opa, coe,z:umeW_{:)r

c ycrra1HOBKoH THroM. .

B nOJIe 3peHHSI npanena HMeeTCSI nOOTOSlHHaH InKaJIa yrJIO UpHu;eJIHBaHHSI (pHC. 6), aapesaaaas B apnax (O.lI.HH SlP.lI. pase 0,914 Jt).

Illxana HMeeT oKpyJKHOCTb H ropaaoaransasre JIHHHH,. H,LJ.yru;H OT Ce{)e4lI.MHbI IIIOJISI 3peH.HH npHu;e.TIaSHlH3. Tosxa Ha,LJ. OKPYJK· HOCTbIO mKaJIbI HMeeT HYJIeSOe 3HatIeHHe H HCnOJIb3yeTcH np esraepxe HYJIeBOH JIHHHH npHu;eJHiBaHHH. TOtIKa, noxemesaa B ueurpe OKPYJKHOCTH, coorsercrsyer ,LJ.HCTaHU;HH 500 HP,LJ.OB a nOCJIe,LJ.YIOIu;He ,LJ.eJIeHHSI InKaJIbI ,LJ.aHbI xepes 500 SlP,LJ.OB C U;HCP POBblM 0603HatIeHHeM sepes 1 000 SlP,LJ.OB. Ilpauensaaa .lI.aJIbHOCT npanena no InKaJIe pasna 3 000 SlP,LJ.OB (2 742 oM).

BblBepKa HYJIeBOH JIHHHH npHu;eJIHBaHHH

1. Y CTaHOBH TaHK aa rOpH30HTIlJIbHOH nnontanxe H Bbl6ep TOtIKY HaBO,LJ.KH, y,LJ.aJIeHHYIO na 600-800 M.

2. HaKJIeH nepexpecrae aa .lI.YJIbHblH cpes CTBOJia y,LJ.apHblH MexaHH3M ~3 KJIHHa sarsopa nymxa.

3. BH3HPYH xepes orsepcrae ,LJ.JISI BblXO,LJ.a 60iiKa y,LJ.apHHK B 60eBOH- nJIHTKe, cOBMe<!rH nO.lI.'beMHblM H noaoporaux xexa IIH3MaMH uearp nepeKpOOTHH aa .lI.YJIbHOIII cpese CTBOJI<:l. nyinx C Bbl6paHHoit TOqx:QA HaOO,ll.KH.

16

, '; ECA" npltueJl·· yCtillo~ npaBU1f&OO; TO nYJIekaHToua yrJlosupHuemmaflKH' COBMeeTHTCilC Bbl1>paHHoit TO'lKOA'

;_;;,-!M~.llKH. ..

~:npH HeCOBIIa~eHHH HYJleooii T01J:KH He06x()~HMO C nOM<OlIJ.blO ~,.Ol.OBHqKOB B&tBepOqHOrO MeXaHH3Ma, _paCnOJIOJKeHHbIX aa KOp~Jlyce nepncxonmecxoro . npaoopa, COBMOOTHTb nYJIeBylO TOqKY.. t'';1lpBu.ena· C TOllKOH HaBO~KH.

f: 5. HooraB'HTb YMPHbIH MexH3M .J3 KJllHlHOBOe rsresno.

~;, 6~ BbIBepKY nYJIeMeTa, cnapeaaoro c nYlUKoH, npoaaaozn no ;*.ihlsepeHHoMY npaueny, BH3HpoBtlHHeM sepes KaHaJI CTBOJIa nyne~'¥e1"i na y~aJleHHYIO TOlJKy. Tlpa fle<!OBMelI{eHHH Heo6xo~HMO ~'I{3MeHHTb nOJlOJKeHHe nYJIeMera C noxonnao pery JIHPYIOIIJ.HX 6on.;"rQB ;{O COBlIlOO1,eHHH .K8HaJla CTBOJla ~ T01fKOH HaDO~KH.

;5~ - - -

HaBO)(Ka a npOH3BO.llCTBO BLlCTpe.IIa as nymKa

~~1 . .llJlSI nepsore sapH:JKaHHH OTKpOH saraop BPYqHytO. 2 .... ~.3ueprHqHO .u.OlUJlH narpoa B xaseopy,

~~, 3. BKJIIOqH nHTaHHe snexrpocnycaa •..

~iF4. ·tIa8o'!{KY nywKH B UeJIb npQH3.BO)UlC nOMOlIJ.hIO npuIJ.e.na-,

~g tJero: '

~~::a) onpeaeaa ,!{HCTaHIJ.HIO ,!{O IJ.eJIH;

~.':. 6 .. ) .u.eHCTByS aa nO,!{'b(!MHbIH' HnoBopoTHbIA: Mex3HH3Mbl, COB- 6 ... THTOlfKY WKaJIbI npau.eJla, eOOTBeTC·TBYJOIIJ.YIO .u.HCTa.a'~HH.

~J/lleJIblO; ,

~X 8) B MOMeHT COBMeII!eHHH TOllKH UIKaJIhI C 1(-&JIhK). HaJKHH ~nKY3JIeKTpocnYCKaH npoH-3Be~H BblCTpe.1I (GORKH 3JIeK1J)o~eKOB pacrroaoacemr aa nOJIY 6awHH, npaaas KHonKa oraocsr'~K3.'leKTpocnYCKyrtYlUKH, Jleruul- K 3J1eKTpOcnycKY nYJIeMera, . ~apeHH()rO C nywKOO).· . . r . !

~5. npnCTpeJIbt>e C xo~~f06Jt3aTeJlbHQ. BKJIIOQaA: rapecsonase~. CTa6HJIIf3aTOP nYWKH. He ~OJIb3YHCH cTa6HJIH3aTOpOM "PH ',~Jlb6e c, uecra.

~~.6: Ilpa q'peJIbt>e. co ~Ta('iHJIH3aTOpoM HaBO~KY TIymKH B nens ~HS80~H no npHIJ.eny,T3KJKe·. KaK H 6ea CTa6HJ1H3aTOpa, ~1{'beMHhlM H noeoporaua MexaHH3MaMH .

. ~~,w~,~HHeM MaXOBHKa nO~DeMH~ro MeXaHH3Ma H3MeHHerCH no~;!KeJ!II(e rnpoexona H COOTBeTCTBeHHO H3MeHHeTCH BepTHKaJlli·'.

yrOJI riYWKH. I1YlUKa- B ,!{aJIbHeHWev y~epJKHBae1'CH OTHOCH- :.;'i.'e.lIblllO IJ.eJIH B n.oJlOJKeHHH, 33.l{aHHOM cTa6HJIH3aTopoM.

CTpeJlb6b1 MaXOBHqKOM perYJIHToll<l RECOIL oTperycTa6HJIH3aTOp Ta·K, qT06h1 nymxa npa OTKaTe· He H3MeHMa

;i\:DnDr'f\ OOJIOlKeHHSI.. -

rrpexpanreaaa CTpeJlb6b1 C xona BbIKJIIOtJH CTat>HJIH3anYlIIKll.1f saexrpoaorop ~aCJllIlHOro aacoca.'

CTpeAb6a K3 fiy~¢MeToB

Ilynexer, crrapeHHbIH C riYllIKOH, He HMeeT npauensnoa llIKa.rrbl B npHII.eJIe cnapeaaoa YCTaHOBKH. nYJIeMeT, YCTaHOBJIeHHblM B OT .lI.eJIeHHH ynpaBJIeHHH, He HMeeT npHII.eJIa. Bezteaae npHII.eJIbaoro orus H3 060HX nYJleMeTOB B03MO)KHO TOJIbKO npa HaJIH'lHH naTpOHOB C TpaccHpyIOI.II.HMH nyJIHMH, xoropsre Ha6HSalOTCB B JIeHTy xepea .lI.Ba-TpH 06b1'lHbIX narpoaa.

CTpeJIb6a H3 3eHHTHoro KpynHOKaJIH6epHOro nYJIeMeTa Be.ZJ.eTCSI c nOMOll.{bIO paMO'lHOrO npHII.eJIa.

,.

YXO.ZJ. sa Boopy)KeHHeM nocae e'rpeJlb6b1

)lJIH 06eCne'leHHH 6e30TKa3HOH pa60TbI TaHKOBoro aoopyaceaaa ; npOH3BO.ll.H per~JIHpHO 'lHCTKY ero, OCMOTP H YCTpaHHH o6Hapym.eHHble HeHcnpaBHOCTH.

LJHCTKY nyurxa npOH3BO.ll.H B CJIe.ll.YIOI.II.eM nopanxe:

1. Ilocne CTPeJIb6b1 CTBOJI 06HJIbHO CMa)Kb nyurexnof cMa3KoH .lI.JIH pa3MHr'leHHH aarapa. LJepe3 2-3 saca npoxoa CTBOJI xepoCHHOM H npoaasenn 'lHCTKY (nsraceaaaae, nporapanae).

2. Pa36epH 3aTBOp H npoTpH TpHnKaMH Hacyxo. Y.lI.aJIeHHe Harapa npOH3BO.ll.H TpHnKaMH, CMO'leHHblMH xepocaaox, 3aTeM npoTpH aacyxo H CMa)Kb nymeaaoji cMa3Koii:.

3. OCMOTPH nporaaoorxarasre YCTpoii:CTBa, nOBOpOTlJbIH H nO.ll.beMHblii: MexaHH3MbI H rHpOCKOnH'lecKHH cTa6HJIHSaTop.

4. Ilocne 'lHCTKH H C60PKH nposeps npaBHJIbHOCTb C60PKH aa·rnopa H cnycxa nYllIKH •

.D..rm 'IHCTKH nYJIeMeTOB npoassena HenOJIHYIO pa360pKY me, OCMOTP H 'lHCTKY.lI.eTaJIeif. Ilocne 'lHCTKH nposeps padory co6- paaaux nYJIeMeTOB H YCTaHoBH HX B TaHKe.

CPE,UCTBA BHEllIHEYI H BHYTPEHHEYI OB5I3'11 (pHC. 7)

nO.ZJ.roToBKa pa.ZJ.HoeTaH~HH H Tny K patiore

1. Ilponeps HaJIH'lHe H acnpaanocrs scero HMYllJ,eCTBa panaoCT3HUHH.

2. YCTaHoBH IIITbipeBYIO aHTeHHY Heo6xo.ll.HMO~ BbiCOTbI (B aa-

BHCHMOCTH OT .lI.aJIbHOCTH CBH3H). -

3. Cxaraa BOll,OHenpOHHII.aeMYIO noxpsnuxy C nepenaea naneJIH II saxpenn nasepxy npaexonepenaruaxa.

4. Ilposeps Hall,e)KHOCrb KpenJIeHHH KOJIO.ll.OK umaaroa naraaaa

B cC.loTBercTBYIOI.II.HX raesnax. .

5. flpoBepb II.eJIOCTb npe.ll.OXpaHHTeJIeii: Ha 6JIOKe nHTaHHR

(HT-l If HT-2). .

18

6. SKJIIOQH TeJIe4>oHbI If ¥HKPo-<POHbI (coe,nIiHlf pa3'bgMHhte ~- 3HHOBble ¢HJJlKH JJlHypOB fJIaBHOrO \ nepexmoxarena N2 1 H 2 H reJIe¢OHoB).

Hacrpokxa pa)J.HocraHL(HH

Il e p e n a s a a a KOPOTKHX BOJIHaX TeJIe¢OHOM

I

1. r.TJ:aBHbIH nepexmosarens pa,lJ,HOCTaHL(HH YCTaHoBH B nOJIO )KeHMe A.

2. ~!cTaHoBH PYtIKH TYMC)JIepOB B HH)I{Hee nOJI02KeHHe' ALL

II ON. ii " I

3. Y CTaHOBH nepeKJIIOtIaTeJIb MHKPO¢OH-KJlIOtI B nOJIO}KetiHe

R/T (panaorenepou). -

4. }" CTaHOBli ¢HKcaTopbI PYKOlITOK eycraaosxa sacrorso

It «ycMJIHTeJIb» B nOJIO}KeHHe SET.

5. ~'cTaHoBH 3a,lJ,aHHYIO tIaCToTY PYKOSITK'O'H -eycranosxa sacroTbI»r H pYKoSIrKoH «ycHJIHTeJIb».

6. BKJIIOtIH yM¢opMep.

7. Ilocraas nepexmo-rarens H3MepHreJIbHOrO npadopa B noaolKeHHe AE (HH,lJ,HKaTOp TOKa B anreaae).

8. Ha}KMH KJIanaH aa pysxe MHKpo¢oHa.

9. fIOBOPOTOM pykOSITKH sapuoxerpa aHTeHHbI ,lJ,06eHCSI MaKCHMaJIbHOrO OTKJIOHeHHSI CTPCJIKH H3MepHTeJIbHOrO rrpaoopa (5-8 ,l{eJIeHHH no aepxaeji JJlKaJIe).

10. fIOiBOPOTOM aepasepaoa IpytIKlH «yCHJIHTeJlSI» ,n;o6eHcSI euie 6oJIbllierO 'OTKJIOHeHHSI CTpeJIKH npaoopa.

11. E~e pas apaurenaex PYKOSITKH aHTeHHorO aapaoaerpa

,l{o6eHcSI YBeJIHtIeHHSI OTKJIOHeHHSI CTpeJIKH npaeopa.

"pil nacrpoase aHTellHbI aapaoaerpoa HeJIb3D OCTaHaBJIHBaTb(R na ,l{eJIeHHSlX, nO,lJ,qepKHYTblX xpaceoa tIepToii.

Hacrponxa npHeMHHKa npOH,aBO,lJ,HTCSI aBTOMamtIeCKH aa Ty )l{e 'faCToTy, aa KOTOPOH patioraer nepenarsax.

Il p a e x n a KOPOTKHX BOJIHaX

1. Y CTaHOBH r JIaBHbIH: nepexmovarens B nOJIO)l{eHHe A.

2. YCTaHoBH TYM(5JIepbI B HH2kHee nOJIO)l{eHHe ALL H ON.

3. B'KJIIOtIH yM¢opMep. -

4. YCTaHoBH ¢HKcaTopbI PYKOHTOK «ycTaHoBKH tIaCTOTbl»

H «ycHJIHtemr» B nOJIO)l{eHHH TUNE.

5. Y CTaHOBH nepexmo-rarens MHKPOq,OH-KJIIOti B nOJIO)l{eHHe R/T (pa,lJ,HOTeJIe¢OH) .

. 6. .Iloaepaa pysxy perynaropa rpoaxocra GAIN A snpaso ,u;oOTKa3a.

t

\."

-

19,

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~
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en 0>
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(f ~
= §

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1;1
1
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~ ~
0
CD <l)
". I=l
~ID <a
:II
%:1: <l)
~,>- ~
I- U
~ ..,:
If

~ YCTaHOBH P)'K05lTKH eycranosxn qaCTOTbI» if «YCHJIHTe .. lb» aa 3a.n.aHHYIO qaCTOTY HJIH, IIOBOpasnsas O.n.HOBpeMeHHO aepssepsr orieax PYKOHTOK, Hll.{H KOppeCIIOH.n.eHTa, eCJIH 'laCTOTa, aa KOTOpOH: OH pat60Taer, iHeH3BeICTfHIa.

I1PH 9TOM pysxy <<YCTaHOBKH 'laCTOTbI» spamaf Me.n.JIeHHO, 'lTo6bI He IIpOlTIyCTHTb pa60raIOll.{YIO CTaHIJ,HIO; aacrpofaca qaCTOTbI o-reas ocrpaa,

Hacrpoaxa JKe 'yCHJIHl'eJIH TYIIaH, Ii IIOJIOJKeaae IUKaJIbI YICIHJJlH1'eJIH OT nOJIOJKeHHSI IUKaJIbI <qcTaHoBKH 'laCTOTbI» MOJKeT OrJIH'larbCH aa 2-3 )l.e.ne'HlHH.

<l>HKC.aIJ,'HH )l.BYX qaCTOT (pavOqeH iH 31lJIIaJCHIOH BOJ1H)

1. I1oBopa~IHBaH pysxy «ycTaHoBKH qaCTOTbI» )1.0 JIOHBJIeHHH B xpacnox r JIa3Ke 6eJIoro <pJIaJKKa. 2. nOCJIe nOHMeHHH oeJIo['O <pJIaJKKa OTBepHH aa nOJI060pOTa .l{JBa BllIHTa C KpaICoHhfMH TO'lK3M'H OKOJIO :HiHX.

3. YCTa'HOBlH 3a.n.a'HHyIO qaICTo'T',Y.

4. 33BepH'H paaee OTBepHYTble BHHTbI.

5. I1oBOpaQHBaH PY'LKY lHaCTpOH:K'H YCHJLHTeJIH )1.0 nOHBJIelHHH B KpaCHOM (JIa3Ke cenoro <pJIaJKKa. 6. I10cJIe nOHBJIleJHlHH <pJIaJKKa oT,BepHH aa nOJIooopora )l.sa IIDIlHTa c KpalCHbIlMH TO'lKaMiH OKOJIO HHX.

7. Hacrpoa yCIfJIlHre.n~.

8. 3aBepHiH pasee oreepayrsre BHHTbI.

9. HacTpoHK3 H3 BTOPYIO aa)l.aHHYIO sacrory (BOJIIUY) no CHH8MY l'JIa3KY ocyILl.ecTBJIHeTCH TaK JKe, KaK iH 'Ita nepayto,

10. ,llJIH onaooopasaa npa H3cTpoHKe na )l.Be 'laCTOTbI IHaCl'poiiKY HatIHlHaii C MeHblU,eH: 1IaCTOTbI H <P:HKOHPYH: ee DlO' !KpaCHbIM ,rJIa3Ka'M. Hacrponxy JKe aa OOJIblUYIO sacrory <pI:IKCHPYH no CHHHM r JI3'3Kl3:M.

HaCTpOH:Ka np a eao v n ep e n a r se x a YKB

1. r JIa'B'H!bIH: nepeKJIIOQal1eJIb lliOCT3Sb B nOJIOJKOOI:Ie B.

2. TYM6JIepbI nOCT3BbB ffiDK'Hee no.nO>Ke!fme (ON:Ii ALL).

,3. BKJIIOT£H YM'<jlrop¥,ep.

4. nOBepHH pyxxy pery JUlTOpa rpoaxocrn YKB GAIN B snpaBO .n00TKa3a.

5. nOBOpOTOM .nHCKa HacTpoHKH YKB (TUNING B) .nacrpoaCSI aa pa60TaIOllI.YIO pa.rtHD'CTaH~HIO H nYTeM neperosopoa C He4 YTOlJHH HacTpoHKY.

6. OPH o.nHoBpeMeHHoH pa60re B ceTH HeCKonbKHX pa.nHOCTaH~HH MorYT B03HHKaTb nOMeXH B BHlJ,e CBMCTa HnH III)'Ma. Oc.na-

6UTb 3TH nOMeXH MO)KHO nOBOpOT'OM BHHTa «OT'CTpOHKa»,

(QUENCH). I

Ilpa nepexone C npnexa na nepenaxy Ha)KMH xnanan aa PYlJKe MHKpo<l>oHa.

BHYTpeHHSISI CBSl3b

Ilpa nOnO)KeHHH r nasaorc nepexmosare.nn pai'I.HOCTaH~HH na IC, PYlJKH npasoro TYM6Jlepa ' B nOnO)KeHHH ALL H npa BKnIOtIeHHOM yM<pOpMepe ocymecrsnaerca .nBYCTOPOHHH51 reaerpouaas CBSl3b Me)Ki'I.Y BceMH lJJIeHaMH 3KHna)Ka.

OPH paarosope nepen MHKPO<l>OHOM 06H3aTenbHo Ha)KHMaH xnanaa MRKpo<l>oHa. Korna cnyuraeurs (npHHHMaeIIIb), KJIanaH He

H3JKHMaH. .

3anpaBKa TonnHBOM (pHC. 8)

1. B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT TeMnepaTypbI HapY)KHOrO soanyxa sanpaBnHH: ronnaaasre 6aKH cnenyrouma TOnJIHBOM:

a) neTHHM H.lIH 3HMHHM .nH3E'fIbHbIM TonnHBOM .IT.T HJIH ra30R-'

JteM :3 npa rexneparypax BbIIII~ +5° C; l

6) 3HMHHM .nH3e.lIbHbIM TonnHBOM .IT.T IWH ra30ii:neM :3 npn,

resmeparypax OT +5° C no -20° C; 1

B) 3HMHHM.nH3enbHbIM TonnHBOM .IT.T C J].o6aBKoH rpaxrop-i] nero KepOCHIm npa rexneparypax: OT _200 no .-30e) C - 10 % :.j' OT -3()0 no -350 G.- 25% W OT -350 C H HH)Ke -50 -70%.

