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MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT

MATHEMATICS

Higher 2 9740 / 01

Paper 1 19 August 2010

JC 2 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION

Time allowed: 3 hours

Write your Index number, Form Class, graphic and/or scientific calculator model/s on the cover page.

Write your Index number and full name on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on your answer scripts.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of

angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically states

otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in the question, you are

required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

[Turn Over

ANGLO-CHINESE JUNIOR COLLEGE

MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT

JC2 Preliminary Examination 2010

MATHEMATICS 9740

Higher 2

Paper 1

/ 100

Index No: Form Class: ___________

Name: _________________________

Calculator model: _____________________

Place this cover sheet on top of them and tie them together with the string provided.

1

5

6

10

11

12

13

14

H2 Mathematics 9740: 2010 JC 2 Preliminary Examination Paper 1

Page 2 of 6

n +1

1 The nth term of a sequence is given by un = ( −1) n 2 , for n ≥ 1 . The sum of the first n

terms is denoted by Sn. Use the method of mathematical induction to show that

n +1 n ( n + 1)

Sn = ( −1) for all positive integers n. [4]

2

2 The 3 flavours of puddings produced by a dessert shop are mango, durian and strawberry. A

mango pudding requires 5g of sugar and 36ml of water. A durian pudding requires 6g of

sugar and 38ml of water. A strawberry pudding requires 4g of sugar and 40ml of water. The

puddings are sold in pairs of the same type at $1.60, $2.20 and $1.80 for mango, durian and

strawberry respectively.

On a particular day, 754g of sugar and 5972ml of water were used to make the puddings and

all the puddings made were sold except for a pair of strawberry puddings. The collection

from the sale of puddings was $142.40. Formulate the equations required to determine the

number of each type of pudding made on that day. [4]

3 The diagram below shows the graph of y = f(x) . The curve passes through the origin and

has a maximum point at A ( 4 , 4 ) and asymptotes x = −2 and y = 2 .

y

y = f(x) ( 4 , 4)

2 A

x

−2

(i) y = 1 [3]

f(x)

(ii) y = f '(x) [3]

showing clearly asymptotes, intercepts and coordinates of turning points where possible.

2π

4 The complex number w has modulus 3 and argument . Find the modulus and argument of

3

−i −i

, where w* is the complex conjugate of w. Hence express in the form a + ib , where

w* w*

a and b are real, giving the exact values of a and b in non-trigonometrical form. [4]

n

−i

Find the possible values of n such that is purely imaginary. [2]

w*

[Turn Over

H2 Mathematics 9740: 2010 JC 2 Preliminary Examination Paper 1

Page 3 of 6

5 Solve the equation z 4 − i =0 , giving the roots in the form reiα , where r > 0 and

−π < α ≤ π . [3]

The roots represented by z1 and z2 are such that arg ( z1 ) > arg ( z2 ) > 0 . Show z1 , z2 and

z1 + z2 on an Argand diagram. Deduce the exact value of arg ( z1 + z2 ) . [3]

6 An economist is studying how the annual economic growth of 2 countries varies with time.

The annual economic growth of a country is measured in percentage and is denoted by G

and the time in years after 1980 is denoted by t. Both G and t are taken to be continuous

variables.

(i) Country A is a developing country and the economist found that G and t are can be modeled

dG G + 1

by the differential equation = . Given that, when t = 0 , G = 0 , find G in terms of t.

dt 2

[4]

(ii) Comment on the suitability of the above differential equation model to forecast the future

economic growth of Country A. [1]

(iii) Country B is a developed country and the economist found that G and t can be modeled by

dG G +1

the differential equation = − .

dt 2

Given that Country B has been experiencing decreasing economic growth during the period

of study, sketch a member of the family of solution curves of the differential equation model

for Country B. Hence, comment on the economic growth of Country B in the long term. [2]

7 (i) Given that f ( x ) = ecos , where −1 ≤ x ≤ 1 , find f ( 0 ) , f ′( 0 ) and f ′′( 0 ) . Hence write down

−1

x

the first three non-zero terms in the Maclaurin series for f ( x ) . Give the coefficients in terms

of e kπ , where k ∈ . [4]

(ii) Given that g= ( x ) tan x + sec x , where x is sufficiently small for x and higher powers of x

3

to be neglected. Deduce the first three non-zero terms in the series expansion of g ( x ) .

π π π

Hence, show that f ( x ) + e 2 g ( x ) ≈ 2e 2 + x 2 e 2 . [3]

π π π

f ( x ) + e 2 g ( x ) dx ≈ ∫ 2e 2 + x 2 e 2 dx ,

a a

(iii) Explain clearly why it is inappropriate to state that ∫ −a −a

where a ∈ . [1]

=

r ! ( r + 1) ! ( r + 2 ) ! ( r + 2 )!

found. [2]

n

3r 2 + 3r − 3 .

(ii) Hence find ∑ ( r + 2 )! [3]

r =1

∞

3r 2 + 3r − 3 converges, and write down its value.

(iii) Give a reason why the series ∑ r + 2 )! [2]

r =0 (

H2 Mathematics 9740: 2010 JC 2 Preliminary Examination Paper 1

Page 4 of 6

9 Relative to the origin O, two points A and B have position vectors given by a = 3i + j + 3k

and b = 5i − 4 j + 3k respectively.

(i) Find the length of the projection of OA on OB . [2]

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, find the position vector of the point C on OB such that AC is

perpendicular to OB. [2]

(iii) Find a vector equation of the reflection of the line AB in the line AC. [3]

10(a) The first 2 terms of a geometric progression are a and b ( b < a ). If the sum of the first n

terms is equal to twice the sum to infinity of the remaining terms, prove that a n = 3b n .

[3]

(b) The terms u1 , u2 , u3 ,... form an arithmetic sequence with first term a and having non-zero

common difference d.

(i) Given that the sum of the first 10 terms of the sequence is 105 more than 10u5 , find

the common difference. [3]

(ii) If u26 is the first term in the sequence which is greater than 542, find the range of

values of a. [3]

11 2 y 2 a ( 2a − x ) , where a > 0 ,

The region R in the first quadrant is bounded by the curve =

and the line joining ( 2a, 0 ) and ( 0, a ) . The region S, lying in the first quadrant, is bounded

2 y 2 a ( 2a − x ) and the lines x = 2a and y = a .

by the curve =

(i) Draw a sketch showing the regions R and S. [1]

(ii) Find, in terms of a, the volume of the solid formed when S is rotated completely about the

x-axis. [4]

(iii) By using a suitable translation, find, in terms of a, the volume of the solid formed when R is

rotated completely about the line x = 2a . [4]

2

12

x+a

dy

(i) Find and the set of values of a if the curve has 2 stationary points. [4]

dx

(ii) Sketch the curve C for a = 1, stating clearly the exact coordinates of any points of

intersection with the axes and the equations of any asymptotes. [3]

Hence, find the range of values of k such that the equation 3x + x + 2= k(x + 1) has exactly

2

x = 5 2 , y = tan −1 t

1+ t

(i) Sketch the curve for −2 ≤ t ≤ 2 . [1]

(ii) Find the cartesian equations of the tangent and the normal to the curve at the point

where t = 1 . [5]

(iii) Find the area enclosed by the x-axis, the tangent and the normal at the point where t = 1. [3]

[Turn Over

H2 Mathematics 9740: 2010 JC 2 Preliminary Examination Paper 1

Page 5 of 6

14 The functions f and g are defined as follows:

π π

f : x sin x , x ∈ − , ,

2 2

π

( x + 1)( 3 − x ) ,

g:x x∈ .

8

(i) Sketch the graph of the function g, labeling clearly the exact values of the coordinates of

turning point(s) and intersections with the axes, if any. [1]

State the range of the function g in exact values. [1]

(ii) Given that gf exists as a function. By considering the graphs of f and g, explain why

π π

gf (α ) ≠ gf ( β ) if − ≤α < β ≤

. [2]

2 2

Hence what can be said about the function gf ? [1]

Without sketching the graph of gf , find the range of gf in the form [ a, b ] , giving the exact

values of a and b. [1]

(iii) (a) Give a reason why fg does not exist as a function. [1]

(b) Find the greatest exact value of k for which fg is a function if the domain of g is

restricted to the interval [1, k ] . [2]

- End of Paper -

H2 Mathematics 9740: 2010 JC 2 Preliminary Examination Paper 1

Page 6 of 6

ANGLO-CHINESE JUNIOR COLLEGE

MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT

MATHEMATICS

Higher 2 9740 / 02

Paper 2 23 August 2010

JC 2 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION

Time allowed: 3 hours

Write your Index number, Form Class, graphic and/or scientific calculator model/s on the cover page.

Write your Index number and full name on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on your answer scripts.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of

angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically states

otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in the question, you are

required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

[Turn Over

ANGLO-CHINESE JUNIOR COLLEGE

MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT

JC2 Preliminary Examination 2010

MATHEMATICS 9740

Higher 2

Paper 2

/ 100

Index No: Form Class: ___________

Name: _________________________

Calculator model: _____________________

Place this cover sheet on top of them and tie them together with the string provided.

1

5

6

10

11

12

13

14

H2 Mathematics 9740: 2010 JC 2 Preliminary Examination Paper 2

Page 2 of 5

Section A: Pure Mathematics [40 marks]

1

1

1 Find the exact value of ∫

−1

e2 x −

e 2 ( x −1)

dx. [4]

2 The variable complex numbers z and w are such that z − 2 − i =3 and arg ( w − 5 + 3i ) =π.

(i) Illustrate both of these relations on a single Argand diagram. [2]

(ii) State the least value of z − w . [1]

(iii) Find the greatest and least possible values of arg ( z + 3) , giving your answers in radians

correct to 3 decimal places. [4]

a

3 Find in terms of a, the range of values of x that satisfy the inequality ln 2 x − ≥ 0 ,

x

where a > 1 . [4]

5

sin x3 dx. [4]

2 5 3

∫ (x − 5)

−

(b) Find the exact value of 2 2 dx , in the form a 2 + b 3 , using the

10

x +1 z −1

5 The plane p1 has equation x + 2 y − z =3 . The line l1 has equation = y= .

2 4

(i) Show that the line l1 is parallel to, but not contained in the plane p1. [2]

(ii) Find the cartesian equation of the plane p2 which contains the line l1 and is perpendicular to

the plane p1. [3]

(iii) Find, in scalar product form, the vector equation of the plane p3 which contains the point

( 4,1, −1) and is perpendicular to both p1 and p2. [2]

2

Another line l2 which is parallel to the vector 0 intersects the line l1 at the

−3

point A ( −1, 0,1) .

(iv) Given that the line l2 meets the plane p1 at the point B, find the coordinates of B. [4]

(v) Find the sine of the acute angle between the line l2 and the plane p1, and hence, find the

length of the projection of the line segment AB on the plane p1, giving your answer in surd

form. [4]

6 Mr Raju, who owns a supermarket wishes to find out what customers think about the goods

that he sells. He has been advised that he should take a random sample of his customers for

this purpose. State, with reasons, which of the following sampling procedures is preferable.

A. Select every 10th customer on each day in a typical week.

B. Select the first 20 customers on each day in a typical week [2]

[Turn Over

H2 Mathematics 9740: 2010 JC 2 Preliminary Examination Paper 2

Page 3 of 5

7 One day, Pinocchio went shopping and bought a pair of size 30 Wood Shoes. The right

shoes have lengths which are normally distributed with mean 20 cm and standard deviation

0.14 cm. The left shoes have lengths which are normally distributed with mean 20.1 cm and

standard deviation 0.11 cm. The length of the right shoe is independent of the length of the

left shoe.

When wearing the pair of shoes, Pinocchio takes six steps, heel to toe as shown in the

diagram. Calculate the probability that the distance AB, from the back of the first step to the

front of the sixth step, exceeds 120 cm.

A B [3]

8 On Ulu Island the weights of adult men and women may both be taken to be independent

normal random variables with means 75kg and 65 kg and standard deviations 4 kg and 3 kg

respectively.

Find the probability that the weight of a randomly chosen man and the weight of a randomly

chosen woman differ by more than 1 kg. [3]

Explain if this is equal to the probability that the difference in weight between a randomly

chosen married woman and her husband is more than 1kg. [1]

9 Research has shown that before using an Internet service, the mean monthly family

telephone costs is $72. A random sample of families which had started to use an Internet

service was taken and their monthly telephone costs were :

$70, $84, $89, $96, $74

Stating a necessary assumption about the population, carry out a test at the 5% significance

level, whether there is an increase in the mean monthly telephone costs. [5]

If the assumption stated above still holds, and if the standard deviation of the monthly

telephone costs is $9.89, find the range of values of the mean monthly family telephone

costs µ 0 that would lead to a reverse in the decision to the above test. [3]

10 Six overweight men registered at a slimming centre for a slimming programme. The

following table records x, the height (to the nearest cm) and y, the weight (to the nearest 0.1

kg) of these six men.

Man A B C D E F

x (height in cm) 150 157 160 162 167 170

y (weight in kg) 65.1 73.2 85 k 80.9 89.9

(i) Given that the least square regression line of x on y line =

is x 103.6 + 0.726 y , show that

the value of k to the nearest 0.1 kg is 80.3. Hence or otherwise, find the least square

regression line of y on x in the form =

y ax + b , giving the values of a and b to the nearest

3 decimal places. [5]

(ii) Based on the data given, use an appropriate regression line to predict the weight of an

overweight man who is 165 cm tall. [2]

(iii) Find the value of the product moment correlation coefficient between x and y and sketch

the scatter diagram of y against x. A particular man among the 6 men who registered for

the slimming programme is unusually overweight. Indicate who this man is. [3]

H2 Mathematics 9740: 2010 JC 2 Preliminary Examination Paper 2

Page 4 of 5

11 In a hotel, large number of cups and saucers are washed each day. The number of cups that

are broken each day while washing averages 2.1. State in context, a condition under which

a Poisson distribution would be a suitable probability model. [1]

Assume that the number of broken cups and saucers follow a Poisson distribution.

(i) Show that on any randomly chosen day, the probability that at least 3 cups are broken is

0.350 correct to 3 significant figures. [1]

The probability that there will be at least two days in n days with at least 3 broken cups is

more than 0.999. Find the least value of n. [3]

(ii) The number of saucers broken each day averages 1.6, independently of the number of cups

broken. The total number of cups broken and saucers broken during a week of 7 days is

denoted by T. State a possible model for the distribution of T. [2]

A random sample of 100 weeks is chosen. Using a suitable approximation, find the

probability that the average weekly total number of broken cups and saucers does not exceed

26. [3]

12 Fish are bred in large batches and allowed to grow until they are caught at random for sale.

When caught, only 20% of the fish measure less than 8 cm long.

(i) What is the probability that the 10th fish caught is the sixth fish that is less than 8 cm long?

[2]

(ii) A large number, n, of fish are caught and the probability of there being 10 or fewer fish in

the catch which measures less than 8 cm long is at most 0.0227 .

Using a suitable approximation, derive the approximate inequality

10.5 − 0.2n ≤ −0.8 n . [4]

Hence find the least possible number of fish to be caught. [2]

13 An automated blood pressure machine is being tested. Members of the public, p % of whom

have high blood pressure (hypertension), try it out and are then seen by a doctor. She finds

that 80% of those with hypertension and 10% of those with normal blood pressure have

been diagnosed as hypertensive by the machine. The probability that a randomly chosen

patient who was diagnosed as hypertensive by the machine actually has hypertension is 2 .

3

(i) Find the value of p [3]

(ii) Hence, find the probability that a randomly chosen patient does not have hypertension,

given that the machine diagnosed him as having normal blood pressure. [2]

Comment on the usefulness of the machine. [1]

14 Ten balls are identical in size and shape of which 2 are red, 3 are blue and 5 are green. The

two red balls are labeled ‘1’ and ‘2’, the three blue balls are labeled ‘1’, ‘2’ and ‘3’, and the

five green balls are labeled ‘1’, ‘2’, ‘3’, ‘4’ and ‘5’.

(i) Find the number of ways of choosing 2 balls of identical colour. [2]

(ii) Find the number of ways of choosing 6 balls if it includes at least one ball of each colour. [4]

(iii) A person arranged 3 balls in a row with the numbered sides facing him forming a 3-digit

number. Among these 3 balls, none of them are green. Find the number of possible 3-digit

numbers facing that person.

[The number formed is independent of the colours of the balls used. i.e. the number 112 is

counted as one number whether the colour of the ball labeled ‘2’ is red or blue.] [3]

- End of Paper -

Anglo-Chinese Junior College

H2 Mathematics 9740: 2010 JC 2 Preliminary Examination Paper 2

Page 5 of 5

Anglo-Chinese Junior College

H2 Mathematics 9740 3

y

2010 JC 2 PRELIM Marking Scheme (ii) y = f '(x)

Paper 1:

1 n +1 n ( n + 1)

Let Pn denote the statement Sn = ( −1)

2

1( 2 )

LHS = S1 = u1 = ( −1) 12 = 1 RHS = ( −1)

2 2

For n = 1, =1

2

LHS = RHS

∴ P1 is true.

k ( k + 1)

k +1 (4,0)

Assume Pk true for some k ∈ ℤ + , i.e. Sk = ( −1) x

2 −2 A’

k + 2 ( k + 1)( k + 2 )

Prove that Pk+1 is true, i.e. S k +1 = ( −1)

2

LHS = S k +1 = S k + uk +1

k ( k + 1)

= ( −1) + ( −1) ( k + 1)

k +1 k +2 2

2 4 −i 1

=

k +1 ( k + 1) w* 3

= ( −1) k − 2 ( k + 1)

2 −i π 2π π

arg = arg(−i ) − arg( w*) = − − − =

k +1 ( k + 1) w* 2 3 6

= ( −1) [ −k − 2]

2 −i 1 π π 1 3 1 3 1

= cos + i sin = + i = + i

k + 2 ( k + 1)( k + 2 ) w* 3 6 6 3 2 2 6 6

= ( −1) = RHS

2 n n

Since P1 is true, and Pk is true ⇒ Pk+1 is true, −i 1 nπ nπ

= cos + i sin

by the principle of mathematical induction, Pn is true ∀ n ∈ ℤ + . w* 3 6 6

n

2 Let x be the no of mango puddings produce. −i nπ

Let y be the no of durian puddings produce. is purely imaginary, cos =0

w* 6

Let z be the no of strawberry puddings produce.

π π

5 x + 6 y + 4 z = 754 ……………………………(1) n = ( 2k + 1) , k ∈ ℤ ,

6 2

36 x + 38 y + 40 z = 5972 ………………………(2)

∴ n = 3 ( 2k + 1) , k ∈ ℤ .

0.8 x + 1.1y + 0.9( z − 2) = 142.4 ……………….(3)

Solving (1), (2) & (3) using GC,

5 π

x = 46, y = 42 and z = 68. i

z 4 − i = 0 ⇒ z 4 = i ⇒ z 4 = 1e 2

y

y= 1 π

i + 2 kπ

3 f(x) z4 = e2 , k = −2, −1, 0,1

(i) 1 π

i + 2 kπ

4 2

z=e , k = −2, −1, 0,1

7π 3π π 5π

i − i − i i

z= e 8 ,e 8 ,e 8 ,e 8

y = 0.5 y

z2 + z2

A’ (4, 0.25)

z1

x

−2

5π

8 z2 x

π

O 8

x=0

1 2

−1 −1 cos−1 x −1

−3

5π

i

f ′′( x ) =

1− x 1− x

2 2

e

( −1

2

)

+ −ecos x (1 − x 2 ) 2 ( −2 x )

z1 = e 8

−3 π

z2 =

π

i

e8

=

1 cos−1 x

1 − x2

e (

− xecos x (1 − x

−1

) )

2 2

⇒ f ′′ ( 0 ) = e 2

π 1 4π 3π

arg ( z1 + z2 ) = + =

8 2 8 8 π

π π

(ii) e2 2

∴f ( x) = e 2 − e 2 x + x + ...

6 dG G + 1 2

=

dt 2

1 1 g ( x ) = tan x + sec x

∫ G + 1 = ∫ 2 dt

dG

−1

1 x2 x2

ln G + 1 = 0.5t + C = tan x + ≈ x + 1 − = x + 1 + ( −1) − + ...

cos x 2 2

G + 1 = ±e 0.5t +C

x2

G = −1 + Ae0.5t , where A = ±eC ≈ 1+ x +

2

When t = 0 , G = 0 , π π

π π

A =1 e 2 2 π2 x2

(iii) f ( x) + e 2 g ( x) ≈ e 2 − e 2 x + x + e 1 + x +

∴ G = −1 + e0.5t 2 2

Examples of possible comments: π π

The economist is assuming that that there are no fluctuations in the economic

π π π

growth in the future. a a

The economist is assuming that the country will enjoy perpetual economic The statement ∫ f ( x ) + e 2 g ( x ) dx ≈ ∫ 2e 2 + x 2 e 2 dx is inappropriate as

−a −a

growth in the long term. π π π

The economist is assuming Country A is always experiencing positive and f ( x ) + e 2 g ( x ) ≈ 2e 2 + x 2 e 2 only when a is sufficiently small.

increasing economic growth in the future.

Factors affecting economic growth remains unchanged. 8 1− 2 + 1

(i) r ! ( r + 1) ! ( r + 2 ) !

G

t =

( r + 1)( r + 2 ) − 2 ( r + 2 ) + 1

0

( r + 2 )!

G = −1 + Be −0.5t , B = 1 2

= r + r −1

−1

( r + 2 )!

A = 1, B = 1, C = −1.

(ii) n 2

∑ 3r( r++32r)−! 3

r =1

n 2

= 3∑ r + r − 1

In the long term, Country B is expected to be still in recession with an economic r =1 ( r + 2 )!

growth decreasing towards -1%. n

π = 3∑ 1 − 2 + 1

7(i)

f ( x ) = ecos

−1

x

⇒ f (0) = e 2 r =1

r ! ( r + 1) ! ( r + 2 ) !

π

−1

f ′( x ) = ⇒ f ′ ( 0 ) = −e 2

−1

ecos x

1− x 2

3 4

1 2 1

1! − 2! + 3!

5λ − 3 5

1 2 1 − 4λ − 1 . − 4 = 0

+ − + 3λ − 3 −3

2! 3! 4!

1 2 1

+ − + 2

3! 4! 5! λ=

1 2 1 5

+ − +

4! 5! 6!

= 3

⋮ 5

2

1 2 1 OC = −4

+ − +

5

( n − 2 ) ! ( n − 1) ! n ! 3

+ 1 − 2 + 1 5

(iii) ( n − 1) ! n ! ( n + 1) !

(iii) 2 1 1

1

Since OC = OB , OC : CB = 2 : 3 OB ' = − OB = − −4

2 1 5 5 5

+ − + = 3 1 − 1 + 1

n ! ( n + 1) ! ( n + 2 ) ! 3

2 ( n + 1) ! ( n + 2 ) !

Or use midpoint theorem,

1

n 2

∑ 3r( r++32r)−! 3 2

(

OC = OB ' + OB )

r =0

5 5 5

( ) 2

OB ' = 2OC − OB = 2 −4 − −4 = − −4

2 n 1

= − 3 + ∑ 3r + 3r − 3

2! r =1 ( r + 2 ) ! 5 3 3 5

3

= ( − 3 ) + 3 1 − 1 + 1

2 2 ( n + 1) ! ( n + 2 ) ! 5 3 20

1 → 0 and 1 → 0. 1 1

As n → ∞, AB ' = OB ' − OA = − −4 − 1 = − 1

( n + 1)! ( n+2 )! 5 5

∴ the series converges to 0. 3 3 18

9(i) Length of the projection of OA on OB

3 20

3 5

Vector equation of line AB ' is r = 1 + α 1 , α ∈ ℝ

= 1 ⋅

1 20 4

−4 = 50 = 2 2 or 2 ɶ 18

3 50 3 3

10 GP : a = a, r = b

(ii) Method 1: (a) a

A From (i), OC = 2 2 n

The sum to infinity of the remaining terms, S∞ = ar

1− r

5 5 Sn = 2S∞

1 2

OC = 2 2 −4 = −4

O C B

50

3

5

3

(

a 1− rn )= 2ar

n

1− r 1− r

Method 2:

1 − r n = 2r n

0 5

Line OB: r = 0 + λ −4 3r n = 1

0 3 rn = 1

3

5 3 5λ − 3

( ba ) = 13

n

AC = OC − OA = λ −4 − 1 = −4λ − 1

3 3 3λ − 3

3b n = a n

Since AC ⊥ OB ,

(b) (i)

5 6

S10 = 105 + 10u5 (i) 2

y = 3x + ax + 2

x+a

2[ ] [ ]

10 2a + 9d = 105 + 10 a + 4d

2

(

dy ( x + a )( 6x + a ) − 3x + ax + 2 )

d = 21

dx ( x + a) 2

(ii)

=

(

3x 2 + 6ax + a 2 − 2 )

u25 ≤ 542 u26 > 542 ( x + a )2

a + 24(21) ≤ 542 and a + 25(21) > 542

For stationary points,

a ≤ 38 a > 17 dy

=0

dx

∴17 < a ≤ 38 (

3x 2 + 6ax + a 2 − 2 = 0 )

11 y

(i) For 2 stationary points,

a

2 y 2 = a ( 2a − x )

R

S ( 6a ) 2 − 4 ( 3 ) ( a 2 − 2 ) > 0

x 24a 2 > −24

O 2a a 2 > −1

a 2 is always positive.

∴ a ∈ ℝ.

y = 3x + x + 2 = 3x − 2 + 4

Required volume = π a 2 ( 2a ) − π ∫

2a a x +1 x +1

0 2

( 2a − x ) dx (ii)

2a

π a ( 2a − x )

2

= 2π a 3 −

2 −2

0

πa

= 2π a 3 −

2

( )

2a 2

= π a 3 cu. units

(iii) After a translation of 2a units in the negative x-direction, Asymptotes : y = 3x − 2 and x = −1 .

2 y2

New equation is 2 y 2 = a ( 2a − ( x + 2a ) ) ⇒ x = −

a

When R is rotated completely about the line x = 2a , The range of values of k such that the equation 3x 2 + x + 2 = k(x + 1) has exactly 2

2

1 a 2y

2 real roots :

Required volume = π ( 2a ) ( a ) − π ∫ −

2

dy k > 1.93 or k < −11.9

3 0

a

a 13

4 4 y5

= π a3 − π

2 (i)

3 5a 0

4 3 4 3 8

= π a − π a = π a 3 cu. units

3 5 15

12

7 8

π

and g : x ֏ ( x + 1)(3 − x), x ∈ ℝ .

8

(i)

5 y

π (1, π )

2

2

3π

(ii)

dy

= 1 and dx = -5 ( 2t ) 8

y = g ( x)

dt 1 + t 2

( )

dt 2

1+ t2

dy dy dt

= .

dx dt dx -1 1 3 x

0

( )

2

2

= 1 . 1+t

1 + t 2 −10t

=−

(1 + t )2

10t

When t = 1, π

Rg = (−∞, ]

dy 2

= −1 (ii)

dx 5

Equation of tangent :

y

y−π

4 = −1 y = f ( x)

x− 5 5 1

(iii) 2

f (α )

y = −1 x+ 1 + π

5 2 4 ( )

π π x From the graph of y = f ( x) ,

Gradient of normal is 5 − α 0 β

π π

2 2 f (α ) ≠ f ( β ) if − ≤α < β ≤ .

Equation of normal: 2 2

f (β ) In fact, −1 ≤ f (α ) < f ( β ) ≤ 1 .

y−π -1

4 =5

y

x− 5

2 y = g ( x)

(

y = 5x − 25 − π

2 4 ) π 2

3π 8

2 (( ) (

Area = 1 × 5 1 + π − 1 25 − π × π

2 4 5 2 4 4 ))

2

= 13π = 1.60 (3s.f )

80

x

-1 0 1

gf (α ) < gf ( β )

π π

Given f : x ֏ sin x, x ∈ − ,

2 2 or gf (α ) ≠ gf ( β )

9 10

if −1 ≤ f (α ) < f ( β ) ≤ 1 .

π

Rgf = [0, ] .

2

π π π

(iii) Rg = (−∞, ] ⊄ [− . ] = D f .

(a) 2 2 2

Alternative:

5π 5π π π

fg (4) = f [ g (4)] = f [−

] is undefined because − ∉ [− , ] = D f .

8 8 2 2

Hence, fg does not exist as a function.

(iii) y

(b)

(1, π )

2

y = g ( x)

-1 1 3 x

0

π

y=−

2

π

g ( x) =

2

π π

( x + 1)( 3 − x ) = −

8 2

( x + 1)( 3 − x ) = −4

− x 2 + 2 x + 3 = −4

x2 − 2 x − 7 = 0

2 ± 32

x=

2

x = 1± 8

Since x ≥ 1, x = 1 + 8 .

1 ≤ k ≤ 1+ 8

Greatest value of k is 1 + 8 .

11 12

Anglo-Chinese Junior College

H2 Mathematics 9740

∫ x sin x dx

5 3

Paper 2: = ∫ x ( x sin x ) dx

3 2 3

1

1 1 1 2

1 ∫ e2 x −

e2 ( x −1)

dx = x 3 − cos x3 − ∫ − cos x3 3 x dx

−1 3 3

1

2 1 x3

1 1 = − cos x3 + ∫ x 2 cos x3 dx

=− ∫−1

e2 x −

e 2 ( x −1)

dx + ∫

1

e2 x −

e 2 ( x −1)

dx 3

2

x3 1

1 1 = − cos x3 + sin x3 + c

1 1 2 1 1 3 3

= − e 2 x + e−2 ( x −1) + e 2 x + e −2 ( x −1)

2 2 −1 2 2 12

4 (b) π

x = 5 sec θ when x = 10, θ =

=

2

( e + e − 4e + e−2 + 1)

1 4 2

4

dx π

= 5 sec θ tan θ when x = 2 5, θ =

2 (i) dθ 3

y

2 5 3

∫ (x − 5)

2 −

2 dx

3 z 10

π

26 3 3

∫π ( 5sec θ − 5)

−

i (2,1) = 2 2 5 sec θ tan θ dθ

3

−3 O 2 x 4

3 π

1 3

sec θ

w

(5,−3) =

5 ∫π tan 2 θ

dθ

o 4

π π

1 3

cos θ 1 3

=

5 ∫π sin 2 θ

dθ or

5 ∫π cot θ cos ec θ dθ

2 (ii) Least value of z − w = 1 4 4

π

1 1 3 1 π

= − = [ − cos ec θ ]π 34

−1 1 −1 3 5 sin θ π 5

2 (iii) Greatest arg ( z + 3) = tan + sin = 0.826 (3 dp) 4

5 26 1 2 1 2

3 = 2− 3 i.e. a = b=−

−1 1

Least arg ( z + 3) = tan − sin −1 = −0.432 (3 dp)

5 15 5 15

5 26 1 −1 2

3 a p1 : r ⋅ 2 = 3 l1 : r = 0 + λ 1 , λ ∈ ℝ

ln 2 x − ≥ 0 where a > 1 . 5 ɶ

−1

ɶ

1

4

x

2 1 −1 1

a 1 . 2 = 2 + 2 − 4 = 0

2x − ≥ 1 0 . 2 = −1 + 0 − 1 ≠ 3

(i)

x 4 −1 1 −1

2 x2 − x − a ⇒ l1 is parallel to p1. ⇒ l1 is not contained in p1.

≥0

x

Alternative method:

1 + 1 + 8a ) 1 − 1 + 8a ) −1 + 2λ 1

2 x − x −

4 4 λ i 2 = −2 ≠ 3

≥0

1 + 4λ −1

x

Since no solution for λ , ∴ l1 is parallel and not contained to p1

1 − 1 + 8a 1 + 1 + 8a

≤ x < 0 or x ≥ 1 2 −3

4 4 (ii)

4 (a) 2 × 1 = −3 2

d

dx

( cos x3 ) = − 3 x 2 ( sin x 3 ) −1 4

1

1 2

−3 −1 −3

p2 : r ⋅ 2 = 0 i 2 = 3 + 0 + 1 = 4

No , (i) The weight of a husband and wife may not be independent

p2 : −3x + 2 y + z = 4

ɶ Or (ii) Randomness is not there ( a randomly chosen women but spouse is not

1 11 randomly chosen)

Or (iii) Distribution of weight of married woman is different from distribution of

adult woman.

2 4 2 2 Etc

(iii) 9 Telephone costs are assumed to be normally distributed.

p3 : r ⋅ 1 = 1 ⋅ 1 = 8 + 1 − 4 = 5 p3 : r ⋅ 1 = 5

ɶ ɶ

4 −1 4 4

−1 2 1

(iv)

l2 : r = 0 + µ 0 , µ ∈ ℝ p1 : r ⋅ 2 = 3

ɶ ɶ To test H0 : µ = 72

−3

1

−1 against H1: µ > 72 at 5% level of significance

−1 + 2 µ 1

0 . 2 = 3 ⇒ − 2 + 5µ = 3 ⇒ µ = 1 ∴ point B is (1, 0, −2 )

_

x− µ 0

1 − 3µ −1 Under H0 , T= t(5-1)

s n

2 1 _

x− µ 0 82.6 − 72

1 1 5 Test statistics : T= = = 2.2219

(v) sin θ = 0 ⋅ 2 =

13 6 78 s n 10.6677 / 5

−3 −1

p value = P(T > 2.2219) = 0.0452 < 0.05

evidence at the 5% level of significance that there is evidence of an increase in

Length of the projection of AB on p1 = AB cos θ

mean monthly costs.

2

53

= 0 1 −

25 53 1

= 13 = = 318

−3 78 78 6 6

To test H0 : µ = µ 0

against H1: µ > µ 0 at 5% level of significance

6 Procedure A is preferable as it is unbiased.

Early customers may not be typical customers in general. _

x− µ0

Under H0 , Z = N(0,1)

7 Let R be the r.v for the length of a right shoe and L for the left shoe 9.89 n

R N(20, 0.142) and L N(20.1 , 0.112)

Method 1 _

Test statistics : Z = = = (82.6 - µ 0 )

3X N(40.1 x 3, 0.0317 x 32) σ n 9.89 / 5 9.89

P(X > 120) = 0.713

Method 2 5

Do not reject H0 if P(Z > (82.6 - µ 0 ) ) > 0.05

R + L N(40.1, 0.0317) 9.89

P(R + L > 120

3 )

= 0.713 5

(82.6 - µ 0 ) < 1.64485...........(1)

8 Let M and W be the rv for the weight of an adult man and woman respectively. 9.89

M N(75,42) and W N(65,32)

µ0 > 75.3

W M ~ N(-10, 52)

10

P( W − M > 1 ) = P(W – M > 1) + P(W – M< -1) = 0.978 (i) x = 161 (from calculator or computation)

Or P( W − M > 1 ) = 1 - P( W − M < 1 ) = 1 – P(-1<W – M<1) = 0.978

3 4

when x = 161 , x = 103.6 + 0.726 y P(X ≥ 2) > 0.999

1 – P(X ≤ 1) > 0.999............(1)

y = (161 − 103.6) / 0.726 P(X ≤ 1) < 0.001

= 79.06336088 Using GC,

using y = ∑ y n n P(X ≤ 1)

1 21 0.00145

79.06336088 = (65.1 + 73.2 + 85 + k + 80.9 + 89.9) 22 0.000984

6

k = 80.3 least n is 22

Use G.C. to find regression line of y on x:

(ii) T Po(2.1x7 + 1.6 x 7)

y = −97.593 + 1.097 x T Po(25.9)

Method 1:

Since n is large,

_

(ii) Use y on x line to predict weight. 25.9

T (25.9, ) approx by central limit theorem

100

When x = 165 , y = −97.593 + 1.097(165) _

P( T ≤ 26) = 0.578 (to 3 sig fig)

y = 83.4 (1 d.p.) – using 3 d.p. of a and b to compute.

