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Hardware Structure of the BTS3900 (-48 V)

The BTS3900 cabinet that uses -48 V DC power contains the WRFU, MRFU, FAN unit, BBU, and
DCDU. In addition, 2 U space is available in the cabinet for installing the user equipment.
The BTS3900 cabinet (-48 V) supports the 3RFU typical configuration and the 6RFU full
configuration, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2 respectively. The SLPU is optional.
Figure 1 BTS3900 cabinet (-48 V) in typical configuration

Figure 2 BTS3900 cabinet (-48 V) in full configuration

BBU3900 Equipment
This describes the BBU3900 equipment. It is a baseband unit that implements communication
between the NodeB and the RNC.
The BBU3900 has the following functions:
• Providing ports for data communication between the NodeB and the RNC
• Providing the CPRI interface for communication between the BBU and the RRU
or the RFU
• Providing USB ports, one of which facilitates NodeB upgraded when a USB disk
is inserted during software installation and data configuration
• Providing OM channels between the BBU and the LMT or the M2000 to operate
and maintain the BBU
• Processing uplink and downlink baseband signals
• Managing the entire NodeB system in terms of OM and signaling processing
• Providing the system clock
Logical Structure of the BBU3900
The BBU3900, which features a modular design, consists of the transport subsystem, baseband
subsystem, control subsystem, and power module.
Figure 1 shows the logical structure of the BBU3900.
Figure 1 Logical structure of the BBU3900

Transport Subsystem

The transport subsystem has the following functions:


• Providing physical ports for data communication between the NodeB and the RNC
• Providing OM channels between the BBU3900 and the OMC (LMT or M2000) for
operation and maintenance
Baseband Subsystem

The baseband subsystem processes uplink and downlink baseband data. The functions of the
baseband subsystem are performed by the following modules:
• Uplink baseband data processing module: Consists of the demodulation unit and the
decoding unit. In this module, uplink baseband data is processed into despreading soft
decision symbols after access channel searching, access channel demodulation, and
dedicated channel demodulation. The symbols are then sent to the RNC through the
transport subsystem after decoding and Frame Protocol (FP) processing.
• Downlink baseband data processing module: Consists of the modulation unit and the
coding unit. The module receives the service data from the transport subsystem and sends
the service data to the FP processor for FP processing. The signals are finally sent to the
interface module after encoding, transport channel mapping, physical channel generating,
framing, spreading, modulation, and power control combination.
In the baseband subsystem, the BBU3900 has an integrated CPRI interface module that
connects the BBU3900 to the RRU.

Control Subsystem

The control subsystem manages the entire NodeB. The subsystem performs OM, processes
signaling, and provides the system clock.
• The OM module has functions such as equipment management, configuration
management, alarm management, software management, and commissioning
management.
• The signaling processor has functions such as NodeB Application Part (NBAP) signaling
processing, Access Link Control Application Part (ALCAP) processing, Stream Control
Transmission Protocol (SCTP) processing, and logical resource management.
• The clock module has functions such as providing a phase-locked line clock extracted
from the Iub interface (the clock is extracted from an E1, optical port, or FE), a GPS clock,
or an external clock. The BBU3900 extracts the clock from the Iub interface and then
provides a system clock for the NodeB after frequency dividing, phase locking, and phase
adjusting.

Power Module

The power module converts -48 V or +24 V DC power into the power required by the boards and
provides a port to connect to an external monitoring device.

Ports on the BBU3900


This describes the ports on the mandatory and optional boards of the BBU3900.

Ports on the Mandatory Boards of the BBU3900

Board Port Connector Quantity Description

WMPT E1 port DB26 1 One port supports


four E1s.

FE electrical port RJ45 1 -


Board Port Connector Quantity Description

FE optical port SFP 1 -

USB port for USB 1 Port for software


loading loading

USB port for test USB 1 Port for test

Commissioning RJ45 1 Port for local


port maintenance of
the NodeB

GPS port SMA 1 -

WBBP CPRI SFP 3 -

UPEU PWR 3V3 1 Port for leading in


-48 V DC or +24 V
DC power

MON0 RJ45 1 Providing two


RS485 monitoring
MON1 RJ45 1 ports and
connecting to
external
monitoring devices

EXT-ALM0 RJ45 1 Providing eight dry


contact alarm
EXT-ALM1 port RJ45 1 inputs and
connecting to
external alarm
devices