2. Y.nanH nblnb H rpH3b C 6poHeBblx KpblIIIeK nIOI{K'OB3anHB-l HbIX r opnosmr ronmransrx 6aKoB . .IT.Be 3anHBHbIe ropnoBHHbI.J C Ha.nm-lCHMH DISEL FUELOIL pa'Cfl1OJIO)KeHbI 00 xpaax KPbIlliH'1 MOTopHoro OT.l1.eneHHSI. 'f

3. OTKPOH: KpbIIIIKH nIOtIKOB, BbIBepHH np06KH 3anHBHbIX rop-]

JIOBHH H nposeps HanHlJHe H tIHCTOTY <l>HnbTpoB B HHX. I

, 4. 3aJIeH TOnJJHBO a ronausnsre 6aKI{ xepea BOPOHKY 0 ceTKOH"j

B K'OTOPYIO MO)KH .nBoHHoe IIIenKOBoe nonOTHO, <l>JIaHenb HJlHJ

CYKHO, nOJlO)KeHHOe BOPCOM asepx. 1

5. Hanonaeaae 6aKoB ownnHBOM npoaasona oro YPOBHH •. OT~J

CTOHllI.erO OT BepxHeit KpOMKH 3aJIH_!JHoti rOpJlOBHHbI aa 4O--t' 50 .M.M,.

22

06m:aH eMKDCTb nerapex TDnJIHBHblX 6aKDa 550-500 s. BaKB D6be,ll.HHeHbI B rpyrmsr no. ,lI.Ba. ~MKDCTb npasoa H JIeBDH rpynna D,lI.HHaKDBa H paBHa 275--280 /t.

6. Ilpn sanpasxe cooJIIo,ll.aiioce MepbI npe,ll.OCTOpO)l{HDCTH ,lI.JIH npenoxpaaenas OT nonaaaaas B TOnJIHBHble 6aKH BD,lI.bI H aacoPHIOm:HX Bem:eCTB.

7. ITo. DKDHIJaHlIH sanpaaxa TDnJIHBa nJIDTHD 3aBepHH npD6KH

aaJIHBHbIX r.opJIDBHH H saxpoa KpbllIIKH JIIOl.IKDB. •

T 0. n JI H B H bI if 6 a K ,lI. B H r a r e JI 51 Ben 0. M 0. r a r ,e JI b-

H 0 ro 3 a p 51 ,lI. H 0 r 0. a r per a T a 3anpaBJIHH <lBTD6eH3'HiHDM (2-ii Co.PT), npensaparensno OMelIIaHHbIM C 5% ,lI.H3eJIbHOrO MaCJIa HJIH asnauacna MK.

3a.lIHBHaH rDpJIDBHHa 6aKa paCnCJID)KeHa B xpsnne oDeBDrc OT,lI.eJIeHHH CJIeBa aa 6alIIHeii TaHKa. OK'OJIC xpsunxa rOpJIOBHHbI HMee1'CH aannacs GASOLINE. EMKiOcTb'rrOnJIiHBlHOrO 6aKa 22 /t.

3anpaBKa MaCJIOM (pHC. 9)

3anpaBKa MaCJIOM ,lI.BHraTeJIefi

1. MaCJIHHble 6aKH ,lI.BHraTeJIeif 3anpaBJIHH D,lI.HHM H3 CJIe,ll.YIO-

m:HX MaCeJI.

B JIeTHee BpeMH:

a) ,lI.H3eJIbHbIM MaCJIOM; <,

6) CMeCbIO 70 % JIyopHKeTHHra (M3wHHHoe 3KcnDpTHDe MaCJIO

MapKH 3JI) H 30 % aBHaMaCJIa MK.

B 3HMHee BpeMH:

a) JIyopHKeTHHrDM; 6) aBHaMaCJIDM M3.

2. Y,lI.aJIH nbIJIb H rpass C 6poHeBblx xpsnnex JIIOlJKDB SaJIHBHblX rDpJIDBHH MaCJIHHbIX oaKDB. .uBe 3aJIHBHble rDpJIDBHHbI C Ha,ll.nHCHMH LUBRICATING OIL HaXD,lI.HTCH no. KpaHM '"KPbIlliH MDTDpHDrD OT,lI.eJIeHHH.

3. Orxpoa KpbllIIKH JIIOlJKOB, BbIBepHH npo6KH 3aJIHBHbIX rop-

JIDBHH H npDBepb HaJIHIJHe ~HJIbTpOB B HHX. .

4. BKJIIOtIH na onna H3 MaCJIHHblX 6aKDB ronJIHB'O-MaCJIDMep H 3aJIllBaii B 3TOT oaK xacno xepea BDPDHKY c oeTKDH ,lI.D rex nop, noxa CTpeJIKa TDnJIHBD-MaCJIOMepa He YCTaHOBHTCH B nOJID-

)KeHHe F (nDJIHO). -

5. 3anOJIHH TaKHM)I{e nYTeM MaCJIHHblH 6aK npyroro ,lI.BHra-

TeJIH. EMKOCTbCliCTeMbI CMa'3KH (),lI.,HOI'lO i,lI.BHraTe1IH 26 .It. .

. 6. Ilocne sanpasxa MaCJIOM nJIOTHD 3aBepHH npo6KH 3aJlHBHblX

rOpJlOBHH a saxpoit KPblWKH JJIOtmOB. '

24

~, ~

r

1 H ,- orxa-raaaiomae ceKD;lIII Ma.CJIlIHoro aacoca; 3 - aarrreretomaa ceK~RI1 lIacJ1lIHOro aacoca; 4 it 'J.2 - Ma.cJIocfioPHHEH B xaprepe ,!IBlII'aTeJIlI; 6 - nepe,UYCKHOli KJIanaH aaraeraiomea CeKL\lIII MaCJIlIHoro Hacoca;' - nepenvcxaoa 'KJmn8.H BO,!lO-MaC.JISIHOrO panaaropa; 7 - rJIaBHa'L MaCJIlIHa.>I MarHCTpaJIb; 8 - BO-.~acJISHhIli pa.,!l,llaTOp; • - M80CJIRHbIli 68oK; 18 - MaC.JISIHl>ll1 WHJIbTP; 1'1: - pe-

, . JlYKL\HOHBbIlt KJIarr80H CHCTeMbI CMaaKH •

3anpaBKa MaCJIOM

~aprepa 6JIOKHPO~OqHhlX mecrepea

1. Kaprep sanpaanaa MaCJIOM, npHMeHHeMbIM ,ll.JIH naarareas . . : 2. OTKPOH JIIOK B nOJIY 6allIHH.

,3~ 'BbrBepHH npooxy H 3aJIeH MaCJIO,ll.O YPOB'HH sanaaaoro ~tBepcTHH. EMK'OCTb MaCJIHHOH cacrexu nonepesaoa rrepe aava 2.5 A.

"4. 3aBepHH npooxy sanpasosnoro OTBepcTHH H aaxpoii JIIOK ~~noJIY OOllIHH.

3anpaBKa MaCJIOM TpaHcMHcoHH

§ I. Tpa'HCMH'OCHIO 3anpaBJIHH JIeTO'M i3,BH'aiMClJCJl10M MK, 3,HMOHjlf(HaMACJIOM M3.

~\2. YCTaHols}f T3HK aa POBHOH ropm~oHTaJjbHoH nnourazxe.

¥. OrBepHH xpauncy 38JIHBHOfi rOpJIOBHHhl H saJIeit MaCJIOnO I!rKY sa uiyrre xpuurxa. 3aJIHBaaH rOj>JlOBHHa paCnOJIOLKeHa

I ' •

.: KOHTPOJIbHblii OCMOTP nepea B.,.lWJl.OM

He3aBHCHMO or roro, rronsepraxcs JIH TaHK TeXHHlJeCKOMY OOCJIYJKHBaHHIO HJIH HeT, nepen KaJKJl.bIM BblXOJl.OM nponeaaa caenyiomee:

_ 1. Ilposeps sanpaaxy B'OJl.oii, TOnJIHBOM II MaCJIOM.

26

cnpasa IIa KopOOKe rrepexensr nepenan. CHCTeMa OMa3KH TpaHCMHCCHH oomaR .nJISI KOP'OOKH nepexeasr nepenax, MexaHH3Ma no" sopora H OOPTOBblX nepenas. ~MKOCr.b CHCTeMbl 130 A.,

IT p U M e q a H He. Ha HeK01'OpblX ranxax M4-A2 cncrexa CMa3KH o'5IU~!I JJ;JlSI KOPOOKH rrepexenu nepenas H MeXaHf!3Ma nosopora H OTneJIbHaSi nJlll 60PTOBbiX nepeaas. nJISI nora aapuanra evsocrs cacreuu CMa3KH Kopo6K~ nepenas H MexaHll3Ma nOBOp01'a 53 A, ooproBoii nepenaxa 34 A:

4. 3aBepHH npotixy 3aJIHBHOii rOpJIOBHHbI.

3anpaBKa BOJl.oii

1. OTKPOii: opoHeBble KpbIIIIKH JIlOlJKOB 3aJIHBHbIX rOpJI'OBHH BO,lJ.HHbIX CHCTeM nsararenen. ,UBe rOpJIOBHHbl C Ha.Ii.I1HCRMH WATER pacnoaoaceau no KpaHM KpbIIIIH MOTOP'HIOTO OT,lJ.e.neaHSI. 2. Y,n:aJIH np06KH rOpJIOBHH H rrposeps HaJIH'lHe <pHJIbTPOB

B HHX. ,

3. Orxpon zraa B03,n:YIIIHbIX KpaHHKa ,n:JIH cooemenaa xopnyCOB !epMOCTaTOB C aTMoc<p€pofi. KpaHHKH Haxo.nSITCH HarepMo· crarax csepxy B 3a,n:Heii: lJaCTH MOTopHoro OT.rr.eJIeHHH • .llj)CTyn K KpaHHKaM ocyw.eCTBJISIeTCSI sepes JIIOK nan MOTOPHblM O,TJI.eJIe-

HHeM. '

4. 3anOJIHH CHCTeMbI OXJIaJK.rr.eHHSI .rr.BHraTeJI€ii Bo.rr.oii TaK;

ttTOObI yposeas BO.nbI ObIJI na 50 JIM OT zraa paCIIIHpHTeJIbHbI Oa1J:KoB.

5. 3anYCTH ,n:BHraTeJIH H ,n:aH: HM nopatiorars 4-5 MHHYT.· .

6. Ilpoaeps yposeus nozrsr B paCIIIHpHTeJIbHbIX OalJKax. ECJIH yposens CHH3HJICH, TO .rr.06aBb BO,lJ.bI no neoexonaaoro YPOBHH. ~MKOCTb BO,n:H'HOH: CHCTeMbI O,n:HO[,O ,n:BHraTeJIH 43 A.

7. Ilocns aanpasxa BO.nOH: nOCTaBb nJIOTHO np06KH 3aJIHBHbiX rOpJIOBHH H aaxpofi KpbIIIIKH JIlOlJKOB.

8. 3aKpOH: B03,n:YIIIHble KpaHHKH repxocraros. ,UJISI CJIHBa BO,n:bl H3 CHCTeMbI OXJIaJK,n:eHHH KaJK.nbIH: .rr.BHraTeJIb HMeeT cnycxnoa KpaHHK. pacTIOJIOJKe'HHhIH: B HUJKHeH: qa!CTH BO,n:IO'M3CJIHHo!ro panaaropa . .uocTyn K MaXOBUqKaM cnycxasrx KpaHHKOB ocymeCTBJIReTCR lJepe3 JIIOK B xpsnne MOTopHorO OT,lJ.eJIeHHSI: DPH CJIHBe sozta CTeKaeT aa nnuuie xopnyca TaHKa. 4T06hl sona asrxonaaa HapYJKY, OTKPOH: KJIanaHbI B nOJIY MQTOpHorOOT.rr.eJleHHH. Kpoxe roro, npa icnycxe B ozt hI He 3a6bIBaH: OTKphIBaTh3aJIHBHbIe ropJWBHHbI CHc,TeMbI H B03,lJ.yII'IHble KpaHHKH TepMOCTaTOB.

2. Ilpoaeps KOJIHlJeCTBO H YKJI3,nKY 6oeKoMnJIeKT3, nerasaltHOHHbIX naKeTOB, KOMnJIeKTa sanacaux xacrea H HHOTpYMeHTa, Me,nHKaMeHTOB H npo,noBOJIbCTBHH.

3. Ilposeps COCTOHHHe CMOTpoBbIxnpH6opoB, ynana C HHX

IlbIJIb H rpass.

4. Ilonroross K 0010 BoopY1KeHHe TaHKa.

5. Ilpoaeps HaJIHlJHe, xpennenae H COCTOHHHe orHeTYllJHTeJIeH.

6. Ilposeps HaTH1KeHHe ryceaan, cronopenas, KPHB'OllJHnOB HannKHblX npHCnOCOOJIeHHii:.

7. OCMOTPH xperineaae xpomnreaaoa HanpaBJI5IIOlIJ;HX KOJIOO.

COCT05IHHe onopasrx H no,n,nep1KHBaIOlIJ;Hx_ KaTKOB, 6aJIanCHpOB,

5y$ePHblX npy1KHH, Be,nyI:IJ;HX H HanpaBJIHIOlIJ;HX KOJIec. '

8. Ilposeps JIerKo:CTb XO,lI,a psmaroa H nenanea ynpaBJIeHHH.'

9. Y6e,nHcb B OTCYTCTBHH TelJH B coe,nHHeHH5IX rpyoonposonoa TOnJIHBHoii:, BO,n5IHbIX H MaCJIHHblX CHCTeM CHJIOBOrO arperara.

10. Y6e)l.HCb B OTCYTCTBHH TelJH CMa3KH H3 arperaros rpanc-

U¢CHH.

11. Ilpoeeps HaJIHlJHe H KJpe1'lJI>elHHe YKJIaJ)l.KIH C'HapY}l{H T3HKa;

12. Ilpoeeps H nOLl:P{)TIOBb pa)l.'H'OCTaHIJ;'HIOK paoore.

13. Ilposeps pariory Tny.

nO,nrorOBK& ,nBHraTeJIeH K 3anycKy ~

1. Ilposeps nOJI01Kef!He puxar-a nepeKJIIOlJeHHH nepenan. PbI1Jar

AOJDKeH HaXOLl:HTbC5I B HeHTpaJIbHOM nOJI01KeHHH.

2. BbIKJIIOtIH CT05IHOtIHbIl1 TOplW3. "-

3. BKJIIOtIll JIeBYIO llJIll npasyro rpyrmy TOnJIHBHbIX 6aKoB. ,4. BKJIIOtIH aKKyMyJIHTopHyIO oaTapeIO.

5. BKJIIOlJH TOnJIllBO-MaCJIOMep aa TOT TOnJIHBHblii: 6aK, aa KOTOPOM npennoaaraerca paoora Ll:BHraTeJIeH.

IV. 3AnYCK HOCTAHOBKA ABHrATEnEA 3anYCK )l.BHraTeJIeH

. A. 3anYCK XOJIO)l.HbIX )l.BHraTeJIeii npa reaneparypax HapY1K· ,HO~ B03L1:yxa HH1Ke +5° C npOH3BOLl:H nOOtI~e)l.HO, C npaxeae'lIHeM nYCKOBbiX YCTPOHCTB (nonorpeaarecren), npa. nOMOlIJ;H OT'" leJIbHblx y. Ka1KLl:OrO )l.BHraTeJISI anexrpooraprepoa HJIll npa no .. :.O~H 3JIeKTpOCTapTepa onnoro H3 )l.BHraTe.neii (rorna BTOpoA ~AalJraTeJIb sanycxaerca nepsux).

~; 3 a-n y C K )I. B Y M 51 c r a p re p a u H

~ •. -1. 3aOJIQKHpyii: f'JIaBHblH IPPHKIJ;HOH )l.BHraTeJIH, )l.JIHlJero:

l'· a) BbI1KMH )l.00TKa3a neaans BblKJIIOlJeHHH IPPHKIJ;HOHOB;

:,',6) BblT5IHll )l.00TKa3a, na CeOH KHon, K, y MexaHll3Ma 6JIOKHPOBKH;

B) OTTIyCTH lle)i.aJIb BbIKJIIOlJeHHH IPPHKUH'OHOB, _

: '~

h •

2. Y CTaHOBH psrrar PYtIHOrOaKCeJIepaTOpa B nOJIO>KeHHe xonOCTMX 060POTOB ~BHraTeJIH, nOBopatJHBaH ero cBepxy BHH3 ~oj rex nop, noxa He 3aropHTCH aa uiarxe nlm6opoB KOHTpOJIbHaH· JIaMIfotJKa ~aBJIeHHSf MaCJIa.

3. BK.lIlOtJH nycxonoe YCTPOHCTBO, nOCTaBHB ero BbIKJIlOtJarens aa nnrrxe npntiopoa B nOJIO>KeHHe ON. IlpH3ToM ~OJI>KHa saroperscs KOHTpo.'IbHaH JIaMnOtJKa non BbIKJIlOqaTeJIeM.

4. Ha>KMH HO>KHYIO neztans axceneparopa na BeJIHtJHHY. COOT~ BeTcTBYIOlll;YIO tJuCJIy-OOOpOTOB ~BHraTeJISf, HeCKOJIbKO 60JIbijleMY, tJeM na XOJIOCTOM xony,

5. Ilonepnn PYKOHTKY pysrioro TOnJIHBHOro nacoca nycxonoro ycrponcrna npOTHB qaCOBOH: CTpeJIKH H paBHOMepHO nepexemaa nxynxcep.

6. O]l.HOBpeMeHHo C pa6oTorr nycxosoro YCTpoikTB8 Ha>KMH KHonKY 3JIeKTpOCTapTepa.

7. Iloc.ne nepasrx scnsmrex ~IJ.HraTeJISf orrrycrn KHonKY crap-

Tepa. -, \

8. Ilocne aanycxa 1(BHraTeJISf npn OqeHb HH3KHX reuneparypax HapY>KI:IOro B031(yxa npo1(o.'I>Kaii paoorars PyqHbIM TOnJIHBHbIM HaCOCOM 1(0 rex nop, noxa He YCTaHOBHTCSf yoronsaaaa pa- 60Ta 1(BHraTeJIH.

9. 13bIKJIlOtJIf rrycxonoe YCTpoiicTBO, ~JISf tfero nOCTaBb ero BbI-' KJIlOlfaTeJIb B nOJIO>KeHHe OFF,' BTOJIKHH IIJIYH>Kep py-moro ron-. JIHBHOro nacoca 1(00TKa3a If noaepaa PYKOSfTKY nnynscepa no sacosoa CTpeJIKe, noxa He npoasonner ee 3aII.enJIeHHe C santenKoiL

10. KaK TO.TIbKO JI,BHI'aTeJIb 3aJBMCSf, CJIe,lL'H sa· Ma~CJISIHhIM MaHOMeTJ)OM H KOHTPOJIbHOii: JIaMfiOtIKoii: ,llaB.rIeHHSI MaCJIa. ECJIH B re'IeHHe 1/2 MHHYThI K0HTpOJIbHaSf JIaMnOtJKa He noraCHer H He 6Y1(eT nOKa3aHHi[ ,llaBJIeHHH MaC.'Ia na MaHOMeTpe, HeMe,Zl.JIeHHO

OCTaHOBH 1(BHraTeJIb H BbIHCHH npn'IHHY., '

11. Y CTaHORn pbl'Iar'OM PY'IHCl'rO axceneparopa 060pOThI XOJIOcroro X01(a 800-1 000 o6/.MUJi H nporpes zmararens B Te'IeHHe 5 MHHYT.

Kan!rOpHQeCKH nocnpemaercs BO BpeMH nporpesa ;iaBaTb )J.BHraTemo OOJlblHHe 060pOTbI, TaK KaK MO}l{HQ BblBecni 83 CTP()J1

,lleTaJIH. K KOTOPblM eiue He nOCTY"HJIO'MaCJIO. '

12. He rrOJIb3yii:cH npa sanycxe 3JIeKTpOCTapTepoM 60'JIee 5- ·6 CeKVH1(. Ilosropaoe BKJIIO'IeHHe craprepa rrpOH3BO,llH nepea

10-15 ceKYH,ll.· ,r

13. 3arrycTH sropon nnararexs, ,lleiicTBYH TaKHM »ce o6pa30M. 3anycK O,llHHM cTaprepoM

1. Banycra O,llHH H3 ,llBHraTeJIerr TaK, KaK YKa3aHo asnne.

2. YcraHoBH psrrar pY1JHOrO axceneparopa npyrorc naarareaa B nO.7l0}KeHHe )rOJIO'CTbIX 06opOTOB.

f .

28

3. BhDKMH .n.OMKa3a ne.n.aJih BhtKJlIOtIeHRSI raaansrx <pPHKIl,HO.

H BhIKJIIOtIH MexaHH3M 6JIOKHPOBKH. <!>PHKIl,HOH~ paeoraiomero a rena.

