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THE

REFLEXOLOGY BI BLE
Louise Keet

THE DEFINITIVE GUIDE TO REFLEXOLOGY


THE

REFLEXOLOGY BIBLE

Reflexology is a safe, gentle therapy that boosts the body's


healing systems and helps combat stress. This comprehensive
book contains everything you need to know about the subject,
including zone maps of the hands and feet, techniques for
working the reflex points, advice on how to prepare for
a reflexology session and a step-by-step routine to
treat the whole body.

With a detailed directory providing instructions to relieve common


ailments from digestive problems to skin complaints, plus
specialized treatments to suit children, C( REFLEXOlOGY BIBlE, ll-E

this is the only guide to reflexology


_r~~ -~'
s
NN-PF1113 REFLEXOLOGY
10/1)3/10
NONE/ O/ F 9781841813417

ISBN 978-1-84

Cover photography © Octopus Publishing


II I
9 781841 813417
Group Ltd/Ruth Jenkinson WWw.octopusbooks.co.uk
THE
Reflexology
Bible
LOUISE KEET

" A GODSFIELD BOOK ~


An Hachette livre UK Com pony
wwvv.hochettelivre.co.uk Contents
First published in Great Britain in 2008 by
Gadsfield, a division of Octopus Publishing Group Ltd
2-4 Heron Quays, London E 14 4JP PART 1 Introduction 6
wwvv.octopusbaaks.co.uk

Copyright © Octopus Publishing Group ltd 2008 PART 2 How reflexology works 36
Text copyright © Louise Keet 2008

All rights reserved. No part of this work may be PART 3 Reflexology preparation 82
reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means ,
electronic or mechanical, including photocopying,
recording or by any information storage and retrieval
PART 4 Treating the feet 118
system , w ithout the prior w ritten permission of the
publisher.

PART 5 Reflexology for common ailments 168


Louise Keet asserts the moral right to be identified as the
author of this book.

ISBN 978- 1-841 -81 341-7


PART 6 Specialized reflexology 252

A ClP cotalogue record of this book is available from


the British librory. PART 7 Treating the hands 350

Printed a nd bound in C hina


Index 390
10 9 876 54 3

CAUTION Acknowledgements 400


This book is not intended as a substi tu te for med icol
advice. The reader should consult a physician in all
matters relating to hea lth and porticulorly in respect of
any symptoms that may require diagnosis or medical
attention. While the advice and information ore
believed to be accurate and true at the time of going to
press, nei ther the author nor the publisher ca n accept
legal responsibili ty or lia bil ity for any errors or om issions
that may have been made .
PART 1

Introd uction
What is reflexology?
Reflexology is the technique of applying
gentle pressure to reflex areas on the feet

z or hands to bring about a state of deep


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relaxation and to stimulate the body's own I
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that can olso facilita te more vital energy, '"
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z help boost the immune system and create X
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a stronger body and colmer mind. oGl
Reflexology is a safe, natural therapy -<
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that helps to give your body what it needs


- that might be conceiving or carrying a
baby to full term , a reduction in the
symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome,
assistance in losing weight or in feeling
younger and looking healthier. In this book
you will discover how reflexology and a
holistic approach to health can help you
achieve and fulfi l both emotional and
physical goals.

The theory of reflexology


The theory underlying reflexology is that
the organs, nerves, glands and other parts
of the body are connected to reflex areas
or reflex points o n the feet and hands.
These areas are fou nd on the soles of the

Belter emotionol ond physical health can


be promoted through the help of healing
hands and reflexology.
needs equ ilibrium in order to keep sequences that you could expect from a
working healthily Even a very light professional treatment.
reflexology treatment can help create You can apply the foot-reflexology
o this sense of balance. treatments and any of the specia lized
Reflexology is not a therapy used treatment sequences doily, every other
z to diagnose illness; it is not a med ical day, weekly, or as you w ish. The general
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U treatment. It does not cure - only the body foot treatment in Part 4 (see pages
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o can do that. Instead it facilitates healing 136-1671 covers all the systems and
2
>- within the body. It is virtually impossible ports of the body and can help with most m
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to determine how long it will toke an conditions, as well as reducing the effects o
individual to feel and enjoy the benefits of stress on the body. In Part 5 the focus is
oGl
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of reflexology. Everything starts with one on specific ailments, and here you will find
Reflexology can
small step, but it is the commitment to power-reflexology treatment sequences that
create a healthier
reflexology that can drive forward a will help you treat common conditions in
and happier you.
positive outcome. the body, ranging from acne and asthma
feet and palms of the hands, as well as on on in reflexology, because practitioners to psoriasis and a sore throat. Port 6
the top and sides of the feet and hands. feel they are normally more responsive How to use this book contains specialized treatment sequences
By stimulating these areas using a to treatment than the hands, since they This book is designed to give you a and focuses separately on moods and
compression technique and a form of contain a larger treatment area and so the comprehensive approach to reflexology emotions, women, men, pregnancy, young
massage with your thumbs, fingers and reflex points are easier to identify; and , and a holistic approach to health , ch ildren, the golden years and couples.
hands, you can create a direct response because the feet are usually protected by including diet and lifestyle changes. It These sequences wil l help you adjust your
in a related body area. For example, by shoes and socks, they are more sensitive incorporates a variety of treatment treatments to treat certain medical
working on the head reflex (which is found to treatment. However, the hands can be sequences that aim to suit the needs of problems and ailments .
on the big toel, you can activate the used for treatments just as effectively and you, your friends and your family, and Hand reflexology is perfect for self-
body's own healing processes to help are great to work on, especially when which are suitable for al l ages. After an treatment, treating the elderly, giving a
alleviate headaches. giving yourself reflexology. introduction to the way reflexology works treatment in a few minutes or whi le on the
The right foot and hand represent the and essential preparation steps, Parts 4, move, and for deep relaxation. The
right side of the body, while the left foot Creating a state of balance 5 and 6 offer numerous foot-reflexology general treatm ent sequence in Part 7 (see
and hand represent the left side; and Reflexology is all about bringing balance, and power-treatment sequences, while page 374-389) should suit everyone's
according to 'zone therapy' (see page harmony and a sense of well-being to the Part 7 presents some hand-reflexology needs and is a great experience to give
161, there are ten different zones in the body. At times, we find ourselves feeling sequences. All the treatment sequences as well as to receive. Working on your
body. The feet are most commonly worked 'out of sorts or ungrounded', and our body are simple to follow and are the same own hands is self-empowering.
The roots of reflexology
The very roots of reflexology and its treatment plans for his patients that focused
relationship with healthcare ond astrology on the prevention of illness or on treating 0

are believed to date back to ancient current condition - so that practitioners


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o Egypt, where astrologer/physicions were acting 'so you praise me'. I
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a
looked towards the stars to provide a
theoretical basis on which to treat patients.
Over the years, various forms of
reflexology have been practised and
o
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t- developed in America, Africa and the '"
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Ancient Egypt Far East. These oMen developed in
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The oldest documentation depicting the different ways, with different lengths of ~

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practice of reflexology was discovered in treatment, heavier or lighter pressure, and o
the tomb of an Egyptian physician called even the use of implements such as small oGl
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Ankmahor, dated around 2500 BeE. sticks or the end of a pipe.
Ankmahor was considered one of the most
influential people at that time , second only Modern reflexology: the
to the king. Within his tomb were found pioneers
many medically related painti ngs, and Dr W illiam Fitzgerald was one of the
the one shown here is believed to be the pioneers of modern reflexology. An
earliest example of reflexology. Two American laryngologist who carried out
patients are receiving reflexology on their his most significant work in the early
hands and feet. 'Don't hurt me', one 1900s, he had been aware that Native
patient says in the inscription; and the Americans were using techniques of
practitioner's reply is, 'I sha ll act so you pressure-point therapy to relieve pain. He
praise me' . also found that there was a lot of research
Reflexology was obViously being developing in Europe on the functioning
practised either as a preventative to ill of the nervous system and the effects of
health or to help ease patients' medical stimulation of the sensory pathways on the
conditions; either way, it is clear that the
practitioners wished to meet their patients' This early painting of reflexology was
needs. Working with a reflexologist, the found in the tomb of the ancient Egyptian
physician would have devised individual physician Ankmahor.
the body (see page 16), on which the 1930s by the late Eunice Ingham, who is systems, and the therapist works with a
modern form of reflexology was considered by most to be the 'mother of pressure that is constantly adiusted in order
subsequently based. reflexology'. She made the feet specific to avoid discomfort. The session is holistic,
targets for reflexology because they are with the reflexologist considering the
The Rwo Shur method particularly sensitive, and developed maps impact that the client's lifestyle has on their
z In many parts of Asia, including Taiwan, of the entire body on the feet (see pages
--;

o;:: health. He or she will adiust the treatment I


m

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China and Singapore, the Rwo Shur 40-49), based on her research in the sequence to suit each person, and oo
method of reflexology is practised. This practice of reflexology. although all the reflexes ore worked, some --;
2 of using
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z can be quite painful to receive because it She also developed a method are emphasized a little more than others. o
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involves a combination of thumb-sliding the thumbs and fingers known as the '"
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and pressure techniques, incorporating the Ingham compression technique. In this m


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knuckles and sometimes small wooden method, pressure is applied by 'thumb- o
sticks. The pressure is very firm and the walking', in which the thumb or finger
oGl
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therapist uses a cream rather than a bends and straightens while ma intaining
powder; this al lows for a fast, efficient and constant pressure across the area of the
flowing motion. You can normally expect a foot that is being worked.
session to last for about 30 minutes, with Eunice Ingham introduced her work to
the focus being on revitalization rather the non-medical community because she
than relaxation. realized how reflexology could help the
The Rwo Shur method was developed general public. Her techniques were
in Taiwan by Father Joseph Eugster, a simple to apply, and people could learn
Swiss missionary. Having experienced the how to use reflexology to help themselves ,
benefits of reflexology himself, he saw thei r family and friends. She wrote two
The Asian Rwo Shur method, which focuses the potential to help thousands of needy books on reflexology, Stories the Feet
on revitalization rather than than people and began to treat and then train Can Tell (1938) and Stories the Feet Have
relaxation, using a small stick. others in reflexology. Told (1963)
A reflexologist practising the Ingham
rest of the body. Inspired by his research, The Ingham method method uses powder rather than cream,
Dr Fitzgerold decided to experiment on his This technique forms the basis for the way and a session generally lasts for about
potients with poin relief for minor surgery, in which most reflexology is practised 60 minutes, although this depends on the Powder, towels and water should be laid
and the result was the discovery of 'zone around the world today. It was pioneered health of the client. The focus is on out in readiness before the client arrives
therapy', with energy lines running through and developed in America in the early relaxation and balancing the body and treatment begins.
Zone therapy
Zone therapy is the foundation of modern applying wooden clothes pegs to the
reflexology, whereby reflexologists apply fingers created on anaesthetic affect on
pressure to lor massage) specific areas of the ear, nose, face, jaw, shoulder, arm
z N
o the feet or hands, stimulating the and hand, and in this way he was able o
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circulation and nerve impulses to promote to perform minor surgery using just zone
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health throughout 'zones' of the body. therapy, without anaesthetics.
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The principle of energy zones, and the Dr Fitzgerald finally published a book
disease and rejuvenation of energy on zone therapy in 1917, which divided
pathways, has been known for centuries. the body into ten longitudinal sections,
Harry Bond Bressler, who investigated the and then charted the longitudinal zones
possibility of treating organs in the body of the body, with five on each side Isee
through pressure points, stated in his book page 18). Modern reflexology is based
Zone Therapy 11955) that 'Pressure on this idea of zone therapy. Using pressure
therapy was well known in the middle on the toes, for instance, reflexologists can
countries in Europe and was practised by help with the pain associated with sinusitis,
the working classes of those countries as can drain the sinuses and strengthen them ,
well as by those who catered to the in order to avoid future bouts of sinusitis.
diseases of royalty and the upper closses.' This pressure, applied to any of the ten
This form of reflexology seems to have zones, creates a signal throughout the
been practised as far back as the nervous system to the brain, which in turn
14th century. stimulates the internal organs to regulate
and improve the way they function .
Dr William Fitzgerald
The American Dr William Fitzgerald is
considered to be the founder of zone
therapy During his research into pain
relief he established that pressure applied
to one part of the body could have an Applying pressure to on area can help with
anaesthetic effect on another part, away pain relief. The roots of this form of
from the pressure site. For example, treatment dote bock to the Middle Ages.
The zone therapy chart
ENERGY ZONES

The body is divided into ten longitudinal creates an energy imbalance in the right
zones, which provide 0 simple numbering kidney and in any other bodily structure '0

sequence. Eoch toe falls into one zone, lying in that zone, causing it not to
z -<
o and there are five zones in each foot, with function as effectively as it should. :r:
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the big toe as zone one, through to the Each organ or part of the body is N
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little toe , w hich is zone five; the fingers link represented on the hands and feel. Z
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up to the zones in the same way. Zones Massaging or pressing each area can :r:
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are distributed up the body like slices, stimulate the flow of energy, blood, );:
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and when you work on the feet , you are nutrients and nerve impulses to the
5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 ()
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automatically working through the whole carresponding body zone, and thereby »
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of the human body. relieve ailments in that zone. The reflexes
The principle is that, within these zones, on the feet and hands are effective
energy runs up and down between all the because they are situated at the ends of
parts of the body. This energy connection the zones and are therefore more sensi tive
should be free-flowing, in order that al l the than other parts of the body.
parts of the body - argans, muscles,
nerves, glands and blood supply - work
in harmony and at the opti mum level for
good health . If there is a block of the
body's natural energy, it will have an
effect on any organ or part of the body
that lies within that particular zone.

Balancing the zones ,


If a reflexologist finds sensitivity in one spot
of the feet or hands, this indicates that
there is an imbalance in the entire length Zone 1- big toe
of that zone. For example, if someone is Zone 2- second toe
Zone 3- third toe
suffering from conjunctivitis in the right eye,
Zone 4- fourth toe
zone therapy would suggest that this Zone 5- little toe
Reflexology and energy
o
As we have seen, reflexology is based natural state of balance. Blockages in e---------------------------------------------- e
N on the positive energies that zone therapy energy have been a~ri buted to areas of
frees up in the body. We cannot real ly see the body not functioning well ar becoming REORGANIZING THE BODY ' S ENERGIES
z
Q this energy flowing within our bodies, but diseased. '"
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that does not mean it does not exist. There is a unique electromagnetic receive a reflexology treatment that m
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o We can appreciate the effect of positive Electromagnetic fields energy field around every living incorporates healing deep within o
2 (5
>- energy when holding our child or a An idea developed by Dr Jean-Claude being. Humans have a life-force their body, whereby they are being G)
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loved one. Mainguy postulates that the systems of all body as well as a physical one, retuned to a more orderly energy »
Z
and we absorb this life-force by the reflexologist's healing o
However, it is useful to understand the life are governed by electromagnetic m
through fresh food , deep breathing, intention. Reorganizing the body's Z
effects of negative energy on the most m

basic structures of the body. Free-flowing Electromagnetic fields from mobile phones touch and through the feet - the energies by giving reflexology '"
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energy pathways run throug h the body, and computer screens can have a life-force is an invisible blueprint of and having the intention to heal

creating homeostasis, which is the body's detrimental affect on your health. the whole body. A client may represents a powerful healing tool.

e---------------------------------------------- e
fields, which can either lie within a cell or from electro-sensitivity when exposed to
outside it. Imagine that you are like a electromagnetic fields from mobile phones,
radio, transmi~ing and receiving energy, electricity pylons and computer screens.
and that you con be affected by low- Zone therapy and reflexology are based
energy electromagnetic fields. We are on unblocking the energy pathways in the
often exposed to electromagnetic energy, body to restore its natural eqUilibrium.
which offects the body's flow of energy, Becoming healthy is a ma~er of
and some people suffer from symptoms balanCing a number of factors in your
of electromagnetic sensitivity, which may life. What you expose your body to, put
include nausea, sleep disturbances, into it and on it can affect your health. Thi s
dizziness, tension, fatigue, headaches book aims to show you how reflexology
and muscle pain. and a holistic approach to health can
The UK's Health Protection Agency is work to create the best body ecology and
slowly recognizing that people can suffer achieve a healthier you.
Rejuvenation through the feet

N
N
The feet lie furthest from the heart, and the
circulation tends to stagnote in these
Waste motter, such as uric acid crystals
and calcium crystals, can also build up in
Reducing stress levels
It is acknowledged that 75 per cent of all
.----------- . IV
W
TH EBEN EFITS OF
extremities, especially if the calf muscles the bottom of the feet, because gravity illness is stress related. Stress infiltrates our
z REFLEXOLOGY ~

o are not pumping blood properly up the pul ls these toxins downwards. The aim lives, causing problems when we cannot l':'
c
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U body. It is important to help blood flow of reflexology is not only to boost the cope with it - compromising our immune
:::J Z
o • Encourages the body to heal
bock up the legs to the heart, in order to circulation in the body, but also to disperse systems and making us more susceptible to ~
~ any current disorders. o
>- ovoid diseases like deep-vein thrombosis. these crysta Is. illness and disease. z
Z
• Relieves the effects of stress.
Reflexology reduces stress by creating --i
I
• Improves the immune system . ~

deep relaxation and a sense of balance oc


• Relieves pain . G)
and well-being. It helps the nervous system I
• Encourages better circulation .
to calm down and function more normally. --i
I
• Improves bowel movements.
When you apply reflexology you stimulate m
• Eliminates waste products m
more than 7,000 nerves in the feet, which --i

from the body.


can encourage the opening and clearing
• Clears the body of toxins.
of neural pathways, helping the body to
• Improves nerve stimulation.
return it to its natural rhythms.
• Promotes general rela xation.
• Creates stronger bonds with
Creating well-being
children .
The term 'homeostasis' refers to a
• Promotes basic hands-on-
balanced state in the body and the mind.
human interaction.
Our health depends on all the thousands
• A ss ists post-operative
of parts of our body and mind working in
recovery by decreasing pain
harmony together. Too much strain on a
and increasing healing .
particular area can knock our whole
system out of balance. It is hard to know

Reflexology creates
a sense of balance
and well-being .
w hat to do when you feel ungrounded ,
unbalanced or out of sorts, but reflexology
can help to create the necessary sense of
balance and well-being.
.
---~------- .
The effectiveness of reflexology • •
DID YOU KNOW,,,?
Numerous interesti ng research studies well as the emotional level. Here are a
have looked into reflexology and its few interesting results. • 220 patients presenting • 42 women (aged 20-60) '"'"
effectiveness for a wide variety of medical headaches (migraine or tensi on) participated in a study to assess -i
I
z conditions. Genera lly spea king the results Research has shown how effective as their primary problem were the impact of reflexology on m
o
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U are very positive and show that reflexology is in relieving both tension treated by 78 reflexologists over chronic constipation . m
::::>
a three-month period. Result: the average number of n
o reflexology can help on the physical as headaches and migraines . ::!
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r- Result:16 per cent reported they days between bow el movements m
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were cured , 65 per cent said that was reduced from 4.4 to 1.8. (/0
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reflexology had helped, 18 per [FDZ-Danish Reflexology 0


cent were unchanged. [National Association , 1992J '"
m

Board of Health Council , • 32 cases of Type-II diabetes m


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Denmark, 1995J mellitus were randomly divided 0
0
• 50 female patients (aged 20-51) into two groups, one of which Gl
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with dysmenorrhoea , was treated w ith a conventional
hysteromyoma , pelvic Western hypoglycaemic agent
inflammation, cysts and masses, and reflexology, and the other
endometriosis, menstrual disorder, group with just the
infertility and 'chocolate cysts' hypoglycaemic agent.
were treated with reflexotherapy Result: after daily treatments over
over a period ranging from ten 30 days, fasting blood-glucose
sessions to two years . levels, platelet aggregation ,
Result: 84 per cent found their length and other factors were
symptoms had completely greatly reduced in the reflexology
disappeared, 16 per cent that group, while no significant
symptoms had almost completely change was observed in the
disappeared. [Beijing medicine-only group . [First
International Reflexology Teaching Hospital, Beijing
Conference report, China, 1996J Medical University, China, 1993J

• •
The holistic approach to health
A holistic approach to health means
considering you r life or lifestyle as a whole
• • colds and stomach bugs. Exercise also
affects your energy levels, helping you to '""
ARE YOU ALLERGIC
(including diet and exercise), so that you feel more positive about life, reduce body
z TO A FOOD ? -I
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o are not only looking at the symptoms of weight and maintain a good blood-sugar
>= balance; this in turn helps limit those I
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your ailment, but are also discovering the
Ta find out if you are allerg ic g
cause. For example, ask yourself, what cravings that we all feel gUilty about after en
~ to a particul ar food, whic h -I
n
>- worries or stresses do I have and how do we've indulged. Exercise also red uces the
z may be contribu ting to your »
they affect my health2 Then consider the risk of osteoporosis (thinning of the bones) ""
condition , take your pu lse at ""
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following: do you eat a healthy diet? Are and heart disease. 0
th e w rist for 30 seconds, then »
()
you aware of digestive problems? Are you I
doub le the result. Your pu lse -I
exercising enough? Are you aware of 0
should be around 52-70 I
aches and pains? Is your sleep disturbed? m
beats a mi nute. Eat th e food »
And how is your attitude to life in general c:;
I
yau suspect you may allergic
affected? All these factors could be having
to, then take your pul se aga in .
an impact on you and contributing to the
If it is 20 or more beats hig her
source of your problem.
per mi nute, yo u probably have
a n allergy to that food.
L ook aft er yo ur li v e r Most people benefit from drinking water
The liver plays a vital role in the holistic throughout the day. Up to 2 litres has been
approach to health because it detoxifies
the body, helps to break down fats and
recommended.
• •
produce energy and heat. If your liver is metabolize hormones. The liver helps to Wa l k away from bad heal t h
not working well, it could put you at risk ensure the correct functioning of the thyroid Get regulor exercise - and that does not
of heart disease by increasing your gland, which is important because an have to mean going to the gym. Walking
cholesterol levels; and poor liver function underactive thyroid has been associated 1 .6 km (1 mile) a day can help increase
will have a detrimental affect on your with depression, weight gain, feelings of the oxygen levels in your blood. This
overall health. tiredness and feeling cold most of the time. assists the absorption of nutrients and the
Avoid refined foods, products with The liver also deactivates and safely elimination of toxins, which in turn Try to find an exercise plan that suits you -
additives and excess sugar, because these disposes of old hormones so that they do strengthens your immune system so that and stick to it. Don 't overlook the benefits
impede the ability of the liver to not return to the bloodstream. you are not as susceptible to catching of a regular brisk walk .
Building a healthier body
Knowledge is power, ond being well What's in your food? . -------------------------------------------- .
00 Everything you choose to put into your
informed con help you moke heolthy Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food.
'" body has an effect on every cell within it
lifestyle choices. The basis of holistic
z
H IPPOCRATES (468-377 BeE) '"c
o reflexology and natural medicine is and on the development of those cells. o
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getting to the root of the problem. By Th inking back on what you ate over the . ---------------------------------------------- . z
o
understanding the impact of your lifestyle past week, ask yourself these questions: }>

£>- on your body, you can make informed • What nutritional value did those foods
increase in blood-sugar levels, which can reach the egg and fertil ize it. Vitamin C is I
m
z disrupt the balance of your hormones, a natural antihistamine alternative; it ca lms
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choices. The aim of this book is to help and drinks give my body? I
potentially making hormone-related down inflammation in the body as well as m
you create the right environment to • Am I nourishing myself and creating a /0

diseases worse. boosting the immune system.


become healthier and happier. healthy environment in which my body can '"o
CJ
• Caffeine: This has been associated with -<
achieve optimum health?
raised cholesterol levels and an increased The argument for organic
risk of osteoporosis; also with infertility and Whenever you can afford it, buy organ ic
The impact of food
a heightened risk of miscorriage. Caffeine produce. The reason is simple: non-
Let us now consider the impact on our
bodies of some everyday foods that we
can make inflammatory skin conditions organic meat contains high levels of
eat and one common product that we use. worse, raise the body's temperature, antibiotics and growth hormones.

