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introduction

contents

Vinidex the Company 3


Quality Policy 3
Product Background 4
Worldwide Use 4
Australian Use 4
Pipe Extrusion 5
Fittings 6
End Treatments 6
Product Standards 7
Relevant Australian Standards 7

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Introduction.1
introduction

Limitation of Liability
This manual has been compiled by Vinidex Pty
Limited (“the Company”) to promote better
understanding of the technical aspects of the
Company’s products to assist users in obtaining
from them the best possible performance.
The manual is supplied subject to
acknowledgement of the following conditions:
• The manual is protected by Copyright and may
not be copied or reproduced in any form or by
any means in whole or in part without prior
consent in writing by the Company.
• Product specifications, usage data and advisory
information may change from time to time with
advances in research and field experience. The
Company reserves the right to make such
changes at any time without notice.
• Correct usage of the Company’s products
involves engineering judgements which cannot
be properly made without full knowledge of all
the conditions pertaining to each specific
installation. The Company expressly disclaims
all and any liability to any person whether
supplied with this publication or not in respect
of anything and of the consequences of anything
done or omitted to be done by any such person
in reliance whether whole or partial upon the
whole or any part of the contents of this
publication.
• No offer to trade, nor any conditions of trading,
are expressed or implied by the issue of content
of this manual. Nothing herein shall override the
Company’s Conditions of Sale, which may be
obtained from the Registered Office or any Sales
Office of the Company.
• This manual is and shall remain the property of
the Company, and shall be surrendered on
demand to the Company.
• Information supplied in this manual does not
override a job specification, where such conflict
arises, consult the authority supervising the job.

© Copyright Vinidex Pty Limited


ABN 42 000 664 942

Introduction.2 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
introduction

Vinidex
the Company
Vinidex Pty Limited is Australia’s leading
manufacturer of thermoplastic pipe and
fittings systems.
Vinidex manufactures and distributes
plastic piping systems used in the
transportation of fluids, energy and data
for infrastructure development,
agriculture, mining and building.
From its modest beginnings in Sydney in
1960, the company has experienced
dynamic growth. The company now has
factories and distribution centres located
in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane,
Townsville, Launceston, Perth, Adelaide,
Darwin and Mildura and a significant
presence in the Asia-Pacific Rim, with
operations in China and Hong Kong.
The first 15 years saw Vinidex establish The 1990s saw a consolidation of
Quality Policy
technical and market leadership in the Vinidex’s position as a leading supplier
“Vinidex manufactures and
manufacture and supply of PVC piping of pipeline systems. This was largely due
distributes plastic piping systems
systems. Regular evaluations of market to the performance and acceptance of used in the transportation of fluids,
trends, customer requirements and PVC and polyethylene pipes for a wide energy and data for infrastructure
overseas developments provided the variety of uses enabling the company to development, agriculture, mining and
insight into the potential for polyethylene successfully challenge other piping building.
pipe, particularly in the rural and mining materials such as metals, earthenware, Vinidex is committed to ensuring its
industries. Strategic company concrete and fibre cement. products and services always meet
acquisitions from 1988 to 1990 brought Vinidex pipe and fitting systems are used its customer’s expectations and
technical expertise and the capacity to in a broad cross-section of markets in needs, and when relevant always
manufacture polyethylene pipes to fields which include: conform to Australian and
1 metre diameter. International Standards.
• Mining and industrial
Vinidex will maintain strong trading
• Water, wastewater and drainage partnerships with its customers and
• Irrigation suppliers and help them meet future
needs in order to develop common
• Plumbing
business.
• Gas
Vinidex is committed to ISO 9000
• Communications Quality Management Systems and
• Electrical continuous improvement throughout
the company.”
• Power

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Introduction.3
introduction

Product
Background
Worldwide Use
potable water and natural gas
Polyethylene (PE) materials were reticulation by gas and water utilities
initially introduced in the UK in 1933 throughout Australia.
and have progressively been used in
Subsequent developments at Standards
the pipeline industry since the late
Australia resulted in the progressive
1930s.
development of Standard Specifications
The physical properties of the PE for PE compounds, PE gas pipes, PE
materials have been continually fittings, irrigation systems, drainage,
upgraded with improvements in sewer and PE pipeline system
crack propagation resistance, installation guidelines.
increased hydrostatic pressure
Recently, significant PE polymer
resistance, ductility and elevated
developments have led to review of
temperature resistance resulting
these specifications, culminating in the
from developments in the methods
publication of the 1997 PE Standards
of polymerisation. These
AS/NZS 4130 PE Pipes and AS/NZS
developments have resulted in
4131 PE Compounds.
increased applications of PE in the
These Standards have introduced the
pipeline industry in such areas as
latest International developments and
gas reticulation, water supply,
terminologies, and also provided
mining slurries, irrigation, sewer
uniform specifications throughout
and general industrial applications.
Australasia.
The engineering application basis
and excellent chemical reagent Polymer developments have resulted in
for the use of PE pipes in Europe was
resistance have resulted in PE pipeline PE80B materials, which have improved
provided by the German Standard DIN
systems being routinely specified and ductility and thermal stability, plus
8074 developed in 1960, and in the UK
used in a wide range of applications in PE100 materials for use in large
by the British Standards Institution BS
pipe sizes up to 1600 mm diameter. diameter and high pressure applications
3284 for cold water service applications
for gas and water distribution.
developed in 1967. Progressive Australian Use
developments have followed European Large diameter PE pipelines have now
PE pipe extrusion commenced in become the preferred solution in many
standards throughout Europe, North
Australia in the mid 1950s where small applications where the unique properties
America and Asia, with the development
diameter pipes were used in irrigation, of PE provides the most cost effective
of International Standards Organisation
rural and industrial applications. solution.
and National Specifications.
The Australian Standards for PE pressure Vinidex provide Australia wide
The well recognised attributes of high
pipes were initially developed as ASK119 manufacturing and supply services for
impact resistance, ease of installation,
in 1962, and progressively improved and PE pipeline systems in a wide range of
flexibility, smooth hydraulic flow
metricated as AS1159 PE Pipes for end use applications for pipes up to
characteristics, high abrasion resistance,
Pressure Applications in 1972 to include 1000 mm diameter.
1000mm diameter. These specifications
provided the engineering basis for the
approval and use of PE as approved
pipeline materials in such applications as

Introduction.4 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
introduction

Pipe Extrusion retention of the physical properties of the with the speed of the extruder output
Vinidex PE pipes are extruded using PE materials. using closed loop process controllers, to
sophisticated, highly controlled Once the molten PE pipe form leaves the minimise built in stress in the pipe.
manufacturing processes and die, it enters the sizing system (5), where The pipe information of size, material,
technologies. it is initially cooled to the required class, and batch data required by
The PE raw materials used in extrusion dimensions. This is performed using an Australian Standards, or by specific
are compounded into pelletised form external vacuum pressure system where client specification, is then marked on
containing precise amounts of polymer, the pipe surfaces are cooled with the pipe by an in-line printer (8) to
lubricants, stabilisers, antioxidants and refrigerated water sprays whilst in provide continuous branding at specified
pigments for the specific end product contact with precision machined sizing intervals.
application. sleeves. The initially cooled pipe is then The completed pipe is then cut to
The PE compound (1) is preheated to progressively passed through a series of standard or required length by an in-line
remove moisture and volatiles and is water spray cooling tanks (6) to reduce saw (9), and then packed into stillages,
conveyed into the extruder by a the PE material to ambient temperature, or for large diameter pipes stored (10).
controlled rate feeder (2). and to finalise the pipe dimensions. Small diameter pipes are either cut to
The extruder (3), consists of a single As the pipe passes along the extrusion standard length, or coiled (11), and the
screw configuration which melts and line, it is pulled along at a constant speed finished coils are strapped in standard
conveys the PE material along the length using a caterpillar track haul off (7). This coil sizes.
of the extruder barrel. The design of the haul off speed is closely co-ordinated
extruder barrel/screw is complex and
takes into account the properties of the
Figure 1.1 Typical Pipe Extrusion Line
various types of PE material grades used
in pipe applications. Various zones exist
along the length of the screw and act to
1 2 3
melt, mix, de-gas and compress the PE
compound. External electrical heater
bands along the barrel, together with the
frictional heat generated as the PE
material passes through the gaps Raw Material Batching Extruder

between barrel and screw provide the


energy needed to fully melt the PE
compound materials. The total heat input 4 5 6 7
is carefully controlled to ensure full
melting of the PE without thermal
degradation.
Head & Die Sizing Cooling Haul Off
After passing through a mixing zone at
the tip of the extruder, the PE melt then
feeds into a head and die combination
(4), where the melt is formed into the
8 9 10 11 12
size of pipe required. The correct design
of the head and die is essential to permit
the production of pipe to Australian
Standards requirements and to ensure
Print Station Saw Storage/Coiling Dispatch

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Introduction.5
introduction

Fittings
Fittings used with Vinidex PE pipe
systems depend on the diameter and the
end use application of the pipes. Small
diameter pipes may use compression
jointing systems made from metal or
plastics materials, socket fusion or
electrofusion systems made from PE
materials.
Large diameter fittings are injection
moulded or fabricated from PE pipe and
joined to the pipe by butt welding and
electrofusion.
Details of the specific Vinidex fitting
systems are contained in the Product
Data section.

End Treatments
Vinidex PE pipes are supplied in a
number of alternative end treatment
configurations.
Small diameter pipes are supplied with
plain ends to allow jointing by butt
welding, socket fusion, electrofusion, or
compression fittings.
Large diameter pipes are supplied with
plain ends to allow jointing by
electrofusion, butt welding, or
mechanical couplings. Alternatively,
flanges can be welded on to the ends of
the pipes under factory conditions.

Introduction.6 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
introduction

The quality assurance schemes adopted


by Vinidex have been accepted by
appropriate government purchasing
authorities and have led to Vinidex being
regarded as a preferred supplier.
This commitment to total quality
management is further evidenced by
accreditation under the Supplier
Assessment Scheme as a Quality
Endorsed Company to AS 3902/
ISO 9002.

Relevant Australian
Standards
AS 1460-1989
Fittings for use with polyethylene pipes
Part 1: Mechanical Jointing Fittings
Part 2: Electrofusion Fittings

AS 2033-1980
Installation of Polyethylene Pipe Systems
Product Standards
The raw materials used in Vinidex PE AS/NZS 2566.1-1998
pipeline systems are required to meet Buried Flexible Pipelines
stringent specifications and supplies are AS/NZS 2698-1984
made against the latest Australian and Plastics Pipes and Fittings for Irrigation
International Standards. and Rural Applications
The production of PE pipe within Vinidex Part 1: Polyethylene Micro-Irrigation
factories is subject to detailed process Pipe
control procedures, continuously Part 2: Polyethylene Rural Pipe
monitored by trained staff. Part 3: Mechanical joint fittings for
Finished goods are inspected and tested use with micro-irrigation pipes
to ensure compliance with the relevant AS 3723-1989
Australian or International Standard for Installation and maintenance of plastics
the particular field application. The pipe systems for gas
monitoring and recording system used
AS/NZS 4129(Int)-1997
allows for full tracing of production.
Fittings for polyethylene (PE) pipes for
pressure applications

AS/NZS 4130-1997
Polyethylene pipes for pressure
applications

AS/NZS 4131-1997
Polyethylene compounds for pipes and
fittings applications

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Introduction.7
locations

Corporate Australia Asia


NATIONAL OFFICE SYDNEY HONG KONG
Vinidex Pty Limited 254 Woodpark Rd, Smithfield NSW 2164 Vinidex Hong Kong Pty Ltd
Tel (02) 9604 2422, Fax (02) 9604 4435 Cindic Tower, Units D E & F, 13th Floor
15 Merriwa St, Gordon NSW 2072 128 Gloucester Rd,
PO Box 229, Gordon NSW 2072 MELBOURNE Wan Chai, Hong Kong
Australia 86 Whiteside Rd, Clayton VIC 3168 Tel (852) 2511 0990
Tel (03) 9543 2311, Fax (03) 9543 7420 Fax (852) 2507 2076
Tel (61-2) 9499 2211
Fax (61-2) 9498 2810 BRISBANE & EXPORT
SHENZHEN
224 Musgrave Rd, Coopers Plains QLD 4816
Email info@vinidex.com.au Shenzhen Better Polymers
Tel (07) 3277 2822, Fax (07) 3277 3696 Co. Ltd (SBP)
Shangmeiling Industrial Zone
TOWNSVILLE
Shenzhen, PRC China
Internet 49 Enterprise Ave, Bohle QLD 4816
Tel (86) (755) 331 1080
Tel (07) 4774 5044, Fax (07) 4774 5728
www.vinidex.com.au Fax (86) (755) 331 0862

ADELAIDE
550 Churchill Rd, Kilburn SA 5084 Shanghai Chlor-Alkali Vinidex Plastic
Co. Ltd (SCACVX)
Tel (08) 8260 2077, Fax (08) 8349 6931
4747 Long Wu Rd,
Shanghai, PRC China
PERTH
Tel (86) (21) 6434 5560
Sainsbury Rd, O’Connor WA 6163
Fax (86) (21) 6434 5560
Tel (08) 9337 4344, Fax (08) 9331 3383

DARWIN
3846 Marjorie St, Berrimah NT 0828
Tel (08) 8932 8200, Fax (08) 8932 8211

LAUNCESTON
15 Thistle St, Sth Launceston TAS 7249
Tel (03) 6344 2521, Fax (03) 6343 1100

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

contents

Polyethylene as a Material 3
Low Density PE 3
Linear Low Density PE 3
Medium Density PE 3
High Density PE 3
Properties of PE 4
Stress Regression Curves 5
Material Classification and Stress Regression 5
Hydrostatic Design Stress 5
Chemical Resistance Classification 6
Introduction 6
Important Information 6
Classes of Chemical Resistance 6
Abbreviations 6
Chemical Attack on Thermoplastics & Elastomers 7
Factors Affecting Chemical Resistance 7
Chemical Resistance of Polyethylene 7
General Effect of Chemicals on Polyethylene Pipe 7
Chemical Resistance of Joints 8
General Guide for Chemical Resistance of Various Elastomers (Rubber Rings) 8
Chemical Resistance Tables 9-25
Material Performance Aspects 26
Abrasion Resistance 26
Weathering 27
Permeation 27
Food Contact Applications 27
Biological Resistance 27

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Materials.1
m a t e r i a l s

Limitation of Liability
This manual has been compiled by Vinidex Pty
Limited (“the Company”) to promote better
understanding of the technical aspects of the
Company’s products to assist users in obtaining
from them the best possible performance.
The manual is supplied subject to
acknowledgement of the following conditions:
• The manual is protected by Copyright and may
not be copied or reproduced in any form or by
any means in whole or in part without prior
consent in writing by the Company.
• Product specifications, usage data and advisory
information may change from time to time with
advances in research and field experience. The
Company reserves the right to make such
changes at any time without notice.
• Correct usage of the Company’s products
involves engineering judgements which cannot
be properly made without full knowledge of all
the conditions pertaining to each specific
installation. The Company expressly disclaims
all and any liability to any person whether
supplied with this publication or not in respect
of anything and of the consequences of anything
done or omitted to be done by any such person
in reliance whether whole or partial upon the
whole or any part of the contents of this
publication.
• No offer to trade, nor any conditions of trading,
are expressed or implied by the issue of content
of this manual. Nothing herein shall override the
Company’s Conditions of Sale, which may be
obtained from the Registered Office or any Sales
Office of the Company.
• This manual is and shall remain the property of
the Company, and shall be surrendered on
demand to the Company.
• Information supplied in this manual does not
override a job specification, where such conflict
arises, consult the authority supervising the job.

© Copyright Vinidex Pty Limited


ABN 42 000 664 942

Materials.2 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

Polyethylene as The most general types of PE materials Medium Density PE


a Material are as follows: (MDPE)
Polyethylene materials are manufactured MDPE base resin is manufactured using
Low Density PE (LDPE)
from natural gas derived feedstocks by a low pressure polymerisation process,
two basic polymerisation processes. LDPE has a highly branched chain
and the limited side branch chain
structure with a combination of small
The low pressure polymerisation process structure results in a material density
and large side chains.
results in linear polymer chains with range of 930-940 kg/m3.
short side branches. Density The density of LDPE ranges between
MDPE materials qualify as PE63 and
modifications to the resultant polymer 910-940 kg/m3 and LDPE exhibits high
PE80B in accordance with AS/NZS 4131.
are made by varying the amount of flexibility and retention of properties at
MDPE materials provide improved pipe
comonomer used with the ethylene low temperatures.
properties when compared to the earlier
during the polymerisation process. The main use for LDPE in piping is in the
high density materials used in pipes.
The high pressure polymerisation micro irrigation or dripper tube
These properties include life, flexibility,
process results in polymer chains with applications with sizes up to 32 mm
ductility, slow crack growth resistance
more highly developed side branches. diameter.
and crack propagation resistance.
Density modifications to the resultant LDPE materials may be modified with
These properties of the MDPE materials
polymer are made by varying the elastomers (rubber modified) to improve
are utilised in gas reticulation, small
temperatures and pressures used during Environmental Stress Crack Resistance
diameter pipe coils, travelling irrigator
the polymerisation process. (ESCR) values in micro irrigation
coils and water reticulation applications.
The physical properties of PE materials applications where pipes operate in
are specific to each grade or type, and exposed environments whilst carrying High Density PE (HDPE)
can be modified by both variations in agricultural chemicals. HDPE base resins are manufactured by a
density, and in the molecular weight low pressure process, resulting in a
Linear Low Density PE
distribution. General physical properties chain structure with small side branches
(LLDPE)
are listed in Table 2.1. and a material density range of
LLDPE has a chain structure with little
A large number of grades of PE materials 930-960 kg/m3.
side branching and the resultant
are used in pipe and fittings systems and HDPE materials qualify as PE80C and
narrower molecular weight distribution
the specific properties are tailored for the PE100 in accordance with AS/NZS 4131.
results in improved ESCR and tensile
particular application. Advice can be properties when compared to LDPE HDPE materials are widely used in both
obtained from Vinidex as to the most materials. pressure and non pressure applications
effective choice for each installation. such as water supply, liners, drains,
LLDPE materials may be used either as a
outfalls, and sewers in pipe sizes up to
single polymer or as a blend with LDPE,
1000 mm diameter. The increased
in micro irrigation applications to take
stiffness of HDPE is used to advantage in
advantage of the material flexibility.
such applications as electrical and
communications conduits, sub-soil
drainage, sewer and stormwater.

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m a t e r i a l s

Table 2.1 Properties of Polyethylene

Typical values of the most commonly used properties

Property Test Method PE80B PE80C PE100


Density kg/m3 ISO1183D, ISO1872-2B 950 960 960
Tensile Yield Strength MPa ISO527 20 21 23
Elongation at Yield % ISO527 10 8 8
Tensile Break Strength MPa ISO527 27 33 37
Elongation at Break % ISO527 > 800 > 600 > 600
Tensile Modulus MPa Short term ref. AS/NZS 2566 700 750 950
Long term ref. AS/NZS 2566 200 210 260
Hardness Shore D DIN 53505 59 60 64
Notched Impact Strength kJ/m2 (23°C) ISO179/1 e A 35 24 26
Melt Flow Rate 190/5, g/10min ISO1133 0.7 - 1.0 0.4 - 0.5 0.3 - 0.5
Thermal Expansion x 10-4/C DIN 53752 2.4 1.8 2.4
Thermal Conductivity W/m.k (20°C) DIN 52612 0.43 0.43 0.40
Crystalline Melt Point °C DIN 53736 125 130 132
Dielectric Strength kV/mm DIN 53481 70 53 53
Surface Resistivity Ohm DIN 53482 > 1015 > 1015 > 1015
Volume Resistivity Ohm.cm DIN 53482 > 1015 > 1015 > 1015
Poissons Ratio µ .4 .4 .4

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m a t e r i a l s

Stress Regression Figure 2.1 Typical Stress Regression Curves


Curves MPa
To design a pipe with the required 20
thickness for a given pressure and
15
diameter, for example, the following
formula applies: 10
σ = MRS/C 20°C
σ = p(D-e)/2e
Hoop Stress

where 5
4
σ = wall tension, dimension stress 80°C
MRS= Minimum Required Strength 3

C = safety factor, typically 1.25 for


2
water
p = internal pipe pressure
D = external pipe diameter 1
0.10 1.0 10 102 103 104 105 106 hours
e = pipe thickness
1 month 1 year 10 years 50 years
PE 100 Time to Failure
PE 80B
PE 80C
Material
Classification and
Stress Regression
Hydrostatic Design Stress
The allowable hydrostatic design stress In some cases, especially at higher The value of the predicted hoop stress
is based on the Minimum Required temperatures, there is a sudden change (97.5% lower confidence limit) at the 50
Strength (MRS) which is in turn obtained in slope of the regression curve, known year point, is used to determine the MRS
from stress regression curves. as the ‘knee’. The knee, as illustrated in of the material, i.e. 6.3, 8.0 or 10.0 MPa.
Stress regression curves are developed Figure 2.1 represents the transition from The hydrostatic design stress is obtained
from short and long term pressure ductile failure mode to brittle failure by application of a factor, not less than
testing of pipe specimens. mode. 1.25, to the MRS value.
As there is a linear relationship between The relationship between the curves for It is emphasised that stress regression
the logarithm of the applied stress and different test temperatures enables curves form a design basis only, and do
the logarithm of time to failure, the test prediction of the position of the knee at not predict system life.
points are plotted and extrapolated to an 20°C, based on a known position at
arbitrarily chosen 50 year point. elevated temperature – see Figure 2.1.
This in turn enables prediction of ductile
life at 20°C.

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m a t e r i a l s

It should be stressed that these ratings


are intended only as a guide to be used
for initial information on the material to
Chemical be selected. They may not cover the Abbreviations
Resistance particular application under Code Denomination
Classification consideration and the effects of altered uPVC unplasticized polyvinyl chloride
Introduction temperatures or concentrations may
PE polyethylene PE63 PE80 PE100
need to be evaluated by testing under
The following section tabulates the PP polypropylene
specific conditions. No guarantee can be
classes of chemical resistance of PVDF polyvinylidene fluoride
given in respect of the listed data.
thermoplastic and elastomeric materials
Vinidex reserves the right to make any PVC-C chlorinated polyvinyl chloride
most commonly used in pipe and fittings
modification whatsoever, based upon NBR butadiene-acrylnitrile rubber
systems for the conveyance of liquids
further research and experiences.
and gases. EPM ethylene-propylene copolymer

It is generally known that pipes and FPM vinylidene fluoride copolymer


Three Different Classes of
fittings in thermoplastic material are Chemical Resistance are Notes
widely used in industries where Conventionally Used in nd undefined concentration
conveyance of highly corrosive liquids this Guide. deb weak concentration
and gases requires high-quality
Class 1: High Resistance comm commercial solution
construction materials, featuring
excellent corrosion resistance. (Corrosion proof) dil diluted solution
All materials belonging to this class are
Stainless steel, coated steel, glass and
completely or almost completely
ceramic materials can often be
corrosion proof against the conveyed
advantageously replaced by
fluid according to the specified operating
thermoplastic materials, ensuring safety,
conditions.
reliability and economic benefits under
similar operating conditions. Class 2: Limited Resistance
The materials belonging to this class are
Important Information
partially attacked by the conveyed
The listed data are based on results of
chemical compound. The average life of
immersion tests on specimens, in the
the material is therefore shorter, and it is
absence of any applied stress. In certain
advisable to use a higher safety factor
circumstances, where the preliminary
than the one adopted for Class 1
classification indicates high or limited
materials.
resistance, it may be necessary to
conduct further tests to assess the Class 3: No Resistance
behaviour of pipes and fittings under All materials belonging to this class are
internal pressure or other stresses. subject to corrosion by the conveyed
Variations in the analysis of the chemical fluid and they should therefore not be
compounds as well as in the operating used.
conditions (pressure and temperature) The absence of any class indication
can significantly modify the actual means that no data is available
chemical resistance of the materials in concerning the chemical resistance of
comparison with this chart’s indicated the material in respect of the conveyed
value. fluid.

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m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Attack on Temperature:


Thermoplastics & As with all processes, rate of attack
Elastomers increases as temperature rises. Again,
Chemicals that attack polymers do so at threshold temperatures may exist.
differing rates and in differing ways.
Period of Contact:
There are two general types of chemical
In many cases rates of attack are slow
attack on polymer:
and of significance only with sustained
1. Swelling of the polymer occurs but contact.
the polymer returns to its original
condition if the chemical is removed. Stress:
However, if the polymer has a Some polymers under stress can
compounding ingredient that is undergo higher rates of attack. In general
soluble in the chemical, the PVC is considered relatively insensitive
properties of the polymer may be to “stress corrosion”.
changed because of the removal of
this ingredient and the chemical itself
will be contaminated.
2 The base resin or polymer molecules
are changed by crosslinking, Chemical
oxidation, substitution reactions or Resistance Of
chain scission. In these situations the Polyethylene General Effect of
polymer cannot be restored by the The outstanding resistance of Vinidex Chemicals on
removal of the chemical. Examples of polyethylene systems to a variety of Polyethylene Pipe:
this type of attack on PVC are aqua chemical reagents, allows their use in a Resistant:
regia at 20O°C and wet chlorine gas. wide range of chemical processes. Water, solutions of inorganic salts, weak
Chemical resistance of polyethylene is acids, strong organic acids, strong
Factors Affecting
due to the non polar or paraffinic nature alkaline solutions, aliphatic
Chemical Resistance
of the material and is a function of hydrocarbons.
A number of factors can affect the rate
reagent concentration and temperature.
and type of chemical attack that may Has adequate resistance:
Some attack may occur under specific
occur. These are: Strong acids, hydrofluoric acids, fats and
conditions however, use of Vinidex
oils.
Concentration: polyethylene systems provides a cost
In general, the rate of attack increases effective solution when the behaviour of Has limited resistance:
with concentration, but in many cases polyethylene is compared to that of Lower alcohols, esters, ketones, ethers,
there are threshold levels below which alternative materials. aromatic hydrocarbons, mineral oil.
no significant chemical effect will be Where rubber modified LDPE blends are
In most cases non-resistant:
noted. used for improved ESCR properties in
Light naphtha, fuel mixture.
irrigation applications, the effect of
speciality chemicals may require Completely non-resistant:
evaluation eg. micro-irrigation tube/ Unsaturated chlorinated hydrocarbons,
dripper tube. turpentine.

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m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Table 2.2 General Guide for Chemical Resistance of


Resistance of Joints Various Elastomers (Rubber Rings)

Fusion Joints (PE)


Material & Generally Generally
Fusion joints include those made by butt Designation resistant to not resistant to
fusion, electrofusion and socket fusion
Natural Most Moderate Ozone, Strong
and these types will have the same Rubber Chemicals Wet or Dry, Acids, Fats, Oils,
chemical resistance as listed for PE. NR Organic Acids, Alcohols, Greases, Most
Ketones, Aldehydes Hydrocarbons
Rubber Ring Joints (Elastomers)
Styrene As for As for
Chemical resistance of Rubber Ring Butadiene Natural Rubber Natural Rubber
Joints may be assessed by reference to Rubber
SBR
the accompanying Table 2.2 General
Guide for Chemical Resistance of Polychloropene Moderate Chemicals Strong Oxidising
Various Elastomers as well as the pipe (Neoprene) & Acids, Ozone, Fats, Acids, Esters,
CR Greases, Many Oils Ketones,
material guide. and Solvents Chlorinated,
Aromatic and
Other Fittings Nitro Hydrocarbons
PE pipe systems often employ fittings
and accessories manufactured from Ethylene Animal & Vegetable Mineral Oils
Propylene Oils, Ozone, & Solvents,
materials dissimilar to the pipe material, Diene Strong & Oxidising Aromatic
such as brass, aluminium, iron and Monomer Chemicals Hydrocarbons
EPDM
polypropylene. In such cases, the
designer should refer to the appropriate Nitrile Many Hydrocarbons, Ozone, Ketones,
Rubber Fats, Oils, Greases, Esters, Aldehydes,
manufacturer for advice on the chemical
NBR Hydraulic Fluids, Chlorinated &
resistance of these materials. Chemicals Nitro Hydrocarbons

Source: Uni-Bell PVC Pipe Association - Handbook of PVC Pipe 1982

Note:
The chemical performance of elastomers
is influenced by a number of factors
including:
• temperature of service
• conditions of service
• grade of polymer
• the compound specified
Contact the Vinidex technical department
for further information, if required.

Materials.8 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
ACETALDEHYDE CH3CHO 100 25 3 1 2 3 3 3 1 2
60 3 2 3
100 3
- AQUEOUS SOLUTION 40 25 3 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 3 2 2 1 3
100 1 2
ACETIC ACID CH3COOH ≤25 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1 3 3
100 1 1 1
30 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 2 3
100 1 1 2
60 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1
60 2 1 1 1 3
100 2 2 2 3
80 25 1 2 1 1 1 3 2 1
60 2 3 3 1 3 3
100 3 2 2 3 3 2
- GLACIAL 100 25 2 1 1 1 2 3 3 2
60 3 2 2 2 3 2 1 3
100 3 3 3 3 3
ACETIC ANHYDRIDE (CH3CO)2O 100 25 3 2 1 3 3 2 1
60 3 2 2 3 3
100 3 3 3
ACETONE CH3COCH3 10 25 3 1 1 1 3 3 1 3
60 3 3 1 3 3 3
100 3 1 3 3 3
100 25 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 3
60 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3
100 3 3 3 3 3
ACETOPHENONE CH3COC6H5 nd 25 1 1 3 1
60 3 1
100
ACRYLONITRILE CH2CHCN technically pure 25 1 1 2 3 2
60 3 1 1 3 2
100 3
ADIPIC ACID (CH2CH2CO2H)2 sat. 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- AQUEOUS SOLUTION 60 2 1 1 1
100
ALLYL ALCOHOL CH2CHCH2OH 96 25 2 1 1 1 1 2
60 3 2 1
100 1 3
ALUM AI2(SO4)3.K2SO4.nH2O dil 25 1 1 1 1 1
- AQUEOUS SOLUTION 60 2 1 1
100
AI2(SO4)3.K2SO4.nH2O sat 25 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1
100
ALUMINIUM AICI3 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- CHLORIDE 60 1 1 1 1 2
100
- FLUORIDE AIF3 100 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
- HYDROXIDE AI(OH4)3 all 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1
100
- NITRATE AI(NO2)3 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1
100
- SULPHATE AI(SO4)3 deb 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 2 1 1 1
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Materials.9
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
AMMONIA NH3 deb 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- AQUEOUS SOLUTION 60 2 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1
100
- DRY GAS 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 2 2
100
- LIQUID 100 25 2 1 1 1 1 1 3
60 3 1 1 1 3
100
AMMONIUM CH3COONH4 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
- ACETATE 60 2 1 1 1 2 1
100 1 1
- CARBONATE (NH4)2CO3 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100
- CHLORIDE NH4CI sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 2 1 1 1
- FLUORIDE NH4F 25 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1
100 3 3
- HYDROXIDE NH4OH 28 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100
- NITRATE NH4NO3 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 2 1
100 1 1 1 1
- PHOSPHATE DIBASIC NH4(HPO4)2 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 2
100 1 2
- PHOSPHATE META (NH4)4P4O12 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
- PHOSPHATE TRI (NH4)2HPO4 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 2
100
- PERSULPHATE (NH4)2S2O8 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1
100
- SULPHIDE (NH4)2S deb 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
- SULPHYDRATE NH4OHSO4 dil 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
AMYLACETATE CH3CO2CH2(CH2)3CH3 100 25 3 1 2 1 3 3 3 3
60 3 2 2 3 3 3
100 2 3 3 3
AMYLALCOHOL CH3(CH2)3CH2OH nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1 2 1
100 1 1 1 1
ANILINE C6H5NH2 all 25 3 2 1 1 3 3 1 1
60 3 2 1 2 3 3
100 3 3 1
- CHLORHYDRATE C6H5NH2HCI nd 25 2 2 2 1 3 1
60 3 2 2 3
100 3 2 3 2
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

Materials.10 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
ANTIMONY SbCI3 100 25 1 1 1 1 1
- TRICHLORIDE 60 1 1 1
100
ANTHRAQUINONE suspension 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
SULPHONIC ACID 60 2 1
100
AQUA REGIA HC+HNO3 100 25 2 3 3 2 2 2
60 2 3 3 2
100 3 2
ARSENIC ACID H3AsO4 deb 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 2 1 1
80 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
100 2 1 2 3 1 1
BARIUM all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- CARBONATE BaCO3 60 1 1 1 1
100
- CHLORIDE BaCl2 10 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
- HYDROXIDE Ba(OH)2 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 2 1
100
- SULPHATE BaSO4 nb 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
- SULPHIDE BaS sat 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1
100
BEER comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
BENZALDEHYDE C6H5CHO nd 25 3 2 3 1 3 1 3
60 3 2 3 2 3 1 3
100
BENZENE C6H6 100 25 3 3 3 1 3 3 3 1
60 3 3 3 2 3 3 3
100 3 3 3 2
- + LIGROIN 20/80 25 3 3 3 3
60 3 3 3 3
100
- MONOCHLORINE C6H5Cl technically pure 25 3 2 1 1
60
100
BENZOIC ACID C6H5COOH sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 2 1
100 3 1 3 1
BENZYL ALCOHOL C6H5CH2OH 100 25 1 1 1 1 3 1 2
60 2 2 1
100
BLEACHING LYE NaOCl+NaCl 12.50% 25 1 2 2 1 1 2 1
Cl 60 2 2 1
100
BORIC ACID H3BO3 deb 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 1
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1
BRINE comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
BROMIC ACID HBrO3 10 25 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100 1 1
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Materials.11
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
BROMINE Br2 100 25 3 3 3 1 3 3 3 1
- LIQUID 60 3 3 3 1 3 3 1
100 3 1 3 3 1
- VAPOURS low 25 2 3 3 1 2 3 1
60 3 3 1 1
100
BUTADIENE C4H6 100 25 1 1 1 1 3 2 1
60 1 3 3 1 3
100
BUTANEDIOL CH3CH2CHOHCH2OH 10 25 1 1 1 1 1
AQUEOUS 60 3 1 1
100
concentrated 25 2 2 2 1 1
60 3 3 2 1
100
BUTANE C4H10 10 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
GAS 60 1 1
100
BUTYL CH3CO2CH2CH2CH2CH3 100 25 3 3 2 1 3 3 3 2
- ACETATE 60 3 3 3 1 3 3
100 3 2 3 3 3
- ALCOHOL C4H9OH 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1
100 2 2 1 2
- PHENOL C4H9C6H4OH 100 25 2 3 3 1 1 3 2
60 2 3 3 1
100
BUTYLENE GLYCOL C4H6(OH)2 100 25 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1
100
BUTYRIC ACID C2H5CH2COOH 20 25 1 1 3 1 1 1 1
60 2 2 3
100 3 3
concentrated 25 3 3 3 1 3 2 2
60 3 3 3 3
100 3 3
CALCIUM Ca(HSO3)2 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- BISULPHITE 60 1 1 1 1
100
- CARBONATE CaCO3 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
- CHLORATE CaHCl nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
- CHLORIDE CaCl2 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1 1
100 2 1 1
- HYDROXIDE Ca(OH)2 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 2 2
100 2
- HYPOCHLORITE Ca(OCl)2 sat 25 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100 2
- NITRATE Ca(NO3)2 50 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
- SULPHATE CaSO4 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
- SULPHIDE CaS sat 25 1 2 1 1 1 1
60 1 2 1
100
CAMPHOR OIL nd 25 1 3 3 1 1
60 3 3 1
100
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

Materials.12 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
CARBON CO2 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- DIOXIDE 60 2 1 1 1 1 1
AQUEOUS SOLUTION 100
- GAS 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
- DISULPHIDE CS2 100 25 2 2 1 1 3 3 3 1
60 3 3 1 3 3 3
100 3 1 3 3 3
- MONOXIDE CO 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
- TETRACHLORIDE CCl4 100 25 2 2 3 1 1 2 3 1
60 3 3 3 1
100
CARBONIC ACID H2CO3 sat 25 1 1 1
- AQUEOUS SOLUTION 60 1 1
100
- DRY 100 25 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
- WET all 25 1 1 1
60 2 1
100
CARBON OIL comm 25 1 3 1 1 2 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
CHLORAMINE dil 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60
100
CHLORIC ACID HClO3 20 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 3 3 1 1
100 3 1 1 3
CHLORINE Cl2 sat 25 2 1 2 3 1
60 3 1
100
- DRY GAS 10 25 1 3 1 1 3 1
60 2 3 1 1
100
100 25 2 3 1 1 3 1
60 3 3 1 1 1
100
- WET GAS 5g/m3 25 1 3 3
60 3 3
100
10 g/m3 25 2 3 1 3
60 2 3 1
100
66 g/m3 25 2 3 1 3
60 2 3 1
100
- LIQUID 100 25 3 3 3 1 3 3 1
60 3 1
100
CHLOROACETIC ACID ClCH2COH 85 25 1 2 1 1 3 2 1
60 2 3 3 1 3
100 3 1 3 3
100 25 1 3 1 3 3
60 2 3 3 3 3
100 3 3 3 3 3
CHLOROBENZENE C6H5Cl all 25 3 3 1 3 3 3 1
60 3 3 2 3 3 3
100
CHLOROFORM CHCl3 all 25 3 2 2 1 3 3 3 2
60 3 3 1 3 3
100 3 1 3 3
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Materials.13
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
CHLOROSULPHONIC ClHSO3 100 25 2 3 3 2 1 3 3 2
ACID 60 3 3 3 3 3
100 3 3 3
CHROME ALUM KCr(SO4)2 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1
100 2 1 1
CHROMIC ACID CrO3+H2O 10 25 1 2 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 3 2 1 1
100 3 3 1
30 25 1 2 2 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 3 3 1 1 3 3
100 3 2 1 3 3
50 25 1 2 2 1 1 3 2 1
60 2 3 3 1
100 3 2 2
CHROMIC SOLUTION CrO3+H2O+H2SO4 50/35/15 25 1 3 3 1
60 2 3 3 1
100
CITRIC ACID C3H4(OH)(CO2H)3 50 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
AQ. SOL. min 60 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 2
COPPER CuCl2 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- CHLORIDE 60 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1
- CYANIDE CuCN2 all 25 3 1 1 1
60 3 1 1
100
- FLUORIDE CuF2 all 25 1 1 3 1 1 1
60 1 1 3 1
100
- NITRATE Cu(NO3)2 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1
100
- SULPHATE CuSO4 dil 25 1 1 3 1 1 2 1 1
60 1 1 3 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
COTTONSEED OIL comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
CRESOL CH3C6H4OH ≤90 25 2 1 1 1 2 3 3 1
60 3 1 3 3
100
>90 25 3 2 1 3 3 3 2
60 3 1 3 3
100
CRESYLIC ACID CH3C6H4COOH 50 25 2 1 1 1
60 3 2 3 2 1
100
CYCLOHEXANE C6H12 all 25 3 1 1 1 3 1 3 1
60 3 2 1 3 3
100 2
CYCLOHEXANONE C6H10O all 25 3 1 1 3 2 3
60 3 3 2 3 3
100 3 3 3 3
DECAHYDRONAFTALENE C10H18 nd 25 1 1 3 1 3 1
60 1 2 3 1 3
100
DEMINERALIZED WATER 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 1 1
DEXTRINE C6H12OCH2O nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1
100
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