4. Haxcaraex aa nenana axceneparopa YCTaHoBH' 060pOThI paatomero )1,BHraTeJlfl paBHbIMfl 700-800 B MHHYTy.

5. Me)1,JIeHHO ornycxan nenans BbIK-JIIO'Ie~Hfl <!>PHKIl,HOHOB, Ha)f{HMafl nenana axceneparopa )1,JIfl nonaepacanaa tnl\,nn.I"I"I'CIU paeoraromero )1,BHraTeJIfl.

Iloc.ne 3anYCKa sroporo )1,BHraTeml nporpef ero, KaK yxaasnue, H npOCJIe)1,H aa nOKa3aHHHKm ero npariopoa.

B. 3anycK XOJIO)1,HbIX nsurareaea npa resmeparypax aapyxcB03)1,yxa asrure +5° C npOH3BO)1,H oe3 npnxeaeaas nycxoycrpoacrs,

B. 3anycK ropaaax ABHraTeJIeii npOH3BO)1,H O)1,HO,BpeMeHHo KaKOrO-JIH60 O)1,HOrO )1,BHraTeJI5I, He Bbl)f{HMa5I nenana r JIaBHbIX <!>PHKIl,HOHOB. .LJ.ml 3T'OrO npo.aenaa cne-

Y CTaHO'BH psraara pysnsrx axceneparopoa 060HX )1,BHr a reIf nOJIO)f{eHHe XOJIOCTbIX OOOP01'OB.

2. CJIerKa Ha)f{MH nenans axce.neparopa.

3. Ha)f{MH KHonKY craprega O)1,HorO H3 )1,BHraTeJIeft.

4. Ilocne nepasrx scnsnnex )1,BHraTeJIeft ornYCT.H KHOUKY crap-

repa.

5. Flposeps nOKa3aHH5I npadopos )1,BHraTeJIeH.

6. He HatIUHaii )1,BH)f{eHH5I, noxa He noracnyr KOHTpOJIbHble )1,a'BJIeH'H5I Ma:CJIa m: noxa )1,BJfra11e.JliH He lI1'pOinpelO'I1C5I )1,0

r ..... lI"~'n"or\ln SO)1,hl 150° F (65° C).

I ,

. DPE)J.YnPE)I()J.EHHE;- He )1,aBan ,llOJIro paeorars )1,BHraTena XOJIOCTblX otioporax (350-400 06/MUfi), TjlK KaK npa yxy p,walOTcJI nponyexa .lI.BHraTeJIeU H npouecc . cropanas D1mJlHBil, CJJe)1,CTBHeM .. ero SlBJIHIOTCSl 60JIbWHe OTJIO)f{eHHSI uaraBHyTpH Il,HJIHH.lI.POS.

OCTaHOBKa .lI.BHraTeJIeH

. Ilepen oCTaHoBKcH )1,BHraTeJIeii, nOCJIe paooTbI C HarpY3KoA, npopatiorars HM B re-renae 1-2 MHHYT npa 60~700 o6jJ.tUH" )1,aTb B'03MO)f{HOCTb )1,eTaJI5IM )1,BHrareJI5I paaaoxepao

·nOBOpOTOM psrraroa pysnux axceneparopos nOJIO)f{eHHe BblKJIlOtIH no.aaxy TOnJIHBa.

B BepxHee .LJ.BHr arena

OCTaHOBHTbC5I.

B cnyxae asapaa ()1,BHraTeJIH nouma B pasnoc, noxcap, noneraneii )1,BllI are.rea HAP.) nOJIb3YHC5I KHOIIKaMH asapaa<X:TaHOBKH, xoropue pacno.roaceasr aa ~HTKe npH6opOB . .Llml

29

v. nPABHJlA BO)l(.n.EHH~ TAHKA

OCTaHOBKR .ll.lHfra:reJIeii: B 310M c.tiyqae. lta>KMli 0I.lI.HOBpeMeIUi6 KHonKR 060RX .lI.BRraTeJIeH:.

4. ECJIR npennonaraeres .lI.JIliTeJIbHaSi CTOSlHKa TaHKa, TO nOCJIe OCTaHOBKR .zr.BRraTeJIeH: BblKJIlO'lR . aKKYMymITopHYIO 6aTapelO Ii 3aKpOH KpaHRK TOIIJ!RBHblX 6aKOB, nOCTaBRB ero PYKOHTKY B noJIO)KeHRe OFF.

Tporaaae C MeCTa

Ha POBHblX Y'laCTKaX noporn HJIH MeCTHOCTR Ha'lRHaH .zr.BH)Ke·1 HRe C II nepeaasa, ua TH)Ke;ruX Y'laCTKaX noporn H,,]H nOAbeMe -:- C III nepenaxa.

ITPH rporaaaa C MeCTa nponenaa CJIe.zr.YIOI.l.\ee:

1. Y6e.zr.HCb B TOM, 'ITO BbIKJIlO'leH ropHbIH TOpM03.

2. Bbl)KMH .lI,OO'1'Ka:sa neztans r JIa.J3IHbIX CPPHKII.H{)IHlOB H npoeeps, BbIKJIIO'leHbI JIH MexaHH3MbI 6JIOKHI)QBKH HX (KHOIIKH MexaHR3MoB .zr.OJI)KHbI 6b1n. B nepenneu KpaiiHeM nOJIOikeHRH).

3. Ilocr aas psrrar nepeKJIIO'leHlHH nepeaas rHl8.. I HJIH II nepenasy.

4. ITJIaBHO OTnyCTH nenans r JIaBHbIX <PPHKII.HOHOIB, O.zr.H0 speMeHHO Ha)KRMaH aa nenans axceneparopa (YBeJIH'lHB.aii nonaxy TOnJIHBa).

,lI.BlVKeHHe

1. Bo BpeMSI .zr.BH)KeHHH TaHfa no.zr..zr.ep)KHBaH HOpMaJIbHbIll pe)KHM pa60TbI nsararenea, onena 3a nOKa3aHRHMH KOHTPOJIbHblX npnoopoa.

2. 3KCIIJIOaTaII.HOHHble 060pOTbI .zr.BnraTeJIeii no.zr..lI.ep)KHBaii pasHblMH 1 800 B MHHYTY . .llOBO.zr.H 060pOTbI .zr.BHraTeJleH no 2 100 B'

MHHyTy TOJIbKO 4Ia KOp0'TIWe BpeM'H (na 10-15 M'H'HYT). •

3. C onnoro peacaxa na npyroa nepexona nJIaBHO, H~ nonycKaH pe3KHX H3MeHeHHK 'lHCJIa 060poToB .zr.BHraTeJIeH.

4. ECJlH BO BpeMH .zr.BH)KeHHH saroparca KOHTp'OJlbHaSi JIaMnOq-. xa .zr.aBJIeHHH MaCJIa onaoro H3 .zr.BHraTeJIeH, TO npexparn .zr.BHiKeBHe, OCTaHOBH ·.zr.SHraTeJIb H BbIHCHH npH'lHHY na.zr.eHHSI .zr.aBJIeHHg

MaCJIa. ,

5. ECJIH BO BpeMSI 60Sl BbIH.zr.eT H3 CTPOSI O.zr.HH H3 .lI.BHraTeJIeit, TO 3a6JIOKRPYH ero r JIaBHbIH: <PPHKII.HOH (orcoe.aaaa .zr.BHraTeJIb OT TpaHCMllCCHH) II npo.zr.OJI)KaH: .zr.BH)Ke.HHe na O.zr.HOM HcnpaSHOM nsararene. ITPH 3TOM Y'lUTbIBaii H3MeHeHHe /B03MO)K~OcTeft TaHKa B CBH3ll C YMeHblIIeHHeM MOI.l.\HOCTf\ CilJIOBOH YCTaHOBKH ansoe.. .

. 6 . .llBmKeHHe TaHKa rrpoasnona aa BbIClIIHX nepenasax, )J.:myc-.i xaexsrx YCJIOBHHMH MeCTHOCTH.,

7. ITepeKJIIO'leHHe nepenas C HH31IIeH na BbIOlIIYIO npOH3BO.lI.Ul .. ·· xeronoa .zr.BoHHoro BblKJIIO'leHHH rJIaBHblX ·<PPHKII.HOHOB.

. .

3)

Ilepexoa C BbI<:meii: nepenaxa aa HH31IIYIO npOH3BO.ll.H xero)J.BOHHOrO BbIKJIIO'leHHH rJIaBHblX <PPHK~HOHOB C npOMe1KY«ra30M».

Ilepes.noueaae nepenaxa C HH3UleH aa BbICUlYIO H Ha06opOT B CrpOrOH nOCJIell.OBaTeJIbH'OCTH.

Bee onepauaa npa nepeKJIIO'leHHH nepenaxa C HH3Uleii na 10 npOH3BO,lUi 6bICTPO, 'lT06bI TaHK He nOTepHJI CKOpOOfH.

So BpeMH .ll.BH>KeHHH He )J.ep>KH aory aa ne)J.aJIH rJIaUHblX

.ll.JIH nOBopOTa TaHKa nOTHHH aa Ce6H npaBblH HJIH JIeBbIH ynpaBJIeHHH, B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT roro, B KaKYIO CTOPOHY _JUII,v;.o,nMO cneaars nOBOpOT, O.ll.HOBpeMeHHO HaiKHMaH ne;I,aJIb

MHH, 'lTO TaHK HMeeT .ll.BOiiHOH .ll.H<pepeHl.vraJI, He n03BOlIoW;IfI): nOBopOTbI C MaJIblM pa.ll.HYCOM npa He60JIbllIHX CKOpO.ll.BHiKeHHH (MHHHMaJIbHbIH paznryc 10-13 Jl).

1136eraH KPYTbIX nOB )POTOB npa )J.BHiKeHHH no pbIXJI~Y KYCTapHHKY, no noporax C r JIy60KHMH KOJIeHMH HlIpH ~~~~wll~nnH npenHTCTBHH.

)J.eJlait pe3KHX nOBopOTOB aa 60JIbUlHX CKOPOCTSlX, 9TO MOnpHBeCTH K onpOKH)J.blBaHHIO raexa,

OCTaHOBKa ranxa

1. 3aMe.ll.JIH .ll.BHiKemre TaHKa, nJIaBHO <GTnYCKaH rte)J.aJIb aKCeJIe-

)J.OOTKada nenaas fJIaBHbIX <PPHK~HOHOB H nJIaBHO _ ........ ~ ... _ ... TaHK (nOTf!HYB H3 ce6H 06a pbI'lara ynpaBJIeHHH). Ilocrass psraar nepexmoueaas nepenas B aeiirpansaoe 110- IPlKefme H omYCTH nenans r JIaBHbIX <PPHK~HOHOB.

Ilpa He06xQ.ll.HM0CTH 61>1CTPOH OCTaHOBKH TaHKa OTnycTH

axceaeparopa, 3aT:>pM03H TaHK, O.ll.HOBpeMeHHO BbI}KMH rJIaBHbIX <PPHKlI.UOHOB. I10CJIe OCTaHOBIKH TaHKa BbIKJIIO'lH QY H OTnYCTH ne.aans <pPHKlI.HOHOB.

Ilpa OCTaHOBKax aa cnycxax H nO)J.'bel.l:ax TaHK" CTaBb aa

bl.

nOMHH, liTO ropHblii TOPM03 npennaanasea TOJlbKO AJiSI 113ropMa:IKHBaHHSI Tal1Ka na c rosaxax H HM HeJlb3B nOJlb30BaTb-:SI T.opMOlKeHHSI raaxa I"!PH pa6oTalOw.eii TpaHCMHCCHH.

Ilpeoaoaeaae npenHTCTBHii HCIIOJIb3yii: CKpbITL·re n').!I,CTyIIbl K npensrcreao.

flO)J.XO)J.H K npenarcraaio H YXO.ll.H OT Hero aa BbICUleii neR MaKCHMaJIhHOH CKOPOCTH, .ll.OnYCKaeMoH MecTHOCTbIO.

31~

3. npeo}loJreBaft nIJeIUltCfSU$I no.ll. npHMhlM yr J10M. 1

4. He. ~enaH OCTaHOBOK, McIHeBpHpoBaHHHY npeml'I'CTBHH If 3 HHMH.

5. He ~eJIaH nOBopoTOB, OCTaH.OSOK H He nepeKJIIOqaii nepe~a1 aa npenarcrsaax.

6. Ilepen ~JIHHHbIM nO~'beMOM BKJIIotJaH nepenaxy, na -kOTOP:>~ oMo~.ellIb npeoaoaers sees nO~'beM 6e3 nepeKJIIO'leHH.!I nepC;J;a~ ..

Ha HeM. ,,_,

7. Koporxae no.n,'beMbI npeono.neaaa aa BbICIlIHX nepenasa

HCnOJIb3Y.!I HHepU;HIO raaxa C xona. . ...

-8. H36eraH ~BH)KeIIIISJ aa no.n,'beMe C 6o.PTo.BbIM xpeaox. ' 9. Ilpa npeononenaa BamfKOB Co.6JIIO.n,aH cJIe.n,YIOIllHe npar.HlJ1ai a) aenocpencraenao y BaJIHKa BKJIIO'lH HH3ru:yIO nepenasy, H~

Ko.To.PDH DH npeo.n,o.JIl:~I; .

6) no. Mepe no..n,'beMa HDCDBo.H 1J:aCTH TaHKa Ha:>KHMaH neaa axceneparopa (YBeJIII'lHBaH ncnasy To.nJIHBa), 'lT06bI Co.XpaHHT ,nDCTo.HHHble o.6DPo.TbI .n,BHraTeJIeH; B) C Ha'laJIDM DnYOKaHl1H nocoaoii 'laCTH ornycra nenan axceneparopa H cnYCK~H TaHK, npHTDpMa:>KHBa.!Ier'O .n,BuraTeJu,IMlf He BbIKJIIO'la.!I r JIaBHbIX !f>PHKU;HOHOB;

r) npa 6YKCQBaHHH ryceaan aa BaJIHKe OTOH.n,H nasan H no. np06yii erne paa ero npeonoaers.

10. BepTHKaJIbHbIe CTeHKH HH:>Ke BbICOTbI sauena TaHKa npeos .n,oJIeBafi no sepxy TaK »ce, KaK H BaJlHKH.

11. BepTHKaJIbHbIe '~TeHKH ssnue BbICOTbI sanerra TaHKa paspymaH "ynapoa. Y.u.ap TaHKa nponaaona onaoapeaeaao 06eHM ryceaanaxa c pasrona. B Mo.MeHT ynapa BbIKJIIO'lH rJIaBHbI !f>PHKU;Ho.HbI.

12. EOJIH nocne nepaoro ynapa CTeHKa He 6y.n,eT paspymeaa nOBTopH yaap, HanpaBJIH.!I TaHK B TO. :>Ke xecro. 13. Oxonu IlIHp'HHOH M~Hee no.JIo.BHHbI TaHKa npeononesa c xona, He ,.c6aBJIHH 06o.POTOB nanrarenea, He OCTaHaBJIHBai H H no.BOpa'lHSaH TaHK Ha npenHTcTBHH. 14. Bo.POHKH IlIHPHHo.IO MeHee lliHpHHbI TaHKa nponycxaa Me)R

l1.y ryceHIIU;aMH..... .

15. Illapoxae Bo.Po.HKH npeonoaesaa aa HH311IHX nepeztasax n .n,Hy, HaIJpaBJIHH TaHK K uearpy Bo.POHKH. Ilpa onycxanaa Ho.C SOH 'laCTII TaHKa B BOPo.HKy C6Po.Cb eras», B Mo.MeHT xacana Ho.Co.Bo.H 'laOTbIO TaHKa ztaa Bo.Po.HKH pesxo ripaoaas «raa».

16. 3cKapnbI HH:>Ke BbICo.TbI sanena -rauxa npeononesan ra )Re, KaK Ba.1JHKH; scxapnsr asnne BbICo.TbI sauena aa PbIXJIo. rpynre pa36HBaH C xozta o..n,Ho.BpeMetlHbIM ynaposr o.6eHX ryceHlfIl Ha TBep.n,o.M rpyare - o.6XO.zr..H.

17. KOHTp3CKapnhI BhlCo.TOH MeHbllIe nOJIo.BHHbI ~JIHHbI TaHK npeononeaaa na HH3meif nepenane. B MOMeHT BbIBellIHBaHH

32

,

MOft lraCTU TaHKa HilA K6HTp~cKapnoM MCTeneIiIlO C6pacblBaft 3», nparopaaxcaaaa TaHK ,n:BHraTeJI5IMH. KOPMOBYIQ qaCTb

HKa Me,n:JIeHHO CnYCTH aa TOpM03aX. •

, 18. KOHTp3cKapnbI 60JIbllIe nOJIOBHHbl ,n:JIHHbl TaHKa npeoztoBaH 6e3 TOpMO)!{eHIHI ,n:BHraTeJI5IMH. B MOMeHT BbIBemHBaHHH

ocoaoii qaCTH TaHKa pesxo npH6aBb «ras».

19. Tpanenoanaasnsre pasr npeo.aoneaati TOJIbKO B xecrax, 6liTblX apTUJIJIepHikKuMH CH ap 51,n: a MlH, HJIH npa nOMOW:,H iBC!l10~ orarensnux cpe.ncre (¢allIHHbI H T . .a.), xor.aa paase.axa YCT2JIO.

JIa, qTO pau npeono.taasr.

I 20. Ha,lJ.oJI6bI CBaJIHBali aa HH311Ieli nepeztane, HanpaBJI5I5I TaHK

r Ha.n:oJI6bI ~60KY·

21. .llepeBbH CBaJIHBalfC paarona, HanpaBJI5IH TaHK Cepe,llHHOii

.n:epeBo. BbI60p nepena-m npOH3BO,lJ.H B 3aBHCHMOCTI1 OT naarpa ,lJ.epeBbeB H OT CIJ.enJIeHHH ryceHHIJ. TaHKa 0 rpYHToM. MOMe:HT yztapa ranxa 0 .aepeeo BbIKJIIOqH r.laBHble ¢PHKIJ.HOHhI. 22. f1HH HH)!{e KJIHpeHCa TaHKa nponycxan Me)!{.lI.Y ryceHHIJ.aMH. H BbIIlIe KJIHpeHCa TaHKa pa36HBaH HJIH npeononeaan, aanpaa-

II raHK aa nens O,lJ.HOH H3 rycenau.

23. Ilposo.no-ruue sarpazcnenaa npeozroneaail C xo.aa na asrcx nepe aauax, HanpaBJIHH TaHK ryceHHIJ.aMH na xo.nsa. He OCTaJIliBaH H He paaaopauaaax TaHK na aarpaacnenaa.

,

! l. Ilpa npeO,llOJIeHUH BO,lJ.HblX nperpan npouaaezm paaaezxy ~ra nepenpaau.

··2. Bo BpeMH pa3Be,lJ.KH npo.aenaii CJIe.n:YIOw:ee:

,a) YCTaHOBH nyri, nO,lJ.XO,lJ.a TaHKa K BO,lJ.HOii nperpazte H nyrs xo.n:a H3 nee. Bxoz; TaHKa B BO,lJ.y ,n:onYCKaeTCH npn KpYTH3He ra .n:o 35°, a KpYTH3Ha 6epera. .lI.JIHBblXO.ll.a TaHKa. - He 60- 15-20° npa ,lJ.OCTaTOqHO TBep,lJ.OM rpyare.

'6) aaaers HCHO BH,lJ.HMhle opnearnpu:

8) pa3Be.ll.aH COCT05lHHe rpyara, r JIy6HHY BO,lJ.HOii nperpanu It HHy ee.

:po Ilepea npeonoaerraea BO.n:HOii nperpansr nposeps nJIOTHOCTh x KpbIIlIeK JIIOKOB H OTBepCTHH xopnyca TaHKa. Ooparn ceoBHHMaHue aa repMeTHqHOCTh JIIOKOB, H OTBepCTHH, pacnonoHbIX HH)!{e ypOBH5I BO.n:bI.

4. Ilepen nonxonox K BO.n:HOii nperpa.ae aaxpoa see JJIOKIf If

pCrH5I .

• ITpeo)J.OJICBarr BO)J.Hble nperpazisr rJIy6HHolf zro 1,4 Jt '0(1513abHO rrpOTHB TeqeHHH.