• Margarine: This contains trans fatty


increase the incidence of headaches, Antibiotics wipe out the healthy gut
cause insomnia, promote heart bacteria that help produce the B vitamins
acids, known as 'hydrogenated fats',
palpitations and anxiety. For some people, that are important for supplying energy;
which can make poor cholesterol levels
giving up caffeine and caffeine-related the bad bacteria then multiply, increasing
worse and can stop the body making
products Isuch as tea and cola) could your risk of contracting infection and
good use of the essential fats we need in
make a world of difference to their health. compromising your immune system.
order to keep our nervous system healthy.
• Antihistamines : Avoid these if you are Growth hormones can disrupt the balance
• Sugar: Most concentrated forms are
vitamin- and nutrient-free. Sugar can trying to become pregnant. Antihistamines of hormones in your body. For instance,

reduce your ability to fight infection by


and nasal decongestants dry up secretions milk contains high levels of hormones,
everywhere in the body, not just in the particularly oestrogen; to date, infertility,
50 per cent. And all sugars cause a rapid
places they are meant to act upon. They breast cancer, fibroids, ovarian cancer,

Good food is the source of good health . could hinder the delicate balance in the prostate and testicular cancer, low sperm

Choose wisely and read nutritional labels body that is needed to guorantee the count and endometriosis have al l been
correct environment to enable sperm to linked to excessive oestrogen levels.
to understand what you are eating.
Avoid pesticides and chemicals body's testosterone levels, and this may
. ---------------------------------------------- .
Pesticides are chemical or biological explain the increase in genital defects and BE KIND TO YOUR SKIN
substances that are sprayed on crops to undescended testes in mole infants, as
w
o well as the increase in mole infertility. They The skin is the largest organ of • Read the label on antiperspirants,
M protect them against a range of pests,
includ ing rodents, insects, weeds, are also believed to be contributory factors the body and a major organ of because some contain aluminium ,
z in many illnesses, including headaches, detoxification; it is a two-way whi ch ha s been linked to c'"
Q bacteria, viruses and fungi. Chemicals
§
t--
U are used in our romes for pest control, cancer, depression, skin disorders, asthma, membrane, allowing tox ins both dementia and Alzheimer's Z
:J Gl
Cl
as well as in the environment (as in crop in and out through its layers. Never disease. It is possible to buy
»
2
>- Balance your body's hormones and prevent put anything on your skin that you natural skin products, including I
z spraying), esped ally if you live in an m
»
agricultural area the absorption of harmful chemicals by would not put in your mouth. antiperspirants. c:;
I
Pesticides are known to affect the choosing organic food. • Avoid underarm deodorants that • Studies suggest that the use of m

contain chemicals called black hair dye is a ssociated with ""


'"o
parabens, w hich will be absorbed cancer, because the dye enters o
-<
through the skin . Critics soy there the blood and can circulate in
is a link between the use of these the body, so th is product is best
deodorants and the development avoided .
of cancers in particular areas in • Health stores are the best place to

.---------------------------------------------- .
the upper breasts.

fatigue, eye conditions and disorders of the


seek advice on healthy options .

chemicals into the bloodstream. Good


immune system. In addition, pesticides are sources of fibre include organic whole
blamed for difficulties in conceiving , groins, lentils, prunes, beans, baked
associated disruptions of the hormones, beans, nuts, seeds, fresh fruit and
miscarriages, still births and birth defects. vegetables A lot of the nutrients in fruit
Prevention is better than cure, and buying and vegetables are found under the skin,
organic food is one good way to reduce so to get the most out of them, scrub them
your pesticide load . well, but leave the skin on. Vegetables are
best eaten crunchy, as much of the fibre is
The importance of fibre destroyed by cooking them. Avoid refined
Add lots of fibre to your diet, because it white rice, bread and posta, and do not
can help prevent the absorption of overcook foods.
Coping with stress e------------------------------------------------ e
TOP TEN EFFECTS OF STRESS
Stress is any interference tha t disturbs your During times of stress the body goes
N w
M healthy mental and physical well-being, or through a series of changes that are Stress has a number of negative 6 Stress lowers the immune system w

any influence that upsets the natural designed to give you strength and speed - effects on the body, of which the so that you find it harder to fight
z
o equilibrium of your body or mind. It is the but these have devastating effects if you worst are the following: infection and bacteria have a better
i=
U
::J
physiological response of the body to 1 The body calls on fat reserves to chance of taking hold.
o threat or danger: the body prepares itself Find positive ways of dealing with stress, be used up for energy. These fatty 7 Tense neck and shoulder muscles
2
>- for sudden action , either to run away or to so that it does not take control of your life.
z deposits stay in the blood vessels lead to pain. This tightness in the
stay and fight. Take an active, energetic approach. and contribute to arteriosclerosis muscles can restrict nerve impulses
(thickening of the artery walls). This to different parts of the body. For
narrows the blood vessels and puts example, tinnitus (ringing in the
you at risk of heart disease. ears) is common during times of
2 Your heart beats foster, increasing stress because of compression of
blood flow around the body, which the nerve roots.
can lead to high blood pressure 8 Blood is diverted from the
and headaches. This puts a strain digestive system because it is
on all the blood vessels . considered non-essential in times of
3 The liver pours out glucose for danger, so the digestive system
the muscles to use as energy. does not function properly. This can
Glucose stays in the bloodstream make any digestive disorder worse .
when it does not get used up, 9 Stress directly affects the
which can lead to diabetes. hormonal system and puts the
4 The adrenal glands pour out the body's glands and hormones out
steroid hormone cortisone. In large of balance.
doses it is toxic to the brain causing 10 Your breathing is restricted
depression and memory loss. during times of stress, so less
5 Blood diverts from the bladder, oxygen reaches the cells and
and if the bladder is not continually consequently there is a greater
emptying, this can lead to cystitis. accumulation of waste products.

e------------------------------------------______ e
• •
PRACTICAL HELP MECHANISMS
If you need to get out of a negative
....
M When you feel the symptoms of stairs rather than taking the lift, mindset, use positive affirmations during
stress - such as palpitations, an so that your glucose and fat your breathing . An affirmation is a form af
z
Q irritable bowel , insomnia , depos its get used up by the auto-suggestion whereby you visualize a
r-
u headaches or loss of appetite - do physical movement. If you do 30 positive outcome, by creating a statement
::::J
0
0 something positive. You can use minutes of aerobic exercise three of something you want to happen in your
~
r- either foot or hand reflexology on a times a week, you can reduce
~ body, your relationships or your life. A
more frequent basis, and con sider your risk of cardiovascular good example is: 'I am making more time
the following measures: disease by 40 per cent. for myself and my loved ones .' You need
• Establish some boundaries, and • Adopt deep-breathing techniques to make a mental image of th is desirable
learn to say ' No' when you are throughout the day to calm the state and say the statement to yourself
taking too much on board. body: for instance, breathe in each morning in the mi rror. Stress nurtures
• If you work at a desk or have a for five seconds, hold for five a demoralized self, and we owe it to
sedentary lifestyle, get up and seconds, then breathe out for five ou rselves and to our fami lies to treat
take some exerci se regularly : seconds. Imagine your breath ou rselves kindly, with love and self-respect.
walk or run up and down the filling every part of your body. Being positive about all aspects of your
life ca n not anly change things around

• • you but also w ith in you. You could try


repea ting these affirmations to yourself
are not physically active. So it makes sense, somewhere unknown, facing a stressful throughout the day along wi th your deep
when you feel stressed, to walk, run, move or situation or whenever you feel the need to breathi ng exercise.
dance in order to use up the fats , hormones take control of your emotions. Holding
and sugars that the body has released. your breath is also goad far relieving
stress: inhale deeply through your nose
Breathing techniques with your mouth closed; hold your breath
You can practise deep breathing throughout for a few seconds, then exhale slowly
your reflexology treatments . You can also through your mouth. Relax your tongue
breathe deeply when you are facing any as you inhale and exhale so that it flops Start each day with a positive affirmation
difficult situation - at home, at work, in a down at the bottom of your mouth next to counter the negative, destructive effects
plane, bus or car, in a theatre , when gaing to the gum line. of stress .
PART 2

How reflexology
works
Mapping the feet
Reflexology is non-invasive , relaxing , reflects the corresponding posi tion of the The right foot maps out the right side of
'"
M thera peutic, and sets off all the body's different organs and parts of the body. the body, while the left foot maps out the
healing mechanisms. It is one of the most Thus the big toes at the top of the foot left side. The best way to use these charts
intelligent complementary therapies around represent the head, and it is there that you is to try and familiarize yourself with the
because when you understand how it would apply reflexology techniques to body systems and their reflex areas, z
(;)
works , you can identify areas of the body help someone suffering from headaches. perhaps by looking at you r own feet. -<
I
that are not functioning well and con help Similarly, the spinal reflex is found along Once you are ready to give a treatment,
m
improve someone's overall physical and of each foot, which is also
the inside edge you can use the easy-to-follow treatment m
-<
mental health.
known as the medial aspect of the foot. sequences described in the following parts
5: The origina l reflexology maps of the feet of the book. Choose a sequence that is
oI Generally you will notice that the inside
were devised by Eunice Ingham (see page edge of the foot can be more sensitive. appropriate for you, your friend or family
141, using anecdotal evidence obta ined You can also find the reproductive organs member, and enjoy giving the treatment as
during her reflexology work. The maps are on the medial aspect of the foot. much as they will enjoy receiving it.
not an anatomical re presentation of the
body, and that is why reflexology maps
differ slightly from one another, depending
on their author.
. ------------------------------------------- .
READING THE REFLEXES
Relative positions
It is important to be aware of the There are a number of reasons why may be well aware of and might

significan t rela tionsh ip between reflexes on a particular reflex might be want reflexology to help them .

the feet and the parts of the body to which sensitive or out of balance, and Reflexology can also pick up the
they correspond, and reflexology maps these include an ene.rgy imbalance effects of medication on different

can help you do this . The position of the in the area, or congestion of areas of the body, suc h as the liver
reflexes on the soles of the feet generally energy in the related zone of the or kidney reflex. You just need to
body. Often it indicates an ongoing learn how to 'read ' the reflexes in
physical problem , which the person order to identify the problem.
In reflexology all the vital organs and
different parts of the body are mapped out
on the feet.
. -------------------------------------------- .
The feet: a mirror of the body
All the organs and parts of the body are the feet - for instance, you can find the • The shoulder line : This transverse zone the base of the heel. In between the waist
o organs of respiration between the shoulder is found just below the bases of the toes; line and the pelvic line you can find the
generally arronged in the same order in
" different reflexology charts. Guidelines line and diaphragm line. All the many above this line you can find the head, ascending and descending colon, part of

cross the feet to help you associate reflexology points are located within these occipital, pituitary, inner ear, teeth, jaw, the small intestines and bladder. The

specific areas of the body with areas in gUidelines. The major guidelines are: sinus, eye, Eustachian tube, outer ear, sciatic area runs transversely across the
>- throat and shoulder reflexes. middle of the pelvic line.
<.')
9 TR A NSVERSE ZON ES: PLA NTA R ASPECT • The diaphragm (or solar plexus) line: • The ligament line: This alone runs from
ox This is found under the base of the the top of the foot to the bottom, rather
w
metatarsals A distinguishing feature is that than across it. o
~

so the colour of the skin on the metatarsal --<


I
I area changes - the skin is darker around Aspects of the feet co
the metatarsals Idiaphragm linel and Throughout this book the different views or oo

••••
................... I,
- ............................ lighter below. In between the shoulder line 'aspects' of the foot are referred to as
-<
Shoulder line
.' .' .' ''.. and the diaphragm line you can find the follows:

. .'
' .'
'.
" . lungs, thyroid, oesophagus, hiatus hernia, • Dorsal aspect: the view of the top of
pancreas and gall bladder reflexes. the foot as you look down at it.
....
................! ....... .
:.
... ······1··············...
.......... • The waist line: This is found by running • Plantar aspect: the view of the sole or

.' ......' ..:


Diaphragm line ~
' . your finger along the lateral side of the underside of the foot, which you place on
Ligament line foot and feeling a small bony protrusion the ground
about midway. Then draw a line across • Medial aspect: the inside edge of the
..................... ..... .. - -
) Waist line __ • • • • • • • ,:. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • I'
the foot Ithis area often forms the foot, running from the big toe to the heel.
narrowest part of the footlln between the • Lateral aspect: the outside edge of the
diaphragm line and the waist line you can foot, running from the little toe to the heel.
find the kidney/adrenal, stomach, liver, Familiarizing you rself with the various
... ....................... . Pelvic line ........................... spleen, transverse colon, hepatic and aspects of the feet wil l help when you
splenic flexure reflexes and part of the come to the techniques g iven in Parts 4, 5
small intestines. and 6, where you will sometimes work on
• The pelvic (or heel) line: This is found one aspect first, followed by another - for
by drawing an imaginary li ne from the example, the medial aspect and then the
ankle bones on either side of the foot over lateral aspect.
Inner ear
Plantar foot map Inner ear
Brain Broin
Eye point

Eu stachian tube refle x


Head Head Outer ear
t---\~ Hypothalomus Hypothalamus - ---+- ---,=±
'"... -'---~ Pituitary gland Pituitary gland - -/-- w

Occipital - ---\-- - --aJ


o Sinuses (toes) Sinu ses (toes)
S Neck -----11--'::;:::::==~
>-
<.9 Parathyroid glands _ ..--ic.----
o
ox Thyroid gland Thyroid gland Eye, ear
w Eye, ear general area
general area
w
-----+- Oesophagus
s""o Lung Oesophagus - - \ - - - - - - Lung
I Solar plexus
Hiatus hernia point Solar plexus
Pancreas -\------~""'--J?"""'==_
~:::::::::::::-:::f- Diaphragm
Gall bladder ---\-~,.......4a:::::::-""""'""""<~- Diaphragm - ---\:::::::::::::--

Hepatic flexure -~r-~;;"...llf----~~-~r-


Liver - ----\-
_ -
Tronsverse colon
--jL - Adrenal gland
Transverse colon
Adrenal gland

Kidney
-f--::----,.. .
-+-----,
el::--I-~ Splenic flexure

Kidney

Ascending colon - -\ - -1.


...- + - Descending colon
Small intestine

\+- --\-- Ureter tube


This mop shows the sole or
F =--------\,/-- -+- ileocaecal valve
underside of the foot, which you
W'-:::::=___--===-----d-- Appendi x
Sigmoid colon ----l:!a!!i!~!!~~~~Z2:II ~\---L- Sigmoid flexure

\. _.............._--rt/-
place on the ground. It is the
reflexology mop that contains the
Sciatic area Sciatic area -~,.. . . . ._ . ._ . .__
most reflexes, from the bra in (at
the tip of the big toe) to the
sciatic area (on the heel).

RIGHT FOOT LEFT FOOT


LEFT FOOT
RIGHT FOOT
Medial foot map
This map shows the inside edge of the
foot, running from the big toe to the heel.
It contains the reflexes for the cervical ,
thoracic and lumbar vertebrae , the
bladder and the uterus (in women) and
~

prostate gland (in men). LEFT FOOT o


o
--i

~
oI

Thoracic vertebrae

5
Lumbar vertebrae - - -1-- - -- -- - -+--- - -1
4 Cervical vertebrae

Uterus/prostate - -1-- -___ 12 11 10


9 8 7
6 5 4 3 2
Lateral foot map
This map shows the outside edge of the
...
<Xl
foot, running from the l i ~le toe to the heel .
It contains the reflexes for the wrist, elbow
V)

'"'"o and shoulder, the knee, hip and sacrum,

S and the ovaries lin women) and testes


>- (in men) RIGHT FOOT
e>
9
ox
w

so
I

Ovary / testes ---11-- - ---..

Sacrum Hi p

Wrist
Using reflexology to read the feet .----------- .
PAST, PRESENT AND
A trained reflexalagist w ill be able to use Crystals in the reflexes FUTURE PROBLEMS
o a reflexology sequence on the feet to find A reflexologist discovers congested areas
'" reflex points or areos thot are sensitive or by fi nd ing crysta Is in the feet. These Reflexology is like a time orb-
</l
c
out of balance. These correspond to crystals are made up of uric acid or it can pick up both current C/O

o'"
3: specific parts of the body and indicate a calcium and build up in the nerve endings problems and the memory of
Z
GI

>- problem in the related body area. in the feet. If, say, the lungs become an old problem , now long '"
m
<.9 m
Q weak, their normal muscular activity slows gone. Would you believe that if x
ox o
UJ
down and the extremities of their nerve someone had a hysterectomy oGI
~
UJ endings become blocked. This blockage 20 years ago the reflex would -<
"" may only be small , but it could be enough still be sensitive now? This is
-i
o
3:
o to reduce the circulation to the lungs so because the body remembers '"
m
»
I
o
that they do not get an ample supply of injuries and operations, just as -i
I
fresh blood , oxygen and nutrients while we do. You can also pick up
m
simultaneously having their toxins a past condition that has been m
-i

removed. suppressed and resolved , such


By applying pressure to these crystals, as childhood asthma . Finally,
the reflexologist will break them up, so reflexes on the feet and hands
that they dissolve and are carried away in can highlight any areas of
the blood. The more crystals you find, the weakness or vulnerability that
longer you should work on them , so that may give rise to future
they can be broken down by reflexology. Reflexology on the hand can pick up both problems. In this way you can
Sensitivity in a reflex can warn of a weak past and furture problems. use reflexology as a
area in the body and , if the imbalance is preventative therapy that
treated and corrected with reflexology, focuses on treatment, diet,
illness can often be avoided. the body a sensitive reflex area relates to. lifestyle and emotional well-
Using the right amount of pressure (see Then work over it several times, taking being to create good health .
page 951 is important, because if you small steps as you cross the area and

Use reflexology on the feet to determine a apply too much , it could cause pain and returning again at the end of the treatment.

client's state of health. give a false reading. Use the charts (see In this way you will ensure that you are
pages 40-49) to establish which parts of disbursing as many crystals os possible. • ______________ •
Cross-reflexes
MAP OF CROSS - REFLEXES
ON THE BODY
If the feet are too sensitive, swollen or hands as an effective treatment, or as
injured to treat, it is best to use a cross- homework in between reflexology
reflex instead. Cross-reflexes work on the sessions. The principal cross-reflexes are
'zone therapy' theory of Dr William as follows: n
Fitzgerald (see page 16) There are • Fingers/toes o
V>

energy zones that run up and down the • Foot/hand ~


m
body, with corresponding paths travelling • Sole of foot/palm of hand m
X
m
up from the toes and legs to the head , • Top of foot/back of hand V>

and from the fingers and arms to the • Ankle/wrist


5: head. The cross-reflexes have a mirror- • Calf/inner part of forea rm
oI
effect on the body, so that treatment on the • Shin/outer part of forearm
feet can affect the hand and arm area, • Knee/elbow
and vice versa. • Thigh/upper arm
An example would be a client who has • Hip/shoulder.
sprained an ankle, with pressu re bUilding If you are treating someone with a broken
up in the area of the spra in. Naturally the lower leg, choose the cross-reflex which is
ankle would be too injured to work on , so the lower arm. Supparting the arm , gently
you would apply reflexology massage on massage the area of the corresponding
the wrist to prevent sareness, swelling or part of the arm that relates to the injury.
other possible complications. For a broken
leg you would select the corresponding
area on the arm and work that, in order to
improve circulation to the injured leg and
hasten the healing process.
•• Fingers/ toes

Hand/ foot
Principal cross -refl exes
By understanding the theary of cross-
• Wrist/ankle

Arm/leg

••
reflexes, you can treat areas of the body
that you could not normally work on. Elbow/ knee
Additionally, you can work on your own
Shoulder/hip
Anatomy of the foot
.'" The feet can reveal a hast af staries to a
reflexologist. Their structure, as well as the
change as the nine months go by.
The average foot contains 26 bones,
Bones of the feet
The forefoot includes five metatarsal
Phalanges '"'"
reflexes, con show up both emotional and 100 ligaments, 20 muscles and an bones and the phalanges (the toes).
U)
»
""
=
0
physical weakness ond strengths. The feet intricate network of nerves and blood • The first meta tarsal bone bears Z
»
support the weig ht of our body and, if we supply. Connective tissue, blood vessels the most weight and plays the -<
:s: 0
>-
~
allow the muscles in our body to weaken, and nerves join the bones together, most important role in propelling s:-<
g this can affect the muscle tissue in our feet. covered by layers of skin. The foot has the body. The second, third and 0
~
0 -<
x
w Any impairment or change to the functions two important functions - weight-bearing fourth metatarsal bones are the I

w of the body can disploce our centre of and propulsion - which require a high most stable. ~

= Metatarsals 0
:s: gravity. A good example is the way that degree of stability. In add ition, the foot • The sesamoids are two small 0
-<
0
I back, knee and foot problems develop must be flexible, so that it can adapt to oval-shaped bones close to the
during pregnancy, when the body's centre uneven surfaces. Problems affecting the head of the first metatarsal, on the
of gravity and disposition of weight foot's structure could affect posture . plantar surface of the foot. They
develop inside a tendon, where it
passes over a bony prominence.
• • They are held in place by their
tendons and are supported
Cunei forms

Navicular
REF LE XOLOG Y AND FOOT CIRCULATIO N
by ligaments.
Cuboid
• The tarsa l bones are mostly in
At the most basic level, reflexology or lymphatic circu lation is poor, it
the mid-foot. Five of the seven
improves the circu la tion. Stress, is hard for oxygen-rich bl ood,
tarsal bones can be found here
tension , poor posture and bad ly nutrients a nd white blood cell s to
(the navicular, cuboid and the three Talus
fitting shoes a ll restrict blood flow reach va rious areas of the foot to
cuneiform). It meets the farefoot at
a nd crea te a sluggish circu la tory fig ht infection, digest germs,
the five tarso-metatarsa l joints.
and lymphatic system. This cou ld remove toxins and waste prod ucts .
• The ta lus a nd th e ca lca neus
mean that a n infection like athlete's Reg ula r reflexology ca n help to
make up the hindfoot. The
foot o r a foot or leg ulcer may ta ke develop healthy feet as we ll as
calcaneus is the largest tarsal Calca neus
weeks to clear. When blood flow im proving overall body circ ulatio n.
bone and forms the heel. The
talus rests on top of it and forms

• • the pivot of the ankle .


Arches of the foot • The lateral longitudinal arch is lower Healthy arches manoeuvrability and may feel stiff. Corns
The three arches of the foot are and flatter than the medial arch; it is Foot problems can displace your centre of and calluses are a common problem
maintained by the shapes af the banes, composed of the calcaneus, cuboid and gravity, which can affect the whole of your because of the pressure exerted on areas
muscles, tendons and ligaments. the fourth and fifth metatarsals. spine. Foot disorders like bunions not only of the toes and the front of the feet. This
• The transverse arch , underneath the • The medial longitudinal arch is the affect your ankles, knees and hips condition can, however, be corrected
»
foot, is composed of the cuneifarms, highest and most important; it is composed (because of difficulty in walking), but the by surgery. Z
».....
cuboid and the five metatarsal bases and of the calcaneus, talus, navicular, over-compensation in posture can actually o
~
>- helps with balance. cuneiforms and the first three metatarsals. cause headaches and tinnitus . A good Flat feet -<
(?
foot structure forms the foundation for your Some people are born with flat feet,
o
9 ~

.....
ox spine and helps keep your spinal which means that they have no arches; I
w
~

w ARCHES OF THE FOOT alignment healthy and functioning well. A other people develop them as a result of o
'" healthy foot has healthy arches, which walking injuries, incorrect walking or
o.....
5
oI play important roles in the body: obesity The resulting problems can affect
• Bearing the weight of the body and the whole body: the ligaments in the feet
distributing this weight across the feet. become overwhelmed and collapse,
• Absorbing shock when you are running which then affects all the bones in the feet
or exercising. and ankles; and the soles no longer have
• Acting as a lever to propel the body a shock-absorbing effect on the body,
forward in motion. which may lead to foot pain, burning
• Balancing the body and keeping all the soles, general fatigue and a painful spine.
Medial (inner) vertebrae aligned. The arches normally protect the 7,000
longitudinal arch nerves in the feet as well as the blood
High arches vessels, so the whole weight of the body
High arches are normally hereditary, presses down on them. The best thing to
which means that if your mother or father do if you suffer from flat feet is see a
had them, you may also have been born podiatrist, who will create tailor-made
with them; some people with spina bifida insoles to wear in your shoes and will
also suffer from high arches. It may mean suggest muscle-building exercises.
that the toes do not make correct contact
with the ground when standing, which
could develop into a claw foot; and
Lateral (outer)
longitudinal arch overall the foot usually lacks
Anatomy of the body
This section of the book will give you a connective tissue and nervous tissue); each
A health detective
basic understanding of how the body cell in the tissue has a speci fic function.
will apply an
works. To appreciate the effects of • The organ level occurs in many places
holistic approach
reflexology, you need to have some in the body, where different kinds of tissues »
to your health. Z
knowledge of the body's structure and the are ioined together to form a higher level !:<
workings of the body's systems. You need of organization and perform a specific
o
3:
-<
to be a health detective. Ask yourself function ; organs usually have recognizable
~
questions such as: what happened before shapes - for example, the heart, liver, -+
I
my body reacted in this way? What did I kidney, brain and stomach are all organs. CP

