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GOVERNMENT OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS (ROADS AND BRIDGES)

VOLUME II

REVISED 1997

DIRECTOR OF FEDERAL HIGHWAYS FEDERAL MINISTRY OF WORKS & HOUSING HEADQUARTERS ABUJA, NIGERIA

INDEX TO SPECIFICATION

Clauses:

INDEX………………………………………

SPECIFICATIONS:-

Pages

(i) – (xv)

SECTION I – GENERAL ……………………………………………. 1 – 23

SECTION II –CONCRETE: MASS AND REINFORCED.…………. 24 -55

SECTION III – PRESTRESSED CONCRETE………………………

56 –72

SECTION IV – PILING…. ……………………………………………73–84

SECTION V – BRIDGEWORKS………………………………………85–109

SECTION VI – ROADWORKS

………………………………….….110

–226

SECTION I - GENERAL PART (A) ADMINISTRATION

CLAUSES

PAGES

1001

PRELIMINARY………………………………………………………………………

1

1002

DEFINITIONS…………………………………………………………………………

1

1003

DESCRIPTION OF WORKS………………………………………………………….

2

1004

LIAISON WITH ADJACENT WORKS………………………………………………

2

1005

AVOIDANCE OF DAMAGE TO WORKS…………………………………………….

2

1006

DATUM…………………………………………………………………………………… 2

1007

SURVEYS AND LEVELS TO BE AGREED AS BASIS FOR MEASUREMENT…

2

1008

DIMENSIONS AND LEVELS…………………………………………………………

2

1009

PARTICULARS OF EXISTING WORK……………………………………………….

2

1010

WORKING DRAWINGS……………………………………………………………….

3

1011

ALTERATIONS OF DRAWINGS………………………………………………………. 3

1012

DRAWINGS OF TEMPORARY WORKS TO BE SUBMITTED…………… 3

1013

SETTING OUT…………………………………………………………………………….

3

1014

NOTICE OF OPERATION……………………………………………………………….

4

1015

EXISTING SERVICES…………………………………………………………………….

4

1016

DAMAGE TO SERVICES…………………………………………………………………

4

1017

FILLING HOLES AND TRENCHES……………………………………………… 4

1018

JOINT MEASUREMENT OF MEASUREMENT OF EXTRAS………………………. 4

1019

PROTECTION FROM WEATHER…………………………………………… 5

1020

WORKS TO BE KEPT FREEE FROM WATER……………………………………… 5

1021

STAFF ETC. ACCOMODATION……………………………………………………….

5

1022

SUPPLY OF WATER AND ELECTRICITY…………………………………………… 5

1023

RETURNS OF LABOUR………………………………………………………………

5

1024

PHOTOGRAPHS………………………………………………………………………… 5

1025

REPORTS OF ACCIDENTS OR UNUSUAL OCCURANCE…………………………. 6

1026

MAINTENANCE OF WORKS…………………………………………………………. 6

1027

AS-MADE DRAWINGS………………………………………………………………… 6

1028

TRAFFIC

ROUTES

TO

BE

MAINTAINED

AND

WORKS

TRAFFIC

CONTROLLED…………………………………………………………………….

6

1029

BARRICADES, WARNING AND DEVIATION SIGNS……………………………….

7

1030

WEATHER CONDITIONS………………………………………………………………

7

1031

OTHER WORKS AND SERVICES……………………………………………………

7

(CLAUSE 1032-1039 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)………………………………………

8

PART (B) MATERIALS AND TESTING

 

1040

MATERIALS TESTING LABORATORIES AND STAFF…………………………

8

1041

TESTING OF MATERIALS……………………………………………………………

10

1042

INDEPENDENT TESTS…………………………………………………………………

11

1043

INSPECTION ENGINEER……………………………………………………………… 11

1044

MATERIALS SPECIFIED FOR B.S.S…………………………………………………

13

1045

APPARATUS REQUIRED FOR TESTING…………………………………………….

13

1046

NOTICE OF TESTS……………………………………………………………………

13

1047

SAMPLING……………………………………………………………………………… 13

1048

SAMPLING OF MATERIALS FROM BORROW PITS………………………………

13

1049

SAMPLING OF MATERIALS FROM STOCKPILES…………………………………. 14

1050

TEST TO BE CARRIED OUT…………………………………………………………

14

i

1051

UNSATISFACTORY TEST RESULT…………………………………………………

18

1052

TRIAL SECTIONS OF ROAD………………………………………………………….

18

1053

HANDLING AND STORAGE OF MATERIALS………………………………………

20

(CLAUSES 1054 - 1059 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………………

20

PART (C) MISCELLANOUS

 

1060

ASSISTANCE FOR ENGINEER’S REPRESENTATIVE……………………………

20

1061

OFFICE ACCOMODATION……………………………………………………………

21

1062

FENCING………………………………………………………………………………. 22

1063

COMPLIANCE

WITH

REGULATIONS

OF

THE

NIGERIAN

RAILWAY

CORPORATION, AND GOVERNMENT INSPECTOR OF RAILWAYS………………

22

1064

COMPLIANCE WITH REGULATIONS OF THE NIGERIAN PORTS AUTHORITY

23

1065

TAKING OVER OF SITE BY CONTRACTORS………………………………………. 23

(CLAUSES 1069 - 1099 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)…………………………………….

23

 

SECTION II CONCRETE: MASS AND REINFORCED

 
 

CLAUSES

2000

GENERAL………………………………………………………………………………….

24

PART (A): MATERIALS

 

2001

CEMENT…………………………………………………………………………….

24

2002

WATER …………………………………………………………………………………….

 

26

2003

AGGREGATES……………………………………………………………………………

26

2004

FINE AGGREGATES………………………………………………………………………

29

2005

COARSE AGGREGATES……………………………………………………………

30

2006

STEEL REINFORCEMENT………………………………………………………………. 31

2007

WATERPROOF BUILDING PAPER……………………………………………………. 32

2008

JOINT SEALING COMPOUND AND PRIMER………………………………………

32

PART (B): WORKMANSHIP

 

2009

PROPORTIONS OF CONCRETE: MIXES……………………………………….

32

2010

CONCRETE: MIX DESIGN…………………………………………………………

32

2011

TRIAL MIXES………………………………………………………………………

33

2012

MIXING OF CONCRETE …………………………………………………………

35

2013

QUALITY CONTROL OF CONCRETE…………………………………………… 36

2014

TRANSPORTATION OF CONCRETE…………………………………………….

41

2015

PLACING AND COMPACTION OF CONCRETE………………………………

 

41

2016

CONRETE: PLACED UNDER WATER…………………………………………

42

2017

PROTECTION AGAINST CHEMICAL ACTION………………………………….

43

2018

ATTENDANCE OF JOINER AND STEEL FIXER………………………………. 43

2019

CONSTRUCTION JOINT……………………………………………………………

43

2020

JOINTS TO PREVENT BONDING OF ADJACENT SURFACES……………

 

44

2021

SURFACE FINISHES………………………………………………………………

44

2022

CURING OF CONCRETE……………………………………………………………

44

2023

FORMWORK………………………………………………………………………. 45

2024

REINFORCEMENT SCHEDULES…………………………………………………

48

ii

2025

BENDING AND FIXING OF REINFORCEMENT…………………………………

48

PART (C): PRECAST CONRETE UNITS

2026

PRECAST CONCRETE UNITS………………………………………………………

50

PART (D); CEMENT MORTARS AND GROUTS

2027

CEMENT MORTARS AND GROUTS……………………………………………….