" He H3MeHHrr CKOPOCTH )J.BH)!{eHH5I TaHKa npn npeOJl.OJIeHIfH HOM nperpanu H He 'OCTaHaBJlHBaii TaHK 8 soae.

npeO)J.OJIeHHe BO)J.HblX nperpan

6YKCHpOBKa TaHKa

1. DPII 6YKCIIpOBKeTaHKa c06JI1o.lI.aii CJIe,UYIOr.u.IIe npasnna: a) rporaaca C MeCTa na HH3IlIeii nepeztaue;

6) nepeKJIIOQeHIIe nepenas npOH3BO.lI.II 6bICTPO, He .lI.OnYCKa· 3aMe.lI..1eHH51 .lI.BII)I{eHH51 6YKcnpyeMoro TaHKa;

B) nOBopOT npOH3BO,UH no 60JIbIlIOMY pannycy;

r) OCTaHOBKH npOH3BO)I,U TOJIbKO na ropH30HTaJIbHOM OTpe3Ke nyra nOCTeneHHbIM (na npOT51)l{0HIIH 20-30 oM) 3aMe)I,JIeHHe ,UBH)I{eHlI51;

n) nepen ocraaonxoii .lI.aii· CHrHaJI MexaHHKY -BO,UHTeJIIO 6YKCH pyeMoro TaHKa II npliMII cBoH TaHK HaCKOJIbKO MO)l{ellib BnpaBo e) 6YKCIIPHbIii TpOC npa 6YKcHpoBKe acerna )I,OJI)I{eH aaxo .lI.IITbC51 B HaT51HYToM COCT051HHII.

2. EC.1H TaHK nOTep51JI ynpaBJI0HUe, TO OCTOPO)l{HO 6YKCHPY ero aa .lI.JIHHHOM rpoce.

7. i1PH npeonoaenmr BO,UHOH, nperpanu C TnCp,zt.bIM rpynro npll.lI.ep)l{HBaiic51 KOJIen BITepe.lI.H H,Uy~eii MaIlIlHHbI; na M51rKO rpyHTe H36eraii KOJIeH.

VI. PEry JlHPOBKH MEXAHH3MOB TAHKA, npOH3BOJI.HMbIE 3KH"A)l(EM

Ha nnnrarene GCM 6046 raaxa M4-A2 YCTa'HOBJIeHbIH'H)I{eK TOpbI (HacocbI-q)QPCYHKH) cepnn «M». B KpaiiHeM CJIY4ae, npn ~T' CYTCTBll:'Ii 3TlIX HH)I{CKTOPOB, MoryT 6bITb HCnOJIb30BaHbI HH)I{eK TOPbI cepim «S» (B ~lTOM CJIY4ae CH'H)I{aeT'C51 MOr.u.'HOCTb .lI.BUra rreJI5l).

Cnenn, QT06bI na lo60:HX n:pmraTeJI51X see 12 HH)I{eKTOpOB 6bIJI OJ1,HOH cepaa (<<S» llJIli «M»).

Per y.nnpoaxa KJIanaH!OB H IHH)I{eKTOpOBB Ka)l{.lI.OM H3 HbIX cnysaes HeCKOJIbKO OT.'lH4HbI.

. Peryaaponxa saaopa Me)l{.lI.Y KOPOMblCJlOM H CTep)I{HeM xnanaaa (puc. 10)

1. Ilporpen n:SHraTeJIH ,U'O TeMnepalTypbI BO,UbI 74-85° C ( nOIK<l.3aH.HIO a3pOTepMOMeTpOB 165-185° F).

2. C!lHM'lI KPbIIIIKY rOJI.OBKIH 6JIOKa UIHJIHH.lI.lPOB.

3. Ilocraas Ko.iJeH4aTbIii BaJI ,UBuraTeJIH B nOJIO)l{eHlIe, npn K ropou KOPOMbICJIO HH)I{eKTOpa rtepsoro UHJIllfiH,Upa nOJI,HOCTb Ha)l{MeTHa In.1yHMep. 3110 rapaurapyer nO.'IHOe 3aKpbITIUe B nYCKHbIX K.TJanaHOB nepsoro UHJIHH,Upa.

DpoBopaQHBClHHe KOJIeHQaTOrO BaJIa npOIl3BO,UII aaxcarn

xaorrxn 3JIeKTpOCTapTepa, pacnOJIO)KeHHOii B MOTOPHOM OT,Ue 1IliH r.a umrxe CPHJIbTpOB.

34

._".

PRC. 10. PerYJlIlj)OBKa 3a30pOB KJlanaHOB:

1- rae':!Hufi R:lIO':!; 2 - nrranra TOJIKaTe.'llI; 3 - xo arpr-aarca; 4 - II1yn

4. Ilposeps mynov 3a30p Me}K.ll.Y TOPlI,OM CTep}KHH xnanaaa 11 60HKOM xopoxuc.na. HPH nporperoa .ll.BIHlraITeJIe (I 40° F) uryn TOJIIIJ;IHHOiI B 0,28 .ll.lt .ll.O.IJ}KeH npoxonars C JIerKHM YOHJIHeM, Il(yn TO.IJIlUIHOll B 0,33 .IUt 'He ,lI!OJI}Ke!H npoxcztars. fTPH XOJIO.n.HOM ABlfraTeJIe 3a30p .ll.O.T}KeH pa.BHHTbCH 0,38 M.M.

, 5. EC.1H 3a30p OTJIHTWeTCH OT yxaaannor o, - ocnaos KOHTptaRKY IIlTaHrH TOJIKaTeJIH H, apautas urranry K.lJlOtIOM sa xaaapar, BbLBepTblB2iiee .ll..1H YMeHhllIeHHH sasopa H BBepThIBaH .ll.JIH yseJlH1!eHHH era.

6. YCTaHoBHB Tpe6yeMhIH 3a30p, 3aTHHH xonrpranxy urraara. nOCJIe aroro euie paa rrpcseps perynnpyeasrf 3a30p.

Orper-y.n-poaaa 3a30pbI 060HX KJIarraHOB nepaoro lI,HJIHH.ll.pa, BHOBb npoaepua OT craprepa KOJIeHtIaThI~i Ba.1 H aa TOM lI,HJlHH'upe, y xoroporo KOPOMbICJIO nOJIHOCThlO Ha)!01eT na TOJIKare.'1b IIJIyH}Kepa, - npOH3BO.ll.H perynnposxy 3a30pOB KJIanaHOB.

TaKHM 06pa30M orperyaapyrl 3a30phI na scex 1I,IIJIIHIH.ll.pa'X, xaxcp:j1O perynnposxy OTMetIaH MeJIOM na K!OpOMbIc.'Iax.

3KCnJIOaraU:UOHHaQ perynHpoBKa UHJkeKrOpOB .ll.BHrarenQ (pHC. 11)

.!lJUl ,npaBHJIhHOl1: pa60TbI .ll.BHraTeJIH Qpe3BhltIallHO BaMRO, IITO- 6bl ace 6 IIfH)f{eKTOPOB .ll.aBaJIH .BCiTIblllIKY B COOTISe'TCT,B.HH C ¢a3a-

, 36

PRe. 11. Peryauposxa MOMeHTa aanana nOAa'll{ TOllJIl{Ba HaCOCOM-<p0,PCYHKOH:

1- nepxnaa RpOMKa Tape.'II<II B03RpaTHofi npymHHhI TOJIKaTe.ng; Z - IIJ,yn-KaJIu6p; 3 - naeoc-mopcynxa; 4_ oraepcrae B xopnyce nacoca-rpopcymca

MY! pacnpenezreaas: J1.JIH HlH1)KeK110pOB cepna «S» Hal.{aJIO anpsrcxa 14° .lI.O B. M. T., .lI.JIH lIH)KeKT,OpOB cepnn «M» Hal.{aJIO BIlpbICxa 19° .lI.O B. M. 1'. Hauano snpsrcxa perYJIHpyeTC5I BbICOroH IIO.lI.'beMa nJIYH)Kepa HH)Kt'KTOP.a; .lI.JI5I cepnn «S>} OHO .lI.OJI)KHO pasHHTbCH 37,69 JUt, J1.JI5ICepY!lI «M» - 37,08 MIM (npn XOJIO.lI.HOM )I.SlIraTe.le ).

Kpoae roro, nee peihm UH)KeKTOpOB .lI.OJI)KtHbI 6bITb o1'perYJIHpoaansr ra«, l.{T,06bI np'lI JII060M pe)KHMe p.a60TbI Jl.BIIraT'eJIH Ka)K)I.bIH lIH)KeKl'Op .lI.3B3JI 6bI O)l;lIH3K,OBO paaaue nopuna BnpbICKHsaeM<oro TOnJIliBa B xaxepy C)K3111I5I xaacnoro U.lIJIlIHJl.pa.

PerYJIIIpOBKa HH)KeKTOpOB CBlO)I,HTCH K .lI.BYM CJIe.lI.YlOllI,HM perymtpOBKaM:

Per Y JI H P 0 B K a IH a q a JI a B n p hI ,C KaT 0 n Jt iH B a:

1. Onpeze.nn KOJtlIl.{eC'T'BO itepa60TaIOI1l.HX HH)KeKT'OpOB H saxeHIli HX ncnpasnstaa.

BbIK.TJIOl.{a5I noovepenn Ka)K.lI.bIH iI1H)K,etKTOP nYTeM H3)KaTHH orsepTKOH H3 TapeJIKY npY)KHHbI TOJIKareJI5I (pIIC. 11), npncnyllIaHCH K pariore nsnrarcns. I1H)KeKTOp ncnpanea, eCJIII nanraTeJIb CHlI)KaeT 060pOTbI npn BbIKJIJ()l.{eHHH umKeKTopa. I1H)KeKTlOp Ha.lI.O 33MeHlHb, ecnn .lI.fHtr<lTeJIb 060POTOB He CHH)KaeT.

2. no MapKlIpoBKe ua xopnyce lIH)KeKTOpa (<<M» liJIH «S») onpe)I.eJI:H cepmo lIH)KeKI10pa. nJISI 3T:ODO 11l'H)KetK110P HY)KHO, SbJ,HYTb H3 nocanosnor-o rueaaa: OTBHHTlITb 06a BlIHTa KpOHllITeiiHOB B.aJIHKa

36

KopOMbICeJI, KOpOMbICna: 'C IKPOIHIIl'reiiHaMH nO)J.HSITb II Sanp'OKHHYTb B CTIOPOHY peryaaropa. OrBUHl'HTb BHHT IHaLKIHMHlOii BHJIKH aa>KeKTOpa, 01'H5ITb BHJIKY H BbIHYTb HIDKeKTop.

3. Onpene.nna cepmo HHLKeKTopoB, YCTaHOBH HHLKeKTopbI H KO!>OMbIc.1a na 'MecTO.

4. Ilpoaeps npaaanserocrs 3331OPOB MeoK.ll.Y r'OpI1,8MiU crepacaea KJIarraHOB II KOpOMbIC.'13MH TOJI'KaTeJI,eH.

5. Or craprepa nposepnn KOJIeHlJaTbIH BaJI ;:I.BHraTeJIH TaK, IIT06bI KOPOMbI{>JIa nepaoro I1,HJIHH,n:pa HaLKaJIH xnanaasr B noJIO>KeHHe nOJIHOrO OTKpbITH5I. Ilocne sroro MOLKHQ perYJIHpoaart, BbIICOTY no,n:beMa TOJIK3'1'eJI:H TIJIYHLKepa.

Bucora nO)J,beMa HiHLKe'KTopa peryaapyercs npa nOM.omH cneUH.aJIbHOrO myna, B031:1MOro B KOMnJIeKTe 3HfI.

,lljm HHLKeKTOPOB cepaa «M» uiyn llMeeT IIleCTHrpaHHY10 1'0- JIOBKY, HOMep na rO.'IOBKe j-I853, ,n:JIHHaKaJIH6pOBaHHoii: lIaCTH 1,460" (37,08 .'l'.,j() .

.llJ1SI HHLKeKTopoB cepan «S» nryn HMeeT xpyr JIy10 rOJIOBKY C aaxarauaoti nOBepXHOCTb1O, HOMep na rOJIOBKe j -1242, ,n:JIHHa KaJIH6pOBaHHoii: lJaCTIl 1,484" (37,69 Jb.M).

6. Bcrass TOHK,HH: KOHel( myna B orsepcrae aa xopnyce HIH>KeKTOpa ((pHC. 11) H nposeps, lJT06bI BepxHHH xpoxxa TapeJIKH TOJIKareJIH HaxO;:I.HJIaCb aa YPoBHe HHLKHero ropua rOJIOBKH uryna. ECJIH 3T'0rO HeT, ornycrn KOHTpraHKY urraarn TOJIKa'reJIH H, spamas K.1IO'I'OM xsa.apar urra HrH, YCT3HOBH Tpe6yeMoe -_fiOJIOJKe'HlHe Tape.'1KH.

7. 3aTHHH KOHTpraHKY urraarn TOJIKaTeJIH Heme paa rrposeps , lUYIIOM ypoOOHb TapeJIKH.

8. OTperYJIHpO'BaB InO;:I.beM 11JIyHLKepa lIIHLKeKTOpa nepsoro I1,H-

J,IHH.lI.pa, nponepan or craprepa KOJIeHlJaTbIH san ,nBHraTeJIH, H IRa '~U'HJIHH,n:pe, y KO'T'OpOro 06a KOpoMbI<C{Ia npHLKMyr KJIanaHbI B nofJlO>KeHHe nOJIHOro OTKpbITHH, npOH3Be,n:H perYJIHpOBKY non se~'.Ma II.'1Y1HJKepa. ECJIH orxpsrrae KJIana:nOB IIIPOJflCXO,nHT y I1,HJIllHLI.pa fc orperYJIHpOBaHHbIM llH)!{eKTOpOM, 'll'OBTOPH nposepasnsaaae KO"'i:J1eHllaTOrOBaJ1a.

, Ilocne roro KaK '6y,nYT orper-yaapoaansr see nreors HH)KeKTO;poo QLI.'HOr.o H3 ,n:BHraTeJIeii:, M.o)KHO npn.CTyITIHTb K perYJI:HpOIBKe' ~'paBHOiMepHOC1'H nonasa ronnasa no I1,HJIHH,n:paM.

~:y c r a HOB K ape e K II ,H )K e K TOp o B Hap a B H 10 M e p H Y 10 n .0 ,n: a lJ Y T'O n JI rH Ban '0 I1, H JI H H ,n: p a u:

. _ EcJIH O,nHH H3 HHLKeKTopOB nonaer Oo.'lblilee KOJIH'IeCTBO Ton'DBa, "!eM npyrne HH)!{eKrOpbI, TO B ,n:aHHOM l(HJIHH,n:pe 6y,neT

·~b1llieH JIerKHH: cryx, eCJIH MeHbIIle, - To BbIXJIOIIHOH narpyriox lie 3anYCKa ,n:BHraTe.'1H na 2-3 MHHyTbI) 6y,n:er cnatiee HaT Iy naaaoro I1,H.'1HH,n:pa,

?7

PHC. 12. Per-y.napoaxa pannoxepnocrn IIO.n3'1ll TO[JJlll1B3 HaCOC3MU<P0PCYHK3MU. PerYJlUpOBK3 060POTOB XOJlOCTOrO xona .ll:BuraTeJlll:

1 - aepxrrnft perymlpOBO'IIIblit BURT nO,:{a'III TOIIJIIIBa; 2 - RUlKHlIt! nervanpoBOTIHhlft BIIIIT n o ta-m TOTI.IIlBa: 3 - phl'l<lr YlIpaH:I('HHH llH~f\ef';:Topa:\fII; 4 - Ba,-;lHI{ ynpaa.rcnun BHa~('hTopaMn: 5 - nO.1.rIIIHTHHK B<l.lIIIW. yrrpUB,,'1eHIUI; 8 - pT~[qnr BU,,"IUI-\,u vupan.re ann: 7 - r ara ynpa arremrn I1H)R(,RTopa).{Ir; 8 - prrynnpOBO'IHblfi:

BUHT 060POTOB XO."10CTOrO X(),1.a: 9 - xorrrp-n tuca perY~l:IlpOBOqHOrO IHiHTa; 10 - Pblq,u peryxaropa; lI-I6yq,epHbIH BURT; 12 - KORTpratiJm 6yq,epHOrO BIIHTa

KaK npasano, nOCJIe pery.napoaxn IHH)f{eKTOpOB H8 HaT~aJl0 snpsrcxa neorixo.nnuo npOH3BeCl1H perynnpoexy peex HH)f{eKTOpOB Ha paBHOMepHYIO no.aauy TomIHIBa. Maxcnaansnoe KO,lHqeCIBO TOnJIHBa 6yn:eT BnphlCKHBaTbCH llH)f{eKTOpOM B TOT MOMeHT xor na er o pefixa nOJIHOCTbIO BOHn:eT B'HyTPb xopnyca: nnpucxa ropioaer-o He 6yn:eT, eCJIH peaxa ero no.1HOCTblO nsnuna napyxcy xopnyca.

PerY.1mpOBKa nO~10)f{eHIIH peex (pnc. 12) npoassonarcs CJIe.n:YIOIUHM 06P330M:

1. OTHHl\fIl1 THry OT psrnara 10 peryJIHTOp3 II CHHMH OTTH)f{HYIO npyxomy.

2. OTITYCT}! KOHTpralfKY 12 BUHTa 6ycpepHoH npY)f{IIHbI 11 peryJIHTOpa (pHC. 12) H BblBHHTH BHHT T3K, qTo6bI ero xpovxa orCTOHJla OT xopnyca pery.nsropa tra 16 .ltM.

3. OTrrycTII na HeCKOJIbKO 060POTOB per-ynnpouounste BHHTb! 1 H 2 H3 psrrare 3 ynpanneaaa peHKaMHIIHIKeKTopoB. Dp0Jl.e.1afi 3TO 'Ha scex psmarax,

38

4. 01'Be.rr:H pynrKoii phlqa1r 10 ynpaaneaas perYJIHTOpOM B nOJIO>KeHHe nOJIHOH nonamr TOTIJIHBa (T. e. lI,O ynopa, B CTOPOHY OT BeHTH.TIHTopa); B 3TOM nOJIO)KeHHIH Ha,lI;O ztepxcart, psmar aa npoT5DKemm scero BpeMeHH pery.TIUpOlBKH.

I 5. Me.n:JIeHHO 3aBIlIHqHBaH BHYTpeHIHiHii B'HHT 2 na puuare peiiKH I

HH)!{'eKTOpa nepsoro UHJIHH.n:pa lI,O Tex nop, noxa nonyecrayenrs

aexoropoe conp011HBJIetHiHe (xorna BHYTpeHlHIHH BIH'HT HaqHHareT 3aBHHqHBaTbCH C ycannex, nouyacrayeurs TaK)Ke nexoropoe YCHJIHe H3 puvare 10, a BHHT XOJIOCTbIX O,60POTOB 8 HaqHHaer CJIerKa BbI,n:BIHraTbCH 'HaPY)KY xopnyca perynaropa).

6. Ilpexparn lI,aJIbHeiillIeeSBIHHqHBaHHe BIHYTpeHHero B:WHTa Ii noaepna ero ooparno na 1/3 060pOTa.

7. Iloc.ne sroro 3aTHHH HapY)KHbIH BHHT 1 lI,OOTKa3a H 33CTOnopn BHOBb BHYTpeHHHH BHlHT 2.

8. Ilpnnepxcnaaa psrrar 10 B nOJIO)KeHlWH, YKa3aHHO'M B nyuKTe 4, orper-y.napya noovepezm Ka)K.n:bIH puvar 12eHKH HIH)KetKTOpa: Me.n:.'leHHO 3aTHf'ImaH BHyTpeHHHH BUHT puvara, noxa perYJIHpyevaa peiixa .n:oHlI,eT lI,O KOHua, a peaxa nepsoro UHJIIHH.n:pa cnerxa H3qHeT BbIlI,BiHraTbCH aapyxcy: OTnYCTH BHYTpe'HHHH B;HHT (fa 113 o60pOTa, 3aTHH'lI Ha.PY)KHbIH B'HHT H aacronopn BHOBb BHYTpeHIIIHH BHHT.

9. Y CTaHOBHB see psrtar a. nposeps, He CJIHllIKOM JIH BbIIlIJIa napyxcy peiixa nepeoro I~'lIJTHHlI,pa: npunepxcnaaa psrrar 10 B noJ]O)!{eHHH, YK33a!UIOM B nynxre 4, nOll,BHraH oTBepTKoH Ka)K.n:yIO peHKYH OC06eH'HO peHKY nepsoro uamnmpa: peHKH lI,OJI)KHbI 6bITb npnscarst puuaraua: eC.TIH psmar Herrp3BIH.'lhHO orperynnpOBaH, TO lI,3HHaH pejixa 6y,n:eT ,n:BHraTbCH CBo6o,n:HO. CBo6o.n:HbIH xon peex, KpOMe peHKH nepsoro UHJIHH'l,pa, MOIKHO YCTpaHHTb, orrrYCTHB cnerxa HaPY)KHbIH BHHT H 3aTHHYB BHYTpeHHHW.

nPE,l1.YnPE)I(,11,EHIfE. PeHKa nepaoro URJlHH.rr:pa BO BpeMSI peryJIHpOBKH npyrux pees He lI,OJI)KHa OTXO.rr:HTb OT YCTaHOBJIeH" aoro nOJIO)KeHHSI.