3: do recen tly that could have affected me? • The system level consists of on oCJ
oI -<
What did I eat or drink? What have I association of organs with common
come into contact with, or what products functions; for instance, the digestive system
have I put on my body? - which breaks down and digests food -
is composed of the mouth, saliva-
Overview of the body producing glands, pharynx (throat),
The human body consists of severa l levels oesophagus (gullet), stomach , small
of structure that are all associated with intestine, large intestine and rectum , plus
one another: the liver, gall bladder and pancreas.
• The chemical level is the lowest level, • The total organism comprises all parts
and includes all chemical substances of the body functioning with each other, to
that are essential for maintaining life; the make one living individual.
chemicols are put together to form the How you look and feel, and the state of
next level of organization. your health , depends on everything that
• The cellular level comprises the basic you put into and on your body - and
structural and functional units of the body. sometimes there may not be on obvious
• The tissue level is mode up of groups of couse for a problem. For example, if
similar cel ls and the intercellular material someone has a severe peanut a llergy, allergen. However, hair loss could be a ll levels of the body. Understandi ng the
that performs a specific function ; when there would be o n immediate reaction and ca used by a less obvious reaction to body's anatomy and phys iology will help
individ ual cel ls are ioined together, they the body's chemical levels would be chlorine in a swimmi ng pool. You should you make decisions to create and
form a tissue (examples are muscle tissue, affected as the person coped with the always try to find what it is that is affecting ma intain good health.
The cells of the body
Cells are the essential building blocks of organs. Blood is made up of a fluid Cells live independently from each other . ----------- .
o connective tissue that consists of plasma and can reproduce themselves. Each cell
-0 life. The human body is made up of cells , REFLEXOLOGY
and different types of cells. has a different structure and function - for
which subsequently form fluid , tissues and AN D TH E CELLS -<
I
example, a sperm cell has a whiplike tail m

to propel itself up the cervix. DNA n


m
Reflexology can assist by
>- (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the material
l') A SIMPLE CELL increasing the circulation o
g from which the chromosomes of a cell's
in the transpartation of energy -<
ox Nuclear membrane nucleus are formed , governing cell growth I
UJ to all the cells of the body and co
~
UJ
and inheritance. Certain diseases are
in removal of the waste
oCJ
'" Vesicle secreting enzymes Nucleolus -<
passed down through generations within
~ at cell surface products, thereby helping to
oI the cells, so looking at your family history
prevent disease. Remember
Nucleus can give you an indication of the diseases
that everything you do in life
to which you may be predisposed.
has an effect on the cells of
your body.
Cell structure
All living organisms on Earth are divided
into cells. These contain smaller pieces,
including proteins and organelles, and
larger pieces called tissues and systems.
. ----------- .
Cel ls are small compartments that hold all
of the biological equipment necessary to dioxide back into the bloodstream to be
keep an organism alive on Earth . excreted from the body. The nucleus of the
Each cell is surrounded by a cel l cell governs all its functions, while the
Microtubule membrane, which is like a filter and lets cytoplasm is the cellulor material in which
some substances in and out of the cell, the organelles ore suspended.
Endoplasmic while other substances are blocked from Mitochondria are the energy
reticulum
entering. For instance, the cell membrane powerhouses of cells, where nutrients are
allows in oxygen and nutrients from the broken down to release energy for cell
Cell membrone Lysosome
blood to provide it with energy, and then repair, defence mechanisms and other
Peroxisome passes out waste products and carbon processes that maintain the body.
The skin
The skin covers ond protects the contents The dermis is the layer underneath , and The skin contains sebaceous g lands, density decreases, cell division occurs to
of your body, os well os holding is composed entirely of living cells. It which produce on oily substance known make new cel ls; when it increases, the
everything together. It gathers sensory consists of bundles of tough fibres, which as sebum that helps to make the skin rate of cell division slows down. This
information from the environment through give your skin its elasticity and strength. Its wa terproof and prevent it drying out. The ....
process is usually strictly controlled in I
m
nerve endings close to the surface and most important function is respiration. acid mantle on the surface of the skin is V>
the body, but occasionally the control ~
>- ploys on active role in protecting you from There ore a lso blood vessels here, feeding
<.9 mode up of sebum and sweat, creating mechanism foils and cell division continues Z
9 disease. Skin a lso helps to keep the body vital nutrients to these areas. The nerve a protective coating against bacteria
ox at on abnormal ly high rate. This is how the
w at just the right temperature. endings in the dermis protect you by tel ling and preventing infection and disease. tumou rs in cancer occur.
w Skin may develop tumours or be the brain if your skin is in contoct with too
'" Cell division is important in skin repair
s affected by on inadequate blood supply. much heat, cold , pressure or pain. Cell division after cut o r other injury. On the cut

. .
o 0
I It can become infected w ith bacteria, Body cells can detect how crowded they surface, cell division is stimulated and new
porasites, viruses and fungi , and may be
----------- ore - this is called cell density. When cell cells fill the gop .
irritated by chemicols or other substances
with which it comes into contact. So don 't REFLEXOLOGY AN D
THE SKIN
put anything on your skin that you would THE SKIN
not put in you r mouth!
Reflexo logy con help to
/ _

f
- ---"-- -____- - Pore
Skin structure revitalize the condition of the

1==J
The epidermis is the outside layer of the skin by encouraging an Hair

skin and comprises layers of cells, with a adequate blood and nerve
Epidermi s
basal layer that is always forming new supply that reaches all parts of
cells through cell division. The new cells it. It can also reduce the
move towards the surface Iwhich tokes incidences of sk in-related Sweat
gland
oround one to two months) and , as they conditions such as acne, by
do so, the outermost layer of flat, dead stabilizing the production of
Nerve
cells is worn away. The epidermis vories sebum and keeping bacteria
in thickness , and is thicker on the soles of levels under control.
the feet ond palms of the hands 11 .5 mm) Blood vessels
and thinner on the eyelids 10.05 mm). Hair follicle (root) --."..,~.. J

. ----------- .
The skeleton SKELETAL
SYSTEM
The bones that make up the skeleton are bone in the ear) is the size of half a grain The spine
very strong and light. They are at risk of of rice. A bone 's strength or size is The spine or backbone lets you twist
fractures and postural deformities, which determined by its function. and bend and holds your body
~~5Sr~~§
<.I)

Clavicle
o""
may be caused by enviro nmental or upright. It also protects the spinal
'"
5: congenital factors or by disease. Bones The skeleton consists of two cord, a large bundle of nerves that ~3!o~.,-L+-l+ Thoracic V>

>- provide protection to the internal organs, parts: sends information from your brain to
vertebrae '"
m
o m
-<
<2 as well as supporting the body's structure. • The ax ial skeleton , including the sku ll, the rest of your body. It is the central o
ox Humerus z
w They also store most of the calcium , vertebral column , sternum and ribs, support for the body, and consists
w magnesium , phosphorus and other supports the head, neck and torso. of separate irregular bones
5: minerals that the body needs. The bones • The appendicular skeleton , including known as vertebrae. These
oI
of your skeleton are very much alive, the shoulder girdle, upper and lower limbs comprise spongy bone
growing and changing all the time , just and pelvic girdle, supports and attaches surrounded by a layer of Sacra I vertebra e -tfcrtlff',:',.,-"""'''''

.
like other parts of your body. the limbs to the rest of the body. compact bone. In between
each vertebra is a layer of cartilage
Skeletal structure . ----------- (the 'disc') that keeps the bones from
A baby's body has about 300 bones at rubbing against each other.
REFLEXOLOGY AND
birth and, as they grow, the bones get There are 26 vertebrae in
TH E SKELETON Carpals,
bigger and eventually fuse to form 206 the spine, seven cervical metacarpals
adult bones. Cartilage, a special material vertebrae in the neck, 12 and phalanges
Reflexology can help the
that is soft and flexible , is slowly replaced thoracic vertebrae in the
di stribution and absorption of
by bone, with the help of calcium that is ribcage and five large lumbar vertebrae
vitamin D and minerals into
absorbed from the intestines. This process that take the weigh t of the body. There
the bones, to promote a
becomes complete at around the age of are also five fused bones in the pelvis
healthy skeleton. It can also
22 , folloWing which there is no further cal led the sacral vertebrae or sacrum,
ea se the aching jo ints Tibula and tibia
growth in the length of bones. as well as the coccygeal vertebrae, four
associated with arthriti s,
More than half the bones in the human bones forming the coccyx. Although
improving mobility and Ankle ioint
skeleton are found in the hands and feet; each vertebra can move only a little bit,
helping to heal fracture s. ''''''''<''(-- - and tarsal s
each hand has 27 bones. While some the total spine is very flexible. A heal thy
bones (such as the femur, o r thigh bone)
are very large, the smallest (the stirrup
.----------- . spine is cu rved , enabling it to balance
the human body on just two legs.
The circulatory system
MAJOR BLOOD VESSELS

The circulatory system is responsible for system's pipes, transporting blood around slows down. Have you ever considered
transporting materials throughout the body. the body. Arteries are blood vessels that
how blood comes back up your legs to 0-
It conveys nutrients, woter and oxygen to carry oxygen-rich blood away from the the heart to become reoxygenated? This Internal iugular vein "
the billions of body cells, ond carries heart, while veins carry blood back occurs through muscular action - the -f
o I
;; away waste such as carbon dioxide. towards the heart. Copillaries are tiny oction of your calf muscles as you Common carotid artery
Q
>-
o
g
Blood is the body's fuel and is delivered blood vessels, thinner than humon hairs, move keeps the blood flOWing. So
Aorta
n
c
by the circulatory system - it is like 0 that connect arteries to veins. Oxygen, exercise can keep the blood :;;:
ox Super vena cava -f
w postal system throughout the body, nutrients and waste products pass in and circulating around your body, from 0
Heart '"
-<
delivering essential nutrients and oxygen to out of the blood th rough the capillary walls. your fingers or toes to your heart V>
-<
;; power the cells while taking away debris. and back again .
V>
-f
o
I Heartbeat and pulse Feel your pulse by placing two ~
Inferior
Components When we are young, our heartbeat is fingers at pulse points on your neck vena cava
The circulatory system is made up of faster, but as we get older it gradually or wrists. The pulse you feel is
muscle and vessels that help control the
flow of blood around the body. The main
parts of this system are the heart, arteries,
• • blood stopping and starting as
it moves through your arteries. As

REFLE XO LO GY AN D a child , your resting pulse


veins and capillaries. might have ranged from 90 to
CIRCULATI O N
The heart is really a special muscle and 120 beats per minute; as a
is the circulatory system's engine, pumping healthy adu lt, it slows to an
Reflexology can help increase
blood around the body. It is usually average of 72 beats per
the circu lation, thereby
located a little to the left of the middle of minute. Your body has
preventing a sluggish blood Femoral artery
your chest, and is about the size of a fist. about 5.6 litres (10 pints) (right leg)
flow that could result in
The right side of the heart receives blood Femoral vein
clotting . The relaxation aspect of blood circulating
(left leg)
from the body and pumps it to the lungs, a through it three times every
of reflexology treatment can
process known as pulmonary circulation. minute. In one day, the blood travels a
help to prevent high blood
The left side does the exact opposite: it total of 19,300 km (12,000 miles).
pressure, angina, heart
receives blood from the lungs and pumps
attacks and strokes.
it out to the body, a process known as
systemic circulation.
Arteries and veins are the circulatory
. ----------- .
The digestive system T HE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

The digestive system is a series of hollow


organs joined in a long, twisting tube from
• • 1--""--
Salivary glands - - - + -#,#0<11)
Mouth

REF L EXOLOG Y J\--F - - - Pharynx


the mouth to the anus, and is responsible
AND DIGESTION -<
for ea ting, digestion and excretion. Oesophagus --I----~ :I:
m
Digestion is the process by which food o
A fter a reflexology trea tm ent it Gi
and drink are broken down into their m
is common to have a bowel
smallest parts, so that the body can use Liver - -/--- ...../,-- -+- -I\-- +-- Stomach '"<:-<
movement, which cleans out m
them to bui ld and nourish cells and
the colon . Sometimes th is Gall bladder -+---,I----4t1rl h~i1!II~f--+-\_
'"-<
provide energy. '"-<
~ When we eat, most of the foods are
waste can be responsib le for
the stomach and intestinal peristaltic ~
0 raisi ng cho lesterol a nd
I not in a form that the body can use as actian (rippling muscle cantractions
oestrogen levels in the body. n
nourishment. Our food and drink must be that push food through the digestive
Removi ng waste p roducts
changed into sma ller molecules before tract). The three chemical reactions
efficiently lead s to better hea lth
they can be absorbed into the blood and that take place are the conversion
a nd well-being , and proper
carried to cel ls throughout the body. The of carbohydrates into simple
absorption of th e nourishmen t
digestive system contains a number of sugars such as g lucose; the
from food.
organs responsible for changing food breaking down of protein into
chemically in order to enable thei r
absorption by body tissues. The process
• • amino acids; and the conversion
into fatty acids. These processes are
of fats

involves breaking food down into simple oesophagus, stomach, liver, gall bladder, accomplished by specific enzymes.
soluble substances that are absorbable. pancreas, small and large intestines and A healthy digestive system is the
Ask you rself each time you eat: 'What anus. After digestion, the intestinal walls cornerstone of good health. If the digestive
nutritional value does th is food have for absorb the nutrient molecules, which are system is not functioning well, it can lead
my body?' then circulated around the body. The food to vitamin and nutritional deficiencies,
that does not get digested becomes waste beca use the cells a nd other parts of the
Compo nents matter and is excreted as faeces. body cannot receive the energy they need
The series of structures that transform the Digestion incorporates both physical in order to work properly. Deficiencies can
foods we eat into substances that can be and chemical processes. The physical manifest in various ways, such as a poor
used by the body for growth, repa ir and processes include chewing to reduce food immune system, infertility, depression or the
energy include the mouth , salivary glands, to small particles, the churning action of onset of various diseases.
The nervous system • __--------------------------------------------- e
REFLEXOLOGY AN D TH E NERVES
The nervous system coordinates the body, such as digestion and breathing; it
activities of the muscles throughout the consists of the parasympathetic and Reflexology helps to open up ana lgesic affect, reducing pain by :::
body, monitors the organs, sends sympathetic systems. neural pathways, assisting in th e releasing endorphins (n atura l
~
I
messages to and from the senses and The sympathetic division prepares the contro l of stress levels and has an pa inki ll ers) in to the system . m
Z
initiates actions. Communication between body for stress, which is the primitive m
'"
<
the billions of nerve cells occurs through 'fight-or-flight' response. When this 0
chemical and electrical signals, and that is division is activated, you may be aware . ----------------------------------------- e c
V>
V>
-<
why drugs, alcohol and electromagnetic of a racing heart or faster breathing and V>
~

frequencies can affect us. The nervous your digestive system may play up. The ~
5: system relays messages to and from the parasympathetic division focuses on
THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
o Cerebral cortex
I brain, and in this way the body reacts and maintaining and creating homeostasis,
protects itself. which is the body's natural state of
balance. Reflexology aims to switch on the
._- --t-- Brain stem

Components parasympathetic nervous system response. "'_~'"==-- __ Spinal cord


There are two main parts of the nervous The hypothalamus area at the base of
system in the human body, called the the brain connects the autonomic and the " ..:.:~.......~i.l__-___t--- Motor fibre
central nervous system and the peripheral endocrine systems (see page 721. It works
nervous system. The central nervous system with the pituitary gland to help regulate
Muscle action
is made up of the bra in and spinal cord, the body's tempera ture, food intake and
while the peripheral nerves connect the water/salt balance, blood pressure, blood
central nervous system to the rest of the flow, the sleep/wake cycle, sexual
body. The peripheral nervous system is behaviour and the activities of hormones.
Sensory fibres
made up of the following divisions: -". ;:--i~_- Sensory receptors
• The somatic system or sensory
division , which consists of sensory nerve
fibres that relay information about inner-
body sensations and events occurring in
the outside world.
• The autonomic system , which is
responsible for unconscious activities in the
The endocrine system ENDOCRINE GLANDS

Pituitary gland

The endocrine system is made up of • The parathyroid glands: These adrenaline is released in response to
N
ductless glands that secrete hormones maintain healthy bones . physical and emotional stress.
" directly into the bloodstream. Hormones • The adrenal glands: These regulate • The pancreas: These contain the islets
--I

are the body's internal chemical blood pressure and the level of salts of Langerhans, which produce insulin that I
m
m
messengers, which carry information that in the body, especially sodium chloride control the body's utilization of glucose, Z
<:I
control the rate at which the body and potassium; they also provide which in turn regulates blood-sugar levels. o
()
functions and how the glands and organs hydrocortisone, wh ich helps reduce • The ovaries: These produce oestrogen '"
z
work. They also control our behaviour. inflammation and pain , and the hormone and progesterone, which affect female
Each gland produces a specific androgen, which stimulates the sexual development and reproduction.
:s: harmone that fulfils a particular task - this development of male characteristics; • The testes : These produce testosterone,

.
o
I includes regulating metabolism, blood- which is responsible for male sexual
sugar levels, our response to stress and ----------- . characteristics and reproduction .
when ovulation occurs. The best way to appreciate the
REFLEXOLOGY AND endocrine system is to understand
Components THE HORMONES that all the glands work as a unit.
The major glands and functions of the If one gland is not function ing
endocrine system include: Reflexology can help with the correctly, it w ill have an effect on /'--t- ---/'--- - Testes
• The pituitary gland : This is connected distribution and balance of the other glands. For example, irregular
to the hypothalamus (see page 71); its the hormones in the body. The eating can cause extreme fluctuations
functions include regulating height and treatment works non-invasively in blood-sugar levels, which has been
growth, controlling the adrenal cortex, on the endocrine glands to associated with diabetes, mood
regulating blood pressure, controll ing help regulate the production imbalances and thyroid dysfunction.
sexua l development, controlling ovulation , o f hormones . An effective Look aher your endocrine system by
stimulating sperm production and the treatment can help increa se taking regular exercise, eating properly
production of oestrogen and testosterone; energy levels, stabilize and using reflexology and other coping
it also regulates the production of breast moods, help con trol eating mechanisms to handle stress positively.
milk and initiates labour. habits and alleviate menstrual
• The thyroid gland : This controls energy or menopausal issues .
levels, weight and the absorption of
calcium in our bones.
. ----------- .
The lymphatic system
The lymphatic system is entwined with the exercise and deep breathing , and LYMPHATIC SYSTE M
~
..... circulation of the blood, and is a system of obstruction of lymphatic flow results in "'"
vessels that drains a colourless liquid oedema - swelling of the tissues due to Subclovion ve in s -T~~~Jj!~~-
if> -<
""0
'" called lymph from allover the body back the collection of excess fluid. Lymph
Thoracic duct --h~.h-l>d-"*--V
I

:i: into the bloodstream. It plays a major role circulates around the body and contains ::
>-
s
<.9 in the immune system and defends us a number of white blood cells. Plasma "
I
»
9 against disease and infection ; it is the comes from the capillaries (see page 66) ::::<
0 ()
x
w body's own security system, constantly and bathes the body tissues, then drains V>
~
Liver - +f-+fLf--I+ Spleen -<
V>
w guarding the body. into the lymph vessels and empties back -<
'" ~
:i: into the blood circulation.
0
I Components Lymph nodes are scattered around the
The lymphatic system consists of thin tubes body and contain scavenging white blood Lymph nodes --+- f--f--l_ -J:
that run throughout the body carrying cells that ingest bacteria, as well as other
lymph. Lymph is generally moved by foreign matter and debris. These nodes
filter lymph, destroying harmful micro-

• • organisms, tumour cells, damaged or


dead tissue cells and toxins. Lymph from
Lymphatics - (,!f;I-H-""----+-- /

REFLEXOLOGY AND most tissues and organs crosses lymph


LYMPH nodes to become filtered, before draining
into the bloodstream. Swollen lymph
Regular reflexology can help nodes normally indicate disease. There bacteria , viruses and other foreign
boost the lymphatic system, are lymph nodes in the armpits, neck, particles found in the blood. The white
which means that the body will groin , abdomen, pelvis and chest. blood cells in the spleen attack bacteria
have an increased abi lity to The lymphatic system a lso includes the and viruses as they pass through.
fight off ill ness and di sease. spleen, tonsils, adenoids and thymus Having a strong immune system is
It promotes a reduction in the gland The job of the spleen is to filter the essential in mai ntaining good health.
number of colds and helps you blood to remove old, worn-out blood cells You can boost your immune system by
stay healthier for longer. and destroy them ; these are then replaced consuming organic foods , fresh fruit and
by new red blood cells made in the bone vegetables, good quality dri nking water

• • marrow. The spleen also filters out and by taking gentle exercise.
The respiratory system
The body's cells require oxygen in order
to function properly, so the respirotory
. ---------- . RESPIRATOR Y
SYSTEM
REFLEXOLOGY AND t-t- - - Trachea
system is the body's breathing equipment.
<I')

'"
""
o
~
>-
It contains the lungs, air passages,
pulmona ry (lung) vessels and breathing
muscles. Haemoglobin (an oxygen-
THE LUNGS

Reflexology can help to


) Alveolus - r -- --<
I
m

'"
m
<.9 ...,
V>
o improve the function of the ;;
o
x
w
carrying compound) found in red blood
cells continually removes dissolved
diaphragm and lungs,
Rig ht Iung --,I-----,'T i-ft---r- Leh lung
~
o
increasing the quantity of air '"
-<
oxygen from the blood and binds with it V>
being breathed in and of -<
~ to transport it around the body. Carbon V>
-<
oI waste products being breathed
dioxide is removed by the respiratory ~
out. It also assists in the has to allow space for the heart. Each
system and is a waste product of the lung is enclosed in the ribcage and
distribution of oxygen around
body's tissues.
the body. Reflexology can help supported below by the diaphragm.
aid recovery from respiratory The bronch i are the bra nches of
Components the respiratory tube that transport
conditions such as asthma,
External respiration starts at the nose and
bronchitis, emphysema, air into and out of each lung;
mouth. The nose moistens and warms air
influenza and the common they break up into smaller bronchi
entering the nostrils. This warming of air is
cold . A helpful tip is that a and bronchioles (the final and smallest
very important for asthma sufferers who
relaxed person takes deep tubes) and end in small alveoli (air sacs),
find that going out into the cold air triggers
breaths, while a nervous where gaseous exchange occurs.
an attack; by breathing through the nose
person takes shallow breaths. Gaseous exchange relies on simple
instead of the mouth, they can avoid this
If you take deep breaths while diffusion, which provides adequate
type of attack because, as the nose warms
working on the solar plexus oxygen and gets rid of suffiCient carbon
the air, it prevents the sudden rush of cold
reflex on the hand, this can dioxide. Breathing works by making the
air into the lungs.
help to relax you . .ribcage bigger: the pleural layers
The trachea (windpipe) extends from the
surrounding the lungs slide over each
neck into the thorax (chest cavity), where it
other, and the pressure in the lung
divides into right and lett main bronchi (air
decreases, which sucks air in. When you
passages), which enter the right ond leh
lungs. The leh lung is smaller, because It
.---------- . breathe out, it does the reverse. The main
muscle of breathing is the diaphragm .
The urinary system

co
The body is made up of about 65 per • • The ureters transport urine from the
kidney to the bladder. Ureteritis is an
Natural rem ed ies
Chamomile tea is a natural diuretic - it
"- cent water, which is therefore ou r most
REFLE XOLOG Y AN D inflammation of the ureter, which may be helps to reduce water retention. Dandelion
important nutrient. Certain tissues - like the
V) THE KIDNEYS caused by a blockage of the ureter by a tea cleanses the blood and is also
-<
I
""0
C< white blood cells, skeletal muscles and m
c
skin - contain the largest amount of water. stone or by the spread of infection from diuretic, making it the ideal tea to drink ~
~ Reflexology helps th e urinary Z
)0-
We lose around 1.5 litres (2 Y.1 pints) of the bladder. The bladder itself is a hollow, during a detoxification programme. Salt »
0 system with th e distribution of '"
-<
0 water a day through the intestines, skin, muscular organ that collects and stores in the diet is associated with high blood U>
0x water around th e body by
urine. The urethra is a slender tube that pressure; a good alternative is Solo sea
-<
U>
~ breathing, sweat and as urine. ;:ri
im proving its ci rcu lati o n. The
~
Water is the solution that many passes from the bladder to the outside of salt, which contains 46 per cent less ~
C<
treatment ca n a lso aid the sodium than normal salt.
~ chemical reactions need in order to take the body. The male urethra is much longer
0 fu nctioni ng of th e kidneys and
I place in. It also helps to supply nutrients than the female urethra (it runs the length
th e re mova l of waste a nd
and hormones between the body cells and of the penis) and passes through the
sodi um. Reflexology can be
distributes heat around the body During prostate gland.
effective in red ucing water
our daily activities we are exposed to URINAR Y SYST EM
retenti o n and combating MA LE
harmful substances, and the kidneys use FE MA LE
urina ry-tract in fections.
water to help dilute these so that we can
stay healthy. We need to drink around
2 litres 13 Y.1 pints) a day to maintain
the healthy functioning of the kidneys.
• •
harmful waste products such as alcohol
Compo nents and urea from our body
The urinary system consists of the kidneys, Under the influence of hormones, the
Bladde r --\-.!,--c""""=""
from which urine is formed to carry away two kidneys produce urine and keep the Urethra -+---'~~tI.
waste material and blood; the ureters, body's inner chemistry in balance. They
which carry urine from the kidneys; the excrete excess sodium, which is
bladder, which stores the urine until it can associated with raised blood pressure;
be disposed of; and the urethra, through as sodium levels in the body rise, fluids
which the bladder is emptied to the become less concentrated by retaining
outside. This system uses a combination of more water, and this can couse fluid
filtration and excretion to dispose of retention and oedema.
The reproductive system
The primary biological function of humans intercourse, nourish and develop a egg-shaped glands that secrete female rectum, and provides a suitable environment
o
co is to produce babies so that we can fertilized ovum, support it until it has grown sex hormones, including oestrogen and in which the fetus can grow If fertil ized by
continue the species. We do this by the into a fully grown fetus and give birth . A progesterone, which control the woman's a sperm, the ovum begins to divide and
fusion of a male sperm cell and a female woman's reproductive organs con be reproductive cycle. Each month a woman implants into the lining of the uterus, to
~
ovum. This fusion may be the result of found in the pelvic cavity, wi th the of child bea ring years should release an develop into an embryo. At birth the baby m
~
~

sexual intercourse, assisted concepti on exception of the vu lva , which comprise ovum from one of the ovaries, which is is forced out of the cervix, the narrow oQ
or IVF (in vitro fertilization) and is known external genitalia. The ovaries are two carried along the Fallopian tube to the passage that forms the neck of the uterus. c
n
::!
as fertilization. uterus. The uterus is a hollow muscular The function of the female reproductive <
e----------- e organ in the pelVic cavity, situated behind system begins at puberty with the start of
m

~ Male reproductive system and above the bladder in front of the menstruation and ends at the menopause.
o REFLEXOLOGY AND
I of the male reproductive
The organs
TH E REPRODUCTIVE
system are essentially those that enable a
SYSTEM FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYST EM MA LE
man 's sperm to reproduce with a woman 's
ovu m. The sperm and male sex hormones Bladder Sem ina l vesicle
The human reproductive
are made in the testes, which are a pair of
process is complex, but
ovoid glands suspended in a pouch called
fascinating . In order to
the scrotum. During erection, sperm pass
accomplish pregnancy, the
via the vas deferens into the seminal
processes of ovulation and
vesicle. The prostate gland in men is
fertilization have to be in
located at the base of (under) the bladder
balance, but for so many
and su rrounds the urethra, and looks like a ""l'=~.:J::~"",,~~- Urethra
couples trying to have a baby
ring donut. The function of the prostate is
something can go wrong .
to produce milky secretions that form part
Reflexology and a holistic "''''''''''''''-'-- Vas deferens
of the se minal flu id. These secretions
approach to health can
increase the vol ume of the semen , which is
balance the hormones, create
ejaculated from the erect penis.
healthier sperm and enhance Tip of peni s
Vagina
regular ovulation .
Female reproductive system
This system includes all the o rgans that Epididymis
Urethral orifice
enable a woman to ovulate, have sexual
e----------- e Testicle
PART 3

Reflexology
preparation
What the feet reveal
Our feet reveal our state of health, and can be related to a number of internal infection spreads; not drying adequately in
problems and should be examined by between the toes; or using an infected
often the problems we suffer with our feet
a doctor. towel or bath mat.
relate to problems in the body. How we
z lead our lives, what we eat and drink, Not looking after your feet can result Athlete's foot sometimes clears up
o
~ how we exercise and how we feel may all in corns, blisters, ingrowing toenails and without medication, but most fungal

~w be reflected in what a reflexologist finds bunions, which can affect posture and infections will respond to antifungal drugs
""
0-
on the feet. For example, tense feet may metabolism. Conversely, some prescribed by a chiropodist. Aftercare
>- includes changing the socks or stockings
(')
indicate tension in the body, while limp reflexologists feel that a poor metabolism
o
o
x
feet may point to poor muscle tone. Cold, and posture can cause these conditions. frequently, drying carefully in between the
toes, avoiding shared towels and wearing
w
bluish or reddish feet may indicate poor Foot problems are suffered by as much as
two-thirds of the population It is important well-ventilated shoes . When applying
circulation. Someone with sweaty feet
(especially if they are also smelly) may to be aware of some of the most common reflexology, avoid the contagious area or,

have a problem with their hormones . foot conditions, so that you can refer the if it is very bad, treat the hands instead.