52

2028

BUILDING IN FOUNDATION BOLTS, FITTINGS, KERBS ETC………………

53

2029

EMPLOYMENT OF CONCRETE, MORTARS AND GROUTS………………………

53

PART (E); GRANOLITHIC CONCRETE FLOOR FINISHES

2030

CEMENT………………………………………………………………………………. 53

2031

AGGREGATES………………………………………………………………………. 54

2032

GRANOLITHIC TOPPING……………………………………………………………

54

2033

THE SUB-FLOOR…………………………………………………………………… 54

2034

LAYING………………………………………………………………………………. 54

2035

CURING………………………………………………………………………………. 54

2036

RETARDATION OF DUSTING……………………………………………………… 54

2037

CARBORUNDUM FINISH…………………………………………………………

54

2038

GRANOLITHIC MONOLITHIC TOPPING…………………………………………

54

2039

DAMP PROOFING……………………………………………………………………… 55

(CLAUSES 2040 - 2999 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)

55

SECTION III PRESTRESSED CONCRETE SPECIFICATION

CLAUSES

3000

GENERAL……………………………………………………………………………

56

PART (A) MATERIALS

3001

CEMENT………………………………………………………………………………

57

3002

AGGREGATES……………………………………………………………………….

57

3003

WATER………………………………………………………………………………

58

3004

UNTENSIONED REINFORCEMENT……………………………………………….

58

3005

PRE-STRESSING STEEL…………………………………………………………

58

3006

SHEATHING…………………………………………………………………………

60

PART (B); WORKMANSHIP

3007

CONCRETE PROPORTIONS……………………………………………………….

61

3008

FIELD TESTS…………………………………………………………………………

62

3009

BATCHING AND MIXING…………………………………………………………….

63

3010

PLACING OF CONCRETE………………………………………………………….

63

3011

CURING………………………………………………………………………………. 64

3012

FORMWORK………………………………………………………………………… 64

3013

SURFACE FINISH…………………………………………………………………

64

3014

TOLERANCE………………………………………………………………………… 65

3015

PRE-STRESSING…………………………………………………………………… 65

3016

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT……………………………………………………

70

3017

LIFTING AND HANDLING…………………………………………………………

71

3018

QUANTITY AND PAYMENT………………………………………………………

71

iii

(CLAUSES 3019 - 3999 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)

72

CLAUSES

SECTION IV

PILING

4000

GENERAL----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

72

PART (A); GENERAL

4001

TYPES OF PILES…………………………………………………………………

72

4002

APPROVAL OF TYPES OF PILES……………………………………………

72

4003

CONTRACTOR TO DRIVE OR BORE PILES……………………………………. 72

4004

SUB-CONTRACTOR TO DRIVE OR BORE PILES……………………………

72

4005

MANUFACTURE OF REINFORCED AND PRESTRESSED…………………

72

4006

CEMENT……………………………………………………………………………

72

4007

SETTING OUT OF PILES…………………………………………………………

72

4008

ALIGNMENT…………………………………………………………………………. 72

4009

DRIVING WITH DROP HAMMERS OR SINGLE ACTING STEAM HAMMERS

73

4010

DRIVING WITH DOUBLE ACTION STEAM HAMMERS………………………… 73

4011

PROTECTION OF PILE BUTTS…………………………………………………….

73

4012

LEADS AND FRAMES……………………………………………………………… 73

4013

DRIVING TO BE CONTINOUS TO FINAL SET OR LEVEL……………………

73

4014

JETTING………………………………………………………………………………. 73

4015

DRIVING TO FINAL SET AND RECORD OF DRIVING…………………………. 73

4016

RE-DRIVING HEAVED PILES……………………………………………………… 73

4017

DAMAGED AND MIS-DRIVEN PILES……………………………………………

74

4018

OBTRUCTIONS………………………………………………………………………. 74

4019

CUTTING OF PILES HEADS ETC…………………………………………………. 74

4020

BORED PILES OR CASINGS………………………………………………………

74

4021

PAYMENT……………………………………………………………………………

74

(CLAUSES 4022 - 4029 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)…………………………………

74

PART (B); TEST DRIVING AND TEST LOADING OF PILES

4030

GENERAL……………………………………………………………………………

74

4031

RECORDING OF TESTS RESULTS…………………………………………………… 74

4032

PROCEDURE FOR TESTING PILES OF TYPES A, B, C AND D……………… 75

4033

PROCEDURE FOR TESTING PILES OF TYPES ''E'' AND ''F'' ….……………… 75

4034

LATERAL DISPLACEMENT TESTS………………………………………………… 75

4035

ASSESMENT OF RESULTS OF PILE LOADING AND DRIVING TESTS……… 75

4036

PAYMENT FOR TEST PILES AND LOAD TESTS………………………………

76

(CLAUSES 4037 - 4049 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)…………………………………. 76

PART (C) PRECAST REINFORCED CONCRETE BEARING AND SHEET PILES TYPE ''A''

4050

GENERAL……………………………………………………………………………

76

4051

MOULDS AND CONCRETING………………………………………………………

76

iv

4052

STRIPPING AND HANDLING………………………………………………………

76

4053

LENTHENING OF PILES…………………………………………………

………

77

4054

STRIPPING HEADS OF PILES……………………………………………………

77

4055

PAYMENT FOR PRECAST REINFORCED CONCRETE BEARING

AND SHEET

PILES…………………………………………………………………………………. 77

(CLAUSES 4056 - 4059 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………

77

PART (D) CAST- IN-PLACE REINFORCED CONCRETE PILES TYPES "B" and "C"

4060

CAST-IN-PLACE REINFORCED CONCRETE PILES TYPE "B"………….

78

4061

CAST-IN-PLACE REINFORCED CONCRETE PILES TYPE "C"…………

78

4062

EQUIPMENT……………………………………………………………….

78

4063

CONTROL OF INTERNAL PRESSURES……………………………… 78

4064

CONCRETE………………………………………………………………

78

4065

STEEL REINFORCEMENT……………………………………………….

79

4066

PAYMENT FOR CAST-IN-PLACE REINFORCED CONCRETE PILES TYPES "B" and "C"…………………………………………………………………………………………

79

(CLAUSES 4067 - 4069 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)………………………… 79

PART (E) CAST- IN-PLACE REINFORCED CONCRETE PILES TYPE "D"

 

4070

GENERAL……………………………………………………………………………

79

4071

DETAILED METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION……………………………………….

79

4072

PAYMENT FOR CAST-IN-PLACE REINFORCED CONCRETE PILES OF TYPE "D"………………………………………………………………………………………

79

(CLAUSES 4073-4079 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………………. 79

PART (F) PRESTRESSED CONCRETE CYLINDER PILES TYPE "E"

 

4080

GENERAL…………………………………………………………………………………… 80

4081

MANUFACTURE…………………………………………………………………………. 80

4082

HANDLING………………………………………………………………………………

80

4083

EQUIPMENT……………………………………………………………………………… 80

4084

REINFORCING STEEL…………………………………………………………………

80

4085

CONCRETE………………………………………………………………………………

80

4086

CASTING…………………………………………………………………………………. 80

4087

CURING…………………………………………………………………………………… 81

4088

METHOD OF HANDLING……………………………………………………………

81

4089

ASSEMBLY OF SECTIONS……………………………………………………………

81

4090

STRESSING OF PILES…………………………………………………………………

81

4091

GROUTING OF CABLES………………………………………………………………

81

4092

DRIVING RESISTANCE………………………………………………………………….

81

4093

TENSION FORCES DURING DRIVING…………………………………………………

81

4094

CONTROL OF INTERNAL PRESSURES………………………………………………. 81

4095

PRE-EXCAVATION………………………………………………………………………. 82

v

4096

TOLERANCE……………………………………………………………………………

82

4097

CUT-OFF………………………………………………………………………………… 82

4098

PILE SPLICES OF BUILD UPS…………………………………………………………

82

4099

DEFLECTIVE PILES………………………………………….………………………….

82

4100

PAYMENT………………………………………………………………………………. 82

(CLAUSES 4101-4109 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)………………………………………

82

PART (G) PRESTRESSED CONCRETE PILES TYPE "F"

4110

GENERAL……………………………………………………

82

4111

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE ETC…………………………

82

4112

PAYMENT………………………………………………………

83

(CLAUSES 4113-4119 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)

83

PART (H) STEEL SHEET PILES

4120

STEEL SHEET PILES…………………………………………

83

4121

WELDING ELECTRODES……….……………………………

83

4122

PROTECTIVE PAINTING…………

…………………………

83

4123

DRIVING ETC………………………………………………………

83

4124

THE RODS AND ROPES

……………………………………

84

4125

PAYMENT…………………………………………………………

84

(CLAUSES 4126-4999 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)

84

SECTION V: BRIDGEWORKS

PART (A) PRELIMINARIES, EXCAVATIONS, FOUNDATIONS, DEMOLITIONS, TEST LOAD ETC.