Method 2:

or 100 weeks, Y Po(2590)

y = 83.5 - using full accuracy of a and b to compute.

λ = 2590 > 10 . Normal approx to Poisson

(iii) Y N(2590,2590) approx

Using G.C., r = 0.893

P(Y ≤ 2600) = P( Y < 2600.5) (With cc)

= 0.578 (to 3 sig fig)

y

12 Let X be the r.v for the number of fish which measures less than 8 cm long.

9 1 4 1

89.9 (i) C5 ( )5 ( )4 ( ) = 0.00330 ( to 3 sf)

5 5 5

85.0

80.9 X B(n,0.2)

80.3 (ii) Since n large and p= 0.2 , X N(0.2n,(0.2)(0.8)n) approx

P(X ≤ 10) ≤ 0.0227

73.2 P(X < 10.5) ≤ 0.0227

10.5 − 0.2n

65.1 x P(Z < ) ≤ 0.0227

150 157 160 162 167 170 0.4 n

10.5 − 0.2n

≤ -2.000929..........(1)

0.4 n

C is unusually overweight.

10.5 – 0.2n ≤ -0.800372 n

Hence 10.5 – 0.2n ≤ -0.8 n approx

11 Breakages occur randomly or Method 1

Breakages occur independently or

Using GC Y1 = 10.5 -0.2x + 0.8 x

Mean number of breakages is a constant → Table Ans : 91

(i) Let A be the r.v for the number of broken cups per day

A Po(2.1)

P(A ≥ 3) = 1 – P(A ≤ 2) = 0.350369 = 0.350 (3 sig figs)

Let X be the r.v for the number of days with a least 3 broken cups out of n cups.

X

5 6

Method 3: 7

balls: [Note: We can’t exclude green balls because total

Hence (10.5 – 0.2n)2 ≥ (-0.8 n )2 6

Hence 4n2 - 484n + 11025 ≥ 0 approx……(2) number of red and blue balls is only 5.]

From GC : n ≥ 90.6 or n ≤ 30.4

10 8 7

n ≥ 91 or n ≤ 30 (NA because does not satisfy (1) ) No. of ways = − + = 210 − (28 + 7) = 175

Least n = 91 6 6 6

13 Let H be the event that the member of public has hypertension

Let D be the event that the machine diagnosed hypertension

(i) Alternative Method:

D

0.8 Case Green Blue Red No. of ways

k H 5 3 2

0.2

1 4 1 1 × × = 30

D’ 4 1 1

0.1 D 5 3 2

1-k H’ 2 3 2 1 3 × 2 × 1 = 60

(i) 0.9 D 5 3 2

2 P ( H ∩ D)

P(H/D) = =

’ 3 3 1 2 × × = 30

3 1 2

3 P( D)

5 3 2

4 2 3 1 × × = 60

2 0.8k 3 2 1

=

3 0.8k + (1 − k )(0.1) (1) 5 3 2

5 2 2 2 2 × 2 × 2 = 20

k = 0.2 5 3 2

p% = 20 % 6 1 3 2 1 × 3 × 2 = 5

p = 20

P ( H ′ ∩ D′) (1 − k )(0.9) Total 175

(ii) P(H’/D’) = = = 0.947

P ( D′) 0.2k + (1 − k )(0.9) (iii) Excluding the green balls, we only have

1, 1, 2, 2, 3. Since we are ignoring the colours of

Examples of possible comments: the balls, we are forming 3-digit numbers from the

(1) If it does not find you hypertensive then you can be reasonably confident 5 digits 1, 1, 2, 2, 3.

that your blood pressure is normal. Case 1: All 3 digits are distinct.

(2) If it diagnoses hypertension, then you should consult your doctor for further The 3 digits are 1, 2, 3 and the number of ways of

tests. arranging them are 3!

(3) Any other logical comments with reference to the context of the question Case 2: 2 digits are identical.

Step 1: Choose 2 digits that are identical

14 2 (1, 1 or 2, 2): 2

(i) Case 1: 2 red balls - = 1

2 Step 2: Choose a digit from the remaining digits

(1, 3 or 2, 3): 2

3

Case 2: 2 blue balls - = 3 Step 3: Arrange the 3 chosen digits in a row:

2 3!

=3

5 2!

Case 3: 2 green balls - = 10

2 3!

No. of ways = 3!+ ( 2 )( 2 ) = 6 + 12 = 18

No. of ways = 1 + 3 + 10 = 14 2!

Choose 6 balls from a total of 8 (blue and green)

8

balls: .

6

Case 2: No blue ball.

Choose 6 balls rom a total of 7 (red and green)

7 8

Anderson Junior College

Preliminary Examination 2010

H2 Mathematics Paper 1 (9740/01)

1 Without using a graphic calculator, find the exact solution of the inequality

12 x + 29

≤ 4, x ≠ ± 5 .

5 − x2

x(12 + 29 x)

Hence solve the inequality ≤4 . [7]

5x2 −1

x π

tan 2 for 0 < x ≤ ,

2

2 It is given that f(x) =

2x π

for < x ≤ π.

π 2

(ii) Find the exact volume of revolution when the region bounded by the curve in

(i), the line y = 2 and the y - axis is rotated completely about the x-axis. [5]

dy

3 Given that ln y = sin −1 2 x , show that 1 − 4x 2 = 2 y . [1]

dx

By repeated differentiation of this result,

(i) Find the series expansion of y in ascending powers of x, up to and including

the term in x 3 . [4]

π

(ii) Hence deduce the approximate value of e 3 , giving your answer in the form of

1

8

( )

a + b 3 , a, b ∈ Ζ where a and b are to be determined. [2]

1

4 The curve C is given by the equation y = x x where x > 0. The variable point P

moves along the x−axis from x = 10 to x = 1 at a constant rate of 1 unit per second.

Another variable point Q moves along the curve C so that the x−coordinates of both

P and Q are the same at any point in time.

dy

(i) Find in terms of x. [3]

dx

(ii) The area of triangle OPQ is represented by A. Show that the rate of change of

1 3

A is ln 2 − unit2/s when t = 6. [4]

2 2

Page 1 of 4

AJC / 2010 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P1

d x 1

5 Show that tan = . [2]

dx 2 1 + cos x

x + sin x

Hence, or otherwise, show that ∫ = dx x f ( x) + C , where f (x) is a single

1 + cos x

trigonometric function to be determined and C is an arbitrary constant. [5]

π

6 The function f is defined by < x ≤π .

f : x → 4 + sec x ,

2

(i) Show that the inverse function f -1 exists and find f -1 in similar form. [3]

(ii) On a single, clearly labelled diagram, sketch the graphs of f and f −1 . [2]

1

Another function g is defined by g : x → ln , x>2 .

x−2

Find the maximal domain of the function f for the composite function gf to be

defined. Find the corresponding range of gf . [3]

4u=n +1 a un − 2 , a ∈ for all positive integers n and u1 = 1 . Express un in terms

of a and n . [4]

Find the range of values of a for which the sequence converges. [1]

If the sequence converges, find the limit in terms of a . [1]

c

8 The curve G has equation a y = x + b + where x ≠ 1 and a, b and c are

x −1

constants with a > 0.

Given that the curve G has two stationary points P and Q,

(i) Find the range of all possible values of c. [2]

(ii) Find the coordinates of P and Q in terms of a, b and c. [2]

The point (0,1) lies on one of the asymptotes of G and the lines y = −1 and y = 5

are tangents to G. Find the values of a, b and c. [4]

z2 − z1 z2 + z1 =

2 2

0

z

Find the complex number 2 , given that its imaginary part is positive. [3]

z1

(i) The points P and Q represent z1 and z2 respectively in an Argand diagram.

Describe, with reasons, the geometrical properties of triangle OPQ where O is

the origin. [3]

Find the values of n for which z1 + z2 =

n n

(ii) 0. [2]

Page 2 of 4

AJC / 2010 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P1

10 (a) The diagram below shows the graph of y = f(x). The curve cuts the x-axis at

x = 0 , x = 3 and x = 5 . It has asymptotes x = 4 and y = −1 . There is a

5

minimum at the point A(-2, -3) and a maximum at the point C ,1 .

2

y

y = f(x)

C ( 52 ,1)

×

x

B (0, 0) 3 4 5

-1

×

A (-2, -3)

points for A, B and C clearly. [4]

1

y = ln 2 , 0 <x <3

x − 6x + 9

can be obtained from the graph of y = ln x , x > 0. [4]

shown below:

1

1 3 5

5 7 9 11 13

21 23 25 27 29 31 33

73 75 77 79 81 83 85 87 89

…….

(ii) Find the first and last term of the nth row. [2]

(iii) Show that the sum of the terms in the nth row is (2n − 1)3n −1 . [2]

(iv) Find the minimum number of rows in the triangle for the number of terms in

the triangle to exceed 500. [3]

Page 3 of 4

AJC / 2010 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P1

1

12(a) By using the substitution u = , or otherwise, show that

t

5

∞ t 1 u2

∫1 (1 + t 3 )3 ∫0 (1 + u 3 )3 du .

dt =

(b) The diagram below shows the part of the curve C with parametric equations

t t2

= x = , y , for t ≥ 1 . y

1+ t 3 1+ t 3

x

0 1

2

(i) C approaches to a point when t → ∞. Find the coordinates of this point. [1]

1

(ii) The region bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the line x = is denoted by R.

2

Using the result found in (a), find the exact area of R. [4]

2

π1 : r ⋅ 1 = 6

−2

x −1 y + 4

l: = = z −5

3 2

The point A has position vector 3i − j + 4k .

(i) Find the distance between point A and the plane π1 . [2]

→

(ii) B is another point such that AB =−5 j − 2k . Find the length of projection of

→

AB onto the plane π1 . [2]

(iii) Using your answers in (i) and (ii), find the area of triangle ABC, where C is

the reflection of A in the plane π1 . [2]

(iv) Find the equation of the plane π2 which contains the line l and the origin.

Hence, find the line of intersection between the planes, π1 and π2 . [4]

END OF PAPER

Page 4 of 4

AJC / 2010 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P1

Anderson Junior College

Preliminary Examination 2010

H2 Mathematics Paper 2 (9740/02)

9 + ax

1 Find the values of a and b if the expansion of in ascending powers of x up

1 + bx 2

35 2

to and including the term in x 2 is 3 + x + x . With these values of a and b, state

6

the range of values of x for which expansion is valid. [6]

x3 + 3x 2 + 2 x + 1

2 Express f ( x) = in partial fractions. [2]

x 2 + 3x + 2

( N + N + 1) −

N

1 2 1

∑x =1

f (=

x)

2 N +2

. [3]

=

Using the sketch of y f ( x) where x > 0 shown below, or otherwise, show that

N N +1

∑ f ( x) < ∫

x =1

1

f ( x) dx .

y

[3]

y= f(x)

x

0

1

(i) The point P represents the complex number w, where w = , in an Argand

z

diagram. Show that the locus of P is a straight line. [2]

(ii) Sketch both loci on the same diagram and show that the two loci do not

1

intersect if 0 < a < . [4]

2

1 1

(iii) For a = , find the range of values of arg z − , give your answer correct

2 a

°

to 0.1 . [3]

1

State the limit of arg z − when a approaches zero. [1]

a

Page 1 of 5

AJC / 2010 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P2

cos t

4 Relative to the origin O , the points A and B have position vectors a = sin t and

−1

cos 2t

b = − sin 2t respectively, where t is a real parameter such that 0 ≤ t < π .

12

(i) Show that a ⋅ b = m + cos(nt ) where m and n are constants to be determined. [2]

(ii) Hence, find the exact value of t for which ∠AOB is a maximum. [3]

r

(iii) Another point C has position vector c = s where r and s are real constants.

0

π

Given that A, B and C are collinear when t = , find the values of r and s. [3]

2

discharge rainwater at a rate proportional to V , the volume of rainwater in the

storm canal.

On a particular stormy day, rainwater is flowing into the canal at a constant rate of

300 m3 per minute. The storm canal is initially empty. Let t be the time in

minutes for which the rainwater had been flowing into the storm canal,

300(1 − e − kt )

(i) show that V = , where k is a positive constant. [4]

k

A first alarm will be sounded at the control room when the volume of rainwater in

the storm canal reaches 4500 m3 and a second alarm will be sounded when the

storm canal is completely filled. Given that the first alarm was sounded 20 minutes

after the rainwater started flowing into the storm canal.

(ii) Find the time interval between the first and second alarm. (Assuming the

weather condition remains unchanged). [3]

(iii) Briefly discuss the validity of the model for large values of t . [1]

Page 2 of 5

AJC / 2010 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P2

Section B: Statistics (60 marks)

6 Mary Lim has 7 cousins. In how many ways can she invite some or all of them to

her birthday party? [2]

At her birthday party, Mary sets up a round table of 8 seats with a different

welcome gift at each seat. If all her cousins turn up for the party and given that 4 of

them are from the Lee family, 2 are from the Yeo family and 1 is from the Tan

family, find the number of ways they can be seated with Mary for a meal at the

table if family members of the same surname are seated together but members of

the Lee and Yeo families are not adjacent to each other. [3]

After the meal, Mary and her cousins start to play a game. The game requires a

formation of 2 facilitators and 2 teams of 3 members each. Find the number of

possible formations if not all the members in each team have the same surname. [3]

chemical plant wants to study the relation between chemicals X and Y by varying

the amount of chemical Y (in milligrams) placed in a reaction flask containing

50mg of chemical X. When chemical Y is completely used up, the amount of

chemical X (in milligram) left is recorded as shown in the table below.

Chemical Y used (y mg) 20 40 60 80 100

Chemical X left (x mg) 29.1 16.2 8.9 5.1 3.8

(a) (i) Find the equations of the least square regression lines of y on x and x on y. [2]

(ii) Using the appropriate regression line found in (i), estimate the least amount of

chemical Y used given that chemical X has completely used up. Comment on

the validity of your estimation. [2]

where w is a function of x, to describe the relation between chemicals X and

Y.

Model A: w = x 2

1

Model B: w =

x

Model C: w = ln x

State, with a reason, which model is the most appropriate and find the

corresponding least square regression line by performing a suitable

transformation. [2]

(iii) In the same experiment conducted earlier, the amount of compound Z formed,

z (in miligrams), is measured. From the data collected, the linear product

moment correlation coefficient between z and x is found to be − 0.9 and

the least square regression line of z on x is given by z = −1.5 x + 12 . Find

the least square regression line of x on z. [4]

Page 3 of 5

AJC / 2010 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P2

8 In year 2009, the average length of time for cars parked at the Integrated Resort

Haven (IRH) was 12 hours. The facilities are upgraded in 2010 and the

management of IRH wants to find out if there is difference in the mean length of

time for cars parked at IRH.

Assuming that the resort and the car park are open at all times. The length of time,

x hours, for cars parked at IRH were recorded for 200 randomly selected cars on a

particular day and the following results were obtained:

∑ ( x=

− 12) 80 , ∑ (x =

− 12) 2

1425 .

(i) Denoting the population mean and variance of the parking times by µ and

σ 2 respectively, find unbiased estimates of µ and σ 2 . [2]

(ii) Given that an appropriate hypothesis test carried out could not provide

sufficient evidence to indicate a difference in the mean length of parking time,

find the range of values of the significance level of this test. [3]

(iii) State, with a reason, the range of the significance level of another test (without

carrying out the test) such that the sample could not provide sufficient

evidence that there is an increase in the mean length of parking time. [1]

(iv) The sample of 200 cars could also be obtained using systematic sampling.

Describe how this can be done. [2]

which is correct. For each of the questions set for a particular topic, there is a

probability of p that a student, Alice, knows the correct answer, and whenever she

knows the correct answer she selects it. If she does not know the correct answer, she

randomly selects one of the 5 suggested answers. The events K and C are defined

as follows:

K: Alice knows the correct answer.

C : Alice selects the correct answer.

(i) Find the probability, in terms of p, that Alice selects the correct answer. [2]

(ii) Describe what the event K’∩ C represents in the context of this question. [1]

1

(iii) Given that P(K’|C) = , find the value of p. [2]

16

Taking p to be 0.3 and Alice answers 1 MCQ daily from Monday to Friday.

(iv) Given that she answers 3 MCQ correctly, find the probability that this

happens in 3 consecutive days. [2]

(v) Alice scores 3 marks for each correct answer, but loses 1 mark for each

incorrect answer. Find the probability that Alice obtains a negative score for

the 5 MCQ she attempted. [2]

Page 4 of 5

AJC / 2010 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P2

10 At a newly opened shop, the number of orders for herbal chicken soup received in a

randomly chosen 30-minute interval follows a Poisson distribution with mean 2.3.

The shop is opened for 8 hours daily, from 11 am to 7 pm. (Assume that the orders

received are independent.)

(i) Find the probability that there are at least 6, but less than 10 orders received in

a randomly chosen one-hour period. [2]

(ii) Find the probability that in 100 randomly chosen one-hour periods, the shop

receives an average of more than 5 orders in a one-hour period. [2]

(iii) The shop owner incurs a fixed operating cost of $250 per day. The cost price

and selling price of a bowl of herbal chicken soup are $8 and $20 respectively.

By using a suitable approximation, find the probability that he makes a profit

of at least 40% of his total cost incurred per day. [4]

(iv) After operating the shop for half a year, the shop owner wishes to assess if he

should continue with the business. He decides to observe the lunch time

crowd from 12 pm to 2 pm for 25 days selected at random. If there are less

than 14 days with more than 10 orders during the lunch period, he will close

down the shop. Comment on whether he should close down the shop. [3]

Explain whether the Poisson distribution is a good model for the number of orders

for herbal chicken soup in a day. [1]

11 Peter bought an ice-cream machine. The amount of time taken by the machine to

produce a large tub of ice-cream follows a normal distribution with mean µ

minutes and standard deviation σ minutes. It is found that there is a 88% chance

that the machine will take less than 60 minutes and a 70% chance that it will be

more than 50 minutes. The amount of time taken by the machine to produce a small

tub of ice-cream also follows a normal distribution with mean 20 minutes and

standard deviation 2 minutes. The amount of time taken by the machine to produce

a large tub of ice-cream and a small tub of ice-cream are independent of each other.

(ii) Find the probability that the difference between the amount of time taken by

the machine to produce 5 large tubs of ice-cream and thrice the amount of

time taken to produce 3 small tubs of ice cream is more than 1 hour. [4]

(iii) After using the machine for a year, Peter decides to test the functionality of

the machine by using it to produce n large tubs of ice-cream (where n is large)

and observing the time taken for each production. He will consider buying a

new machine if there are more than 20 times that it takes at least 60 minutes to

produce a large tub of ice-cream. Using a suitable approximation, find the

greatest value of n such that the probability that he needs to consider buying a

new machine is less than 0.2. [5]

END OF PAPER

Page 5 of 5

AJC / 2010 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P2

AJC H2 Maths _Prelim 2010_P1 (Solutions) 4 x 2 16 x 3 8x 3

∴ y = 1 + 2x + + + ... ∴ y ≈ 1 + 2 x + 2 x 2 +

1 12 x + 29 (12 x + 29) − 4(5 − x 2 ) 2! 3! 3

≤4 ⇒ ≤0

5 − x2 5 − x2 π

−1

⇒ ( 5 − x)( 5 + x)(2 x + 3) ≤ 0

2 Let e 3 = e sin 2x

π 2 3

3 3 8 3

⇒ x= -3/2, x ≤ − 5 or x ≥ 5 x= -3/2, x < − 5 or x > 5 ( x ≠ ± 5 ) π

3

= sin −1 2 x ⇒ x =

4

3

e 3 ≈ 1 + 2

4

+ 2

1

(

4 + 3 4 = 8 11 + 5 3 )

x(12 + 29 x) ∴ a = 11, b = 5

≤4

5x 2 − 1 4 1

1 1 (i) y = x1/ x

⇒ ln y = ln x

Replace x by 1/x, ⇒ x= -2/3, < − 5 or > 5 x

x x 1 dy 1 1

1 1 ⇒ = − 3/ 2 ln x + 3/ 2

⇒ x= -2/3, − < x < 0 or 0 < x < y dx 2x x

5 5

dy y ln x x1/ x ln x

1 1 ⇒ = 1 − = 3/ 2 1 −

⇒ x= -2/3, − <x< as x = 0 is a solution to the inequality dx x3/ 2 2 x 2

5 5

1 dA 1 1 dy

2 (i) (ii) A = xy ⇒

= y+ x

2 dx 2 2 dx

dy 1

2 When t = 6, x = 4 so y = 2 and = (1 − ln 2 )

dx 4

dA 1 1 1 3 1

so = ( 2 ) + ( 4 ) (1 − ln 2 ) = − ln 2

dx 2 2 4 2 2

dx

Given that = −1 ,

dt

dA dA dx 3 1 1 3

0 we have = × = − ln 2 ( −1) = ln 2 − units/sec

π x dt dx dt 2 2 2 2

π

2 5 d x 1 x 1 1

tan = sec2 = = .

π dx 2 2 2 x 1 + cos x

x π 2 2 cos 2

(ii) Volume required = π ( 2)2 (π ) − π ∫ 2 tan 2 dx − π ∫π x dx 2

2 2 π

0

Using integration by parts,

π

x 2 π 7

= 2π − π 2 tan − x − x 2 π

2

= π 2 − 2π units3 x + sin x x x

−1

2 0 2 4 ∫ 1 + cos x dx = ( x + sin x) tan 2 -∫ tan 2 (1 + cos x) dx

3 ln y = sin 2 x

x x x

1 dy 2 dy = ( x + sin x) tan - ∫ tan (2 cos 2 ) dx

y dx = ⇒ 1 − 4 x 2 = 2 y (shown) ------- (1) 2 2 2

1 − 4x 2 dx

x x

= x tan + sin x tan − ∫ sin x dx

dy − 4 x d2y dy

d2y

dx 2

1 − 4 x 2 + =2

dy

⇒

dx 2

( )

1 − 4 x 2 − 4 x = 4 y ---- (2) 2 2

dx 1 − 4 x 2 dx dx x x x x

= = x tan + 2sin cos tan + cos x + A

d y 2 2 2 2

( ) dy

3 2 2

d y d y dy

1 − 4 x 2 + 2 (− 8 x ) − 4 − 4 x 2 = 4

dx 3 dx dx dx dx x 2 x 2 x

= x tan + 2sin + 1 − 2sin + A

d3y dy 2 2 2

dx 3

( d2y

)

1 − 4 x 2 + 2 (− 12 x ) − 8 = 0 ---------------- (3) x

dx dx = x tan + C , where C = 1 + A

dy d2y d3y 2

When x = 0, y = 1 , = 2, 2

= 4, = 16

dx dx dx 3

Page 1 of 6 Page 2 of 6

6 Function f is a one-one function from (ii) From (i), the stationary points of C are at x = 1 ± c .

the sketch of y = f ( x) , hence f-1 exist.

1+ b − 2 c

Let y = 4 + sec x When x = 1 − c , ay = 1 − c + b − c ⇒ y=

a

1 y = f −1(x)

⇒ sec x = = y−4 1+ b + 2 c

cos x When x = 1 + c , ay = 1 + c + b + c ⇒ y =

1 a

−1

Hence f : x → cos ( ) , x ≤ 3.

-1

x+b

x−4 y = f (x)

(iii) The equations of the asymptotes of C are x = 1 and y = .

a

x+b

| | Given (0, 1) is a point on y = , we get a – b = 0 - - - (1)

1 0 π a

g : x → ln = − ln( x − 2) , x > 2 3 π

2 Given that the line y = k does not pass through any point on C only for values of k in the

x−2

y=x interval (0, 2), the min turning pt corresponds to y = 0 and the max turning pt corresponds to

For Rf to be a subset of Dg , range of f need to be

y = 2:

2π 1+ b − 2 c

restricted to (2,3] , therefore the maximal domain of f is ( ,π ] . y= = −1 ⇒ a + b – 2 c = –1

3 a

Corresponding range of gf is [0, ∞) 1+ b + 2 c

y= = 5 ⇒ 5a – b – 2 c = 1

7 a 1 a

4un +1 = aun − 2 ⇒ un +1 = un −

4 2 3 9

Hence a = 1, b = 1 and c = , i.e. c = .

aa 1 1 2 4

⇒ un +1 = un −1 − − 9 2

44 2 2 z z z 1 ± 1 − 4 1 ± 3i

z2 − z1 z2 + z1 = 0 ⇒ 2 − 2 + 1 = 0 ⇒ 2 = =

2 2

2

a 1 a z

1 1 z z1 2 2

⇒ un +1 = un −1 − 1 +

4 2 4 z2 1 + 3i

2 Since imaginary part is positive, ⇒ =

a a 1 1 a z1 2

⇒ un +1 = un − 2 − − 1 +

4 4 2 2 4 z2 z

(i) = (1/ 2) 2 + ( 3 / 2) 2 = 1 and arg 2 = tan −1 3 = π / 3

1 a a

3 2

a z1 z1

⇒ un +1 = un − 2 − 1 + +

4 2 4 4 |z2| = | z1| and arg (z2) = arg(z1) + π/3

( n −1) +1 n −1 Triangle OPQ form an equilateral triangle as OP = OQ and ∠POQ = 60o

1 a a a

2

a

⇒ un +1 = un − ( n −1) − 1 + + + ... + z

n

4 2 4 4 4 (ii) z1 + z2 = 0 ⇒ 2 = −1

n n

n

z1

a

n 1(1 − n

i π3 nπ

a 1 4

⇒ un +1 = u1 −

i (π + 2 k π )

e = e ⇒ = π (1 + 2k ) ⇒ n = 3(1 + 2k ) for any integer k

4 2 1− a 3

4 10

n n −1 a

6−a a 2 6−a a 2

⇒ un +1 = − ∴ un = −

4−a 4 4−a 4−a 4 4−a

a 2

If the sequence converges then < 1 ⇒ a < 4 . The sequence converges to − .

4 4−a

8 c

(i) ay = x + b +

x −1

dy 1 c

⇒ = 1 − 2

= 0 when (x – 1) = c.

dx a ( x − 1) 2

This equation has two real and distinct solutions only when c > 0. 10 1

= ln ( x − 3) = −2 ln(3 − x)

−2

b y = ln 2

x − 6x + 9

Page 3 of 6 Page 4 of 6

The graph can be obtained from y = ln x by 3 2

1. translate of 3 unit in the negative x direction y = ln( x + 3)

−1 ⋅ 1

2. reflect in the y-axis y = ln(− x + 3) 4 −2 6 −1− 8

= −

6

3. scale by factor 2, parallel to the y-axis = − 2 = 3 unit

4. reflect in the x-axis 22 + 12 + 22 22 + 12 + 2 2 3

11 ) i) For the nth row, middle term = 3n−1

ii) For the nth row, first term = 3n −1 − 2(n − 1) , last term = 3n −1 + 2(n − 1)

iii) Sum of terms in nth row 2 2

0

=

2n − 1 n −1

( 3 − 2(n − 1) ) + ( 3n −1 + 2(n − 1) )

⌢

ii) AB = −5 , n =

1 1 = 1 1

2 3

−2 ɶ

2 + 1 + (−2) 2

2 2

−2 −6

=

2n − 1 n −1

(2)(3 ) = (2n − 1)3 n −1

2 length of projection

n

0 2

iv) No. of terms in each nth row row = (2n-1) Therefore, total no. of terms in n rows = ∑ (2r − 1)

= AB × nˆ = −5 × 1

1

r =1

n ɶ 3 Alternatively,

∑ (2r − 1) > 500 −2 −2

r =1

use AB inˆ ,

12 6 ɶ

2 2 2 followed by

n

1 2

2∑ r − n > 500 = 3 −2 = 3 6 + 2 + 5 = 3 65 units

− 4 = 2 2

Pythagoras thm

r =1 3 10 5

n(n + 1)

2 − n > 500 ⇒ n 2 − 500 > 0

2 1 2

Min no. of rows = 23 iii) Area of triangle ABC = ( AC )( 65)

2 3

1 2

12 ∞ t5 1

u2 = (3 × 2)( 65) = 2 65 units 2

∫1

1

(i) dt = 0 u5 1 = ∫0 (u 3 + 1)3 du (shown) 2 3

(1 + t 3 )3 ∫1 1 2

− du

1 3 1 3

(1 + 3 )3 u

u iv) l : r = −4 + λ 2 , λ ∈ℜ , Two vectors // to π2 are −4 and 2,

1 3 −2 1 5 1 5 1

3u (1 + u 3 ) −3 du = (1 + u )

1 1 2 1 1 1

= ∫

3 0 3 −2

= − + =

24 6 8

1 3 −14 −1

0

normal to π2 is // to −4 × 2 = 14 = 14 1

(ii) As t → ∞ , x, y → 0. The point is (0, 0) 5 1 14

1

1

1 t2 (1 − 2t 3 ) ∞ 2t 5 − t 2 −1

(iii) Area required =

∫0

2 y dx = ∫

∞ 1+ t3

•

(1 + t 3 ) 2

dt =

∫1 (1 + t 3 )3

dt

Equation of π2 : r ⋅ 1 = 0 , ie. − x + y + z = 0

∞ 2t 5 ∞ t2 1

=

∫1 3 3

(1 + t )

dt − ∫

1 (1 + t 3 )3

dt

To find line of intersection:

1 ∞ −x + y + z = 0

= 2( ) − 1 3t 2 (1 + t 3 ) −3 dt

8 3 ∫1 2 x + y − 2z = 6

∞

3 −2 −1 1 1 0 1 0 −1 2

= 1 − 1 (1 + t ) = 1 + 1 0 − 1 = 5 units

2

The augmented matrix, M is , RREF (M) =

2 1 −2 6 0 1 0 2

4 3 −2 1 4 6 4 24

x 2 + z 2 1 2 1

13 i) distance between point A and the plane π1 x−z =2

y = 2 = 2 + 0 z ie. Equation of line: r = 2 + µ 0 , µ ∈ℜ

y=2 z z 0 1 0 1

[Alternatively, Cartesian equation of line: x − 2 = z , y = 2 ]

Page 5 of 6 Page 6 of 6

AJC H2 Maths _Prelim 2010_P2 (Solutions) AP a 0.5 1

1 sin θ = = = =

1 1 AB 1 − a 2 − 0.5 3 P

9 + ax − 2

1

2 2 a a

= ( 9 + ax ) (1 + bx ) = 3 1 + x + x + ... (1 − bx + ...)

2 −1 a

2 2

1 + bx 2 18 2! 9 ∴θ = 19.5 o

A θ B

1 1 2

Hence 160.5o ≤ arg z − ≤ 180o or −180o < arg z − ≤ −160.5o

1/2

a2 2 2

a a

x + ... (1 − bx 2 + ...)

a a a

= 3 1 + x − ≈ 3+ x +− − 3b x 2

18 648 6 216 1

As a approaches 0, arg z − → 180o

By comparing coefficients, a = 6 and b = -2 a

9 + ax 1 4i cos t cos 2t

The valid range for expansion of is x < . 1 1 1

1 + bx 2 2 a ⋅ b = sin t ⋅ − sin 2t = cos t cos 2t − sin t sin 2t − = cos(t + 2t ) − = cos 3t −

ɶ ɶ 2 2 2

2 x3 + 3x 2 + 2 x + 1 1 1 −1 1 2

f ( x) = = x+ −

x 2 + 3x + 2 x +1 x + 2 1

cos 3t −

a ⋅b 2 2 1

4ii cos ∠AOB = = = cos 3t −

x + 3x + 2 x + 1 N

( )

3 2

N N

1 1 a b 2 5 2

∑

x =1

f ( x) = ∑

x =1 x 2 + 3x + 2

= ∑ x +

x =1

−

x +1 x + 2

cos 2 t + sin 2 t + 1 cos 2 2t + sin 2 2t + 1

2

N

1 1 For maximum ∠AOB , since 0 ≤ ∠AOB ≤ π and cos θ is a decreasing function over [ 0, π] , we aim

= ∑ x + −

x =1 x +1 x + 2 2 1

to minimize cos ∠AOB , ie. cos 3t − .

N N

1 1 5 2

= ∑ x + ∑ −

x =1 x + 1 x+2 π

x =1

Thus, cos 3t = −1 , ie. t = (since 0 ≤ t < π ).

N 1 1 3

= ( N + 1) + −

2 2 N +2 0 −1 −1 0 −1 r 0 r

4iii When t = π , a = 1 , b = 0 AB = 0 − 1 = −1 and AC = s − 1 = s − 1

N

y= f(x)

∑ f ( x) = sum of N rectangles under the curve. y 2

−1

1 2 −1 3 / 2

0 −1 1

x =1 1 2

N +1

−1 r

∫ f ( x) dx = sum of the area under the curve

1 Since A, B and C are collinear, AB = k AC ⇒ −1 = k s − 1

As shown in the diagram, as the curve is concave 3/ 2 1

upwards,

Area of N rectangles < area bounded by the curve Looking at the z component, k= 3/2, so r = -2/3 and s = 1/3

N+1

x

N N +1 0 1 2 3 N

∴ ∑ f ( x) < ∫ f ( x) dx 5i dV 1

x =1 = 300 − kV ⇒ ∫ dV = ∫ 1 dt

1

dt 300 − kV

1

3 1 ⇒ − ln 300 − kV = t + C

Let w = , k

z

⇒ 300 − kV = e− k ( t +C )

1 1 − aw 1

|z – a | = a ⇒ −a = a⇒ = a ⇒ w− = w ⇒ 300 − kV = Ae − kt

w w a

300(1 − e − kt )

The locus of w is a straight line (the perpendicular bisector of w1 =

1

& w2=0 When t = 0 , V = 0 ⇒ 300 − 0 = Ae0 ⇒ A = 300 ⇒V = (Shown).

a k

1 1 300(1 − e −20 k )

If 0 < a < ⇒ 0 < 2a < 1 and >1 When t = 20 , V = 4500 , ⇒ 4500 = ⇒ 15k = (1 − e −20 k )

2 2a k

1 1 1 From the GC, k = 0.030293

Hence 2a < 2a a 300(1 − e −0.030293t )

2a 2a 2nd alarm : when V = 6000 ∴ 6000 = ⇒ t = 30.7

Therefore the 2 loci do not intersect. a 0.030293

The residents will have 10.7 minutes between the 1st and 2nd alarm.

1

a= 300

2 t → ∞ ⇒V → = 9903 m3 which is impossible as the canal has only a fixed volume of

0.030293

6000 m3 . The model is not valid for large values of t.

Page 1 of 5 Page 2 of 5

6 No of ways to invite her guests = (2)7 – 1 = 127 (iv) The management must have a sampling frame (the list of all cars parked). If there are N cars,

choose a random number, k, from 1 to N/200 (take the nearest integer value), then select

No of ways to arrange a round table = 2! X 4! X 2! X 8 = 768 every (N/200)th car until a sample of 200 is obtained.

= 8C2 x (6C3 x 3C3) ÷ 2! = 280 (i) P(C) = p ×1 + (1 − p ) ×

5

No of ways to select the 2 facilitators and 2 teams with Lee family forming 1 team (ii) K’∩C represents the event where Alice does not know the correct answer but she

= 4C3 x 5C2 x 3C3 = 40 answers correctly.

