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Mauzolej Augusta

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The entryway to the Mausoleum of Augustus. Ulazima u Mauzoleju Augusta.

Cinerary urn of Agrippina which now rests in the Palazzo dei Conservatori of the Capitoline
Museums near the tabularium . Paljevinski urna od Agrippina koji sada počiva u Palazzo dei
Conservatori od Kapitolijske Muzeji u blizini tabularium .

The Mausoleum of Augustus ( Italian : Mausoleo di Augusto ) is a large tomb built by the
Roman Emperor Augustus in 28 BC on the Campus Martius in Rome , Italy . Mauzolej
Augusta ( talijanski : Mausoleo di Augusto) je velika grobnica sagradio rimski car August u
28 godina prije Krista na Campus martius u Rimu , Italija . The Mausoleum, now located on
the Piazza Augusto Imperatore, is no longer open to tourists, and the ravages of time and
carelessness have stripped the ruins bare. Mauzolej, sada se nalazi na Piazza Augusto
Imperatore, više nije otvoren za turiste, i pustošenja vremena i nemar su svuče ruševine gola.
However, the ruins remain an impressive and dominating landmark on the northern side of the
Campus Martius. Međutim, ostaci impresivan i dominira orijentir na sjevernoj strani Campus
martius.

The Mausoleum was one of the first projects initiated by Augustus in the city of Rome
following his victory at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC . Mauzolej je bio jedan od prvih
projekata je pokrenuo Augusta u gradu Rimu nakon njegove pobjede u bitci kod Akcija u 31.
god . The mausoleum was circular in plan, consisting of several concentric rings of earth and
brick, planted with cypresses and capped (possibly, as reconstructions are unsure at best) by a
conical roof and a statue of Augustus. Mauzolej bio je kružnog u planu, koji se sastoji od
nekoliko koncentričnih prstenova zemlje i opeke, zasađeno čempresima i kapom (možda, kao
što su rekonstrukcije sigurni u najboljem slučaju) je konusna krov i kip Augusta. Vaults held
up the roof and opened up the burial spaces below. Svodovi održava se na krov i otvori se
ukopa prostore u nastavku. Twin pink granite obelisks flanked the arched entryway; these
now stand, one at the Piazza dell'Esquilino (on the northwest side of the Basilica of Santa
Maria Maggiore ) and other at the Quirinal fountain. Twin roza granita obeliska flankiran
lučnim ulazima, te sada stoje, jedan na Piazza dell'Esquilino (na sjeverozapadnoj strani
bazilike Santa Maria Maggiore ), te drugi na Quirinal fontana. The completed Mausoleum
measured 90 m (295 ft) in diameter by 42 m (137 ft) in height. Završio Mauzolej mjereno 90
m (295 ft) u promjeru od 42 m (137 ft) u visinu.

The Mausoleum's location in Ancient Rome Mauzolej je mjesto u antičkom Rimu

A corridor ran from the entryway into the heart of the Mausoleum, where there was a chamber
with three niches to hold the golden urns enshrining the ashes of the Imperial Family. Hodnik
vodio od ulazima u srce mauzolej, gdje je komorni s tri niše držati zlatne urne sadržavala
pepeo carske obitelji. Remains buried inside the Mausoleum before Augustus include those of
Marcus Claudius Marcellus (who was the first to be buried there, in 23 BC ), Marcus Agrippa
in 12 BC, Nero Claudius Drusus in 9 BC, Octavia Minor (the sister of Augustus) in 9 or 11
BC, Gaius and Lucius , grandsons and heirs of Augustus. Ostaci pokopan u mauzoleju prije
Augusta uključivati one Marcus Claudius Marcellus (koji je bio prvi da se ondje i pokopan, u
23 BC ), Marko Agripa u 12 pne, Nero Claudius Drusus u 9 pne, Octavia manje (sestra
Augustov) u 9 ili 11 godine prije Krista, Gaj i Lucije , unuka i nasljednika u Augustu. After
the emperor himself, the Mausoleum hosted the ashes of Livia (Augustus' wife), Germanicus ,
Agrippina the Elder , Agrippina's daughter Julia Livilla , Nero (son of Germanicus) , Drusus
Caesar (son of Germanicus), Caligula , Tiberius , Drusus Julius Caesar (son of Tiberius), Nero
Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor (parents of Claudius), Claudius , Britannicus (the son of
Claudius), the embalmed body of Poppaea Sabina wife of Nero, Julia Domna (later moved to
Mausoleum of Hadrian ), and Nerva , the last emperor for whom the mausoleum was opened.
Nakon što je car osobno, Mauzolej ugostio pepeo Livia (Augustus 'supruga), Germanicus ,
Agrippina Elder , Agrippina kćer Julia Livilla , Nero (sin Germanicus) , Drusus Cezar (sin
Germanicus), Caligula , Tiberija , Drusus Julius Cezar (sin Tiberija), Nero Claudius Drusus i
Antonia Minor (roditelji Klaudije), Klaudije , Britannicus (sin Klaudija), balzamirano tijelo
Poppaea Sabina supruga Nero, Julia Domna (kasnije se preselio u Mauzolej Hadrijana ), i
Nerva , posljednji car za koga mauzolej bio otvoren.