10. Ilocraas IHa 'MOCTO rary psrsara 10 H OTTH)KHYIO npy)K:H'RY.

11. 3arrycTH nanrarem, H YCTaHOBH XOJIOCTble 060pOThI (400 06/'MUH) c IIlOM.OllIbIO psmara pytfHOH nenana TOIlJIHBa.

12. UB'HraTeJIb 6y.n:eT pa60T3Tb C nepeoosxn. UJI5I ycrpaaerraa nepeooee 3aBHHqHBaH: BHHT 6y<j:JepHOH: npY)Kl1'HbI B xopnyce perynsropa lI,O rex nop, noxa .n:BHraTeJIb 'HIe uasaer pacorars YCTOHqHBO.

nPE,l1.YnPE)I(,l1.EHIfE. 3aBHH'IHBaH BHHT 6ycIJepHoH npY)!{HHbI; CJIe.rr:H, 'ITOObi He YBeJIH'IHTb npn 9TOM 060POTbi nsurarena 60JIbwe lJeM na 20 06/MHH, nuase HeJlb3S1 6y.rr:eT aar JIywRTb ,lJ.BHrareas pbllJarOM PYlJHOH nO,1J.a'Jlf TOJlJIHPa.

39

Pery~HpoBKa XOnOCTOrO xo~a H CHHXpOHH3a~Hg ~HCe~ 060POTOB ~BHraTeneH

(pHC. 12 H 13)

PerYJmpOBKY 060POTOB XOJIOCTO'fO xoaa npOH3BO,ll.H ornensu na Ka)K,lI.OM nporperoa H parioraiourea aa XOJlOCTOM XO.ll.Y .ll.BH·1 rarene. 060pOThI YCTaHaBJIHBaH ozraaaxoasre ,lI.JI5I OOOHX ,lI.Bflra, reneii B npeneaax OT 400 ,lI.0 450 B MHHYTY.

1. 3a6JIOKflPyii r JIaBHhIe ¢PIlKI.I:HOHhI ,lI.BIlraTeJIeH.

2. OTCoe):LHH'H TEPlI 18 'OT pusaroa 20 (pnc. 13). Ilocraas PbIqarIl 20 B T3KJOe nOJIO)Ke'HIle, 'IT()I6hI IHX nansuu HaXO,ll.HJIHCb' iB sapyrixax CPHKc'IlPYlOmHx nJI;alCl1HlH. 3-arrycllIl perymlpyeMbIll: .ll.BHrarens:

3. OTBepHII nna BHHTa II CHHMU xpsnuxy, aaxpsraatonryro BIlHT perynnposxa 060POTOB XOJIOCTOro xo.aa (pacnoaoxceaa c nepen] Heil CTOPOHbi ~Op06KH ynpaaneaas perYJI5ITOp'OM) (pHC. 12). i

4. Ocnaos KOHTpraHKY H BhIBepTbIBaH 6y¢epHhIHBHHT (pac-l nOJIO)KeH aa 60KOBO'H cropoue Kopo6KH ynpaBJIeHH5I peryJI5ITO~ pov). BIIIIT ,lI.O,'1)KeH OhITh BhIBepHYT npn6Jl1H3HTeJIhHO 'Ha 16 JtM:

OT cremor KOpOOKII pery.naropa.

5. Oc.raris KOHTpraHKY BHHTa peryJIHpOBKH 060POTOB XOJIO-

croro xo.aa. 3aBepThlBaH BHHT ,lI.JI5I nOBhI1lI0HH5I 060POTOB HOTseprsmai; ero ,lI.~15I HX rrOHH)KeHH5I.

6. nOC.1e ycra'HOBKH 400 o6/M.uH. XOJI,OCTIODO xozia 3aT5IJ{1H KOHTpraHKY perYJIH:pOBOlJHODO HUHTa H IITIOCTaBb IHa MeC'TO KPhI'liIKy. 7. BBepThIIBati. 6y¢epHbIH !BHHT.11!O rex nop, noxa ,lI.BlHraTeJIb He CTaHeT paoorars 6e3 nepeooes (He ,lI.OrrYCKa5I npn 3TOM rroBbIllIeHH5I 60.1bllIe 20 o6IA/uN).

8. 3aT5IHH KOHTpraflKY 6y¢epHoro BHHTa. i

9. To-nto TaK »ce npcnaaenu peryxnpoaxy 060POTOB XOJIOCTo-i fO xo aa npyroro .ll.B'lIraT<e.'15I H coenaau T51TH 18 C pbIlJaraMH 20~j .. 10. Ilposeps CHHxpOHH3aI.I:HIO lJHCeJI 060POTOB ,lI.BHraTeJIeH, ,lI.JI lJero Me,ll..leHHO Ha)KIlMaH HO)KHYIO nenans rrO,ll.alJH_ TOIlJIHBa H Cne,ll.H 3a rrOKa3aHHHMIl TaXOMeTpOB ,lI.BHraTeJIeH.

B IIfHTepBa.'1e lJIIC.la 060POTOB OT 400 ,lI;0 2 100 B MIfHyTy noKa'33'H!l!5I T<lXOl'vWrpOB ,n:O.Il)KHbi 6bITh O,ll.HHaK'OBbIMH.

Hpoc.le;r:'H sa nepeveuienae« :pbIlJairOB 20 perYJl5IT'OpOB. PhI'Ia' flH ,n:on)KHbI nepeveman.ca paanoaepno O,ll.HHaK()IBO. HepasnovepHIOe nepexeurenne psnraron YKa3bIBaeT na ,3ae.n:aHHe T5Ir ynpaane-:

HU5I rro.n:alJeif ron.nraa: HeMe.n:m~Jlf'HiO CMa)Kb HX ra30HJIeM. .

11. EC.'1H He06xo,n:HMOH CHHxpOHH3aI.I:HH tIHCeJI '060POTOB Her, TO ,lI.o6eHC5I. ee pery.IlHpOBKOH: ,lI.,lHH T5Ir 18 (pHC. 13). ,UJI5I yseJIH4eHH5I lJHC.13 060porOB .n:BHraTeJI5I T5Iry yxopasasaa, .ll.JIli YMe'HbllIeHHH - y,ll..1fJIHm'l:, apauias 'Cloe)JJHHlH:T'eJIblHYIO BHJIKy.

40

41

IloJIoBHHao60poTa BHJIKll COOTBettTIByeT H3MeHeHllIO 06oporoB .nBHraTemr npaxepao na 50 B MIUHyTy.

nPEJl.YnPE)I(Jl.EHHE. 3aBo).(cKaSl peryanpoaxa peryJISlTOpOB npOH3BO).(HTCSI nPIi HJIH peMOHTHblMH .6a3aMH.

PerYJIHpOBKa npnsona BblKJIlOqeHHSI fJIaBHblX 4JPHK~HOHOB (pHC. 14)

PerY.l11HpoBKa npoH3Bo).(HTCH THraMIH npoaona BbIKJI1O'leHHSI if COCTOIHT ,H3 ).(ByX BH).(OB pery JIHPOBOK.

3aBo).(cKaH perYJIHpOBKa

3Ta perynaposxa npoH3Bo).(HTCHC IfCnOJIb30BaHHe'M CTH)KHOfi MYCPTbI 3 ).(J15r YCT3HOBJIeHHH npa.BHJH>H10rO COIOTHOWeHH51 Me)K).(Y nepena-rovnsnnr pu-raraxnr 11 H nenansio BblKJIIOIJeHIHH cnenaeHHH. IlpoH3Ho).(HTb ee c.tezryer T'OJIIoiKO npn aanoce JIH60 ITIOBpe· )K).(eHHH THr nprfBo).(aBbIKJlIOIJeHHH. Ilopxaox perYJIlHpoBK·H CJIe· .l1.YIO Ill. II f[:

YeT a IH 0 B JI e H If[ e n e ).( a JIHC II. e n JI e IH 'II 51 B P a 6 0 IJ e e n 0 JI 0 )K e H iH e:

a) orcoejnrna rsry 4 OT punara nenana:

6) C nOMOIll.bIO ynopnoro 60JITa Y'cTa'HoBH nenans TaK, IJTo6bI ' ee HH)K,HHH KpaH 6bUJ na paCCTOH'HtHH 280 MoM OT nOJIa;

B) coe).(HHIH rary 2 ,C psrsaroa nenana.

PerYJIHpOBaHHe npaBHJIblHOrO COOTHoweHHH T 51 r M e )K ).( Y n e ).( a .'1 b 10 H n e p e ).( a T 0 IJ H bI M H P bI IJ a· r a MU:

1. YKopaIJHBaH06e rpanensie perYJIHpOBOIJHbIe THrH 19 ).(0 rex nop, noxa nepenaro-nrsre pbIIJa1fiH 11 cTaHYT B TaKoe .nOJIO)KeHHe, npn KOTOPOM BamIKH CTOTIOpeHHH 13 6Y).(YT CBo6011,IHO apaurari.ca.

2. Y ll,JII!HH Ka)K).(YIO rpaHeHYIO rsr-y 19 'Ha TpH otiopora.

3. Bbl)KMH nenans cnennenns ).(00TKa3<1.

4. C novoun.to CHf)KHOii MYCPTbI 30TperYJIHpyif ;IJIHHY THrH 2 TaK, IJTo6bI HH)KH'He KOHU:bI nepenaroxnsrx pbIIJarOB 11 'OTOWJIH OT BaJIHKOB6.'lOKHPOBKH.

5. YKOPOTII T5Iry 2 na no.'1060pOTa 'CTfl)KHOH MYCPTbI 3 H 3aTH' EH 06e KOHTpraHKII 5.

6. Orpery.anpyii cB060).(Hb1H xo.n nenana cuennenns (CM. 9KCTIJIOaTaU:HOHHaH pery .'lUpOBKa).

nPElI.YnPE)I(lI.EHHE. Bo BpeMSI aKCnJIOaTaUHH TaHKa He nOJIb3YHCSI CTSI)KHOH My4JTOH 3 ).(JISIBOCCTaHOBJleHHSI c8060).(Horo xona ne.naaa, TaK KaK B aTOM cayxae B03MOJKeH OTKa3 B patiore 6J10KHPOBOqHbIX BaJIHKOB.

9KcnnOaTaQHO~HaH perynHpoBKa Perynapoexa 'CBo60,n:HOf'0 xona nen:aJl1HCQenJIe'HHH:

1. Ilocrase oria <PPHKQIHOHa IH3 P,330JI.oKHpoBaHlHoiro nOJIO)K·eHH BO BKJIIOlleHHoe: BbI)KM1H nenam, ICQenJIeHHH, B,n:BHHb KHorrK'H rpo eHKOB 6JIOKHpOBKH suyrps m,HTKa, ornycra nenam, cuerrneaas 2. Peryxnpys ,n:.lJHHY rpanensrx T5Ir 19, ycrauona 3a30p B 11 M

Me)Kn:y nansuea !BHJIKH 22 IH 'rrepe,n:H1HMiH KIO'HuaMU rrpopeaen ne pe.aaro-mstx pbIl!.arOB II.

3. 3ar5IHH KOHrpraHKwrpaHeHblx T51T 19.

3a30p B 11 ..ItM oriecne-nrr XO,n: nenana cuenneuaa B 75-100 .M,M

PerynHpoBKa o,n:HOBpeMeHHOCTH BMKnIDqeHH5I ~PHK~HOHOB

1. BbI)KM1H neztans CQen.rreHH5I.

2. BbIT5IiHH otie KH'OrrKH o"I'o.KnpoBOllHOI'O )'ICTPOii:CllB8J ,H ornycrn

nenans.

3. Ilocraat, Ij)bIllar K. m. n.B Heii:TpaJIbHOe noaoaoeaae.

4. Bpauian Kapn:aHHblii BaJ! BPYllHYIO.

5. ECJm KapJI:aHHblii: san spauraerca or pyxn, <PPHKQHOHbI He BK.lJlOl!eHbI; eCJIH Kap,n:aHHblii BaJI He npauiaerca or pyxa, y,n:mlH orie rpauensre rartr na paanyio BeJIHlIHHY (rrpHo.'IH3HreJIbHO H3 Vs oriopora xaxcnyro).

6. Ilposeps CJ{HXpOHHOcrb BKJIlOlleHH5I H BbIKnlOlleHH5I cpPHK.

QHOHOB. I

npoBepKa o,n:HoBpeMeHHocTH BKnlOlIeHHH rnaBHhlX <PPHKQHOHOB

1. Banycrn n nporpen naarare.aa.

2. BbI)KMH ,n:oorKa3arre,n:aJIb BbIKJIlOlJeHHH <ppnKUHoHoB H ycraHOBH l!HCJIO 06oporoB OOOHX ,n:BHrareneii JI:O 1 000 B MHHyry.

3. B'KnlOl!H III nepenasy Kop06KH nepevenu nepe aau H Me,n: neHHO ornycxaf nezrans BblKJIIOl!eHH5I <PPHKUHOHOB, npa srou CJIeJI:H aa noxaaamrev raxoxerpos OOOHX llBHrareJIeii.

4. KaK rO.lJbKO O,n:HH IInH oria raxoverpa noxascyr CHH)KeHHe l!HCJIa orioporos. BbI)KMII nenans <PPHKUHOHOB, nocraas psrsar nepexmosenxa B HeiirpaJ!bHoe rrOJIO)KeHHe H ocraaosa ,n:BHraTe.rIH.

5. Onnoapevenaoe CHH)KeHHe lIHCJIa 060POTOB ,n:BHraTeJ!e~

CBHJI:ereJIbCTByer 0 npaaansnoa perynnpoaxe rrpHBOJI:a asnonoueHH5I r JIaBHbIX <PPHKU HOHOB.

6. ECJ!H l!UC.lJO orioporos onnoro ,n:BHrareJIH CHH)KaeTCH pansrue npyroro, TO 3TO CBHJI:eTeJIbCTByeT 0 TOM, lITO ero <pPHKUH'OH BKJIIOl!aerCH pansure <PPHKUHOHa npyrorc ,n:BYlraTeJIH. npHl!HHOH 3'POMY HBJIHell'C5I aenpaaansnaa peryJIHpCABlK<I npaneaux T5Ir 19 (pHC. 14) BbIKJIlOlleHH5I <PPHKUHQHOB HJIH HeOJI:HHaKOBbIH H3HOC TPYlII;HXC5I tIIOBepXHOCl'eii: 060HX <PPHKUHOHO~.

44

B 3TOM cnysae OTperYJlHpYH O.ll.HOBpeMeHHoe BKJIIOtIeHHe rnaa<PPHKU.HOHOB.

PerYJIHPQBKa O~HOBpeMeHHOCTH BKJIIOQeHHH rJIaBH~X <PPHKU.HOHOB

Y KOPOTH nexnoro THfY 19 BbIKmOqeHH5I r JIaBHOrO

p.HKIJ,HOIHa TOf·O ABHraTeJIH, Y K'OTOpOrlQ npn nsnueonacaa. if nposepxe 6~JIO oOHapY)KeHO OOJIee n03)1,Hee CHH)KeHHe

. MeJIa 060pOTOB •

. 2. CHoBa nposeps O~HOBpeMeHHOCTb BKJIlOqeHH5I r JIaBHblX PHKll.HOHOB.

3. I10BTOPHiI pery.tapoaxy )1,0 rex nop, noxa He OY)1,eT )1,OOTHrTO O)1,HHaKOBoe nO·Ka3aHHe TaXOMeTpOB OOOHX )1,BHNlTeJIeii:.

ITpoBepKa pa60T~ MexaHH3MOB OJIOKHPOBKH rJIaBH~X <PPHKU.HOHOB

1. BbI)KMH nenans B~KJIIOQeHH5I <PPHKU.HOHOB H BKJIlOqIi xexa.~3Mbi OJIOKHPOBKH, BbITHHYB aa ceca )1,00TKa3a KHonK'H BKJIIOHHH UX.

, 2. 3arrYCTH U nporpeii )1,BHraTe.1H •

. i 3. ,UerrcTBYH na pysnsre pbIqarH nO)1,aQ;H TiQIIUIHBa, YCTaHoBH 06opoTbl )1,BHrareJ1eH B npene.nax 600-700 B MHHyTY.

4. BK.1IOqli III nepenasy, euie paa BhI)KMli H 3aTeM Me)1,.1eHHO iOrnycKait nenans BhlK.1lOqeHHH .q>PHKU.HOHOB, C.1e)1,H aa nOKJ3arftHHMH raxoxerpoa.

~ 5. EC.1H tIHC.1O OOOPOTOB KaKOrO-JIHOO lI3 )1,BHraTeJIeiI CHH3HTt ,TO 31'0 'CBH)1,eTe.rn,.CTByeT 00 Q1'CYT,C'l1BHH 6.10KHPOBKH ero r JI3iBaoro <PPHKUHOHa, T. e. 0 nenpaaansaofl perYJIHpOBKe ero 0.10-

HPOBOtIHOrO MexaHH3Ma lI.1H THfH 19.

PerYJIHpOBKa MexaHH3MOB O.1OKHPOBKH

r JI a B H hI X <P p H K U. H 0 HOB (pHC. 15)

1. OTC'Oe)1,HHH TpOCbI OT psrsaros nosopora BaJIHKOB cronope" H nepe)1,3TOqHbiX pbIQarOB.

2. I10cTaBb KHonKH ynpaaneaas OJIOKHPOBOQHbIMH MexaHH3MaB BblKJlIOQeHHOe nO.'10)KeHHe (Ha)KMH ua HHX OT ce6H ~OOTsa).

3. Y CTaHOBH BaJlHKH cronopenas nepe)1,aTOQHbIX psrsaroa TaK, 06b1 n.1OCKHe CTOPOHbl HX ObIJIH crporo napanneasuu )1,HHllI.Y HKa.

'4. rIpHCOe)1,HHH TpOCbI K psrxaraa noaopora BaJIHKOB.

5. BbI)KMH nezians BbIKJllOtleHHH r JIaBHhiX ¢PHKIJ:HOHOB, BbITHHH ceoH ~OOTKa3a KHonKH ynpaaaenns 6.10KHPOBOQHbIMH MexaMaMH H nposeps 3a30p Me)K)1,y U.UJlHH)1,pll'IeCKOH QaCTblO BaJJH-

45

4 5

PRe. 15. Peryaaposxa MeXaH'lI3MQB 6J10KHPOBKH fJla'BHblX <pPHKU;HOHOB: 1 - per-y.trrpo aon narr rnra npnno.ta BhIK.l'UOqeHIUI r."IUBHhIX <PPHI(IJ;UOHOB; 2"- xoa rpra aua. 3 - IUYll TO.'T1.ll,l-IHOIO 1,5-3 ,II ; 4 - HlnKHnti I\OHeu, nepeaaro saoro pbPlara; 5 - aaznrx: 8 - Myq)Ta ,n:JHI perY~"InpOBKU C~o6o..rr.Horo XO)l.U nezrarra

BhIKmO'IeHH>l raauasrx (j)PHK~1l0HOB; 7 - KOHTprafiKa

KOB cronopeuas H HH)!{HHMH KOHu:aMH nepenaro-msrx psrsaros, 3a30p ,n:OJl)KeH 6blTb B npenenax OT 1,5 no 3 JMt.

6. BK.rnOqeHMeM H BbIK.'lloqelIHeM MexaHH3MOB 6JIOKHPOBKH npa BbI)!{aTOH nenana npoaeps, He 3ae)J,aIOT JIM H He rHYTCH JIll TpOCbI.

PerYJIHpOBKa HaTSI)!{eHHSI rycenau (pHC. 16)

1. Ilocrass TaHK na pOBHyIO nnoruanxy.

2. Oc.naos pacnopnsnt (cpennafi) 60JlT KpOHIlITeHHa KpHBoIIIHna;

3. OC.'Ia6b CTH)!{Hble 60JITbI xpomurejina xpnsounma.

4. 3aBepHH pacnopnsnt 60JIT )J,JISI roro, lJTo6bI oCBo6o)J,HTb BaJ! xpnaoutana B xponurrenne.

5. Ha.l0)!{HHa urec'rurpaaayio rOJIOBKY BaJIa KPHBOlllHI1a C U:HaJIbHbIH KJIIOq.

6. fIO,n:HHMH xsepxy CT0I10PHYIO TIJIaC1'lm'laryIO npyxcany. Ha)!{llMa51 aa KJIIOq PYKOH, C,n:BHHb MOJIOTKOM co llIJIHU: BaJIa xpaaoumna cronopayto nJIaHKY.

7. fIOBOpOqHBaH KJIIOqOM BaJI KPHBOlllHTIa, HaTHHH ryceHHU:Y TaK, qTo6bI npoaacanae ee Me)!{,n:y ,n:ByMSI nO)J,,n:ep)!{HBaIOru:HM~ KaTKaMH 6b1JIO B npeaeaax 15-20 JMt.