 

5000

GENERAL………………………………………………………… 85

5001

GENERAL………………………………………………………… 85

5002

TRAFFIC DIVERSIONS………………………………………………………… 85

5003

CLEARING OF SITE……………………………………………………… 85

5004

WATER TRAINING AND PROTECTION WORKS……………………… 85

5005

EXCAVATION AND BACKFILLING…………………………

……………

85

5006

PAYMENT FOR EXCAVATIONS FOR FOUNDATIONS…………… 87

5007

EXCAVATIONS FOR FOUNDATIONS

BELOW WATER LEVEL………

87

5008

PREPARATION FOR FOUNDATIONS: NORMAL……………………… 88

5009

REMOVAL OF EXISTING STRUCTURES: GENERAL………………… 88

5010

EXPLOSIVES……………………

………………………………………

89

5011

REMOVAL OF EXISTING SUPERSTRUCTURES AND SUBSTRUCTURES: STEEL AND CONCRETE…………………………………………………………………

89

vi

5012

5013

5014

5015

5016

5017

5018

5019

5020

5021

5022

5023

5030

5031

5032

5033

5034

5035

5036

5037

5038

5039

5040

5041

5042

5043

5044

5045

5046

5047

5048

5049

5050

5051

5052

5053

5054

REMOVAL

OF

EXISTING

SUPERSTRUCTURES

AND

SUBSTRUCTURES:

TIMBER………………………………………………………………………….

 

92

TOTAL

DEMOLITION

OF

EXISTING

ABUTMENTS,

PIERS

AND

LANDINGS………………………………

………………………………………

 

92

PARTIAL

DEMOLITION

OF

EXISTING

ABUTMENTS,

PIERS

AND

LANDINGS………………………………

………………………………………….

 

92

DISPOSAL

AND

RE-USE

OF

RUBBLE

RESULTING

FROM

DEMOLITION………………………………

………………………………………

 

92

PREPARATION OF SURFACES OF EXISTING ABUTMENTS, PIERS, ETC. PRIOR TO PLACING CONCRETE IN CONTRACT…………………………………………… 92

PREPARATION OF SURFACES OF EXISTING ABUTMENTS, PIERS, ETC. PRIOR

TO CONSTRUCTION OF NON-BONDING JOINT……………………………………

93

TEST ON COMPLETED STRUCTURES………………………

 

93

LOADING

OF

STRUCTURES:

CONSTRUCTIONS,

BACKFILLING,

TRAFFIC

ETC…………………………………………………

……………………………………

94

AS-MADE DRAWINGS……………………………………………………

 

95

SETTLEMENT OF BRIDGE AND APPROACHES……………………

95

BEARINGS…………….…………………………………………………

95

ELASTOMERIC BEARING PADS……………………………………

95

 

96

(CLAUSES 5024-5029 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)

 

97

 

PART (B) STRUCTURAL STEELWORK

GENERAL: MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP………………………

 

97

WORKING DRAWINGS

…………………………………………………

97

SCHEDULE OF PARTS…………………………………………………

98

MILD STEEL FOR STRUCTURAL MEMBERS ETC……………………

98

ROLLED STEEL PINS, KNUCKLE PINS, ROLLERS…………………

98

STEEL CASTINGS FOR BEARINGS……………………

……………

98

PATTERNS OF CASTINGS…………………………………….…………

98

GUNMETAL FOR BEARINGS…………………………………….………

98

FORGINGS…………………………………………

………………………

98

RIVETS……………………………………………………

…………………

98

BOLTS…………

…………………

………………………………………

98

HAND-RAILING AND GUARD-RAILING…

…………………

………

99

HIGH

TENSILE

STEEL FOR WELDING…

……… …………………

 

99

HIGH

TENSILE

STEEL NOT TO BE FOR WELDED………

………

99

HIGH

TENSILE

STEEL MARKING…………………

……… ………

100

CAST

STEEL ……………………

…………………

………

………

100

CAST IRON ……………………

…………………

………

………

 

100

ELECTRODES…………………

…………………

………

………

100

GREASE FOR BEARINGS…

…………………

………

………

100

PAINT AND PAINTING…

…………………

………

………

 

100

INTERCHANGEABILITY OF PARTS……

…………………………………

101

PREPARATION EDGES AND ENDS………………

……………………

101

HOLES FOR BOLTS AND RIVETS…………………

……………………

101

RIVETS AND RIVETING…………….……………………………………

102

WASHERS……………….…………….……………………………………

102

vii

5055

WELDING………………

…………….……………………………………

 

102

5056

JOINTS……………………

………….……………………………………

103

5057

NOTCHING OF FLANGES AND WEBS

………………………………

103

5058

BENDING AND PRESSING…

…….……………………………………

103

5059

SHOP ASSEMBLY………….……….……………………………………

103

5060

MACHINING…………

…………….……………………………………

103

5061

ERECTION

AT

MANUFACTURERS

WORKS

AND

MARKING

UP

FOR

RE-

ERECTION…………….……………………………………………………………………

103

5062

SHOP PAINTING AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS……………………

 

104

5063

GALVANIZING…………….………….……………………………………

104

5064

DRIFTS, SPANNERS ETC…

…….……………………………………

104

5065

NUMBERS OF SITE RIVETS, BOLTS, NUTS SERVICE BOLTS ETC…

105

5066

MEASUREMENT FOR PAYMENT OF STEEL WORK……………………

 

105

5067

PACKING AND MARKING FOR SHIPMENT…

…………………………

106

5068

ERECTION AT SITE…………

……….……………………………………

106

5069

SITE PLANNING…………….………….……………………………………

106

5070

ADDITIONAL STEEL WORK INVOLVED IN THE STRENGTHENING OF EXISTING BRIDGES…………….…………………………………………………………………….

107

5071

RE-USE

OF

GIRDERS,

JOINTS

ETC:

OBTAINED

FROM

DISMANTLED

STRUCTURES…………….……………………………………………………………

 

108

5072

GROUTING BASE PLATES, ETC: OF BEARING………

……………

 

108

5073

EXPANSION JOINTS………….……………………………………

109

(CLAUSES 5074-5099 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)

109

SECTION VI - ROADWORKS

 

CLAUSES

6000

GENERAL………………………………………………………………………

 

110

PART A DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS

 

6001

HORIZONTAL ALIGNMENT…………………………………………………………

 

110

6002

VERTICAL ALIGNMENT……………………………………………………………… 111

6003

ROLL-OVER…………………………………………………………………………… 112

6004

CONTRACTOR TO CALCULATE LEVELS………………………………………… 112

6005

CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS……………………………………………………

 

112

(CLAUSES 6006-6099 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)…………………………………. 114

PART B EARTHWORKS, DRAINAGE, ETC.

 

(I) MATERIAL

6100

GENERAL……………………………………………………………………………… 114

6101

UNSUITABLE MATERIAL…………………………………………………………….

 

115

6102

FILLING MATERIAL……………………………………………………………………

115

6103

SELECTED LATERITIC MATERIAL FOR SOFT SHOULDERS………………….

115

6104

GRASS OR GRASS SEED…………………………………………………………

115

viii

6105

RUBBLE AND PITCHING STONES………………………………………………….