Materials.14 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
DIBUTYLPHTALATE C6H4(CO2C4H9)2 100 25 3 3 3 1 3 3 1 2
60 3 3 3
100
DICHLOROACETIC Cl2CHCOOH 100 25 1 1 1 1 2
ACID 60 2 2 2 3
100
DICHLOROETHANE CH2ClCH2Cl 100 25 3 3 1 1 3 3
60 3 3 1
100
DICHLOROETHYLENE ClCH2Cl 100 25 3 3 2 1 3 1 1
60 3 3 1
100
DIETHYL ETHER C2H5OC2H5 100 25 3 3 1 1 3 2 3
60 3 3 1 3 3 3
100
DIGLYCOLIC ACID (CH2)2O(CO2H)2 18 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100
DIMETHYLAMINE (CH3)2NH 100 25 2 1 2 2 3 2
60 3 2 2 3 3
100
DIOCTYLPHTHALATE all 25 3 1 2 1 3 2 2 3
60 3 2 2 3 3
100
DISTILLED WATER 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 1 1 1
DRINKING WATER 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 1 1
ETHERS all 25 3 3 3 2 2
60 3 3 3 3
100
ETHYL CH3CO2C2H5 100 25 3 1 2 2 3 3 1 3
- ACETATE 60 3 3 3 2 3 3 3
100 3 3 3 3 3
- ALCOHOL CH3CH2OH nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 2 1 1 2 1
100 1 1 1
- CHLORIDE CH3CH2Cl all 25 3 2 3 1 3 2 1 2
60 3 3 1 3
100
- ETHER CH3CH2OCH2CH3 all 25 3 3 1 3 2 2 3
60 3 3 3 3 3
100
ETHYLENE ClCH2CH2OH 100 25 3 1 3 3 3
- CHLOROHYDRIN 60 3 2 3 3
100 3
- GLYCOL HOCH2CH2OH comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 3 1 1 2 1
100
FATTY ACIDS nd 25 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
FERRIC FeCl3 10 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- CHLORIDE 60 2 1 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 1
- NITRATE Fe(NO3)3 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
- SULPHATE Fe(SO4)3 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Materials.15
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
FERROUS FeCl2 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- CHLORIDE 60 1 1 1 1
100
- SULPHATE FeSO4 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
FERTILIZER ≤10 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
FLUORINE GAS - DRY F2 100 25 2 2 3 1 3
60 3 3 3
100
FLUOROSILICIC ACID H2SiF6 32 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 3
100 1 1
FORMALDEHYDE HCOH 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 3
100 1 2 3
FORMIC ACID HCOOH 50 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 3 2
100 1 2 3
100 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 3
60 3 1 1 1 2 2 3
100 1 3 3
FRUIT PULP AND JUICE comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
FUEL OIL 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1
60 1 2 1 1
100
comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1
60 1 2 2 1 1
100
FURFUROLE ALCOHOL C5H3OCH2OH nd 25 3 2 2 3 1
60 3 2 2
100
GAS EXHAUST all 25 1 1 1 1
- ACID 60 1 1
100
- WITH NITROUS VAPOURS traces 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
GAS PHOSGENE ClCOCl 100 25 1 2 2 1 1
60 2 2 2 3
100
GELATINE 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
GLUCOSE C6H12O6 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1 1
100
GLYCERINE HOCH2CHOHCH2OH all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
AQ.SOL 60 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 1
GLYCOGLUE 10 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
AQUEOUS 60 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1
GLYCOLIC ACID HOCH2COOH 37 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
HEPTANE C7H16 100 25 1 1 3 1 1 1 1
60 2 3 3 3 1 1
100
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

Materials.16 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
HEXANE C6H14 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 3
60 2 2 2 1
100
HYDROBROMIC ACID HBr ≤10 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100 3 1 2 3
48 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100 3 1 2 3 3
HYDROCHLORIC ACID HCl ≤25 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
100 1 1 1 3 3 1
≤37 25 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1
60 1 2 1 1 1 2 2
100 2 1 1 3 2
HYDROCYANIC ACID HCN deb 25 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 3 3
100
HYDROFLUORIC ACID HF 10 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100 3 1 2 2
60 25 2 1 1 1 1 3 2 1
60 3 3 1 3
100 3 1 2 2
HYDROGEN H2 all 25 1
60 1
100
HYDROGEN H2 O2 30 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- PEROXIDE 60 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1
50 25 1 2 1 1 1 1
60 1 2 1
100 1
90 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 1
60 1 2 2 1
100 1 3
- SULPHIDE DRY sat 25 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 3
100
- SULPHIDE WET sat 25 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 3
100
HYDROSULPHITE ≤10 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1
100
HYDROXYLAMINE (H2NOH)2H2SO4 12 25 1 1 1 1 1
SULPHATE 60 1 1 1 2
100
ILLUMINATING GAS 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60
100
IODINE I2 3 25 2 1 1
- DRY AND WET 60 3 1
100
- TINCTURE >3 25 2 2 1 1 1 1
60 3 3 3 1
100
ISOCTANE C8H18 100 25 1 2 2 1 1 3
60 3 1 3
100
ISOPROPYL (CH3)2CHOCH(CH3)2 100 25 2 2 2 1 3 3
- ETHER 60 3 3 3 3
100
- ALCOHOL (CH3)2CHOH 100 25 1 1 1
60 2 1 1
100
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Materials.17
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
LACTIC ACID CH3CHOHCOOH ≤28 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 2 1
100 1 2 1
LANOLINE nd 25 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 2 1
100
LEAD ACETATE Pb(CH3COO)2 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 2 1 1 1 1
100 2 1 1 1
LINSEED OIL comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 2 1 1 1 1
100
LUBRICATING OILS comm 25 1 3 1 1 1 1 3 1
60 1 2 1 1
100
MAGNESIUM MgCO3 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
- CARBONATE 60 1 1 1
100
- CHLORIDE MgCl2 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100 2 1 1
- HYDROXIDE Mg(OH)2 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
- NITRATE MgNO3 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
- SULPHATE MgSO4 dil 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
MALEIC ACID COOHCHCHCOOH nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 2 1
MALIC ACID CH2CHOH(COOH)2 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1
60 1 1
100
MERCURIC HgCl2 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
- CHLORIDE 60 1 1 1 1
100
- CYANIDE HgCN2 all 25 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
MERCUROUS NITRATE HgNO3 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
MERCURY Hg 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100
METHYL CH3COOCH3 100 25 1 1 3 2
- ACETATE 60 1 3
100
- ALCOHOL CH3OH nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
60 1 1 2 1 2
100 2 1 2
- BROMIDE CH3Br 100 25 3 3 3 1 1
60 3 1
100
- CHLORIDE CH3Cl 100 25 3 1 3 1 2 3 2 2
60 3 3 1
100 3 1 3
- ETHYLKETONE CH3COCH2CH3 all 25 3 1 1 2 3 1 3
60 3 2 2 3 3 3
100
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

Materials.18 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
METHYLAMINE CH3NH2 32 25 2 1 1 2 1
60 3 2
100
METHYLENE CH2Cl2 100 25 3 3 3 1 3 2
CHLORIDE 60 3 3 2 3
100 3 3 3
METHYL CH3COOSO4 50 25 1 2 2 1 1 1 1
SULPHORIC ACID 60 2 2 2 1
100 3 2 3 3
100 25 1 3 3 1 1 2
60 2 3 3
100 3 3 3
MILK 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1
MINERAL ACIDOULOUS nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
WATER 60 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 1 1
MOLASSES comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 2 1 1
100 2 1 2 2
NAPHTA 100 25 2 2 1 1 1 1 3 1
60 3 3 3 1 1
100
NAPHTALINE 100 25 1 1 3 1 2 3 3 1
60 2 3 1
100 3 1 3
NICKEL NiCl3 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- CHLORIDE 60 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1
- NITRATE Ni(NO3)2 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100 2 1
- SULPHATE NiSO4 dil 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 2 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
NITRIC ACID HNO3 anhydrous 25 3 3 2 3 1
60 3 3 3 3
100 3 3 3 3
20 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 2 2 1 1 1
100 3 1 1 2 1
40 25 1 2 1 1 1 1
60 1 2 3 1 1
100 3 1 1 3 3
60 25 1 3 2 1 1 3 2
60 2 3 3 1 1 3 3
100 3 1 1 3 3
98 25 3 3 3 1 3 3 3
60 3 3 3 1 3 3 3
100 3 2 3 3 3
NITROBENZENE C6H5NO2 all 25 3 1 1 3 2 3 2
60 3 2 2 1 3 3 3
100
OLEIC ACID C8H17CHCH(CH2)7CO2H comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1
60 1 2 2 1
100

Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Materials.19
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
OLEUM nd 25 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1
60 3 3 3 3 3 3
100
- VAPOURS low 25 3 3 3 3 3 3 1
60 3 3 3 3 3
100
hight 25 3 3 3 3 3 3 1
60 3 3 3 3 3
100
OLIVE OIL comm 25 1 1 1 2 1
60 2 3 1 1 1
100
OXALIC ACID HO2CCO2H 10 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 2 1 2 1 1 1
100 2 2 1 1
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 1 1 2 1 1 1
100 3 3 1 1
OXYGEN O2 all 25 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 2 3 1 1
100
OZONE O3 nd 25 1 2 3 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 3 3 2 3
100
PALMITIC ACID CH3(CH2)14COOH 10 25 1 1 1 1 2 1
60 1 3 1 1
100
70 25 1 1 1 2
60 1 3 3 1 3 1
100
PARAFFIN nd 25 1 3 1
60 2 2 1 1
100
- EMULSION comm 25 1 2 3 1 1 1
60 1 2 3 1
100
- OIL nd 25 1 1 1
60 1 3 1
100
PERCHLORIC ACID HClO4 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 1
60 2 1 1 1 3 1
100
70 25 1 1 1 1 3 2 1
60 2 2 1 3 1
100
PETROL 100 25 1 1 1 1 2 3 1
- REFINED 60 1 3 1
100
- UNREFINED 100 25 1 1 1 1 2 3 1
60 1 3 1
100
PHENOL C6H5OH 1 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
- AQUEOUS SOLUTION 60 1 1 1
100 3 1 1
≤90 25 2 1 1 1 1 3 1
60 3 3 1 1
100 3 1 1
PHENYL HYDRAZINE C6H5NHNH2 all 25 3 2 2 1 3 3 1
60 3 2 2 1 3 2
100
- CHLORHYDRATE C6H5NHNH3Cl sat 25 1 1 1 1
60 3 3 3 2
100

Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

Materials.20 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
PHOSPHORIC H3PO4 ≤25 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
- ACID 60 2 1 1 1 3 1 1
100 1 1 2 1 1
≤50 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
100 1 1 2 2 1
≤85 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 1 2 1 1
100 1 1 2
- ANHYDRIDE P2O5 nd 25 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 2 1 1 3
100
PHOSPHORUS PCl3 100 25 3 1 1 1 3 1
TRICHLORIDE 60 3 1 3
100
PHOTOGRAPHIC comm 25 1 1 1 1
- DEVELOPER 60 1 1 1
100
- EMULSION comm 25 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
PHTHALIC ACID C6H4(CO2H)2 50 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 3 1 1 1 1
100
PICRIC ACID HOC6H2(NO2)3 1 25 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 1 1 3 1
100
>1 25 3 1 3 1 1 1 1
60 3 1 3 1 2 2 1
100
POTASSIUM K2CrO7 40 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- BICHROMATE 60 1 1 3
100
- BORATE K3BO3 sat 25 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1
100
- BROMATE KBrO3 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100 2 1 1
- BROMIDE KBr sat 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
- CARBONATE K2CO3 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 2 1
100
- CHLORIDE KCl sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 2 1 1
- CHROMATE KCrO4 40 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
- CYANIDE KCN sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 2 1
100
- FERROCYANIDE K4Fe(CN)6.3H2O 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100 2 1 1
- FLUORIDE KF sat 25 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
- HYDROXIDE KOH ≤60 25 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1
60 2 1 1 2 1 3
100 1 3 1
- NITRATE KNO3 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Materials.21
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
- PERBORATE KBO3 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1
100
- PERMANGANATE KMnO4 10 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 2 1
100
- PERSULPHATE K2S2O8 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100
- SULPHATE K2SO4 sat 25 1 1 1 2 1
60 1 1 1 1 3
100
PROPANE C3H8 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- GAS 60 1
100
- LIQUID 100 25 1 2 2 1 1 1 3 1
60 1
100
PROPYL ALCOHOL C3H7OH 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1
100
PYRIDINE CH(CHCH)2N nd 25 3 1 2 1 3 3 3 3
60 3 2 2 3 3 3 3
100
RAIN WATER 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 1 1
SEA WATER 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 1 1
SILICIC ACID H2SiO3 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
SILICONE OIL nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 3 2 1
100
SILVER AgCN all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
- CYANIDE 60 1 1 1
100
- NITRATE AgNO9 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1
100 2 1 1 2
- PLATING SOLUTION comm 25 1 1 1 1
60 1
100
SOAP high 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- AQUEOUS SOLUTION 60 2 1
100
SODIC LYE ≤60 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1
100
SODIUM CH3COONa 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
- ACETATE 60 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1
- BICARBONATE NaHCO3 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 1
- BISULPHITE NaHSO3 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 3
100 2 1 1
- BROMIDE NaBr sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 3
100
- CARBONATE Na2CO3 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 2
100 2
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

Materials.22 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
- CHLORATE NaClO3 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 2 1
100
- CHLORIDE NaCl dil 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 3 1 1
- CYANIDE NaCN all 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
- FERROCYANIDE Na4Fe(CN)6 sat 25 1 1 1 3 3
60 1 1
100
- FLUORIDE NaF all 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 2 2
100 3
- HYDROXIDE NaOH 60 25 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 2 1 3
100 1 3 1 3
- HYPOCHLORITE NaOCl deb 25 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
60 2 2 1
100
- HYPOSULPHITE Na2S3O3 nd 25 1 1 1 1
60 1 1
100
- NITRATE NaNO3 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
- PERBORATE NaBO3H2O all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1
100
- PHOSPHATE di Na2HPO4 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1
- PHOSPHATE tri Na3PO4 all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 1
- SULPHATE Na2SO4 dil 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
- SULPHIDE Na2S dil 25 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 2
100
sat 25 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 2 1
100
- SULPHITE NaSO3 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 2 1
100
STANNIC CHLORIDE SnCl4 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
STANNOUS CHLORIDE SnCl2 dil 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
STEARIC ACID CH3(CH2)16CO2H 100 25 1 2 1 1 1 1
60 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1
100
SUGAR SYRUP high 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1
100
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Materials.23
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
SULPHUR S 100 25 1 1 1 1 3 1
60 2 1 1
100
- DIOXIDE AQUEOUS SO2 sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 3
100
- DIOXIDE DRY all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100 3 1 1
- DIOXIDE LIQUID 100 25 2 1 3 1
60 3 2 3
100
- TRIOXIDE SO3 100 25 2 3 3 1 2
60 2 3 3
100
SULPHURIC ACID H2SO4 ≤10 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1 2 1 1
≤75 25 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
60 2 2 2 1 3 1
100 2 1 2 3 2 1
≤90 25 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 2 2 1 1
100 3 1 3 1
≤96 25 2 2 3 1 1 2 1
60 3 2 3 2 3 3
100 3 3 3 3
- FUMING all 25 2 3 3 3 1
60 3 3 3 3
100 3 3 3
- NITRIC AQUEOUS H2SO4+HNO3+H20 48/49/3 25 1 3 3 1
SOLUTION 60 2 3 3 1
100 3 1
50/50/0 25 2 3 3 1 1
60 3 3 3 1 1
100 3 1
10/20/70 25 1 2 2
60 1 2 2
100
TALLOW EMULSION comm 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 2 2
100
TANNIC ACID C14H10O9 10 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
TARTARIC ACID HOOC(CHOH)2COOH all 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1 2
100
TETRACHLORO CHCl2CHCl2 nd 25 3 2 2 1 3 2
- ETHANE 60 3 3 3 2
100
- ETHYLENE CCl2CCl2 nd 25 3 2 2 1
60 3 3 3
100
TETRAETHYLLEAD Pb(C2H5)4 100 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2
100
TETRAHYDROFURAN C4H8O all 25 3 2 2 1 3 3 3 2
60 3 3 3 2 3 3
100 3 3 3 3
THIONYL CHLORIDE SOCl3 25 3 3 3 3 3 1
60
100
THIOPHENE C4H4S 100 25 3 2 2 3 3
60 3 2 3 3
100
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

Materials.24 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

Chemical Formula Conc. (%) Temp. (°C) uPVC PE PP PVDF PVC/C NBR EPM FPM
TOLUENE C6H5CH3 100 25 3 2 2 1 3 3 3 2
60 3 3 3 1 3 3 3
100 3 1 3 3 3
TRANSFORMER OIL nd 25 1 1 1 3 1
60 2 2 2
100
TRICHLOROACETIC CCl3COOH ≤50 25 1 1 1 2 2 2 3
ACID 60 3 2 1 2 3
100
TRICHLOROETHYLENE Cl2CCHCl 100 25 3 2 3 1 3 3 3 1
60 3 2 3 1 3 3
100
TRIETHANOLAMINE N(CH2CH2OH)2 100 25 2 1 1 3 2 2 2 1
60 3 3
100
TURPENTINE 100 25 2 2 3 1 1
60 2 3 3
100
UREA CO(NH2)2 ≤10 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
AQUEOUS SOLUTION 60 2 1 1 1 2
100
33 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100
URINE nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1
100
URIC ACID C5H4N4O3 10 25 1 1
60 2 2
100
VASELINE OIL 100 25 1 1 1 1 3 1
60 3 2 2 1 3
100
VINYL ACETATE CH3CO2CHCH2 100 25 3 1 3 2 1
60 3 3 3
100 3 3
WHISKY comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1
100
WINES comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100 1
WINE VINEGAR comm 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 2 1 1 1 1 1
100 1 1 1
ZINC ZnCl2 dil 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
- CHLORIDE 60 1 1 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100 2 1 1
- CHROMATE ZnCrO4 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
- CYANIDE Zn(CN)2 all 25 1 1 1 1
60 1 1
100
- NITRATE Zn(NO3)2 nd 25 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1
100
- SULPHATE ZnSO4 dil 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1
100
sat 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
60 1 1 1 1 1
100
Class 1: High Resistance Class 2: Limited Resistance Class 3: No Resistance. Refer page 2.5 for explanation of classes

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Materials.25
m a t e r i a l s

Material 4.5 The results of test programs using the


Performance 4.0
Darmstadt (Germany) method of
Aspects Asbestos Kirschmer and reported by Meldt
Cement
3.5 (Hoechst AG) for a slurry of quartz sand/
Abrasion Resistance
gravel water with a solids content 46%
The transmission of solids in either 3.0
Fibreglass by volume and a flow velocity of 0.36m/s
Abrasion (mm)

liquid or gaseous carriers in PE pipelines 2.5 are shown in Figure 2.2.


results in abrasion of the internal pipe
2.0
These were performed across a range of
walls, especially at points of high
materials and show the excellent
turbulence such as bends or junctions.
1.5 abrasion resistance of PE pipe materials.
The high resistance to abrasion, Concrete
1.0 Similarly, Boothroyde and Jacobs (BHRA
flexibility, light weight, and robustness of
Vit Clay PR 1448) performed closed loop tests
Vinidex PE pipes, have led to their 0.5 PVC using iron ore slurry in a concentration
widespread use in applications such as HDPE
0 range of 5 to 10% and ranked PE ahead
transportation of slurries and mine 0 200 400 600 of mild steel and asbestos cement in
tailings. Number of Load Cycles (000)
abrasion resistance.
Abrasion occurs as a result of friction Figure 2.2
For most grades, the difference in
between the pipe wall and the Comparative Abrasion
abrasion resistance between MDPE
transported particles. Rates of Pipe Materials
(PE80B) and HDPE (PE80C and PE100)
The actual amount and rate of abrasion is not significant. However, Vinidex
A comprehensive collection of case
of the pipe wall is determined by a offers grades which are specifically
history data has been assembled by
combination of: selected to maximise abrasion
Vinidex design engineers for particular
• the specific gravity of the solids resistance, whilst also maximising
applications, and this information is
• the solids content in the slurry available on request. pressure rating and crack growth
• solid particle shape, hardness and resistance.
In general terms, PE pipes have superior
size abrasion resistance to steel, ductile iron, The design of fittings involving change of
• fluid velocity FRP, asbestos and fibre reinforced flow direction is critical in slurry lines.
cement pipes, providing a more cost The lower the rate of change of direction,
• PE pipe material grade
effective solution for abrasive slurry the lower the abrasion rate. For bends, a
The interaction of these parameters
installations. large centreline radius must be used.
means that any prediction of the rate of
Where possible, a radius of at least 20
abrasion wear can only proceed where Laboratory test programs have been
times the pipe diameter should be used,
testing of wear rates has been performed performed in the UK, Germany and USA
along with a long straight lead-in length
on the specific slurry under the proposed to obtain relative wear comparisons for
containing no joints.
operational conditions. various materials using sliding and
rotating pipe surfaces. In practice, the effective lifetime of the
Under varying test conditions the relative
PE pipeline can be increased by using
ranking of different pipe materials may
demountable joints to periodically rotate
change, and where possible testing
the PE pipe sections to distribute the
should be performed.
abrasion wear evenly around the
circumference of the pipe.

Materials.26 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
m a t e r i a l s

Weathering Permeation Biological Resistance


Weathering of plastics occurs by a Permeation of PE pipe systems from PE pipes may be subject to damage
process of surface degradation, or external sources may occur when the from biological sources such as ants or
oxidation, due to a combined effect of surrounding soils are contaminated. rodents. The resistance to attack is
ultra violet radiation, increased Organic compounds of the non polar, determined by the hardness of the PE
temperature, and moisture when pipes low molecular type are those which used, the geometry of the PE surfaces,
are stored in exposed locations. permeate most rapidly through the PE and the conditions of the installation.
All Vinidex PE pipe systems contain pipe walls. Accordingly, where materials Small diameter irrigation applications
antioxidants, stabilisers and pigments to such as aliphatic hydrocarbons, using LDPE materials may be attacked
provide protection under Australian chlorinated hydrocarbons and alkylated by ants or termites due to the relatively
construction conditions. benzenes are encountered, consideration thin wall sections and the hardness of
Black PE pipes contain carbon black to impermeable ducting should be given. the LDPE. In these instances the source
which act as both a pigment and an ultra Where contamination is suspected, soil of the ants should be treated by normal
violet stabiliser, and these pipes require sampling should be performed and in the insecticide techniques.
no additional protection for external case of potable water transmission lines, Both MDPE and HDPE material types
storage and use. protection to the PE pipes should be have a higher hardness value than LDPE,
Other colours such as white, blue, yellow provided where contamination is found. and together with the thicker pipe wall
or lilac do not possess the same stability sections used in PE63, PE80, and PE100
Food Contact Applications
as the black pigmented systems and the applications provide a generally resistant
Where the pipeline system is used for
period of exposure should be limited to solution. In small diameter pipes, the
food processing or transport purposes,
one year for optimum retention of thin wall sections may be damaged by
Vinidex PE pipes can be supplied using
properties. With these colour systems termites in extreme cases.
PE materials complying with AS 2070 -
the external surface oxidation layers However damage often ascribed to
Plastics for Use in Food Contact
develop at a faster rate than those in termite attack in PE has subsequently
Applications. In these applications the
carbon black stabilised PE pipes. been found to be due to other sources of
advice of Vinidex engineers should be
For exposure periods longer than one mechanical damage.
obtained as to the effect of the system
year, additional protection such as on food quality, and the most appropriate PE pipe systems are generally unaffected
covering should be adopted. jointing systems to prevent detention of by biological organisms in both land, and
the food materials through the pipe marine applications, and the paraffinic
system. nature of the PE pipe surfaces retards
the build up of marine growths in
service.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Materials.27
applications

contents

Summary 3
Typical Applications 4
Water Supply 4
Mine Tailings and Slurry Lines 4
Above Ground Pipelines 4
Gas Distribution 5
Submarine Pipelines 5
Relining & Rehabilitation 5
Industrial and Chemical Pipelines 6
Compressed Air 6
DWV Drainage and Trade Waste 6
Stormwater Drainage 7
Communications 7
Protective Conduits for Cables 7
Rural and Irrigation 8
Driplines 8
Aquaculture – Fish Cages 8

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Applications.1
applications

Limitation of Liability
This manual has been compiled by Vinidex Pty
Limited (“the Company”) to promote better
understanding of the technical aspects of the
Company’s products to assist users in obtaining
from them the best possible performance.
The manual is supplied subject to
acknowledgement of the following conditions:
• The manual is protected by Copyright and may
not be copied or reproduced in any form or by
any means in whole or in part without prior
consent in writing by the Company.
• Product specifications, usage data and advisory
information may change from time to time with
advances in research and field experience. The
Company reserves the right to make such
changes at any time without notice.
• Correct usage of the Company’s products
involves engineering judgements which cannot
be properly made without full knowledge of all
the conditions pertaining to each specific
installation. The Company expressly disclaims
all and any liability to any person whether
supplied with this publication or not in respect
of anything and of the consequences of anything
done or omitted to be done by any such person
in reliance whether whole or partial upon the
whole or any part of the contents of this
publication.
• No offer to trade, nor any conditions of trading,
are expressed or implied by the issue of content
of this manual. Nothing herein shall override the
Company’s Conditions of Sale, which may be
obtained from the Registered Office or any Sales
Office of the Company.
• This manual is and shall remain the property of
the Company, and shall be surrendered on
demand to the Company.
• Information supplied in this manual does not
override a job specification, where such conflict
arises, consult the authority supervising the job.

© Copyright Vinidex Pty Limited


ABN 42 000 664 942

Applications.2 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
applications

Summary The flexibility of polyethylene is a key The low friction bores are not subject to
The success and the continued high level property which has greatly enhanced the scale buildup. The material is biologically
of growth in the application of value of the material to the pipeline inert. Polyethylene can be colour coded
polyethylene for piping systems has not engineer. Apart from the value in to suit the end application. Typically blue
come about by chance. Polyethyene allowing substantial cost savings during for water and yellow for gas, or by colour
systems offer significant advantages installation, a polyethylene system has stripes on black pipe.
over ‘traditional’ iron, steel and cement an inherent resistance to the effects of The polyethylene pipeline system has
systems. ground movement from temperature been developed as an integrated pipe
Primarily, the material is free from fluctuation or instability. Polyethylene and fitting system. It has a track record
corrosion in all ground conditions and its gas and water systems have been the of high reliability over a period now
flexibility allows it to withstand ground only systems to survive major approaching 50 years. There is no cost
movement. Corrosion and joint leakage earthquakes such as those which penalty in obtaining these advantages,
are prevalent in iron and cement occurred in Kobe, Japan in 1995. indeed the PE system is cost effective
systems, usually within desired lifetimes. Polyethylene systems can be fusion with a long maintenance free lifetime and
Polyethylene offers the solution to welded, so unlike rubber ring type joints low wholelife costs, and the installed
avoiding the premature failure of or other mechanical systems, there is no system costs are often less than for
pipelines in such materials. risk of leakage as a result of joint traditional materials.
distortion. Systems are fully end load
Polyethylene is basically chemically inert To summarise, the principal advantages
bearing and costly anchorage is not
and therefore, unlike iron or cement, will of polyethylene piping systems are:
required at junctions and bends. Root
be unaffected by acidic soil conditions or • Flexibility
penetration is not a problem.
other corrosion inducing conditions. No
• Chemical resistance
protective layers or finishing processes The flexibility of PE pipe allows it to be
coiled and supplied in long lengths, • Fusion welded jointing
are required, thus avoiding additional
expense and further potential risk of avoiding frequent joints and fittings. This • Resistance to ground movement
failure. flexibility and low weight has also and end load
resulted in the development of cost • Cost effective installation techniques
saving installation techniques reducing • High impact strength
disturbance to the public and the
• Abrasion resistance
environment. Long lengths can be pulled
through holes below the ground bored • High flow capacity
by mechanical moles, avoiding the need • Weathering resistance
for open cut trenches. The material lends • Low whole life costs
itself readily to renovation by insertion as • Long lengths
a lining into old, leaking pipelines,
offering further cost saving solutions to
the water and gas engineer.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Applications.3
applications

Water Supply
• Long life, corrosion resistant
• High water quality
10kms of 450mm PE100 pipe delivers
water to Stratford Power Station, New
Zealand.

Mine Tailings &


Slurry Lines
• Abrasion and UV resistance
• High impact strength
PE pipes are an ideal solution for slurry
systems, pit dewatering and chemical
treatment applications in mining
operations.

Above Ground
Pipelines
• Ultra-violet (UV) resistance
• High impact strength
PE pipe is widely used in above ground
applications, particularly in demanding
conditions typical of mining and rural
regions.

Applications.4 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
applications

Gas Distribution
• Long life
• Corrosion resistance
A new 250mm gas main installed in
Melbourne’s CBD did not greatly
interfere with traffic or pedestrians, as
installation time was reduced by 40%.

Submarine Pipelines
• Lightweight , corrosion resistance
• Superior flow characteristics
A 1000mm seamless effluent PE pipeline
was floated and then sunk into place on
this Gold Coast river bed.

Relining & Rehabilitation


• Long lengths and minimal disruption
• Corrosion resistance
Sliplining and pipe bursting with long
lengths of PE pipes provide minimal
disruption to existing water and sewer
systems and the local community.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Applications.5
applications

Industrial &
Chemical Pipelines
• A range of fittings solutions
• Excellent chemical resistance
PE pipe systems are installed in difficult
to access industrial situations.

Compressed Air
• Easy, clean, quick & safe installation
• Corrosion resistance
Vinidexair high strength PE piping
system is a proven performer in
industries requiring compressed air
lines.

DWV Drainage
& Trade Waste
• Smooth bore
• Excellent chemical and abrasion
resistance
PE pipe is increasingly used for
transporting industrial, laboratory and
trade waste.

Applications.6 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
applications

Stormwater Drainage
• Resistance to ground movement
• Ease of on-site jointing of large
diameter pipe
1000mm PE pipes were joined above
ground and hands-free lowered into an 8
metre trench in unstable ground with
heavy gases present.

Communications
• Flexibility
• Long coil lengths
Cablecon conduit is a value-added
ducting solution supplied pre-lubricated
and with a pre-installed draw rope.

Protective Conduits
for Cables
• Flexibility
• Durability
Nearly 14kms of PE pipe was specified
as Cable Sheathing in the landmark
Anzac Bridge, Sydney.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Applications.7
applications

Rural and Irrigation


• High resistance to impact and
weathering
• Flexibility and ease of jointing
PE pipes are widely used for stock
watering, watermains, irrigation systems
and reticulation of elevated temperature
artesian bore water.

Dripline
• Water efficient
• Cost effective long term irrigation
Ecodrip regular and pressure
compensated (PC) dripline: available in a
variety of wall thicknesses for crops
including grapes, olives, vegetables,
orchards, flowers, sugar cane, cotton etc.

Aquaculture – Fish Cages


• Flexibility and ease of fabrication
• Corrosion resistance
Salmon farming cages in Tasmania
utilise the flotation properties of PE pipe.

Applications.8 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

contents

Pipe Selection 3
Pipe Dimensions 4
Allowable Operating Pressure 5
Temperature Influences 7
Service Lifetimes 7
Pipe Design for Variable Operating Conditions 8
E Modulus 10
Selection of Wall Thickness for Special Applications 10
Hydraulic Design 11
Flow Chart Worked Examples 13
Part Full Flow 15
Resistance Coefficients 16
Flow Charts 17-26
Surge and Fatigue 27
Celerity 28
Slurry Flow 29
Pipe Wear 30
Maintenance and Operation 31
Fittings 31
Pneumatic Flow 32
System Design Guidelines for the Selection of Vinidexair Compressed Air Pipelines 33
Expansion And Contraction 35
External Pressure Resistance 36
Trench Design 37
Allowable Bending Radius 38
Deflection Questionnaire – FAX BACK 39
Deflection Questionnaire – Vinidex locations 40
Thrust Block Supports 41
Electrical Conductivity 43
Vibration 43
Heat Sources 43

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.1
d e s i g n

Limitation of Liability
This manual has been compiled by Vinidex Pty
Limited (“the Company”) to promote better
understanding of the technical aspects of the
Company’s products to assist users in obtaining
from them the best possible performance.
The manual is supplied subject to
acknowledgement of the following conditions:
• The manual is protected by Copyright and may
not be copied or reproduced in any form or by
any means in whole or in part without prior
consent in writing by the Company.
• Product specifications, usage data and advisory
information may change from time to time with
advances in research and field experience. The
Company reserves the right to make such
changes at any time without notice.
• Correct usage of the Company’s products
involves engineering judgements which cannot
be properly made without full knowledge of all
the conditions pertaining to each specific
installation. The Company expressly disclaims
all and any liability to any person whether
supplied with this publication or not in respect
of anything and of the consequences of anything
done or omitted to be done by any such person
in reliance whether whole or partial upon the
whole or any part of the contents of this
publication.
• No offer to trade, nor any conditions of trading,
are expressed or implied by the issue of content
of this manual. Nothing herein shall override the
Company’s Conditions of Sale, which may be
obtained from the Registered Office or any Sales
Office of the Company.
• This manual is and shall remain the property of
the Company, and shall be surrendered on
demand to the Company.
• Information supplied in this manual does not
override a job specification, where such conflict
arises, consult the authority supervising the job.

© Copyright Vinidex Pty Limited


ABN 42 000 664 942

Design.2 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Pipe Selection Table 4.1 Comparison of SDR & Pressure Ratings (PN)
Vinidex PE pipes are available in a SDR 41 33 26 21 17 13.6 11 9 7.4
comprehensive range of sizes up to PE80 PN3.2 PN4 - PN6.3 PN8 PN10 PN12.5 PN16 PN20
1000mm diameter, and pressure classes
PE100 PN4 - PN6.3 PN8 PN10 PN12.5 PN16 PN20 PN25
in accordance with the requirements of
Notes:
AS/NZS 4130 - Polyethylene (PE) pipes
for pressure applications. PE Long term rupture stress at 20°C (MPa x 10) to which a minimum design factor
is applied to obtain the 20°C hydrostatic design hoop stress.
Additional sizes and pressure classes to
AS/NZS 4130 requirements are added PN Pipe pressure rating at 20°C (MPa x10).
from time to time and subject to SDR Nominal ratio of outside diameter to wall thickness.
minimum quantity requirements, pipes
made to specific sizes, lengths or
pressure classes are available.
The Standard AS/NZS 4130 includes a
range of PE material designations based
on the Minimum Required Stress (MRS),
and classified as PE63, PE80, and
PE100. When pipes are made to the
same dimensions, but from different
rated PE materials, then the pipes will
have different pressure ratings.
The relationship between the dimensions
of the pipes, the PE material
classification and the working pressure
rating are as shown in Table 4.1.
For simplicity, the dimensions of the pipe
have been referred in terms of the
Standard Dimension Ratio (SDR) where:

Outside Diameter
SDR =
Wall Thickness

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.3
Polyethylene Pipe Dimensions (based on AS/NZS 4130-1997, Polyethylene pipes for pressure applications.)

