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Dr Hani Obeid
Dr Hani Obeid received his MSc and PhD in power systems
& networks fro Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (now St.
Petersburg State Technical University) in 1974 and 1980
From 1980 to 1983 worked in Jordan Electricity Authority.
He started research in pollution of HV transmission line
for the first time in Jordan.
He designed the first 400 KV line in Jordan.
From 1983- till now he is working as consultant and
designer in electrical installations and architectural acoustics.
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from 2000 till now he is an Assoc. Prof. EE/ Applied
Sciences University.
He is a senior member in IEEE.
He is the author of the following books:
.ΔϴϋΎϨτλϻ΍ ΓέΎϧϹ΍ Ϣψϧ .1
.(ϥ΍έΪΑ Ϣϴϫ΍ήΑ· .Ω ϊϣ ϙ΍ήΘηϻΎΑ) ϞΑϮϧήθΗ ΔΛΩΎΣϭ ΔϳϭϮϨϟ΍ ΔϗΎτϟ΍ .2
.(ϪϴϟΎϋ ΪϤΤϣ .Ω ϊϣ ϙ΍ήΘηϻΎΑ) ΎϬΘϳΎϤΣϭ Δϴ΋ΎΑήϬϜϟ΍ Ε΍ΪϳΪϤΘϟ΍ .3
.(ϥΎδϧϹ΍ϭ ΔϗΎτϟ΍ϭ ΔΌϴΒϟ΍ ΕΎϣϮψϨϣ-ΔΌϴΒϟ΍ϭ ϥΎδϧϹ΍ .4
.Γέ΍Ϊϟ΍ ήμϗ ΕΎΑΎδΣ .5
.ϯήΒϜϟ΍ ϊϳέΎθϤϟ΍ ϲϓ Δϴ΋ΎΑήϬϜϟ΍ Ε΍ΪϳΪϤΘϟ΍ ϢϴϤμΗϭ ςϴτΨΗ .6
.(ϲϧΎΒϤϟ΍ϭ ΕΎϋΎϘϠϟ ϲΗϮμϟ΍ ϢϴϤμΘϟ΍) ϦϴϳέΎϤόϤϟ΍ ϦϴγΪϨϬϤϠϟ ΕΎϴΗϮμϟ΍ .7
.(ΔϋΎΒτϟ΍ ΖΤΗ) ϲϧΎΒϤϟ΍ ΕΎϴΗϮλ .8
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The Wiring Regulations BS7671: currently 17th

The BS7671 Wiring Regulations is a non-statutory document,

Which plays a key role in the electrical industry in terms of
Standards and safety of electrical installation in buildings.

The regulations provide guidance of the standards and the

Latest 17th edition is effective from 1st of July 2008 and currently
in implementation instead of the 16th edition.

Dr Hani Obeid

!!"1st edition of the ³Wiring Rules´ issued. Entitled

³Rules & Regulations for the prevention of the fire
Risks arising from electric lighting´.

!!!2nd edition.

!#$3d edition entitled ³General Rules recommended for

Wiring for the supply of Electrical Energy´.

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#%&4th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations, called
³Wiring Rules´.
#%$5th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations.
# 6th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations.
# '7th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations.
#"(8th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations
³Regulations for the Electrical Equipment of
#"$9th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations.

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#&(10th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations.
#&#11th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations,
Revised issue (1943), reprinted with minor
Amendments (1945), supplement issued (1946),
Revised Section (1948).
#)%12th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations
Launched, Supplement issued (1954).
#))13th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations
Launched, reprinted, 1958, 1961, 1962 and 1964.

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#''14th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations published.
Reprinted, 1968, 1969, 1970 (in Metric units), 1972, 1973,
And 1976.
#! the 15th Edition of the Wiring Regulations launched.
## 16th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations published
(adopted as the BS in 1992). Electricity at work regs.
(Northern Ireland) come fully into being.
"%%(Part P of the Building Regulations becomes law.
BS 7671:2001 Requirements for the Electrical Installations
(incorporating Amendments No.1:2002 and No.2:2004.
The IEE Wiring Regulations 16th Edition.
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"%%$17th Edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations is
Scheduled to be issued on January 1st 2008 and comes
into effect 6 months later.

It was actually available around 21st of January 2008.