115

(CLAUSES 6106-6119 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………………

115

(II) WORKMANSHIP

6120

SITE CLEARANCE……………………………………………………………………. 116

6121

SCARIFYING EXISTING SURFACE………………………………………………… 118

6122

EARTHWORKS………………………………………………………………………

118

6123

PAYMENT FOR EARTHWORKS…………………………………………………… 120

6124

SELECTION OF SOIL FOR FILL……………………………………………………. 121

6125

COMPACTION…………………………………………………………………………. 122

6126

BORROW PITS………………………………………………………………………

125

6127

SAND FILL……………………………………………………………………………

125

6128

EXCAVATION TO BE KEPT FREE FROM WATER………………………………. 127

6129

SLIPS…………………………………………………………………………………… 127

6130

SUITABLE MATERIAL BELOW FORMATION LEVEL……………………………. 128

6131

SWAMP AREAS……………………………………………………………………… 128

6132

FORMATION OF LEVEL ……………………………………………………………

130

6133

PREPARATION OF FORMATION…………………………………………………. 130

6134

TRIMMING OF SLOPES……………………………………………………………

130

6135

EXCAVATION IN ROCK……………………………………………………………… 130

6136

BACKFILLING OF EXISTING BORROW PITS……………………………………

131

6137

EMBANKMENT IN BAD GROUNG…………………………………………………. 131

6138

BACKFILLING ………………………………….……………………………………

131

6139

GRASSING OF EMBANKMENTS, CUTTINGS, VERGES ETC…………………. 132

6140

ROADSIDE DRAINAGE DITCHING…………………………………………………. 132

6141

CONCRETE DRAINS…………………………………………………………………. 132

6142

SUB-SOIL DRAINS……………………………………………………………………. 133

6143

CUT-OFF DITCHING…………………………………………………………………

134

6144

EXCAVATION FOR CULVERTS……………………………………………………

134

6145

DEMOLITION OF EXISTING CULVERTS…………………………………………… 135

6146

NEW PIPE CULVERTS………………………………………………………………. 135

6147

EXTENSION OF EXISTING PIPE CULVERTS……………………………………

137

6148

ACCESS CULVERTS………………………………………………………………… 138

6149

BOX CULVERTS………………………………………………………………………. 138

6150

EXTENSION TO EXISTING BOX CULVERTS……………………………………

138

6151

CORRUGATED METAL OR "ARMCO" CULVERTS………………………………. 138

6152

INLETS AND OUTLETS OF CULVERTS…………………………………………… 139

6153

CLEARING DRAINS AND CULVERTS……………………………………………… 140

6154

PITCHING………………………………………………………………………………. 140

6155

APPROVAL OF METHOD…………………………………………………………… 140

6156

PREVENTION OF DAMAGE TO COMPLETED PAVEMENT…………………… 141

6157

WATER FOR CONSTRUCTION…………………………………………………… 141

6158

ROLLERS……………………………………………………………………………… 141

6159

VIBRATORY COMPACTORS………………………………………………………

141

6160

TRENCH EXCAVATION FOR WIDENING OF EXISTING PAVEMENT…………. 141

6161

PREPARTION OF SUB-GRADE……………………………………………………. 142

6162

COMPLETION AND SHAPING OF SUB-GRADE…………………………………. 142

6163

COMPLETION OF VERGES AND MEDIANS……………………………………… 143

6164

STRIPPING TOPSOIL………………………………………………………………… 143

6165

CATCHPITS AND CASCADES……………………………………………………… 143 (CLAUSES 6166-6179 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)………………………………… 143

ix

6180

6181

6182

(III) TESTS

TESTS FOR THE SELECTION OF FILLING MATERIAL…………………………. 143

TESTS FOR THE CLASSIFICATION AND CONTROL OF COMPACTED SUB- GRADE AND FILLING……………………………………………………

144

TRIAL SECTIONS TO DETERMINE TECHNIQUE………………………………… 144 (CLAUSES 6183-6199 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)………………………………… 144

PART C SUB-BASE COURSE, BASE COURSE ETC (1) LATERITE

6200

6201

6202

6205

6206

6207

6208

6209

6210

6211

GENERAL………………………………………………………………………

 

145

MATERIALS

FOR

COMPACTED

SUB-BASE

COURSE

AND

BASE COURSE……………………………………………………………….

 

145

ROCK

LATERITE

FOR

SUB-BASE

COURSE

AND

BASE

COURSE……………………………………………………………………

 

147

(CLAUSES 6203-6204 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………….

147

WORKMANSHIP

 

SEQUENCE OF OPERATIONS……………………………………………………

 

147

BORROW

PITS FOR SUB-BASE, BASE COURSE AND HARD-SHOULDER

MATERIALS…………………………………………………………

 

147

COMPLETION OF

SUB-BASE COURSE

148

COMPLETION OF BASE COURSE…………………………………………………

149

ROCK LATERITE FOR BASE COURSE

 

149

SURFACING OF BASE COURSE…………………………………………………

 

150

PREPARATION

OF

BASE

COURSE

TO

RECEIVE

BITUMEN

PRIME COAT………………………………………………………………….

 

150

(CLAUSES 6212-6214 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………. 150

6215

6216

6217

TESTS

TESTS FOR THE SELECTION OF LATERITE SUB-BASE COURSE AND BASE COURSE MATERIALS……………………………………………

150

TESTS

FOR

CLASSIFICATION

AND

CONTROL

OF

COMPACTED

LATERITIC SUB-BASE COURSE AND BASE COURSE…………………………….

150

TRIAL

SECTIONS

OF

LATERITE

SUB-BASE

COURSE

AND

BASE COURSE……………………………………………………………………….

 

152

(CLAUSE 6218-6219 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………………. 152

6220

6221

6222

6223

6224

6225

(II) SOIL CEMENT SPECIFICATION

DESCRIPTION………………………………………………………………………. 152

MATERILAS FOR SOIL CEMENT STABILIZATION……………………………….

155

APPROVAL……………………………………………………………………………. 155

SAMPLING OF MATERIALS GENERAL……………………………………………

155

SAMPLING

OF

MATERIALS

TO

BE

STABILISED

BORROW

PITS………………………………………………………………………

 

155

SAMPLING OF MATERIALS - STOCKPILES……………………………………… 155

x

6226

- PLACE…………………………………………………………………

SAMPLING

OF

MATERIALS

EXISTING

MATERIAL

ALREADY

IN

155

6227

TESTS FOR THE SELECTION OF SOIL TO BE STABILISED…………………

155

6228

DESIGN CRITERIA…………………………………………………………………….

156

6229

PROCEDURE FOR ESTIMATION OF CEMENT CONTENT……………………

156

6230

CONSTRUCTION……………………………………………………………………

157

6231

MULTIPASS - MIX- IN - PLACE METHOD…………………………………………. 157

6232

TRAVELLING MIXING MACHINE METHOD………………………………………

 

158

6233

COMPACTION………………………………………………………………………….

158

6234

GENERAL REQUIREMENT FOR PLANT MIX PROCESS………………………. 158

6235

BATCH MIXING…………………………………………………………………………

 

159

6236

WEIGHT PROPOTIONING……………………………………………………………

159

6237

VOLUMETRIC PROPORTIONING…………………………………………………… 159

6238

CONTINUOUS MIXING………………………………………………………………

 

159

6239

SPREADING……………………………………………………………………………

160

6240

COMPACTION………………………………………………………………………….

161

6241

FINISHINGS…………………………………………………………………………….

162

6242

CONSTRUCTION JOINTS……………………………………………………………. 162

6243

CURING…………………………………………………………………………………

 

162

6244

FIELD CONTROL TESTS……………………………………………………………

163

6245

TEST RECORDS………………………………………………………………………

164

6246

ADDITIONAL CONSTRUCTION RECORDS……………………………………… 164

6247

SUPERVISION…………………………………………………………………………

 

164

(CLAUSES 6248-6249 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………………. 164

 

(III) CRUSHED STONE

6250

GENERAL……………………………………………………………………………… 165

6251

MATERIALS…………………………………………………………………………… 165

6252

GRADING OF CRUSHED STONE…………………………………………………

 

166

6253

PREPARATION OF SUBGRADE…………………………………………………… 167

6254

FORMS………………………………………………………………………………… 167

6255

CRUSHED STONE TO BE LAID AND COMPACTED IN LAYERS……………… 168

6256

LAYING AND COMPACTION CRUSHED STONE-DRY PROCESS…………… 168

6257

CRUSHED STONE BASE COURSE LAID BY THE WET PROCESS………

 

168

6258

PREPARATION

OF

CRUSHED

STONE

BASE

COURSE

TO

RECEIVE

BITUMENINUOS SURFACING…………………………………………………………

 

169

6259

COMPACTION………………………………………………………………………….

