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M A'ER'aL 'r'|::cr

D r O gram f Xgx&w#

Th e Marina C i t y t o w e r s c r e a t e a f lu te d a ffe ct b y visu a lly u n ifyin gtwo


program s w i t h v e r y d i f f e r e n t or g a n iza tio n s:slo p e d p a r kin g r a m p s and
fl at apart m e n t f l o o r s "T h e s p i r a l flo o r s o f th e p a r kin g p r o g r a m b e low ,
th e projec t i n gb a l c o n i e so f t h e r a d ia l a p a r tm e n ts a b o ve ,a n d a co n s i stent
st ruc t ure o f f l u t e d a r c h e s f o r bo th p r o g r a m s a r e co m b in e dto co n struct
th e af f ec t o f a l a r g e , f l u t e d c o l u m n .

Apartments F la t flo o r pl ate w i th


L evels21-6 1 flu te d p eri meter

Pa rk ing Sp ir a l flo or pl ate w i th


L ev els 1-19 cir cu la r peri meter
ARCHITECT
i'
D A rE :Locai l oN
Be r tr a n d Go ld b e r g 1961 i C hi cago,U S ;01

Th e f lut ed pro f i l e p e r f o r m s s t r u ctu r a lly


a s a t apered a r c h t h a t s u p p o r t s th e ca n tile ve r
of the apart m e n t t e r r a c e

Gl azi ngi nset


to pri ori ti zethe
fl uti ng of the fl oor
+h ^
^Pr
l ^d+^ ^
r sJ o^ -r L ,,c

exteri or i mage

/t
S tructural col umn
at i nteri or apex of
fl uted profi l e

R adi alparti ti on
w al l betw een
apartments

l
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reWm*wS
22123

T he Caps u l eH o t e l u s e s t h e pr o g r a m m a tic u n its


of t he hot e l t o c r e a t e a n a g g re g a te da ffe ct. Ro o m s
are des ign e da s c a p s u l e sd i m e n sio n e dto fit with in
a regulat in gm o d u l e t h a t a l l o ws fo r d iffe r e n t
conf igura t i o n so f c a p s u l e sa r o u n d th e ce n tr a l co r e ,
g enerat in ga t h r e e - d i m e n s i o n a lco m p o sitio no f
e lem ent s t h a t c o n t r i b u t e st o th e d yn a m ic a g g r e g a tio n
o f t he who l e .

rearentry

The s leepi n gc a p s u l e sc o m e i n fo u r co n fig u r a tio n s


- t wo rear - e n t r y a n d t w o s i de - e n tr ytyp e s -
whic h c an b e a t t a c h e dt o t h e co r e in d iffe r e n t
o rient at io n s ,s t a g g e r e dw i t h a o n e - th ir d o r two -
thirds of f s e t i n p l a n . T h e c a p su le d im e n sio n sa r e
re gulat ed b y t h e g r i d i n t h r e e d im e n sio n s;th e
h eight and w i d t h a r e b o t h t w o - th ir d s th e le n g th
o f ihe c aos u l e .

T he v ert ic a l p o s i t i o n so f t h e
s leepingc a p s u l e sa r e a l s o
det erm ine d b y t h e s t a i r l a n d in g s
of t he c entr a l c o r e . T h r e e s t a ir
runs mak e a c o m p l e t e r e v o l utio n
around t he c e n t r a l e l e v a t o rs h a ft,
giv ing adja c e n tc a p s u l e sa o n e -
th ird of f s e t i n s e c t i o nt o m a t ch
th eir of f s e t i n p l a n .
:
:::
i02
IiOJECT : ARCHITECT : DATE ; LOCATIOI{

CtpruleHotel i Kisho Kurokawa i 1972 i Tokyo, Japan

Thgverticaloffsetbetweencapsules
Frflectsthe loiationsof staircore
h ndingsat on e-th irdinte rva ls

S teel truss structure


i s conceal edto
contri buteto the
affect of dynami cal l y
aggregatedcapsul es

S tai r core w i th
l andi ngsat one-thi rd
verti cal i nterval s

R a d i a lwin d o ws p la ce da t th e e n d s o f The panel i zati onof each capsul e i nto thi rds
t h e ca p su le sr e in fo r ce th e ch a n g in g reveal sthe regul ati nggri d that determi nes
o r i e nta tio no f th e u n its, a d d in gto th e the offset of the capsul esi n pl an
d i r e c tio n a lityo f th e a g g r e g a tio n
MA'ER'aL
construction + % p $nre$ 26121

T he 30 S t . M a r y A x e S t r e e t to we r p r o d u ce sa sp ir a l a ffe ct th r o u g h i ts tapered ci rcul ar


f orm [ a p r o f i l e t h a t d r a s t i c allyr e d u ce swin d lo a d s o n th e b u ild in gl and the careful
organiz a t i o no f a s t r u c t u r a l d ia g r id th a t r o ta te s th r o u g h th e flo o r pl ates of the bui l di ng.
T he af f ec t i v ep r o p e r t i e so f th e twistin g d ia g r id m e m b e r s co m b in ew i th the curvature
of t he t ow e r t o a d d r o t a t i o n a n d m o ve m e n tto a sta tic o b ie ct.

The dy na m i c p r o fi l e o f
t he t owe r i s r e i n f o r c e d
by a s erie s o f t r i a n g u l a r
air s haf t s t h a t r o t a t e
t hrough s u c c e s s i v e
f loor plate s o f t h e
building,e x p r e s s e di n
dark glas s p a n e l st h a t
res olv et h e e x t e r i o r a s
an alt ern a t i n gs e r i e s o f
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FROJECT

30 St. Mary Axe Street


ARCHITECT

No r m a n F o ste r 03

St r u c t u r a l d i a g r i d S pi ral i ngi nteri or ai r


rei n f o r c e st h e shafts are used for stack
c e n t r i f u g a ls p i r a l venti l ati onof the tow er
af f e c t o f t h e f o r m

Dia g o n a lareas of dark


g la zin gfo r the ai r shafts
ve r su s clear gl azi ngfor
o ffice sp a c es rei nforces
tho cnirrl r ffo n t
M^TER'aL
cladding -r+
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fum m#md 30t31

l n t he J ohn s o nW a x L a b o r a t o r yT o we r d o u b le - h e ig h tb a n d s o f h o r izontal
glas s t ubes r e p l a c et h e c o n v e n tio n a str l ip win d o ws o f th e o ffice to wer,
ac t ing as a l i g h t f i l t e r b e t w e e n in te r io r a n d e xte r io r . Co m b in e dwith an
alt ernat ingp a t t e r n o f f l o o r s a n d m e zza n in ele ve lsin se ctio n a n d th e
ro unded c o r n e r s o f i t s p r o f i l e ,th e a ffe ct is a b a n d e dco lu m n wh o se
i nt erior c on t e n t sa r e r e g i s t e re da s a b lu r r e d p r e se n ceo n th e e xte ri or-

Pla te g lass

Pla te g lass
m u llio n s

Ho llow py re x t u b e s
are us ed in s t e a do f
co nv ent ion a g l l a z i n gt o Scallo p ed
fo rm a s elf- s i m i l a r " m i c r o - a lu m in um
banding"t h a t r e i n f o r c e s r ACKS
th e larger b a n d e do r d e r o f
th e building .T h e h o r i z o n t a l
cours ingso f t h e g l a z i n g
a ls o repeat t h e h o r i z o n t a l
cours ing of t h e b r i c k b a n d s
th at def ine th e f l o o r s .
' ' Ko r o seal "
ri ng
with p yrex
co u p r e rs
;!
: DATE : LOCATION

i 1950 i R aci ne,U S o1


Hollowpyrextubes P yrextubes attached
n n dpyrexcou ple rs w i th w i re to al umi num racks
se ala nt
w i t hK oroseal

