Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 48

TERP10 Study Guide

Some important points about the TERP10 certification test:

• It has multiple choice and free response (fill in the blank type) questions. There will be
around 80 questions and the vast majority will be multiple choice type questions.
• Questions are based on the course material only -- nothing else.
• A very good understanding of SAP from a practical viewpoint is essential. However, the
test also requires you to memorize details and you will need to study specially for the test
and make every effort to remember these details.
• It is ironical, but true that even if you have a pretty solid understanding of SAP and can
carry out most transactions, you can still easily fail the test unless you prepare diligently
for the test by paying attention to very specific details.
• During the test, you will answer each question on-line and will have the opportunity to
mark questions for which you are unsure about the answer

The four days allocated to the training session are inadequate to cover the material from start to
finish. I am quite confident that you will already have covered the basics during your courses
with Dr. Lian Qi, and during the extensive review sessions. Thus, the training course between
June 8 and 11 will completely focus on preparing for the test. I will assume that your
understanding of the basic modules (SD, MM, PP, FI and CO) is already pretty solid (at the level
covered in Fitter Snacker) and will focus on what is needed to get you ready for the test.

In this document, I lay out a list of things that you should memorize in each unit. For our
training session to be successful, you should cover all of these items even before we start the
training sessions. You should find the answers to each of the following questions and also
memorize these answers. The questions on the examination will not be in the form given below,
however, studying in this form will prepare you to handle the questions in the examination
easily.

In what follows, the number in the parentheses after each question indicates the page number
from which the question is taken.

1
Unit 1 -- ERP basics
Lesson: mySAP ERP positioning

1. What is ESA and what does it enable? (2) ESA stands for Enterprise Services
Architecture and enables business
innovation by leveraging existing IT
assets and reducing TCO.

2. What platform best supports ESA? (2) SAP NetWeaver

3. Name three additional features offered by Self services


mySAP ERP Edition 2003 over SAP R/3 Self service procurement
Enterprise (3) Internet sales
SEM

4. Name one additional feature offered by mySAP Composite applications


ERP over mySAP ERP Edition 2003 (3)

5. What is SAP ECC? (3) ERP Central component

6. What is the technical platform used in mySAP SAP NetWeaver


ERP? (3)

7. What are the 4 main components of Netweaver? People integration


(4) Multi-channle access
Portal
Collaboration
Information integration
BI, KM, MDM
Process integration
Integration broker
BPM
Application platform
J2EE, ABAP
OS and database abstraction

8. What are the components under each of the 4 See above


main Netweaver components/ (4)

9. What are the 5 major components of mySAP mySAP ERP


Business Suite? (5) mySAP PLM
mySAP CRM
mySAP SCM
mySAP SRM

2
Unit 1 -- ERP Basics
Lesson -- Organizational Levels

10. What does each of the following


organizational levels represent -- Client,
Company code, Plant, Sales organization,
Division, Storage location?. (8-9)

11. What is a controlling area?

12. What is a sales area?

13. Does a plant have to manufacture something?


Explain

14. Can a plant belong to more than one company


code?

Unit 1 -- ERP Basics


Lesson -- Master Data

15. Define master data (14)

16. Why is master data organized into


organizational levels? (14)

17. What is a transaction? (15)

18. What is a document? (15)

19. When is a document generated? (15)

Unit 1 -- ERP Basics


Lesson -- Reporting Solutions

20. What is the difference between OLTP and


OLAP? (20)

21. Which component in SAP enables OLAP? (20)

22. What is the AWB used for? (21)

Unit 2 -- SAP Netweaver


Lesson -- SAP Netweaver

3
23. Name one SAP solution that is not based on
Netweaver (29)

24. Name the components and subcomponents of


Netweaver (29-30)

25. What is an enterprise service and how does it


differ from a web service? (32)

26. What is the difference between basis functions


and application functions?

27. Which component provides the basis functions


in SAP systems?

28. What role does the adapter play in process


integration? (35)

29. What is the function of Master Data


Management? (36)

30. What are the three things that MDM


accomplishes? (36)

Unit 3 -- Procurement Cycle


Lesson -- Organizational Levels and Master Data I

31. What are the organizational levels in


procurement? (45)

32. What is the role of a purchasing organization?


(46-47)

33. What is the role of a purchasing group? (46-47)

34. What are the various options for assigning


purchasing organizations to organizational
elements? (47-49)

35. What step do you need to take in Customizing


in order to assign a purchasing organization
across company codes? (49)

36. Which material master views are used in


procurement? For each view, specify one way in

4
which data from that view might be used. (49)

37. What are the organizational levels among which


vendor master data is divided? Give on example
of a datum in each level (51)

38. What information is contained in a purchasing


info record? (52)

39. Which purchase order items are affected by


condition information in a purchasing info
record? (53)

40. What are extended conditions used for? (53)

Unit 3 -- Procurement Cycle


Lesson -- Purchase requisitions and purchase orders

41. What are the steps involved in an external


procurement process? (71-71)

42. What is the difference between a purchase


requisition and a purchase order? (73)

43. What are the ways by which a PR might be


created? (73)

44. What is the difference between PR’s created


for materials with a master record and those
without one? (73)

45. What steps could follow the creation of a


PR? (73-74)

46. What are consumable materials? (75)

47. In terms of procurement, what are the


differences between consumable and non-
consumable materials? (75)

48. Name 5 account assignment objects


applicable to consumable materials (76)

49. What types of materials can be procured for


consumption? (76)

5
50. What is the difference between Non-stock
material and non-valuated material? (77)

51. Does a purchase order always have to go to


a vendor? Explain. (78)

52. Can a purchase order specify whether the


material is for stock or consumption?
Explain. (78)

53. PO can be created with reference to which


other documents? (79)

54. What are the different Item categories in


procurement? (79)

Unit 3 -- Procurement Cycle


Lesson -- Goods receipts and transfer postings

55. Goods receipts can be posted with reference to


which documents? (94)

56. What are the advantages of posting goods


receipts wrt PO? (94)

57. Which document(s) is/are always created with


a goods receipt? (94)

58. Under what conditions is an accounting


document created for a GR (95)

59. What characterizes a goods movement? (94)

60. Name and describe the various types of goods


movements (95)

61. What is a transfer posting? (95)

62. Where in the materials master (which view),


can we specify that received materials should
go into QI stock? (95-96)

63. Where all can we specify that material has to


go into QI stock ?(95-96)

64. When posting GR into warehouse, under what

6
conditions are quantity and value updated?
(96)

65. Stock overviews can show future planned


goods receipts and issues -- true or false? (97)

66. What restriction applies with respect to


storage locations when making a transfer
posting to change the usability of a material?
(98)

67. Which two documents might be created by a


goods movement? (99)

68. What are the possible effects of a goods


receipt? (100)

Unit 3 -- Procurement Cycle


Lesson -- Invoice verification and vendor payment

69. Which step concludes the procurement Invoice verification


process? (113)

70. Invoice verification creates a link between MM and internal or external accounting
_____ and _____ (113)

71. Invoice can be posted with reference to … ? GR, PO or Delivery note


(114)

72. What is the difference between posting an PO -- can settle all items irrespective of
invoice wrt PO and GR? (114) deliveries.
GR -- Can only post invoices for qty in
GR

73. What are the effects of posting an invoice? • Acctg doc is created
(115) • GR/IR clearing acct is reversed
• PO history is updated
• Material master is updated for
moving avg price

74. What are the various integrations for MM? • FI -- Each vendor master represents a
(117) creditor in FI
• SD -- Sales requirement can be
passed on to purchasing. Also, a
requisition can be directly assigned to

7
a sales order.
• PP -- Production planning needs
information on materials availability
• Plan maintenance -- BOM linkage.
GR can be posted wrt equipment
BOM. Materials can be withdrawn for
plant maintenance. Serial numbers
created in MM are used in
maintenance
• Logistics -- Warehouse management.
Inventory management handles stock
quantities and warehouse
management handles and monitors
storage.