Puffiness and swelling around the ankle sufferer to a chiropodist.


Verruca
Drying thoroughly in between the toes is a A verruca appears as a raised area of
practical way of avoiding the fungal skin, due to an increase in the size of the
condition athlete's foot . cells of which the skin tissue is composed.
Also known as a plantar wart, it is thought
Athlete's foot to be caused by a virus.
This fungal condition affects the skin at the Advice for treating a verruca naturally
base of, or between, the toes . The skin includes rubbing a garlic clove on it, then
becomes itchy and sore, and sometimes covering it with duct tape, which inhibits
Your feet can there is cracking, peeling of the skin or its oxygen supply. Or cover it wi th a small
reflect your state flaking, especially between the fourth and piece of the inside of a banana skin, and
of health, and can fifth toes. There may also be white soggy tape this into position so that it does not
also reveal areas, and the feet may have a distinctive, fa lloff overnight; repeat nightly for two to
physical problems unpleasant smell. Causes include three weeks for the best results. To avoid
in other parts of inadequate ventilation of the feet; going cross-infection when treating someone with
the body. barefoot in public baths or showers where a verruca, cover the contagious area with
a plaster or avoid it altogether and refer Ingrowing toenail Rubbing away
the sufferer to a chiropodist. A lot of young people in their teens and hard skin should be
twenties are affected by this painful a regular part of
condition of the big toe, in which one your bath-time
Bunion
A bunion is a thickened, fluid-filled bursa or both edges of the nail penetrates routine.
or sac overlying the joint at the base of the the adjacent skin. The nail becomes
big toe (or occasionally the fifth toe) It embedded in the soft skin tissue, which
may be painful and inflamed. The cause may lead to bleeding, infection and
m
might be persistent pressure or friction from inflammation. It usually results from cutting m
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m
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ox due to high-heeled shoes, inherited joint sides of the nail. Tight, ill-fitting shoes,
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weakness or an injury to the joint. heredity or poor personal hygiene can
~
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'" Treatment for bunions includes wearing also cause it.
properly fitting footwear, a protective pad If the condition is chronic, a chiropodist skin is being rubbed and pressed too dark-brown and discoloured. It often

to ease the discomfort or, as a last resort, will trim a small section of the nail to much. A soft corn can be found between appears on the big toes, tops of the toes,
relieve pressure from the ingrowing the toes and sometimes underneath the heels or ball of the foot, because they
surgery to remove them.
toenail. If the condition is acute (meaning nails; it is caused by too much pressure, ore weight-bearing. If aggravated by
that it is red, swollen and possibly combined with excess sweat and is persistent pressure, it can become painful.
infected), surgical removal of a section sometimes painful. Foot calluses are common because we
or of the whole of the nail plate may Corns can be prevented by wearing subject our feet to a great deal of pressure
be necessary. roomy shoes . A podiatrist can remove a on a daily basis .
hard corn easily and fit a pad or insole to The causes are tight, ill-fitting shoes,
Corn ease the pressure, which should stop it regular prolonged pressure or friction,
A corn is a concentrated area of hard skin coming back. The treatment for soft corns such as jogging, extended standing or
and is the most common skin problem on is dryi ng the skin out by applying surgical uneven body weight. Treatment includes
feet. It is cone-shaped and has no root. It spirit every day If the corn is painful, it wearing properly fitting shoes, paring
often develops as a means of protection: can be removed by a podiatrist or away thickened areas of skin or placing
at the focal point of pressure the skin protected by a sma ll removable pad. a moulded insole in the shoe . Using a
hardens and thickens. A hard corn is a pumice stone and moisturizing the foot

High-heeled shoes can cause the calf plug of hard skin, usually found on the Callus twice a day can help to get rid of a

muscle to shorten, so you may find it tops of the toes and sole of the foot, A callus is an area of thickened, callus. Add moisturizing your feet to your

painful to wear flat shoes. especially on the ball; it shows that the sometimes hornlike skin and is yellow or bath-time routine.
What the nails reveal

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Did you know thot nails grow faster when interruption in the protein formation of the • • 0>
hormone levels fluctuate, such as during nail plate -0
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THE NAILS AND DIET
pregnancy or just before menstruation? On Nails are mostly made from a fibrous
:;::
overage, nails grow about 3 mm I:'; in) protein called keratin, which is also found I
The nails are a reflection of the foods of animal origin , such as ~
per month, but nail growth can be slowed in the hair. Otten people who suffer from -<
nutrition thot goes into the body: meat, fi sh and eggs. I
or stopped during periods of severe alopecia Ihair loss) find that thei r nails m
• Cuts and cracks in the nails may • If the nail bed is pale, this may z
illness. When a nail starts to regrow it is become thin too , or even drop off. It is :Jo:
>- indicate that you need to drink be a sign of anaemia, w hich is V;
<.9 thinner, so there is a line running across it the fat and water molecules between the
Q more liquids . Try to drink at lea st caused by a lack of red '"
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ox known as a Beau 's line, caused by an layers of keratin that makes nails flexible <
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eight glasses of wa ter each day. corpuscles in the blood - iron ~
and shiny.
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• Dry and brittle nails may indicate deficiency is the most common
"" a lack of vi tamin A and ca lcium ca use . Increase your intake of
Looking after the nails
in the body. Vitamin A is found lean meat, sardines, liver, oi ly
Nail hygiene is important, so if you go for
in liver, cheese, eggs and rich , fish , dried apricots and leafy
a pedicure, make sure that you choose a
oily fish (especially sardines and green vegetables .
reputable solon with spotless instruments.
pilchards) . Calcium is found in • Nails that are spoon-shaped ,
Viral infections such as hepatitis Bond C
milk, yoghu rt, sardines, canned concave or have ridges may
and warts can be transmitted by
salmon , purple sprouting broccoli indicate a diet that is deficient in
improperly sterilized instruments.
and cheese. iron . This is a disorder known as
When applying nail varnish, it is
• Excess ive dryness, very rounded koilonychias, and a doctor wi ll be
recommended that you always use a clear
and curved nail ends and able to perform a haemoglobin
bose coat first, to prevent the nai ls
darkening of the nails may test to confirm iron level s. Good
yellOWing. Lemon juice is on excellent
indicate a lack of vi tamin B 12. sources of iron are liver, oily fish ,
natural way to remove stains on the nail
Vegans are at a higher risk dried apricots and leafy green
body: simply mix the juice of one lemon
because B 12 is only found in vegetab les.
with half a cup of warm water and soak
for 20 minutes.

White spots on your nails could be a sign • •


indicating that you are consuming too
much sugar.
Treatment basics
The effects of a reflexology treotment are
often experienced immediotely ofter the
longer to improve This means that a
reflexologist and a client will commit to
understanding illness
Reflexology stimulotes the body's own
• •
CAUTION
session. For example, a client may notice a treotment plan that spans a few months. heoling processes, and it con sometimes
z
o that their headache has disappeared or a The problem is that we live in a quick-fix disrupt the body's ecology because it
• Avoid working on ports of
~ frozen shoulder has become much more society. Most people tend to expect alters its internal environment. This often
th e feet, ankles and legs
~ mobile. But it may toke three to five immediate results , and a single treatment causes changes in body and mind as a
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=
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where you see varicose
treatments to bring about complete (ar may not correct a problem that has been result of treatment. Generally people find
>- veins, because you could
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considerable) improvement in a client's developing for yeors. A longer course that after reflexology they sleep be~er, are
<2 further damage the vein s.
ox condition or complaint. of treatmen ts is recommended for all more able to cope with life and see a
UJ • Always work around any
Generolly, disarders that someone has conditions , ronging from twice a week reduction in the symptoms that were
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= areas of dermatitis or
suffered from for many years w ill toke to once a month. bothering them.
eczema; clients suffering
Reactions to treatment differ just as
from these conditions often
much as people themselves differ. Our
prefer that you use oil rather
lives, diet, exercise, emotions and health
than powder.
al l affect the reactions we may experience
following reflexology treatment. Generally,
you con use reflexology on most people
successfully; however, it is advisable not
• •
to treat those with the following contra- breakfast, which sets off irritable bowel
indications to foot reflexology: syndrome; the new hand cream that
• Contagious disease activates dermatitis. However, the key to
• High fever understanding illness is to focus on what
• Gangrene you did before you were aware of the
• First trimester of pregnancy illness or before it got worse.
• Deep-vein thrombosis. Reflexology works on emotional and
Reflexology is a Eoch condition that we suffer from lives mental levels as well as the physical body.
powerful therapy with us and has its own pattern during the It is common that treatment can release on
that can help day. Illness is catalyzed by what you do - emotional block, possibly stirring up
restore disturbed for example, the cup of coffee that repressed feelings. However, these
sleep patterns. aggravates a headache; skipping emotions are normally only temporary.
Reactions to reflexology
The first few reflexology treatments should
always be given with a light touch ,
.- POTENTIAL TREATMENT REACTIONS
• 0()

""
because this will reduce any possible
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healing crisi s reaction, w hich some people This list shows you the range of • Feeling irritable/ restless
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may find uncomfortable. reacti ons that someone may • Runny nose 6
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experience following reflexology • Feeling on a high --I
Healing crisis reaction treatment: • Increased sweating from the 0
Reflexology promotes the body's own hands and feet '"
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healing mechanisms, so some type of • A temporary w orsening of • Nausea / dizziness x
0
response should be expected . Most symptoms • Feeling thirsty 0
Gl
people experience a sensation of well- • Feeling very relaxed -<
being and feel energized , reiuvenated or • Sleeping more so undly than usual
deeply relaxed. But sometimes reflexology You might find that a client feels
• Feeling cold
can bring about a 'healing crisis reaction ', cold suddenly w hile receiving
• Needing to sleep a lot
whereby symptoms may appear worse • Experien cin g in crea sed energy reflexology treatment. It is a good
before they get be~er. This is a cleansing idea to cover them w ith a blanket
• Feeling hot
process as the body rids itself of toxins. A gentle treatment will be less lilkely to
• Increased urination / defecati on before you start the sess ion. A nd
You should look at this from a positive cause a healing crisis reaction.
• A little diarrhoea don't be surprised if so meone fall s
perspective; it can be an important turning • Feeling em oti ona l/upset asleep during trea tment - thi s is
point in the pa~ern of the illness . perfectly natural.
• Skin reactions
Clients w ho have a lot of impurities reaction . Such clients may also find
in th ei r system, or w ho are going through
an emotional time , are more likely to
treatment quite painful in some areas - in
which case, reduce the pressure to avoid
• •
experience a healing crisis reaction. causing discomfort. faintness or distress. If necessary, you can cannot believe what a positive effect

However, this usually passes within stop the treatment at any time and open reflexology has on their health, their

24 hours and can be eased by drinking Hypersensitive response the Window, give the client some water emotional well-being and their inter-

2 litres (3 y'; pints) of water the day before, Less common reactions during a treatment and generally meet the needs of the personal relationships. Whatever

the day of the treatment and the day after. are known as a 'hypersensi tive response ' person you are working on. reactions your client experiences, they are

Th is helps to flush toxins out of the body and may include sudden sweating, Normally, however, people respond a necessary part of the healing process
and reduce the intensity of a hea ling crisis unusual chilliness , feelings of nausea , ve ry favourably to treatment and often and will generally pass within 24 hours.
Adapting a treatment
Reflexology is cumulative, which meons sessions will alternate from soft to hard, Sometimes you need to adopt a drip-feed a young child? You could make up a story

thot the more treotments someone hos, the depending on the conditions that are method and work more lightly over a about a li~le caterpillar munching its way

greater effect it will have on their body. being worked on. There are, however, longer period of time, because for certain through the garden as you use the walking
z cases where you should adapt your people it is be~er to avoid the discomfort technique (see page 130) with your thumb
o Most people hove a course of treatments,

3
~
and the pressure used d uri ng these treatment because of age or hea lth issues. of a hea ling crisis reaction (see page 92). and fingers. For more about reflexology
treatment for spec ific a il ments in young
w
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"- Treating children children, see pages 322-335.
>-
l') The effects of reflexology o n chi ldren are
o
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quite soporific, and treatments can help Treating older people
to reintroduce a bedtime routine with Reflexology aims to provide what the body
w
you nger ch ildren , if necessary. Ch ildren 's needs - whether that is more energy, a
'"
energies tend to be clearer and therefore more efficient body system, a be~er
they react to treatments more qUickly. I memory or a ha ppier nature. As we get
always recommend lighter treatments for older ou r internal body energies are
child ren under 16 - and don't forget to affected by poor posture, an inadequate
gain parental consent before you treat diet, pollution, illness, negative thoughts,
a minor. worries and stress. This leads to stagnation
Setting the scene before the treatment is of the energy flow around the body and
important. The music and lighting that you may create more toxins. Reflexology aims
use should be thought about careful ly: to eliminate toxins from the body. The
lig ht, classical music ohen works wel l to more toxins the body contains, the greater
relax a child . You can have books or toys chance there is of someone having a
ava ilable, or ask a parent to come with healing crisis reaction.
a child's favourite toy. You will probably On older people, use a lighter pressu re
have to adjust your equipment, wi th more with a slow, gentle rhythm . Don't overwork
Giving your child pil lows, so that a child will be any of the reflexes - which means only

a reflexology comfortable. A good method is to use oil staying on a particular reflex for around

treatment can on a child's feet. Your movements should five seconds and then moving on to the

reinforce the bond be slow and relaxing - and how about next part of the sequence. Spend more

between you. telling a li~le story as you g ive treatment to time on relaxation techniques at the
beginning and end af treatment; you may Many terminally ill people find that
want to spend ten minutes of your actual reflexology sessions help them to breathe
treatment time on this. For more about more easily and retain greater control of
reflexology treatment for the golden years, their bowels and bladder. It can be a very
see pages 336-345. uplifting experience to see how much
terminally ill cl ients improve, both
Reducing pain physically and emotionally, from the
If someone is suffering from a painful treatments. Try starting your treatment with
condition, reflexology can help to reduce two minutes of deep breathing while you
>-
o the feelingof pain by stimulating the work the solar plexus reflex point (see
g
ox production of endorphins, the body's page 42). Always put aside enough time
w
natural painkillers. Endorphins are to talk to your client before or after
produced by the pituitary gland (see treatment - this offers them space to
page 72) and are ten times more powerful discuss any spiritual needs.
than the drug morphine. Working lightly
can encourage the brain to produce Treating clients on medication
endorphins, while minimizing the If someone is taking prescribed
possibility of aggravating the pain. You medication, always apply gentle pressure,
should pay special attention to the pituitary just to be safe, because the medication
reflex (see page 42) and revisit this point may have dulled their responses to reflex
for an extra 20 seconds just before you points. Keep the rhythms of the treatment
close the foot up with toe rotation . smooth and flowing. Commonly people
do have side-effects to medication,
Treating t he term ina lly ill ranging from swelling of the ankles to
In the case of terminal illness, you want increased blood pressure that began after
reflexology to make any pain more they started taking their prescription. If
bearable and the person you are treating clients are experiencing side-effects, focus
more comfortable. Focus your treatment your treatment on the presenting condition
on helping the client with the stress and refer them to their doctor to discuss
You can treat a client twice a day with surrounding their disease, any issues with Always use a lighter pressure for clients on the side-effects
gentle pressure if needed. sleep patterns, and on reducing any side- medication as their responses may be At the most basic level, refiexology
effects of the medication they are taking. dulled because of the medication. increases the body's circulation and this
Always be aware To reduce bruising and pain after Also, show your client the adrenal-gland
of a ny medication surgery, give your client fresh pineapple reflexes on the hand Isee page 357) and
a client is taking each day as a mid-morning snack. ask them to stimulate and massage these
co Pineapple eaten in between meals has
0- and of the side- reflexes throughout the day, to help reduce
effects it may powerful anti-inflammatory properties. pain and inflammation.
z »
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o provoke. »
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a.. »
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9
ox
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'" reduce pain and assist in shorter hospital
can sametimes make drugs mare effective
- if there are any changes, notify their stays. Since reflexology aims to build up
doctor. There are some theories that the immu ne system , it is helping to red uce
reflexology treatment can eliminate the the risk of hospital-acquired infections.
need for life-saving drugs, but this has not Start your course of treatment around
been proven. Pay special a~ention to the ten weeks before the operation and focus
liver and kidney reflexes Isee page 421, on balancing your client's emotional levels.
which need help in detoxifying the body. This is important because it is well known
Keep revisiting these reflex points lightly that having a positive outcome to an
throughout the treatment. operation speeds up the body's ability to
heal itself. When giving treatment before
Treating pre- and post- surgery, lightly pay special attention to the
operative clients areas that will be operated on. Treatment
Some fascinating research conducted on should be given at least two to three times
Bromelain, the
orthopaedic wards in Welsh hospitals has a week for the month leading up to the
enzyme found in
looked at how reflexology can help speed operation. Aherwards , start the treatments
pineapple, can
up recovery aher surgery. There are many as soon as possible, aiming to treat every
help reduce
studies that show that reflexology can day for the first week and twice a week
inflammation and
shorten post-operative healing time, aher that.
bruising.
Where to treat
A professional reflexologist normally offers Sitting comfortably
0
0 treatments at a clinic, in their home or runs Always make sure that both you and your
0
a mobile practice, and generally uses a client are sitting comfortably throughout the
Z massage table or a special reclining chair. treatment and that you have easy access
0 ::;:
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«>= However, it is not necessary to invest in to the feet. Here are four basic positions m

'"«<>. either of these pieces of equipment. that you can use when giving a '"
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reflexology treatment. 0
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<>. HaVing a limited budget will not prevent
~
>- you from giving a good, professional m
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9 reflexology treatment. Havi ng a
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w reflexolog ist visit at home is wonderfu l for Having a treatment while lying in a bed is
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the client, because it means that they can very relaxing, and the client can go to
'"
relax comfo rtably afterwards. sleep afterwards.

Treatments can be relaxing in any setting, point is worked on. Put another pillow
as long as both reflexologist and client under their knees to support the lower
are comfortable. back, and two pil lows under the feet, so
that they are at a comfortable height for
1 Using a bed you to work on . You can place a towel
You can ei ther use a massage table, or a just under the client's feet for hygiene
bed with a law stool at the end to gain reasons, and to cover the feet w ith when
eosy access to the feet. Put two pil lows you are not working on them.
under your client's head for comfort, and
so that you can observe their facia l 2 Using a garden chai r
expressions during the session. Eye contact If you don't have a sun Iounger or reclin ing
is impo rta nt, because most people will chair, a good alternative is a n ordinary
react in some way when a sore reflex garden chair covered in a whi te sheet.
You will need to put a low stool at the end
of the chair to support the client's feet, ond
pillows under their feet.
'"0 0
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3 Using an armchair
z The best way to treat the elderly and less ~
0 I
~ mobile is to use a low stool at the end m

""0....: of on armchair. Make sure that their feet


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l') comfortable. You may have to sit cross- »--<
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legged on the floor, but do try to keep
<5x
w your back straight throughout the session.
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4 Using a sofa
Giving a treatment on a sofa is so relaxing
for the client - it is great place to treat,
because it takes iust a minute to set things
up, so it is very handy for impromptu
sessions. Use a pillow to support your
client's head, then place a number of
pillows under the knees and another under
the feet. Place a choir at the end of the
sofa and make sure that the client's feet
are at the right height for treatment.

It is important for the reflexologist to keep


a good posture during the treatment to
avoid backache.
Setting the scene
Se~ing the scene in a prafessional and If someone you are treating has asthma ,
...o thaughtfu l way will help to give your don't perfume the room, but ventilate it
client confidence in your treatment. The well before you give the treatment. Avoid
z environment that you create for treotment cut flowers in your treatment room ,
o
>=
« is called the 'heal ing space' . because their pollen cauld set off a client's
~
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hay fever or allergies.
""
0- Music
>-
() Soft music can ohen help to create a Lighting
o
o
~
relaxing environment, so choose It is very important to consider lighting :
something soothing that you have keeping light levels low will help to create
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previously heard all the way through - a relaxing, professional environment. You
not a piece that will surprise you with a may want to use floor lights so that the
sudden change of pace. 'Environmental bulbs don't shine in your client's eyes. You
music' is not always a good idea , certainly do not want lights to shine in the
because it can aggravate phobias. Think eyes of an epileptic - epilepsy is common
about how a client with a fear of and affects around one in 2,000 people;
drowning would react to a tape of the it occurs as a result of short circuitry in the
sound of water; or a client with hay fever brain, and lighting has been associated
to music depicting a summer glade. with seizures.

Scent Water
A great way to perfume your treatment Have a glass of water close by, so that
room is to burn relaxing essential oils or you can offer it to your cl ient aher the
light a scented candle for 30 minutes session. Water helps to flush out from the
before the treatment. Remember to blow body any toxins that have been released
out the condie or burner at least five during treatment. Most people feel a little
minutes before treatment commences, thirsty aher a reflexology session.
because you do not want any heavy Scented candles are a splendid way to
fragrance in the air that could aggravate help create a relaxing atmosphere before a
respiratory conditions. reflexology treatment.
Preparing yourself
The image that you present can indicate hands before and after treatment so that e----------------------------------------- e
what sort of treatment you will give. If you they are clea nand fresh. If you have long
PREPARATION CH ECKLIST
want to take a professional approach, hair, tie it back so that it does not fall over
z then you need to look the part. Always your client's feet during the session. Take '"
o • Is the environment warm and well • If you have long hair, is it tied ""
m
dress in a white T-shirt or shirt and smart off any rings or bracelets before you start. ::;
S
;t: trousers or skirt, to give the impression of
ventilated? back so that it does not fall over ""Z
w • Is the lighting calming? the client's feet? Gl
professionalism and help others respond to Breathing and posture
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• Have you switched off the phones • Do you have non-allergic plasters oc-<
<.') you in th is way. Breathe deeply throughout the session as
o and television? available, to cover verrucae with , ""
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you work, because this provides oxygen m
o
x
Hygiene for your muscles, enabling you to give
• Have you found somewhere if necessary? 0;;

~ comfortable to treat your client? • Do you have a blanket to cover


w Keep your nails short and clean, otherwise a great treatment and your mind to
'" concentrate on working the reflexes . The
• Have you checked the suitability your client with during treatment?
they may dig into your client's skin when
of your treatment area by sitting • Have you suitable music to play
you give a treatment. Always wash your wonderful thing about giving reflexology is
or lying there yourself? duri ng the session?
that you, too, can benefit from it. If you
• Are you using a clean pillow and • Have you powder and oil ready
have good posture, your breathing is
towel, for hygiene reasons? to use (see page 109)?
steady and you are centred throughout the
• Are you dressed so that your • Have you read through your
treatment, then these techniques can give
client can respect the value of treatment plan (see page 113),
you a physical and emotional boost.
your treatment? so that when you have your client
• Are your fingernails clean and next to you , it will all become
Create boundaries
filed short? familiar?
Establish treatment boundaries by turni ng
• Have you removed any jewellery • Have you a glass of water ready
off mobile phones and televisions and
that may interfere with the to give your client afterwards?
getting rid of any distractions . Focus your
treatment? • Do you have a glass for yourself?
attention wholly 011 the person you are
treating, and avoid conversations about
yourself, your worries and your day. Your

