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11 голос за00 голосов против

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Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 124

30 Minutes (20 Questions) (B) $0.45

(C) $0.60

1. The 180 students in a group are to be (D) $0.75

seated in rows so that there is an equal (E) $0.90

number of students in each row. Each of

the following could be the number of

rows EXCEPT

(A) 4

(B) 20

(C) 30

(D) 40 6. If ∠XYZ in the figure above is a right

(E) 90 angle, what is the value of x?

$10 per week or $30 per month. How (B) 145

much does a person save in a year by (C) 135

renting by the month rather than by the (D) 125

week? (E) 110

a

(A) $140

(B) $160 b

(C) $220 c

(D) $240

(E) $260 7. In the expression above, a, b, and c are

different numbers and each is one of the

3. If y = 5 x 2 − 2 x and x = 3, then y = numbers 2, 3, or 5. What is the least

possible value of the expression?

(A) 24

(B) 27 1

(C) 39 (A)

30

(D) 51 2

(E) 219 (B)

15

1

(C)

4. Of the following, which is the best 6

approximation to 0.0026 ? 3

(D)

(A) 0.05 10

(B) 0.06 5

(E)

(C) 0.16 6

(D) 0.5

(E) 0.6 8. A certain culture of bacteria quadruples

every hour. If a container with these

5. At a certain diner, a hamburger and bacteria was half full at 10:00 a.m., at

coleslaw cost $3.59, and a hamburger what time was it one-eighth full?

and french fries cost $4.40. If french fries

(A) 9:00 a.m.

cost twice as much as coleslaw, how

(B) 7:00 a.m.

much do french fries cost?

(C) 6:00 a.m.

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解决问题汇编

(D) 4:00 a.m. (A) 18.6

(E) 2:00 a.m. (B) 9.3

(C) 6.2

9. Al, Lew, and Karen pooled their funds to (D) 3.1

buy a gift for a friend. Al contributed $2 (E) 1.6

1

less than of the cost of the gift and Lew 13. A certain basketball team that has

3

1 2

contributed $2 more than of the cost. If played of its games has a record of

4 3

Karen contributed the remaining $15, 17 wins and 3 losses. What is the

what was the cost of the gift? greatest number of the remaining games

that the team can lose and still win at

(A) $24 3

(B) $33 least of all of its games?

4

(C) $36

(D) $43 (A) 7

(E) $45 (B) 6

(C) 5

10. What is the total number of integers (D) 4

between 100 and 200 that are divisible (E) 3

by 3?

14. Dan and Karen, who live 10 miles apart

(A) 33

meet at a cafe that is directly north of

(B) 32

Dan’s house and directly east of Karen’s

(C) 31

house. If the cafe is 2 miles closer to

(D) 30

Dan’s house than to Karen’s house, how

(E) 29

many miles is the cafe from Karen’s

house?

11. Which of the following inequalities is

equivalent to 10 – 2x > 18? (A) 6

(B) 7

(A) x > -14

(C) 8

(B) x > -4

(D) 9

(C) x > 4

(E) 10

(D) x < 4

(E) x < -4

15. If n is an integer and

2 ⋅ 3 ⋅ 5 ⋅ 7 ⋅ 11 ⋅ 13

1 n= then which of the

12. In 1979 approximately of the 37.3 77 k

3

following could be the value of k?

million airline passengers traveling to or

from the United States used Kennedy (A) 22

Airport. If the number of such (B) 26

passengers that used Miami Airport was (C) 35

1 (D) 54

the number that used Kennedy (E) 60

2

Airport and 4 times the number that

used Logan Airport, approximately how 16. There were 36.000 hardback copies of a

many millions of these passengers used certain novel sold before the paperback

Logan Airport that year? version was issued. From the time the

first paperback copy was sold until the

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解决问题汇编

last copy of the novel was sold. 9 times 2

as many paperback copies as hardback during three successive months. If

3

copies were sold. If a total of 441.000 as many dozen were sold in April as in

copies of the novel were sold in all, how May, and twice as many were sold in

many paperback copies were sold? June as in April, what was the average

(A) 45.000 price per dozen of the eggs sold over the

(B) 360.000 three-month period?

(C) 364.500 (A) $1.08

(D) 392.000 (B) $1.10

(E) 396.900 (C) $1.14

(D) $1.16

p

17. In the formula w = , integers p (E) $1.18

t

v

and t are positive constants. If w =2 3x

20. If y ≠ 3 and is a prime integer

1 y

when v = 1 and if w = when v = 64,

2 greater than 2, which of the following

then t = must be true?

(A) 1 Ⅰ. x = y

(B) 2 Ⅱ. y = 1

(C) 3 Ⅲ. x and y are prime integers.

(D) 4 (A) None

(E) 16

(B) Ⅰ only

18. Last year Mrs. Long received $160 in (C) Ⅱonly

dividends on her shares of Company X (D) Ⅲonly

stock, all of which she had held for the (E) Ⅰand Ⅲ

entire year. If she had had 12 more

shares of the stock last year, she would

have received $15 more in total annual

dividends. How many shares of the

stock did she have last year?

(A) 128

(B) 140

(C) 172

(D) 175

(E) 200

per Dozen

April $1.26

May $1.20

June $1.08

(arithmetic mean) price per dozen of the

large grade A eggs sold in a certain store

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解决问题汇编

SECTION 2 5. If Jack walked 5 miles in 1 hour and 15

30 Minutes (20 Questions) minutes, what was his rate of walking in

miles per hour?

1. The market value of a certain machine

(A) 4

decreased by 30 percent of its purchase

(B) 4.5

price each year. If the machine was

(C) 6

purchased in 1982 for its market value of

(D) 6.25

$8,000, what was its market value two

(E) 15

years later?

(A) $8,000 6. Of a certain high school graduating class,

(B) $5,600 75 percent of the students continued their

(C) $3,200 formal education, and 80 percent of those

(D) $2,400 who continued their formal education

(E) $800 went to four-year colleges. If 300

students in the class went to four-year

2. What percent of 50 is 15? colleges, how many students were in the

graduating class?

(A) 30%

(B) 35% (A) 500

(C) 70% (B) 375

(D) 300% (C) 240

1 (D) 225

(E) 333 % (E) 180

3

3. In a certain diving competition, 5 judges 7. What is the least integer greater than

score each dive on a scale from 1 to 10. –2+0.5?

The point value of the dive is obtained by (A) –2

dropping the highest score and the lowest (B) –1

score and multiplying the sum of the (C) 0

remaining scores by the degree of (D) 1

difficulty. If a dive with a degree of (E) 2

difficulty of 3.2 received scores of 7.5,

8.0, 9.0, 6.0, and 8.5, what was the point 8. Which of the following is equivalent to

value of the dive? 2x + 4

for all values of x for

(A) 68.8 2x + 8x + 8

2

(C) 75.2

(D) 76.8 1

(A)

(E) 81.6 2x + 6

2

1

4. If 2x = 3y = 10, then 12xy = (B)

9x + 2

(A) 1,200 2

(B) 200 (C)

x+6

(C) 120

1

(D) 40 (D)

(E) 20 x+4

1

(E)

x+2

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解决问题汇编

9. A certain business printer can print 40 for the trip had been greater by 5 miles

characters per second, which is 4 times per hour. What was the average speed S,

as fast as an average printer. If an in miles per hour, for the trip?

average printer can print 5 times as fast

(A) 10

as an electric typewriter, how many

(B) 40

characters per minute can an electric

(C) 45

typewriter print?

(D) 50

(A) 2 (E) 55

(B) 32

(C) 50 13. 103 is how many times (0.01)3?

(D) 120

(A) 106

(E) 600

(B) 108

(C) 109

10. When ticket sales began, Pat was the

(D) 1012

nth customer in line for a ticket, and

(E) 1018

customers purchased their tickets at the

rate of x customers per minute. Of the

14. Which of the following groups of

following, which best approximates the

numbers could be the lengths of the

time, in minutes, that Pat had to wait in

sides of a right triangle?

line from the moment ticket sales

began? Ⅰ. 1, 4, 17

(A) (n - 1) x Ⅱ. 4, 7, 11

(B) n + x –1 Ⅲ. 4, 9, 6

n −1 (A) Ⅰonly

(C)

x (B) Ⅰand Ⅱ only

x (C) Ⅰand Ⅲ only

(D)

n −1 (D) Ⅱand Ⅲ only

n (E) Ⅰ,Ⅱ, and Ⅲ

(E)

x −1

15. When the stock market opened

yesterday, the price of a share of stock X

11. If 6 gallons of gasoline are added to a 1

was 10 . When the market closed, the

3 2

tank that is already filled to of its

4 1

price was 11 . Of the following,

9 4

capacity, the tank is then filled to

10 which is closest to the percent increase

of its capacity. How many gallons does in the price of stock X?

the tank hold? (A) 0.5%

(A) 20 (B) 1.0%

(B) 24 (C) 6.7%

(C) 36 (D) 7.1%

(D) 40 (E) 7.5%

(E) 60

16. If x and y are integers and xy2 is a

12. A bus trip of 450 miles would have positive odd integer, which of the

taken 1 hour less if the average speed S following must be true?

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解决问题汇编

Ⅰ. xy is positive. (C) 34

Ⅱ. xy is odd. (D) 28

Ⅲ. x + y is even. (E) 10

(B) Ⅱ only contribute equally to buy their teacher a

(C) Ⅲ only birthday present that costs y dollars. If x

(D) Ⅰ and Ⅱ of the students later fail to contribute

their share, which of the following

(E) Ⅱ and Ⅲ

represents the additional number of

dollars that each of the remaining

students must contribute in order to pay

for the present?

y

(A)

17. The figure above shows the dimensions R

of a rectangular box that is to be y

completely wrapped with paper. If a (B)

R−x

single sheet of paper is to be used

without patching, then the dimensions xy

(C)

of the paper could be R−x

xy

(A) 17 in by 25 in (D)

(B) 21 in by 24 in R ( R − x)

(C) 24 in by 12 in y

(D) 24 in by 14 in (E)

R ( R − x)

(E) 26 in by 14 in

x− y = 3

18.

2x = 2y + 6

The system of equations above has how

many

solutions?

(A) None

(B) Exactly one

(C) Exactly two

(D) Exactly three

(E) Infinitely many

have remainders of 1 and 3, respectively,

when divided by 6, which of the

following could NOT be a possible

value of M+N?

(A) 86

(B) 52

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解决问题汇编

SECTION 3 (E) $116,000

30 Minutes (20 Questions)

5. If x is a number such that x2 – 3x + 2 =0

1. 6.09 – 4.693 = and x2 –x –2= 0, what is the value of x？

(A) 1.397 (A) –2

(B) 1.403 (B) –1

(C) 1.407 (C) 0

(D) 1.497 (D) 1

(E) 2.603 (E) 2

1

city, a student went of the way by

5

2

foot, of the way by bus, and the

3

remaining 8 kilometers by car. What is

2. What is the area of the region enclosed the distance, in kilometers, from the

by the figure above? dormitory to the city?

(A) 116 (A) 30

(B) 144 (B) 45

(C) 176 (C) 60

(D) 179 (D) 90

(E) 284 (E) 120

3. If p = 0.2 and n = 100, then 7. A certain elevator has a safe weight limit

p(1 − p) of 2,000 pounds. What is the greatest

= possible number of people who can

n safely ride on the elevator at one time

(A) − 0.002 with the average (arithmetic mean)

weight of half the riders being 180

(B) 0.02 − 0.02 pounds and the average weight of the

(C) 0 others being 215 pounds?

(D) 0.04

(A) 7

(E) 0.4

(B) 8

(C) 9

(D) 10

4. If each of 4 subsidiaries of Corporation R

(E) 11

has been granted a line of credit of

$700,000 and each of the other 3

8. After paying a 10 percent tax on all

subsidiaries of Corporation R has been

income over $3,000, a person had a net

granted a line of credit of $112,000, what

income of $12,000. What was the income

is the average (arithmetic mean) line of

before taxes?

credit granted to a subsidiary of

Corporation R? (A) $13,300

(B) $13,000

(A) $1,568,000

(C) $12,900

(B) $448,000

(D) $10,000

(C) $406,000

(E) $9,000

(D) $313,600

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解决问题汇编

9. 1 − [2 − (3 − [4 − 5] + 6) + 7] = 14. A rectangular floor is covered by a rug

except for a strip p meters wide along

(A) –2 each of the four edges. If the floor is m

(B) 0 meters by n meters, what is the area of

(C) 1 the rug, in square meters?

(D) 2

(E) 16 (A) mn – p (m + n)

(B) mn – 2p(m +n)

10. The price of a model M camera is $209 (C) mn – p2

and the price of a special lens is $69. (D) (m - p)(n - p)

When the camera and lens are (E) (m –2p)(n – 2p)

purchased together, the price is $239.

The amount saved by purchasing the 15. Working alone, R can complete a certain

camera and lens together is kind of job in 9 hours. R and S, working

approximately what percent of the total together at their respective rates, can

price of the camera and lens when complete one of these jobs in 6 hours. In

purchased separately? how many hours can S, working alone,

complete one of these jobs?

(A) 14%

(B) 16% (A) 18 (B) 12 (C) 9

(C) 29% (D) 6 (E) 3

(D) 33%

(E) 86% 16. A family made a down payment of $75

and borrowed the balance on a set of

11. If 0.497 mark has the value of one dollar, encyclopedias that cost $400. The

what is the value to the nearest dollar of balance with interest was paid in 23

350 marks? monthly payments of $16 each and a

final payment of $9. The amount of

(A) $174 (B) $176 (C) $524 interest paid was what percent of the

(D) $696 (E) $704 amount borrowed?

12. A right cylindrical container with radius (A) 6%

2 meters and height 1 meter is filled to (B) 12%

capacity with oil. How many empty (C) 14%

right cylindrical cans, each with radius (D) 16%

1 (E) 20%

meter and height 4 meters, can be

2

filled to capacity with the oil in this 17. If x≠0 and x = 4 xy − 4 y 2 , then, in

container? terms of y, x =

(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 4 (A) 2y

(B) y

(D) 8 (E) 16 y

(C)

13. If a sequence of 8 consecutive odd 2

integers with increasing values has 9 as − 4y2

(D)

its 7th term, what is the sum of the 1− 2y

terms of the sequence?

(E) –2y

(A) 22 (B) 32 (C) 36

(D) 40 (E) 44

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解决问题汇编

18. Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 SECTION 4

percent water. If 2 kilograms of water 30 Minutes (20 Questions)

evaporate from 8 kilograms of solution

Y and 2 kilograms of solution Y are 1. Which of the following is equal to 85

added to the remaining 6 kilograms of percent of 160?

liquid, what percent of this new solution

(A) 1.88

is liquid X?

(B) 13.6

(A) 30% (C) 136

1 (D) 188

(B) 33 % (E) 13,600

3

1

(C) 37 % 2. The regular hourly wage for an employee

2 of a certain factory is $5.60. If the

(D) 40% employee worked 8 hours overtime and

(E) 50% 1

earned 1 times this regular hourly

2

19.

1

1

1

= wage for overtime, how much overtime

+ money was earned?

0.03 0.37

(A) $67.20

(A) 0.004 (B) $55.40

(B) 0.02775 (C) $50.00

(C) 2.775 (D) $44.80

(D) 3.6036 (E) $12.00

(E) 36.036

20. If each side of ΔACD above has length plane about its center in a clockwise

3 and if AB has length 1, what is the direction the minimum number of

area of region BCDE? degrees necessary for T to be in the

position where S is now shown. The

9 number of degrees through which RSTU

(A)

4 is rotated is

7

(B) 3 (A) 135o

4 (B) 180o

9 (C) 225o

(C) 3

4 (D) 270o

7 (E) 315o

(D) 3

2

(E) 6+ 3

10

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解决问题汇编

Questions 4-5 refer to the following graphs.

11

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(C) 90

4. Of the following, which is closest to the (D) 120

increase from 1975 to 1980 in the (E) 240

amount received by the processor in

producing 6 ounces of frozen orange 9. There are between 100 and 110 cards in

juice? a collection of cards. If they are

counted out 3 at a time, there are 2 left

(A) $0.03

over, but if they are counted out 4 at a

(B) $0.05

time, there is 1 left over. How many

(C) $0.06

cards are in the collection?

(D) $0.08

(E) $0.13 (A) 101

(B) 103

5. In 1980, approximately what fraction of (C) 106

the cost to the consumer for the (D) 107

production of 6 ounces of frozen (E) 109

orange juice went to the farmer?

3 1

(A) (B) (C)

11 3

4

9

5 3

(D) (E)

9 5

4

6. 496 is between

(A) 3 and 4 10. If A is the center of the circle shown

(B) 4 and 5 above and AB=BC=CD, what is the

(C) 5 and 6 value of x?

(D) 6 and 7

(E) 7 and 8 (A) 15

(B) 30

7. If x≠0, 2x =5y, and 3z =7x, what is the (C) 45

ratio of z to y? (D) 60

(E) 75

(A) 2 to 21

(B) 3 to 5 11. Out of a total of 1,000 employees at a

(C) 14 to 15 certain corporation, 52 percent are

(D) 6 to 5 female and 40 percent of these

(E) 35 to 6 females work in research. If 60

percent of the total number of

8. A grocer purchased a quantity of employees work in research, how

bananas at 3 pounds for $0.50 and sold many male employees do NOT work

the entire quantity at 4 pounds for in research?

$1.00. How many pounds did the

grocer purchase if the profit from (A) 520

selling the bananas was $10.00? (B) 480

(C) 392

(A) 40 (D) 208

(B) 60 (E) 88

24

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

12. An instructor scored a student’s test of (E) 24

50 questions by subtracting 2 times

the number of incorrect answers from 15. If r☉s = rs + r + s, then for what

the number of correct answers. If the value of s is r ☉s equal to r for all

student answered all of the questions values of r?

and received a score of 38, how many

questions did that student answer (A) –1 (B) 0 (C) 1

correctly? 1

(D) (E) r

(A) 19 r +1

(B) 38

(C) 41 16. In each production lot for a certain toy,

(D) 44 25 percent of the toys are red and 75

(E) 46 percent of the toys are blue. Half the

toys are size A and half are size B. If

10 out of a lot of 100 toys are red and

size A, how many of the toys are blue

and size B?

13. Which of the following integers does

NOT have a divisor greater than 1 that (A) 15 (B) 25 (C) 30

is the square of an integer? (D) 35 (E) 40

(B) 42 value of 2x + y?

(C) 32

(D) 25 (A) 4

(E) 12 70

(B)

19

64

(C)

19

56

(D)

19

40

(E)

14. There are cogs around the 19

circumference of a wheel and each

18. A ladder 25 feet long is leaning

π against a wall that is perpendicular to

cog is centimeter wide with a

16 level ground. The bottom of the ladder

π is 7 feet from the base of the wall. If

space of centimeter between

16 the top of the ladder slips down 4 feet,

consecutive cogs, as shown above. how many feet will the bottom of the

How many cogs of this size, with the ladder slip?

same space between any two (A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 8

consecutive cogs, fit on a wheel with (D) 9 (E) 15

diameter 6 centimeters?

19. What is the least possible product of 4

(A) 96 different integers, each of which has a

(B) 64 value between –5 and 10, inclusive?

(C) 48

(D) 32 (A) –5040 (B) –3600

(C) –720 (D) –600

25

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(E) –120 SECTION 5

30 Minutes (20 Questions)

20. If a motorist had driven 1 hour longer

on a certain day and at an average rate 1. What is the average (arithmetic mean)

of 5 miles per hour faster, he would of the numbers 15, 16, 17, 17, 18, and

have covered 70 more miles than he 19?

actually did. How many more miles

(A) 14.2

would he have covered than he

(B) 16.5

actually did if he had driven 2 hours

(C) 17

longer and at an average rate of 10

(D) 17.5

miles per hour faster on that day?

(E) 18

(A) 100 (B) 120 (C)

140 2. Kathy bought 4 times as many shares in

(D) 150 (E) 160 Company X as Carl, and Carl bought 3

times as many shares in the same

company as Tom. Which of the

following is the ratio of the number of

shares bought by Kathy to the number

of shares bought by Tom?

3

(A)

4

4

(B)

3

3

(C)

1

4

(D)

1

12

(E)

1

0.15 × 495

?

9.97

(A) 7.5

(B) 15

(C) 75

(D) 150

(E) 750

raises for 4 full-time and 2 part-time

employees. Each of the full-time

employees receives the same raise,

which is twice the raise that each of the

part-time employees receives. What is

26

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

the amount of the raise that each the greatest number of complete games

full-time employee receives? that person can bowl in one day?

(A) $750 (A) 7

(B) $1,000 (B) 8

(C) $1,200 (C) 9

(D) $1,500 (D) 10

(E) $3,000 (E) 11

x x x-y

5. x 2 − ( ) 2 = 9. If = 2, then =

2 y x

(A) x2 - x (A) –1

x2 1

(B) (B) −

4 2

x2 1

(C) (C)

2 2

3x 2 (D) 1

(D) (E) 2

4

3x 2 10. If each photocopy of a manuscript

(E)

2 costs 4 cents per page, what is the cost,

in cents, to reproduce x copies of an

6. A hospital pharmacy charges $0.40 per x-page manuscript?

fluidram of a certain medicine but (A) 4x

allows a discount of 15 percent to (B) 16x

Medicare patients. How much should (C) x2

the pharmacy charge a Medicare (D) 4x2

patient for 3 fluidounces of the (E) 16x2

medicine?(128 fluidrams = 16

fluidounces) 11. Ken left a job paying $75,000 per year

(A) $9.60 to accept a sales job paying $45,000

(B) $8.16 per year plus 15 percent commission.

(C) $3.20 If each of his sales is for $750, what is

(D) $2.72 the least number of sales he must

(E) $1.02 make per year if he is not to lose

money because of the change?

7. (-1)2 - (-1)3= (A) 40

(A) –2 (B) 200

(B) –1 (C) 266

(C) 0 (D) 267

(D) 1 (E) 600

(E) 2

$0.50 to rent bowling shoes for the day

and $1.25 to bowl 1 game. If a person

has $12.80 and must rent shoes, what is

27

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

MONTHLY KILOWATT-HOURS 1 1

500 1,000 1,500 2,000 (D) (E)

Present $24.0 $41.00 $57.00 $73.00 27 81

0

Propos $26.0 $45.00 $62.00 $79.00 15

ed 0 0.025 × × 48

16. 2 =

3

12. The table above shows present rates 5 × 0.0024 ×

and proposed rates for electricity for 4

residential customers. For which of (A) 0.1

the monthly kilowatt-hours shown (B) 0.2

would the proposed rate be the (C) 100

greatest percent increase over the (D) 200

present rate? (E) 1,000

(A) 500

17. A student responded to all of the 22

(B) 1,000

questions on a test and received a

(C) 1,500

score of 63.5. If the scores were

(D) 2,000

derived by adding 3.5 points for each

(E) Each of the percent increases is the

correct answer and deducting 1 point

same.

for each incorrect answer, how many

questions did the student answer

13. If a, b, and c are three consecutive odd

incorrectly?

integers such that 10<a<b<c<20 and

if b and c are prime numbers, what is (A) 3

the value of a + b? (B) 4

(C) 15

(A) 24 (B) 28 (C) 30

(D) 18

(D) 32 (E) 36

(E) 20

14. Of a group of people surveyed in a

political poll, 60 percent said that they

would vote for candidate R. Of those

who said they would vote for R. 90

percent actually voted for R. and of

those who did not say that they would

vote for R. 5 percent actually voted

for R. What percent of the group voted 18. The figure above represents a

for R? rectangular parking lot that is 30

meters by 40 meters and an attached

(A) 56% (B) 59% (C) semicircular driveway that has an

62% outer radius of 20 meters and an inner

(D) 65% (E) 74% radius of 10 meters. If the shaded

region is not included, what is the area,

1 1 1 in square meters, of the lot and

15. If r = 1 + + + and

3 9 27 driveway?

1

s =1+ r , then s exceeds r by (A) 1,350π

3 (B) 1,200 + 400π

1 1 1 (C) 1,200 + 300π

(A) (B) (C) (D) 1,200 + 200π

3 6 9

(E) 1,200 + 150π

28

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

19. One-fifth of the light switches SECTION 6

produced by a certain factory are 30 Minutes (20 Questions)

defective. Four-fifths of the defective

1 1. If x is an even integer, which of the

switches are rejected and of the following is an odd integer?