Unit 3 -- Procurement Cycle


Lesson -- Reporting

75. What parameters allow us to control the Selection parameter, scope of list
information presented in a list display of parameter
purchasing information? (129)

76. Purchasing reports can be generated from Documents and master data
_____ and _____. (128)

77. What are the key elements of SAP List viewer • Uniform design of all lists and tables
and ALV grid control? (130) • Cross-application, standardized
function with uniform icons
• Simple creation and changing of
layouts (variants)

78. What are the common functions provided by Choose detail, set filter, sort, add values,
SAP List Viewer and ALV grid control? Create subtotals, Layout
(131)

79. What are the application-specific information SIS, PIURCHASIS, INVCO, TIS, SFIS,
systems available under LIS (Logistics QMIS, PMIS
Information System)? (133)

80. What are characteristics, period units and key • Characteristic - Criteria used for
figures? (134) collecting data on a subject (e.g.,
Vendor)

8
• Period units
• Key figures -- performance values
(e.g., PO value)

81. What flexible analysis features does LIS • Combine characteristics and key
support? (136) figures from many information
structures into one list
• Create new key figures through
formulas on existing ones
• Choose between a variety of layouts

Unit 4 -- Material Planning


Lesson -- Organizational Levels and Master Data II

82. What organizational levels does material Client, Company Code, Plant, Storage
planning use? (152) Location

83. What master data does MP use? (153) Material master, BOM, Routings

84. Which material master views are used for MRP, Work scheduling, Basic data, FI
manufacturing? (154)

85. What does MRP type in materials master How material is to be planned --
determine? (156) consumption-based, MRP, no planning

86. What do lot sizing procedure, procurement Lot sizing -- lot size of procurement
type, and strategy group in the MRP views of proposals
materials master determine? (156) Procurement type -- in-house production
or external procurement
Strategy group -- behavior of planned
independent requirements

87. What things are determined by material type? • Screens that appear in material master
(157) record
• Department-specific data that can be
maintained
• Material number assignment
• Allowed procurement types
• GL accounts that are updated

88. Can additional company-specific material Yes, in customizing


types be created? (157)

89. Does SAP directly support multi-level BOMs? No. These are represented through

9
(157) several sinle-level BOM’s

90. What is the difference between the base Quantity in header indicates the quantity
quantity in the BOM header and the quantity of finished product that the item
in the BOM items? (157) quantities refer to.

91. What are the different item categories in a Stock item, non-stock item, document
BOM? (160) item, text item, variable-size item, class
item, intra material

92. What are documents and text items in a BOM Supplementary information (like the
used for? (158) production process)

93. What is the difference between stock and non- Stock items -- processed trhough
stock items in a BOM? (158) warehouse. Non-stock items -- assigned
directly

94. Name one item category that does not require Non-stock item
a material number at the time of BOM (Also Document item and Text item)
creation. (158)

95. Routings define a fixed specific linear No. Routings can contain alternate and
sequence of activities -- comment (158) parallel sequences in addition to the
standard sequence

Unit 4 -- Material Planning


Lesson -- Material planning

96. What is a product group? (176) A product group groups together products
with similar planning characteristics

97. Can a product group contain other groups Yes


within it? (176)

98. What is a proportion factor in a product It represents what proportion of the group
group? (176) comprises a specific product or sub group

99. The lowest level in a product group hierarchy Materials


must comprise only ________ (176)

100 True or false -- A planning table exists for all True


. members of a product group hierarchy (177)

101 What are the rows in a planning table? (177) Sales,

10
production,
Stock level,
target stock level,
Day’s supply
Target day’s supply

102 What time periods are allowed in a planning Days, weeks, months or a combination.
. table? (177) Plus custom time periods.

103 What are the ways in which a sales plan can Transfer from SIS
. be created? (177) Transfer from CO/PA
Forecast based on history
Transfer from another product group
Manual

104 What are the different options in the planning Sync to sales
. table for creating a production plan? (177) Target stock level
Target days supply
Inv to zero
Manual entry

105 What do you need to do in order to transfer Disaggregate


. production plans from one level to a lower
level? (178)

106 What are the options while disaggregating? • Disaggregate production plan
. (178) • Disaggregate sales plan and then
derive production plans

107 What options exist for transferring planning All data for product group
. data to demand management? (178) Single material

108 What feature enables storing multiple Version number of plan


. planning scenarios? (178)

109 Which planning version can be transferred to Active or inactive versions


. demand management? (178)

110 What is the difference between planned Planned independent requirements are
. independent requirements and customer derived from forecasts
independent requirements? (179)
Customer independent requirements are
actual sales orders

111 What is the advantage of using made to stock Sales order for finished goods can be
. production for sub assemblies and made to fulfilled quickly since only the final
order production for finished goods? (181) assembly step needs to be carried out.

11
112 What are the three production planning Made to stock production
. strategies? (181) Subassembly planning
Made to order production

113 Using planning strategy 40, do sales orders Yes, sales orders that exceeded planned
. affect requirements? (182) independent requirements will cause
MRP to create planned orders to fulfill
these shortfalls

114 What is the difference between MPS and In MPS, only the critical items are
. MRP? (184) scheduled to identify any issues like
capacity problems. Once MPS verifies
these, MRP is then run for other
materials.

115 What does MRP type determine? (185) How material planning is done for a
. material -- MRP, consumption based or
no planning at all.

116 Is it true that consumption based planning is No -- it is done for B and C items.
. done for high-value materials? (185)

117 How can a material be excluded from By using the corresponding MRP type.
. planning (185)

118 Explain how reorder point based planning


. works. (186)

119 In what situations is reorder point based When consumption is relatively constant.
. planning appropriate? (186)

120 What happens if MRP finds shortages/ (187) Proposals are created -- planned orders or
. purchase requisition

121 What can be done to the proposals generated • Purchase requisitions can be
. by MRP? (187) converted into purchase orders.
• Planned orders can be converted into
production orders or purchase
requisitions.

122 Where is the choice as to what is to be In the initial screen of the planning run.
. generated made? (187)

123 What happens when planned orders are Dependent requirements are transferred
. converted into production orders? (188) to order reservations

124 How is the quantity for the procurement The demand is calculated as safety stock

12
proposal calculated by MRP? (189) plus requirements and the supply is
calculated as stock plus firmed planned
and purchase orders plus firmed receipts.
The gap is the quantity proposed.

What are firmed planned orders and


purchase requisitions?

125 How does MRP calculate the order dates for By backward scheduling based on
. components? (190) procurement and production lead times
and based on a BOM explosion.

