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Q.10. DISCUSS THE PRINCIPLE,CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF


MOVING IRON TYPE MEASURING INSTRUMENTS.

Q.11 DISCUSS THE PRINCIPLE,CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF


PMMC TYPE MEASURING INSTRUMENTS.

Q12. DISCUSS THE PRINCIPLE,CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION


OF ELECTRODYNAMOMETER TYPE INSTRUMENTS.

Q.13. DISCUSS THE PRINCIPLE,CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION


OF SINGLE PHASE TYPE ENERGYMETER(INDUCTION TYPE).

Q14. DERIVE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LINE CURRENT,PHASE


CURRENT,LINE VOLTAGE AND PHASE VOLTAGE IN A 3-PHASE STAR
CONNECTED AND DELTA CONNECTED CIRCUITS.

Q15. EXPLAIN TWO WATTMETER METHOD TO DETERMINE POWER IN

3- PHASE SYSTEM.
Q.16.TWO WATTMETER CONNECTED TO MEASURE THE INPUT TO A
BALANCED 3PHASE CIRCUIT INDICATE 2000W AND 500W.WHAT WILL BE
THE POWER FACTOR WHEN THE LATER READING IS OBTAINED AFTER
REVERSING THE CONNECTIONS TO THE CURRENT COIL OF THE FIRST
INSTRUMENT???
?

Q.17- Find the resultant of the following two alternating voltages:-

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m´ 150 Sin  (  
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m ´ 250 Sin  (  
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Q.18- A 100 v, 80 w lamp is operated on a 240 v, 50 HZ supply.
Calculate the value of (a) non- inductive resistor (b) Pure inductance
and (c) Capacitor that would be placed in series with the lamp in
order that it may be used at its rated voltage.

Q.19 Prove that for a series R-L-C circuit the impedance

 š    3  Ô   4 È
Q.20- A single phase load of 30 kW at 0.6 power factor legging is fed
from 200 v ac supply. Calculate the KVA and KVAr of the load.

Q.21- The voltage across and current through a circuit are given by

v´ 250 sin (314 t -$ ) volt

i´ 10 sin (314 + '$ ) Amp
Calculate the impedance, resistance and reactance of the circuit.

Q.22- What is resonance? Deduce an expression for the resonant


frequency of a series a-c circuit.

Q.23- What is meant by Q-factor of a tuned circuit circuit?


If the Bandwidth a resonant circuit is 10 KHZ and the lower half
power frequency is 110 KHZ. What is the value of upper half
frequency? What is the value of quality factor.

Q.24- A 400/200V,SINGLE PHASE TRANSFORMER SUPPLYING A LOAD OF


25A AT A POWER FACTOR OF 0.866 LAGGING.THE NO LOAD
CURRENT IS 2AMP AT POWER FACTOR OF 0.208.CALCULATE THE
CURRENT TAKEN FROM THE SUPPLY AND ITS CORRESPONDING
POWER FACTOR?

Q.25- A2200/220V,50HZ TRANSFORMER HAS THE FOLLOWING VALUES


OF RESISTANCE AND REACTANCE :R1´2.4Ÿ,X1´ 6 Ÿ,R2´.03 Ÿ,X2´.07 Ÿ.IF
THE RATING OF THE TRANSFORMER IS 33 KVA THEN CALCULATE
(A) EQUIVALENT RESISTACE,REACTANCE AND IMPEDANCE REFERRED
TO PRIMARY SIDE.
(B) EQUIVALENT RESISTACE,REACTANCE AND IMPEDANCE REFERRED
TO SECONDARY SIDE.
(C) CALCULATE THE TOTAL OHMIC LOSS OR COPPER LOSS
(1) WINDINGS ARE CONSIDERED SEPARATEY.
(2) WINDINGS ARE REFERRED TO PRIMARY.
(3) WINDINGS ARE REFERRED TO SECODARY.

Q26.- A 25 KVA,2500/250V,50HZ TRANSFORMER(SINGLE PHASE) GOES


UNDER THE OPEN CIRCUIT & SHORT CIRCUIT TEST AND THE
FOLLOWING READINGS ARE ORTAINED.
OPEN CIRCUIT TEST-250V,1.2AMP,100WATT(ON LV SIDE)
SHORT CIRCUIT TEST-100V,8AMP,320WATT(ON HV SIDE)
DRAW THE EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT OF THE TRANSFORMER
REFERRED TO THE HV SIDE AND LV SIDE.

Q27:- DEVELOP THE EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT OF A SINGLE PHASE


TRANSFORMER ON NO LOAD AND ON LOAD CONDITIONS.ALSO
EXPLAIN FOLLOWING FOR SINGLE PHASE TRANSFORMER
(A) VOLTAGE REGULATION
(B) TRANSFORMER EFFICIENCY.
Q28: WITH NEAT CIRCUIT DIAGRAM EXPLAIN OPEN-CIRCUIT AND
SHORT-CIRCUIT TEST OF SINGLE PHASE TRANSFORMER.

Q.29: DERIVE THE E.M.F EQUATION OF D.C GENERATOR. IN AN 8POLE


D.C MACHINE,THE FLUX PER POLE IS 0.1wb,400 CONDUCTORS AND
SPEED 300 r.p.m. CALCULATE THE GENERATED E.M.F WHEN THE
ARMATURE IS (A) LAP CONNECTED (B) WAVE CONNECTED

Q.30: DRAW MAGNETISATION AND LOAD CHARACTERISTICS OF D.C


GENERATOR.ALSO WRITE THE CONDITIONS OF VOLTAGE BUILD UP
IN D.C SHUNT GENERATOR.

