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2) United States Patent Lum et al. (54) GAMING CONSOLE WIRELESS FOR PERIPHERAL DEVICES. PROTOCOL, (75) taventors: Richard S. Lum, Redznond, WA (U’ Wei Guo, Sammamish, WA (US) Gordon, Sammamish, WA (US) (73) Assignee: Microsoft Corporation, Redawoad, WA ws) (*) Notice: Subject aay disclaimer, the term ofthis. pateat is extended or adjusted under 35 USC. 1544b) by 961 days (21) Appl. Nos 11/126,023 (2) Filed: May 10, 2008 6) Prior Publication Data US 2006025681941 Nov. 16,2006 (1) Int C1 Hoe 7208 us.c, Field of Classification Search ‘See application file for complete search history (2006.01) (52) (8) 701319 None Referenecs Cited U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS, US 7,787,411 B2 US007787411B2 (10) Patent No.: (45) Date of Patent: Aug. 31, 2010 2001/0086544 AL 122001 Walker 20020097984 AL 72002. Abecasis 0020105930 AL* £2002 Sylon eal soa37 20020136183 AL 92002 Chenetal 20080138080 AL 72003 Nelonet a 20030210031 AL* 112003 Gyselings eal 370402 Dooson2si82 AL 22005 Nazar 200810138359 AI* 62008. Simon eal T1156 200800555 AL* 32006 Ionescu cal 15267 20060084504 AI* 412006 Chantal 46039 * cited by examiner Primary Examiner—Rej ain (74) torne: Agent, o Firm Woodcock Washbura LLP on ABSTRACT Methods of wireless communication between a gaming con- soleanda wireless accessory using protocol. The protocols used ina TDMA frequency hopping spread spectrum system to enable simultancous communication of voice and data ‘hrwaen a plurality of wireless acessories and the gaming console, The protocol provides specific time slots for ‘upstream and downstream transmissions, as well sa etrans- ‘nissioa time slots to enable a robust envionment with mini smal latency. BL* 22007 Hing tl s7o280 8 Claims, 6 Drawing Sheets ‘Access Point 156 va A WiFi Interference “A. Console a Ko 154 Wireless Adapter Network Interface 124 (WiFi Radio) 148 US. Patent Aug. 31,2010 Sheet 1 of 6 MuLrimepia Consove 100 ‘CENTRAL PROCESSING UniT 101 [| Grapiics PROCESSING Uni 108 ‘System POWER Memory ‘SUPPLY MODULE CONTROLLER 136 110 fe t88 [_ ENcover! Vine Cope US 7,787,411 B2 VIDEO it4 118 ‘SysTEM 130 vo MANAGEMENT controuer || Conrrouer ||‘ 122 Dave use | [Frov Paver 144 CONTROLLER vio 128 SUBASSEMLY NW woo} | NY 123 | 124 usB CONTROLLER 128 Controuer| | ConTROLLER 142(1 14212) 2 150 Fig. 1 Memor Unir 146 RY) { WiRELESS: ADAPTER 148 US. Patent Aug. 31,2010 Sheet 2 of 6 US 7,787,411 B2 Fig. 2 ‘Access Point & 8 & Wii Interference Ak. Console res ps 9) 154 Network Interface 124 ve (WiFi Radio) Fig. 5 2221 24) RF Head Dat Eat seup [Preamble] Syne leader ala ae Co ¢ 236 Core C 240 ( 242 C 244 US 7,787,411 B2 Sheet 3 of 6 ‘Aug. 31, 2010 US. Patent ee owen | oy ae) aa) my cm) oy wry a) ny a) punoiBxea suenoy suenoy Z 90100, eed 1 20100, ’ € z L Pep suumog un >susumog yumumog yuyumca — | Aiossacoy | Auossaoay | Kiosseooy | Aiosseooy ‘2002 007 ‘vooz — ooz e “614 US. Patent Aug. 31,2010 Sheet 4 of 6 US 7,787,411 B2 Fig. 4 Ft) Foon) Flay Foe) Flory Fam) Few] ee 20> 22> 24>) a [Geonvore [Beason omvore | 216) ama) 202 Tok 206208 (ete pe ye] Accessoyt © bg C eat ‘Accessory 4 US 7,787,411 B2 Sheet 5 of 6 ‘Aug. 31, 2010 US. Patent sez y 962 ) my ee) 3) 02 e001 2129 8210n, 18 20907, peng pen comes time 1012 8 64 ey wry me wey wey my YH) sua mes supis a Na reno, oad ee sepea | avs | oqueais 2614 i”) oue > gz ) 992 ) vez ) zoz 5 oy a) sz > vse 5 zz ) wey we *) ars ro pen | ovo wen | sepe0n | outs fomueag| 5 | pena | o3s ea sopeon | auis | omueog | SS 9 614 = US 7,787,411 B2 Sheet 6 of 6 ‘Aug. 31, 2010 US. Patent gsz vSZ ese gz 9ez 2 ) 2) 9 O34 a [ sepesH, oukg | equecig OLE. Le 5 cle 5 Ole 80€ >) vOe Z0€ ) - € eae fuossoxoy PIEND | Auossaooy | PND huosseooy eee huossexoy anes 3y 6 ‘614 “ne US 7,787,411 B2 1 GAMING CONSOLE WIRELESS PROTOCOL FOR PERIPHERAL DEVICES FIELD OF THE INVENTION ‘This invention generally relates to the field of gaming and ‘multimedia devices. In particular, the present invention is, directed to a wireless protocol used to communicate data and voice information between a gaming device and wireless peripheral accessories, vo BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In gaming systems there is a strong demand for wireless controle in order to eliminate the cabling found strung ‘across so many livingroom floss. Existing wireless conteol- lers are expensive ana do not always provide a robust con- nection tothe gaming devieebecause of interference Latency ‘another citial concer to gamers. as itis desirable that the wireless controller respond like a wired controler. In adi- tion, there may be fetes in itore gaming consoles thatthe \wieles link must support Developing a wireless game con- ‘wollerthat meets these constraints Would he greatly benefited ‘bya protocol that enables multiple wireless devices to simul ‘taneously communicate with the gaming device, while ao > providing for err cretion and detection with minimal latency. The protocol should also be able to support new