126 What control do we have on what materials • Total planning for the plant (all
. are planned by an MRP run on the MRP materials) OR
screen? (191) • Individual material (single or multi-
level)

127 How can we further control the materials Through user exits to determine materials
. planned? (191) that satisfy certain criteria

128 When is the processing key regenerative Planning for the first time or when
. planning (NEUPL) usually used? (192) consistency of data is in doubt

129 What are the other processing keys? (192) NETCH -- Net change for total horizon
. NETPL -- Net change for planning
horizon

130 What is the difference between the Stock/Requirements list is up to date


. stock/requirements list and the MRP list? MRP list is static and shows only the
(194) results of the last MRP run

131 What determines whether planned order of Procurement type of the material. If
. MRP run is converted into a production order “external procurement” then PR else
or a purchase requisition? (195-6) Production Order.

Unit 5 -- Lifecycle data management


Lesson -- Lifecycle data management

132 What are the components of Lifecycle data DIPE


. management? (223) • Document management
• Product structure management
• Integration
• Engineering change and configuration

13
management

133 What interface is used to transfer engineering PLM interface


. information to the ERP system? (223/226)

134 What is used to manage the product data? Product structure browser
. (223)

135 What method can be used to run a separate Replication of product data
. system for engineering process in addition to a
production system?

136 How are external files integrated into mySAP Document Management system
. ERP? (224)

137 How are the original documents made By linking the Document Info Record to
. available to other objects? them

138 Document is made up of ____ and ____ Document info record and the originals,
. which can be in paper, folder or
electronic form.

139 What is the purpose of the document info Helps to manage originals
. record? (224) Controls process flow
Integrates to ECC through object links
Allows viewing of originals
DMS system allows easy way to handle
documents

140 How are original documents made available to By linking document info records to them
. other SAP objects? (225)

141 What kinds of systems can be connected to CADand CAx, GIS, Classification
. mySAP ERP through PLM? (226) systems and Office apps

142 What kind of data exchange does the PLM Bi-directional


. link offer? (227)

143 SAP GUI is always used to interact with F. GUI and non-GUI mode are available
. linked applications T/F? (227)

144 Under which mode is the SAP system When working without GUI
. invisible to the end user in the context of
PLM? (228)

145 What technology options are used in PLM? BAPI and RFC
. (227)

14
146 What is the main purpose of Classification? To enable flexible searching
. (228)

147 Explain how searching with the classification • Create characteristics and allowed
. system works. (230) values
• Create classes and assign
characteristics to them
• Create objects and assign classes to
objects (also assign characteristic
values for this object)
• Search for objects by specifying the
class to which it belongs and then
specifying the values for the
characteristics of the class

148 How does classification take place? (231) Directly in the object or indirectly in a
. transaction within the classification
system

149 What is a configurable material? (232) A product that can be made in several
. variants. Configurable material is not a
finished product.

150 Are all materials in a BOM always used to No. In the case of configurable materials,
. produce an item that the BOM represents? the BOM mentions all the materials for
(232) all variants. Thus some of the materials
will be used only in some variants.

151 What feature is used to select the materials Dependencies


. and operations for a specific variant of a
configurable material? (232)

152 What is the central navigation tool in lifecycle Product structure browser. It allows us to
. data management? (234) call up information on materials, BOM,
documents, characteristics and routings

Filters allows to limit the detail that is


displayed.

153 What component allows the direct viewing of Enterprise Application Integration
. originals in the product structure browser?
(234)

154 What is the single tool that can be used to Engineering workbench (EWB)
. maintain BOMs and routings? (234)

15
155 What other advantage does EWB provide? Locking individual items of BOM rather
. (235) than the whole BOM. Thus many users
can work on different items of the same
BOM simultaneously

Also provides information on how to


contact other persons who are working on
locked items

156 What are the advantages of using Engineering • Can group related changes for many
. Change Management (ECM) for making objects
changes? (236) • Allows documenting and monitoring
of changes
• Good tracking of changes as multiple
change statuses are allowed
• Can specify effective dates for
changes
• Changes can be integrated into the
logistics chain through release keys

157 What are the components of a change • Change header (general info -- date,
. number? validity, status)
• Object types
• Object management records (Actual
objects affected)
• Other info (accompanying docs,
Classification -- facilitates search for
changes, alternate dates for individual
objects)

158 What is the general workflow for engineering • User creates a change record
. changes? (238) • User makes changes by creating an
ECR (Engineering change request)
• The ECR is converted into an ECO
(Engineering change order)
• The actual change takes place once
the ECO is checked and released.

Unit 6 -- Manufacturing execution


Lesson -- Organization levels and master III

159 What different types of production does SAP • Order controlled production with

16
support? (259-260) production order
• Order controlled production with
process order
• Period and quantity oriented
production -- not order oriented
• Project oriented production with
production lots
• Kanban -- replenishment controlled
using stock transfer, external
procurement and in-house production
via self controlled control cycle

160 What organization levels does manufacturing Client, company code, plant, storage
. execution use? (260) location

161 What master data are used in manuf exec? Material, BOM, Work center/resource,
. (261) Task lists, PRT (Production
resources/tools)

162 What material type should materials to be In-house production (X or E)


. produced have? (261)

163 What are the types of task lists? (261) Routings, rate routings, master recipes
.

164 PRT’s are assigned to ______ ? (261) The routing of operations


.

165 Which material master views are maintained MRP, Work scheduling
. for manufacturing? (262)

166 What does task list usage determine in a Work The task lust types (routing, rate routing,
. Center (Resource) master? (265) …) in which this resource can use used.

167 How is a resource connected to cost By assigning a cost center


. accounting? (265)

168 Standard and default values for operations can T


. be assigned in a resource master T/F? (265)

169 What data in the resource master allows Available capacity and formula key
. capacity planning? (265)

170 What data in the work center master p;lay a Operation standard values in the
. role in calculating operation timings in scheduling formulas
routings? (267)

17
171 BOM components can only be assigned at the F. BOM components and PRT can be
. level of the routing and not at the level of assigned at the operation level --
individual operations T/F? (268) however, if this is not specified in the
routing, they are then assigned at the
BOM level (see page 280 also)

172 How is the procurement time for BOM Procurement (and consumption) takes
. components related to operations? (268) place as per the start time of the operation
for which the material is needed.

Unit 6 -- Manufacturing execution


Lesson -- Manufacturing execution -- discrete

173 Which of the following steps cannot be a, b and e


. automated in production order processing
(select all that apply)? (279-80)

a)Order creation, b)machine reservation, c)


order release, d)material withdrawal posting,
e)WIP determination

174 Which activities generally occur in the WIP determination, variance calculation
. background? (280) and order settlement

175 What are the available options for order Without routing and BOM
. creation? (280) With routing
With routing and BOM
From planned order

176 What happens if a BOM is changed after a The BOM is not re-read and the
. planned order is created but before the production order uses the old BOM
planned order is subsequently converted into a
production order? (280)

177 What is the action that sets in motion further Releasing the order
. processing of a production order? (282)

178 What are the levels at which order release can Individual operation, whole order or
. be performed? (282) several orders together

179 What are the things checked during Material, capacity, PRT)
. availability check for an order? (283)

180 Which of the following activities occur (select a, b, d


. all) during a goods issue posting for

18
production? (284)

a)Reduction of reservation
b)Material document is created
c)Planned order is deleted
d)Determination of actual costs

181 Which of the following activities is part of d


. order-related confirmation? (285)

a) Time event confirmation


b) Progress confirmation
c) Milestone confirmation
d) None of the above

182 What kinds of settlement are possible for Order related and product related
. production orders? (287)

183 What kinds of FI and CO postings are made in FI only -- for WIP balances
. order settlement? (288) Both FI and CO -- for variances

Unit 7 -- Inventory and warehouse management


Lesson -- Stock transfer and transfer posting

184 Which of the following must necessarily Stock transfer has to involve physical
. involve a physical movement of goods: Stock movement. Transfer posting can involve
transfer, Transfer posting ?(321) physical movement, but need not. It could
simply change stock from QI to
unrestricted use, for example.

