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21 - AIR CONDITIONING
21-26-00 AVIONICS VENTILATION -
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION/OPERATION
CONTENTS:
General
Open Circuit Configuration
Closed Circuit Configuration
Partially Open Circuit Configuration
Self Examination

GENERAL
The system is automatically controlled by the Avionics
Equipment Ventilation Computer and no crew action is
required.
The Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer (AEVC)
will change the system configuration depending on
whether the aircraft is on ground or in flight and on
aircraft skin temperature.
Note that the BLOWER and EXTRACT pushbuttons must be
in AUTO position.

OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION


In OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION, ambient air, drawn
through the skin air inlet valve by the blower fan,
is blown into the system. The air, after cooling
avionics equipment, is drawn by the extract fan
directly overboard.
The OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION allows avionics
equipment to be cooled with ambient air under certain
conditions (on ground and skin temperature above 11°C
(51.8°F) increasing, or above 4°C (39.2°F)
decreasing).
Note: the skin air inlet and outlet valves are fully
open.

CLOSED CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION


In CLOSED CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION, the extracted
avionics equipment air goes, through the skin exchanger
isolation valve, into the skin heat exchanger to be
cooled. then this air is blown into the avionics
equipment again.
When the AEVC detects airflow higher than the requested
value, part of the hot air is bled under the cargo
compartment floor by means of opening of the skin
exchanger inlet ByPass Valve.
the skin exchanger outlet ByPass Valve opens in order
to decrease the noise level in the avionics bay.

PARTIALLY OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION


In PARTIALLY OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION, the system
is almost like in closed configuration, part of the
extracted air is expelled overboard.
Note that the skin air outlet valve is an electrically
operated single flap with a smaller flap built into
it.
This smaller flap is opened in flight (or on ground
with take-off power selected) when the skin temperature
is above 34°C (93.2°F). It returns to the closed
position when the skin temperature decreases below
27°C (80.6°F).

SELF EXAMINATION
When does the skin exchanger inlet bypass valve
open?
A - In open circuit configuration.
B - In partially open circuit configuration,
or in closed circuit configuration with
airflow higher than the requested value.
C - When the ambient avionics bay
temperature is above 34°C (93.2°F).
When does the skin heat exchanger operate on the
ground?
A - When the circuit operates in open
circuit configuration.
B - In closed circuit configuration when the
skin temperature is below 11°C (51.8°F)
(skin temperature increasing).
C - In closed circuit configuration when the
skin temperature is above 11°C (51.8°F)
(skin temperature increasing).

21-26-00 AVIONICS VENTILATION -


SYSTEM INTERFACES
CONTENTS:
Landing Gear Control Interface Unit (LGCIU)
Engine Interface Unit (EIU)
Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU)
Skin Temperature Sensor
Blowing Pressure Switches And Duct Temperature Sensor
Extract Pressure Switch
Skin Air Valves/SDAC
Controller (AEVC)/SDAC
Smoke Detector

AVIONICS VENTILATION - SYSTEM INTERFACES


LANDING GEAR CONTROL INTERFACE UNIT (LGCIU)
The Landing Gear Control Interface Unit 1 and 2 send
a signal to the avionics controller for ventilation
system control.
Signal: Ground/flight, used for system control.
ENGINE INTERFACE UNIT (EIU)
The Engine Interface Unit 1 and 2 send the "take-off
thrust on" signal to the avionics controller for
ventilation system control.
Signal: Thrust lever set to take off and N2 above idle,
used for system control.
CENTRALIZED FAULT DISPLAY INTERFACE UNIT (CFDIU)
The avionics controller sends BITE data to the
Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit via ARINC
bus. Test of the system is performed by sending a test
demand discrete signal to the controller.
Signals: BITE data via ARINC bus and MCDU test demand
via discrete, used for avionics equipment ventilation
system monitoring.
SKIN TEMPERATURE SENSOR
The skin temperature sensor signals the skin
temperature to the computer for configuration control.
Signal: Skin temperature, used for configuration
control.