Nominal SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4

Design.4
Size Min. Wall Mean Min. Wall Mean Min. Wall Mean Min. Wall Mean Min. Wall Mean Min. Wall Mean Min. Wall Mean Min. Wall Mean Min. Wall Mean
DN Thickness I.D. Thickness I.D. Thickness I.D. Thickness I.D. Thickness I.D. Thickness I.D. Thickness I.D. Thickness I.D. Thickness I.D.
d

(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
16 1.6 13 1.6 13 1.6 13 1.6 13 1.6 13 1.6 13 1.6 13 1.8 12 2.2 11
20 1.6 17 1.6 17 1.6 17 1.6 17 1.6 17 1.6 17 1.9 16 2.3 15 2.8 14
25 1.6 22 1.6 22 1.6 22 1.6 22 1.6 22 1.9 21 2.3 20 2.8 19 3.5 18
e

32 1.6 29 1.6 29 1.6 29 1.6 29 1.9 28 2.4 27 2.9 26 3.6 24 4.4 23


Pipe Dimensions
40 1.6 37 1.6 37 1.6 37 1.9 36 2.4 35 3.0 34 3.7 32 4.5 31 5.5 28
50 1.6 47 1.6 47 2.0 46 2.4 45 3.0 44 3.7 42 4.6 40 5.6 38 6.9 35
s

63 1.6 60 2.0 59 2.4 58 3.0 57 3.8 55 4.7 53 5.8 51 7.1 48 8.6 45


75 1.9 71 2.3 70 2.9 69 3.6 67 4.5 66 5.5 63 6.8 61 8.4 58 10.3 53
90 2.2 86 2.8 84 3.5 83 4.3 81 5.4 78 6.6 76 8.2 73 10.1 69 12.3 65
i

110 2.7 105 3.4 103 4.3 101 5.3 99 6.6 96 8.1 93 10.0 89 12.3 84 15.1 78
125 3.1 119 3.9 117 4.8 115 6.0 113 7.4 110 9.2 106 11.4 101 14.0 96 17.1 89
140 3.5 133 4.3 131 5.4 129 6.7 126 8.3 123 10.3 118 12.7 114 15.7 108 19.2 99
g

160 4.0 152 4.9 150 6.2 148 7.7 144 9.5 140 11.8 136 14.6 130 17.9 123 21.9 114
Table 4.2 PE Pipe Dimensions AS/NZS 4130

180 4.4 171 5.5 169 6.9 166 8.6 163 10.7 158 13.3 153 16.4 145 20.1 138 24.6 128
200 4.9 190 6.2 188 7.7 184 9.6 180 11.9 175 14.7 170 18.2 162 22.4 154 27.3 143
n

225 5.5 215 6.9 211 8.6 207 10.8 203 13.4 198 16.6 191 20.5 183 25.1 173 30.8 161
250 6.2 238 7.7 235 9.6 230 11.9 225 14.8 219 18.4 212 22.7 203 27.9 192 34.2 179
280 6.9 267 8.6 263 10.7 258 13.4 253 16.6 246 20.6 238 25.4 228 31.3 215 38.3 200
315 7.7 300 9.7 296 12.1 290 15.0 285 18.7 278 23.2 268 28.6 256 35.2 242 43.0 226
355 8.7 338 10.9 333 13.6 328 16.9 320 21.1 311 26.1 301 32.2 289 39.6 273 48.5 255
400 9.8 380 12.3 376 15.3 370 19.1 362 23.7 351 29.4 340 36.3 326 44.7 307 54.6 287
450 11.0 429 13.8 422 17.2 415 21.5 406 26.7 395 33.1 382 40.9 366 50.2 347 61.5 322
500 12.3 476 15.3 470 19.1 462 23.9 452 29.6 440 36.8 424 45.4 407 55.8 384 - -
560 13.7 534 17.2 526 21.4 518 26.7 506 33.2 494 41.2 475 50.8 455 - - - -
630 15.4 600 19.3 592 24.1 582 30.0 570 37.3 554 46.3 535 57.2 512 - - - -
710 17.4 676 21.8 667 27.2 656 33.9 641 42.1 624 52.2 603 - - - - - -
800 19.6 762 24.5 752 30.6 739 38.1 723 47.4 704 58.8 679 - - - - - -
900 22.0 858 27.6 846 34.4 831 42.9 814 53.5 791 - - - - - - - -
1000 24.5 953 30.6 940 38.2 924 47.7 904 59.3 880 - - - - - - - -

SDR – Nominal ratio of outside diameter to wall thickness. ID – internal diameter

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Allowable Table 4.3 Hydrostatic Design Stress and


Operating Pressure Minimum Required Strength – Values

Hydrostatic Design Basis Material Designation Minimum Required Strength Hydrostatic Design Stress
(MRS) MPa (S) MPa
Vinidex pipes manufactured to AS/NZS
4130, Series 1 have wall thickness and PE63 5.0 6.3
pressure ratings determined by the PE80 6.3 8.0
Barlow formula as follows: PE100 8.0 10.0

PD
T= The Hydrostatic Design Stress (S) is These standard values are polymer
2S + P
obtained by application of a Design or dependent and long term properties for
T = minimum wall thickness (mm) Safety Factor (F) to the MRS. each pipe grade material are established
P = normal working pressure See Table 4.3. by long term testing to the requirements
of pipe (MPa) of ISO/DIS 9080 by the polymer
D = minimum mean OD (mm) MRS producers. Individual PE grades may
S=
S = hydrostatic design stress F exhibit different characteristics and PE
at 20°C (MPa) materials can be provided with enhanced
See Table 4.2. The specific value selected for the specific properties. In these cases the
Design Factor depends on a number of advice of Vinidex engineers should be
Hydrostatic Design Stress
variables, including the nature of the obtained.
The design of AS/NZS 4130 pipes has
transmitted fluid, the location of the
been based on the static working Maximum Allowable
pipeline, and the risk of third party
pressure operating continuously at the Operating Pressure
damage.
maximum value for the entire lifetime of
The wall thickness values for Series 1
the pipeline. PN x 0.125
pipes to AS/NZS 4130 were derived MAOP =
The value of maximum hoop stress used F
using a value of 1.25 for F, this being the
in the selection of the pipe wall thickness minimum value applicable. where
is known as the Hydrostatic Design
AS/NZS 4131 specifics MRS values of MAOP is the maximum allowable
Stress (S). This value is dependent upon
6.3 MPa, 8.0 MPa and 10.0 MPa for the operating pressure in MPa.
the type of PE material being used and
grades designated as PE63, PE80 and
the pipe material service temperature. In PN is the pipe classification in
PE100 respectively.
AS/NZS 4131, materials are classified for accordance with AS/NZS 4130.
long term strength by the designation The relationship between the S and MRS
F is the Design Factor.
Minimum Required Strength (MRS). standard values in AS/NZS 4131 is as
shown in Table 4.3.
The MRS is the value resulting from For example, if the minimum value of F is
extrapolation of short and long term chosen (F = 1.25), a PN10 pipe will have
tests to a 50 year point at 20°C. a MAOP of 1.0 MPa at 20°C.
Note: See Figure 2.1 for typical stress
regression curves.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.5
d e s i g n

Where installation applications are used Table 4.5 PE Pipe Pressure Ratings
to carry fluids other than water, then PN Rating Number Nominal Working Pressure
another value of the Design Factor may MPa Head Metres
need to be selected. The value selected PN 3.2 0.32 32
will depend on both the nature of the PN 4 0.40 40
fluid being carried and the location of the PN 6.3 0.63 63
pipeline installation. For specific PN 8 0.80 80
installations, the advice of Vinidex PN 10 1.00 100
engineers should be obtained.
PN 12.5 1.25 125
In the case of gas pipes in AS/NZS 4130, PN 16 1.60 160
both Series 2 and Series 3, a Design PN 20 2.00 200
Factor ranging between F = 2.0 and PN 25 2.50 250
F = 4.0 applies depending on the specific
installation conditions; see Table 4.6.
Table 4.6 Design Factors – Gas Pipes
Table 4.4 Installation Conditions Design Factor Value
Typical Design Factors Fluid type Natural Gas f0 2.0
Pipeline Application Design Factor LPG 2.2
20°C F Pipe Form Straight length f1 1.0
Water Supply 1.25 Coils 1.2
Natural Gas 2.0
Compressed Air 2.0 Soil Temperature (Av. °C) -10 < t < 0 f2 1.2
LPG 2.2 0 < t < 20 1.0
20 < t < 30 1.1
Where the Design Factor is varied, then 30 < t < 35 1.3
the MAOP for the particular Series 1 pipe Designation Distribution f3 1.0
PN rating can be calculated as follows:
Transport 0.9
Rapid Crack Resistance f4 1.0
PN x 0.125
MAOP = Population density & area loading
F
Open field f5 0.9
In the particular case of gas distribution,
Less trafficed roads in inbuilt areas 1.05
then the type of gas, and the pipeline
installation conditions need to be Heavy trafficed roads in inbuilt areas 1.15
considered. In this case the Design Roads in populated area 1.20
Factor is a combination of a number of Roads in industrial area 1.25
sub factors (fx) which must be factored Private area habitation 1.05
together to give the final value for F such
Private area industry 1.20
that:
Note: Where factor values are not listed, consult with Vinidex engineers for
F = f0 x f1 x f2 x f3 x f4 x f5
recommendations.

Design.6 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Temperature The grades of PE specified in AS/NZS Service Lifetimes


Influences 4131 are produced by different The design basis used in AS/NZS 4130
The physical properties of Vinidex PE polymerisation methods, and as such for PN rating of PE pipes to determine
pipes are related to a standard reference have different responses to temperature the minimum wall thickness for each
temperature of 20°C. Where physical variations. diameter and PN rating provides for the
property values are quoted to ISO and Pipe Classification (PN) is based on steady and continuous application of the
DIN Standard test methods, these are for continuous operation at 20°C and the maximum allowable working pressure
the 20°C condition, unless otherwise pressure rating will be reduced for over an arbitrary period of 50 years.
quoted. Wherever PE pipelines operate at higher temperatures. In addition, as PE The selection of the long term
elevated temperatures, the pressure is an oxidising material, the lifetime of hydrostatic design stress value (HDS) is
ratings (PN) must be revised. some grades will be limited by elevated dependent on the specific grade of PE
The temperature to be considered for the temperature operation. Table 4.7 gives and the pipe material service
re rating is the pipe material service temperature rerating data for Vinidex temperature. For the grades of PE
temperature, and the actual operating pipes made to AS/NZS 4130. materials contained in AS/NZS 4131
conditions for each specific installation In these tables, allowable working the specific values are contained in
must be evaluated. pressures are derived from ISO 13761* Table 4.3.
For long length installations a and assume continuous operation at the As these values are polymer dependent,
temperature gradient will exist along the temperatures listed. individual grades may exhibit different
length of the pipe line. This gradient will Extrapolation limit is maximum allowable characteristics and materials can be
be dependent upon site conditions, and extrapolation time in years, based on provided with enhanced properties for
the fluid being carried will approach the data analysis in accordance with ISO/DIS crack resistance or elevated temperature
ambient temperature of the surrounds. 9080**, and at least two years of test at performance. In these cases the advice
The rate of temperature loss will be 80°C for PE80B and PE100. Actual of Vinidex design engineers should be
determined by inlet temperature, fluid product life may well be in excess of obtained.
flow rate, soil conductivity, ambient these values. Vinidex PE pipes are continually tested in
temperature and depth of burial. As The performance of compounds used in combinations of elevated temperature
these factors are specific to each the manufacture of Vinidex pipes to (80°C water conditions) and pressure to
installation, the temperature gradient AS/NZS 4130 has been verified by ensure compliance with specification
calculations are complex and in order to appropriate data analysis. requirements.
assist the designer, Vinidex have In addition, Vinidex offers pipes made The adoption of a 50 year design life in
developed computer software to predict from specialised compounds for AS/NZS 4130 to establish a value of the
the temperature gradient along the particular applications, such as elevated HDS is arbitrary, and does not relate to
pipeline. temperature use. the actual service lifetime of the pipeline.
This is available on request to Vinidex Contact Vinidex engineers for special Where pipelines are used for applications
design engineers. requirements. such as water supply, where economic
evaluations such as present value
Note:
calculations are performed, the lifetimes
* Plastics pipes and fittings – pressure of PE lines designed and operated within
reduction factors for polyethylene the AS guidelines may be regarded as
pipeline systems for use at 70–100 years for the purpose of the
temperatures above 20°C. calculations. Any lifetime values beyond
** Plastics piping and ducting systems – these figures are meaningless, as the
determination of long-term assumptions made in other parts of the
hydrostatic strength of economic evaluations outweigh the
thermoplastics materials in pipe form effect of pipe lifetime.
by extrapolation.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.7
d e s i g n

Example
Pumped system normally working at a
maximum head, including surge of 60m.
Pipe Design for At startup, the mean pipe wall
Variable temperature is 55°C, dropping to 35°C
Operational after 1 hour. Pump operation is for 10
Conditions hours per day, with a system life of 15
The following examples assist in the years.
design and selection of polyethylene
pipes for variable operating conditions 1. Assume PE 80B

2. Determine Pipe Class


Given Operating Conditions
The worst situation is operation at 55°C.
Pressure/Temperature/Time Relationship
From Table 4.7, PN10 pipe at 55°C has
Determine an allowable working head of 60m.
Material
PN10 pipe is therefore satisfactory.
Class of pipe
3. Determine Life
Life
Total time at 55°C
Steps = 1 x 365 x 15 = 5475h = 0.625y.

1. Assume a material From Table 4.7, Lmin for 55°C is 24 years,


therefore proportion of time used is:
2. Determine Class from
Temperature Rating Table 4.7
0.625
Note: For brief periods at elevated = 0.026 = 2.6%
24
temperature it may be appropriate to
decrease the safety factor to a value of x, Total time at 35°C
i.e. multiply the working pressure by:
= 9 x 365 x 15 = 49275h = 5.625y.

1.25 From the table, Lmin for 35°C is 100 years,


x therefore proportion of time used is:

3. By the following process,


5.625
assess whether life is ‘used up’ = 0.056 = 5.6%
100
For each combination of time and
temperature, estimate the proportion of Total proportion is 8.2% of life used in
life ‘used up’ by using the time/ 15 years (6.25 years actual operation).
temperature relationships in the table.
If the proportion is less than unity, the
material is satisfactory.

The data in the tables are obtained from


the use of ISO 13761 and ISO/DIS 9080,
and are appropriate for compounds
typically used by Vinidex.

Design.8 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Table 4.7 Temperature Rating Tables

PE80B
Extrapolation Permissible System Operating Head (m)
Temp Limit PN 3.2 PN 4 PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN20
°C Years
20 200 32 40 63 80 100 125 160 200
25 100 30 38 59 75 94 117 150 188
30 100 28 35 55 70 88 109 140 175
35 100 26 32 50 64 80 100 128 160
40 100 24 30 47 60 75 94 120 150
45 60 22 28 44 56 70 88 112 140
50 36 21 26 41 52 65 81 104 130
55 24 19 24 38 48 60 75 96 120
60 12 18 23 35 45 56 70 90 113
65 8 17 21 33 42 53 66 84 105
70 5 16 20 31 39 49 61 78 98
75 2 14 18 28 36 45 56 72 90
80 2 13 17 26 33 41 52 66 83

PE80C
Extrapolation Permissible System Operating Head (m)
Temp Limit PN 3.2 PN 4 PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN20
°C Years
20 50 32 40 63 80 100 125 160 200
25 50 29 36 57 72 90 113 144 180
30 30 26 33 51 65 81 102 130 163
35 18 23 29 46 58 73 91 116 145
40 12 20 25 39 50 63 78 100 125
45 6 18 23 35 45 56 70 90 113

PE100
Extrapolation Permissible System Operating Head (m)
Temp Limit PN 3.2 PN 4 PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN20 PN25
°C Years
20 200 32 40 63 80 100 125 160 200 250
25 100 30 38 59 75 94 117 150 188 233
30 100 28 35 55 70 88 109 140 175 218
35 100 26 32 50 64 80 100 128 160 200
40 100 24 30 47 60 75 94 120 150 185
45 60 22 28 44 56 70 88 112 140 175
50 36 21 26 41 52 65 81 104 130 163
55 24 19 24 38 48 60 75 96 120 150
60 12 18 23 35 45 56 70 90 113 140
65 8 17 21 33 42 53 66 84 105 130
70 5 16 20 31 39 49 61 78 98 120
75 2 14 18 28 36 45 56 72 90 113
80 2 13 17 26 33 41 52 66 83 105

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.9
d e s i g n

E Modulus Table 4.8 E Values (MPa)


The E modulus of polyethylene varies
PE 80B
with temperature, duration of loading,
Temp °C 3 min 1h 5h 24h 1y 20y 50y
stress, and the particular grade of
0 1050 830 740 650 410 320 300
material. 20 700 550 490 430 270 215 200
However, in order to facilitate 40 530 410 370 320 200 160 150
engineering calculations, it is generally 60 400 300 280 250 160 - -
appropriate to group materials into
categories and adopt ‘typical’ values of E. PE 80C
Table 4.8 lists E values in MPa for Temp °C 3 min 1h 5h 24h 1y 20y 50y
PE80B (MDPE), PE80C (HDPE), and 0 1080 850 740 660 400 320 300
20 750 590 520 460 280 220 205
PE100 (HDPE).
40 470 370 320 290 180 140 130
60 210 170 150 130 80 - -
Selection of Wall
Thickness for PE 100
Special Temp °C 3 min 1h 5h 24h 1y 20y 50y
Applications 0 1380 1080 950 830 520 410 380
For a required nominal diameter (DN) 20 950 750 660 580 360 280 260
and working pressure, the necessary 40 700 550 490 430 270 210 190
wall thickness for special applications 60 530 420 370 320 200 - -
may be calculated using the Barlow
formula:

P.DN
t =
2.S + P

where Example
t = minimum wall thickness (mm) P = 900kPa = 0.9MPa

P = maximum working pressure (MPa) DN = 630

DN = nominal outside diameter (mm) MRS = 10 (PE100)

S = design hoop stress (MPa) F = 1.25

MRS 10
S = S = = 8.0MPa
F 1.25

where 0.9 x 630


t = = 33.6mm
16 + 0.9
F = design factor,
typically 1.25 for water

Design.10 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Colebrook - White
The development from first principles of
the Darcy-Weisbach formula results in
Hydraulic Design The variations inherent with diameter
the expression
changes are accounted for by the
Design Basis
introduction of the coefficient C2 so that fLv2
H=
Vinidex Polyethylene (PE) pipes offer D 2g
advantages to the designer due to the C2 = C1 r0.02 where
smooth internal bores which are
Adoption of a Hazen-Williams roughness 64
maintained over the working lifetime of f =
coefficient of 155 results in the following R
the pipelines. The surface energy
characteristics of PE inhibit the build up relationship for discharge in Vinidex PE and
of deposits on the internal pipe surfaces pipes
f = Darcy friction factor
thereby retaining the maximum bore H = head loss due to friction (m)
Q = 4.03 x 10-5 D2.65 H0.54
dimensions and flow capacities.
D = pipe internal diameter (m)
The flow charts presented in this section where
L = pipe length (metres)
relate the combinations of pipe Q = discharge (litres/second)
v = flow velocity (m/s)
diameters, flow velocities and head loss D = internal diameter (mm)
with discharge of water in PE pipelines. g = gravitational acceleration
H = head loss (metres/100 metres
These charts have been developed for (9.81 m/s2)
length of pipe)
the flow of water through the pipes. R = Reynolds Number
Flow charts for pipe systems using the
Where fluids other than water are being This is valid for the laminar flow region
Hazen - Williams formula have been in
considered, the charts may not be (R 2000), however, as most pipe
operation in Australia for over 30 years.
applicable due to the flow properties of applications are likely to operate in the
The charts calculate the volumes of
these different fluids. In these cases the transition zone between smooth and full
water transmitted through pipelines of
advice of Vinidex engineers should be turbulence, the transition function
various materials, and have been proven
obtained. developed by Colebrook-White is
in practical installations.
There are a number of flow formulae in necessary to establish the relationship
common use which have either a between f and R.
theoretical or empirical background.
However, only the Hazen-Williams and 1  k 2.51 
= −2 log10  + 1/ 2 
Colebrook-White formulae are f 1/ 2
 3. 7D Rf 
considered in this section.
where
Hazen - Williams
k = Colebrook-White roughness
The original Hazen-Williams formula was coefficient (m)
published in 1920 in the form:
The appropriate value for PE pipes is:

v = C1 r0.63 s0.54 0.001-0.04 k = 0.007 x 10 -3 m


= 0.007 mm
where
This value provides for the range of
C1 = Hazen-Williams roughness
pipe diameters, and water flow
coefficient
velocities encountered in normal
r = hydraulic radius (ft) pipeline installations.
s = hydraulic gradient

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.11
d e s i g n

Flow Variations Head Loss in Fittings Worked Example


The flow charts presented for PE pipes Wherever a change to pipe cross section, What is the head loss occurring in a
are based on a number of assumptions, or a change in the direction of flow 250mm equal tee with the flow in the
and variations to these standard occurs in a pipeline, energy is lost and main pipeline at a flow velocity of 2 m/s?
conditions may require evaluation as to this must be accounted for in the
the effect on discharge. hydraulic design.  V2 
H = K 
Under normal circumstances involving  2g 
Water Temperature
long pipelines these head losses are
The charts are based on a water where
small in relation to the head losses due
temperature of 20°C. A water K= 0.35 (Table 4.9)
to pipe wall friction.
temperature increase above this value,
However, geometry and inlet/exit V= 2 m/s
results in a decrease in viscosity of the
condition head losses may be significant g= 9.81 m/s
water, with a corresponding increase in
in short pipe runs or in complex
discharge ( or reduced head loss )
installations where a large number of 0.35 × 22
through the pipeline. H=
fittings are included in the design. 2 × 9.81
An allowance of approximately 1%
The general relationship for head losses
increase in the water discharge must be If the total system contains 15 tees
in fittings may be expressed as:
made for each 3°C increase in under the same conditions, then the total
temperature above 20°C. Similarly, a head loss in the fittings is 15 x 0.07 =
 V2 
decrease of approximately 1% in H = K  1.05 metres.
discharge occurs for each 3°C step  2g 
below 20°C water temperature.
where
Pipe Dimensions H = head loss (m)
The flow charts presented in this section V = velocity of flow (m/s)
are based on mean pipe dimensions of K = head loss coefficient
Series 1 pipes made to AS/NZS 4130 PE
g = gravitational acceleration
pipes for Pressure applications.
(9.81 m/s2)
Surface Roughness The value of the head loss coefficient K
The roughness coefficients adopted for is dependent on the particular geometry
Vinidex PE pipes result from of each fitting, and values for specific
experimental programs performed in cases are listed in Table 4.9.
Europe and the USA, and follow the The total head loss in the pipeline
recommendations laid down in network is then obtained by adding
Australian Standard AS2200 - Design together the calculations performed for
Charts for Water Supply and Sewerage. each fitting in the system, the head loss
in the pipes, and any other design head
losses.

Design.12 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Flow Chart
Worked Examples
Example 1 - Gravity Main PE80 Material Option
(refer Figure 4.1) PE80 PN6.3 pipe is SDR 21.
A flow of water of 32 litres/second is Use the SDR 21 flow chart, read
required to flow from a storage tank intersection of discharge line at 32 l/s
located on a hill 50 metres above an and head loss line at 1.11m/100m of
outlet. The tank is located 4.5 km away pipe. Select the next largest pipe size.
from the outlet.
This results in a DN200 mm pipe
Hence the information available is : diameter.

Q = 32 l/s PE100 Material Option


PE100 PN6.3 pipe is SDR 26.
Head available = 50 metres
Use the SDR26 flow chart, read the
Length of pipeline = 4500 metres
intersection of discharge line at 32 l/s
Minimum PN rating of pipe available to
and head loss line at 1.11m/100m of
withstand the 50 m static head is PN6.3.
pipe. Select the next largest pipe size.
Head loss per 100 m length of pipe is :
This results in a DN180 mm pipe
50 diameter.
x 100 = 1.11m / 100m
4500
Hence for this application, there are two
Use Table 4.1 to select the SDR rating of options available, either :
PN6.3 class pipes in both PE80, and 1. DN 200 PE80 PN6.3 or
PE100 materials. 2. DN 180 PE100 PN6.3

Figure 4.1 Gravity Flow Example

Storage
tank
Maximum difference
in water level
50m

4,500m of
Vinidex PE Pipe
Discharge

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.13
d e s i g n

Example 2 - Pumped Main 3. Fittings head losses 4. Total pumping head


(refer Figure 4.2) = 30 + 25 + 1.2 = 56.2 m
v2
A line is required to provide 20 litres/ Velocity Head = allow 57 m.
2g
second of water from a dam to a high
1.02 Note: The example does not make any
level storage tank located 5000 metres = = 0.05 provision for surge allowance in
2 x 9.81
away. The tank has a maximum water
pressure class selection.
elevation of 100 m and the minimum From Figure 4.2, identify the type and
water elevation in the dam is 70 m. number of different fittings used in the
The maximum flow velocity is required to pipeline. Select the appropriate form
be limited to 1.0 metres/second to factor value K for each fitting type from
minimise water hammer effects. Table 4.9. Then:
The maximum head required at the pump
= static head + pipe friction head
Fitting Form Head Loss m
+ fittings form loss
Factor K
1. Static head Foot valve 15.0 15 x 0.05 = 0.75
Gate valve 0.2 2 x 0.2 x 0.05 = 0.02
= 100 - 70 = 30 m
Reflux valve 2.5 2.5 x 0.05 = 0.125

2. Pipe friction head 90° elbow 1.1 4 x 1.1 x 0.05 = 0.220


Considering the data available, start with 45° elbow 0.35 2 x 0.35 x 0.05 = 0.035
a PN6.3 class pipe. Square outlet 1.0 1.0 x 0.05 = 0.050

PE80 Option Total fittings head loss = 1.2


From Table 4.1, PE80 PN6.3 pipe is
SDR21.
Use the SDR 21 flow chart, find the
intersection of the discharge line at 20 l/s
and the velocity line at 1 m/s. Select the
Figure 4.2 Pumped Flow Example
corresponding or next largest size of
RL 100m Storage Tank
pipe. Where the discharge line intersects Max Level of Tank
90° Elbow
the selected pipe size, trace across to find Maximum difference
in water level - 30m Square
the head loss per 100m length of pipe. Gate Pump Gate Outlet
90° Valve Valve 2x90° 45° Elbow
This gives a value of 0.5m/100m. Elbow Elbows

Calculate the total friction head loss in the RL 70m 5,000m


of Vinidex PE Pipe
pipe: Min Level
of Dam 45° Elbow
Hinged Disc Reflux Valve
0.5
x 5000 = 25m Foot Valve
with Strainer
100

Then from the flow chart, estimate the


velocity of flow
This gives 1 m/s.

Design.14 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Part Full Flow Example 3. Determine From Figure 4.3 Part Full Flow, for a
Non pressure pipes are designed to run flow velocity and proportional depth of 0.44, the
full under anticipated peak flow discharge under part full proportional discharge is 0.4 and the
conditions. However, for a considerable flow conditions proportional velocity if 0.95.
period the pipes run at less than full flow Given gravity conditions: Refer to the Vinidex PE pipe flow chart
conditions and in these circumstances for the SDR 21 pipe.
Pipe DN 200 PE80 PN6.3
they act as open channels with a free
Mean Pipe ID 180 mm ( Refer Table XX For a gradient of 1 in 100 full flow is
fluid to air surface.
PE pipe dimensions, or AS/NZS 4130 ) 39 l/s and the velocity is 1.6 m/s.
In these instances consideration must be
Gradient 1 in 100
given to maintaining a minimum
Depth of flow 80 mm Then, for part full flow
transport velocity to prevent deposition
of solids and blockage of the pipeline. Problem: Discharge = 0.4 x 39

For pipes flowing part full, the most Find flow and velocity = 15.6 l/s
usual self cleansing velocity adopted for Solution:
sewers is 0.6 metres/second. Velocity = 0.95 x 1.6
Depth of flow
Pr oportional Depth = = 1.52 m/s
Pipe ID

80
= = 0.44
180

Figure 4.3 Part Full Flow


1.0

0.9

0.8

0.7
Proportional Depth

0.6
Discharge
0.5

0.4

0.3
Velocity
0.2

0.1

0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2
Proportional Discharge & Velocity

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.15
d e s i g n

Resistance Coefficients
Table 4.9 Valves, Fittings and Changes in Pipe Cross-Section

Fitting Type K Fitting Type K


Pipe Entry Losses Gradual Enlargements
Ratio d/D q = 10° typical
Square Inlet 0.50 0.9 0.02
0.7 0.13
0.5 0.29
Re-entrant Inlet 0.80 0.3 0.42
Gradual Contractions
Ratio d/D q = 10° typical
Slightly Rounded Inlet 0.25 0.9 0.03
0.7 0.08
0.5 0.12
Bellmouth Inlet 0.05 0.3 0.14
Valves
Pipe Intermediate Losses Gate Valve (fully open) 0.20
Elbows R/D < 0.6 45° 0.35
90° 1.10

Reflux Valve 2.50


Long Radius Bends (R/D > 2) 111/4° 0.05
221/2° 0.10
45° 0.20
90° 0.50 Globe Valve 10.00
Tees

(a) Flow in line 0.35

(b) Line to branch flow 1.00 Butterfly Valve (fully open) 0.20

Sudden Enlargements
Ratio d/D Angle Valve 5.00
0.9 0.04
0.8 0.13
0.7 0.26
0.6 0.41
0.5 0.56 Foot Valve with strainer
0.4 0.71 hinged disc valve 15.00
0.3 0.83 unhinged (poppet) disc valve 10.00
0.2 0.92
<0.2 1.00
Air Valves zero
Sudden Contractions
Ratio d/D
0.9 0.10
0.8 0.18 Ball Valve 0.10
0.7 0.26
0.6 0.32 Pipe Exit Losses
0.5 0.38 Square Outlet 1.00
0.4 0.42
0.3 0.46
0.2 0.48 Rounded Outlet 1.00
<0.2 0.50

Design.16 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Flow Chart for Small Bore Polyethylene Pipe – DN16 to DN75


(PE80B, PE80C Materials)
Flow Chart for Small Bore Polyethylene Pipe – DN16 to DN75 (PE80B, PE80C Materials)

NO
M
IN
AL
SI
ZE
AN
/8 D
75 CL
AS
.3 5/10.5 5/1
6 S
6 (D
7 /1 2 7 /8 5/ N/
7
75 63 PN
)
0
.3 /1 .5
3 /6 63 /12 /6
.3

Discharge - Litres per Second (L/s)


6 63 3/16 50
3.0

6
2.5

0
/1 5
/ 8 50 12.
/8 50 50/ /16
2.0

40 50
5
1.7

0
/1 5 3
6.
1.5

40/12. /
/8 40
40 0/16
5

32
1.2

4
1.0

0
/1 2.5 3
6.
32 2/1 6 /
3 /1 32
32
/8
25 /10.5
5
2 /12
6
25 5/1
0.5

2
.5
/ 12
) 20 /16
PN 20
/s

/
Ym

DN
5
0.2

5 (
2. SS
CIT

6 /1 16 A
1 6/ CL
LO

1 D
N
VE

A
I ZE
S
AL
IN
M
NO

Head Loss - Metres Head of Water per 100 metres of Pipe

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.17
d e s i g n

Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 41


(PE80: PN3.2 & PE100: PN4)

NO
MI
NA
LS
IZE
Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 41 (PE80: PN3.2 & PE100: PN4)

00
10
0
90
0
80
4.0

0
71
3.0

0
63
0
2.0

56

Discharge - Litres per Second (L/s)


0
50
1.5

0
45
0
40
1.0

5
35
5
31
0
28
0.5

0
25
5
22
/s

0
5

20
Ym
0.2

0
18
CIT

0
LO

16
VE

0
14
5
12
0
11

90
IZE S
AL N
MI
NO

Head Loss - Metres Head of Water per 100 metres of Pipe

Design.18 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 33


(PE80: PN4)

NO
MI
NA
LS
IZE
00
10
0
90
Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 33 (PE80: PN4)

0
80
0
4.0

71
0
63
3.0

0
56

Discharge - Litres per Second (L/s)


0
2.0

50
0
45
1.5

0
40
5
1.0

35
5
31
0
28
0
0.5

25
5
22
0
20
/s
Ym

0
5

18
0.2

CIT

0
16
LO
VE

0
14
5
12
0
11

90
IZE S
AL N
MI
NO

Head Loss - Metres Head of Water per 100 metres of Pipe

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.19
d e s i g n

Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 26


(PE100: PN6.3)

NO
MI
NA
LS
00 IZE
10
0
90
Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 26 (PE100: PN6.3)

0
80
0
4.0

71
0
63
3.0

Discharge - Litres per Second (L/s)


56
0
2.0

50
0
45
1.5

0
40
5
1.0

35
5
31
0
28
0
0.5

25
5
22
0
c

20
/se
5

0
Ym
0.2

18
0
CIT

16
LO

0
14
VE

5
12
0
11

90
IZE S
AL N
MI
NO

Head Loss - Metres Head of Water per 100 metres of Pipe

Design.20 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 21


(PE80: PN6.3 & PE100: PN8)

NO
MI
NA
LS
Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 21 (PE80: PN6.3 & PE100: PN8)

IZE
00
10
0
90
0
80
4.0

0
71
0
3.0

63

Discharge - Litres per Second (L/s)


0
56
2.0

0
50
0
45
1.5

0
40
1.0

5
35
5
31
0
28
0.5

0
25
5
22
0
20
s
m/
5
0.2

0
18
ITY

0
16
C
LO

0
VE

14
5
12
0
11

IZE 90
S
AL N
MI
NO

Head Loss - Metres Head of Water per 100 metres of Pipe

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.21
d e s i g n

Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 17


(PE80: PN8 & PE100: PN10)
Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 17 (PE80: PN8 & PE100: PN10)

NO
MI
NA
LS
0 IZE
90
0
4.0

80
0
71
3.0

0
63

Discharge - Litres per Second (L/s)


0
2.0

56
0
50
1.5

0
45
0
1.0

40
5
35
5
31
0
0.5

28
0
25
5
22
/s
Ym
5

0
20
0.2
CIT

0
18
LO

0
16
VE

0
14
5
12
0
11

90
IZE S
AL N
MI
NO

Head Loss - Metres Head of Water per 100 metres of Pipe

Design.22 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 13.6


(PE80: PN10 & PE100: PN12.5)
Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 13.6 (PE80: PN10 & PE100: PN12.5)

NO
MI
NA
LS
0 IZE
4.0

80
0
71
3.0

0
63

Discharge - Litres per Second (L/s)


2.0

0
56
0
50
1.5

0
45
0
1.0

40
5
35
5
31
0.5

0
28
0
25
5
22
/s
5

0
0.2

Ym

20
0
CIT

18
LO

0
16
VE

0
14
5
12
0
11

90
IZE S
AL N
MI
NO

Head Loss - Metres Head of Water per 100 metres of Pipe

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.23
d e s i g n

Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 11


(PE80: PN12.5 & PE100: PN16)
Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 11 (PE80: PN12.5 & PE100: PN16)

NO
MI
NA
LS
0 IZE
80
4.0

0
71

Discharge - Litres per Second (L/s)


0
3.0

63
0
56
2.0

0
50
0
45
1.5

0
40
1.0

5
35
5
31
0
28
0.5

0
25
5
22
0
20
/s
5

Ym

0
0.2

18
CIT

0
16
LO

0
VE

14
5
12
0
11

IZE S 90
AL N
MI
NO

Head Loss - Metres Head of Water per 100 metres of Pipe

Design.24 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 9


(PE80: PN16 & PE100: PN20)
Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 9 (PE80: PN16 & PE100: PN20)

NO
M
IN
4.0

AL
0 SI
45 ZE
3.0

0
40
2.0

Discharge - Litres per Second (L/s)


35
5
31
1.5

0
28
1.0

0
25
5
22
0
20
0
0.5

18
0
16
0
14
m/s
0.25

5
12
CITY

0
LO

11
VE

ZE 90
SI
AL
IN
OM N

Head Loss - Metres Head of Water per 100 metres of Pipe

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.25
d e s i g n

Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 7.4


(PE100: PN25)

NO
Flow Chart for Polyethylene Pipe – SDR 7.4 (PE100: PN25)

M
IN
4.0

AL
SI
0 ZE
45
3.0

0
40

Discharge - Litres per Second (L/s)


5
2.0

35
5
31
1.5

0
28
0
1.0

25
5
22
0
20
0
0.5

18
0
16
0
/s

14
Ym
0.25

5
CIT

12
LO

0
11
VE

ZE 90
SI
AL
IN
M
NO

Head Loss - Metres Head of Water per 100 metres of Pipe

Design.26 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Surge & Fatigue The velocity of the pressure wave, This represents the case of a single
Surge, or ‘water hammer’, is a temporary referred to as celerity (C), depends on pipeline with the flow being completely
change in pressure caused by a change the pipe material, pipe dimensions, and closed off. The pressure rises generated
in velocity of flow in the pipeline, the liquid properties in accordance with by flow changes in PE pipelines are the
whereas fatigue is the effect induced in the following relationship: lowest generated in major pipeline
the pipe or fitting by repeated surge materials due to the relatively low
−0 .5
events.   1 SDR   3 modulus values.
C = W  +  x 10 m/ sec
For Vinidex PE pipes to AS/NZS 4130,  K E   Further, as medium density materials
operating under the following limitations, have lower modulus values than high
where
it is not necessary to make specific density materials, the pressure rise in
allowance for fatigue effects: W = liquid density (1000 kg/m3 PE80B materials will be lower than that
for water) in PE80C and PE100 materials.
(a) The maximum pressure in the pipe
from all sources must be less than the SDR = Standard Dimension Ratio Water hammer (surge) analysis of
pressure equivalent to the Classification of the pipe pipeline networks is complex and beyond
of the pipe (PN). K = liquid bulk modulus (2150 MPa) the scope of this Manual. Where
and E = pipe material short term required, detailed analysis should be
modulus (MPa) refer Table 4.8 undertaken by experts.
(b) The amplitude between minimum and
maximum pressure from all sources The time taken for the pressure wave to
must not exceed the pressure equivalent travel the length of the pipeline and
to the Classification of the pipe (PN). return is
Care must be taken to ensure that the 2L
t=
minimum pressure does not reach a C
level that may result in vacuum collapse where:
(see External Pressure Resistance, page
t = time in seconds
Design.36).
L = length of pipeline
Surge may take the form of positive and/
or negative pressure pulses resulting If the valve closure time tc is less than t,
from change of flow velocity, such as the pressure rise due to the valve closure
arising from valve or pump operation. is given by:
Such changes of flow velocity lead to
P1 = C.V
induced pressure waves in the pipeline.
where:
P1 = pressure rise in kPa
v = liquid velocity in m/sec
If the valve closure time tc is greater than
t, then the pressure rise is approximated
by:
t 
P2 =   P1
t c 

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.27
d e s i g n

Celerity Table 4.10 Surge Celerity


The surge celerity in a polyethylene Celerity m/s
pipeline filled with liquid can be SDR MDPE (PE 80B) HDPE (PE 80C) HDPE (PE 100)
determined by: 41 160 170 190
33 170 190 210
− 0.5 26 190 210 240
  1 SDR   21 220 240 260
C = W  +  x 103 m / sec
  K E   17 240 260 290
13.6 270 290 320
11 300 320 360
where 9 330 350 390
7.4 360 390 430
W = liquid density (1000 kg/m3
for water)
SDR = Standard Dimension Ratio
of the pipe
K = liquid bulk modulus (2150MPa)
E = pipe material ‘instantaneous’
modulus (taken as 1000MPa for
PE80B, 1200MPa for PE80C,
1500MPa for PE100)

Design.28 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Slurry Flow Homogeneous Suspensions The design of slurry pipelines is an


Homogeneous suspensions are those iterative process requiring design
General Design
showing no appreciable density gradient assumptions to be made initially, and
Considerations
across the cross section of the pipe. then repeatedly being checked and tested
The abrasion resistance characteristics
These slurries consist of material for suitability. The specific fluid under
and flexibility of Vinidex PE pipes make
particles uniformly suspended in the consideration requires full scale flow
slurry flow lines, such as mine tailings,
transport fluid. testing to be conducted to establish the
ideal applications for the material and
Generally, the particle size can be used to accurate flow properties for the liquid/
such installations are in widespread use
determine the flow type and suspensions particle combinations to be used in the
throughout Australia.
with particle sizes up to 20 microns can installed pipeline.
The transportation of Non Newtonian
be regarded as homogeneous across the Without this specific data, the
fluids such as liquids or liquid/liquid,
range of flow velocities experienced. assumptions made as to the fluid flow
liquid/solid mixtures or slurries is a
behaviour may result in the operational
highly complex process and requires a Heterogeneous Suspensions
pipeline being at a variance to the
detailed knowledge of the specific fluid Heterogeneous suspensions are those
assumed behaviour. The principles of
before flow rate calculations can be showing appreciable density gradients
slurry pipeline design as outlined in the
performed. across the cross section of the pipe, and
methods of Durand, Wasp, and Govier
As distinct from water, many fluids are those containing large particles
and Aziz are recommended in the
regarded as slurries have properties within the fluid.
selection of Vinidex PE pipes for these
which are either time or shear rate Suspensions containing particle sizes of applications.
dependent or a combination of both 40 microns and above may be regarded
characteristics. Hence it is essential for as heterogeneous. Note:
the properties of the specific fluid to be The published Vinidex PE pipe flow
In addition to the fluid characterisations
established under the operating charts relate ONLY to water or other
for both types, the tendency for solids to
conditions being considered for each liquids which behave as Newtonian
settle out of the flow means that a
design installation. fluids.
minimum flow velocity must be
In addition to water flow, slurry flow maintained. They are not suitable for calculating the
design needs to take into account the flow discharges of other fluids, including
This velocity, the Minimum Transport
potential for abrasion of the pipe walls, slurries.
Velocity, is defined as the velocity at
especially at changes of direction or which particles are just starting to For further information on slurry pipeline
zones of turbulence. appear on the bottom of the pipe. design, the designer is referred to such
The most usual applications of Vinidex publications as Govier G.W. and Aziz K,
The flow in short length pipelines differs
PE pipes involve liquid/solid mixtures The Flow of Complex Mixtures in Pipes.
in that these lines may be flushed out
and these must first be categorised Rheinhold, 1972. and Wasp E.J. Solid
with water before shut down of
according to flow type: Liquid Flow - Slurry Pipeline
operations. Long length pipelines cannot
Transportation. Trans Tech Publications.
• Homogeneous Suspensions be flushed out in the same way and the
1977.
• Heterogeneous Suspensions selection of operating velocities and pipe
diameter needs to address this aspect.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.29
d e s i g n

Pipe Wear Particle Size Angle of Attack


Polyethylene pipe has been a proven The size of the particle combined with There are essentially two modes of wear,
performer over many decades in the requisite velocity is one of the impingement and cutting. Cutting wear
resisting internal abrasion due to slurry. principal factors which contribute to is considered to be caused by the low
It is particularly resistant to abrasion wear. The rate of wear increases with angle impingement of particles. In
from particles less than 500 microns in particle size with very little wear practice, cutting wear comprises a
size depending on particle shape. occurring on polyethylene systems cutting action, and the accommodation
The abrasive wear of any slurry handling below 300 microns. Above this size the of some of the energy of impact within
system is heavily dependent on the rate of wear will increase proportionally the matrix of the material being worn.
physical characteristics of the solids with particle size with the maximum Hence, cutting wear also incorporates a
being transported. These characteristics practical D50 size around 1mm. Many component of deformation wear. The
include angularity, degree of particle researchers have attempted to develop requirement for wear is that some of the
attrition, angle of attack, velocity, and the relationships between particle size and solid particles must have sufficient
concentration of solids in the rates of wear, however, these have not energy to penetrate and shear a material,
transporting fluid. proven to be accurate due to the wide perhaps gouging fragments loose. As a
variation of slurry characteristics. The result, a low modulus material such as
With metal pipes, corrosive wear
wear mechanism involved is not polyethylene has very good resistance to
interacts synergistically with abrasive
thoroughly understood, however, it is cutting wear due to the resulting
wear, producing rates of wear that can be
believed the higher impact energy deformation upon impact. In the case of
many times greater than a simple
resulting from a combination of particle angular particles the cutting action is
combination of the two modes of wear.
mass and the high velocity required to increased resulting in increased pipe
Corrosive attack on a piping material can
transport this larger particle are the wear.
lead to increasing roughness of the
principal contributing factors. The simple theory of abrasive wear
surface, loss of pressure and localised
eddying, and hence increase the abrasive suggests that specific wear (wear per
Particle Specific Gravity
attack. unit mass transported) is proportional to
Similarly, the specific gravity will
normal force at the pipe wall. Therefore
increase the mass of the particle
Factors Affecting Rates the wear rate will increase as the angle of
resulting in increased wear. This is a
of Wear attack to the pipe wall increases. The
result of the increased impact energy
The wall of polyethylene pipes are worn increase in angle will also increase the
from the mass of the particle combined
by contact with the solids particles. The amount of energy with which the particle
with the faster carrier velocity.
principal causes of wear are as follows: strikes the pipe wall. It is for this reason
• Particle Size Velocity that accelerated wear is caused by:
A minimum velocity is required to i) Fittings which effect a change in the
• Particle Specific Gravity
provide the necessary uplift forces to angle of flow such as tees and bends
• Velocity
keep a solid particle in suspension. This
ii) Butt weld joints. Butt weld internal
• Angle of Attack velocity also increases the impact energy
beads will cause eddying which will
of the particle against the wall of the
result in increases in angle of attack
pipe.
of the particle to the pipe wall. As a
result accelerated wear generally
occurs immediately downstream of
the bead. This is usually prominent in
D50 particle sizes over 300 microns.
For coarse particle slurries the
internal bead should be removed.

