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2008-07 Security Level: Internal Use

HUAWEI BTS3900
Hardware Structure

ISSUE4.0 www.huawei.com

Wireless Case and Training

HUAWEI Confidential
 The BTS3900 developed by Huawei is an indoor macro BTS.
The BTS3900 mainly consists of the BBU and DRFUs.
Compared with traditional BTSs, the BTS3900 features simpler
structure and higher integration.
 In this slide, we’ll mainly introduce the hardware system
structure, basic functions of modules and networking mode of
the BTS3900.

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 Know the functions and features of BTS3900
 Master the Hardware structure and function of BTS3900
 Master the Network topologies of BTS3900

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 BTS3900 Product Description ( V300R008_03)
 BTS3900 Hardware Description ( V300R008_03)
 BTS3900 Installation Guide ( V300R008_02)

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Chapter 1 BTS3900 System Description

Chapter 2 BTS3900 Hardware Structure

Chapter 3 BTS3900 Network Topology

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Location
Um Interface

PSTN
MS TUP,ISUP ISDN
BTS3900 PSPDN
BSC
A Interface
MS MSC/VLR
M
AP
MAP
BTS3900

BTS HLR/AUC/EIR
SMC/VM
MS
BTS3900 OMC
MS: Mobile Station BTS: Base Transceiver Station BSC: Base Station Controller
HLR: Home Location Register AUC: Authentication Center EIR: Equipment Identity Register

MSC: Mobile Switching Center VLR: Visitor Location Register SMC: Short Message Center

VM: Voice Mailbox OMC: Operation and Maintenance Center DBS : Distributed Base Station

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Chapter 1 BTS3900 System Description

Chapter 2 BTS3900 Hardware Structure

Chapter 3 BTS3900 Network Topology

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Component
Board/Module Full Name Parts in a Single Cabinet
Full Configuration Minimum Configuration
BSBC Universal BBU Subrack Backplane type C 1 1
(2U)
UEIU Universal Environment Interface Unit ≥3 1
GTMU GSM Transmission and Management Unit 1 1
for the BBU
UELP Universal E1/T1 Lightning Protection Unit 0 0

UBFA Universal BBU Fan unit type A (2U) 1 1


UPEU Universal Power and Environment 2 1
interface Unit
DRFU Double Radio Filter Unit 6 1
DCDU-01 Direct Current Distribution Unit 1 1
GATM GSM Antenna and TMA Control Module 1 0
PMU Power and Environment Monitoring Unit 1 0
PSU (AC/DC) Power Supply Unit (AC/DC) 3 0
PSU (DC/DC) Power Supply Unit (DC/DC) 4 0
FAN Box FAN Box 1 1

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Section 1 System Structure

Section 2 Hardware Component

Section 3 DRFU Work Mode

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BTS3900 Cabinet
Cabinet size: H×W×D=900mm×600mm×450mm
Base size: H×W×D=400mm×600mm×420mm
Weight: 57kg(empty) /142kg(full configuration)

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BTS3900 Cabinet Structure

Fully configured cabinet (-48VDC) Fully configured cabinet (+24VDC) Fully configured cabinet (~220VAC)

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BTS3900 Cabinet Structure

Stacked cabinets in full configuration Stacked cabinets in full configuration Stacked cabinets in full configuration
(-48VDC) (+24VDC) (~220VAC)

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BTS3900 Logical Structure

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Section 1 System Structure

Section 2 Hardware Component

Section 3 DRFU Work Mode

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BTS3900 Components
BTS 3900 Hardware consists of :

BBU
DRFU
DCDU-01
GATM
PMU
PSU
FAN BOX

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BBU Logical Structure

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BBU Hardware Structure
 The typical power consumption of the BBU is 50 W.
 The BBU is a small box with all the external ports on the front panel.
 The BBU3900 boards consist of the BSBC, UEIU, GTMU, and UELP; the
BBU3900 modules consist of the UBFU and the UPEU.