20

nondefective switches are rejected by (A) 3x + 2

mistake. If all the switches not (B) 7x

rejected are sold, what percent of the (C) 8x +5

switches sold by the factory are (D) x2

defective? (E) x3

(A) 4%

(B) 5% 2. On a purchase of $120, a store offered a

(C) 6.25% payment plan consisting of a $20 down

(D) 11% payment and 12 monthly payments of

(E) 16% $10 each. What percent of the purchase

price, to the nearest tenth of a percent,

did the customer pay in interest by

using this plan?

(A) 16.7%

(B) 30%

(C) 75.8%

(D) 106.7%

(E) 107.5%

5 3

3. ( 42 ÷ ) =

20. In ΔPQS above, if PQ =3 and PS = 4, 4 16

then PR = (A) 6.3

(B) 9.8

9 (C) 179.2

(A)

4 (D) 224

12 (E) 280

(B)

5

16 4. When magnified 1,000 times by an

(C) electron microscope, the image of a

5 certain circular piece of tissue has a

15 diameter of 0.5 centimeter. The actual

(D)

4 diameter of the tissue, in centimeters, is

20 (A) 0.005

(E)

3 (B) 0.002

(C) 0.001

(D) 0.0005

(E) 0.0002

stockbrokers in the United States. By

1978 the number had increased to

19,947. Approximately what was the

percent increase?

29

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(A) 45% x

(B) 125% (A)

(C) 145%

12n

(D) 150% x

(B)

(E) 225% 24n

xn

(C)

24

(D) 12xn

(E) 24xn

is defined to be n(n - 1)(n - 2)…(1).

For example, 4!=4(3)(2)(1). What is

6. In the figure above, two rectangles with the value of 5!-3!?

the same dimensions overlap to form (A) 120 (B) 114 (C) 20

the shaded region. If each rectangle has (D) 15 (E) 2

perimeter 12 and the shaded region has

perimeter 3, what is the total length of 11. A man who died left an estate valued

the heavy line segments? at $111,000. His will stipulated that

(A) 15 (B) 18 (C) 21 his estate was to be distributed so that

(D) 22 (E) 23 each of his three children received

from the estate and his previous gifts,

7. If one root of the equation 2x2 + 3x – k combined, the same total amount. If

= 0 is 6, what is the value of k? he had previously given his oldest

child $15,000, his middle child

(A) 90 $10,000, and his youngest $2,000,

(B) 42 how much did the youngest child

(C) 18 receive from the estate?

(D) 10

(E) –10 (A) $50,000

(B) $48,000

8. Bottle R contains 250 capsules and (C) $46,000

costs $6.25. Bottle T contains 130 (D) $44,000

capsules and costs $2.99. What is the (E) $39,000

difference between the cost per capsule

for bottle R and the cost per capsule for 12. If y > 0, which of the following is

bottle T? equal to 48y 3

(A) $0.25

(B) $0.12 (A) 4 y 3 y

(C) $0.05

(B) 3 y 4 y

(D) $0.03

(E) $0.002 (C) 2 12 y

dollars per metric ton per kilometer. (E) 16 y 3 y

How much does it cost, in dollars, to

transport one dozen cars, which weigh

two metric tons each, n kilometers by

truck?

30

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

13. The volume of a box with a square 17. If an organization were to sell n

base is 54 cubic centimeters. If the tickets for a theater production, the

height of the box is twice the width of total revenue from ticket sales would

the base, what is the height, in be 20 percent greater than the total

centimeters? costs of the production. If the

organization actually sold all but 5

(A) 2

percent of the n tickets, the total

(B) 3

revenue from ticket sales was what

(C) 4

percent greater than the total costs of

(D) 6

the production?

(E) 9

(A) 4% (B) 10% (C)

q=3 3 14%

r =1+ 2 3 (D) 15% (E) 18%

14. If q, r and s are the numbers shown the remainder is 3, Which of the

above, which of the following shows following is NOT a multiple of 6?

their order from greatest to least?

(A) n – 3

(A) q, r, s (B) n + 3

(B) q, s, r (C) 2n

(C) r, q, s (D) 3n

(D) s, q, r (E) 4n

(E) s, r, q

19. How many liters of pure alcohol must

15. The sum of the interior angles of any be added to a 100-liter solution that is

polygon with n sides is 180(n – 2) 20 percent alcohol in order to produce

degrees. If the sum of the interior a solution that is 25 percent alcohol?

angles of polygon P is three times the

sum of the interior angles of 7

(A)

quadrilateral Q, how many sides does 2

P have? (B) 5

20

(A) 6 (B) 8 (C) 10 (C)

(D) 12 (E) 14 3

(D) 8

16. In Company X, 30 percent of the 39

(E)

employees live over ten miles from 4

work and 60 percent of the employees

who live over ten miles from work are 20. If 10 persons meet at a reunion and

in car pools. If 40 percent of the each person shakes hands exactly

employees of Company X are in car once with each of the others, what is

pools, what percent of the employees the total number of handshakes?

of Company X live ten miles or less

from work and are in car pools? (A) 10・9・8・7・6・5・4・3・2・1

(B) 10・10

(A) 12%

(B) 20% (C) 10・9

(C) 22% (D) 45

(D) 28% (E) 36

(E) 32%

31

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

SECTION 7 (D) 0.0141

30 Minutes (20 Questions) (E) 0.0410

1. At the rate of $7.50 per hour, how 6. Mr. Jones drove from Town A to Town

many hours must a person work to earn B in x hours. On the return trip over the

$232.50? same route, his average speed was

twice as fast. Which of the following

(A) 25

expresses the total number of driving

(B) 27

hours for the round trip?

(C) 29

(D) 30 2

(E) 31 (A) x

3

3

2. Each month for 6 months the amount of (B) x

money in a benefit fund is doubled. At 2

the end of the 6 months there is a total 5

(C) x

of $640 in the fund. How much money 3

was in the fund at the end of 3 months? (D) 2x

(A) $80 (E) 3x

(B) $100

(C) $120 7. If 3 is the greatest common divisor of

(D) $160 positive integers r and s, what is the

(E) $320 greatest common divisor of 2r and 2s?

(A) 2

3. 6[-2(6-9)+11-23]= (B) 3

(A) –224 (C) 4

(B) –108 (D) 6

(C) –36 (E) 12

(D) 24

(E) 79 1 1

8. If x +y = 5 and xy=6, then + =

x y

2 3 5 8 2

4. If × × × = , then n = 1

3 5 8 n 10 (A)

6

1 1

(A) (B)

10 5

1 5

(B) (C)

5 6

(C) 5

6

(D) 10 (D)

(E) 100 5

(E) 5

5. If d= 3.0641 and d is the number

9. After 5 games, a rugby team had an

obtained by rounding d to the nearest

average of 28 points per game. In order

hundredth, then d − d = to increase the average by n points,

(A) 0.0001 how many points must be scored in a

(B) 0.0041 6th game?

(C) 0.0059

32

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(A) n 14. A corporation with 5,000,000 shares

(B) 6n of publicly listed stock reported total

(C) 28n earnings of $7.20 per share for the

(D) 28 + n first 9 months of operation. During the

(E) 28 + 6n final quarter the number of publicly

listed shares was increased to

10. On July 1, 1982, Ms. Fox deposited 10,000,000 shares, and fourth quarter

$10,000 in a new account at the earnings were reported as $1.25 per

annual interest rate of 12 percent share. What are the average annual

compounded monthly. If no additional earnings per share based on the

deposits or withdrawals were made number of shares at the end of the

and if interest was credited on the last year?

day of each month, what was the

(A) $1.83

amount of money in the account on

(B) $2.43

September 1, 1982?

(C) $4.85

(A) $10,200 (D) $8.45

(B) $10,201 (E) $9.70

(C) $11,100

(D) $12,100 15. In 1980 the government spent $12

(E) $12,544 billion for direct cash payments to

single parents with dependent children.

11. How many prime numbers are less If this was 2,000 percent of the

than 25 and greater than 10? amount spent in 1956, what was the

amount spent in 1956? (1 billion =

(A) Three

1,000,000,000)

(B) Four

(C) Five (A) $6 million

(D) Six (B) $24 million

(E) Seven (C) $60 million

(D) $240 million

12. Erica has $460 in 5-and 10-dollar bills (E) $600 million

only. If she has fewer 10-than 5-dollar

bills, what is the least possible number

of 5-dollar bills she could have?

(A) 32

(B) 30

(C) 29

(D) 28

(E) 27 16. The triangles in the figure above are

equilateral and the ratio of the length

13. Which of the following is equivalent of a side of the larger triangle to the

to the statement that 0.5 is between length of a side of the smaller triangle

2 3 2

and ？ is . If the area of the larger

n n 1

(A) 1<n<6 triangular region is K, what is the area

(B) 2<n<3 of the shaded region in terms of K?

(C) 2<n<5

3

(D) 4<n<6 (A) K

(E) n>10 4

33

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(B)

2

K (D) 4π + 3 3

3 (E) 4π + 6 3

1

(C) K

2 19. The sum of the first 100 positive

1 integers is 5,050. What is the sum of

(D) K the first 200 positive integers?

3

1 (A) 10,100

(E) K (B) 10,200

4

(C) 15,050

17. Four cups of milk are to be poured (D) 20,050

into a 2-cup bottle and a 4-cup bottle. (E) 20,100

If each bottle is to be filled to the

same fraction of its capacity, how 20. A merchant purchased a jacket for $60

many cups of milk should be poured and then determined a selling price

into the 4-cup bottle? that equalled the purchase price of the

jacket plus a markup that was 25

2 percent of the selling price. During a

(A)

3 sale, the merchant discounted the

7 selling price by 20 percent and sold

(B) the jacket. What was the merchant’s

3 gross profit on this sale?

5

(C) (A) $0

2

(B) $3

8 (C) $4

(D)

3 (D) $12

(E) 3 (E) $15

3

store is made by placing of the

4

circumference of a circle with radius 2

feet on top of an isosceles triangle

with height 5 feet, as shown above.

What is the perimeter, in feet, of the

sign?

(A) 3π + 3 3

(B) 3π + 6 3

(C) 3π + 2 33

34

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

SECTION 8 5. Which of the following has a value

30 Minutes (20 Questions) greater than 1?

(A)

one national office, and one social 3

service office. If each local branch has

2

2 officers, and each of the two other (B)

offices has 4 officers, how many 2

3

officers does the club have altogether? (C) ( ) 2

(A) 482 (B) 476 (C) 4

7

474 (D) ( ) 3

(D) 239 (E) 235 8

3

2. An employee is paid a salary of $300 (E) 2( )

7

per month and earns a 6 percent

commission on all her sales. What must

m2 + m − 3

her annual sales be in order for her to 6. If = 1 ， then m could

have a gross annual salary of exactly 3

$21,600? equal

(A) –1

(A) $22,896

(B) 0

(B) $26,712

(C) 1

(C) $300,000

(D) 2

(D) $330,000

(E) 3

(E) $360,000

College X as freshmen in September

1979,112 did not graduate in May 1983.

If 962 students graduated in May 1983,

how many of the graduates did not

enter College X as freshmen in

September 1979?

(A) 38 (B) 74 (C)

112

(D) 150 (E) 188

rectangular desk blotter in a holder

4. On the number line above, what is the with dimensions shown. If x = 8

length of segment AB? centimeters, what is the area, in square

centimeters, of the shaded portion of

(A) 13 the blotter?

(B) 1.4

(C) 1.3 (A) 4,200

(D) 0.13 (B) 4,184

(E) 0.013 (C) 4,124

(D) 4,072

(E) 3,944

35

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

8. The number 25 is 2.5 percent of which 39

of the following? (B)

62

(A) 10 19

(B) 62.5 (C)

31

(C) 100 117

(D) 625 (D)

(E) 1,000 196

107

(E)

9. Cottages at a resort are rented for half 186

the summer price in each of the 3

spring months and one-third the 12. On a certain airline, the price of a

summer price in each of the 6 fall and ticket is directly proportional to the

winter months. If each cottage brings in number of miles to be traveled. If the

a total of $3,861 when rented for each ticket for a 900-mile trip on this

of the 12 months of the year, what is airline costs $120, which of the

the monthly rent for each of the 3 following gives the number of dollars

summer months? charged for a k-mile trip on this

(A) $297 airline?

(B) $594 2k

(C) $702 (A)

15

(D) $858

(E) $1,782 2

(B)

15k

15

(C)

2k

15k

(D)

2

10. In 1980 John’s salary was $15,000 a 40k

(E)

year and Don’s salary was $20,000 a 3

year. If every year thereafter. John

receives a raise of $2,450 and Don n m

receives a raise of $2,000, the first 13. If is 1 more than , then n =

year in which John’s salary will be 41 41

more than Don’s salary is (A) m – 41

(B) m + 1

(A) 1987

(C) m + 41

(B) 1988

(D) m + 42

(C) 1991

(E) 41m

(D) 1992

(E) 2000

14. A discount of 20 percent on an order

of goods followed by a discount of 10

11. Which of the following is equal to

percent amounts to

351

? (A) less than one 15 percent discount

558

(B) the same as one 15 percent

7 discount

(A)

11 (C) the same as one 30 percent

discount

36

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(D) less than a discount of 10 percent

followed by a discount of 20

percent

(E) the same as a discount of 10

percent followed by a discount of

20 percent

odd integers, which of the following

CANNOT be an integer?

r

(A)

k

k 18. In the figure above, three squares and

(B)

p a triangle have areas of A, B, C, and X

p as shown. If A = 144, B=81, and

(C) C=225, then X =

r

kp (A) 150

(D) (B) 144

r (C) 80

kr (D) 54

(E)

p (E) 36

16. Today Al is 3 times as old as Pat, In 19. Three types of pencils, J,K, and L,

13 years, Al will be one year less than cost $0.05, $0.10, and $0.25 each,

twice as old as Pat will be then. How respectively. If a box of 32 of these

many years old is Al today? pencils costs a total of $3.40 and if

there are twice as many K pencils as L

(A) 12 pencils in the box, how many J

(B) 33 pencils are in the box?

(C) 36

(D) 42 (A) 6

(E) 49 (B) 12

(C) 14

17. When the integer n is divided by 17, (D) 18

the quotient is x and the remainder is 5. (E) 20

When n is divided by 23, the quotient

is y and the remainder is 14. Which of 20. Forty percent of the rats included in

the following is true? an experiment were male rats. If some

of the rats died during the experiment

(A) 23x + 17y =19 and 30 percent of the rats that died

(B) 17x –23y = 9 were male rats, what was the ratio of

(C) 17x +23y =19 the death rate among the male rats to

(D) 14x + 5y = 6 the death rate among the female rats?

(E) 5x – 14y = -6

9 3 9

(A) (B) (C)

14 4 11

6 7

(D) (E)

7 8

37

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

Section 9 (C) C

30 Minutes 20 Question (D) D

(E) E

1. If Mario was 32 years old 8 years ago,

how old was he x years ago? 6. A restaurant meal cost $35.50 and there

was no tax. If the tip was more than 10

(A) x – 40

percent but less than 15 percent of the

(B) x – 24

cost of the meal then the total amount

(C) 40 – x

paid must have been between

(D) 24 – x

(E) 24 + x (A) $40 and $42

(B) $39 and $41

2. Running at the same constant rate, 6 (C) $38 and $40

identical machines can produce a total (D) $37 and $39

of 270 bottles per minute. At this rate, (E) $36 and $37

how many bottles could 10 such

machines produce in 4 minutes? 7. Harriet wants to put up fencing around

three sides of her rectangular yard and

(A) 648

leave a side of 20 feet unfenced. If the

(B) 1,800

yard has an area of 680 square feet,

(C) 2,700

how many feet of fencing does she

(D) 10,800

need?

(E) 64,800

(A) 34

3. NOT SCORED (B) 40

(C) 68

(D) 88

4. Three business partners, Q, R, and S,

(E) 102

agree to divide their total profit for a

certain year in the ratios 2:5:8,

8. If u>t, r > q, s > t, and t > r, which of

respectively. If Q’s share was $4,000,

the following must be true?

what was the total profit of the business

partners for the year? Ⅰ. u>s

(A) $26,000 Ⅱ. s>q

(B) $30,000 Ⅲ. u>r

(C) $52,000 (A)Ⅰonly

(D) $60,000 (B)Ⅱonly

(E) $300,000 (C)Ⅲ only

(D)Ⅰand Ⅱ

(E) Ⅱand Ⅲ

article by 15 percent and then

increasing the new price by 15 percent

5. Of the five coordinates associated with is equivalent to increasing the original

points A, B, C, D, and E on the number price by

line above, which has the greatest (A) 32.25%

absolute value? (B) 31.00%

(A) A (C) 30.25%

(B) B (D) 30.00%

38

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(E) 22.50% 14. The average (arithmetic mean) of 6

numbers is 8.5. When one number is

10. If k is an integer and 0.0010101×10k discarded, the average of the

is greater than 1,000, what is the least remaining numbers becomes 7.2.

possible value of k? What is the discarded number?

(A) 2 (A) 7.8

(B) 3 (B) 9.8

(C) 4 (C) 10.0

(D) 5 (D) 12.4

(E) 6 (E) 15.0

2

11. If (b − 3)(4 + ) = 0 and b≠3,

b

then b =

(A) –8

(B) –2

1

(C) −

2

1

(D) 15. In the rectangular coordinate system

2

(E) 2 above, the area of ΔRST is

total weight of Joe’s two lifts was 750 2

pounds. If twice the weight of his first b ( c − 1)

(B)

lift was 300 pounds more than the 2

weight of his second lift, what was the (C) c ( b- 1 )

weight, in pounds, of his first lift? 2

(D) a ( c − 1)

(A) 225

2

(B) 275

(C) 325 (E) c ( a − 1)

(D) 350 2

(E) 400 16. Which of the following equations has

a root in common with x2 – 6x + 5 =

13. One hour after Yolanda started 0?

walking from X to Y, a distance of 45 (A) x2 + 1 = 0

miles, Bob started walking along the (B) x2 – x – 2 =0

same road from Y to X. If Yolanda’s (C) x2 – 10x – 5 =0

walking rate was 3 miles per hour and (D) 2x2 – 2 =0

Bob’s was 4 miles per hour, how (E) x2 – 2x – 3 =0

many miles had Bob walked when

they met? 17. One inlet pipe fills an empty tank in 5

(A) 24 hours. A second inlet pipe fills the

(B) 23 same tank in 3 hours. If both pipes are

(C) 22 used together, how long will it take to

(D) 21 2

fill of the tank?

(E) 19.5 3

39

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(A) SECTION 10

8 hr

30 minutes 25 questions

(B) 15

3 hr

4

5 hr 1. During the first week of September, a

(C) shoe retailer sold 10 pairs of a certain

4

15 hr style of oxfords at $35.00 a pair. If,

(D) during the second week of September,

8

15 pairs were sold at the sale price of

(E) 8 hr

3

$27.50 a pair, by what amount did the

revenue from weekly sales of these

18. A total of 40 brand X television sets

oxfords increase during the second

and 80 brand Y television sets were

week?

purchased for a motel chain. If the

price of each brand Y set was twice (A) $62.50

the price of each brand X set, what (B) $75.00

percent of the total bill was the price (C) $112.50

of a brand Y set ? (D) $137.50

(E) $175.00

(A) 0.25%

(B) 0.5%

2. The number 2 – 0.5 is how many times

(C) 0.625%

the number 1 – 0.5?

(D) 0.833%

(E) 1.0% (A) 2

(B) 2.5

19. Ben and Ann are among 7 contestants (C) 3

from which 4 semifinalists are to be (D) 3.5

selected. Of the different possible (E) 4

selections, how many contain neither

Ben nor Ann? 3. If x = -1, then – (x4 + x3+x2+x) =

(A) 5 (A) –10

(B) 6 (B) –4

(C) 7 (C) 0

(D) 14 (D) 4

(E) 21 (E) 10

20. How many positive integers k are 4. Coins are dropped into a toll box so

there such that 100k is a factor of that the box is being filled at the rate of

(22)(3)(53)? approximately 2 cubic feet per hour. If

the empty rectangular box is 4 feet long,

(A) None 4 feet wide, and 3 feet deep,

(B) One

approximately how many hours does it

(C) Two take to fill the box?

(D) Three

(E) Four (A) 4

(B) 8

(C) 16

(D) 24

(E) 48

40

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

9. Elena purchased brand X pens for $4.00

5. ( 1 ) 2 − ( 1 )( 1 ) = apiece and brand Y pens for $2.80

5 5 4

apiece. If Elena purchased a total of 12

1 of these pens for $42.00, how many

(A) − brand X pens did she purchase?

20

1 (A) 4

(B) − (B) 5

100

(C) 6

1

(C) (D) 7

100 (E) 8

1

(D)

20 10. If the length and width of a

1 rectangular garden plot were each

(E) increased by 20 percent, what would

5 be the percent increase in the area of

the plot?

6. A club collected exactly $599 from its

members. If each member contributed (A) 20%

at least $12, what is the greatest (B) 24%

number of members the club could (C) 36%

have? (D) 40%

(E) 44%

(A) 43

(B) 44 11. The population of a bacteria culture

(C) 49 doubles every 2 minutes.

(D) 50 Approximately how many minutes

(E) 51 will it take for the population to grow

from 1,000 to 500,000 bacteria?

7. A union contract specifies a 6 percent

salary increase plus a $450 bonus for (A) 10

each employee. For a certain employee, (B) 12

this is equivalent to an 8 percent salary (C) 14

increase. What was this employee’s (D) 16

salary before the new contract? (E) 18

(A) $21,500 12. When 10 is divided by the positive

(B) $22,500 integer n, the remainder is n –4.

(C) $23,500 Which of the following could be the

(D) $24,300 value of n?

(E) $25,000

(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) 7

8. If n is a positive integer and k + 2 = 3n, (D) 8 (E) 12

which of the following could NOT be a

value of k? 13. For a light that has an intensity of 60

candles at its source, the intensity in

(A) 1 candles, S, of the light at a point d feet

(B) 4 from the source is given by the

(C) 7

60k

(D) 25 formula S = 2 , where k is a

(E) 79 d

constant. If the intensity of the light is

41

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

30 candles at a distance of 2 feet from (C) Ⅰand Ⅱ

the source, what is the intensity of the (D) Ⅰand Ⅲ

light at a distance of 20 feet from the (E) ⅡandⅢ

source?

3 17. For a certain performance, x tickets

(A) candle for lower-level seats were sold at $10

10

each and y tickets for balcony seats

1 were sold at $6 each. If there were no

(B) candle

2 other tickets sold and the number of

1 tickets sold for lower-level seats was 3

(C) 1 candles times the number of tickets sold for

3

(D) 2 candles balcony seats, which of the following

(E) 3 candles expresses the total number of dollars

from ticket sales in terms of x?

14. If x and y are prime numbers, which (A) 12x (B) 16x (C)

of the following CANNOT be the sum 28x

of x and y? (D) 32x (E) 36x

(A) 5 (B) 9 (C) 13

(D) 16 (E) 23 18. If the circumference of a circular

region is c, which of the following

15. Of the 3,600 employees of Company represents the area of that circular

region?

1

X, are

3 c2 c2 c2

(A) (B) (C)

clerical. If the clerical staff were to be 2 4 2π

1 c2 c 2

reduced by ,what percent of the (D) (E)

3 4π 4π 2

total number of the remaining

employees would then be clerical?

19. Each of the integers from 0 to 9,

(A) 25% inclusive, is written on a separate slip

(B) 22.2% of blank paper and the ten slips are

(C) 20% dropped into a hat. If the slips are then

(D) 12.5% drawn one at a time without

(E) 11.1% replacement, how many must be

drawn to ensure that the numbers on

16. In which of the following pairs are the two of the slips drawn will have a sum

two numbers reciprocals of each of 10?

other?

