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Auxiliary Propulsion System

For Two-stroke Engine Plants

Add Propulsion Redundancy,


Operational Safety and Minimize Risk
- in a Very Simple Way
Safety of Highest Priority

Propulsion Redundancy
In recent years focus has been set on
redundancy of propulsion machinery
as well as on requirements for arran-
gements necessary to restoring and
maintaining availability of the ships’
propulsion power and manoeuvring
capability.

In order to meet this demand, MAN


B&W have developed a new Auxiliary
Propulsion System consisting of:

• Two-stroke propulsion engine


• CP Propeller & Control System
• Tunnel gear with two steps
• El-motor/alternator
- and the Alpha Clutcher

Extra margins of safety are dictated by capital costs, high-value cargoes and
the transportation and handling of risk management. On the other hand,
volatile and flammable liquids and environmental fractions, politicians,
gases, corrosive chemicals, and similar the press and the public opinion exert
hazardous cargoes which may harm an increasing pressure for environ- The principle of an auxiliary
the personnel and the environment. mental consciousness and safety. propulsion system

Therefore Safety First…


Safety precautions on board ships have
constantly been improved throughout
shipping history. Accidents at sea give
rise to such improvements in order to
secure the best possible safety for the
crew, the ship, other vessels and
installations at sea, the environment
and the business as a whole.

Governments, authorities, classification


societies, shipowners and insurance
companies are challenging the manu-
facturers of ships and ships’ equip-
ment to encourage them to improve
their products in relation to reliability
and safety. More than ever before,
safe transportation of oil products,
toxic chemicals and liquefied gases is
a must. This kind of transportation is
an important and growing business,
characterized by high stakes, huge Photo: Øyvind Hagen, Statoil

2
Proven Elements The supply of a large number of com- With the Alpha Clutcher, the main
The low-speed two-stroke engine it- plete propulsion packages including engine can automatically be clutched
self is unique in its simplicity and effici- tunnel gear and shaft alternator has out from the direct-coupled propeller
ency always securing safe operation. accumulated good long-term service shaft, and consequently the propulsi-
experience. on power is delivered by the GenSets
The long lasting know-how and practi- The design of the Alpha Clutcher is to the shaft alternator used as electric
cal experience from a vast number of based on a disconnecting device de- motor, and via the tunnel gear to the
different ship types and propulsion veloped under the name “Separex” propeller shaft.
applications form the basis for the by Burmeister & Wain in Copenhagen
very high mechanical quality of our CP in 1973.
propellers.

Single is Simple
The MAN B&W Auxiliary Propulsion
System (MAN B&W AP System) is a
very simple and cost effective alterna-
tive to, for instance diesel electric pro-
pulsion systems and maintains all the
advantages of a low-speed two-stroke
engine plant. In relation to twin-screw
propulsion installations, the single
screw configuration is usually prefer-
red due to a 10 - 12% higher propul-
sion efficiency and last but not least
due to the obvious cost reasons.

3
Advantageous Auxiliary Propulsion Power

Increase the Safety for the Crew • Ordinary Propulsion Mode


as Well as for the Ship
In case of a failure causing loss of Main engine
main propulsion power, the MAN B&W Shaft alternator G1
motor M1 1800 rpm
AP System secures the course and PTO load max. 1400 kW Clutch-C2-disengaged

manoeuvrability as well as safe navi- Clutch-C1-engaged

gation at reduced speed to the nea-


rest harbour. From the bridge panel
the main engine is stopped and the Propeller-120 rpm