46

PRe. 16. Flpncnocodnenae HaTlDKeHHll ryceaauu:

1- RpoRIDTefiH; ! - RPHBOlllIIIl; 3 - cronopaaa rmamca; ,,- pacnopHbIfi I'iOJlT; 5 _ CTlllltHOit 60JlT; ,- nanpaaxaromce rco.neco ; 7 - crorropnaa naacranxaraa npyatHHa

8. Hanem, OTonopHYIO nJIaHKY na IIlJIllJJ;bl BaJIa xpaaounma

H sacronops ee nJIaCTllH'IaTOil npY)!{HHoH. 9. OCJIa6b pacnopnsrf 60JIT.

10. 3anIHH CTH)!{Hble 60JITbl.

11. 3aTHHll pacnopasnl 60JIT.

12. Ilpoeeps euie pas aaraacenae rycemm,bl.

VII. YXO.ll. H OECJIY)I(HBAHHE TAHKA KOHTPOJIbHblH OCMOTP nepen BbIXO,lI.OM

H Ha KOPOTKHX OCTaHOBKax

1. Ilposeps KOJIHtIeCTBO TOnJIliBa B 6aKax, BO,lI.bI B cacrexax OXJla)!{,lI.eHllH 060HX ,lI.BHraTeJIeii H, eCJIH ecrs Heo6xo,lI.HMOCTh, aosanpaas.

2. Ilposeps KOJIHtIeCTBO MaCJIa B MaCJIHHbIX 6aKax ,lI.BllraTeJIeii.

3. Ilposeps, HeT JIH rIO,lI.TeKaHHH BO,lI.bI, TOlrIJIHBa Ii CMa3KH B CoeD,HHeHH5IX H rpyrionpoao.aax.

4. Ilposeps pa60TY )l.BHraTeJIeil aa MaJIbIX, cpenaax Ii 60JIbIIlHX 06oporax.

5. Ilposeps HaJIHtIHe npoeox OMa30tIHbIX OTBep~tIiit

47.

6. Ilposeps COCTOSlHHe ryceHliu.: nenocn, TpaKo~, HaftpasJHltO· ~HX rpe6Heit H 6omOB HX KpenJIeHHfI.

7. Ilpoaeps COCT051HHe onopasrx H no,z:UI.epJKHBaIOII.J.Hx KaTKO'B, 6aJIaHCHpOB, npyJKHH nO,!I.BeCKH, HanpaBJI51IOIl.l.HX H seaymax KOaec. Ilpoaeps naouiyns aarpes nO,!I.lllHnHHKOB.

8. Ilposeps paoory MexaHH3MOB HaBO,!I.KH cnapeuaoit YCTaH'OB·

KH B 6alllHe.

9. Ilponeps COCT05tHHe nepHCKOnHtIeCKHX CMOTPOBbIX npatiopos,

10. Ilpoaeps Ko.TIHtIeCTBO li yKJIa,!I.Ky 60eKOMnJIeKTa.

11. OCMOTPH yKJIa,!I.Ky ,!I.era3aII.HOHHbIX naKeTOB, Me,!I.HKaMeHTOB H KOMnJIeKTa aanacnsrx tIaCTeH.

12. OOIOTPH xperineuae HapYJKHOH: YKJIa,LI.KH.

EJKe,!I.HeBH.oe .o6CJIYJKliBaHHe

Ilocne KaJK,LI.OrO BbIe3,LI.a HeMe,LI.JIeHHO np}IBe,LI.H TaHK B nOJIHYIO rOTOBHOCTb ,!I..TIT! BbIITOJIHeHH51 6oeBoit sana-m.

1 . .uo3anpaBb ronxanuue H MaCJI51Hble oaKH, a TaKJKe cncrexy OXJIaJK,!I.eHH51 11 TpaH>OMHccHIO.

nPE,ll,YnPE)I(,ll,EHHE. 8.0 H30eJKaHHe nepenoaneuaa MaCJlO- 6aK.oB nops ao« n.oJlb3.oBaHHSI npH6.op.oM iH3MepeHHSI ypOBHSI MaCJla ,!I..oJIJKetf 6b1Tb cJIe,!I.YIOm.Hit:

a) .oCTaH.oBHTb M.oT.op;

6) nO,!I.OJK)l.aTb 15-20 MHHYT, noxa CTetIeT MaCJlO C )l.eTaJleH

,!l.BHraTeJlSl B KapTep; I

B) 3anYCTHTb na 1-2 MHHYThJ MOTOP, npa aTOM nacoc nepe-

xasaer crexuiee MaCJlO B MaCJlSlHblH 6aK;

r) OCTaH.oBHTh MOTOP H npOH3BeCTH 3aMep ypOBHSI MaCJla.

2. C,'I.ait crpensnue rH.TJ.b3bI II nOITOJIHII 6oeBoH KOMITJIeKT.

3. Ilposeps 'COC110i51HlIIe ,CM:OTPOBbIX IIlpU60pOlB II OtIIICTb IIIX OT' nbIJIH H rp513II.

4. Ilponssenn y60PKY BHyrpn TaHKa. Cxonnnunreca aa ,LI.HIIll.l.e MaCJIO, Ton.TIHBO H rpass cnycrn sepes KJIanaHbI, HMeIOIl.l.He'CH B namue.

5. npOII3Be,LI.H cMa3KY cor JIaCHO Ta6JIHII.e CMa3KH.

6. Ilposeps ,Ha.'lH'me H xpennenne YKJIa,'I.KH cHapYJKH TaHKa.

7. Ilposeps JIerKOCTb oTKpbIBaHH51 xpsnnex JIIOKOB.

8. XO,LI.OBa51 sacrs:

a) npoaeps COCT051HHe rpaxos HanpaBJI51IOIl.l.HX rpeoHeH H 6oJl- , 'rOB HX KpeITJIeHII51;

6) nposeps HaT51JKeHHe rycenau H llCITpaBHOCTb HaT51JKHOrO

npacnococneaaa:

B) nposeps CoOCTOSIHHe renexcex nO,LI.BeCKH T3HKa (KaTKH, 6y- 4lepHble npYJKHHbI), nO,LI.,LI.epJKHBaIOII.J.HX KaTKOB, lIanpaBJI51IOIl.l.HX II Be.nYllI.HX xoaec;

r) nposeps xpenxenae KpOHlllTeHHOB HanpaBJI51IOllI.llX KOJIec.

48

9. OT.n.eJIeHHe ynpaBJIeHHH n TpaHCMHCCHrr:

a): npoaeps OTCYTCTBHe nO,IJ:'TeK3HlHI CMa3KH H3 K'opo6KH nepeMeHbI nepe.aas, MexaHH3Ma nosopora H 60PTOBblX nepenas:

6) nposeps xpenaenae npasona cnaztoaerpa aa xopooxe nepe-

MeHbI nepe,ll.atJ; i .

B) nposeps KpenJI€HHe H JIerKOCTb xozta psrxaros H ne.n.aJIeit ynpaBJIeHHH;

I r) nponeps CBo60lI.HbIH: xon ne.~aJIH BblKJIIOQeHHH rJIaB+HblX (jlPHKII.HOHOa;

Jl) OCMOTPU COCTOHHHe ooelI.HHeHHll T51T npHBO,ll.OB ynpaaneana;

e) nposeps, JIerKO JIH OTKpbIBalOTCH 6pOHeBble 3aCJIOHKH CMOTPOBblX Il1.e.'Tefl MexaHHKa-B'O)J.HTeJIH H nYJIeMeHHKa;

*) OCMOTPH COCTOHHHe JI06~BOro nYJIeMCTa;

3) npn Heo6xo)J.HMOCTH np01I3Be)J.H ero lIHCTKY; nposeps eoeBylO yKJIa)J.Ky H xperineaae ee;

H) ·OCMOTpH COCTOHHIfe aaapaaaoro JIIOKa H JICrKOOTb ero OTKpbIBaHHH;

K) nposeps HcnpaBHOCTb BHYTpeHHero H aapyxcnoro OCBeIl1.e·HHH H xpen.neaae aKKYMYJIHTOpOB. Y6e)J.HCb B acnpaaaof paoore 1l0JIbTMeTpa Ii axnepnerpa;

JI) y6e)J.IICb B HaJIIIl!mI pysnoro ornerynnrreaa H B Ha)J.e)K. HOCTH ero KpenJIeHIfH; nposeps HcnpaB.HOCTb H rO,lI;HOCTb K lI.ell: CTBRIO orHeTyllIHTeJIH.

10. Boesoe OT)J.e.TJ.eHHe II 6allIH5I:

a) OTCI'OnOpII 6allIHlO H nposeps .1JerKOCTb BpaIl1.eHHR ee B 06e CTOPOHbI H3 3600 npa nOMOIl1.U pyxnoro nOB'OpOTHoro MexaIIH3Ma;

6) nposeps xpenneaue H pa60TY runpaanasecxoro MexaHII3Ma eoaopora 6allIHH, rHPOCKOITIitIeCKOrO cTa6u.TJ.H3aTOpa H nO~beMsore xexaansxa nyurxa;

B) nposeps HcnpaBHOCTb saraopa nyunca, npOTHHOOTKaTH'OrO pacnocooneaas II npa Heo6xo)J.HMOCTH npouacrs nyurxy;

. r) nposeps ncnpaaaocrr, nYJIeMCra, cnapenuoro C nyurxort," npa Heo6xo,ll.HMOCTIf nponacrs ero;

Jl) nposeps pa60TY 3JIeKTpOMarHHTHbIX cnY'CKOB nYJIeMeTa II KIf;

e) nposeps asraepxy HYJleBbIX JIHHIfH npIfII.eJll:lBaHIUJ III npa

6XO)J.HMOCTH npOH3B~)J.H ee;

x) nposeps 60eBYlO yKJIa)J.Ky H xpenzeaae ee;

a) nposeps HcnpaBHOCTb 3eHHTHorO nY.1IeMeTa If ero YC,.aHOBKH KOMaH)J.HpCK'Oll 6allIeHKe;

u) y6e.ll.HCb B Ha.1IHlIHH H IIcnpaBHOCTH • orueryraareaea; npob HX IKpenJIeHHe;

K) nposeps COCTOHHHe MaCJIHHOrO pannaropa TpaHCMHC'CHH;

PHe. 17. BOO,ll;YXOO'lIlCTIlTeJIb:

1 - OKHO .z:VllI nxona B03;:J;yxa; 2 - Hu6HBKa wnlIbTPYlOm;ero 8JIeMeHTa (KaHIlTCJIb); 3 - npoxzruznea; 4 - zmcx C oKHaMn; 5 - CTSIlKHOfi 60JIT C CiupamlwM;' - RpbIIIlKa B03/l:YXOO'lHCTHTeJISI; 1 - ypOBCHb MaC~'Ia; 8 - MUCJI!lHaSI

BaHHa; • - upooaoaaa npoxaaztxa

JI} nposeps ypoaeas :>KH)l.KOCTH B 6atIKe rH)l.paBJIHtIeCKOii CHCTeMbI 6aWHH H, eCJIH aeooxonaao, noaanpaaa no HOpMaJ!bHOrO ypOBHH;

M) sasena naararem, BCnOMOraTeJIbHOrO H y6e)l.HCb B HCnpaBHOOTH scero arper-ara:

H) y6e)l.HCb B HCnpaBHOCTH H rO)l.HOCTH

aapannoro arperara , I

K )l.ei1cTBHIO panao-

.CTaHl.J.llIU;

0) npOBepb HCnpaBHOCTb H )l.eHCTBUe annapaTOB TI1Y. 11. Moropaoe orneaeaae:

a) ynana nblJIb H rpass C OTKH)l.Horo JIHCTa aan CHJIOBbIM arperarox;

6) nposeps, HeT JIU TetIU B Coe)l.UHeHHHX Tpy6onpOBO)l.OB ronJIIiBHOH:, BO)l.HHbIX Ii MaCJ15IHbIX cncrea;

B) OCMOTPU BeHTHJIHTOPbI U nOBepXOOCTb BO)l.HHbIX panaaropos: r) cnYCTH 01'CToli U3 KO)KYXOB TOnJIHBHbIX' CPUJIbTPOB nepaasHOH: H B1'OPUtIHOH: OtIUCTKH (ncero xerupe cpUJlbTpa);

)l.)CHHMH O)l.HH B03)l.YXOOtIHCTHTeJIb (puc. 17~ H npoaeps

creneus ero 3arpH3HeHUH; 8 ICJIytIae Heo6xo)JJUMOCTU CHHMH Bee urecri, B03)l.YXOOtIUCTHTeJIeH:, npOMOH: HX H 3anOJIHH CBe:>KHM MaCJlOM; 'He IHaJIUBali MaCJIaB nO).UI:OH a03)l.YXOIOtIHCTlHTeJIH sbIwel.

MeTK'll FUSE. ., .

w 1

12. 3anycTH .n;BHraTeJIH H npoaeps: a) paocry KOHTPOJIbHbIX inpH6opOB;

6) CHHXPOHHOCTb pa60TbI nnarareaea;

B) O,ll.HOS-{)eMeHHOCTb BKJIIOTJeHH5I rJIaBHblX <JlPHKUliOHOB;

r) pa60TYMexaHH3MOB 6JIOKHPOBKH rJIa'BHbIX <JlPHKUHOHOB.

TeXHHtIeCKHH OCMOTP

.

TeXHHTJeCKHH OCMOTP npOH3BO,ll.H sepes 30 TJaC'OB padora .n;BHraTeJIell iHJIU 500 K.J.l npooera raaxa.

Ilpn TeXHHTJeOKOM OCMOTpe npOH3Bo.n;H aecs OObeM pa60T no OCMOTPY H 06c.ny)I{HBaHHIO T8'HKa, npenycuorpeanuf B «E2Ke. HeBHOM 06CJIY2KHBaHHH», nOJI02KeHHYIO CMa3KY arperaron II MeaflJI3MOB H . .n:.OiIIOJLHHTeJIbHO:

1. X 0 .n:. OB a 5I TJ aCT b:

a) nposeps paoory HaT5DKHbIX npHClIOCo6JIeHHii rycennu, HX penneaae;

., 6) npoaepr, OTCYTCTBHe nornyrocref na otionax HanpaBJI5IIO!mHx KOJIec;

. B) nposeps Ha,ll.e2KHOCTb OTonOpeHH5I KpHBoIlIHrroB.

2. 0 T n e JI e H Hey n p a B JI e H H 51 II T P a H C M He C H H: a) nposeps xpermenae llI,HTKa npaoopoa;

6) nposeps xpennenne TpaH>CMHCCHH 'H npHBO,ll.OB yrrpaBJIeHIHI; B) BbIHb aKKYMYJIHTOPbI, OCMOTPH 3a2KHMbI aKKYMYJIHroPHOH

6arapeH HKJIeMMbI npoaonoe, OtIHiCTb IlIX OT OKJICH ill ClMa)!{b 'f()HKHM CJIOeM B33eJIHHa;

r) nposeps ypoaens 3JIeKTpOJIHTa B Ka2K.n;oii 6aHKe aKKyMyJIH~ TOPHOil 6aTapeH; ypoaens .n;OJI2KeH 6bITb ssnue rrJIaCTHH na [·10-15 .lUll;

,n) npoeeps nJIOTHOCTb 3JIeKTpOJIHTa; nJIOTHOCTb 3JIeKTpOJIHTa OJDKHaObITb .1leTOM 1,280, 3HMOll 1,310;

e) OTJ,nCTbB03.IJ.YlliHble, oraepcrna B JIpOOKaX oaHoK aKKYMYJI5I, PHOll 6aTapeH;

, JK) npOH3Be.n;H sapsnxy aKKYMyJI5ITopa.

3. 13 0 e ,B 0 e 0 T ,ll. e JI e H He JI6 a III H 51: a) nposeps COCTOHHHe cronopa 6aIIlHH;

6) nposeps COCT05lHHe nYIlIKH H nYJIeMeTOB;

B) nposeps xpennenae scex MexaHH3MOB, pacnOJrOJKeHHbIX

6allIHe;

r) npoaeps pariory BKY;

z) nposeps xpenneaae pa,ll.HOCTaHUHH H IUHTKOB ynpaBJIeHHSI .n;paBJIHTJeCKHM MexaHH3MOM nosopora 6allIHH H rnpocxonase RM cra6HJIH3aTOpOM rrynrxa;

e) 'OCMorpH OOCT05lHHe reaeparopoa:

5r

4. MOT 0 P Hoe

o T ~ e-

JI e H'H e:

a) IIPOMOH TOIIJIHBHble

qmjlbTpbI nepsnsnon OlJHCTKH TOII.TJl1Ba (pac. 18);

~!l!!!!l-- 6) OCMOTPH TOIIJIHBOIIO~Ka'nIBalOW:He H BO~51Hble ,IIOMDbI (OTCYTcTBIIe nO~TeKaHII5I);

B) nponeps KpeIIJleHHe CHJIOBOro arperara K xopnycy TaHK3:

r ) OCMOTPH BbIXJIOIIHble KOJInexropu ~BHraTeJIeil (orCYTCTBHe TpeW:I1H, KperIJIeHHe).

PHC. 18. Ton"JlHBHblH ¢HJlbT:p nepJ31D'lHoil O'lHCTKIl TOnJlIlBa:

I - rcoacvx <llVJlbTpa; 2 - rrpOIma/l:KB <!lII.'1I,TpYIOIIl,cro S:IeMCRTa; 3 - rrporeran, Kfl xoacvxa; 4 - nxonuott nr'ryttep; :; - rrporcramen 60,'!Ta: 6 - RpenelI<HbIli 60,'!T; 7 - KPbIlliRB cl>rrnM'pa; 8 - nsrXOI\ROl!: IlITYUCP; 9 - Qm.'1bTPYIOIIl,I1li a"eMcrrT; '0 - uenrpam.asrtt cTeplKeHb; 11- npyacrma q,n,'!bTPYIOIIl,erO aae:!IICHTa.; '12 - crrvcxnoe oTsepcTHe;

13 - CIIYCKHOll: xpanme

CMeHa 4>HJIbTpYlOllI.erO 9JIeMeHTa B TOnJIHBHOM 4>HJIbTpe BTOPHtlHOii OQHCTKII TOnJIHBa

(pIIC. 19)

'uBa TOII.'IHBHbIX <pHJIbTpa BTOPWIHOIf OlJrrCTKU TOIIJIUBa paonoJl0)!{eHbI na neperoponxe B MOTOPHOM OT~eJIem!H pH~OM C Mac.'1HHblMlJ ¢HJlbTpaMU.

<I>If.TIbTpYIOw:ue ::lJIeMeHTbI <pHJIbrPOB CMeHHH 'lepe3 300-400 saCOB pa60TbI ~B'HraTeJIell.

CMeHa 4>HJIbTpYlOllI.erO 3JIeMeHTa 8 MaCJI5IHOM il>UJIbTpe (pIIC. 20)

4eTblpe MaC.'IHHbIX <pHJIbTpa (no ~Ba na ~BHraTeJIb) pacno.no)KeHbI na neperopozxe B MOTOPHOM OT~eJIeHHrr.

<I>rr.lJbTPYIOW;He 3.TJeMeWfbI <pHJIbTPOB cMeHHH lJepe3 100-120

tIaCOB pa60TbI ~BHraTeJIel1.