(A) Three (B) Four (C) Five

1 (D) Six (E) Seven

Ⅰ. 3 and

3

20. In a certain formula, p is directly

1 1

Ⅱ. and − proportional to s and inversely

17 17 proportional to r. If p =1 when r = 0.5

3 and s = 2, what is the value of p in

Ⅲ. 3 and terms of r, and s?

3

(A) Ⅰ only s r

(B) Ⅱonly (A) (B)

r 4s

42

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

s r SECTION 11

(C) (D) 30 Minutes 25 Questions

4r s

4r

(E) 7

s 1. What is 45 percent of of 240?

12

(A) 63 (B) 90 (C) 108

(D) 140 (E) 311

cost $8 each, then the average

(arithmetic mean) cost, in dollars per

book, is equal to

5x + 8 y 5x + 8 y

(A) (B)

x+ y xy

5x + 8 y 40 xy

(C) (D)

13 x+ y

40xy

(E)

13

1

4. If of the money in a certain trust

2

1

fund was invested in stocks, in

4

1

bonds, in a mutual fund, and the

5

remaining $10,000 in a government

certificate, what was the total amount

of the trust fund?

(A) $100,000 (B) $150,000

(C) $200,000 (D) $500,000

(E) $2,000,000

$0.10 per mile driven. Craig rented a

car for $25.00 plus $0.05 per mile

driven. If each drove d miles and each

was charged exactly the same amount

for the rental, then d equals

(A) 100 (B) 120 (C)

135

(D) 140 (E) 150

rate of 120 every 40 seconds, and

machine B produces bolts at a uniform

43

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

Questions 8-10 refer to the following graph.

AVERAGE COSTS OF OPERATING SUBCOMPACT, COMPACT, AND

MIDSIZE CARS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1982-1986

in the indicated year and driven Compact

10 000 miles Midsize

0.60

0.50

0.40

0.30

0.20

0.10

0 00 1982 1983 1984 1985

rate of 100 every 20 seconds. If the two

machines run simultaneously, how

many seconds will it take for them to

produce a total of 200 bolts?

(A) 22 (B) 25 (C) 28

(D) 32 (E) 56

3.003

7. =

2.002

(A) 1.05 (B) 1.50015

(C) 1.501 (D) 1.5015

(E) 1.5

8. In 1982 the approximate average cost 10. For each of the years shown, the

of operating a subcompact car for average cost per mile of operating a

10,000 miles was compact car minus the average cost

per mile of operating a subcompact

(A) $360

car was between

(B) $3,400

(C) $4,100 (A) $0.12 and $0.18

(D) $4,500 (B) $0.10 and $0.15

(E) $4,900 (C) $0.09 and $0.13

(D) $0.06 and $0.12

9. In 1984 the average cost of operating a (E) $0.05 and $0.08

subcompact car was approximately

what percent less than the average cost 11. What is the decimal equivalent of

of operating a midsized car? 1

( )5 ?

(A) 12% 5

(B) 20% (A) 0.00032 (B) 0.0016

(C) 25% (C) 0.00625 (D) 0.008

(D) 33% (E) 0.03125

(E) 48%

44

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

12. Two hundred gallons of fuel oil are (D) 0.12

purchased at $0.91 per gallon and are (E) 1.2

consumed at a rate of $0.70 worth of

fuel per hour. At this rate, how many 17. If n is a positive integer, then n(n +

hours are required to consume the 200 1)(n + 2) is

gallons of fuel oil?

(A) even only when n is even

(A) 140 (B) 220 (C) (B) even only when n is odd

260 (C) odd whenever n is odd

(D) 322 (E) 330 (D) divisible by 3 only when n is odd

(E) divisible by 4 whenever n is even

4−x

13. If = x, what is the value of x2

2+ x

+ 3x –4?

(A) –4 (B) –1 (C) 0

(D) 1 (E) 2

18. The figure above is composed of 6

14. If b<2 and 2x-3b = 0, which of the squares, each with side s centimeters.

following must be true? If the number of centimeters in the

(A) x > -3 perimeter of the figure is equal to the

(B) x < 2 number of square centimeters in its

(C) x = 3 area, what is the value of s?

(D) x < 3 (A) 1

5

(B)

3

(C) 2

5

(D)

(E) 2

x>3 7

(E)

15. The trapezoid shown in the figure 3

above represents a cross section of the

s

rudder of a ship. If the distance from 19. If = 2 , then the value of which of

A to B is 13 feet, what is the area of t

the cross section of the rudder in the following can be determined?

square feet?

2t

(A) 39 Ⅰ.

s

(B) 40

s−t

(C) 42 Ⅱ.

(D) 45 t

(E) 46.5 t −1

Ⅲ.

s −1

(−1.5)(1.2) − (4.5)(0.4) (A) Ⅰonly

16. =

30 (B) Ⅲonly

(A) –1.2 (C)ⅠandⅡonly

(B) –0.12 (D) Ⅱand Ⅲonly

(C) 0 (E) Ⅰ,Ⅱ,andⅢ

45

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

NET INCOME FOR CORPORATIONS A and B SECTION 12

Corporation A Corporation B

30 Minutes 20 Questions

Net Income in

1987 $2.9 $0.87

million million 1. If Jack had twice the amount of money

Percent Decrease that he has, he would have exactly the

in Net Income 8.8% 13.3% amount necessary to buy 3 hamburgers

from 1986 at $0.96 apiece and 2 milk shakes at

to 1987 $1.28 apiece. How much money does

Jack have?

20. The net income of Corporation B in (A) $1.60

1986 was approximately what percent (B) $2.24

of the net income of Corporation A in (C) $2.72

1987? (D) $3.36

(A) 35% (E) $5.44

(B) 30%

(C) 25% 1

(D) 20% 2. If a photocopier makes 2 copies in

3

(E) 15% second. then, at the same rate, how

many copies does it make in 4

minutes?

(A) 360

(B) 480

(C) 576

(D) 720

(E) 1,440

discounted by 10 percent, and the

reduced price is then discounted by 10

percent. This series of successive

discounts is equivalent to a single

discount of

(A) 20%

(B) 19%

(C) 18%

(D) 11%

(E) 10%

2

4. If = 1 then y =

2

1+

y

(A) –2

1

(B) −

2

1

(C)

2

46

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(D) 2 (B) 10 − 5 2

(E) 3 (C) 2

1

5. If a rectangular photograph that is 10 (D) 2

inches wide by 15 inches long is to be 2

enlarged so that the width will be 22 (E) 4

inches and the ratio of width to length

will be unchanged, then the length, in 9. If the total payroll expense of a certain

inches, of the enlarged photograph will business in year Y was $84,000, which

be was 20 percent more than in year X,

what was the total payroll expense in

(A) 33 year X?

(B) 32

(C) 30 (A) $70,000

(D) 27 (B) $68,320

(E) 25 (C) $64,000

(D) $60,000

6. If m is an integer such that (-2)2m = 29 – (E) $52,320

m

, then m =

10. If a, b, and c, are consecutive positive

(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 integers and a < b < c which of the

(D) 4 (E) 6 following must be true?

following CANNOT be the value of Ⅱ. abc is an even integer.

xy? a+b+c

Ⅲ. is an integer.

(A) –2 3

(B) 0 (A) Ⅰonly

(C) 6 (B) Ⅱonly

(D) 24 (C) Ⅰand Ⅱonly

(E) 48 (D) Ⅱand Ⅲ only

(E) Ⅰ,Ⅱand Ⅲ

marked off in fourths and also in

thirds. If the pipe was then cut into

separate pieces at each of these

markings, which of the following

gives all the different lengths of the

pieces, in fractions of a yard?

8. In the figure above, V represents an

observation point at one end of a pool. 1 1

(A) and only

From V, an object that is actually 6 4

located on the bottom of the pool at 1 1

point R appears to be at point S. If VR = (B) and only

10 feet what is the distance RS, in feet, 4 3

between the actual position and the 1 1 1

perceived position of the object?

(C) , and

6 4 3

(A) 10 − 5 3

47

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

1 1 1 15. If each of the following fractions were

(D) , and written as a repeating decimal, which

12 6 4 would have the longest sequence of

1 1 1 different digits?

(E) , and

12 6 3 2

(A)

12. What is the least integer that is a sum 11

of three different primes each greater 1

(B)

than 20? 3

(A) 69 41

(C)

(B) 73 99

(C) 75 2

(D) 79 (D)

3

(E) 83

23

(E)

13. A tourist purchased a total of $1,500 37

worth of traveler’s checks in $10 and

$50 denominations, During the trip 16. Today Rose is twice as old as Sam and

the tourist cashed 7 checks and then Sam is 3 years younger than Tina. If

lost all of the rest. If the number of Rose, Sam, and Tina are all alive 4

$10 checks cashed was one more or years from today, which of the

one less than the number of $50 following must be true on that day?

checks cashed, what is the minimum

Ⅰ. Rose is twice as old as Sam.

possible value of the checks that were

lost? Ⅱ. Sam is 3 years younger than Tina.

Ⅲ. Rose is older than Tina.

(A) $1,430 (A) Ⅰonly

(B) $1,310

(B) Ⅱonly

(C) $1,290

(D) $1,270 (C) Ⅲ only

(E) $1,150 (D) Ⅰand Ⅱ

(E) Ⅱand Ⅲ

rectangle that has area 42, and if k and

w are integers such that k > w, what is

the total number of possible values of

k?

(A) Two

(B) Three

14. If the circle above has center O and (C) Four

circumference 18π, then the (D) Five

perimeter of sector RSTO is (E) Six

(A) 3π + 9 18. R campers fished for 3 hours. If m of

(B) 3π + 18 the campers caught 2 fish apiece and

(C) 6π+ 9 the rest caught a combined total of n

(D) 6π + 18 fish, how many fish did the R campers

(E) 6π + 24 catch per hour?

48

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(A) 2m + n( R − m) SECTION 13

30 Minutes 20 Questions

2 m + n( R − m )

(B)

3 1. The average (arithmetic mean) of 6,8,

2 m + n( m − R ) and 10 equals the average of 7,9, and

(C)

3 (A) 5 (B) 7 (C) 8

2m + n (D) 9 (E) 11

(D)

3

2m + n

(E)

R

certain hospitalization insurance

policy was $408, and the policy paid

80 percent of any hospital expenses

incurred. If the amount paid by the 2. In the figure above, the coordinates of

insurance policy last year was equal to point V are

the annual premium plus the amount

of hospital expenses not paid by the (A) (-7, 5)

policy, what was the total amount of (B) (-5, 7)

hospital expenses last year? (C) (5, 7)

(D) (7, 5)

(A) $850.00 (E) (7, -5)

(B) $680.00

(C) $640.00 3. Tickets for all but 100 seats in a

(D) $510.00 10,000-seat stadium were sold. Of the

(E) $326.40 tickets sold, 20 percent were sold at

half price and the remaining tickets

20. The average (arithmetic mean) of were sold at the full price of $2. What

three numbers is 3x + 2. If one of the was the total revenue from ticket sales?

numbers is x, what is the average of

the other two numbers? (A) $15,840

(B) $17,820

(A) x + 1 (C) $18,000

(B) 2x + 2 (D) $19,800

(C) 4x + 1 (E) $21,780

(D) 4x + 3

(E) 8x + 6 4. In a mayoral election, Candidate X

1

received more votes than

3

Candidate Y, and Candidate Y received

1

fewer votes than Candidate Z. If

4

Candidate Z received 24,000 votes,

how many votes did Candidate X

receive?

(A) 18,000

(B) 22,000

49

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(C) 24,000 1

(D) 26,000 (D)

2

(E) 32,000

3

(E)

5. Rene earns $8.50 per hour on days 2

other than Sundays and twice that rate

on Sundays. Last week she worked a 9. Which of the following equations is

total of 40 hours, including 8 hour on NOT equivalent to 25x2 = y2 – 4?

Sunday. What were her earnings for the

(A) 25 x 2 + 4 = y 2

week?

(B) 75x 2 = 3 y 2 − 12

(A) $272

(B) $340 (C) 25 x 2 = ( y + 2)( y − 2)

(C) $398 (D) 5 x = y − 2

(D) $408 y2 − 4

(E) $476 (E) x 2 =

25

6. In a shipment of 120 machine parts, 5

percent were defective. In a shipment 10. A toy store regularly sells all stock at a

of 80 machine parts, 10 percent were discount of 20 percent to 40 percent.

defective. For the two shipments If an additional 25 percent were

combined, what percent of the machine deducted from the discount price

parts were defective? during a special sale, what would be

the lowest possible price of a toy

(A) 6.5% costing $16 before any discount？

(B) 7.0%

(C) 7.5% (A) $5.60

(D) 8.0% (B) $7.20

(E) 8.5% (C) $8.80

(D) $9.60

(E) $15.20

3 2

2 −1

11. If there are 664,579 prime numbers

7. 5 3=

among the first 10 million positive

2 3

− integers, approximately what percent

3 5 of the first 10 million positive integers

(A) 16 are prime numbers?

(B) 14 (A) 0.0066%

(C) 3 (B) 0.066%

(D) 1 (C) 0.66%

(E) –1 (D) 6.6%

(E) 66%

x4 − x3 + x2

8. If x = -1, then = 12. A bank customer borrowed $10,000,

x −1

but received y dollars less than this

3 due to discounting. If there was a

(A) −

2 separate $25 service charge, then, in

1 terms of y, the service charge was

(B) − what fraction of the amount that the

2 customer received?

(C) 0

50

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

25 (A) 13

(A)

10,000 − y (B) 2 13

25 (C) 6

(B)

10,000 − 25 y (D) 8

(E) 10

25 y

(C)

10,000 − y 15. How many multiples of 4 are there

y − 25 between 12 and 96, inclusive?

(D)

10,000 − y (A) 21

25 (B) 22

(E) (C) 23

10,000 − ( y − 25)

(D) 24

(E) 25

13. An airline passenger is planning a trip

that involves three connecting flights

16. Jack is now 14 years older than Bill. If

that leave from Airports A,B, and C,

in 10 years Jack will be twice as old

respectively. The first flight leaves

as Bill, how old will Jack be in 5

Airport A every hour, beginning at

years?

8:00 a.m., and arrives at Airport B

1 (A) 9

2 hours later. The second flight (B) 19

2

(C) 21

leaves Airport B every 20 minutes,

(D) 23

beginning at 8:00 a.m., and arrives at

(E) 33

1

Airport C 1 hours later. The third

6 1

flight leaves Airport C every hour, 17. In Township K, of the housing

beginning at 8:45 a.m. What is the

5

units are equipped with cable

least total amount of time the

passenger must spend between flights 1

television. If of the housing units,

if all flights keep to their schedules? 10

(A) 25 min 1

including of those that are

(B) 1 hr 5 min 3

(C) 1 hr 15 min equipped with cable television, are

(D) 2 hr 20 min equipped with videocassette recorders,

(E) 3 hr 40 min what fraction of the housing units

have neither cable television nor

videocassette recorders?

23

(A)

30

11

(B)

15

7

14. The shaded portion of the rectangular (C)

10

lot shown above represents a flower

bed. If the area of the bed is 24 square 1

(D)

yards and x = y +2, then z equals 6

51

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

2

(E) 18. Set S consists of n distinct positive

15

integers, none of which is greater than

12. What is the greatest possible value

of n if no two integers in S have a

common factor greater than 1?

(A) 4

(B) 5

(C) 6

(D) 7

(E) 11

any 3 of 5 different gifts offered by

the sponsor. From how many different

combinations of 3 gifts can Fred make

his selection?

(A) 10

(B) 15

(C) 20

(D) 30

(E) 60

area of circle C is twice the number of

linear units in the circumference of C,

what is the number of square units in

the area?

(A) 4

(B) 8

(C) 4π

(D) 8π

(E) 16π

52

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

SECTION 14 (B) 108

30 Minutes 20 Questions (C) 180

(D) 270

1. In Country X a returning tourist may (E) 300

import goods with a total value of $500

or less tax free, but must pay an 8 5. The Earth travels around the Sun at a

percent tax on the portion of the total speed of approximately 18.5 miles per

value in excess of $500. What tax must second. This approximate speed is how

be paid by a returning tourist who many miles per hour?

imports goods with a total value of

(A) 1,080

$730?

(B) 1,160

(A) $58.40 (C) 64,800

(B) $40.00 (D) 66,600

(C) $24.60 (E) 3,996,000

(D) $18.40

(E) $16.00 6. A collection of books went on sale, and

2

2. Which of the following is greater than of them were sold for $2.50 each. If

3

2 none of the 36 remaining books were

?

3 sold, what was the total amount

received for the books that were sold?

33

(A) (A) $180

50

(B) $135

8

(B) (C) $90

11 (D) $60

3 (E) $54

(C)

5

13 7. If “basis points” are defined so that 1

(D) percent is equal to 100 basis points,

27 then 82.5 percent is how many basis

5 points greater than 62.5 percent?

(E)

8

(A) 0.02

(B) 0.2

3. A rope 40 feet long is cut into two

(C) 20

pieces. If one piece is 18 feet longer

(D) 200

than the other, what is the length, in

(E) 2,000

feet, of the shorter piece?

(A) 9 8. The amounts of time that three

(B) 11 secretaries worked on a special project

(C) 18 are in the ratio of 1 to 2 to 5. If they

(D) 22 worked a combined total of 112 hours,

(E) 29 how many hours did the secretary who

worked the longest spend on the

4. If 60 percent of a rectangular floor is project?

covered by a rectangular rug that is 9

(A) 80

feet by 12 feet, what is the area, in

(B) 70

square feet, of the floor?

(C) 56

(A) 65 (D) 16

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(E) 14 (D) 3 hr 12 min

(E) 2 hr 40 min

9. If the quotient is positive, which of and this product is then divided by 3.

b

the following must be true? If the positive square root of the result

of these two operations equals x, what

(A) a > 0 is the value of x?

(B) b > 0

(C) ab > 0 9

(A)

(D) a – b > 0 4

(E) a + b > 0 3

(B)

2x+3 3x+6 2

10. If 8 =2 , then x =

4

(A) –3 (C)

3

(B) –1

2

(C) 0 (D)

(D)1 3

(E) 3 1

(E)

2

11. Of the following, the closest

5.98(601.5) 15. A tank contains 10,000 gallons of a

approximation to is solution that is 5 percent sodium

15.79

chloride by volume. If 2,500 gallons

(A) 5 of water evaporate from the tank, the

(B) 15 remaining solution will be

(C) 20 approximately what percent sodium

(D) 25 chloride?

(E) 225

(A) 1.25%

(B) 3.75%

12. Which of the following CANNOT be

(C) 6.25%

the greatest common divisor of two

(D) 6.67%

positive integers x and y?

(E) 11.7%

(A) 1

(B) x 16. A certain grocery purchased x pounds

(C) y of produce for p dollars per pound. If

(D) x – y y pounds of the produce had to be

(E) x + y discarded due to spoilage and the

grocery sold the rest for s dollars per

13. An empty pool being filled with water pound, which of the following

at a constant rate takes 8 hours to fill represents the gross profit on the sale

3 of the produce?

to of its capacity. How much

5 (A) (x - y)s – xp

more time will it take to finish filling (B) (x - y)p – ys

the pool? (C) (s – p)y – xp

(A) 5 hr 30 min (D) xp – ys

(B) 5 hr 20 min (E) (x –y)(s – p)

(C) 4 hr 48 min

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17. NOT SCORED (D) 55

(E) 60

SECTION 15

30 Minutes 20 Questions

(A) –24

(B) –8

(C) –2

(D) 2

(E) 8

18. The hexagonal face of the block 2. An empty swimming pool with a

shown in the figure above has sides of capacity of 5,760 gallons is filled at the

equal length and angles of equal

measure. If each lateral face is rate of 12 gallons per minute, How

rectangular, what is the area, in square many hours does it take to fill the pool

inches, of one lateral face? to capacity?

(A) 2 10 (A) 8

(B) 12 (B) 20

(C) 20 (C) 96

(D) 12 3 (D) 480

(E) 24 (E) 720

integers, each less than 3, and w(33) +

x(32) + y(3) + z = 34, then w+z=

(A) 0

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) 3

(E) 4

on a straight road at a constant speed

of 55 miles per hour when car X 3. The dots on the graph above indicate

stopped for 5 minutes. If car Y

the weights and fuel efficiency ratings

continued to travel at 55 miles per

hour, how many minutes from the for 20 cars. How many of the cars

time that car X resumed traveling did weigh more than 2,500 pounds and also

it take car X traveling at 60 miles per get more than 22 miles per gallon?

hour to catch up with car Y?(Assume

that the time for car X to slow down (A) Three

and speed up was negligible.) (B) Five

(C) Eight

(A) 5

(D) Ten

(B) 30

(E) Eleven

(C) 45

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90 − 8(20 ÷ 4) 11

4. = (A)

1 30

2 9

(B)

(A) 25 20

(B) 50 3

(C)

(C) 100 5

(D) 116 11

(E) 170 (D)

15

5

5. If a, b, and c are nonzero numbers and (E)

6

a + b = c, which of the following is

equal to 1? 8. In 1985, 45 percent of a document

a −b storage facility’s 60 customers were

(A)

c banks, and in 1987. 25 percent of its

a−c 144 customers were banks. What was

(B)

b the percent increase from 1985 to 1987

b−c in the number of bank customers the

(C)

a

facility had?

b−a

(D)

c (A) 10.7%

c−b (B) 20%

(E) (C) 25%

a

1

(D) 33 %

6. Bill’s school is 10 miles from his home. 3

1

He travels 4 miles from school to (E) 58 %

3

football practice, and then 2 miles to a

friend’s house. If he is then x miles

from home, what is the range of

possible values for x?

(A) 2 ≤ x ≤ 10

(B) 4 ≤ x ≤ 10

(C) 4 ≤ x ≤ 12

(D) 4 ≤ x ≤ 16

(E) 6 ≤ x ≤ 16 9. what is the perimeter of the figure

above?

7. Three machines, individually, can do a (A) 380

certain job in 4, 5, and 6 hours, (B) 360

respectively. What is the greatest part (C) 330

(D) 300

of the job that can be done in one hour

(E) 230

by two of the machines working

together at their respective rates? 10. A committee is composed of w women

and m men. If 3 women and 2 men are

56

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added to the committee, and if one Approximately what percent of the

person is selected at random from the profits were the employee benefits?(1

enlarged committee, then the billion = 109)

probability that a woman is selected

(A) 50%

can be represented by

(B) 20%

w (C) 5%

(A) (D) 2%

m

(E) 0.2%

w

(B)

w+m

w+3

(C)

m+2

w+3

(D)

w+m+3 Questions 14-15 refer to the following

w+3 definition.

(E)

w+m+5 For any positive integer n, n >1, the

“length” of n is the number of positive

11. Last year Carlos saved 10 percent of

his annual earnings. This year he primes (not necessarily distinct) whose

earned 5 percent more than last year product is n. For example, the length of

and he saved 12 percent of his annual 50 is 3 since 50 = (2)(5)(5).

earnings. The amount saved this year

was what percent of the amount saved 14. Which of the following integers has

last year? length 3?

(A) 122% (A) 3

(B) 124% (B) 15

(C) 126% (C) 60

(D) 128% (D) 64

(E) 130% (E) 105

12. Jan lives x floors above the ground 15. What is the greatest possible length of

floor of a high-rise building. It takes a positive integer less than 1,000?

her 30 seconds per floor to walk down

the steps and 2 seconds per floor to (A) 10

ride the elevator. If it takes Jan the (B) 9

same amount of time to walk down (C) 8

the steps to the ground floor as to wait (D) 7

for the elevator for 7 minutes and ride (E) 6

down, then x equals

16. A dealer originally bought 100

(A) 4 identical batteries at a total cost of q

(B) 7 dollars. If each battery was sold at 50

(C) 14 percent above the original cost per

(D) 15 battery, then, in terms of q, for how

(E) 16 many dollars was each battery sold?

13. A corporation that had $115.19 billion 3q

(A)

in profits for the year paid out $230.10 200

million in employee benefits.

57

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3q z

(B) (D)

2 3

(C) 150q 3z

(E)

(D) q + 50 2

100

150 20. If the product of the integers w, x, y,

(E)

q and z is 770, and if 1 < w < x < y < z,

what is the value of w+z

17. Two oil cans, X and Y, are right (A) 10

circular cylinders, and the height and (B) 13

the radius of Y are each twice those of (C) 16

X. If the oil in can X, which is filled to (D) 18

capacity, sells for $2, then at the same (E) 21

rate, how much does the oil in can Y

sell for if Y is filled to only half its

capacity?