R oundedc orn e r s
of to wer rein f o r c e
bandedaf f ec t

R ec es s ed
me z z aninele v e l
vi si ble behin d
double-heigh t
b andedglas s t u b e s

Bri c k c laddin g Laboratorydesk and


exp res s esba n d i n g shel vi ngi ntegratedw i th
of floor plat e s hei ght of bri ck cl addi ng
MATER'!aL
f ight
u oo.''
glematgr$m$Xxwd 34'35
-t

The Towe r o f W i n d s p r o d u c e sa d e m a te r ia lize da ffe ct b y cla d d in gan exi sti ngcool i ngtow er w i th l ayers of
light ing: n e o n t u b e s , m i n i - l a m p s a n d flo o d lig h ts,r e fle cte d in m ir ror and perforatedal umi num panel s.
T he illum i n a t i o n r e s p o n d st o e n vir o n m e n ta lco n d itio n sa r o u n d the tow er, produci nga constantl ychangi ng,
dem at er i a l i z e da f f e c t c o m p o se do f e p h e m e r a l p a tte r n s o f lig h t.

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I n day t im e ,t h e t o w e r i s 2 M ir r o r e d a cr ylic p la te s sheath 3 1 , 2 8 0m i n i - l a m p rse s p o n di n
perc eiv e da s a b l a n k v o l u m e th e co o lin gto we r , m u lti pl yi ng realtimeto surrounding noise
of perf or a t e da l u m i n u m . th e a r tifica l lig h tin g a ffects. parre rns.

Rings o{ w h i t e n e o n l i g h t F lo o d lig h tsa t th e fo o t of The di fferent l i g.hti ngpatterns


periodic a l l yi n d i c a t et h e t i m e ; th e to we r a r e co n tr o lled by combi ne to produce a constantl y
s t ruc t ur a l r i n g s a p p e a r t o flo a t co m p u te r to cr e a te a larger changi ngdemateri al i zedaffect
around th e n e o n t u b e s . sca le o f illu m in a tio n . at ni ght.
ARCHITECT DATE LOCATION
i05
P ROJECT

Tower of Winds Toyo lto 1987 Y okohama,Japan

Outerlayerol W hit eneonr ings E xi sti ngconcrete


I
p erf orat eda l u m i n u m venti l ati oncore )
c laddingd i s a p p e a r s and w ater tank
a t night sheathedi n
acryl i c mi rrored
pl ates on the tw o
si des w i thout
Iouvers

Existing louvers
v e n ts h o p p i n g
a r e aD e t o w

S tructural ti e
^ - kl ^ - - ++- - h

l ayersof cl addi ng
to i nteri or core

Mini-lam p r i n g s St eelc olum ns


s upportthe r ings
of light ing
MArER'a'I
construction + '0.'.'&rffin€*mm#

Th e Seagram B u i l d i n g u s e s t h e ste e l str u ctu r a l g r id o f


the s k y s c rap e rt o c r e a t e a v e r t i ca l a ffe ct, b y a tta ch in g
a s eries of de c o r a t i v el - b e a m s to th e e n ve lo p eth a t
p riorit iz et he v e r t i c a l l i n e s o f t he str u ctu r e o ve r th e
h oriz ont alf lo o r o l a t e s .

Th e l-beam s e c t i o n sa t t a c h e d
to the f agad ea r e p a r t o f t h e
p ref abric at e dw i n d o w u n i t s
that m ak e up t h e s k i n
- rev ealedb y t h e h o r i z o n t a l
g ap bet ween l - b e a m s e c t i o n s
from f loor t o f l o o r .

Th e t rue s t ru c t u r a l c o l u m n s a re
e nc as edin f i r e p r o o f i n g ,w h i l e t he
d ec orat iv el- b e a m s a t t a c h e dt o th e
e nv elooe exo r e s s " t h e c o n c e a le d
struc t ure un d e r n e a t h .

Te rminat ingt h e c u r t a i n w a l l p r io r to th e co r n e r
ma int ainst h e e x o r e s s i o no f e a ch fa ca d ea s a n
i ndependen tI n o n - l o a db e a r i n glsyste m , a n d
re v ealst he fu l l d i m e n s i o no f t h e str u ctu r a l
columns beh i n d .
:
tl!Jl0r
It lgrrm Building
ARCHITECT

L u d wig M ie s va n d e r Ro h e
OATE

1958
: LOCATION

i N ew Y ork, U S 11

H eati ngsystem i ntegrated


w i th i nteri or si l l

0rly-pinktinted
lvfndowglass

S uspendedl i ght cei l i ng


Extruded bronze
to
I ' beamsatta ch ed
theverticalstructural
memD ers

Recessed bronze
t pandrelsc over
t he floorplate s

The bronze mul l i ons


termi nate at the bui l di ng
soffi t, exposi ngthem as
non-structuralw hen seen
from street l evel

B ronze-cl adstructural
colum n
MArE R'aL
c ladding -rr+ qffi$#&wd 64165

The PradaA o y a m a s t o r e
c reat esa q u i l t e d a f f e c t
t hrough an e x t e r i o r c l a d d i n g
b as ed on t h r e e t y p e s o f
glas s pan e l - f l a t , c o n v e x
and c onc a v e .T h e t h r e e -
dim ens io n a lf o r m o f t h e
glaz ing is c o m b i n e dw i t h
a diagrid st r u c t u r e t o
produc e a q u i l t e d p a t t e r n
of diam on d - s h a p e d
w indows t h a t a l t e r n a t e l y
prot rude a n d r e c e d e f r o m
t he env elo p e .

In day ligh t ,t h e q u i l t e d w i n d ows a r e m o r e p r o m in e n t th a n At ni ght the qui l ti ed affect i s provi dednot by the three-
the s t ruc t u r e , d i s t o r t i n gv i e ws o f th e p r o d u cts in sid e a n d d imensi onal i tyof the gl ass panel s but by the di agri d,
giv ingt he b u i l d i n ga j e w e l - l i ke a p p e a r a n ce . wh ich becomes more oromi nent w hen backl i t.
ii!
ARcHlr Ecr ! oot. i .o.ot,o" i Sq
Herzog& de Meuron i zoos i Tokyo,Japan i | 1

The di agri d of the envel ope


i s extrudedw i thi n the
i nteri or depth of the
bui l di ngto construct
structural tubes that
house changi ngrooms

''Fl oati ng"fl oor pl ates


of perforatedsheet
al umi num bel ow a
concretecomposi tesl ab
w i th epoxy-resi ncoati ng

----- _-_--_
MATE R'| AL i'IF,.'il
&'xrym#w$mr
cl adding

The env elop eo f t h e U S


Embas s ybr e a k s d o w n
the regular g r i d o f t h e
env elopein t o a m o d u l a r
a ff ec t of dis c r e t e c l a d d i n g

nn
u nit s I m ade o f a p r e c a s t
struc t ural f r a m e w i t h i n s e t
w indow and m o l d i n g s J
w it h dec ora t i v ei n fi l l
se c t ions ,pr o d u c i n ga n
alt ernat ing p a t t e r n o f
dis c ret e m o d u l a r e l e m e n t s .

