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Stress concentration

y
y
y
z
x
z
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z
x

Validity of Paterson’s formula

Stress concentration factor for an ellipse (Paterson) :

K tg = 1 + 2 b

a

with b horizontal axis, a vertical axis for a vertical tension on the plate.

 type of geometry 1 + 2 b a Finite Element circle, a=b=1mm 3 3.018 ellipse, a=0.4mm ; b=1.mm 6 5.995 ellipse, a=2.5mm ; b=1.mm 1.8 1.821

Comparison between circle and "ﬂat" hole

Comparison between circle and "ﬂat" hole

sig22 contour plot sig_inf = 100MPa

circle

r=1mm

y

z

11

x

 33 56 78 1e+02 1.1e+02 1.2e+02 1.4e+02 1.7e+02 1.9e+02 0 22 44 67 89 1.3e+02 1.6e+02 1.8e+02 2e+02
 y min:-5.537470 max:301.772552 z x
Sat Mar 3 15:16:51 2001 /home/gc/COURS/2.002/lab4/Square/circle.ps

circle (max=301 MPa)

sig22 contour plot sig_inf = 100MPa

ellipse b=1mm, a=0.4mm

0

y

 z x 11 33 56 78 1e+02 1.1e+02 1.2e+02 1.4e+02 1.7e+02 1.9e+02 22 44 67 89 1.3e+02 1.6e+02 1.8e+02 2e+02
 y min:-8.112257 max:599.511902 z x
Sat Mar 3 15:16:34 2001 /home/gc/COURS/2.002/lab4/Square/ellipX.ps

ﬂat (max= 599 MPa)

Comparison between circle and "elongated" hole

Comparison between circle and "elongated" hole

sig22 contour plot sig_inf = 100MPa

circle

r=1mm

y

z

11

x

 33 56 78 1e+02 1.1e+02 1.2e+02 1.4e+02 1.7e+02 1.9e+02 0 22 44 67 89 1.3e+02 1.6e+02 1.8e+02 2e+02
 y min:-5.537470 max:301.772552 z x
Sat Mar 3 15:16:51 2001 /home/gc/COURS/2.002/lab4/Square/circle.ps

circle (max=301 MPa)

sig22 contour plot sig_inf = 100MPa

ellipse b=1mm, a=2.5mm

0

 y z x 11 33 56 78 1e+02 1.1e+02 1.2e+02 1.4e+02 1.7e+02 1.9e+02 22 44 67 89 1.3e+02 1.6e+02 1.8e+02 2e+02
 y min:-7.905968 max:182.130478 z x
Sat Mar 3 15:17:28 2001 /home/gc/COURS/2.002/lab4/Square/ellipY.ps

elongated (max=182 MPa)

Stress concentration for a circular hole

350

300

250

200

150

100

50

(50.*(2.+(1./x)**2 + 3.*(1./x)**4))
fine mesh
coarse_quad mesh
coarse-lin mesh
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

σ 22 proﬁle on the ligament for a 1mm circular hole in a 10mm×10mm plate with various meshes

Stress concentration for a circular hole (zoom)

320

300

280

260

240

220

200

180

160

140

120

(50.*(2.+(1./x)**2 + 3.*(1./x)**4))
fine mesh
coarse-quad mesh
coarse-lin mesh
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2

σ 22 proﬁle on the ligament for a 1mm circular hole in a 10mm×10mm plate with various meshes (zoom)

Stress concentration for various hole shapes

600
circle a=1mm
flat a=0.4mm
550
high a=2.5mm
500
450
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
stress in the ligament (MPa)

distance to the center (mm)

σ 22 proﬁle on the ligament for a 3 types of hole in a 10mm×10mm plate (σ =100MPa), b=1mm