Alpha Clutcher is clutched out en- 120 rpm


abling the propeller to be driven by the
PTI-motor on the tunnel gear. Propul-
sion power is retained and the ship
has regained its steering capability at
a service speed of at least seven 2 Speed PTO / PTI gear Alpha Clutcher engaged

knots. Under adverse weather conditi-


ons the ship can maintain its position
until the weather conditions improve
or assistance has arrived.
• Auxiliary Propulsion Mode
Reduce the Tug Related Harbour Fees
As a safety precaution, harbour authori- Main engine
ties often demand stand-by harbour Shaft alternator G1
motor M1 1800 rpm
tugs alongside ships when loading/dis- PTI load max. 1400 kW Clutch-C2-engaged

charging critical cargoes. The propulsi- Clutch-C1-disengaged

on system must be ready for take-away


operation and consequently overhaul of
main engine and its auxiliary systems Propeller-85 rpm

and equipment is not allowed. With the


0 rpm
auxiliary propulsion system in take-away
mode ready for take-off, the ship fulfils
the demands of the authorities and can
eliminate the costs for stand-by tugs
when immobilizing the main engine. 2 Speed PTO / PTI gear Alpha Clutcher disengaged

Reduce the Insurance Premium


In comparing two ships - one supplied
with the MAN B&W AP System and
one without - the risk-scenario for the • Harbour Mode
ship supplied with the system is clear-
ly better and thus directly triggering a
Main engine
positive effect when fixing the ship’s Shaft alternator G1
insurance premium. motor M1 1800 rpm
PTO load max. 1400 kW Clutch-engaged

Alpha Clutcher Alternative


For ship types where considerable
electrical power is essential during Propeller-0 rpm
stays in harbours, the clutch can be
located on the aft side of the tunnel 120 rpm

gear to enable clutching out of the


propeller from the engine and use of
the main engine as power source for
the shaft alternator in PTO-mode sup-
Alpha Clutcher disengaged PTO gear
plying power for large cargo pumps etc.

4
Maintainability
Time for inspections
and overhauls
Reduce the Maintenance-stress
at Short Stays in Harbour
Punctuality, short stays in harbour and
scheduled maintenance of the main
engine must form a synthesis with the
ship’s charter. During the stay at
quayside, overhaul and maintenance
work can be carried out without
delaying the scheduled departure.

Increased Propulsion Availability


Necessary main engine immobilization
or shut downs for, longer lasting
scheduled checks and inspections
can alternatively be dealt with at sea
at reduced speed without off-hire
jeopardizing the ship’s trading schedule
or charter.

Sailing in Confined Waters power to the propeller, in addition to


The MAN B&W AP System makes it the main engine power and hence
possible for the crew to operate safe- increase the ship’s speed when
ly at reduced speed in channels, rivers necessary.
and straits and simultaneously nurse
the main engine or related auxiliary The Alpha Clutcher is for
equipment. All Ship Types
Both safety and economy will benefit
Boost the Propulsion Power from this concept and it makes the
As a measure for observing the ship’s MAN B&W AP System an obvious
transportation schedules, the auxiliary choice for many ship types equipped
propulsion system can be supplied with low-speed two-stroke main engi-
with the possibility to boost electrical nes and CP Propellers.

2977 3740 917


D=4900

1380

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

1645 620 App. 2708


1030 992 S=2495 W=2538 4327 770 6117

Compact installation for a 13 500 tdw tanker with a 6S42MC main engine

5
Class Notation for Propulsion Redundancy
The Clutcher ready for full load testing
Another Stamp of Quality
It is expected that an increasing num-
ber of shipowners in future will speci-
fy their new vessels on the basis of
high quality and ‘green images’ like
crew safety and environmental safety
- rather than exclusively on short-term
economic efficiency. With MAN B&W’s
AP System including:

• Two-stroke propulsion engine


• CP Propeller & Control System
• Tunnel gear with two steps
• El-motor/alternator
• Alpha Clutcher

- ship designers, yards, owners and


operators can obtain a specific class
notation for redundant propulsion and
manoeuvring capability.