169

 

(IV) CONCRETE CARRIAGEWAY CONSTRUCTION

 

6260

GENERAL………………………………………………………………………………

 

169

 

MATERIALS

6261

CEMENT………………………………………………………………………………

 

169

6262

AGGREGATE…………………………………………………………………………. 169

6263

REINFORCING STEEL………………………………………………………………

 

169

6264

DOWEL BARS AND TIE BARS……………………………………………………

169

6265

SIDE FORMS…………………………………………………………………………

170

6266

RAILS FOR MACHINE FINISHED CONCRETE CARRIAGEWAY……………….

170

6267

PREFORMED JOINT FILLER………………………………………………………

170

6268

JOINT PRIMER…………………………………………………………………………

170

6269

JOINT SEALING COMPOUND……………………………………………………….

170

xi

WORKMANSHIP

6270

GENERAL……………………………………………………………………………… 171

6271

THICKNESS OF SLABS………………………………………………………………

 

171

6272

CONCRETE DISTRIBUTOR…………………………………………………………

171

6273

COMPACTING AND FINISHING MACHINE………………………………………

171

6274

WATERPROOF UNDERLAY………………………………………………………

171

6275

SETTING, CHEKING, AND STRIKING OF SIDE FORMS………………………

171

6276

SETTING,

CHEKING,

AND

STRIKING

OF

RAILS

FOR

MACHING-LAID CONCRETE…………………………………………………

 

172

6277

QUANTITY AND DISTRIBUTION OF STEEL REINFORCEMENTS……………

173

6278

PLACING OF STEEL REINFORCEMENT FOR CARRIAGEWAY………………. 173

6279

TREATMENT AT MANHOLES……………………………………………………… 173

6280

JOINTS IN CONCRETE CARRIAGEWAYS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS……

 

173

6281

TRANVERSE JOINTS………………………………………………………………… 173

6282

LONGITUDINAL JOINTS……………………………………………………………… 174

6283

SAWING JOINTS……

………………………………………………………………

 

174

6284

SEALING OF JOINTS………………………………………………………………… 174

6285

COMPRESSIVE STRENGHT OF CONCERETE…………………………………

 

175

6286

TRAIL MIXES AND TRIAL SLABS…………………………………………………

175

6287

PLACING CONCRETE………………………………………………………………

176

6288

SPREADING AND COMPACTION WITH A FINISHING MACHINED OF REINFORCED CONCRETE ROADS SLABS………………………… 176

6289

SPREADING

AND

COMPACTION

WITH

VIBRATING

SCREED

OF

REINFORCED CONCRETE ROADS SLABS………………………………

 

177

6290

SPREADING AND COMPACTION WITH A FINISHING MACHINED OR VIBRATING SCREED ON CONCRETE ROADS SLABS OR HAUNCHES AS ROAD BASES……………………………………………………………. 177

6291

CURING CONCRETE…………………………………………………………………. 177

6292

ACCURACY OF CONCRETE SURFACE USING FINISHING OR VIBRATING SCREED……………………………………………………………………

177

6293

TRAFFIC OVER FINISHED WORK…………………………………………………. 178

TESTS

6294

SELECTION AND CONTROL TESTS………………………………………………

 

178

6295

TRIAL SECTIONS……………………………………………………………………

178

(CLAUSES 6296-6299 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)…………………………………….

178

PART D SURFACING (I)TWO COAT BITUMINOUS SURFACING DRESSING

 

6300

GENERAL………………………………………………………………………………

 

179

MATERIALS

6301

MATERIALS FOR SURFACE DRESSING………………………………………….

 

179

6302

BITUMINOUS EMULSION…………………………………………………………….

180

(CLAUSES 6303-6309 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)………………………………….

180

WORKMANSHIP

xii

6310

HEATING OF CUT BACK BITUMEN……………………………………………….

180

6311

CUT-BACK BITUMEN PRIME COAT………………………………………………

180

6312

SPRAYING OF CUT-BACK BITUMEN PRIME COAT……………………………

181

6313

FIRST COAT SURFACE DRESSING………………………………………………

182

6314

FINAL SURFACE OF CARRIAGEWAY…………………………………………….

183

6315

WET WEATHER………………………………………………………………………. 183

6316

REGULATION

OF

TRAFFIC

OVER

PRIME

COAT

AND

SURFACE

DRESSING……………………………………………………………

 

183

(CLAUSE 6317-6319 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………………. 183

TESTS

6320

TESTS FOR BITUMEN………………………………………………………………

183

6321

TESTS FOR AGGREGATES, ROADSTONE AND CHIPPINGS…………………

184

6322

TESTS FOR BINDER DISTRIBUTORS……………………………………….……

184

6323

TESTS FOR RATE APPLICATION…………………………………………………

184

(CLAUSES 6324-6329 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)…………………………………….

184

6330

GENERAL………………………………………………………………………………

184

MATERIALS

6331

BITUMEN MACADAM GENERAL…………………………………………………… 184

6332

BITUMEN MACADAM MATERIALS………………………………………………… 185

6333

BITUMEN MACADAM APPROVAL OF MATERIALS……………………………. 185

6334

BITUMEN MACADAM COMPOSITION OF MIXES……………………………… 185 (CLAUSE 6335-6339 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………………. 186

WORKMANSHIP

 

6340

MACADAM MIXING PLANT…………………………………………………………

186

6341

BITUMEN MACADAM MIXING……………………………………………………….

186

6342

BITUMEN MACADAM TRANSPORTATING MIXED MATERIAL………………….

186

6343

BITUMEN

MACADAM

PREPARATION

OF

SURFACE

PRIOR

TO LAYING…………………………………………………….

 

186

6344

BITUMEN MACADAM LAYING……………………………………………………… 187

6345

BITUMEN MACADAM SPREADER OR FINISHER………………………………. 187

6346

HAND SPREADING NOT ALLOWED………………………………………………. 187

6347

BITUMEN MACADAM ROLLING……………………………………………………. 187

6348

FIELD DENSITY OF COMPACTED BITUMEN MACADAM……………………… 188

6349

TRIAL AREAS…………………………………………………………………………. 189

6350

BITUMEN MACADAM FINISHED LEVELS………………………………………… 189

6351

BITUMEN MACADAM JOINTS………………………………………………………. 189

6352

BITUMEN MACADAM DAMAGED WORK………………………………………… 189 (CLAUSES 6353-6359 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………………. 190

TESTS

6360

BITUMEN MACADAM TESTS………………………………………………………. 190

6361

PREQUENCY OF TESTS: BITUMEN MACADAM………………………………… 190

6362

INDEPENDENT TESTS: BITUMEN MACADAM…………………………………… 190

xiii

6363

MANUFACTURER'S CERTIFICATE FOR BITUMEN ……………………………

191

6364

CONTRACTOR TO TEST MATERIALS:BITUMEN MACADAM…………………. 191

6365

NOTICE OF TEST:BITUMEN MACADAM…………………………………………

191

6366

SAMPLES TO BE IN DUPLICATE…………………………………………………

191

6367

COST OF TESTS BITUMEN MACADAM…………………………………………

191

(CLAUSES 6368-6369 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)……………………………………. 191

(III) ASPHALTIC CONCRETE

6370

GENERAL……………………………………………………………………………… 191

6371

MATERIAL……………………………………………………………………………… 192

6372

APPROVAL OF MATERIAL…………………………………………………………. 193

6373

SAMPLES ………………………

…………………………………………………

194

6374

COMPOSITION OF MIXES…………………………………………………………… 195

6375

PREPARATION …………………

…………………………………………………

197

6376

TRANSPORTING MIXED MATERIALS……………………………………………. 198

6377

PREPARATION OF AREA TO BE PAVED………………………………………

199

6378

TRIAL AREAS………………………………………………………………………….