BLOWING PRESSURE SWITCHES AND DUCT TEMPERATURE SENSOR


The blowing pressure switches and the duct temperature
sensor signal a low flow and a high duct temperature
to the controller, to both System Data Acquisition
Concentrators and to the BLOWER pushbutton.
On the ground, the ADIRU & AVNCS VENT light illuminates
amber on the external power receptacle 108VU
accompanied by the horn activation.
Signal: Low pressure delta P = 0.025 psi (1,73 hPa)
or high duct temperature temp = 62oC (144oF), used for
fault and ventilation ground warnings located on
external power receptacle 108VU.
EXTRACT PRESSURE SWITCH
The extract pressure switch signals a low flow to the
controller, to both SDACs and to the EXTRACT
pushbutton.
On the ground, the ADIRU & AVNCS VENT light illuminates
amber on the external power receptacle 108VU
accompanied by the horn activation.
Signal: Extract low pressure, used for fault and
ventilation ground warnings located on external power
receptacle 108VU.
SKIN AIR VALVES / SDAC
The skin air valves position signals are sent to both
SDACs for system display and for skin valve fault
warning.
Signal: Skin valve position feedback, used for system
display and valve position disagree warning in flight
(SKIN VALVE FAULT).
CONTROLLER (AEVC) / SDAC
The avionics controller monitors the skin air valves
position, the conditioned air inlet valve and the
exchanger inlet bypass valve position.
In case of valve position disagree or loss of power
supply of the controller, the controller sends an
avionics system fault signal to both SDACs.
Signal: Avionics system fault, used for valve position
disagree warning on ground (except the skin exchanger
outlet bypass valve) or loss of power supply of the
Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer.
SMOKE DETECTOR
The smoke detector signals smoke to the controller,
to both SDACs, to both VENT pushbuttons and to GEN 1
LINE pushbutton.
Signal: Smoke detected, used for smoke warning.

21-26-00 AVIONICS VENTILATION -


COMPONENTS
CONTENTS:
Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer (AEVC)
Skin Air Inlet Valve
Skin Air Outlet Valve
Blower Fan
Extract Fan
Skin Exchanger Inlet Bypass Valve
Skin Exchanger Isolation Valve
Skin Exchanger Outlet Bypass Valve
Conditioned Air Inlet Valve
Filter Assembly
Check Valves
Pressure Switches
Duct Temperature Sensor
Skin Temperature Sensor
Skin Heat Exchanger

AVIONICS EQUIPMENT VENTILATION COMPUTER (AEVC)


IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 10HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 128
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The avionics computer controls the valves and fans in
the avionics ventilation system. System condition
information is sent to the avionics computer by
pressure switches and temperature sensors in the
system.

SKIN AIR INLET VALVE


IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 15HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 127
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
This valve is an electrically operated single flap
valve which can be manually overridden. Before the
valve is closed manually, it must first be isolated
electrically with a toggle switch located inside the
valve.
TRAINING INFORMATION POINT
After a maintenance action on this valve, check that
the deactivation switch is put back to ON position in
order to recover a normal operation of the system.

SKIN AIR OUTLET VALVE


IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 22HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 126
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
This valve is an electrically operated single flap
valve with a smaller flap built into it. Before the
valve is closed manually, it must first be isolated
electrically with a toggle switch inside the valve.
TRAINING INFORMATION POINT
After a maintenance action on this valve, check that
the deactivation switch is put back to ON position in
order to recover a normal operation of the system.

BLOWER FAN
IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 20HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 128
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The blower fan is powered with:
- a three phase, four pole single induction motor
for high speed,
- a three phase, six pole single induction motor
for low speed.
A thermo switch and relay are installed on the stator
of the blower fan. If the temperature of the stator
reaches +140 +6 -6 deg C (+284.00 +10.80 -10.80 deg.F),
the thermo switch isolates the electrical supply to
the fan. A fault indication light and reset button are
installed on the fan body.

EXTRACT FAN
IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 18HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 128
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The extraction fan is identical to the blower fan.