The following table is a brief overview


of the present class rules for redundan-
cy, some of them are provisional only:

Propulsion Redundancy Class Requirements and Notations Service Speed in Auxiliary


ABS GL DNV LRS RINA Propulsion Mode
Calculations and practical experience
Restored N/A N/A 50% 50% N/A show - as an input to evaluation of the
propulsion engine power needed, that an electri-
power cal shaft alternator/motor correspond-
ing to 20% of the main engine output
Time to max 2 min N/A N/A N/A N/A
is recommended in connection with
restore the
two-step gearing in the tunnel gear.
propulsion
power
Normal speed Auxiliary speed
Speed with 7 knots/ 1/2 7 knots/ 1/2 6 knots 7 knots 6 knots/ Vs design PTI power
restored of design of design 7 knots in knots = 20% of ME
propulsion speed speed (TakeHome/ Knots
power (whichever (whichever Alternative 12 7.0
is less) is less) Propulsion) 13 7.6
14 8.2
Time / 36 hours 72 hours 72 hours N/A 1000 miles/
15 8.8
distance 2000 miles
16 9.4
Weather Wind:17 m/s Wind and Wind and N/A N/A 17 9.9
conditions (33 knots) waves: BF 8 waves: BF 8 18 10.5
Waves: (Beaufort (Beaufort
4.5 m (15 ft) scale) scale) Favourable Investment
Competing clutch systems are avail-
Obtainable R1 R1+ RP1 x% – – THS able in the market, at almost twice the
notations R1-S R1-S+ APS(p/v/m) price of the Alpha Clutcher concept.
These systems are also more complex
and more expensive to install.

6
Alpha Clutcher Characteristics
The cone bolt connection
and the split flanges
Description
The MAN B&W AP System is based
on the “Power Take-In” principle in-
cluding the Alpha Clutcher, for clutch-
ing out the main engine from the pro-
peller shaft in PTI-mode.

The prototype of the Alpha Clutcher


was produced in the spring of ‘99. The
clutch function is controlled by
hydraulic oil added through an oil
distributor ring similar to that of the
CP Propellers.

No Foundation Required
The propeller shaft is connected to an
intermediate shaft passing through
the tunnel gear. The Alpha Clutcher is
installed on this intermediate shaft.

A short intermediate shaft is installed


between the Clutcher and the main
engine. The tunnel gear is connected Conical Bolts The principle consists of two radially
to the Clutcher via a flexible coupling. The cone bolt connection instead of split shaft flanges with a number of
A single bearing supports the shaftline gearwheels is chosen in order to avoid cone holes, a part of each in the outer
and the tunnel gear has a normal clearance problems and hence ham- flange and a part of each in the inner
foundation seating in the ship. mering in-between the load transmit- flange. When the cones are pressed
ting surfaces. It may be critical to use into the holes, the flanges are locked
The Alpha Clutcher has internal bea- gearwheels in the shaftline of a two- together. When the cones are out of
rings and does therefore not need an stroke engine because of torsional the holes, the flanges are free to rota-
expensive thrust transmitting founda- vibrations. te independently of each other.
tion.

Tugs´ assistance during


berthing and mooring

7
Perfect Fit Connection In the Alpha Clutcher the stay bolts do
To align the two flange parts for a per- not pass inside the cones, but in-
fect fit between the cone holes and the between them. The cones and the
cones, a ring is pressed against the studs are moved by servo pistons to
flanges opposite the cones. This ring is enable hydraulic remote control.
controlled by studs and tightened by
nuts on these to the backside of the Patented Locking Principle
cones. Tension in the studs presses the Instead of tightening a nut on each
cones into the cone holes and ensures stud, a locking ring locks all cone
alignment of the flanges. This ensures bolts at one time. When hydraulic pres-
a perfect fit connection, which prevents sure is added, the studs are stretched
hammering in-between the connection and the ring is turned into locked posi-
surfaces like an ordinary fitted bolt. tion. The pressure is then released
and the cone bolts are mechanically
When the nuts are loosened, the locked. To unlock the cone bolt con-
cones and the ring are free to move nection, “clutch-in pressure” has to be The principle of the locking ring
and the flanges are free to rotate added to be able to turn the locking
because the studs are placed outside ring, and after this pressure is added Auxiliary Propulsion Mode
the split diameter. for clutching out. Clutching out the Alpha Clutcher is
done remotely from the bridge. Auxili-
ary propulsion mode is established in
less than two minutes. When clutch-
The Clutcher ing in, the Clutcher is remotely con-
housing trolled from a panel in the engine
room.