Stone-clad precast C orrugated Gol d-pl ated 0P erabl e


structuralunitwith concrel e al umi ni um verti cal
fixedinsetwindow mol di ng mul l i on w i ndow s

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ARCHITECT

Ee r o Sa a r in e n
DATE

I?19
: L OC ATION

: London,U K
i ...............................
13
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e€rrugEtemold
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cttect

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C onti nuoushori zontal


r a .a <<a < el th a odnaq nf
:.::aa:,
the cl addi nguni ts rei nforces
the modul e of the cl addi ng
triritttrt:tl uni ts as di screteel ements
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a:a::::: i t:,:::i :::

ta:::t::tl
:iit,it,tl

:ari:iiiit:

The w i dth of the verti cal


structural l i nes i s used
to al ternatew i der f ramed
uni ts w i th narrow er i nfi l l
secti onsto emphasi zethe
modul ar affect
uo"*o'
pattg rn tr+ {rq *4
K
dss dq 3&q
{ e*6&&Jq.P$B$
72173

The S erpe n t i n eP a v i l i o nc r e a te s a r a n d o m a ffe ct th r o u g h a


p at t erning i n v e s t i g a t i o ne n a ble db y str u ctu r e . An ir r e g u la r
p at t ern, ge n e r a t e db y a n a l g o r ith m th a t r o ta te s a n d sca le sth e
e x t endedl i n e s o f a s q u a r e , i s cr o p p e dto p r o d u ce a se e m in g ly
random pa t t e r n t h r o u g h a r e g u la r p r o ce ss.

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iil \
/ i\ i
T he pa t t e r n i s a s l i m f n e t r i ca lly B L in e s a r e ca rri ed around 9 The pattern i s separatedand
c ut of f b y t h e s q u a r e p e r i m e te r a d ja ce n tfa cesw hen they recti l i near l i nes i nsertedat
of t he p a v i l i o n . maat vortiral adnoc fol d edges to accountfor the
depth of constructi on.

10 A l ternati ng patchesbetw een


the structural l i nes are
fi l l ed w i th sol i d materi al ,
i ncreasi ngthe appearanceof
randomness.The resul ti ng
surface pattern supports
the pavi l i onthrough the
redundancyof the structural
memD ers.
DATE
J
L OC ATION

2002 | London,U K i11

arebuilt
lf thePattorn
b lEmace lective ly
:lumln uman dgl as s
between
aneltcrnation
Y€Id

The di agonalpattern i s
i nterrupted at the edges
betw een roof and w al l s by
perpendi cul arstructural
connecti onsthat meet at
ri ght angl es

Gl ass i nfi l l f l ush w i th


exteri or face

Fl at steel bar beam

A l umi num i nfi l l panel


:\:.t:::..1
YW$$Wff
16ltl

The Millar d H o u s e b u i l d s a r elie f a ffe ct th r o u g h a co m p o site


''t ex t ileblo c k ' w a l l c o m p o s e do f in n e r a n d o u te r ca st m a so n r y
unit s , held t o g e t h e r b y m o r t ar a n d ste e l r e in fo r cin gla ce d th r o u g h
c hannelsc a s t i n t o t h e b l o c k s.T h e tile s p r o d u ce a fa b r tc- like
r elief pat t e r n ,a t t h e s c a l e o f th e b lo ck, e n h a n cin gth e b u ild in g ' s
appearanc ea s a m o n o l i t h i co b je ct in th e d ista n t vie w th a t is se e n
as v aried in t h e n e a r v i e w d u e to th e sca le o f th e tile .
S teei rei nforci ngbars are set w i l l rrrr
channel scast i nto the bl ocks,
gi vi ngthe w al l a net-l i ke structur,rl
performance.

Doublegla s s l a y e r i n s e r t e d
bet weenin n e r a n d o u t e r b l o cks

T he t hrnn e r X - s h a o e da r e a s The rel i ef pattern creatc',


bet weenth e s t e e l r e i n f o r c i n ga r e more thi ckness around l l r,
ex c av at e da s p e r f o r a t i o n s ,w ith a connecti onsof the steel
glas s or sc r e e n l a y e r i n s e r t e d a n to bars behi nd,rei nforci ng
t hc wall ca v i t y , the structural perfoTmanrl
of the bl ocks.
ARCH ITECT

,lillrr fl lllilr-r, F r a n k L lo yd Wr ig h t

The texti l e bl ocks


mask the presence
of the fl oors
behi nd,gi vi ng a
hnmnnanonr rc

monol i thi c
oPPsd,dILc LU

the exteror
MA T ER'AL
OrO9 r a m ii,*$wwrs# 82t83

Th e env elop eo f S i l o d a m H o u sin ge xp lo r e sa d ive r sea ffe ct a s a r e sul t of i ts program, cl addi ngthe exteri or i n a
cat alogof st a n d a r df a g a d es y s te m s th a t co r r e sp o n dto d iffe r e n t u ses: offi ces,commerci al spaces,publ i c areas
a nd a v ariet y o f h o u s i n gt y p e s . Ea ch p r o g r a m a n d h o u sin gtyp e Ilo w -i ncome,dupl ex, l uxury,etc.) i s i denti fi edby a
d if f erent ma t e r i a l a n d f e n e s t ra tio np a tte r n , cr e a tin ga m ixtu r e th a t refl ects the di versi tyof the popul ati onw i thi n.

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J B ig.balc o n y L L iv e-w ork ffi


l,-- Ir--l l
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I rl
M Fi ve-room
It-l
t it l
ll LI
I T:-
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P Seni or l i vi ng lt- - ]--l- l
II I- l
0 M a iso n n e tte Q P anorama
N X -dwelli n g
tJ----:
I - r- rt
i!., t,; * .;.,,rI
[l]i:::::::::rlrl
llil.::r::::ll:l:ii:::::::::al:ll
I lilaaai:Ln
r--
. .
I

R P at io Co m muni tystore rooms S P enthouse

Th e dif f ere n t i a t i o no f
u nit t y pes is b a l a n c e db y
g roupingt o g e t h e r u n i t s
i nt o bay s ,so m e t i m e s
st ac k ingov e r m u l t i p l e
fl o ors . The s h a r e d m a t e r i a l
fi n is hes of t h e s e g r o u p i n g s
a nd t he arra n g e m e n t o f
corridors s p e c i f i ct o e a c h West el evati onpattern
u nit t y pe pa r t i t i o n sd e f i n e
''n eighborh o o d s w " ithin
B-, __,
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th e buildin g ,e x p r e s s e d
o n t he ex t e r i o r . 0

!--l---l---f---+---
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t-_l- --_t--_.--__..1_
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E ast el evati onpattern


MA 'ER'AL
pr O gram -rrr+ flffimdrufimn 8 6 t[7

T he c la d d i n go f t h e B e r l i n F r e e Un ive r sityu se s p r o g r a m to cr e ate a modul ar affect,through an array of w eathered


Cor-t e n s t e e l a n d g l a s s mo d u la r p a n e lsth a t a cco m m o d a ted ifferent programmati c needs al ong the exteri or
and pe r m i t t h e c o n t i n u a l re co n fig u r a tio no f th e skin in r e sp o n seto changesover the l i fe of the i nsti tuti on.
Compo s i t ep a n e l t y p e s i n two wid th s a n d va r yin g h e ig h ts a r e combi nedaccordi ngto the proporti onali ncrements
of Le C o r b u s i e r ' sM o d u l or syste m , p r o d u cin ga h ig h ly va r ie d surfacew hen arrayed al ong the l ength of the bui l di ng

Fix e dw i n d o w 0 p e r a b le wi ndow
,:\

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St or ageuni t S torage uni t

Fh - r
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win do w
IEEE C or-ten A djustabl e
type2\ paner .rr..* ;\

rrN
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r \-l 7

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Etr
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j

Fe r l i r r I r o a tl n i ve rsi ty
ARCH I TECT

Ca n d ilis- Jo sic- Wo o dJe


s, a n Prouv6
DATE : LOCATION

1973 i B erl i n, cermany 17


;': . t . , rrr, l, , l r , r r r t l r cpl a n e l s a r e jo in e d to g e th e r
:'i i, , : , , 11,. r ,r,l , r , , k o Las n d s t i f fe n e db y e xp o se d
' - : i l, , rrrrr , l , .M o v c m e n t i n t h e g a ske t p r o vid e s
, : rl,I ' , 1, . r , r rrr.rl t ) f t h e p a n e l sto a d .ju stto th e
, , , . , , ' , , , 1, 1 rr rl o l tl tr. i n te ri o r