(A) $1

(B) $2

(C) $3

(D) $4

(E) $8

that x is a factor of y, and x is a

multiple of z, which of the following

is NOT necessarily an integer?

x+z

(A)

z

y+z

(B)

x

x+ y

(C)

z

xy

(D)

z

yz

(E)

x

following represents the average

(arithmetic mean) of x, y and z, in

terms of z?

(A) 2z +1

(B) 3z

(C) 5z

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SECTION 16 (D)

2a = 4

30 Minutes 20 Questions a + 3 b = 11

3b 9

(E) a 2

1. If the population of a certain country

increases at the rate of one person 5. On the number line, if r < s, if p is

every 15 seconds, by how many

halfway between r and s, and if t is

persons does the population increase

in 20 minutes? halfway between p and r , then

s−t

(A) 80 =

(B) 100 t−r

(C) 150

(D) 240 1

(A)

(E) 300 4

1

2. The value of –3 –(–10) is how much (B)

3

greater than the value of –10–(–3)? 4

(C)

(A) 0 3

(B) 6 (D) 3

(C) 7 (E) 4

(D) 14

(E) 26 6. Coins are to be put into 7 pockets so

3. For an agricultural experiment, 300 that each pocket contains at least one

seeds were planted in one plot and coin. At most 3 of the pockets are to

200 were planted in a second plot. If contain the same number of coins, and

exactly 25 percent of the seeds in the

no two of the remaining pockets are to

first plot germinated and exactly 35

percent of the seeds in the second plot contain an equal number of coins.

germinated, what percent of the total What is the least possible number of

number of seeds germinated? coins needed for the pockets?

(A) 12%

(A) 7

(B) 26%

(B) 13

(C) 29%

(C) 17

(D) 30%

(D) 22

(E) 60%

(E) 28

a 2

4. If = , which of the following is

b 3

NOT true?

a + b = 5

(A)

b 3

b = 3 7. The figure above shows a circular

(B)

b − a

flower bed, with its center at O,

(C) a − b = 1 surrounded by a circular path that is 3

b 3

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feet wide. What is the area of the path, 3

sells 2,000 desks, of which are

in square feet? 4

model B, what is the furniture store’s

(A) 25π total revenue from the sale of desks?

(B) 38π

(A) $114,000

(C) 55π

(B) $186,000

(D) 57π (C) $294.000

(E) 64π (D) 4380,000

(E) $660,000

Brand X Brand Y

Miles per 11. How many minutes does it take John

40 36 to type y words if he types at the rate

Gallon

of x words per minute?

Cost per Gallon $0.80 $0.75

x

(A)

8. The table above gives the gasoline y

costs and consumption rates for a y

(B)

certain car driven at 50 miles per hour, x

using each of two brands of gasoline. (C) xy

60 x

How many miles further can the car be (D)

y

driven at this speed on $12 worth of

brand X gasoline than on $12 worth of y

(E)

brand Y gasoline? 60 x

(B) 24 1,3,5, and 7 pounds, respectively.

(C) 84 Which of the following CANNOT be

(D) 100 the total weight, in pounds, of any

(E) 104 combination of the packages?

(A) 9

9. If $1 were invested at 8 percent interest (B)10

compounded annually, the total value (C) 12

of the investment, in dollars, at the end (D) 13

(E) 14

of 6 years would be

(A) (1.8)6 13. (16)(20) + (8)(32) =

(B) (1.08)6

(C) 6(1.08) (A) 4 20

(D) 1+(0.08)6 (B) 24

(E) 1 + 6(0.08) (C) 25

10. A furniture store sells only two models (D) 4 20 + 8 2

of desks, model A and model B. The (E) 32

selling price of model A is $120,

which is 30 percent of the selling 14. The positive integer n is divisible by

price of model B. If the furniture store 25. If n is greater than 25, which of

the following could be the value of

60

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

n (B) 16

? (C) 22

25

(D) 30

(A) 22 (E) 174

(B) 23

(C) 24 18. During the four years that Mrs. Lopez

(D) 25 owned her car, she found that her total

(E) 26 car expenses were $18,000. Fuel and

1

15. If x and y are different integers and x2 maintenance costs accounted for

3

= xy, which of the following must be

of the total and depreciation

true?

3

Ⅰ. x = 0 accounted for of the remainder.

5

Ⅱ. y = 0 The cost of insurance was 3 times the

Ⅲ. x = -y cost of financing, and together these

(A) Ⅰonly 1

two costs accounted for of the

(B) Ⅱonly 5

(C) Ⅲ only total. If the only other expenses were

(D) Ⅰand Ⅲ only taxes and license fees, then the cost of

(E) Ⅰ,Ⅱand Ⅲ financing was how much more or less

than the cost of taxes and license fees?

(A) $1,500 more

(B) $1,200 more

(C) $100 less

(D) $300 less

(E) $1,500 less

at an average speed of 30 miles per

hour and returns immediately along

the same route at an average speed of

16. In the figure above, DA = DB = DC, 40 miles per hour. Of the following,

What is the value of x? which is closest to the average speed,

in miles per hour, for the round-trip?

(A) 10

(B) 20 (A) 32.0

(C) 30 (B) 33.0

(D) 40 (C) 34.3

(E) 50 (D) 35.5

(E) 36.5

17. If X and Y are sets of integers, X ΔY

denotes the set of integers that belong 0.0015×10m

to set X or set Y, but not both. If X 20. If = 5 ×107 , then m − k =

0.03×10k

consists of 10 integers, Y consists of

18 integers, and 6 of the integers are (A) 9

in both X and Y, then XΔY consists of (B) 8

how many integers? (C) 7

(D) 6

(A) 6 (E) 5

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SECTION 17

30 Minutes 20 Questions

what fraction of the circular region is

1. In the figure above, the sum of the shaded?

three numbers in the horizontal row

1

equals the product of the three numbers (A)

12

in the vertical column. What is the 1

value of xy? (B)

9

(A) 6 1

(C)

(B) 15 6

(C) 35 1

(D) 75 (D)

4

(E) 90

1

(E)

2. For telephone calls between two 3

particular cities, a telephone company

4. If a compact disc that usually sells for

charges $0.40 per minute if the calls

$12,95 is on sale for $9.95, then the

are placed between 5:00 a.m. and 9:00

percent decrease in price is closest to

p.m. and $0.25 per minute if the calls

are placed between 9:00 p.m. and 5:00 (A) 38%

(B) 31%

a.m. If the charge for a call between the (C) 30%

two cities placed at 1:00 p.m. was (D) 29%

$10.00, how much would a call of the (E) 23%

same duration have cost if it had been

placed at 11:00 p.m.? 5.

1

1

=

(A) $3.75 1+

1

(B) $6.25 2+

(C) $9.85 3

(D) $10.00 3

(E) $16.00 (A)

10

7

(B)

10

6

(C)

7

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10 points O and P?

(D)

7 (A) 18

10 (B) 16

(E) (C) 14

3

(D) 12

6. A fruit-salad mixture consists of apples, (E) 10

peaches, and grapes in the ratio 6:5:2,

respectively, by weight. If 39 pounds 10. A certain car increased its average

of the mixture is prepared, the mixture speed by 5 miles per hour in each

includes how many more pounds of successive 5-minute interval after the

apples than grapes? first interval. If in the first 5-minute

interval its average speed was 20

(A) 15 miles per hour, how many miles did

(B) 12 the car travel in the third 5-minute

(C) 9 interval?

(D) 6

(E) 4 (A) 1.0

(B) 1.5

(C) 2.0

3 y 3+ y (D) 2.5

7. If = 2 and = 3, then = (E) 3.0

x 4 x+4

10 11. Lois has x dollars more than Jim has,

(A) and together they have a total of y

9 dollars. Which of the following

3 represents the number of dollars that

(B)

2 Jim has?

20

(C)

11 y − x

(A)

30 2

(D) x

11 (B) y −

2

(E) 5

(C) y − x

2

(D) 2y – x

8. (1 + 5 )(1 − 5 ) = (E) y – 2x

(A) –4

(B) 2

(C) 6

(D) − 4 − 2 5

(E) 6 − 2 5

playground, a child walks 10 yards

due north, then 6 yards due east, and

then 2 yards due south, arriving at 12. In the rectangular coordinate system

point P. How far apart, in yards, are above, the shaded region is bounded

63

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by straight lines. Which of the xy

following is NOT an equation of one (E)

11

of the boundary lines?

(A) x = 0 16. Which of the following fractions has

(B) y = 0 the greatest value?

(C) x = 1

(D) x – y = 0 6

(E) x + 2y = 2 (A) ( 2 2 )( 5 2 )

1

13. A certain population of bacteria (B) ( 2 3 )( 5 2 )

doubles every 10 minutes. If the

number of bacteria in the population 28

(C)

initially was 104, what was the ( 2 2 )(625 3 )

number in the population 1 hour later? ( 2 3 )( 5 3 )

(D)

(A) 2(104)

(B) 6(104) (E)

122

(C) (26)(104) ( 2 4 )( 5 3 )

(D) (106)(104)

(E) (104)6

14. During a certain season, a team won 17. Of 30 applicants for a job, 14 had at

80 percent of its first 100 games and least 4 years experience, 18 had

50 percent of its remaining games. If degrees, and 3 had less than 4 years

the team won 70 percent of its games experience and did not have a degree.

for the entire season, what was the How many of the applicants had at

total number of games that the team

played? least 4 years experience and a degree?

(B) 170 (D) 7 (E) 5

(C) 156

(D) 150 18. Which of the following CANNOT

(E) 105 yield an integer when divided by 10?

15. If Juan takes 11 seconds to run y yards, (A) The sum of two odd integers

how many seconds will it take him to (B) An integer less than 10

run x yards at the same rate? (C) The product of two primes

11x (D) The sum of three consecutive

(A) integers

y

(E) An odd integer

11y

(B)

x 19. A certain clock marks every hour by

x striking a number of times equal to the

(C)

11y hour and the time required for a stroke

11 is exactly equal to the time interval

(D)

xy between strokes. At 6:00 the time

lapse between the beginning of the

first stroke and the end of the last

64

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stroke is 22 seconds. At 12:00, how SECTION 18

many seconds elapse between the 30 Minutes 20 Questions

beginning of the first stroke and the

end of the last stroke?

1 1

+

(A) 72 2 3=

1.

(B) 50 1

(C) 48 4

(D) 46 1

(E) 44 (A)

12

5

3 − 2k 2 x (B)

20. If k ≠ 0 and k − = , then x = 24

k k

2

(A) –3 – k2 (C)

3

(B) k2 – 3

9

(C) 3k2 – 3 (D)

(D) k – 3 – 2k2 4

(E) k – 3 + 2k2 10

(E)

3

he loses 7 individual socks, what is the

greatest number of pairs of matched

socks he can have left?

(A) 7 (B) 6 (C) 5

(D) 4 (E) 3

candy on Valentine’s Day totaled 385

million dollars, which represented 7

percent of total candy sales for the year.

Candy sales for the year totaled how

many million dollars?

(A) 55

(B) 550

(C) 2,695

(D) 5,500

(E) 26,950

travel 120 miles at 400 miles per hour?

(A) 3

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

1 8. What is the least positive integer that is

(B) 3

3 divisible by each of the integers 1

2 through 7, inclusive?

(C) 8

3 (A) 420

(D) 12

(B) 840

(E) 18

(C) 1,260

1 2 (D) 2,520

5. If 1 + = 2 − , then x = (E) 5,040

x x

(A) –1 9. Thirty percent of the members of a

1 swim club have passed the lifesaving

(B)

3 test. Among the members who have not

2 passed the test, 12 have taken the

(C)

3 preparatory course and 30 have not

(D) 2 taken the course. How many members

(E) 3 are there in the swim club?

vehicles that traveled on a certain (B) 80

highway, 96 vehicles were involved in (C) 100

accidents. If 3 billion vehicles traveled (D) 120

on the highway last year, how many of (E) 140

those vehicles were involved in

accidents? 10. For all numbers s and t, the

operation・is defined by s・t =(s – 1)(t

(1 billion 1,000,000,000)

+ 1). If (-2)・x = -12, then x =

(A) 288

(B) 320 (A) 2

(B) 3

(C) 2,880

(C) 5

(D) 3,200

(E) 28,800 (D)6

(E) 11

7. If the perimeter of a rectangular garden

11. In an increasing sequence of 10

plot is 34 feet and its area is 60 square

feet, what is the length of each of the consecutive integers, the sum of the

first 5 integers is 560. What is the sum

longer sides?

of the last 5 integers in the sequence?

(A) 5ft

(B) 6ft (A) 585

(B) 580

(C) 10ft

(C) 575

(D) 12ft

(E) 15ft (D) 570

(E) 565

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

for which the production costs consist (C) –24

of annual fixed costs totaling (D) –25

$130,000 and variable costs averaging (E) –26

$8 per item. If the manufacturer’s

selling price per item is $15, how 16. Salesperson A’s compensation for any

many items must the manufacturer week is $360 plus 6 percent of the

produce and sell to earn an annual portion of A’s total sales above $1,000

profit of $150,000? for that week. Salesperson B’s

compensation for any week is 8

(A) 2,858

percent of B’s total sales for that week.

(B) 18,667

For what amount of total weekly sales

(C) 21,429

would both salespeople earn the same

(D) 35,000

compensation?

(E) 40,000

(A) $21,000

13. How many two-element subsets of {1, (B) $18,000

2, 3, 4} are there that do not contain (C) $15,000

the pair of elements 2 and 4? (D) $4,500

(E) $4,000

(A) One

(B) Two

17. If a square region has area x, what is

(C) Four

the length of its diagonal in terms of

(D) Five

x?

(E) Six

(A) x

14. In a certain company, the ratio of the (B) 2x

number of managers to the number of

(C) 2 x

production-line workers is 5 to 72. If 8

additional production-line workers (D) x 2

were to be hired, the ratio of the (E) 2x

number of managers to the number of

18. In a certain class consisting of 36

production-line workers would be 5 to students, some boys and some girls,

74. How many managers does the 1

company have? exactly of the boys and exactly

3

(A) 5 1

of the girls walk to school. What

(B) 10 4

(C) 15 is the greatest possible number of

(D) 20 students in this class who walk to

school?

(E) 25

(A) 9

15. If (x - 1)2 = 400, which of the (B) 10

following could be the value of x – 5? (C) 11

(D) 12

(A) 15 (E) 13

(B) 14

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

19. The sum of the ages of Doris and Fred SECTION 19

is y years. If Doris is 12 years older 30 Minutes 20 Questions

than Fred, how many years old will

Fred be y years from now, in terms of 1. A certain fishing boat is chartered by 6

y?

people who are to contribute equally to

(A) y – 6 the total charter cost of $480. If each

(B) 2y – 6

person contributes equally to a $150

y

(C) −6 down payment, how much of the

2

charter cost will each person still owe?

3y

(D) −6 (A) $80

2

(B) $66

5y

(E) −6 (C) $55

2 (D) $50

(E) $45

1,234

1,243

1,324

……

……

+4,321

four of the 24 different integers that

can be formed by using each of the

digits 1, 2, 3, and 4 exactly once in 2. In square ABCD above, if DE = EB and

each integer. What is the sum of these DF = FC, then the area of the shaded

24 integers?

region is what fraction of the area of

(A) 24,000 square region ABCD?

(B) 26,664

(C) 40,440 1

(D) 60,000 (A)

16

(E) 66,660

1

(B)

8

1

(C)

6

1

(D)

4

1

(E)

3

appliance he sells, Craig receives a

commission of $50 plus 10 percent of

the selling price. During one particular

week Craig sold 6 appliances for

68

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

selling prices totaling $3,620. What 7. If 3 pounds of dried apricots that cost x

was the total of Craig’s commissions dollars per pound are mixed with 2

for that week? pounds of prunes that cost y dollars per

(A) $412 pound, what is the cost, in dollars, per

(B) $526 pound of the mixture?

(C) $585

(D) $605 3x + 2 y

(A)

(E) $662 5

3x + 2 y

(B)

4. The average (arithmetic mean) of 10,30, x+ y

and 50 is 5 more than the average of 3x + 2 y

(C)

20,40, and xy

(A) 15 (D) 5(3x + 2y)

(B) 25 (E) 3x + 2y

(C) 35

(D) 45 8. A cashier mentally reversed the digits

(E) 55 of one customer’s correct amount of

change and thus gave the customer an

4

5. What number when multiplied by incorrect amount of change. If the cash

7

register contained 45 cents more than it

6

yields as the result? should have as a result of this error,

7

which of the following could have been

2 the correct amount of change in cents?

(A)

7 (A) 14

2 (B) 45

(B)

3 (C) 54

3 (D) 65

(C) (E) 83

2

24

(D) 9. Which of the following is NOT equal to

7

7 the square of an integer?

(E)

2

(A) 1

2

6. If y = 4 + (x - 3) , then y is least when x (B) 4

= 18

(C)

2

(A) –4 (D) 41 – 25

(B) –3 (E) 36

(C) 0

(D) 3 10. An artist wishes to paint a circular

(E) 4 region on a square poster that is 2 feet

on a side. If the area of the circular

69

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

1

region is to be the area of the

2

poster, what must be the radius of the

circular region in feet?

1

(A)

π

2

(B)

π

(C) 1 13. In the table above, what is the least

2 number of table entries that are

(D)

π needed to show the mileage between

(E) π each city and each of the other five

2 cities?

to zero for all real numbers x? (B) 21

(C) 25

1

Ⅰ. − (D) 30

x

(E) 36

Ⅱ.x + (-x)

Ⅲ. x0

14. A certain tax rate is $0.82 per $100.00.

(A) Ⅰonly

What is this rate, expressed as a

(B) Ⅱonly

percent?

(C) Ⅰand Ⅲ only

(D) Ⅱand Ⅲ only (A) 82%

(E) Ⅰ,Ⅱand Ⅲ (B) 8.2%

(C) 0.82%

(D) 0.082%

12. At the rate of m meters per s seconds, (E) 0.0082%

how many meters does a cyclist travel

in x minutes? 15. Fermat primes are prime numbers that

m can be written in the from 2k + 1,

(A) where k is an integer and a power of 2.

sx

mx Which of the following is NOT a

(B) Fermat prime?

s

60m (A) 3

(C) (B) 5

sx

60ms (C)17

(D) (D) 31

x (E) 257

60mx

(E)

s 16. A shipment of 1,500 heads of cabbage,

each of which was approximately the

same size, was purchased for $600.

70

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

2 (A) 50

The day the shipment arrived, of

3 (B) 200

the heads were sold, each at 25 (C) 400

percent above the cost per head. The (D) 625

following day the rest were sold at a (E) 800

price per head equal to 10 percent less

than the price each head sold for on 20. If 75 percent of a class answered the

the day before. What was the gross first question on a certain test

profit on this shipment? correctly, 55 percent answered the

(A) $100 second question on the test correctly,

(B) $115 and 20 percent answered neither of the

questions correctly, what percent

(C) $125 answered both correctly?

(D) $130

(E) $135 (A) 10%

(B) 20%

(C) 30%

17. If (t – 8) is a factor of t2 –kt – 48, then

(D) 50%

k= (E) 65%

(A) –6

(B) –2

(C) 2

(D) 6

(E) 14

units’ digit of a2 is 9 and the units’

digit of (a + 1)2 is 4, what is the units’

digit of (a + 2)2?

(A) 1

(B) 3

(C) 5

(D) 7

(E) 9

alcohol to water in a certain solution

is 2:50:100. The solution will be

altered so that the ratio of soap to

alcohol is doubled while the ratio of

soap to water is halved. If the altered

solution will contain 100 cubic

centimeters of alcohol, how many

cubic centimeters of water will it

contain?

71

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

SECTION 20 5.

30 Minutes 20 Questions ( 3 + 2 )( 3 − 2) =

(A) 3 − 4

(B)

6 − 4

31 (C) –1

1. =

125 (D) 1

(A) 0.248 (E) 2

(B) 0.252

(C) 0.284 6. A glucose solution contains 15 grams of

(D) 0.312 glucose per 100 cubic centimeters of

(E) 0.320 solution. If 45 cubic centimeters of the

solution were poured into an empty

2. Members of a social club met to container, how many grams of glucose

address 280 newsletters. If they would be in the container?

addressed 1/4 of the newsletters during

(A) 3.00

the first hour and 2/5 of the remaining (B) 5.00

newsletters during the second hour, (C) 5.50

how many newsletters did they address (D) 6.50

during the second hour? (E) 6.75

(B) 42 would be 40 years older than Jim. If

(C) 63 Jim is 10 years younger than Sam, how

(D) 84 old is Sam?

(E) 112

(A) 20

2 3 (B) 30

3. If x = 2y and 2y = 4, what is the value

of x2 + y? (C) 40

(D) 50

(A) –14

(E) 60

(B) –2

(C) 3 1 1 1 13

(D) 6 8. If + + = , which of the

2 3 4 x

(E) 18

following must be an integer?

4. If the cost of 12 eggs varies between x

$0.90 and $1.20. then the cost per egg Ⅰ.

8

varies between x

Ⅱ.

(A) $0.06 and $0.08 12

(B) $0.065 and $0.085 x

Ⅲ.

(C) $0.07 and $0.09 24

(D) $0.075 and $0.10 (A) Ⅰonly

(E) $0.08 and $0.105 (B) Ⅱonly

(C) Ⅰand Ⅲonly

72

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(D) Ⅱand Ⅲ only (A) (-3, -2

(E) Ⅰ.Ⅱ.and Ⅲ (B) (-3, 2)

(C) (2, -3)

(D) (3, -2)

(E) (2, 3)

mile, which of the following best

9. In the figure above, if PQRS is a

approximates the number of

parallelogram, then y – x =

kilometers in 2 miles?

(A) 30

10

(B) 35 (A)

(C) 40 3

(D) 70 (B) 3

(E) 100 6

(C)

5

10. The temperature in degrees Celsius (C) 1

can be converted to temperature in (D)

degrees Fahrenheit (F) by the formula 3

9 3

F = C + 32. What is the (E)

5 10

temperature at which F = C?

13. A $500 investment and a $1,500

(A) 20o investment have a combined yearly

(B) ( )°

32

return of 8.5 percent of the total of the

5

two investments. If the $500

(C) 0o

(D) –20o investment has a yearly return of 7

(E) –40o percent, what percent yearly return

does the $1,500 investment have?

(A) 9%

(B) 10%

(C) 10 5 %

8

(D) 11%

(E) 12%

11. In the rectangular coordinate system price for each towel that it sells. If the

above, the line y = x is the current price of each towel were to be

perpendicular bisector of segment increased by $1, 10 fewer of the

AB(not shown), and the x-axis is the towels could be bought for $120,

perpendicular bisector of segment BC excluding sales tax. What is the

(not shown). If the coordinates of current price of each towel?

point A are (2,3), what are the (A) $1

coordinates of point C? (B) $2

73

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(C) $3 (A) 6

(D) $4 (B) 9

(E) $12 (C) 12

(D) 36

15. If the sum of n consecutive integers is

(E) 720

0, which of the following must be

true?

19. A circular rim 28 inches in diameter

Ⅰ. n is an even number. rotates the same number of inches per

Ⅱ. n is an odd number. second as a circular rim 35 inches in

Ⅲ. The average (arithmetic mean) of diameter. If the smaller rim makes x

the revolutions per second, how many

n integers is 0. revolutions per minute does the larger

(A) Ⅰonly

rim make in terms of x?

