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A Proficiency Course In English tah Cea, FV.Bywater A Proficiency Course in English with key F. V. Bywater, M.A. Nelson Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd Nelson House Mayfield Road Walton-on-Thames Surrey KT12 SPL UK 51 York Place Edinburgh EH13JD UK Thomas Nelson (Hong Kong) Ltd Toppan Building 10/F 22A Westlands Road Quarry Bay Hong Kong © F. V. Bywater 1982 First published by Hodder and Stoughton Ltd. 1982 ISBN 0 340 286288. Reprinted eighteen times. This edition published by Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd 1990 ISBN 0 17 $56 193 1 NPN 98765 All rights reserved. No paragraph of this publication may be reproduced, copied or transmitted save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Design and Patents Act 1988, or under the terms of any licence permitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London, WIP SHE. Any person who does any unauthorised act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages. Printed in Hong Kong Contents Introduction |. The constructions with basic verbs A—C . Pattern of verb tenses (excluding conditionals) . Notes on the uses of basic tenses |. The constructions with basic verbs D-G . Conditionals 2 3 4 5. 6. Theconstructions with basic verbs H—1 7. Points to remember about using the passive in English 8. The constructions with basic verbs K—N 9. Thesubjunctive 10. Theconstructions with basic verbs O-S 1. Inversion 12. The constructions with basic verbs T—Z 13. The pleonastic ‘it’ (the extra ‘it’) 14. The gerund 15. The infinitive 16. Compound or phrasal verbs B 17. ‘So’ and prepositions at the end of sentences 18. Interrogative sentences 19, Relative pronouns 20. Compound verbs C—D 21, Uncountable nouns 22. The uses of ‘some’, ‘other’, ‘any’, ‘none’, ‘neither’, ‘one’ and ‘ones’ 23, Plurals 24. Collective nouns 25. Compound verbs F—H 4 26 32 38 42 47 53 58 63 67 B 74 91 97 103 106 110 114 122 129 133 138 141