SKIN EXCHANGER INLET BYPASS VALVE


IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 16HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 126
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
This valve is of the butterfly type, with an actuator
which moves the butterfly to the open or closed
position. Two microswitches signal the valve position
to the avionics computer 10HQ. A visual position
indicator is located on the top of the actuator unit.
SKIN EXCHANGER ISOLATION VALVE
IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 24HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 126
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The skin exchanger isolation valve 24HQ is installed
upstream of the skin heat exchanger. This valve is
identical to the skin exchanger inlet bypass valve
16HQ.

SKIN EXCHANGER OUTLET BYPASS VALVE


IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 23HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 125
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The skin exchanger outlet bypass valve is installed
downstream of the skin heat exchanger. This valve is
identical to the skin exchanger inlet bypass valve
16HQ.

CONDITIONED AIR INLET VALVE


IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 21HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 127
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
The conditioned air inlet valve is installed in a duct
which is connected to the cockpit main supply duct.
This valve is similar to the skin exchanger inlet
bypass valve.

FILTER ASSEMBLY
IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 2081HM, 2082HM, 2083HM
LOCATION
ZONE: 127
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
A two-stage filter assembly is installed upstream of
the blower fan 20HQ. The first-stage is a cleanable
plate type filter 2081HM which removes dust particles
above 1000 microns and a multi-layer filter which
removes water particles. The second stage is a
cleanable, corrugated-cartridge-barrier filter 2082HM
which removes any dust particles above 400 microns.
The filter assembly is also equipped with pressure test
ports for checking the clogging level of the demister
and dust filter assembly (through a portable manometer).

CHECK VALVES
IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 2140HM, 2150HM
LOCATION
ZONE: 128
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
A check valve 2140HM is installed downstream of the
blower fan. The check valve is designed to be installed
in line between the ducts. Two semicircle flaps are
installed on a hinge-bar, a spring holds these
semicircle flaps in the closed position.
A check valve 2150HM is installed downstream the skin
air inlet valve. The purpose of the check valve is to
protect the system at the air inlet against possible
adverse effects caused by cabin differential pressure.

PRESSURE SWITCHES
IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 17HQ, 19HQ, 30HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 121, 127, 127
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
Three pressure switches are installed in the avionics
ventilation system, two in the blowing circuit and one
in the extraction circuit. The switches are of the
capsule/microswitch type with an electrical connector
at the top. A low flow indication is given at a
differential pressure of 1.7 mbar plus 1.3 or minus
0.5 mbar.

DUCT TEMPERATURE SENSOR


IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 26HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 128
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
It consists of a thermistor mounted in a
stainless-steel tube, an electrical connector is
mounted at the top.
The set temperature values are:
- increasing temperatures 62 deg.C +1 deg.C
(143.6 deg.F +1.8 deg.F).
- decreasing temperatures 60 deg.C +1 deg.C (140 deg.F
+1.8 deg.F)

SKIN TEMPERATURE SENSOR


IDENTIFICATION
FIN: 28HQ
LOCATION
ZONE: 126
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
It consists of a sensor element through which an
electrical current passes to measure the potential
difference proportional to the temperature. The set
temperature values are as follows:
- on ground, increasing values +7 deg.C (+44.60 deg.F),
decreasing values +4deg.C (+39.20 degF).
- after takeoff, increasing values +36 deg.C
(+96.80 deg.F), decreasing values +31 deg.C
(+87.80 deg.F).

SKIN HEAT EXCHANGER


COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
A skin heat exchanger is located in the upper fuselage
between frames 12 and 14 and, in normal flight
operations, is used to cool the avionics ventilation
air. A thermally insulated internal wall is bolted to
the frames to form two rectangular ducts. This internal
wall is easily removed for structural inspection. A
drainage system is included to deal with any
condensation when the heat exchanger is in operation.

21-43-00 FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT


VENTILATION/HEATING -
SYSTEM PRESENTATION
CONTENTS
General
Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV)
Trim Air Valve
Inlet Isolation Valve
Extraction Fan
Outlet Isolation Valve
Pressure Switch
Ventilation Controller
Heating Controller