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Definition

     
    

     


       
 

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|ontrol of Ground Water
      

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|ontrol of Ground Water

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Methods which have been developed for cutting off
groundwater flow fall into several categories:

1. Steel Sheet Piling


‡ Structural,
‡ Permanent ± act as structural wall
‡ Temporary ± enclosure excavation to form cofferdam
‡ Act as a partially effective cut off and as ground support
‡ Driven into place before excavation
‡ Produce vibration and noise due to driving process

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Diaphragm Wall
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Diaphragm Wall

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lurry Trench |ut-Off
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Thin Grouted Membrane
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|ontiguous iling
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|ontiguous iling

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-reezing
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GROUTING METHOD
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ëPEN PUMPING / SUMP PUMPING

‡ pumping from sumps and ditches


‡ least expensive method:
‡ from the standpoint of direct dewatering cost
‡ if conditions are wrong, it can result in delays, cost
overrun or catastrophic failures
‡ must identify those conditions that are not favorable to
open pumping before deciding to proceed with it:
‡ impairing the foundation of proposed structure or of
existing structure nearby
‡ delaying the project or escalating cost of excavation
‡ endangering workers d?
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sump below formation level in corner of


excavation
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ELLPëINT SYSTEM

‡ has been used> 50 years, most versatile


method and effective in all type of soil
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well points


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DEEP Bë ED ELLS

‡ Each with individual pump (involve a high unit cost)


‡ Advances in well design (aquifer analysis) and
construction techniques, and pump technology have
made it practical to utilise deep well
‡ Best suited to homogeneous aquifers that extended
well below the excavation level
‡ Can be installed to greater depth (up to 12 m)
‡ Volume pumped by each well is high thus wider
spacing is practical
‡ Careful exploration, including a pump test, must be
carried out before undertaking this method

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Horizontal Ground Water |ontrol
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Horizontal Ground Water |ontrol

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Electo-osmosis
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xppropriate dewatering Methods
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