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BBU Board--BSBC
The BSBC is the backplane of the BBU. The BSBC provides eight
board slots, two power slots, and one fan slot.
The universal BBU sub-rack backplane type C (2U) (BSBC) provides
backplane interfaces for communication between boards and supplies
power for boards.
The GTMU is located in slots 5 and 6, slot 7 for a main control board
that supports 3G, and other ports are as common slots.

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BBU Board--GTMU
The GSM transmission, timing, and management unit for BBU
(GTMU)
controls and manages the entire BTS. It provides interfaces related to
the
 The
reference
GTMU performs
clock, power
the following
supply, OM,
functions:
and external alarm collection.
Controls, maintains, and operates the BTS.
Supports fault management, configuration management, performance
management, and security management.
Supports the monitoring of the fan module and power supply module.
Distributes and manages BTS3900 clock signals.
Provides clock input for testing.
Provides port for terminal maintenance.
Supports four E1 inputs.
Provides CPRI ports for communication with the RF modules .

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BBU Board--GTMU
Ports on the Panel
Port Type Description
CPRI0– SFP connector Provides the input and output of optical and electrical transmission
CPRI5 signals
ETH RJ45 Local maintenance and commissioning
connector
FE0 RJ45 A reserved port that performs the following function:
connector Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through
the Ethernet cable to transmit network information
FE1 DLC connector A reserved port that performs the following function:
Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through
the optical cable to transmit network information
USB USB connectorA reserved port that performs the following function:
Automatically upgrades the software through the USB disk
TST USB connectorTesting of the output clock signals by using a tester

E1/T1 DB26 male Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the
connector GTMU and the UELP or between the GTMU and the BSC.

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BBU Board--GTMU
LEDs on the board
LED Color Status Description
RUN Green On The board is faulty.
Off There is no power supply or the board is
faulty.
Blinking once every two seconds The board is operational.
Blinking once every four seconds The OML link is abnormal.
Blinking four times per second The board is loading software.
ALM Red On A fault occurs in the running board.
Off An alarm is not generated.
ACT Green On The board is operational.
Off The board is faulty.
LIU0–LIU3 Green On A local E1/T1 alarm is generated.
Blinking four times per second A remote E1/T1 alarm is generated.
Off This link is not used or the alarm is cleared.
CPRI0– Green On The CPRI link is functional.
CPRI5
Red On The reception of the optical module is
abnormal and an alarm is generated.

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BBU Board--GTMU
 DIP Switch
DIP Switch DIP Status Description

1 2
SW1 ON ON The E1 impedance is set to 75 Ω.

OFF ON The E1 impedance is set to 120 Ω.

ON OFF The T1 impedance is set to 100 Ω.

DIP Switch DIP Status Description


1 2 3 4
SW2 ON ON ON ON The E1 cable is grounded.

OFF OFF OFF OFF The E1 cable is not grounded.

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BBU Board--GTMU
 DIP Switch
DIP Switch DIP Status Description
1 2 3 4

SW4 ON ON ON ON The E1 link can be bypassed.


OFF OFF OFF OFF The E1 link cannot be bypassed.

DIP Switch DIP Status Description


1 2 3 4

SW5 ON ON ON ON The E1 link cannot be bypassed.


OFF ON ON OFF The E1 link of the Level 1 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.
ON OFF ON OFF The E1 link of the Level 2 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.
OFF OFF ON OFF The E1 link of the Level 3 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.
ON ON OFF OFF The E1 link of the Level 4 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.
OFF ON OFF OFF The E1 link of the Level 5 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.

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BBU Module--UBFA
The universal BBU fan unit type A (2U) (UBFA) communicates with
the
GTMU to regulate the temperature, adjust the fan speed, and report
alarms. The UBFA module is hot swappable.
Label Color Status Description
STATE Green 0.125s ON, 0.125s The module is not registered,
OFF and no alarm is reported.

1s ON, 1s OFF The module is running


properly.

Red ON The module is reporting an


alarm.

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BBU Module--UPEU
The universal power and environment interface unit (UPEU)
supports the –48V/ +24V DC power input, supplies power to the
boards, modules, and fan in the BBU, and provides access to
multiple environment monitoring signals.
The UPEU performs the following functions:
Converting -48V or +24V DC to +12V DC that is applicable to the boards.
Providing two RS485 signals and eight dry contact alarms.
Providing reverse connection protection for power cable connectors.