Professional standards in dress, health and


attitude, image, environment and
intentions are all important, both before
e----------------------------------------- e
hygiene, and client safety and care are and during treatment, because you will be
all-important. affecting your client on numerous levels.
Preparing your client
Bathing your client's feet in water before Footbaths with stones your client to place their feet in the • Lime can ease varicose veins, poor
CD
o a treatment is a pleasurable experience, Place a selection of large stones in a footbath for a couple of minutes. circulation, cellulite, respiratory problems 0-0
because it relaxes all the muscles in the footbath and cover them with hot water. You can add a fragrant herb or flower and infections; lime slices placed on top
z feet and makes it easier to access the Leave to stand for five minutes so that the that you feel will help your client: put it of the footbath look a~ractive and smell ~
o in a sma ll muslin bag, tie the bag with really fresh.
m
."
»
reflex points. You can also sohen the feet stones retain the heat and the water cools
3 by wrapping them in hot towels and down a li~le. Test the temperature of the cotton, then drop it into the warm water Alter the footbath thoroughly dry your
'"
z
~ Gl
w
le~ing the heat soak through to the feet. water with the tip of your elbow, then ask for its soothing effect. Alternatively, create client's feet and apply powder to them. -<
'"
0...
0
>- any combination of herbs or flowers that This enables your thumbs to glide around c
<:) Baths are on important ritual in many
()
S2 cultures, and you can create a wonderful- you feel will work for your cl ient. Floating the feet while you alternate pressure on the
ox m
w smelling footbath as a caring act before A footboth with warm stones and cloves a few flowers or rose petals on the surface various reflexes. z
-<
of the water looks wonderful.
w
'"
the treatment. can help relieve the symptoms o f arthritis.
following suggestions:
Try the
• •
• Ginger is good for boosting the MASSAGE MEDIA
circulation , muscle stiffness and foot
exhaustion. A range of products is available
• Jasmine is beneficial for its overa ll for massage, from powders and
relaxing properties; it is excellent for cream s to oil s. I like to use
relieving depression, stress, fatigue, cornflour, because the
premenstrual syndrome and irritability; it treatments flow better and you
can also help to reduce skin itchiness. can use firm pressure without
• Lemongrass, traditionally used as a your thumb slipping . Cornflour
remedy for skin complaints, was burned to is a safe alternative to talcum
kil l germs and used as an insect repellent; powder, and generally looks
it has properties that can help with and feels like talc . There has
headaches and poor circulation and been some concern that talc
speed up the healing process. may be associated with causing
• Clove has antibacterial properties and cancer, so cornflour is an ideal
warms the skin; it can help reduce substitute.
swelling and provide temporary relief from
arthritis, rheumatism, sprains and bruises.
• •
. ------------------------------------------------ . Oils and creams
SCENTED REFLEXOLOGY POWDER Some people find they have an allergy to
powder, or that it makes them sneeze or
o
A great idea is to create your own muslin bag tied with a piece of cough during treatment. If a client has
scented reflexology powder. This is cotton. Push the bag into the middle eczema on the feet, it is be~er to use oil
z simple, cheap and fun to do. Think of cornflour, then leave it to scent so that you don't dry out these oreas.
o
~ about the kind of scents you like the powder for 48 hours. It is preferable not to use a nut oil such
~w and what images they evoke. 5 Name your signature reflexology as almond oil, becauseof allergies that Z
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~ container; cornflour; dried products signature scent, place the powder moisturizing oil for ageing or dry skins, Before you start a treatment, wrap your Z
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to create the scent; scales; paper on your hands and rub it directly on use evening primrose oil in a 20 per cent client's feet in hot towels to make them feel
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and pen; a large muslin square; the feet, then you can start your dilution with grapeseed oil. Professional warm and relaxed.
cotton with which to tie the muslin . treatment. Another scent suggestion reflexologists do not use essential oils on
is to place a vanilla pod and a star the feet, simply because they are not When you end the treatment, cover both
1 Fill your container with regular anise into a container filled with trained in aromatherapy, and essential feet again with the towel in a nurturing
cornflour. cornflour and leave it to infuse for oils, being powerful, may be contra- way and hold for 20 seconds.
2 Gather your chosen dried fruit, 48 hours. indicated by a client's condition. During treatment clients often lose body
cocoa beans, dried orange peel, temperature and become very cold,
dried flowers, herbs or spices. Be Towels and blankets because all the body's energy has been
inventive and w eigh different During the treatment you will need two directed within for healing. Before you
amounts of each product, to create clean , dry towels. Place one under the start a session , cover your client with a
yo ur very own reflexo logy pow der. client's feet on a support pillow, for blanket, even in worm weather, to prevent
3 Write down yo ur combinations hygiene reasons . The other towel is to them becoming cold. A good tip is to put
and weigh ts, so th at you can create cover the feet with and keep them warm. your towels over a hot radiator before
the scent again at a later stage. Place the feet 30 cm (1 2 in) apart before giving a treatment - that says you care
4 Wrap your ingredien ts in a small you start, covering both with a towel and about your client. It is often such small
removing it when you begin the relaxation details that create a special atmosphere.
Enioy creating your own personal techniq ues Place the towel over the left Feeling cold can also be 0 reflection of

.------------------------
signature scent. foot to keep it warm while you are
working on the right, and vice versa .
someone's low energies on an emotional
and physical level .
The reflexology session
Most clients will have heard of the liver and kidney reflexes, as well as Treatment plan Pressure
'" wonderful health benefits of reflexology. suggesting that your cl ient avoid coffee Use the infarmation from a client's medical Always warm your hands before you
However, it is important to give a and see whether their eczema gradually history to provide the basis of your place them on the feet. Your treatment
z definition of reflexology before you start calms down. treatment plan. Work out how often your pressure should range from gentle to firm,
0
;:::: treatment. You can use the illustrations in Taking a medical history will also
« client should receive treatments: it may depending on who you are working on . A
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« this book to show how you work on the enable you to check for any contra- involve daily, three-times-a-week or weekly gentle grip on the feet w ill feel comforting
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"- feet, as well as how certain reflexes indications. Treatment should not be given sessions. Focus your treatment on the o
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afterwards about any reflexes that are out a very light treatment is needed or it 6
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of balance. Show them on their hands the may bring about a healing crisis reaction
techniques you will be using on their feet. (see page 92), a bruise or create
Reassure your client that you wi ll ease up pain afterwards.
if any area feels sensitive, and that if they
fall asleep during treatment, that is fine.
• •
Taking a medical history THE IMPORTANCE OF
Finding out someone's medical history is CONFIDENTIALITY
just as important as understanding why
they wish to receive treatment, because it Whether you are treating
can shed light on their current condition. clients, friend s or family, you
All conditions have a symptom pa~ern; this need to take a medical history.
means that there are certain things a client This should always be given in
does to aggravate the disease and other confidence, and you should
things that can make it better. For mention this before you start, to
example, coffee can make inflammatory create a relationship of trust and
skin conditions such as eczema worse. professionalism from the outset.
Knowing this, you could adapt your
treatment to pay particular a~ention to the
• •
It is important to being pressed into the foot; this is just a • A sensation of lumpiness
warm your hands crystal being disbursed Isee below). The • A granular feeling
be fore you give a sensations you r client experiences should • Hard areas.
treatment. become less painful as treatments continue
and the affected area of the body A visualization for healing
You are about to begin your treatment. -<
becomes stronger. I
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If an area feels sensitive, stay on it and Focus on where you are now in your mind
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moke 1i~le gentle circles with your thumb and body. It is important that we live m
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unti l the discomfort goes away. If you feel happily, with a strong spirit of optimism; o
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treatments to break down all the crystals z
to your client while you are treating them. at a much lighter pressure during the next that you feel. Use the following list to tick a state of life where we feel a sense of
If you opply excessive pressure, you could session. If someone is on painkillers or off sensations as you feel them: joy, no ma~er what happens.
damage your thumbs or couse pain to the recreational drugs, be aware that these • Bubbling or popping, like bubble wrap Close your eyes and direct a bright,
cli ent. Throughout the treatment adjust you r con desensitize the reflexes on the feet, so • Crystals that feel like sugar or sand positive light from the centre of your body.
pressure os necessary to ovo id cousi ng it is important not to use firm pressure. A when you break them down Let this energy radiate out through your
any discomfort. good tip to keep your own hands strong • Soft spongy areas arms, legs, toes and fingers. You are now
Watch you r client's reactions, because and healthy is to hold your thumb as close • Areas that feel empty ready to begin your treatment.
if an area is painful to them , this may to your hand as possible throughout the
indicate that the related body part is not treatment. This decreases the risk of w rist e------------------------------------------------ .
functioning properly. If the client expresses and muscle injuries.
RECOMMENDED TIMINGS FOR YOUR SESSION
ony discomfort, reduce the pressure
immediately and continue to lightly Touch sensations
Setting the scene 5-10 minutes
stimulate the reflex point or area for ten The sensations you can expect to feel
Taking a medical history 5-20 minutes
seconds, by which time the discomfort during a treatment w ill vary according to
Relaxation techniques 5 minutes
should have subsided. your client's health at the time. If a part of
Ba sic foot-reflexology treatment 15-30 minutes
If you are treating someone who is their body is not functioning well, the reflex
Relaxation techniques at the end 5 minutes
unwell, elderly or young, use a lighter area wil l feel sensi tive. The client's
Feedback after the treatment 5-10 minutes
pressure. If a client has previously had a reactions may vary from a dull ache or
healing crisis reoctio n to treatment, work discomfort to feeling something sharp
e - _______________________________________ •
Aftercare
During your treatment certain reflexes may 1 During treatment there was a lot of
have been painful for your client, or you sensitivity in this particular reflex - can
may have felt crysta ls in the foot. This you think of any reason why?
means there has been, is or may be an 2 Have you ever had, or do you currently
imbalance in the correspond ing part of have, a problem in this area?
the body and indicates a reflex that is 3 Are you on any medication that you
out of balance. have not told me about?
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9 a reflex - for example, if someone has something in your lifestyle that could
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head, occipital and neck reflexes will be Once you have an answer to these
'"
out of balance. However, if you don't questions, you could make some simple
know the reason, you need to investigate lifestyle suggestions that will help your
using a holistic approach What aspects client enhance thei r energy levels, reduce
of your client's lifestyle have affected their stress or improve their diet - these might
well-being, their health or the functioning include exercise, hot baths before bed,
of a part of their body? or eating more fruit and vegetables.
However, you cannot wrap up everything
Investigating problems neatly in a box, and some points wi ll go
Start by explaining to your client that you unanswered. Ask your client to be aware
expected to find certain reflexes out of of the weak area and not to aggravate it.
balance, because of the problems they Always remember to refer them, when
had told you about. For example, if they appropriate, to a doctor, voluntary worker
are suffering from heartburn, you expect to or statutory support service, or to another
find that the oesophagus reflex is sensitive. complementary therapist.
Having a hot bath before going to bed
Certain reflexes should be sensitive End the session by covering your client's
can help alleviate the problem of disturbed
depending on a cl ient's medical history. feet with a towel, washing your hands
sleep patterns .
For reflexes that were out of balance for and offering them a glass of water to flush
no apparent reason, ask your client the away any toxins that have been released
folloWing questions: during the reflexology treatment.
PART 4

Treating the feet


Working on the feet
This part of the book shows you how to the reflex points or areas, or places where
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apply an effective foot reflexolagy the client feels discomfort. These tell you IV
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treatment. You should make the treatment that there is, has been or could be a
r- problem in the related body area. ::;::
~ as pleasurable an experience as you can,
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for both you and your client, but you don't Sometimes you can expect this, because =
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hour (when treating an adult). you find in the feet during treatment, using
Giving treatment with the right intention your thumbs and fingers. This stimulates the
can be calming and balancing for you, as body's own healing powers to help restore
well os providing vital energy. The 'right good health . After the treatment you can
intention' is simply the desire to heal the refer the client to their doctor or an
person you are working on . If you want to appropriate specialist who can help with
attain this state of mind, body and soul, diet, posture, counselling, and so on. Do
start your treatment with inner energy remember that reflexology does not
breathing (see page 123) and spend a diagnose or cure.
little time breathing along with your client. Start your treatment with confidence in
As you do so, feel the energies washing your own abilities, because to become
down over you, enveloping your body in good at anything you have to begin with
healing white light. a small step and believe in yourself.

Dispersing the crystals


Reflexalogy is one of the most intelligent of
all the complementary therapies because,
as you give the treatment, you will find Your intention to heal the person you are
clues to the state of your client's health. working on is an important aspect of
These clues come in the form of crystals on the process.
Relaxing the feet
Here and a n the fallowing pages are a
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tension - not only in the feet, but also in '"
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help to reduce pain and discomfort and


increase the circulation. These relaxation
techniques can a lso be used on their own
for young ch ildren, as part of a nightly
bedtime routine to help them sleep better.
You can spend as little time or as long as
you wish on them. Use your intuition and
try to meet the immediate needs of the
person you are treating.
Your aim is to work first on the rig ht foot
and then on the left foot. Use a soft, INNER ENERGY BREATHING
confident touch and try to make your Place your left thumb on the solar plexus should then hold their breath for five
movements flow from one to the next. reflex point on the right foot, and your seconds as you continue to work on this
Approximate time guidelines are given to right thumb on the solar plexus reflex point reflex. Then ask them to breathe out for
help ensu re the effectiveness of each one. on the left foot. Centre yourself for a five seconds and reduce pressure on the
moment by closing your eyes, and focus solar plexus reflex. As your client breathes
on the energies running down from your in and out, so should you. Toke in the
head to your fingers and toes. calming breath to create your intention
When you give a treatment, focus first of Ask your client to take a deep breath in and energy for the treatment. Repeat this
all on relaxing the feet. for five seconds while you make small movement four times.
circles on the solar plexus reflex. They
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ANGEL'S TOUCH APOLLO 'S BREATH ATLAS'S ORB POSEIDON'S PULL


Place bath palms on the right Foat and Put both hands on the right Foot. Place Support the right Foot with one hand by Place your index Fingers on the dorsal
gently move the hands up the leg and then your Fingers on the dorsal aspect and your placing your hand under the heel. Hold
come back down again. Both hands aspect and your thumb on the plantar
thumbs on the plantar aspect. Your thumbs the Foot just under the toes with your other
should work tagether with a medium aspect of the right Foot, in between the
should be in the lung area 2.5 cm (I in) hand and gently rotate the Foot, First
pressure. Now work an the left Foot. big toe and second toe. Rock upwards in
apart. Gently pull your fingers towards you clockwise and then anticlockwise, making
Continue this movement For ane minute on between the toes as Far as possible, within
while putting a little more pressure on the big circles. Now work on the left Foot.
each Foot. the trench between the toes. Stop when
thumbs. Ask your client to visualize that, as Continue this movement For 30 seconds you get as Far as you con . Then apply
they breathe in, their breath is reaching on each Foot.
a little pressure and slide back down to
and healing the area of the body that
the base of the big toe and second toe.
needs the most help. Complete this
Now work on the leFt Foot. Continue this
movement Five times. Now work on the
movement For 30 seconds on each Foot.
leFt Foot. Continue For 30 seconds on
each Foot.
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HEALING TOR NADO TOE ROTATI ON HERM ES STRETCH PH OENI X RISIN G


Support the right foot with one hand and Support the right foot and use your index Support the right foot with one hand. Place both palms on either side of the right
use your other hand to make small circles finger and thumb, first on the big toe, to Using your other hand, gently push the foot. Gently roll your hands from the top of
halfvvay up the dorsal aspect of the foot. make small clockwise and anticlockwise foot back and stretch the Achilles tendon. the foot down to the heel. Hold the heel
Gradually make larger circles covering circles. Repeat for the second, third, fourth Hold for ten seconds. Now work on the and softly raise your hands back to the top
the whole foot. Repeat this technique with and fifth toes. Now work on the left foot. left foot. Continue this movement for of the foot. Repeat this powerful movement
a medium pressure five times and, as you Continue this movement for 30 seconds 30 seconds on each foot. five times. Now work on the left foot.
do 50, imagine healing energy bUilding on each foot. Continue this movement for 30 seconds on
up in your hands and readying you for each foot.
the treatment; you may feel your hands
becoming hot. Now work on the left foot.
Continue this movement for 30 seconds
on each foot.
Basic techniques
On the following pages there are four hand on the reverse side of your working
ex) tv
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help you access the reflex points. The always make sure the client's foot is
~ more you practise these techniques, comfortable. '"'0'»
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comes with time, and should in any hand throughout as much of the treatment
case vary throughout your reflexology as possible. If your hand or thumb does
sequence. Generally, if someone is stort to hurt just reduce the pressure. Some
unwell, elderly or young, your pressure of the best treatments I have had have
should be light, as this avoids a healing been given w ith a light touch which often
crisis reaction Isee page 92) Your speed , deals with the cause of a symptom , and
however, should always be the same often the cause is stress.
throughout the treatment. If you use your thumb print rather than
the tip of your thumb during the treatment
Supporting the foot you will find it wi ll be a much more
It is important to support the foot well to relaxing treatment to rece ive.
ensure that it is comfortable for the client
throughout the treatment. Having a calm ,
comforting hold on the foot will make your
client feel secure and relaxed, knowing
their foot is properly supported. You should
use light to medium pressure.
The secret of a good supporting hold is
to use one hand to apply the reflexology Learning to use the correct amount of
and the other hand to support the foot. So pressure for each client comes with
in effect you have one working hand and experience - temper the pressure to suit
one supporting hand. Use your supporting the situation and your client's needs.
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WA LKING CIRC LES HOOKING ROCKING


Use your thumb or finger ond simply wolk When you work on a reflex point, use Use this technique to access reflex points This technique helps you access a reflex
it forward, taking one step at a time. your thumb or finger to make circles. These that are hidden under tissues and muscles. point at a deep level, and saves on wear
The best part of the thumb to use is your don't iust stimulate a point, but also initiate Form a hook by bending the thumb, then and tear of the thumb. Place your index
thumbprint Your thumb or finger should the body's self-healing mechanisms to help place the thumbprint into a reflex point finger on the dorsal aspect of the foot and
move across the foot in tiny steps, in the parts of the body work at optimum levels. and use the hook to gouge into that point. your thumb on the plantar aspect. Use
direction af your nail (never backwards). When you find crystals, use circles to Work the reflex paint by gently moving yaur index finger to rock up an area and
The aim is to find the crystals on a reflex break them dawn and open up the energy your thumb to break down uric acid and to rock back and forth on a point This
area and disburse them. You should pathways. You should generally use calcium deposits. You should generally use technique is really useful if for some reason
generally use medium pressure with medium pressure and should stay on a medium pressure with this technique. you cannot use your thumbs. You should
this technique point for anything from six to 20 seconds. generally use medium pressure and should
stay on a point for anything from six to
20 secands.
A quick reference
These pages contain some qUick-reference during the treatment: zone one is the most
PLANTAR ASPECT - RtGHT FOOT PLANTAR ASP ECT - LEFT FOOT
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with before you start treatment. A quick the central nervous system, pituita ry gland , Brain
Eye point
recap of these charts should make it easier spine, brain and reproductive organs. Eustachian tube reflex »
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for you to follow the general foot treatment Generally, you will find that zone one is oc
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Before you start your treatment, have a Z
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The zones of the body quick look back to pages 54-57 to Eye, ear
general
See how easy it is to find zones one to remind yourself of the bones of the feet, so orea

Lung
five on each foot. Zone one starts at the that when a treatment suggests working
big toe, and zone five ends wi th the fifth under a specific metatarsal head, you wil l
toe. Here is a tip that you will find useful know exactly where is mean t.

't':t:~ -\-:;::(':?~---.~~== Transverse colon ----.Jp;.~:_--~"""~-L


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Adrenal gland - -- 4 -....


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Ascending Descendi ng colon


colon

Sigmoid flexure

Zone 1- big toe


Zone 2- second toe
Zone 3- third toe
Zone 4- fourth toe
Zone 5- little toe
DORSAL ASPECT - LEFT FOOT DORSAL ASPECT - RIGHT FOOT MEDIAL FOOT MAP

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Shoulder
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Breast

Uterus / prostate

LATERAL FOOT MAP

• -------------------------------------------- .
DIRECTION OF PRESSURE

In the illustrations in this book relating to reflexology treatment, the direction


of pressure is shown by a dotted line. Your pressure should vory according
to whom you ore treating. Always use light pressure on children , the elderly
and those who are ill.

. ------------------------ . Sacrum
General foot treatment
Start and end your treatment with the problem in the related body area.
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122-127. Apply the following sequence dealing with body ecology, which means
t;:; first on the right foot and then on the left that something in the client's environment Gl
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The general foot treatment is designed
to create a sense of pure relaxation, as
well as ease the symptoms of most
common conditions. Using this sequence
once to three times a week will help to
build up the body's immune system to fight
infections and diseases. The whole
treatment should take around 30 minutes.
Use a light pressure over all the reflexes ,
and always take into consideration any HEAD REFLEX AR EA BRAI N REFLEX AREA
contra-i nd ications. Support the big toe with the fingers of one Support the big toe with the fingers of one
hand. Use your other thumb to walk up hand. Use the thumb of your working
Crystals and body ecology from the neckline to the top of the big toe. hand to walk along the top of the big toe.
Remember that if you find any crystals , you Repeat this several times in lines up the Repeat this movement six times. This helps
need to work over them to disperse them. toe. This is a great reflex point to help to give people a sense of well-being and
If your client experiences any pain, reduce with headaches or problems affecting balance, and to relieve headaches and
the pressure to avoid causing further the head. stress. The brain reflex area can also assist
discomfort and work lightly over the area. in fighting depression and coping
Both crystals and pain indicate a reflex positively with life.
that is out of balance, which means that
there has been, still is or could be a
co
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TEETH AND JAW REFLEX AREAS/THROAT