P roj ecti ngsteel


channel betw een
panel s

N eoprenegasket

i i t , , . , .,1 rrr.,r,rlme ta l i s Cor - ten


=i , r \ N { ' r r ,w r - . a t h e r e sdu r fa ce th a t
r! , ' r , . , l l r , r n t l u s t r i a la e sth e tic
!,- 1,|llrlilt(J
MArER'AL
construction ii;':rffim&$mm&w# 90t11

-r+

T he Dom i n u sW i n e r y c o n s t r u ctsa r u stica te da ffe ct th r o u g h a n


e x t erior g a b i a nw a l l o f w i r e me sh ca g e sf ille d with sm a lle r sto n e s
a t t he bot t o m a n d l a r g e r s t o ne s a t th e to p , cr e a tin g a co m p le x
v is ual pat t e r n o f s t o n e s a n d cr e vice s.T h e va r yin g size o f th e
st ones an d t h e r o c k - l i k e a p p e a r a n ceo f th e wa ll p la y o n tr a d itio n al
rus t ic at io ni n a w a l l t h a t i s i n fa ct h iq h lv cr a fte d a n d co n str u cte d .

Of f ic elev e l - l a r g e s t s t o n e s

j
Mez z anin eI e v e l
m edium st o n e s

C ellar lev e l - s m a l l e s t s t o n e s --t


The s iz e an d d e n s i t yo f t h e s to n e s in e a ch g a b ia na r e u se d to co n trol
the int erio r c l i m a t e : a d e n s e a g g r e g a tio no f sm a lle r sto n e s a t th e base
prov idesco o l i n ga n d s h a d o w fo r th e lo we r le ve l o f win e ca sks,wh il e a
loos er agg e g a t i o no f l a r g e s to n e s a t th e to p a llo ws p a tch e so f lig h t to
the of f ic esa t t h e u o o e r l e v e ,.
18
. ARCHITECT : DATE : L OC ATION

lflnrry : He r zo g& d e M e u r o n : 1991 ! N apa,U S

I wrrlll! ',('ll M a in str u ctu r e


sltlY rl I illll o f co n cr e tea n d
alrd l l 0 l r l t i l l " r - ste e l fr a m in g
Ft al l i q l r | | r I I | i l l
e ln t t h p l r u i l r l i n g

_={
\
L S uspendedcei l i ng

S ervi cecatw al k
at mezzanrne

Wi re mesh gabi ans


w i th varyi ngsi zes
of rocks found
on srte

C oncretesl ab
backi ngw al l
at l ow er l evel
MArER'A L r+ ';"';"r
cl adding $ffiKge$r##

Th e c laddin go f t h e B e i n e c k e Exte r io r g r a n ite Vie r e ndeeltruss 1/4" V ermont InteT tot r l l ,r tr l l ':
Li b rary c rea t e sa t e x t u r e d ^t^tli^^ marbl e panel c l addi tr r l
a ff ec t t hrou g h a t w o - s i d e d
surf ac ewit h a d i f f e r e n t
vi s ual perf o r m a n c eo n
e ac h f ac e, a p p e a r i n ga s a n
o paques t ru c t u r a l c a g e o n
th e ex t erior a n d a g l o w i n g ,
tra ns luc ent l i g h t f i l t e r
o n t he int er i o r . F r o m t h e
o ut s ide,t he f a c e t e dc l a d d i n g
o f t he s t ruc t u r a l g r i d g i v e s
sc ale and t e x t u r e t o t h e
o paque box ; f r o m w i t h i n ,
the t hinnes s o f t h e m a r b l e
i n f ill panelst r a n s m i t a s o f t ,
g l o wing ligh t t o t h e i n t e r i o r ,
prov idingv is u a l t e x t u r e
through t he i r r e g u l a r
ve ining of t h e t r a n s l u c e n t
sto ne s heet s .

{4-

T h e exteri or encl osure i s concei vedas a free-standi rrrl


str u ctural cage that both housesand protectsthe r;rrr.
b o o ks i nsi de,contai nedi n a transparentverti cal gl i r,,,,l r,r'
su spendedw i thi n the i nteri or.
:ii:
ARcHfr Ecr i ol rr .o.ot'ot
i
itrc BookLibrary : sOM / Go r d o nBu n sh a ft i 1953 i N ew H a\,"n, ,, : 1g

Ittn on the
thedeep
cf tho
claddIng
th evisu al
t6d texture
ih€losure

C offeredcei l i ng
w i th i nset l i ghti ng

0n the i nteri or,the thi nness


of the i nfi l l panel sturns the
cl addi ng i nto a transl ucent
box, di ffusi ng l i ght through
the vei nedtexture of the
ma rbl e

Mezzani neto book stacks

v
MATER'|AL
Cladding + "''"'''
ffi*mm&Wd

T he oleat e da f f e c t o f t h e C h r istia nDio r


0 m ot es an d os t o r e i s c r e a t e d b y a se r ie s o f
v ac uum-f o r m e dt r a n s l u c e n t a cr ylic p a n e ls
plac ed be h i n da l a y e r o f f r i t t e d g la ss f lu sh with
the s k in, cr e a t i n ga n a p p e a r an ceth a t va r ie s
bet weenf l a t a n d p l e a t e da c co r d in gto d iffe r e n t
light ing c o n d i t i o n so v e r t h e co u r se o f th e d a y.

T h e i r r e g u l a r b a n d in go f th e flo o r
p l a t e s - w i i h v a r yin g h e ig h tsfo r
e a c h f l o o r t h a t a r e fu r th e r m a ske d
b y h o r i z o n t a ls t r i p s in b e twe e n
f l o o r s - s e t s t h e sca le fo r th e
u n d u l a t e dv e r t i c al p le a tin go f th e
+ - ^^- 1. . ^^^+
u oilr r ur c , , L ^^h^l-
Pons ' J .

Mol dA /B
l evel s l and 2

la
ffin

fif, ilil
Mol d D Mol d u
l evel 3 l evel sl l .rrrrl4

l D i fferentmol ds are used on di ffcrcrrl


l evel sof the envel opedependi ngurr l l rl tr
hei ght.The i rregul ar hei ghts of ear l r
l evel mean the vacuum-formed parrr'l ',
are cut off at di fferent i nterval s,v;rtytrrq
the pl eatedaffect w i thout i ncreasi trrll l r.
number of mol ded forms.

lrregular h o r i z o n t a lb a n d i n go f e n ve lo p e
le True fl oor hei ghts
ARCHITECT

Dl o r 0 m o t e s a n d oS t o r e KazuyoSejima i20

lhln t l e th inca vityth atco nc eals


lot of t h o s t o r e , w h i l e t h e
lon rr l f l a t g l a s s a n d p l ea te d
F at t E lse | c a t e s t h e i l l u s i o n
€!:1rlar,arkr

V acuum-f ormed
moveabl eacryl i c
paners

Fri tted gl ass

A l umi num
facepl ate

P eri odi cal l y


posi ti onedfi ber
opti c l i ghti ng
art i fi ci aI l y
i l l umi natesthe
acryl i c panel sat
ni ght to enhance
the pl eatedaffect
MA'ER'AL
cladding + u'""'
ffi&mmffi
eru&&mWffie36 t02l lo3

T he " endle s s "v o l u m e o f t h e Se n d a iM e d ia th e q u e- co n ce ive d


a s a f luid sp a c e o f r e a l a n d v ir tu a l in fo r m a tio n- is d e lim ite d
by a dis c o n t i n u o u ss e t o f f o u r e le va tio n swith th r e e d istin ct
fa gadet y p e s ,e a c h d e t e r m i n ed b y th e ir o r ie n ta tio na n d p r o g r a m .
T he dis c on t i n u o u sa f f e c t o f t he se co m p le te lyin d e p e n d e n t
s y s t em s e x p r e s s e st h e " a r b i tr a r y" e n clo su r e n e ce ssa r yto tu r n
a c ont inuo u ss p a c e o f f l o w s i n to a b u ild in g .