1

No. of possible formations = 280 – 40 = 240 P( K '∩ C ) 1 (1 − p ) × 1

(iii) P(K’|C) = = 5 = solving, get p =0.75.

P(C ) 16 1 16

7 (a)(i) For x on y, x = −0.3085 y + 31.13 ⇒ x = −0.309 y + 31.1 (3 s.f.) p × 1 + (1 − p ) ×

5

For y on x, y = −2.8526 x + +95.999 ⇒ y = −2.85 x + 96.0 (3s.f.)

When p = 0.3, P(C) = 0.3+0.7×0.2=0.44

(ii) Since chemical Y is the controlled variable, use regression line of x on y.

(0.44)3 (0.56) 2 × 3 3

0 = −0.3085 y + 31.13 ⇒ y = 100.91 P(3 consecutive correct | 3 correct answers) = =

The estimation is not valid as this is an extrapolation, linear relation may not hold outside the (0.44)3 (0.56) 2 × C35 10

range of data.

P(negative score) = P(0 correct or 1 correct) = (0.56)5 + C15 (0.56)4 (0.44) = 0.271

1(b)(i) By comparing the linear product moment correlation for the 3 models, Model C is the

most appropriate with the highest value of r = 0.993 as it best describes the data given. 10 Let X be the r.v. denoting the number of orders for herbal chicken soup in 30 min.

X ~ Poi (2.3)

Using linear transformation w = ln x , Let Y be the r.v. denoting the number of orders for herbal chicken soup in 1 hour.

Regression line of w on y is w = −0.026136 y + 3.8294 ⇒ w = −0.0261 y + 3.83 (3 s.f.) Y ~ Poi(2.3 × 2) i.e. Y ~ Poi(4.6)

(ii) Change in w = −0.026136(5) = −0.13068 ≈ −0.131 (3 s.f.) (i) P ( 6 ≤ Y < 10 ) = P (Y ≤ 9 ) − P (Y ≤ 5) = 0.29471 ≈ 0.295(3.s. f )

w decreases by 0.131. (ii) Y ~ Poi (4.6) , Mean = variance = 4.6

4.6

(b)(iii) r = (− 0.9 ) = bd where b = −1.5

2 2

Hence d =

(− 0.9)2 = −0.54

Since n = 100 is large, by CLT, Y ∼ N (4.6,

100

) approximately

− 1.5 P(Y > 5) = 0.031090 ≈ 0.0311(3.s. f )

Since ( x , z )lies on the reg line z = −1.5 x + 12 ,

(iii) Let T be the r.v. denoting the number of orders for herbal chicken soup in a day (8 hours).

z = −1.5 x + 12

T ~ P (2.3 × 16) i.e. T ~ P (36.8)

29.1 + 16.2 + 8.9 + 5.1 + 3.8 Since λ > 10 , T ~ N (36.8,36.8) approximately.

x= = 3.3220655

P ( 20T ≥ 1.4 ( 8T + 250 ) )

5

z = −1.5(3.3220655) + 12 = 7.0169

350

Hence, reg line of x on z is x − (3.3220655) = −0.54( z − 7.0169) = P ( 8.8T − 350 ≥ 0 ) = P T ≥ = P(T ≥ 39.773)

8.8

∴ x = −0.54 z + 7.11 (3.s.f) = P(T≥40) = P(T>39.5) cc

= 0.328

8 80

(i) Unbiased estimate of µ is x = + 12 = 12.4

200 (iv) Let A be the r.v. denoting the number of orders for herbal chicken soup in 2 hours

200 1425 80 2 (lunch time)

Unbiased estimate of σ 2 is s2 = −( ) =7

199 200 200 A ~ P(2.3 × 4) i.e. A ~ P(9.2)

(ii) H0 : µ = 12 Let H be the r.v. denoting the number of days with more than 10 orders during lunch period

X − 12 from 12 to 2pm.

H1 : µ ≠ 12 Test Statistic : Z = ~ N(0,1) under H0 by CLT P ( A > 10 ) = 1 − P ( A ≤ 10 ) = 1 − 0.68202 = 0.31798

s / 200

Using GC, p -value = 0.0325 Given that H0 is not rejected, α < 3.25 H ~ B ( 25, P ( A > 10 ) ) i.e. H ~ B ( 25, 0.31798)

(iii) Since we will be using a one-tailed test in stead of a two-tailed test, P ( H < 14) = P ( H ≤ 13) = 0.98947 = 0.989 (3.s.f)

1

α < (3.250944) = 1.625472 ⇒ α < 1.63 Since the probability of having less than 14 days with more than 10 orders during the lunch

2 period is quite high, he should close down his business.

Page 3 of 5 Page 4 of 5

(iv) The use of the Poisson model is not suitable in this context as the number of orders during

lunch and dinner period will likely be higher than the rest of the hours in a day, thus it is

unlikely that the mean number of orders is the same for each 30 minute period.

11 (i) Let A be the r.v. denoting the amount of time taken by the machine to produce a large tub of

ice- cream. A ∼ N ( µ , σ 2 )

P( A < 60) = 0.88 P( A > 50) = 0.70

60 − µ 50 − µ

PZ < = 0.88 PZ > = 0.70

σ σ

60 − µ 50 − µ

= 1.17499 = −0.52440

σ σ

µ = 60 − 1.17499σ − − − −(1) µ = 50 + 0.52440σ − − − −(2)

Equating (1) and (2), ∴σ = 5.8845 = 5.88 (3.s.f) and µ = 53.08583 = 53.1 (3.s.f)

(ii) Let B be the r.v. denoting the amount of time taken by the machine to produce a small tub of

ice- cream. B ∼ N (20, 22 )

(

Required prob = P A1 + A2 + A3 + A4 + A5 − 3 ( B1 + B2 + B3 ) > 60 )

Let T = A1 + A2 + A3 + A4 + A5 − 3 ( B1 + B2 + B3 ) .

T ∼ N ( 85.42915, 281.1367 )

( )

P A1 + A2 + A3 + A4 + A5 − 3 ( B1 + B2 + B3 ) > 60 = P ( T > 60 )

= 1 − P ( −60 < T < 60 ) = 0.935317 = 0.935 (3.s.f)

(iv) Let C be the number of times the machine takes at least 60 minutes to produce a large

tub of ice-cream.

C ∼ Bin ( n, P ( A ≥ 60 ) ) i.e. C ∼ Bin ( n,1 − 0.88 )

Since n is large, np > 5 and n(1-p) > 5, C ∼ N ( 0.12n, 0.1056n )

P ( C > 20 ) < 0.2

P ( C > 20 + 0.5 ) < 0.2 (cc)

20.5 − 0.12n

PZ > < 0.2

0.1056n

Using GC, P ( Z > 0.84162 ) = 0.2

20.5 − 0.12n

Thus, > 0.84162 ⇒ 0.12n + 0.2735 n − 20.5 < 0

0.1056n

Solving -14.26 < n < 11.98 greatest n = 143.

Page 5 of 5

CATHOLIC JUNIOR COLLEGE

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

Higher 2

MATHEMATICS 9740/01

Paper 1 31 August 2010

3 hours

Additional Materials: Answer Paper

Graph Paper

List of Formulae (MF 15)

Write your name and class on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Answer all the questions.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the

case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically

states otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you are

required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator

commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

At the end of the examination, arrange your answers in NUMERICAL ORDER. Place this

cover sheet in front and fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

1 /4 7 /8

2 /7 8 / 10

3 /9 9 / 10

4 /8 10 / 15

5 /8 11 / 12

6 /9 TOTAL / 100

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

This document consists of 5 printed pages. [Turn Over]

1

1. Three sisters Audrey, Catherine and Gladys went on a shopping spree while on holiday.

They bought items for their sister Eliza, who could not go due to her ‘A’ level

examinations. After returning home, they could not recall the prices of the items they had

bought, but they had their credit card statements with the total amounts they each had

spent. The list of items that each sister had bought and the amount on their statements are

summarised in the table below:

High heels ($x per pair) 5 2 3

Facial Mask ($y per box) 10 7 15

Handbags ($z per piece) 3 8 5

Credit Card Statement ($) 1298.20 1158.30 1837.70

(ii) Hence evaluate the total cost of their gift to Eliza, which consists of 1 pair of high

heels, 5 boxes of facial mask and 2 handbags. [1]

2. n + 1

A sequence is defined by u1 = 1 and u n +1 = u n for n ≥ 1 .

n2

(i) Write down the values of u 2 , u3 , u 4 and u5 .

[2]

(ii) Hence make a conjecture for u n in terms of n. Prove your conjecture using

mathematical induction. [5]

3. In an East Asia ancient culture, there is a war monument which is formed by placing

concentric circular slabs of granite on top of each other. The slabs of granite are of

decreasing measurements.

(i) The first slab of the monument has diameter 200 cm and the diameter of each

subsequent slab is three-quarters the diameter of the previous slab. Show that the

total sum of the cross-sectional circular area of the slabs used will be less than

72 000 cm2, no matter how many slabs there are. [4]

(ii) The first slab of the monument has thickness 50 cm and each subsequent slab has

thickness d cm less than of that for the previous slab. Given that the maximum

possible number of slabs is 14, find the largest integer value of d. [2]

(iii) Given that d = 3, write down an expression in terms of n for the volume of the nth

slab and hence evaluate the total volume of the monument which consist of 14 slabs. [3]

[Turn Over]

2

4. The diagram below shows the graph of y = 2 ln x + 2 − x . The two roots of the equation

x − 2 ln x = 2 are denoted by α and β , where α < β .

y

x

α β

A sequence of real numbers x1, x2, x3, … satisfies the recurrence relation

xn+1 = ln( xn ) 2 + 2 for n ≥ 1 .

(ii) Prove that if the sequence converges, it must converge to either α or β . [2]

(iii) By considering x n +1 − x n and the graph above, prove that

x n +1 > x n if α < x n < β ,

x n +1 < x n if x n < α or x n > β . [2]

(iv) Hence deduce the value that xn converges to for x1 = 2 , giving your answer correct to

3 decimal places. [2]

ax 2 + x

5. The curve C has equation y = where x ≠ 1 and a is a constant.

x −1

(i) Show that C does not have any stationary points when − 1 < a < 0 .

[3]

(ii) Sketch C when − 1 < a < 0 . Show on your diagram, the equations of the asymptotes

[5]

and the coordinates of any points of intersection with the axes.

[Turn Over]

3

y

6. (a)

x

−2 0 1

(−1, −3)

The diagram above shows the graph of y = f (x) . On separate diagrams, sketch

the graphs of

(i) y2 = f (x) [3]

(ii) y = f ′(x) [3]

showing clearly in each case the axial intercepts, the asymptotes and the coordinates

of the turning points, where possible.

transformations:

A: A reflection in the y-axis

B: A translation of 4 units in the direction of the positive x-axis

C: Scaling parallel to the y-axis by a factor of 2

The equation of the resulting curve is y = 2 x −3 . Determine the equation y = g(x). [3]

1 2 − 1

2 , 1 and 2 respectively.

1 3 3

The point P lies on the line AB produced such that AP:PB = 3: 1.

0 2

(ii) The line l has equation r = 1 + λ − 1 , where λ ∈ ℜ .

2 1

Determine whether l and the line through A and B are intersecting. [3]

(iii) Find the shortest distance from C to AB. Hence or otherwise, find the area of triangle

ABC. [3]

[Turn Over]

4

8. The equation of a closed curve is (x + 2y)2 + 3(x − y)2 = 27.

(i) Show, by differentiation, that the gradient of the curve at the point (x, y) may be

dy y − 4x

expressed in the form dx =

7y − x [3]

(ii) The normal to the curve at the point (−2, 1) cuts the x-axis at P and the y-axis at Q.

Denoting the origin as O, find the area of the triangle OPQ. [4]

(iii) Find the equations of the tangents to the curve that are parallel to the y-axis. [3]

y dy d2y dy2 −y

(i) Show that e dx = − cos x. Hence, show dx2 + dx = e − 1

[3]

(ii) Find the Maclaurin’s series for y, up to and including the term in x3. [3]

cos x

(iii) Using the result in part (ii), find the Maclaurin’s expansion for up to and

sin x − 1

including the term in x2. [1]

cos x

(iv) Given that x is small, use binomial expansion to expand up to and

sin x − 1

including the term in x2. State the range of x for the expansion to be valid. [3]

(b) A curve C is defined by the parametric equations

x = 2(t − sin t ) , y = 2(1 − cos t ) for − π ≤ t ≤ π .

(i) Sketch the curve C. [2]

(ii) Find the exact area of the region bounded by C and the line y = 4. [6]

(c) The region R in the second quadrant is bounded by the y-axis, the line y = x + 5, and

the curve y = e x . Find the volume of the solid formed when R is rotated through 4

2

11. (a) (i) Solve the equation z 6 = −18 + (18 3 )i , expressing the solutions in the form

(ii) Show all the roots on an Argand diagram and write down an equation of the

form x 2 + y 2 = k which contains all the roots. [3]

3π

z − 3 + 2i ≤ − 2 3 + i and 0 < arg( z − 6 + 5i ) ≤ .

4

(i) Illustrate both of these relations on a single Argand diagram. [4]

(ii) Hence write down the exact area represented by the given relations. [1]

~End of Paper~

5

CATHOLIC JUNIOR COLLEGE

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

Higher 2

MATHEMATICS 9740/02

Paper 2 15 September 2010

3 hours

Additional Materials: Answer Paper

Graph Paper

List of Formulae (MF 15)

Write your name and class on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of

angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically states

otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you are

required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator

commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

At the end of the examination, arrange your answers in NUMERICAL ORDER. Place this cover

sheet in front and fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

1 /5 7 / 12

2 / 10 8 / 10

3 / 11 9 /6

4 / 14 10 /8

5 /7 11 /8

6 /9 TOTAL / 100

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

This document consists of 6 printed pages. [Turn Over

Page 1

Section A: Pure Mathematics [40 marks]

2 x 2 + 4 x − 70

−1 ≥ 0 . [3]

x 2 + 4 x − 77

Hence, solve the inequality

2e 2 x + 4e x − 70

−1 ≥ 0 . [2]

e 2 x + 4e x − 77

1 − 1 1 2

r = 0 + µ 1 and r = s1 + t − 1 , where µ, s, t ∈ ℜ

0 1 1 1

α

(ii) A second plane p2 has equation r ⋅ 1 = 1 . Given that the two planes p1 and p2

β

4 x − 15 5

intersect at the line l2: = y; z = , find the values of α and β. [3]

−2 2

(iii) The plane p3 with equation 2 x + by + z = 1 is parallel to l2. Find the value of b.

Hence find the distance between l2 and p3. [4]

2

f :x x+ , x ∈ ℜ \ {0}

x

g : x ln( x − 3) , x>3

(ii) Find the least value of a such that fh exists. Define fh in similar form. [3]

(iii) Sketch the graph of f, indicating the turning points, asymptotes and axial intercepts, if

any. State the range of f and determine if f -1 exists. [4]

The function f has an inverse if its domain is restricted to x > k . Find the least value of k. [2]

[Turn Over

Page 2

4 (a) Verify that y = x is a particular solution of the differential equation

dy x 2 + y 2

= , x, y ≠ 0 [2]

dx 2 xy

dy x 2 + y 2

=

dx 2 xy

to the differential equation

du 1 − u 2

x = . [3]

dx 2u

Hence find the general solution of the differential equation

dy x 2 + y 2

= . [4]

dx 2 xy

(c) Due to a rapid disease outbreak, the population of fish in a river, x (in thousands), is

believed to obey the differential equation

d2x

= 4ae − 2t

dt2

where t is the time in days, and a > 0 is a constant. Given that the entire population of

fish is wiped out by the disease eventually, show that the general solution of the

[3]

differential equation is x = ae −2t .

Explain the meaning of a, in the context of the question. Sketch the family of solution

curves of the differential equation for a = 1 and 2. [2]

5 (a) Tourists visiting an amusement park in Singapore can purchase a day pass. Each day

pass allows one tourist to take any of the 6 designated rides only once.

(i) How many different ways can the order of the rides be chosen if a tourist goes on

all 6 rides? [1]

(ii) The attendants in the park keep track of the rides Amusement Park

each tourist has taken by marking on the ticket as Crazy Monkey Swing

shown in the diagram on the right. Filling in a Merry Go Bush

square indicates that the tourist has taken that A Ride to Heaven

Nightmare to Remember

particular ride. If a tourist can choose to go on a Round about the Park

ride or not, how many different ways can the Foodie Food

ticket be marked? [1]

(iii) If a tourist goes on at least one ride, find how many different selections he can

make? [1]

(b) From 10 students, including Vera and Daen, a group of 5 students from the

Mathematics Society will be selected to attend an Enrichment Camp. Daen will not

join the group without Vera, but Vera will join the group without Daen. In how many

ways can the group be formed? [4]

[Turn Over

Page 3

6 The fish-balls used by a popular noodle stall are supplied by two companies, supplier A

and supplier B. On average, 1 out of 50 fish-balls from supplier A is deformed and 3 out of

100 fish-balls from supplier B are deformed. It is known that the noodle stall gets a

proportion, denoted by p of their fish-balls from supplier A.

1

(ii) Given that p = , show that the probability that a randomly chosen fish-ball from the

3

2

noodle stall is deformed will be . [1]

75

(iii) For a general value of p, the probability that a fish-ball is supplied by B given that it is

3(1 − p )

deformed is denoted by f( p). Show that f( p) = . [3]

3− p

Prove by differentiation that f is a decreasing function for 0 ≤ p ≤ 1 , and explain what

this statement means in the context of the question. [3]

7 The occurrences of floods per year at a particular residential area in Singapore follow a

Poisson distribution with mean 4.

(i) Find the probability that in 4 months, this particular residential area is flooded at least

twice. [2]

(ii) A random sample of 12 periods of 4 months is taken. Find the probability that in at

most 5 of these 12 periods, this particular residential area is flooded at least twice. [2]

(iii) Using a suitable approximation, find the probability that in 5 years, this particular

residential area is flooded at least 11 times. [4]

(iv) In a long term study of the flooding problem in this particular residential area, it is

proposed that the residential area be observed for 40 years. The probability that in at

least n years out of these 40 years, this residential area is flooded at most thrice each

year is found to be less than 0.8. Using a suitable approximation, find the least value

of n. [4]

[Turn Over

Page 4

8 The masses of snapper fish and pomfret fish sold by a fishmonger are normally distributed

and independent of each other. The mean mass, standard deviation and selling price of

snapper fish and pomfret fish are given in the following table:

Mean mass in kg 1 0.6

Standard deviation in kg 0.1 0.05

Selling price per kg in $ 12 7

(i) total mass of 3 snapper fish and 2 pomfret fish is more than 4.5 kg [2]

(ii) mass of 3 snapper fish exceeds twice the mass of a pomfret fish by more than 1.85 kg. [2]

(iii) total selling price of a snapper fish and 2 pomfret fish is more than $21. [2]

A customer buys 15 fish, out of which n are snapper fish and the rest are pomfret fish. The

probability that the customer pays more than $150 is less than 0.7. Find the largest value of

n. [4]

Boys 75 320 395

Girls 145 260 405

Total 220 580 800

The Student Council (SC) wishes to conduct a survey on a sample of JC2 students to find

out their preferences for Graduation Night.

(a) Explain how stratified sampling can be used to select a sample of 30 students.

Suggest another set of strata that may be suitable for this survey. [3]

(b) The amount that a sample of 50 students are willing to pay for Graduation Night can

be summed up as follows:

∑ x = 4537, ∑ ( x − x ) 2 = 4825.62

Assume that the mean and variance for this sample are good estimators of the

population mean and variance. Another sample of 60 students is surveyed. Find the [3]

probability that the mean of this second sample lies between 90 and 100.

[Turn Over

Page 5

10 A manufacturer claims that the average length of its metal rods is 14 cm.

(i) A customer complains that the manufacturer understated the average length of its

metal rods. A random sample of 8 metal rods is taken and the length, x cm, of each

metal rod is summarised as follows:

∑ x = 113.40, ∑ x 2 = 1607.72

Test, at the 4% significance level, whether the customer’s complaint is valid. State

any assumptions made in carrying out the test. [4]

Explain, in the context of the question, the meaning of ‘at the 4% significance level’. [1]

(ii) Another random sample of 9 metal rods with standard deviation 0.200 cm is taken.

What range of values should the mean length of the sample be, in order for the

customer’s complaint to be not valid, at the 4% significance level? Give your answer

correct to 2 decimal places. [3]

11 The table below gives the proportion of people (in %) in an occupation earning more than

$5000 and the proportion of university graduates (in %) in that occupation.

Taxi

Occupation Teacher Chemist Accountant Lecturer Engineer Electrician Police Plumber

Driver

% of graduates,

97 87 75 84 52 36 22 10 8

x

% earning more

66 65 62 45 53 43 33 18 10

than $5000, y

A

(i) Calculate the product moment correlation coefficient between x and y. [1]

(iii) Indicate the corresponding point on your diagram by labelling it P and explain why

the scatter diagram for the remaining points may be consistent with a model of the

form y = a + b ln x . [2]

(iv) Omitting P, calculate the least squares estimates of a and b for the model

y = a + b ln x . [2]

(v) Assume that the value of x at P is correct. Estimate the value of y for this value of x. [1]

(vi) Comment on the use of the model in (iv) in predicting the value of y when x =100. [1]

~End of Paper~

Page 6

Reg.

Name Year 6C( )

No.

PRELIMINARY EXAMINTION 2010

Higher 2

MATHEMATICS 9740/01

Paper 1 21 September 2010

3 hours

Additional Materials: Answer Paper

List of Formulae (MF15)

Write your Name, Class and Register Number on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the

case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically

states otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you are

required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator

commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

At the end of the examination, attach the question paper to the front of your answer

script.

Qn Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 Q9 Q10 Q11 Total

Score

Max

4 6 6 8 8 9 9 10 12 14 14 100

Score

This question paper consists of 6 printed pages (including this cover page).

2

1− x

1 Expand in ascending powers of x up to and including the term in x 2 and state

2+ x

the range of values of x for which the expansion is valid. [4]

n

1 n

2 Prove by induction that ∑ (2r + 1)(2r + 3) = 3(2n + 3) .

r =1

[5]

∞

1

Hence state the value of ∑ (2r + 1)(2r + 3) .

r =1

[1]

determined. [1]

∑( )

N

(ii) Show that n 2 + 1 − n 2 − 4n + 5= N 2 + 1 + ( N − 1) 2 + 1 − 5 − 2. [3]

n =3

(iii) Without the use of a graphic calculator, deduce that the sum in (ii) is strictly less

than 2 N + 1. [2]

4

y

b

S

2

=

y x3 + 1

R

x

O

The diagram above shows the curve with equation = y x + 1. Given that the 3

(i)

two shaded areas R and S have the same value, find the value of b. [4]

(ii) Find the volume of the solid generated when S is rotated completely about the

x-axis. [4]

[Turn over

3

5 With respect to the origin O, the position vectors of three points A, B and C are given

→

2 →

b →

3

=

by OA = 3 , OB 7 = and OC 5 .

a 2 1

(i) Find the values of a and b if A, B and C are collinear. [2]

→

→

(ii) If given instead that OA is perpendicular to OB , find a relationship between a

and b. Furthermore, if angle AOC is 60ο , find possible values for a and b,

giving your answers correct to the nearest integer.

A student claimed that since angle AOC is 60ο , angle BOC must be 30ο.

Without performing any calculation, state, with a reason, whether his claim is

necessarily true. [6]

et

6 (a) Find

∫ (1 + 3et ) 2

dt . [2]

∫ x sec ( x ) dx.

d 3 2 2

(b) Write down [4]

dx

4

(c) Evaluate

∫ 0

x 2 x − 3 dx without the use of the graphic calculator. [3]

“If z =x + yi, x, y ∈ , is a root of the equation

z ) an z n + an −1 z n −1 + ⋅⋅⋅ + a1 z +=

P(= a0 0, n ∈ + , then z= x − yi is also a root.”

[1]

(ii) Solve the equation z 4 + 3 + i =0, expressing the roots in the form reiα , where

r > 0 and −π < α ≤ π . [5]

(iii) Show the roots on an Argand diagram. [1]

(iv) The points representing the roots in (iii) form a quadrilateral. Find the area of

this quadrilateral. [2]

[Turn over

4

8 The diagram shows a hexagon PQRSTU inscribed in a circle with radius 6 cm.

= UT

The sides QR and UT are parallel, and QR = 2 x cm .

Q 2x R

P • S

6 O 6

U 2x T

(You need not verify that it gives a maximum value.) [4]

Initially x = 6 cm, and the lengths of the parallel sides QR and UT are each decreasing

1

at a constant rate of cm s −1. Find the rate of change of A at the instant when

10

x = 2 cm. [3]

1

[ Area of a trapezium = × sum of the lengths of the parallel sides × height ]

2

y ln(1 + e x ) .

d 2 y dy dy

(i) Show that = 1 − . [3]

dx 2 dx dx

(ii) Find the Maclaurin’s series for y up to and including the term in x 2 . [2]

(iii) Verify that the same result is obtained if the standard series expansions for

e x and ln(1 + x) are used. [4]

(b) Given that x is sufficiently small for x3 and higher powers of x to be neglected,

and that 10 tan x − 3 = cos 2 x , form a quadratic equation in x and hence find the

value of x, leaving your answer in exact form. [3]

[Turn over

5

π

x eθ cos θ ,

= y sin θ + cos θ ,

= 0 ≤θ ≤ .

4

2 π4

(i) Show that the equation of the tangent at e , 2 is given by

2

π

− 2

=y e 4x+

. [4]

2

(ii) Show that the area bounded by the curve C and the x-axis can be

π

expressed as ∫ 4

0

eθ cos 2θ dθ . Hence, evaluate the area, leaving your

answer correct to 2 decimal places. [4]

(b) The diagram shows the graph of y = f ( x ) , which has a turning point at

A ( −2, 2 ) .

y

x=2

A ( −2, 2 )

x

O

(i) y = f '( x), [3]

1

(ii) y= , [3]

f(x)

showing clearly all relevant asymptotes, intercepts and turning point(s), where

possible.

[Turn over

6

11 (a) A geometric series has first term a. Find the range of values of a if the sum to

1

infinity of the series is . [3]

2

1

(b) The rth term of a series is given by =

Tr 2r

+ ln 32 r. Find the sum of the first N

3

terms. [4]

(c) Jon wants a gigantic cake prepared for his mother’s birthday. The cake is to

9

consist of 5 layers, where each layer has a square base with length that is of

10

the layer beneath it and a constant height of h units. The cost of the cake is

proportional to its volume and the largest layer costs $200.

(i) Given that the largest layer has length a units, find the cost of the whole

cake, rounded to the nearest dollar. [4]

(ii) Jon also wants candles to be placed at each layer such that the total number

of candles used is 75. If the largest layer has d2 candles and each

subsequent layer has d candles less than the one directly below, find the

number of candles placed at the top layer. [3]

END OF PAPER

Reg.

Name Year 6C( )

No.

PRELIMINARY EXAMINTION 2010

Higher 2

MATHEMATICS 9740/02

Paper 2 23 September 2010

3 hours

Additional Materials: Answer Paper

List of Formulae (MF15)

Write your Name, Class and Register Number on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the

case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically

states otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you are

required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator

commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

At the end of the examination, attach the question paper to the front of your answer

script.

Qn Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 Q9 Q10 Q11 Total

Score

Max

8 10 11 11 4 7 8 9 9 11 12 100

Score

This question paper consists of 7 printed pages (including this cover page).

2

1 Show that the equation ( z − 1 + i)( z* − 1 − i) =2 represents a circle with centre C(1,–1)

and radius 2 and sketch the locus on an Argand diagram. On the same diagram,

sketch the locus represented by z + z* =

3. [3]

(ii) the complex numbers represented by A and B. [2]

State the cartesian equation of the perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining A

and B. Explain also why the perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining any

two distinct points on the circumference of the circle must pass through the centre of

the circle, C. [2]

ax

f :x , x ≠ −a 2 ,

x + a2

g : x x2 − a2 , x∈ .

(iii) Show that the composite function fg does not exist. [2]

(iv) Solve the equation f( x) = f −1( x) , expressing your answer(s) in terms of a. [3]

[Turn over

3

3 In an experiment, Andy and Bob attempt to devise a formula to describe how the

volume of water, V m3, in a tank, changes with time at t hours.

dV 1 8

(i) Andy gives his formula as= V − 2 . Given that V = 1 when t = 0,

dt 60 V

t

3

=

show that V 8 − 7e 20 . Sketch this solution curve. [4]

d 2V

(ii) However, Bob believes that it is more likely to be = 12t 2 − 2. Given that

dt 2

dV

= 0 when t = 0 , show that the general solution for V can be expressed as

dt

1 1

V = (t 2 − ) 2 + C − , where C is a constant.

2 4

Hence, or otherwise, sketch on a single diagram, two distinct members of the

family of solution curves. [5]

(iii) It is also given that V = 1 when t = 0 in Bob’s model. Suppose that the water

in the tank does not overflow, explain, using your diagrams in parts (i) and

(ii), why Andy’s model is more appropriate compared to Bob’s model. [2]

2 1

Π1 : r 4 = 10, Π2 : r 3 = 8.

1 1

(i) Find the acute angle between the two planes. [3]

(ii) Obtain a vector equation of l1, the line of intersection of the two planes. [4]

x−2 7−z

The cartesian equation of another line, l2, is given by= = , y m,

6 3

where m is a real constant.

(iii) If the plane Π1 and line l2 intersect at the point (6, m, 5), find the value of m.

[2]

(iv) Show that the lines l1 and l2 are perpendicular for all values of m. [2]

[Turn over

4

5 A group of students plan to collect data from students’ parents for a project.

(i) Describe how a quota sample of size 80 might be obtained based on the

parents’ educational qualifications. [2]

table below shows the profile of educational qualifications among the students’

parents:

Father 180 360 660 1200

Mother 300 420 480 1200

Total 480 780 1140 2400

(ii) Explain why stratified sampling is preferred over the method in (i). [1]

(iii) How many mothers with an “A” Level qualification should be included in the

stratified sample? [1]

6 To assess the level of work satisfaction in relation to the time spent at work, the

human resource department of an organisation polls nine of its officers. The number

of work hours per week (t) of each officer and the level of job satisfaction (x) are

recorded, where a higher value of x indicates a higher level of satisfaction. The data

are shown in the table below:

Work hours (per week), t 20.1 22.0 24.4 25.3 28.8 36.5 40.6 46.0 55.1

Satisfaction level, x 24.5 16.3 18.6 12.5 5.2 4.7 1.4 1.8 0.8

(i) Draw a scatter diagram for the data and find the product moment correlation

coefficient for the sample. [3]

b

(ii) A suggested model is of the form x= a + . Find a and b. Justify why this

t

model provides a better fit than a linear model between x and t. [2]

(iii) Use the model in (ii) to predict the satisfaction level when an officer works

5.0 hours per week. Comment on the reliability of your prediction. [2]

[Turn over

5

7 For every Monday of the week, the probability that Mylo wears a tie is 0.4. The

probability that he wears a jacket is 0.2. If he wears a jacket, the probability that he

wears a tie is 0.6.

(i) Mylo wears a tie and a jacket, [2]

(ii) Mylo wears neither a tie nor a jacket. [2]

For Tuesday and Wednesday, the probability that Mylo wears a jacket is

• twice the probability he wears a jacket on the previous day if he wears a

jacket on the previous day,

does not wear a jacket on the previous day.

(iii) By constructing a tree diagram, find the probability that Mylo wears a jacket

on the third day given that he wears a jacket on exactly two of the three days.

[4]

Statistics questions, F, G, H, I, J and K.

(i) The examiner plans to arrange all eleven questions in a random order,

regardless of topic. Find the number of ways to arrange all eleven questions

such that

(a) the last question is a Pure Mathematics question, [2]

(b) a Pure Mathematics question must be separated from another with

exactly one Statistics question. [2]

(ii) Later, the examiner decides that the questions should be arranged in two

sections, Pure Mathematics followed by Statistics. Find the number of ways to

arrange all eleven questions such that

(a) question A is followed by question F, [2]

(b) questions B and K are separated by more than seven questions. [3]

[Turn over

6

Zenobrain, has the benefit of maintaining good mental health and will help its

consumers acquire a mean IQ score of not less than 115.

To verify the claim, a random sample of 12 consumers is taken and their IQ scores, x,

are recorded and summarised as follows:

∑ ( x − 100 ) =

50 and ∑ ( x − 100 ) =

2

4008 .

(i) Calculate unbiased estimates of the population mean and variance. [3]

(ii) State the null and alternative hypotheses and carry out an appropriate test at

5% level of significance. [4]

(iii) State, with a reason, whether

(a) any assumption is needed for the test in (ii) to be valid, [1]

(b) the conclusion would be the same if a two-tailed test is used with the

same level of significance. [1]

10 In a randomly chosen week, the numbers of unsolicited text messages and phone calls

received by a mobile line subscriber follow independent Poisson distributions with

means 5 and 3 respectively.

(i) Find the probability that the subscriber receives exactly 2 unsolicited text

messages in a day. [2]

(ii) Show the probability that the subscriber receives at most 10 unsolicited text

messages or phone calls in a week is 0.816. [2]

(iii) The subscriber decides to terminate his mobile line subscription if, in the next

10 weeks, there are more than 3 weeks where he receives more than 10

unsolicited text messages or phone calls in a week. Find the probability that he

terminates his mobile line subscription. [3]

(iv) Another subscriber intends to terminate her subscription if she receives a total

of 20 or more unsolicited text messages or phone calls in the next 2 weeks. By

using a suitable approximation, calculate the probability that she terminates

her subscription. [4]

[Turn over

7

11 (a) The distance, X km, covered by a school athlete during a regular training

session has mean 4 km. During competition season, training increases in

intensity and the distance, Y km, covered during the training session increases

to a mean of 6 km. Given that X and Y are independent normal distributions

with same variance σ 2 , and P(Y − X > 3) =0.4, find the probability that the

athlete covers a total distance between 8 km and 12 km in two randomly

chosen regular training sessions. [5]

(b) The amount of time that a student spends online each day has mean 120

minutes and standard deviation 45 minutes. A random sample of 60 students is

taken and they are surveyed on the amount of time that they spend online each

day. Find the probability that

(i) the total time spent online each day by the 60 students is at least 7000

minutes, [3]

(ii) the sample mean time spent online each day by the 60 students is

within 5 minutes of the population mean time of 120 minutes. [3]

Explain whether you need to assume that the amount of time spent online by a

student each day follows a normal distribution in your calculations above. [1]

END OF PAPER

Dunman High School

2010 Year 6 H2 Mathematics (9740) Preliminary Examination Paper 1

Suggested Solutions

Qn Suggested Solution

1 −1

1− x 1⎛ x⎞

= (1 − x) × ⎜1 + ⎟

2+ x 2⎝ 2⎠

⎛ 1 x ⎞⎛ x ⎛ x ⎞ ⎞

2

= ⎜ − ⎟ ⎜1 − + ⎜ ⎟ + ... ⎟

⎝ 2 2 ⎠ ⎜⎝ 2 ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎟

⎠

1 1 1 1 1

= − x − x + x 2 + x 2 + ...