199

6379

COMPACTION………………………………………………………………………… 201

6380

JOINTS…………………………………………………………………………………. 202

6381

FIELD DENSITY OF ROLLED ASPHALT…………………………………………

202

6382

FINISHED LEVELS…………………………………………………………………… 203

6383

ASPHALTIC CONCRETE MIXING PLANT…………………………………………. 203

6384

ASPHALTIC CONCRETE PAVERS………………………………………………… 210

6385

INSPECTION AND CONTROL OF ASPHALT MIXING PLANT……………………

211

(CLAUSES 6386-6399 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)…………………………………….

213

 

PART E MISCELLANEOUS

6400

MILE POSTS…………………………………………………………………………

214

6401

CULVERT BEACONS…………………………………………………………………

214

6402

ROAD WARNING SIGNS……………………………………………………………

215

6403

ADVANCE DIRECTION SIGNS……………………………………………………… 215

6404

CARRIAGEWAY MARKINGS………………………………………………………

215

6405

PRECAST CONCRETE KERBS……………………………………………………

216

6406

PRECAST CONCRETE EDGING BLOCKS………………………………………

216

6407

PRECAST CONCRETE PAVING SLABS…………………………………………

216

6408

GULLEY KERBS……………………………………………………………………

217

6409

GULLEY PIPES……………………………………………………………………

217

6410

PRECAST CONCRETE CHANNELS…

…………………………………………

217

6411

CAT'S EYES……………………………………………………………………………

218

6412

STREET LIGHTING…………………………………………………………………….

218

6413

TRAFFIC LIGHTS………………………………………………………………………

218

6414

ILLUMINATED GUARD POSTS………………………………………………………

218

6415

GUARDS RAILS……………………………………………………………………….

219

6416

DELINEATORS…………………………………………………………………………

220

6417

TELEPHONE POLES…………………………………………………………………

222

(CLAUSES 6418-6499 INCLUSIVE NOT USED)…………………………………….

223

ANNEXURE TO THE GENERAL SPECIFICATION

xiv

(ROAD AND BRIDGES) PENETRATION (GROUTED) MACADAM

6500 GENERAL……………………………………………………………………………… 223

6501 MATERIALS…………………………………………………………………………… 223

6502 WORKMANSHIP……………………………………………………………………… 224

6503 TRIAL SECTIONS …………………………………………………………………….

225

6504 TESTS…………………………………………………………………………………

225

xv

SPECIFICATION

SECTION 1 - GENERAL

SECTION I - GENERAL

PART (A): ADMINISTRATION ETC.

PRELIMINARY

1001.

The conditions of contract and the drawings shall be read in conjunction with this

specification and matters referred to, shown or described in any one of them are not necessarily repeated in the other two.

The drawings and specifications are intended to complement and supplement each other. Any work required by either of them and not by the other shall be performed as if denoted by each. Should any work be required which is not denoted in the specifications or on the drawings because of an inadvertent obvious omission, but which is nevertheless necessary for the proper performance of the Project, such work shall be performed as if it were described and delineated subject to the approval of the Engineer. The Contractor shall call to the attention of the Engineer's Representative, any perceived errors or omissions that occur on the drawings and/or specifications.

On the drawings, figured dimensions shall govern in case of discrepancy between scaled and figured dimensions. If any discrepancy be found between the drawings and specifications, in so far as dimensions are concerned, the requirements of the drawings shall govern. If there be a discrepancy between the General Specifications and the Supplementary Specifications, the requirements of the latter shall govern. The Engineer shall have the right to correct apparent errors and omissions in the drawings and specifications and to make such interpretation as he deem necessary for the proper implementation of the intent and purpose of the drawings and specifications.

DEFINITIONS

1002.

The terms "Approved", "Directed" and "Required" shall mean to the approval,

direction or requirement of the Engineer or, his duly authorized representative.

The letters B.S. refer to the latest British Standards published by the British Standards Institution. The British Standards mentioned in the specification are particularly described in Schedule VII of Volume III of these Specifications bound together with the Bill of Quantities. Where no particular direction is given, the letters B.S. refer to the latest British Standards including any amendments in force at the time of the tendering. Materials specified to be in accordance with the British Standards are to be branded or a certificate provided where and as described in the particular Standard.

Where applicable the abbreviations used in the Specification and Bill of Quantities are in accordance with the recommendations contained in B.S. l991, Parts 1 and 4, are as follows:

 

"A.A.S.H.T.O." or "A.A.S.H.O." refer to the Specifications used by the American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials, current edition.

"A.S.T.M." refer to the American Society of Testing Materials.

"C.P." or "B.S.C.P." refer to the latest (unless otherwise stated) British Standard Code of Practice, including any amendments.

"DOE" refer to Department of Environment, United Kingdom

"F.M.W." refer to "The Federal Ministry of Works of the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

"NIS" refer to the Nigerian Industrial Standards

"SON" refer to the Standard Organization of Nigeria

"W.A.S.C." refer to the West African Standard Compaction.

DESCRIPTION OF

1003.

The works comprised in this Contract are described in Schedule V of Volume III

WORKS

of these specifications bound together with the Bills of Quantities.

1

The drawings showing the dimensions and layouts of the works are listed in Schedule IV appended to Volume III of these specifications bound together with the Bills of Quantities.

The scope of the contract covers the supply of materials, plant, equipment, labour and supervision necessary for the complete works all as specified together with all temporary works and traffic diversions required during the construction of the works.

Where called for, the contract also includes the maintenance of a diversion for traffic during construction, and the maintenance of the works in terms of Clause 49 of the conditions of contract for a period after completion as stated in the appendix to Tender.

LIAISON WITH

1004.

In the event of other works being in progress concurrently with and adjacent to

ADJACENT

the works specified in this contract, liaison shall be maintained with such other works to

WORKS

ensure that the several works being undertaken shall not cause any mutual interference with progress and shall culminate in the integrated improvement as a whole. If so required by the Engineer, the Contractor shall vary his programme of work in accordance with Clauses 14 and 90 of the Conditions of Contract, to coordinate the works with any other works on or adjacent to the site of the works, whether being carried out by contract or by direct labour of the Ministry.

AVOIDANCE OF DAMAGE TO WORKS

DATUM

SURVEYS AND LEVELS TO BE AGREED AS BASIS FOR MEASUREMENT

DIMENSIONS AND LEVELS

PARTICULARS OF EXISTING WORK

1005. The Contractor shall arrange his programme of works and control of traffic in

such a way as to avoid damage to the works at any stage of their construction.

1006. The datum to which the various levels have been reduced for the purposes of the

contract are as stated on the respective drawings. Where these datums are likely to be covered by the new works, the Contractor shall transfer the levels to such fixed points or beacons, to be provided by the Contractor at his own cost, as shall be required and specified by the Engineer's Representative. The positions of such transferred datums shall be accurately surveyed and shown on the working and as-made drawings.

1007. Before the works or any part thereof are begun the Contractor and the Engineer's

Representative shall together survey and take levels of the site of the works and agree all particulars on which measurements of works are to be based. Such surveys shall be recorded and signed as agreed by the Engineer's Representative and the Contractor and shall form basis of the measurements for the Engineer's Certificates. Failing such surveys and agreements being signed by the Contractor the surveys of the Engineer's Representative shall be final and binding on the Contractor.

1008. The dimensions and levels shown on the drawings are believed to be correct but

the Contractor must verify the same on the ground, as well as all other particular of the contract and he will be held responsible for the consequences of any error contained therein or omission therefrom. Levels on existing roads will depend upon the amount of wear and maintenance which has taken place between the time of survey and the time of construction and similarly the levels of river beds and banks will be affected by the amount of erosion and repair which has taken place in the same interval. Should any discrepancy be discovered between the levels shown on the drawings and those found on the site, which may affect the levels and dimensions of any part of the works, the Contractor shall notify the Engineer's Representative in sufficient time to enable the Engineer to prepare drawings showing the amended levels and dimensions. The attention of the Contractor in this respect is particularly directed to the extent of wing walls (also see Clause 1010).