UPEA UPEB

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BBU Module--UPEU
Ports on the Panel

Label Connector Description

PWR 3V3 +24 V/-48 V DC power input

EXT-ALM1 RJ45 Transmitting eight dry contact alarms

EXT-ALM0 RJ45

MON1 RJ45 Transmitting two RS485 environment monitoring signals

MON0 RJ45

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BBU Board--UEIU
The universal environment interface unit (UEIU) supports multiple
environment monitoring signals. The UEIU supports eight Boolean
alarm signals and two RS485 environment monitoring signals.
The UEIU is optional. It is configured when the environment interfaces
are insufficient.
Label Connect Description
or
EXT- RJ45 Transmitting eight dry contact
ALM1 alarms

EXT- RJ45
ALM0

MON1 RJ45 Transmitting two RS485


environment monitoring signals

MON0 RJ45

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BBU Board—UELP
The universal E1/T1 lightning protection unit (UELP) provides lightning
protection for four E1/T1 signals.

Port Type Cable Description


INSIDE DB25 male E1 transfer cable of Transfers the four E1/T1 signals between the
connector the BBU UELP and the GTMU

OUTSIDE DB26 male E1/T1 cables of the Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1
connector BBU signals between the BBU and the BSC
The UELP has one DIP switch, which is used to set the impedance on
the
E1/T1 port. There are four DIP bits on the DIP switch.
DIP Switch DIP Status Description
1 2 3 4
S1 ON ON ON ON Applied to 75-ohm E1 cables in unbalanced
mode.
OFF OFF OFF OFF Applied to other cases instead of 75-ohm E1
cables in unbalanced mode.

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BBU Cable connection
The BBU3900 cables are classified into the PGND cable, -48VDC
power cable, E1/T1 cable, E1 transfer cable, environment monitoring
signal cable, CPRI signal cable between the BBU and the RRU, and
BBU monitoring signal cable.
The cable connection relations of the BBU are as follows:

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BBU Cables
 The cables figure of the BBU

-48VDC power cables E1 transfer cable

FE cable CPRI optical cable

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DRFU Logical Structure
The DRFU performs modulation and demodulation between baseband
signals and RF signals, processes data, and combines and divides
signals.
The DRFU consists of the high-speed interface unit, signal processing
unit, power amplifier, and dual-duplexer.

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DRFU Board
 Ports on the panel
Type Connector Ports Description
Port for N female connector ANT1 Used in connection to the antenna
transceiving RF subsystem
ANT2
signals
CPRI port SFP female CPRI0 Used in connection to the BBU, or in
connector connection to the upper-level
cascaded DRFU
CPRI1 Used in connection to the lower-level
cascaded DRFU
Port for QMA female RX1 in Input port for diversity signals in
transmitting RF connector antenna channel 1
signals
between RX1 out Output port of diversity signals in
DRFUs antenna channel 1
RX2 in Input port for diversity signals in
antenna channel 2
RX2 out Output port of diversity signals in
antenna channel 2
Power port 7W2 power PWR Receives power input
connector

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DRFU Board
LEDs on the Board

LED Status Meaning


RUN On The power input is normal, but the BBU is faulty.
Off There is no power supply or the module is faulty.
Blinking once every two secondsThe module is functional.

Blinking four times per second The module is loading software or is not started.
ALM On A fault alarm is generated.
Off No alarm is generated.
ACT On The module is functional and is correctly connected
to the BBU.
Off The connection with the BBU is not established.
Blinking once every two secondsThe DRFU is being tested on the Site Maintenance
Terminal.

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DRFU Board
LEDs on the Board
LED Status Meaning
VSWR Off (red) No VSWR alarm is detected.
Blinking once every two seconds The VSWR alarm is generated on only the ANT2 port.
(red)
Blinking four times per second The VSWR alarms are generated on the ANT1 and
(red) ANT2 ports.
On (red) The VSWR alarm is generated on only the ANT1 port.