2 2 4 4 8

1 3 3 2

= − x + x + ...

2 4 8

x

Valid values of x: < 1 ⇒ −2 < x < 2

2

n

2 1 n +

Let Pn be the proposition .

r =1

When n = 1:

1

1 1 1 1 1

LHS =

r =1

k

1 k

i.e.

r =1

to prove Pk +1 is true,

k +1

k +1

∑ (2r + 1)(2r + 3) = 3(2k + 5) .

1

i.e.

r =1

k +1

∑ (2r + 1)(2r + 3)

1

LHS =

r =1

k

1 1

=

r =1

k 1

= +

3(2k + 3) (2k + 3)(2k + 5)

1

k (2k + 5) + 3

=

3(2k + 3)(2k + 5)

2k 2 + 5k + 3

=

3(2k + 3)(2k + 5)

(2k + 3)(k + 1)

=

3(2k + 3)(2k + 5)

k +1

= = RHS (shown)

3(2k + 5)

∴ Pk is true ⇒ Pk +1 is true

+

Pn is true for n ∈ .

n 1

=

3(2n + 3) ⎛ 3⎞

3⎜ 2 + ⎟

⎝ n⎠

1 1

∴ as n → ∞, →

⎛ 3 ⎞ 6

3⎜ 2 + ⎟

⎝ n ⎠

3(i) n2 − 4n + 5 = (n − 2)2 − 4 + 5

= (n − 2)2 + 1

3(ii) N

⎛ 2 2 ⎞

∑ ⎜ n + 1 − n − 4n + 5 ⎟

n =3 ⎝ ⎠

N

⎛ 2 2 ⎞

= ∑ ⎜ n + 1 − ( n − 2) + 1 ⎟

n =3 ⎝ ⎠

= 32 + 1 − 12 + 1

+ 42 + 1 − 22 + 1

+ 52 + 1 − 32 + 1

M M

M M

+ ( N − 2) 2 + 1 − ( N − 4) 2 + 1

+ ( N − 1) 2 + 1 − ( N − 3) 2 + 1

+ N 2 +1 − ( N − 2) 2 + 1

= N 2 + 1 + ( N − 1) 2 + 1 − 5 − 2

2

4(i) 0 0 3

Area of R = ∫ y dx = ∫ ⎡⎣ x3 + 1⎤⎦ dx =

−1 −1 4

1

y = 1 + x3 ⇒ x = ( y − 1) 3

1 b

3⎡ 4

⎤

( )

b b

Area of S = ∫ x dy = ∫ (y -1) 3 dy = ⎢ y − 1 3

⎥

2 2 4⎣ ⎦2

3⎡

( ) − 1⎤⎥

4

= ⎢ b − 1 3

4⎣ ⎦

Equating and solve for b:

3⎡ 4

⎤ 3

⎢ ( b − 1) 3 −1

⎥ =

4⎣ ⎦ 4

3

⇒ b = 1 + 2 4 = 2. 68 (3 s.f.)

4(ii) 1

For y =b , x = ( b − 1) 3 = 1. 1892 = k (say)

Volume required

⎡ 2 k

⎤

= π ⎢b k − 2 (1) − ∫1 ( x + 1) dx ⎥

2 3 2

⎣ ⎦

⎯⎯

→ ⎯⎯

→

AB = λ BC

⎛b − 2 ⎞ ⎛3− b ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜7 −3 ⎟ = λ ⎜5− 7⎟

⎜2− a⎟ ⎜1 − 2 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

i.e. λ = −2, a = 0, b = 4

5(ii) ⎯⎯

→ ⎯⎯

→

If OA is perpendicular to OB , then

⎯⎯

→ ⎯⎯

→

OA OB = 0

⎛2⎞ ⎛b⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⎜3 ⎟ ⎜7⎟ = 0

⎜ a ⎟ ⎜ 2⎟

⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

i.e. 2b + 21 + 2a = 0

3

⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 3⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ 5⎟

⎜ a ⎟ ⎜1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ = cos 60ο

13 + a 2 35

2(6 + 15 + a) = 13 + a 2 35

31a 2 − 168a − 1309 = 0

a = 10 (nearest int.) or a = −4 (nearest int.)

b = −20 (nearest int.) b = −6 (nearest int.)

His claim is not necessarily true since points O, A, B and C may not be coplanar.

6(a) et 1

∫ ∫ 3e (1 + 3e )

t −2

dt = t

dt

(1 + 3e )

t 2

3

(1 + 3et )−1 1

= +c = − +c

−3 3(1 + 3et )

1

∫ x sec ( x ) dx = 2 ∫ x ⎡⎣2 x sec ( x ) ⎤⎦ dx

6(b) 3 2 2 2 2 2

1

= ⎡ x tan ( x ) − 2 x tan ( x ) dx ⎤

( ) ∫

d

tan ( x 2 ) = 2 x sec 2 ( x 2 )

2 2 2

dx 2 ⎢⎣ ⎥⎦

1⎡ 2

= x tan ( x 2 ) − ln sec ( x 2 ) ⎤ + c

2⎣ ⎦

4

∫

6(c)

x 2 x − 3 dx

0

3 4

=−

∫ 0

x 2 ( x − 3) dx +

∫ 3

x 2 ( x − 3) dx

3 4

⎡ x4 ⎤ ⎡ x4 ⎤

= − ⎢ − x3 ⎥ + ⎢ − x3 ⎥

⎣4 ⎦0 ⎣ 4 ⎦3

27

= or 13.5

2

7(i) No. The statement is not always true. It applies only for (polynomial) equation in z

with real coefficients.

7(ii) z 4 + 3+ i = 0 ⇒ z 4 = − 3 − i

⎛ 5π ⎞

− i⎜ ⎟

⇒ z = 2e

4 ⎝ 6 ⎠

1 1 5π 1 (12k −5)π

i ( − + 2 kπ ) i

z=2 4

e4 6 =2 e 4 24

, k = 0,1, 2,3

1 5π 1 7π 1 19π 1 17π

-i i i -i

∴z = 2 e 4 24 or 2 e

4 24 or 2 e 4 24 or 2 e 4 24

4

7(iii) Im

Z2

Z3

L

Re

O

Z1

Z4 L

1

Pythagoras Theorem: L = 2|z| =2(2 ) = 2 2

2 2 4 2

8(i) ON = 36 − x 2

⎡1 ⎤

A = 2 × ⎢ × (12 + 2 x ) 36 − x 2 ⎥

⎣2 ⎦

= 2 ( 6 + x ) 36 − x 2 2x

Q R

N

6 6

P 6 • 6 S

O

U 2x T

8(ii) dA ⎛ 1 ⎞⎛ 2x ⎞

= 2 36 − x 2 + 2 ( 6 + x ) ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ − ⎟

dx ⎝ 2 ⎠⎝ 36 − x 2 ⎠

72 − 2 x 2 − 12 x − 2 x 2

=

36 − x 2

4 (18 − 3x − x 2 )

=

36 − x 2

4 ( 6 + x )( 3 − x )

=

36 − x 2

dA

For maximum A , = 0 : x > 0 ⇒ x = 3 cm

dx

d d d 1 dx 1

( QR ) = ( 2 x ) = 2 ( x ) = − ⇒ =−

dt dt dt 10 dt 20

dA 4 ( 8 )(1)

When x = 2, = = 32 = 4 2

dx 32

5

dA dA dx

= ×

dt dx dt

⎛ 1 ⎞

= 4 2 ×⎜ − ⎟

⎝ 20 ⎠

2

=− cm2 s−1

5

2

A is decreasing at the rate of cm s −1.

5

9(a) y = ln(1 + e x )

(i)

⇒ e y = 1 + ex

d dy

: ey = ex

dx dx

dy

⇒ = e x− y

dx

d d2 y ⎛ dy ⎞

: 2

= e x− y ⎜1 − ⎟

dx dx ⎝ dx ⎠

2

d y dy ⎛ dy ⎞

⇒ 2 = ⎜ 1 − ⎟ (shown)

dx dx ⎝ dx ⎠

9(a) dy 1 d 2 y 1

(ii) When x = 0, y = ln 2, = , =

dx 2 dx 2 4

1 2

x

1

y = ln 2 + x + 4 + ...

2 2

1 1 2

= ln 2 + x + x + ...

2 8

9(a) ⎛ ⎛ x2 ⎞⎞

(iii) ln(1 + e x ) = ln ⎜ 1 + ⎜ 1 + x + + ... ⎟ ⎟

⎝ ⎝ 2 ⎠⎠

⎛ x2 ⎞

= ln ⎜ 2 + x + + ... ⎟

⎝ 2 ⎠

⎛ x x2 ⎞

= ln 2 + ln ⎜ 1 + + + ... ⎟

⎝ 2 4 ⎠

2

⎛ x x2 ⎞

⎜ + ⎟

⎛ x x2 ⎞ ⎝ 2 4 ⎠

= ln 2 + ⎜ + ⎟ − + ...

⎝2 4 ⎠ 2

x x2 ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ x2 ⎞

= ln 2 + + − ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ + ...

2 4 ⎝ 2 ⎠⎝ 4 ⎠

1 1

= ln 2 + x − x 2 + ... (verified)

2 8

6

9(b) 10 tan x − 3 = cos 2 x

( 2x)

2

10 x − 3 = 1 −

2

⇒ x + 5x − 2 = 0

2

−5 ± 52 − 4(−2) −5 + 33

∴x = = (rej -ve as x is small)

2 2

10(a) π

(i) x = eθ cos θ , y = sin θ + cos θ , 0 ≤θ ≤

4

dx dy

= eθ (cos θ − sin θ ), = cos θ − sin θ ,

dθ dθ

dy dy dx

= / = e-θ

dx dθ dθ

At (eθ cos θ ,sin θ + cos θ ), the equation of the tangent

is ( y − sin θ − cos θ ) = e-θ ( x − eθ cos θ ),

π

Set θ = ,

6

π π

π

3e 6 3 + 1 3 1 - 3e 6

at ( , ) , the equation of the tangent is ( y − − ) = e 6 (x − ),

2 2 2 2 2

π

− 1

y=e 6x+

2

(ii) π

A = ∫ 4 (sin θ + cos θ ) eθ (cos θ − sin θ ) dθ

0

π

= ∫ 4 eθ (cos 2 θ − sin 2 θ ) dθ

0

π

= ∫ 4 eθ cos 2θ dθ ( shown)

0

= 0.68 (2 d.p.)

10(b)

(i) y

y = f '( x)

x

-2 O

x=2

7

10(b) y

1

(ii) y=

f(x )

A’(-2, 0.5)

2

x

O

11(a) a 1

=

1− r 2

2a = 1 − r

r = 1 − 2a

⇒ 1 − 2a < 1 ⇒ − 1 < 1 − 2a < 1

1

0 < a < 1, a ≠ (since r ≠ 0)

2

r

11(b) N N⎛1⎞ N

∑ Tr = ∑ ⎜ 2 ⎟ + ∑ 2r ln 3

r =1 r =1 ⎝ 3 ⎠ r =1

N

⎛1⎞

1− ⎜ ⎟

1

= × ⎝ ⎠ + N ( N + 1) ln 3

9

9 1

1−

9

1⎛ ⎛1⎞ ⎞

N

= ⎜ 1 − ⎜ ⎟ ⎟ + N ( N + 1) ln 3

8 ⎜⎝ ⎝ 9 ⎠ ⎟⎠

11(c) Volume of whole cake

(i) = a 2 h + (0.9a ) 2 h + (0.9 2 a ) 2 h + (0.93 a ) 2 h + (0.9 4 a ) 2 h

[1 − (0.9 2 )5 ] 2

= (1 + 0.9 2 + 0.9 4 + 0.96 + 0.98 )a 2 h = a h = 3.4280a 2 h

1 − 0.9 2

Cost of whole cake

= $3.4280 × 200 = $686 (nearest dollar)

11(c) 5

⎡⎣ 2(d 2 ) + (5 − 1)(−d ) ⎤⎦ = 75

(ii) 2

d 2 − 2d = 15

(d − 5)(d + 3) = 0

d =5 or d = −3 (rej. since d >0)

8

Dunman High School

2010 Year 6 H2 Mathematics (9740)

Preliminary Examination Paper 2 Suggested Solutions

SECTION A

1 ( z − 1 + i)( z * − 1 − i) = 2

2

z −1+ i = 2

z −1+ i = 2

i.e. A circle with centre (1,–1) and radius 2. (shown)

Im

A

O Re

2

D

C(1,-1)

x=1.5

(i) AB = 2 AD

2

( 2) ⎛1⎞

2

= 2 −⎜ ⎟

⎝2⎠

= 7

(ii) Complex numbers represented are

3 ⎛ 7 ⎞ 3 ⎛ 7 ⎞

+ ⎜⎜ − 1⎟⎟ i and − ⎜⎜ + 1⎟⎟ i.

2 ⎝ 2 ⎠ 2 ⎝ 2 ⎠

Cartesian equation of the perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining A and B is y = − 1.

Since any two distinct points on the circumference of the circle are equidistance from the

centre C, hence perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining these points must pass

through C.

1

2(i)

y

y=a

O x

x = −a 2

Recommended

(1)From the graph above, any horizontal line y = b, b ∈ cuts the graph of f at most once,

therefore f is one-one and the inverse of f exists.

OR

(2)From the graph above, any horizontal line y = b, b ≠ a , cuts the graph of f exactly once,

therefore f is one-one and the inverse of f exists.

(ii) ax

y= , x ≠ −a 2 ,

x+a 2

xy + a 2 y = ax

a2 y

x= , y ≠ a,

a− y

a2 x a3

f −1 : x a , x ≠ a, or f −1 : x a − a 2 , x ≠ a,

a−x a−x

(iii) Rg = [− a 2 , ∞), Df = \{−a 2 },

∴ Rg ⊄ Df ,

thus fg does not exist

2

(iv) Method 1(Recommended)

f( x) = f −1( x)

⇒ f( x) = x

ax

⇒ =x

x + a2

⇒ x 2 + a 2 x − ax = 0

⇒ x( x + a 2 − a) = 0

⇒ x = 0 or x = a − a 2 .

f( x) = f −1( x)

ax a2 x

⇒ =

x + a2 a − x

⇒ ax(a − x) = a 2 x( x + a 2 )

⇒ ax[(a + 1) x + (a 3 − a )] = 0

⇒ ax[(a + 1) x + (a 3 − a )] = 0

a − a 3 −a (a 2 − 1)

⇒ x = 0 or x = = = − a (a − 1) = a − a 2 .

a +1 a +1

3(i) dV 1 8 1 V 3 −8

= (V − 2 ) = ( 2 )

dt 60 V 60 V

2

V dV 1

⇒ =

V − 8 dt 60

3

1 1

⇒ ln | V 3 − 8 |= t + C '

3 60

t

+ C ''

⇒ | V 3 − 8 |= e 20 , C '' = 3C '

t

⇒ V 3 − 8 = Ae , 20

A = ± eC ''

When t = 0, V = 1,

⇒ A = −7,

t

3

⇒ V = 8 − 7e 20

V

1

8 t

20ln( ) or 2.67

7

3

(ii) d 2V

2

= 12t 2 − 2

dt

dV

⇒ = 4t 3 − 2t + C1

dt

dV

When t = 0, = 0, ∴ C1 = 0

dt

dV

⇒ = 4t 3 − 2t

dt

⇒ V = t 4 − t 2 + C , C is a constant.

V = t4 − t2 + C

1 1

= (t 2 − ) 2 + (C − )

2 4

V 1

(I)C >

4

C

C (II)C ≤

1

4

t

(iii)

1

When t = 0, V = 1, then C2 = 1 > .

4

Therefore given the above initial condition, Bob’s model corresponds to solution curve type

(I) in part (ii).

Therefore in Bob’s model, the volume of water approaches infinity in the long run (not

realistic) whereas in Andy’s model, the volume of water reasonably diminishes to zero in the

long run/after some time.

4(i) ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛1 ⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⎜ 4 ⎟ .⎜ 3 ⎟

⎜1 ⎟ ⎜1 ⎟

n1 .n1 ⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠ 15

cos θ = = =

| n1 || n 2 | 21 11 21 11

∴θ = 9.3o.

4

(ii) ⎛1 ⎞

⎜ ⎟

d = n1 × n 2 = ⎜ −1⎟

⎜2 ⎟

⎝ ⎠

Set z=0,

2 x + 4 y = 10

x + 3y = 8

⇒ x = −1, y = 3

⎛ −1⎞ ⎛1 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

∴ l1: r = a1 +α d1 = ⎜ 3 ⎟ + α ⎜ −1⎟ , α ∈ .

⎜0 ⎟ ⎜2 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

Alternative

2 x + 4 y + z = 10

x + 3y + z = 8

Let z = t ∈ ,

⇒ 2 x + 4 y = 10 − t

x + 3y = 8 − t

t t

⇒ x = −1 + , y = 3− ,

2 2

−

⎛ ⎞1 ⎛ ⎞

1

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ t

∴ l1: r = ⎜ 3 ⎟ + α ⎜ −1⎟ , α= ∈

⎜0 ⎟ ⎜2 ⎟ 2

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

(iii) Since the point with co-ordinates (6,m.5) lies on the first plane,

a d1 = D1

⎛6 ⎞ ⎛ 2⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⇒ ⎜ m ⎟ ⎜ 4 ⎟ = 10

⎜ 5 ⎟ ⎜1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

⇒ 12 + 4m + 5 = 10

7

⇒m=− .

4

(iv) ⎛2 ⎞ ⎛2 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

l2 : r = a 2 +β d 2 = ⎜ m ⎟ + β ⎜ 0 ⎟ , β∈ .

⎜7 ⎟ ⎜ −1⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛1 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

d1 d 2 = ⎜ −1⎟ ⎜ 0 ⎟ = 2 − 2 = 0 (independent of the value of m)

⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎜ −1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

5

SECTION B

Identify and categorise the parents into mutually exclusive sub-groups according to

education levels. Set a quota, i.e. a target number of respondents for each group where the

total adds up to 80.

Poll respondents on a first-come-first-serve basis, say, when the parents arrive at school in the

morning with their children, until the number for each category is filled.

(ii) Stratified sampling is more representative in terms of the proportion of parents’ educational

qualifications in each category.

(iii) 420

× 80 = 14

2400

6(i)

x

(ii) 260.56

From GC, regression line x = −37.612 +

t

ie, a = −37.6 , b = 261 ( 3 sig fig )

1

Suggested model between x and is a better fit with |r |= 0.930 > |r|= 0.860 for the linear

t

model between x and t.

260.56

(iii) x = −37.612 + = 78.9

5.0

t = 5 lies outside the data range of t , thus model may not be valid and estimate not likely to be

reliable.

6

7(i) Let J be the event where Mylo wears a jacket and T be the event where Mylo wears a tie.

P (T J ) = 0.6

P (T ∩ J )

= 0.6

P( J )

P (T ∩ J )

= 0.6

0.2

P (T ∩ J ) = 0.6 × 0.2 = 0.12

(ii) P (T ∪ J ) '

= 1 − P (T ∪ J )

= 1 − [ P(T ) + P ( J ) − P (T ∩ J ) ]

= 1 − ( 0.4 + 0.2 − 0.12 )

= 1 − 0.48

= 0.52

(iii)

0.8 J

J

0.4 0.2 J'

J 0.4 J

0.2 0.6

J'

0.6 J'

0.4 J

0.8 0.2 J

J' 0.6 J'

0.2 J

0.8

J'

0.8 J'

Mon Tue Wed

Required Probability

P ( J 3 ∩ J1 ) + P ( J 3 ∩ J 2 )

=

P ( J 3 ∩ J1 ) + P ( J 3 ∩ J 2 ) + P ( J1 ∩ J 2 )

(0.2)(0.6)(0.4) + (0.8)(0.2)(0.4)

=

(0.2)(0.6)(0.4) + (0.8)(0.2)(0.4) + (0.2)(0.4)(0.2)

0.048 + 0.064

=

0.048 + 0.064 + 0.016

0.112

=

0.128

= 0.875

7

8(i) Number of ways = 10!(5) = 18144000

(a)

(b)

S S S S S S

Number of ways or

= ( 6!)( 5!)( 3) = 259200 =(5!)6 ⋅ 5 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 3 ⋅ (3!) = 259200

(a) = ( 4!)( 5!) = 2880

(ii) Case One: 8 Questions (4M and 4S) between B and K

(b) B K

⎛5⎞

⎜ ⎟ ( 4!)

4!

⎝ 4⎠

B K

⎛ 4⎞ 5!

⎜ ⎟ ( 3!)

⎝ 3⎠

B K

4! 5!

Number of ways

⎛ 4⎞ ⎛5⎞

= ⎜ ⎟ ( 3!)( 5!) + ⎜ ⎟ ( 4!)( 4!) + ( 5!)( 4!)

⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 4⎠

= 2880 + 2880 + 2880

= 8640

8

9(i) Let u = x − 100

∴ ∑ u = 50 , ∑ u 2

= 4008

x = u + 100 = 4.16667 + 100 = 104.17 ≈ 104 (3 s.f .)

1⎛ 50 2 ⎞

s2 = ⎜ 4008 − ⎟ = 345.42 ≈ 345 (3 s.f .)

11 ⎝ 12 ⎠

(ii) To test H0: μ = 115

against H1: μ < 115

Use t-test since σ2 is unknown and sample size of 12 is small

X − 115

under H0, T = ~ t (11).

345.42/12

From GC, p-value = 0.0342

Since p-value =0.0342< 0.05, there is sufficient evidence to reject H0 at the 5% level of

significance and conclude that the mean IQ score is less than 115, hence the manufacturer’s

claim is disputable.

(b) For 2-tailed test, p-value =2(0.0324) =0.0684 > 0.05. H0 will not be rejected. The

conclusion would be different.

10 Let X be the number of unsolicited text messages received in a day.

(i) X ~ Po 5( ) 7

P( X = 2) = 0.125 (3 s.f.)

(ii) Let Y be the number of unsolicited text messages or phone calls received in a week.

Y ~ Po ( 8 )

P(Y ≤ 10) = 0.816 (3 s.f.) (shown)

(iii) Let W be the number of weeks where receives more than 10 unsolicited text messages or

phone calls in a week out of 10 weeks.

W ~ B (10, 0.184 )

P(W > 3) = 1 − P(W ≤ 3)

= 0.0944 (3 s.f.)

(iv) Let T be the total number of unsolicited text messages or phone calls received in the next 2

weeks.

9

T ~ Po (16 )

Since λ =16>10, ∴ T ~ N(16,16) approximately.

= 0.191 (3 s.f.)

11 Y − X ~ N(2, 2σ 2 )

(a)

P(Y − X > 3) = 0.4

3− 2

P(Z > ) = 0.4

2σ

From GC,

1

= 0.25335

2σ

σ = 2.7910

X1 + X 2 ~ N (8,3.94712 )

P(8 < X1 + X 2 < 12) = 0.345 (3 s.f.)

b(i) Let X min be the amount of time spent by a student online each day.

E( X1 + X 2 L + X 60 ) = 60 × 120 = 7200

( )

2

Var( X1 + X 2 L + X 60 ) = 60 × 452 = 90 15

⎛

( )

2⎞

X1 + X 2 L + X 60 ~ N ⎜ 7200, 90 15 ⎟ approximately.

⎝ ⎠

P(X1 + X 2 L + X 60 ≥ 7000)

= 0.717 (3 s.f.)

(ii) Since n=60 is large, by Central Limit Theorem,

⎛ 452 ⎞

X ~ N ⎜ 120, ⎟ approximately.

⎜ 60 ⎟⎠

⎝

P( X − 120 < 5)

= P(−5 < X − 120 < 5)

= P(115 < X < 125)

= 0.611 (3 s.f.)

We do not need to assume that the amount of time spent online follows a normal distribution

since by the Central Limit Theorem, the sample mean follows a normal distribution

approximately when n is large.

10

1 Solve the inequality

x 4

≤ ,

x − 2 ( x − 2) 2

ex 4

Hence solve ≤ x . [2]

e + 2 (e + 2

x 2

)

(n + 2)un −1

un = .

2un −1 + n + 1

n+2

un = . [5]

2n − 1

f : x (2 x − 1) − 2, x < −1 ,

2

ln ( x + a ) ,

g:x x > −1 .

(b) State the value of a such that the range of g is (0, ∞) . [1]

(c) Show that the composite function gf exists, and find the range of gf, giving

your answer in terms of a. [2]

t t

x= , y= , where t ≠ −1, 1.

1+ t 2

1− t2

(i) Show that the tangent to the curve at any point with parameter t has equation

(1 − t )

2 3

(1 + t 2 ) x − 4t 3.

3

y= [3]

1

(ii) Find the gradient of the tangent to the curve at t = . Hence determine the

2

acute angle between this tangent and the line y= x + 3 . [3]

2 [Turn Over

5 Robert took a study loan of $100 000 from a bank on 1st January 2010. The bank

charges an annual interest rate of 10% on the outstanding loan at the end of each

year. After his graduation, Robert pays the bank $x at the beginning of each month.

The first payment is made on 1st January 2014. Let un denote the amount owed by

Robert at the end of nth year after 2013, where n ∈ +0 .

(iii) Given that Robert owes the bank less than $1000 at the end of 2020, find the

minimum value of x, giving your answer to the nearest dollar. [3]

∫

1

6 (a) Find dt . [3]

3 − 4t 2

(b) Use the substitution u = 5 x to find ∫ 5 x cos 2 ( 5 x ) dx . [5]

7 It is given that the function y = f ( x ) has the Maclaurin’s series 1 + 4 x + ax 2 + ... and

(

satisfies 1 + x 2 ) ddyx =

b (1 + y ) , where a and b are real constants.

2

f( x)

(ii) Find the series expansion of in ascending powers of x, up to and

4+ x

including the term in x 2 . [3]

f( x)

(iii) State the equation of the normal to the curve y = at x = 0. [1]

4+ x

3 [Turn Over

4−r A B C

8 (i) Express in the form + + . [2]

(r − 1)r (r + 2) r −1 r r + 2

n

4−r

(ii) Hence find ∑ (r − 1)r (r + 2)

r =2

. [3]

Give a reason why the series is convergent, and state its limit. [2]

n

3− r

(iii) Use your answer to part (ii) to find ∑ r (r + 1)(r + 3) .

r =2

[2]

z −1 − i ≥ 2 ,

2

(i)

z +1 π

(ii) arg ≥ ,

3 + i 12

(iii) z > z − 1 . [7]

Hence, or otherwise, find the range of values of z − i and arg ( z − i). [3]

10 A file is downloaded at r kilobytes per second from the internet via a broadband

connection. The rate of change of r is proportional to the difference between r and a

constant. The initial value of r is 348. If r is 43, it remains at this constant value.

dr

(i) Show that = k (r − 43) . [2]

dt

dI

=r .

dt

(iii) Given that there is no data downloaded initially, find I in terms of k and t. [2]

(iv) It is given that a file with a size of 5700 kilobytes takes 90 seconds to

download. Find the value of k . [2]

(v) Explain what happens to the value of r in the long run. [1]

4 [Turn Over

D

11

C

j

k

i A

O

B

The diagram above shows part of the structure of a modern art museum designed by

Marcus, with a horizontal base OAB and vertical wall OADC. Perpendicular unit

vectors i, j, k are such that i and k are parallel to OA and OC respectively.

The walls of the museum BCD and ABD can be described respectively by the

equations

−1 14 5 −1

r ⋅ −5 =36 and r = 0 + λ 4 + µ 0 , where λ , µ ∈ .

6 0 0 4

(ii) Find the vector equation of the intersection line of the two walls BCD and

ABD. [3]

(iii) Marcus wishes to repaint the inner wall ABD. Find the area of this wall. [3]

Suppose Marcus wishes to divide the structure into two by adding a partition such

that it intersects with the walls BCD and ABD at a line. This partition can be

β , where α , β ∈ .

described by the equation 2 x − 7 y + α z =

described by the equation 2 x − 7 y + α z = γ , where γ ≠ β . State the

relationship between Jenny’s and Marcus’ partitions. [1]

Deduce the number of intersection point(s) between the walls BCD, ABD, and

Jenny’s partition. [1]

5 [Turn Over

x2 − 4

12 The curves C1 and C2 have equations ( x − 2) 2 = a 2 (1 − y 2 ) and y = , where

x +1

1 < a < 2, respectively. Describe the geometrical shape of C1. [1]

to the graph of C1 . [3]

(b) (i) Sketch C1 and C2 on the same diagram, stating the coordinates of any

points of intersection with the axes and the equations of any

asymptotes. [6]

of C1 and C2 satisfy the equation

( x + 1) ( x − 2 ) = a 2 ( x + 1) 2 − a 2 ( x 2 − 4) 2 .

2 2

[2]

(iii) Deduce the number of real roots of the equation in part (ii). [1]

6 [Turn Over

Section A: Pure Mathematics [40 marks]

1 A tin has a fitting cylindrical lid which overlaps its cylindrical body by 5 cm. When

completely closed, it has base radius x cm and height y cm, as shown in the diagram.

The body and the lid are made from thin metal sheet such that the difference in their

radii is negligible. The total area of metal sheet used to make the tin and its lid is

400π cm2.

V π x ( 200 − x 2 − 5 x ) .

=

If x varies, find the values of x and y for which V has its maximum value. [6]

z 5 − 32 =

0,

expressing the answers in the form reiθ , where r > 0 and −π < θ ≤ π . [2]

2w + 1

5

0 has four roots. [1]

w

1

The roots of the equation are denoted by w1, w2, w3 and w4. By finding ,

w

4

1

show that ∑w

i =1

is a real number. [4]

i

2 [Turn Over

3 The nth term and the sum of the first n terms of a sequence are denoted by un and Sn

respectively. Given that Sn is a quadratic polynomial in n and u1 = 100 , u2 = 90 and

10

∑u

r =3

r = 360 , find Sn in terms of n. [4]

respectively, where t is a fixed constant. The points X and Y lie on AB and BC

respectively such that

AX BY µ

= = ,

XB YC 1 − µ

(i) Find the vector XY in terms of t and µ . [2]

(iv) Find the projection vector of XY onto 4i + j. [2]

5 A point P(x, y) moves in the x-y plane such that the distance from the line x = −3 is

always equal to the distance from the point ( 6, −2 ) .

(i) Prove that the locus of P can be represented by a curve C with equation

( y + 2) = 9 ( 2 x − 3) .

2

[2]

(ii) Sketch the curve C, making clear the main relevant features of C. [2]

(iii) the exact area of R , showing your working clearly, [4]

(iv) the volume of revolution formed when R is rotated through 2π radians about

the x-axis. [3]

3 [Turn Over

Section B: Statistics [60 marks]

6 An airline wishes to assess its in-flight service for a specific flight and employs a

marketing research company to administer a survey. The seats on this flight are

divided into classes as follows:

No. of Seats 20 80 300 400

seats and ask the passengers occupying these seats to complete a questionnaire.

Describe how this sample can be obtained. Suggest a practical difficulty which may

be encountered in carrying out this proposal. [3]

sample of 80 passengers from the list of passengers who have checked in. Explain

why it may not be appropriate to use this sampling method. [1]

7 A boy intends to arrange a set of coloured square tiles flat on the floor as shown

below with each row being labelled.

First row

Second row

Third row

Fourth row

There are four identical blue tiles, three identical yellow tiles, two identical green tiles

and one red tile.

Find the number of ways to arrange the tiles if

(ii) exactly one yellow tile and exactly two blue tiles are in the same row, [3]

(iii) there are less than 3 yellow tiles in the fourth row . [2]

All the ten tiles are now placed in a row. Find the number of ways he can arrange the

tiles such that all the blue tiles are separated. [2]

4 [Turn Over

8 The life span, x (in hours), of a certain electronic component is known to follow a

normal distribution with mean 9000 hours and standard deviation σ hours. Following

a change in the manufacturing procedure, a batch of components is produced and a

random sample of 10 components is taken from this batch.

Σ(x – 9000) = 2010, Σ(x – 9000)2 = 911 157.

Test at the 5% level of significance whether the mean life span of the

components has increased after the change in the manufacturing procedure. [3]

(b) Let x denote the mean life spans (in hours) of the 10 components in the sample.

If σ = 25, find the set of values of x so that we can conclude at the 1% level of

significance that the population mean life span of the components has increased.

State an assumption for the above test to be valid. [5]

9 An orchard owned by Mark produces oranges which have masses (in grams) that

follow a normal distribution N(190, 576). Visitors to this orchard can buy the oranges

at $0.10 per 100 g.

Find the probability that the payment made by a visitor buying 20 oranges will differ

from 2 times the payment made by another visitor buying 10 oranges by at most

$0.15. [4]

The orchard produces apples which are graded according to their mass. Apples with a

mass exceeding 150 g are graded as 'large' while apples with a mass less than 70 g are

graded as 'small'. Mark finds that the proportion of apples graded as 'large' is the same

as that of the apples graded as 'small'. It is given that the mass of a randomly chosen

apple from Mark's orchard follows a normal distribution with mean µ g and standard

deviation 30 g.

(ii) What is the probability that Mark will get at least 5 apples graded as 'large'

when he randomly selects 65 apples from his orchard? [3]

5 [Turn Over

10 A public opinion poll surveyed a sample of 1000 voters. The table below shows the

number of males and females supporting Party A, Party B and Party C.

Male 200 130 70

Female 250 300 50

(a) One of the voters is chosen at random. Events A, C and M are defined as

follows:

A : The voter chosen supports Party A.

C : The voter chosen supports Party C.

M : The voter chosen is a male.

Find

(i) P(A M ),

(b) It is given that in the sample, 20% of Party A supporters, 30% of Party B

supporters and 5% of Party C supporters are immigrants.

(i) One of the voters selected from the sample at random is an immigrant.

What is the probability that this voter supports Party A? [2]

Find the probability that there is exactly one immigrant voter who

supports Party C or exactly one female who supports Party A (or both). [4]

month regarding alcohol abuse problem is denoted by λ . The probability of receiving

at most 9 such calls in a week is 0.701. Assuming that there are 4 weeks in a month,

(i) show that the value of λ is 32.5, correct to 3 significant figures. State a

condition under which the distribution used is valid. [3]

(ii) by using a suitable approximation, find the probability that in a month, the

number of call-ins received is more than 25 but not more than 40. [4]

The centre also has 70 support groups, each consisting of n people, which help one

another to deal with alcohol abuse problems. It is known that, on average, 3 in 20

people in such support groups will be successful in correcting their alcohol abuse

problem. Given that in the 70 support groups, the probability of having an average of

at least 4 people per group successfully correcting their alcohol abuse problem is

more than 0.7, determine the minimum value of n. [4]

6 [Turn Over

12 With the implementation of the new bus fare system, Jasmine wanted to know how

the new system would affect her. She identified 12 common locations and used a map

to measure the straight line distance, x km, of each location from her home. She also

measured the road distance, y km, of each location from her home and the

corresponding bus fare, s cents. The data are shown below.