(B) Ⅱonly

(C) Ⅲ only 48π

(A)

(D) Ⅰand Ⅲ x

(E) Ⅱand Ⅲ (B) 75x

(C) 48x

1 (D) 24x

16. In the formula V = , if r is

( 2r ) 3 x

(E)

halved, then V is multiplied by 75

(A) 64 20. The cost C of manufacturing a certain

(B) 8

product can be estimated by the

(C) 1

formula C = 0.03rst2, where r and s

1

(D) are the amounts, in pounds, of the two

8 major ingredients and t is the

1 production time in hours. If r is

(E)

64 increased by 50 percent, s is increased

by 20 percent, and t is decreased by

17. For any integer n greater than 1, n 30 percent, by approximately what

denotes the product of all the integers percent will the estimated cost of

from 1 to n, inclusive. How many manufacturing the product change?

prime numbers are there between (A) 40% increase

6 + 2 and 6 + 6, inclusive? (B) 12% increase

(A) None (C) 4% increase

(B) One (D) 12% decrease

(E) 24% decrease

(C) Two

Section 21

(D) Three

30 Minutes 20 Questions

(E) Four

1. In Township K each property is taxed at

18. In how many arrangements can a

teacher seat 3 girls and 3 boys in a 8 percent of its assessed value. If the

row of 6 seats if the boys are to have assessed value of a property in

the first, third, and fifth seats? Township K is increased from $20,000

74

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

to $24,000, by how much will the is $18,000 and the total monthly

property tax increase? payroll for the 36 office workers is

(A) $32 $63,000. By how much does the

(B) $50 average (arithmetic mean) monthly

(C) $320 salary of an office worker exceed that

(D) $400

of a production worker in this

(E) $500

company?

2. One night 18 percent of the female (A) $62.50

officers on a police force were on duty. (B) $187.50

If 180 officers were on duty that night (C) $250.00

(D) $375.00

and half of these were female officers, (E) $500.00

how many female officers were on the

police force?

(A) 90

(B) 180

(C) 270

(D) 500

(E) 1,000

3. If an integer n is divisible by both 6 and 6. In the figure above, if the area of the

8, then it must also be divisible by rectangular region PQRS is 40, and if

which of the following? PT = TS, what is the area of the

(A) 10 pentagonal region PQRST?

(B) 12 (A) 15

(C) 14 (B) 20

(D) 16 (C) 25

(E) 18 (D) 30

(E) It cannot be determined from the

4. On the number line, if x is halfway information given.

between -5 and 3, and if y is halfway

1 2

between -2 and 6, what number is −

halfway between x and y ? 7. 100 1,000 =

1 2

(A) -1 −

1,000 10,000

(B) − 1

2 (A) 1

10

(C) 0

(B) 1

(D) 1 8

2

(C) 1

(E) 1

(D) 8

(E) 10

5. In a certain company, the total monthly

payroll for the 12 production workers

75

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

8. Which of the following is the prime (C) -1

(D) -2

factorization of 2,520?

(E) -3

(A) 2 2 × 32 × 52

(B) 2 2 × 3× 52 × 7 12.The population of city X increased

from 325,000 in 1980 to 350,000 in

(C) 23 × 3 × 5 × 72

1990, and it is projected that the

(D) 23 × 32 × 5× 7 population will increase by the same

(E) 23 × 32 × 52 × 7 number from 1990 to 2000.

Approximately what is the projected

9. If 2 x = x − 1, then x = percent increase in population from

3 6 1990 to 2000 ?

(A) 7.1%

(A) 1 (B) 7.7%

2 (C) 8.3%

(B) 1 (D) 14.3%

3 (E) 15.3%

(C) 1

4 13. A jar contains only x black balls and y

white balls. One ball is drawn

(D) 1

10 randomly from the jar and is not

replaced. A second ball is then drawn

(E) 1 randomly from the jar. What is the

18

probability that the first ball drawn is

black and the second ball drawn is

10. Out of their annual net income, a

white?

couple spent 25 percent for food, 13.5

(A) x y

percent for entertainment, 20 percent

for housing, 8 percent for car x + y x + y

expenses, 15 percent for clothing, and

saved the rest. What was the ratio of (B) x x − 1

the amount saved to the amount spent x + y x + y − 1

for entertainment?

(C) xy

(A) 19 x+ y

27

(D) x − 1 y − 1

(B) 6 x + y x + y

5

37 (E) x y

(C) x + y x + y − 1

27

(D) 19

9 14. If y + | y | = 0, which of the following

7 must be true?

(E)

3 (A) y > 0

(B) y≥0

11. If z + 3 + z + 1 = 2 , then z = (C) y < 0

z −1 z − 3 (D) y≤0

(A) 2 (E) y = 0

(B) 1

76

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

15. Of the z students at a certain college, x (A) 2

are studying French and y are studying (B) 2 1

German. If w are studying both 2

French and German, which of the (C) 3

following expresses the number of

students at the college not studying (D) 3 1

2

either French or German ? (E) 4

(A) z + w – x – y

(B) z – w – x – y 19. A merchant paid $300 for a shipment

(C) z – w – x + y of x identical calculators. The

(D) w + x + y – z merchant used 2 of the calculators

(E) w – x – y – z as demonstrators and sold each of the

others for $5 more than the average

16. Of the science books in a certain (arithmetic mean) cost of the x

supply room, 50 are on botany, 65 are calculators. If the total revenue from

on zoology, 90 are on physics. 50 are the sale of the calculators was $120

on geology, and 110 are on chemistry. more than the cost of the shipment,

If science books are removed how many calculators were in the

randomly from the supply room, how shipment?

many must be removed to ensure that (A) 24

80 of the books removed are on the (B) 25

same science? (C) 26

(A) 81 (D) 28

(B) 159 (E) 30

(C) 166

(D) 285 20. 512 + 513 =

(E) 324

(A) 5 25

17. What is the greatest possible (B) 10 25

straight-line distance, in centimeters, (C) 6(512 )

between two vertices of the (D) 1012 + 5

rectangular box shown above? (E) 2(512 ) + 5

(A) 10 2

(B) 10 5

(C) 10 6

(D) 30

(E) 40

obtained by mixing 3 parts of white

paint with 5 parts of black paint. If 2

gallons of the mixture is needed and

the individual colors can be purchased

only in one-gallon or half- gallon cans,

what is the least amount of paint, in

gallons, that must be purchased in

order to measure out the portions

needed for the mixture?

77

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

Section 22 units are shipped for sale. What percent

30 Minutes 20 Questions of the units produced are defective

1. Tamara saves $35 each week. If she units that are shipped for sale?

now has $100 saved, in how many (A) 0.125%

weeks can she first have enough saved (B) 0.2%

(C) 0.8%

to buy a lawn mower that costs $250 ? (D) 1.25%

(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5 (E) 2.0%

(E) 6

6. x ( x + 1 ) ( x + 2 ) + x ( x + 3 ) =

2. –2 (– 4 – (– 3 + 5)) = (A) x 3 + 4x 2 + 5x

(A) – 16 (B) x 3 + 3x 2 + 2 x

(B) – 10 (C) x 3 + 6 x 2 + 3x

(C) 6 (D) 2 x 3 + 3x 2 + 5 x

(D) 12 (E) 2x 2 + 6x + 2

(E) 16

score of 90, 9 students each had a score

of 80, 4 students each had a score of 70,

and 4 students each had a score of 60.

What was the average (arithmetic mean)

score for the 20 students ?

(A) 70.5

(B) 75.0 7. What is the area of the shaded region in

(C) 75.5 the figure above ?

(D) 80.0

(E) 80.5 (A) 72

(B) 57

4. If a hiker walks at a constant speed of (C) 55

1 miles per hour, how many miles (D) 54 1

2 2

2 1

(E) 49

can the hiker walk in 4 hours and 12 2

minutes ?

8. Which of the following equals the ratio

(A)10.0

(B)10.3 of 3 1 to 1 1 ?

(C)10.4 3 3

(D)10.5

(E)10.8 (A)1 : 3

(B)2 : 5

(C)5 : 2

5. In the manufacture of a certain product,

(D)3 : 1

5 percent of the units produced are (E)40 : 9

defective and 4 percent of the defective

78

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

Company X Company Y

Prince $75 $530 (B) 27 1

Surcharge as a 2

4% 3% (C) 28

Percent of Price

Installation

Charge

$82.50 $93.00 (D) 31 1

2

(E) 32

9. The table above shows the various

charges made by two companies for the 13. If 2 − x ( 1 + 2) = 19 − 4 x , then x =

same air conditioner. What is the total x

(A) -3

amount that can be saved on the

(B) 3

purchase and installation of the air (C) 4

conditioner by dealing with the (D) 5

company that offers the lower total (E) 9

charge?

(A) $41.60

(B) $45.00 14. For a group of n people, k of whom

(C) $50.75 are of the same sex, the expression

(D) $55.75 n − k yields an index for a certain

(E) $61.25

n

phenomenon in group dynamics for

10. The numbers in which of the

members of that sex. For a group that

following pairs do NOT have a pair of

consists of 20 people, 4 of whom are

distinct prime divisors in common ?

females, by how much does the index

(A) 10 and 20 for the females exceed the index for

(B) 12 and 18 the males in the group?

(C) 24 and 32

(A) 0.05

(D) 21 and 63

(B) 0.0625

(E) 22 and 88

(C) 0.2

(D) 0.25

11. If the sum of two integers is 6, then it

(E) 0.6

must be true that

(A) both integers are even

(B) both integers are odd 15. A certain used-book dealer sells

(C) both integers are positive paperback books at 3 times dealer's

(D) if one integer is negative, the other cost and hardback books at 4 times

is positive dealer's cost. Last week the dealer

(E) if one integer is positive, the other sold a total of 120 books, each of

is negative which had cost the dealer $1. If the

gross profit (sales revenue minus

12. A square picture frame has an outer dealer's cost) on the sale of all of these

perimeter of 36 inches and is 1 inch books was $300, how many of the

wide on all sides. What is the inner books sold were paperbacks?

perimeter of the frame, in inches?

(A) 40

(A) 27 (B) 60

(C) 75

(D) 90

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(E) 100 positive integers is divisible by all of

3v 2

2d the following EXCEPT

d= and t = , where

20 v (A) 210

d is the distance traveled, in meters, (B) 88

after the brakes are applied (C) 75

v is the velocity, in meters per second, (D) 60

before the brakes are applied (E) 34

t is the time, in seconds, it takes to stop

after the brakes are applied 20. A car traveled 462 miles per tankful of

gasoline on the highway and 336

16. The formulas above are used to miles per tankful of gasoline in the

compute the distance a car travels city. If the car traveled 6 fewer miles

after the brakes are applied. If the per gallon in the city than on the

driver of a car applied the brakes just highway, how many miles per gallon

as a traffic light turned yellow and did the car travel in the city?

stopped exactly 6 seconds later, what (A) 14

is the value of v ？ (B) 16

(C) 21

(A) 20

(D) 22

(B) 80 (E) 27

3

(C) 30

(D) 40

(E) 60

5

If the numerator of the fraction is

increased by 4 and the denominator is

doubled, the new fraction is

equivalent to 1 . What is the sum of

3

the numerator and denominator of the

original fraction?

(A) 49 (B) 35 (C) 28

(D) 26 (E) 21

certain company must be even

numbers, and if each of the extensions

uses all four of the digits 1, 2, 3, and 6,

what is the greatest number of

four-digit extensions that the company

can have?

(A) 4 (B) 6 (C) 12

(D) 16 (E) 24

80

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

Section 23 1

3

30 Minutes 20 Questions

4. 2 =

4

1.The value of which of the following 1

expressions is equal to 2 ? 2

(A) 2

I. 2 + 2

2

(B) 4

2 3

II. 2 2

+ 22 (C) 1

2 (D) 3

III. 2 4

+ 24 4

1

24 (E)

2

(A) I only

(B) II only 5. 3 x 2 + 2 x − 8 =

(C) III only

(D) I and II only (A) (3x + 4)(x - 2)

(E) I, II, and III (B) (3x - 4)(x + 2)

(C) (3x + 2)(x - 4)

2. If a survey shows that 28 citizens out of (D) (3x - 2)(x + 4)

(E) none of the above

a sample of 200 support a particular

Senate bill, what percent of the sample 6. NOT SCORED

does not support the bill?

7. If the sum of 7 consecutive integers is

(A) 56%

(B) 64% 434, then the greatest of the 7 integers

(C) 72% is

(D) 82%

(E) 86% (A) 71

(B) 69

(C) 67

(D) 65

3. Joe went on a diet 6 months ago when

(E) 62

he weighed 222 pounds. If he now

weighs 198 pounds and continues to 8. At a certain college, 50 percent of the

lose at the same average monthly rate, total number of students are freshmen.

in approximately how many months If 20 percent of the fresh-men are

will he weigh 180 pounds? enrolled in the school of liberal arts and,

(A) 3 of these, 30 percent are psychology

(B) 3.5 majors, what percent of the students at

(C) 4 the college are freshmen psychology

(D) 4.5

(E) 5 majors enrolled in the school of liberal

arts?

(A) 3%

(B) 6%

(C) 12%

81

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(D) 15% (B) 1

(E) 20% (C) 2

(D) 3

9. A plane was originally flying at an (E) 4

altitude of x feet when it ascended

2,000 feet and then descended 5,000 12. There are how many hours between x

feet. If the plane's altitude after these minutes past 12 noon and 8:10 p.m. of

the same day, where x < 60?

two changes was 1 its original

3

(A) 490 − x

altitude, then the solution of which of 60

the following equations gives the (B) 480 −x

plane's original altitude, in feet ? 60

(C) 470 −x

(A) x + 2,000 = 1 ( x − 3,000) 60

3 (D) 60 (60 – x + 7)

1

(B) ( x − 3,000) = x (E) 60 (60 – x + 17)

3

(C) x + 3,000 = 1 x 13. If x = 4 and y = 16, then x + y is

3 xy

(D) x − 7,000 = 1 x closest to which of the following ?

3

1

(E) x − 3,000 = x (A) 1

3 3

(B) 1

2

(C) 3

4

(D) 7

8

(E) 1

certificates of deposit at simple annual

10. In the figure above, CE = 5, BD = 8,

interest rates of 6 percent and 8 percent,

and the area of quadrilateral ABCD is

respectively. If the total interest on the

36. What is the area of △ABD ? two certificates was $1,440 at the

(A) 4 end of one year, what fractional part

(B) 9 of the $20.000 was invested at the

(C) 16 higher rate?

(D) 20

(E) 56 (A) 3

8

11. If the remainder is 7 when positive (B) 2

integer n is divided by 18, what is the 5

remainder when n is divided by 6 ? (C) 1

2

(A) 0

82

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

18. If x is an even integer and y is an odd

(D) 3

5 integer, which of the following

3 CANNOT be true?

(E)

4 (A) x y is an even integer.

(B) y x is an odd integer.

15. If the tens digit x and the units digit y

(C) x is a multiple of y.

of a positive integer n are reversed,

(D) y is a multiple of x.

the resulting integer is 9 more than n.

(E) xy is an even integer.

What is y in terms of x ?

(A) 10 - x

(B) 9 - x

(C) x + 9

(D) x - 1

(E) x + 1

10

a certain election. What fraction of the

other votes cast would she have 19. In the diagram above, points A, B, C,

needed in order to have received 1 D, and E represent the five teams in a

2 certain league in which each team

of the votes cast? must play each of the other teams

exactly once. The segments connecting

(A) 1 pairs of points indicate that the two

5 corresponding teams have already

(B) 2 played their game. The arrows on the

7 segments point to the teams that lost;

(C) 3 the lack of an arrow on a segment

10 indicates that the game ended in a tie.

After all games have been played,

(D) 7

20 which of the following could NOT be

1 the percent of games played that

(E) ended in a tie?

2

(A) 10%

17. Kim bought a total of $2.65 worth of (B) 20%

postage stamps in four denominations. (C) 30%

If she bought an equal number of (D) 40%

5-cent and 25-cent stamps and twice (E) 50%

as many 10-cent stamps as 5-cent

stamps, what is the least number of

1-cent stamps she could have bought ?

(A) 5

(B) 10

(C) 15

(D) 20

(E) 25 20. The figure above shows the shape of a

tunnel entrance. If the curved portion

83

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4 30 Minutes 20 Questions

entrance is 12 feet across, what is the

perimeter, in feet, of the curved 1. Of the 10 employees at a certain

portion of the entrance'? company, 5 had annual salaries of

$20,000, 4 had annual salaries of

(A) 9π

(B) 12π $25,000, and 1 had an annual salary of

(C) 9π 2 $30,000. If a bonus equal to 10 percent

(D) 18π of annual salary was given to each

(E) 9π employee, what was the total amount

2 of he bonuses?

(A) $230,000

(B) $75,000

(C) $30,000

(D) $23,000

(E) $7,500

and QT = TR, which of the following

statements is NOT true?

(A) PT = TS

(B) x = y

(C) u = v

(D) r = y

(E) The area of ΔPQT is equal to the

area of ΔSRT.

equal to 1 ?

a

b

(A) a

b

(B) 1

(C) a

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(D) b (D) 0.000166

(E) b (E) 0.0004

a

4. What is the greatest integer k such that 8. The pages of a report are numbered

2 k ≤ 100 ? consecutively from 1 to 10. If the sum

of the page numbers up to and

(A) 5 (B) 6 (C) 7 (D) 49 (E) including page number x of the report

50

is equal to one more than the sum of

5. A certain electric-company plan offers the page numbers following page

customers reduced rates for electricity number x, then x =

used between 8 p.m. and 8 a.m.

(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8

weekdays and 24 hours a day

Saturdays and Sundays. Under this

plan, the reduced rates apply to

what fraction of a week?

(A) 1

2

(B) 5

8

(C) 9

14

9. In City R, streets run either east-west or

(D) 16

21 north-south, as shown on the map

(E) 9 above. Blocks along east-west streets

10 are 400 feet long and blocks along

north-south streets are 200 feet long. If

6. A certain mixture of nuts consists of 5

the width of the streets is ignored, what

parts almonds to 2 parts walnuts, by

is the straight-line distance, in feet,

weight. What is the number of pounds

from X to Y ?

of almonds in 140 pounds of the

mixture ? (A) 200 5

(B) 1,000

(A) 100 (C) 1,200

(B) 84 (D) 400 10

(C) 40 (E) 1,600

(D) 28

(E) 20

10. If x (1 − 1 ) = 1 − y , then y =

x

7. (0.01) 2 (0.014) + (0.01)(0.0026 ) =

(A) 1

(A) 0.0000166 x

(B) 0.0000274 (B) x

(C) 0.00004

85

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(C) x – 2 14. One millisecond is 0.001 of a second.

(D) 1 − 1 The costs for a single run of a

x2 computer program are $1.07 for

(E) 2 – x operating-system overhead, $0.023

per millisecond of computer time, and

$4.35 for the mounting of a data tape.

11. A side of beef lost 35 percent of its What is the total of these three costs for

weight in processing. If the side of 1 run of a program that requires 1.5

beef weighed 546 pounds after seconds of computer time ?

processing, how many pounds did it

weigh before processing? (A) $7.15

(B) $8.87

(A) 191 (C) $28.96

(B) 355 (D) $35.57

(C) 737 (E) $39.92

(D) 840

(E) 1,560 15. A certain theater has 100 balcony seats.

For every $2 increase in the price of a

12. The total price of n (n > 1) equally balcony seat above $10, 5 fewer seats

priced copies of a certain book is $50. will be sold. If all the balcony seats

In terms of n, which of the following are sold when the price of each seat is

gives the total price of n - 1 of these $10, which of the following could be

copies? the price of a balcony seat if the

revenue from the sale of balcony seats

(A) 50 (n – 1) is $1,360 ?

(B) 50 (A) $12

n −1 (B) $14

(C) 50 ( n − 1) (C) $16

n (D) $17

50 n (E) $18

(D)

n −1

50

16. If n = (2 2 )(3 4 )(5 6 ) , the value of

(E) which of the following products is

n(n − 1)

greater than n ?

13. Of the following sums, which is I. (2)(3 3 )(5 2 )

greatest ?

II. (2)(3)(5 4 )

1 1 1 1 III. (2 2 )(3 2 )(5 3 )

(A) + + +

2 3 4 5 (A) None

1 1 1 1 (B) I only

(B) + + +

22 32 4 2 52 (C) II only

1 1 1 1 (D) III only

(C)

2

+ 3+ 4 + 5 (E) II and III

2 2 2 2

1 1 1

(D) 1− + −

2 3 4 17. If b and c are positive numbers and

1 1 1 1

(E) + + + 1 b c , then b + c =

= =

2 3 4 5 b c 8

86

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(A) 4 Section 25

(B) 6 30 Minutes 20 Questions

(C) 7

(D) 8 1. For each color copy, Print Shop X

(E) 9

charges $1.25 and Print Shop Y charges

18. In a certain performance of a 3-act $2.75. How much greater is the charge

play, the first act was 18 minutes for 84 color copies at Print Shop Y than

shorter than the third act and half as at Print Shop X ?

long as the second act. If the average

(arithmetic mean) length of the 3 acts (A) $84.00

was 46 minutes, how many minutes (B) $105.00

long was the third act? (C) $126.00

(D) $231.00

(A) 30

(E) $336.00

(B) 39

(C) 46

(D) 48

(E) 66 2. The sum of 25 percent of 36 and 75

percent of 56 equals

19. In an office, 40 percent of the workers

(A) 23

have at least 5 years of service, and a

(B) 37

total of 16 workers have at least 10

(C) 41

years of service. If 90 percent of the

(D) 51

workers have fewer than 10 years of

(E) 69

service, how many of the workers

have at least 5 but fewer than 10 years

of service? 3. If x2 < x. then x must be

(A) less than 0

(A) 48 (B) equal to 0

(B) 64 (C) between 0 and 1

(C) 50 (D) equal to 1

(D) 144 (E) greater than 1

(E) 160

4. If 15 people contributed a total of

20. If n and p are different positive prime

numbers, which of the integers $20.00 toward a gift and each of them

n 4 , p 3 , and np has (have) exactly 4 contributed at least $1.00, then the

positive divisors? maximum possible amount any one

(A) n4 only person could have contributed is

(B) p3 only

(A) $1.00

(C) np only

(B) $1.25

(D) n4 and np

(C) $5.00

(E) p3 and np

(D) $6.00

(E) $20.00

certain club increased from $199 to

87

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$299, what was the approximate 9. The markup on a television set is 20

percent increase in cost? percent of the cost. The markup is what

percent of the selling price?

(A) 33 1 %

3 (markup = selling price - cost)

(B) 50%

(A) 8%

(C) 66 2 % (B) 10%

3

(D) 100% (C) 12 1 %

(E) 150% 2

(D) 15%

6. On the number line, the number p is (E) 16 2 %

3

twice as many units from -2 as -2 is

from 6. If p is less than –2, what is the 10. If x and y are two-digit integers such

value of p ? that x > 40 and y<70, which of the

following is closest to the maximum

(A) –18 possible value of xy ?

(B) –10 (A) 700

(C) –6 (B) 2,800

(D) 10 (C) 4,000

(E) 14 (D) 7,000

(E) 28,000

7. A telephone call costs $1.25 for the first

minute and $0.32 for each additional 11. What is the diameter of a circular

region that has area 10π ?

minute. What is the cost, in dollars, of

a telephone call that lasts for x minutes, (A) 5

(B) 10

where x is an integer? (C) 20

(A) 0.32+ 1.25x (D) 10

(B) 1.25+ 0.32x (E) 2 10

(C) 0.32+ 1.25(x - 1)

(D) 1.25+ 0.32(x + 1) 12. If 3x + 2y = 7 and 2x – y = 7, what is

(E) 1.25 + 0.32(x - 1) the value of x ?

1 (A) 0

8. If x and y are integers, then (B) 1

x+ y

(C) 7

CANNOT be equal to 5

(A) –1 (D) 21

11

(B) − 1

2 (E) 3

(C) 0

13. Worldwide production of motor

(D) 1 vehicles was 3.9 million vehicles in

2

1946 and 45.7 million in 1987. Of the

(E) 1

following, which is closest to the

average (arithmetic mean) annual

88

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increase, in millions, in worldwide 16. If xy ≠ 0 and 1 − 1 = cx . Which of

production of motor vehicles during x y

this period? the following is equal to c ?