185 Which of the following apply (multiple) to stor loc to stor loc, comp code to comp
. stock transfer: stock to stock, stor loc to stor code, plant to plant
loc, comp code to comp code, plant to plant
(321)

186 In stock transfer/transfer posting, GI and GR F. They can be, but need not always be.
. must always be entered in a single posting; In a two-step procedure, these are done
T/F? (322) separately.

187 What is the advantage of using the two-step Enables tracking of materials in transfer.
. transfer procedure? (323) After the first step, the material enters the
state “in transfer”

188 When the one-step procedure is used to One material document with two items,

19
transfer stock from one storage location to one each for the removal and the
another within the same plant, what placement. An accounting document is
documents are generated? (323) generated only if the material is split
valuated and the valuation type changes
during transfer. (page 324)

189 Can the material use category be changed Yes, see dashed arrows in the figure.
. during the above stock transfer in addition to
the physical movement? (323)

190 What restriction applies to a stock transfer Can only be moved from unrestricted use
. from sloc to sloc within the same plant using to unrestricted use.
the two-step procedure? (324)

191 How many documents are generated in the Two material documents. No accounting
. above scenario? (324) document because valuation type cannot
change.

192 What restriction applies to cross-plant stock Can only be booked out of unrestricted
. transfer? (325) use stock.

193 Stock transfer can only be done across two F


. plants in the same company code; T/F? (325)

194 Under what conditions will valuation not take If the two plants are assigned to the same
. place in the case of a plant to plant stock valuation area
transfer? (325)

195 In the case of a stock transfer involving Price of the originating plant.
. valuation, which valuation price applies?
(325)

196 What are the advantages of doing a stock • Integrated within MRP. PR generated
. transfer against a stock transport order over an by MRP can be converted into a stock
independent stock transfer? (327) transport order
• Receipt can be planned at receiving
plant
• Can specify delivery cost and carrier
• GR can be posted to consumption
• Can post material into QI or blocked
stock -- not just unrestricted use stock
• PO history can be used to monitor the
process

Unit 7 -- Inventory and warehouse management

20
Lesson -- Logistics execution

197 What is a transfer order? (336) It is the document with which all material
. movements in the warehouse are
executed.

198 What organization levels are used in logistics Client, company code, plant, Transport
. execution? (336) planning point, shipping point, storage
location, warehouse

199 What is the relationship of warehouse to Storage location enables inventory


. storage location? (336) management. Linking it to a warehouse
allows warehouse management. Each
storage location - plant combination can
be assigned to at most one warehouse
number.

200 A shipping point can serve only one plant: F.


. T/F? (337)

201 Transportation planning point is assigned to Company code


. _______? (337)

202 What is the purpose of interim storage areas? To serve as the link between inventory
. (338) and warehouse management. (Goods
receipt and goods issue areas)

203 When does a warehouse management tab When the plant-storage location
. appear in the items section of a PO? (338) combination for that item has been
assigned to a warehouse number.

204 What happens when a goods receipt is booked • A transfer requirement is generated
. to a storage location that is subject to • Material is booked into the goods
warehouse management? (339) receiving section (interim storage
area)
• Transfer requirement is converted
into a transfer order
• Material is then put away

Unit 7 -- Inventory and warehouse management


Lesson -- Physical inventory procedures

205 Why is physical inventory performed? (350) • Correction of incorrect stock


. quantities
• Determination of current assets for

21
accounting

206 What characterizes a Stock Management SMU is a non-divisible part of a stock of


. Unit? (350-351) materials for which a separate book
inventory exists. It is uniquely defined
by:
Material, plant storage location, stock
type, batch and special stock

207 What are the steps in the physical inventory Create physical inventory documents,
. process? (351) Count and enter stock, Analyze and post
differences

208 During physical inventory procedures, what All goods movements can be blocked by
. kinds of restrictions can be placed on the posting a block
materials? (354-355) Book inventory can be frozen by setting
the Freeze Book Inventory indicator in
the Pi document.

209 What options exist for physical inventory • Enter count without physical
. procedures? (358) inventory document
• Enter count and post difference IPI
doc exists)
• Enter count without PI document and
post differences

210 In cycle counting with ABC analysis, what Consumption analysis


. options exist for performing the ABC Requirements analysis
analysis? (361)

Unit 8 -- Sales order management


Lesson -- Organizational units and master data

211 What are the organizational units relevant to Company code,


. sales order management? (378) Sales area (sales organization, division,
distribution channel),
Plant,
Storage location,
Shipping point

212 Can a sales organization be assigned to more No

22
than one company code? (380)

213 Can a company code have more than one sales Yes
. organization? (380)

214 What is a sales area? (383) Combination of sales organization,


. division and distribution channel

215 Can a shipping point be assigned to more than Yes


. one plant? (385)

216 Can a plant have more than one shipping Yes


. point? (385)

217 A plant represents only a manufacturing F. Plant can also represent a location
. facility: T/F? (384) where stocks are kept or where services
are delivered (like an office)

218 Which partner functions are mandatory for Sold to


. sales order processing? (388) Ship to
Bill to
Payer

219 Where is partner function information kept for In the partner functions tab of customer
. customers? (388) master

220 Which master data contains information about Customer-material information record
. customer-specific material information? (390)

221 Which master data determines the medium Output master


. through which a sales order will be sent to a
customer? (391)

222 Which master contains data about prices? Condition master


. (392)

Unit 8 -- Sales order management


Lesson -- Order to cash business process

223 What are the steps in the order to cash Pre-sales activities
. process? (404) Sales order processing
Inventory sourcing
Shipping
Billing
Payment receipt and posting

23
224 What prior sales documents can a sales order Quotation, Inquiry
. reference? (408)

225 Can multiple sales orders result from one Yes


. quotation? (408)

226 Can multiple quotations result in a single sales Yes


. order? (408)

227 What is the structure of a sales order? (408) Header, items, schedule lines
.

228 Where do we determine which fields are In customizing


. included in the incompletion log? (410)

229 For a specific material, what determines the Entry in the material master, Gen/Plant
. type of availability check performed for sales? tab of material master
(412)

230 What is the connection between a delivery Picking materials can create a transfer
. document and warehouse operations? (413) request (if warehouse management is
active)

231 What is the relationship between sales orders One order can result in many outbound
. and outbound deliveries? (414) deliveries and one outbound delivery can
be for many orders. The later is allowed
only if all the orders being combined
have the same values for shipping point,
due date and ship to address.