After July 1st 2008, designs must comply with the

New 17th BS7671 wiring regulations.

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a$!$ * ##"
+ , 


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a$!$ *"%%!
+ , 


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The 17th Edition is the result of a complete review of the

16th Edition and aims to standardize the UK standards

With the Harmonized Documents (HD¶s) produced

By the European Committee for Electro technical

Standardization (CENELEC).

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Requirements for Electrical Installations

IEE Wiring regulations
BS7671: 2008 consists of 7 parts and 15 appendices.

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  * Scope, Object and Fundamental Principles.

 &*Assessment of General Characteristics.
 (*Protection of Safety.
 )*Selection and Erection of Equipment.
 '*Inspection and Testing.
 $*Special Installations or Locations.

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1. British Standards to which reference is made in
the regulations.
2. Statutory regulations and associated memoranda.
3. Time/current characteristics of over-current
protective devices and rcds.
4. Current-carrying capacity and voltage drop for
cables and flexible cords.
5. Classification of external influence.
6. Model forms for certification and reporting.

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7. Harmonized cable core colors.
8. Current-carrying capacity and voltage drop for
bus bar trunking and power track systems.
9. Definitions-multiple source, d.c and other systems.
10. Protection of conductors in parallel against over
11. Effect of harmonic currents on balanced three-
phase systems.

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12. Voltage drop in consumer¶s installations.
13. Methods for measuring the insulation
resistance/impedance of floors and walls
to earth or to the protective conductor system.
14. Measurement of earth fault loop impedance:
consideration of the increase of the resistance
of conductors with increase of temperature.
15. Ring and radial final circuit arrangements,
regulation 433.1.

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 /    ,   

01   +    .

 , 2 

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A new informative note in the preface

Advises that the publication of the 2008 edition of
BS7671 does not automatically mean that installations
Complying with previous editions are unsafe for continued
Use or need to be upgraded.

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˜  ˜

e e lati n n bers are c an ed s as t be in line

it Internati nal lectr tec nical issi n

(I ) bers. is enables sers t readil relate

re lati ns it r ean HDs and I re lati ns.

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Requirements are added for protection for persons

and livestock against Injury, and properly against

damage by voltage Disturbances and electromagnetic


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4 ,  

  & 'adds requirements to protect against

Voltage disturbances and implementation measures
against electromagnetic influences. In doing so, the
design shall take into consideration the anticipated
Electromagnetic emissions generated by the installation
Or the installed equipment, which shall be suitable
For the current-using equipment used with, or connected
To, the installation.

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  &" &requires that documentation for
The electrical installation, including that required
by Chapter 51, Part 6 and Part 7, is provided for
Every Electrical installation

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 &) . 

This chapter recognizes the need for safety services,

as these are frequently regulated by statutory authorities
whose requirements have to be observed (e.g. emergency
Escape lighting, fire alarm systems, installations for fire
Pumps, fire rescue service lifts, smoke and heat
Extraction equipment).

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 &'    . 

This chapter requires that an assessment be made for

Each circuit of any need for continuity of service
Considered necessary during the intended life of
The installation.

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1. The chapter has been rewritten. Many regulations

Are worded differently but the requirements are not
Significantly changed.
2. The terms ³Direct Contact´ and ³Indirect Contact´
Are no longer used. They are replaced with a 

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is protection against touching live parts

is protection against receiving a shock from
conductive parts that have been become
live due to a breakdown of insulation
or damage to equipment.

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3. Socket outlets rated not exceeding 20 A and intended for
General use by ordinary persons must be protected with
30mA RCD. This means that general purpose sockets
In domestic and similar properties must have RCD

4. External sockets not exceeding 32A must also have

30 mA RCD protection.

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5. Maximum permitted loop impedance - ?
Values have been adjusted, based on 230 V
Nominal and this has slightly reduced these,
For example for 32 A type B mcb the maximum
Permitted is 1.44 ohms and was previously 1.5 ohms.

Tables 41B1, 41B2, and 41D have been replaced by tables

41.2, 41.3, and 41.4

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RCDs should have a rated residual operating
Current not exceeding 30mA and an operating time
not exceeding 40ms at a residual current of five
times the rated residual operating current.

Chapter 41 includes a new table 41.5, which gives

Maximum values of earth fault loop impedance
For RCD to BS EN 61008-1 and BS EN 61009-1.