(A) 0.08

(A) x

(B) 1.0

(C) 1.1 y (1 − x 2 )

(D) 10.5 (B) 1

(E) 41.8 − x2 y

x2 y

certain lawn. He mowed 1 of the

3 (D) y − x

1 y

lawn the first day, of the

2 (E) y

remaining unmowed portion the y−x

second day, and 3 of the

4 17. Due to construction, the speed limit

remaining unmowed portion the third along an 8-mile section of highway is

day. What fraction of the lawn reduced from 55 miles per hour to 35

remained unmowed at the end of the miles per hour. Approximately how

third day? many minutes more will it take to

travel along this section of highway at

(A) 1 the new speed limit than it would have

6 taken at the old speed limit ?

(B) 1

(A) 5

8

(B) 8

(C) 1 (C) 10

12 (D) 15

(D) 1 (E) 24

16

(E) 1

24

80 more were in favor of the proposal

than were against it. If the number of

votes against the proposal was 40

percent of the total vote, what was the 18. The figure above shows the

total number of votes cast? dimensions of a rectangular board that

(Each vote cast was either in favor of is to be cut into four identical pieces

by making cuts at points A, B, and C,

the proposal or against it.) as indicated. If x = 45, what is the

(A) 480 length AB ?

(B) 400 (1 foot = 12 inches)

(C) 300

(D) 240 (A) 5 ft 6 in

(E) 160 (B) 5 ft 3 2 in

(C) 5 ft 3 in

89

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(D) 5 ft

(E) 4 ft 9 in 20. On the day of the performance of a

certain play, each ticket that regularly

19. If x < y < z and y - x > 5, where x is sells for less than $10.00 is sold for

an even integer and y and z are odd half price plus $0.50, and each ticket

integers, what is the least possible that regularly sells for $10.00 or more

value of z – x ? is sold for half price plus $1.00. On

the day of the performance, a person

(A) 6

purchases a total of y tickets, of which

(B) 7

x regularly sell for $9.00 each and the

(C) 8

rest regularly sell for $12.00 each.

(D) 9

What is the amount paid, in dollars,

(E) 10

for the y tickets ?

(A) 7y - 2x

(B) 12x - 7y

(C) 9 x + 12 y

2

(D) 7y + 4x

(E) 7y + 5x

90

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Section 26 (A) 1

30 Minutes 20 Questions 9

(B) 1

1. A car with a 12-gallon gas tank used 4

1 of a full tank of gas to make a (C) 1

2 (D) 3

150-mile trip. How many miles per 2

(E) 6

gallon did the car average on the trip?

(A) 30

(B) 25

(C) 12 1

2

(D) 8 1

5. An association of mathematics teachers

3

(E) 6 has 1,260 members. Only 525 of these

members cast votes in the election for

2. If 5n + 4 =11, what is the value of l0n – president of the association. What

2? percent of the total membership voted

(A) 68 for the winning candidate if the

(B) 14 winning candidate received 60 percent

(C) 12

of the votes cast?

(D) 7

(E) -1 (A) 75%

(B) 58%

(C) 42%

3. At the beginning of each year, the price (D) 34%

of item X is 10 percent higher than its (E) 25%

price at the beginning of the previous

6. In the figure above, what is the value of

year. During three consecutive years, if

x?

the price of item X is $8 at the

beginning of the first year, what is its (A) 50

(B) 70

price at the beginning of the third year? (C) 80

(D) 90

(A) $8.80 (E) 100

(B) $9.60

(C) $9.68 7. Which of the following fractions, if

(D) $10.00

(E) $16.00 written as a decimal, would have a 2 in

the thousandths place ?

1 1

(A) 3

4. 2 3 = 11

1 1

÷ (B) 7

2 3 9

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(C) 1 (E) 44

8

11. Approximately 90 percent of the

(D) 4 volume of a certain cube that is

7

floating in a tank of water is beneath

(E) 1

the surface. If 6.4 cubic centimeters of

6 the cube is above the surface of the

water, what is the approximate length,

8. If P dollars is invested at an annual in centimeters, of an edge of the cube?

interest rate of 5 percent, which of the (A) 10

following gives the amount of simple (B) 8

interest, in dollars, earned after n (C) 6

(D) 4

months ?

(E) 2

(A) 0.05P + n

(B) 0.05P + n 12. If x = 2u, then the average (arithmetic

12

(C) 0.05P × n mean) of x and u, in terms of u, is

1

(D) 0.05P × (A) u

12 n 3

(E) 0.05P × n (B) u

12 2

(C) u

2

9. If a person purchases 15 of the 3,000 3

tickets sold in a raffle that awards one (D) u

3

prize, what is the probability that this 4

person will not win? (E) u

3

2

(A) 0

(B) 1 13. If the sum of a set of ten different

200 positive prime numbers is an even

1 number, which of the following prime

(C) numbers CANNOT be in the set ?

2

(D) 199 (A) 2

200 (B) 3

(E) 1 (C) 5

(D) 7

10. Virginia, Adrienne, and Dennis have (E) 11

taught history for a combined total of

96 years. If Virginia has taught for 9 14. A book dealer buys used books for

more years than Adrienne and for 9 prices ranging from $0.75 to $1.50

fewer years than Dennis, for how and then sells them for prices ranging

many years has Dennis taught? from $3.00 to $5.50. If the dealer were

to sell 20 of these books, the

(A) 23 minimum gross profit from this sale

(B) 32 would be

(C) 35

(D) 41 (A) $15

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(B) $30 (D) 1

(C) $45 213

(D) $50

(E) $80 (E) 1

2 45

15. If x (a + b) = y, where y ≠ 0 and 2a 18. If it would take one machine 10

= 3b = 1, then y = minutes to fill a large production order

x and another machine 12 minutes to fill

the same order, how many minutes

(A) 1 would it take both machines working

6 together, at their respective rates, to

(B) 1 fill the order?

3

(C) 2 (A) 4 1

3 60

(B) 5

(D) 5

6 (C) 5 5

6 11

(E)

5 (D) 5 1

2

16. A certain Social Security recipient will (E) 11

receive an annual benefit of $12,000

provided he has annual earnings of 19. If m is an integer, then each of the

$9,360 or less, but the benefit will be 7

reduced by $1 for every $3 of annual following must be an integer

earnings over $9,360. What amount of EXCEPT

total annual earnings would result in a

50 percent reduction in the recipient's (A) m − 28

annual Social Security benefit? 7

(Assume Social Security benefits are

(B) m + 21

not counted as part of annual 7

earnings.)

(C) 14 m

98

(A) $15,360

(B) $17,360 (D) m 2

− 49

(C) $18,000 49

(D) $21,360 (E) m + 14

(E) $27,360 14

17. + + + =

210 2 11 2 12 212

(A) 1

27

(B) 1

28

(C) 1

29

93

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

Section 27 (A) 100bc

25 mintues 16 Questions (B) 100b

c

1. A project scheduled to be carried out (C) 200bc

over a single fiscal year has a budget of (D) 200b

$12,600, divided into 12 equal monthly c

(E) 200

allocations. At the end of the 4th month

bc

of that fiscal year, the total amount

actually spent on the project was $4,580. 5. In a certain city, 60 percent of the

By how much was the project over its registered voters are Democrats and the

budget ? rest are Republicans. In a mayoral race,

(A) $380 if 75 percent of the registered voters

(B) $540 who are Democrats and 20 percent of

(C) $1,050 the registered voters who are

(D) $1,380

(E) $1,430 Republicans are expected to vote for

Candidate A, what percent of the

2. For which of the following values of n registered voters are expected to vote

is 100 + n NOT an integer ? for Candidate A ?

n

(A) 50%

(A) 1 (B) 53%

(B) 2 (C) 54%

(C) 3 (D) 55%

(D) 4 (E) 57%

(E) 5

6. if 3 x − 5 y = y and y ≠ 0, then x =

3. Rectangular floors X and Y have equal 2

area. If floor X is 12 feet by 18 feet and

floor Y is 9 feet wide, what is the (A) 2

3

length of floor Y, in feet ? 5

(B)

3

(A) 13 1 (C) 7

2 3

(B) 18 (D) 1

(C) 18 3 (E) 4

4

(D) 21 7. If x + 5 > 2 and, x – 3 < 7, the value of

(E) 24

x must be between which of he

4. A case contains c cartons. Each carton following pairs of numbers ?

contains b boxes and each box contains (A) -3 and 10

100 paper clips. How many paper clips (B) -3 and 4

(C) 2 and 7

are contained in 2 cases ? (D) 3 and 4

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(E) 3 and 10 (B) 72

(C) 112

8. A certain company retirement plan has (D) 128

(E) 142

a “rule of 70” provision that allows an

employee to retire when the 12. If x (2x + 1) = 0 and

employee’s age plus years of 1

( x + )(2 x − 3) = 0 , then x =

employment with the company total at 2

least 70. In what year could a female (A) –3

employee hired in 1986 on her 32nd (B) − 1

birthday first be eligible to retire under 2

(C) 0

this provision ?

(D) 1

(A) 2003 2

(B) 2004 3

(E)

(C) 2005 2

(D) 2006

(E) 2007

13. A rainstorm increased the amount of

9. 1 + 2 × 3 ÷ 4 − 9 = water stored in State J reservoirs from

2 3 8 16 124 billion gallons to 138 billion

gallons. If the storm increased the

(A) 29 amount of water in the reservoirs to

16 82 percent of total capacity,

19 approximately how many billion

(B)

16 gallons of water were the reservoirs

short of total capacity prior to the

(C) 15 storm?

16

(D) 9 (A) 9 (B) 14 (C) 25

13 (D) 30 (E) 44

(E) 0

14. If s1, s2, s3, ...... is the sequence such

10. The sum of the prime numbers that that s n = n for all positive

are greater than 60 and less than 70 is n +1

integers n, then the product of the first

(A) 67

10 terms of this sequence is

(B) 128

(C) 191 (A) 1 (B) 1

(D) 197 (10)(11) 11

(E) 260

(C) 1 (D) 9

11. Water consists of hydrogen and 10 10

oxygen, and the approximate ratio, by (E) 10

mass, of hydrogen to oxygen is 2 : 16. 11

Approximately how many grams of

oxygen are there in 144 grams of 15. On a scale that measures the intensity

water ? of a certain phenomenon, a reading of

n + 1 corresponds to an intensity that

(A) 16

95

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is 10 times the intensity corresponding Section 28

to a reading of n. On that scale, the 25 Minutes 16 Questions

intensity corresponding to a reading

of 8 is how many times as great as the

intensity corresponding to a reading of

3?

(A) 5 (B) 50 (C) 10 5

(D) 5 10

(E) 810 − 310

dollars in advance to do a certain job

together, John worked on the job for

10 hours and Mary worked 2 hours

less than John. If Mary gave John y

dollars of her payment so that they

would have received the same hourly

wage, what was the dollar amount, in

terms of y, that John was paid in 1. According to the graph above, what

advance ? percent of the funds for highway

(A) 4y (B) 5y (C) 6y maintenance came from the tax on

(D) 8y (E) 9y tires?

(A) 3 %

(B) 6 %

(C) 8 %

(D) 10%

(E) 16%

= 3, y most nearly ?

(A) –1

(B) − 1

2

(C) 0

(D) 1

2

96

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(E) 1 each, what is the average income of the

other 4 households?

3. A gym class can be divided into 8

teams with an equal number of players (A) $21,500

(B) $20,000

on each team or into 12 teams with an (C) $17,500

equal number of players on each team. (D) $7,500

What is the least possible number of (E) $7,000

students in the class?

7. 1

1+ =

(A) 20 1

1+

(B) 24 1

(C) 36 1+

3

(D) 48

(E) 96 (A) 4

7

(B) 4

4. At least 2 of the 40 members of a 3

3 11

(C)

committee must vote in favor of a 8

resolution for it to pass. What is the (D) 11

greatest number of members who could 7

vote against the resolution and still (E) 7

4

have it pass ?

(A) 19 8. If T = 5 (k − 32) , and if T = 290, then K

(B) 17 9

(C) 16 =

(D) 14

(A) 1,738

(E) 13 9

(B) 322

5. When 1 percent of 5,000 is (C) 490

10 (D) 554

5

10

difference is 9. The water from one outlet, flowing at a

(A) 0 constant rate, can fill a swimming pool

(B) 50 in 9 hours. The water from a second

(C) 450

(D) 495 outlet, flowing at a constant rate, can

(E) 500 fill the same pool in 5 hours. If both

outlets are used at the same time,

6. A poll reveals that the average approximately what is the number of

(arithmetic mean) income of 10 hours required to fill the pool ?

households is $25,000. If 6 of the

(A) 0.22

households have incomes of $30,000 (B) 0.31

97

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(C) 2.50 (E) 15

(D) 3.21

(E) 4.56 14. What is the smallest integer n for

which 25 n > 512 ?

10. Diana bought a stereo for $530, which

was the retail price plus a 6 percent (A) 6

sales tax. How much money could she (B) 7

have saved if she had bought the (C) 8

stereo at the same retail price in a (D) 9

neighboring state where she would (E) 10

have paid a sales tax of 5 percent?

15. Raffle tickets numbered consecutively

(A) $1.00 from 101 through 350 are placed in a

(B) $2.65 box. What is the probability that a

(C) $4.30 ticket selected at random will have a

(D) $5.00 number with a hundreds digit of 2?

(E) $5.30

(A) 2

11. If a square mirror has a 20-inch 5

diagonal, what is the approximate (B) 2

perimeter of the mirror, in inches? 7

(A) 40 (C) 33

(B) 60 83

(C) 80 (D) 99

(D) 100 250

(E) l20 100

(E)

249

12. Which of the following is the value of

3

0.000064 ? 16. If x and y are different prime numbers,

each greater

(A) 0.004 than 2, which of the following must be

(B) 0.008 true ?

(C) 0.02 I. x + y ≠91

(D) 0.04 II. x – y is an even integer.

(E) 0.2

III. x is not an integer.

y

13. The present ratio of students to (A) II only

teachers at a certain school is 30 to 1. (B) I and II only

If the student enrollment were to (C) I and III only

increase by 50 students and the (D) II and III only

number of teachers were to increase (E) I, II, and III

by 5, the ratio of students to teachers

would then be 25 to 1. What is the

present number of teachers ?

(A) 5

(B) 8

(C) 10

(D) 12

98

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Section 29 (E) 3

25 Minutes 16 Questions 2

one of two methods of annual payment:

either an annual salary of $35,000 with

4. Machine A produces 100 parts twice as

no commission or an annual salary of

fast as machine B does. Machine B

$10,000 plus a 20 percent commission

produces 100 parts in 40 minutes. If

on her total annual sales. What must

each machine produces parts at a

her total annual sales be to give her the

constant rate, how many parts does

same annual pay with either method ?

machine A produce in 6 minutes ?

(A) $100,000

(B) $120,000 (A) 30

(C) $125,000 (B) 25

(D) $130,000 (C) 20

(E) $132,000 (D) 15

(E) 7.5

2. A restaurant buys fruit in cans

5. If 18 is 15 percent of 30 percent of a

containing 3 1 cups of fruit each. If certain number, what is the number ?

2

(A) 9

the restaurant uses 1 cup of the fruit (B) 36

2 (C) 40

in each serving of its fruit compote, (D) 81

what is the least number of cans needed (E) 400

to prepare 60 servings of the compote ?

6. A necklace is made by stringing N

(A) 7 individual beads together in the

(B) 8

(C) 9 repeating pattern red bead, green bead,

(D) 10 white bead, blue bead, and yellow bead.

(E) 12 If the necklace design begins with a red

bead and ends with a white bead, then

3. If x > 3,000, then the value of x

N could equal.

2x + 1

is closest to (A) 16

(B) 32

(A) 1 (C) 41

6 (D) 54

1 (E) 68

(B)

3

10 7. If x = (0.08) 2 , y = 1 , and

(C)

21 (0.08) 2

(D) 1 z = (1 − 0.08) 2 − 1 , which of the

2 following is true ?

99

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(A) x = y = z (A) x

(B) y < z < x x −1

(C) z < x < y x

(D) y < x and x = z (B)

x +1

(E) x < y and x = z

(C) x −1

x

(D) x +1

x

(E) x

8. In △ABC above, what is x in terms of 2

z? with each stroke of a vacuum pump,

what fraction of the original amount

(A) z + 73 of air has been removed after 4

(B) z – 73 strokes ?

(C) 70 – z

(D) z – 70 (A) 15

(E) 73 – z 16

(B) 7

9. In 1990 a total of x earthquakes 8

occurred worldwide, some but not all (C) 1

of which occurred in Asia. If m of these 4

earthquakes occurred in Asia, which of (D) 1

8

the following represents the ratio of the

(E) 1

umber of earth quakes that occurred in 16

Asia to the number that did not occur in

Asia ? 12. Last year Department Store X had a

sales total for December that was 4

times the average (arithmetic mean) of

(A) x the monthly sales totals for January

m through November. The sales total for

(B) m December was what fraction of the

x sales total for the year ?

(C) m

x−m (A) 1

4

(D) x

x−m (B) 4

15

(E) 1 − m

x (C) 1

3

(D) 4

10. If x + y = 1 , then y = 11

xy

(E) 4

5

100

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13. How many integers n are there such $3.0 million, what was the

that 1 < 5n + 5 < 25 ? approximate revenue from the sale of

the shoes in 1985 ?

(A) Five

(B) Four (A) $2.4 million

(C) Three (B) $2.9 million

(D) Two (C) $3.0 million

(E) One (D) $3.1 million

(E) $3.6 million

14. If the two-digit integers M and N are

positive and have the same digits, but

in reverse order, which of the

following CANNOT be the sum of M

and N ?

(A) 181

(B) 163

(C) 121

(D) 99

(E) 44

can do a certain printing job,

consisting of a large number of pages,

in 12, 15, and 18 hours, respectively.

What is the ratio of the time it takes

printer X to do the job, working

alone at its rate, to the time it takes

printers Y and Z to do the job, working

together at their individual rates ?

(A) 4

11

(B) 1

2

(C) 15

22

(D) 22

15

(E) 11

4

shoes to retailers for a fixed price per

pair. In 1986 the number of pairs of

the shoes that the company sold to

retailers decreased by 20 percent,

while the price per pair increased by

20 percent. If the company’s revenue

from the sale of the shoes in 1986 was

101

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Section 30 (E) Line l 1 is the same line as line

25 Minutes 16 Questions l3.

1. (3)(0.072) =

0.54

(A) 0.04

(B) 0.3 5. 61.24 × (0.998) 2 The

(C) 0.4 403

(D) 0.8 expression above is approximately

(E) 4.0

equal to

2. A car dealer sold x used cars and y new (A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 4

cars during May. If the number of used (D) 5 (E) 6

cars sold was 10 greater than the

6. Car X and car Y traveled the same

number of new cars sold. Which of the

80-mile route. If car X took 2 hours and

following expresses this relationship ?

car Y traveled at an average speed that

(A) x > 10y was 50 percent faster than the averages

(B) x > y + 10

(C) x > y – 10 speed of car X, how many hours did it

(D) x = y + 10 take car Y to travel the route ?

(E) x = y – 10

(A) 2

3. What is the maximum number of 3

(B) 1

1

1 -foot pieces of wire that can be cut (C) 1 1

4 3

from a wire that is 24 feet long? (D) 1 3

(A) 11 5

(E) 3

(B) 18

(C) 19

(D) 20 7. If the numbers 17 , 1 , 3 , 3 , and

(E) 30 24 2 8 4

9 were ordered from greatest to least,

4. If each of the two lines l 1 and l 2 is

16

parallel to line l 3 , which of the the middle number of the resulting

sequence would be

following must be true?

(A) 17

(A) Lines l 1 , l 2 , and l 3 lie in the 24

same plane. 1

(B)

(B) Lines l 1 , l 2 , and l 3 lie in 2

different planes. (C) 3

(C) Line l 1 is parallel to line l 2 . 8

(D) Line l 1 is the same line as line (D) 3

l2. 4

102

GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(E) 9 (E) 25 3

16 10

8. If a 10 percent deposit that has been 12. A rabbit on a controlled diet is fed

daily 300 grams of a mixture of two

paid toward the purchase of a certain

foods, food X and food Y. Food X

product is $110, how much more contains 10 percent protein and food Y

remains to he paid? contains 15 percent protein. If the

rabbit’s diet provides exactly 38 grams

(A) $880 of protein daily, how many grams of

(B) $900 food X are in the mixture?

(C) $1,000

(D) $1,100 (A) 100

(E) $1,210 (B) 140

(C) 150

9. Kim purchased n items from a catalog (D) 160

(E) 200

for $8 each. Postage and handling

charges consisted of $3 for the first

item and $1 for each additional item.

Which of the following gives the total 13. A company that ships boxes to a total

dollar amount of Kim’s purchase, of (12) distribution centers uses color

coding to identify each center. If

including postage and handling, in either a single color or a pair of two

terms of n ? different colors is chosen to represent

each center and if each center is

(A) 8n + 2

uniquely represented by that choice of

(B) 8n + 4

one or two colors, what is the

(C) 9n + 2

minimum number of colors needed for

(D) 9n + 3

the coding ? (Assume that the order of

(E) 9n + 4

the colors in a pair does not matter.)

10. ( 7+ 7 )

2

=

(A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 12 (E) 24

(B) 49

(A) a − b

2 2

(C) 28

(D) 21 2

(B) b − a

2 2

(E) 14

2

11. If the average (arithmetic mean) of the

(C) a − b

four numbers K, 2K + 3, 3K – 5, and 2

5K + 1 is 63, what is the value of K ?

(D) ab

(A) 11 2

(B) 15 3 (E) a 2

+ b2

4 2

(C) 22

(D) 23 15. A rectangular circuit board is designed

to have width w inches, perimeter p

103

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inches, and area k square inches.

Which of the following equations

must be true?

(A) w 2 + pw + k = 0

(B) w 2 − pw + 2k = 0

(C) 2 w 2 + pw + 2k = 0

(D) 2 w 2 − pw − 2k = 0

(E) 2 w 2 − pw + 2k = 0

motorists exceed the posted speed

limit and receive speeding tickets, but

20 percent of the motorists who

exceed the posted speed limit do not

receive speeding tickets. What percent

of the motorists on that road exceed 3. The figure above represents a window,

the posted speed limit ? with the shaded regions representing

the openings for the glass. If all line

(A) 10 1 % (B) 12 1 %

2 2 segments in the figure are either

(C) 15% (D) 22% horizontal or vertical and the openings

(E) 30% are all the same size, what are the

Section 31

25 Minutes 16 Questions dimensions, in inches, of each opening

(1 foot = 12 inches)?

1. If x is 11 percent greater than 80, then x

(A) 12.0 by 18.0

= (B) 10.5 by 16.5

(A) 70.9 (C) 9.0 by 15.0

(B) 71.2 (D) 8.0 by 10.0

(E) 7.5 by 13.5

(C) 88.0

(D) 88.8

(E) 91.0 4. A farmer used 1,034 acres of land for

beans, wheat, and corn in the ratio of 5 :

2. A certain car uses 12 gallons of 2 : 4, respectively. How many acres

gasoline in traveling 240 miles. In were used for corn?

order for the car to travel the same

(A) 188

distance using 10 gallons of gasoline, (B) 258

by how many miles per gallon must the (C) 376

car's gas mileage be increased? (D) 470

(E) 517

(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 8 (E)

10 5. If 2 x 2 + 4 x − 5 = x 2 + 2 x + x 2 + 5 , then

x2 =

(A) 0

(B) 4

104

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(C) 10 9. A certain ball was dropped from a

(D) 25

window 8 meters above a sidewalk. On

(E) 100

each bounce it rose straight up exactly

6. 80 + 125 = one-half the distance of the previous

fall. After the third bounce the ball was

(A) 9 5

caught when it reached a height of

(B) 20 5

exactly 1 meter above the sidewalk.

(C) 41 5

How many meters did the ball travel in

(D) 205

(E) 100 all?

(A) 21

7. A circle graph shows how the budget of (B) 19

a certain company was spent: 63 (C) 17

(D) 15

percent for salaries, 12 percent for

(E) 13

research and development, 6 percent

for utilities, 5 percent for equipment, 4 10. A certain store sells all maps at one

percent for supplies, and the remainder price and all books at another price.