Location A B C D E F G H I J K L

Straight line

7.7 3.0 24.1 13.2 9.3 9.0 10.4 3.5 17.6 4.5 2.0 2.5

distance, x

Road

8.8 3.3 28.0 16.1 9.4 8.9 12.5 15.8 22.5 5.0 2.2 2.8

distance, y

Bus fare, s 121 81 181 149 125 121 137 149 173 91 71 71

(i) By considering the values of x and y, explain why Location F should be omitted

from any further analysis. State, with a reason, another location that should be

omitted. [2]

(ii) Use a suitable regression line to give an estimate of the straight line distance

when the road distance is 20.0 km. [2]

(iii) Draw a scatter diagram of s against y. State, with a reason, which of the

following models is more appropriate to describe the relationship between y and

s:

Model I: s= a + by 2 ,

Model II: s= a + b ln y , where a and b are positive constants. [3]

(iv) Using the more appropriate model found in (iii), calculate the equation of the

corresponding regression line. [2]

(v) Comment on the use of the regression line found in (iv) to estimate the road

distance travelled if the bus fare is 170 cents. [2]

7 [Turn Over

2010 HCI Prelim Paper 1 Solutions

Qtn Solutions

1. x 4

− ≤0

x − 2 ( x − 2) 2

( x − 1) − 5 ≤ 0

2

x2 − 2 x − 4

⇒ ≤0⇒

( x − 2) 2

( x − 2) 2

⇒ ( x − 1) 2 − 5 ≤ 0, , ( x − 2) 2 is always positive for all real values of x.

⇒ 1− 5 ≤ x ≤ 1+ 5 , x ≠ 2

ex 4

For x ≤ x

e + 2 (e + 2) 2

Replace x by −e x ,

⇒ 1 − 5 ≤ −e x ≤ 1 + 5

⇒ x ≤ ln ( 5 −1 )

2. n+2

Let P(n) be the proposition un = .

2n − 1

When n = 0,

LHS of P(0) = u0 = −2 (given)

2

RHS of P(0) = = −2

−1

∴ P(0) is true.

Assume P(k) is true for some k ∈ +

∪ {0}

k +2

i.e. uk = .

2k − 1

k +3

i.e. uk +1 = .

2k + 1

When n = k + 1,

(k + 3)uk

LHS of P(k+1) = uk +1 =

2uk + k + 2

( k + 3)( k + 2 )

= 2k − 1

⎛ k + 2⎞

2⎜ ⎟+k +2

⎝ 2k − 1 ⎠

⎡ (k + 3)(k + 2) ⎤

= ⎢ ⎥

⎣ (2k + 1)(k + 2) ⎦

2 [Turn Over

k +3

= = RHS of P(k+1)

2k + 1

Since P(0) is true & P(k) is true ⇒ P(k + 1) is also true, hence by mathematical

induction P(n) is true for all n ∈ + ∪ {0} .

3

y = f ( x)

7

-1

x = −a y = g ( x)

1− a

y = (2 x − 1) − 2

2

(a)

± y + 2 = 2x − 1

1 1

x= − y + 2 Q x < −1

2 2

1 1

∴ f −1 : x a − x + 2, x>7

2 2

(b) a=2

(c) Rf = (7, ∞ ) , Dg = (− 1, ∞ ) .

Since Rf ⊆ Dg , gf exists.

( −∞, −1) ⎯⎯

f

→ ( 7, ∞ ) ⎯⎯

g

→ ( ln ( 7 + a ) , ∞ )

Df Rf Rgf

4(i) dx 1− t2

=

dt (1 + t 2 )2

dy 1+ t2

=

dt (1 − t 2 )2

3 [Turn Over

3

dy ⎛ 1 + t 2 ⎞

=⎜ ⎟

dx ⎝ 1 − t 2 ⎠

Equation of tangent:

3

t ⎛ 1+ t2 ⎞ ⎛ t ⎞

y− = ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎜

x− 2 ⎟

1− t 2

⎝ 1− t ⎠ ⎝ 1+ t ⎠

(1 − t )

2 3

y = (1 + t 2 ) x − t (1 + t 2 ) + t (1 − t 2 )

3 2 2

= (1 + t 2 ) x − 4t 3

3

1 dy

(ii) When t = , = 27

2 dx

α

B A

Note: α = A - B

tan A = 27 , tan B = 1

A = tan −1 27 = 87.879°

B = tan −1 (1) = 45°

α = A − B = 42.9°

Alternative Solution

27 − 1 26

tan α = =

1 + ( 27 )(1) 28

26

α = tan −1 = 42.9°

28

(ii) u1 = 1.1(u0 − 12 x)

u2 = 1.1[1.1(u0 − 12 x) − 12 x ]

= 1.12 u0 − 1.12 (12 x) − 1.1(12 x)

4 [Turn Over

u3 = 1.1 ⎡⎣1.12 u0 − 1.12 (12 x) − 1.1(12 x) − 12 x ⎤⎦

= 1.13 u0 − 1.13 (12 x) − 1.12 (12 x) − 1.1(12 x)

:

:

n −1

un = 1.1 u0 − 1.1 (12 x) − 1.1 (12 x) − ... − 1.1(12 x)

n n

⎛ 1.1(1.1n − 1) ⎞

= 1.1 u0 − 12 x ⎜

n

⎟

⎜ 0.1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠

= 1.1n u0 − 132 x (1.1n − 1)

(iii) n = 7 at end of 2020

1.17 u0 − 132 x(1.17 − 1) < 1000

x > $2270.30

Least x to the nearest dollar = $2271

6(a) 1

∫ 3 − 4t 2

dt

1 1

=− ∫

4 t2 − 3

dt

4

1 1

=−

4 ∫ ⎛ 3 ⎞

2

dt

t2 − ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 2 ⎠

⎡ 3 ⎤

t−

1⎢ 1 ⎥

=− ⎢ ln 2 ⎥ +C

4⎢ 3 3 ⎥

⎢⎣ t+ ⎥⎦

2

3 2t − 3

=− ln + C

12 2t + 3

(b) u = 5x

du

= 5 x ln 5

dx

dx 1 1

∴ = x =

du 5 ln 5 u ln 5

5 [Turn Over

∫ 5 x cos 2 (5 x ) dx

1

= ∫ u cos 2 u ⋅ du

u ln 5

1

=

ln 5 ∫ cos 2 u du

1

2 ln 5 ∫

= (1 + cos 2u ) du

1 ⎡ sin 2u ⎤

= ⎢ u+ +C

2 ln 5 ⎣ 2 ⎥⎦

1 ⎡ x sin 2(5x ) ⎤

= ⎢5 + ⎥+C

2 ln 5 ⎣ 2 ⎦

7i dy

When x = 0, y = 1, = 4.

dx

(1 + x ) ddyx = b (1 + y )

2 2

dy

⇒ = b(2) = 4

dx

⇒ b = 2 (Shown)

d2 y dy ⎛ dy ⎞

(1 + x )2

dx 2

+ 2x

dx

= 2⎜ 2y ⎟

⎝ dx ⎠

d2 y

= 16

dx 2

16

a= =8

2!

1

ii −

f( x)(4 + x) 2

1 x −1

= (1 + 4 x + 8 x 2 + ...)(1 + ) 2

2 4

1 3

(− )(− )

1 1 x 2 ( x ) 2 + ...)

= (1 + 4 x + 8 x + ...)(1 + (− )( ) + 2

2

2 2 4 2! 4

1 x 3 2

= (1 + 4 x + 8 x 2 + ...)(1 − + x + ...)

2 8 128

1 31 963 2

= (1 + x + x + ...)

2 8 128

iii 16

Gradient of normal = −

31

Equation of normal:

6 [Turn Over

1 16

y= − x

2 31

8(i) 4−r A B C

= + +

(r − 1)r (r + 2) r − 1 r r + 2

4 − r = Ar (r + 2) + B(r − 1)(r + 2) + C (r − 1)r

A = 1, B = −2, C = 1

(ii) n

4−r

∑

r = 2 ( r − 1) r ( r + 2)

n

1 2 1

=∑ − +

r =2 r − 1 r r+2

1

= 1−1+

4

1 2 1

+ − +

2 3 5

1 2 1

+ − +

3 4 6

1 2 1

+ − +

4 5 7

+ M

1 2 1

+ − +

n − 4 n − 3 n −1

1 2 1

+ − +

n−3 n−2 n

1 2 1

+ − +

n − 2 n −1 n +1

1 2 1

+ − +

n −1 n n + 2

1 2 1 1 1 2 1

= − + + + − +

2 3 3 n n +1 n n + 2

1 1 1 1

= − + +

6 n n +1 n + 2

(iii) ⎛ 1 1 1 ⎞

lim ⎜ − + + ⎟ = 0 , hence the series in (ii) converges.

n →∞

⎝ n n +1 n + 2 ⎠

∞

4−r 1

∑ (r − 1)r (r + 2) = 6

r =2

7 [Turn Over

(iv) n

3− r

∑ r (r + 1)(r + 3)

r =2

1 3 − (n − 1) 3− n

= + ... + +

(2)(3)(5) (n − 1)(n)(n + 2) n(n + 1)(n + 3)

n +1

4−r 2

=∑ −

r = 2 ( r − 1) r ( r + 2) (1)(2)(4)

1 1 1 1 1

= − + + −

6 n + 1 n + 2 n + 3 12

1 1 1 1

=− − + +

12 n + 1 n + 2 n + 3

9.

y

Q

P R (1,1)

1

π

4 x

-1 O 1

π

6

z −1− i 2 ≥ 2

⇒ z − (1 + i) ≥ 2

π ⎛ z +1 ⎞

≤ arg ⎜ ⎟≤π

12 ⎝ 3+i⎠

π π π

⇒ + ≤ arg( z + 1) ≤ π +

12 6 6

π 7π

⇒ ≤ arg( z + 1) ≤

4 6

1 7 7 1

Method 1: QR = 2 − = ; PQ = + = 2

4 2 4 4

Method 2: QR is the perpendicular bisector, so PQ = 2 (radius)

⇒ z −i > 2

π π

≤ arg ( z − i ) <

4 2

8 [Turn Over

10(i) Let the constant be a.

dr

∴ = k (r − a) , where k is a constant.

dt

dr

Given r = 43 when =0,

dt

∴ 0 = k (43 − a )

Since k ≠ 0, then a = 43

dr

∴ = k (r − 43) (shown)

dt

(ii) 1

∫ r − 43 dr = k ∫ dt

ln r − 43 = kt + C1

r − 43 = e kt + C1

r = 43 + Ae kt where A = eC1

When t = 0 , r = 348 .

∴ A = 305 .

∴ r = 43 + 305e kt

(iii) I = ∫ r dt

= ∫ (43 + 305e kt ) dt

305 kt

= 43t + e + C2

k

When t = 0 , I = 0 .

305

∴ C2 = −

k

305 kt

∴ I = 43t + (e − 1)

k

(iv) Given I = 5700 and t = 90 ,

305 90 k

∴ 5700 = 43(90) + (e − 1)

k

305 90 k

1830 = (e − 1)

k

6k = e90 k − 1

k = − 0.167 or k = 0 (NA)

1

(v) − t

r = 43 + 305e 6

1

− t

If t becomes larger, 305e → 0 , r → 43

6

Hence r would be reduced to a steady 43 kilobytes per second in the long run.

9 [Turn Over

11i OA = 14

ii Plane ABD OR

⎛ 5 ⎞ ⎛ −1⎞ ⎛ 16 ⎞ ⎛14 + 5λ − μ ⎞ ⎛ −1 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

4λ ⎟ . ⎜ −5 ⎟ = 36

⎜ 4 ⎟ × ⎜ 0 ⎟ = ⎜ −20 ⎟ ⎜

⎜0⎟ ⎜ 4 ⎟ ⎜ 4 ⎟ ⎜ 4μ ⎟⎜6⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

⎛ 4 ⎞ ⎛14 ⎞ ⎛ 4 ⎞ −14 − 5λ + μ − 20λ + 24μ = 36

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ 25μ = 25λ + 50

r. ⎜ −5 ⎟ = ⎜ 0 ⎟ . ⎜ −5 ⎟ = 56

%⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⎝1⎠ ⎝0⎠⎝1⎠ μ =λ+2

⎧ 4 x − 5 y + z = 56 ⎛14 ⎞ ⎛ 5⎞ ⎛ −1⎞

⇒⎨ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

r = ⎜ 0 ⎟ + λ ⎜ 4 ⎟ + (λ + 2) ⎜ 0 ⎟

⎩− x − 5 y + 6 z = 36

⎜0⎟ ⎜ 0⎟ ⎜4⎟

Using GC to solve: ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 4⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛12 ⎞ ⎛ 4⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

∴ r = ⎜ −8 ⎟ + γ ⎜ 1⎟ , γ ∈ = ⎜ 0 ⎟ + λ ⎜ 4⎟

% ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 1⎟ ⎜8⎟ ⎜ 4⎟

⎝0⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛12 ⎞ ⎛ 1⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

= ⎜ 0 ⎟ + γ ⎜ 1⎟ , γ ∈

⎜8⎟ ⎜ 1⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

iii ⎛ 4+γ ⎞ ⎛ 12 ⎞

uuuv ⎜ ⎟ uuuv ⎜ ⎟

OD = ⎜ −8 + γ ⎟ ⇒ γ = 8 ⇒ OD = ⎜ 0 ⎟

⎜ γ ⎟ ⎜8⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

(Reason: j is zero.)

%

⎛ 4⎞

uuuv ⎜ ⎟

OB = ⎜ −8 ⎟

⎜0⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛12 ⎞ ⎛14 ⎞ ⎛ −2 ⎞

uuuv ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

AD = ⎜ 0 ⎟ − ⎜ 0 ⎟ = ⎜ 0 ⎟

⎜8⎟ ⎜0⎟ ⎜ 8⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛12 ⎞ ⎛ 4 ⎞ ⎛ 8 ⎞

uuuv ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

BD = ⎜ 0 ⎟ − ⎜ −8 ⎟ = ⎜ 8 ⎟

⎜ 8 ⎟ ⎜ 0 ⎟ ⎜8⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

10 [Turn Over

1 uuuv uuuv

Area ABD = BD × AD

2

⎛ 8 ⎞ ⎛ −2 ⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ −1 ⎞ ⎛ 4⎞

1⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

= ⎜ 8 ⎟ × ⎜ 0 ⎟ = 8 ⎜ 1 ⎟ × ⎜ 0 ⎟ = 8 ⎜ −5 ⎟

2⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 1⎟ ⎜ 4 ⎟ ⎜1⎟

⎝8⎠ ⎝ 8 ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

= 8 42 = 51.8 (3 s.f.)

iv 2(4) − 7(−8) + α (0) = β

2(12) − 7(0) + 8α = β

⇒ β = 64, α = 5

OR

⎛ 4⎞ ⎛ 1⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

r = ⎜ −8 ⎟ + γ ⎜ 1⎟ , γ ∈

% ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 1⎟

⎝0⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 1⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⎜ −7 ⎟ . ⎜ 1 ⎟ = 0

⎜ α ⎟ ⎜ 1⎟

⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

2 − 7 +α = 0

α =5

⎛ 4⎞⎛ 2⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⎜ −8 ⎟ . ⎜ −7 ⎟ = 8 + 56 = 64

⎜0⎟⎜ 5⎟

⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

β = 64

12 Ellipse

(a) ( x − 2) 2 = a 2 (1 − y 2 )

( x − 2) 2

⇒ + y2 = 1

a2

Method 1:

Sequence of transformations:

1) Scale // to x-axis by factor a.

2) Translate in the positive x-direction by 2 units.

11 [Turn Over

Method 2:

Sequence of transformations:

2

1) Translate in the positive x-direction by units.

a

2) Scale // to x-axis by factor a.

(bi) x −1

x +1 x 2

−4

−( x 2 + x)

−x−4

− (− x − 1)

−3

x = −1 y y = x −1

−2 2−a 2 2+a

−4 ( x − 2) 2

+ y2 = 1

a2

x2 − 4

y=

x +1

(bii) x2 − 4

Sub y = into ( x − 2) 2 = a 2 (1 − y 2 ) :

x +1

⎛ ⎛ x 2 − 4 ⎞2 ⎞

( x − 2) = a ⎜1 − ⎜

2 2

⎟

⎜ ⎝ x + 1 ⎟⎠ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

⇒ ( x + 1) ( x − 2) 2 = a 2 ( x + 1) − a 2 ( x 2 − 4 ) --- (*)

2 2 2

(shown)

C1 and C2 satisfy equation (*).

(b) From (ii), number of intersection points between C1 and C2 gives the number of

(iii) real roots of the equation (*).

From the graphs, there are 2 points of intersection between C1 and C2 . Hence 2

real roots.

12 [Turn Over

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

Qn Solutions

1 Surface area of the tin and lid

= 2π x 2 + 2π xy + 10π x = 400π

200 − x 2 − 5 x

y=

x

⎛ 200 − x 2 − 5 x ⎞

= π x2 ⎜ ⎟

⎝ x ⎠

= π ( 200 x − x3 − 5 x 2 )

dV

= π ( 200 − 3 x 2 − 10 x )

dx

dV 20

=0⇒ x= or x = −10 (rejected)

dx 3

d 2V 20

2

= π ( −6 x − 10 ) < 0 when x =

dx 3

20

V is maximum when x = .

3

20 55

When x = , y=

3 3

(or x = 6.67, y = 18.3).

2(i) z 5 − 32 = 0 ⇒ z 5 = 32 ei0 = 32ei2k π

2 kπ i

⇒ z = 2e 5

where k = 0, ± 1, ± 2.

(ii) ⎛ 2w + 1 ⎞

5

5

The highest power in the equation ⎜ ⎟ = 32 is four since the terms with w are

⎝ w ⎠

canceled out. Hence the equation has only four roots.

5

⎛ 1⎞

⎜ 2 + ⎟ = 32

⎝ w⎠

1 2 kπ i

⇒ 2 + = z = 2e 5

w

1 2 kπ i

⇒ = 2e 5 − 2 = 2 e 5 − 1

w

2 kπ i

( )

1 1 1 1

⇒ + + +

w1 w2 w3 w4

⎢⎣(

= 2⎡ e

2π i

5

−1 + e )( −2π i

5

)(

−1 + e

4π i

5

)(

−1 + e

−4π i

5

)

−1 ⎤

⎥⎦

1

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

⎡ 2π 4π ⎤

= 2 ⎢ 2 cos + 2 cos − 4⎥

⎣ 5 5 ⎦

⎡ 2 π 4π ⎤

= 4 ⎢cos + cos − 2⎥ ∈ .

⎣ 5 5 ⎦

1 1 1 1

Or use GC, + + + = −10.

w1 w2 w3 w4

3 S n = an 2 + bn + c

U1 = S1 = a + b + c = 100

S 2 = 4a + 2b + c = 190

S10 = 100a + 10b + c = 360 + 100 + 90 = 550

Using GC,

a = −5 , b = 105 , c = 0

Thus Sn = −5n 2 + 105n

U n = Sn − Sn−1

(

= −5n 2 + 105n − −5 ( n − 1) + 105 ( n − 1)

2

)

= 110 − 10n

U n − U n −1

= 110 − 10n − (110 − 10n + 10 )

= −10 (a constant)

Hence sequence is an AP.

4i ⎛0⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛1 − μ ⎞

uuuv ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

OX = μ ⎜ 2 ⎟ + (1 − μ ) ⎜ 0 ⎟ = ⎜ 2 μ ⎟

⎜ −t ⎟ ⎜ 0 ⎟ ⎜ −t μ ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛0⎞ ⎛0⎞ ⎛ 0 ⎞

uuuv ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

OY = μ ⎜ 0 ⎟ + (1 − μ ) ⎜ 2 ⎟ = ⎜ 2 − 2 μ ⎟

⎜t⎟ ⎜ −t ⎟ ⎜ −t + 2t μ ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 0 ⎞ ⎛1 − μ ⎞ ⎛ μ − 1 ⎞

uuuv ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

XY = ⎜ 2 − 2 μ ⎟ − ⎜ 2 μ ⎟ = ⎜ 2 − 4 μ ⎟

⎜ −t + 2t μ ⎟ ⎜ −t μ ⎟ ⎜ −t + 3t μ ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

OR

⎛ −1⎞ ⎛ 0⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ uuur ⎜ ⎟

AB = ⎜ 2 ⎟ BC = ⎜ −2 ⎟

⎜ −t ⎟ ⎜ 2t ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

2

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

⎛ −1 ⎞ ⎛ μ − 1 ⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

XB = (1 − μ ) ⎜ 2 ⎟ = ⎜ 2 − 2 μ ⎟

⎜ −t ⎟ ⎜ t μ − t ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 0⎞ ⎛ 0 ⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

BY = μ ⎜ −2 ⎟ = ⎜ −2 μ ⎟

⎜ 2t ⎟ ⎜ 2t μ ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ μ −1 ⎞ ⎛ 0 ⎞ ⎛ μ −1 ⎞

uuur uuur uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

XY = XB + BY = ⎜ 2 − 2 μ ⎟ + ⎜ −2 μ ⎟ = ⎜ 2 − 4 μ ⎟

⎜ t μ − t ⎟ ⎜ 2t μ ⎟ ⎜ 3t μ − t ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

ii Suppose O, X, Y are collinear.

Then

uuuv uuuv

OX = kOY

⎛1 − μ ⎞ ⎛ 0 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ 2μ ⎟ = k ⎜ 2 − 2μ ⎟

⎜ −t μ ⎟ ⎜ −t + 2t μ ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

1 − μ = 0 ⇒ μ = 1 (Out of range)

Thus O, X, Y are not collinear.

iii ⎛1 − μ ⎞ ⎛ 0 ⎞

uuuv uuuv ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

OX OY = ⎜ 2 μ ⎟ ⎜ 2 − 2 μ ⎟

⎜ −t μ ⎟ ⎜ −t + 2t μ ⎟

⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

= μ(4 – 4μ + t – 2μt )

2 2

=0

4 + t2 1 1

⇒ μ = 0 (reject) or μ = = + 2

4 + 2t 2 t + 2

2

Thus ∠XOY can be 90° when t ≠ 0 .

3

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

iv ⎛ μ −1 ⎞

uuuv ⎜ ⎟

XY = ⎜ 2 − 4 μ ⎟

⎜ −t + 3t μ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

projection vector

⎛ μ −1 ⎞ ⎛ 4 ⎞ ⎛ 4 ⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⎜ 2 − 4μ ⎟ . ⎜ 1 ⎟ . ⎜ 1 ⎟

⎜ −t + 3t μ ⎟ ⎜ 0 ⎟ ⎜ 0 ⎟

=⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

17

⎛ 4⎞

4μ − 4 + 2 − 4μ ⎜ ⎟

= ⎜1⎟

17 ⎜0⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ 4⎞

2⎜ ⎟

= − ⎜1⎟

17 ⎜ ⎟

⎝0⎠

5(i)

( x − 6) + ( y + 2)

2 2

= x+3

( y + 2) = ( x + 3) − ( x − 6 )

2 2 2

= 9 ( 2 x − 3)

(ii)

(iii)

2

When x = 2 , y = 1 .

4

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

When y = 7 , x = 6 .

Method 1: Using ∫ x dy

( y + 2) = 9 ( 2 x − 3)

2

3 ( y + 2) 1⎛ ( y + 2) ⎞

2 2

x= + = ⎜3+ ⎟

2 18 2 ⎜⎝ 9 ⎟

⎠

⎛ ( y + 2)

⎞ 2

1 7

R=

2 ∫

1

⎜3+

⎜

⎝

⎟ d y − 2(6)

⎟

9

⎠

⎪⎧ 1 ⎡ ⎪⎫

7

( y + 2)3 ⎤

= ⎨ ⎢3 y + ⎥ − 12 ⎬

⎪⎩ 2 ⎣ 27 ⎦ 1 ⎪⎭

⎧1 ⎫

= ⎨ ⎡⎣( 21 + 27 ) − ( 3 + 1) ⎤⎦ − 12 ⎬

⎩2 ⎭

= 10 units 2

Method 2: Using ∫ y dx

( y + 2) = 9 ( 2 x − 3)

2

y = −2 + 3 2 x − 3 [ y = −2 − 3 2 x − 3 N.A.]

∫ ( −2 + 3 )

6

R = 4(7) − 2 x − 3 dx

2

⎧⎪ ⎡ 3 6⎫

⎤ ⎪

= ⎨ 28 − ⎢ −2 x + (2 x − 3) 2 ⎥ ⎬

⎪⎩ ⎣ ⎦ 2 ⎪⎭

= { 28 – [(–12 + 27) – (–4 + 1)]}

= 10 units2

= vol. of cylinder – (vol. generated by curve from y = –2 to y = 1)

∫( )

⎡ 6 2 ⎤

= ⎢π (7) 2 (4) − π −2 + 3 2 x − 3 d x ⎥

⎣ 2 ⎦

= 196π – 92π

= 327 unit3 (3 s.f.)

6 Use random sampling method to select a sample from each class. The number of seats from

each class would be proportional to the size of each stratum.

First Class Business Class Economy Class

Any 1 of the answers below:

4 16 60

Some passengers have

booked a flight ticket but did not turn up or changed flight so some of the seats in the sample

may not have a passenger.

OR

5

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

The flight is not fully booked so the chosen seat could be empty.

It is not appropriate to use simple random sampling as passengers from different classes may

have different opinions on the service. The number of passengers in the first class is very

small, so the passengers from the first class may not be chosen at all using the simple random

sampling method.

7(i) 10!

No. of ways = = 12600

4!3!2!

7(ii) Case 1: The 2 blue tiles and 1 yellow tile are in the 4th row with the 4th tile being red or

green.

No. of ways

= no. of ways with B, B, Y, G in 4th row + no. of ways with B, B, Y, R in 4th row

4! 6! 4! 6!

= × + × = 3240

2! 2!2! 2! 2!2!2!

Case 2: The 2 blue tiles and 1 yellow tile are in the third row.

3! 7!

No. of ways = × = 1890

2 2!2!2!

3! 3! 4! 3! 4!

Total no. of ways = 3240 + 1890 – 2! 2! 2! – 2! 2! 3!

= 5130 – 108 – 216 = 4806

7(iii) No. of ways such that less than 3 yellow tiles are in the fourth row

7!

= 12600 − 4C3 =12600 − 420 =12180

4!2!

7 last No. of ways

part 6!

= × 7C4 = 2100

3!2!

8(i) 2010 + 10(9000)

x= = 9201,

10

1 ⎡⎢ ( ∑ ( x − 9000 ) ) ⎤⎥ 507147

2

s = ∑ ( x − 9000 ) −

2

2

=

9⎢ 10 ⎥ 9

⎣ ⎦

H0 : μ = 9000

H1 : μ > 9000

x − 9000

Test Stat: = ~ t (9)

507147

9 × 10

p–value = 0.01265 < 0.05

Since the p –value = 0.01265 < 0.05, we reject H 0 and conclude that there is sufficient

evidence, at 5% level of significance, that the mean life span of the electronic component has

increased.

6

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

252

Under H0, X ~ N(9000, 10 ) = N(9000, 62.5).

X – 9000

Test Statistic = ~ N(0, 1).

62.5

Level of significance = 1%

P(Z > 2.326347877) = 0.01

At the 1% significance level, reject H 0 if z ≥ 2.326347877.

x – 9000

z= ≥ 2.326347877

62.5

x ≥ 9018.391395 = 9020.

Assumptions: The standard deviation of the life span remains unchanged after the change in

process.

9

First X ~ N(190, 576)

part T = 0.001( X1 + ... + X20 ) − 0.001(2)( X21 + ... + X30 ) ~ N(0, 0.03456)

= 0.580

OR

0.15

P( | A |≤ ) = P( − 150 ≤ A ≤ 150)

0.001

= 0.580

9(i) Let Y be the r.v. denoting the mass of a randomly chosen apple from Mark's orchard.

Y ~ N(μ , 302 )

Since the shaded area is the same, using the symmetric property of the normal curve,

μ = 110

9(ii) Probability that Mark will get an apple graded as 'large' chosen at random = P(Y > 150) =

7

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

0.09121128

Let A be the r.v. denoting the number of apples graded as large out of 65 randomly chosen

apples.

A ~ B(65, 0.09121128)

P ( A ≥ 5) = 1 − P ( A ≤ 4)

= 0.718

10(a) 200 1

(i) P(A ⎜M ) = =

400 2

250 + 300 11

(ii) P(M ' ∩ C ') = =

1000 20

9 1

P ( A) = , P ( A M ) = ≠ P ( A)

20 2

A and M are not independent.

10(b) (i) No. of immigrants in the sample

= 0.2 ( 200 + 250 ) + 0.3 (130 + 300 ) + 0.05 (120 ) = 225

0.2 × 450

P(voter supports Party A given voter is an immigrant) = = 0.4

225

P(exactly one immigrant voter supporting Party C or

exactly one female voter supporting Party A (or both))

= P ( exactly 1 immigrant voted for C )

+ P ( exactly 1 female voted for A ) − P ( both )

C1 994C2 + 250C1 750C2 − 250C1 6C1 744C1

6

= 1000

= 0.434

C3

Alternative method:

6 994 993 250 750 749 6 250 744

Required Probability = ×3+ ×3− × 3!

1000 999 998 1000 999 998 1000 999 998

= 0.434

8

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

11(i) ⎛λ⎞

Let X be the r.v. denoting the number of call–ins in a week. Hence X ~ Po ⎜ ⎟ .

⎝4⎠

P( X ≤ 9)

The condition is that the rate of call–ins received by the centre is constant throughout a

month / the call–in occurs randomly / The call–ins occur in a month are independent of one

another

Y ~ Po(32.5)

Since the mean is bigger than 10, hence

Y ~ N (32.5, 32.5) approximately.

c.c

P (25 < Y ≤ 40) ⎯⎯ → P (25.5 < Y < 40.5) = 0.810

11(iii Let S be the r.v. denoting the number of successful cases out of the n people in a support

) group.

3

S ~ B (n, )

20

Since the number of groups concerned, which is 70, is large, therefore by applying CLT,

⎛ 3 ⎞⎛ 3 ⎞

n ⎜ ⎟⎜ 1 − ⎟

3 20 20 ⎠

S ~ N ( n, ⎝ ⎠⎝ ) approximately.

20 70

EITHER

n P ( S ≥ 4)

27 0.589

28 0.812

Hence minimum value of n is 28.

OR

P ( S ≥ 4) > 0.7

9

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

4 − 0.15n

P(Z < ) < 0.3

0.1275n

70

4 − 0.15n

< −0.5244

0.1275n

70

0.1275

4 − 0.15n < (−0.5244 ) n

70

0.1275

0.15n − (0.5244 ) n −4>0

70

n > 5.23912 or n < −5.0899(reject)

n > 27.45

Least n = 28.

12(i) Location F should be omitted as the road distance cannot be smaller than the straight line

distance, indicating that it is an incorrect data entry.

From the scatter diagram, another location that should be omitted is location H, as it is an

outlier based on the scatter diagram.

x = 0.3936554 + 0.81702935 y

When y = 20.0,

x = 16.7 km

12(iii s

)

180

70

y

2 30

10

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

concave upwards, the graph of s = a + b ln y will be more suitable to describe the scatter

diagram of s and y. Hence model II is more suitable.

) i.e. s = 25.9 + (45.2) ln y (to 3 s.f.)

12(v) Since r for s and ln y is 0.992 close to 1, the linear correlation is strong between s and ln y.

Furthermore, 170 cents is within the data range of the sample. Therefore the estimation using

the line in (iv) is reliable.

Since y is the independent variable, the line found in (iv) is also suitable for the estimation.

11

INNOVA JUNIOR COLLEGE

JC 2 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION 1

in preparation for General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

Higher 2

CANDIDATE

NAME

MATHEMATICS 9740/01

Paper 1 15 September 2010

3 hours

Graph Paper

List of Formulae (MF15)

Write your name, class and index number on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper. You may use a soft pencil for any

diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the

case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically

states otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you

are required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not

calculator commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

2

1 For any given mass of gas, the volume V cm3 and pressure p (in suitable units) satisfy

the relationship

1 n

V p ,

k

where k and n are constants.

For a particular type of gas, n 2.3 . At an instant when volume is 32 cm3, the

pressure is 105 units and the pressure is increasing at a rate of 0.2 units s1.

Calculate the rate of decrease of volume at this instant. [4]

2

2 Given that the coefficient of x 2 in the series expansion of is 108, find the

1 3x n

9

u1 and 8un1 un 7 n 8 .

8

Use the method of mathematical induction to show that

un n 23n for n 1 . [5]

(i) Determine if the sequence converges. [1]

n

(ii) Find ur in terms of n. [2]

r 1

IJC/2010/JC2 9740/01/S/10

3

C

4

O

M

A B

1 1

Points A and B have position vectors and 0 respectively.

2 1

(a) Find cosine of angle OAB in terms of . [2]

(b) M is the midpoint of OB and 4AM MC . By considering the area of the

quadrilateral OABC, show that

5

OA OC OA OB . [4]

2

5 Illustrate, on a single Argand diagram, the locus of the point representing the complex

number z that satisfies both the inequalities

3

arg z 3 3i and z 3 3i 2 . [4]

4 2

(i) Find the greatest and least values of z 3i . [2]

(ii) Find the least possible value of arg z , giving your answer in radians. [3]

4

dy

x 2 y 3 xy 0

dx

can be reduced to the form

dw

3w . [2]

dx

1

Hence find y in terms of x, given that y when x 2 . [4]

2

x 2 cos t , y 2t 1 ,

where 0 t .

(i) Find the equation of the normal to the curve at the point P where t . [5]

3

(ii) The normal at P meets the y-axis at N and the x-axis at M. Given that the curve

meets the y-axis at Q, find the area of triangle MNQ, correct to 1 decimal place.

[5]

x 2 ( y 4) 2

8 A curve has equation 1.

4 9

(i) Sketch the curve, stating the equations of the asymptotes and the coordinates

of the vertices. [3]

x 2 ( y 4) 2

(ii) The region enclosed by the curve 1 , the x-axis and the line

4 9

x 2 is rotated through 4 right angles about the y-axis to form a solid of

revolution of volume V. Find the exact value of V, giving your answer in terms

of . [4]

IJC/2010/JC2 9740/01/S/10

5

open wounds. The insects are grown in a dry and cool container, and they are left to

multiply. The increase in the number of insects at the end of each week is at a

constant rate of 4% of the number at the beginning of that week. At the end of each

week, 10 of the insects would die due to space constraint and are removed from the

container.

A researcher puts y insects at the beginning of the first week and then a further y at the

beginning of the second and each subsequent week. He also decides that he will not

take any insect out of the container.

(i) How many insects will there be in the container at the end of the first week?

Leave your answer in terms of y. [1]

(ii) Show that, at the end of n weeks, the total number of insects in the container is

(iii) Find the minimum number of complete weeks for the population of the insects

to exceed 13 y 125 . [4]

f : x 1 x for x 1

g : x e x 1 for x 0

(ii) State the relationship between f and f 1 , and sketch the graphs of f and f 1 on

the same diagram. [3]

(iii) Find the exact solutions of the equation

f ( x) f 1 ( x) . [2]

(iv) Show that the composite function fg exists. [2]

(v) Given that h ( x) fg( x) for x 0 , show that h is an increasing function for

x 0. [2]

6

11 (a) Write 2 cos 3x cos x in the form cos px cos qx , where p and q are

positive integers. [1]

Hence find

(i) cos 3x cos x dx , [2]

(ii) the exact value of 0

4 x cos 3 x cos x dx . [4]

3

the graph of y sin 2 x . [2]

2

(c) Find the numerical value of the area of the region bounded by the curves

3

y cos 3x cos x and y sin 2 x for 0 x . [3]

2 2

2 3 4

12 A plane 1 has equation r. 1 9 and a line 1 has equation r 0 1 .

3

0 2

Hence, or otherwise, find the shortest distance from point A (3, 0, 0) to 1 .