232 Which of the following are part of a delivery Header and items (no schedule lines)
. document? Header, items, schedule lines?
(415)

233 What are the different views available for Overview, header and items
. delivery documents? (415)

234 Which step in the sales process creates a Picking


. transfer order? (416)

235 What document enables efficient picking? Picklist


. (416)

236 During picking, are transfer orders created Not necessarily. They can be on-line or
. immediately (on-line)? (416) batched.

237 Which of the following occur when goods a, b and d

24
issue is posted: a) Qty in inventory
management is updated, b) billing due list is
generated, c) accounts payable is updated, d)
status in relevant sales documents is updated,
e) GR/IR account is updated (418)

238 Which SD document forms the basis for Billing document


. invoicing? (419)

239 What accounting postings result from creating • Customer accounts receivables acct
. a billing document? (419) is debited
• Revenue account is credited

240 A billing document/invoice can be generated Delivery, sales order


. for a ______ or a _______. (420)

241 What is the structure of a billing document? Header, Items


. (421)

242 What are the accounts updated when a Debit cash


. customer payment is posted? (423) Credit customer receivables

243 Which view allows us to view all related sales Document flow
. documents on one screen? (423-4)

244 Which of the following modules does sales All of them


. and distribution have an integration with: a)
FI, b) Project systems, c) Materials
management, d) Warehouse management, e)
Profitability analysys? (424)
Unit 8 -- Sales order management
Lesson -- Reporting and analysis tools

245 Which reporting tool allows efficient Worklists


. organization of one’s work? (444)

246 What worklists are available? (446) Delivery list, picking worklist, goods
. issue worklist, billing due list

Unit 9 -- Enterprise Asset Management and Customer Service


Lesson -- Enterprise Asset Management and Customer Service Organization Structures

247. What are the organization levels in EAM/CS? Client


(463) Company code,

25
Maintenance plant,
Location
maintenance work center,
Maintenance planning plant,
Maintenance planner group

248. Maintenance requirements can come from Maintenance plant or maintenance


_____ or _____ (464) planning plant

249. What constellations are possible for • Plant specific -- where planning and
maintenance? (465) execution are done for a plant in the
plant.
• Cross-plant -- Planning is done in
plant that is different from the
maintenance plant. The materials
and actual work could occur in the
maintenance planning plant or
locally.

250. Which of the following can be a maintenance All except a) b)


work center: a) Plant, b) Work center, c) group
of machines d) machine, e) group of people?
(466)

251. What are the different ways in which work • Main work center in master record
centers can be used in plant maintenance? (466) for material or functional location
• Main work center in a maintenance
item
• Main work center in a task list
header
• Performing work center in then
operations for a task list
• Main work center in the order
header
• Performance work center in the
operations for an order

252. What are the organization levels in service Plant, planning plant, planner groups,
provision? (468) work centers, employees

Unit 9 -- Enterprise Asset Management and Customer Service


Lesson -- Technical objects

253. What are the different types of technical Functional locations -- places
objects? (470) Serial numbers --

26
Bills of Materials --
Equipment -- Individual objects

254. According to what criteria can functional Spatial, technical and functional
locations be organized? (471)

255. What type of characters can a coding template Numeric, Alpha and alphanumeric
for a structure indicator distinguish between?
(474)

256. Each material has a unique serial number: T/F? F. The combination of material number
(478) and serial number is unique, not the
serial number by itself.

257. Which master record is created for each serial Equipment master record
number? (479)

258. What kind of BOM is used in plant Maintenance BOM


maintenance? (480)

259. What kinds of maintenance BOM’s exist? (480) Material BOM, Equipment BOM,
Functional Location BOM

260. When a material BOM is used as maintenance In the “Structure” view of the technical
BOM, where is this indicated? (481) object (construction type field)

Unit 9 -- Enterprise Asset Management and Customer Service


Lesson -- Corrective maintenance process

261. What are the steps in the corrective Notification -- what?, where?
maintenance process? (489) Planning -- Work, material, tools
Scheduling -- Release, availability chk
Execution -- material usage plnd/unplnd
Completion -- Time, settlement

262. What is the structure of a maintenance Maintenance Notification Header


notification? (490) * Notification items
- Activities
- Tasks

263. Maintenance notification can be created for Equipment


which types of technical objects? (491) Functional Location
BOM
Serial number

264. Can a maintenance notification be created Yes

27
without specifying an object number? (491)

265. What are the options for creating maintenance • Directly


orders? (492) • Based on one notification
• Based on many notifications
• Order is first created and then a
notification/activity report is created
• Order is automatically created based
on a maintenance plan

266. What is the structure of a maintenance order? • Order header


(493) • Object list
• Operation
o Material lists
o PRT
• Settlement rule
• Costs (est/pld/act)

267. Where does the information for the settlement Master record for the object being
rule proposal come from? (493) maintained

268. The object list in a maintenance order can Equipment, functional locations,
comprise … (494) Notifications

269. If there are notifications attached, what is the Header notification


first such notification called? (494)

270. What is the process flow for the use of stock • Component assignment (with
materials for a maintenance order? (495) availability check)
• Material reservation
• Order release (auto avail chk)
• Print
• Goods issue (planned wrt
reservation, unplnd wrt order no)

271. What is the process flow for use of non-stock • Component assignment
material? (496) • Purchase application
• Purchase order
• Order release
• Goods receipt -- wrt PO
• Invoice receipt

272. What are the ways in which cost analysis can • Cost element level

28
be performed for a maint order? (497) • Value category level
(cost elements are assigned to value
categories in customizing)

273. What subsequent activities does order release • Reservation becomes effective
enable? (497) • Printing of papers
• Confirmation becomes possible
• Goods movements become possible

274. Under what conditions can graphics associated If system is connected to Document
with a maintenance order be printed? Management system

275. What documents are printed along with an Job ticket, Operation control ticket,
order? (498-9) Material pick list, object list, Time
ticket, Confirmation slip, Material
withdrawal slip

276. Which report enables us to see planned and Material where used list
unplanned material withdrawals for a material?
(499)

277. Which feature allows a comprehensive view of Document flow


a maintenance order? (general)

278. What options exist for entering time Individual, collective, overall, CATS
confirmations? (500) (cross-application-time-sheet)

279. What information does completion Time, Material, Measurement


confirmation of an operation contain? (501) documents

280. After TECO (technical completion) what Locked or unlocked


changes can be made to the order? (502) Deletion flag can be set
Post costs to order

281. An order cannot receive costs after TECO; F


T/F? (502)

282. What activities take place automatically after • If there is no settlement rule, one is
TECO? (502) created automatically
• PR’s for which there are no PO’s
are marked for deletion
• Close the open capacities
• Close open requisitions

283. What date determines location and account Date of order creation (not date entered
assignment data for an order? (502) during TECO)

29
284. Can cost center information be updated if there Yes, using “Update reference object
are changes subsequent to order creation? (502) data”

285. What are the effects of reversing TECO? (503) • Order becomes modifiable
• Status becomes RELeased
• Location and account assignment
data are re-copied from object
• Open purchase requisitions are
recompiled
• Open reservations are recompiled
• Open capacities are recompiled

286. What documents are available under document • Notification


flow? (503) • Completion confirmation
• Goods movement
• Purchase requisition
• Purchase order