1009. Such information as may be given on the drawings or in the specification or in the

Bill of Quantities as to the present condition, character, position and size of existing structures, roadways, rivers, pipes, cables and other services are given without guarantee of accuracy or completeness, and neither the employer nor the Engineer will be liable for the consequences of any discrepancy therein or omission therefrom. Where existing works are required to be removed completely or in part or otherwise modified, it will be the responsibility of the Contractor to satisfy himself absolutely in all respects in all matters pertaining to the carrying out and completion of the works and the rates given in the priced

2

Bill of Quantities for the carrying out and completion of the work shall be deemed to be fully inclusive and no extras will be allowed to the Contractor on the said rates.

WORKING

1010.

Before any part of the works is put in hand the Contractor must prepare and

DRAWINGS

submit for the approval of the Engineer's Representative copies in duplicate (in the first instance) of any further detailed working drawings which may be required for that part of the work and at the same time call the attention of the Engineer's Representative to any differences between these and the contract drawings. The Engineer's Representative will, after the Contractor has made any alterations which he may require, record on the copies, as amended, his approval and will return one copy to the Contractor who shall carry out the work in accordance there-with. The Contractor shall forward to the Engineer's Representative four additional copies of the working drawings as approved. In addition, working drawings are also to be submitted (the same procedure being followed as above described) in respect of any work proposed to be executed by Sub-Contractors, the distribution of drawings being as directed by the Engineer's Representative. The approval by the Engineer's Representative of all or any of the drawings shall not relieve the Contractor of his responsibility.

ALTERATIONS OF

1011.

In any cases where drawings are specified or required to be supplied by the

DRAWINGS

Contractor for the approval of the Engineer any alteration to such drawings which the

Engineer may require shall be made by the Contractor without extra charge.

 

1012.

The Contractor shall submit to the Engineers Representative for his approval,

DRAWINGS OF TEMPORARY WORKS TO BE SUBMITTED

complete drawings of all temporary works, stagings, required for carrying out the work, together with the calculations relating to their strength and anticipated deflections. The drawings shall show the method proposed for the erection of the various parts of the temporary works and their application to the carrying out of the permanent works. All temporary works shall be properly designed and substantially constructed to carry the loads to which they will be subjected and all drawings and calculations pertaining thereto shall be forwarded to the Engineer's Representative sufficiently in advance of the intention to proceed as will allow for their proper study and the incorporation of any modification which the Engineer's Representative may require notwithstanding the approval or modification by the Engineer's Representative of any submitted design for any of the temporary works, stagings, etc., the Contractor shall remain wholly and entirely responsible until the removal of such works for their efficiency security and maintenance and for all obligations and risks in regard to such works specified or implied in the contract and he shall reinstate the same at his own entire cost should any mishap or accident occur causing damage or injury thereto subject however to such provisions of the conditions of contract as may be applicable in the case of such damage or injury.

Two copies of each drawing shall be submitted to the Engineer's Representative in the first instance and he will record on these copies, amended and modified as required, his approval and will return one copy to the Contractor who may then proceed in accordance therewith. The Contractor shall forward to the Engineer's Representative four additional copies of the drawings as approved.

The cost of complying with all the requirements of this clause shall be borne by the Contractor.

SETTING-OUT

1013.

The attention of the Contractor is directed to Clause 17 of the Conditions of

Contract. The Contractor shall give the Engineer's Representative not less than 24 hours notice of his intention to set out or give levels for any part of the work in order that arrangements may be made for checking.

To enable the Engineer's Representative to check the accuracy of the Contractor's setting-out, the Contractor shall provide for the use of the Engineer's Representative approved theodolites, levels, staves, bands, pegs, labour and all things necessary as may be particularly specified in the respective clause. Any approval or collaboration in respect of setting-out by the Engineer's Representative shall not in any way affect the Contractor's sole responsibility for the accuracy of the setting-out and the consequent construction.

3

NOTICE OF

OPERATION

EXISTING

SERVICES

DAMAGE TO

SERVICES

FILLING IN HOLES AND TRENCHES

JOINT MEASUREMENT OF EXTRAS

1014. No important operation and in particular no blocking or cutting of any road,

water pipe or other service shall be carried out without the consent in writing of the Engineer's Representative nor without full and complete notice being given to him also in writing sufficiently in advance of the time of the operation and will enable him to make such arrangements as may be deemed necessary for its inspection and the provision of all relevant safety precautions.

1015. The Contractor shall satisfy himself entirely as to the location of all existing

drains, pipes, cables and similar services whether above or below ground level. Drains, pipes, cables and similar services encountered in the course of the works shall be guarded from injury by the Contractor at his own cost so that they may continue in full and uninterrupted use to the satisfaction of the owners thereof and the Contractor shall not store materials or otherwise occupy any part of the site in a manner likely to hinder the operations of such owners. If the interests of the work shall in the opinion of the Engineer so require, the Contractor shall on his direction arrange for the construction by the respective departments, bodies, corporations or authorities of permanent protective works or permanent or temporary diversions of the said drains etc., (afterwards reinstating if temporary) and the cost of such works or diversions including reinstatement shall be charged against the appropriate provisional sum provided in the Bill of Quantities. The Contractor shall be at liberty subject to the approval of the owners and the requirements of Clause 90 of the Conditions of Contract to make any further diversions he may consider necessary. The cost of these additional diversions including the cost of reinstatement shall be borne by the Contractor. No services may be tampered with by the Contractor and all works in connection with any services shall be carried out by their respective owners.

1016. The Contractor shall be held liable for damage and interference to mains and

pipes, to electric cables or services of any kind either above or below ground caused by him or his Sub-Contractors in the execution of the works. Should any damage be done to mains, pipes, wires, telecommunications or electrical apparatus or any other service, whether shown on the drawings or not, the Contractor must make good the same without delay and do any further work considered necessary by the Engineer or the owners all at his own cost or pay the costs to the owner in so doing. The Contractor will be deemed to have provided for these contingencies in fixing the rates, etc., inserted in the Bill of Quantities.

1017. The Contractor shall take all precautions and provide any temporary fences

necessary to protect the public from accidents which may be caused by the presence of any excavations, mounds, heaps or earth or any other materials or stores connected with the works. The Contractor shall, at his own expense, and immediately upon completion of any part of the work, fill up all holes and trenches and level all mounds and heaps of earth which have been excavated or made in connection with the works. The Contractor shall bear and pay all costs, charges, damages and expenses incurred or sustained on account of or in consequence of any accident which may happen by reason of holes and trenches being dug and left unprotected, or materials being left or placed in unprotected or improper situations.

1018. In the event of the Contractor having to execute any work or provide any material

in regard to which he may propose to claim extras, he shall first obtain a written order from the Engineer's Representative and shall at once make arrangements to take the measurements of the said work or materials with the Engineer's Representative. If these measurements are not taken jointly and booked and agreed at the time the work is being executed the Contractor's measurements will not afterwards be recognized by the Engineer. The fact of such joint measurements having being made will in no way commit the Engineer to a recognition of the claim if he considers such a claim without foundation. The Engineer's Representative shall at all times have full access to the Contractor's time book and may daily check the time of any extra works with the Contractor's time-keeper or otherwise, but the fact of his agreeing upon any time shall in no way bind the Engineer to value the work other than by measurement if he thinks fit so to do.

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PROTECTION

FROM WEATHER

WORKS TO BE KEPT FREE FROM WATER

STAFF

ACCOMMODATION

ETC.

SUPPLY OF

WATER AND

ELECTRICITY

RETURNS OF

LABOUR

PHOTOGRAPHS

1019. All materials shall be stored on the site in a manner approved by the Engineer

and the Contractor shall carefully protect from weather all work and materials which may be affected thereby.