In 410, during the sack of Rome by Alaric , the pillaging Goths rifled the vaults, stole the urns
and scattered the ashes, without damaging the structure of the building (Lanciani). U 410,
tijekom pljačke Rima od strane Alarika , pljačke Goti rifled svodova, ukrao urne i raspršene
pepeo, bez oštećenja građevine (Lanciani). In the Middle Ages the artificial tumulus was
fortified as a castle— as was the mausoleum of Hadrian , turned into the Castel Sant'Angelo
— and occupied by the Colonna family. U srednjem vijeku umjetnog humka utvrđen kao
dvorac, kao što je mauzolej Hadrijana , pretvorio u Castel Sant'Angelo - i okupirana od strane
Colonna obitelji. After the disastrous defeat of the Commune of Rome at the hands of the
Count of Tusculum in 1167, the Colonna were disgraced and banished, and their fortification
in the Campo was dismantled. Nakon katastrofalnog poraza komuna Rimu u ruke grofa od
Tusculumu u 1167, Colonna je osramoćen i protjerano, a njihova utvrda u Campo je bio
demontiran. Thus it became a ruin. Tako je postala ruševina.

In the 19th century, the ruins were used for bullfights , and later as a concert hall (Young). U
19. stoljeću, ruševine su korišteni za borbe s bikovima , a kasnije i kao koncertna dvorana
(Young). It was not until the 1930s that the site was opened as a preserved archaeological
landmark along with the newly moved and reconstructed Ara Pacis nearby. To nije bio do
1930 da je site je bio otvoren kao sačuvana arheološkom orijentir uz nedavno preselio i
rekonstruirati Ara Pacis u blizini. The restoration of the Mausoleum of Augustus to a place of
prominence featured in Benito Mussolini 's ambitious reordering of the city of Rome which
strove to connect the aspirations of Italian Fascism with the former glories of the Roman
Empire . Obnova Mauzolej Augusta na mjesto neravnina sadržanu u Benito Mussolini je
ambiciozne preuredjenju grada Rima, koji je nastojao povezati težnje talijanskog fašizma sa
bivšim slave Rimskog carstva . Mussolini viewed himself especially connected to the
achievements of Augustus , seeing himself as a 'reborn Augustus' ready to usher in a new age
of Italian dominance. Mussolini je pregledan se posebno povezani s postignućima Augusta ,
sebe vidi kao 'rađa Augustov spremni uvesti u novo doba talijanske dominacije.

[ edit ] See also [ uredi ] Vidi također


Mausoleum of Augustus

(Mausoleo di Augusto) (23 BC). The great tomb of


Octavian Julio Claudia, who became Augustus Caesar, the
first Emperor of Rome.

When King Mausolus in Asia Minor (southern Turkey) died


in 353 BC, Queen Artemisia built him the most fantastic
tomb, one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World.

Naturally envy, greed and all those good things made other
rulers desirous of copying that great burial chamber. In so doing, the noun "Mausoleum"
became part of our language, signifying a magnificent tomb. This one was the most
magnificent of all.

Covering over two acres, this circular tomb was originally garnished with white marble.
The central room, where the most important urn reposed, was surrounded by a ring of niches
for other family members. Like a birthday cake, this was topped with two circular drums one
above the other.

A little hill - as in Etruscan tombs - was fashioned on these, and planted with thin conical
cypresses. On top of this was a statue of the Emperor. There were two obelisks at the entrance
(Roman copies) now at Piazza dell’Esquilino and Piazza del Quirinale.

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