287. Which report shows the changes made with • Action log
respect to a maintenance order? (504)

Unit 9 -- Enterprise Asset Management and Customer Service


Lesson -- Reporting and analysis

288. What reports are available? (520) Maintenance history


Completed notifications and orders
Historical orders
Material usage

Unit 9 -- Enterprise Asset Management and Customer Service


Lesson -- Service order process

289. What are the components of a service order? Order header


(528) Operations and sub operations
Components (materials) and PRT
Cost overview
Partner overview
Object list including notifications

290. What are the ways in which a service order Direct


may be created? (530) From service notification
From several notifications

30
Generate from sales order item
Automatically from maintenance item

291. Which service orders are non-revenue bearing? With assignments to a sales order item
(531) Return and repair processing

292. What is the “result” of a revenue bearing Difference between revenues and costs
service order? (531)

293. To what is the “result” of a revenue bearing To the settlement receiver


charged? (531)

294. In the case of a non-revenue bearing service To the superior sales document item
order for which a billing document is created,
to which object is the revenue posted? (532)

295. In the case of a non-revenue bearing service To the superior sales document item
order to which object are the costs posted?
(532)

296. What is the difference between “put in process” Put in process allows papers to be
and “release” for a service order? (534) printed. Release is a paperless release.

297. What is possible once an order is released? • Revenues and costs can be posted
(534) • Time confirmations, goods receipts
and material withdrawals can be
posted.
• Technical and business completion
are possible.

Unit 10 -- Program and project management


Lesson -- Program and project management

298. What is a work breakdown structure useful for? Operative basis for planning costs,
(559) revenues, payments, budgeting and
scheduling

299. What does linking activities to WBS elements Aggregation at the level of WBS
enable? (559) elements becomes possible. Checking
against budgets also becomes possible.

Unit 10 -- Program and project management


Lesson -- Project structures

300. Which tool enables the maintenance of most Project builder (other than PRT

31
objects in the Project System? (564) assignment, it enables maintenance of
all other objects)

301. What are planning elements? (565) WBS elements for which we want to
plan costs manually

302. What are account assignment elements? (565) WBS elements for which we want to
post actual costs

303. What are billing elements? (565) WBS elements for which we want to
post revenues

304. What are the different activity categories? (567) Internal processing
External processing
Services (externally procured)
Cost activities

(Where is this specified?)

Unit 10 -- Program and project management


Lesson -- Project planning

305. Project planning board is based on ______ Interactive Gantt Chart


(579)

306. What is the difference between service We can draw up service specifications
activities and externally processed activities? for service activities and set value limits
(580) for unplanned activities

307. What is the link between an externally When such an activity is created a
processed activity and purchasing? (582) Purchase Requisition is also created and
purchasing data can be accessed from
PS.

308. What are the steps in goods receipt for Entry of services
services? (582) Acceptance of services

309. What are the steps in an externally processed Purchase requisition


activity? (582) Bid invitation
Quotation entry
Vendor selection
Po processing
PO monitoring
Goods receipt
Invoice verification

32
310. What are the advantages of cost planning Can be copied to other projects
through activities? (584) Plans shift along with activities

311. What is the difference between header-assigned Header assigned -- relevant for sales
network orders and activity assigned networks? orders
(586)

Unit 10 -- Program and project management


Lesson -- Project budgeting

312. What is the difference between active and Under active control, certain events can
passive availability control? (595) be triggered if certain tolerance limits
are exceeded

Unit 10 -- Program and project management


Lesson -- Project execution

313. What transactions are triggered by Posting actual costs, actual dates, actual
confirmations? (605) labor, changing activity status

314. What are the ways in which confirmations can • Individually for activity, element or
be created? (605) capacity
• Collectively
• Using the structure information
system
• Through CATS
• Via Internet
• Palm Pilot
• PDC interface

Unit 10 -- Program and project management


Lesson -- Period end closing

315. Which tool is used to carry out period end Schedule Manager
closing? (610)

316. What is the difference between direct and Direct -- each project object is directly
multi-level settlement? (611) settled to a cost object
Multi-level -- activities, orders and
WBS elements are first settled to higher
level WBS elements. The top level

33
WBS element then settles the costs

Unit 10 -- Program and project management


Lesson -- Information system

317. Structure information systems only allows us to F. Also allows changes


view information: T/F? (615)

318.

Unit 11 -- Human Capital Management


Lesson -- HCM Structures

319. What are the different structures in HCM? Enterprise structure, Personnel structure
(626) and organizational structure

320. What makes up the enterprise structure? (627) Company code


Personnel area (code unique in a
company code)
Personnel sub-area (principal HR
aspects are controlled at this level)

321. What are the functions of personnel areas? • Allows to set default values for data
(629) entry
• Selection criterion for reporting
• Unit in authorization checks

322. What are the main functions of personnel sub • Specify country group
areas? (630) • Groupings for time management and
facilitate substitutions, absences and
leave times can be set up
• Pay scale types
• Public holiday calendar
• Wage types

323. What are the components of personnel • Employee groups


structure? (630) • Employee sub groups
• Payroll areas

324. What are employee groups used for? (630) To create various types of employees

325. What are employee sub groups used for? (632) • Defining payroll procedures
• Wage types

34
• Default values

326. What are payroll areas used for? (633) Defining payroll run batches. Payroll
for all employees of an area are run
together.

327. What does organization structure deal with? • Organizational units --


(634-637) • Positions - reporting relationships.
One job may have many positions
• Jobs -- Task definitions
• People -- Occupy positions

328. Employees are assigned in infotype _____ Organizational assignments (0001)


(627)

329. If personnel planning and administration are Action (0000)


integrated, positions can be entered in infotype
____ (638)

Unit 11 -- Human Capital Management


Lesson -- Employee records

330. What are infotypes? (642) Logical groupings of data fields


They have names and 4 digit keys

331. What are the different ways of processing • Single screen (individual infotype)
infotype records? (643) • Personnel actions -- 1 person many
actions
• Fast entry -- 1 action, many persons

332. What is a personnel file? Lists all infotypes for which records
have been created for a personnel
number

Unit 11 -- Human Capital Management


Lesson -- HCM processes

333. What processes does HCM comprise? (655- Recruitment


656) Hiring

35
Training and personnel development
Managing work time
Compensation and benefits
Payroll administration
Travel planning
Personnel cost planning and reporting
Employee self-services

334. Which tool can managers use to carry out their Manager’s desktop
recruitment processes? (656)

335. Which component supports web based Employment Opportiunities


browsing for openings and applications? (658)

336. What are the features of CATS? (667) • Cross app standard screens for
entering time data
• Ease of use
Default values and data entry
templates
• Integrated approval process
• Support for corrections
• Flexibility in definitions of auth
checks, plausibility checks and
default values

337. What is the CATS process? (668) • Create account assignment


• Record times
• Release times
• Approve times
• Transfer data to follow-on processes

338. Which component allows for the analysis of Compensation management (enables
salary data to enable the organization to stay job pricing)
competitive wrt its pay structure? (669)

339. Which component enables the distribution of Compensation administration


salary raises and shares to employees? (669)

340. What types of long-term incentives does • Incentive stock options


Compensation Management support? (670) • Non-qualified stock options
• Performance shares
• Performance units
• Restricted stock

341. Which plan categories does the benefit • Health

36
component support? (671) • Insurance
• Savings
• Stock purchase
• Credit
• Misc

342. •

Unit 12 -- ERP Financials -- Financial Accounting


Lesson -- Tasks in financial accounting

343. What are the main tasks in financial Recording of monetary and value flows
accounting? (699) Evaluation of inventories

344. Every general ledger is structured according to Chart of accounts


a ______________________ (700)

345. _______ accounts connect the subledgers to the Reconciliation


GL in real time. (700)

346. The general ledger is managed at the ______ Company code


level. (701)

347. What is the main difference between financial FA -- legal purposes


accounting and management accounting? (701) MA -- Internal management information

Unit 12 -- ERP Financials -- Financial Accounting


Lesson -- Organization levels ERP/FA

348. What is the main purpose of Business Areas? To facilitate reporting across company
(705) codes.

Can make posting to a business area


from several company codes.