On Monday the store sold 12 maps

for transportation. If the area of each and 10 books for a total of $38.00, and

sector of the graph is proportional to on Tuesday the store sold 20 maps and

the percent of the budget it represents, 15 books for a total of $60.00. At this

store, how much less does a map sell

how many degrees of the circle are for than a book?

used to represent

(A) $0.25

transportation? (B) $0.50

(C) $0.75

(A) 10° (D) $1.00

(B) 18° (E) $l.25

(C) 36°

(D) 90° 11. Which of the following procedures is

(E) 324° always equivalent to adding 5 given

numbers and then dividing the sum by

8. What is the area of a square with 5?

perimeter P ? I. Multiplying the 5 numbers and then

finding the 5th root of the product.

(A) 16 P 2 II. Adding the 5 numbers, doubling the

(B) 4P sum, and then moving the decimal

2

point one place to the left.

(C) P

4 III. Ordering the 5 numbers

P numerically and then selecting the

(D) middle number.

16

2

(A) None

(E) P (B) I only

16 (C) II only

(D) III only

(E) I and III

105

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12. A certain company has records stored equivalent to –2 < x < 4 ?

with a record-storage firm in 15-inch

(A) | x – 2 | < 4

by 12-inch by 10-inch boxes. The

(B) | x – 1 | < 3

boxes occupy 1.08 million cubic

(C) | x + 1 | < 3

inches of space. If the company pays

(D) | x + 2 | < 4

$0.25 per box per month for record

(E) None of the above

storage, what is the total amount that

the company pays each month for

16. If the average (arithmetic mean) of 5

record storage?

positive temperatures is x degrees

(A) $150 Fahrenheit, then the sum of the 3

(B) $300 greatest of these temperatures, in

(C) $600 degrees Fahrenheit, could be

(D) $1,200

(A) 6x

(E) $2,400

(B) 4x

13. If a 3-digit integer is selected at (C) 5 x

random from the integers 100 through 3

199, inclusive, what is the probability (D) x3

that the first digit and the last digit of 2

the integer are each equal to one more (E) x3

than the middle digit? 5

(A) 2

225

(B) 1

111

(C) 1

110

(D) 1

100

(E) 1

50

two-candidate election, received

942,568 votes, which was exactly 40

percent of all the votes cast.

Approximately what percent of the

remaining votes would he need to

have received in order to have won at

least 50 percent of all the votes cast?

(A) 10%

(B) 12%

(C) 15%

(D) 17%

(E) 20%

106

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Section 32 production cost. If a batch of 20,000

25 Minutes 16 Questions tools is produced and sold, then

1. A certain taxi fare consists of an initial Company X's gross profit per tool is

charge of $1.25 and an additional (A) $3.00

(B) $3.75

charge of $0.25 for each 1 mile (C) $4.50

5 (D) $5.00

traveled. What is the total fare for a trip (E) $5.50

of 2.4 miles?

5. Of the following, which is most nearly

(A) $4.25

(B) $3.00 equal to 10 ?

(C) $2.25 (A) 3.1

(D) $1.85 (B) 3.2

(E) $1.75 (C) 3.3

(D) 3.4

a b (E) 3.5

2. If = ad − bc for all numbers a, b,

c d

3 5 6. Exactly 1 of the children in a certain

c, and d, then = 3

−2 4

class are girls. If there are 18 boys in

(A) –22

(B) –2 the class, how many girls are in the

(C) 2 class?

(D) 7

(A) 6

(E) 22

(B) 9

(C) 12

3. If the area of a square region having (D) 24

sides of length 6 centimeters is equal to (E) 27

the area of a rectangular region having

width 2.5 centimeters, then the length

of the rectangle, in centimeters, is

(A) 8.5

(B) 9.5

(C) 9.6

(D) 10.5

(E) 14.4

4. The total cost for Company X to Questions 7-8: refer to the following

produce a batch of tools is $10,000 information

In a marketing survey for products A,

plus $3 per tool. Each tool sells for $8.

B, and C, 1,000 people were asked which of

The gross profit earned from producing the products, if any, they use. The three

and selling these tools is the total circular regions in the diagram above

income from sales minus the total represent the numbers of people who use

products A, B,

107

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and C, according to the survey results. Of (A) M = 7 P + 13

the people surveyed, a total of 400 use A, a 12

total of 400 use B, and a total of 450 use C.

(B) M = 7 P + 21

12

7. How many of the people surveyed use

(C) M = 7 P − 12

exactly one of the products? 12

(A) 75 (D) M = 7 P − 13

(B) 100 12

(C) 150 (E) M = 7 P − 18

(D) 250 12

(E) 325

11. If x is a positive number and 1 the

8. What percent of the people surveyed 2

use product A or product B or both, but square root of x is equal to 2x, then x

=

not product C?

(A) 12.5% (A) 1

(B) 17.5% 16

(C) 30% (B) 1

(D) 40% 4

(E) 60% (C) 1

2

(D) 2

9. If x = a + b + c , where a, b, and c (E) 8

2 23 24

are each equal to 0 or 1, then x could be

each of the following EXCEPT

(A) 1

16

(B) 3

16

(C) 5

16

(D) 10 12. The incomplete table above shows a

16

distribution of scores for a class of 20

(E) 11

students. If the average (arithmetic

16 mean) score for the class is 78, what

score is missing from the table ?

10. The equation M + 6 = p − 7 relates (A) 73

36 21

two temperature scales, where M is (B) 75

the number of degrees on one scale (C) 77

and P is the number of degrees on the (D) 79

other scale. Which of the following (E) 81

equations can be used to convert

temperatures from the P scale to the 13. Carl drove from his home to the beach

M scale? at an average speed of 80 kilometers

108

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per hour and returned home by the (E) 280π+ 280

same route at an average speed of 70

kilometers per hour. If the trip home 16. If x, y, and z are positive integers and

took 1 hour longer than the trip to 3x = 4y = 7z, then the least possible

2 value of x + y + z is

the beach, how many kilometers did (A) 33

Carl drive each way? (B) 40

(A) 350 (C) 49

(B) 345 (D) 61

(C) 320 (E) 84

(D) 280

(E) 240

ratio of

1 to 1 ?

x y

5 6

(A) 25

6

(B) 36

25

(C) 6

5

(D) 5

6

(E) 25

36

two circular disks. If the radii of the

two disks are 80 centimeters and 60

centimeters, respectively, what is the

total length, in centimeters, of the

cord?

(A) 210π

(B) 210π+ 280

(C) 280π

(D) 280π + 80

109

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Section 33

25 Minutes 16 Questions is 2 full of oil. If all of the oil in

J

integer, which of the following must be drum Y will be filled to what fraction

an odd integer? of its capacity ?

(A) p (A) 3

q 4

(B) pq (B) 5

(C) 2p + q 6

(D) 2 (p + q) (C) 11

(E) 3 p 12

q (D) 7

6

2. A certain college has a (E) 11

student-to-teacher ratio of 11 to 1. The 6

average (arithmetic mean) annual

5. In a certain population, there are 3

salary for teachers is $26,000. If the

times as many people aged twenty-one

college pays a total of $3,380,000 in

or under as there are people over

annual salaries to its teachers, how

twenty-one. The ratio of those

many students does the college have ?

twenty-one or under to the total

(A) 130 population is

(B) 169

(C) 1,300 (A) 1 to 2

(D) 1,430 (B) 1 to 3

(E) 1,560 (C) 1 to 4

(D) 2 to 3

3. Last year if 97 percent of the revenues (E) 3 to 4

of a company came from domestic

sources and the remaining revenues. 6. 2 + 2 6 =

2

totaling $450,000, came from foreign

sources, what was the total of the (A) 6

(B) 2 6

company's revenues ?

(C) 1+ 6

(A) $ 1,350,000

(D) 1+ 2 6

(B) $ 1,500,000

(C) $ 4,500,000 (E) 2+ 6

(D) $ 15,000,000

(E) $ 150,000,000 7. A certain telescope increases the visual

range at a particular location from 90

4. Drum X is 1 full of oil and drum Y, kilometers to 150 kilometers. By what

2

which has twice the capacity of drum X,

110

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percent is the visual range increased by (C) 37 1 %

using the telescope ? 2

(D) 60%

(A) 30% (E) 75%

(B) 33 1 %

2 11. If the operation ⊗ is defined for all

(C) 40% 2

3

(E) 66 2 % then 2 ⊗ (3 ⊗ −1) =

3

(A) 4

(B) 2

(C) − 4

3

(D) -2

(E) -4

8. In the figure above, the value of y is 12. A factory that employs 1,000

assembly-line workers pays each of

(A) 6 these workers $5 per hour for the first

(B) 12 40 hours worked during a week and

(C) 24 1

(D) 36 1 time that rate for hours in excess

2

(E) 42 of 40. What was the total payroll for

the assembly-line workers for a week

9. A part-time employee whose hourly in which 30 percent of them worked

wage was increased by 25 percent 20 hours, 50 percent worked 40 hours,

decided to reduce the number of hours and the rest worked 50 hours?

worked per week so that the (A) $180,000

employee’s total weekly income would (B) $185,000

(C) $190,000

remain unchanged. By what percent (D) $200,000

should the number of hours worked be (E) $205,000

reduced?

13. If x≠2, then 3x ( x − 2) − x + 2 =

2

(A) 12.5%

x−2

(B) 20%

(C) 25% (A) 3x 2 − x + 2

(D) 50% (B) 3x 2 + 1

(E) 75% (C) 3x 2

(D) 3x 2 − 1

10. if x > 0, x + x is what percent of (E) 3x 2 − 2

50 25

x?

14. In a certain school, 40 more than 1

(A) 6% 3

(B) 25% of all the students are taking a science

111

GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

4 25 Minutes 16 Questions

science course are taking physics. If

1 of all the students in the school are 1

8 1. 2 =

taking physics, how many students are 1 1

+

in the school ? 4 6

(A) 240 (A) 6

(B) 300 5

(C) 480 5

(D) 720 (B)

6

(E)960

(C) 5

24

15. If d > 0 and 0 < 1 − c < 1 , which of

d (D) 1

the following must be true ? 5

I. c > 0 (E) 1

12

II. c < 1

d 2. Kelly and Chris packed several boxes

III. c 2 + d 2 > 1

with books. If Chris packed 60 percent

(A) I only of the total number of boxes, what was

(B) II only

(C) I and II only the ratio of the number of boxes Kelly

(D) II and III only packed to the number of boxes Chris

(E) I, II, and III packed?

rectangular wooden box are 6 inches (B) 1 to 4

by 8 inches by 10 inches. A cylindrical (C) 2 to 5

cannister is to be placed inside the box (D) 3 to 5

so that it stands upright when the (E) 2 to 3

closed box rests on one of its six faces.

Of all such cannisters that could be 3. A train travels from New York City to

used, what is the radius, in inches, of Chicago, a distance of approximately

the one that has maximum volume?

840 miles, at an average rate of 60

(A) 3 miles per hour and arrives in Chicago

(B) 4

(C) 5 at 6:00 in the evening, Chicago time.

(D) 6 At what hour in the morning, New

(E) 8 York City time, did the train depart for

Chicago ? (Note: Chicago time is one

hour earlier than New York City time.)

(A) 4:00

(B) 5.00

(C) 6:00

(D) 7.00

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(E) 8:00 (D) 15%

(E) 24%

4. Of the following, which is the closest

7. In a certain brick wall, each row of

approximation of 50.2 × 0.49 ?

199.8 bricks above the bottom row contains

one less brick than the row just below

(A) 1 it. If there are 5 rows in all and a total

10 of 75 bricks in the wall, how many

(B) 1 bricks does the bottom row contain ?

8

(A) 14

(C) 1

4 (B) 15

(C) 16

(D) 5 (D) 17

4

(E) 18

(E) 25

2 8. If 25 percent of p is equal to 10 percent

5. Last year Manfred received 26 of q, and pq ≠ 0, then p is what

paychecks. Each of his first 6 percent of q ?

paychecks was $750; each of his (A) 2.5%

remaining paychecks was $30 more (B) 15%

(C) 20%

than each of his first 6 paychecks. To (D) 35%

the nearest dollar, what was the (E) 40%

average (arithmetic mean) amount of

his paychecks for the year ? 9. If the length of an edge of cube X is

twice the length of an edge of cube Y,

(A) $752

(B) $755 what is the ratio of the volume of cube

(C) $765 Y to the volume of cube X ?

(D) $773

(E) $775 (A) 1

2

6. A certain pair of used shoes can be (B) 1

4

repaired for $12.50 and will last for 1

(C) 1

year. A pair of the same kind of shoes 6

can be purchased new for $28.00 and

(D) 1

will last for 2 years. The average cost 8

per year of the new shoes is what (E) 1

percent greater than the cost of 11

repairing the used shoes?

10. ( 2 + 1)( 2 − 1)( 3 + 1)( 3 − 1) =

(A) 3%

(B) 5% (A) 2

(C) 12% (B) 3

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(C) 2 6 (E) 1

(D) 5 3

(E) 6

14. What is the units digit of

11. In a certain calculus class, the ratio of (13) 4 (17) 2 (29) 3

the number of mathematics majors to

the number of students who are not (A) 9 (B) 7 (C) 5 (D) 3 (E)

mathematics majors is 2 to 5. If 2 1

more mathematics majors were to

enter the class, the ratio would be 1 to

2. How many students are in the

class?

(A) 10

(B) 12

(C) 21

(D) 28

(E) 35

15. The shaded region in the figure above

12. Machines A and B always operate represents a rectangular frame with

independently and at their respective length 18 inches and width 15 inches.

constant rates. When working alone, The frame encloses a rectangular

machine A can fill a production lot in picture that has the same area as the

5 hours, and machine B can fill the frame itself. If the length and width of

same lot in x hours. When the two the picture have the same ratio as the

machines operate simultaneously to length and width of the frame, what is

fill the production lot, it takes them 2 the length of the picture, in inches?

hours to complete the job. What is the

value of x? (A) 9 2

(B) 3

(A) 3 1 2

3

(B) 3 (C) 9

2

(C) 2 1

2 (D) 151 − 1

(D) 2 1 2

3 (E) 9

(E) 1 1 2

2

and (a + 3, b + k) are two points on

the line defined by the equation x = 3y

– 7, then k =

(A) 9

(B) 3

(C) 7

3

(D) 1

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16. Pat will walk from intersection X to Section 35

intersection Y along a route that is 25 Minutes 16 Questions

confined to the square grid of four

streets and three avenues shown in the 4

1. If = 1 , which of the following

map above. How many routes from X a

to Y can Pat take that have the 5−

minimum possible length? b

must be true ?

(A) 6

(B) 8 (A) a = 0

(C) 10 (B) b = 0

(D) 14 (C) a = 1

(E) 16 (D) b = 1

(E) a = b

2. y = kx + 3

In the equation above, k is a constant.

If y = 17 when x = 2, what is the value

of y when x = 4 ?

(A) 34

(B) 31

(C) 14

(D) 11

(E) 7

was x dollars. If the price of the model

S car increased each year by 10 percent

of the previous year's price, what was

the price of the car, in dollars, in

1991 ?

(A) 1.10x

(B) 1.20x

(C) 1.21x

(D) 1.25x

(E) 1.33x

what is the remainder when n 2 is

divided by 12?

(A) 0

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) 3

(E) 5

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5. NOT SCORED greatest possible value that one of the

other 2 integers can have ?

6. If a subscription for 10 issues of a (A) 55

magazine costs $24.00 and represents a (B) 65

(C) 100

saving of 20 percent of the cover prices,

(D) 109

what is the cover price per issue? (E) 115

(A) $1.98

(B) $2.40 10. Machine A working alone can

(C) $2.80 complete a job in 3 1 hours.

(D) $2.86 2

(E) $3.00 Machine B working alone can do the

same job in 4 2 hours. How long

7. Each edge of a cubical block of wood 3

measures 2 inches. What is the surface will it take both machines working

together at their respective constant

area of the block in square inches ? rates to complete the job?

(A) 4 (A) 1 hr 10 min

(B) 8 (B) 2 hr

(C) 12 (C) 4 hr 5 min

(D)16 (D) 7 hr

(E)24 (E) 8 hr 10 min

CREATE YOUR OWN SUNDAE 11. What is the smallest positive integer n

12 Ice Cream Flavors for which 324 is a factor of 6 n ?

10 Kinds of Candies

8 Liquid Toppings (A) 2

5 Kinds of Nuts (B) 3

With or Without Whipped Cream (C) 4

(D) 5

(E) 6

8. If a customer makes exactly one

selection from each of the five

categories shown in the table above,

what is the greatest possible number of

different ice cream sundaes that a

customer can create ?

(A) 9,600

(B) 4,800

12. In the figure above, if AB // CE, CE =

(C) 2,400

DE, and y = 45, then x =

(D) 800

(E) 400 (A) 45

(B) 60

9. The average (arithmetic mean) of 4 (C) 67.5

(D) 112.5

positive integers is 50. If the average of

(E) 135

2 of these integers is 45, what is the

116

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ounces of fruit X, the total number of

calories is reduced to 185. If fruit X

provides 1.8 times as many calories as

fruit Y, how many calories does 8

ounces of fruit Y alone provide ?

(A) 11.25

(B) 72

(C) 90

(D) 95

13. The table above shows the cost, in (E) 129.6

dollars, of traveling to and from cities

A, B, C, D, E, and F. A sales

representative wants to leave from A,

travel to C, E, and F, and return to A.

If the first city that the sales

representative travels to must be E,

what is the minimum possible cost for

the entire trip?

(A) $ 13

(B) $14

(C) $16

(D) $18

(E) $20

percent above cost, which represented

a gross profit of $21.00. For what

price did the retailer sell the

appliance?

(A) $27.30,

(B) $51.00

(C) $63.00

(D) $70.00

(E) $91.00

and 458,600 have tens digit 1 and

units digit 3?

(A) 10,300

(B) 10,030

(C) 1,353

(D) 1,352

(E) 1,339

corn puffs and 8 ounces of fruit X

provides 257 calories. When 8 ounces

of fruit Y is substituted for the 8

117

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Section 36 (B) − 1

25 Minutes 16 Questions 6

(C) − 1

1. Of the people who responded to a 12

market survey, 120 preferred Brand X (D) 1

and the rest preferred Brand Y. If the 12

respondents indicated a preference for (E) 1

3

Brand X over Brand Y by a ratio of 3 to

1, how many people responded to the 5. If x and y are negative integers, which

survey ? of the following must be true?

(A) 80 I. x - y < 0

(B) 160

(C) 240 II. x > y

(D) 360 y

(E) 480 III. x 2 > y

(A) I only

2. ( x + 3 y ) 2 =

(B) II only

(A) x 2 + 3y 2 (C) III only

(D) I and III

(B) x2 + 9y2 (E) II and III

(C) x 2 + 3 xy + 3 y 2

(D) x 2 + 3 xy + 9 y 2 6. A certain hotel has 1,400 single rooms

(E) x 2 + 6 xy + 9 y 2 and 420 double rooms. Each room is

cleaned by one person. If one person

3. At Company K, 15 percent of the can clean a single room every 15

employees are secretaries and 60 minutes and a double room every 20

percent are salespeople. If there are 45 minutes, how many cleaning persons

other employees of Company K, how are needed to clean all the rooms if

many employees does Company K each person works for exactly 7 hours?

have?

(A) 65

(A) 160 (B) 70

(B) 180 (C) 80

(C) 190 (D) 90

(D) 200 (E) 265

(E) 400

4. 1 1

− =

1 1

1+ 1+

3 2

(A) − 1

3

118

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

7. In the figure above, the two square highway has 2 lanes in the same

regions have areas 16 and 25, direction and the average speed of the

respectively. What is the area of the cars is 40 miles per hour?

shaded triangular region? (5,280 feet =1 mile)

(A) 6 (A) 155

(B) 8 (B) 96

(C) 9 (C) 80

(D) 12 (D) 48

(E) 15 (E) 24

8. If the consumer price index for a 10. In how many different ways can 3

sample of goods and services people be assigned to fill 3 different

positions so that each person is

purchased in Dallas rose from 100 at

assigned to exactly one position?

the end of 1967 to x at the end of 1985,

(A) Twelve

what was the average (arithmetic mean) (B) Nine

annual increase in the index over this (C) Six

period ? (D) Three

(E) One

(A) x + 100

18

x 11. A point on the edge of a fan blade that

(B)

18 is rotating in a plane is 10 centimeters

from the center of the fan. What is the

(C) 100 − x distance traveled, in centimeters, by

18

this point in 15 seconds when the fan

(D) x − 100

runs at the rate of 300 revolutions per

18 minute ?

(E) 100 x

18 (A) 750π

(B) 1,500π

9. At a certain instant in time, the number (C) 1,875π

of cars, N, traveling on a portion of a (D) 3,000π

(E) 7,500π

certain highway can be estimated by

the formula N = 20 Ld , where L is 12. A 2-year certificate of deposit is

600 + s 2 purchased for k dollars. If the

the number of lanes in the same certificate earns interest at an annual

rate of 6 percent compounded

direction, d is the length of the portion quarterly, which of the following

of the highway, in feet, and s is the represents the value, in dollars, of the

average speed of the cars, in miles per certificate at the end of the 2 years ?

hour. Based on the formula, what is the (A) (1.06)2k

estimated number of cars traveling on a (B) (1.06)8k

(C) (1.015)2k

1 mile portion of the highway if the (D) (1.015)8k

2 (E) (1.03)4k

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

13. If the sum of the first n positive Section 37

integers is S, what is the sum of the 25 Minutes 16 Questions

first n positive even integers, in terms

of S ? 1. A bakery opened yesterday with its

daily supply of 40 dozen rolls. Half of

(A) S

2 the rolls were sold by noon, and 80

(B) S percent of the remaining rolls were

(C) 2S

(D) 2S + 2 sold between noon and closing time.

(E) 4S How many dozen rolls had not been

sold when the bakery closed

14. If x and y are positive numbers and z

yesterday ?

= xy2, a 50 percent increase in x and a

20 percent decrease in y would result (A) 1

in which of the following changes in (B) 2

z? (C) 3

(A) A decrease of 4% (D) 4

(B) A decrease of 14% (E) 5

(C) An increase of 4%

(D) An increase of 20% 2. What is the combined area, in square

(E) An increase of 30% inches, of the front and back of a

rectangular sheet of paper measuring

1 inches by 11 inches ?

8

2

(A) 38

15. If it is 6:27 in the evening on a certain (B) 44

day, what time in the morning was it (C) 88

exactly 2,880,717 minutes earlier? (D) 176

(Assume standard time in one (E) 187

location.)

3. 150 is what percent of 30 ?

(A) 6:22

(B) 6:24 (A) 5%

(C) 6:27 (B) 20%

(D) 6:30 (C) 50%

(E) 6:32 (D) 200%

(E) 500%

16. If n is an integer, which of the

following CANNOT be a factor of 3n 4. 7 + 5 =

+4? 1 1

5 7

(A) 4

(B) 5 (A) 35

(C) 6 74

(D) 7 (B) 74

(E) 8 35

(C) 35

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(D) 70 (E) 7

(E) 74

8. It would take one machine 4 hours to

5. From January 1, 1991, to January 1, complete a large production order and

1993, the number of people enrolled in another machine 3 hours to complete

health maintenance organizations the same order. How many hours

increased by 15 percent. The would it take both machines, working

enrollment on January 1, 1993, was 45 simultaneously at their respective

million. How many million people, to constant rates, to complete the order ?

the nearest million, were enrolled in

health maintenance organizations on (A) 7

12

January 1, 1991 ?

(B) 1 1

(A) 38 2

(B) 39 (C) 1 5

(C) 40 7

(D) 41

(D) 3 1

(E) 42 2

(E) 7

6. If p < 1 , and p and q are positive

q 9. R is the set of positive odd integers less

integers, which of the following must than 50, and S is the set of the squares

be greater than 1? of the integers in R. How many

elements does the intersection of R and

(A) p

S contain ?

q

p (A) None

(B)

q2 (B) Two

(C) Four

(C) p (D) Five

2q (E) Seven

(D) q

p2 10. To mail a package, the rate is x cents

for the first pound and y cents for each

(E) q

additional pound, where x > y. Two

p packages weighing 3 pounds and 5

pounds, respactively, can be mailed

7. If a 2-digit positive integer has its digits separately or combined as one

reversed, the resulting integer differs package. Which method is cheaper,

and how much money is saved ?

from the original by 27. By how much

do the two digits differ? (A) Combined, with a saving of x – y

cents

(A) 3 (B) Combined, with a saving of y – x

(B) 4 cents

(C) 5 (C) Combined, with a saving of x

(D) 6 cents

121

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(D) Separately, with a saving of x – y Cindy's car got on this trip must have

cents been between

(E) Separately, with a saving of y cents

(A) 290 and 290

11. If money is invested at r percent 12.5 11.5

interest, com-pounded annually, the (B) 295 and 285

amount of the investment will double 12 11.5

285 295

in approximately 70 years. If Pat’s (C) and

r 12 12

parents invested $5,000 in a long-term (D) 285 and 295

bond that pays 8 percent interest, 12.5 11.5

compounded annually, what will be

the approximate total amount of the (E) 295 and 285

12.5 11.5

investment 18 years later, when Pat is

ready for college ?

