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Singeing:

Textiles are normally singed in order to improve their surface appearance


and wearing properties. The burning-off of protruding fibre-ends, which are
not firmly bound in the yarn, results in a clean surface which allows the
structure of the fabric to be clearly seen. Un-singed fabrics soil more easily
than singed fabrics. Similarly, the risk of cloudy dyeings with singed
articles dyed in dark shades is considerably reduced than un-singed articles.

Although textile materials can be singed in yarn, knitted or woven forms,


singeing of woven fabrics is much more common as compared to other
forms. Two main methods of singeing are direct flame singeing and indirect
flame singeing. The important direct flame singeing parameters are:

• Singeing position
• Flame intensity
• Fabric speed
• Distance between the fabric and the burner
• Moisture in the fabric coming for singeing

If any one or more of the above parameters are not optimal, the result may
be faulty singeing. There may be singeing faults which are optically
demonstrable and are quite easily remedied during the actual working
process. On the other hand there may be some singeing faults which are not
visible until after dyeing and which can, once occurred, no longer be
repaired. A summary of most common problems in the singing of woven
fabrics is given below:.