[2]

The equations of planes 2 and 3 are given as

1 2 2

2 : r 1 s 0 t 2 , and

1 3 1

3 : x y z , where , .

(ii) Find the equation of plane 2 in the form r n = d . Explain why the planes

1 and 2 intersect. [4]

(iii) The line of intersection of planes 1 and 2 is 2 . The line 2 has equation

3 2

r = 3 1 .

2 1

Given that the three planes 1 , 2 and 3 do not have any points in common,

find the conditions satisfied by and . [3]

IJC/2010/JC2 9740/01/S/10

1

JC 2 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION 2

in preparation for General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

Higher 2

CANDIDATE

NAME

Mathematics 9740/02

Paper 2

16 September 2010

Additional materials: Answer Paper

Graph paper 3 hours

List of Formulae (MF15)

Write your name, class and index number on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper. You may use a soft pencil for any

diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the

case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically

states otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you are

required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator

commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

2

1 Three space probes, Probe A, Probe B and Probe C with mass 600 kg, 630 kg and 900 kg

respectively were sent into space to find the gravitational pull on the planets Venus, Mars and

Saturn. The sum of the weights of Probe B on the three planets is 13860 N. The weight of Probe

C on Saturn is 2880 N more than the weight of Probe A on Venus. The average weight of

Probe A on Saturn, Probe B on Venus and Probe C on Mars is 4870 N.

Find the gravitational pull on each of the planets. [3]

Hence find the weight of Probe D, which has mass 500 kg, on planet Saturn. [1]

[Weight (in N) = Mass (in kg) gravitational pull ms 2 ]

x2 6 x 1

2 Express f ( x) in the form

3x 1 x 2 3

A Bx C

2 ,

3x 1 x 3

where A, B and C are constants. [3]

1

Hence find the exact value of

3

f x dx . [4]

dy

sin y 2x 0 .

dx

d3 y

Show that 0 when x 0 . Hence write down the first two non-zero terms in the Maclaurin

dx3

series for cos 1 x 2 . [8]

4a 5

4 The curve C has equation y ax 2a 4 , where a is a constant.

2 x

5

(i) Given that curve C has turning points, show that a or a 0 . [3]

4

(ii) Sketch curve C for the case when a 1 , indicating clearly the coordinates of the turning

points and the equations of any asymptotes. [4]

(iii) Hence by sketching an appropriate graph on the same diagram, solve

9

x x6 . [3]

2x

IJC/2010/JC2 9740/02/S/10

3

3

3 i

5 (a) The complex number z is given by z , where p 0 .

1 pi 2

Given that z 2 , find the value of p. [3]

5

Show that arg z . [3]

6

z5 2 0

in the form rei , where r 0 and . [5]

hours. The company has 600 employees. Describe clearly how you would choose a systematic

random sample of 30 employees. Describe briefly one disadvantage of this sampling method in

this context. [3]

Box B contains 4 balls numbered 1, 4, 4, 7.

Box C contains 3 balls numbered 3, 4, 6.

1

(i) Show that the probability that each of the three numbers obtained is greater than 3 is .

6

[1]

(ii) Find the probability that each of the three numbers obtained is greater than 3 or the sum

of the three numbers obtained is 13 (or both). [4]

A game is played by a single player. The player takes balls, one by one and with replacement,

from the container, continuing until either a number 1 results or a prime number results. The

player wins if the number on the last ball chosen is 1 and loses otherwise.

4

8 Magnolia cows are milked by hand and Daisy cows are milked by machine. The time taken to

milk a randomly chosen Magnolia cow may be taken to have a normal distribution with mean

30 minutes and standard deviation 2 minutes. The time taken to milk a randomly chosen Daisy

cow may be taken to have an independent normal distribution with mean 5.5 minutes and

standard deviation 0.5 minutes.

(i) The probability that it will take less than a minutes to milk a randomly chosen Magnolia

cow is 0.85. Find a. [1]

(ii) Using an appropriate approximation, find the probability that out of 50 randomly chosen

Magnolia cows, there are more than 10 but at most 40 which take less than a minutes to

milk. [4]

(iii) Find the probability that the total time taken to milk two randomly chosen Magnolia cows

exceeds eleven times the time taken to milk a randomly chosen Daisy cow by at least 3

minutes. [3]

9 An electronic game called ‘Wishful Thinking’ is played with 5 boxes arranged in a row. When a

button is pressed, each of the five boxes displays a picture of a fruit – either an apple, orange or

pear. A possible result of the game is shown below.

‘Windfall’ : All 5 boxes display the same fruit.

Find

(i) the total number of possible results, [1]

(ii) the number of ways of obtaining ‘Windfall’, [1]

(iii) the total number of ways of not obtaining ‘Success’. [3]

Ten electronic game machines with distinct serial numbers are sent to 3 different game centres.

In how many ways can the game machines be distributed if each centre must have at least 3

machines? [3]

IJC/2010/JC2 9740/02/S/10

5

10 Observations of a cactus graft were made under controlled environmental conditions. The table

gives the observed heights x cm of the graft at t weeks after grafting.

t 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10

x 2.0 2.4 2.5 5.1 6.7 9.4 18.3 35.1

(i) Calculate the product moment correlation coefficient between t and x. [1]

(ii) Draw a scatter diagram for the data. [2]

(iii) Using your answer in part (i) and the scatter diagram in part (ii), explain why it is

advisable to draw a scatter diagram first before interpreting the value of the product

moment correlation coefficient. [1]

(iv) Explain why the scatter diagram may be consistent with a model of the form x eat b . [1]

(v) For the model x eat b , show that the relation between ln x and t is linear. Hence

calculate the equation of the appropriate regression line. [3]

(vi) Use the regression line in part (v) to predict the height of the cactus graft 20 weeks after

grafting. Hence explain in the context of the question why it is unwise to extrapolate. [2]

11 A company claims that the guitar strings that the company manufactures have a tensile strength

of 430 kpsi (kilo-pounds per square inch) on average. An engineer obtained a sample of 8 guitar

strings and the tensile strength of each guitar string, x kpsi, is measured. The data is summarised

by

x 430 23, x 430 211 .

2

Test, at the 2% significance level, whether the company has overstated the average tensile

strength of a guitar string. State any assumptions that you have made. [7]

The engineer will be able to conclude that the company has overstated the average tensile

strength of a guitar string if he conducts the same test at % significance level. State the

smallest possible integer value of . [1]

The engineer takes a sample of 20 guitar strings manufactured by a rival company, whose guitar

strings have tensile strength that is normally distributed with mean kpsi and standard

deviation 4.7 kpsi. The null hypothesis 430 is being tested against the alternative hypothesis

430 at 5% level of significance. Find the range of values of the sample mean for which the

null hypothesis is rejected, giving 2 decimal places in your answer. [3]

6

State a condition under which a Poisson distribution would be a suitable probability model for

the number of faults detected on the track on a randomly chosen day. [1]

Faults on the track are detected at an average rate of 0.16 per day. Find the probability that on a

randomly chosen day, the number of faults detected on the track is between 2 and 6 inclusive. [2]

Find the probability that in a randomly chosen period of 20 days, there are not more than 4 faults

detected on the track. [2]

There is a probability of at least 0.15 that the mean number of faults detected on the track per day

over a randomly chosen long period of n days is at least 0.2. Find the greatest value of n. [3]

There is also a separate safety system to detect faults on the roller-coaster train itself. Faults are

detected by this system at an average rate of 0.05 per day, independently of the faults detected on

the track.

Find the probability that in a randomly chosen period of 20 days, the number of faults detected

on the track is at most 1 given that the total number of faults detected is 5. [4]

IJC/2010/JC2 9740/02/S/10

2010 IJC JC 2 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION 2 Paper 1 (Solutions)

1 1 n

Given V = p

k

dV 1 n −1

= np

dp k

1 ⎛ pn ⎞

= n⎜ ⎟

k ⎝ p ⎠

n⎛1 ⎞

= ⎜ pn ⎟

p⎝k ⎠

nV

=

p

dp

Given n = −2.3 , when V = 32, p = 105, = 0.2

dt

dV dV d p

= ×

dt d p dt

dV nV dV nV dp

Since = , = ×

dp p dt p dt

=

( −2.3)( 32 ) × 0.2

105

= − 0.140 (to 3 s.f.)

Thus, the rate of decrease of volume at the instant is 0.140cm3s −1 .

2 2

= 2 (1 + 3 x )

−n

(1 + 3x )

n

− n ( − n − 1)

Consider (1 + 3 x ) = 1 + ( − n )( 3 x ) + ( 3x ) + ...

−n 2

2!

n ( n + 1)

= 1 − 3nx +

2

( )

9 x 2 + ...

⎛ n ( n + 1) ⎞

2

= 2 ⎜ 1 − 3nx + ( )

9 x 2 + ... ⎟

(1 + 3x )

n

⎝ 2 ⎠

⎛ n ( n + 1) 2 ⎞

= ... + 2 ⎜ 9 x ⎟ + ...

⎝ 2 ⎠

Given: coefficient of x 2 = 108

⇒ 9n ( n + 1) = 108

n 2 + n − 12 = 0

( n + 4 )( n − 3) = 0

+

n = −4 (rejected since n ∈ ) or n = 3

Thus, value of n = 3

3 Let Pn denote the statement un = n + 2−3n , for n ≥ 1 .

When n = 1 ,

9

LHS = u1 = (given)

8

1 9

RHS = 1 + 2−3 = 1 + = = LHS

8 8

Thus P1 is true.

Assume that Pk is true for some k ≥ 1 , i.e.,

u k = k + 2 −3 k

uk +1 = k + 1 + 2 ( )

−3 k +1

LHS = uk +1

1

= ( uk + 7 k + 8 )

8

=

1

8

(

k + 2−3k + 7 k + 8 )

1

(

= 8k + 8 + 2−3k

8

)

1 1

= ( 8k + 8 ) + 3 2−3k

8 2

( )

= k + 1 + 2 −3 k − 3

= k + 1 + 2 ( ) = RHS

−3 k +1

Since P(1) is true,

and Pk true ⇒ Pk +1 is true,

by mathematical induction, un = n + 2−3n , for n ≥ 1 .

3i un = n + 2−3n

The sequence does not converge because as n → ∞ , un → ∞ .

∑ ( r + 2−3r )

3ii n n

∑ ur =

r =1 r =1

n n

= ∑ r + ∑ 2−3r

r =1 r =1

n

(

= (1 + n ) + 2−3 + 2−6 + ... + 2−3n

2

)

( )

2−3 ⎛⎜1 − 2−3 ⎞⎟

n

n

= (1 + n ) + ⎝ ⎠

−

2 1− 2 3

1⎛ 1 ⎞

⎜1 − n ⎟

= (1 + n ) + ⎝ 8 ⎠

n 8

2 1

1−

8

n 1⎛ 1 ⎞

= (1 + n ) + ⎜1 − n ⎟

2 7⎝ 8 ⎠

4a ⎛1⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ O

OA = ⎜ α ⎟

⎜2⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ −1⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ B

BA = ⎜ α ⎟ − ⎜ 0 ⎟ = ⎜ α ⎟ A

⎜2⎟ ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜1⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

uuur uuur uuur uuur

OA • BA = OA BA cos OAB

ˆ

⎛1⎞ ⎛2⎞

⇒ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ α ⎟ • ⎜ α ⎟ = 1 + α + 4 4 + α + 1 cos OAB

2 2 ˆ

⎜2⎟ ⎜1⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

ˆ =α +4

2

⇒ cos OAB

α2 +5

4b Area of quadrilateral OABC C

= 2 × Area of ΔAOC

1 uuur uuur

= 2 × OA × OC

2

uuur uuur

= OA × OC

4

Area of ΔAOB O

1 uuur uuur

= OA × OB M

2 1

A B

1 uuur uuuur

Area of ΔBOC = OB MC

2

1 uuur

( )

uuuur uuuur uuuur

= OB 4 AM since 4AM = MC

2

⎛ 1 uuur uuuur ⎞

= 4 ⎜ OB AM ⎟

⎝2 ⎠

= 4 ( area of AOB )

⎛ 1 uuur uuur ⎞ uuur uuur

= 4 ⎜ OA × OB ⎟ = 2 OA × OB

⎝2 ⎠

= Area of ΔAOB + Area of ΔBOC

1 uuur uuur uuur uuur

= OA × OB + 2 OA × OB

2

5 uuur uuur

= OA × OB

2

uuur uuur 5 uuur uuur

⇒ OA × OC = OA × OB (Shown)

2

5

Im

(3,3)

3

Re

0 1 2 3

5i

Im

(3,3)

3

2 2

Re

0 1 2 3

5ii

Im

(3,3)

3

2

2

18

1

θ

Re

0 1 2 3

2

sin θ =

18

−1 2

θ = sin = 0.49088

18

π

arg( z ) = − 0.49088

4

= 0.295 rad (to 3 s.f.)

6 Given: w = x2 y

Differentiate w.r.t x

dw dy

= 2 xy + x 2

dx dx

dy

x + 2 y + 3 = 0 ------- (1)

dx

dy

(1) × x : x2 + 2 xy + 3 x 2 y = 0

dx

dw

+ 3w = 0

dx

dw

= −3w (shown)

dx

dw

= −3w

dx

1 1

− ∫ dw = ∫ 1 dx

3 w

1

− ln w = x + c

3

ln w = −3 x − 3c

w = e −3 x − 3 c

w = ±e−3c e−3 x

w = Ae−3 x

x 2 y = Ae−3 x

1

Given that y = − when x = 2 ,

2

⎛ 1⎞

22 ⎜ − ⎟ = Ae−6

⎝ 2⎠

⇒ A = −2e6

Thus, x 2 y = −2e6 e −3 x

2

⇒ y = − 2 e 6 −3 x

x

7i Given: x = 2 cos t y = 2t − 1

dx dy

= −2 sin t =2

dt dt

dy 2 1

∴ = =−

dx −2 sin t sin t

1 1 2

− =− =−

π 3 3

sin

3 2

Gradient of normal at the point P is

1 3

− =

⎛ 2 ⎞ 2

⎜− ⎟

⎝ 3⎠

π

When t = ,

3

⇒ ⎛π ⎞ 2π

y = 2⎜ ⎟ −1 = −1

⎝ ⎠

3 3

⎛π ⎞

and x = 2 cos ⎜ ⎟ = 1

⎝3⎠

Hence equation of normal at the point

⎛ 2π ⎞ 3

y −⎜ − 1⎟ = ( x − 1)

⎝ 3 ⎠ 2

3 3 2π

y= x− −1+

2 2 3

y = 0.86603 x + 0.22837

y = 0.866 x + 0.228

ii 3 3 2π

Equation of normal at P: y = x− −1+

2 2 3

To find y-intercept:

3 2π

When x = 0, y = − −1+

2 3

or y = 0.22837

To find x-intercept:

2 ⎛ 3 2π ⎞

When y = 0, x = ⎜⎜ +1− ⎟⎟

3⎝ 2 3 ⎠

or x = −0.26370

To find y-intercept of the curve

π

When x = 0, ⇒ t = , y = π −1

2

1⎛ ⎡ 3 2π ⎤ ⎞ 2 ⎛ 3 2π ⎞

Area of triangle MNQ = ⎜ π − 1 − ⎢ − −1+ ⎥ ⎟⎟ ⎜⎜ +1− ⎟⎟

2 ⎝⎜ ⎣ 2 3 ⎦⎠ 3 ⎝ 2 3 ⎠

= 0.252257

= 0.3 (to 1 d.p.)

8

y 3

y = 4+ x

2

centre ( 0, 4 )

0

x

−2 2

3

y = 4− x

2

x

−2 0 2

V = π ∫ x 2 dy − π ( 2 2 ) ( 4 )

4

4⎛ 4 2 ⎞

V = π ∫ ⎜ 4 + ( y − 4 ) ⎟ dy − 16π

0

⎝ 9 ⎠

4

⎡ 4 3⎤

= π ⎢ 4 y + ( y − 4 ) ⎥ − 16π

⎣ 9 ⎦0

⎡ 4 3 ⎛ 4 ⎛ 64 ⎞ ⎞ ⎤

= π ⎢16 + ( 0 ) − ⎜ 0 + ⎜ − ⎟ ⎟ ⎥ − 16π

⎣ 9 ⎝ 9 ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎠⎦

⎡ 688 ⎤ 256

=π ⎢ ⎥ − 16π = π

⎣ 27 ⎦ 27

Wk Start End

1 y 1.04y -10

= 1.042 y + 1.04 y − 1.04(10) − 10

3 1.042 y + 1.04 y − 1.04(10) − 10 + y

= 1.043 y + 1.042 y + 1.04 y

−1.042 (10) − 1.04(10) − 10

n

−10 ⎡⎣1.04n −1 + 1.04n − 2 + ......... + 1.04 + 1⎤⎦

= 1.04n y + ..... + 1.043 y + 1.042 y + 1.04 y

−10 ⎡⎣1.04n −1 + 1.04n − 2 + ......... + 1.04 + 1⎤⎦

− 1)

=y − 10

1.04 − 1 1.04 − 1

1

1.04n − 1 >

2

3

1.04n >

2

3

n ln1.04 > ln

2

n > 10.3

10i Let y = f ( x) = 1 − x , x ≤1

⇒ 1 − x = y2

⇒ x = 1 − y2

⇒ f −1 ( x ) = 1 − x 2

Df −1 = Rf = [ 0, ∞ )

Thus, f −1 : x → 1 − x 2 , x ≥ 0

y

x

1 −1

f

1

i

∫ cos 3x cos x dx = 2 ∫ 2 cos 3x cos x dx

1

( cos 4 x + cos 2 x ) dx

2∫

=

1⎛1 1 ⎞

= ⎜ sin 4 x + sin 2 x ⎟ + c

2⎝4 2 ⎠

1 1

= sin 4 x + sin 2 x + c

8 4

π

ii

∫0

4 x cos 3 x cos x dx

π

π

= x ⎡⎢ sin 4 x + sin 2 x ⎤⎥ − ∫ 4 ⎛⎜ sin 4 x + sin 2 x ⎞⎟ dx

1 1 4 1 1

⎣8 4 ⎦0 0

⎝8 4 ⎠

π

⎛ π ⎞ ⎡1 ⎛π ⎞ 1 ⎛ π ⎞⎤ ⎡ 1 1 ⎤4

= ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ sin 4 ⎜ ⎟ + sin 2 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ − ⎢ − cos 4 x − cos 2 x ⎥

⎝ 4 ⎠ ⎣8 ⎝4⎠ 4 ⎝ 4 ⎠ ⎦ ⎣ 32 8 ⎦0

⎛ π ⎞ ⎡1 1 ⎛ π ⎞⎤ ⎡ 1 ⎛π ⎞ 1 ⎛ π ⎞ ⎛ 1 1 ⎞⎤

= ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ sin π + sin ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + ⎢ cos 4 ⎜ ⎟ + cos 2 ⎜ ⎟ − ⎜ + ⎟ ⎥

⎝ 4 ⎠ ⎣8 4 ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎦ ⎣ 32 ⎝4⎠ 8 ⎝ 4 ⎠ ⎝ 32 8 ⎠ ⎦

π ⎡ 1 1 1⎤ π − 3

= + ⎢− − − ⎥ =

16 ⎣ 32 32 8 ⎦ 16

b Method 1: (Translation – Stretching)

3

1: Translation by π in the direction of the x-axis.

2

1

2: Stretching parallel to the x-axis with scale factor of .

2

1

1: Stretching parallel to the x-axis with scale factor of .

2

3

2: Translation by π in the direction of the x-axis.

4

c Area bounded by the curves

1.0471976 ⎡ ⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎤

=∫ ⎢sin ⎜ 2 x − 2 π ⎟ − cos 3 x cos x ⎥ dx

0

⎣ ⎝ ⎠ ⎦

= 0.32476

12i ⎛2⎞

π1 : ⎜ ⎟

r . ⎜ −1⎟ = 9

%⎜ ⎟

⎝3⎠

⎛ 3⎞ ⎛ 4⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

l1 : r = ⎜0⎟ + λ⎜ 1 ⎟

% ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ −2 ⎟

⎝0⎠ ⎝ ⎠

For point of intersection,

⎡⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛ 4 ⎞⎤ ⎛ 2 ⎞

⎢⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟⎥ ⎜ ⎟

⎢ ⎜ 0 ⎟ + λ ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎥ . ⎜ −1 ⎟ = 9

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ −2 ⎟ ⎥ ⎜ 3 ⎟

⎣⎢⎝ 0 ⎠ ⎝ ⎠⎦ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 3⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 4⎞ ⎛2⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⇒ ⎜ 0 ⎟ . ⎜ −1 ⎟ + λ ⎜ 1 ⎟ . ⎜ − 1 ⎟ = 9

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎝0⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ −2 ⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠

9−6

⇒ λ= =3

8 −1− 6

⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛ 4 ⎞ ⎛ 15 ⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⇒ OP = ⎜ 0 ⎟ + 3 ⎜ 1 ⎟ = ⎜ 3 ⎟

⎜ 0 ⎟ ⎜ −2 ⎟ ⎜ − 6 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

Thus, coordinates of the P are (15, 3, − 6 ) .

⎛ 15 ⎞ ⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛ 12 ⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

AP = ⎜ 3 ⎟ − ⎜ 0 ⎟ = ⎜ 3 ⎟ l1

⎜ −6 ⎟ ⎜ 0 ⎟ ⎜ −6 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

A (3, 0, 0)

Shortest distance from A to π1

⎛2⎞

⎛2⎞ ⎜ ⎟

uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ −1⎟

⎜3⎟

AP. ⎜ −1⎟ ⎝ ⎠

⎜3⎟

= ⎝ ⎠ P (15, 3, −6) π1

⎛2⎞

⎜ ⎟

⎜ −1 ⎟

⎜3⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ 12 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ 3 ⎟ . ⎜ −1⎟

⎜ −6 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟ 24 − 3 − 18

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ 3 3 14

= = = = =

4 +1+ 9 14 14 14

Alternative solution for shortest distance:

Line AN: l1

⎛ 3⎞ ⎛2⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ A (3, 0, 0)

r = ⎜ 0 ⎟ + λ ⎜ −1 ⎟ ⎛2⎞

% ⎜ ⎟ ⎜3⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎝0⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎜ −1 ⎟

⎜3⎟

⎝ ⎠

of line AN and plane π1 .

⎡⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞⎤ ⎛ 2 ⎞

⎢⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟⎥ ⎜ ⎟

⎢ ⎜ 0 ⎟ + λ ⎜ −1 ⎟ ⎥ . ⎜ − 1 ⎟ = 9

⎢⎣⎜⎝ 0 ⎟⎠ ⎜ 3 ⎟⎥ ⎜ 3 ⎟

⎝ ⎠⎦ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 3⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛2⎞ ⎛2⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⇒ ⎜ 0 ⎟ . ⎜ −1 ⎟ + λ ⎜ − 1 ⎟ . ⎜ − 1 ⎟ = 9

⎜0⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜3⎟ ⎜3⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⇒ 6 + (4 + 1 + 9)λ = 9

3

⇒ λ=

14

⎛ 3⎞ ⎛2⎞ ⎛ 48 ⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ 3 ⎜ ⎟ 1 ⎜ ⎟

Thus, ON = ⎜ 0 ⎟ + ⎜ −1⎟ = ⎜ −3 ⎟

⎜ 0 ⎟ 14 ⎜ 3 ⎟ 14 ⎜ 9 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 48 ⎞ ⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛2⎞

uuur 1 ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ 3 ⎜ ⎟

AN = ⎜ −3 ⎟ − ⎜ 0 ⎟ = ⎜ −1⎟

14 ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ 14 ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 9 ⎠ ⎝ 0⎠ ⎝3⎠

Thus, shortest distance AN

uuur 3 3 14

= AN = 4 +1+ 9 =

14 14

ii ⎛2⎞

⎜ ⎟

π1 : r . ⎜ −1⎟ = 9

%⎜ ⎟

⎝3⎠

⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞

π2 : r = ⎜⎜1⎟⎟ + s ⎜⎜ 0 ⎟⎟ + t ⎜⎜ 2 ⎟⎟

% ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎝1⎠ ⎝ −3 ⎠ ⎝ 1 ⎠

⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 2⎞ ⎛ 6 ⎞ ⎛ 3⎞

A normal to plane π2 = ⎜ 0 ⎟ × ⎜ 2 ⎟ = ⎜ −(8) ⎟ = 2 ⎜⎜ −4 ⎟⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ −3 ⎟ ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜ 4 ⎟ ⎜ 2⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 3 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

π2 : r . ⎜ −4 ⎟ = ⎜1⎟ . ⎜ −4 ⎟ = 3 − 4 + 2 = 1

%⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 1⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠

⎛ 3⎞

⇒ ⎜ ⎟

r . ⎜ −4 ⎟ = 1

% ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 2⎠

⎛ 3⎞ ⎛2⎞

Since ⎜ 4 ⎟ ≠ k ⎜⎜ −1⎟⎟ for any k ∈ ,

⎜ ⎟

⎜ 2⎟ ⎜3⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

the normal of planes π1 and π2 are not parallel to each other

⇒ The planes are not parallel to each other.

⇒ The planes will intersect in a line.

iii ⎛ 3⎞ ⎛2⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

l2 : r = ⎜ 3⎟ + μ⎜ 1 ⎟

⎛2⎞

⎜ 2⎟ ⎜ −1⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎜1⎟

⎜ −1 ⎟

π3 : αx + y − z = β ⎝ ⎠ l2

⎛α⎞ (3, 3, 2)

⎛α⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⇒ r. ⎜ 1 ⎟ = β ⎜1⎟

⎜ −1 ⎟

⎜ −1 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠

⎝ ⎠ π3

π1 , π2 and π3 do not have any points in common

⇒ l 2 is parallel to π3 and does not lie on π3

⎛α⎞ ⎛ 3⎞ ⎛ α ⎞

⇒ l 2 is perpendicular to ⎜ 1 ⎟ and ⎜⎜ 3 ⎟⎟ . ⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟ ≠ β

⎜ ⎟

⎜ −1 ⎟ ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎜ −1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛2⎞ ⎛α⎞

Thus, ⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟ . ⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟ = 0

⎜ −1⎟ ⎜ −1⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⇒ 2 α + 1 + 1 = 0 ⇒ α = −1

⎛ 3⎞ ⎛ α ⎞

and ⎜⎜ 3 ⎟⎟ . ⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟ ≠ β ⇒ 3(−1) + 3 − 2 ≠ β

⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎜ −1⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⇒ β ≠ −2

2010 IJC JC 2 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION 2 Paper 2 (Solutions)

and Saturn respectively.

630S + 630V + 630M = 13860 ---------- (1)

900S − 600V = 2880 ---------- (2)

600S + 630V + 900M = 3(4870) = 14610 --------- (3)

⎛ 630 630 630 ⎞ ⎛ S ⎞ ⎛ 13860 ⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ 900 −600 0 ⎟ ⎜ V ⎟ = ⎜ 2880 ⎟

⎜ 600 630 900 ⎟ ⎜ M ⎟ ⎜ 14610 ⎟

⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

From GC,

M = 3.8, V = 9, S = 9.2

Hence the weight of Probe D on Saturn is

( 500 × 9.2 ) N = 4600 N

2 x2 − 6x + 1

f ( x) =

(

( 3x + 1) x 2 + 3 )

A Bx + C

= + 2

3x + 1 x + 3

=

( )

A x 2 + 3 + ( Bx + C )( 3 x + 1)

( 3x + 1) ( x 2 + 3)

x 2 − 6 x + 1 = Ax 2 + 3 A + 3Bx 2 + 3Cx + Bx + C

= ( A + 3B ) x 2 + ( 3C + B ) x + 3 A + C

Comparing coefficients,

A + 3B =1

B + 3C = −6

3A +C=1

From GC, A = 1, B = 0, C = −2

x2 − 6x + 1 1 2

∴ f ( x) = = − 2

( 3x + 1) x + 3 ( 3x + 1) x + 3

2

( ) ( )

−1 −1

⎡ 1 2 ⎤

∫−3

f ( x ) dx = ∫−3 ⎢⎣ 3 x + 1 − x 2 + 3 ⎥⎦ dx

−1

⎡1 2 x ⎤

= ⎢ ln 3 x + 1 − tan −1 ⎥

⎣3 3 3 ⎦ −3

1 2 ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎡1 2 ⎛ 3 ⎞⎤

= ln 3 ( −1) + 1 − tan −1 ⎜ − ⎟ − ⎢ ln 3 ( −3) + 1 − tan −1 ⎜ − ⎟⎥

3 3 ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎣3 3 ⎝ 3 ⎠⎦

1 2 ⎛ π ⎞ ⎡1 2 ⎛ π ⎞⎤

= ln 2 − ⎜ − ⎟ − ⎢ ln 8 + ⎜ ⎟⎥

3 3 ⎝ 6 ⎠ ⎣3 3 ⎝ 3 ⎠⎦

1 1 2 ⎛ π ⎞ 2 ⎛π ⎞

= ln − ⎜− ⎟− ⎜ ⎟

3 4 3⎝ 6⎠ 3⎝3⎠

1 1 π

= ln −

3 4 3 3

3 y = cos −1 x 2( )

cos y = x 2

dy

− ( sin y ) = 2 x

dx

dy

( sin y ) + 2 x = 0 (shown)

dx

2

d2 y ⎛ dy ⎞

( sin y ) + cos y ⎜ ⎟ = −2

dx 2

⎝ dx ⎠

( sin y ) 3 + ( cos y ) ⎛⎜ ⎞⎟ 2

d3 y dy d 2 y

dx ⎝ dx ⎠ dx

⎛ ⎛ dy ⎞ d 2 y ⎞ ⎛ dy ⎞⎛ dy ⎞

2

+ cos y ⎜⎜ 2 ⎜ ⎟ 2 ⎟⎟ − ( sin y ) ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ = 0

⎝ ⎝ dx ⎠ dx ⎠ ⎝ dx ⎠⎝ dx ⎠

3

d3 y ⎛ dy ⎞ d y ⎛ dy ⎞

2

( sin y ) + 3 ( cos y ) ⎜ ⎟ 2 − sin y ⎜ ⎟ = 0

dx 3

⎝ dx ⎠ dx ⎝ dx ⎠

When x = 0 ,

π

y = cos −1 0 =

2

dy

=0

dx

d2 y

= −2

dx 2

d3 y

=0

dx3

4 4a + 5

y = − ax − ( 2a + 4 ) +

2− x

dy (4a + 5)(−1)

⇒ = −a −

dx ( 2 − x )2

dy

For turning points, =0

dx

4a + 5

⇒ −a + =0

( 2 − x )2

a ( 2 − x ) = 4a + 5

2

⇒

⇒ ( )

a 4 − 4 x + x 2 − 4a − 5 = 0

⇒ ax 2 − 4ax − 5 = 0

Since there are turning points, there are two distinct real roots.

Thus, D > 0

⇒ ( −4a )2 − 4(a)(−5) > 0

⇒ 4 a 2 + 5a > 0

⇒ a ( 4a + 5 ) > 0

5 0

−

4

5

Thus, a < − or a > 0 . (Shown)

4

Alternatively

dy

For turning points, =0

dx

4a + 5

⇒ −a + =0

( 2 − x )2

4a + 5

⇒ ( 2 − x )2 =

a

Since there are turning points, there are two distinct real roots.

4a + 5 −

Thus, >0 + +

a 5

− 0

4

5

Thus, a < − or a > 0 . (Shown)

4

4(ii) 9

When a = 1 , y = − x − 6 +

2− x

y x=2

9

y = −x − 6 +

2− x

−1 5 x

−6 −2

−6

−14

y = −x − 6

4(iii) 9

x + x+6>

2− x

9

⇒ x > −x − 6 +

2− x

y x=2

y= x

9

y = −x − 6 +

2− x

−1 5 x

−6 −2

−6

−14

y = −x − 6

5(a)

( )

3 3

3 −i 3 −i

z = =

(1 + pi ) 1 + pi

2 2

( )

3

3 +1

=

( )

2

1 + p2

8

=

1 + p2

z =2

8

⇒ =2

1 + p2

4 = 1 + p2

p = 3 or − 3 (rejected)

(

⎛ 3 −i 3 ⎞

arg z = arg ⎜⎜ ⎟ )

2 ⎟

⎜ (1 + pi ) ⎟

⎝ ⎠

( ) ( )

3 2

= arg 3 −i − arg 1 + 3i

= 3arg ( )

3 − i − 2 arg 1 + 3i ( )

⎛ π⎞ ⎛π ⎞ 7π

= 3⎜ − ⎟ − 2 ⎜ ⎟ = −

⎝ 6⎠ ⎝3⎠ 6

For −π < arg( z ) ≤ π , 5π

7π 5π

6

arg( z ) = 2π − = (Shown)

6 6 7π

−

6

5(b) z5 = − 2

= 2eπ i

= 2e(

π + 2 kπ )i

, k = 0, ±1, ±2

By De Moivre’s Theorem

1 ⎛ π + 2 kπ ⎞

⎜ ⎟i

z = 210 e⎝ 5 ⎠

, k = 0, ±1, ±2

1 ⎛π ⎞ 1 ⎛ 3π ⎞ 1 1 ⎛ π⎞ 1 ⎛ 3π ⎞

⎜ ⎟i ⎜ ⎟i ⎜ − ⎟i ⎜ − ⎟i

, 210 e( ) , 210 e⎝ 5 ⎠ , 210 e⎝ 5 ⎠

π i

z = 210 e⎝ 5 ⎠ , 210 e⎝ 5 ⎠

1 π 1 3π 1 1 π 1 3π

i i − i − i

z = 210 e 5 , 210 e 5 , − 210 , 210 e 5 , 210 e 5

6 - Use a list with all the employees’ names arranged in alphabetical order and

number them from 1 to 600

600

- Determine the sampling interval : k = = 20

30

- Randomly select the first person from the first 20

people on the list, then select every 20th person subsequently until a sample of 30

employees is obtained.

gender or ethnic group) of the company which has the greatest proportion of

employees, hence the systematic random sample obtained is not a good

representative of the population.

2 3 2 1

= . . =

6 4 3 6

7(ii) Let X be the event : “each of the 3 numbers is greater than 3”

Y be the event : “sum of the 3 numbers is equal to 13”

3 1 1 1 2 1

= . . + . .

6 4 3 6 4 3

5

=

72

Required probability = P( X ∪ Y )

= P( X ) + P(Y ) − P( X ∩ Y )

1 5 1 2 1

= + − . .

6 72 6 4 3

5

=

24

P(a player wins a particular game)

2

2 4 2 ⎛4⎞ 2

= + . + ⎜ ⎟ . + ......

13 13 13 ⎝ 13 ⎠ 13

2⎛ ⎞ 2 ⎛ 1 ⎞

2

4 ⎛4⎞

= ⎜⎜ 1 + + ⎜ ⎟ + ...... ⎟⎟ = .⎜

⎜ 1 − 4 ⎟⎟

13 ⎝ 13 ⎝ 13 ⎠ ⎠ 13 ⎝ 13 ⎠

2

=

9

8 Let M minutes be the time taken to milk a Magnolia cow,

and D minutes be the time taken to milk a Daisy cow.

( ) (

M ~ N 30, 22 , D ~ N 5.5, 0.52 )

8(i) P ( M < a ) = 0.85

From GC, a = 32.073 = 32.1 (3 s.f.)

8(ii) Let X be the number of cows which take less than a minutes to milk, out of 50

Magnolia cows.