CPRI0 On (green) The CPRI link is functional.


On (red) The interface module fails to receive signals.
Blinking once every two seconds The CPRI link has a loss-of-lock error.
(red)
CPRI1 On (green) The CPRI link is functional.
On (red) The interface module fails to receive signals.
Blinking once every two seconds The CPRI link has a loss-of-lock error.
(red)

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GATM Module
The GSM antenna and TMA control module (GATM) is a module
that controls the antenna and TMA. The GATM is optional.
The GATM performs the following functions:
Controls the RET antenna
Feeds power to the TMA
Reports the RET control alarm signals
Monitors the current from the feeder

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GATM Module
Ports on the panel
Ports Connector Function
ANT0 SMA female Providing power for the RET antenna and transmitting control signals for
connector the RET antenna
ANT1 SMA female Providing power for the antenna
connector
ANT2 SMA female Providing power for the RET antenna and transmitting control signals for
connector the RET antenna
ANT3 SMA female Providing power for the antenna
connector
ANT4 SMA female Providing power for the RET antenna and transmitting control signals for
connector the RET antenna
ANT5 SMA female Providing power for the antenna
connector
COM1 RJ45 connector Used in connection to the BBU

COM2 RJ45 connector Providing the extended RS485 port to be cascaded with other devices

-48 V 7W2 power Receiving the -48 V power input


connector

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GATM Module
LEDs on the board
LED Color Description Status Meaning
RUN Green Indicator of the Blinking once every There is power supply but the communication
board running four seconds with the BBU is abnormal.
status
Blinking once every The board is running normally and the
two seconds communication with the BBU is normal.
Off There is no power supply or the module is
faulty.
ACT Green Indicator of the On The AISG link is normal.
service running
status Off The AISG link is abnormal.
Blinking frequently The AISG link is transmitting data.
and irregularly
ALM Red Alarm indicator On An alarm is generated, such as an over-
current alarm.
Off The module runs normally.

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DCDU-01 Module
The direction current distribution unit (DCDU-01) provides -48V DC
power of 10 outputs.
The functions of the DCDU-01 are:
Receiving -48 V DC power input.
Distributing the -48 V DC power of 10 outputs for boards and modules in
the cabinet.
Providing surge protection of 10 kA in differential mode and 15 kA in
common mode and providing dry contact for surge protection failure.

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DCDU-01 Module
Panel of the DCDU-01 (10 outputs)

Name Label Description

Power input NEG(-) DCDU-01 low level input terminal


terminal
RTN(+) DCDU-01 high level input terminal

Power SPARE2, SPARE1, BBU, Power ports supplying the 10 outputs of power
output port FAN, and RFU5-RFU0 to the BBU, DRFU, GATM, and fan box

Power SPARE2, SPARE1, BBU, Power switch controlling the 10 outputs for the
switch FAN, and RFU5-RFU0 BBU, DRFU, GATM, and fan box

Alarm output SPD ALM Dry contact alarm output port


port

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PSU Module
The Power Supply Unit (PSU) converts the ~220V AC or +24V DC
power into the -48V DC power.
The PSU (AC/DC) has the following functions:
Converts the 220 V AC power into the -48 V DC power.
Monitors alarms related to module faults (such as output over-voltage,
no output, and fan faults), alarms related to module protection (such
as over-temperature protection, and input over-voltage/under-voltage
protection), and power failure alarm.
Monitors the charging and discharging of the batteries.
The PSU (DC/DC) has the following functions:
Converts the +24 V DC power into the -48 V DC power.
Monitors alarms related to module faults (such as output over-voltage,
no output, and fan faults), alarms related to module protection (such
as over-temperature protection, and input over-voltage/under-voltage
protection), and power failure alarm.

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PMU Module
The PMU manages the power supply and batteries. The PMU is
the core of the power monitoring system.
The PMU performs the following functions:
Communicates with the central processing unit through the RS232/RS422
serial port.
Manages the power system and the battery charging and discharging.
Detects and reports water damage alarms, smoke alarms, door status
alarms, and standby Boolean value alarms; reports ambient humidity and
temperature, battery temperature, and standby analog values.
Detects power distribution and reports alarms, and also reports dry
contact alarms.