When operating in auxiliary propulsion


mode, the shaft alternator is used as
electric motor. This motor delivers
power via the tunnel gear to the pro-
peller shaft. When the Alpha Clutcher
is clutched out, the main engine is
disconnected from the propeller shaft
and stopped. In this mode, however,
the Alpha Clucher will transmit the
propeller thrust to the thrust bearing
of the main engine.

To obtain the best possible propulsion


efficiency in auxiliary propulsion mode
at limited electrical power, it is neces-
sary to reduce the rate of speed of the
propeller to match this limited power
with the power absorption of the pro-
peller. Therefore the tunnel gear incor-
porates a two-step gearing. One
‘step-up’ ratio for the ordinary propul-
sion mode with shaft alternator, and a
larger ‘step-down’ ratio for the PTI
auxiliary propulsion mode.

8
Factory test of the Hydra Pack tank unit with pumps, filters,
thermostatic valve, cooler, servo valves and instrumentation
Operating Manuals
An operating manual will provide the
operating crew with a clear guidance
on the redundancy features of the
system. The manuals cover all details
including a general description of the
complete propulsion system, operat-
ing instructions and procedures for
dealing with the situations identified in
the class required Failure Mode and
Effect Analysis, FMEA-report.

Test and Trials


Class approval of the Alpha Clutcher
will be obtained in our workshop prior
to delivery. During quay and sea trials
the functionality of the Alpha Clutcher
will be tested - and the capability of
the Auxiliary Propulsion System to
Ordinary Propulsion Mode Alignment Instructions secure the right speed and manoeu-
When operating in ordinary propulsion For easy alignment of the propulsion vrability will be demonstrated.
mode, the main engine delivers the plant, alignment calculations are made
propulsion power directly to the propel- and instructions are supplied to the Remote
ler shaft via the clutched-in Alpha shipyard. The alignment instructions Control
Clutcher. PTO-power is delivered from ensure the right load distributions on System
the shaft via the flexible coupling to the the stern tube bearings and shaft line The el-motor/
tunnel gearbox and the shaft alternator. bearings. In this connection the Clutc- alternator and
her is seen as an intermediate shaft clutch control
When switching from auxiliary propul- integrated with the CP Propeller system system is inte-
sion mode, ordinary operation mode and is therefore easy to fit and align. grated with the
is re-established in five minutes. The CP Propeller
main engine and the shaft alternator Clutch Oil System and main engi-
have to be stopped, when the Alpha Lubricating oil and hydraulic operating ne system.
Clutcher is activated for clutching in. oil are supplied via the Hydra Pack tank
unit for the propeller system. This tank
When the ship operates in ordinary unit is always assembled and factory-
propulsion mode, the Alpha Clutcher tested prior to delivery in order to faci- The automatic PTI start-up sequence
is mechanically locked. No parts are litate the yard’s installation work. includes, eg interlocks for ‘main engi-
moving and the Clutcher is not expo- ne stopped’, ‘Clutcher in clutched-out
sed to internal wear of any kind. No position’, ‘el-motor/alternator clutched
hydraulic systems including back-up out’, gearing in the tunnel gear ‘chan-
systems are required to maintain the ged to the PTI step-down ratio’, ‘pro-
Clutcher in position. No additional peller pitch adjusted to zero-position’.
power consumption. And then follows the transformer-start
of the el-motor and the clutching in at
Easy Installation the tunnel gear. In auxiliary propulsion
The Clutcher is easily installed with a mode the power absorption of the CP
traditional hydraulic shrink-fitted coup- Propeller is controlled to stay within
ling to the fore end of the intermediate the load range of the el-motor. All
shaft through the tunnel gear. electrical circuits of the control system
are monitored by the alarm system.
The connection to the intermediate
shaft at the engine side is made by
hydraulically operated fit and tie bolts.

9
Alpha Clutcher Range for Two-stroke MC Engines

Four Clutcher series - CB1 to CB4 -


have been designed to match auxiliary
propulsion systems for two-stroke
engine plants up to and including the
60-bore MC series. This engine range
corresponds to the power range of the
MAN B&W CP Propellers, which again
covers a wide range of modern chemi-
cal, gas and product tanker designs.