X ~ B ( 50, 0.85 )

Since n = 50 is large, np = 42.5 > 5, nq = 7.5 > 5 ,

= P (10.5 < X ≤ 40.5 ) (using c.c.)

= 0.21415

= 0.214 (3 s.f.)

8(iii) E ( M1 + M 2 − 11D ) = 2 × 30 − 11× 5.5 = −0.5

Var ( M1 + M 2 − 11D ) = 2 × 22 + 112 × 0.52 = 38.25

M1 + M 2 − 11D ~ N ( − 0.5, 38.25 )

Reqd prob = P ( M 1 + M 2 − 11D ≥ 3)

= 0.28573

= 0.286 (3 s.f.)

9(i) Total number of possible results = 35 = 243

9(ii) Number of ways of obtaining ‘Windfall’ = 3

9(iii) No. of ways to obtain a success

⎛ 5! 5 !⎞

=⎜ × 2 + ⎟ × 3 = 120

⎝ 3!2 ! 3! ⎠

Total number of ways = 243 − 120 = 123

9 Reqd no. of ways

3!

= 10

C3 × 7C3 × 4C4 ×

= 12600

2!

10(i) From GC, r = 0.92378 = 0.924 (3 s.f.)

10(ii) x

35.1

2.0 t

1 10

10(iii) From (i) and (ii), we see that though r is close to +1, the scatter diagram indicates a

curvilinear relationship between t and x, instead of a positive linear relationship.

Thus it is advisable to draw a scatter diagram first before interpreting the value of the

product moment correlation coefficient.

10(iv) As t increases, x increases but by increasing amounts. Thus the scatter diagram may

be consistent with a model of the form x = e at +b .

10(v) x = e at +b

ln x = at + b , where a and b are constants

Thus the relation between ln x and t is linear.

t 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10

ln x 0.69315 0.87547 0.91629 1.6292 1.9021 2.2407 2.9069 3.5582

ln x = 0.20723 + 0.33498t

ln x = 0.207 + 0.335t (3 s.f.)

10(vi) When t = 20, ln x = 0.20723 + ( 0.33498 )( 20 ) = 6.90683

x = 999

It is impossible that the cactus can grow to that height after 20 weeks. Thus it is

unwise to extrapolate.

11 The t-test will be used.

Assume a normal distribution for tensile strength of guitar strings.

1⎡ ( −23) ⎤

2

−23

s = ⎢ 211 −

2

⎥ x= + 430

7 ⎢⎣ 8 ⎥⎦ 8

= 20.696 = 427.125

H 0 : μ = 430

H1 : μ < 430

Level of significance = 2%

X − 430

Under H 0 : T= ~ t7

S n

p-value = 0.0585 > 0.02

significance level that the manufacturer has overstated its claim.

11 α =6

11 σ = 4.7

H 0 : μ = 430

H1 : μ ≠ 430

Level of significance = 5%

X − 430

Under H 0 : Z= ~ N (0,1)

4.7 20

To reject H 0 ,

x − 430 x − 430

< −1.96 or > 1.96

4.7 20 4.7 20

12 Suitable condition

• The mean number of faults detected is a constant from day to day.

• The faults are detected independently of one another.

Let X be the number of faults detected on the track in a day.

X ~ Po ( 0.16 )

P ( 2 ≤ X ≤ 6 ) = P ( X ≤ 6 ) − P ( X ≤ 1)

= 0.011513 = 0.0115 (3 s.f.)

Let Y be the number of faults detected on the track in 20 days.

Y ~ Po ( 3.2 )

P (Y ≤ 4 ) = 0.78061 = 0.781 (3 s.f.)

X1 + X 2 + L X n

X=

n

⎛ 0.16 ⎞

Since n is large, by Central Limit Theorem, X ~ N ⎜ 0.16, ⎟ approx.

⎝ n ⎠

⎛ ⎞

⎜ 0.2 − 0.16 ⎟

P ( X ≥ 0.2 ) ≥ 0.15 ⇒ P ⎜ Z ≥ ⎟ ≥ 0.15

⎜ 0.16 ⎟

⎜ ⎟

⎝ n ⎠

(

⇒ P Z ≤ 0.1 n ≤ 0.85 )

From GC, 0.1 n ≤ 1.0364

⇒ n ≤ 107.41

Greatest value of n is 107.

12 Let W be the number of faults detected on the train in 20 days.

W ~ Po (1)

Y + W ~ Po ( 4.2 )

P (Y = 0 ) P (W = 5 ) + P (Y = 1) P (W = 4 )

P (Y ≤ 1| Y + W = 5 ) =

P (Y + W = 5 )

0.00212437

=

0.163316

= 0.0130 (3 s.f.)

JURONG JUNIOR COLLEGE

J2 Preliminary Examination

MATHEMATICS 9740/01

Higher 2 20 August 2010

Paper 1 3 hours

Graph paper

List of Formulae (MF15)

Cover Page

Write your name and civics class on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of angles in

degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically states otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you are required to

present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together, with the cover page in front.

[Turn over

2

1 A Bx + C

1 (i) Express in the form + , where A, B, and C are constants to be

1− x 3

1 − x 1 + x + x2

found. [2]

x+2

(ii) Hence find the coefficient of x r in the expansion of , in ascending powers

1 + x + x2

of x. [4]

k k + 1 k +

2 (i) Show that= − , where k ∈ , k ≥ 3 . [2]

2 3 3

n

r

(ii) Hence find ∑ . [4]

r =3 2

π

Find the equations of the tangent and the normal to the curve at the point P, where t = .

4

The tangent and normal to the curve at P meet the y-axis at R and S respectively.

Find the area of the triangle PRS. [6]

2N

(ii) Given u0 = 0 , find ∑ un in terms of N . [4]

n =0

n

∑

1

Given r 2 = n ( n + 1)( 2n + 1)

r =1

6

3

2

d 2 y dy 1

(i) y 2 + + =

0. [2]

dx dx 2(1 + x) 2

(ii) the Maclaurin’s series for y in ascending powers of x, up to and including the

term in x3 , is

1 3 17

1+ x − x 2 + x3 . [3]

2 8 48

2

1 3 17

(iii) Expand 1 + x − x 2 + x 3 in powers of x up to and including x3 , simplifying

2 8 48

your answer. Explain briefly how the result can be used as a check on the correctness

of the first four terms in the series for y. [3]

6 (a) A geometric progression has first term 1 and common ratio r. The sum of the first four

terms is less than the sum to infinity of the remaining terms. Without the use of a

graphic calculator, find the range of values of r. [4]

(b) Adam decided to save some money each day to buy his favorite toys. On the first day,

he saved one twenty-cent coin; on the second day, he saved two twenty-cent coins;

and so on. Find the total amount of money saved at the end of one year.

(Assume 365 days in a year). [3]

After spending all his savings in the first year to buy his favorite toys, Adam started

saving in the same manner again in the following year. As an encouragement, his

mother contributed the same amount that he saved every Saturday and Sunday.

Assuming the second year started on a Monday, find the total amount of money saved

at the end of the second year. [3]

7 The line l passes through the points A and B with coordinates ( −1, 2, 3) and

( 5, 14, 11) respectively. The plane p has equation 2x + 3y − 6z =

−7.

(i) Show that the line l is parallel but not contained on the plane p. [3]

(ii) Find the distance of the line l from the plane p. [3]

(iii) Find a cartesian equation of the plane which contains l and is perpendicular to p. [2]

[Turn over

4

p= 2 + ia , q= b − i ,

where a and b are real numbers.

Given that pq= 13 + 13i , find the possible values of a and b . [4]

=

z − 4 − 3i 2 and Re(z) ≥ 4 . [2]

π

(ii) Show that the greatest value of arg( z − i) is . [1]

4

x

9 The function f is defined by f:x for x ∈ , − λ < x < 0, where λ is a

λ − x2

positive constant.

1 1

(iii) Find the value of λ such that f −1f −1 − =

− . [3]

2 2

x −1

10 (i) Find the integral ∫ 1+ 4x 2

dx. [3]

3e x > x + 3. [3]

Hence find

∫−2 3e − x − 3 dx,

2

x

5

11 (a) y

y = ( ln x )

2

x

O A

The function f is defined by f(x) = (ln x)2 for x > 0. The diagram shows a sketch of the graph of

y = f(x). The minimum point of the graph is A.

(i) State the x-coordinate of A. [1]

(ii) Use the substitution x = eu to show that the area of the region bounded by the

x-axis, the line x = e and the curve is given by

1 2 u

∫ 0

u e du.

(b) y

3

y=

− x+2

2

y =1

R

x

O

y = cos x

3

Find the volume of the solid formed when the region R, bounded by the lines y = − x+ 2,

2

y = 1 and the curve y = cos x, is rotated 2π radians about the y-axis, giving your answer

correct to 3 decimal places. [4]

[Turn over

6

ax − k 2

y= 2 ,

x − kx + k

where a, k are constants and a > 0 .

(i) Find the values of k such that C has two asymptotes. [2]

5x − k 2

(ii) The diagram shows the graph of y = for some k > 0.

x 2 − kx + k

y

O x

k2

−k 5

25 x − k 2

(a) y= ,

25 x 2 − 5kx + k

k 2 − 5x

(b) y2 = ,

x 2 − kx + k

x 2 − kx + k

(c) y= ,

5x − k 2

including the coordinates of the points where the graphs cross the axes and the

equations of any asymptotes. [8]

JURONG JUNIOR COLLEGE

J2 Preliminary Examination

MATHEMATICS 9740/02

Higher 2 26 August 2010

Paper 2 3 hours

Graph paper

List of Formulae (MF15)

Cover Page

Write your name and civics class on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of angles in

degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically states otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you are required to

present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together, with the cover page in front.

[Turn over

2

1 (i)

O x P

The diagram shows a rectangle inscribed in a semicircle of centre, O, and fixed radius a.

The length OP is denoted by x. Show that, as x varies, the perimeter of the rectangle is a

maximum when its sides are in the ratio 4 : 1. [6]

2

y 2 + xy = x 2 − + 3 , where y > 0 .

x

1

Given that x is increasing at the rate of units s −1 , find the rate of increase of y when x is 1.

5

[4]

2 3

2 A particular solution of a differential equation is given by ( x + y ) 2 = 2 xy − y . Show that

3

dy

( y 2 + y) =

−x [2]

dx

dy

x = y2 + y

dx

By means of the substitution y = ux , show that the general solution for y, in terms of x, is

−x

y= ,

x+c

Sketch, on a single diagram, three distinct members of the second family of solution curves,

stating clearly the coordinates of the points where the curves cross the axes and the equations of

any asymptotes. [5]

3

(i) Point M lies on the line segment AB such that AM : MB = 1: 2 . Given that the position

vector of M is 2j + 2k, find α . [2]

3

(ii) Given that the length of projection of BC onto the line OM is units, find β , where β is

2

a positive constant. [3]

2 a

=

(iii) The line l has vector equation r 0 + µ 0 , µ ∈ , a ∈ . Using the values of α and β

−2 1

π

found above, determine the value of a if l makes an angle of radians with the plane ABC.

6

[4]

π

4 (i) Given that z 2 = 2 and arg( −iz ) = , find w in the form a + bi , where a, b ∈ , if

4

z

2

5

wz = 2 2 and arg = − π . [4]

w 6

z 4 + 1 − 3 i =0 ,

giving the roots in the form re iθ where r > 0 and − π < θ ≤ π. [3]

Describe the geometrical shape formed by the points representing the roots and justify your

answer. [2]

[Turn over

4

(i) the number of 4-letter code-words that can be formed if the code-word contains exactly

three ‘I’s. [2]

(ii) the number of code-words that can be formed using all the letters such that all the three ‘I’s

are separated. [2]

6 In a badminton team of 8 players, 5 are boys and 3 are girls. Boy A and Girl B are the only 2

left-handed players in the team. In a particular practice, 4 players are chosen to play doubles.

Find the probability that

(i) exactly 1 left-handed player is chosen, [2]

(ii) 2 girls are chosen given that exactly 1 left-handed player is chosen, [3]

7 The number of guitars sold by a music shop per day follows a Poisson distribution with mean λ .

It is known that on 2 in 7 days, there are no guitars sold. Show that λ = 1.253 , correct to 3

decimal places. [2]

(i) Calculate the probability that less than 4 guitars are sold in a day. [2]

(ii) Using a suitable approximation, find the probability that, in a random sample of 100 days,

there will be more than 95 days in which less than 4 guitars are sold per day. [4]

(iii) Calculate the probability that in a period of 90 days, the mean number of guitars sold per

day is more than 1.5. [3]

5

8 The random variable X has a normal distribution with mean 15 and variance 5. The random

variable T is the sum of 2 independent observations of X.

(ii) Three independent observations of X are obtained. Find the probability that exactly two of

the observations have value less than 20. [3]

The random variable Y has a normal distribution with mean µ and variance σ 2 .

(iii) If σ = 22.5 , find the greatest probability of P(15.1 < Y < 29.9) , stating the value of µ . [2]

(iv) If µ = 10 and P( X + Y > 27) =

needed to carry out the calculation. [4]

owner.

(i) Explain briefly how the restaurant owner could use quota sampling. [1]

(ii) The purpose of the survey is to investigate customers’ opinions about the different lunch

and dinner menus.

Give a reason why a stratified sample might be preferable in this context. [1]

Explain clearly how the restaurant owner could use stratified sampling from his list of

regular customers if the ratio of regular customers for lunch and dinner is 2 : 3. [2]

[Turn over

6

effectiveness, y %, of the process for various flow rates, x m3 s-1, is shown below.

x 1 2 4 6 8 10 20 30 40

y 80 60 45 40 30 25 18 15 10

The variables x and y are thought to be related by the equation e y = axb , where a and b are

constants.

(i) Give a sketch of the scatter diagram of y against ln x . Comment on whether a linear model

would be appropriate referring to the scatter diagram. [2]

(ii) Find the value of the product moment correlation coefficient between y and ln x and explain

whether it supports your comment in part (i). [2]

(iii) Find the least squares regression line of y on ln x and estimate the values of a and b . [3]

(iv) Predict the effectiveness of the process when water flows at 0.5 m3s-1. Comment on the

reliability of your prediction. [2]

(v) Explain why in this context, the above model would not be appropriate for large values of x .

[1]

11 The past records of a supermarket show that the mean amount spent per customer was $59 with

standard deviation $8. The supermarket’s management suspects that the mean amount spent per

customer has decreased. A random sample of 8 customers was taken and the amount spent per

customer , $x, was recorded. The following result was obtained.

∑ x = 432

Stating a necessary assumption about the population, test the supermarket’s management’s

suspicion at the 5% significance level. [6]

promotional campaign whereby each customer will receive a voucher which can be used to

redeem products at the supermarket. A week after the start of the campaign, the manager of the

supermarket took a sample of 9 customers and the amount spent per customer, $y, is

summarised by

∑ ( y − 70) =

−72, ∑ ( y − 70) =

2

1234 .

The actual mean amount spent per customer is $ µ . In a test at the 5% level of significance, the

hypotheses are:

Null hypothesis : µ = µ0

Alternative hypothesis : µ ≠ µ0 .

Given that the null hypothesis is rejected in favour of the alternative hypothesis, find the set of

possible values of µ0 . [6]

2010 JJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Exam P1 Solutions

1(i) 1 A Bx + C

Let ≡ +

1 − x 1 − x 1 + x + x2

3

Hence, 1 ≡ A (1 + x + x 2 ) + ( Bx + C )(1 − x )

1

Using cover-up rule, A =

3

Let x = 0 , 1= A+C ,

2

C=

3

1

Comparing coefficients of x , 0 = A + B − C , B =

3

1 1 x+2

∴ ≡ + .

1− x 3

3 (1 − x ) 3 (1 + x + x 2 )

1(ii) x+2 3 1

= −

1+ x + x 2

1− x 1− x

3

= 3 (1 − x 3 ) − (1 − x )

−1 −1

= 3 (1 + x 3 + x 6 + K) − (1 + x + x 2 + K)

= 2 − x − x 2 + 2 x3 − x 4 − x5 + K

⎧2 if r is a multiple of 3

Hence, coefficients of x r = ⎨

⎩ −1 otherwise

2. n

⎛r⎞ ⎛ n ⎞ ⎛ n − 1⎞ ⎛ n − 2 ⎞ ⎛ 4⎞ ⎛ 3⎞

∑⎜ 2⎟ = ⎜ 2⎟ + ⎜ ⎟+⎜ ⎟ +K + ⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟

r =3 ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2⎠

⎛ n + 1⎞ ⎛ n ⎞

=⎜ ⎟−⎜ ⎟

⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 3⎠

⎛ n ⎞ ⎛ n − 1⎞

+⎜ ⎟−⎜ ⎟

⎝3⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠

⎛ n − 1⎞ ⎛ n − 2 ⎞

+⎜ ⎟−⎜ ⎟

⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠

M

⎛5⎞ ⎛ 4⎞

+⎜ ⎟−⎜ ⎟

⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠

⎛ 4 ⎞ ⎛ 3⎞

+⎜ ⎟−⎜ ⎟

⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 3⎠

⎛ n + 1⎞ (n + 1)!

=⎜ ⎟ −1 or −1

⎝ 3 ⎠ 3!(n − 2)!

1

3. x = 3(sin 2t − cos 2t ) , y = 3(2t − cos 2t )

dx

= 3(2 cos 2t + 2sin 2t )

dt

dy

= 3(2 + 2sin 2t )

dt

dy 3(2 + 2sin 2t ) 1 + sin 2t

= =

dx 3(2 cos 2t + 2sin 2t ) cos 2t + sin 2t

π 3π dy

When t = , at point P , x = 3 , y = and =2

4 2 dx

3π

Equation of tangent at P is y − = 2( x − 3)

2

3π 3π

When x = 0, y = − 6 . R is (0 , −6 )

2 2

3π −1

Equation of normal at P is y − = ( x − 3)

2 2

3π 3 3π 3

When x = 0, y = + . S is (0 , + )

2 2 2 2

As PR ⊥ PS,

1 1 3 1

Area of the triangle PRS = RS .(3) = ( + 6)(3) = 11

2 2 2 4

RHS = 3 2 −2 ( 2 ) − 1 = 0

2

∴ P1 is true.

+

Assume that Pk is true for some k ∈ , k ≥ 1.

That is, uk = 3k − 2k 2 − 1 -----------------------(1)

We want to prove Pk +1 , ie uk +1 = 3k +1 − 2 ( k + 1) − 1.

2

LHS = 3uk + 4 ( k )( k − 1)

= 3 ( 3k − 2k 2 − 1) + 4k ( k − 1)

= 3k +1 − 6k 2 − 3 + 4k 2 − 4k

= 3k +1 − 2 ( k 2 + 2k + 1) − 1

= 3k +1 − 2 ( k + 1) − 1

2

∴ Pk is true ⇒ Pk +1 is true.

Induction, un = 3n − 2n 2 − 1 is true for all n ≥ 1 .

2

4.

∑ un = ∑ (3n − 2n2 − 1)

2N 2N

(ii)

n=0 n =0

=

(

1 32 N +1 − 1) − 2 2N ( 2N + 1) ⎡2 ( 2N ) + 1⎤ − ( 2N + 1)

2 6 ⎣ ⎦

32 N +1 − 1 2 N + 1

= − ⎡ 2 N ( 4 N + 1) + 3⎤⎦

2 3 ⎣

32 N +1 − 1 ( 2 N + 1)

=

2

−

3

(

8N 2 + 2 N + 3 )

5(i) Method 1

y 2 = 1 + ln(1 + x)

dy 1

2y =

dx 1 + x

dy 1

=

dx 2 y (1 + x)

dy 1

y =

dx 2(1 + x)

Method 2

− ⎛ 1 ⎞

1

dy 1

= (1 + ln(1 + x)) 2 ⎜ ⎟

dx 2 ⎝ 1+ x ⎠

1

=

2 y (1 + x)

dy 1

y =

dx 2(1 + x)

−1

2

d 2 y ⎛ dy ⎞ 1

y 2 + ⎜ ⎟ = (−1)(1 + x) −2 =

dx ⎝ dx ⎠ 2 2(1 + x) 2

2

d 2 y ⎛ dy ⎞ 1

y +⎜ ⎟ + =0

dx ⎝ dx ⎠ 2(1 + x) 2

2

5(ii) d 3 y dy d 2 y dy d 2 y 1

y 3 + . 2 +2 − =0

dx dx dx dx d x 2

(1 + x)3

when x = 0,

dy 1 d 2 y 3 d 3 y 17

y = 1, = , 2 = − , 3 =

dx 2 dx 4 dx 8

⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛ x ⎞ ⎛ 17 ⎞ ⎛ x ⎞

2 3

1

∴ y ≈ 1+ x + ⎜ − ⎟⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

2 ⎝ 4 ⎠ ⎝ 2! ⎠ ⎝ 8 ⎠ ⎝ 3! ⎠

1 3 17

= 1+ x − x 2 + x3

2 8 48

3

5(iii) ⎛ 1 3 2 17 3 ⎞

2

⎜1 + x − x + x ⎟

⎝ 2 8 48 ⎠

⎛ 1 3 17 ⎞ ⎛ 1 3 17 3 ⎞

= ⎜1 + x − x 2 + x3 ⎟ ⎜1 + x − x 2 + x ⎟

⎝ 2 8 48 ⎠ ⎝ 2 8 48 ⎠

1 1

= 1 + x − x 2 + x 3 + ...

2 3

Given y = 1 + ln(1 + x) ⇒ y 2 = 1 + ln(1 + x)

1 1

LHS = y 2 = 1 + x − x 2 + x3 + ...

2 3

RHS = 1 + ln(1 + x)

⎛ 1 1 ⎞

= 1 + ⎜ x − x 2 + x 3 + ... ⎟

⎝ 2 3 ⎠

Since LHS = RHS, the first four terms in the series for y is correct.

6(a) S 4 < S∞ − S 4

2S 4 < S∞

2 (1 − r 4 ) 1

<

1− r 1− r

2 (1 − r ) < 1

4

(Since 1 − r > 0 )

1

r4 >

2

⎛ 2 1 ⎞⎛ 2 1⎞

⎜⎜ r − ⎟⎟ ⎜⎜ r + ⎟>0

⎝ 2 ⎠⎝ 2 ⎟⎠

1 1

r2 < − (no solution) or r2 >

2 2

⎛ 4 ⎞⎛

1

4 ⎞

1

⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞

⎜ r − ⎜ ⎟ ⎟⎜ r + ⎜ ⎟ ⎟ > 0

⎜ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎟⎜ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎟

⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

1 1

⎛ 1 ⎞4 ⎛ 1 ⎞4

−1 < r < − ⎜ ⎟ or ⎜ ⎟ < r < 1 .

⎝2⎠ ⎝2⎠

6(b) Total sum = 20 + 2 ( 20 ) + 3 ( 20 ) +K 365 ( 20 )

⎛ ( 365 )(1 + 365 ) ⎞

= ( 20 ) ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 2 ⎠

= 1335900 cents

(

= 1335900 + 20 13 + (13 + 14 ) + (13 + 2 (14 ) ) + K (13 + 51(14 ) ) )

⎛ 52 ⎞

= 1335900 + 20 ⎜ ⎟ (13 + 727 )

⎝ 2 ⎠

= 1720700 cents

4

7(i) ⎛ 5 ⎞ ⎛ −1⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

AB = ⎜14 ⎟ − ⎜ 2 ⎟

⎜ 11 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛6⎞ ⎛ 3⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

= ⎜12 ⎟ = 2 ⎜ 6 ⎟

⎜8⎟ ⎜ 4⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 3⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ 6 ⎟ • ⎜ 3 ⎟ = 6 + 18 − 24

⎜ 4 ⎟ ⎜ −6 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

=0

⇒ l is parallel to p.

⎛ −1⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ 2 ⎟ • ⎜ 3 ⎟ = −2 + 6 − 18

⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ −6 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

= −14 ≠ −7

∴ l is parallel but not contained on the plane p.

7(ii) Method 1

A

l

π

C

Let C(c,0,0) be a point on π .

⎛c⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ 0 ⎟ • ⎜ 3 ⎟ = −7

⎜ 0 ⎟ ⎜ −6 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

7

c=−

2

⎛ 2⎞

⎜ ⎟

3

⎛ ⎛ −7 / 2 ⎞ ⎛ −1⎞ ⎞ ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟

⎜⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎟ −6

d = ⎜⎜ 0 ⎟ − ⎜ 2 ⎟⎟• ⎝ ⎠

⎜⎜ 0 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟⎟ 49

⎝⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠⎠

⎛ −5 / 2 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞

1⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

= ⎜ −2 ⎟ • ⎜ 3 ⎟ = 1

7⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎝ −3 ⎠ ⎝ −6 ⎠

5

Method 2

Let m be the line perpendicular to p and passing through A.

⎛ −1⎞ ⎛ 2⎞

Vector equation of line m : r = ⎜ 2 ⎟ + μ ⎜⎜ 3 ⎟⎟ , μ ∈

⎜ ⎟

⎜3⎟ ⎜ −6 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

Let F be the foot of perpendicular of A to p.

⎛ −1 + 2μ ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ 2 + 3μ ⎟ • ⎜ 3 ⎟ = −7

⎜ 3 − 6μ ⎟ ⎜ −6 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

2 ( −1 + 2μ ) + 3(2 + 3μ ) − 6(3 − 6μ ) = −7

1

μ=

7

⎛ −1⎞ ⎛ 2⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ 1 ⎜ ⎟

OF = ⎜ 2 ⎟ + ⎜ 3 ⎟

⎜ 3 ⎟ 7 ⎜ −6 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ −1⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ −1 ⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ 1 ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

AF = ⎜ 2 ⎟ + ⎜ 3 ⎟ − ⎜ 2 ⎟

⎜ 3 ⎟ 7 ⎜ −6 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 2⎞

1⎜ ⎟

= ⎜ 3⎟

7⎜ ⎟

⎝ −6 ⎠

uuur 1 2 2

AF = 2 + 3 + (−6) 2

7

=1

7(ii)

Let the plane required be p1 .

⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ −48 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

Normal of p1 = ⎜ 6 ⎟ × ⎜ 3 ⎟ = ⎜ 26 ⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 4 ⎠ ⎝ −6 ⎠ ⎝ −3 ⎠

⎛ −1⎞ ⎛ −48 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ 2 ⎟ • ⎜ 26 ⎟ = 48 + 52 − 9 = 91

⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ −3 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ −48 ⎞

⎜ ⎟

∴ Equation of p1 : r • ⎜ 26 ⎟ = 91 ⇒ −48 x + 26 y − 3z = 91

⎜ −3 ⎟

⎝ ⎠

6

8(a) pq = 13 + 13i

( 2 + ia )( b − i ) = 13 + 13i

2b − 2i + abi + a = 13 + 13i

(a + 2b) + i (ab − 2) = 13 + 13i

a + 2b = 13 - (1)

ab − 2 = 13 - (2)

15

(2): b =

a

15

Subst. b = into (1):

a

⎛ 15 ⎞

a + 2 ⎜ ⎟ = 13

⎝a⎠

a 2 − 13a + 30 = 0

( a − 3)( a − 10 ) = 0

a = 3 or 10

3

b = 5 or

2

8b(i)

y

Locus of z

R (4,5)

Q

(4, 3)

3

A(0, 1) P (4, 1)

x

O 4

Least z = OP Greatest z = OQ

= 42 + 12 = 42 + 32 + 2

= 17 =7

8b(ii) Max arg( z − i ) = ∠PAR

⎛4⎞

= tan −1 ⎜ ⎟

⎝4⎠

π

=

4

7

9(i) x

f ( x) =

λ − x2

⎛1⎞

λ − x2 − x ⎜ ⎟ ( λ − x2 )

−1

2

( −2 x ) λ

f ' ( x) = ⎝2⎠ = >0

λ − x2 (λ − x ) 2 32

x

y =

λ − x2

y 2 ( λ − x2 ) = x2

x 2 ( y 2 + 1) = λ y2

λ y2

x = ±

1+ y2

λy

Since − λ < x < 0, that is, y < 0, x = .

1+ y2

λx

That is, f −1 ( x) = , for x < 0.

1 + x2

9(iii) λx

f −1f −1 ( x) =

1 + ( λ + 1) x 2

λ ( −0.5 )

= −0.5

1 + ( λ + 1)( −0.5 )

2

4λ 2 − λ − 5 = 0

( 4λ − 5)( λ + 1) = 0

5

Since λ > 0, λ = .

4

Alternatively:

f ( −0.5 ) = −0.5

( −0.5) = 0.5

λ − ( −0.5 )

2

1 = λ − 0.25

5

λ=

4

8

10(i) x −1

∫ 1 + 4x 2

dx

1 8x 1

= ∫

8 1 + 4x 2

dx −∫

1 + 4 x2

dx

1 1

8 2

(ii) y y = x+3

y = 3e x

x

-2.82 O

i.e. 3e x − x − 3 > 0 if x < −2.82 or x > 0

i.e. 3e x − x − 3 < 0 if −2.82 < x < 0

∫−2 3e − x − 3 dx

2 x

= ∫−2 3e x − x − 3 dx + ∫0 3e x − x − 3 dx

0 2

x2 x2

= [3e x − − 3 x]0−2 + [3e x − − 3 x]02

2 2

= −1 − 3e−2 + 3e2 − 11 (need to check positive or negative within each modulus to

remove the modulus sign)

= 1 + 3e−2 + 3e2 − 11

= 3e−2 + 3e2 − 10

9

11a(i) x-coordinate of A = 1

(ii) e

Area of region bounded = ∫1 (ln x) 2 dx

dx

Let x = eu ⇒ ln x = u, = eu

du

When x = 1, u = 0 & When x = e, u = 1

1

∴ Area of region bounded = ∫0 u

2 u

e du

1

∫0 u

2 u

Area of region bounded = e du

= [u 2 eu ] 0 − ∫ 0 2ueu du

1 1

1 1

= e − [ ⎡ 2ueu ⎤ − ∫ 2eu du ]

⎣ ⎦0 0

1

= e – 2e + ⎡ 2eu ⎤

⎣ ⎦0

= − e + 2e − 2 = e − 2

11(b) 3

Let P be the point of intersection of y = − x + 2 and y = cos x .

2

Using GC, the coordinates of point of intersection = (0.94031, 0.58954)

Volume formed about the y –axis

1 2

⎡2 ⎤

∫

−1

=π ⎢⎣ 3 (2 − y )⎥⎦ − (cos y ) dy

2

0.58954

= π (0.0907) = 0.285 (3 d.p)

Discriminant of x 2 − kx + k = 0 ⇒ k 2 − 4k = 0 ⇒ k ( k − 4 ) = 0 .

Therefore when k = 0 or 4, C has two asymptotes.

(ii)(a)

y

x

O k 2 25

−k

10

(ii)(b)

y

x

O k2 5

− k

(c)

O k2 5

−1 k

1 k2 k

y = x+ −

5 25 5

11

2010 JJC Prelim P2 Solutions

1(i)

a

y

y 2 = a 2 − x 2 …………………(2)

S = 2 a2 − x2 + 4 x

dS 2x

=− +4=0

dx a2 − x2

2x

− +4=0

a − x2

2

x

=2

a2 − x2

4 2

x2 = a

5

1

⇒ y2 = a 2

5

4 1

⇒ x= a and y = a

5 5

d 2s 2a 2

= − 3 < 0

dx 2 (a 2 − x 2 ) 2

1

1(ii) 2

y 2 + xy = x 2 − + 3 ……(1)

x

Differentiate w.r.t x

dy dy 2

2 y + x + y = 2x + 2

dx dx x

dy 2

(2 y + x) = 2 x + 2 − y …….(2)

dx x

Subst. x = 1 into

(1): y 2 + y = 2 ⇒ y= 1 and y ≠ − 2 (rejected)

dy

(2): =1

dx

dy dy dx

= .

dt dx dt

1

= (1)( )

5

1

= units s −1

5

2 2

( x + y ) 2 = 2 xy − y 3

3

2

( x + y ) 2 − 2 xy = − y 3

3

2

y 2 + x2 = − y3

3

dy dy

2 y + 2 x = −2 y 2

dx dx

dy

( y + y 2 ) = − x (shown)

dx

Alternative:

⎛ dy ⎞ dy dy

2( x + y ) ⎜ 1 + ⎟ = 2 x + 2 y − 2 y 2

⎝ dx ⎠ dx dx

dy

( y + y 2 ) = − x (shown)

dx

2

2 dy

x = y2 + y

dx

use y = ux

dy d u

= x+u

dx dx

⎛ du ⎞

∴ x ⎜ x + u ⎟ = ( ux ) + ux

2

⎝ dx ⎠

du

x + u = u2 x + u

dx

1 du

=1

u 2 dx

1

∫ u 2 du = ∫ 1 dx

1

− = x + c , where c is an arbitrary constant

u

x

− = x+c

y

x c

y=− = −1 +

x+c x+c

2 Family of solution curves:

1

c = −1, y = −1 −

x −1

c = 0, y = −1

c =1

1

c = 1, y = −1 +

x +1

y

c = −1

x

y = −1 c=0

x = −1 x =1

3

3(i) Using ratio theorem,

uuur uuur

uuuur 2OA + OB 1 2

OM = A M C

3

uuuur uuur

uuur 3OM − OB

OA =

2

⎡ ⎛ 0 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞⎤

1 ⎢ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟⎥

= ⎢3 ⎜ 2 ⎟ − ⎜ 0 ⎟ ⎥

2 ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎢⎣ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ −2 ⎠ ⎥⎦

⎛ −1 ⎞

⎜ ⎟

=⎜ 3 ⎟

⎜4⎟

⎝ ⎠

α = −1

3(ii) ⎛4⎞ ⎛ 2⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

BC = ⎜ β ⎟ − ⎜ 0 ⎟

⎜ −1⎟ ⎜ −2 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛2⎞

⎜ ⎟

= ⎜β ⎟

⎜1⎟

⎝ ⎠

uuur 3

Length of projection of BC onto the line OM =

2

uuur uuuur

BC • OM 3

uuuur =

OM 2

⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛0⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ β ⎟•⎜1⎟

⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜1⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ 3

=

12 + 12 2

β +1 = 3

β 2 + 2β − 8 = 0

β = 2 or − 4 (rejected)

∴β = 2

Alternatively, β + 1 = 3

β + 1 = 3 or β + 1 = −3

β = 2 or − 4 (rejected)

∴β = 2

4

3(iii) ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ −1⎞ ⎛1⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

AB = ⎜ 0 ⎟ − ⎜ 3 ⎟ = 3 ⎜ −1 ⎟

⎜ −2 ⎟ ⎜ 4 ⎟ ⎜ −2 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 4 ⎞ ⎛ −1⎞ ⎛ 5 ⎞

uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

AC = ⎜ 2 ⎟ − ⎜ 3 ⎟ = ⎜ −1 ⎟

⎜ −1⎟ ⎜ 4 ⎟ ⎜ −5 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛1⎞ ⎛5⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

Normal of plane ABC = ⎜ −1 ⎟ × ⎜ −1 ⎟

⎜ −2 ⎟ ⎜ −5 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 3⎞

⎜ ⎟

= ⎜ −5 ⎟

⎜ 4⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛a⎞ ⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛a⎞ ⎛ 3⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ π

⎜ 0 ⎟ • ⎜ −5 ⎟ = ⎜0⎟ −5

⎜ ⎟ sin

6

⎜1⎟ ⎜ 4 ⎟ ⎜1⎟ ⎜ 4⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛1⎞

3a + 4 = a 2 + 1 50 ⎜ ⎟

⎝2⎠

( 6a + 8 )2 = 50 ( a 2 + 1)

7 a 2 − 48a − 7 = 0

1

a = 7 or - (rejected since angle is acute, 3a +4>0)

7

∴a = 7

5

4(i) z2 = 2 ⇒ z = 2

π π

arg ( −iz ) = ⇒ arg ( −i ) + arg( z ) =

4 4

π⎛ π⎞

arg( z ) = −⎜− ⎟

4 ⎝ 2⎠

3π

=

4

wz = 2 2

w z =2 2

∴w =2

⎛ z2 ⎞ 5

arg ⎜ ⎟ = − π

⎜ w⎟ 6

⎝ ⎠

5

2 arg( z ) − arg( w) = − π

6

⎛3 ⎞ 5

arg( w) = 2 ⎜ π ⎟ + π

⎝4 ⎠ 6

7

= π

3

π

= (principle value)

3

⎡ ⎛π ⎞ ⎛ π ⎞⎤

w = 2 ⎢cos ⎜ ⎟ + i sin ⎜ ⎟ ⎥

⎣ ⎝3⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠⎦

= 1 + 3i

6

4(ii)

4

z + 1 − 3i = 0

4

z = −1 + 3i

⎛ 2π ⎞

⎜ + 2 kπ ⎟ i

= 2e⎝ 3 ⎠

1 ⎛ π + kπ ⎞ i

⎜ ⎟

z = 2 4 e⎝ 6 2 ⎠

1 π

(1+ 3k )i

= 24 e 6 , k = 0, ±1, −2

1 π 1 2π 1 π 1 5π

i i − i − i

= 24 e 6 , 24 e 3 , 24 e 3 , 24 e 6

z3

z2

π

6 x

π

−

3

z4

z1

The points form a square since the diagonals are perpendicular and of equal

length.