REFLEX POINT
Support the foot with one hand. For the OCCIP ITAL REFLE X POINT INNER EAR REFLEX POINT SINUS REFLEX AREA
teeth, starting iust below the nail, use your Support the right foot, then walk along the Take two large steps up towards the top of Support the toes with one hand. Use your
index finger to walk horizontally across the base of the big toe with your right thumb the toe from the OCCipital reflex point. other thumb to walk up the medial aspect
big toe. Repeat three times. Then, for the and hook into the crease between the big Place your thumb on the inner ear reflex of the toes and then the lateral aspect,
iaw reflex, starting iust below the ioint on toe and second toe. You will find a bone and hook into the reflex point for ten beginning at the second toe and working
the big toe, use your index finger to walk that iuts out - place your thumb here and seconds to work this area. your way to the fifth toe. Use very small
horizontally across the big toe. Repeat hook into the reflex point for ten seconds. steps to cover as much surface area as
three limes. Now press into the throat This point is sensitive on most people you can . Continue in this manner through
reflex and make small circles to work this because daily stresses affect the base of all the toes, completing the sequence
point. Make eye contact with the client, so the skull. twice. Working on the sinus reflexes can
that you can reduce the pressure to avoid have amazing results in draining and
discomfort, if necessary. This reflex point strengthening the sinuses.
helps any condition affecting the throat.
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EYE/ EAR GENERAL REFLEX AREA EYE REFLEX POINT EUSTACHIAN TUBE REFLEX POINT OUTER EAR REFLEX POINT
Walk with your thumb from under the base Place your thumb between the second and Place your thumb between the third and Place your thumb between the fourth and
of the second toe all the way along to the third toes. Press down and hook towards fourth toes. Press down and hook towards fifth toes. Press down and hook towards
fifth toe. This whole section represents the the big toe, working the point for six the big toe, working the point for six the big toe, working this reflex point for six
eye/ear general area reflex. Walk across seconds. The eye reflex point on the right seconds. This point helps with inner ear seconds. You can identify conditions such
this area four times. This move helps with foot represents the right eye and that on disorders, aches and infections. It is also as eczema on the outer ear.
any problems affecting the eyes and ears. the left foot represents the left eye. This helps the inner ear to equalize in different
move can help with all problems relating altitudes - for example, when you are
to the eyes. flying or if you need your ears to 'pop'
while diving.
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This reflex point is found on the dorsal Support the foot with one hand, and Use one hand to pull the toes back, so This point is found in the middle of the
aspect of the foot, in between the fourth use the thumb of your other hand to work that you will be able to find any crystals plantar aspect of the big toe. Support the
ond fifth metatarsals. The simplest way under the metatarsal heads across the more easily. Use the thumb of your other big toe with the fingers of one hand and
to find it is to place your index finger and plantar aspect from medial to lateral. hand to work the ball of the foot, from the use your other thumb to make a cross,
thumb at the base of the fourth and fifth Use slow steps and repeat this move diaphragm line all the way up to the to find the centre of the big toe. Place
toes. Slawly rock down for four steps, four times. Working the diaphragm neckline. Repeat this movement slowly six your thumb in the middle, then hook in
following the edge of the foot. When you reflex area can help with anxiety attacks, times over the area for 30 seconds. with a medium pressure for ten seconds.
hit the shoulder reflex point, stop and use general stress and respiratory problems. Work ing the thyroid reflex area can help This point helps to balance all of your
the rocking technique for six seconds. regulate the body's energy levels, and hormones, by regulating and controlling
Working this point can ease many olso helps with the maintenance of their activities and many body processes.
problems that affect the shoulder, as body weight. It is an important reflex point to help with
well as relieving tension and increasing female and male endocrine-system
mobility in the area. problems and complaints.
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HYPOTH ALAMU S REFLEX POINT PARATHYROID REFLEX POINT OESOPH AGUS REFLEX AREA LUN G REFLEX AREA
Move your thumb one step up, towards This point is found in between the big toe Support the foot with one hand, and place Support the foot with one hand, and use
the tip of the big toe, and take a small and the second toe. Use your index finger the thumb of your other hand at the the thumb of your other hand to work up
step laterally. Hook in for ten seconds. and thumb to pinch the section of skin diaphragm line in between zones one and from the diaphragm line to the eye/ear
Together with the pituitary gland, the between the first and second toes. Hold two. Work your thumb up in between the general reflex area (see page 140). You
hypothalamus regulates body temperature the pressure and gently make circles for six metatarsals, from the diaphragm line to the should be working in between the
and sleep/wake cycles, and helps people seconds. This reflex point helps to control eye/ear general reflex area (see page metatarsals to properly stimulate the lung.
to cope with the effects of stress. the levels of calcium in the blood, which 140). Repeat this process four times. Repeat this process twice, making sure
can regulate muscle and bone density and Working this area can ease disorders of that you have worked in between all the
nerve function, as well as helping with the oesophagus, bad breath, trouble in metatarsals. Working this area can ease
disorders relating to the parathyroid swallowing and heartburn. disorders of the lungs, os well as helping
glands. to strengthen their functions.
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STOMACH REFLEX AR EA HI ATUS HERNI A REFLEX POI NT PANCREAS REFLEX POINT GALL BLAD DER REFLEX PO INT
This reflex area is located just under the This point is located along the diaphragm This reflex point is only found on the right This reflex point is only found on the right
ball of the foot. Support the foot with one line, in between zones one and two. Flex foot. Place your thumb on the third toe, foot. Place your thumb on the fourth toe
hand, and place your other thumb just the foot back with one hand, and place tracing a line down to below the and trace a line down to below the
below the thyroid reflex area (see poge the thumb of your other hand on the hiatus diaphragm line. Push up into the joint and diaphragm line. Push up into the joint
143). Gently work up towards the solar hernia point. Stay on this point making hook up for six seconds. Working the and hook up for six seconds. The gall
plexus three to four times. People with circfes for 12 seconds. A hiatus hernia is a pancreas reflex point can help with good bladder is the body's own dishwoshing-
stomach disorders may find this area common condition - a pratrusion of part digestion, by secreting digestive enzymes liquid bottle and squeezes out bile, which
sensitive, or you may feel crystals here. of the stomach through a weak area in the to break down fats and by helping to has a detergent-like effect on the fats we
Work this areo to help ease stomach diaphragm. By working this reflex you can balance blood-sugar levels with the eat. Working this point can help with
complaints, such as ulcers, ond help with help with the associated symptoms, production of insulin. gall bladder problems
the production of digestive juices. incfuding acid reflux, heartburn and pain.
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This reflex area is only found on the right This reflex area is only found on the left This area runs horizontally across the This reflex point is only found on the right
foot. Support the foot with your right hand, foot. Support the foot with your left hand, redness of the heel. Support the foot with foot Place your left thumb on the fourth toe
and place your left thumb just underneath and place your right thumb just underneath one hand, and place your other thumb and slide all the way down to the redness
the diaphragm line. Work slowly and the diaphragm line. Work slowly and halfway up the redness of the heel. Walk of the heel. Push in and make circles for
precisely, horizontally across the foot, from precisely, horizontally across the foot, into across the plantar aspect from medial to six seconds. Because the appendix
zone five to zone three. Proceed in one zones five and four and just into zone lateral, then swap hands and walk back cantains a large amount of lymphoid
direction. Continue in this manner until you three. Proceed in one direction. Continue again. By working this reflex area you can tissue, by working this reflex point you can
get just above the redness of the heel. in this manner for four horizontal lines. help with sciatica, especially with pain help boost the body's immune system
Complete the process twice. This can help Complete the spleen reflex twice. Working that radiates along the sciatic nerve and against local infection here.
regulate levels of the many chemicals and this reflex will help to fight infection in the may extend down through the legs to the
glucose in the blood, dispose of used body as well as destroy old blood cells. feet. Repeat this move five times.
hormones and in clearing the blood of
drugs and toxins.
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ILEOCA ECAL VALVE REFLEX POINT ASCENDING COLON REFLEX AR EA HEPATIC FLEXURE PO INT TRA NSVERSE COLON REFLEX AREA
This reflex point is only found on the right This reflex area is only found on the right This reflex point is only found on the right This reflex area is found horizontally across
foot. Place your left thumb on the foot. Use your left thumb to walk up zone foot. Continuing up from the ascending the plantar aspect of the foot, from lateral
appendix reflex point (see page 149), four from the ileocaecal valve point (see colon, stop halfway up the foot at the to medial. Work across from the hepatic
and take half a thumbprint up towards the left) to work this first part of the colon. hepatic flexure pOint. Hook in for six flexure paint, ending up iust underneath
fourth toe. Push in and make circles for six Continue in this manner until you get to the seconds. By working this reflex paint you the stomach reflex (see page 146). Work
seconds. This valve prevents the back flow hepatic flexure point (see opposite), which can help with the correct functioning of the the transverse colon twice to help with
of waste matter from the large to the small is halfway up the foot. Work the colon, which in turn encourages the liver good bowel movements.
intestine and assists in good digestion and ascending colon reflex area twice and to work better.
mucus balance in the body. with slow movements, to help stimulate the
peristaltic muscular action of the colon.
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SIGMOID COLON REFLEX AREA SIGMOID FLEXURE REFLEX POINT DESCENDING COLON REFLEX AREA SPLENIC FLEXURE REFLEX POINT
This reflex area is only found on the left This reflex point is only found on the leFt This reflex area is only Found on the left This reflex point is only Found on the left
foot. Place your left thumb at the medial foot. Swap thumbs in zone four, placing foot. Use your right thumb to walk up zone Foot. Continuing up From the descending
aspect of the Foot and ;ust above the your right thumb on the sigmoid flexure Four from the sigmoid flexure reflex point, colon reFlex area, stop halfway up the Foot
redness of the heel. Walk across the reflex paint. Push in and hook the point for to work this part of the colon. Continue in For the splenic flexure point. Hook in For six
redness of the heel to zone Four The six seconds. This can help the colon to this manner until you get halfway up the seconds. By working this paint you can
sigmoid colon has the specialized ;ob of Function more efficiently. foot. Work the descending colon reflex help with splenic flexure syndrome, which
contracting vigorously to maintain high area twice. By working it you can promote is the trapping of gas at the splenic flexure
pressure and regulate the movement of adequate enzyme activity in the colon, fa bend in the colon), causing distension
stools into the rectum. Working this reFlex which is necessary throughout the whole and bloating.
area can help with constipation, of the gastro-intestinaltract.
haemorrhoids and diverticulitis.
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TRANSV ERSE CO LON REFLEX AR EA SMALL INTESTINE REFLEX A REA UTERUS/ PROSTATE REFLEX POINT LYM PH ATI CS OF THE GROIN REFLEX AR EA
This reflex area is found horizontally across Walk across the foot horizontally with Work on the medial side of the foot. This area is found on either side of the
the plantar aspect of the foot from lateral either thumb. Start iust below the Place your index finger approximately ankle bone. Use your index finger to rock
to medial. Work across from the splenic transverse colon reflex area (see left) and halfway between the back of the heel up on either side of the ankle bone slowly
flexure reflex point, ending up iust continue in this manner down to the base and the ankle bone. Push in gently and for ten seconds. Working this reflex area
underneath the stomach reflex (see page of the heel. The small intestine is where the make circles for ten seconds. By working helps to increase the body's defences
146). Work the transverse colon twice to most extensive part of digestion occurs. the uterus and prostate reflex points against infection and cancer in the lower
help with good bowel movements. Most food products are absorbed there, you can help with good general part of the body; it could also be sensitive
Working this area on both feet during the so working this orea can help with the reproductive health. if the client is menstruating.
sequence ensures better results. absorption of essential vitamins.
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OVARY/TESTI CLE REFLEX POINT FALLOPI AN TUBE/VAS DEFERENS CALF MU SCLE MASSAG E RECTU M/ANU S REFLEX AR EA
Work on the lateral side of foot. Place REFLEX ARE A Using both hands, massage the calf Use your thumb and index finger to gently
your index finger approximately halfway This reflex area is located across the top muscle behind the leg and work up squeeze behind the entire Achilles tendon,
betvveen the back of the heel and the of the foot . Use your index and middle towards the knee. Continue this movement down to the heel. Working this reflex area
ankle bone. Push in gently and make fingers to walk from the lateral to the gently far ten seconds. This can help with can help with defecation and the pain
circles for ten seconds. By working the medial aspect of the foot, connecting the circulation of the blood and lymph associated with inflammation in the
ovary and testicle reflex points you can ankle bone to ankle bone and back back up to the heart, to be reoxygenated rectum. Continue for 10 seconds.
help with the production of sex hormones, again. Continue in this manner for six and to take away waste products.
as well as regulating ovulation and healthy seconds. This is a good area to work on
sperm production. to help fertility issues.
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W RI ST RE FLEX POINT ELBOW REFLEX POINT KNEE REFLEX POI NT HIP REFLEX POINT
Use your thumb to walk one step down the From the wrist reflex point take one step Use your thumb to toke two steps from the Using your thumb, toke two diagonal steps
lateral aspect of the foot from the fifth toe. for the elbow reflex point. Push in to work elbow reflex point to the knee reflex paint. from the knee reflex point to the ankle
Push in to rock the wrist reflex point, and the elbow reflex point, and rock on the You can feel this point as a small bony bone. Rock the point to help stimulate this
then make circles for six seconds. This is a point for six seconds. This reflex point protrusion on the side of the foot. Push in area. Work this point for six seconds. By
good reflex point to work to help with helps with nerve problems in the arm, to hook on it for six seconds . This reflex working the hip reflex point you can ease
conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome arthritis affecting the elbow, golfer's or point helps to reduce the pain associated hip disorders such as arthritis, help to heal
and repetitive strain iniury. tennis elbow and speeding up the healing with ligament sprains and arthritis and fractures, recovery from hip surgery and
of fractures in this area. strengthens the knee iOint for optimum pain in the hip.
sports performance.
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LOW ER BACK/ SACRUM REFLEX AR EA BLADDER REFLEX AR EA URETER TUBE REFLEX AREA KIDNEY/ADRENAL REFLEX POINTS
Use your finger in a rocking technique to Use your thumb to fan out (like the spokes Flex the foot bock a little and walk slawly The adrenal glands lie on the kidney, and
work from the knee reflex point (see page of a bicycle wheel) over the soft area on up the tendon that you will find one-third you con find these reflexes on the top of
159) to the back quadrant of the heel, the medial aspect of the foot until you of the way into the foot. Repeat this the ureter tube reflex orea. When you
working with slow, precise movements for reach the spinal reflex, always returning to movement four times. Most people don't have reached the top of the ureter tube
ten seconds. Continue this method, the place you storted from. Work on this drink enough water for their body's needs, reflex, place your two thumbs together and
covering the last section of the heel and area six times. Don 't be surprised to find and this can show up as crystals in the gently pull-opart to tear into the kidney and
always keeping low to avoid going over crystals here if your client has cystitis, just ureter tube reflex area . adrenal reflexes, increasing and reducing
the ovary or testicle reflex point (see page keep working to disperse the crystals. your pressure. Work in this manner for ten
156). Working this area helps to ease the seconds. These are naturally sensitive
pain of lower backache. reflexes, and working them can assist in
reducing pain in the body, as well as
helping the body to cope with stress.
.------------------- •
WORKING THE SPINE (7)
Cervical
vertebrae
The spinal reflexes are arranged so When you use reflexology on the 0-
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Work underneath or against the spine, certain areas will appear
bone to access the spine, and apply sensitive; these are the specific
gentle pressure. Frequent, light vertebrae that may be causing the (121
treatments can offer pain relief. You Thoracic
problem. Working on them gently
vertebrae
can use any of the movements given over time can help reduce the
on pages 164-165, depending on pain/tension/muscle spasm and
the client's needs. strengthen the area.
2 Assisting with emotional issues,
The groupings of vertebrae are because the central nervous system
as follows: is composed of the brain and
• The seven cervical vertebrae spinal cord, which is protected by
CERVICAL VERTEBRAE REFLEX AREA
support the neck and head. the spinal column. By working the
This lies on the medial aspect of the big
• The 12 thoracic vertebrae anchor spine, you are helping to turn off
toe and in between the ioints (but you do
the ribs. the body's 'fight-or-flight' response
not work on the ioints because of many
• The five lumbar vertebrae and turn on the parasympathetic
different factors that could affect them).
towards the bottom of the spine nervous system, which promotes a
Support the big toe with one hand. Use
are strong weight-bearing state of balance and well-being. IL5)
the thumb of the other hand to make
regions and provide a centre of 3 Working the whole body,
I seven small steps, remembering that
gravity during movement. through the spinal nerve roots that
(5) each step represents a specific vertebra.
• The five sacral vertebrae and the connect the spinal cord to all parts Sacrum Walk towards the foot. Repeat the
four coccygeal vertebrae are fused. of the body. I
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(4) Coccyx

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THORACIC VERTEBRAE REFLEX AREA LOWER BACK/ SACRUM REFLEX AREA LUMBAR VERTEBRA E REFLEX AR EA COCCYX REFLEX POINT
Take /2 steps fram the base of the ioint of Use your finger in a rocking technique to Walk around the navicular bone, which Place your thumb on the bladder reflex
the big toe to work the thoracic vertebrae work from the knee reflex point (see page represents lumbar one; take five steps up area (see page /60) and take fwo large
reflex area. You should end up on a bone /59) to the bock quadrant of the heel, to the dip in front of the ankle bone, which steps alang the medial aspect of the heel.
coiled the navicular, which feels like a working with slaw, precise movements for represents lumbar five. Push into lumbar Push in and make large circles.
knuckle and is halfway befween the ten seconds. Continue this method, five and make small circles for six
bladder reflex area (see page /60) and covering the last section of the heel seconds. Repeat the movement fwice.
the ankle. The key to working on the spine and always keeping law to avoid going
is light pressure to avoid a healing crisis over the ovary or testicle reflex paint
reaction (see page 92) and increased (see page /56). Working this area fwice
frequency of treatments - such as three to in the sequence ensures better results.
four times a week.
Closing the treatment
Aftercare
Now Ihal your treatment is complele , the
firsl question you should ask is how is your
c1ienl feeling? Once Ihey have answered ()

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UPPER LYMPHATIC REFLEX AR EA BREAST REFLEX AREA TOE ROTATION


Use the rocking technique on the dorsal This reflex area is located halfway down Hold the base of the toes with the fingers
aspect, working from the base of the toes the dorsal aspect of the foot. Support the of one hand, and rotate them with the
towards the ankle in between the foot with one hand, and place three fingers of your other hand to energize your
metatarsals. Work with a medium pressure fingers of the other hand halfway up the client. When you have finished the right
up as for as you can, then slide back to foot in between zones four and five. Make foot, move on to the left foot. Once you
make circles lightly between the clefts of large, gentle circles to work this area. have completed both feet, use the
the toes. Repeat this method twice to By working this reflex you can help with techniques for relaxing the feet (see pages
strengthen the body's immune system. disorders of the breast, including infection, 122-127), ending up with inner energy
benign tumours and the breast tenderness breathing to close the treatment. Drinking hot or cold water after a treatment
associated with menstruation. helps flush out toxins from the system.
PART 5

Reflexology for
common ailments
How to use this part
In this part of the book there are simple, 362-363 and your will notice the
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you treat common ailments, ranging from First, find somewhere to carry out your "
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'" and five minutes on the left foot. charts (see pages 132- 135) as necessary
Because power reflexology is based to remind yourself of the position of the
upon short sequences it is a slightly firmer reflex areas, points and zones .
treatment. However, if you are treating Where advice on food is given in this
someone as often as twice a day, ensure chapter, always consult a qualified
you use a lighter pressure. For this type of nutritional therapist, especially concerning
reflexology, oil is a more appropriate vitamin and herbal supplements. Most
massage media than powder, as it will local health food stores employ a
a llow you to apply a firmer pressure nutritional therapist who will offer you
(see page 1 1 1) free advice.
When you are applying a firmer
treatment, bear in mind to keep your
fingers close to the working thumb.This wi ll
reduce the risk of injuring your hand due Inner energy breathing is a wanderful way
to the firmer pressure. Try strengthening to start and end any treatment session.
your hands using the techniques on pages Focus your energies and breathe deeply.
Asthma
This is a lung disease characterized by
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REFLEX
PITUITARY REFLEX POINT LUNG REFLEX AR EA
AREAS/POINTS TO
Support the big toe with the fingers of one Flex the foot back with one hand to create
WORK
hand, and use your other thumb to make a skin tension. Use the thumb of your other
cross to find the centre of the big toe. hand to work up from the diaphragm line
• Pituitary
Place your thumb into the centre, push in to the eye/ ear general area. You should
• Lungs
and make circles for 15 seconds. be working in between the metatarsals.
• Diaphragm
Repeat this process five times, making
• Adrenals
sure you have worked in between all
• Thoracic vertebrae
the metatarsals, dispersing crystals as
• Solar plexus
An attack of asthma can be triggered by you proceed.
dust, animal dander, different types of
pollen or by airborne pollutants. . ---------- .
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Flex the foot back with one hand to create You can find the adrenal reflexes in zone Support the foot and take 12 steps from Place your left thumb on the solar plexus
skin tension. Use the thumb of your other one, three steps down from the ball of the the base of the joint of the big toe to work reflex point on the right foot, and your
hand to work under the metatarsal heads, foot. Place both thumbs together and the thoracic vertebrae. You should end up right thumb on the solar plexus reflex point

across from the lateral aspect to the gently push into the adrenal reflexes, on a bone called the naVicular, which on the left foot. Ask your client to take a
medial aspect of the foot. Use slow steps making small circles. Work in this manner feels like a knuckle and is halfway deep breath in for five seconds, while you
and repeat this movement six times. for 15 seconds. between the bladder point and the ankle. make small circles on the solar plexus
Each step represents a specific vertebra point Ask them to hold their breath for five
and should be slow, with light to medium seconds as you continue to work on this
pressure. Repeat this movement five times point. Ask them to breathe out for five
to access spinal nerve roots for the lungs. seconds, and reduce the pressure on the
solar plexus reflex point. Repeat this
movement six times.
Influenza
Influenza affects the upper respiratory
tract, is common ly known as 'flu' and is
highly contagious because it is spread by ""
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REFLEX HEAD REFLEX AR EA UPPER LYMPH ATIC REFLEX AR EA
AREAS/POINTS TO Support the big toe with the fingers of one Work on the dorsal aspect of the foot,
WORK hand. Use your other thumb to walk up using your index finger and thumb to walk
from the neckline to the top of the big toe. up from the base of the toes towards the
• Head Repeat this several times in lines up the ankle in between the metatarsals. Work
• Upper lymphatics toe. This is a great reflex to help with with a medium pressure up as far as you
• Lung s headaches or problems affecting the can, then slide back to make circles lightly
• Thyroid head, associated with influenza. between the clefts of the toes . Repeat this
• Spleen movement six times to strengthen the
• Thoracic vertebrae body's immune system.
Always wrap your client in a blanket
before yau start the treatment. This is
e ______________ e especially important if suffering with flu .
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skin tension. Use the thumb of your other you will be able to find any crystals more foot. Support the foot with your left hand, the base of the joint of the big toe ta work
hand ta work up from the diaphragm line easily. Use the thumb of your other hand and place your right thumb just underneath the thoracic vertebrae. You should end up
to the eye/ ear general area. You should to work the ball of the foot from the the diaphragm line. Work slawly and on a bone called the navicular, which
be working in between the metatarsals. diaphragm line all the way up to the precisely, horizontally across the foot, into feels like a knuckle and is halfway
Repeat this process seven times, making neckline. Repeat this movement slowly zones five and four and just into zone between the bladder point and the ankle.
sure you have worked in between all seven times over the reflex area. Working three. Proceed in one direction. Continue Each step represents a specific vertebra
the metatarsals. the th yroid reflex can help regulate the in this manner for four horizontal lines. and should be slow, with light to medium
body's energy levels. Complete the spleen reflex five times. pressure. Repeat the movement six times.
Sore throat
This is a very common viral or bacterial probably be pain or discomfort when
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AREAS/POI NTS Start iust below the ioint of the big toe; This reflex area lies on the medial aspect
TO WORK using your index finger, walk horizontallly of the big toe and in between the ioints
across the big toe and press into the throat {you do not actually work on the ioints
• Head reflex and make circles for seven seconds. because many different factors could
• Cervical vertebrae
affect them}. Support the big toe with one
• Oesophagus hand. Use the thumb of the other hand to
• Spleen make seven small steps, remembering that
• Adrenals
each step represents a specific vertebra.
• Upper lymphatics
Walk towards the foot. Repeat the
Reflexology can help relieve the symptoms
movement six times.
associated with a sore throat. Try gargling
• ______________ • with salt water to ease soreness.
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This reflex area is only found on the left You can find the adrenal reflexes in zone Work on the dorsal aspect of the foot,
foot. Support the foot with your left hand one, three steps down from the ball of the using your index finger and thumb to walk
and place your right thumb iust underneath foot. Place your two thumbs together and up from the base of the toes towards the
the diaphragm line. Work slowly and gently push into the adrenal reflexes, ankle in between the metatarsals. Work
precisely, horizontally across the foot, into making small circles. Work in this manner with a medium pressure up as far as you
· Continue in this zones five and four and iust into zone for 15 seconds. can, then slide back to make circles lightly
three. Proceed in one direction. Continue between the clefts of the toes. Repeat this
in this manner for four horizontal lines. movement six times to strengthen the
Complete the spleen reflex five times. body's immune system.
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HEAD REFLEX AREA PITUITAR Y REFLEX POINT
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AREAS/POINTS TO
hondo Use your thumb to walk up from the hand, ond use your other thumb to moke 0
WORK
neckline to the top of the big toe. Repeat cross to find the centre of the big toe.
this several times in lines up the toe. This Place your thumb into the centre, push in
• Head
should help with headaches or problems and moke circles for ten seconds.
• Pituitary
affecting the heod.
• Eye/ear general area
• Cervical vertebrae
• Thoracic vertebrae
• Upper lymphatics Never reuse tissues as this will reinfect you

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nostril at a time .
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Flex the toes bock with one hand to create This reflex area lies on the medial aspect Support the foot and toke 12 steps from Work on the dorsal aspect of the foot,
skin tension and make it easier for you to of the big toe and in between the joints the base of the joint of the big toe to work using your index finger and thumb to walk
feel any crystals. Walk with your thumb (you do not actually work on the joints, the thoracic vertebrae. You should end up up from the bose of the toes towards the
fram under the base of the second toe all because many different factors could on a bone called the navicular, which ankle in between the metatarsals. Work
the way along to the fifth toe. Repeat this affect them). Support the big toe with one feels like a knuckle and is halfway with a medium pressure up as for as you
move six times. hand. Use the thumb of your other hand to between the bladder point and the ankle. can, then slide bock to make circles lightly
make seven small steps, remembering that Each step represents a specific vertebra between the clefts of the toes. Repeat this
each step represents a specific vertebra. and should be slow, with light to medium movement six times to strengthen the
Walk towards the foot. Repeat the pressure. Repeat the movement three times body's immune system.
movement five times. to access spinal nerve roots.
Irritable bowel syndrome
It is estimated that one in five adults is e e
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and ti redness are also associated with IBS can be triggered by stress, food
the condition. intolerances and an imbalance of good
bacteria in the bowel.
ASC EN DtN G CO LON REFLEX A REA TRA NSVERSE CO LON REFLEX AREA
This reflex area is only found an the right This reflex area is found horizontally across
foot. Use your leff thumb to walk up zone the foot, from the lateral aspect to the
four from the redness of the heel, to work medial. Work across from the top of the
this first part of the colon. Continue in this ascending colon to just underneath the
manner until you get halfway up the foot. stomach reflex. Work the transverse colon
Work the ascending colon reflex area six six times to encourage good bowel
times and in slow movements. movements and calm the bowel.
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This reflex area is only found on the left This reflex area is only found on the left Support the big toe with the fingers of one You can find the adrenal reflexes in zone
foot. Place your left thumb on the medial foot. Use your right thumb to walk up hand, and use your other thumb to make a one, three steps down from the ball of the
aspect of the foot and iust above the zone four to work the descending colon. cross to find the centre of the big toe. foot. Place your two thumbs together and
redness of the heel. Use slow movements Continue in this manner until you get Place your thumb into the centre, push in gently push into the adrenal reflexes,
to walk across the sigmoid colon all the halfway up the foot. Work the descending and make circles for ten seconds. making small circles. Work in this manner
way to zone four. Work this reflex area six colon reflex area six times and in slow for 15 seconds.
times and in slow movements. movements, making circles as you
proceed up the foot.
Constipation
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REFLEX
------- . ASCENDING COLON REFLEX AREA SIGMOID CO LON REFLEX AREA

AREAS/POINTS TO This reflex area is only found on the right This reflex area is only found on the left
WORK foot. Use your left thumb to walk up zone foot. Place your left thumb at the medial
four from the redness of the heel, to work aspect of the foot and iust above the
Papaya, pineapple and apples can 01/ help this first part of the colon. Continue in this redness of the heel. Use slow movements
• Ascending colon
relieve the symptoms of constipation. manner until you arrive halfway up the to walk across the sigmoid colon all the
• Sigmoid colon
Ensure that you drink sufficient amounts of foot. Work this reflex area six times and in way to zone four. Repeat this movement
• Descending colon
water throughout the day. slow movements to help stimulate the six times.
• Thyroid
• Kidneys/adrenals
peristaltic muscular action of the colon .
• Lumbar vertebrae

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This reflex area is only found on the left Use one hand to pull the toes back so that You can find these reflexes in zone one, Support the foot with one hand, and use
foot. Use your right thumb to walk up zone you can find any crystals more easily. Use three steps down from the ball of the foot. the other thumb to walk around the
four from the redness of the heel, to work the thumb of your other hand to work the Place your two thumbs together and gently navicular bone, which represents lumbar
this part of the colon. Continue in this ball of the foot, from the diaphragm line push into the kidney/adrenal reflexes, one, taking five steps up to the dip in front
manner until you arrive halfway up the all the way up to the neckline. Repeat th is making small circles. Work in this manner of the ankle bone, which represents
foot. Work this reflex area six times and in movement slowly seven times over the for 15 seconds. lumbar five. Push into lumbar five and
slow movements to help stimulate the area. Working the thyroid reflex area can make small circles for six seconds. Repeat
peristaltic muscular action of the colon. help to regulate the body's energy levels. the movement six times.
Heartburn
Heartburn is experienced as a burning e e
pain that travels up from the centre of the
REFLEX
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foods, or drinking too much alcohol, often
causes heartburn, while stress can
exacerbate it. Milk creates an acid
environment in the stomach and should be
DIAPHRAGM REFLEX AREA OESOPHAGUS REFLEX AREA
avoided by those suffering from heartburn.
Flex the foot back with one hand to create Flex the foot back with one hand to create
skin tension. Use the thumb of your other skin tension. Place the thumb of your other
hand to work under the metatarsal heads, hand at the diaphragm line in between
across from the lateral aspect to the zones one and two. Work up in between
medial aspect of the foot. Use slow steps the metatarsals from the diaphragm line to
and repeat this movement eight times. the eye/ear general area. Continue in this
Wine can be a trigger for heartburn manner six times.