F lo o r p la te s
co n ce a le db y
ce r a m ic fr ittin g

M e ta l b r a cke ts
co n n e ctin go u te r
g la zin gto g la ss
su p p o ft flo s

Do u b le - g la zin g
with a ir ca vity

S outh facade
: ARCHITECT : OATE L OC ATION
i
I fl;

liidal Mrdl.ttt"qu" i T o yo lto I 2000 S endai ,Japan i 1,.1

M e ta l m e sh
Io u ver s
with e d g e
rooS

sp ace
b e h in d
m e sh

/ Ee l l l a gn t l r r West facade
"o"''o'pattern 10[ | tnt

The A ic h i 1 Dis t or t ing


t he 2 E ach of the si x
P av ilionc r e a t e s hex agonal geom et r y ti l es i s coded
a dif f ere n t i a t e d wit hinihe per im et e r w i th i ts ow n
af f ec t t h r o u g h pr o0uc es a r egur ar col or, further
pat t ern i n g ,b a s e d m oduleof s ix d i fferenti atin g
on a t ile u n i t uniquet iles . the ti l es.
produc e df r o m ----7
a modul e o f s i x
regurar n e x a g o n s

E ac h of t h e s i x s h a p e s i s c ast a s
a glaz edc e r a m i c t i l e , p r o du ce d
in bot h s o l i d a n d p e r f o r a t ed
v ers ion s .E a c ht i l e h a s f r o nt
and bac k h a l v e s ,c o n n e c t e db y
brac k etst h a t a r e c l a m p e d in to
a s uppo r t i n gs t a n c h i o n .

T hebas icu nito f sixtilesis m ir r or edandr ot at edt o


produce fou ro rien tatio ns
of t he m oduleswhic , har e
t henag g reg ateto d fo rmthe pat t er nof t he f agade.

Color ad j a c e n c i e sb e t w e e nth e m o d u le s fu r th e r
obs c uret h e o r i g i n a l m o d u le o f six tile s, in cr e a sin g
t he dif f e r e n t i a t e da f f e c t .
Itrnlrh Pavilion
: ARCHITECT

i F o r e ig nOfficeAr ch ite cts


DATE
2005
i
i
roclrtor
Ai c hi , J apan 22
tlhr are
I t S t r u etu ral
loR sa n d

E grnl€oaf th e
lg d e f i n e d
gF 0me try
tilac "*

B a c k i n gs t r u c t u r e
f o r t i l e dw a l l

B raci ng struts

0 r i g i n abl u i l d i n g
enclosure

0 r i g i n abl u i l d i n g
structure
r^'|ln'a'L
pattgrn ffitrvtfunm$dwnm#
The J ohn L e w i s D e p a r t m e n tSto r e p r o d u ce sa n e m b r o id e r e da ffect through a pattern of four di fferent panel s that
c an be s e a m l e s s l yt i l e d b y s h a r in g th e sa m e p a tte r n a t th e ir e d g es.The pattern provi desareas of transparencyand
areas of o p a c i t yt h a t , w h e n r e p e a te do n two la ye r s,m a ke s th e e nvel opel ess transparentw hen seen obl i quel yand
more wh e n s e e n f r o n t a l l y ,givin gth e sh o p flo o r s a h ig h d e g r e e o f pri vacyfrom the exteri or [w here the obl i quevi ew
is t y pic a l i n i t s u r b a n c o n t e xtl wh ile p r e se r vin gm a xim u m vie ws and l i ght from the i nteri or l w here the frontal vi ew i s
prom ine n t l .T h e f r a g m e n t e d p a tte r n s o f th e co n te xt,r e fle cte din the mi rror fri t of the outer l ayer, combi nesw i th thc
appliedg e o m e t r i c p a t t e r n t o cr e a te a n e m b r o id e r e da ffe ct.

F our dif fe r e n t l a c e
panels s h a r e t h e
s am e pat t e r n a t
t heir per i m e t e r ,
allowing t h e p a n e l s
t o be t iled s e a m l e s s l y
t o genera t ea n
em broide r e d
af f ec t ac r o s s , t h e
ent ire en v e l o p e .
The v ert i c a l a n d
horiz ont a ls y m m e t r y
of t he pe r i m e t e r
pat t ern a l l o w s e a c h
panel t o b e r o t a t e d ,
produc in ga s e t
of eight ti l e s t h a t
are aggre g a t e dt o
produc ea s e a m l e s s
em broide r e da f f e c t .

Whenseenobliquely from belowthe mirrorfrittingmakesil When seen frontal l y from i nsi de l ooki ng out the tw o l ,ryl r',
difficultto jud geth e d ep thof t he pat t er nas bot hr ef lec t ions of the pattern col l apseon each other, provi di nggrci rl r,r
andt he pa tternb eh indare s eens im ult aneous ly . transparencyfrom the shop fl oor.
i

lloJEcr
John Lewis Department Store
ARCHITECT

F o r e ig n o ff ice Ar ch ite cts :23


D roppedcei l i ng
f rit pat t e r n
cavi tyw i th
I n nerlayer
seTVcet s

More transparency
w hen seen f rontal l y
from shop i nteri or

MBreopacity
fVhenseen
f rom
€ b l l q uely The superi mposed
!trcet pattern i s extended
to the cei l i ng of the
gal l ery l evel

The pattern does not


conti nueto the ground,
emphasi zi ngthe ski n as
an embroi dered"fabri c"
w rappi ng the masonry
constructi onrather than
a l oad-beari ngel ement
'o"^'o'pattgrn "' fiffitrlpffex
-.{
q

The en v e l o p eo f t h e A t r i um a t F e d e r a tio nsq u a r e cr e a te s a co mprexaffect l

t hroug h a p a t t e r n i n g p r o vid e db y th e str u ctu r e o f its e xte r io r cl addi ng,


us rnga r e g u t a r p a t t e r n i n two d im e n sio n sto g e n e r a tea se e m i ngl yrj ndom
c om po s i t i o no f e l e m e n t s in th r e e d im e n sio n s.

A t rian g l e o f p r o p o r t r o n s2 :1 is tile d
in a re g u l a r p a t t e r n t o g e n e r a tea
I
s imple p i n w h e e lg e o m e tr y th a t ca n
be nes t e d i n t w o d i m e n sio n s
t, 15
fA
/)

tr ia n gl es 20 tri angl es
/)
,1

21, tr Ll l l l EE
i
l
2 T h e p a tte r n is tile d in r e gul ar rectangul ar patchesthat fi l l the
r e ctilin e a rp e r im e te r o f the envel ope.The l ocal vari ati onof the
tr ia n g le s with in e a ch p a tch camoufl agesthe regul ari tyof the
o ve r a ll tilin g .

E x t rud i n gt h e p a t t e r n i n t o two la ye r s,a ssig n in gth e m e m b e r s of the pattern


randoml yro
ert her th e i n n e r o r t h e o u te r la ye r ,a n d a d d in g in d e p e n d e n td ia gonalbraci ng members
enhanc e st h e a p p e a r a n c eo f co m p le xityo ve r th e r e g u la r ityo f the pattern.