Ports on the Optional Boards of the BBU3900

Board Port Connector Quantity Description

UELP INSIDE DB25 1 Port for four E1/T1


inputs

OUTSIDE DB26 1 Port for four E1/T1


outputs

UFLP FE0 and FE1 RJ45 2 Connecting to


(INSIDE) either the WMPT
or UTRP

FE0 and FE1 RJ45 2 Connecting to


(OUTSIDE) external devices.
Board Port Connector Quantity Description

The FE0
(OUTSIDE)
connects to the
FE0 (INSIDE) and
the FE1
(OUTSIDE)
connects to the
FE1 (INSIDE).

USCU RGPS port DB8 3 Connecting to the


RGPS signal cable

BITS port SMA 1 Connecting to the


BITS clock

Clock test port SMA 1 Port for testing


clock signal output

Antenna port for SMA 1 RF signal input


the satellite card terminal of the
satellite card

UTRP E1/T1 port DB26 2 Providing eight


ATM over E1s or
eight IP over E1s

STM-1/OC-3 port SFP 1 Providing one


unchannelized
STM-1/OC-3

UEIU MON RJ45 1 Connecting to


external
MON1 port RJ45 1 monitoring devices

EXT-ALM0 port RJ45 1 Connecting to


external alarm
EXT-ALM1 RJ45 1 devices

Logical Structure of the WRFU/MRFU


The WRFU/MRFU, which features a modular design, consists of the interface module, transceiver
(TRX), Power Amplifier (PA), filter, and Low Noise Amplifier (LNA).
Figure 1 shows the logical structure of the WRFU/MRFU.
Figure 1 Logical structure of the WRFU/MRFU

Interface Module

The functions of the interface module are as follows:


• Receiving downlink baseband data from the BBU
• Transmitting uplink baseband data to the BBU
• Forwarding the data sent from the cascaded WRFUs/MRFUs

TRX

The TRX provides two RX channels and one TX channel for RF signals.
• The RX channels perform the following functions:
 Down-conversion of the received signals to IF signals
 Amplification of the IF signals
 Analog-to-digital conversion
 Digital down-conversion
 Matched filtering
 Digital Automatic Gain Control (DAGC)
• The TX channel performs the following functions:
 Shaping and filtering of downlink spread spectrum signals
 Digital-to-analog conversion
 Up-conversion of the IF signals to the TX band

PA

The PA adopts the DPD and A-Doherty technologies to amplify low-power RF signals from the
TRX.
Filter

The filters consist of a duplex filter and an RX filter. The filters perform the following functions:
• The duplex filter multiplexes one RX and one TX signals over RF channels so that they
can share one antenna channel. In addition, it filters RX and TX signals.
• The RX filter filters one RX signal.

LNA

The LNA amplifies the signals received from the antenna system.

Ports on the WRFU/MRFU


The external ports of the WRFU/MRFU are located at the bottom of the module and in the cabling
cavity.
The ports on the WRFU/MRFU are the power port, transmission ports, RF ports, and
commissioning port.

Table 1 Ports on the WRFU/MRFU

Port Type Connector Quantity Remarks


Type

-48 V DC power input port 3V3 1 Power port

CPRI port SFP female 2 Transmission port for BBU


cascading

Interconnection port for receiving QMA female 2 Transmission port for


RF signals WRFU/MRFU cascading

Port for transceiving antenna DIN 2 RF port


signals

Commissioning port RJ45 1 Reserved for fan monitoring

Functions of the WRFU/MRFU


The WRFU is the WCDMA RF filter unit, and the MRFU is the multi-carrier RF filter unit.
The WRFU/MRFU performs the following functions:
• The WRFU/MRFU, which adopts the direct frequency conversion technology,
modulates the baseband signals to the WCDMA TX band. After filtering and
amplification, the baseband signals are transmitted to the antenna system through the
duplex filter.
• The WRFU/MRFU receives uplink RF signals from the antenna system and then
down-converts the received signals to IF signals. After amplification, analog-to-digital
conversion, digital down-conversion, matched filtering, automatic gain control (AGC),
the IF signals are sent to the BBU for further processing.
• Power control and Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) detection
• Reverse power detection
• Frequency synthesis and loopback test
• Generation of the CPRI clock, recovery of the CPRI clock of lost synchronization,
and alarm detection