Design.30 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

iii) Fittings joints. At connections of Maintenance and Fittings


mechanical fittings some Operation A range of mechanical joints are
misalignment of the mating faces To reduce the cost of wear on a pipeline available for polyethylene slurry
may occur resulting in increased asset it is general practice to rotate the pipelines. They include stub flanges and
angles of attack of the particles. pipes at the appropriate intervals, this is backing rings, Hugger couplings,
iv) Change in velocity. Some particularly important when transporting shouldered end/Victaulic couplings,
compression fittings cause a sand slurries. In this respect mechanical compression couplings and rubber ring
reduction in the internal diameter of joints are useful, although re-welding of joint fittings.
the pipe under the fitting resulting in pipes over 500mm has been preferred in
turbulence. A mismatching valve some cases to reduce capital costs.
These mechanical joints are usually References
bore will also cause turbulence. It is
installed at every 20m pipe length to The Transportation of Flyash and Bottom
for this reason that the use of clear
assist the pipe rotation process and also Ash in Slurry Form, C G Verkerk
bore valves such as knife gate valves
is preferred for slurry pipelines. permit clearance of blockages. Relative Wear Rate Determinations for
Slurry pipelines are usually operated as Slurry Pipelines, C A Shook, D B Haas,
v) Increased velocity. High velocities
close to the critical settling velocity as W H W Husband and M Small
are required to create sufficient
turbulence for the suspension of practical to reduce operating costs. Warman Slurry Pumping Handbook,
heavy particles. This turbulence Unfortunately, if an increase in particle Warman International Ltd.
increases the angle of attack to the size occurs, then saltation will
pipe wall, resulting in increased wear commence increasing friction loss
for large particles. eventually resulting in a blockage. Other
vi) Insufficient velocity. When a system factors that cause blockages are
is operated near its settling velocity, increases in solids concentration, loss of
the heavier particles migrate towards pump pressure due to power failure, or
the lower half of the pipe cross pump impellor wear. Polyethylene
section. This will cause a general pipelines may be cleared of blockages by
increase in pipe wear in this area. If clear water pumping provided they have
saltation/moving bed occurs, then been installed on flat even ground.
the heavy particles will impact Sudden vertical ‘V’ bends with angles
against the pipe bottom, causing an over 10° may cause an accumulation of
accelerated wave profile wear. Should solids in the bore, preventing clearing by
deposition occur on the floor of the clear water pumping. If vertical bends
pipe, then the particles above this are unavoidable then they should be
deposition will cause the maximum installed with mechanical joints to permit
amount of wear as they interact with their easy removal for clearing.
the flow. This is characterised by the
formation of wave marks on the 5
and 7 o’clock position of the pipe.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.31
d e s i g n

Pneumatic Flow • Where gaseous fuels such as


Vinidex PE pipe systems are ideal for the propane, natural gas, or mixtures are
transmission of gases both in the high carried, the gas must be dry and free
and low pressure range. from liquid contamination which may
The use of compressible liquids in PE cause stress cracking of the PE pipe
pipes requires a number of specific walls.
design considerations as distinct from • Vinidex PE pipes should not be
the techniques adopted in the calculation connected directly to compressor
of discharge rates for fluids such as outlets or air receivers. A 21 metre
water. length of metal pipe should be
In particular: inserted between the air receiver and
the start of the PE pipe to allow for
• Compressed air may be at a higher
cooling of the compressed air.
temperature than the surrounding
ambient air temperature, especially • Dry gases, and gas/solids mixtures
close to compressor line inlets, and may generate static electrical charges
the pressure rating of the PE pipes and these may need to be dissipated
require temperature re rating to prevent the possibility of
accordingly. explosion. PE pipes will not conduct
electrical charges, and conducting
For air cooled compressors, the
inserts or plugs must be inserted into
delivered compressed air
the pipe to complete an earthing
temperature averages 15°C above the
circuit.
surrounding air temperature. For
water cooled compressors, the • Compressed air must be dry, and
delivered compressed air filters installed in the pipeline to
temperature averages 10°C above the prevent condensation of lubricants
cooling water temperature. which can lead to stress cracking in
the PE pipe material.
• For underground applications where
the PE pipes are exposed to ambient
conditions, the surrounding air
temperature may reach 30°C, and the
pipe physical properties require
adjustment accordingly.
• High pressure lines must be
mechanically protected from damage
especially in exposed installations.
• Valve closing speed must be reduced
to prevent a build up of pressure
waves in the compressible gas flow.

Design.32 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

System Design The advantage of using the nomogram is 4 Using point (3) draw a diagonal
Guidelines for the that no further conversion factors are line to the separation line.
Selection of required for pipe sizing. Also, when four 5 Go to top of nomogram and use
Vinidexair of the parameters are known the fifth can the point indicating the Length of
Compressed Air be determined by reading directly from Pipe and draw a line down to
Pipelines the nomogram. meet horizontal line from point
It is customary to find the Inside (4).
Example for the use of
Diameter of the pipe by using formulas the air-line nomogram 6 Move to the Pressure Decrease in
such as shown below. The formulas used (Figure 4.4) to determine the Pipe (∆p) at the bottom of
are generally for approximation purposes the required pipe size nomogram and draw a vertical
only, surmising that the temperature of line up to meet the diagonal
Working Pressure 7 bar
the compressed air corresponds roughly drawn from point (5).
to the induction temperature. An Volumetric Flowrate 30 L/s
7 The Nominal Diameter of Pipe can
acceptable approximation is obtained Nominal length 200 m
now be found by reading from
through the following equation: Pressure Decrease 0.05 bar point (6) across to the left hand
side of the nomogram. From this
450.L E.Q 1.85 1 Utilising the above operating example DN63 pipe should be
d=5
∆ p.p figures, proceed to mark those selected. If the completed
positions around the perimeter of nomogram falls between two
where
the nomogram. sizes of pipe, always use the
d = Pipe Internal Diameter in mm larger size.
2 Locate the separation line
LE = Pipe Length in m
between (∆p) & (p). (See base of Correction factors for
Q = Volumetric Flowrate in L/s nomogram.) fittings
Dp = Pressure Decrease in bar 3 Commencing at the lower right Table 4.11 indicates the approximate
p = Working Pressure in bar hand side of the nomogram draw pressure loss for fittings in terms of an
a line up from the Working equivalent length of straight pipe in
Pressure (p) to the line indicating metres. For each pipeline fitting, add the
The use of a nomogram is a quicker and
the Volumetric Flowrate (Q). equivalent length of pipe to the original
easier method to source information (see
Figure 4.4). In this nomogram the length of pipeline. This length is used for
Pressure Decrease (∆p) is indicated in the calculation of the equation above or
bar, the Working Pressure (p) in bar, the for the nomogram, Figure 4.4.
Volumetric Flowrate (Q) in L/s, the Pipe Table 4.11 Pressure Loss for Fittings
Length (LE) in m, and the Pipe Nominal
Fitting equivalent pipe length in m
Diameter DN.
DN 20 DN 25 DN 32 DN 40 DN 50 DN 63 DN 90
socket welding joint 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 1.1
45° bend 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.2 2.3
90° bend 0.4 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.8 2.3 4.5
tees 0.8 1.4 1.9 2.4 2.8 3.8 7.5
reducer 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9 2.1

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.33
d e s i g n

length of the pipe (L) in m


Figure 4.4 1 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 1000 2000
Compressed Air
Flow Nomogram

Sources:
Feldmann, K.H.:
Druckluftverteilung in der Praxis
(Munchen 1985) 1

1.5
Atlas Copco :
information sheets 5 2
20

25
5
nominal diameter DN

volumetric flow rate (Q) in L/s


32
10

40 15

20
4
50
3 30

7
63 50

3
100
90
6
200

300
2
400
500
0.002 0.01 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.5 1 2 4 6 10 15

pressure decrease in the pipe (∆p) in bar working pressure (p) in bar

Design.34 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Expansion and Figure 4.5 Thermal Expansion and Contraction for PE


Contraction 20.0
Expansion and contraction of PE pipes

Expansion and Contraction (mm/m)


17.5
occurs with changes in the pipe material
15.0
service temperature.
12.5
This is in common with all pipe materials
10.0
and in order to determine the actual
amount of expansion or contraction, the 7.5

actual temperature change, and the 5.0


degree of restraint of the installed 2.5
pipeline need to be known. 0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
For design purposes, an average value of
Pipe Material Temperature Change (°C)
2.0 x 10-4/°C for Vinidex PE pipes may be
used.
Accordingly, in buried pipelines the main Where above ground pipes are installed
The relationship between temperature
consideration of thermal movement is in confined conditions such as industrial
change and length change for different
during installation in high ambient or chemical process plants the
PE grades is as shown in Figure 4.5.
temperatures. expansion/contraction movement can be
Worked Example Under these conditions the PE pipe will taken up with sliding expansion joints.
be at it’s maximum surface temperature Where these cannot be used due to the
A 100 metre long PE80C pipeline
when placed into a shaded trench, and fluid type being carried ( such as slurries
operates during the day at a steady
when backfilled will undergo the containing solid particles ) the advice of
temperature of 48°C and when closed
maximum temperature change, and Vinidex design engineers should be
down at night cools to an ambient
hence thermal movement. sought for each particular installation.
temperature of 18°C. What allowance for
expansion/contraction must be made? In these cases the effects of temperature
1. The temperature change experienced change can be minimised by snaking the
= 48 - 18 = 30°C. pipe in the trench for small sizes (up to
DN110) and allowing the temperature to
2. The thermal movement rate
stabilise prior to backfilling.
(Figure 4.5) in mm/m for 30°C
= 6.0 mm/m. For large sizes, the final connection
should be left until the pipe temperature
3. The total thermal movement is then
has stabilised.
6.0 x 100 = 600 mm.
Above ground pipes require no
Where pipes are buried, the changes in
expansion/contraction considerations for
temperature are small and slow acting,
free ended pipe or where lateral
and the amount of expansion/contraction
movement is of no concern on site.
of the PE pipe is relatively small. In
Alternatively, pipes may be anchored at
addition, the frictional support of the
intervals to allow lateral movement to be
backfill against the outside of the pipe
spread evenly along the length of the
restrains the movement and any thermal
pipeline.
effects are translated into stress in the
wall of the pipe.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.35
d e s i g n

External Pressure Tabulations of the value of E´ for various


Resistance combinations of soil types and compac-
The possibility of external pressure tions are contained in AS/NZS2566.
(buckling) being the controlling design The value of Pc calculated requires a
condition must be evaluated in the factor of safety to be applied and a factor
design of PE pipelines. of 1.5 may be applied for those
All flexible pipe materials can be subject conditions where the negative pressure
to buckling due to external pressure and conditions can be accurately assessed.
PE pipes behave in a similar fashion to Where soil support is taken into account
PVC and steel pipes. then a factor of 3 is more appropriate
For pipe of uniform cross-section, the due to the uneven nature of soil support.
critical buckling pressure (Pc) can be In general terms, PN10 PE pipe should
calculated as follows: be used as a minimum for pump suction
Soil Description E´ MPa
line installations.
2380 • E Gravel – graded 20
Pc = Where installation conditions potentially
( SDR − 1) 3
lead to negative pressures, consideration Gravel – single size 14
may need to be given to modification of Sand and coarse-grained soil
where
construction technique. For example, with less than 12% fines 14
Pc = critical buckling pressure, kPa
ducting pipes may need to be sealed and Coarse-grained soil
E = modulus, MPa from Table 4.8 filled with water during concrete with more than 12% fines 10
SDR = pipe SDR from Table 4.1 encasement.
Fine-grained soil (LL<50%)
As the modulus is temperature and time In operation, fluid may be removed from with medium to no plasticity and
dependent, the advice of Vinidex the pipeline faster than it is supplied containing more than 25%
engineers should be sought for from the source. This can arise from coarse-grained particles 10
appropriate values. valve operation, draining of the line or
Fine-grained soil (LL<50%)
Where ovality exists in the PE pipes, the rupture of the line in service. Air valves
with medium to no plasticity and
effective value of the critical buckling must be provided at high points in the
containing less than 25%
pressure will be reduced. line and downstream from control valves
coarse-grained particles 10
to allow the entry of air into the line and
The reduction in Pc for various levels of Fine-grained soil (LL<50%)
prevent the creation of vacuum
initial ovality are as follows: with medium to high plasticity NR
conditions. On long rising grades or flat
Ovality % 0 1 2 5 10
runs where there are no significant high
Reduction 1.0 0.99 0.97 0.93 0.86 points or grade changes, air valves
Where pipes are buried and supported should be placed at least every 500-1000
by backfill soil, the additional support metres at the engineer’s discretion.
(Pb) may be calculated from:

Pb = 1.15 (Pc E´) 0.5

Where E´ = soil modulus from


AS/NZS2566 - Buried Flexible Pipelines.

Design.36 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Trench Design Table 4.12 Minimum Cover

Minimum Cover Installation Condition Cover over Pipe Crown (mm)


The recommended minimum cover Open country 300
depths for Vinidex PE pipes are listed in Traffic Loading No pavement 450
Table 4.12.
Sealed pavement 600
These cover depths are indicative only, Unsealed pavement 750
and specific installations should be
Construction equipment 750
evaluated in accordance with AS/NZS
Embankment 750
2566 - Buried Flexible Pipelines.
The minimum cover depths listed may
The maximum trench width should be Side Support
be reduced where load reduction
restricted as much as possible, Material used for side support should
techniques are used, such as load
depending on the soil conditions. This is comply with the requirements of the
bearing beams, concrete slabs, conduit
necessary to reduce the cost of bedding materials.
sleeves, or increased backfill
excavation, and to develop adequate side The side support material should be
compaction.
support. evenly tamped in layers of 75 mm for
Trench Widths Where wide trenches or embankments pipes up to 250mm diameter, and 150
In general practice, the trench width are encountered, then the pipe should be mm for pipes of diameters 315mm and
should be kept to the minimum that installed on a 75 mm layer of tamped or above.
enables construction to readily proceed. compacted bedding material as shown Compaction should be brought evenly to
Refer to Figures 4.6 and 4.7. on the cross section diagrams. Where the design value required by AS/NZS
The trench width used with PE pipe may possible a sub trench should be 2566 for the specific installation.
be reduced from those used with other constructed at the base of the main
pipe types by buttwelding, or trench to reduce the soil loads Backfill
electrofusion jointing above ground, and developed. AS/NZS 2566 provides full Once the sidefill has been placed and
then feeding the jointed pipe into the details for evaluating the loads developed compacted as required over the top of
trench. Similarly, small diameter pipe in under wide trench conditions. the pipe, backfill material may be placed
coil form can be welded or mechanically using excavated material.
Bedding
jointed above ground and then fed into Trench backfills should not be used as a
PE Pipes should be bedded on a
the trench. dump for large rocks, builders debris, or
continuous layer, 75 mm thick, of
The minimum trench width should allow other unwanted site materials.
materials complying with the following
for adequate tamping of side support
requirements:
material and should be not less than
• Sand, free from rocks or other hard
200mm greater than the diameter of the
or sharp objects retained on a
pipe. In very small diameter pipes this
13.2mm sieve.
may be reduced to a trench width of
twice the pipe diameter. • Gravel or crushed rock of suitable
grading up to a max. size of 15mm.
•. The excavated material, free from
rocks and broken up such that it
contains no clay lumps greater than
75mm which would prevent adequate
compaction.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.37
d e s i g n

Allowable Bending When bending pipes there are two


Radius control conditions:
Vinidex PE pipes are flexible in 1. Kinking in pipes with high SDR
100mm 100mm
min min behaviour, and can be readily bent in the ratios.
field. 2. High outer fibre strain in high
In general terms, a minimum bending pressure class pipes with low SDR
radius of 33 x outside diameter of the ratios.
pipe (33D) can be adopted for PE80C,
Bedding
75mm min and PE100 material pipes, whilst a radius
of 20 x outside diameter of the pipe For condition 1
(20D) can be adopted for PE63, and The minimum radius to prevent kinking
PE80B material pipes during installation. (Rk) may be calculated by:
Figure 4.6
This flexibility enables PE pipes to
Wide Trench Condition SDR (SDR-1)
accommodate uneven site conditions, Rk =
and, by reducing the number of bends 1.12
required, cuts down total job costs.
For certain situations, the designer may For condition 2
wish to evaluate the resistance to kinking The minimum radius to prevent excess
or the minimum bending radius arising strain (Re) may be calculated by:
100mm 100mm from strain limitation. The long term
D
min D min
strain from all sources should not exceed Re = ε
2
0.04 (4%).
where
ε = outer fibre strain
Bedding (maximum allowable = 0.04)
75mm min
D = mean Di (mm)

Figure 4.7
Narrow Trench Condition

Design.38 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Deflection
Questionnaire
AS/NZS 2566 Deflection
Please photocopy before completing this form.
Calculation for Buried
Retain this master for future use.
Flexible Pipes
Complete all information and forward to your
The following questionnaire is to assist nearest Vinidex office – refer over leaf.
designers in the calculation of deflection
for buried flexible pipe.

Company _______________________________________________________________________________

Name __________________________________________________________________________________

Phone ______________________ Fax ________________________ Email ________________________

PIPE DETAILS

Pipe Size and SDR or Class _________________________________________________________________

Pipe Material (ie. PE80/PE100) ______________________________________________________________

TRENCH DETAILS

Depth of Cover (from crown) _________________________________________________________________

Width (at pipe) ___________________________________________________________________________

Depth to Water Table (if above pipe) __________________________________________________________

LOADS

Live Load _______________________________________________________________________________

Dead Load ______________________________________________________________________________

SOIL TYPE

Native Soil ______________________________________________________________________________

Embedment Material ______________________________________________________________________

Degree of Compaction _____________________________________________________________________

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.39
d e s i g n

Vinidex Locations
Sydney
254 Woodpark Rd, Smithfield NSW 2164
Tel (02) 9604 2422, Fax (02) 9604 4435

Melbourne
86 Whiteside Road, Clayton VIC 3168
Tel (03) 9543 2311, Fax (03) 9543 7420

Mildura
5 Corbould Court, Mildura VIC 3500
Tel (03) 5022 2616, Fax (03) 5022 1938

Brisbane & Export


224 Musgrave Rd, Coopers Plains QLD 4108
Tel (07) 3277 2822, Fax (07) 3277 3696

Townsville
49 Enterprise Avenue, Bohle QLD 4816
Tel (07) 4774 5044, Fax (07) 4774 5728

Adelaide
550 Churchill Road, Kilburn SA 5084
Tel (08) 8260 2077, Fax (08) 8349 6931

Perth
Sainsbury Road, O’Connor WA 6163
Tel (08) 9337 4344, Fax (08) 9331 3383

Darwin
3846 Marjorie Street, Berrimah NT 0828
Tel (08) 8932 8200, Fax (08) 8932 8211

Launceston
15 Thistle St, Sth Launceston TAS 7249
Tel (03) 6344 2521, Fax (03) 6343 1100

Design.40 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Thrust Block Velocity (Kinetic) Thrust The figures in the table below are for
Supports The velocity or kinetic thrust applies only horizontal thrusts, and may be doubled
PE pipes and fittings joined by butt at changes of direction. for downward acting vertical thrusts. For
welding, electrofusion, or other end load upward acting vertical thrusts, the
bearing joint system do not normally weight of the thrust block must
2 w a V 2. sin φ .10-9
require anchorage to withstand loads R= counteract the developed loads.
2
arising from internal pressure and flow. In shallow (<600mm) cover installations
For joint types which do not resist end where or in unstable conditions of fill, the soil
loads, plus fabricated fittings which w = fluid density (kg/m3) support may be considerably reduced
incorporate welded PE pipe segments, a = inside pipe cross section area from the values tabulated, and a
anchorage support must be provided in (mm2) complete soil analysis may be needed.
order to prevent joint or fitting failure. In V = flow velocity (m/s)
addition, appurtenances such as valves,
The velocity thrust is generally small in
should be independently supported in
comparison to the pressure thrust.
order to prevent excessive shear loads
The pressure used in the calculations
being transferred to the PE pipe.
should be the maximum working, or test
Static Pressure Thrust pressure, applied to the line.

Bearing Loads of Soils


2PA . sin φ .10-3
R= The thrust developed must be resisted
2
by the surrounding soil. The indicative
where bearing capacities of various soil types
R = resultant thrust (kN) are tabulated below:
P = pressure (MPa)
Soil Type Safe Bearing Capacity
A = area of pipe cross section (mm2)
(N/m2)
φ = angle of fitting (degrees)
Rock and sandstone (hard thick layers) 100 x 105
For blank ends, tees and valves
Rock- solid shale and hard medium layers 90 x 104
R = PA 10-3 Rock- poor shale, limestone 24 x 104

For reducers Gravel and coarse sand 20 x 104


Sand- compacted, firm, dry 15 x 104
R = P(A1 - A2) 10-3
Clay- hard, dry 15 x 104
Clay- readily indented 12 x 104
Clay/Sandy loam 9 x 104
Peat, wet alluvial soils, silt Nil

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.41
d e s i g n

Thrust Block Figure 4.8 Thrust Blocks


Size Calculations
1. Establish the maximum pressure to
be applied to the line
2. Calculate the thrust developed at the
fitting being considered
3. Divide (2) by the safe bearing
Tee anchorage
capacity of the soil type against
which the thrust block must bear.

Worked Example
What bearing area of thrust block is
required for a 160 mm PN12.5 90° bend
in hard, dry clay?
1. Maximum working pressure of
PN12.5 pipe is 1.25 MPa. Bend in horizontal plane anchorage
Test pressure is 1.25 x WP
= 1.56 MPa.

2 PA .sin φ. 10-3
2. R =
2

= 3.8 x 10-4 N
Bend in vertical plane anchorage
3. Bearing capacity of hard, dry clay is
15x104 N/m2

4
3.8 x 10
Bearing area of thrust block = 4
15 x 10

= 0.25m 2

Thrust blocks may be concrete or timber.


Where cast insitu concrete is used, an
adequate curing period must be provided Valve anchorage
to allow strength development in the
concrete before pressure is introduced to
the pipeline. Where timber blocks are
used, test pressures may be introduced
immediately, but care needs to be taken
to ensure that the blocks will not rot and
will not be attacked by termites or ants.
Closed end and hydrant anchorage

Design.42 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
d e s i g n

Electrical Vibration Heat Sources


Conductivity Direct connection to sources of high PE pipes and fittings should be protected
Vinidex PE pipes are non conductive and frequency such as pump outlet flanges from external heat sources which would
cannot be used for electrical earthing should be avoided. All fabricated fittings bring the continuous pipe material
purposes or dissipating static electricity manufactured by cutting and welding service temperature above 80°C.
charges. techniques must be isolated from Where the PE pipes are installed above
Where PE pipes are used to replace vibration. ground, the protection system used
existing metal water pipes, the designer Where high frequency vibration sources must be resistant to ultra violet radiation
must consider any existing systems used exist in the pipeline, the PE sections and the effects of weathering, PE pipes
for earthing or corrosion control should be connected using a flexible running across roofing should be
purposes. In these cases the appropriate joint such as a repair coupling, supported above the roof sheeting in
electrical supply authority must be expansion joint, or wire reinforced order to prevent temperature build up.
consulted to determine their rubber bellows joint. When used above See Table 4.7 Temperature Rating Table.
requirements. ground such joints may need to be
In dry, dusty, or explosive atmospheres, restrained to prevent pipe end pullout.
potential generation of electricity must
be evaluated and static dissipation
measures adopted to prevent any
possibility of explosion.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Design.43
installation

contents

Handling & Storage 3


Site Preparation 5
Thrust Blocks & Pipe Restraint 7
Pipeline Curvature 7
Relining & Sliplining 8
Pipeline Detection 10
Above Ground Installation 11
Accommodation of Thermal Movement by Deflection Legs 13
Service Connections 14
Concrete Encasement 14
Fire Rating 14
Testing & Commissioning 15

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Installation.1
installation

Limitation of Liability
This manual has been compiled by Vinidex Pty
Limited (“the Company”) to promote better
understanding of the technical aspects of the
Company’s products to assist users in obtaining
from them the best possible performance.
The manual is supplied subject to
acknowledgement of the following conditions:
• The manual is protected by Copyright and may
not be copied or reproduced in any form or by
any means in whole or in part without prior
consent in writing by the Company.
• Product specifications, usage data and advisory
information may change from time to time with
advances in research and field experience. The
Company reserves the right to make such
changes at any time without notice.
• Correct usage of the Company’s products
involves engineering judgements which cannot
be properly made without full knowledge of all
the conditions pertaining to each specific
installation. The Company expressly disclaims
all and any liability to any person whether
supplied with this publication or not in respect
of anything and of the consequences of anything
done or omitted to be done by any such person
in reliance whether whole or partial upon the
whole or any part of the contents of this
publication.
• No offer to trade, nor any conditions of trading,
are expressed or implied by the issue of content
of this manual. Nothing herein shall override the
Company’s Conditions of Sale, which may be
obtained from the Registered Office or any Sales
Office of the Company.
• This manual is and shall remain the property of
the Company, and shall be surrendered on
demand to the Company.
• Information supplied in this manual does not
override a job specification, where such conflict
arises, consult the authority supervising the job.

© Copyright Vinidex Pty Limited


ABN 42 000 664 942

Installation.2 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
installation

Handling & Storage Fabric slings are recommended for lifting Transport
Vinidex PE pipes are available in a range and handling PE pipe in order to prevent PE pipes stacked for transport must be
of sizes ranging from 16mm to 1000mm damage. evenly supported in order to prevent
in configurations complying with Where wire ropes or chains are used, distortion. All bearing surfaces must be
AS/NZS4130. Pipes may be supplied to then all of the contact points between the free from contact with sharp objects. Any
customer requirements in either small slings and the pipe must be protected by projecting sections such as stub flanges
diameter pipe in coil lengths up to suitable padding. Where pipes are in must be supported to prevent damage.
9500m, or in straight lengths up to 25m. coils, the slings must be placed evenly For straight lengths of pipe, suitable
Vinidex PE pipes are robust, flexible, and around the entire coil. Similarly, where support beneath the pipes is provided by
offer the installer many cost saving coils or straight lengths are lifted by fork beams of minimum width 75 mm,
advantages. Whilst they are resistant to lift the contact points must be protected. spaced horizontally at 1.5 m centres. For
site damage, normal care and good When lifting coils, the lifting must be rectangular stacks, additional vertical
housekeeping practices are necessary to performed on the entire coil, and the fork supports at 3 metre spacing should be
ensure trouble free operations. lift tynes not inserted into the coil used. For pyramid stacks, the bottom
winding. When lifting packs of pipes, the pipe layers also need to be chocked to
Handling
tynes must be placed under the entire prevent stack collapse.
Handling of Vinidex PE pipes is made pack, and the tynes not pushed into the
For large diameter pipes (DN 630 and
easier due to the light weights of both pack. Pipes must not be lifted by placing
above) it may be necessary to tom, or
coiled and straight length pipe. Care metal hooks into the ends of straight
internally support the ends of the pipe in
must be exercised however, to avoid lengths.
order to prevent distortion.
damage to the pipe walls, pre-assembled
In conditions approaching freezing, the
end fittings, or sub assemblies. Where end treatments such as flanges
impact resistance of PE reduces, and
are applied in the factory, these
Safety aspects need to be addressed, as care must be exercised to prevent
treatments must be protected from
the nature of PE pipes is such that in damage during handling.
damage.
cold and wet weather the pipes become
Pipe lengths greater than 6 metres
slippery and difficult to handle. In these Where coils are stacked vertically the
should be lifted using a spreader bar, and
circumstances, additional care should be stacks may need to be restrained in
wide band slings. PE pipes will flex
exercised when handling coils or bundles order to prevent the bottom section of
during lifting, and care needs to be
of pipe. In hot weather, especially with the coil being flattened or distorted.
exercised to prevent damage to pipes or
black pipes, the pipe surface may reach
end fittings arising from contact with the
70°C, when the ambient temperatures
ground. Care needs to be taken to centre
reach 40°C. Handling PE pipes at these
the pipe in the slings.
temperatures requires gloves, or other
A reduction in the pipe wall thickness of
protection, to prevent the possibility of
up to 10% may be tolerated. However,
skin burns.
sections with sharp notches should be
rejected, or the damaged area buffed out
to remove the sharp edges.

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installation

Storage
Straight length pipes must be supported
by timber spacers of minimum width
75mm placed at 1.5 metre centres. The
recommended maximum height of long
term stacks is as listed in Table 5.1.
Where pipes are crated, the crates may
be stacked on timber to timber, in stacks
up to 3 metres high.
PE pipes are capable of supporting
combustion, and need to be isolated
from ignition sources. PE pipes must be
kept away from high temperature
sources, and not be in contact with
objects of temperature higher than 70°C.
Storage of PE pipes in field locations
may be subject to fire regulations, and
Table 5.1 Storage Height
the requirements of the local authorities
must be observed. Straight Lengths

Black pipes do not need protection from PE Material Height (m) Height (m)
the effects of UV exposure, but coloured up to SDR 21 above SDR 21
pipes, if potentially exposed for longer MDPE (PE63, PE80B) 2.0 2.25
than 6 months, may need protection.
HDPE (PE80C, PE100) 2.0 2.50
In selecting the method of protection
consideration may need to be given to Coils
temperature effects, as elevated Pipe diameter mm Coil stacks (number)
temperatures may lead to pipe distortion. up to 32 5
50, 63 4
90, 110 2
Note: Coils must be stacked flat, and even.

Installation.4 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
installation

Site Preparation Table 5.2 Recommended Trench Widths

Trench Preparation Pipe Diameter ( mm ) Minimum Trench Width (mm)


16 to 63 150
All other services must be located (such
75 to 110 250
as telephone conduits, gas, water mains,
125 to 315 500
sewers, electrical conduits, and cable TV
conduits) in the area of the PE pipeline 355 to 500 700
before any work commences. This may 630 to 710 910
require some localised excavation, and 800 to 1000 1200
all safety requirements must be
observed. Table 5.3 Minimum Cover
When pipes are installed on the natural Installation Condition Cover over pipe crown (mm)
surface, the pipeline route must be clear Open Country 300
of obstructions and where required, Traffic Loading No pavement 450
sufficient space must be allowed for Sealed pavement 600
expansion/contraction movement. Unsealed pavement 750
PE pipes may be joined outside the Construction equipment 750
trench, allowing narrower trenches and Embankment 750
consequent reduced excavation cost.
PE pipes have a density less than that of Poor soil conditions may necessitate a Trench Depths
water, and may float if water is present in wider trench to accommodate support Where the PE pipe grade line is not
the trench, and the pipes are not structures or dewatering equipment, and specified, the cover over the top of the
restrained. Trench excavations need to the ready removal of this equipment after PE pipes needs to be set so that
be kept free of water, and if necessary, the pipes have been laid. Where such adequate protection from external loads,
dewatering equipment installed. supports are used, they must be third party damage, and construction
Trench Widths removed with care, in order to prevent traffic is provided.
disturbance of pipe, bedding or trench Where possible, pipes should be
Table 5.2 lists recommended trench
walls. installed under minimum depth
widths. These values are consistent with
the principles that trench width should Pressure pipes, especially in rural areas, conditions and, as a guide, the values
be as narrow as possible in order to may be installed in narrow trenches with listed in Table 5.3 above should be
minimise external loads and installation sufficient space to allow the backfill of adopted.
costs, whilst also affording sufficient the trench. No additional compaction Trench walls in poor soil conditions may
space to provide the specified may be necessary, and the natural soil need to be excavated in steps, or be
compaction. consolidation allowed to occur with time. battered, to prevent collapse of the
The actual trench width adopted will be Where PE pipes are installed with other trench wall materials.
influenced by the soil conditions, the services in common trench situations, For embankment installations, a sub
jointing systems, and whether joints are the trench width may be specified by trench may be excavated once the
made in the trench. Local Authority regulations in order to embankment has been partly built up, in
permit later maintenance activities. order to help protect the PE pipes from
construction vehicles, and also lessen
the external loads acting on the pipe.

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installation

Bedding Material Side Support & Overlay Compaction Standards


The excavated trench floors must be PE pipes act as flexible pipes to resist It is essential that the AS/NZS 2566
trimmed even, and be free from all rocks, external loading, and the side support compaction levels are attained, as PE
and hard objects. materials must be evenly added to the pipes behave as flexible structures.
In poor soil conditions, an additional same compaction standards as the Large diameter PE pipe installations may
layer of imported bedding material may bedding materials so that the installed require the compaction at each stage of
need to be introduced, and a geofabric PE pipe is not disturbed. the installation to be confirmed by test.
restraint of bedding/backfill material may Sidefill materials should be built up Where high external loads are
be required. equally on both sides of the pipes in encountered, or where it is not possible
The bedding materials used in both layers of 150mm, and compacted evenly to attain the required level of compaction
trenchs and embankments shall follow to the AS/NZS 2566 design level. The in the sidefill materials, a mixture of
the guidelines of AS2033, and should be sidefill materials must be carefully placed sand/cement in the ratio of 14:1 may be
one of the following: around the haunches of the pipes to used in the sidefill zones.
ensure that the PE pipes are evenly The selection of compaction standard
1. Sand or soil, free from rocks greater
supported. used in the sidefill materials needs to be
than 15 mm, and any hard clay
lumps greater than 75 mm in size. Vibrating plate compactors must not be taken from AS/NZS 2566 for the sidefill
used until there is a 300mm layer of materials available on the particular site.
2. Crushed rock, gravel, or graded
overlay soil over the crown of the PE
materials of even grading with a Figure 5.1
pipe.
maximum size of 15 mm. Trench Installations
Detector tapes, or marker strips, should
3. Excavated material free from rocks or
be laid on top of the overlay once a layer
vegetable matter.
of 150mm soil has been compacted.
4. Clay lumps which can be reduced to Backfill
The overlay materials should be built up Material
less than 75 mm in size.
in compacted layers until the overlay
Excavated materials in accordance with 150mm
material is to a level of a minimum of minimum
3. and 4. above are often used for
150 mm above the top of the PE pipes.
pressure pipelines and in rural areas. Compact.
(See Figure 5.1). Large diameter (450 side
support
However, in areas of high loading, such mm and above) PE pipes require the 75mm
as under roads, imported materials may overlay materials to be carried to a cover minimum
bedding
need to be used. of 300mm above the top of the PE pipes.
In the majority of PE pipe applications, a
Backfill
minimum of 75 mm of bedding material
Figure 5.2
is used in both trenches and The remainder of the trench, or
Embankment Installations
embankments in soil excavations. For embankment fill may be made with the
excavations in rock, 150 mm bedding previously excavated native materials. Fill material
depth may be required. These must be free from large rocks,
vegetable matter, and contaminated Compacted
Where fittings or mechanical joints are bedding material
materials, and all materials must have a D
used, the bedding material may need to
maximum particle size less than 75 mm.
be excavated to prevent point loading. All
Where PE pipelines are installed in areas 300mm
pegs and markers used in aligning and min
levelling the pipes must be removed with high external loads, then the backfill
materials must be of the same standard 80mm min.
from the trench floor prior to bedding
materials being placed. as the bedding and overlay materials.

Installation.6 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
installation

Thrust Blocks &


Pipe Restraint
Thrust blocks are required for Vinidex PE
pipes in pressure applications where the
joints do not resist longitudinal loads.
The thrust blocks must be provided at all
changes in direction. The standard
methods of calculating the size of thrust
blocks for all pipeline materials are those
used with PE pipes and are contained in
the Design section of this manual.
Where concrete blocks are used, the
contact points between the PE pipe, or
fitting and the thrust block must be
protected to prevent abrasion of the PE.
Rubber or malthoid sheeting may be
used for this purpose.
All fittings and heavy items such as cast
iron valves must be supported in order
to prevent point loading on the PE
materials. In addition, where valves are
used, the torque loads arising from the
opening/closing operations must be
resisted with block supports.

Pipeline Curvature Care must be exercised during


All PE pipes installed on a curved construction to prevent over stressing of
alignment must be drawn evenly over the joints and fittings. Where mechanical
entire curve length, and not over a short joints are used, any joint deflection
section. This can lead to kinking in small limitations must be observed. During
diameter, and/or thin wall pipes. installation, minimum radii of 20 x DN
Large diameter PE pipes (450mm and for MDPE (PE63 and PE80B) and 33 x
above) must be joined together, and then DN for HDPE (PE80C and PE100) may be
drawn evenly to the desired radius. used.
In addition, evaluation of buckling
resistance of thin wall pipes may be
necessary. This should be done as
shown in the Design Section of this
Manual.

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installation

Relining &
Sliplining
Vinidex PE pipes have the chemical
resistance properties and longitudinal
flexibility to provide an ideal solution for
relining existing corroded or damaged
pipelines in water supply, sewers, and
drain applications.
Existing pipelines used to transport
aggressive and dangerous fluids may be
restored by relining techniques, and cost
effective solutions are provided by
eliminating the need for open cut
trenches in urban and heavily built up
areas. Installations can be planned
around off peak traffic periods to
minimise disruption and reduce
installation times.
Existing pipelines can be renovated by
inserting Vinidex PE pipes into the old
pipes. Insertion pipes can be pulled into
position by mechanical winches.
Although insertion of the PE pipes will
reduce the internal diameter of the
pipeline, the effective flow capacity of the
renovated line may in fact be greater
than the existing installation due to the
improved pipe wall friction factors of PE
as compared to the existing pipe with
heavily corroded or damaged internal
surfaces. Inspection of the existing line
should be performed by CCTV to provide
data as to the actual likely flow friction
factors.
Relining with PE pipes provides a
structural element that is capable of
withstanding either internal pressure or
external loading without relying on the
residual strength of the original degraded
pipe elements.