349. What is a controlling area? (706) Self-contained org structure for which
costs and revenues can be managed and
allocated.

IT enables cross-company code cost


accounting

350. Under what conditions can more than one All company codes allocated and the
company code be allocated to a controlling controlling area should have the same

37
area? (706) chart of accounts and fiscal year

Unit 12 -- ERP Financials -- Financial Accounting


Lesson -- GL accounting

351. What are the types of GL accounts? (712) Balance sheet


Profit and loss

352. It is possible to define an unlimited number of T


charts of accounts in an SAP system: T/F?
(713)

353. Each company code is associated with how One


many charts of accounts? (713)

354. One chart of accounts can be assigned to how Many


many companies? (713)

355. What are the segments of a GL account? (714) Chart of accounts segment
Company code segment

356. The account type is defined in the _____ Chart of accounts segment
segment. (712)

357. What are account groups? (714) Account groups classify GL accounts
into user-defined segments (cash, asset,
material, P/L, etc)

358. Field status of an account (suppress, required, Company code segment


Display, optional) is specified in which
segment? (714)

359. Transactions can be posted to all G/L accounts: F. Cannot be posted to reconciliation
T/F? (715) accounts

360. What are the advantages of the new G/L? (716) • Extended data structure: allows
additional fields
• Document split allows for balance
sheets for entities like segments
• Real time reconciliation between FI
and CO is supported
• Multiple books can be maintained

361. Which feature allows a single invoice to be On line document splitting


posted to multiple segments? (718)

38
362. What does the posting key specify? (723) • Account type
• Debit or credit
• Field status of additional data

Unit 12 -- ERP Financials -- Financial Accounting


Lesson -- Accounts payable

363. What are the levels at which vendor master is Client


defined? (733) Company code
Purchasing organization

364. Explain the account posting during a goods • Goods Receipt -- Debit stock, credit
receipt into warehouse and subsequent GR/IR
activities against a PO. (735) • Invoice receipt -- debit GR/IR,
credit vendor
• Pay vendor -- debit vendor, credit
cash

365. What is the purpose of a GR/IR account? (735) It is a clearing account used to ensure
that goods are received for each invoice
and vice versa

366.

Unit 12 -- ERP Financials -- Financial Accounting


Lesson -- Accounts receivable

367. What are the levels at which a customer master Client, company code, sales area
record is defined? (748)

368. Credit control area is specific to a company F. A credit control area can be assigned
code: T/F? (749) to a group of company codes

369. Credit management master record is an T. It is used to keep data relevant to


extension of the customer master record: T/F? credit management for a customer
(750)

370. What are the sections in a credit control master General data, Credit control area data,
record? (750) Overview

371. In SD, at what stage do effects in accounting When an outbound delivery document
start to appear? (751) is created

372. What are the accounting postings of a goods Credit inventory,

39
issue for external stock sales? (751) Debit cost of goods sold

373. What are the accounting postings for billing a Credit revenue
customer? (751) Debit customer

374. What are the accounting postings of an Credit customer


incoming payment? (754) Debit bank account

Unit 12 -- ERP Financials -- Financial Accounting


Lesson -- Fixed asset accounting

375. To what organizational levels is an asset Company code and business area (and
assigned? (763) to CO objects like cost center, internal
order and activity type -- 764)

376. Each asset has to be assigned to an asset _____ Class


(764)

377. Assets that do not appear in the same line of the Different
balance sheet have to be assigned to _______
asset classes. (764)

378. Which SAP component is used to manage TR (treasury)


financial assets?

379. What are the different ways in which an asset Without a vendor or purchase order
transaction can be posted? (765) Vendor, but without PO
Via MM

380. What additional information must be included Transaction type, to enable the asset to
when posting an asset transaction? (765) be correctly listed in the asset history
sheet

381. Which tool offers a clear overview of activities Asset Explorer


for an asset? (766)

382. What is the use of depreciation areas? (767) To enable assets to be valued in
different ways for different purposes.

383. When is depreciation posted in asset accounting After depreciation posting run
and in the G/L? (768)

Unit 13 -- Management Accounting


Lesson -- Overview of management accounting

40
384. What are the basic components of management Cost element accounting
accounting? (792) Overhead cost controlling
Product cost accounting
Profitability analysis
Profit center accounting

385. Under what conditions can costs flow back Production costs for finished product
from management accounting back into valuation and WIP valuation, if
financial accounting? (792) activated

386. What is the difference in focus between Profitability analysis has an external
profitability analysis and profit center focus -- looks at how profitable various
accounting? (794) market segments are.

Profit center accounting has an internal


focus -- looks at how individual profit
enters are performing.

Unit 13 -- Management Accounting


Lesson -- Organization levels

387. What are the primary organization levels in Company code, cost center, controlling
controlling? (799) area, operating concern

388. How many company codes can be allocated to Many


a controlling area? (799)

389. How many controlling areas can be allocated to Many


an operating concern? (799)

390. Under what conditions can multiple company The controlling area and its associuated
codes be allocated to a controlling area? (799) company codes must use the same chart
of accounts and the same fiscal year
variant (no of special periods may vary)

391. Profit analysis is used with which level in CO? Operating concern
(800)

392. What are the restrictions on cost allocation You can assign costs only with a
within a controlling area? (799) controlling area.

393. Currency for a controlling area has to be one of F. It can be a completely different
the currencies of its assigned company codes: currency from any of the assigned
T/F? (801) company codes

394. When more than one company code is allocated Alternative account number in the

41
to a controlling area, what enables accounts to account master
be linked to country-specific accounts? (801)

Unit 13 -- Management Accounting


Lesson -- Cost center accounting

395. What is the relationship between cost elements There must be a cost element
and expense accounts to which costs are corresponding to each such expense
posted? (804) account.

396. What is the difference between primary and Primary cost elements gave a direct, one
secondary cost elements? (804) to one, correspondence with G/L
expense accounts. Secondary cost
elements are only created in CO and
have no corresponding accounts in FI

397. Cost center is an organizational unit with a Controlling


_____ area.

398. What information does an activity document Activity type and quantity of the
contain? (806) activity performed. (e.g., Consulting, 10
hours)

399. What information is needed for direct activity Activity type, cost center, quantity of
allocation? (807) activity consumed. The first two
determine the unit price)

400. When is direct activity allocation useful? (807) When the price of the activity is easily
calculated -- e.g., when it is internally
determined or externally specified b a
vendor.