This chapter includes the UK reduced low voltage

system. Regulation 411.7 recognizes FELV as
Measure a protective
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    /      6   - 

the protection against thermal effects, includes

Requirements in section 422 Precautions where
particular risks of fire exist (These requirements
Were previously stated in Section 482 of
BS 7671:2001.

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    . 7  

this includes those requirements previously given

in Section 473 of BS7671:2001.

Information on the over current protection of

Conductors in parallel is given in Appendix 10.

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This includes a new section 422, covering the

Protection of low voltage installations against
Temporary over-voltages, due to earth faults in
The high voltage system and faults in the low
voltage system.

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This new section provides for the safety of the
Low voltage system under fault conditions,
Including faults in the high voltage system,
Loss of the supply neutral in the low voltage
System and short circuit between a line conductor
And neutral in the low voltage installation.

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Section 443 on the protection of over-voltages of

atmospheric origin, or due to switching, retains the
Existing text from BS 7671. it also adds regulations
Enabling designers to use a risk assessment approach
When designing installations which may be susceptible
To over-voltages of atmospheric origin.

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This now includes bus-bars trunking systems and

power track systems. Cables concealed in a wall or
partition (at a depth of less than 50 mm) now need to be
Protected by a 30 mA RCD, where the installations is
Not intended to be under the supervision od a skilled or
Instructed person, if the normal methods of protection
Cannot be employed.

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Table 52.2, concerning cables surrounding by thermal

insulation, gives slightly reduced de-rating factors,

to take account of the availability of material with

Improved thermal insulation.

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Simplification means that requirements previously

In chapter 46, section 476 and 537 of BS7671:2001
are now covered in this single chapter.
Chapter 53 also includes a new   )&"m.  
4      6 4 and a new
  )&!on Monitoring Devices.

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,    .   

The requirement that a metallic pipe of a water utility

Supply shall not be used as an earth electrode is retained
in  )(""(which also states that other
Metallic water supply pipe-work shall not be used as
An earth electrode, unless precautions are taken against
Its removal and has been considered for such a use.

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 )(&$has earthing requirements for

the installation of equipment with high protective

Conductor currents, previously in Section 607

of BS 7671:2001

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This includes new additional requirements in

 )) $to ensure the safe connection

of low voltage generating sets including small-scale

Embedded generators (SSEGs).

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This chapter has been expanded in line with

IEC Standardization.

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This part includes the following changes:

Section 607 in BS 7671:2001 relating to high

Protective conductor currents has been incorporated

Into  )(

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Section 608 in BS 7671:2001 has been incorporated

into   $%!      

 .9 , 6  , 1   

and   $"       

 .     . 

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/,,    a 

This special location now includes basins of fountains.

Zones A, B, and C in BS 7671:2001 are replaced

by 0,1, and 2.

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Zones A, B, C, and D in BS 7671:2001 are

Replaced by zones 1,2,and 3 (with changed


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The reduced disconnection times (0.2s)

And the 25 V equation no longer appear

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The reduced disconnection times (0.2s) and

the 25V equation no longer appear. Additional
requirements applicable to life support systems
Are included.

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Section 706
Conducting Locations with Restricted Movement

This was previously Section 606 in

BS 7671:2001

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lectrical I stallati i ara a / a i ar s a
?i ilar cati s

This w i clu es the require e ts that each

I i i ual s c et- utlet ust be r i e with
O er-curre t a R D r tecti .

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New Sections included in Part 7

  $%#*Marines and similar locations.

  $ *Exhibitions, show and stands.
  $)&*Floor and ceiling heating systems.
  $ "*Solar photovoltaic (pv) power
Supply systems.
  *$ $* Mobile or transportable units.

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  $" *Electrical installations in caravans
and motor caravans ± this was previously in
section 608 of BS 7671:2001.

  $(%*Temporary electrical installations

for structures, amusement devices and booths
at fairgrounds, amusement parks and circuses.

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For three-phase cables the phase colors are brown, black

And grey, instead of red, yellow, and blue, respectively
And the neutral color is now blue instead of black.
Again the protective color conductor is identified by the
Color combination green- and ± yellow.
Alternatively all three of the phase conductor cores
May be colored brown and marked L1, L2, L3 at the

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