Installation.8 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
installation

Figure 5.3 PE Sliplining Trench Opening The dimensions (Refer to Figure 5.3) of
2 excavations required for slip lining are:
1. Where the PE insert pipe is on the
1
R natural surface level
2H NS
H LG1 = (
H 4R − H )
LG 2
LG 1 2. Where the PE insert pipe is at a
2LG 2
height H above the natural surface
level

LG2 = (
H 2R − H )
where
H = depth to invert of existing pipeline
R = radius of liner pipe

Grouting
Grouting of the gap between the outside
diameter of the PE liner, and the inside of
the existing pipe is necessary only when
the original pipe has been damaged to
the extent that there is no residual
external load capacity, or where manhole
connections cannot be sealed off to
prevent groundwater infiltration.
Where grouting is applied, the pressure
The PE pipes require short length inlet should not exceed 50 kPa, and
and exit trenches to accommodate the depending on the PN rating of the PE
PE pipe radius to lead into the existing liner pipe, external collapse calculations
pipeline, and the winch assembly used to should be carried out. Where cement
pull the PE liner along the pipeline. The based grouts are used, the temperature
minimum bending radius of the PE liner rise in the PE liner due to the heat of
can be calculated as described under hydration must be taken into account.
Pipeline Curvature in this section of the
The PE liner pipes may be filled with
manual.
water prior to grouting to increase the
external pressure resistance, and to
provide additional line weight to prevent
the PE liner pipe floating during grouting,
and losing the final grade line.

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installation

Excavation Jointing the Liner Pipeline Detection


Sliplining existing pipes using Vinidex PE Depending on the diameter of the pipe, a Vinidex PE pipes are electrically non
pipes allows for a reduction of single length of PE pipe can be installed conductive and cannot be detected by
excavation in built up areas. to provide a single length of seamless metallic detection devices in
liner. underground installations.
Only the excavation necessary to feed
the PE liner pipe into the existing line is For larger (160mm and above) PE pipes Several techniques are available to detect
required and depending on the total can be butt welded above ground on site buried PE pipelines.
length of the line and the location of to provide a continuous length pipe
Metal Detector Tapes
existing manholes, a liner length of which can be inspected for joint integrity
Foil based tapes may be located in the
approximately 100 metres may be drawn before installation.
trench on top of the PE pipe overlay
along the line in each section. For small The butt weld process provides a joint material ( 150 - 300 mm above the PE
diameter pipes, the PE can be supplied in which resists longitudinal load and has pipe crown ), and these tapes can be
Vinidex pipe reels. This allows for a the same chemical resistance properties detected at depths up to 600 mm by
single run of PE to be inserted into as the pipe. The external diameter weld metal detection equipment operating in
existing pipe without the need for bead sections may be mechanically the 4 - 20 MHz frequency range.
intermediate jointing. removed prior to insertion to prevent any
The tape backs may also be colour coded
Where the existing service cannot be possibility of snagging on damaged
and printed in order to provide early
taken out of service, or temporarily sections, or protrusions, in the bore of
warning of the presence of the PE
blocked off during the relining process, the existing pipe to be relined. Where
pipeline during later excavation.
extra excavation may be required to weld beads are removed, care must be
allow for the installation of a temporary taken not to notch the PE pipe wall. Butt Tracer Wires
diversion line. welded joints must be allowed to cool to PE pipes installed deeper than 600 mm
ambient temperature prior to drawing may be detected by the use of tracer
into the final position so as to prevent wires placed on, or taped to, the top of
any damage to the joint section. the PE pipes.
Application of a suppressed current
allows the detection of pipes up to a
depth of 3 metres. However, both ends
of the tracer wire must be accessible,
and a complete electrical circuit present
over the entire length of the pipeline.

Audio Detection
Acoustic, or ultra sonic, noise detection
devices are available which use either the
noise from water flowing in the pipes, or
an introduced noise signal, to detect the
presence of buried PE pipelines.

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installation

Above Ground Supports


Installation Pipe hangers, or supports, should be
Vinidex PE pipes may be installed above located evenly along the length of the PE
ground for pressure and non pressure pipeline, and additionally at localised
applications in both direct exposure and points with heavy items such as valves,
protected conditions. and fittings.
Black PE pipes made to AS/NZS 4130 The supports should provide a bearing
requirements may be used in direct surface of 120° under the base of the
sunlight exposure conditions without any pipes. The PE pipes may need to be
additional protection. Where PE pipes of protected from damage at the supports.
colours other than black are used in This protection may be provided by a
exposed conditions, then the pipes may membrane of PE, PVC or rubber.
need to be protected from sunlight. Location and type of support must take
Where PE pipes are installed in direct into account provision for thermal
exposure conditions, then the increased movement, if required. If the supports
PE material temperature due to exposure are to resist thermal movement, an
must be taken into account in assessment of the stress induced in
establishing the operational pressure pipes, fittings and supports may need to
rating of the PE pipes. Localised be made.
temperature build up conditions such as
proximity to steam lines, radiators, or Support Spans
exhaust stacks must be avoided unless Support spans depend on the pipe
the PE pipes are suitably protected. material and dimensions, nature of flow
Where lagging materials are used, these medium, operating temperature, and
must be suitable for external exposure arrangement of the pipes.
applications. In calculating support spans, a
For Vinidex Geberit waste systems, the maximum deflection of spans/500
pipes are manufactured specifically for between supports has been adopted as
the application and reference should be the basis.
made to Vinidex engineers for The spans in Table 5.4 are based on the
comprehensive installation details. use of PE80B (MDPE), full of water,
support over multiple spans, and
operating at 20°C for 50 years.
For other service temperatures, the
spans should be reduced as follows:
30°C 5%
40°C 9%
50°C 13%
For fluids with density between 1000
kg/m3 and 1250 kg/m3, decrease spans
by 4%.
For Vinidexair systems, the spans may
be increased by up to 30%.

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installation

Table 5.4 Support Spans (metres)


SDR (Standard Dimension Ratio)
DN 41 33 26 21 17 13.6 11 9 7.4
16 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55
20 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.65 0.65
25 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.70 0.70 0.75 0.75
32 0.70 0.70 0.70 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90 0.90
40 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.90 0.90 1.00 1.00 1.10
50 0.85 0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
63 0.95 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.20 1.25 1.30 1.40 1.45
75 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.25 1.35 1.40 1.50 1.55 1.60
90 1.15 1.25 1.35 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.65 1.75 1.80
110 1.35 1.40 1.55 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10
125 1.45 1.55 1.65 1.75 1.85 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30
140 1.55 1.65 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.25 2.35 2.45
160 1.70 1.80 1.95 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.45 2.55 2.65
180 1.85 1.95 2.10 2.25 2.35 2.50 2.65 2.80 2.90
Expansion & Contraction
200 1.95 2.10 2.25 2.40 2.55 2.70 2.85 3.00 3.10
225 2.15 2.30 2.45 2.60 2.75 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 For above ground pipelines, expansion
250 2.30 2.45 2.60 2.75 2.95 3.10 3.30 3.45 3.60 and contraction movements should be
280 2.45 2.65 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.35 3.55 3.70 3.90 taken up by the pipeline where possible
315 2.65 2.85 3.05 3.25 3.45 3.65 3.85 4.05 4.20 without expansion joints.
355 2.90 3.10 3.30 3.50 3.75 3.95 4.15 4.35 4.55 This may be achieved in lines laid
400 3.10 3.35 3.55 3.80 4.05 4.25 4.50 4.70 4.90 directly on the natural surface by snaking
450 3.40 3.60 3.85 4.10 4.35 4.60 4.85 5.10 5.35 the pipe during installation and allowing
500 3.60 3.85 4.15 4.40 4.70 4.95 5.20 5.50 the pipe to move freely in service. Where
560 3.90 4.15 4.50 4.75 5.05 5.35 the final joint connections are made in
630 4.20 4.50 4.85 5.15 5.45 5.80 high ambient temperature, sufficient pipe
710 4.60 4.90 5.25 5.60 5.95 6.30 length must be allowed to permit the
800 4.95 5.30 5.70 6.05 6.45 6.85 pipe to cool, and hence contract, without
900 5.35 5.70 6.10 6.55 6.95 pulling out of non end load bearing
1000 5.80 6.15 6.55 7.00 7.35 joints.

Installation.12 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
installation

Accommodation of Table 5.5 Minimum Deflection Leg Lengths (m)


Thermal Movement Change in Run length ∆ L (mm)
by Deflection Legs DN 50mm 100mm 150mm 200mm 250mm 300mm 350mm 40mm 450mm
Changes in length are caused by 16 0.75 1.05 1.30 1.50 1.65 1.85 1.95 2.10 2.35
changes in operating temperatures. On 20 0.85 1.15 1.45 1.65 1.85 2.05 2.20 2.35 2.60
installation of piping systems above 25 0.95 1.30 1.60 1.85 2.10 2.25 2.45 2.60 2.90
ground, attention must be paid to 32 1.05 1.50 1.85 2.10 2.35 2.55 2.80 2.95 3.30
compensate for axial movements. 40 1.15 1.65 2.05 2.35 2.60 2.85 3.10 3.30 3.70
In most cases, changes in direction in 50 1.30 1.85 2.25 2.60 2.90 3.20 3.50 3.70 4.15
63 1.50 2.10 2.55 2.95 3.30 3.60 3.85 4.20 4.65
the run of piping may be used to absorb
75 1.60 2.25 2.80 3.20 3.60 3.90 4.25 4.50 5.05
length change, given that appropriate
90 1.80 2.50 3.05 3.50 3.90 4.30 4.65 4.95 5.55
deflection legs are provided. Otherwise,
110 1.95 2.75 3.40 3.85 4.35 4.75 5.15 5.50 6.15
compensation loops or special fittings
125 2.10 2.90 3.55 4.15 4.60 5.05 5.50 5.85 6.55
may need to be installed.
140 2.20 3.10 3.80 4.40 4.90 5.35 5.80 6.20 6.90
Table 5.5 lists minimum deflection leg 160 2.35 3.30 4.05 4.70 5.20 5.75 6.20 6.60 7.40
lengths for given run length changes. 180 2.50 3.50 4.30 4.95 5.55 6.10 6.55 7.00 7.80
See Figures 5.4 and 5.5. 200 2.60 3.70 4.50 5.20 5.85 6.35 6.90 7.40 8.25
For non-pressure applications, these 225 2.80 3.90 4.85 5.55 6.20 6.80 7.35 7.85 8.80
values may be reduced by 30%, or for 250 2.90 4.15 5.05 5.85 6.55 7.20 7.75 8.25 9.20
Vinidex Geberit systems, up to 60%. For 280 3.10 4.35 5.35 6.20 6.90 7.55 8.20 8.70 9.80
specific data, reference should be made 315 3.30 4.65 5.70 6.55 7.35 8.05 8.70 9.25 10.35
to Vinidex engineers. 355 3.50 4.90 6.05 6.95 7.80 8.55 9.20 9.85 11.00
400 3.70 5.20 6.40 7.40 8.25 9.05 9.80 10.45 11.70
The deflection leg is expressed by:
450 3.90 5.55 6.80 7.85 8.80 9.60 10.40 11.10 12.40
[ ]
L S = k ⋅ ∆ L ⋅ DN mm 500 4.15 5.85 7.20 8.25 9.25 10.15 10.90 11.70 -
560 4.40 6.20 7.55 8.75 9.80 10.70 - - -
where 630 4.65 6.55 8.05 9.25 10.40 11.35 - - -
Ls = deflection leg (mm) 710 4.90 6.95 8.55 9.80 11.00 12.05 - - -
800 5.25 7.40 9.10 10.50 11.75 12.80 - - -
∆L = change in length (mm)
900 5.60 7.90 9.65 11.10 12.50 - - - -
DN = pipe outside diameter (mm) 1000 5.85 8.30 10.15 11.70 13.10 - - - -
k = material specific proportionality
factor (average value for PE of 26)

Figure 5.4 Figure 5.5


Absorption of change in length Absorption of change in length
by deflection leg by a compensation elbow

F = Fixed Point
LP = Loose Point (eg. pipe clips) F = Fixed Point
Ls = Deflection Leg Ls = Deflection Leg

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Installation.13
installation

Service Connections Concrete


Tapping Saddles
Encasement
At entry and exit points of concrete slabs
Service connections may be provided in
or walls, a flexible joint must be provided
PE pipe systems using tapping saddles
in the PE pipeline to cater for movements
which are either electrofusion or
due to soil settlement, or seasonal
mechanically connected.
expansion/contraction of the soil.
Tapping saddles should not be installed
Where expansion joints are provided in
closer than 100mm to prevent reduction
the concrete slab, expansion joints
in pressure capacity in the pipeline.
should be provided at the same point in
A range of tapping saddles suitable for
the pipeline. At these points a flexible
use with Vinidex PE pipes are listed in
membrane should be provided to prevent
the Product Data section of this manual.
shear stresses developing across the
Tapping saddles may be used for joint.
tappings up to 30% of the size of the
PE pipes behave as flexible structures
main pipe or a maximum diameter of
when externally loaded, and care needs
50mm. Where larger offtake sizes are
to be exercised by the designer when
required, then a reducing tee section
using concrete encasement so that the
should be used.
effective strength of the pipeline is not
Tapping saddles of the mechanical strap reduced.
type should not be used on curved pipes.
Tapping saddles of the saddle fusion, or
electrofusion type should only be used Fire Rating
on the top of curved lines, and not be PE pipe systems will support
closer to the end of the pipe than combustion and as such are not suitable
500mm. for use in fire rated zones in buildings
without suitable protection. The
Connection may then be made without
individual fire rating indices for PE
loss of the operating service.
materials may be established by testing
Alternatively, tapping may be performed to the requirements of AS1530.
on new main lines prior to
In multiple storey buildings PE systems
pressurisation, and entry into service
penetrating floor cavities must be
using the same techniques.
enclosed in fire rated service ducts
Direct Tapping appropriate to the Class of the building
The tapping of services directly into the concerned.
pipe wall by drilling and tapping a thread
in the wall material is not recommended
in PE pipes.
This practice may lead to premature
failure of the system.

Installation.14 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
installation

Testing & It is essential that all air is removed A smaller drop in pressure may be
Commissioning from the line prior to commencing the observed due to thermal expansion.
test procedure. Entrapped air can result However, this does not indicate leakage
Pressure Installations
in erroneous pressure/time recordings. in the pipeline.
Pre Test Precautions
Test sections may be either the complete Where the installation consists of small
Prior to testing, the entire PE pipeline
line, or, in large installations, in sections additions to existing pipelines the test
should be checked to ensure all debris
such that the test section can be filled pressure period may be 15 minutes.
and construction materials are removed
with water within 5 hours to allow The maximum test pressure to be
from contact with the pipes and fittings.
pressure observations. applied must not exceed 1.25WP. Test
Where concrete anchor or thrust blocks
Pressure should be built up evenly in the pressure in excess of this value may
are used no pressure testing should take
line without pressure shock. strain the pipe material and damage
place within 7 days of casting the blocks.
A test pressure of 1.25 times the control appliance s connected to the
All mechanical ring seal joints must be pipeline.
maximum working pressure should be
restrained either by sand bags, or by
applied for pipelines up to 110 mm in High pressure testing using air must not
partial backfilling of the line leaving the
diameter and 100 metres in length and be carried out.
joints open for visual inspection. All
also for testing valve anchorages. The
valves must be placed in the open Note:
test pressure in these instances should
position, and a valve provided at the end Where the time of pressure testing
be held for a minimum period of 15
of the line to allow air to be vented from exceeds 15 minutes, increases in pipe
minutes, and the pressure gauges
the line during filling. temperature above 20°C may occur. In
inspected for pressure drop readings.
Where thermal fusion jointing has been these cases the test pressure must be
In addition, all joints must be visually
used, no testing should take place until derated.
inspected for evidence of weeping or
the joints have completely cooled to Refer to Table 4.7 in the Design section
leakage.
ambient temperature. of this manual.
For large diameter pipes, and for pipeline
Local authority regulations may differ
lengths up to 800 metres, the elastic
between each other in the pressure
properties of PE are such that the
testing routines, and individual
introduction of test pressures will cause
requirements must be followed at all
expansion in the line and require make
times.
up pressure to restore gauge readings.
Pressure Testing This volume make up will generally be in
Test water should be slowly introduced the order of 1%, and may be applied at
into the PE pipeline until all air is purged the time of initial pressurisation. The test
from the line and water flows freely at pressure of 1.25 times the maximum
the end of the line. The water should working pressure should be maintained
preferable be introduced into the pipeline for a maximum period of 24 hours, or for
at the lowest point to assist the removal the time necessary to visually inspect all
of air. joints in the line.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Installation.15
installation

Non Pressure Installations (b) Air Testing For joints without any protrusions into
Where water is unavailable, or the pipe bore, the proving plug can be
1. Above Ground
undesirable, for testing then air testing sized to the minimum internal dimension
All sections of the installation should be
may be performed. allowed in the design. For butt welded
sealed off and water introduced through
pipes, unless the internal beads are
a stand pipe to provide a static head of 3 All openings must be sealed prior to
removed, the plug needs to be reduced
metres above the top point in the PE testing, and air pumped slowly into the
in size to allow for the weld bead.
pipeline. All openings in the PE pipeline PE pipeline until a test pressure of 50KPa
must be sealed, or plugged, before is reached. In both cases, the plug must be able to
starting testing. Either water or air be pulled completely through the PE
This test pressure should be maintained
testing may be performed on non pipeline.
for a minimum time of 3 minutes, and if
pressure PE pipelines, depending on the no leaks are detected, or pressure loss Flushing and Disinfection
availability of test water, or the ability to observed on the gauge, the air supply Where Vinidex PE pipes are used for
drain the test water away from the control valve should be turned off and potable water applications, standard
pipeline alignment after the testing is the test pressure held for a minimum flushing and disinfection procedures
completed. time of 1 minute. must be followed.
2. Below Ground If the test gauge pressure reading has Some pipe materials require additional
(a) Water Testing not fallen below 35KPa after this time, flushing or disinfection in order to purge
then the test should be discontinued. contamination rising from the pipe
For PE drain lines, a riser pipe should be
fitted at the top point in the pipeline to Should the test pressure drop below material itself. Vinidex PE pipes,
allow a minimum water head of 1 metre 35KPa after 1 minute, then the pressure however, are made from PE grades that
to be applied. For waste water should be returned to 50KPa and comply with water quality requirements
applications, a water test pressure of a maintained until a full inspection of the without additional treatment.
maximum of 1.25 WP ( maximum head PE pipeline has been completed. All For potable water applications, the
at the lowest point ) should be applied joints and connections need to be following procedure may be used:
by either a stand pipe connection, or individually inspected for leakage using a
1. Flush out all construction debris from
using a test pump. solution of water and detergent poured
the pipes by running water through
over any suspect joint. If a leak is
The test water should be introduced the line for 15 minutes.
present, it will cause the detergent
evenly into the pipeline, and brought up 2. Carry out the hydrostatic pressure
solution to bubble, and foam.
to pressure after allowing all entrapped testing.
air to be purged out of the line. Deflection Testing 3. Introduce a chlorine, or chloramine,
All joints and connections should be PE drainage pipelines are designed to solution into the line at a
inspected for leakage, and the test support external loading within the concentration of 50 mg/l, and allow
pressure maintained for a minimum acceptable limits of diameter deflection to stand for 24 hours.
period of 15 minutes after the final joint for structural reasons.
4. Flush out the pipeline for 15 minutes
has been inspected, or for a period of 30 Where this is a critical feature of the to remove all disinfectant and
minutes. installation, then a plug, or proving tool, biological residues from the water.
No leakage or loss of pressure should can be pulled along the PE pipeline
take place in this period. between manholes, or other entry points.
Large diameter installations may require
a period of up to 8 hours to allow for
complete inspection of all joints in the
pipeline network.

Installation.16 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
j o i n t i n g

contents

Jointing Methods 3
Thermal Fusion Process 3
Butt Fusion 3
Electrofusion 5
Socket Fusion 6
Mechanical Joint Fittings 7
Flanged Ends 8
Hugger Bolted Couplings 8
Threads 8

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Jointing.1
j o i n t i n g

Limitation of Liability
This manual has been compiled by Vinidex Pty
Limited (“the Company”) to promote better
understanding of the technical aspects of the
Company’s products to assist users in obtaining
from them the best possible performance.
The manual is supplied subject to
acknowledgement of the following conditions:
• The manual is protected by Copyright and may
not be copied or reproduced in any form or by
any means in whole or in part without prior
consent in writing by the Company.
• Product specifications, usage data and advisory
information may change from time to time with
advances in research and field experience. The
Company reserves the right to make such
changes at any time without notice.
• Correct usage of the Company’s products
involves engineering judgements which cannot
be properly made without full knowledge of all
the conditions pertaining to each specific
installation. The Company expressly disclaims
all and any liability to any person whether
supplied with this publication or not in respect
of anything and of the consequences of anything
done or omitted to be done by any such person
in reliance whether whole or partial upon the
whole or any part of the contents of this
publication.
• No offer to trade, nor any conditions of trading,
are expressed or implied by the issue of content
of this manual. Nothing herein shall override the
Company’s Conditions of Sale, which may be
obtained from the Registered Office or any Sales
Office of the Company.
• This manual is and shall remain the property of
the Company, and shall be surrendered on
demand to the Company.
• Information supplied in this manual does not
override a job specification, where such conflict
arises, consult the authority supervising the job.

© Copyright Vinidex Pty Limited


ABN 42 000 664 942

Jointing.2 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
j o i n t i n g

Jointing Methods All butt fusion should be performed 4. The heated pipe ends are then
Vinidex PE pipes are produced in a range under cover, and the ends of the PE retracted and the heater plate
of sizes between 16 mm to 1000 mm pipes blocked off to assist with removed. The heated PE pipe ends
diameter, and these pipes can be joined temperature control and prevent are then brought together and
by a variety of methods. contamination of the joints. pressurised evenly to the welding
Methods include mechanical joints and a The butt fusion process consists of the pressure value. This pressure is then
range of thermal fusion procedures. The following steps which are shown in maintained for a period to allow the
nature of the PE materials precludes the principle in Figure 6.2. welding process to take place, and
use of adhesive based systems. the fused joint to cool down to
1. The pipes must be installed in the
ambient temperature and hence
welding machine, and the ends
Thermal Fusion Processes develop full joint strength. The
cleaned with non depositing alcohol
Thermal fusion proceeds by melting the pressure adopted in this phase
to remove all dirt, dust, moisture,
PE material at the joint surfaces, should be in the range 0.15MPa to
and greasy films from a zone
bringing the molten surfaces together 0.18MPa on the ends of the pipes.
approximately 75 mm from the end
under closely controlled pressures, and During this cooling period the joints
of each pipe, on both inside and
holding the surfaces together until the must remain undisturbed and under
outside diameter faces.
joint has cooled. compression. Under no
2. The ends of the pipes are trimmed
In all thermal fusion processes, the field circumstances should the joints be
using a rotating cutter to remove all
pipe jointing should only be performed sprayed with cold water.
rough ends and oxidation layers. The
by trained fusion operators using The combinations of times,
trimmed end faces must be square
properly maintained and calibrated temperatures, and pressures to be
and parallel.
fusion machines. adopted depends on the PE material
3. The ends of the PE pipes are heated
The fusion compatibility of PE materials grade, the diameter and wall thickness of
by contact under pressure against a
must be established before welding, and the pipes, and the brand and model of
heater plate. The heater plates must
if doubts exist then the advice of Vinidex fusion machine being used. Vinidex
be clean and free from
engineers should be sought. engineers can provide guidance in these
contamination, and maintained within
parameters.
Butt Fusion a surface temperature range of 190°C
The final weld beads should be fully
Butt fusion is generally applied to PE to 225°C (depending on the size of
rolled over, free from pitting and voids,
pipes within the size range 90 mm to the pipe). Contact is maintained until
correctly sized, and free from
1000 mm for joints on pipes, fittings, even heating is established around
discolouration.
and end treatments. Butt fusion provides the pipe ends, and the contact
a homogeneous joint with the same pressure then reduced to a lower When correctly performed, the minimum
properties as the pipe and fittings value called the heat soak pressure. long term strength of the butt fusion
materials, and ability to resist Contact is then maintained until the joint should be 90% of the strength of
longitudinal loads. appropriate heat soak time elapses. the parent PE pipe.

Butt fusion machines need to be


sufficiently robust to align and
pressurise the pipe ends within close
tolerances, and to provide heating and
pressurisation of the jointing surfaces
within required parameter tolerances.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Jointing.3
j o i n t i n g

Figure 6.1
Butt Welding Parameters
P1 P3

Pressure Pd
P2
Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 4 DRAG

Time
T1 T2 T3 T4 T5
Zone 3

Zone 1 Initial Bead Pressure P1 kPa


Time T1 Seconds (min)
Zone 2 Heat Soak Pressure P2 kPa
Time T2 Seconds

In field applications full QA records of Zone 3 Change Over Time T3 Seconds (max)
times, temperatures and pressures Zone 4 Weld Pressure Build Up Seconds (min)
achieved for all joints should be Welding Pressure P3 kPa
recorded, and the locations of welds
Welding/Cooling Time T5 Minutes
identified on as-constructed site plans.
Note: The pressure needed to bring the pipe ends together (Drag Pressure) for each
The most reliable methods of weld
joint must be added to the calculated pressure at each stage.
evaluation are the destructive type.
Destructive test methods require tensile Figure 6.2
testing of welds and pipe in order to Schematic Sketch of the Butt Welding Process
establish the strength of the weld as a
percentage of pipe strength.
Flexural testing may also be required in
order to evaluate the effect of any joint
misalignment.
Hydrostatic pressure testing will not
determine the strength of butt welds, due
to the stress across the plane of the butt
weld being only 50% of the hoop stress
in the pipe section.
Weld beads are normally left in place on
the pipe section, unless required to be
removed from the outside diameter to
allow slip lining, or from the inside
diameter to prevent potential material
blockage in sewer rising mains.

Jointing.4 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
j o i n t i n g

Electrofusion Power connection terminals


Heating element
Vinidex PE electrofusion system consists
of moulded couplings, tapping saddles,
and fittings with electric elements PE Pipe PE Pipe
Coupling
contained in the fitting. (Figure 6.3).
When a controlled electrical current is Figure 6.3 Electrofusion
passed through the resistance wire,
there is a temperature increase, the 1. Cut the pipes square, and mark the 3. Insert the pipe into the coupling up to
resulting heat being transferred to the pipes at a length equal to the socket the witness marks. Ensure pipes are
jointing surfaces until melting occurs. depth. rounded, and when using coiled PE
The joint surfaces are held under 2. Scrape the marked section of the pipes, re rounding clamps may be
pressure until cooled. pipe spigot to remove all oxidised PE needed to remove ovality. Clamp the
layers to a depth of approximately joint assembly.
Vinidex electrofusion fittings require a
39.5 (40) Volt power source provided by 0.3mm. Use a hand scraper, or a 4. Connect the electrical circuit, and
a control box from a 240 Volt 50Hz, rotating peel scraper to remove the follow the instructions for the
single phase supply. Where a generator PE layers. Do not use sand paper. particular power control box. Do not
is used, this requires a minimum power Leave the electrofusion fittings in the change the standard fusion
of 3 kVA. If multiple control boxes are sealed plastic bag until needed for conditions for the particular size and
used on a project, then a 5 kVA assembly. Do not scrape the inside of type of fitting.
generator may be required. the fitting, clean with an approved 5. Leave the joint in the clamp assembly
cleaner to remove all dust, dirt, and until the full cooling time has been
Vinidex electrofusion fittings use a single
moisture. completed.
connection pin of 4.7 mm diameter.
Electrofusion control boxes must not be
used in explosive atmospheres. In deep
trenches, tunnels, or mine workings, the
power source may require approval by
the local electricity utility.
All electrofusion joints must be carried
out under cover to prevent
contamination by dust, moisture and
dirt, and be clamped to prevent
movement in the joint until the cooling
period has been completed.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Jointing.5
j o i n t i n g

Socket Fusion 3. Confirm the temperature of the Figure 6.4


Socket fusion of Vinidex PE systems is heating elements, and ensure that the Schematic Sketch of the
available in the diameter range 20mm to heating surfaces are clean. Fusion Welding Process
110mm. 4. Push the spigot, and socket sections
Socket fusion consists of jointing on to the heating elements to the full
couplings, and fittings with a close length of engagement, and allow to
tolerance moulded socket section into heat for the appropriate period.
which the pipe or fitting spigot is See Table 6.1.
inserted. 5. Pull the spigot and socket sections
The fusion process is achieved by from the heating elements, and push
heating the spigot, and socket jointing together evenly to the full length of
surfaces above the crystalline melt point engagement without distortion of the
temperature of PE by insertion into a joints. Clamp the joints and hold until
heated element tool. The heated joint fully cooled. The weld flow bead
sections are then assembled, and held should then appear evenly around the
until cooling to ambient temperature full circumference of the socket end.
takes place. See Figure 6.4. The completed joints must be allowed to
The heater elements are PTFE coated, cool fully to ambient temperature before
and at all times must be kept clean and performing pressure tests.
free from contamination. The heater
tools need to be set and calibrated to
maintain a surface temperature range of
260°C +/- 5°C. All jointing must be
performed under cover to prevent
Table 6.1 Socket Fusion Times
contamination of the joints by dust, dirt,
Pipe Diameter DN Tool Heating Time Assembly Time Cooling Time
or moisture.
mm seconds seconds minutes
1. Cut the pipes square, clean the spigot 16 5 4 2
section with a clean cloth and a non 20 5 4 2
depositing alcohol to the full depth of
25 8 4 2
the socket. Mark the length of the
32 10 6 4
socket. Clean the inside of the socket
40 15 6 4
section.
50 20 6 4
2. Scrape the outside of the pipe spigot 63 25 8 6
to remove the oxidised layer from the 75 30 8 6
pipe. Do not scrape the inside of the 90 40 8 6
sockets.
110 50 10 8
Notes:
1. Heating times are for PN12.5 wall sections.
2. Cooling times are the times for the assembly to be held within the clamps.
3. Socket fusion not recommended for pipes SDR17 and below.

Jointing.6 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
j o i n t i n g

Mechanical Joint Fitting Plasson Assembly Instructions

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Jointing.7
j o i n t i n g

Flanged Ends Hugger Bolted Couplings Figure 6.5


Vinidex PE pipes are provided with Bolted couplings are fitted directly to the Stub Flanges &
flange connections by using PE stub ends of the PE pipes, and the serrated Backing Plates
ends jointed to the ends of the pipes by inside section of the coupling grips the
Polyethylene to polyethylene
either electrofusion or butt welding. outside diameter of the PE pipe, Back-up plates
These are used in conjunction with metal providing longitudinal restraint. Stub flange

backing plates, and rubber sealing The central rubber sealing ring provides Polyethylene Polyethylene
pipe Gasket pipe
gaskets in order to provide a a pressure seal. Stub flange

demountable joint. Sealing gaskets are The ends of the PE pipes must be cut
Steel to polyethylene
made from natural rubber or square, and be free from all dirt and
Back-up plate Gasket
polychloroprene depending on the fluid grease when pushed together, without a MS flange
being carried. gap between the pipe ends.
Polyethelene Steel pipe
Where hot fluids or chemical reagents The seal ring must be clean, and fitted pipe
Stub flange
are carried, the suitability of the sealing evenly over the ends of the pipe. The
gasket material must be determined, and coupling housing must be fitted evenly
the advice of Vinidex engineers obtained. over the rubber ring, and the bolts
The sealing gaskets must be clean and tightened fully.
free from creases when fitted to the Figure 6.6
flange assembly. Threads
Hugger Bolted Couplings
The cutting of threads is not
Flanges are available across the full size Z
recommended.
range of Vinidex PE pipes (up to
1000mm diameter), and to the same Where threaded fittings are used then :
pressure PN rating as the pipes. 1. Only PTFE tape should be used as a
Metal backing plates are available in hot sealant. Hemp, paste, and petroleum
dip galvanised form, and thickness to AS compounds must not be used.
Size 90mm-315mm
2129, and AS 4087 as required. The 2. The joint should be made firm by
thickness of the metal backing plate hand, or by strap wrench to prevent
must be assessed for the operating over straining of the joint. Serrated
pressures in each particular pipeline jaw wrenches must not be used.
using the requirements of AS 2129 and 3. Where possible, the pipeline system
AS 4087. should be designed so as to ensure
The fixing bolts must be tightened evenly that PE/metal thread joints are such
around the flange. Bolts must not be that the male thread is PE, and the
over tightened, and a torque wrench female thread form is metal.
should be used to prevent buckling of
the metal backing plate.

Jointing.8 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

contents

Pressure Pipe 3
Polyethylene Pipe Reels 11
Gas Pipe 12
Rural Pipe 13
Low Density Irrigation Pipe 13
Syphon Tube 14
Flood Pipe 14
Fittings for Butt Welding 15
Mechanical Couplings 35
Metal Backing Rings 36
Electrofusion Fittings 39
Metric Compression Fittings 61
Tapping Saddles 85
Polypropylene Valves 89
Rural Compression Fittings 92
Threaded Fittings 100
Compressed Air Pipe & Fittings for Socket Fusion 105
Welding Equipment 111

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.1
product.data

Limitation of Liability
This manual has been compiled by Vinidex Pty
Limited (“the Company”) to promote better
understanding of the technical aspects of the
Company’s products to assist users in obtaining
from them the best possible performance.
The manual is supplied subject to
acknowledgement of the following conditions:
• The manual is protected by Copyright and may
not be copied or reproduced in any form or by
any means in whole or in part without prior
consent in writing by the Company.
• Product specifications, usage data and advisory
information may change from time to time with
advances in research and field experience. The
Company reserves the right to make such
changes at any time without notice.
• Correct usage of the Company’s products
involves engineering judgements which cannot
be properly made without full knowledge of all
the conditions pertaining to each specific
installation. The Company expressly disclaims
all and any liability to any person whether
supplied with this publication or not in respect
of anything and of the consequences of anything
done or omitted to be done by any such person
in reliance whether whole or partial upon the
whole or any part of the contents of this
publication.
• No offer to trade, nor any conditions of trading,
are expressed or implied by the issue of content
of this manual. Nothing herein shall override the
Company’s Conditions of Sale, which may be
obtained from the Registered Office or any Sales
Office of the Company.
• This manual is and shall remain the property of
the Company, and shall be surrendered on
demand to the Company.
• Information supplied in this manual does not
override a job specification, where such conflict
arises, consult the authority supervising the job.

© Copyright Vinidex Pty Limited


ABN 42 000 664 942

Product Data.2 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Pressure Pipe
AS/NZS 4130 - PE 80B BLACK - Coils

O.D.

SIZES 16mm to 125mm T = Average wall thickness ( mm )


PE 80B BLACK
SIZE COIL SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9
O.D LENGTH T T T T T
mm m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m
16 50 - - - - - - 1.8 25980 0.07 2.0 25981 0.08
300 - - - - - - 1.8 25982 0.07 2.0 25983 0.08
20 50 - - - - - - 2.1 25984 0.11 2.5 25985 0.13
200 - - - - - - 2.1 25986 0.11 2.5 25987 0.13
25 25 - - - - - - 2.5 25988 0.17 3.0 25989 0.20
50 - - - - - - 2.5 25990 0.17 3.0 25991 0.20
200 1.7 26860 0.12 1.8 25992 0.12 2.1 25993 0.14 2.5 25994 0.17 3.0 25995 0.20
32 25 - - - - - - 3.1 25996 0.27 3.9 25997 0.33
50 - - - - - 3.1 25998 0.27 3.9 25999 0.33
200 1.8 26861 0.16 2.1 26000 0.18 2.6 26001 0.23 3.1 26002 0.27 3.9 26003 0.33
40 25 - - - - - - 4.0 26004 0.43 4.8 26005 0.51
50 - - - - - - 4.0 26006 0.43 4.8 26007 0.51
150 2.1 26862 0.23 2.6 26008 0.29 3.2 26009 0.36 4.0 26010 0.43 4.8 26011 0.51
50 50 - - - - - - 4.9 26012 0.67 6.0 26013 0.79
100 - - - - - - 4.9 26014 0.67 6.0 26015 0.79
150 2.6 26863 0.37 3.2 26016 0.45 4.0 26017 0.55 4.9 26018 0.67 6.0 26019 0.79
63 100 3.2 26864 0.58 4.1 26020 0.72 5.0 26021 0.88 6.2 26022 1.06 7.6 26023 1.27
75 100 3.9 26865 0.82 4.8 26024 1.02 5.9 26025 1.22 7.2 26026 1.48 8.9 26027 1.78
90 75 4.6 26866 1.18 5.8 26028 1.46 7.0 26029 1.76 8.7 26030 2.14 10.7 26031 2.57
100 4.6 26867 1.18 5.8 26032 1.46 7.0 26033 1.76 8.7 26034 2.14 10.7 26035 2.57
110 60 - - 7.0 26036 2.18 8.6 26037 2.64 10.6 26038 3.19 13.0 26039 3.83
100 - - 7.0 26040 2.18 8.6 26041 2.64 10.6 26042 3.19 13.0 26043 3.83
125 75 - - 7.9 26045 2.79 9.8 26046 3.41 12.1 26047 3.14 14.8 26048 4.95
For identification purposes PE pipe can be supplied in other colours, or striped, subject to order quantities.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.3
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PE Pressure Pipe
AS/NZS 4130 - PE 80B BLACK - 12 Metre Pipe Lengths

O.D.

SIZES 20mm to 1000mm T = Average wall thickness (mm)


PE 80B BLACK
SIZE PIPE SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 21 SDR 17
O.D LENGTH T T T T
mm m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m
20 12 - - - - 1.8 26050 0.09 1.8 26051 0.09
25 12 - - - - 1.8 26055 0.12 1.8 26056 0.12
32 12 - - - - 1.8 26060 0.16 2.1 26061 0.18
40 12 - - - - 2.1 26065 0.23 2.6 26066 0.29
50 12 - - - - 2.6 26070 0.37 3.2 26071 0.45
63 12 - - - - 3.2 26075 0.58 4.1 26076 0.72
75 12 2.1 26080 0.45 2.5 26081 0.54 3.9 26082 0.82 4.8 26083 1.02
90 12 2.4 26087 0.62 3.0 26088 0.78 4.6 26089 1.18 5.8 26090 1.46
110 12 2.9 26094 0.93 3.7 26095 1.17 5.7 26096 1.78 7.0 26097 2.18
125 12 3.3 26102 1.22 4.2 26103 1.52 6.4 26104 2.29 7.9 26105 2.78
140 12 3.8 26109 1.53 4.6 26110 1.88 7.1 26111 2.86 8.8 26112 3.50
160 12 4.3 26116 2.00 5.2 26117 2.44 8.2 26118 3.76 10.1 26119 4.58
180 12 4.7 26123 2.48 5.9 26124 3.13 9.1 26125 4.73 11.3 26126 5.80
200 12 5.2 26130 3.07 6.6 26131 3.86 10.2 26132 5.86 12.6 26133 7.17
225 12 5.9 26137 3.88 7.3 26138 4.83 11.4 26139 7.41 14.2 26140 9.08
250 12 6.6 26144 4.85 8.2 26145 5.98 12.6 26146 9.08 15.6 26147 11.14
280 12 7.3 26151 6.05 9.1 26152 7.48 14.2 26153 11.44 17.5 26154 13.99
315 12 8.2 26158 7.59 10.3 26159 9.50 15.8 26160 14.42 19.7 26161 17.67
355 12 9.2 26165 9.67 11.5 26166 12.03 17.8 26167 18.31 22.3 26168 22.55
400 12 10.4 26172 12.28 13.0 26173 15.30 20.2 26174 23.31 25.0 26175 28.54
450 12 11.6 26179 15.50 14.6 26180 19.31 22.7 26181 29.52 28.1 26182 36.18
500 12 13.0 26185 19.25 16.2 26186 23.79 25.2 26187 36.45 31.2 26188 44.57
560 12 14.5 26191 24.02 18.2 26192 29.95 28.1 26193 45.62 35.0 26194 55.98
630 12 16.3 26196 30.38 20.4 26197 37.81 31.6 26198 57.67 39.3 26199 70.76
710 12 18.3 26201 38.68 23.0 26202 48.13 35.7 26203 73.43 44.3 26204 89.99
800 12 20.7 26205 49.08 25.8 26206 60.94 40.1 26207 92.99 - -
1000 12 25.8 26208 76.70 32.2 26209 95.15 50.2 26210 145.52 - -
Pipes in sizes 20mm to 63mm, SDR 21 & SDR 17 are available subject to minimum order quantities.
For identification purposes PE pipe can be supplied in other colours, or striped, subject to order quantities.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.4 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Pressure Pipe
AS/NZS 4130 - PE 80B BLACK - 12 Metre Pipe Lengths

O.D.