(1) LEDs (2) Power supply test ports


(3) RS232/RS422 ports (4) Battery control switch
(1) Backplane port (2) DIP switch (5) COM port -

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PMU Module
Ports on the panel
Ports Function
RS232/RS422 Used in communication with the central processing unit.
port

Battery switch The battery switch has two control ports ON and OFF, which are used for
switching on and switching off the battery.
Press and hold the port ON for 5-10 seconds to switch on the battery.
Press and hold the port OFF for 5-10 seconds to switch off the battery.

Power supply Two power supply test holes -48V and 0V are available for measurement
test port through an ordinary multi-meter.

COM port Used in connection to the external signal transfer board.

Backplane port Used in connection to the backplane.

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PMU Module
LED on the module
LED Color Status Description
RUN Green On for 1s and off The module is functional, and the communication with the
for 1s central processing unit is normal.
On for 0.125s and The module is functional, but the communication with the
off for 0.125s central processing unit fails.

On steady or off The module is faulty if it is not in the power-on self-check


steady state.
ALM Red On The following alarms are generated:
Mains overvoltage or undervoltage alarm
Busbar overvoltage or undervoltage alarm
Overcurrent alarm during charging
Battery power-off alarm
Battery circle circuit broken alarm
Ambient temperature alarm
Ambient humidity alarm
Water immersion alarm
Smoke alarm
Power module alarm
Load power-off alarm

Off No alarm is generated.

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PMU Module
DIP Switch
Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Monitoring Address
0 0 0 0 0000
0 0 0 1 0001
0 0 1 0 0010
0 0 1 1 0011
0 1 0 0 0100
0 1 0 1 0101
0 1 1 0 0110
0 1 1 1 0111
1 0 0 0 1000
1 0 0 1 1001
1 0 1 0 1010
1 0 1 1 1011
1 1 0 0 1100
1 1 0 1 1101
1 1 1 0 1110
1 1 1 1 1111

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FAN Box
The fan box regulates the temperature at the air inlet of the cabinet
and in the fan box. It can adjust the rotation speed of the fans to
implement ventilation and dissipation for the cabinet.
The fan box performs the following functions:
Provides forced ventilation and dissipation for the cabinet.
Supports two modes of adjusting the rotation speed of the fans:

adjustment based on the temperature and adjustment controlled by the


central processing unit.
Detects
the temperature.
Communicates with the central processing unit to report alarms and the

adjusted rotation speed of the fans based on the temperature to the


central processing unit.
Stops the rotation of the fans when the ambient temperature is low.

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FAN Box
Ports on the panel

Type Silk- Connector Description


Screen
Power port -48 V 3V3 power Used to introduce the -48 V DC
connector power
Temperature SENSOR RJ45 connector Used in connection to the external
sensor port temperature sensor
Communication COM OUT RJ45 connector Used in connection to the lower-
port level cascaded fan box
COM IN RJ45 connector Used in communication with the
central processing unit

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FAN Box
LEDs on the panel

LED Color Status Description


RUN Green Blinking four The communication with the central processing unit is not
times per established but the module runs normally.
second
Blinking once The communication with the central processing unit is
every two established and the module runs normally.
seconds

Off There is no power input and the module is faulty.

ALM Red Blinking once An alarm is generated.


every two
seconds

Off No alarm is generated.

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Section 1 System Structure

Section 2 Hardware Component

Section 3 DRFU Work Mode

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BTS3900 Configuration Principles
 Configuration Principles of the BBU
 Minimum number of trunk cables. You can determine the number of trunk cables as
required, and take the existing configuration for saving transmission resources into
account in networking.
 Minimum number of UPEUs. The configuration of a single UPEU is recommended.
The redundancy backup mode can be configured if required.
 One BBU supports six CPRI ports. The star topology is recommended between
DRFUs.