TYPE CB 1 CB 2 CB 3 CB 4
Dimensions mm
Lenght [L] 1445 1635 1830 2160
Diameter [D] 1185 1340 1500 1770
Weight* [ton] 14 20 29 44
ENGINE Cylinder versions
S26MC 4-12
L35MC 4-12
S35MC 4-10 11-12
L42MC 4-7 8-10 10-12
S42MC 4-5 6-7 8-12
S46MC-C 4 5 6-8
L50MC 4 5-6 7-8
S50MC 4-5 6-8
S50MC-C 4 5-7 8
L60MC 4-5 6-8
L60MC-C 4 5-8
S60MC 4 5-7
S60MC-C 4 5-6
* Approx weight incl intermediate shaft

10
Significant Advantages

The Auxiliary Propulsion System with Lloyd’s Register in London. The costs - and much more due to a strong and
Alpha Clutcher means: evaluated are for instance: Value of flexible toolbox available for such pro-
ship and cargo, repair costs, loss of ject services.
• Cost-efficient propulsion redundancy hire due to repair time, loss of hire due
• Simple, reliable and proven techno- to waiting time, loss of hire due to The Genuine Propulsion Package
logy towing time and the towing costs. Since 1989, MAN B&W Diesel’s works
• Safe operation and quick change of in Frederikshavn, Denmark have manu-
propulsion mode “The 5th Product” factured and supplied two-stroke
• Full integration with the CP Propel- - Excellent Project Service engines of the successful MC-series,
ler system Propulsion know-how, customization, today up to the 8S50MC-C engine.
• Easy handling and installation at system integration and service is at
shipyards your disposal comprising: The MAN B&W CP propeller program-
• No separate thrust transmitting me has been developed to efficiently
foundation required • Lay-out of engine, tunnel gear, match the MC-engine series up to the
• No static hydraulic or electric power propeller, piping system etc 70MC versions.
consumption • Optimizing of propulsion modes
• Maintenance free • Selection of the gear ratios for the The Alpha Clutcher is an integrated
• No practical wear tunnel gear part of those propeller systems which
• Free of back-lash • Alignment analysis and instructions are designed, manufactured and sup-
• Strength and vibration calculations plied by one company taking full
For a very wide range of typical pro- • Arrangement and installation responsibility for functionality, order
duct tankers, gas tankers and chemi- drawings handling, commissioning, warranty
cal tankers the off-hire risk scenario • Instruction books and after-sales service of the comple-
alone will justify the investment in the • Dimension sketches on disks te propulsion system.
Alpha Clutcher system - even without • Project guides
adding the value of all the positive • Investment/pay back time
side-effects like, for instance reduced calculations
tug related harbour fees and increa- • Operation and maintenance costs
sed main engine maintainability.

The Scientific Angle


Extensive studies, recently performed
by Prof Dr C M Gallin, Gallin Marine
Consultants show a clear capital ad-
vantage of a single-screw two-stroke
propulsion plant with the Alpha Clutc-
her Auxiliary Propulsion System - com-
pared to a similar two-stroke propulsi-
on system without propulsion redun-
dancy on the one hand, and a corre-
sponding twin-screw twin-engine two-
stroke propulsion system on the other.
This scientific study was based on all
costs in the fields of Safety, Environ-
ment and Business related to the
cumulative risk for the service life of a
product tanker with the above three
propulsion plant options.

The cumulative risk is calculated from


statistical ‘real life’ figures, based on
accidents and consequences due to
main engine failures, selected and Photo:
Øyvind Hagen,
evaluated from the casualty bank of Statoil

11
MAN B&W Diesel A/S
Alpha Diesel
Niels Juels Vej 15
DK-9900 Frederikshavn
Denmark Copyright©
Telephone + 45 96 20 41 00 MAN B&W Diesel A/S, Alpha Diesel
Telecopy + 45 96 20 40 30 Reproduction permitted
e-mail: alpha@manbw.dk provided source is given.
http//: www.manbw.dk Reg. no. 39 66 13 14
653/1.0-GB. Status March ‘01

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