PE 80B BLACK
PIPE PIPE SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9
O.D. LENGTH T T T
mm m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m
20 12 1.8 26052 0.09 2.1 26053 0.11 2.5 26054 0.13
25 12 2.1 26057 0.14 2.5 26058 0.17 3.0 26059 0.20
32 12 2.6 26062 0.23 3.1 26063 0.27 3.9 26064 0.33
40 12 3.2 26067 0.36 4.0 26068 0.43 4.8 26069 0.51
50 12 4.0 26072 0.55 4.9 26073 0.67 6.0 26074 0.79
63 12 5.0 26077 0.88 6.2 26078 1.06 7.6 26079 1.27
75 12 5.9 26084 1.23 7.2 26085 1.42 8.9 26086 1.78
90 12 7.0 26091 1.76 8.7 26092 2.14 10.7 26093 2.58
110 12 8.6 26098 2.64 10.6 26099 3.17 13.0 26100 3.83
125 12 9.8 26106 3.41 12.1 26107 4.13 14.8 26108 4.95
140 12 10.9 26113 4.28 13.4 26114 5.16 16.6 26115 6.22
160 12 12.5 26120 5.59 15.4 26121 6.78 18.9 26122 8.11
180 12 14.1 26127 7.09 17.3 26128 8.57 21.2 26129 10.24
200 12 15.5 26134 8.71 19.2 26135 10.57 23.6 26136 12.68
225 12 17.5 26141 11.06 21.6 26142 13.38 26.5 26143 15.99
250 12 19.4 26148 13.63 23.9 26149 16.48 29.4 26150 19.74
280 12 21.7 26155 17.08 26.8 26156 20.64 33.0 26157 24.81
315 12 24.5 26162 21.64 30.1 26163 26.15 37.1 26164 31.38
355 12 27.5 26169 27.44 33.9 26170 33.18 41.7 26171 39.80
400 12 31.0 26176 34.83 38.2 26177 42.15 47.0 26178 50.00
450 12 34.9 26183 44.12 43.0 26184 53.42 - -
500 12 38.7 26189 54.49 47.8 26190 65.88 - -
560 12 43.4 26195 68.33 - - - -
630 12 48.9 26200 86.40 - - - -
710 12 - - - - - -
800 12 - - - - - - -
1000 12 - - - - - - -
Pipes in sizes 20mm to 63mm, SDR 13.6, SDR 11 and SDR 9 are available subject to minimum order quantities.
For identification purposes PE pipe can be supplied in other colours, or striped, subject to order quantities.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.5
product.data

PE Pressure Pipe
AS/NZS 4130 - PE 80C BLACK - Coils

O.D.
SIZES 16mm TO 125mm T = Average wall thickness (mm)

PE 80C BLACK
SIZE COIL SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9
O.D LENGTH T T T T T
mm m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m
16 50 - - - - - - 1.8 26740 0.07 2.0 26741 0.08
300 - - - - - - 1.8 26742 0.07 2.0 26743 0.08
20 50 - - - - - - 2.1 26744 0.11 2.5 26745 0.13
200 - - - - - - 2.1 26746 0.11 2.5 26747 0.13
25 25 - - - - - - 2.5 26748 0.17 3.0 26749 0.20
50 - - - - - - 2.5 26750 0.17 3.0 26751 0.20
200 1.7 26870 0.12 1.8 26752 0.12 2.1 26753 0.14 2.5 26754 0.17 3.0 26755 0.20
32 25 - - - - - - 3.1 26756 0.27 3.9 26757 0.33
50 - - - - - - 3.1 26758 0.27 3.9 26759 0.33
200 1.8 26871 0.16 2.1 26760 0.18 2.6 26761 0.23 3.1 26762 0.27 3.9 26763 0.33
40 25 - - - - - - 4.0 26764 0.43 4.8 26765 0.51
50 - - - - - - 4.0 26766 0.43 4.8 26767 0.51
150 2.1 26872 0.23 3 26768 0.29 3.2 26769 0.36 4.0 26770 0.43 4.8 26771 0.51
50 50 - - - - - - 4.9 26772 0.67 6.0 26773 0.79
100 - - - - - - 4.9 26774 0.67 6.0 26775 0.79
150 2.6 26873 0.37 3.2 26776 0.45 4.0 26777 0.55 4.9 26778 0.67 6.0 26779 0.79
63 100 3.2 26874 0.56 4.1 26780 0.72 5.0 26781 0.87 6.2 26782 1.06 7.6 26783 1.27
75 100 3.9 26875 0.82 4.8 26784 1.02 5.9 26785 1.22 7.2 26786 1.48 8.9 26787 1.78
90 75 4.6 26876 1.18 5.8 26788 1.46 7.0 26789 1.76 8.7 26790 2.14 10.7 26791 2.57
100 4.6 26877 1.18 5.8 26792 1.46 7.0 26793 1.76 8.7 26794 2.14 10.7 26795 2.57
110 60 - - 7.0 26796 2.44 8.6 26797 2.51 10.6 26798 3.19 13.0 26799 3.83
100 - - 7.0 26800 2.44 8.6 26801 2.51 10.6 26802 3.19 13.0 26803 3.83
125 75 - - 7.9 26804 2.57 9.8 26805 3.39 12.1 26806 4.10 14.8 26807 4.90
For identification purposes PE pipe can be supplied in other colours, or striped, subject to order quantities.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.6 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Pressure Pipe
AS/NZS 4130 - PE 80C BLACK - 12 Metre Pipe Lengths

O.D.

SIZES 20mm TO 1000 mm T = Average wall thickness (mm).

PE 80C BLACK
SIZE PIPE SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 21 SDR 17
O.D. LENGTH T T T T
mm m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m
20 12 - - 1.8 26339 0.09 1.8 26340 0.09
25 12 - - 1.8 26344 0.12 1.8 26345 0.12
32 12 - - 1.8 26349 0.16 2.1 26350 0.18
40 12 - - 2.1 26354 0.23 2.6 26355 0.29
50 12 - - 2.6 26359 0.37 3.2 26360 0.45
63 12 - - 3.2 26364 0.58 4.1 26365 0.72
75 12 2.1 26369 0.45 2.5 26370 0.54 3.9 26371 0.82 4.8 26372 1.02
90 12 2.4 26376 0.62 3.0 26377 0.78 4.6 26378 1.18 5.8 26379 1.46
110 12 2.9 26383 0.93 3.7 26384 1.17 5.7 26385 1.78 7.0 26386 2.18
125 12 3.3 26391 1.22 4.2 26392 1.52 6.4 26393 2.29 7.9 26394 2.78
140 12 3.8 26398 1.53 4.6 26399 1.88 7.1 26400 2.86 8.8 26401 3.50
160 12 4.3 26405 2.00 5.2 26406 2.44 8.2 26407 3.76 10.1 26408 4.58
180 12 4.7 26412 2.48 5.9 26413 3.13 9.1 26414 4.73 11.3 26415 5.80
200 12 5.2 26419 3.07 6.6 26420 3.86 10.2 26421 5.86 12.6 26422 7.17
225 12 5.9 26426 3.88 7.3 26427 4.83 11.4 26428 7.41 14.2 26429 9.08
250 12 6.6 26433 4.85 8.2 26434 5.98 12.6 26435 9.08 15.6 26436 11.14
280 12 7.3 26440 6.05 9.1 26441 7.48 14.2 26442 11.44 17.5 26443 13.99
315 12 8.2 26447 7.59 10.3 26448 9.50 15.8 26449 14.42 19.7 26450 17.67
355 12 9.2 26454 9.67 11.5 26455 12.03 17.8 26456 18.31 22.3 26457 22.55
400 12 10.4 26461 12.28 13.0 26462 15.30 20.2 26463 23.31 25.0 26464 28.54
450 12 11.6 26468 15.50 14.6 26469 19.31 22.7 26470 29.52 28.1 26471 36.18
500 12 13.0 26474 19.25 16.2 26475 23.79 25.2 26476 36.45 31.2 26477 44.57
560 12 14.5 26480 24.02 18.2 26481 29.95 28.1 26482 45.62 35.0 26483 55.98
630 12 16.3 26485 30.38 20.4 26486 37.81 31.6 26487 57.67 39.3 26488 70.76
710 12 18.3 26490 36.68 23.0 26491 48.13 35.7 26492 73.43 44.3 26493 89.99
800 12 20.7 26494 49.08 25.8 26495 60.94 40.1 26496 92.99 - -
1000 12 25.8 26497 76.70 32.2 26498 95.15 50.2 26499 145.52 - -
Pipes in sizes 20mm to 63mm, SDR 21 and SDR 17 are available subject to minimum order quantities.
For identification purposes PE pipe can be supplied in other colours, or striped, subject to order quantities.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.7
product.data

PE Pressure Pipe
AS/NZS 4130 - PE 80C BLACK - 12 Metre Pipe Lengths

O.D.

SIZES 20mm TO 630mm T = Average wall thickness (mm).


PE 80C BLACK
PIPE PIPE SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9
O.D. LENGTH T T T
mm m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m
20 12 1.8 26341 0.09 2.1 26342 0.11 2.5 26343 0.13
25 12 2.1 26346 0.14 2.5 26347 0.17 3.0 26348 0.20
32 12 2.6 26351 0.23 3.1 26352 0.27 3.9 26353 0.33
40 12 3.2 26356 0.36 4.0 26357 0.43 4.8 26358 0.51
50 12 4.0 26361 0.55 4.9 26362 0.67 6.0 26363 0.79
63 12 5.0 26366 0.88 6.2 26367 1.06 7.6 26368 1.27
75 12 5.9 26373 1.23 7.2 26374 1.42 8.9 26375 1.78
90 12 7.0 26380 1.76 8.7 26381 2.14 10.7 26382 2.58
110 12 8.6 26387 2.64 10.6 26388 3.19 13.0 26389 3.83
125 12 9.8 26395 3.41 12.1 26396 4.13 14.8 26397 4.95
140 12 10.9 26402 4.28 13.4 26403 5.16 16.6 26404 6.22
160 12 12.5 26409 5.59 15.4 26410 6.78 18.9 26411 8.11
180 12 14.1 26416 7.09 17.3 26417 8.57 21.2 26418 10.24
200 12 15.5 26423 8.71 19.2 26424 10.57 23.6 26425 12.68
225 12 17.5 26430 11.06 21.6 26431 13.38 26.5 26432 15.99
250 12 19.4 26437 13.63 23.9 26438 16.48 29.4 26439 19.74
280 12 21.7 26444 17.08 26.8 26445 20.64 33.0 26446 24.81
315 12 24.5 26451 21.64 30.1 26452 26.15 37.1 26453 31.38
355 12 27.5 26458 27.44 33.9 26459 33.18 41.7 26460 39.80
400 12 31.0 26465 34.83 38.2 26466 42.15 47.0 26467 50.00
450 12 34.9 26472 44.12 43.0 26473 53.42 - -
500 12 38.7 26478 54.49 47.8 26479 65.88 - -
560 12 43.4 26484 68.33 - - - -
630 12 48.9 26489 86.40 - - - -
710 12 - - - - - -
800 12 - - - - - -
1000 12 - - - - - -
Pipes in sizes 20mm to 63mm, SDR 13.6, SDR 11 and SDR 9 are available subject to minimum order quantities.
For identification purposes PE pipe can be supplied in other colours, or striped, subject to order quantities.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.8 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Pressure Pipe
AS/NZS 4130 - PE 100 BLACK - 12 Metre Pipe Lengths

O.D.

Sizes 20mm TO 1000mm T = Average wall thickness (mm)


PE 100 BLACK
PIPE PIPE SDR 41 SDR 26 SDR 21
O.D. LENGTH T T T
mm m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m
20 12 - - 1.8 26501 0.09 1.8 26502 0.09
25 12 - - 1.8 26506 0.12 1.8 26507 0.12
32 12 - - 1.8 26511 0.16 1.8 26512 0.16
40 12 - - 1.8 26516 0.20 2.1 26517 0.23
50 12 - - 2.2 26521 0.31 2.6 26522 0.37
63 12 - - 2.6 26526 0.47 3.2 26527 0.58
75 12 2.1 26531 0.45 3.1 26532 0.67 3.9 26533 0.83
90 12 2.4 26537 0.62 3.8 26538 0.98 4.6 26539 1.18
110 12 2.9 26543 0.93 4.6 26544 1.47 5.7 26545 1.78
125 12 3.3 26550 1.22 5.1 26551 1.86 6.4 26552 2.30
140 12 3.8 26556 1.54 5.8 26557 2.34 7.1 26558 2.88
160 12 4.3 26562 2.02 6.6 26563 3.08 8.2 26564 3.78
180 12 4.7 26568 2.49 7.3 26569 3.85 9.1 26570 4.75
200 12 5.2 26574 3.08 8.2 26575 4.78 10.2 26576 5.88
225 12 5.9 26580 3.89 9.1 26581 6.00 11.4 26582 7.45
250 12 6.6 26586 4.88 10.2 26587 7.44 12.6 26588 9.13
280 12 7.3 26592 6.08 11.3 26593 9.28 14.2 26594 11.51
315 12 8.2 26598 7.63 12.8 26599 11.81 15.8 26600 14.49
355 12 9.2 26604 9.72 14.4 26605 14.97 17.8 26606 18.40
400 12 10.4 26610 12.33 16.2 26611 18.97 20.2 26612 23.43
450 12 11.6 26616 15.58 18.2 26617 23.99 22.7 26618 29.67
500 12 13.0 26622 19.35 20.2 26623 29.60 25.2 26624 36.64
560 12 14.5 26628 24.14 22.6 26629 37.14 28.1 26630 45.85
630 12 16.3 26633 30.53 25.4 26634 47.06 31.6 26635 57.97
710 12 18.3 26638 38.88 28.7 26639 59.85 35.7 26640 73.81
800 12 20.7 26642 49.34 32.2 26643 75.88 40.1 26644 93.48
1000 12 25.8 26645 77.10 40.2 26646 118.40 50.2 26647 146.28
Pipes in sizes 20mm to 63mm, SDR 26 and SDR 21 are available subject to minimum order quantities.
For identification purposes PE pipe can be supplied in other colours, or striped, subject to order quantities.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.9
product.data

PE Pressure Pipe
AS/NZS 4130 - PE 100 BLACK - 12 Metre Pipe Lengths

O.D.

Sizes 20mm TO 1000mm T = Average wall thickness (mm)


PE 100 BLACK
PIPE PIPE SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11
O.D. LENGTH T T T
mm m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m
20 12 1.8 26503 0.09 1.8 26504 0.09 2.1 26505 0.11
25 12 1.8 26508 0.12 2.1 26509 0.14 2.5 26510 0.17
32 12 2.1 26513 0.18 2.6 26514 0.23 3.1 26515 0.27
40 12 2.6 26518 0.29 3.2 26519 0.36 4.0 26520 0.43
50 12 3.2 26523 0.45 4.0 26524 0.55 4.9 26525 0.67
63 12 4.1 26528 0.72 5.0 26529 0.88 6.2 26530 1.07
75 12 4.8 26534 1.02 5.9 26535 1.23 7.2 26536 1.49
90 12 5.8 26540 1.47 7.0 26541 1.77 8.7 26542 2.15
110 12 7.0 26546 2.20 8.6 26547 2.65 10.6 26548 3.21
125 12 7.9 26553 2.80 9.8 26554 3.43 12.1 26555 4.16
140 12 8.8 26559 3.52 10.9 26560 4.29 13.4 26561 5.19
160 12 10.1 26565 4.60 12.5 26566 5.62 15.4 26567 6.81
180 12 11.3 26571 5.83 14.1 26572 7.13 17.3 26573 8.61
200 12 12.6 26577 7.20 15.5 26578 8.75 19.2 26579 10.62
225 12 14.2 26583 9.13 17.5 26584 11.12 21.6 26585 13.45
250 12 15.6 26589 11.20 19.4 26590 13.69 23.9 26591 16.56
280 12 17.5 26595 14.07 21.7 26596 17.18 26.8 26597 20.75
315 12 19.7 26601 17.83 24.5 26602 21.76 30.1 26603 26.28
355 12 22.3 26607 22.67 27.5 26608 27.58 33.9 26609 33.36
400 12 25.0 26613 28.69 31.0 26614 35.02 38.2 26615 42.37
450 12 28.1 26619 36.37 34.9 26620 44.35 43.0 26621 53.69
500 12 31.2 26625 44.80 38.7 26626 54.78 47.8 26627 66.23
560 12 35.0 26631 56.27 43.4 26632 68.69 - -
630 12 39.3 26636 71.13 48.9 26637 86.85 - -
710 12 44.3 26641 90.47 - - - -
800 12 - - - - - -
1000 12 - - - - - -
Pipes in sizes 20mm to 63mm, SDR 17, SDR 13.6 and SDR 11 are available subject to minimum order quantities.
For identification purposes PE pipe can be supplied in other colours, or striped, subject to order quantities.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.10 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Pressure Pipe
Polyethylene Pipe Reels

Vinidex polyethylene pipe is now available


coiled on large reels. The reels are capable
of carrying pipe sizes from 20mm to
125mm diameter in lengths from 250
metres up to 9.5 kilometres.
The availability of extended pipe lengths
allows continuous runs of pipe with
minimal jointing, reducing labour and
material costs. Further advantages are ease
of handling and speed of pipe installation.
The increased rate at which pipe can be laid
also minimises disruption caused by pipe
installation. Site restoration work can start
almost immediately and well-planned
medium size projects can be completed
within a day.

Applications
The polyethylene pipe reels have been
proven in the field on a range of projects,
including:
• Mains relining
• Mains replacement by pipe bursting/
cracking techniques Reel Sizes – Class A Reels
Pipe Size Quantity
• Gas distribution pipelines
125mm 250m
• Agricultural and horticultural irrigation 110mm 300m
• Golf course watering systems 90mm 400m
• Direct lay and directional boring 75mm 600m
• Plough-in
Reel Sizes – Class B Reels
Customer benefits Pipe Size Quantity
75mm 600m
• Longer pipe lengths
63mm 900m
• Ease of handling
50mm 1500m
• Improved rate of laying 40mm 2400m
• Lower installation costs 32mm 3800m
• Shorter installation time 25mm 6500m
• Minimal joints 20mm 9500m
• Ability to control wastage
• Protection against damage
• Minimal site storage

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.11
product.data

PE Gas Pipe
AS/NZS 4130 - Series 2

O.D.

SIZES 16mm TO 630mm T = Average wall thickness (mm).


PE 80C BLACK
PIPE SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 17.6
O.D. T T T
mm mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m mm CODE kg/m
16 3.22 0.09 3.22 0.09 2.45 0.07
20 3.22 0.11 3.22 0.11 2.45 0.09
25 3.22 0.17 3.22 0.17 2.45 0.12
32 3.22 0.27 3.22 0.27 2.45 0.18
40 3.22 0.36 4.00 0.43 2.45 0.29
50 4.00 0.55 4.90 0.67 3.10 0.45
63 5.00 0.88 6.20 1.06 3.85 0.72
75 5.90 1.23 7.20 1.42 4.55 1.02
90 7.00 1.76 8.70 2.14 5.50 1.46
110 8.60 2.64 10.60 3.19 6.65 2.18
125 9.80 3.41 12.10 4.13 7.50 2.78
140 10.90 4.28 13.40 5.16 8.45 3.50
160 12.50 5.59 15.40 6.78 9.60 4.58
180 14.10 7.09 17.30 8.57 10.90 5.80
200 15.50 8.71 19.20 10.57 12.00 7.17
225 17.50 11.06 21.60 13.38 13.50 9.08
250 19.40 13.63 23.90 16.48 14.95 11.14
280 21.70 17.08 26.80 20.64 16.85 13.99
315 24.50 21.64 30.10 26.15 18.85 17.67
355 27.50 27.44 33.90 33.18 21.30 22.55
400 31.00 34.83 38.20 42.15 24.00 28.54
450 34.90 44.12 43.00 53.42 27.05 - 36.18
500 38.70 54.49 47.80 65.88 30.00 - 44.57
560 43.40 68.33 - - 33.55 - 55.98
630 48.90 86.40 - - 37.65 - 70.76
For identification purposes PE gas pipe is supplied yellow or black with yellow stripe.
Pipes can be supplied in coils or straight lengths, subject to order quantities. Coils 16mm-125mm, straight lengths 40mm-630mm

Product Data.12 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Pressure Pipe

O.D.

Sizes 10mm TO 50mm

RURAL CLASS B - AS 2698 - 2


BORE SIZE COIL To 60 Metre Head
DIA. O.D. LENGTH
mm mm m CODE kg/m
20 22 200 22582 0.11
25 29 200 22643 0.15
32 36 150 22703 0.23
40 43 150 22750 0.32
40 43 300 22755 0.32
50 57 100 22820 0.57
50 57 200 22825 0.57
RURAL CLASS
13 16 300 22520 0.07
20 22 200 22580 0.09
25 29 200 22640 0.13
32 36 150 22700 0.20
40 43 150 22760 0.28
40 43 300 22780 0.28
50 57 100 22830 0.50
50 57 200 22840 0.50
LOW DENSITY POLYETHYLENE IRRIGATION PIPE
10 50 24087 0.03
10 100 24090 0.03
10 300 24100 0.03
13 25 24105 0.05
13 50 24115 0.05
13 100 24120 0.05
13 200 24125 0.05
13 300 24130 0.05
16 50 24150 0.06
16 100 24155 0.06
16 200 24160 0.06
19 25 24170 0.25
19 50 24177 0.25
19 100 24180 0.25
19 200 24190 0.25
25 50 24195 0.13
25 100 24205 0.13
25 200 24200 0.13
32 100 24220 0.21
32 150 24230 0.21

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.13
product.data

PE Pressure Pipe POLYETHYLENE PIPE

PLAIN SYPHON TUBE


NOMINAL NOMINAL
O.D. I.D
mm mm CODE kg/m
34.3 31.8 (1 1/4") 22741 0.23
43.4 38.1 (1 1/2") 22811 0.31
50.0 45.0 23291 0.37
57.2 51 (2") 22883 0.47
63.0 57.6 23351 0.60
75.0 67.0 23403 0.89
Pipe lengths supplied according to customer requirements.
# These are codes for 1 metre lengths.
FLOOD PIPE
WALL PIPE
O.D THICKNESS LENGTH
mm mm m CODE kg/m
160 5.0 12 23653 2.34
200 5.1 12 23716 3.19
250 6.4 12 23805 5.00
280 7.2 12 23837 6.30
315 8.1 12 23908 7.98
400 10.3 12 23956 12.88
450 11.5 12 23968 16.18
560 14.4 12 24008 25.21
630 16.2 12 24009 31.91
710 18.2 12 24020 40.40

Product Data.14 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

90° BENDS

SDR 33 SDR 17 SDR 11


d r z CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
20 23 32 ± 2.5 - - 62856 0.01
25 30 38 ± 2.5 - - 62857 0.01
32 32 34 ± 2.5 - - 62858 0.02
40 40 46 ± 2.5 - - 62859 0.03
50 50 58 ± 2.5 - 62876 62860 0.05
63 60 70 ± 2.5 - 62877 0.08 62861 0.12
75 72 85 ± 2.5 - 62878 0.13 62862 0.19
90 85 100 ± 2.5 - 62879 0.22 62863 0.33
110 105 124 ± 2.5 62892 0.23 62880 0.37 62864 0.58
125 125 140 ± 4 62893 0.36 62881 0.56 62865 0.79
140 140 150 ± 4 62894 0.47 62882 0.75 62866 1.15
160 155 180 ± 4 62895 0.71 62883 1.20 62867 1.70
180 175 200 ± 4 62896 1.06 62884 1.55 62868 2.40
200 195 200 ± 4 62897 1.39 62885 2.20 62869 3.26
225 225 250 ± 4 62898 1.90 62886 3.91 62870 4.46
250 255 285 ± 5 62899 2.35 62887 3.94 62871 6.27
280 260 290 ± 5 62900 3.39 62888 5.66 62872 8.58
315 300 335 ± 5 62901 4.74 62889 6.68 62873 9.84
355 300 340 ± 5 62902 7.22 62890 11.30 62874 17.20
400 300 340 ± 5 62903 9.26 62891 15.70 62875 23.00
450 400 450 ± 5
500 400 450 ± 5
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.15
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

90° BENDS - ELONGATED


SDR 11
d R Z L3 CODE kg
20 45 100 ± 5 55 ± 4 62931 0.04
25 52 112 ± 5 60 ± 4 62932 0.06
32 65 135 ± 5 70 ± 4 62933 0.08
40 86 156 ± 6 70 ± 5 62934 0.12
50 85 170 ± 6 85 ± 5 62935 0.19
63 93 183 ± 6 90 ± 5 62936 0.35
75 98 203 ± 6 105 ± 5 62937 0.53
90 105 215 ± 6 110 ± 5 62938 0.83
110 112 242 ± 6 130 ± 6 62939 1.31
125 127 262 ± 6 135 ± 6 62940 1.92
160 166 321 ± 6 155 ± 6 62941 3.69
200 208 378 ± 6 170 ± 6 62943 6.72
225 230 408 ± 6 178 ± 6 62944 9.20
250 255 440 ± 6 195 ± 6 62945 12.56
280 285 460 ± 6 175 ± 6 62946 16.60
315 317 545 ± 6 205 ± 6 62947 24.10
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.16 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

90° BENDS - SEGMENTED


SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 17 SDR 11
d R Z CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
450 675 ± 10 875 ± 10 63034 21.60 63026 27.70 63021 47.70 63019 73.20
500 750 ± 10 975 ± 10 63035 29.50 63027 38.00 63022 65.70 63020 101.50
560 840 ± 10 1075 ± 10 63036 40.70 63028 52.50 63023 90.70 -
630 945 ± 15 1200 ± 15 63037 57.50 63029 74.50 63024 128.00 -
710 1065 ± 15 1360 ± 15 63038 91.00 63030 117.00 63025 202.00 -
800 1200 ± 15 1530 ± 15 63039 131.00 63031 170.00 - -
900 1350 ± 20 1720 ± 20 63040 166.00 63032 215.00 - -
1000 1500 ± 20 1920 ± 20 63041 230.00 63033 295.00 - -
A pressure reduction factor of 0.8 should be considered when the permissable operating pressure is calculated.

45° BENDS - SEGMENTED


SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 17 SDR 11
d R CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
450 675 ± 10 63057 11.00 63049 14.00 63044 25.50 63042 41.00
500 750 ± 10 63058 12.20 63050 15.50 63045 28.30 63043 45.50
560 840 ± 10 63059 13.70 63051 17.40 63046 31.70 -
630 945 ± 15 63060 15.40 63052 19.60 63047 35.70 -
710 1065 ± 15 63061 17.40 63053 22.10 63048 40.20 -
800 1200 ± 15 63062 19.60 63054 24.90 - -
900 1350 ± 20 63063 22.00 63055 28.00 - -
1000 1500 ± 20 63064 24.40 63056 31.10 - -
A pressure reduction factor of 0.8 should be considered when the permissable operating pressure is calculated.
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.17
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

45° ELBOWS - ELONGATED


SDR 17 SDR 11 SDR 9
d L3 Z CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
20 39 ± 1.5 44 ± 1.5 - 62990 0.02 -
25 42 ± 1.5 48 ± 1.5 - 62991 -
32 49 ± 1.5 57 ± 1.5 - 62992 0.04 -
40 53 ± 1.5 63 ± 1.5 - 62993 0.06 -
50 57 ± 1.5 70 ± 1.5 - 62994 0.10 -
63 64 ± 1.5 80 ± 1.5 63007 0.11 62995 0.17 -
75 70 ± 1.5 95 ± 1.5 63008 0.22 62996 0.26 -
90 82 ± 1.5 104 ± 1.5 63009 0.30 62997 0.44 62983 0.70
110 82 ± 1.5 108 ± 1.5 63010 0.46 62998 0.68 62984 1.08
125 100 ± 2 133 ± 2 63011 0.70 62999 1.03 62985 1.65
160 177 ± 2 157 ± 2 63012 1.32 63000 2.05 62986 3.28
180 132 ± 2 177 ± 2 63013 2.04 63001 2.86 -
200 121 ± 2 171 ± 2 63014 2.26 63002 3.57 62987 5.70
225 126 ± 2.5 183 ± 2.5 63015 3.10 63003 4.76 62988 7.62
250 157 ± 4 219 ± 4 63016 63004 62989
280 174 ± 4 244 ± 4 63017 63005 -
315 177 ± 4 256 ± 4 63018 63006 -
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.18 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

90° ELBOWS - ELONGATED


SDR 17 SDR 11 SDR 7.4
d L Z CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
20 60 ± 1.5 70 ± 1.5 - 62954 0.02 -
25 67 ± 1.5 80 ± 1.5 - 62955 0.03 -
32 55 ± 1.5 73 ± 1.5 - 62956 0.05 -
40 69 ± 1.5 83 ± 1.5 - 62957 0.09 -
50 68 ± 1.5 93 ± 1.5 - 62958 0.16 -
63 78 ± 1.5 109 ± 1.5 62971 0.19 62959 0.29 -
75 90 ± 1.5 135 ± 1.5 62972 0.21 62960 0.33 -
90 84 ± 1.5 129 ± 1.5 62973 0.38 62961 0.53 62948 0.85
110 91 ± 1.5 149 ± 1.5 62974 0.60 62962 0.89 62949 1.42
125 98 ± 2 165 ± 2 62975 0.88 62963 1.29 62950 2.06
160 108 ± 2 190 ± 2 62976 1.62 62964 2.46 62951 3.94
180 133 ± 2 228 ± 2 62977 2.41 62965 3.52 -
200 118 ± 2 220 ± 2 62978 2.98 62966 4.56 62952 7.30
225 122 ± 2.5 239 ± 2.5 62979 3.92 62967 5.85 62953 9.36
250 182 ± 4 307 ± 4 62441 62968 62969
280 196 ± 4 336 ± 4 62981 62969
315 212 ± 4 372 ± 4 62982 62970
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.19
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

TEES - MOULDED
d L I1 Z SDR 33 SDR 21 SDR 11
SDR SDR SDR SDR SDR SDR
33 17 & 11 33 17 & 11 33 17 & 11 CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
20 - 80 ± 1 - 10 ± 1.0 - 40 ± 1.0 - - 63065 0.02
25 - 84 ± 1 - 10 ± 1.0 - 42 ± 1.0 - - 63066 0.03
32 - 87 ± 1 - 10 ± 1.0 - 44 ± 1.0 - - 63067 0.04
40 - 93 ± 1 - 9 ± 1.0 - 46 ± 1.0 - - 63068 0.07
50 - 100 ± 1 - 10 ± 1.0 - 49 ± 1.0 - 63085 0.09 63069 0.11
63 - 124 ± 1 - 12 ± 1.0 - 66 ± 1.0 - 63086 0.17 63070 0.23
75 - 149 ± 1 - 11 ± 1.0 - 77 ± 1.0 - 63087 0.27 63071 0.35
90 - 203 ± 2 - 38 ± 1.5 - 104 ± 2.0 - 63088 0.52 63072 0.63
110 215 ± 3 240 ± 2.5 30 ± 2.0 47 ± 1.5 105 ± 3.0 121 ± 2.0 63101 0.38 63089 0.88 63073 1.18
125 218 ± 4 270 ± 3 35 ± 2.0 50 ± 2.0 107 ± 3.0 137 ± 2.0 63102 0.54 63090 1.20 63074 1.70
140 253 ± 4 293 ± 4 20 ± 2.0 48 ± 2.0 125 ± 4.0 145 ± 2.0 63103 0.79 63091 1.67 63075 2.48
160 270 ± 4 318 ± 4 40 ± 2.0 55 ± 2.0 140 ± 4.0 160 ± 2.0 63104 0.93 63092 2.25 63076 2.91
180 310 ± 4 352 ± 4 45 ± 2.0 55 ± 2.0 150 ± 4.0 172 ± 2.5 63105 1.23 63093 2.76 63077 3.83
200 340 ± 4 385 ± 4 45 ± 2.0 55 ± 2.0 170 ± 4.0 190 ± 2.5 63106 1.72 63094 3.78 63078 5.37
225 440 ± 4 442 ± 4 48 ± 2.0 55 ± 2.0 220 ± 4.0 220 ± 2.5 63107 2.47 63095 5.48 63079 7.73
250 438 ± 5 438 ± 6 52 ± 3.0 55 ± 3.0 215 ± 5.0 212 ± 3.0 63108 2.75 63096 5.99 63080 8.59
280 500 ± 5 494 ± 6 65 ± 3.0 70 ± 3.0 243 ± 5.0 240 ± 3.0 63109 3.99 63097 8.69 63081 12.47
315 535 ± 5 530 ± 6 77 ± 3.0 75 ± 3.0 270 ± 5.0 263 ± 3.0 63110 5.63 63098 12.24 63082 17.60
355 674 ± 5 658 ± 6 96 ± 3.0 95 ± 3.0 347 ± 5.0 330 ± 3.0 63111 8.61 63099 19.70 63083 26.90
400 680 ± 5 682 ± 6 90 ± 3.0 95 ± 3.0 340 ± 5.0 338 ± 3.0 63112 12.48 63100 25.20 63084 39.00
450 900 ± 10 900 ± 10 130 ± 4.0 130 ± 4.0 450 ± 4.0 450 ± 4.0
500 900 ± 10 900 ± 10 130 ± 4.0 130 ± 4.0 450 ± 4.0 450 ± 4.0

Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.20 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

TEES - SEGMENTED
SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 17 SDR 11
d L H CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
450 960 ± 10 480 ± 10 63306 18.61 63298 23.19 63293 35.43 63291 64.08
500 1000 ± 10 500 ± 10 63307 23.84 63299 29.43 63294 36.45 63292 81.35
560 1080 ± 10 540 ± 10 63308 31.83 63300 39.70 63295 60.34 -
630 1230 ± 15 615 ± 15 63309 45.98 63301 57.19 63296 87.04 -
710 1310 ± 15 655 ± 15 63310 61.39 63302 76.48 63297 116.61 -
800 1400 ± 15 700 ± 15 63311 82.42 63303 102.31 - -
900 1600 ± 20 800 ± 20 63312 119.24 63304 148.63 - -
1000 1700 ± 20 850 ± 20 63313 155.23 63305 192.45 - -
A pressure reduction factor of 0.5 should be considered when the permissable operating pressure is calculated.
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.21
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

TEES - ELONGATED
SDR 17 SDR 11 SDR 7.4
d L2 L Z CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
20 37 ± 1.5 109 ± 2.5 57 ± 1.5 - 63146 0.03 -
25 40 ± 1.5 117 ± 2.5 59 ± 1.5 - 63147 0.04 -
32 45 ± 1.5 144 ± 2.5 71 ± 1.5 - 63148 0.07 -
40 51 ± 1.5 168 ± 2.5 84 ± 1.5 - 63149 0.12 -
50 57 ± 1.5 189 ± 2.5 95 ± 1.5 - 63150 0.19 -
63 63 ± 1.5 220 ± 2.5 110 ± 1.5 63163 0.30 63151 0.37 -
75 71 ± 1.5 260 ± 2.5 131 ± 1.5 63164 0.52 63152 0.63 -
90 79 ± 1.5 279 ± 2.5 141 ± 1.5 63165 0.68 63153 0.94 63139 1.50
110 86 ± 1.5 317 ± 2.5 158 ± 1.5 63166 1.14 63154 1.53 63140 2.45
125 93 ± 2.0 353 ± 4.0 175 ± 2.0 63167 1.69 63155 2.18 63141 3.49
140
160 101 ± 2.0 408 ± 4.0 203 ± 2.0 63168 2.44 63156 4.09 63142 6.54
180 134 ± 2.0 521 ± 4.0 257 ± 2.0 63169 4.86 63157 6.54 -
200 118 ± 2.0 493 ± 4.0 247 ± 2.0 63170 5.50 63158 7.42 63143 11.87
225 126 ± 2.5 548 ± 5.0 272 ± 2.5 63171 6.73 63159 10.34 63144 16.55
250 148 ± 2.5 622 ± 6.0 310 ± 2.5 63172 63160 63145 20.10
280 160 ± 2.5 694 ± 6.0 347 ± 2.5 63173 63161 -
315 170 ± 2.5 744 ± 6.0 372 ± 2.5 63174 63162 -
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.22 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

REDUCING TEES - MOULDED


SDR 17 SDR 11
d1 d2 L I1 I2 Z CODE kg CODE kg
90 32 203 ± 4 52 ± 2 23 ± 2 85 ± 2 63209 0.32 63175 0.56
90 50 203 ± 4 52 ± 2 27 ± 2 93 ± 2 63210 0.42 63176 0.57
110 32 230 ± 4 65 ± 2 23 ± 2 100 ± 2 63212 0.72 63178 0.91
110 50 230 ± 4 65 ± 2 27 ± 2 113 ± 2 63213 0.71 63179 0.95
125 63 265 ± 4 70 ± 2 31 ± 2 112 ± 3 63216 1.04 63182 1.40
125 90 265 ± 4 45 ± 2 40 ± 2 120 ± 3 63217 1.24 63183 1.65
140 63 290 ± 4 82 ± 2 32 ± 2 120 ± 3 63218 1.28 63184 1.83
140 75 290 ± 4 82 ± 2 35 ± 2 130 ± 3 63219 1.41 63185 1.78
140 90 290 ± 4 82 ± 2 43 ± 2 137 ± 3 63220 1.37 63186 1.86
140 110 290 ± 4 50 ± 2 43 ± 2 137 ± 3 63221 1.64 63187 2.19
160 125 315 ± 4 59 ± 3 48 ± 2 150 ± 3 63225 2.06 63191 2.73
180 63 348 ± 4 125 ± 3 32 ± 2 140 ± 3 63226 2.08 63192 2.98
180 75 348 ± 4 115 ± 3 31 ± 2 140 ± 3 63227 2.05 63193 3.02
180 90 348 ± 4 108 ± 3 38 ± 2 145 ± 3 63228 2.13 63194 3.07
180 110 348 ± 4 102 ± 3 43 ± 2 150 ± 3 63229 2.19 63195 3.17
180 125 348 ± 4 93 ± 3 50 ± 2 155 ± 3 63230 2.35 63196 3.22
200 63 388 ± 4 145 ± 3 32 ± 2 150 ± 4 63231 2.94 63197 4.16
200 90 388 ± 4 125 ± 3 38 ± 2 163 ± 4 63232 3.04 63198 4.30
200 110 388 ± 4 120 ± 3 33 ± 2 155 ± 4 63233 3.00 63199 4.31
200 125 388 ± 4 115 ± 3 43 ± 2 165 ± 4 63234 3.13 63200 4.52
200 160 388 ± 6 98 ± 3 53 ± 3 178 ± 4 63235 3.37 63201 4.83
225 125 435 ± 6 136 ± 3 40 + 2 173 ± 4 63238 4.19 63204 6.22
250 110 435 ± 6 134 ± 3 37 ± 2 195 ± 4 63241 5.48 63207 8.00
250 160 440 ± 6 115 ± 3 58 ± 3 213 ± 4 63242 5.61 63208 7.88
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.23
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PE Fittings for Butt Welding