Q.31: WHY STARTERS ARE NEEDED FOR STARTING OF D.C


MOTORS?EXPLAIN ONE METHOD OF SPEED CONTROL OF D.C
SHUNT MOTOR.

Q.32: DRAW OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS OF D.C SHUNT AND SERIES


MOTORS.WHY D.C SERIES MOTOR SHOULD NOT BE STARTED AT
NO LOAD?

Q.33: DEFINE SLIP IN 3-PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR.WHAT IS ITS VALUE AT


STARTING AND AT SYNCHRONOUS SPEED? A 60HZ INDUCTION
MOTOR HAS 2 POLES AND RUNS AT 3510 r.p.m. CALCULATE
(A) THE SYNCHRONOUS SPEED (B) THE PERCENT SLIP.

Q.34: DISCUSS THE PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION OF THREE ±PHASE


INDUCTION MOTOR.ALSO DRAW THE COMPLETE TORQUE-SLIP
CHARACTERISTICS OF THREE ±PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR.
Q.35: WHY A SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR IS NOT SELF STARTING?
DISCUSS BRIEFLY ABOUT DOUBLE REVOLVING FIELD THEORY OF
SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR.

Q.36: EXPLAIN ALL THE METHODS OF STARTING OF SINGLE-PHASE


INDUCTION MOTOR WITH PROPER CIRCUIT DIAGRAM.

Q.37: AN INDUCTION MOTOR IS RUNNING AT FULL LOAD AND DEVELOPS


A TORQUE OF 180N-M, WHEN THE ROTOR MAKES 120
REVOLUTIONS PER MINUTE. IF THE NUMBER OF POLES BE 4 AND
SUPPLY FREQUENCY IS 50HZ THE CALCULATE THE SHAFT POWER.

Q.38: BRIEFLY DISCUSS THE PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION OF ALTERNATOR


AND ALSO GIVE ITS APPLICATIONS.DRAW V CURVE FOR
SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR.

Q.39: COMPARE MAGNETIC AND ELECTRIC CIRCUITS.

Q.40: DEFINE m.m.f, flux, reluctance and permeability.

Q.41: AN IRON RING OF MEAN LENGTH 1.2m and cross-sectional AREA


0.005SQUARE METRE IS WOUND WITH A COIL OF 900 TURNS. IF A
CURRENT OF 2A IN THE COIL PRODUCES A FLUX DENSITY IN THE
RING OF 1.1T, CALCULATE (A) THE M.M.F (B) THE TOTAL FLUX IN
RING. (C) THE MAGNETIC FIELD STRENGTH (D) THE RELATIVE
PERMEABILITY OF THE IRON AT THIS FLUX DENSITY.

Q.42 DERIVE THE E.M.F EQUATION OF TRANSFORMER. A 125KVA


TRANSFORMER HAVING PRIMARY VOLTAGE OF 2000V AT 50HZ HAS 182
PRIMARY AND 40 SECONDARY TURNS.NEGLECTING
LOSSES,CALCULATE: (A) THE FULL LOAD PRIMARY AND SECONDARY
CURRENTS.
(B) THE NO-LOAD SECONDARY INDUCED
(C) THE MAXIMUM FLUX IN THE CORE.

Q.43: DESCRIBE THE OPERATION OF A SINGLE-PHASE


TRANSFORMER.EXPLAINING CLEARLY THE FUNCTIONS OF OF THE
DIFFERENT PARTS.WHY ARE THE CORES LAMINATED.

Q.44: DRAW A NEAT SKETCH OF A D.C GENERATOR. STATE THE


FUNCTIONS OF EACH PART.DERIVE THE TORQUE EQUATION OF A
D.C MOTOR.

Q.45: EXPLAIN THE 3-POINT AND 4-POINT STARTERING MRTHOD FOR


STARTING OF D.C MOTORS.
Q.46:WHAT ARE THE MODIFICATIONS ARE DONE IN DC SERIES MOTOR
TO SATISFACTORILY OPERATE AS A UNIVERSAL MOTOR.

Q.47: EXPLAIN WITH COMPLETE CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT THE WORKING


OF UNIVERSAL MOTOR.

Q.48: EXPLAIN BRIEFLY ABOUT ALL TYPES OF STEPPER MOTORS.

Q.49: A 3-PHASE,6POLE ,50HZ INDUCTION MOTOR HAS A SLIP OF 1% AT


NO LOAD,AND 3% AT FULL LOAD.DETERMINE (1) SYNCHRONOUS SPEED
(2) NO-LOAD SPEED (3) FULL LOAD SPEED (4) FREQUENCY OF THE
ROTOR CURRENT AT STANDSTILL (5) FREQUENCY OF THE ROTOR
CURRENT AT FULL LOAD.

Q:50. A 3-PHASE ,50HZ INDUCTION MOTOR HAS 6 POLES AND OPERATES


WITH A SLIP OF 5% AT A CERTAIN LOAD.DETERMINE
(1) THE SPEED OF THE ROTOR WITH RESPECT TO THE STATOR.
(2) THE FREQUENCY OF THE ROTOR CURRENT.
(3) THE SPEED OF THE ROTOR MAGNETIC FIELD WITH RESPECT TO
THE ROTOR.
(4) THE SPEED OF ROTOR MAGNETIC FIELD WITH RESPECT TO THE
STATOR.