52

I 0 Ie: ~ ...
:s: s~~=~~
'<t :< ;Jl~'lS*""
... ~~~~~~i'J
v
:s: 1~"e-I1:!8.
e-
0 ~ ~ II: ~= CJ ~
.:s: ... Q.l ::s: ~ :(s;: E4
0 ~::I*= :JlO
:.: ::I ;;:>8<,,:I:.,
'" 1:'~t;I::I~O
:s:
"" SglQ()~~:
g ~. d ~ ~ ~
Cl -= 0 " II: t:l
~t;;';"!I~"
Cl. •• "! ~~. I I
... '"
.tl Cl o b:: .~~
e; :s: ~b::~,... fit:::
"" e; ;Jl :z: c Co -
-&8 ;:C~~~~as:i
... lo.",,,,,,1>l
':S: fNI>:'::t-~l1:=
:a .. =.~ ~ es ~
:.: ~t:C~~~~:4
Cl :;:, H 2.8.~
""
e; 1:-<.,. ~Q.ll:: t:: 0
s s .. '" ~ , ,~
f-< ¢:~l~==;=;.
0; c e- t:l
II:.!: .• 0 ... ,,(J
2~~~~~1
J "B;':S"~"
= '" "->i:ol'l"
0.. I" :::;.,~~
:: Q) -t ~ CJ A (t)
;53 TABJlHlJ,A nepHOAH'lHOCTH CMa3KH arperaroa TaHKa (pHC. 21, 22, 23, 24)

COPT CMa3KH
" OTe'leCTBeHH'IH
HelllleHOBBHHe '"
ei. ..
0 JleTO\t: 3H\t0" 8MepR- CnQco6 CMa3KH
0 ..
c: arperarOB • AeTaAeA 0= (TeMnepa- (TeMnepa-
0 ~ '" Typa B03- rypa BO~- KaHCKoA
c: u'"
... .lyxa RhllDe Ayxa HH}K~
1: ::r~ +bOC) +5°C'
I
I HanpaB.IIlIJOIllHe 2 COJlHJlOJI Cxecsr T3801.'I&0 nJlYH)I{epHblH
KOJleCa 500;0 co- HIUI Ml umpau, )].0 nOIlB-
JlH,!lOJIa H JleHHII CBelKe"
50'/0 aBHa-1 CM33KH H3 KOHT-
Mac.IIaM3 ponl>Hblx KJlanaHOB.
CM33KY npOH3BOJlH
elKe,llHeBHO
2 Onopmse KaTKH 12 To lKe To lKe To lKe
nOJlB.eplKH aa JO- 6 • · •
3 mae KaTKH
4 Ilonepesaaa ne- I Macao, npaaeus- SAE30 Ilposeps ypo-
peJlaqa eMoe JlJ1l1 naar a- BeHb MaCJla; npH
TeJlll He6xo IHMOCTH JlO-
I 6allb MaCJlO
.5 MexaHH3M no- 3 co.~HJlOJlI Cxecs: Tar.oTMO nJlYHlKepHblH
aopora 6alIIHH ~O~ co- HJlU N21 umpu a
{lJloJia H ./
150% 88Ha-
MaCJla M3
6 Onopnue non- 3 To lKe To lKe To lKe
lliHDHHKH 6alIIHH
7 Onopaue non- 2 • · ·
mHnHHKH KOMau-
AHPCKOH 6alIIeHKH
8 l:!aJlHK KynHcbI ! 2 · · •
nepeKJlJOQeHHlI De-
peJlaq
9 BaJlHK psrsara I · · ·
CTORHOqHOrO TOP-
1I03a
- COPT CllaSKH
,. ore'lecTBeHHoll
HaHMeHOB8HHe '"
ci. e-
0 JleTOM SHMOil .lIepH- Cnoc06 CIla3KH
0 ...
c arperaTOB H AeTa~ell 0" (revnepa- (resmepa-
0 ,," rypa B03- Typa BOS- KaHCkoll
c u'" Ayxa suure Ayxa HHlKe
~ :s: "
;r~ +5OC) +5OC)
I I I
10 rOpHblH TOPM03 1 Macao, npaaease- SAE30 MaCJleHK8
Moe ,D;J1f1 ,D;BHraTeJlfl
1
11 Illapoeas ono- To lKe To lKe To lKe
pa Jl060BOro ny-
aeae ia
-
12 Illapnapu H . . .
3aMKH xpunrex
nlOKUB
-
13 Illapnapaue . . •
COe.llHHeHHII rsr
I npHBO,llOB ynpa- I I
BJleHfl1l lIepe3 50 'IaCOB pa60Tbi .ll.BHrareJleA HJlH 500 MIIJlb (800 "M) npo6era

llBHrarenH 2 Zlaaeas- J1y6pH- JIeToM CMeuH Macno y

Hoe MaCJlO KeTHHr SAl:3U; HOBblX JlBHraTeneA;

HnH HJlH 3HMuii nepaua pas CMe-

CMeCb: aana- SAElO HIIH Macno sepea

70% Jly6-'Macno M3 25 qaCOB HX pa-

PHkt:THH- 60TbI

ra H 30%

aaaa-

Macna

MK COJlH.II.OJl

3 nO)llIIHnHHKH 2 To lKe
BbllKHMUblX My<pT
4 Ilpnao au raxo- 2
MeTpoB
5 Ilpason cnHJ.O-
MeTpa
6 Kapnaanue COq- 2
neueHHII 2

BanHKH BIlJIC'K Bb! KJllOqeHHII rna BHbiX <pPHKllHOHOB

CMeCb: 50% coJIH,i{OJIa H 50%aBHa· MaCJla M3

4

TaBOT NQ 0 HJlH NQ 1

To lKe

npOH3BeJlH 3-4 nO.ll.KaqKH nJlYHlKepHblM urnpauea aa KalKAYIO TOqKY CMa3KH

To lKe

DJIYHlKepHblii mnpau

ci.

o C

o =

~

:r

r2

arperaroa H .a.eT3JJ.CH 0

:5

~ tr

COPT CMa3K"

OreqeCTBeHHOH I

JleTOM \ 3""oli

(r- anep a- (re anep a- I

rypa BOJ~ Typo 8,'3-

nvx a 8hlwel nv x a HH)t.;ei

:..r"oC) I +50q I

auepu-

Cnoco6 CM83KH

7

CKOJIb3R uiee coenuueuae rrepe.auero xa pna HHoro COqJleHt!HHlI

8

Baa npasona 1 BblKJllO'IeHHlI r aaaHbiX ¢PHKl(HOHOB

COJlH.II.OJl CMecb: 5U% coJIllJ, 0 JJ a 11 .",0"/oa8113- MaC.13 M3

To lKe

To lKe

TaBor NQO l1J1li N2 1

To lKe

nJlYlIlKepHblH uinpau

To lKe

'lepe3 100 qaCOB pa60Tbl )l.BHraTeJleii HJlH xepea 1 000 MIiJlb (I 600 ICon) np06era

I' TpaHcwliccHlI ABHa- I ABl1a-
I MaCJlO MaCJIO
MK M3
2 Ilonepesaaa ne- Macao, npuaenae-
pe.ll.aqa Moe ,lI;JllI .ll.BHraTeJIR
3 .lI.BHraTeilH 4 To lKe 4 Feaeparopu 4 COillfJlOJlI Cvecs:
5C% co-
.1I1;:1.0,1a If
15ou/.,aBI13-
6 MacJIaM3
5 3J1eKTpOCrap- Macao, nplfMeH~e·
rep a Moe ,J,JIR ,lI;Bl1rareJili 56

I J

SAE50

SAE30

TaBOT N22

SAE30

CMeHIf MaCJIO

To lKe

QJlfJIbT-

pyioume 9J1eMeHTbI MaCJlHHbIX ¢HJlbTPOB

Ilo sepua urrayI ¢epbl aa O,!lHH 060- pOT

CMalKb noaumnHI1KH c i apr epoa n 1'" nOMOlliH MaCJleHkH ('2 - ;) KanJlI1), eL.11 CHJlObOH. arperar BhIH}T 113 xopnyca r au--a 110- CT) II K O.ll.HOH 113 TO'leK CMi.3KH KalKiioro c rapt epa

I 06eCne'lHBaeT<1I 'Iepea or sepcrue C

IIIP06K0l1 B xaprepe MaXOBI1Ka

.... _ t::::...
CD-
.0-
<t
-
."
N
~ U.--IU·

-

L.....

-

S7

Pac. 22. TO'lKH CMa3KH XOAOOOH '1aCTH TaHKa:

1 - MaC.'1eHRII no,:a;.n;ep.mHBaJOllUlX RUTRon: 2 - MUCJ1eHI\1I OIIOPHhIX l.;aTI\OD:

S - lIaCJIeHKIl. aarrpaaamomero IWJIeC<1

PHe. 23. BHA aa CHJlOBOH arperar co CTOPOHbI nonepeunoa rrepenaxa (aa PH'CYHKe He nOKa3aH BTOPOH reneparop, KOTOPblH pacnonoscen aa npyrosr nsarare.te CHMMeTpl1'lHO

nepBOMY reaeparopy):

1 -; 3U.'lHBHOe o raepcrne H cnycxnaa npoCiKa nonepexaoa rrepe.aa.s a; Z - Mac:reHKH BaJIHKOB BllJIOK BbIKJIIOqeHHH rJIaB" HblX «l>pnKI\HOHOB; 3 - MaCJIeHKH nO;UIIHIIHHKOB BblatHMHblX

lIy41T rnll.BHblX 4lPWCD;HOHOB

PRe. 24. BolroBOil: 8M na CHJlOBOH arperar:

" - illTa.y<}lepht rerrepa'ropa: 2 - MaCJIemar 8.'leRTpOCTapTepa; 3 - cnYCItHhIe npo6. itS KapTepa .nBHraTeJD1~ 4 - B03..lyxOOqIH'TnTC¥1I1~ 5 - cnvcxaon KpaHHK CRCTeMh1 oxnaaczienaa ~BIlraTC~'lg; ,- B03~~YUlHhle RpaHHKII TepMOCT8.TOB

HO)J,rOTOBKa TaHKa K JleTHeit: SKCnJlOaTa~HH

1l0)J,roToBKY TaHKa K JleTHeli 3KCIIJlOaTaUHH IIpoBe)J,H IIPU YCTaHOBHBllIeR051 rexneparype HapY:IKHOro B03)J,yxa He HH:lKe +5°C.

I. Ilpoassenu 06CJIY:IKHBaHHe MexaHH3MOB TaHKa B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT tIHCJIa npoparioranaux MOTOtIaCOB )J,BHraTeJI51MH, HO He Me'Hee 06'beMa pa60T, BK.TllOtIeHHhIX B «E:lKe)J"HeBIHoe06cJIY:lKHBaHHe TaHKa».

2. 3aIIpaBh TOIIJIHBHhle 6aKH TaHKa JIeTHHM )J,H3eJIbHblM roDJIHBOM. llpH OTCYTCTBHH JIeTHero )J,H3eJlhHOrO TOIIJlHBa npo)J,oJI:lKaH pacorars na 3HMHeM oe3 )J,06aBJIeHH51 xepocaaa.

3. llepe)J, 3aIIpaBKoR JleTHerO TOIIJlHBa IIPOMOR roDJlHBHMe oaKH H q,HJIhTPhI IIepBHtIHOH OtIHCTKH TOIIJlHBa.

4. CJIHB TOIIJlHBa H3 Ka:IK)J,oH rpyIIIIhI 6aKoB IIPOH3BO)J,H nepes CIIYCKHYIO IIPOOKY, pacIIoJlO:IKeHHYIO B )J,HHI.Ue HH:lKHerO (pesepaaoro) TOIIJIHBHOrO 6aKa. .uOCTYII K IIp06Ke xepea JIlOqOK B )l.HUme xopnyca TaHKa.

5. 3aMeHH MaCJIO B )J,BHraTeJI51X, IIOIIepetIHOH: nepenase H rpaacMHCCRH JIeTHlfMH MaCJIaMH.

6. eMeHY CMa3KH B CHCTeMe Ka)f{,noro p'BHraTeJUl npOH3BO,ll.1I B CJIe,ll.YIO~eH nOCJIe,ll.OBaTeJIbHOOTH:

a) nporpeii ,ll.BHraTeJIb, OTBepHH cnycxnue npo6KH HCJIeii MacJIO H3 CHCTeMbI. ,LIm! CJIHBa MaCJIa CI1CreMa HMeer rpn cnycxnsre npooxn: o.ana npooxa pacnonoxcena B ,ll.HH~e MaCJI5IHOro 6aKa, nocryn K He!1-Qepe3 JIIO'lOK B ,ll.HH~e xopnyca TaJHKa; ,ll.Be npooKH paCnOJIQ)KeHbI B xaprepe ,ll.BHraTeJIH, nocryn ,K HH,M - xepea Ma.TIble JIIO'lKH B xpsnuxe JIIOKa non ,ll.BHraTeJIeM;

6) npoaoa cacreuy CBe)f{HM MaCJIOM, ,ll.JIH sere 3aJIeii: B MacJIHHbIH 6aK 5-6 A ropauer-o MaCJIa H npoxpyru craprepox (6e3 noztaua TOrrJIHBa) Ko.'1eHqaTbIH BaJI ,ll.BHraTeJIH aa 3-4 npaeaa, npO,ll.OJI)f{HTeJIbHOCTblO 10-15 cexynn sa npaea; rrOCJIe sroro BHOBb cnycTH MaCJIO;

:8) 3a.TIeH cseoxee MaCJIO B 6aKD:O oHOpMaJIbHOI'O ypOBHH (rro nOKa3aHHIO TOrrJIHBO-MaCJIOMepa);

r) npoxpyru craprepou KOJIeHqaTbIH BaJI ,ll.BHrareJIH B reseaae 3-4 cexyun H BHOBb nposeps yposeas MaCJIa.

7. CMeHY CMa3KH B nOrrepeqHoii: nepe,ll.aqe npOH3BO,ll.H qepe3 JIIOK B nOJIY 6allIHH. ,LIJIH sroro npone.raa cnenyiomee:

a) OTBepHH npo6KY 3aJIHBHOrO OTBepCTHH;

6) OTBepHH cnycxuyto npocxy H CJIeH MaCJIO; cnYCKH3H npooxa

pacnOJIO)f{eHa B HH)f{Heii: qaCTH KapTepa nepe,ll.a'lH;

B) sanea caexcee MaCJIO no ypOBHH 3aJIHBHOrO OTBepcrHH; r) 3aBepHH nporixy 3aJIHBHOrO 0 fBepCTHH.

8. CMeH~ CMa3KH B TP3HCMHCCHH npOH3BO,ll.H npH uporpeTWX xopooxe nepexeau nepeztas, MexaHH3Me nosopora H 60PTOBbIX nepenaxax (TyT )f{e noc.ne npo6era r3HKa). ,LIJ1H sror o:

a) orsepaa KpbIllIKy 3aJIHBHOH ropzoanusr;

6) oTBepHH TpH cnycxasre nporixn H c.TJeii MaCJiO. Onua cnycxHaH npooxa pacnonoscena BHH3Y xaprepa xopooxa nepeaenu nepenas: nocryn K HeH - xepea OTBE'pCTHe C 3arJIYllIKoH B ,ll.HHllJ,e xopnyca TaHKa. ,LIBe npyrne nporixn pacnoaoxcenu nozt 60PTOBbIMH nepenauaxa B xaprepe TpaHcMHccHH;

B) 3aJIeH csexcee MaCJIO no MeTKY aa uryne KpbIUIKH 3aJIHBHOlf rOpJIOBHHbI H 3aBepHH KPbIllIKY.

9. Ilponsaena cMa3KY MexaHH3MOB TaHKa cor JIaCHO Ta6JlHu.e oMa3KH.

] O. CJIeii: H3 CHC1'eM OXJIaJK,ll.eHHH ,ll.BHraTeJIeii: aHTH<PPH3 H cp'aii

ero B CKJIap'.

,LIJIH CJIHBa aHTH<PPH3a nponeaas caenyrouree: a) nOCTaBb TaHK C HaKJI'OHOM B 100 aasan,

6) OTKPOH JIIOKH non p'BHraTeJIHMH;

a) Ha,ll.eHb peaaaonsre Tpy6KH aa KOHU.bI cnycKHbIX KpaHHKOB HBWBe,nH TPYOKH B JIIOKn;

r) orxpoa 3aJIHBHbie rOpJIOBHHbI;

60

,n:) OTKPOH: aoanyurasre KpaHHKH TepMO'CTaTOB;

e) nOCTaBb nocyny non ,n:HHlll.e T3HKa, OTKPOH: cnYCKHb1e xpaHKKH H CJIeH: aHTH<PPH3 B nocyny,

11. DpoMOH: cacreuy OXJIa)l{,UeHH5I ,UBHraTeJIeH:, ,UJI5I qero:

a) sano.nia CHCTeMbI pacraopoa: 200 2 enxoro HarpH5I (KayCTHqeCKa5I cona) H 500 2 KepOCHHa na 1 aenpo BO,UbI;

6) OCTaBb pacraop B CHCTeMax na 8-10 qaOOB, rrOOJIe sero sanycrn ,UBHraTeJIH H nporpes HX 'Ha MaJIbIX oooporax (600- 800 06/.ItuH);

B) CJIeH: H3 CHCTeMbI paCTBOp, ,UaH: ,UBHraTeJI5IM OCTbITb H npoNOH CHCTeMbI qHCTOH: BO,UOH:;

, r) 3arrO'JIHH CHcn~MbI oXJIa)l{,UeHH5I ,UBHraTeJIeH: qHCTOH: M5IrKOH:

BOJlloil (,n:O)l{,UeBO'H:, sononposozraoa 'HJIH penaoa).

12. Tuiarensno osacrt, OT I1b1JIH, rp5I3H H MaCJIa pannaropsr.

13. DpoMOH: B03'uyxOOqHCTHTeJIH H sanpaas HX CBe)l{HM M3CJlOM (acno.nsaya MaCJIO, KOTOPbIM npousrrsr CHCTeMbI CM33KH ,lI.BHraTeJIeH).

14 . .uOJIeH aKKYMYJI5ITOpHble 6aTapeH ,UecTHJIJIHpOBaHHoH BO-

,lI.OH:. DJIOTHOCTb 3JIeKTpOJIHTa ,UOJI)I{Ha 6bITb 1,28.

nO,n:rOTOBKa TaHKa K 3HMHeH SKcnnoaTa~HH

B Il,eJI5IX HOpMaJIbHOH 3KCnJIOaTaIl,HH TaHKa 3HMOH npn HH3KHX resrneparypax npozienaa cnezrytouiee:

1. 3aMeHH JIerHIOIO cxasxy BO acex arper-arax 3HMHeH. Cnycx i MaCJIa npoaasona nO'CJIe nporpeaa arperaroa ,UBHraTeJI5I H rpaacf'MHCCHH.

2. 3anOJIHH cHoTeMY OXJIa)l{,UeHH5I aHTH<PPH3O'M.

3. 3arrOJIHH Tpy6O'npO'Bo,U K MaCJIOMaHO'MeTpy BepeTeHHbIM

MaCJIOM.

4. DpoMOH: BO'3,UYXOO'qHCTHTeJIH H aanpans 3HMH'llM M8CJIO'M.

5. DpoMoH MacJIo6eH3o<pHJIbTpbI.

6. YTenJIH aKKYMYJI5ITOPbI BOH:JIO'KOM HJIH CYKHOM.

7. DpoH3Be,UH 3HMHIOIO 3ap5I,UKy aKKYMYJI5ITOPOB ,UO' :I1O'JIO)l{eH-

HO'H: nJIO'THO'CTH 3JIeKTPO'JIHTa.

8. DpHKpoH MaCJI5IHble pazraaropu OTerrJIHTeJIbHbIMH urropaxa.

9. DpO'H3Be,UH 3HMHHH KaMy<pJI5I)I{ TaHKa.

10. Ilocrans urnopsr na ryceaansr.

11. Ilepezr HaQaJIOM ,UBH)I{eHH5I nporpa CTeKJIa CMOTPOBbIX H npauem.noro npariopon CneUHaJIbHOii )l{H,UKOC<TbIO, npe.aoxpaHSiIOlll.eii CTeKJIa OT O'6JIe,UeHeHH5I. BYTbIJIKa C )l{H,UKOCTbIO ,UOJI)I{Ha HaXO,UHTbC5I B B03HMOM KOMrrJIeKTe. CTO'HKO'CTb aHTH06JIe,UeHHTeJI5I 2-3 naca.

12. B cJIYQae ,n:JIHTeJIbHOii CT05IHKH TaHKa B 6oeBoii rOToBHoCTH nponenaa cnenytouree:

61

a) 'YCTaHOBH TaHK B 3aw.Hw.eHHOM 01' serpa xecre:

6) yKpOM: TaHK ope3eHToM H nporpen zraararens nepaonasecxo 3aBO,lJ;KOM:, nonnepacaaas TeMnepaTYPY MaCoJIa B npenenax 40-600 B) nYIllKH H nYJIeMeTbI nonroroas ,lJ;JIll CTpeJIb6bI.

13. ECJIH npencronr ,lJ;.1JHTeJIbHafl CTOflHKa TaHKa BHe crpep B03MO)l{HOrO aananeana npoTHBHHKa, nponenaa cnenyiouree:

a) TaHK nOCTaBb na .n:OCKH, 6peBHa, »ce P,lJ;H , lfJIH xsopocr BO H36e)l{aHHe npaaepsaaaa rycenau K no-rae;

6) OTKJIlOllH aKKyMY JlflTOpbI OT xaccsr, a npa rexneparype cxpyscarourero aosnyxa HH)I{e -200 aKKYMYJIflTOPbI CHHMH H y6epu B TenJIOe noaeurenae.

3anYCK ,lJ;BHraTeJIfI B 3HMHHX YOJIOBHflX npoH3BO,lJ;1I COrJIaCHO pa3,lJ;eJIY IV «3anycK .if OCTaHOBKa ,lJ;BliraTeJIfI».