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REDUCING TEES - ELONGATED


SDR 17 SDR 11
d1 d2 L I1 I2 Z2 CODE kg CODE kg
63 50 215 ± 2.5 63 ± 1.5 56 ± 1.5 103 ± 1.5 63267 0.24 63243 0.30
75 32 256 ± 2.5 70 ± 1.5 46 ± 1.5 108 ± 1.5 63268 0.38 63244 0.49
75 50 253 ± 2.5 70 ± 1.5 56 ± 1.5 113 ± 1.5 63269 0.41 63245 0.53
75 63 255 ± 2.5 70 ± 1.5 63 ± 1.5 117 ± 1.5 63270 0.42 63246 0.55
90 63 269 ± 2.5 79 ± 1.5 64 ± 1.5 139 ± 1.5 63271 0.60 63247 0.76
90 75 272 ± 2.5 73 ± 1.5 68 ± 1.5 138 ± 1.5 63272 0.57 63248 0.78
110 63 309 ± 2.5 84 ± 1.5 65 ± 1.5 156 ± 1.5 63273 0.96 63249 1.25
110 75 309 ± 2.5 82 ± 1.5 70 ± 1.5 151 ± 1.5 63274 0.85 63250 1.23
110 90 310 ± 2.5 82 ± 1.5 70 ± 1.5 156 ± 1.5 63275 0.90 63251 1.41
125 90 63276 63252
125 110 341 ± 3 90 ± 2 83 ± 1.5 170 ± 2 63277 1.24 63253 1.84
160 63 343 ± 3 98 ± 2 65 ± 1.5 176 ± 2 63278 1.85 63254 2.49
160 75 343 ± 3 98 ± 2 74 ± 1.5 180 ± 2 63279 1.91 63255 2.66
160 90 343 ± 3 96 ± 2 79 ± 1.5 180 ± 2 63280 1.98 63256 2.74
160 110 391 ± 4 98 ± 2 83 ± 1.5 202 ± 3 63281 2.37 63257 3.29
180 90 63282 63258
180 125 63283 3.07 63259
180 160 411 ± 4 105 ± 2 94 ± 2 205 ± 3 63284 3.07 63260
225 75 441 ± 5 120 ± 2.5 75 ± 2 227 ± 4 63285 4.63 63261 6.43
225 90 441 ± 5 120 ± 2.5 79 ± 2 225 ± 4 63286 4.67 63262 6.49
225 110 441 ± 5 120 ± 2.5 83 ± 2 227 ± 4 63287 4.70 63263 6.52
225 125 63288 5.87 63264
225 160 488 ± 5 120 ± 2.5 98 ± 2.5 247 ± 4 63289 5.87 63265 7.99
225 180 543 ± 5 132 ± 2.5 132 ± 2.5 277 ± 4 63290 6.66 63266 9.54
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.24 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

END CAPS - ELONGATED


SDR 17 SDR 11 SDR 7.4
d Z L3 CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
20 47 ± 1.5 41 ± 1.5 - 63385 0.01 -
25 48 ± 1.5 41 ± 1.5 - 63386 0.01 -
32 55 ± 1.5 47 ± 1.5 - 63387 0.02 -
40 64 ± 1.5 51 ± 1.5 - 63388 0.03 -
50 73 ± 1.5 60 ± 1.5 - 63389 0.05 -
63 84 ± 1.5 68 ± 1.5 63402 0.07 63390 0.10 -
75 93 ± 1.5 75 ± 1.5 63403 0.10 63391 0.15 -
90 107 ± 1.5 84 ± 1.5 63404 0.17 63392 0.26 63378 0.42
110 125 ± 1.5 94 ± 1.5 63405 0.27 63393 0.43 63379 0.69
125 139 ± 2 103 ± 2 63406 0.39 63394 0.62 63380 0.99
160 155 ± 2 110 ± 2 63407 0.75 63395 1.07 63381 1.70
180 192 ± 2 142 ± 2 63408 1.07 63396 1.68 -
200 182 ± 2 117 ± 2 63409 1.36 63397 2.06 63382 3.30
225 212 ± 2.5 142 ± 2.5 63410 1.97 63398 3.00 63383 4.80
250 230 ± 3 157 ± 3 63411 2.52 63399 3.92 63384 5.20
280 257 ± 3 162 ± 3 63412 3.48 63400 5.30 -
315 267 ± 3 167 ± 3 63413 4.66 63401 7.20 -
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.25
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PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

REDUCERS - CONCENTRIC
SDR 33 SDR 17 SDR 11
d1 d2 L l1 l2 CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
63 16 54 ± 2 7 4 - - 63422 0.02 63414 0.03
75 32 71 ± 2 11 11 - - 63423 0.05 63415 0.06
110 63 63 ± 2 11 8 63431 0.06 63424 0.10 63416 0.14
125 75 72 ± 2 14 7 63432 0.09 63425 0.15 63417 0.20
160 110 84 ± 2 14 9 63433 0.16 63426 0.28 63418 0.40
225 160 94 ± 3 19 13 63434 0.39 63427 0.62 63419 0.93
315 225 132 ± 3 25 13 63435 1.04 63428 1.65 63420 2.39
450 315 162 ± 4 21 19 63436 2.63 63429 4.30 63421 6.88
630 450 189 ± 4 61 18 63437 6.61 63430 9.95 -
These reducers can be cut.
* L, I1 & I2 refer to SDR33 & SDR17 Reducers

REDUCERS - ECCENTRIC
SDR 33 SDR 17 SDR 11
d1 d2 L L1 L2 L3 L4 CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
50 16 57 ± 4 16 13 13 15 - - 63438 0.02
110 50 100 ± 2.5 35 25 20 22 - 63443 0.12 63439 0.18
160 110 90 ± 4 40 25 25 - 63447 0.16 63444 0.28 63440 0.40
250 160 155 ± 5 50 45 30 32 63448 0.65 63445 1.16 63441 1.82
355 250 200 ± 5 70 60 60 - 63449 1.98 63446 3.35 63442 4.38
These reducers can be cut.
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.26 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding and Electrofusion Welding


agru

REDUCERS ELONGATED - ECCENTRIC


SDR 17 SDR 11
d1 d2 L1 L2 L CODE kg CODE kg
25 20 51 ± 1.5 38 ± 1.5 103 ± 2.5 - 63450 0.02
32 25 56 ± 1.5 40 ± 1.5 114 ± 2.5 - 63451 0.02
40 32 59 ± 1.5 44 ± 1.5 125 ± 2.5 - 63452 0.05
50 32 71 ± 1.5 45 ± 1.5 156 ± 2.5 - 63453 0.08
50 40 71 ± 1.5 49 ± 1.5 157 ± 2.5 - 63454 0.09
63 32 75 ± 1.5 45 ± 1.5 177 ± 2.5 - 63455 0.12
63 40 76 ± 1.5 49 ± 1.5 177 ± 2.5 - 63456 0.14
63 50 76 ± 1.5 56 ± 1.5 177 ± 2.5 63482 0.10 63457 0.15
75 50 84 ± 1.5 57 ± 1.5 197 ± 2.5 63483 0.14 63458 0.21
75 63 83 ± 1.5 63 ± 1.5 197 ± 2.5 63484 0.17 63459 0.25
90 63 92 ± 1.5 64 ± 1.5 220 ± 2.5 63485 0.24 63460 0.36
90 75 93 ± 1.5 70 ± 1.5 218 ± 2.5 63486 0.26 63461 0.39
110 63 99 ± 1.5 63 ± 1.5 247 ± 2.5 63487 0.39 63462 0.57
110 90 98 ± 1.5 79 ± 1.5 244 ± 2.5 63488 0.44 63463 0.65
125 63 101 ± 2 63 ± 1.5 265 ± 3 63489 0.49 63464 0.76
125 90 107 ± 2 79 ± 1.5 266 ± 3 63490 0.54 63465 0.84
125 110 106 ± 2 87 ± 1.5 265 ± 3 63491 0.60 63466 0.93
140 125 110 ± 2 95 ± 2 283 ± 4 63492 0.82 63467 1.27
160 90 118 ± 2 79 ± 1.5 309 ± 4 63493 0.82 63468 1.22
160 110 116 ± 2 87 ± 1.5 309 ± 4 63494 1.00 63469 1.50
160 125 117 ± 2 92 ± 2 309 ± 4 63495 1.20 63470 1.75
160 140 117 ± 2 99 ± 2 308 ± 4 63496 1.35 63471 2.00
180 90 129 ± 2 79 ± 1.5 348 ± 4 63497 1.34 63472 2.07
180 125 136 ± 2 94 ± 2 353 ± 4 63498 1.47 63473 2.27
180 160 136 ± 2 105 ± 2 353 ± 4 63499 63474 2.56
200 160 139 ± 2 105 ± 2 373 ± 4 63500 2.08 63475 3.20
200 180 144 ± 2 112 ± 2 373 ± 4 63501 2.21 63476 3.41
225 160 63502 2.69 63477 4.15
225 200 156 ± 2.5 118 ± 2.5 403 ± 5 63503 3.07 63478
250 225 174 ± 3 127 ± 2.5 440 ± 6 63504 4.10 63479
280 250 63505 5.42 63480
315 280 63506 7.39 63481
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.27
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


L

DE2 DE1

REDUCERS - CONCENTRIC
SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11
DE1 DE2 L kg kg kg DE1 DE2 L kg kg kg
75 63 90 0.10 0.12 0.15 280 200 90 1.40 1.70 2.10
90 63 90 0.14 0.16 0.20 280 225 90 1.40 1.70 2.10
90 75 90 0.14 0.16 0.20 280 250 90 1.40 1.70 2.10
110 63 90 0.20 0.25 0.30 315 200 95 1.85 2.30 2.70
110 75 90 0.20 0.25 0.30 315 225 95 1.80 2.20 2.60
110 90 90 0.21 0.25 0.30 315 250 95 1.75 2.20 2.60
125 63 90 0.30 0.34 0.41 315 280 95 1.75 2.20 2.60
125 75 90 0.25 0.32 0.40 355 225 95 2.40 2.70 3.50
125 90 90 0.25 0.32 0.39 355 250 95 2.20 2.70 3.30
125 110 90 0.30 0.35 0.41 355 280 95 2.20 2.70 3.30
140 75 90 0.35 0.43 0.51 355 315 95 2.30 2.70 3.30
140 90 90 0.35 0.40 0.49 400 250 95 2.70 3.30 4.00
140 110 90 0.35 0.42 0.51 400 280 95 2.60 3.20 3.90
140 125 90 0.35 0.43 0.52 400 315 95 2.60 3.20 3.40
160 90 90 0.46 0.55 0.70 450 315 95 3.60 4.70 5.30
160 110 90 0.45 0.55 0.67 450 355 95 3.50 4.30 5.20
160 125 90 0.45 0.55 0.66 450 400 95 3.60 4.40 5.30
160 140 90 0.45 0.55 0.66 500 355 95 4.30 5.40 6.60
200 110 90 0.73 0.90 1.20 500 400 95 4.30 5.40 6.50
200 125 90 0.68 0.82 1.00 500 450 95 4.30 5.40 6.60
200 140 90 0.67 0.80 0.97 630 400 95 7.40 9.00 11.00
200 160 90 0.66 0.81 0.98 630 450 95 7.00 8.30 9.75
225 140 90 0.86 1.04 1.26 630 500 95 6.50 7.80 9.60
225 160 90 0.85 1.03 1.25 630 560 95
225 200 90 0.90 1.10 1.33 710 500 95
250 160 90 1.06 1.22 1.60 710 560 95
250 200 90 1.10 1.40 1.60 710 630 95
250 225 90 1.12 1.40 1.70 800 560 95
800 630 95
800 710 95
1000 610 95
1000 710 95
1000 800 95

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.28 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
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PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

UNIONS
SDR 11
d s I I1 dm b CODE kg
20 2.5 103 ± 2.5 18 ± 1.5 51 ± 1.5 34.5 ± 1.5 63523 0.07
25 2.7 111 ± 2.5 18 ± 1.5 57 ± 1.5 36 ± 1.5 63524 0.10
32 3.0 117.5 ± 2.5 22 ± 1.5 63 ± 1.5 37 ± 1.5 63525 0.12
40 3.7 124 ± 2.5 22 ± 1.5 73.5 ± 1.5 41.5 ± 1.5 63526 0.17
50 4.6 132 ± 2.5 22 ± 1.5 86.5 ± 1.5 46.5 ± 1.5 63527 0.30
63 5.8 137 ± 2.5 23 ± 1.5 105 ± 1.5 49 ± 1.5 63528 0.38
Note: PE Unions have a maximum working pressure of 1200 kPa

ADAPTORS – FEMALE BSP


SDR 11
d s I I1 I2 D CODE kg
20 x 15 2.5 45 ± 2.5 21 ± 1.5 16 ± 1.5 22 63535 0.01
25 x 20 2.7 50 ± 2.5 25 ± 1.5 17 ± 1.5 27 63536 0.03
32 x 25 3.0 58 ± 2.5 30 ± 1.5 20 ± 1.5 36 63537 0.04
40 x 32 3.7 62 ± 2.5 30 ± 1.5 24 ± 1.5 46 63538 0.06
50 x 40 4.6 68 ± 2.5 34 ± 1.5 24 ± 1.5 55 63539 0.10
63 x 50 5.8 75 ± 2.5 36 ± 1.5 28 ± 1.5 65 63540 0.16
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.29
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PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

ADAPTORS - MALE BSP


SDR 11
d s I I1 I2 D CODE kg
20 x 15 2.5 46 ± 2.5 19 ± 1.5 18 ± 1.5 22 63529 0.01
25 x 20 2.7 51 ± 2.5 22 ± 1.5 20 ± 1.5 27 63530 0.01
32 x 25 3.0 61 ± 2.5 28 ± 1.5 24 ± 1.5 36 63531 0.03
40 x 32 3.7 66 ± 2.5 29 ± 1.5 26 ± 1.5 46 63532 0.04
50 x 40 4.6 74 ± 2.5 32 ± 1.5 28 ± 1.5 55 63533 0.06
63 x 50 5.8 80 ± 2.5 35 ± 1.5 31 ± 1.5 65 63534 0.09
Products above are available in polypropylene, subject to minimum order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.30 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding


agru

PIPE HOLDERS
d H H1 A B C D E F CODE kg
16 25 8 25 14 8 4.3 11 3.5 63517 0.01
20 27 8 29 14 8 4.3 11 3.5 63518 0.01
25 30 8 34 16 8 4.3 11 3.5 63519 0.01
32 30 8 39 16 8 4.3 11 3.5 63520 0.01
40 37 8 50 18 8 4.3 11 3.5 63521 0.02
50 40 10 56 20 8 4.3 11 3.5 63522 0.02
For fastening with screws.

PIPE CLIPS
d Z1 H A B X CODE kg
63 52 94 78 30 84 63507 0.08
75 61 112 94 40 90 63508 0.15
90 67 128 108 40 90 63509 0.20
110 80 153 132 40 90 63510 0.24
125 94 175 150 60 110 63511 0.40
140 109 199 164 60 110 63512 0.50
160 119 220 184 60 110 63513 0.60
180 136 252 214 60 110 63514 0.70
200 147 270 236 60 110 63515 0.80
225 157 293 260 60 110 63516 1.00
With stainless steel clamp for fastening with screws, welding and nail guns.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.31
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding

STUB FLANGES
SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9
d D1 Z H CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
63 96 50 14 71661 0.10 71161 0.10 71665 0.10 71177 0.15 71669 0.15
75 108 50 14 71679 0.15 71162 0.15 71683 0.20 71178 0.20 71687 0.25
90 128 60 14 71697 0.20 71163 0.25 71701 0.25 71179 0.25 71705 0.30
110 160 60 14 71715 0.30 71164 0.32 71719 0.40 71180 0.45 71723 0.50
125 192 65 25 71733 0.65 71165 0.65 71737 0.75 71181 0.75 71741 0.85
140 192 65 25 71751 0.55 71166 0.60 71755 0.65 71182 0.85 71759 0.95
160 217 65 25 71769 0.65 71167 0.70 71773 0.80 71183 0.85 71777 1.00
200 274 75 25 71805 1.15 71168 1.25 71809 1.35 71184 1.50 71813 1.65
225 274 75 25 71823 1.05 71169 1.35 71827 1.30 71185 1.50 71831 1.75
250 334 80 30 71841 2.95 71305 2.10 71845 2.45 71186 2.50 71849 2.75
280 334 80 30 71859 2.80 71301 2.40 71863 2.15 71187 3.00 71867 3.10
315 384 80 30 71877 2.35 71285 2.65 71881 2.90 71188 3.20 71885 3.70
355 444 90 40 71895 3.85 71173 3.90 71899 4.10 71189 5.30 71903 5.75
400 495 90 40 71913 4.85 71174 5.20 71917 5.60 71190 6.40 71921 7.05
450 558 90 40 71931 6.15 71175 6.70 71935 7.20 71191 8.20 71939
500 615 105 50 71949 8.40 71176 9.10 71953 10.10 - -
560 669 105 55 71967 9.95 - - - -
630 726 105 55 71985 14.80 - - - -
710 815 110 60 72003 - - - -
800 952 110 60 72021 - - - -
1000 1143 110 60 72057 - - - -

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.32 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding

45° SWEEP BENDS - EXTENDED


SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9
d Z I R CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
20 112 70 100 - - - 62633 0.04 62652 0.05
25 112 70 100 - - - 62634 0.07 62653 0.08
32 123 70 128 - - - 62635 0.11 62654 0.13
40 136 70 160 - - - 62636 0.21 62655 0.24
50 153 70 175 - - - 62637 0.37 62656 0.44
63 175 75 225 62591 0.32 62605 0.32 62619 0.49 62638 0.59 62657 0.71
75 229 100 305 62592 0.53 62606 0.65 62620 0.78 62639 0.94 62658 1.13
90 229 100 305 62593 1.07 62607 1.07 62621 1.58 62640 1.92 62659 2.30
110 254 100 380 62594 1.60 62608 1.96 62622 2.37 62641 2.85 62660 3.42
125 304 150 380 62595 2.04 62609 2.04 62623 3.05 62642 3.69 62661 4.41
140 343 150 460 62596 2.56 62610 3.13 62624 3.82 62643 4.60 62662 5.54
160 343 150 460 62597 3.36 62611 3.36 62625 4.98 62644 6.04 62663 7.22
200 420 200 535 62598 6.27 62612 7.66 62626 9.28 62645 11.30 62664 13.55
225 420 200 535 62599 8.58 62613 8.58 62627 12.80 62646 15.49 62665 18.52
250 507 250 615 62600 10.50 62614 12.89 62628 15.77 62647 19.05 62666 22.84
280 507 250 615 62601 14.28 62615 14.28 62629 21.28 62648 25.73 62667 30.92
315 558 250 715 62602 17.95 62616 22.09 62630 26.98 62649 32.57 62668 39.11
355 650 250 780 62603 20.07 62617 24.76 62631 30.13 62650 36.41 62669 43.66
400 1014 564 1110 62604 29.75 62618 36.37 62632 44.40 62651 53.73 62670 64.50
450 1167 659 1250
500 1270 700 1400
560 1673 1039 1557
630 1776 1098 1659
710 1945 850 1750
800 2175 930 1900
These bends are available in other angles, subject to order quantities and special lead times and pricing.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.33
product.data

PE Fittings for Butt Welding

90° SWEEP BENDS - EXTENDED


SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9
d Z I R CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg CODE kg
20 170 70 100 - - - 62553 0.05 62572 0.06
25 170 70 100 - - - 62554 0.08 62573 0.09
32 196 70 128 - - - 62555 0.12 62574 0.15
40 230 70 160 - - - 62556 0.23 62575 0.28
50 255 70 175 - - - 62557 0.42 62576 0.50
63 300 75 225 62511 0.36 62525 0.45 62539 0.55 62558 0.66 62577 0.79
75 405 100 305 62512 0.59 62526 0.73 62540 0.88 62559 1.06 62578 1.28
90 405 100 305 62513 1.07 62527 1.31 62541 1.58 62560 1.92 62579 2.30
110 480 100 380 62514 1.60 62528 1.96 62542 2.37 62561 2.85 62580 3.42
125 530 150 380 62515 2.66 62529 3.24 62543 3.96 62562 4.80 62581 5.73
140 610 150 460 62516 3.33 62530 4.07 62544 4.96 62563 5.98 62582 7.21
160 610 150 460 62517 4.36 62531 5.31 62545 6.48 62564 7.85 62583 9.38
200 735 200 535 62518 7.84 62532 9.57 62546 11.60 62565 14.12 62584 16.94
225 735 200 535 62519 9.90 62533 12.14 62547 14.77 62566 17.87 62585 21.37
250 865 250 615 62520 12.93 62534 15.87 62548 19.41 62567 23.45 62586 28.11
280 865 250 615 62521 18.36 62535 22.43 62549 27.36 62568 33.08 62587 39.75
315 965 250 715 62522 23.08 62536 28.40 62550 34.68 62569 41.87 62588 50.29
355 1130 250 780 62523 31.29 62537 38.59 62551 46.95 62570 56.75 62589 68.05
400 1110 628 1738 62524 47.76 62538 58.39 62552 71.28 62571 86.25 62590 103.55
450 1250 779 1968
500 1400 750 2150
560 1557 777 2334
630 1659 797 2456
710 1760 850 2600
800 1900 930 2830
These bends are available in other angles, subject to order quantities, special lead times and pricing arrangements.

SDR 41 SDR 33 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR 17 SDR 13.6 SDR 11 SDR 9 SDR 7.4
PE80 PN 3.2 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20
PE100 PN 4 - PN 6.3 PN 8 PN 10 PN 12.5 PN 16 PN 20 PN 25

Product Data.34 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

Metal Backing Rings for Polyethylene Stub Flanges

T1

PCD OD ID

BACKING RINGS - TABLE D


PIPE RING DIMENSIONS BOLT HOLE SPECS
O.D. O.D I.D. T1 NO. DIA. PCD CODE kg
20 95 32 6 4 14 67 84481 0.43
25 100 37 6 4 14 73 84483 0.47
32 115 44 6 4 14 83 84485 0.63
40 120 52 6 4 14 87 84487 0.66
50 135 62 8 4 14 98 84489 0.81
63 150 78 8 4 18 114 84491 0.90
75 165 92 8 4 18 127 84493 1.04
90 185 108 10 4 18 146 84495 1.27
110 215 128 10 4 18 178 84497 1.70
125 255 140 13 8 18 210 84585 3.06
140 255 158 13 8 18 210 84501 2.68
160 280 178 13 8 18 235 84503 3.16
200 335 235 13 8 18 292 84505 3.89
*225 335 240 13 8 18 292 84507 3.72
250 405 290 16 8 22 356 84509 7.24
280 405 300 16 8 22 356 84511 8.88
315 455 345 19 12 22 406 84513 9.79
355 525 376 22 12 26 470 84515 18.77
400 580 430 22 12 26 521 84517 21.34
450 640 480 25 12 26 584 84519 25.48
500 705 533 29 16 26 641 84521 33.69
560 760 590 32 16 30 699 84523 35.86
630 825 660 32 16 30 756 84525 43.94
710 910 745 35 20 30 845 84527 54.57
800 1060 835 41 20 36 984 84529 96.36
1000 1255 1035 51 24 36 1175 84531 140.71
RINGS MANUFACTURED ACCORDING TO AS 2129
Galvanised steel
* Note: 225mm backing rings to suit polyethylene stub flanges have a PCD of 292mm which differs from AS2129 of 324mm

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.35
product.data

Metal Backing Rings for Polyethylene Stub Flanges

T1

PCD OD ID

BACKING RINGS - TABLE E


PIPE RING DIMENSIONS BOLT HOLE SPECS
O.D O.D I.D. T1 NO. DIA. PCD CODE kg
20 95 32 6 4 14 67 84480 0.36
25 100 37 6 4 14 73 84482 0.47
32 115 44 7 4 14 83 84484 0.63
40 120 52 8 4 14 87 84486 0.66
50 135 62 9 4 14 98 84488 0.81
63 150 78 10 4 18 114 84490 0.90
75 165 92 10 4 18 127 84492 1.04
90 185 108 12 4 18 146 84494 1.27
110 215 128 13 8 18 178 84496 1.96
125 255 140 14 8 18 210 84498 4.08
140 255 158 14 8 18 210 84500 3.67
160 280 178 17 8 22 235 84502 4.08
200 335 235 19 8 22 292 84504 6.33
*225 335 240 19 8 22 292 84506 6.50
250 405 290 22 12 22 356 84508 11.03
280 405 300 22 12 22 356 84510 10.15
315 455 345 25 12 26 406 84512 11.89
355 525 376 29 12 26 470 84514 21.03
400 580 430 32 12 26 521 84516 23.90
450 640 480 32 16 26 584 84518 36.09
500 705 533 38 16 26 641 84520 48.13
560 760 590 44 16 30 699 84522 57.63
630 825 660 48 16 33 756 84524 67.75
710 910 745 51 20 33 845 84526 74.80
800 1060 835 54 20 36 984 84528 143.05
1000 1255 1035 67 24 39 1175 84530 194.74
RINGS MANUFACTURED ACCORDING TO AS 2129
Galvanised steel
* Note: 225mm backing rings to suit polyethylene stub flanges have a PCD of 292mm which differs from AS2129 of 324mm

Product Data.36 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

Metal Backing Rings for Polyethylene Stub Flanges

T1

PCD OD ID

BACKING RINGS - TABLE A.N.S.I. (REDUCED THICKNESS)


PIPE RING DIMENSIONS BOLT HOLE SPECS
O.D. O.D I.D. T1 NO. DIA PCD CODE kg
20 89 32 6 4 16 60.5 84558 0.21
25 98 37 8 4 16 70.0 84559 0.34
32 108 44 8 4 16 79.5 84560 0.35
40 117 52 8 4 16 89.0 84561 0.47
50 127 62 10 4 16 98.5 84562 0.67
63 152 78 10 4 20 120.5 84563 0.92
75 178 92 10 4 20 139.5 84564 1.29
90 191 108 12 4 20 152.5 84565 1.66
110 229 128 12 8 20 190.5 84566 2.00
125 254 140 16 8 23 216.0 84567 3.88
140 254 158 16 8 23 241.5 84568 3.36
160 279 178 16 8 23 241.5 84569 3.99
200 343 235 20 8 23 298.5 84570 6.93
225 343 240 20 8 23 298.5 84571 6.65
250 406 290 20 12 26 362.0 84572 6.85
280 406 300 20 12 26 362.0 84573 7.94
315 483 345 25 12 26 432.0 84574 15.80
355 533 376 28 12 29 476.5 84575 22.11
400 597 430 32 16 29 540.0 84576 30.75
450 635 533 36 16 32 578.0 84577 33.53
500 699 533 40 20 32 635.0 84578 44.80
630 813 660 50 20 35 756.0 84580 81.25
Galvanised steel

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.37
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson Specifications
RAW MATERIALS • MDPE - Medium Density Polyethylene black UV stabilised
• Density greater than 0.93g/cm 3 (DIN 53479, procedure A)
• Melt Index (MFI 190/5) : 0.7 - 1.3g/10min ( DIN 53735)
• PE 80 or PE 100 in accordance with AS/NZS 4131

MELT COMPATIBILITY • The PE used for the Plasson EF program is compatible with most of the raw materials HDPE and MDPE
and can be fused with pipes of the fusion index groups 005 and 010 (MFI 190/5 0.4 - 1.3g/10min)
accordingto DIN 16776 Part 1 (April 1978)
• Suits PE pipe made from PE 63, PE 80, and PE 100 - AS/NZS 4130

AUTOMATIC WELDING • The Plasson - Fusamatic fittings incorporate a resistor in one of the fittings terminals (a red pin) which is
specific to that fitting. The Plasson - Fusamatic Automatic control box reads the fitting resistor and
automatically sets and welds for the correct weld time and avoids operator error. Fittings are also labelled
for barcode reading, manual set times and have rising melt indicators. Terminal pin diameter is 4.9mm.

QUALITY • Plasson has incorporated a quality assurance system in accordance with ISO 9002.
• Standardsmark licence No. 2018 - AS 4129 (INT).

MANUAL WELDING • Plasson - Fusamatic fittings are labelled with weld and cool times and can be welded with other
manufacturers’ 40 V (non - automatic) control boxes.

SPECIFICATIONS • Threads on transition fittings conform to DIN 2999,


BSZI : 1973, AS 1722 Part 1 - 1975.
Max. gap Max. gap
• For oval pipe use rerounding clamps. If ovality 1% of pipe OD 2% of pipe OD
causes a gap between concentrically located pipe
and fitting to exceed 1% of pipe OD then the pipe
must be rerounded to ensure correct welding. Concentrically Eccentrically
After rerounding, if the gap still exceeds 1% of Located Located
pipe OD, then check the pipe OD dimension as it
may be an under specified OD. Note: The
maximum gap between eccentrically located pipe Pressure Conditions/Pipe Dimensions
and fitting (i.e. pipe touching fitting at one point)
must not exceed 2% of pipe OD. See diagram.
• Cutter sizes: From 20mm to 32mm depending on pipe
and outlet size.

PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS Resistance to internal pressure


– APPROVAL TESTS Plasson electrofusion socket fittings are tested to PN rating using the test method defined by ISO1167. The samples are
prepared to conform to ISO/TC 138/SC 5 requirements with minimum temperature -10°C and maximum temperature
+45°C. The test pressures are calculated as specified by:
• PREN 1555-3 (water systems)
• PREN 122201-3 and ISO/DIS 8085-3 (gaseous fuel systems)
Joint Strength
The joint strength of Plasson electrofusion socket fittings is assessed according to GBE/PL2: Part 4, appendices J and K
(crush test and peel test).
Determination of Fitting Cooling Time
Fitting cooling time is determined according to GBE/PL2: Part 4, appendix H with the following exceptions:
• Pipe and coupler are conditioned to 45°C before fusion as opposed to 23°C.
• Maximum power conditions are simulated using V = 41.0 volts as opposed to 40 V.
Assessment of Fitting Resistance Tolerance Band
The resistance tolerance band is determined according to GBE/PL2: Part 4, appendix G with the following exceptions:
• Pipe and coupler are conditioned to 45°C before fusion as opposed to 23°C.
• Maximum power conditions are simulated using V = 41.0 volts as opposed to 40 V.
Assessment of Safety Factor for Weld
The factor of safety is assessed according to the procedure laid out in AFNOR NF T 54-066, appendix H. Fittings also
comply with maximum pressure ratings in AS1460 – 2 1989 Part 2, and are rated PN16 for water (PN7 for gas) when
extrapolated from Class 15 to PN16 test requirements.
Warning: Do not weld saddles to 40, 50, & 63 SDR 11 live gas pipe where internal pressure exceeds 4 BAR, as pipe
damage will occur due to pipe softening.

Product Data.38 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Pipe Thickness/SDR Specifications

Safe pipe Standard Cutter Long Cutter


SDR (1) Minimum Pipe SDR Minimum Pipe SDR (3)
SOCKET FITTINGS
20-225 ≤17
250-355 ≤ 17
TAPPING TEES
40-75 ≤11 7
90-140 ≤ 17 7
160-180 ≤17 9 7
200 ≤17 11 7
225-250 ≤17 11 9
280-315 ≤17 note (2) 11
355 ≤17 note (2) 17
BRANCH & TRANSITION SADDLES
63-75 ≤11
90-200 ≤17
225-355 ≤17
BRANCH SADDLES WITH OUTLETS > 63
≤17
Notes:
(1) Minimum wall thickness of any pipe must be 2.3mm.
(2) When fused to pipes of SDR less than or equal to 17.6 Plasson Electrofusion couplers meet the safety factor requirements of the International Standards to
which they comply.
If pipes of SDR 21 are used, the factor of safety for the fusion cycle may be less if welded in high temperature ambient conditions.
(3) With sizes 280-355 the long cutter is supplied as standard.
(4) Long cutters are available as spares – Code Number: 30034280 for pipes with lower SDR's.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.39
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

JOINERS 9010
HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L L1 D F A C Z TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
20 71 35 36 21 38 7 2 30 3 71300 0.048
25 71 35 36 17 38 7 2 35 3 71302 0.038
32 80 39 42 22 44 7 2 50 3 71304 0.056
40 90 44 55 23 47 8 3 60 5 71306 0.098
50 100 49 68 23 52 12 3 120 10 71308 0.148
63 118 58 82 31 58 13 3 80 5 71310 0.224
75 126 62 98 33 64 13 3 120 10 71312 0.344
90 146 72 117 39 77 16 3 120 10 71314 0.558
110 163 80 140 35 83 19 3 200 10 71316 0.792
125 173 85 156 43 95 23 3 220 15 71318 1.000
140 182 90 176 51 104 17 3 280 15 71319 1.450
160 194 96 200 50 113 29 3 360 20 71320 1.760
180 211 104 223 47 128 30 3 400 20 71321 2.550
200 223 109 245 57 147 22 4 500 30 71324 3.250
225 223 109 280 50 140 24 3 750 30 71323 4.100
250 223 109 310 55 180 26 4 600 30 71326 5.500
280 260 127 346 65 200 36 5 900 30 71327 6.000
315 260 127 386 62 220 36 5 900 30 71328 6.500
355 260 127 436 62 245 36 5 900 30 71329 7.500

REDUCING JOINERS 9110


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L A Z TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
20 x 16 64027
25 x 20 66 38 2 30 3 69085 0.046
32 x 20 80 36-42 2 30 3 69089 0.056
32 x 25 66 41 2 45 3 69091 0.065
40 x 32 90 42-47 2 60 5 69093 0.094
63 x 32 97 62 9 50 5 69105 0.120
63 x 40 97 62 5 70 5 69107 0.110
63 x 50 97 62 5 120 10 69109 0.150
90 x 63 153 77 8 100 10 69111 0.500
110 x 90 181 95 3 120 10 69121 1.100
125 x 90 181 95 3 220 10 69123 1.000
180 x 125 222 128 3 360 20 69131 2.000
225 x 180 64026
250 x 225 222 183 5 600 30 69135 6.800

Product Data.40 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

90° TEES 9040


SIZE HEATING COOLING PN 16
d/d1 L L1 F C H A TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
20 x 32 x 20 98 35 20 7 78 38 30 3 62090 0.137
25 x 32 x 25 98 35 17 7 78 38 30 3 62091 0.117
32 x 32 x 32 104 39 22 8 74 43 50 3 71092 0.97
40 x 40 x 40 121 44 23 9 90 47 60 5 71093 0.376
50 x 50 x 50 139 49 23 10 102 52 120 10 71094 0.281
63 x 63 x 63 166 58 31 11 119 58 80 5 71095 0.400
75 x 75 x 75 187 61 33 12 126 64 120 10 71096 0.597
90 x 90 x 90 206 67 39 16 145 76 120 10 71097 1.100
110 x 110 x 110 268 82 42 16 168 95 200 10 71098 1.950
125 x 125 x 125 268 82 51 15 168 95 200 10 71099 2.200
160 x 160 x 160 372 80 - - 231 128 200 10 71101 7.400
180 x 180 x 180 372 80 40 17 231 128 360 10 71102 5.300

90° REDUCING TEES 9140


SIZE HEATING COOLING PN 16
d/d1 L L1 F C H A TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
32 x 20 x 32 104 39 22 8 66 43 50 3 62021 0.090
40 x 20 x 40 121 44 23 9 72 47 60 5 62022 0.160
50 x 20 x 50 139 49 23 10 78 52 120 10 62024 0.240
50 x 32 x 50 139 49 23 10 86 52 120 10 62025 0.250
63 x 20 x 63 166 58 31 11 85 58 80 5 62026 0.330
63 x 32 x 63 166 58 31 11 93 58 80 5 62029 0.346
90 x 63 x 90 293 71 38 14 124 71 120 10 62092 1.000
110 x 63 x 110 328 72 35 15 147 81 200 10 62032 1.630
110 x 90 x 110 328 72 35 15 147 81 200 10 62032 1.780
125 x 90 x 125 200 10 62093
160 x 90 x 160 380 85 49 18 180 105 62035 4.090
160 x 110 x 160 380 85 49 18 188 105 62045 4.200
160 x 125 x 160 380 85 49 18 193 105 62112 4.320
180 x 90 x 180 360 10 62094
180 x 125 x 180 360 10 62095

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.41
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

90° ELBOWS 9050


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L L1 F C A Z TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
20 84 40 - - 43 22 30 3 70520 0.141
25 84 40 - - 43 22 35 3 70522 0.128
32 79 39 22 8 43 22 50 3 70523 0.080
40 93 43 23 9 47 34 80 5 70524 0.140
50 109 48 23 10 52 34 120 10 70526 0.210
63 132 57 31 11 58 41 80 5 70527 0.320
75 150 61 33 12 64 40 120 10 62044 0.530
90 194 78 38 19 91 58 120 10 70528 0.800
110 242 86 46 15 98 78 200 10 70529 1.150
125 242 86 51 16 98 78 200 10 70515 2.060
160 318 105 48 17 127 107 200 10 70531 5.000
180 318 105 67 18 127 107 360 20 70517 4.310

90° TRANSITION ELBOWS - MALE (DZR Brass BSP outlet) 9250


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L L1 D TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
20 x 15 113 29 15 30 3 64028 0.200
25 x 20 113 29 20 35 3 62045 0.240
32 x 25 113 34 23 50 3 62046 0.270
32 x 32 115 36 23 50 3 62047 0.416
32 x 40 115 36 23 50 3 62048 0.427
40 x 25 127 34 29 60 5 62049 0.450
40 x 32 129 36 29 60 5 62050 0.500
40 x 40 129 36 29 60 5 62051 0.525
40 x 50 134 41 29 60 5 62052 0.700
50 x 25 143 34 38 120 10 62053 0.570
50 x 32 145 36 38 120 10 62054 0.620
50 x 40 145 36 38 120 10 62055 0.605
50 x 50 150 41 38 120 10 62056 0.790
63 x 32 168 36 48 80 5 62057 0.985
63 x 40 168 36 48 80 5 62058 0.920
63 x 50 173 41 48 80 5 62059 1.005

Product Data.42 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

90° TRANSITION ELBOWS - FEMALE (DZR Brass BSP outlet) 9350


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L L1 D TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
25 x 20 107 23 19 35 3 62293 0.240
32 x 25 104 26 23 50 3 62060 0.275
40 x 25 118 26 29 60 5 62061 0.535
40 x 32 118 26 29 60 5 62062 0.445
40 x 40 118 26 29 60 5 62063 0.455
50 x 40 135 26 42 120 10 62064 0.545
50 x 50 139 30 42 120 10 62065 0.635
63 x 40 162 30 48 80 5 62066 1.050
63 x 50 162 30 48 80 5 62067 0.950

45° ELBOWS 9060


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L L1 F A C TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
32 108 39 22 45 9 50 3 69999 0.160
40 108 43 23 45 8 60 5 69995 0.125
50 124 48 23 45 12 120 10 70003 0.196
63 149 57 31 58 11 80 5 70005 0.260
75 165 61 33 64 12 120 10 70007 0.420
90 190 67 38 74 13 120 10 70013 0.663
110 236 82 46 96 16 200 10 69996 0.980
125 236 82 51 96 16 220 10 70017 1.490
160 320 105 48 127 17 200 10 69997 4.310
180 320 105 67 127 18 360 20 70019 3.190

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.43
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

90° TRANSITION UNION ELBOWS - MALE (DZR Brass BSP outlet) 9450
HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L1 L2 TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
20 x 20 30 109 30 3 64054 0.235
25 x 25 34 127 35 3 64055 0.280
32 x 32 36 109 50 3 64056 0.325
40 x 40 38 127 60 5 64057 0.370
50 x 50 42 151 120 10 64058 0.780
63 x 65 50 181 80 5 64059 1.245

L1 L2

BRASS REDUCING NIPPLE FOR TRANSITION UNIONS 3045 (DZR Brass)

SIZE L L1 L2 CODE kg
32 x 25 48 20 12 62266
40 x 32 51 22 13 62267
50 x 40 53 22 13 62268
65 x 50 62 26 18 62269

Product Data.44 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

45° TRANSITION ELBOWS - MALE (DZR Brass BSP outlet) 9260


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L L1 D TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
32 x 25 142 36 23 50 3 62068 0.350
32 x 32 144 36 23 50 3 62069 0.487
32 x 40 144 36 23 50 3 62070 0.498
40 x 25 142 34 29 60 5 62071 0.435
40 x 32 144 36 29 60 5 62072 0.485
40 x 40 144 36 29 60 5 62073 0.510
40 x 50 149 41 29 60 5 62074 0.685
50 x 25 158 34 38 120 10 62075 0.555
50 x 32 160 36 38 120 10 62076 0.605
50 x 40 160 36 38 120 10 62077 0.590
50 x 50 165 41 38 120 10 62078 0.775
63 x 32 185 36 48 80 5 62079 0.927
63 x 40 185 36 48 80 5 62080 0.860
63 x 50 190 41 48 80 5 62081 0.945
Available in steel or stainless steel.