It1
Ex t eri or Exterior Dia g o n aI C onnecti ng I nteri or l ntt.t trr r
mullion s structure b r a cin g struts stru cture m Lr l l r r r r r ,
: DATE

i 2003
: LOCATION

: Mel bourne,A uetral i a 21


p EttFr'n ingd ete r m ines
o f the in torio and
tt=y r
lay eta,whilerlia go nal
metnhersilnd struts
t hetwrrIn ye rsarecom Plet elY
r r l l l r e p i n w h e e l p a tte r n

Exterior
mullions

D i agonal
bracl ng
betw een

l nteri or
structure
,.r,trr.,
"o"''o'
Irandi ng fu$ rem*&m
T h e kin e tic a ffe ct o f th e L o u i s V ui tton R oppongiH i l l s store i s produced thr orrr;l ,r
r
cir cu la r p a tte r n a sso cia te dw i th the Loui s V ui tton brand, extruded i nto a (l (,r,l ',,
r [,E ri
co m p o se do f m u ltip le la ye r sof gl ass, gl ass tubes, and perforatedstai nl cl ,, ,,t,.,-l
T h e a b str a ct cir cu la r e le m e nts of the l ogo are reconsti tutedw i th a catal oryrl rrl,
a r ch ite ctu r a lm a te r ia ls th a t generatevaryi ng condi ti onsof i ransparency,rrrrlr r.l l r,rti el
o n th e in te r io r o f th e b u ild in q.

,Ii
:xt
xi
il(
Exterior Perfo rated Gl azi ng InteT i ot l r r r l r r
glazing sta in le ssste el SC T EC II

100 00
20" Az|
i nter i of

Th e c ompo s i t eo f t h e l a y e r sf o r m s a d e e p
screen t hat p r o v i d e sv a r y i n g d e g r e e so f
trans paren c yo r o p a c i t yw h e n se e n fr o m
dif f erent an g l e s : m o r e t r a n s p a r e n t th e m o r e
front al t he v i e w p o i n t ,m o r e o pa q u ewh e n se e n
on t he obliq u e .

extenor

vrew i ngangl es
P oros it yac c o r d i n gt o v i e w i n g a n g le
a a t a t a a a a a aa a a ta tco ttl tt,,t4ttrtttttt9
, r t a a a a r r a oa a a a a a ta a at ttttttr4ttrttta,
t a r a a a a r t a 3 a a a a a a ta a at t,tttartattaatrt
, r r r t a r r a a a a a a a a a ta r ar ,.t,tartata8a$ot
t taatraaaoaaaaaaaaaa al ,attttaattr0atta
, t S r t a a a a a aa a a ta a ta a nl trtr,atratrrtrta
, r r r a a a a r a aa a a a a a a a a t 1a 4rtr,ataetrrartt
a aaaattaraaaaaaaaaar ra , t t, , a r a a t r 0 r a a,
a f a a a a a t a a a a ta a a a a tt ot , , I I a , , a N a 0 a a a 6a
t a a a a a a a a a ta a ta ta rta aa , | | I I a | | t 0 a t a a 0,
a a a a a a a a a aa a o a a a ra a a aa .iNl,attaaaa0aaa
a 3 a a a a a a Sa a a a a a trtrrr a rlrtrNNNataaoat*
f iraaaf aaaaaaaao a a t ) a c ,ra.tataaaata*aa
ra a r a a a a a a a ra a ta tra rr a rr!tNttat !aateta
a a a a a a a a a aa a ra a a oa a r a a rrttNiaatttttl}ta
f f a a a a a a a aa 9 a o a aaaaaaa Nrt{ttttttalttt&
la a a a a a a a e aa a to a ac aoao traattitNttal!!a
f ta a ! a a a t a aa a a S a oat out rrtrtrttNttttN!0

0 d e gr e e s I 0 degrees 20 dc r l r ,',

I
i:i
: DATE : LOCATION i I,If.

: 2:o:1! Tilll-:lltran : 1C
: --"1

f f i1 r
faged:te t:(rtlrposed
tFEnrFare nI
lcaeh 10r:rn
artditll r.rrrin
gg E F E t l d F wd ithin
F F r[ 0 ra l e ( l
E t e e lp c r r e l : i
b a i w F e nt w o
€f Elag

tUE:gereon

lnterior
rogoscreen
MATERIAL
ma ge '""'&wK€wYwffi*$m&m#

T he embo s s e dc o p p e r e n v e lo p eo f th e De Yo u n g M u se u m u se s a n i mage of vegetati onfrom the context as


" m at erial " t o c r e a t e a d i f f e r e n tia te da ffe ct, tr a n sla tin g
it in to a p ixel atedmatri x w hi ch i s then bui l t as a three-
dimens io n a ls e r i e s o f e m b o ssin g sa n d p e r fo r a tio n s.T h e r e su ltin g pattern of gradi entsdoes not depend on
t he legibi l i t yo f t h e i m a g e t h at g e n e r a te dit, b u t cr e a te s a d iffe r e n ti atedseri es of hol es that resonatew i th the
s urroundi n g l a n d s c a p e .

ffiW
1 Blac k a n d w h i t e : i m a g e s o f th e
v eget a t i o no n t h e s i t e
2 In ve r t: b la cks b e co m ew hi re
iiii$$i
3 P i xel ate:tone i s convertedi nto
a n d wh ite s b e co m e b la c ks a dot matri x

4 The pix e l p a t t e r n i s t r a n s l a te d in to
an alt e r n a t i n gg r i d o f p r o tr u d in g
and dep r e s s e de m b o s s i n g s,
s t am pe d t o f o u r d e p t h s - g r e a te r
dept hs c o r r e s p o n d i n gt o da r ke r
areas in t h e i m a g e . E a c h c o p p e r
panel co n t a i n sa s e v e n b y th ir ty
f ield of e m b o s s i n g s .

5 S ix dif f e r e n t d i a m e t e r s o f
perf ora t i o na r e p r o j e c t e don to th e
panels i n r e s p o n s et o v e n tila tio n
and ligh t i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s.T h e se
f ollow a t w e l v e b y f i f t y g r i d o n e a ch
panel.

T he t wo p a t t e r n s a r e
s uperim p o s e d .D u e t o t h e
mis alig n m e n to f t h e t w o p a tr e r n s,
t he perf o r a t i o n sd o n o t c a nce l o u t
t he em b o s s i n g s .

l
DATE

2005
L OC ATION

S an Franci sco,U S
i

i 27
I
EmboEcied ond
{
F a lto rate dco pp er I
clrtlelinq panels

A dj ustabl eshadi ng

Gl azi ngonto second l evel


gal l eri es

Fol dedcopper
l ouver screen

copper
Embossed
el a d d i n gp a n e l s
M ArE R ' A L
lig h t '
ir !"' *,-t;{,
x - ;i i .- m?**:
The c us t om - m a d e g l a s s b l o c k s o f th e
Ma is on de V e r r e a c t a s a p r o j e ctio nscr e e n
for light in b o t h d i r e c t i o n s ,c r e atin g a
ci nemat icaff e c t t h a t a l t e r n a t e s b e twe e n
external illu m i n a t i o nb y d a y a n d in te r n a l
l i g ht ing by n i g h t . L i g h t r a y s b o un ce b a ck
ont o t he glas s b l o c k s f r o m i n t e r io r o b je cts,
p roduc inga l u m i n o u s c i n e m a ticscr e e n
of blurred in t e r i o r i m a o e s .