Ilpasuaa nporaaonoacapaof 6e30nacHocTH

Crporo co6JIIO,lJ;ai'! cJIe,lJ;YIOw.He npaaana, npenynpeacnaionrae B03HHKHOBeHHe noscapa:

1. He ,lJ;,onycKaM: CKOnJIeHlie rpaaa, MaCJla Ii TOnJIHBa BHyTpH TaHKa.

2. C.1Je.n:H aa OTCYTcTBHeM nO,lJ;TeKaHHM: BTOnJIHBHOM: H MaCJISlHoM: CHCTeMax.

3. Cacreaarnnecxa CJH:~.n:H aa acnpaeaocrsro H30JIHIJ.HH 3JIeK'TpOnpoBo.n:KH H aa KOHTaKTHbIMH coenaneaaaan. He .n:onY::K3H HCKpeHHM: H KOPOTKIiX 33MbIKaHHH::.

4. 06CJIY)I{HB3HHe H pexonr BHYTPH TaHK3 npOH3Bo,lJ;1i TOJIbKO npa BbIKmOtIeHHbIX aKKYMYJIHTOpax.

5. He nonycxan p33Be.n:eHHfI orxpsrroro orns B6JIH3H TaHKa.

6. Bcer-na nepxca 3apH)I{eHHhIMH H rOTOBbIMH K ,lJ;eM:CTBHIO oraeTYIllHT,eJIH. )lBa crauaonapnux ornerymurena YCTaHOBJIeHhI non nOJIOM 6aIllHH B ooeBoM OT,lJ;eJIeHHH, C JIeBOH:: CTOPOHhI TaHKa • .uBa PYtIHbIX orHeTYIllHTeJIfI YCTanOBJIeHbl: 'D,lJ;HH - B oallIHe, ,lJ;pyroM: - B OT .n:eJIeHIiH yrrpaaneaaa.

7. )lJIfI InpUBe,lJ;etHHfI B ,II.eiiCTBHe CTaIJ.'HlOHa!pHhIX orneryunrreJIeii BbI,lJ;epHH HX rpocsr. PYKOflTKH TpOCOB BbIBe.n:eHbI B OT,lJ;MeHHe ynpaaneaas (csann MexaHHKa-BO,lJ;HTeJIfI) H cnapyzca TaHKa (aa oaIllHeii, C JIeBoii CTOPOHbI TaHKa).

8. UPH nOJIb30B3HHH orueryurarenex BHyTpU TaHKa Ha,lJ;eBaH nporaaoraa.

9 . .uJIfI npnnenenas B .n:eiicTBHe pynnoro orHeTYIllHTeJIfI CHHMH ero C xpormrrenaa, aanpass COnJIO aa Ollar oras H 1l3)1{MH sa KYPOK.

10. HeMe,lJ;JIeHHo nepeaapsnn HCnOJIh30B3HHble orHeTYIllIiTMH.

11. He peace ,lJ;BYX pa3 B MOOflIJ. nposepaa COCTOflHHe orneryWHTeJIeH.

VIII. OCHOBHblE HEHCnPABHOCTH TAHKA, HX nPHlJHHbI H CnOC06bl YCTPAHEHl1S1

npH'IHH8

Caoco6 YCTp8HeHIIlI

I

I 1. .ilBHraTellb.He pasBHBaeT nOIlHOH MO~IHOCTH (He rsaer)

J).BHraTeJlb

1. Hepaaaoaepaas nonava ronaasa aacocaaa¢opcYHKaMH no ll.HJlHHApaM

2. CJlHIlIKOM n03.nHHH 2. YCTaHoBH MOMeHT

MOMeHT nonaxa ronnaaa nonasn TOnJlHBa no ~yll-

HacocaMH-qJOpcYHKaMH KallH6py

1. OTperYJlHpyii paBHOMepHocTb nOJla'lH na nporperou patiorasoutess ABHrareae C ·nOMO~blO BHHTO~ aa pusarex ynpasaeHHH peHKaMH Ha.cocoB

2. Herrpaaaasno ycra-

HOBlleH MOMeHT aaxaaa

nOJl3'1H TOnJlHBa aaco-

/caMH-¢OPcYHKaMH

I 3. 33copeHbl B03JlYXOO'lHCTHTeIlH

2. Y CTaHOBH MOMeHT

Ha'l3J1a nonaxa no ~ynK311H6py

a) 'IepHblH JlblM

3. npOMOH

O'lHCTHTeJlH H

CBeiKHM MaCJlOM

B03JlYXOaanpaas

4. 3acopeHbl TOIIIIHBHble ¢Hllb_TPbl

4. npOMOH TonllHBHblH (jJHllbTP lIepBH'IlIolt O'lHCTKH. CMeHH (jJHJlbTPYIOlUHH 911eMeHT (jJHllbTpa BTOPH'IHOH O'lHC1KH

5. He .0TKpblTa noa- 5. Ilpoaeps coaeaoaau

HOCTblO B03nYlUH3S1 aa- ynpaaaeaaa B03JlYlUHOH

CIlOHKa 3aCJlOHKOH

2. ,llBHraTeJlb AblMHT

1. HecooTBeTcTBYIO~HH 1. 3aMeHH TOnJlHBO aa

C"OPT rorraaaa r830iillb HJlK ,lI.H3eJlbHOe TOnJlHBO

3. YTe'lKa soaayxa 'Iepea npoxaanxy CMOTPOsoro JIIOKa

4. 3acopeHa acacuaaiouiaa t!HCTeMa npoayaoxHoro Hacoca

3. CMeHH npOKJIa.u.KY H nJIOTHee aarsua JlIOK

4. CHHMH soaayxoosaCTHTellH H IIIJOMOH HX. n PO'lHCTb BcacblBalO~HA KOJlJIeKTOp npOAYBO'lHOrO Hacoca

63

HeHcnpaBHOCTb

6) eHHHif .lI,blM

I. CJJHIll KOM BbiCO

ypo sens MJCJI3 B B03 AYXOOIJHcTI1TeJlHx

2. 06pa30BaJlHCb He-! 2. OO)lTlIHH 60JlTbI xpen-

nJlOTHOCrH B npOKJIaAKt!! JIeHHH npollYBOIJHOrO aaMe}KAY 6JlOK-KapTepoM H coca

npoAYBOqHWM HaCOCOM

3. 3acopeHHe MaCJllI- 3. CMeHH <P!!iIbTPYIO'
HbiX <pHJlbrPOB uiue 3~eMt!HTbI ¢HJIbTpOa
4. 3acopellbl MarJlO- 4. Crrycra MaCJIO H rtpo-
npOBO)lbl MOH cHcTeMY CMa3KH 3. OaAeHHe aasae-

5. 3arycTeJlo MaCJIO B Tpy6Ke MaHOMeTpa

1. Flonananae MaCJla B KaMepy cropaHHH

I. Hlf30K yponeas MacHHlI B M3CJllIHOif CH- Jla B oaxe

CTeMe

2. Pa3}KH}KeHHe MaCJI a TOnJlHBOM HJlIf o6pa30Ha· JIaCb Tt!IJb B MaCJlOlIpOBO,lax

4. 4pe3Mepno au- 1. He.1l,OCTaTOIJHOe KO-

coxas r e a nepar y pa JlHlJeCTBO BOAbI

BO)lbI B cucreue ox-

Jla}K)leHHII

2 . .lI.BHrareJib neper pv}Keli B Te4eHHe II poncalKHre.~bHoro npeu, HH

! 3. 3a6HTbl lIJIaCfHIIKII paaaaropos lIblJlblO

! 4. 3HaIJI1TeJIblIali HaKHlIb na CTeHKax CHCTCMbl oxJlalK)leHl1l1

1. Op06YKcoBbiBalOT rJlaBHble ¢PHKQHOHbl

TpaHCMHCCHSI

1. CJIHIllKOM MaJI HJlH OTCYTcTByeT .cBo6o.1l,Hbli! xon nenaaa BblKJIIO'leHlIlI <PPHKQHOIIOB

64

1. .lI.OJleH MaCJIO

2. ClIYCTH MaCJlO H sa Jlei! cseacee. fiOllTlIHII Bee coennueuaa MaCJIOnpOBO AOB

5. Ilpouo a rpy6KY Ma· HOMeTpa H 3alIOJIHH CBe· lKHM }KH.1I,KHM MaCJIOM

1. .lI.oJleif BOAY

2. nepeHAH aa HH31llYIO nepeAaqy

3. Ilpoaoa Tpy6KH H lIJiaCTHHKrt cnapy sca

4. Flpoxoa cacrevy oxJIalK)ltHfllI pacrnopoa JlByyrJleKHcJloTOA MJlH KaycTHIJecKoif COAbl

1. Orpery JIHpyi! CBO- 60)!'Hblif XOA ne aa.m

HeHcnpaBHOCTb

Cnoco6 YCTpaHeHHR

5. Ype3MepHblH aarpes rpaacaaccua

2. MaJI xon nenaaa

4. TpY)lHOe BKJIIO- 1. 3ae.aaHHe

ieuae nepenax Ky JlI1Cbl

BaJIHKOB 1. CMalKb BaJIIIKH KY-

JIHCbI

2: Orperynapyti 60JlbWOH 10.a nenana

2 HerrOJIHOe BblKJIIO- 1. CJlHIUKOM 60JlbUloil 1. OTperYJlHPYH CBO-

reune rJlaBHblX q,PHK- CBo60)lHbIH xon neaann 60)lHbIH xon nenaaa

~HOHOB BblKJlIO'IeHHH q,PHKIJ.HOHOB

3. Heoaaospexe n-

we BKJI lO'IeHHe r aasrux q,PHKIJ.HOHOB

1. Paar-ery JlHpOBaJIHCb THrH ynpasaenaa q,PHKIJ.HOHaMH

1. Orperyaapoears

2. HeOJlIIHaKOBblil 113-

HOC BeDOMbIX .lI.HCIo.OB

q, P 11 KIJ.UOHOB

2. Orper y.umoaars onHOB peMtHI'OC' b BKJlIO'IeHHIl q,PHKIl110HOB npa no~iOW.H H~MeHeHHH .IlJlHH rar

2. HenOJlHOe Bb'KJIlO'le- 2. OTperYJlHpYH npa-

Hlle raaanux q,PIlKIJ.1I0- so n BblKJllO'IeHHIl q,PHK-

HOB IlIlOHOB

1. Maao MaCJIa

1. )loJleil MaCJlO, OCMOTpa, HeT Jill Te41i MaCJIa

2. CJlHUlKOM

I MaCJIa

MHoro I 2. CJIeH

MaCJlO

H3J1HUlHee

3. ::1a6HTbI nJlaCTIIHbI 3. npoMoli. panaarop

M3CJlllHOrO panaaropa cnapyaca

nblJlblO IIJ1H rpasr.io

XOJlOBaH '1aCTb

1. YBO.a TaHKa B CTO- 1. Hep BllOMePfJOe na-

IOHY TlllheHHe ryceunu

2. HeoJlIIHaKvBbIH H3-

HOC ryceHIIIJ.

1. OTperYJlHpYH HaTlIaceane ryceuuu

~. P;'3'bl'JIIHH (3)1{DYIO rlceHHIlY Ha JlBe paBHble '1aCTIi H CMt'HIl ae pxnae nOJJOBI1Hbl ryceuuu MelK.ay e060A

2 COCK3KIIBaHlie r v- 1. CJJa60 HaTHHYTbI ry- 1. nraBIIJIbHO HaTHHH

:eHIIIJ. C1pu6\ [(cuRKa ' CeHHIJ.bI rycennuu

IX no 3y6bHM s eny-

~HX KOJJe( rrpH pa~

lop.nax TaHKa

) 3aK. 505 L

65

HeRcnpSOHOCTb

Cnocotl YI:TpaBeHII.

• 3. Harpea noamanHHKOB HaupaB~RIDutero xoaeca, onopHhiX HJJH noanepscaBalO~HX KaTKO.

2. 3aTBop OTKphl.'IClI, HO raassa He sxcrpaxTHpyercH

1. OrCYTCTBHe CM3:SKH 1. Ilpoaeps H CMallCb

H~H CMaSKa naoxoro xa- nOAWHIIHHKH

'IeCTBa

BOOPYlKeHue

l. SaMeHH naTpOH

1. HeHcnpaBHOCTb xanCID~bHOli BTyJlKH

2. 3arp1l3HeHHe HJlH H3- 2. BhlHb Y AapHhlH Me·

JIHWHRII CMa3Ka ynapaoro xaHH3M, pasoepa, nporpa MexaHH3Ma H CMalKb ero ~erKHM

caoea CMa3KH, nOCTaBb Ha MeCTO

3. Floaoasa 60HKa ynapHUKa

3. 3aMeHH YAapHblH MexaHH3M

1. Pasnyrae rHllb3h1

1. BblHb rH~b3y PY'!-:

HbiM 3KCTpaKTOpOM HJI"I Bbl6eH paapaauaxou

3. Ilpa 3aplilKaHHH 1. Henoxon narpoua 1. BblHb rrarpon H npo-

'3aTBOp He aaxpsraaerca acaeacraae 3arpllSHeHHSI 'IHCTb xaaopy

KaMopbI

2. nO.7IOMKa H~H nocaa- 2. Ilponoascaa CTpe.7Ib6y,

xa npYlKHHhI nOJJyaBTo- orxpu sail sarnop epysMaTHKH HyID. Ilpa HaJJH'!HH apeMeHH ycrpana aeacnpasHOCTb

4. Ilocne sucrpeaa 1. 3arpl!SHeHHe CMa3KH l.OTKPOH saraop spys-

aar sop He OTKPhl- H.7IH Ha',nHphi H sa6uHHbI HyID H yCTpaHH ueacnpaa-

BaeTCR aa K.7IHHe H Ka3eHHHKe HOCTb

nYJleMt!TbI

1. Ocexaa

66

1. 3arp1l3HeHHe ny aeMeTa H.7IH rycras CMa3Ka aa nOJl.BHlKHblX 'IaCTlIX. nOMlITOCTb narpona. no~OMKa 60HKa

1. Orsena 3aTSOp H nponsaas ero snepea, nponoaacaf crpeasoy, Ilpa nOBTopeHHH sanepacKI1 OCMOTPH nyaexer H B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT npHqHHbI sa aepacx« npoaasenu qHCTKY, CMa3KY H.7IH 3aMeHY HeHcnpaBHOH ,neTa~H

Cnoco6 YCTpaHeHHH

HeRcnpaOHOCTb

3. Heacnpasaocrs BbI- 6paCblBaT~JIli

I 2. Henona qa nar~Ha B narpoaaax

1. nOJlOMKa npYlKHHbI OOJI3YHa

1. 3a .. eHH npY>KHHY

2. Hepasao .. epsaa aa- 2. OCMorpH Ha6HBKY

6HBKa JIeHTbI fli:lTpdkaMH JIeHTbI H YCTPiHH nepeKOCbI narponos

1. BeJlHK 3a30p Me>KllY neHbKOM CTBOJIa H 3aTBOPOM

4. Heaaxaar osepen- 2. MaJI aasop MelKllY

loro narpona, sar aop nellbKOM CTBOJla H 3aTBOIe BXO;tHT B CBOH nas POM

3. Paapus fHJIb3b1

5. He H3RJIeKalOTCli :rpeJIIIHble rHJlbJbI

2. OTperYJIHPYH aasop

3. 3aMeHH HeHcDpaBHY~ )I,eTaJlb

~
=
:c
<
CQ
0
t=:{
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Q.
0 ..-..
to
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0
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f-< ~
:::.:::: u
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m '-'
:a
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68 69

TABJIHUA I

n p H n ~ lK e H H el

1

nepesone 8HrnHAcII:HX MHJlb B KHJlOMeTpbI (nOK838HHH CDHJI,OMeTp8)

MUD I KUJlOMeTpl>I I MIIJlD I KIIJlOMeTpbI MaJID I KHJlOMeTPbI
1 1,61 35 56,35 70 112,70
5 8,05 40 64,40 75 120,75
10 16,10 45 72,45 80 128,80
15 24,15 50 80,50 85 136,85
20 32,20 55 88,55 90 144,90
25 40,25 fiO 96,60 95 152,95
30 48,30 65 104,65 100 161,00 TABJIHUA 2

nepeB,PJI,a 811epHK8HCKHX rllJlJlOHOB B JlHTPLl 1 raxaoa = 3,7854 .It

1 xaapra = 1/4 raaaoaa = 0,940 .It 1 DHHTa = l/S raaaosa = 0,473 .It

raJIJlOHI>I I JIaTpl>I I raJlJlOHbI I JInrpbl raJlJlOHbI I JIHTPbI
1 3,785 30 113,55 80 302,8
2 7,57 35 132,475 90 340,65
3 11,355 40 151,4 100 378,5
I 4 15,14 45 . 170,325 110 416,35
5 18,925 50 189,25 120 434,2
10 37,85 55 208,175 130 482,05
15 56,775 60 217,1 140 529.,9
20 75,7 70 264,95 150 567.75
25 94,625 _. TABJIHUA 3

nepeaona nOK838HHA 1l8BJleHHH (aaaoaerpoa), Bblp8lKeHHblX B 8UrJlHA· CKHX «I!YHT8X H8 KB81lP8THblA 1l1OitM, B KHJlOrp8MMbi H8 KBallpaTHbiA C8HTHMeTp

"'YUT/llM" Kr!cM' <%>YHT!llM2 I KrJcM' $YHT/llM~ I· Kr!clI4'
:=
1 0,0703 5 0,3515 9 0,6327
2 0,1406 6 0,4218 10 0,7030
3 0,2:09 7 0,4921 11 0,773
4 0,2812 8 0,5624 12 0,844
70 ~YHT{4M' KricK' I ~YHT{1I1119 KricK' I ~YHTfI1M' Kr/clII'
, 13 0,914 24 1,687 I 35 2,460
! 14 0,9843 25 1,757 36 2,53:3
15 1,057 26 1,827 37 2,601
16 1,125 27 1,898 38 2,671
17 1,195 28 1,968 39 2,741
18 1,265 29 2,038 40 2,812
19 1,335 30 2,109 41 2,882
20 1,406 31 2,179 42 2,952
21 1,476 32 2,249 43 3,022
fa 1,546 33 2,319 44 3,093
r 1,616 34 2.390 45 3,163 /

TA6JIHU,A 4

nepesona nOKa3aHHR repxoaerpa, Bhlpa>KeHHblX B rpaaycax ~apeHreATa (FO), B rpanycsr U,eJlbCHH (CO)

~. rpal1YCbI I rp8l1YCbI rpll1YCbI I rpUYCbI I rp8I1YCbI I rp8l1YCbI
4>lpelireiiu UeAbCHli <l>apeHreATa Ue.'bCHli <l>apeHreHT8 UeJlbCHIi
r 32 0 100 37,7 170 76,6
35 1,6 105 40,5 175 79.4
40 4,4 110 43,3 180 82,2
45 7,2 115 46,1 185 8.$,0
50 10,0 120 48,8 190 87,7
55 12,7 125 51,6 195 90,.5
60 15,5 13U 54,4 200 93,3
65 18,3 135 57,2 205 96,1
70 21,1 140 60.0 210 98,9
75 23,8 145 62,7 215 101,6
80 26,6 150 65,5 220 104,4
85 29,4 155 68,3 225 107,2
90 32,2 160 71,1 230 110,0
95 35,0 165 73,9 CO.ll.BP)I(AHI1E

Crp.

I. Kparxaz tiooBaJi H TCXHlIQOC'K8S1 Xap'3IKTepiRCTI1X8 TameR •. ' 1 II. Pa3MC,~eHl!e opraHOB ynpaBJleHilill II o(50pY,lJ.OBaHHlI 'r8lHJ<a 7 III. nO,LlrOTOBKa TaHKa K 6010 •• • • 13 IV. 3anyCK H OCTaHOBKIa ABHraTelleit . . • , • . • . . • 27 V. Ilpasana BO>K,LlCmlli raRKa ...•.....• 30 VI. PerYJIIlpoBKK IdCxaH'H3M()IB TaHIKa, npOH6BO.lI.H>Mble 9KHrnI>KCW 34

VII. YXO.ll. H OOcJIY>KHBatiHe T8lIlKa • • • • • • • • • • • 47 VIII. Ocaosmre aeacnpasaocra Ta~a, HX i1pH'1HHI:l l'JJ CDOCOObl

ycTpatleHIDI .. • . . • . . 63

IX. Cxellll:l sneecrpoooopy ,LlOBa'Hl!lI . 68

n p H JI 0 >It e lIi'lie : : . . . • . 70

P~a.a:'l'Op MattOI'! KOIlQAeH"O A. rIJ.

TexlllAeGludl p6Aa.KTOP Hamanoe M. H. Koppe&TOP Kymysoea B. M.

D:BU PKKA )Q 5056. H3,ll. JOt 6970:. 015'b6¥ 4,5 iII. 1l. 8a.K8.8 JIi 5If.

OTm:J'lIloTlloUO B 8·1; trHIlorpaAtHD BooWl3p.a.Ta HKO.

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