401. What is the use of a statistical key figure Used for cost allocation as a tracing
(SKF)? (808) factor

402. What are the types of SKF’s Fixed and total (Total is based on some
actually measured figure, whereas fixed
is unchanging)

403. How are SKF values from LIS transferred to By linking key figures from LIUS with
CO? (808) SKF’s in CO.

404. Can one value e part of many master data Yes.


groups? (809)

405. Can one value occur more than once in a No

42
master data group? (809)

406. Can two company codes within a client have No. It has to be unique within a client.
the same master data group name? (809)

407. What happens in CO when a financial A CO document is created showing:


Accounting document is posted to an expense CO object affected
or revenue account/ (812) Cost element used
Amount

408. When a primary cost is initially posted to One sided


management accounting, it is treated as a _____
journal entry. (812)

409. What kinds of CO transactions are balanced Cost movements within management
entries in CO? (812) accounting

410. _____ objects cannot allocate costs to other Statistical


objects. (813)

411. During activity allocation the sender cost center Credited, Debited
is ____ and the receiving cost objects are
_____. (816)

412. How is the cost element determined for direct Activity type master data
allocation? (816)

413. Under what conditions can an expense posting Primary cost element corresponding to
in FI be posted to CO as a cost? (814) the FI expense account has been created
in CO and a valid cost center is
referenced in the FI line item

414. How might goods issue affect management Goods issue could be posted as an
accounting postings? (815) expense in FI and be posted to an
associated primary cost element in CO.

Unit 13 -- Management Accounting


Lesson -- Internal order

415. What is the purpose of an internal order? (840) It is a cost collector. Provides detailed
view into costs when these costs cannot
be itemized in detail within a cost
center. Useful for planning, monitoring
and reporting.

416. What are the different types of internal orders? Overhead

43
(839) Investment
Accrual
Revenue (SD lite when SD is not being
used; for misc revenues))

417. What types of internal orders are usually Orders with long lifecycles
planned? (839)

418. What are the various options for planning of • Overall -- gross figure
internal orders? (840) • Primary/secondary cost and revenue
planning (when details are
available)
• Unit costing (when more
sophistication is needed)

419. Internal orders must always be real: T/F? (840) F. Can be statistical

420. What is the connection between goods receipts Goods receipts decreases commitments
and commitments? (841) and increases actuals

421. The commitment feature is activated at the Controlling area


level of ______? (841)

422. When can the settlement of an internal order Periodically or at the end of the order’s
occur? (842) life, depending on type of order and its
business purpose.

Unit 13 -- Management Accounting


Lesson -- Profit center accounting

423. What are the various ways of setting up profit Products, geographical factors,
centers? (854-5) functions

424. When CO is active, each posting to a revenue Account assignment


or expense account requires a ____ object?
(855)

425. A profit center can be an account assignment F


object: T/F? (855)

426. How is controlling linked to profit centers? The master records of controlling
(855) objects contain a profit center field.
This is the link to debits and credits
posted to those controlling objects.

427. Where does the initial data fore profit center Cost centers, internal orders,

44
planning come from? (856) profitability analysis and product cost
planning

Unit 13 -- Management Accounting


Lesson -- Profitability analysis

428. What is a profitability segment? (864) The combination of characteristics and


characteristic values. The value fields
for this combination provide a view of a
segment of the business.

Unit 13 -- Management Accounting


Lesson -- Product cost accounting

429. What are the elements of product cost Product cost planning
accounting? (871-2) Cost object controlling
Actual costing and material ledger

430. What are the various cost objects? (872) Partial list:

Sales orders, production orders, process


orders and production cost collectors

431. What are the various quantity structures used in BOM, Routing
product cost accounting? (872-3)

432. What is included under value structures in Material prices, Activity prices
PCA? (872-3) Process prices
Overhead costs

433. What needs to be specified while creating a Costing variant


cost estimate with quantity structure? (873) Material
Plant
Lot size

434. Assigning costs to lower level elements in a Cost component rollup


BOM enables _______? (874)

435. What is the effect of marking and releasing a Standard price in material master is
standard cost estimate? (875) updated
Inventory is re-valuated

436. What are the pre-requisites for marking and • Should be free of errors (status KA)
releasing a standard cost estimate? (875) • Marking and release must be

45
allowed

437. What needs to be done to change a released The old one has to be deleted from the
standard cost estimate in the same period? database using a special program
(875)

438. What setting determines whether the standard Price control setting in material master
or moving average price is used to valuate
inventory? (876-7)

Unit 14 -- Business Intelligence


Lesson -- Business information warehouse

439. What are the various sources of data that SAP mySAP ERP
BW can use? (892) Non-SAP
XML
Database

440. The BW system is pre-configured for core Business content


areas and functions by ______. (892)

441. Sap Business Information Warehouse has its T


own database and SAP system: T/F?

442. What are the types of InfoObjects used in Characteristics and Key figures
BIW? (893)

443. What is the relationship between characteristics Characteristics define the affiliations of key
and key figures? (894) figures

444. What are InfoCubes? (895) Central data stores that from the basis for
reports and analyses in BW

445. What do InfoCubes contain? (894-5) Key figures and links to its associated
characteristics (master data)

446. Generally queries run against how many One -- hence InfoCubes should be self-
InfoCubes? (895) contained

447. In an InfoCube, ____ table contains the key Fact


figures. (895)

448. In an InfoCube, ____ tables contain links to Dimension


characteristics. (895)

46
449. How many key figures and dimension tables 233
can one InfoCube contain? (895) 16

450. Analogous to folders in an OS are _____ in InfoAreas


BW. (895)

451. What is an InfoProvider? (895-6) Object that we can use to create reports in
business Explorer (BEx)

452. What are the kids of InfoProviders supported in Physical data stores and Logical views of
BI? (895-6) physical data stores

Unit 14 -- Business Intelligence


Lesson -- Reporting in business warehouse

453. What are the components of business explorer? BEx Analyzer, Web application,
(899) Formatted reporting (using Crystal
reports) and mobile intelligence

Unit 15 -- Strategic Enterprise Management


Lesson -- ERP Analysis: Strategic Enterprise Management

454. What are the components of SEM? (924) Strategy Management


Performance Measurement
Business consolidation
Business planning
Stakeholder relationship

455. What does strategy management accomplish? With Balanced Scorecard, it allows the
(924) breakdown of strategic goals into
meaningful targets

The individual targets are assigned to


views

456. What are the views in Strategy Management? Financial, Customer, Internal Process,
(924) Learning and Growth

457. What is the main tool in Performance Management cockpit


Measurement? (924)

458. Which component of SEM can pass data back Business Planning System
to the ERP system? (926-7)

459. What is the Balanced Scorecard? (928) Management system to model

47
strategies, deploy them and measure
their execution by linking them to key
process indicators

460. What tools does the corporate performance Risk management, Value driver trees,
monitor support? (928) management cockpit, Measure builder

461. What are the components of the management Walls (4 walls)


cockpit? (931) Each wall reflects pre-defined targets
and key figures used for measurement
(Virtual management cockpit room has
9 walls)

462. What does each wall color stand for? (931) Black -- Financial
Red -- market, customer and competitor
analysis
Blue -- internal processes
White -- Strategic projects

463. What are the components of walls(932) Logical views

48