Int erior s t ee l
colum ns

'...s

L adder
prop
f o r light
fixtures

Si de wing
wi th ins et
WINOOWS

Small Lar ge
f l o od M a in win g fl ood l i ghl

The env elop el s c o m p o s e do f 3 ,6 1 7


Ne v ada-t y peg l a s s b l o c k s [ 2 0 x 2 0 x 4 cm ]
w hic h wrap t h e e x t e r i o r .S t r i p win d o ws a r e
i n s ert ed int o t h e g r i d o f b l o c k s to cr e a te
d i re c t v iews a t s t r a t e g i c l o c a t i o n s. Exteri o r l nteri or
30
LOCATION

r. v:::: ... .i...li:::::9::: P ari s, France

The sl oped cei l i ng assi sts i n


bounci ngl i ght to the i nteri or

Texturi zedN evada


gl ass bl ock panel s

S t e e sl u p p o rst t r u c t u r e

Gl assbl ocks are expressed


as a non-structuralw rappi ng,
someti mes conceal i ngthe
f l oor pl ate and someti mes
reveal i ngi t

lF ttriero bje ctsa re illu m inat ed


BF€l clncmatically projected back
€Rtcgla ssfa ga dea s blu r r ed
Silhcucttes
M^rER'aL
cladding -{ ,t rr#
\rye:i*,$$
T he Ric o l aL a u f e n w a r e h o u se
is c lad in s t a c k e d c o m p o s i te
panelsw h o s e h e i g h t d e c r e a se s
f rom t op t o b o t t o m , g i v i n gt he
v olum e a w e i g h t e d a f f e c t .T h e
progres s i v ei n c r e a s ei n t h e
height of t h e p a n e l s f r o m b otto m
t o t op s u b t l y d i s t o r t s t h e s ca le o f
t he build i n g ,m a k i n g i t s e e m fa r
t aller t ha n i t r e a l l y i s .

,l
I

I
I
l
ln t he dist a n tv i e w , t h e d e c r e a se
in s c ale f r o m t o p t o b o t t o m _.1
mak es t h e b a s e h e a v i e rt h a n
t het op-a c o n t e m p o r a r y __l
int erpret a t i o no f t r a d i t i o n a l
proport io n st h a t i n c r e a s e s _J
t he v is ua l d e n s i t yo f t h e b a se .
The ov er s c a l e dc o r n i c e a t t h e J
t op and t h e t r i p a r t i t e d i v i s i ono f
panel s iz e s p l a y o n t h e c l a ssica l
j
v is ual ord e r o f b a s e ,s h a f t a n d l
c apit al,c o n t r i b u t i n gt o t h e I
weight eda f f e c t o f t h e w h o l e. I

ln t he nea r v i e w , t h e d i f f e r e n ce
in height o f t h e p a n e l s i s n e a r ly
indis t ing u i s h a b l ew h e n s e e n
on t he ob l i q u e ,l e a v i n gt h e t ru e
s c ale of t h e v o l u m e v i s i b l e
wit hout d i s t o r t i o n "
I

I
I

hufrn Warehouse
: ARCHITECT

i *:::v.: * M::::1
: DATE

i 1987
LOCATION

Laufen,S w i tzerl and 32

Woodenstruts of
proj ecti ngcorni ce

l nsul atedmembrane
encroS ure

S tructural frami ng

Wooden consol e"


supports for rai n
screen

il C oncretecomposi te
rarn screen panel s

$ C o n c r e t be l o c k
supportsfor rain
s c r e e np u r l i n s
MArER 'AL
cl adding *$**px
The S ignal B o x c r e a t e s a n A d isto r tio no { d e p th i s
aff ec t of v ari a b l ed e p t h b y a ch ie ve db y a sim p le 90-
cl addingt he o r d i n a r yv o l u m e d e g r e e twist o f th e louvers,
of an elec t ri c a ls i g n a i b o x i n r e ve a lin gth e str u ctural w al l
thin horiz on t a lc o p p e r b a n d s a n d win d o ws b e h in d.
that are t wis t e d a t s t r a t e g i c
l oc at ionst o p r o v i d el i g h t t o i h e
i nhabit eds p a c e sw i t h i n . T h e
co nt inuoustr a n s i t i o n f r o m a
fl at f ac adeo f c o p p e r b a n d s
to a s c reen o f t w i s t e d l o u v e r s
varies t he v i s u a l d e p t h
of the env elo p e

Th e c opper lo u v e r st h a t w r a p t he e xte r io r
a l so ac t as a F a r a d a yc a g e ' , p r o te ctin gth e
mac hineryin s i d ef r o m e l e c t r o - m a g n e tic
i nterf erenc e .
i
DATE : LOCATION
'I 'I
199t i easel,switzerland i JJ

visib lewindows
Frertio lly
beh indth e lo uversi nc r eas e
t heva riatio n
b etwe en
lh l r l n c s s a n d d e p t h

C oncretestructure
of si gnal box

Wi ndow f rami ng

Weather
membrane

f ow s o f
us00to
n thetwisl
B attensand
th: louvers sheathi ngattached
to the concrete
structure provrde
a surface tor
attachi ngthe
bracketsthat
support the l ouvers

Afgeref twistedlouvers
opaq uco r tra nspa rent
EE F C €t
€eP endtngon theviewp oin t ,
Permittinogr
€lt ernatelY
the b oxbe hin d
€ €nsaclitrq
MA"*'AL
pattgrn *'" $6 r*ffi ffi
-r+

The env elo p eo f t h e C h r i s t i a n Dio r Gin zasto r e cr e a te s a ta r ta n a ffe ct through an offset pattern of dots on tw o
l ay ers ,one p e r f o r a t e da n d o n e silkscr e e n e d .T h e r e su ltin g co m b in ati onproducesa fl i ckeri ng vi ew through an
env elopew h o s e s c a l e i n d e p t h is d ifficu lt to iu d o e .

1 P erf orat i o n si n t h e o u t e r 2 In n e r p a n e ls a r e silk- 3 Inner and outer panel s 4 The smal l er patterrr
s k in c rea t e a s t r i p e d scr e e n e dwith a n id e n tica l a l i gn, but the smal l er repeats every tw o pi l rr,l r
pat t ern i n s c r i b e dw i t h i n p a tte r n o f d iffe r e n t size d n:tiarn i c ch i fto d and the l arger evcry | | rrur.
nine m et a l p a n e l s . d o ts, o n e th ir d sm a lle r . r el ati veto the gri d. so they appear nol l o ,rl rqrr

Th e repeate dd o t p a t t e r n i m p lie s th a t th e in n e r
and out er p a t t e r n s s h o u l d a l i gn . Be ca u se
the inner pa t t e r n i s a s c a l e d - do wnve r sio n o f
the out er pa t t e r n ,t h e r e s u l t i n g p e r sp e ctiva l
dis t ort ion m a k e s i t a p p e . a rf a r th e r a wa y th a n it
ac t uallyis .

Th e c av it yb e t w e e nt h e o u t e r an d in n e r la ye r s
i s illuminat e dw i t h f i b e r o p t i c s ,co m b in in gwith
the s hif t ing v i s u a l a l i g n m e n t o f th e two p a tte r n s
to oc c lude o r i l l u m i n a t e t h e p e r fo r a tio n sa s th e
vi e wing ang l e c h a n g e sa n d c r e a te a flicke r in g
percerved
tart an af f ect . distance

I
ll0Jtcr
thrlrtlan D i o r Gi n za S to re
ARCHITECT

Kum ik oI nui 35

illumin atio n
F lbcr-optic

g0
g0
E nvel opestanchi on
,{0 0u
r{! {01
r { { 0{l
r { { tt0
0i1l
001
00tl
90
00 K t
0ltl 00(] "t
000 .' . t
000,r1l

.;:.