as can fatty foods . Overeating and not


chewing your food properly can also lead
to heartburn.
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PANCREAS REFLEX POINT STOMACH REFLEX AREA LUNG REFLEX AREA THORACIC VERTEBRAE REFLEX AREA
This reflex point is only found on the right You will find this reflex area iust under the Flex the foot back with one hand to create Support the foot and take 12 steps from
foot. Place your thumb on the third toe and ball of the foot. Support the foot with one skin tension. Use the thumb of your other the base of the iOint of the big toe to work
trace a line down to below the diaphragm hand, and place your other thumb iust hand to work up from the diaphragm line the thoracic vertebrae. You should end up
line. Push up into the ioint and make small below the thyroid reflex area. Gently work to the eye/ear general area. You should on a bone coiled the navicular, which
circles for ten seconds. Working this paint up Ioterally to the solar plexus reflex, be working in between the metatarsals. feels like a knuckle and is halfway
can help to neutralize the adverse affects stopping there to stimulate it with circles for Repeat this process five times, making between the bladder point and the ankle.
af stomach acid. four seconds. Repeat this movement eight sure that you have worked in between all Each step represents a specific vertebra
times, using slow circles as you walk. the metatarsals. and should be slow, with light to medium
pressure. Repeat the movement three times
to access spinal nerve roo/so
Hiatus hernia

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the stomach , which passes up through the
• --------------------. IV
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condition a nd often needs no treatment.
Any symptoms can usually be treated with
. --------------------.
drugs or (if severe) an operation. It is
advisable to eat sma ll, frequent meals.
DIAPHRAG M REFLEX AREA HIATUS HERNIA REFLEX POINT
Good, fresh food
Flex the foot bock with one hand to create Flex the foot bock with one hand, and
is the foundation
skin tension. Use the thumb of your other place the thumb of your other hand on the
of good digestive
hand to work under the metatarsal heads, hiatus hernia point, which you can find
health.
across from the lateral aspect to the along the diaphragm line and in between
medial aspect of the foot. Use slow steps zones one and two. Stay on this point,
and repeat this movement eight times. making circles for 12 seconds.
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You will find this reflex area just under the Support the big toe with the fingers of one You can find the adrenal reflexes in zone Support the foot and take I 2 steps from
ball of the foot. Support the foot with one hand, and use your other thumb to make a one, three steps down from the ball of the the base of the joint of the big toe to work
hand, and place your other thumb just cross to find the centre of the big toe. foot. Place your two thumbs together and the thoracic vertebrae. You should end up
below the thyroid reflex area. Gently work Place your thumb into the centre, push in gently push into the adrenal reflexes, on a bone called the navicular, which
up laterally to the solar plexus reflex, and make circles for 15 seconds. making small circles. Work in this manner feels /ike a knuckle and is halfway
stopping there to stimulate it with circles for 15 seconds. between the bladder point and the ankle.
for four seconds. Repeat this movement Each step represents a specific vertebra
eight times. and should be slaw, with a light to
medium pressure. Repeat the movement
three times.
Osteoporosis
This condition causes the bones to • • '"0
weaken , making broken bones more <.n
REFLEX
likely. Osteoporosis is sometimes called
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continues to rise as you get older.
The condition is around four times more
common in women than in men and is
most common in women who have been THYROtD REFLEX AREA PtTUtTARY REFLEX POtNT
through the menopause, because their Use the thumb of one hand to work the Support the big toe with the fingers of one
production of oestrogen fa lls dramatically ball of the foot, from the diaphragm line hand, and use your other thumb to make a
(and oestrogen helps to retain calcium in all the way up to the neckline. Repeat this cross to find the centre of the big toe.
the bones). Long-term immobility, anorexia , movement slowly four times over the area Place your thumb into the centre, push in
inflammatory bowel disease and a family for one minute. This reflex area helps to and make circles for 15 seconds.
history can al l increase the risk of control the levels of calcium in the blood.
developing osteoporosis.

Bone minerol density can be reduced to


35 per cent in osteoporosis which may
result in fractures as you get older.
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Place your thumb approximately two steps Work on the medial aspect of the Foot.
down From the ankle bone and take one Support the Foot with one hand, and use
step towards the fifth toe. Push in and your other thumb to make seven small
make very big circfes to help stimulate the steps in between the joints of the big toe,
hip reflex point. Work this paint gently For remembering that each step represents a
PARATH YROID REFLEX POINT KIDNEY/ ADRENAL REFLEX POINTS 15 seconds. specific vertebro. Walk towards the foot.
You con Find this paint in between the big You can Find these reFlexes in zone one,
Then take 12 gentle steps From the base of
toe and the second toe. Use your index three steps down From the ball of the Foot.
the joint of the big toe to work the thoracic
Finger and thumb to pinch the section of Place your two thumbs together and gently
vertebrae. You should end up on a bone
skin between the First and second toes. push into the kidney/adrenal reFlexes,
called the navicular, which Feels like a
Hold the pressure and gently make circfes making small circfes. Work in this manner
knuckle and is halfway between the
For 15 seconds. This reflex point helps to For 15 seconds.
bladder point and the ankle. Walk around
control the levels of calcium in the blood,
the navicular bone, which represents
which con help regulate muscfe and nerve
lumbar one, taking Five steps up to the
Function as well as easing disorders
dip in Front of the ankle bone, which
relating to the parathyroid glands.
represents lumbar Five. Repeat this
movement three times.
Carpal tunnel syndrome
This syndrome can affect one or both
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occurs when there is too much pressure on
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.----------- .
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REFLEX
SHOU LDER REFLEX POINT WRIST REFLEX POINT
AREAS/POINTS TO ELBOW REFLEX POINT
You will find this reflex point on the dorsal Use your thumb to walk two steps down
WORK Use your thumb to take one large step
aspect of the foot, in between the fourth the lateral aspect of the foot from the fifth from the wrist reflex point to the elbow
and fifth metatarsals. The simplest way to toe. Push in to work the wrist reflex point,
• Shoulder reflex point. Push in to work fhis point,
find it is to place your index finger and making circles for 15 seconds.
• Wrist making circles for 15 seconds.
thumb at the bose of the fourth and fifth
• Elbow
toes. Slowly walk down four steps,
• Thyroid
following the edge of the foot in a
• Kidneys/adrenals
pinching movement. When you hit this
• Cervica l vertebrae
sensitive reflex, stop and push in, gently

.----------- .
• Th oracic vertebrae
making small circles for 15 seconds .
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Use one hand to pull the toes back 50 You can find these reflexes in zone one, This reflex area lies on the medial aspect Support the foot and take 12 steps from
that you will be able to find any crystals three steps down from the ball of the foot. of the big toe and in between the ioints the base of the ioint of the big toe to work
more easily. Use the thumb of your other Place your two thumbs together and gently (you do not actually work on the ioints, the thoracic vertebrae. You should end up
hand to work the ball of the foot, fram push into the kidney/adrenal reflexes, because many different Factors could on a bone called the navicular, which
the diaphragm line all the way up to the making small circles. Work in this manner affect them). Support the big toe with one feels like a knuckle and is halfway
neckline. Repeat this movement slowly four for 15 seconds. hand. Use the thumb of your other hand to between the bladder point and the ankle.
times over the area, dispersing crystals as make seven small steps, remembering that Each step represents a specific vertebra
you find them. each step represents a specific vertebra. and should be slow, with light to medium
Walk towards the foot. Repeat the pressure. Repeat the movement five times .
movement five times.
Osteoarthritis
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between the bones in the neck, it is called your other thumb to make seven small and place your left thumb iust underneoth
cervical osteoarthritis . This is brought steps in between the ioints of the big toe, the diophrogm line. Work slowly ond
about by wear and tear on the neck as remembering that each step represents a precisely, horizontally across the foot,
we get older, so it mainly affects people specific vertebra. Walk towards the foot. into zone five, four and iust into zone
from middle age onwards. The principal Then take 12 gentle steps from the base of three. Proceed in one direction. Continue
symptoms are pain and stiffness on the the ioint of the big toe to work the thoracic in this manner until iust above the redness
neck and, if there is pressure on the nerves vertebrae. You should end up on a bone of the heel and complete the movement
in the neck, it may cause pain in the arms, coiled the navicular, which feels like a four times.
shoulders, numbness and tingling in the knuckle and is holfway between the
hands and a weak grip. This sequence bladder pOint and the ankle. Walk around
should be given wi th very light pressure. the navicular bone, which represents
lumbar one, taking five steps up to the
Osteoarthritis can aHect our physical and dip in front of the ankle bone, which
emotional well-being, leading to decreased represents lumbar five. Repeat this
mobility in later years. movement three times.
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Foot, From the diaphragm line all the way hand, and use your other thumb to make a three steps down From the ball of the Foot. using your index Finger and thumb to walk
up to the neckline. Repeat this movement cross to Find the centre of the big toe. Place your two thumbs together and gently up From the base of the toes towards the
slowly Four times over the whole area. Place your thumb into the centre, push in push into the kidney/adrenal reflexes, ankle in between the metatarsals. Work
and make circles For 15 seconds. making small circles. Work in this manner with a light pressure up as Far as you can,
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between the cleFts of the toes. Repeat this
movement Five times.
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W OR K hond. Use your other thumb to walk up Flex back the big toe. Walk along the aspect of the Foot, in between the Fourth
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• Occip ital up the toe. and second toe. You will Find a bone that thumb at the base of the Fourth and Fihh
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• Elbow gentle circles For 20 seconds to work the Following the edge of the foot in a
• Adrena ls reFlex point. pinching movement. When you find this
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the lateral aspect of the foot from the Fifth one, three steps down from the ball of the of the big toe and in between the ioints the base of the ioint of the big toe to work
toe. Push in to work the elbow reflex point, foot. Place your two thumbs together and {you do not actually work on the ioints, the thoracic vertebrae. You should end up
making circles for 15 seconds. gently push into the adrenal reflexes, because many different factors could on a bone called the navicular, which
making small circles. Work in this manner affect them}. Support the big toe with one feels like a knuckle and is halfway
for 15 seconds. hand. Use the thumb of your other hand to between the bladder point and the ankle.
make seven small steps, remembering that Each step represents a specific vertebra
each step represents a specific vertebra. and should be slow, with light to medium
Walk towards the foot. Repeat the pressure. Repeat the movement five times.
movement five times.
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storves the brain of oxygen) or an infection Support the big toe with the fingers of one
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types of epilepsy and different types of from the neckline to the top of the big toe. cross to find the centre of the big toe.
• Head
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• Pituitary
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THYROID REFLEX AREA LIVER REFLEX AREA ADRENAL REFLEX POINT specific vertebra. Walk towards the foot.
Use your thumb to work the boll of the This reflex area is only found on the right You can find the adrenal reflexes in zone Then take 12 gentle steps from the base of
foot, from the diaphragm line all the woy foot. Support the foot with your right hand, one, three steps down from the boll of the the ioint of the big toe to work the thoracic
up to the neckline. Repeat this movement and place your left thumb iust underneath foot. Place your two thumbs together and vertebroe. You should end up on 0 bone
slowly six times over the area. Whenever the diaphragm line. Work slowly and gently push into the adrenal reflexes, called the navicular, which feels like a
you find crystals stay on the area and precisely, horizontally across the foot, into making small circles. Work in this manner knuckle and is halfway between the
stimulate with circles to disperse them. zones five and four and iust into zone for 15 seconds. bladder point and the ankle. Walk around
three. Proceed in one direction. Continue the navicular bone, which represents
in this manner until iust above the redness
lumbar one, taking five steps up to the
of the heel. Complete the liver reflex dip in front of the ankle bone, which
movement five times. represents lumbar five. Repeat this
movement four times.
Parkinson's disease
This degenerative disease affects the are destroyed by toxins in the body that
nervous system as a result of damage to the liver has been unable to remove, and
nerve cells within the base of the brain. that exposure to environmental toxins such
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AREAS/POINTS TO
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from the neckline to the top of Ihe big toe. of the big toe. Repeat this movemenl
• Head
Repeat this several times in lines up the 12 times.
• Brain
toe for a total of one minute.
• Liver
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Parkinson 's is more common in the elderly,
and can make doily activities very difficult
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LIVER REFLEX AREA UPPER LYM PH ATI C REFLEX AR EA ADREN AL REFLEX POINT specific vertebra. Walk towards the foot.
This reflex area is only found on the right Work on the dorsal aspect of the foot, You can find the adrenal reflexes in zone Then take 12 gentle steps from the base of
foot. Support the foot with your right hand, using your index finger and thumb to walk one, three steps down from the ball of the the ioint of the big toe to work the thoracic
and place your left thumb iust underneath up from the base of the toes towards the foot. Place your two thumbs together and vertebrae. You should end up on a bone
the diaphragm line. Work slowly and ankle in between the metatarsals. Work gently push into the adrenal reflexes, coiled the navicular, which feels like a
precisely, horizontally across the foot, into with a medium pressure up as far as you making small circles. Work in this manner knuckle and is halfway between the
zones five and four and iust into zone can, then slide back to make circles lightly for 15 seconds. bladder point and the ankle. Walk around
three. Proceed in one direction. Continue between the clefts of the toes. Repeat this the navicular bone, which represents
in this manner until iust above the redness movement four times. lumbar one, taking five steps up to the
of the heel. Complete the liver reflex dip in front of the ankle bone, which
movement five times. represents lumbar five. Repeat this
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that aims to stabilize body fluid and blood HEAD REFLEX AREA PtTUITARY REFLEX POINT
levels, so that secondary fluctuations in Support the big toe with the fingers of one Support the big toe with the fingers of one
inner ear fluid can be avoided. hand. Use your other thumb to walk up hand, and use your other thumb to make a
from the neckline to the top of the big toe. cross to find the centre of the big toe.
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of the toe from the occipital reflex point. toe and in befween the joints (you do not three steps down from the boll of the foot. foot. Support the foot with your right hand
Place your thumb on the inner ear reflex actually work on the joints because of Place your fwo thumbs together and gently and place your left thumb just underneath
and make gentle circles for ten seconds many different factors that could affect push into the kidney/adrenal reflexes, the diaphragm line. Work slowly and
to work the point. them). Support the big toe with one hand. making small circles. Work in this manner precisely, horizontally across the foot, into
Use the thumb of your other hand to make for 15 seconds. zones five and four and just into zone
seven small steps, remembering that each three. Proceed in one direction. Continue
step represents a specific vertebra. Walk in this manner until just above the redness
towards the foot. Repeat the movement of the heel. Complete the liver reflex
ten times. movement five times.
Multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a debilitating differently. There are different stages of the
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remembering that each step represents a
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AREAS/POINTS TO
Then take 12 gentle steps from the base Support the big toe with the fingers of one
WORK
of the ioint of the big toe to work the hand. Use your other thumb to walk up
thoracic vertebrae. You should end up on from the neckline to the top of the big toe.
• Entire sp ine
a bone called the naVicular, which feels Repeat this several times in lines up the
• Head
like a knuckle and is halfway between toe for a total of one minute.
• Inner ear
the bladder point and the ankle. Walk
• Bladder
around the navicular bone, which
• Adrenals
represents lumbar one, taking five
• Upper lymphatics
Eating essential fatty acids and receiving steps up to the dip in front of the ankle

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known to help symptoms of MS .
bone, which represents lumbar five.
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Take two large steps up towards the top Work on the medial aspect of the foot. You can find the adrenal reflexes in zone Work on the dorsal aspect of the foot. Use
of the toe from the occipital reflex point. Place your thumb at the bladder point, one, three steps down from the ball of the your index finger and thumb to walk up
Place your thumb on the inner ear reflex which is at the edge of the 50ft area about foot. Place your two thumbs together and from the base of the toes towards the
and make gentle circles for 20 seconds one-third of the way from the back of the gently push into the adrenal reflexes, ankle in between the metatarsals. Work
to work the point. heel. Use your thumb to fan out over the making small circles . Work in this manner with a medium pressure up as far as you
area like the spokes of a bicycle wheel, for 15 seconds . can, then slide back to make circles lightly
always returning to the bladder point. Do between the clefts of the toes. Repeat this
this approximately 12 times. movement four times.
Acne
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AREAS/POINTS TO PITUITA RY REFLEX POINT OVARY/TESTICLE REFLEX POINT LIVER REFLEX AREA
WORK Support the big toe with the fingers of one Work on the lateral side of foot. Place This reflex area is only found on the right
hand and use your other thumb to make a your index finger approximately halfway foot. Support the foot with your right hand,
• Pituitary cross to find the centre of the big toe. between the back of the heel and the and place your left thumb iust underneath
• Ovaries/ testes Place your thumb into the centre, push in ankle bone. Push in gently and make the diaphragm line. Work slowly and
• liver and make circles for 15 seconds. circles for ten seconds. precisely, horizontally across the foot, into
• Adrenals zones five and four and iust into zone
• Pancreas three. Proceed in one direction. Continue
• Ascending colon in this manner until iust above the redness
• Descending colon of the heel. Complete the liver reflex
movement six times.
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You can find the adrenal reflexes in zone This reflex point is only found on the right This reflex area is only found on the right This reflex area is only found on the left
one, three steps down from the ball of the foot. Use your thumb and place it on the foot. Use your left thumb to walk up zone foot. Use your right thumb to walk up zone
foot. Place your two thumbs together and third toe, then trace a line down to belaw four from the redness of the heel. Continue four from the redness of the heel to work
gently push into the adrenal reflexes, the diaphragm line. Push up into the joint in this manner until you get halfway up the the descending colan. Continue in this
making small circles. Work in this manner and hook up for 12 seconds. foot. Work the ascending colon reflex manner until you arrive halfway up the
for 15 seconds. area four times in slaw movements to help foot. Work the descending colon reflex
stimulate the peristaltic muscular action area six times and in slow movements to
of the colan. help stimulate the peristaltic muscular
action of the colon.
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• ----------
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AREAS/POINTS TO PITUITARY REFLEX POINT UPPER LYMPHATIC REFLEX AREA ASCENDING COLON REFLEX AREA
WORK Support the big toe with the fingers of one Work on the dorsal ospect of the foot. This reflex area is only found on the right
hand, and use your other thumb to make a Use your index finger and thumb to walk foot. Use your left thumb to walk up zone
• Pituitary cross to find the centre of the big toe. up from the base of the toes towards the four from the redness of the heel. Continue
• Upper lymphatics Place your thumb into the centre, push in ankle in between the metatarsals. Work in this manner until you get halfway up the
• Ascending colon and make circfes for 15 seconds. with a medium pressure up as far as you foot Work the ascending colon reflex
• Descending colon can, then slide back to make circfes lightly area four times in slow movements to help
• Liver between the cfefts of the toes. Repeat this to eliminate waste products effectively.
• Spleen movement five times.
• Adrenals

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foot. Use your right thumb to walk up zone foot . Support the foot with your right hand foot Support the foot with your left hand, one, three steps down from the ball of the
four from the redness of the heel to work and place your left thumb just underneath and place your right thumb just underneath foot. Place your two thumbs together and
the descending colon . Continue in this the diaphragm line. Work slowly and the diaphragm line. Work slowly and gently push into the adrenal reflexes,
monner until you arrive halfway up the precisely, horizontally across the foot, into precisely, horizontally across the foot, into making small circles. Work in this manner
foot. Work the descending colon reflex zones five and four and just into zone zones five and four and just into zone for 20 seconds.
area six times and in slow movements to three. Proceed in one direction. Continue three. Proceed in one direction. Continue
help stimulate the peristaltic muscular in this manner until just above the redness in this manner for four horizontal lines,
action of the colon. of the heel. Complete the liver reflex completing the spleen reflex six times.
movement six times.
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ou painful and symptoms may include itching , '"
• Pancrea s
localized swelling and pain. Boils can
• Sp lee n
heal within a month, but are contagious
>- • Enti re sp ine
(')
o because the pus can contaminate nearby
o skin , causing new boils. They are often an
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indication that the sufferer has a lowered . ------------ .
'" immune system as a result of poor
nutrition, diabetes mellitus, the use of immunosuppressive drugs or suffering from
an illness. An onion poultice is good for
boils because it reduces pain and draws
toxins from the infected area: place a AD RENAL REFLEX POINT PITU ITARY REFLEX POINT
finely chopped onion between two pieces You con find the adrenal reflexes in zone Support the big toe with the fingers of one
of cloth and put it on the affected area one, three steps down from the ball of the hand, and use your other thumb to make a
of the body to draw out impurities. foot. Place your two thumbs together and cross to find the centre of the big toe.
gently push into the adrenal reflexes, Place your thumb into the centre, push in
making small circles. Work in this manner and make circles for 20 seconds.
for 20 seconds.

A nutritious diet is one aspect of a healthy


im mune system . Replace sugar with fresh
fruit to help eliminate boils.
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'" Support the Foot with one hand, and use
your other thumb to make seven small
steps in between the ioints of the big toe,
remembering that each step represents a
UPPER LYMPHATIC REFLEX AREA PANCREAS REFLEX POINT SPLEEN REFLEX AREA speciFic vertebra Walk towards the Foot.
Work on the dorsal ospect of the Foot. Use This reFlex point is only Found on the right This reflex area is only Found on the leFt Then take 12 gentle steps From the bose of
your index Finger and thumb to walk up Foot. Place your thumb on the third toe and Foot. Support the Foot with your leFt hand the ioint of the big toe to work the thoracic
From the base of the toes towards the trace a line down to below the diaphragm and place your right thumb iust undemeath vertebrae. You should end up on a bone
ankle in between the metatarsals. Work line. Push up into the iOint and hook up For the diaphragm line. Work slowly and called the navicular, which Feels like a
with medium pressure up os Far as you ten seconds. precisely, horizontally across the Foot, into knuckle and is halfway between the
can, then slide back to make circles lightly zones Five and Four and iust into zone bladder pOint and the ankle. Walk around
between the clefts of the toes. Repeat this three. Proceed in one direction. Continue the navicular bone, which represents
movement six times. in this manner For Four horizontal lines. lumbar one, taking Five steps up to the
Complete the spleen reflex six times. dip in Front of the ankle bone, which
represents lumbar Five. Repeat this
movement Five times.
Psoriasis
This skin condition appears as patches of
<Xl
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silvery scoles or red areas on the arms,
elbows, knees, legs, ears, scalp and
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bock. It generally affects young adults
Z
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5 be triggered by stress. The colon should o
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of row foods, because on unhealthy colon a
o has been linked to psoriasis. The condition
u
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2'" flare-ups followed by periods of remission.
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UJ

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.----------- .
REFLEX
PITUITARY REFLEX POINT STOMACH REFLEX AREA LIVER REFLEX AREA
AREAS/POINT TO You will find this reflex area iust under
Support the big toe with the fingers of one This reflex area is only found on the right
WORK the ball of the foot Support the foot with
hand, ond use your other thumb to moke 0 foot. Support the foot with your right hand,
cross to find the centre of the big toe. one hand, and place your other thumb and place your left thumb iust underneath
• Pituitary
Place your thumb into the centre, push in below the thyroid reflex area. Gently work the diaphragm line. Work slowly and
• Stomach
and make circles for 15 seconds. up laterally to the solor plexus reflex, precisely, horizontally across the foot, into
• liver making small circles. Repeat this zones five and four and iust into zone
• Ascending colon
movement six times. three. Proceed in one direction. Continue
• Descending colon
in this manner until iust above the redness
• Entire spine
of the heel. Complete the liver reflex

.----------- .
• Kidneys/ adrenals
movement six times .
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Work on the medial aspect of the foot.
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Support the foot with one hand, and use
your other thumb to make seven small
steps in between the ioints of the big toe,
remembering that each step represents a
ASCENDING COLON REFLEX AREA DESCENDING COLON REFLEX AREA specific vertebra. Walk towards the foot. KIDNEY/ADRENAL REFLEX POINTS
This reflex area is only found on the right This reflex area is only found on the left Then take 12 gentle steps from the base You can find these reflexes in zone one,
foot. Use your right thumb to walk up zone foot. Use your right thumb to walk up zone of the ioint of the big toe to work the three steps down from the ball of the foot.
four from the redness of the heel. Continue four from the redness of the heel to work thoracic vertebrae. You should end up on Place your two thumbs together and gently
in this manner until you get to halfway up the descending colon. Continue in this a bone called the navicular, which feels push into the kidney/adrenal reflexes,
the foot. Work the ascending colon reflex manner until you arrive halfway up the like a knuckle and is halfway between making small circles. Work in this manner
area six times and in slow movements to foot. Work the descending colon reflex the bladder point and the ankle. Walk for 20 seconds.
help keep the colon clean. area six times and in slow movements around the navicular bone, which
to help stimulate the peristaltic muscular represents lumbar one, taking five steps
action of the colon. up to the dip in front of the ankle bone,
which represents lumbar five. Repeat
this movement five times.
PART 6

Specia Iized
reflexology
How to use this part Moods and emotions the most important of all is state of mind.
First, we will look at the way reflexology Emotions can harm the hormonal system,

This part of the book shows you how couples, as well as at how to combat can help us cope with situations that we damage the digestion , tamper with body

speciolized foot reflexology treotments can stress. Choose a sequence that w ill meet feel we can't control. Sometimes we have temperature and exacerbate anxiety.

help with particular stages in life, from you r client's needs. Each sequence should to be our own best friend , checking that Drugs may mask the symptoms, but if your
>- pregnancy and childhood to the golden take 15 minutes to help to maximize the we are looking aher ourselves properly. moods and emotions are responsible for I
<..'l o
o years; it also looks speci fi cally at potential benefits. Always start and finish Are we eating sufficient healthy foods? your condition, then you need to ta ke <
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w reflexology for women, for men and for treatments witih relaxation tech niques. Allowing ourselves relaxation time without control. If someone has a negative
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feeling guilty? Taking time out to treat mindset, a busy mind or is suffering CJ>
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factors can bring about disease, and and has no unpleasant side-effects.