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BTS3900 Configuration Principle
 Configuration Principles of DRFU
 A single DRFU does not support the S1/1 application; however, three DRFUs
support the S3/3 application.
 The cell configuration of S4 and lower configurations use a single antenna, the
configurations of S5 to S8 use a double antenna, and the configurations of S8 to
S12 use a triple antenna.
 The non-combination configuration is recommended for the DRFU to avoid the
power loss in combination and to reduce the power consumption of the BTS.

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DRFU Internal Structure
2 TRXs and 2 duplexers are integrated in DRFU module which can be
connected to antenna directly.
The RX_IN/OUT port of DRFU can support the receiving signal
interconnection between 2 DRFUs, so that it can support the diversity
receiving between 2 DRFUs.

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DRFU Antenna Mode
Single antenna, double receivers
The DRFU module has 1 working TX/RX feeder and 2 way receive diversity, one
of the receiver is from the another DRFU.
Double antennas
The DRFU module has 2 working TX/RX feeders and 2 way receive diversity.
Double antennas, 4 receivers
The DRFU has 2 working TX/RX feeders and 4 way receive diversity.

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DRFU Transmit and Receive Mode
 DRFU transmit mode
 Transmit independency or combining
 PBT
 Transmit diversity
 DRFU receive mode
 Two way receive diversity
 Four way receive diversity

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DRFU Transmit Mode--Transmit
Independency or Combining
 Transmit Independency

Processing Unit
Interface
ANT1
DUP
CPRI0

ANT2
CPRI1
DUP

 Transmit Combining
Processing Unit
Interface

ANT1
DUP
CPRI0

ANT2
CPRI1
DUP

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DRFU Transmit Mode--PBT
 In PBT mode, only the first TRX can work.
 PBT mode can improve the transmitting power.
 In PBT mode , only channel A is used by downlink signal.
Processing Unit
Interface

ANT1
DUP
CPRI0

ANT2
CPRI1
DUP

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DRFU Transmit Mode--Transmit Diversity
 In this mode, only the first TRX can work
 Transmit diversity mode improves the quality of downlink signal
 In this mode , the signal from the first TRX is divided into 2 channels and be
transmitted through channel A and channel B.
Processing Unit
Interface

ANT1
DUP
CPRI0

ANT2
CPRI1
DUP

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DRFU Receive Mode-- Two Way Receive
Diversity
 In this mode , both of the 2 TRXs can work
 Each TRX receives the signal from 2 feeders
 In the following figure , the TRX gets the receiving signal from channel A
and B of the single DRFU
 It is also possible for TRX to use the channel A receiver of another DRFU
Interface Processing Unit

DUP ANT1 From RX-in, TRX


can also use the
channel A of the
other DRFU, so
CPRI0 channel B of the two
ANT2 DRFUs are
DUP
canceled.
CPRI1

RX-IN

RX_OUT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 57


DRFU Receive Mode-- Four Way Receive
Diversity
 In this mode, only the first TRX can work.
 The working TRX gets the uplink signal from 4 feeders of 2 DRFUs.
Interface Processing Unit

DUP ANT1 2 channels


from the other
DRFU.

CPRI0
ANT2
DUP

CPRI1

RX-IN

RX_OUT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 58


Chapter 1 BTS3900 System Description

Chapter 2 BTS3900 Hardware Structure

Chapter 3 BTS3900 Network Topology

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 59


BTS3900 Topology
 BTS Topology
 The topologies of the BTS are classified into star, chain, tree, and ring topologies.
 E1/T1 cable can be used between BBU and BSC or transmission equipment,
Optical and LAN cable can be used between BBU and route equipment.

 DRFU Topology
 The BBU and DRFUs support multiple network topologies such as star, chain, and
ring topologies.
 Only optical fiber can be used between DRFU and BBU.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 60


BTS Topology
 The topologies of the BTS are classified into star, chain, tree, and ring
topologies.
 Star mode  Tree mode

 Chain mode  Ring mode

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 61


DRFU Topology
 The BBU and DRFUs support multiple network topologies such as star, chain, and ring topologies.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 62


Summary
 BTS3900 Function and Features
 BTS3900 Hardware Structure, such as BBU and DRFU etc.
 BTS3900 Network Topology

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 63


Thank You
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