: ,";, 'j
' - ,.t'
,
,,
,'. _",*, ,
.. ..-,
' ,t,,' j
. l i *$f
f !1 t' 1 i,,.:r

ililii;liiii,"'
* t,1 1 !i i i {i

L-1fi;ittltl*r
-.i. ' rl{ '
. * jlo, .:..
,1lrx,iiE]!li{!!*
rlliil,:;c*ll;ri;l
r1*ir;;ri$*,i$${!i
!1*it{:rtt,!iirt9
S upport brackets
'1!i-i, I ift
lilt t i
lf t { 1:
ir ! r 1i
'}F
iit lf ,
ii11il
:,.r:id Si I kscreened
dot pattern
J''
! t llll '..r",rf111
rig
iitlliI
itilii
; { ill1
11* lll ,,;trlj
.i#it ,
"
1
- ' t -..--1
1;
me talpa ne ls
F arforated
\'
\t
MA'ER'AL
reflgction +t' a'i']"']r
ffimffiffiw$$mffiffi# 168| lav

The A plix F a c t o r yc r e a t e s a c a m o u fla g e da ffe ct b y u sin g


ref lec t iv em e t a l p a n e l s t o f r a g m e n t a n d m u ltip ly th e
surroundin gl a n d s c a p e .T h e f o ld e d m e ta l p a n e ls r e fle ct
i n t wo direc t i o n ss i m u l t a n e o u sly,su p e r im p o sin gm u ltip le
vi e ws int o a f r a g m e n t e d i m a g e o f sky a n d la n d sca p eth a t
ca mouflage s a l a r g e b u i l d i n gwith in its co n te xt.

The c orruga t i o n so f t h e
fo lded pane l sa r e s t r u c t u r a l ,
stif f eningt h e m s o t h a t t h e y
require no f r a m i n g , n o b o l t s
o r ot her v is i b l ec o n n e c t i o n s
th at would d e t r a c t f r o m t h e
cam ouf lage da f f e c t .

C onc ealedfr a m i n g
srr uc rure ,, ./
]-/

Foldedm et a l p a n e l s

Th e low, s pr e a d - o u t m a s s o f t he b u ild in g h e lp s
i t dis appea ri n t h e l a n d s c a p e ,ble n d in gwith th e
l i n e of t he h o r i z o nw h e n s e e n fr o m a d ista n ce .

EE
@

S i te pl an

j
:
ARCHITECT LOCATION

Do m in iq u ePe r r a u ll 1999 : N antes,France

A t h i n f o l d e d m e t a l c o r n ice
c ov e r s t h e c o r r u g a t i on s
at th e t o p o f t h e b u i l d in g ,
c on c e a l i n gt h e p r o f i l e o f th e
bui l d i n g s o t h e d e p t h o f th e
c nve l o p ed i s a p p e a r s

B acki ng
C -channel
stru cIu re

Lanoscape
reflectio ns
MArER'ar
color i .,'l;i;;:l

The lay erede n v e l o p eo f t h e L a b a n 4 0 m m p o lyca r b o n a te D oubl c r1l ,r,'''rl


Da nc e Cent e r c r e a t e s a t o n a l a ffe ct transl urctrl
by c olor-c od i n gt h e d i f f e r e n t i n te r io r gl ass
program s be h i n d a n e x t e r i o r o f
trans luc ent p o l y c a r b o n a t ep a n e ls.
A dif f erent co l o r i s g i v e n t o e a ch
danc e s t udio l e a c h w i t h i t s o w n
si z e, height ,a n d f o r m l , w h i l e t h e
out er poly c a r b o n a t eI a y e r b l u r s th e
di fferent c ol o r s i n t o a s e r i e s o f to n a l
gradient swh o s e i n t e n s i t yv a r i es o ve r
the c ours e o f t h e d a y .

Anod i z r .r l
al um l nU D l
I
ma gent a
'I n ml m2
Im 3
s IT U C l Ll lI'

l ----' ll K
turouois e 11 I2 t3

M' - ---' ' Wffi


green g1 92
n
g3

The c hroma t i c s y s t e m i s c o m p o se d
of t hree c olo r s , e a c h w i t h t h r e e to n a l
variat ions . S teel rrul l r,,n
supporl
brackcl ,,

::llr:
rat:a:t:

,l:l::,'
::::::::
:it:::,1
illl:rl:

We s t f agade ,d a y t i m e g r a d a t r on

We s t f agade ,n i g h t t i m e g r a d a tio n
i 38
DATE

i ilil:l,,-
FloJ rc r ARCHITECT

Llbrn Dan c eC e n t e r He r zo g& d e M e u r o n 2003

T ra n s p a r e n tp o l y c a r bo n a te
pan e l s p r o t e c t a g a t n st
gla r e a n d h e a t r a d i a t io n

Transl ucent
gl ass behi nd
pol ycarbo nate
di ffuses l i ght i nto
dance studi os

A l umi num
support structure
behi ndfl ush
pol ycarbonate
su rface

S emi -refl ecti ve


exteri or w i ndow s
mi rror l andscape

S t e e l m u l l i o n s u p p o rt
bra c k e t s a l l o w
po l y c a r b o n a t et o f l o a t
abo v e g r o u n d p l a n e
M ArE R ' A r "un"
I ma g g ffimr$m$

The Ebers w a l d eL i b r a r y T h e ir r e g u la r r h yth m o f th e h ori zontal Wi ndow il ilgHE


cre at es a s e r i a l a f f e c t b y b a n d s o f im a g e s,o f va r yin gh ei ghts pattern 1r,rlIErs
cl addingt he f l o o r s i n b a n d s - o n e , two , o r th r e e p a n e lsta l l -
of c onc ret ea n d g l a s s p a n e l s o b scu r e sth e r e g u la r r h yth m of the fl oor
'l
co v eredwit h s i l k s c r e e n e d p la te s a n d cle r e sto r ywin d o w bands.
p hot ograph s ,d i s s o l v i n gt h e
env elopeint o a p a t t e r n o f
rana:tih d imrdac

Si l k s c reene dc e r a m i c f r i t g l a s s p a n e l
1 . S ilk s c ree ni s p l a c e do v e r g l aze dp a n e l.
2. C eram ic is a p p l i e dt h r o u g h scr e e n .
3. S ilk s c ree ni s r e m o v e d a n d c e r a m ic
is heat -f u s e dt o g l a z e d p a n el.

Si l k s c reene dc a s t c o n c r e t ep a n e l
1 . lmage is s i l k s c r e e n e do n t o f o r m wo r k
liner us ing s e t t i n g r e i a r d a n t.
2. Panel is c a s t .
3. Panel rem o v e df r o m f o r m w or k
a f t er s et t i n g . R e t a r d a n ta n d un se t
c onc ret e r i n s e d a n d b r u s h e d fr o m
fac e of pan e l .
FNO T : ARCHITECT DATE : LOCATION
'FC
E lt 6rE wa l d eL i b r a r y 1999 : E bersw al de,Germany 11
'A
: *:::111llllll1I-l:-::Yll

F: l l h c r t t , r t n c d ca st
I il t i l | r , l 0 p an e l s
n r Ar k l l r r ) p r e se n ce
rrf i t r l r , t i o r fl o o r
a l, rlrr, rrt lw a l l s

C l erestoryw i ndow
masked by
si l kscreenedgl ass
panel above head
hei ght provi des
di ffuse l i ghti ng

llr t t l r l t h e ig h t
ql l k r r t r r c n e d
lt r r d r l r ' , ; a r e cu t o ff
lry l l l ( . l f a n s p a re n t
wl i l r l o w f ;

S hel vi ng
i ntegratedw i th
exteri or w al l

l ntegrateddesk
cpt ai hoinhi

of transparent
It, rt r, , lx rre n t
w i ndow s for
wlt rrlow:in i terrupt
di rect vi ew s
b F tt irl l)ot te r n
rr l inrlqc s

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