e---------------------------------------------- e
LI FESTYLE TI PS

Many disorders can be directly and chocolate , junk and snack


related to stress, which is a foods , fried foods, sugars, artificial
breeding ground for disease, and sweeteners, carbonated soft drinks
may be exacerbated by its effects. and excessive quantities of red
During a stressful period the body meat. A diet rich in raw fresh fruit
can become depleted of essential and vegetables with plenty of
vitamins and minerals, so you need herbal teas and mineral water is
to focus on healthy eating and best. Reflexology encourages the
exercise to rid the body of the body to rela x, enabling all the
Small children stress hormones and unu sed functions and systems in the body
aften like to hold glucose . Avoid processed foods to wo rk more efficiently.
their favourite toy
during a treatment.
e------------------------------------------------ e
Stress
Stress relates to any reaction to a physical, source of stress, because this can be the
emotional or mental stimulus that affects first step in managing it. Get onto a
the body's natural balance. Stress is often programme of physical exercise to clear
>- seen as a psychological or mental the mind, regulate deep breathing and :s:
(') o
o problem , but it has a number of very keep stress under control. oo
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of stress include high blood pressure, high
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chronic fatigue syndrome, memory loss
a nd depression. Stress often affects the
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appetite, causing indigestion or bad food
reactions in the body, leading to
constipation or diarrhoea because the
digestive system either slows or shuts
down. Caffeine can contribute to
nervousness and insomnia. Identify the

e ------------ e
DIAPHRAGM REFLEX AREA THYROID REFLEX A REA
REFLEX
Flex the foot back with one hand to create Use one thumb to work the ball of the foot
AREAS/POINTS TO skin tension. Use the thumb of your other from the diaphragm line all the way up to
WORK
hand to work under the metatarsal heads, the neckline. Repeat this movement slowly
across from the lateral to the medial six times over the area . Optimum
• Diaphragm
aspect of the foot. Use slow steps and functioning of the thyroid can help with
• Thyroid
repeat this movement eight times. energy levels.
• Pituitary
• Entire spine
• Kidneys/adrenal s Severe stress can have a profound
• Pancreas negative affect on menstrual cycles and
e ______________ e menopausal symptoms.
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ENTIRE SPINE
Work on the medial aspect of the foot.
Support the foot with one hand, and use
your other thumb to walk gently seven
steps in between the joints of the big toe,
remembering that each step represents a
specific vertebra. Walk towards the foot.
PITUITARY REFLEX POINT KIDNEY/AD RENAL REFLEX POINTS PANCREAS REFLEX POINT
Then take 12 gentle steps underneath the
Support the big toe with the fingers of one You can find these reflexes in zone one, This reflex point is only found on the right
bone from the base of the joint of the big
hand, and use your other thumb to make a three steps down from the ball of the foot. foot. Place your thumb on the third toe and
toe to work the thoracic vertebrae. You
cross to find the centre of the big toe. Place your two thumbs together and gently trace a line down to below the diaphragm
should end up on a bone called the
Place your thumb into the centre, push in push into the kidney/adrenal reflexes, line. Push up into the joint and make small
navicular, which feels like a knuckle and is
and make circles for 15 seconds. making small circles. Work in this manner circles for 15 seconds.
halfway between the bladder point and
for 20 seconds.
the ankle. Walk around the navicular
bone, which represents lumbar one, taking
Five steps up to the dip in front of the ankle
bone, which represents lumbar five.
Repeat this movement gently five times.
Depression
People w ith depression tend to find that
o
the disease affects their w hale bady,
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including their sleep patterns, the way they


>- feel about themselves, what they eat and
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interest in the people and things around
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disorders, restlessness, qUickness to anger
and a feeling of worthlessness. ExerCise
helps because it releases endorphins, the
ENTIRE SPINE
body's feel-good hormones, which
Work on the medial aspect of the foot.
produce a natural high.
Support the foot with one hand, and use
your other thumb to walk gently seven
• • steps in between the iOints of the big toe,
remembering that each step represents a
REFLEX
HYPOTHALAMUS REFLEX POINT specific vertebra. Walk towards the foot.
AREAS/POINTS TO
Support the big toe with the fingers of one Then take 12 gentle steps underneath the
WORK
hand, and use your other thumb to make bone from the base of the iOint of the big
HEA D REFLEX AR EA
a cross to find the centre of the big toe. toe to work the thoracic vertebrae. You
• Head Support the big toe with the fingers of one
Now move your thumb one step up should end up on a bone called the
• Hy potha lam us hond. Use your other thumb to walk up
towards the tip of the big toe and take navicular, which feels like a knuckle and is
• Entire spin e from the neckline to the top of the big toe.
a small step laterally Hook in for halfway between the bladder point and
• Thy ro id Repeat this several times in lines up the
ten seconds. the ankle. Walk around the navicular
• Li ver toe, for a total of one minute.
bone, which represents lumbar one, taking
• A scen d in g colo n
five steps up to the dip in front of the ankle
• Descend ing co lo n
bone, which represents lumbar five.
• • Repeat this movement gently five times.
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THYROID REFLEX AREA LIVER REFLEX AREA ASCENDING COLON REFLEX AREA
DESCENDING COLON REFLEX AREA
Use the thumb of one hand to work the This reflex area is only found on the right This reflex orea is only found on the right This reflex areo is only found on the left
ball of the foot from the diaphragm line all foot. Support the foot with your right hand, foot. Use your left thumb to walk up zone foot. Use your right thumb to walk up zone
the way up to the neckline. Repeat this and place your left thumb iust underneath four from the redness of the heel Continue four from the redness of the heel to work
movement slowly six times over the area. the diaphragm line. Work slowly and in this manner until you get halfway up the this part of the colon. Continue in this
The energy needed to get on with the day precisely, horizontally across the foot, into foot. Work the ascending colon reflex manner until you arrive halfway up the
can be restored in the thyroid. zones five and four and iust into zone area four times in slow movements to help foot. Work this reflex area six times and in
three. Proceed in one direction. Continue rid the colan of waste products.
slow movements to help stimulate the
in this manner until just above the redness
peristaltic muscular action of the colon.
of the heel. Complete the liver reflex
movement six times.
Anxiety disorder
....
-0
Anxiety can manifest itself as a panic
attack and can affect all ages. It is usually
• •
'" REFLEX
abrupt, short and intense, and happens
>-
AREAS/POINTS TO
<:) when the body's natural fight-or-flight
9 WORK
responses activate at the wrong time.
0
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All the stress responses go into overdrive,
'='" • Head
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which can be distressing and disturbing
""
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w far the person having the attack. The
'::! • Diaphragm
« sufferer is ohen overwhelmed by a sense
u • Lungs
w of impending disaster, ar may feel they are
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• Kidneys/ adrenals
having a heart attack or stroke. Other
• Thoracic vertebrae

• •
symptoms include dizziness, heort
palpitations, sweating, nausea , difficulty in
breathing or thinking clearly, and a feeling
HEAD REFLEX A REA PITUITARY REFLEX POINT
of unreality. Avoid stress, sugar, processed
foods, caffeinated products, excess
Support the big toe with the fingers of one Support the big toe with the fingers of one
alcohol and recreational drugs. Keep a
hand. Use your other thumb to walk up hand, and use your other thumb to make a
nutritional diary, because an allergy to
from the neckline to the top of the big toe. cross to find the centre of the big toe.
some foods can set off a panic attack.
Repeat this several times in lines up the toe Place your thumb into the centre, push in
Use hand reflexology relaxation
for a total of one minute. and make circles for 15 seconds.
techniques during an a~ack.

Panic attacks can affect the sufferer


anywhere, at any time.
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DIAPHRAGM REFLEX AR EA LUNG REFLEX AR EA


KIDNEY/ADRENAL REFLEX POINTS
THORACIC VERTEBRAE REFLEX AREA
Flex the foot bock with one hand to create Flex the foot back with your hand to create You can find these reflexes in zone one,
skin tension. Use the thumb of your other Support the foot and take 12 steps from
skin tension. Use the thumb of your other three steps down from the boll of the foot.
hand to work under the metatarsal heads, the base of the iOint of the big toe to work
hand to work up from the diaphragm line Place your two thumbs together and gently
across from the lateral to the medial the thoracic vertebrae. You should end up
to the eye/ear general area. You should push into the kidney/adrenal reflexes,
aspect of the foot. Use slow steps and on a bone called the navicular, which
be working in between the metatarsals. making small circles. Work in this manner
repeat this movement eight times. feels like a knuckle and is halfvvay
Repeat this process five times, making sure for 20 seconds.
between the bladder point and the ankle.
that you have worked in between all
Each step represents a specific vertebra
the metatarsals.
and should be slow, with light to medium
pressure. Repeat this movement three times
to access spinal nerves.
REFLEXOLOGY FOR WOMEN
Women suffer from many conditions that a domino effect throughout the body. e---------------------------------------------------- e
More women than men have digestive
'"<>
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are related to their hormones, and if this LI FESTYLE TI PS
system is not functioning well, it can create problems, because the digestive system
>-
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9 menstrual cycles by causing stabilizing blood-sugar levels, as X
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excessive production of oestrogen , low blood sugar affect levels of 5
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which interferes with the normal progesterone. Eating more -<
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eli feedback system of the hormonal wholewheat bread , oats, rye and
:;: cycle . Fat manufactures and stores brown rice every two hours can
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oestrogen , so if you suffer from a help stabilize blood-sugar levels,
</)
disorder that is affected by excess putting less strain on the hormones.
oestrogen (such as endometriosis or When blood sugar crashes it can
fibroids), it is best to lose weight to raise adrenaline levels, affecting
reduce oestrogen levels. mood and your response to stress.

e- ----------------------- e
slows down during menstruation as the found in soft plastics. Hormones affect ou r
level af the hormone progesterone relaxes moods and emotions and the way we
the muscle tissues in the body. react to other people. The key in
Premenstrual syndrome-related headaches reflexology for women is to focus on
(see page 270) are another common the body's hormonal and nervous systems.
reason to visit the doctor.
Too much oestrogen in the body is
associated with polycystic ovarian
syndrome, fibroids (see page 278) and
Reflexology can provide help for a number endometriosis (see page 2741, so it is
o f ailments and symptoms that many wise to avoid the steroids found in milk
women may suffer. and meat and the synthetic oestrogen
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
Up to 70 per cent of all women suffer
o
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N
this is an imbalance of hormones: too
>- much oestrogen and inadequate levels of
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affects women between o ne and two o
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many symptoms, including muscle cram ps, '"
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anxiety, mood swings, headaches, o
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clumsiness, backache, acne , breast m
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tenderness, depression, insomnia,
constipation and water retention. Eat
plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables, can help to balance hormone levels and
o rganic grains, nuts, fish, organiC chicken prevent PMS.
and turkey, to help keep your liver free of
excess toxins. Eliminate salt from the diet e e
to reduce water retention. Avoid caffeine,
because it depletes nutrients from the REFLEX
PITUITARY REFLEX POINT THYROID REFLEX AR EA
body, is associated with increased levels AREAS/POINTS TO
Support the big toe with the fingers of one Use the thumb of one hand to work the
of anxiety a nd is linked to breast WORK
hand, and use your other thumb to make a ball of the foot, from the diaphragm line
tenderness . Drinking chamom ile tea will
cross to find the centre of the big toe. all the way up to the neckline. Repeat this
help to increase levels of glycine in the • Pituitary
Place your thumb into the centre, push in movement slowly six times over the area.
body; this amino acid is known to relieve • Thyroid
and make circles for 15 seconds.
muscle spasms (including menstrual • Pancreas
cramps) by relaxing the uteru s. • Adrenal s
• Ovaries
• Entire spine

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ENTIRE SPINE
Work on the medial aspect of the foot.
Support the foot with one hand, and use
your other thumb to walk gently seven
steps in between the ioints of the big toe,
remembering that each step represents a
specific vertebra. Walk towards the foot.
PANCREAS REFLEX POINT ADREN AL REFLEX POINT OVARY REFLEX POINT
Then take 12 gentle steps underneath the
This reflex point is only found on the right You con find the adrenal reflexes in zone Work on the lateral aspect of foot. Place
bone from the base of the ioint of the big
foot. Use your thumb and place it on the one, three steps down from the ball of the your index finger approximately halfway
toe to work the thoracic vertebrae. You
third toe, tracing a line down to below the foot. Place your two thumbs together and between the back of the heel and the
should end up on a bone coiled the
diaphragm line. Push up into the ioint, gently push into the adrenal reflexes, ankle bone. Push in gently, making circles
navicular, which feels like a knuckle and is
making small circles for 12 seconds. making small circles. Work in this manner for 20 seconds.
halfway between the bladder point and
for 15 seconds.
the ankle. Walk around the navicular
bone, which represents lumbar one, taking
five steps up to the dip in front of the ankle
bone, which represents lumbar five.
Repeat this movement gently five times.
Endometriosis
Th is is a disorder that affects women aged
20-40; no one knows what causes it.
Cells from the lining of the uteru s grow
>- elsewhere in the body - most commonly in
c.:> '"
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9 the abdominal cavity. These implants still
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w respond to hormonal changes controlling o
w menstruation, which means that they bleed oCl
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abnormal/heavy menstrual bleeding, o
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lower back pa in, nausea , diarrhoea and ~
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constipation and , in some cases , rectal
bleeding. Using tampons can encourage
'reflux menstruation ', which may make
endometriosis worse.

e----------- e
REFLEX
AREAS/POINTS TO UTERUS REFLEX POtNT OVARY REFLEX POINT ASCEND IN G COLON REFLEX A REA
WORK Work on the medial aspect of foot. Place Work on the lateral aspect of foot. Place This reflex area is only found on the ri9ht
your index finger approximately halfway your index finger approximately halfway foot. Use your left thumb to walk up zone
• Uterus between the back of the heel and the between the bock of the heel and the four from the redness of the heel. Continue
• Ovaries ankle bone. Push in gently, makin9 circles ankle bone. Push in gently, makin9 circles in this manner until you get halfway up the
• Ascending colon for 20 seconds. for 20 seconds. foot. Work the ascendin9 colan reflex
• Descending colan area four times in slaw movements to help
• Pituitary the colon eliminate excess hormones that
• Adrenals could play havoc withn the body.
• Thoracic and lumbar vertebrae

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ADRENAL REFLEX POINT TH ORACI C AND LUMBAR VERTEBRAE


You con find the adrenal reflexes in zone REFLEX AREA
one, three steps down from the ball of the This lies on the medial aspect of the foot.
foot. Place your two thumbs together and Support the foot with one hand. Use your
gently push into the adrenal reflexes, other thumb to take 12 gentle steps
making small circles. Work in this manner underneath the bane from the base of the
DESCENDING COLON REFLEX AREA PITUITARY REFLEX POINT
for 15 seconds to help ease pain. iOint of the big toe to work the thoracic
This reflex area is only found on the left Support the big toe with the fingers of one
vertebrae. You should end up on a bone
foot. Use your right thumb to walk up zone hand, and use your other thumb to make a
coiled the navicular, which feels like a
four from the redness of the heel, to work cross to find the centre of the big toe.
knuckle and is halfway between the
this part of the colon. Continue in this Place your thumb into the centre, push in
bladder point and the ankle. Walk around
manner until you arrive halfway up the and make circles for 15 seconds to help
the navicular bone, which represents
foot. Work this reflex area six times and in balance hormone levels.
lumbar one, taking five steps up to the dip
slow movements to help stimulate the
in front of the ankle bone, which
peristaltic muscular action of the colon .
represents lumbar five. Repeat this
movement four times.
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bleeding between periods, increosed


vagi nal discharge and painful sexua l
intercourse. The use of the orol SACRUM REFLEX AREA BLA DDER REFLEX AREA
contraceptive pill has been ossociated Work on the lateral ospect of the foot. Work on the medial aspect of the foot.
with the development of fibroids. Place your thumb at the back quadrant of Place your thumb at the bladder point,
the heel and walk with slow, precise which is at the edge of the soft area about
movements for 25 seconds. Repeat this one-third of the way from the back of the
until you have covered this section of the heel. Use your thumb to fan out over the
heel, always keeping low to avoid going area, like the spokes of a bicycle wheel,
over the ovary or testicle reflex pOint. always returning to the bladder point.
Work on this area ten times.
Always have digestive problems diagnosed
because they could mask gynaecological
disorders such as fibroids.
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LUMBAR VERTEBRAE REFLEX AREA UTERUS REFLEX POINT PITUITARY REFLEX POINT ADRENAL REFLEX POINT
This area lies on the medial aspect of the Working on the medial aspect of foot, Support the big toe with the fingers of one You can find the adrenal reflexes in zone
foot. Support the foot with one hand. place your index finger approximately hand, and use your other thumb to make a one, three steps down from the ball of the
Place your thumb on a bone called the halfway between the back of the heel and cross to find the centre of the big toe. foot. Place your two thumbs together and
navicular, which feels like a knuckle and is the ankle bone. Push in gently, making Place your thumb into the centre, push in gently push into the adrenal reflexes,
halfway between the bladder point and circles for 15 seconds. and make circles for 15 seconds. making small circles. Work in this manner
the ankle. Walk around the navicular for 15 seconds.
bone, which represents lumbar one, taking
five steps up to the dip in front of the ankle
bone, which represents lumbar five.
Repeat this movement four times.
Menopause

N
This indicates the end of a woman 's fertility
and occurs when a woman stops
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ovulating and menstruating each month. It
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normally happens around the age of 50,
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become more at risk of suffering
osteoporosis and card iovascular d isease
at this time. To help optimize your health,
• •
get regular exercise and reduce your these encourage hot flushes and calcium
in take of dairy products and red meat, as loss from the bones.

HYPOTHALAMUS/ PITU ITARY THYROID REFLEX AREA


REFLEX POINT Use the thumb of one hand to work the
Support the big toe with the fingers of one ball of the foot, from the diaphragm line
hand and find the centre of the big toe. all the way up to the neckline. Repeat this
Place one thumb on the centre of the big movement slowly six times over the area.
toe for the pituitary gland Place your other The thyroid produces calcitonin, a
thumb one step up from the pituitary and hormone that helps support healthy bones.
one small step laterally Place both thumbs
A healthy diet and
together and make circles for 30 seconds.
exercise helps to
ease menopausal
symptoms.
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ENTIRE SPINE
Work on the medial aspect of the foot.
Support the foot with one hand, and use
your other thumb to walk gently seven
steps in between the ioints of the big toe,
PARATHYROID REFLEX POINT
remembering that each step represents a
LIVER REFLEX AREA KIDNEY/ADRENAL REFLEX POINTS specific vertebra. Walk towards the foot
You can find this point in between the big The liver reflex area is only found on the You can find these reflexes in zone one, Then take 72 gentle steps underneath the
toe and the second toe. Use your index right foot. Support the foot with your right three steps down from the ball of the foot. bone from the base of the ioint of the big
finger and thumb to pinch a section of skin hand, and place your left thumb iust Place your two thumbs together and gently toe to work the thoracic vertebrae. You
between the first and second toes. Hold underneath the diaphragm line. Work push into the kidney/adrenal reflexes, should end up on a bone called the
the pressure and gently make circles for slowly and precisely, horizontally across making small circles. Work in this manner navicular, which feels like a knuckle and is
75 seconds. the foot, into zones five and four and iust for 75 seconds. halfway between the bladder point and
into zone three. Proceed in one direction.
the ankle. Walk around the navicular
Continue in this manner until iust above the
bone, which represents lumbar one, taking
redness of the heel, completing the liver
five steps up to the dip in front of the ankle
reflex six times.
bone, which represents lumbar five.
Repeat this movement gently three times.
REFLEXOLOGY FOR MEN
Some scientists hove observed that cells
from mole and female organisms differ in
.- - - - - - - - - - .
LIFESTYLE TIPS
ways that result not from hormones, but
>- from foundation stones such as
G Impotence is a common
9 ch romosomes. Thi s means that all the
ox disorder that can be made
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potential to respond differently between Gl
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impotence Isee page 288), enlarged
lo nger to respond, so consider
prostate Isee page 2921, prostatitis Isee
changing the way you make
page 296) and infertility Isee page 300)
love. As sexual functions alter,
- but also on the way that many diseases
you may need a longer period
express themselves differently in men.
of stimulation to achieve an
The Chi na Reflexology Association
erection . Arteriosclerosis is a
found that reflexology is an excellent
disease that affects the nerves
therapy for treating men with sexual
that govern sexual arousal and
dysfunction , including impotence,
the blood supply to the penis;
premature eiaculation and eiaculation
eating a diet low in fats can
deficiencies. Its 1996 China Reflexology
help to reverse thi s clogging of
Symposium Report described a study on
the blood vessels. If you are
37 men w ho were treated w ith
concerned, there are many
reflexology; it was 87.5 per cent effective
therapy options that can be
for impotence and 100 per cent effective A low-fat diet rich
discussed with your doctor.
for other conditions. in raw fruit and
vegetables can
bene fit male sexual
performance and
• - - -_ _ _ _ _ _ _ e fertility.
Impotence
Impotence is charocterized by on inobility
ex)
ex) to ochieve or maintain an erection
'" adequate for sexual intercourse. Around
>- 2.3 million men in the UK and 30 million
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Some diseases and factors that can
contribute to impotence include
atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries),
high blood pressure, diabetes, alcohol,
cigarettes and a history of sexual ly
Always look into the side-effecfs of any

.----------- . medicotion you are taking as some can


cause impotence.

REFLEX PROSTATE REFLEX POINT TESTES REFLEX POINT


AR EAS/PO I NTS TO transmitted disease. Impotence may also
Work on the medial aspect of foot. Place Work on the lateral aspect of foot. Place
WORK be a side-effect of certain medications,
your index finger approximately halfway your index finger approximately halfway
such as antidepressants, antihistamines
betvveen the back of the heel and the betvveen the back of the heel and the
• Prostate and ulcer medication. It can also
ankle bone. Push in gently, making circles ankle bone. Push in gently, making circles
• Testes sometimes have psychological roots.
for 20 seconds. for ten seconds.
• Thoracic and lumbar vertebrae Avoid stress, cigarette smoke, anima l fats,
• Adrenals sugar, fried a nd junk food; stay away from
• Diaphragm alcohol, because it not only affects sexual
• Lungs function, but may cause the male
equivalent of the menopause. Reflexology
• ______________ • can help improve impotence.
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TH ORACIC AND LUMBAR VERTEBRAE


REFLEX AREA
Work on the medial aspect of the foot.
Support the foot with one hand. Use your
other thumb to take 12 gentle steps ADRENAL REFLEX POINT DIAPHRAGM REFLEX AREA LUNG REFLEX AREA
underneath the bone from the base of the You can find the adrenal reflexes in zone Support the foot with one hand, and use Flex the foot back with your hand to create
jOint of the big toe to work the thoracic one, three steps down from the ball of the the thumb of your other hand to work skin tension. Use the thumb of your other
vertebrae. You should end up on a bone foot. Place your two thumbs together and under the metatarsal heads, across from hand to work up from the diaphragm line
called the navicular, which feels like a gently push into the adrenal reflexes, the medial to the lateral aspect of the foot. to the eye/ear general area. You should
knuckle and is halfway between the making small circles. Work in this manner Use slow steps and repeat this movement be working in between the metatarsals.
bladder point and the ankle. Walk for 15 seconds. eight times. Repeat this process five times, making sure
around the navicular bone, which
you have worked in between all the
represents lumbar one, taking five steps
metatarsals, dispersing any crystals.
up to the dip in front of the ankle bone,
which represents lumbar five. Repeat
this movement four times.
Enlarged prostate
This condition , which is also called benign e-----------_.
prostatic hypertrophy, is the gradual
REFLEX
enlargement of the prostate gland. It moy
AREAS/POINTS TO
be due to hormonal changes as the result
WORK
of ageing , as 0 mon 's testosterone levels '"
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gradually decline. It affects more than half
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• Pituitary
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getting up frequently at night to urinate,
• Thoracic and lumbar vertebrae

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blood in the urine, pain and burning ,
difficulty in starting and stopping urination,
bladder infections and damage to the
kidneys. lifestyle choices to reduce blood
cholesterol levels are recommended , PITUITARY REFLEX POINT PROSTATE REFLEX POINT
because research hos shown a connection Support the big toe with the fingers of one Work on the medial aspect of foot. Place
between prostate disorders and high hand, and use your other thumb to make a your index finger approximately halfway
cholesterol, so plenty of the following cross to find the centre of the big toe. between the back of the heel and the
foods should be included in the diet: Place your thumb into the centre, push in ankle bone. Push in gently, making circles
carrots , banonas, apples, cold-water fish, and make circles for 15 seconds. for 20 seconds.
garlic, tomatoes and olive oil. Regular
reflexology treatments will also help to
High-cholesterol foods such as cheese reduce stress and sustained tension , w hich
should be avoided since high cholesterol contribute to high blood cho lesterol levels.
may be linked to prostate disorders .
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THORACIC AND LUMBAR VERTEBRAE


REFLEX AREA
This lies on the medial aspect of the foot.
Support the foot with one hand. Use your
BLADDER REFLEX AREA LIVER REFLEX AREA KIDNEY/ADRENAL REFLEX POINTS other thumb to take 12 gentle steps
Work on the medial aspect of the foot, This reflex area is only found on the right You can find these reflexes in zone one, underneath the bone from the base of the
placing your thumb at the bladder point, foot. Support the foot with your right hand, three steps down from the ball of the foot. jOint of the big toe to work the thoracic
which is at the edge of the soft area about and place your left thumb just underneath Place your two thumbs together and gently vertebrae. You should end up on a bone
one-third of the way from the back of the the diaphragm line. Work slowly and push into the kidney/adrenal reflexes, called the naVicular, which feels like a
heel. Use your thumb to fan out over the precisely, horizontally across the foot, into making small circles. Work in this manner knuckle and is halfway between the