(A) $20,000

(B) $15,000

(C) $12,000

(D) $10,000 14. Which of the following inequalities is

(E) $9,000 an algebraic expression for the shaded

part of the number line above?

(A) | x | ≤ 3

(B) | x | ≤ 5

(C) | x – 2 | ≤ 3

(D) | x – 1 | ≤ 4

(E) | x + 1 | ≤ 4

12. The circle with center C shown above 15. In an electric circuit, two resistors

is tangent to both axes. If the distance with resistances x and y are connected

from O to C is equal to k, what is the in parallel. In this case, if r is the

radius of the circle, in terms of k ? combined resistance of these two

resistors, then the reciprocal of r is

(A) k equal to the sum of the reciprocals of x

(B) k and y. What is r in terms of x and y ?

2

(A) xy

(C) k

(B) x + y

3

(C) 1

(D) k x+ y

2

k (D) xy

(E) x+ y

3

(E) x + y

13. On a recent trip, Cindy drove her car xy

290 miles, rounded to the nearest 10

miles, and used 12 gallons of gasoline, 16. Xavier, Yvonne, and Zelda each try

rounded to the nearest gallon. The independently to solve a problem. If

actual number of miles per gallon that their individual probabilities for

122

GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

4 2 8 25 Minutes 16 Questions

respectively, what is the probability

that Xavier and Yvonne, but not Zelda, 1. A retail appliance store priced a video

will solve the problem ?

recorder at 20 percent above the

(A) 11 wholesale cost of $200. If a store

8 employee applied the 10 percent

(B) 7

employee discount to the retail price to

8

buy the recorder, how much did the

(C) 9

64 employee pay for the recorder?

(D) 5 (A) $198

64 (B) $216

(E) 3 (C) $220

64 (D) $230

(E) $240

3

(A) 6 to 1

(B) 5 to 1

(C) 3 to 2

(D) 2 to 3

(E) 1 to 6

3. y = 248 - 398x

Which of the following values of x gives

the greatest value of y in the equation

above?

(A) 200

(B) 100

(C) 0.5

(D) 0

(E) -1

of whom are women. If 50 additional

workers are to be hired and all of the

present workers remain, how many of

the additional workers must be women

in order to raise the percent of women

employees to 20 percent?

(A) 3

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(B) 10 (B) 5 by 10

(C) 25 3 3

(D) 30 (C) 2 by 4

(E) 35 (D) 3 by 6

(E) 10 by 20

5. If 1 − 1 = 1 , then x could be 3 3

x x +1 x + 4

(A) 0

(B) –1

(C) –2

(D)-3

(E) -4 9. The diagram above shows the various

paths along which a mouse can travel

6. In a small snack shop, the average

from point X, where it is released, to

(arithmetic mean) revenue was $400

point Y. where it is rewarded with a

per day over a 10-day period. During

food pellet. How many different paths

this period, if the average daily revenue

from X to Y can the mouse take if it

was $360 for the first 6 days, what was

goes directly from X to Y without

the average daily revenue for the last 4

retracing any point along a path?

days?

(A) 6

(A) $420

(B) 7

(B) $440

(C) 12

(C) $450

(D) 14

(D) $460

(E) 17

(E) $480

expenditure of $1.2 × 10 12 last year. If

the population of the country was 240

million last year, what was the per

capita expenditure ?

10. The rectangular region above contains

(A) $500 two circles and a semicircle, each with

(B) $1,000

a radius of 7. If 22 is used as an

(C) $2,000 7

(D) $3,000 approximation forπ, then the area of

(E) $5,000 the shaded region is approximately

(B) 210

as long as it is wide. If its perimeter is (C) 380

10 feet, then its dimensions in feet are (D) 385

(E) 405

(A) 3 by 7

2 2 11. If the operation ⊙ is defined by x⊙y

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−11

(B) 1

= xy for all positive numbers x and

y, then (5⊙45)⊙60= 2

−6

(A) 30 (C) 1

(B) 60 2

(C) 90 −11

(D) 30 15 (D) 1

8

(E) 60 15 −6

(E) 1

12. A bar over a sequence of digits in a 8

decimal indicates that the sequence

repeats indefinitely. What is the value 15. In a certain game, a large container is

of (10 4 − 10 2 )(0.0012) ? filled with red, yellow, green, and blue

beads worth, respectively, 7, 5, 3, and

(A) 0 2 points each. A number of beads are

(B) 0.12 then removed from the container. If the

(C) 1.2 product of the point values of the

(D) 10 removed beads is 147,000, how many

(E) 12 red beads were removed?

(A) 5

13. At a loading dock, each worker on the (B) 4

night crew loaded 3 as many boxes (C) 3

4 (D) 2

as each worker on the day crew. If the (E) 0

night crew has 4 as many workers

5 16. Seed mixture X is 40 percent ryegrass

as the day crew, what fraction of all and 60 percent bluegrass by weight;

the boxes loaded by the two crews did seed mixture Y is 25 percent ryegrass

the day crew load? and 75 percent fescue. If a mixture of

X and Y contains 30 percent ryegrass,

(A) 1 what percent of the weight of this

2 mixture is X ?

(B) 2

(A) 10%

5

3 (B) 33 1 %

(C) 3

5

(C) 40%

(D) 4 (D) 50%

5

5 (E) 66 2 %

(E) 3

8

−3 −2 −1

14. 1 1 1 =

2 4 16

−18

(A) 1

2

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

Section 39 probability that the member selected is

25 Minutes 16 Questions a woman lawyer?

1. 784 = (A) 0.10

(B) 0.15

(A) 28 (C) 0.27

(B) 32 (D) 0.33

(C) 38 (E) 0.45

(D) 56

(E) 112

6. The dimensions of a rectangular floor

2. A total of x tourists were transported by are 16 feet by 20 feet. When a

bus to a certain museum. If there were rectangular rug is placed on the floor, a

y tourists on each bus, which of the strip of floor 3 feet wide is exposed on

following expresses the number of all sides. What are the dimensions of

buses used? the rug, in feet?

(A) xy (A) 10 by 14

(B) 10 by 17

(B) x (C) 13 by 14

y (D) 13 by 17

(C) y (E) 14 by 16

x

(D) x - y 7. Harry started a 6-mile hike with a full

(E) y x 10-cup canteen of water and finished

the hike in 2 hours with 1 cup of water

3. If n is an integer, which of the

remaining in the canteen. If the canteen

following must be even ?

leaked at the rate of 1 cup per hour and

(A) n + 1 Harry drank 3 cups of water during the

(B) n + 2

last mile, how many cups did he drink

(C) 2n

(D) 2n + 1 per mile during the first 5 miles of the

(E) n 2 hike?

1

4. = (A) 4

0.75 − 1

5

(A) -4 5

(B)

(B) -0.25 6

(C) 0.25 (C) 1

(D) 0.75

(E) 4 (D) 6

5

(E) 5

5. Sixty percent of the members of a study

4

group are women, and 45 percent of

those women are lawyers. If one 8. The original retail price of an appliance

member of the study group is to be was 60 percent more than its wholesale

selected at random, what is the cost. If the appliance was actually sold

126

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

for 20 percent less than the original volume of 972π cubic centimeters,

retail price, then it was sold for what what is the surface area of the balloon

in square centimeters?

percent more than its wholesale cost?

(A) 324

(A) 20% (B) 729

(B) 28% (C) 243π

(C) 36% (D) 324π

(D) 40%

(E) 729π

(E) 42%

13. On a certain scale of intensity, each

9. If y is an integer, then the least possible increment of 10 in magnitude

value of |23 - 5y| is represents a tenfold increase in

intensity. On this scale, an intensity

(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 (E) 5 corresponding to a magnitude of 165

is how many times an intensity

corresponding to a magnitude of 125?

(A) 40

(B) 100

(C) 400

(D) 1,000

10. The president of a country and 4 other (E) 10,000

dignitaries are scheduled to sit in a

row on the 5 chairs represented above. 14. If the perimeter of square region S and

If the president must sit in the center the perimeter of circular region C are

chair, how many different seating equal, then the ratio of the area of S to

arrangements are possible for the 5 the area of C is closest to

people?

(A) 4 (A) 3

(B) 5 2

(C) 20 (B) 4

(D) 24 3

(E) 120 (C) 3

4

11. If the sum of two positive integers is

(D) 2

24 and the difference of their squares 3

is 48, what is the product of the two 1

integers? (E)

2

(A) 108

(B) 119 15. On a Saturday night, each of the

(C) 128 rooms at a certain motel was rented

(D) 135 for either $40 or $60. If 10 of the

(E) 143 rooms that were rented for $60 had

instead been rented for $40, then the

12. The volume of a sphere with radius r total rent the motel charged for that

is 4 πr 3 and the surface area is night would have been reduced by 25

3 percent. What was the total rent the

4πr 2 . If a spherical balloon has a motel actually charged for that night ?

127

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(A) $600 Section 40

(B) $800 25 Minutes 16 Questions

(C) $1,000

(D) $1,600 1. If x is negative, which of the following

(E) $2,400

must be positive ?

16. If n and k are integers whose product I. x 2

is 400, which of the following II. (-1) x

statements must be true?

III. 1

(A) n + k > 0 x

(B) n ≠ k (A) I only

(C) Either n or k is a multiple of 10. (B) I and II only

(D) If n is even, then k is odd. (C) I and III only

(E) If n is odd , then k is even. (D) II and III only

(E) I, II, and III

received wage increases ranging from

30 cents to 87 1 cents per hour. What

2

was the maximum wage increase for a

40-hour week?

(A) $12.00

(B) $23.00

(C) $34.80

(D) $35.00

(E) $35.20

and the length of arc RSP is twice the

length of arc PQR, then x equals

(A) 60

(B) 100

(C) 120

(D) 150

(E) 240

128

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

4. The sum of 3 hours 45 minutes and 2 8. If x = y + 4 and x = 20 – y, then

hours 55 minutes is approximately x2 − y2 =

what percent of a day ? (A) 16

(A) 14% (B) 80

(B) 16% (C) 144

(C) 24% (D) 256

(D) 28% (E) 384

(E) 72%

9. On level farmland, two runners leave at

5. A salesman makes a 20 percent the same time from the intersection of

commission on the selling price of each two country roads. One runner jogs due

set of encyclopedias he sells. If he sells north at a constant rate of 8 miles per

12 identical sets of encyclopedias and hour while the second runner jogs due

makes $1,800 in commissions, what is east at a constant rate that is 4 miles per

the selling price of each set? hour faster than the first runner's rate.

(A) $300 How far apart, to the nearest mile, will

(B) $600 they be after 1 hour ?

(C) $750 2

(D) $900

(E) $1,080 (A) 6

(B) 7

6. If x < 12, then it must be true that (C) 8

(D) 12

(A) - x < - 12 (E) 14

(B) - x - 2 < 14

(C) - x + 2 < -10 10. A square playground has the same

(D) x + 2 < 10 area as a rectangular playground that

(E) x - 2 < 11 is 30 meters longer but 20 meters

narrower. What is the length, in

7. The 10 households on a certain street meters, of a side of the square

have household incomes that range playground?

from $34,000 to $150,000 and an (A) 10 5

average (arithmetic mean) household (B) 10 6

income of $60,000. If the household (C) 25

(D) 50

with the highest income and the one

(E) 60

with the lowest income are excluded,

what is the average household income 11. The price of a dress was first

for the remaining 8 households? discounted by a certain percent and

later by 25 percent of the discounted

(A) $41,600 price. If these two discounts are

(B) $47,000 equivalent to a single discount of 40

(C) $52,000 percent of the original price, what was

(D) $61,000 the first discount ?

(E) $75,000

(A) 10%

129

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(B) 15% certain line 0.5 second after the front

(C) 20% wheels crossed the same line. If the

(D) 30% centers of the front and rear wheels

(E) 65% are 20 feet apart and the car traveled

in a straight line at a constant speed,

12. If it is assumed that each of the n which of the following gives the speed

production workers in a factory of the car in miles per hour? (5,280

assembles one instrument every t feet = 1 mile)

minutes, how many instruments does

(A) 20 60

the factory assemble in 7.5 hours of 2

production?

5,280 0.5

(A) 450n (B) 20 60

t

5,280 0.5

(B) 450 t

n (C) 20 0.5

5,280 60

2

(C) 450nt

(D) 7.5tn (D) ( 20)(5,280)

60 (60 2 )(0.5)

(E) 5n

7 .

(E) ( 20)(5,280)

60t (60)(0.5)

13. What is the difference between the 16. Working alone, a small pump takes

sixth and the fifth terms of the twice as long as a large pump takes to

sequence 2, 4, 7, ...... whose nth term fill an empty tank. Working together

is n + 2 n −1 ? at their respective constant rates, the

pumps can fill the tank in 6 hours.

(A) 2 How many hours would it take the

(B) 3 small pump to fill the tank working

(C) 6 alone ?

(D) 16

(E) 17 (A) 8

(B) 9

14. Which of the following could be the (C) 12

sum of the reciprocals of two different (D) 15

prime numbers? (E) 18

(A) 7

13

(B) 10

21

(C) 11

30

(D) 23

50

(E) 19

77

130

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

Section 41 for each additional hour. If the total

25 Minutes 16 Questions charge to a patient who receives 6

1. A study based on a random sample hours of therapy is $300, what is the

revealed that, on average, 2 out of 5 total charge to a patient who receives

adults have high blood pressure. If only 3 hours of therapy ?

these results hold true for the 580,000 (A) $120

adults in City A, approximately how (B) $135

(C) $150

many adults in City A have high blood (D) $165

pressure ? (E) $192

(A) 116,000

(B) 145,000 5. If x + y = 1 and x – y = -1, what is the

(C) 232,000 value of xy?

(D) 250,000

(A) -2

(E) 290,000

(B) -1

(C) 0

2. The sum 7 + 1 is between (D) 1

8 9 (E) 2

2 4

(B) 3 and 1

4 7. If ( x 2 + 6 x + 9) + 6( x + 3) + 9 = 0 , then

(C) 1 and 1 1 x=

4

(A) -6 (B) -3 (C) 0 (D) 3 (E)

(D) 1 and 1 1

1

6

4 2

1

(E) 1 and 2 8. In 1982 and 1983, Company B’s

2

operating expenses were $12.0 million

3. A certain state legislature consists of and $14.0 million, respectively, and its

124 members, each of whom is either a revenues were $15.6 million and $18.8

Democrat or a Republican. If there are million, respectively. What was the

18 more Republicans than Democrats, percent increase in Company B’s profit

how many Republicans are in the (revenues minus operating expenses)

legislature ? from 1982 to 1983 ?

(A) 44 (A) 3%

(B) 53 (B)16 2 %

(C) 71 3

(D) 80 (C) 25%

(E) 106 (D) 33 1 %

3

4. A certain psychologist charges $30 (E) 60%

more for the first hour of therapy than

131

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

9. If a and b are integers and b ≠ 0， are positive, x = y , and 2x = z, what

which of the following CANNOT y z

equal 0 ? is y in terms of x ?

(A) ab (A) 2

(B) a - b (B) ( 2 ) x

(C) a + b (C) 1 x

(D) ab - b2 2

(E) a2 + b2 1

(D) x

2

(E) 2 x

3

the xy-plane above ?

(A) (6, 12)

(B) (6, 28) 13. According to the incomplete table

(C) (8, 20) above, if each of the 6 teams in the

(D) (12, 20) league played each of the other teams

(E) (14, 28) exactly twice and there were no ties,

how many games did team X win?

11. Last year 31 percent of Ace Book (Only 2 teams play in a game.)

Company's sales revenue came from (A) 4

the sale of novels. Of the remaining (B) 5

revenue, 1 was from the sale of (C) 6

3 (D) 8

biographies. The company's revenue (E) 10

from the sale of novels was

approximately how many times its 14. When the integer k is divided by 12,

revenue from the sale of biographies? the remainder is 3. Which of the

following, when divided by 12, will

(A) 1.3 have a remainder of 6 ?

(B) 1.5

(C) 2.1 I. 2k

(D) 2.5 II. 6k

(E) 3.1 III. 4k + 6

(A) I only

12. Three musical tones have frequencies (B) II only

x, y, and z, respectively. If x, y, and z (C) III only

132

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

(D) I and II only 15. A rectangular tabletop consists of a

(E) I, II, and III piece of laminated wood bordered by a thin

metal strip along its four edges. The surface

area of the tabletop is x square feet, and the

total length of the strip before it was

attached was x feet. If the tabletop is 3 feet

wide, what is its approximate length, in feet

?

(A) 12

(B) 10

(C) 9

(D) 8

(E) 6

v* is defined by the equation v* = v -

v . If (v*)* = 8, then v =

3

(A) 15

(B) 18

(C) 21

(D) 24

(E) 27

133

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

Section 42 (D) –x

25 Minutes 16 Questions (E) 20 – x

equal to 0.16 ? 148 documents. The documents have

an average (arithmetic mean) length of

(A) 1

4 10 pages and the printer takes 15

(B) 4 seconds to print each page.

25 Approximately how many hours will it

(C) 5 take to print all the documents if they

8

are printed without interruptions?

(D) 8

5 1

(A) hr

(E) 25 2

4 (B) 2 hr

(C) 2 1 hr

2. There is a total of 120 marbles in a box, 2

each of which is red, green, blue, or (D) 6 hr

(E) 24 hr

white. If one marble is drawn from the

box at random, the probability that it

will be white is 1 and the probability

4

3

probability that the marble will be

either red or blue ? 5. The figure above represents a frame;

(A) 1 the shaded regions represent the

6 openings in the frame. If all line

(B) 1 segments in the figure are either

4

horizontal or vertical and the openings

(C) 2

7

are the same size, what are the

1 dimensions of each opening ?

(D)

3 (A) 4.5 cm by 5 cm

(E) 5 (B) 4.5 cm by 6.5 cm

12 (C) 5 cm by 5.5 cm

(D) 5 cm by 9 cm

3. If x is a positive number less than 10, (E) 5 cm by 11 cm

which of the following is least ?

6. In the first hour of a two-hour trip, a car

(A) x – 20

traveled d kilometers, and in the second

(B) x

(C) 0 hour of the trip, the car traveled

134

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

one-half that distance. What is the 9. A wildlife preserve is being planned for

average rate at which the car traveled 3,000 rhinoceroses. The preserve is to

during the trip, in kilometers per hour? contain a total of 10,000 acres of

(A) d watering area, plus 100 acres of

grazing area for each rhinoceros. If the

(B) 1 d

3 number of rhinoceroses is expected to

(C) 1 d increase by 10 percent, how many

2 thousand acres should the preserve

(D) 3 d have in order to provide for the

4

3 increased population?

(E) d

2 (A) 340

(B) 330

7. Jaime earned enough money by selling (C) 320

seashells at 25 cents each to buy (D) 310

(E) 300

several used paperback books at 55

cents each. If he spent all of the money 10. For the positive numbers n, n + 1, n +

he earned selling seashells to buy the 2, n + 4 and n + 8, the mean is how

much greater than the median?

books, what is the least number of

seashells he could have sold ? (A) 0

(B) 1

(A) 5 (C) n + 1

(B) 11 (D) n + 2

(C) 17 (E) n + 3

(D) 25

(E) 30

and each successive term is 1 more

than the reciprocal of the term that

immediately precedes it. What is the

fifth term of the sequence? 11. The figure above shows the

dimensions of an isosceles triangle in

(A) 3 terms of x. What is the area of the

5 triangle?

(B) 5

(A) 24

8 (B) 30

(C) 8 (C) 48

5 (D) 60

(D) 5 (E) 96

3

9 12. In a certain animal population, for

(E)

2 each of the first 3 months of life, the

probability that an animal will die

135

GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

during that month is 1 . For a group 15. A group of 12 people plan to rent a

10 van and agree to share equally the

of 200 newborn members of the total cost of the rental, which is E

population, approximately how many dollars. If n of the people decide not

would be expected to survive the first to participate at the last minute, by

3 months of life? how many dollars will each remaining

person's share of the total cost

(A) 140 increase?

(B) 146

(C) 152 (A) E

(D) 162 12 − n

(E) 170 (B) 12 − n

E

(C) E

12(12 − n )

(D) nE

12(12 − n)

(E) (12 − n) E

12n

13. In the figure above, how many of the

chemical in a full water tank depends

points on line segment PQ have

on the depth of the water. At a depth

coordinates that are both integers?

that is x feet below the top of the tank,

(A) 5 the concentration is 3 + 4 parts

(B) 8 5− x

(C) 10 per million, where 0 < x < 4. To the

(D) 11 nearest 0.1 foot, at what depth is the

(E) 20 concentration equal to 6 parts per

million?

14. What is the least number of digits

(including repetitions) needed to (A) 2.4 ft

express 10100 in decimal notation? (B) 2.5 ft

(C) 2.8 ft

(A) 4 (D) 3.0 ft

(B) 100 (E) 3.2 ft

(C) 101

(D) 1,000

(E) 1,001

解决问题答案

Section 1: DBCAE BBACA EEDCB CCADA

Section 2: CADBA ABEDC DCCAD EBEAD

Section 3: ACDBE CDBDA ECBEA DACBB

Section 4: CADAC BEDAB EEBCB DDCBD

136

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GMAT 数学 PROBLEM SOLVING

Section 5: CEACD BECCD DBDAE EAEBB

Section 6: CAEDB CAEEB DADBB CCDCD

Section 7: EACDB BDCEB CADCE ADBEC

Section 8: ACBEA DDEBD BACEA CBDCA

Section 9: CD BA BDEAE CDAEB DCEAE

Section 10: ACCDB CBBDE ECAEA DADEC

Section 11: A ACD BEBCD ACCDC BEECA

Section 12: CEBDA CEAAE DEDBE BCDBD

Section 13: CEBCD BBADB DABEB DACAE

Section 14: DBBCD AEBCB BEBDD A ECD

Section 15: EABCE DBDAE CDEEB AEBBB

Section 16: ADCCD CDBBE BEBEA ABDCA

Section 17: ABCEB BDAED ADCDA DEEDC

Section 18: EBDEE CDAAB AEDDC CBCDE

Section 19: CBEAC DAEBB BEACD CCAED

Section 20: ADEDC EBBAE DAACE BADCD

Section 21: CDBDC EEDAC AAEDA ECBEC

Section 22: DDCDB ABCAC DCE E AECEB

Section 23 CEDAB □DAEC BABDE BCDAC

Section 24: DDEBC ABDBE DCAEC EBDAE

Section 25: CDCDB AECED EEBCB CACDA

Section 26: BCCAE CAEDD DEABD ECCE□

Section 27: ACECB CACEB DBEBC E

Section 28: BEBED CDDDD BEEBA E

Section 29: CCDAE ECECA ABBAD D

Section 30: CDCCB CEBCC DBBAE B

Section 31: DBECD ACEAB CADDB B

Section 32: AEECB BECCE ACDBB D

Section 33: CDDCE CEEBA EBDAC B

Section 34: AEBBD CDEDA DADEA C

Section 35: EBCB□ EEADB CCCEE C

Section 36: BEBDE BADDC BDCAD C

Section 37: DEEDB EACCA ABDED E

Section 38: BAEEC DEBCA AEEBD B

Section 39: ABCAC AABBD EDECB E

Section 40: BDCDC ECBBE CAEBA E

Section 41: CBCDC □ADEB ABCEE B

Section 42: BEADA DBCAB CBDCD E

137

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