45° TRANSITION ELBOWS - FEMALE (DZR Brass BSP outlet) 9360


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L L1 D TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
32 x 25 133 25 23 50 3 62082 0.355
40 x 25 133 25 29 60 5 62083 0.520
40 x 32 133 25 29 60 5 62084 0.430
40 x 40 133 25 29 60 5 62085 0.440
50 x 40 149 25 38 120 10 62086 0.530
50 x 50 154 30 38 120 10 62087 0.620
63 x 40 179 30 48 80 5 62088 1.000
63 x 50 179 30 48 80 5 62089 0.890
Available in steel or stainless steel

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.45
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

45° TRANSITION UNION ELBOWS - MALE (DZR Brass BSP outlet) 9460
HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L1 L2 TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
32 x 32 36 144 50 3 64060 0.400
40 x 40 38 146 60 5 64061 0.455
50 x 50 42 166 120 10 64062 0.455
63 x 65 50 198 80 5 64063 0.455

END CAP (Includes Coupling and Plug) 9120


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L A Z TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
20 71 38 2 30 3 71201 0.056
25 71 38 2 35 3 71203 0.048
32 80 42 2 50 3 71205 0.073
40 90 47 3 60 5 71207 0.128
50 100 52 3 120 10 71209 0.200
63 118 58 3 80 5 71211 0.319
75 126 64 3 120 10 71212 0.489
90 146 77 3 120 10 71215 0.803
110 163 83 3 200 20 71229 1.212
125 173 95 3 220 10 71231 1.590
140 182 104 3 200 10 71233 2.250
160 194 113 3 360 20 71235 2.890
180 211 128 3 400 20 71237 4.110
200 223 147 4 500 20 71239 5.250
225 223 162 4 600 30 71241 7.350
250 223 180 4 600 30 71448 8.260

Product Data.46 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

END PLUGS* 9127


PN 16
SIZE L L1 CODE kg
20 41 35 71200 0.015
25 64053 0.016
32 52 39 62000 0.017
40 59 43 62001 0.030
50 68 48 62002 0.052
63 82 57 62003 0.095
75 89 60 62004 0.145
90 105 70 62005 0.245
110 122 78 62006 0.420
125 131 82 62007 0.590
140 1141 87 62008 0.800
160 156 93 62009 1.130
180 172 101 62010 1.560
200 142 109 62297 1.900
225 144 109 62299 1.900
250 165 109 62300 2.600
NOTE
I. May be fitted into any Plasson electrofusion ended fitting
2. Must be spot welded in 3 places or held firmly, without movement, during electrofusion and cooling cycle

TRANSITION COUPLINGS - POLYETHYLENE TO STEEL 49277


PN 12.5
SIZE G L A A1 C CODE kg
32 x 25 1" 86 418 250 52 62840
40 x 32 1 1/4" 96 438 250 63 62841
50 x 40 1 1/2" 105 458 250 72 62842
63 x 50 2" 126 490 250 85 62843
90 x 75 3" 80 428 250 114 62844
110 x 100 62845
125 x 100 4" 89 449 250 140 62840
160 x 150 62847
180 x 150 6" 106 491 250 203 62848
Steel end for welding or threading

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.47
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

TRANSITION COUPLINGS - MALE (DZR Brass BSP outlet) 9210


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L A L1 D TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
20 x 15 100 29 14 30 3 62294
25 x 20 100 38 29 19 35 3 62018 0.145
32 x 25 114 42 34 23 50 3 71330 0.245
32 x 32 116 42 36 23 50 3 62019
32 x 40 116 42 36 23 50 3 62020
40 x 25 124 47 34 29 60 3 71282 0.405
40 x 32 126 47 36 29 60 5 71283 0.455
40 x 40 126 47 36 29 60 5 71284 0.480
40 x 50 131 47 41 29 60 5 62023 0.655
50 x 25 134 52 34 38 120 10 71287 0.510
50 x 32 136 52 36 38 120 10 71289 0.560
50 x 40 136 52 36 38 120 10 71291 0.545
50 x 50 141 52 41 38 120 10 62027 0.730
63 x 32 154 58 36 48 80 5 62028
63 x 40 154 58 36 48 80 5 71292 0.825
63 x 50 159 58 41 48 80 5 71293 0.910
Stainless steel or steel available subject to minimum quantities.

TRANSITION COUPLINGS - FEMALE (DZR Brass BSP outlet) 9310


HEATING COOLING PN16
SIZE L L1 D TIME(secs) TIME(min) CODE kg
20 x 15 91 20 13 30 3 62295
25 x 20 94 23 19 35 3 62030 0.140
32 x 25 106 25 23 50 3 71341 0.250
40 x 25 115 25 29 60 5 62031 0.490
40 x 32 115 25 29 60 5 71342 0.400
40 x 40 115 25 29 60 5 71343 0.410
50 x 40 125 25 42 120 10 71344 0.485
50 x 50 129 30 42 120 10 62034 0.575
63 x 40 148 30 48 80 5 71345 0.965
63 x 50 148 30 48 80 5 71340 0.885

Product Data.48 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

TRANSITION COUPLING - POLYETHYLENE TO STEEL (BSP) 9477


PN16
SIZE CODE kg
32 x 25 71487
40 x 32 41488

TRANSITION UNIONS 9377 - PE to male BSP Galvanised steel.


PN 16
SIZE G H L A C C1 CODE kg
25 x 20 3/4" 17 38 95 50 32 62036
32 x 25 1" 20 70 128 55 38 62037
40 x 32 1 1/4" 23 64 123 55 48 62038
50 x 40 1 1/2" 23 63 129 75 56 62039
63 x 50 2" 27 63 139 90 66 62040
75 x 65 2 1/2" 32 72 155 110 86 62041
90 x 75 3" 35 80 173 130 96 62042
110 x 100 4" 45 83 195 150 122 62043
PE (SDR11) For electrofusion or butt welding.
Galvanised steel union - FBSP with NBR seal.

TRANSITION UNIONS - PE to male BSP Brass 9410 (DZR Brass)


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE L1 L2 D A TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
20 x 20 30 101 13 38 30 3 62285 0.140
25 x 25 34 105 19 38 35 3 62286 0.190
32 x 32 36 116 23 44 50 3 62287 0.300
40 x 40 38 128 29 47 60 5 62288 0.430
50 x 50 42 142 38 52 120 10 62854 0.700
63 x 40 50 168 48 58 80 5 62799 1.155

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.49
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

TAPPING SADDLES - WITH UNDERPART 9630


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE OUTLET H B C A TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
40 20 105 66 7 94 50 3 62284 0.350 ●
40 32 120 66 12 94 50 3 62285 0.370 ●

50 20 110 76 7 98 60 3 62286 0.390 ●


50 32 120 76 12 98 60 3 62287 0.410 ●

63 20 116 92 7 98 120 3 62288 0.436 ●


63 32 125 92 12 98 120 10 62123 0.455 ●
63 40 148 103 65 177 120 10 62134 1.070 ✤
63 50 141 103 65 177 120 10 62145 1.085 ✤
63 63 178 103 65 177 120 10 62156 1.100 ✤

75 32 127 117 65 177 120 10 62124 1.120 ✤


75 40 148 117 65 177 120 10 62135 1.130 ✤
75 50 141 117 65 177 120 10 62146 1.140 ✤
75 63 178 117 65 177 120 10 62157 1.150 ✤

90 32 125 124 18 116 120 10 62125 1.120 ▲


90 40 133 124 21 116 120 10 62136 1.130 ▲
90 50 141 124 65 177 120 10 62147 1.210 ✤
90 63 178 124 65 177 120 10 62158 1.270 ✤

110 32 127 145 18 116 140 10 62126 1.170 ▲


110 40 137 145 21 116 140 10 62137 1.190 ▲
110 50 141 145 65 177 140 10 62148 1.210 ✤
110 63 178 145 65 177 140 10 62159 1.220 ✤

125 32 130 162 18 116 140 10 62127 1.230 ▲


125 40 140 162 21 115 140 10 62138 1.280 ▲
125 50 141 162 65 177 140 10 62149 1.290 ✤
125 63 178 162 65 177 140 10 62160 1.310 ✤

140 32 127 178 65 177 140 10 62128 1.350 ✤


140 40 148 178 65 177 140 10 62139 1.360 ✤
140 50 141 178 65 177 140 10 62150 1.370 ✤
140 63 178 178 65 177 140 10 62161 1.410 ✤

Continued over page

Product Data.50 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

TAPPING SADDLES - WITH UNDERPART 9630 (Continued)


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE OUTLET H B C A TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
160 32 143 199 18 137 140 10 62129 1.345 ✤
160 40 156 199 21 137 140 10 62140 1.360 ✤
160 50 169 199 25 137 140 10 62151 1.375 ✤
160 63 195 199 20 137 140 10 62162 1.390 ✤

180 32 143 219 18 137 140 10 62130 1.565 ✤


180 40 156 219 21 137 140 10 62141 1.580 ✤
180 50 169 219 25 137 140 10 62152 1.595 ✤
180 63 195 219 20 137 140 10 62163 1.605 ✤

*200 32 127 184 65 177 120 10 62131 1.750 ✤


*200 40 148 184 65 177 120 10 62142 1.760 ✤
*200 50 141 184 65 177 120 10 62153 1.770 ✤
*200 63 178 184 65 177 120 10 62164 1.780 ✤

*225 32 127 214 65 177 120 10 62132 1.810 ✤


*225 40 148 214 65 177 120 10 62143 1.820 ✤
*225 50 141 214 65 177 120 10 62154 1.830 ✤
*225 63 178 214 65 177 120 10 62165 1.840 ✤

*250 32 127 233 65 177 120 10 62155 1.830 ✤


*250 40 148 233 65 177 120 10 62155 1.830 ✤
*250 50 141 233 65 177 120 10 62155 1.830 ✤
*250 63 178 233 65 177 120 10 62166 1.840 ✤
* includes metal clamping straps
Cut hole after welding and cooling time completed.
Spigot length on sizes 63 to 180 with 32mm diameter cutters permit use of Plasson compression fittings.
Saddle Cutter mm Cutter Welded Cap
Size Material Length mm Size
● 20 Brass 52 40
✤ 30 Brass 73 57
■ 32 Alum. Bronze 87 58
▲ 25 Brass 61 50

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.51
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

BRANCH SADDLES - WITH UNDERPART 9580


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE BRANCH B H H1 TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
63 32 103 61 51 120 10 62096 0.380
75 32 117 61 51 120 10 62097 0.420
90 32 124 61 51 120 10 62098 0.490
110 32 145 61 51 140 10 62099 0.552
125 32 162 61 51 140 10 62100 0.599
140 32 178 61 51 140 10 62101 0.650
160 32 199 61 51 140 10 62102 0.708
180 32 219 61 51 140 10 62103 0.766
63 63 103 97 87 120 10 62104 0.461
75 63 117 97 87 120 10 62105 0.573
90 63 124 97 87 120 10 62106 0.573
110 63 145 97 87 140 10 62107 0.635
125 63 162 97 87 140 10 62108 0.683
140 63 178 97 87 140 10 62109 0.732
160 63 199 97 87 140 10 62110 0.787
180 63 219 97 87 140 10 62111 0.846
200 63 195 95 61 120 10 62118 1.110
225 63 200 95 61 120 10 62119 1.175
250 63 245 95 61 120 10 62120 1.175
160 110 120 10 62117 0.900
180 125 212 109 96 120 10 62118 1.003
SADDLE CLAMPS NOT REQUIRED Cut hole after welding and cooling completed.

BRANCH SADDLES - UNDERCLAMPED 9080


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE BRANCH B L H1 TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
*200 63 195 95 61 120 10 68796
*225 63 200 95 61 120 10 62272
*250 63 245 95 61 120 10 62273
#280 63 112 95 61 80 10 68799 0.300
#315 63 112 95 61 80 10 68800 0.280
•355 63 112 95 61 80 10 68801 0.280
^110 90 155 168 105 120 10 68802 0.602
^125 90 155 168 105 120 10 68803 0.555
Cut hole after welding and cooling completed.
*For sizes 200, 225, 250 use Saddle Clamp Kit no. 3 (see below) # For sizes 280, 315, use Topload G clamp – 29263315 (see below).
^ For sizes 110, 125, 180 use Saddle Clamp code 29200004 (see below ) • For sizes 355 use Topload G Clamp code G Clamps L (see below).
180 x 125 68807
TOPLOAD G CLAMP Part no. 29263315 62113
TOPLOAD G CLAMP Part no. G Clamp SL
SADDLE CLAMP Part no. 29200004 Comprises batwing , spreader bar, 32 & 63 test caps universal miniclamp,
20, 25 and 32mm miniscraper (cutter key, Harris scraper, box) 62116
LONG CUTTER (For Tapping saddles) Part no. 30034280. 62274
See pipe thickness/SDR specs. for electrofusion welding on page 39 in Product Data section.

Product Data.52 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

90° TAPPING SADDLES - STACKLOAD 9030


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE OUTLET A=Z H C d B TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
■ 280 32 85 180 120 280 80 10 68846 0.780
■ 315 32 85 180 120 315 80 10 68847 0.760
• 355 32 85 180 120 355 80 10 68848 0.760
■ 280 40 280 120 10 68859 0.795
■ 315 40 107 332 231 315 113 120 10 68860 0.775
• 355 40 355 176 80 10 68861 0.775
■ 280 50 280 120 10 68871 0.800
■ 315 50 101 332 231 315 113 120 10 68872 0.780
• 355 50 355 176 80 10 68874 0.780
■ 280 63 280 120 10 68883 0.850
■ 315 63 125 332 231 315 113 120 10 68884 0.830
• 355 63 355 120 10 68885 0.830
■ TOP LOAD G CLAMP Part No. 29263315 62113
• TOP LOAD G CLAMP Part No. G Clamp SL
Cut hole after welding and cooling complete.
Stackload - use TOP LOAD G clamp - Part no. 29263315 VX. code: 62113

WELDING CAP - FOR TAPPING SADDLES 9830


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE A H L TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
40 49 63 74 100 9 62290 0.140
50 54 73 69 100 9 64050 0.140
57 59 74 63 100 9 64051 0.140
58 60 74 60 100 9 62114 0.140
Replaces screw cap on Tapping Saddles for a permanently welded closure.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.53
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

TAPPING SADDLE FBSP OUTLET 9930


HEATING COOLING
SIZE d1 H B H1 H2 TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
40 3/4" 106 74 30 105 50 3 71500 0.420
63 3/4" 144 103 65 169 120 10 71510 1.000
90 3/4" 144 124 65 169 120 10 71517 1.110
110 3/4" 144 145 65 169 140 10 71518 1.170
160 3/4" 144 199 65 169 140 10 71530 1.325
Cut hole after welding and cooling completed.
F.B.S.P. threaded outlets are stainless steel reinforced.

TAPPING SADDLES – PE TO NYLON 9619


HEATING COOLING
SIZE d1 H B H1 H2 TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
40 x 18 71499 .
40 x 50 64064 .
50 x 18 64065 .
50 x 50 64066 .
63 x 18 64067 .
63 x 50 64068 .
90 x 18 64069 .
90 x 50 64070 .
110 x 18 64071 .
110 x 50 64072 .
160 x 18 64073 .
160 x 50 64074 .

Product Data.54 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

REPAIR SADDLES - WITH UNDERPART 9520


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE B H TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE kg
63 103 29 120 10 62167 0.368
75 117 29 120 10 62168 0.410
90 124 29 120 10 62169 0.485
110 145 29 140 10 62170 0.547
125 162 29 140 10 62171 0.584
140 178 29 140 10 62172 0.639
160 199 29 140 10 62173 0.702
180 219 29 140 10 62174 0.760

TRANSITION SADDLES - WITH UNDERPART 9380 (DZR Brass female thread)


HEATING COOLING PN 16
SIZE H B L TIME (secs) TIME (min) CODE GRAMS
63 x 11/4" 135 62 117 120 10 62175 0.770
90 x 2" 156 56 166 160 10 62178 1.280
110 x 11/4" 176 56 166 120 10 62179 2.140
110 x 11/2" 176 56 166 120 10 62180 1.990
110 x 2" 176 56 166 120 10 62181 1.640
125 x 2" 191 56 166 120 10 62184 1.540
160 x 2" 224 56 216 120 10 62187 2.000
180 x 2" 246 56 216 120 10 62190 1.800

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.55
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

EF REPAIR SHIELDS 9077


SIZE D1 D2 L L1 CODE kg
32 23 31 45 21 62204 0.060
40 29 38 45 21 62205 0.080
50 36 48 45 21 62206 0.110
63 45 57 48 23 62207 0.150
Repairs with water in the line. The EF repair shield is made of PE sponge. It will stop water leakage ( zero pressure ) from flowing into the coupling
whilst a repair is made. The coupler is slid onto one pipe and the shield is fitted between the two pipes. The coupler is positioned for welding as
usual.

STUB FLANGES 9026


SDR 17
SIZE L L1 a D D1 CODE kg
40 89 64 11 78 50 62192 0.091
50 90 63 12 88 59 62193 0.099
63 95 63 14 96 73 62194 0.134
75 110 72 16 108 88 62195 0.195
90 119 80 17 128 102 62196 0.296
110 128 83 18 158 121 62197 0.495
125 133 90 18 158 128 62198 0.720
140 132 92 18 188 150 62199 0.710
160 148 100 18 212 167 62200 0.931
180 150 117 20 212 180 62201 1.014
200 186 115 24 268 228 62202 2.157
225 200 125 24 268 231 62203 2.052
250 205 130 35 320 280 62217 3.110
For electrofusion or butt welding.

Product Data.56 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

STUB FLANGES - 9027/9028


9027 9028
9027 9028 SDR11 SDR 7.4
SIZE L L1 a a D D1 CODE kg CODE kg
25 77 50 9 9 58 37 69738 . 64032 .
32 96 70 10 10 68 40 69739 0.060 64033 .
40 89 64 11 11 78 50 69749 0.091 64034 .
50 90 63 12 13 88 59 69755 0.120 62289 0.133
63 95 63 14 16 102 73 69759 0.187 69722 0.230
75 110 72 16 18 122 88 69765 0.310 69723 0.328
90 119 80 17 20 138 102 69775 0.421 69769 0.510
110 128 83 18 21 158 121 69779 0.624 69724 0.805
125 133 90 25 28 158 128 69795 0.879 69725 0.975
140 132 92 25 29 188 150 69805 1.115 62292 1.350
160 148 100 25 29 212 167 69819 1.392 69726 1.863
180 150 117 30 34 212 180 69833 1.810 69727 3.110
200 186 115 32 268 228 69829 2.810 69728 .
225 200 125 32 268 231 69849 3.680 - .
250 205 130 35 320 280 69859 5.125 - .
9027 - SDR11 For electrofusion and butt welding.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.57
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings
Plasson

SPIGOT REDUCERS 9117 & 9118


9117 9118
SIZE SDR11 SDR7.4
d1 x d2 h1 h2 Z CODE kg CODE kg
32 x 25 50 48 104 62208 0.035 62236 0.040
40 x 32 59 56 123 62209 0.040 62237 0.046
50 x 32 59 60 131 62210 0.055 62238 0.063
63 x 32 59 58 131 70627 0.105 62239 0.121
63 x 40 58 59 132 62212 0.115 62240 0.132
63 x 50 60 60 132 62213 0.145 62241 0.167
75 x 40 71 60 145 62214 0.167 62242 0.192
75 x 50 71 59 145 62215 0.175 62243 0.201
75 x 63 71 65 151 62216 0.195 62244 0.224
90 x 50 81 59 156 70677 0.258 62245 0.297
90 x 63 80 65 160 62218 0.300 62246 0.345
90 x 75 80 71 166 62219 0.320 62247 0.368
110 x 63 83 66 167 70644 0.455 62248 0.523
110 x 75 83 72 169 70721 0.446 62249 0.513
110 x 90 83 80 178 70645 0.505 62250 0.581
125 x 75 90 71 178 62222 0.605 62251 0.696
125 x 90 90 81 186 62223 0.700 62252 0.805
125 x 110 90 84 188 70633 0.800 62253 0.920
140 x 90 95 80 208 62225 0.815 62254 0.937
140 x 110 95 83 195 62226 0.935 62255 1.075
140 x 125 95 89 199 62227 1.000 62256 1.150
160 x 110 101 84 219 70646 1.100 62257 1.265
160 x 125 101 88 206 62228 1.145 62258 1.317
160 x 140 101 94 211 62229 1.210 62259 1.392
180 x 125 107 89 221 70679 1.450 62260 1.668
180 x 140 107 95 224 62231 1.600 62261
180 x 160 107 100 225 62232 1.756 62262 2.019
200 x 140 114 93 229 62233 2.002 62263 2.302
200 x 160 115 100 233 62234 2.160 62264 2.484
200 x 180 116 106 241 62235 2.330 62265 2.680
225 x 160 62221
For electrofusion or butt welding.

Product Data.58 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

PE Electrofusion Fittings (suit PE Gas Pipes Series 2 & 3)


Plasson

SPIGOT ADAPTORS SERIES 2 to SERIES 3 9177


d1 D L1 L2 L CODE
20 x 25 33.5 46 46 95 71502
32 x 25 33.5 47 47 95 71503
40 x 25 33.5 50 50 100 71504
63 x 50 60.3 67 67 135 71505

JOINERS SERIES 3 to SERIES 2


d2 CODE
20 x 20 71433
20 x 25 64075
25 x 25 64076
25 x 32 71442
50 x 63 71445
80 x 90 71447
100 x 125 64077
150 x 180 64078

TAPPING TEES SERIES 3 to SERIES 2


Pipe Size Outlet Size CODE
50 32mm
80 32mm
100 32mm
150 32mm
50 63mm
80 63mm
100 63mm
150 63mm

TAPPING TEES SERIES 3


Pipe Size Outlet Size CODE
50 50 71544
80 50 64079
100 50 64080
150 50 64081

BRANCH SADDLES SERIES 3 to SERIES 2


Pipe Size Outlet Size CODE
50 63mm 71544
80 63mm 64082
100 63mm 64083
150 63mm 64084

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.59
product.data

Specifications for Plasson Compression Fittings, Saddles & Valves

MATERIALS OPERATING TEMPERATURE


Compression Fittings, Tapping & Compression Saddles The compression saddles, fittings and valves are not for use with hot water although
BODY Polypropylene, high grade copolymer. they withstand the same temperature as most polyethylene pipes. The fittings and
NUT Polypropylene, high grade copolymer. valves will withstand sub-zero temperatures.
SPLIT RING Acetal (POM) CPVC available.
O-RING Nitrile rubber (NBR). EPDM and FRM O-rings FLANGES
available. (Approx. 70 Shore A.) Flange dimensions in accordance with AS/NZS 4331-1995.
REINFORCING RING Stainless steel on all female offtakes from 1 1/4" Metal backing rings to be used with all flanges
up to 4".
All Tapping Saddles have stainless steel THREADS
reinforced female offtakes. Internal parallel thread up to 2 1/2"; internal taper thread 3"and up.
NUTS & BOLTS Galvanised steel (Stainless steel available). External taper thread all sizes. All threads conform to ISO7; BS21 - 1973; DIN2999;
NEN3258; AS1722 Part 1 - 1975.
Tapper® Saddles
BODY/COMPRESSION FITTING Polypropylene CHEMICAL RESISTANCE
BOLT AND NUT Stainless steel to DIN 17 440, 1.4301. Plasson polypropylene fittings are supplied, as standard, with Nitrile (NBR) rings
CUTTER Brass to BS 2874-CZ122. and acetal split rings which are suitable for water supply and many chemical
O-RING NBR handling applications.
SADDLE SEAL EPDM For many chemicals however, NBR and acetal are unsuitable and Plasson spare
SPLIT RING Polyacetal rings of either EPDM or VITON (FPM) should be used to replace the nitrile rings.
CPVC split rings are also available to replace acetal. Generally nitrile is good in oily
Valves applications whilst EPDM or VITON are more suitable in acidic applications. A brief
BODY Polypropylene, high grade copolymer. indication of chemical resistance at 20°C follows:
O-RING NBR, EPDM or FRM O – depending on valve. O Rings Plasson Nut Split Rings
SPRING (items 3067, 3039) Stainless steel NBR (1) EPDM (2) FPM (2) + Body PP (1) Acetal (1) CPVC (2)
Benzene 0 - + 0 + -
Threaded Fittings Polypropylene. SS reinforced outlets are Brine + + + + + +
available Slaked Lime + + + + +
Compressed Air cont. oil + - + + + +
OPERATING PRESSURE Caustic Soda + + 0 + + +
Compression fittings comply with requirements of AS/NZS 4129 (Int). Fuel Oil + - + + + 0
Operating pressures at 20°C (water) Hydrchloric Acid - + + + - +
PN16 Up to 63mm diameter Nitric Acid dilute - + + + - +
PN12.5 75mm-125mm diameter Carbolic Acid - + + +
PN10 160mm diameter Lube Oils + - + + + +
All female threads from 1 1/4" to 4" have stainless steel reinforcing rings and are Phosphoric Acid 0 + + + + +
rated as above except that 4" is suitable for PN 6.3 only. Sulphuric Acid dilute - + + + - +
Plasson Tapping Saddles and Plasson Compression Saddles comply with + suitable 0 medium resistance - unsuitable
specification 025 – 'Tapping Bands' of Australian Standard SAA MP52-1991 .
Tapper®. WIS 4-22-02/WRC Standards – PN 16. FPM although the most resistant is expensive – EPDM is usually the economical
Plasson polypropylene BSP threaded fittings: 1.0 MPa for male fittings, 0.6 MPa for solution. Generally, if EPDM or FPM O Rings are required, then CPVC split rings
female fittings (1.0 MPa for SS reinforced female fittings). should be used in place of standard acetal split rings. This is intended as a guide
Plasson polypropylene valves: PN10 or PN12.5. only. Tapping Saddles used in chemical applications or permanently buried
situations may require stainless steel bolts and nuts. In many sizes the NBR ring can
PIPE SUITABILITY be replaced with EPDM or FPM.
Plasson Compression Fittings : for pipes 16mm to 160mm outside diameter. (1) Supplied as standard component in Plasson fittings
Metric OD System for use with polyethylene pipe manufactured to: (2) Available as Plasson spare parts
• AS1159 - 1988 – Polyethylene Pipes for Pressure Applications NBR O Rings Cat 7002 FPM O Rings Cat 7920
• AS4130 (Int) – PE Pipes for Pressure Applications EPDM O Rings Cat 7910 CPVC Split Rings Cat 7008
• PE Pipes with outside dimensions to ISO OD series system.
Plasson Rural Fittings: for Type 50 Class Rural Polyethylene Pipe manufactured to: APPROVALS
Plasson fittings have been tested and approved by major standard institutions such
• AS 2698.2 (ID Series) – Class 6.
as WRC (GB), Staatliche Materialprufungsanstalt Darmstadt (analogous to DIN8078
Part 1) (D); KIWA (NL); Standards Institution of Israel (IL); Australian Authorities
(AUS); Statens Provningsanstalt Stockholm (S); Statens Planmerk (S); SGWA (CH);
Byggestyrelsen (DK); SKZ GmbH (analogous to DIN8076 Part 3 - 12/87) (D). QAS
Standards Australia – StandardsMark Licence.

Product Data.60 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

Metric Compression Fittings


Plasson

COUPLINGS 7010
PN16 PN12.5 PACK
d E H I CODE kg CODE kg QTY
16 39 105 50 69060 0.052 - 10
20 48 121 58 69062 0.093 - 10
25 54 125 60 69064 0.120 - 10
32 64 145 70 69066 0.190 - 5
40 82 177 86 69068 0.328 - -
50 96 201 98 69070 0.475 - -
63 113 230 112 69072 0.724 - -
75 134 272 133 - 69074 1.224 -
90 154 330 162 - 69076 1.980 -
110 179 394 194 - 69078 3.206 1
125 212 460 225 - 69080 5.266 1

COUPLING BODY 7011

d H I CODE kg
16 65 30 84011 .
20 77 36 84005 .
25 79 37 84006 .
32 91 44 84007 .
40 110 52 84008 .
50 115 55 84009 .

COUPLING 17010
PN 10 PACK
d E H I CODE kg QTY
160 280 418 204 69081 7.775 1
Supplied with 4 X 165mm X M 16 mild steel hex head galvanised bolts.

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.61
product.data

Metric Compression Fittings


Plasson

REDUCING COUPLING 7110


PN16 PN12.5 PACK
d x d1 E E1 H I I1 CODE kg CODE kg QTY
20 x 16 48 39 111 56 50 69082 0.074 - 0.0 10
25 x 16 54 39 120 55 50 69084 0.088 - 10
25 x 20 54 48 119 60 54 69086 0.104 - 10
32 x 20 64 48 135 62 53 69088 0.142 - 5
32 x 25 64 54 131 66 57 69090 0.154 - 5
40 x 25 82 54 155 81 60 69092 0.230 - -
40 x 32 82 64 155 81 66 69094 0.255 - -
50 x 25 96 54 176 93 59 69096 0.300 - -
50 x 32 96 64 173 97 61 69098 0.341 - -
50 x 40 96 82 182 92 82 69100 0.400 - -
63 x 25 113 54 187 108 50 69102 0.461 - -
63 x 32 113 64 199 110 64 69104 0.486 - -
63 x 40 113 82 209 110 82 69106 0.546 - -
63 x 50 113 96 215 110 95 69108 0.587 - -
75 x 50 134 96 245 132 98 - 69110 0.915 -
75 x 63 134 113 249 129 110 - 69112 0.960 -
90 x 63 154 113 284 154 110 - 69114 1.393 -
90 x 75 154 134 307 158 134 - 69116 1.590 -
110 x 90 179 154 378 194 164 - 69120 2.708 -

REPAIR COUPLING 7610


PN16 PN12.5 PACK
dxd E H I CODE kg CODE kg QTY
25 - - - 69527 - -
32 - - - 69528 - -
40 82 220 148 69503 0.377 - -
50 96 237 158 69504 0.534 - -
63 113 268 170 69496 0.825 - -
75 134 272 165 - 69505 1.206 -
90 154 330 190 - 69506 1.963 -
110 179 394 230 - 69507 3.251 -
125 69508
160 69529

Product Data.62 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

Metric Compression Fittings


Plasson

90° TEES 7040


PN16 PN12.5 PACK
d E H I A CODE kg CODE kg QTY
16 39 126 50 63 69140 0.083 - 10
20 48 145 57 74 69142 0.151 - 10
25 54 152 57 77 69144 0.191 - 5
32 64 175 65 88 69146 0.301 - 5
40 82 221 84 111 69148 0.517 - -
50 96 251 93 126 69150 0.748 - -
63 113 292 109 146 69152 1.145 - -
75 134 347 130 174 - 69154 1.976 -
90 154 440 165 220 - 69156 3.235 -
110 179 586 195 293 - 69158 5.710 -

90° TEES - WITH THREADED MALE OFFTAKE 7840


PN16 PACK
d x d1 x d E H I I2 A CODE kg QTY
20 x 15 x 20 48 138 58 16 46 69174 0.105 10
20 x 20 x 20 48 138 58 16 46 69176 0.108 10
25 x 15 x 25 54 150 61 16 50 69181 0.134 5
25 x 20 x 25 54 150 61 18 50 69182 0.138 5
32 x 25 x 32 64 168 66 20 58 69184 0.218 5
40 x 32 x 40 82 206 84 22 71 69188 0.373 -
40 x 40 x 40 82 206 84 22 71 69190 0.376 -
50 x 32 x 50 96 230 93 22 79 62808 0.542 -
50 x 40 x 50 96 230 93 22 77 69192 0.542 -
63 x 32 x 63 113 271 110 22 79 62809 0.824 -
63 x 40 x 63 113 271 110 22 83 62810 0.824 -
63 x 50 x 63 113 271 110 26 92 69196 0.824 -

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.63
product.data

Metric Compression Fittings


Plasson

90° TEES - WITH THREADED FEMALE OFFTAKE 7140


PN16 PN12.5 PACK
dxGxd E H I I2 A CODE kg CODE kg QTY
16 x 15 x 16 39 124 51 19 30 69202 0.066 - 10
16 x 20 x 16 39 122 50 19 30 69204 0.065 - 10
20 x 15 x 20 48 144 57 19 42 69206 0.113 - 10
20 x 20 x 20 48 144 57 19 32 69210 0.110 - -
25 x 15 x 25 54 150 58 19 35 69212 0.141 - -
25 x 20 x 25 54 150 58 19 48 69216 0.140 - -
25 x 25 x 25 54 158 63 21 66 69218 0.162 - -
*25 x 32 x 25 54 158 63 25 74 69220 0.194 - -
32 x 20 x 32 64 168 64 21 40 69222 0.223 - -
32 x 25 x 32 64 168 64 21 54 69226 0.213 - -
*32 x 32 x 32 64 178 70 25 67 69228 0.268 - -
*32 x 40 x 32 64 178 70 25 71 69230 0.282 - -
40 x 25 x 40 82 200 80 20 61 69232 0.367 - -
*40 x 32 x 40 82 208 83 24 63 69234 0.403 - -
*40 x 40 x 40 82 216 81 30 73 69236 0.453 - -
*40 x 50 x 40 82 218 85 30 84 69238 0.435 - -
*50 x 40 x 50 96 252 93 25 60 69240 0.602 - -
*50 x 50 x 50 96 244 93 30 87 69242 0.599 - -
*63 x 32 x 63 113 291 110 25 95 69243 0.875 - -
*63 x 40 x 63 113 291 110 25 95 69245 0.866 - -
*63 x 50 x 63 113 291 110 30 95 69244 0.904 - -
*75 x 50 x 75 134 358 131 30 110 - 69248 1.488 -
*75 x 65 x 75 134 345 131 35 85 - 69250 1.511 -
*75 x 80 x 75 134 358 131 37 108 - 69252 1.580 -
*90 x 80 x 90 154 422 166 41 116 - 69254 2.450 -
*110 x 100 x 110 179 516 200 52 140 - 69258 4.175 -
*with stainless steel reinforcing ring

90° REDUCING TEES - WITH THREADED FEMALE OFFTAKE 7140


PN16 PACK
d x G x d1 E E1 H L I I1 I2 A CODE kg QTY
20 x 20 x 16 48 39 133 70 53 50 19 40 69208 0.086 10
25 x 20 x 20 54 48 141 72 54 53 22 42 69214 0.126 -
32 x 25 x 25 64 54 155 82 67 58 22 45 69224 0.177 -

Product Data.64 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

Metric Compression Fittings


Plasson

90° ELBOWS 7050


PN16 PN12.5 PACK
d E I A CODE kg CODE kg QTY
16 39 51 64 69280 0.057 - 10
20 48 52 73 69282 0.102 - 10
25 54 53 76 69284 0.126 - 10
32 64 61 88 69286 0.202 - 5
40 82 83 109 69288 0.356 - -
50 96 93 123 69290 0.514 - -
63 113 110 147 69292 0.796 - -
75 134 129 173 - 69294 1.341 -
90 154 165 220 - 69296 2.256 -
110 179 195 293 - 69298 3.909 -

90° ELBOW 17050


PN10 PACK
d E I A CODE kg QTY
160 280 204 301 62816 8.823 -

PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems Product Data.65
product.data

Metric Compression Fittings


Plasson

REDUCING ELBOW 7510


PN PACK
d E I A CODE kg QTY
25 x 20 54 53 74 71432 0.114 10

ELBOW ADAPTORS 7350


PN PACK
d E I A CODE kg QTY
40 x 50 82 84 118 69540 0.355 1
50 x 50 96 93 136 69542 0.456 1
63 x 50 113 110 160 69544 0.495 1

Product Data.66 PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems PE Pipe Systems
product.data

Metric Compression Fittings


Plasson

90° ELBOWS - WITH THREADED MALE OFFTAKE 7850


PN16 PN12.5 PACK
dxG E I I2 A A1 CODE kg CODE kg QTY
20 x 15 48 52 17 82 45 69302 0.067 - 10
20 x 20 48 57 18 82 47 69304 0.064 - 10
25 x 15 54 57 17 84 50 69305 0.073 - 10
25 x 20 54 57 18 89 50 69309 0.080 - 10
25 x 25 54 57 20 84 52 69308 0.090 - 10
32 x 25 64 66 20 103 58 69310 0.128 - 5
32 x 32 69320
40 x 25 82 82 20 127 69 69312 0.240 - -
40 x 32 82 82 22 127 71 69314 0.233 - -
40 x 40 82 82 22 127 71 69316 0.241 - -
50 x 25 96 94 20 145 71 62811 - -
50 x 32 96 94 22 145 77 69318 0.335 - -
50 x 40 96 94 22 145 77 69320 0.331 - -
63 x 32 113 110 22 170 77 62812 - -
63 x 40 113 110 22 170 77 62813 0.461 - -
63 x 50 113 110 26 170 92 69324 0.518 - -
75 x 65 134 130 30 200 105 - 69328 0.872 -
75 x 80 134 130 33 200 110 - 69330 0.906 -
90 x 80 154 166 34 234 110