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# Vectors 6/8/2002 2:14 PM

Vectors Array-based implementation (§2.2.1)

## The Vector ADT Applications of Vectors

The Vector ADT Main vector operations:
extends the notion of  object elemAtRank(integer r):

## array by storing a returns the element at rank r Direct applications

without removing it
sequence of arbitrary  Sorted collection of objects (elementary
 object replaceAtRank(integer r,
objects object o): replace the element at database)
An element can be rank with o and return the old
accessed, inserted or element Indirect applications
removed by specifying  insertAtRank(integer r, object o):

its rank (number of insert a new element o to have  Auxiliary data structure for algorithms
rank r
elements preceding it)
 object removeAtRank(integer r):
 Component of other data structures
An exception is removes and returns the element
thrown if an incorrect at rank r
rank is specified (e.g., Additional operations size() and
a negative rank) isEmpty()
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## Array-based Vector Insertion

Use an array V of size N In operation insertAtRank(r, o), we need to make
A variable n keeps track of the size of the vector room for the new element by shifting forward the
(number of elements stored) n − r elements V[r], …, V[n − 1]
Operation elemAtRank(r) is implemented in O(1) In the worst case (r = 0), this takes O(n) time
time by returning V[r]
V
0 1 2 r n
V V
0 1 2 r n 0 1 2 r n
V o
0 1 2 r n
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Vectors 6/8/2002 2:14 PM

Deletion Performance
In operation removeAtRank(r), we need to fill the In the array based implementation of a Vector
hole left by the removed element by shifting  The space used by the data structure is O(n)
backward the n − r − 1 elements V[r + 1], …, V[n − 1]
 size, isEmpty, elemAtRank and replaceAtRank run in
In the worst case (r = 0), this takes O(n) time O(1) time
 insertAtRank and removeAtRank run in O(n) time
V o If we use the array in a circular fashion,
0 1 2 r n
insertAtRank(0) and removeAtRank(0) run in
V O(1) time
0 1 2 r n In an insertAtRank operation, when the array
V is full, instead of throwing an exception, we
0 1 2 r n can replace the array with a larger one
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