1020. All those parts of the works required to be carried out in the dry, whether

within any part specified to be enclosed or not, shall be kept free at all times from water from whatever source it may come to the satisfaction of the Engineer's Representative. The costs of complying with the provisions of this clause shall be borne by the Contractor.

1021. The Contractor shall at his own expense provide for himself suitable offices and

housing for his staff and labour. If required by the Engineer, the Contractor shall supply,

erect and maintain suitable furnished offices and Residential quarters for the Engineer's Representative and his assistants, inspectors and staff on a site or sites to be selected, together with all proper lighting, heating, water, sanitary arrangements and attendance.

1022. The Contractor shall make his own arrangements for the provision of water and

electricity, whether for use in the execution and construction of permanent works or otherwise. In the event of the source of water being from any existing piped supply, the Contractor shall comply with any regulation laid down by the water authority and shall pay for such supply, standpipes, connections, meter rent and all other charges as required all at his own expense. The same conditions apply for the temporary supply of electrical power.

1023. Every working day, the Contractor shall supply the Engineers Representative

with a return of the men employed the previous day and of the work on which they were engaged, specifying also the number employed in each trade. He shall also supply any other

returns, which may be required from time to time, as to the number of men and plant employed and the nature, quality and quantity of the work done.

1024. The Contractor, shall, if required, supply to the Engineer monthly, or at such other

periods as he may direct, well executed and mounted photographs showing the progress of the works and also such particular sections of the works, site, plant, machinery or materials as the Engineer may direct. The cost of such photographs will be charged against the appropriate provisional sum.

The copyright of the photographs shall be held by the Employers. The Contractor shall provide the Engineer's Representative (within 5 days of the photographs having been taken) with the negative and three prints of each photograph which shall be I.O. , standard size A4 or a minimum of 200mm x 300mm. On the reverse side of each print the following information shall be shown:

(1)

Date photograph was taken.

(2)

A brief description of the location illustrated or the name of the structure.

(3)

The negative number of the photograph.

(4)

The name and address of the photographer.

The prints of each approved photograph shall be signed and dated by the Contractor and the Engineer's Representative.

REPORTS OF

ACCIDENTS OR

UNUSUAL

OCCURRENCE

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1025. Notwithstanding the submission of the normal and regular monthly progress

reports the Contractor shall report to the Engineer's Representative promptly and in writing the particulars of any accident or unusual or unforeseen occurrence on the site whether likely to affect the progress of the work or not - stating also the steps he has taken or is arranging to take in the matter.

MAINTENANCE

OF WORKS

1026.

Conditions of Contract, the Contractor shall maintain the works, or such part of the works as are involved, for the period named in the tender to the entire satisfaction of the Engineer. Such maintenance shall include repairs to the superstructures and sub-structures of the

bridges; defects in the subgrade, base-course and bituminous surfacing of the roadways; landslips and failures of culverts, but shall not include grass cutting brushing or the cleaning of drains.

(A) During the period of maintenance as defined in Clause 48 and 49 of the

(B) The Contractor will be responsible for the maintenance other than grass

cutting, of all verges, margins and side-slopes, including stone pitching, for the period of

maintenance and shall make good all erosions during such period whether attributable to defects in workmanship or not.

(C) Before the commencement of the period of maintenance the Contractor

shall remove all his buildings and plant from the whole of the site and shall clear and regrade the areas to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

AS-MADE

DRAWINGS

TRAFFIC ROUTES TO BE MAINTAINED AND WORKS TRAFFIC CONTROLLED

1027. On completion of the works, the Contractor shall prepare as-made drawings

giving complete details of the entire works as constructed, including all work carried out by Sub-Contractors. The as-made drawings shall be prepared in accordance with the requirements of the respective clauses in the specifications and all costs arising out of their preparation, supply and distribution etc., shall be deemed to be included in the tendered rates for the work to which they refer.

1028. There shall be no unnecessary obstruction of roads, railways, footpaths,

waterways, electrical installations etc., during the course of the work and in no circumstances shall closure, in whole or in part, of these or any other "Right of Way be permitted except with the prior permission of the Engineer in writing. Before granting such permission the Engineer shall consult with the authorities, government departments and/or persons concerned and when desirable shall publish due notice of the proposed action in the government gazette. The Contractor shall maintain adequate through safe traffic routes for vehicles and pedestrians throughout the whole length of the public highways within and adjacent to the site of the works, including such diversion of highways as may be required, and make arrangements for watching, signalling and control of traffic by day and by night and for adequate lighting all to the satisfaction of the Engineer. The Contractor shall without extra charge if instructed to do so by the Engineer install, make use of, adequately maintain automatic "Stop and Go" signals, traffic lights or other special method or methods of traffic control and direction as the Engineer may consider necessary, and the Contractor shall carry out all such instructions to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

Where directed by the Engineer, temporary single or double tracks shall be constructed and maintained in a safe and satisfactory condition for the use of all traffic during the construction of the works. The temporary tracks shall be removed and all reinstatement made to the satisfaction of the Engineer when no longer required.

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The Contractor shall, at his own expense, and during the period of this Contract, maintain in a safe condition and adequately protect any work executed by him which is exposed to traffic. The Contractor shall supply adequate advance warning signs of reflecting type with letters not less than 150mm high and such warning signs shall be placed in positions approved by the Engineer and shall be left in such positions as long as traffic is still utilizing any such temporary running surface.

The Contractor shall make arrangements and cooperate with all other contractors working in the area for directing, routing, marshalling, controlling and circulating the traffic connected with the works under this contract in accordance with the Engineer's Requirements, in order that the flow of all traffic may be facilitated, that all obstruction, inconvenience and delay may be minimized, and that the interests of all concerned, including the general public, may be protected.

The Contractor shall allow in his tender for complying with the requirements of this clause and for any directions in connection therewith which the Engineer may issue from time to time. The Contractor will be deemed to have allowed for additional expense he may incur on account of extra running or kilometre covered by his vehicle or labour or material involved in compliance with these requirements.

The Contractor shall be responsible for ensuring that the highways in the vicinity of the works are kept clean of mud and other debris falling from vehicles connected with the works or spreading on to the highways as a result of the works in any way.

BARRICADES, WARNING AND DEVIATION SIGNS

1029. The Contractor will at all times during the contract, provide, erect and maintain

such barricades, warning lights, dangers signals, reflectors, signs and watchmen as may be necessary to the satisfaction of the Engineer's Representative. Any such warning signs etc., shall be left in position as long as traffic is utilizing any temporary running surface and/or until such time as their removal is sanctioned by the Engineer's Representative.

Barricades and signs shall be constructed and used in accordance with the requirements of the Engineer's Representative. All barricades, obstructions and such other conveniences as are necessary to protect the travelling public, or as required by the Engineer's Representative shall be illuminated at night by reflectors or red lanterns.

The cost of barricades, danger, warning and deviation signs and providing watchmen, shall be deemed to be included in the tendered rates and prices.

WEATHER

CONDITIONS

OTHER WORKS

AND SERVICES

1030. The Contractors shall be deemed to have taken all possible weather conditions

into account when preparing their tender and they shall not be entitled to extra payment by reason of the occurrence or effect of high winds, tornadoes, excessive rainfall, temperature or humidity or any other meteorological phenomena.

1031. During the continuance of the contract the employer may cause other works such

as the installation of services to be carried out on, through or adjacent to the site.

The Contractor shall at all times comply with the requirements of the general conditions of contract in respect of these and any other works not included in the Contract and shall allow reasonable access as approved by the Engineer on and through the site of the works to any other Contractors or workmen who may be working on or near the site.

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The Contractor shall make adequate arrangements to the satisfaction of the Engineer's Representative for the disposal of all sewage, rubbish and all other waste materials arising from or connected with the execution of the works.

The Contractor shall make his own arrangements for and shall provide any service (including telephone and radio communications) which he may require in addition to the foregoing.

In the programme and particulars required under Clause 14 of the Conditions of Contract the Contractor shall:

(i)

provide details of the sequence he proposes for carrying out the works,

(ii)

state and allow a reasonable margin of time for contingencies and

(iii)

state his intentions regarding shift work.