7

5(i) The different letters left are D S T R B U O N

4!

No of different code words = 8C1 = 32

3!

5(ii) 9!

To permute the remaining 9 letters 1st, ways.

2

To slot in the 3Is, 10C3 ways.

Thus number of code words that can be formed is

9!

= 10C3

2

= 21772800

6(i) 2

C 6C 4

P(1 left-handed player) = 81 3 =

C4 7

6(ii) P(G R G L BR BR )+P(G R G R BL BR )

P(2 G given exactly 1 left-handed)=

P(exactly 1 left-handed)

2

C1 4 C2 + 2 C2 4 C1

8

C4

=

4

7

8

2

= 35 =

4 5

7

6(iii) P(Boy A or Girl B is chosen) = 1 – P (Both Boy A and Girl B are not chosen)

6

C 11

= 1− 8 4 =

C4 14

Alternative:

P(Boy A or Girl B is chosen) = P(Boy A is chosen) + P(Girl B is chosen)

−P(Boy A and Girl B are chosen)

7 7

C C 6C

= 8 3+8 3−8 2

C4 C4 C 4

1 1 3 11

= + − =

2 2 14 14

8

7 Let X denote the number of guitars sold by a music shop in a day.

X P0 ( λ )

2

Given that P( X = 0) =

7

2

⇒ e− λ =

7

2

⇒ λ = − ln = 1.253

7

7(i) P ( X < 4) = P( X ≤ 3)

= 0.96145 ≈ 0.961

7(ii) Let Y be the number of days out of 100 in which at least 4 guitars were sold per day.

Y B(100,1 − 0.96145) = B(100, 0.03855)

Since n is large and np < 5 , we use a Poisson approximation.

Y P0 (3.855) approx

P(more than 95 days in which less than 4 guitars were sold per day)

= P( at most 4 days in which at least 4 guitars were sold per day )

= P(Y ≤ 4)

= 0.657 (to 3 sf)

7(iii) X P0 (1.253)

For a large sample of size 90, by Central Limit theorem,

⎛ 1.253 ⎞

X N ⎜ 1.253, ⎟ approx .

⎝ 90 ⎠

(

P X > 1.5 ).

= 0.0182

( )

P X > 1.5 = P ( X 1 + K + X 90 > 135 )

= 1 − P ( X 1 + K + X 90 ≤ 135 )

= 0.0183

8(i) X N (15,5)

Let T = X 1 + X 2

E (T − 3 X ) = E ( X 1 + X 2 ) − 3E ( X ) = 15 + 15 − 3(15) = −15

Var (T − 3 X ) = Var ( X 1 + X 2 ) + 9Var ( X ) = 5 + 5 + 32 (5) = 55

T − 3 X N (−15,55)

P (T > 2 + 3 X ) = P(T − 3 X > 2)

= 0.0109

9

8(ii) P ( X < 20) = 0.9873 ≈ 0.987

Probability = 3[ P( X < 20) ] P( X > 20)

2

= 3(0.9873) 2 (1 − 0.9873)

= 0.0371

Alternatively, use binomial distribution.

Let W be r.v. “no. of observations with value less than 20 out of 3”

W B(3, 0.987)

P (W = 2) = 0.0371

8(iii) Y N ( μ , 22.52 )

15.1 + 29.9 45

For greatest probability, μ = = = 22.5

2 2

Greatest P(15.1 < Y < 29.9) = 0.258

8(iv) (iv) X N (15,5) Y N (10, σ 2 )

X + Y N (15 + 10, 5 + σ 2 ) = N (25, 5 + σ 2 )

P ( X + Y > 27) = 0.25

⎛ 27 − 25 ⎞

P⎜Z > ⎟ = 0.25

⎝ 5 +σ 2 ⎠

⎛ 2 ⎞

P⎜Z > ⎟ = 0.25

⎝ 5 +σ 2 ⎠

⎛ 2 ⎞

P⎜Z < ⎟ = 0.75

⎝ 5 +σ 2 ⎠

2

= 0.6745

5 +σ 2

σ = 1.95

10

9(i) To obtain a quota sampling of 60, divide the diners into two subgroups : male and

female. Select the first 30 males and 30 females who leaves the restaurant.

Or any other relevant answers.

9(ii) By drawing random samples according to the proportion in each stratum, lunch and

dinner, the sample will be a better representation of the population.

Draw random samples from each stratum with sample size proportional to the size of the

strata as follows :

Lunch Dinner

Number of 2 3

customers to be × 60 = 24 × 60 = 36

5 5

sampled

10(i) e y = axb

y = ln a + b ln x

The scatter diagram is plotted with y against ln x .

y

ln x

From the scatter diagram, the points lie close to a straight line, so the linear model is

appropriate.

10(ii) From GC, since r ≈ −0.982 which is very close to -1, it supports the claim in part (i).

a = 6.89 × 1031 (3sf )

b = −18.4 (3sf)

10(iv)x = 0.5, y = 73.3 − 18.4 ln(0.5) = 86.0

86.0% (3sf)

Since x = 0.5 is out of the given data range of 1 ≤ x ≤ 40 , the prediction is unreliable.

10(v) For large values of x , the model gives y < 0 . So the model is not valid for large values

of x .

11

11 Assume that the amount spent per customer follows a normal distribution.

Let X be the actual amount spent per customer per visit.

and μ be the actual mean amount spent per customer per visit.

H 0 : μ = 59

H1 : μ < 59

82 X −μ

Under H 0 , X ~ N(59, ) and test statistic Z = ~ N(0, 1)

8 σ

n

432

where x = = 54, μ = 59, σ = 8, n = 8.

8

At 5% level of significance, we use a left-tailed z- test and reject H0 if p-value < 0.05.

From the GC, p − value = 0.0385 .

Since p − value = 0.0385 < 0.05 , we reject H 0 and conclude that at 5% level of

significance there is sufficient evidence to suggest that the mean amount spent per

customer per visit has decreased in recent months.

11 H 0 : μ = μ0

H1 : μ ≠ μ0

∑ ( y −70)

y= + 70 = 62

9

1 ⎡ ( −72 ) ⎤

2

s =

2

⎢1234 − ⎥ = 82.25

9 − 1 ⎣⎢ 9 ⎦⎥

Y − μ0

Under H 0 , test statistic T = ~ t(8)

s

n

where y = 62, μ = μ0 , s = 82.25, n = 9

At 5% level of significance, we use a 2-tailed t- test and reject H0 if T ≥ 2.306

Since H 0 is rejected at 5% level of significance,

y − μ0 y − μ0

< −2.306 or > 2.306

s s

n n

82.25 82.25

μ0 > 62 + 2.306 or μ0 < 62 − 2.306

9 9

{μ0 ∈ : μ0 < 55.0 or μ0 >69.0 }

12

Class Adm No

Candidate Name:

Pre-university 3

MATHEMATICS 9740

PAPER 1 9740/1

Thursday 16 September 3 hours

Additional materials:

Cover page

Answer papers

List of Formulae (MF15)

Write your name, admission no. and class in the spaces at the top of this page and on all the work you

hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of

angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically states

otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you are required to

present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

[Turn over

2

1

1 (i) Express f ( r ) = in partial fractions. [2]

r − 2r

2

n

2

(ii) Hence find ∑r

r =3

2

− 2r

in terms of n. [3]

∞

2

(iii) Deduce the value of ∑r

r =3

2

− 2r

. [2]

g : x → x 2 − 3 x, for x ∈ℜ.

(i) Sketch the graphs of f and g on the same diagram, indicating clearly the equations of

any asymptotes and the coordinates of any turning points. Hence, or otherwise, solve

g ( x) = f ( x) . [4]

(ii) Show that the composite function gf exists and find an expression for gf ( x ) . [2]

(iii) If the domain of g is restricted to the set { x ∈ℜ : x ≥ a} , find the least value of a for

which g −1 exists. Hence, find g −1 and state its domain. [4]

3 The fourth, ninth and nineteenth term of an arithmetic progression are consecutive terms

of a geometric progression.

(i) Show that the common ratio of the geometric progression is 2. [3]

(ii) The twentieth term of the arithmetic progression is 63. Find its first term and

common difference. [3]

(iii) The sum of the first n terms of the arithmetic progression is denoted by S n . Using

the results in (ii), find the least value of n for which S n exceeds 200. [3]

3

a 2 ( x + 1) − b 2 y 2 =

2

1

3

Given that the curve passes through the point − , 0 and the equations of its

2

asymptotes are =

y 2 x + 2 and y =−2 x − 2 , show that a = 2 and b = 1 . [4]

Hence sketch C, stating the equations of any asymptotes and the coordinates of any

points of intersection with the axes. [3]

dy

5 The equation of a curve C is 2 x 3 − 3 xy + y 3 =

p , where p is a constant. Find . [2]

dx

It is given that C has a tangent which is parallel to the y-axis. Show that the y-coordinate

of the point of contact of the tangent with C must satisfy

2 y6 − 2 y3 − p =

0.

1

Hence show that p ≥ − . [3]

2

Find the values of p in the case where the line x = 4 is a tangent to C. [3]

1

It is given instead that C has a tangent which is parallel to the x-axis. Show that p ≥ −

2

in this case also. [2]

increase of the number of infected individuals at any time is proportional to the product

of the number of infected individuals and the number of uninfected individuals at that

time. At any time t, x is the number of infected individuals.

N eN k t

Given that initially only one person is infected, show that x = , where k is a

N −1 + eN k t

positive constant. [7]

[Turn over

4

(i) Given that =

first three non-zero terms in the Maclaurin’s series for f ( x ) . [5]

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, show that the first three non-zero terms in the expansion of

ln ( 2 x 2 + 3 x + 1) are ax + bx 2 + ax 3 , where a and b are constants to be found. [3]

1

8 The diagram below shows the graph of y = f ( x ) with a vertical asymptote x = − . The

2

points A ( −2, 0 ) and B ( 0, 2 ) are the point of inflexion and the minimum point

respectively.

y = f (x)

B

A x

O

1

x= −

2

x

(i) =y f +1, [3]

2

1

(ii) y= . [3]

f ( x)

5

d − a ⋅n

show that λ = . [2]

b ⋅n

Find

0 has a root of the form z = 1 + ki ,

where k is a non-zero real number, find the possible values of k.

0. [5]

(b) In an Argand diagram, the point P represents the complex number z such that

π 3π

z − 2 − 2i ≤ 2 and ≤ arg ( z − 2 − 2i ) ≤ .

4 4

π 2+ 2

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, show that ≤ arg ( z ) ≤ tan −1 . [3]

4 2− 2

π sin θ

∫ π /2 1 + cos 2 θ

dθ . [5]

π /2

(ii) Hence find the exact value of 5∫ e x sin 2 x dx . [2]

0

[Turn over

6

12

y

P (3, 1) C

S

Q ( 8 , 0) R (4, 0)

x

O

1 1

x =+

2t , y =−

2t , t > 0 .

t t

8. [2]

Two points, P and Q, lie on the curve C with coordinates ( 3,1) and ( 8, 0 )

respectively. Point R ( 4, 0 ) lie on the x-axis. The region S is bounded by the lines QR

and PR and the arc PQ of the curve C.

(iii) Find the exact value of the volume of revolution when S is rotated completely

about the x–axis. [3]

End of Paper

Class Adm No

Candidate Name:

Pre-University 3

MATHEMATICS

Higher 2 9740/02

Additional materials:

Cover Page, Writing paper

List of Formulae (MF 15)

Write your name, admission number and class in the spaces at the top of this page and

on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in

the case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the

question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question

specifically states otherwise.

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you

are required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not

calculator commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

[Turn over]

1

Section A: Pure Mathematics [40 marks]

n

(i) Write down the values of ∑u

r =1

r for n = 1, 2, 3, and 4. [2]

n

(ii) Make a conjecture for a formula for ∑ u r , giving your answer in the form

r =1

nf(n), where f(n) is a function of n. [1]

n

(iii) Use the method of mathematical induction to prove your conjecture for ∑ u r .

r =1

[4]

2 (i) Solve the equation z 5 = 32 , expressing the solutions in the form re iθ , where

r > 0 and − π < θ ≤ π . [3]

5

w

(iii) Show that the roots of the equation w5 − 32 − 1 = 0 are

2

kπ

1 − i cot where k = 0, ±1, ±2 . [4]

5

9 12

3 (a) The points M and N have position vectors 6 and p respectively, where p

3 q

and q are constants.

(i) The straight line which passes through M and N has equation

9 1

r= 6 + λ 3 where λ ∈ R . Find the values of p and q. [3]

3 0

(ii) The line MN is extended to point S such that N divides MS in the ratio 3:2.

Find the position vector of S. [2]

[Turn over]

2

1 2

(b) The planes p1 and p2 have equations r −3 =

7 and r −1 = 4 respectively,

a 1

where a is a constant. Both planes pass through the point (1, b,3) and meet in the

line l where b is a constant.

(ii) Hence find the vector equation of line, l. [3]

4 (a) A conical water tank with its axis vertical and downwards has a radius of

5

r m at the top and is r m high (see diagram). If water flows into the tank

2

at a rate of 25 m3s −1 , find the rate at which the depth of water is increasing

when the water is 15 m high. [3]

r

5

r

2

below to package her chocolates. The container is made up of an open

cylinder of height h cm and radius r cm, with a hollow hemispherical cover

of radius r cm.

In order to minimise production cost in this economic recession, the

chocolate maker wants to use containers with the least surface area while

maintaining the volume of each container at 500 cm3. The material used to

construct the container costs $0.02 per cm2.

1000 5 2

(i) Show that the surface area, S is given by = S + πr . [4]

r 3

(ii) Find the radius that gives the minimum surface area. [4]

(iii) Find the minimum cost of one container, leaving your answer to 2

decimal places. [2]

4

[Volume of sphere, V = π r 3 ; Surface area of sphere, S = 4π r ]

2

3

Section B: Statistics [60 marks]

among students. The librarian conducted a survey on 50 randomly chosen students to

collect ideas for the campaign. However, she realized that most of these students

happen to be from a certain level.

(i) Advise the librarian on a more appropriate sampling method. [3]

(ii) Give an advantage and disadvantage of the sampling method selected in part (i).

[2]

6 Two players M and N regularly play each other in chess. When M has the first move

in a game, the probability of M winning the game is 0.4 and the probability of N

winning the game is 0.2. When N has the first move in a game, the probability of N

winning the game is 0.3 and the probability of M winning the game is 0.2. Any game

that is not won by either player ends in a draw.

(a) To decide who has the first move in a game, a fair coin is tossed. The player

who gets heads will make the first move. Find the probability that the game

ends in a draw. [2]

(b) Find the probability that N had made the first move given that the game ends in

a draw. [3]

(c) To make the game more interesting, M and N change the procedure for

deciding who has the first move in the game. As a result of the new procedure,

the probability of M making the first move in a game is p. Find the value of p

such that M and N have an equal chance of winning the game. [2]

7 Two families are invited to a party. The first family consists of a man and both his

parents while the second family consists of a woman and both her parents. The two

families sit at a round table with two other men and two other women.

Find the number of possible arrangements if

(i) there is no restriction, [1]

(iii) members of the same family are seated together and the two other women must

be seated separately, [3]

(iv) members of the same family are seated together and the seats are numbered.

[2]

4

8 In a particular study, a medical student recorded the age and blood pressure of 8 men.

The regression line of y on x is determined to=be y 1.144 x + 79.914 .

Unfortunately, the student then lost the record of one of the men. He urgently needs

the missing data, b in his report.

Age (x) 49 58 44 75 37 57 63 66

Blood Pressure (y) 133 148 b 166 123 147 154 152

(ii) Draw a scatter diagram for the data in the table. [2]

(iii) Find the linear product moment correlation coefficient between y and x. [1]

(iv) Explain why a linear product moment correlation coefficient that is close to 1

alone is not sufficient to conclude a strong linear relationship between two

variables. [1]

(v) Use the given regression line to estimate the age of a man when his blood

pressure is 150, giving your answer to the nearest integer. [1]

(vi) Explain whether this choice of the regression line is appropriate [1]

9 Durians and mangoes are sold by mass. The masses, in kg, of durians and mangoes

are modelled as having independent normal distributions with means and standard

deviations as shown in the table.

Durians 1.6 0.2

Mangoes 0.3 0.05

(i) Find the mass, m that will be exceeded by 80% of the durians. [1]

(ii) Find the probability that the total mass of 3 randomly chosen durians and 4

randomly chosen mangoes exceeds 6.5 kg. [3]

that P( D < 1.45) =

0.0122 , find the value of n. [3]

(iv) Find the probability that the total selling price of 3 randomly chosen durians

and 4 randomly chosen mangoes is less than $45. [3]

5

10 There is an outbreak of an infection caused by a new strain of a virus in City X. The

probability, p, of a randomly chosen person being infected is 0.2. Find the

probability that, in a random sample of 12 people chosen from City X, at least 4 are

infected. [3]

After a certain time, the virus mutates and the value of p increases to 0.6. By using a

suitable approximation, find the probability that, in a random sample of 100 people,

there are at least 60 but not more than 80 who are infected. [4]

The virus then mutates to a much more deadly form and the value of p is now 0.97.

By using a suitable approximation, find the probability that, in a random sample of

100 people, at most 5 are not infected. [3]

11 A beverage producer claims that each packet of soya bean milk he produces contains

250 ml of the drink. A consumer group took a sample of 50 packets and recorded the

volume, x in ml of each packet. The results are summarized by

∑ x =12349 , ∑ x 2

=3054283 .

(i) Find the unbiased estimates of the population mean and variance. [2]

(ii) Test, at 5% significance level, whether the producer is overstating the mean

volume. [4]

(iii) In conducting the test in part (ii), explain if there is a need to assume that the

volume of a packet of soya bean milk follows a normal distribution. [1]

(iv) In conducting the test in part (ii), explain the meaning of ‘a significance level of

5%’ in the context of the question. [1]

(v) Given that the population variance of the volumes of packets of soya bean milk is

85, find the range of values of the sample size for which the producer’s claim

will not be rejected at a significance level of 5%. [3]

End of Paper

6

2010 MI PU3 Prelim Exam II

9740/02 H2 Mathematics Paper 1 Suggested Solutions

1 (i) f ( r ) = 1 1 A B

= = + (ii)

r − 2r r ( r − 2 ) r r − 2

2

n 2 n 1 n ⎡ 1 1⎤

By cover-up rule, A = − 1 , B = 1 ∑ = 2 × ∑ f (r ) = 2 × ∑ ⎢ −

2 2 r =3 r − 2 r

2

r =3 2 r = 3 ⎣ r − 2 r ⎥⎦

1 1 1

∴ f (r ) = − + = 1−

2r 2 ( r − 2 ) 3

1 1

+ −

2 4

∞ 2 ⎡3 1 1⎤

∑ = lim ⎢ − − ⎥ 1 1

+ −

r =3 r − 2r ⎣ 2 n −1 n ⎦

2 n →∞

(iii) 3 5

3 1 1

= + −

2 4 6

+ ...

1 1

+ −

n−4 n−2

1 1

+ −

n − 3 n −1

1 1

+ −

n−2 n

3 1 1

= − −

2 n −1 n

2 (i)

y f ( x) = e x + 10

g ( x) = x 2 − 3 x

A 11

y = 10

0 3 x

(3/2, -9/4)

(ii) Rf = (10, ∞) ⊆ Dg = ℜ

∴ gf exists. (shown)

gf ( x ) = ( e x + 10 ) − 3 ( e x + 10 )

2

1

3

(iii) From the graph of g above, g −1 exits if x ≥ .

2

3

Hence, the least value of a = .

2

2

⎛ 3⎞ 9

Let y = g ( x) = ⎜ x − ⎟ −

⎝ 2⎠ 4

3 9 3

∴ x = + y + , since x ≥

2 4 2

3 9 ⎡ 9 ⎞

∴ g −1 ( x ) = + x + , Dg −1 = ⎢ − , ∞ ⎟

2 4 ⎣ 4 ⎠

3 (i) Let the AP with T1 = a, common difference = d.

T19 T9 a + 18d a + 8d

⇒r= = ⇒r= =

T9 T4 a + 8d a + 3d

⇒ ( a + 18d )( a + 3d ) = ( a + 8d ) ⇒ 10d 2 = 5ad

2

5a 1

Since d ≠ 0, d = = a ---------(1)

10 2

⎛1 ⎞

a + 8⎜ a ⎟

a + 8d ⎝ 2 ⎠ = 2 (shown)

∴r = =

a + 3d ⎛1 ⎞

a + 3⎜ a ⎟

⎝2 ⎠

⎛1 ⎞

Substitute (1) into (2), a + 19 ⎜ a ⎟ = 63

⎝2 ⎠

∴a = 6 & d = 3

n

(iii) Sn = [ 2(6) + (n − 1)3] > 200

2

3n 2 + 9n − 400 > 0

Hence, least n = 11

2

4 ( x + 1)

2

y2

( x + 1)

2

a 2

−b y

2 2

=1⇒ 2

− 2

=1

⎛1⎞ ⎛1⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎝a⎠ ⎝b⎠

a

Asymptotes : y = ± ( x + 1)

b

a

= 2 ⇒ a = 2b ------(1)

b

⎜ − ,0 ⎟

⎝ 2 ⎠

2

⎛ 3 ⎞

⎜ − + 1⎟ − 0 = 1

2

a

⎝ 2 ⎠

y

y = − 2x −2

(0, √3)

(−1.5, 0) (−0.5, 0) x

(0, −√3)

y = 2x + 2

5 2 x 3 − 3 xy + y 3 = p -------(1)

dy dy

⇒ 6 x 2 − 3x − 3y + 3y2 =0

dx dx

dy y − 2 x 2

⇒ = 2

dx y −x

If tangent is parallel to the y-axis, y 2 = x .

2 ( y 2 ) − 3 ( y 2 ) y + y3 − p = 0

3

Substitute into (1),

⇒ 2 y 6 − 2 y 3 − p = 0 (shown)

For the point of contact of the tangent with C,

3

b 2 − 4ac = ( −2 ) − 4 ( 2 )( − p ) ≥ 0

2

1

∴ p ≥ − (shown)

2

When x = 4 is a tangent to C, y 2 = 4 ⇒ y = ±2

When y = 2, p = 112 .

Substitute into (1),

2 x3 − 3x ( 2 x 2 ) + ( 2 x 2 ) − p = 0 ⇒ 8 x 6 − 4 x3 − p = 0

3

b 2 − 4ac = ( −4 ) − 4 ( 8 )( − p ) ≥ 0

2

1

∴ p ≥ − (shown)

2

6 dx

= kx ( N − x ) , k is a positive constant.

dt

1

∫ x( N − x) dx = ∫ kdt

1 ⎡1 1 ⎤

∫ +

N ⎣ x N − x ⎥⎦

⎢ dx = kt + C

ln x − ln( N − x) = Nkt + NC

⎛ x ⎞

ln ⎜ ⎟ = Nkt + NC

⎝N−x⎠

x

= Ae Nkt , A = e NC

N−x

1

When t = 0, x = 1, =A

N −1

x 1 Nkt

= e

N − x N −1

⇒ x ( N − 1 + e Nkt ) = Ne Nkt

Ne Nkt

∴x=

N − 1 + e Nkt (shown)

4

7 (i) f ( x ) = ln ( 2 x + 1)

2 ⎫

= 2 ( 2 x + 1)

−1

f ′( x) = ⎪

2x +1

⎪⎪

f ′′( x) = −2 ( 2 x + 1) (2) = −4 ( 2 x + 1)

−2 −2

⎬

−3 ⎪

f ′′′( x) = −4(−2) ( 2 x + 1) (2) = 16 ( 2 x + 1) ⎪

−3

⎪⎭

f (0) = 0 ⎫

f ′(0) = 2 ⎪⎪

⎬

f ′′(0) = −4 ⎪

f ′′′(0) = 16 ⎪⎭

1 2 1

f ( x) = f (0) + xf ′(0) +

x f ′′(0) + x3 f ′′′(0) + ...

2 3!

1 2 1 3

= 0 + 2 x + x (−4) + x (16) + ...

2 6

8

∴ f ( x) = 2 x − 2 x 2 + x3 + ...

3

(ii)

ln ( 2 x 2 + 3 x + 1) = ln(2 x + 1)( x + 1)

= ln(2 x + 1) + ln( x + 1)

8 1 1

= 2 x − 2 x 2 + x 3 + x − x 2 + x 3 + ...

3 2 3

5

= 3 x − x 2 + 3 x 3 + ...

2

5

⇒ a = 3, b = −

2

8 (i)

⎫

A ( −2, 0 ) → ( −4, 0 ) → A′ ( −4,1) ⎪

⎪

B ( 0, 2 ) → ( 0, 2 ) → B′ ( 0,3) ⎬

1 ⎪

Asymptote : x = − → x = −1 ⎪

2 ⎭

5

y

⎛x⎞

y = f ⎜ ⎟ +1

⎝2⎠

B′

A′

x = −1

(ii)

A ( −2, 0 ) → asymptote at x = −2 ⎫

⎪

1 1 ⎪

Asymptote at x = − → x − intercept at x = −

2 2 ⎪

⎬

⎛ 1⎞ ⎪

B ( 0, 2 ) , min. pt. → ⎜ 0, ⎟ , max. pt.

⎝ 2⎠ ⎪

⎪

"New" asymptote : y = 0 ⎭

y

(0, ½)

(- ½, 0) 0 x

x=-2

6

9 r ⋅n = d ------ (1)

r = a + λb ------(2)

( a + λb ) ⋅ n = d

⇒ a ⋅ n + λb ⋅ n = d

d − a⋅n

∴λ = (Shown)

b ⋅n

(i) If l is in π , a is on π , a ⋅ n = d . b . n = 0

d − a ⋅n

(ii) When l and π intersect at one point, λ = , from above.

b ⋅n

Substitute this into the equation of the line l, the position vector

⎛ d − a⋅n ⎞

required is r = a + ⎜ ⎟b

⎝ b ⋅n ⎠

(1 + ki ) − (1 + ki ) − 9 (1 + ki ) + 29 (1 + ki ) − 60 = 0

4 3 2

4k − 4k 3 − 3k + k 3 − 18k + 29k = −3k 3 + 12k = 0

⇒ k = ±2 or k = 0 (N.A.)

−6k 2 + k 4 + 3k 2 − 9 + 9k 2 − 31 = k 4 + 6k 2 − 40 = 0

OR,

By GC, ⇒ k = ±2

z 4 − z 3 − 9 z 2 + 29 z − 60 = ( z 2 − 2 z + 5 )( z 2 + z − 12 ) = 0

(z 2

− 2 z + 5 ) = 0 or (z 2

+ z − 12 ) = 0

∴ z = 1 ± 2i , z = −4 or z = 3

7

(b) (i)

3π

arg ( z − 2 − 2i ) =

4 π

y arg ( z − 2 − 2i ) =

4

A D

α C α Note : α = π/4

2

x

0 B 2

2

= tan −1

2

π

=

4

At A, x = 2 − 2 and y = 2 + 2 . -----(1)

AB

= tan −1 -----(2)

OB

⎛ 2+ 2 ⎞

= tan −1 ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟

⎝ 2− 2 ⎠

π ⎛ 2+ 2 ⎞

Hence, ≤ arg ( z ) ≤ tan −1 ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ (Shown)

4 ⎝ 2− 2 ⎠

11 dx

(a) Let x = c o s θ ⇒ = −s i nθ

dθ

π

When θ = , x = 0 . When θ = π , x=−1.

2

π sin θ −1 −1

∫ π /2 1 + cos 2 θ

dθ =

0 1+ x

2

dx

∫

−1

= − ⎡⎣ t a n − 1 x ⎤⎦

0

π

=

4

8

(b)(i)

x

⎣ ⎦

5∫ e x sin 2 x dx = e x sin 2 x − 2e x cos 2 x + C

1

∴ ∫ e x sin 2 x dx = e x [sin 2 x − 2 cos 2 x ] + C

5

(b)(ii)

1

(e sin 2 x ) dx = 5 × ⎡⎣e x ( sin 2 x − 2cos 2 x ) ⎤⎦

π /2 π /2

5∫ x

0 5 0

= 2 ( eπ /2 + 1)

12 dy 1 dx 1

(i) = 2+ , = 2−

2

dt t dt t2

1

2+ 2

dy dy dx t

= ÷ =

dx dt dt 2 − 1

t2

When t = 1, d y 2 +1

= =3

dx 2 −1

1 1

(ii) x = 2t + ------ (1) ; y = 2t − ------ ( 2)

t t

(1) + (2), x + y = 4t ------ ( 3)

(1) – (2), x − y = 2 ------ ( 4 )

t

(3) × (4), ( x + y )( x − y ) = 8

⇒ x 2 − y 2 = 8 (Shown)

3

(iii) Volume of the solid = π ∫ y 2 dx + volume of cone

8

3

= π ∫ ( x2 − 8) dx + 13 π (12 ) (1)

8

= 4 ( 4 8 − 1 1) π or 4

( )

8 2 − 1 1 π (exact value)

3 3

9

2010 MI PU3 Prelim Exam II

9740/02 H2 Mathematics Paper 2 Suggested Solutions

1 (i)

1 2 3 4

∑u

r =1

r = 1× 22 = 4, ∑ ur = 2 × 32 = 18, ∑ ur = 3 × 42 = 48, ∑ ur = 4 × 52 = 100

r =1 r =1 r =1

(ii)

n

∑u

r =1

r = n(n + 1) 2

(iii)

n

Let Pn be the statement that ∑u r =1

r = n(n + 1) 2 for n ∈ Z +

Prove P1 is true:

LHS = (1)(3 ×1 + 1) = 4

RHS = (1)(1 + 1) 2 = 4

P1 is true

k

∑u

r =1

r = k (k + 1) 2

k +1

Prove Pk +1 is true i.e. ∑u

r =1

r = (k + 1)(k + 2) 2

LHS

k

= ∑ ur + (k + 1)(3k + 3 + 1)

r =1

= k (k + 1) 2 + (k + 1)(3k + 4)

= ( k + 1) ( k 2 + k + 3k + 4 )

= ( k + 1) ( k 2 + 4k + 4 )

= ( k + 1)( k + 2 )

2

= RHS

Since P1 is true and Pk is true ⇒ Pk +1 is true,

by the Principle of Mathematical Induction, Pn is true for n ∈ Z +

1

2 (i)

z 5 = 32 = 32ei (2 kπ )

⎛ 2 kπ ⎞

i⎜ ⎟

z = 2e ⎝ 5 ⎠

where k = ±2, ±1, 0

Im (z)

Z2

(ii)

Z3

2π

5 2π

2π 5 Z1

5 Re (z)

2π

−

5

Z4 2π

5

Z5

(iii)

5

⎛w ⎞

w − 32 ⎜ − 1⎟ = 0

5

⎝2 ⎠

5

⎛ ⎞

⎜ w ⎟

⎜ w ⎟ = 32

⎜ −1 ⎟

⎝2 ⎠

⎛ 2 kπ ⎞

w i⎜ ⎟

= 2e ⎝ 5 ⎠

w

−1

2

⎛ 2 kπ ⎞ ⎛ 2 kπ ⎞

i⎜ ⎟ i⎜ ⎟

w = we ⎝ 5 ⎠

− 2e ⎝ 5 ⎠

⎛ 2 kπ ⎞

i⎜ ⎟

2e ⎝ 5 ⎠

w= ⎛ 2 kπ ⎞

i⎜ ⎟

e ⎝ 5 ⎠

−1

⎛ 2 kπ ⎞

i⎜ ⎟

⎝ 5 ⎠

2e

w= ⎛ kπ ⎞

i⎜ ⎟ ⎛ i⎛⎜ k5π ⎞⎟ i⎛⎜ − k5π ⎞⎟ ⎞

e ⎝ 5 ⎠

⎜e ⎝ ⎠ −e ⎝ ⎠ ⎟

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ kπ ⎞

i⎜ ⎟

⎝ 5 ⎠

2e

w=

⎛ i⎛⎜ k5π ⎞⎟ ⎞

2 Im ⎜ e ⎝ ⎠ ⎟

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

2

⎛ kπ ⎞ ⎛ kπ ⎞

cos ⎜ ⎟ + i sin ⎜ ⎟

w= ⎝ 5 ⎠ ⎝ 5 ⎠

⎛ kπ ⎞

i sin ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 5 ⎠

⎛ kπ ⎞

cot ⎜ ⎟

w = 1+ ⎝ 5 ⎠

i

⎛ kπ ⎞

w = 1 − i cot ⎜ ⎟ (shown)

⎝ 5 ⎠

3 (a)(i)

⎛12 ⎞ ⎛ 9 ⎞ ⎛1 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ p ⎟ − ⎜6⎟ = λ ⎜3⎟

⎜q ⎟ ⎜3⎟ ⎜ 0⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛1 ⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ p − 6⎟ = λ ⎜3⎟

⎜q −3 ⎟ ⎜0⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

λ =3

q=3

p − 6 = (3)(3) p = 15

(a)(ii)

uuuur uuur

uuur 2OM + 3OP

ON =

5

uuur 2 uuuur 5 uuur

OP = − OM + ON

3 3

⎛9⎞ ⎛12 ⎞ ⎛ 14 ⎞

uuur 2⎜ ⎟ 5⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

OP = − ⎜ 6 ⎟ + ⎜ 15 ⎟ = ⎜ 21⎟

3⎜ ⎟ 3⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 3⎠ ⎝3⎠ ⎝3⎠

(b)(i)

⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛1 ⎞

Point (1, b,3) is on both planes: ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜ −3 ⎟ = 7

⎛1⎞ ⎛2 ⎞ ⎜ 3⎟ ⎜ a ⎟

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

⎜ b ⎟ ⎜ −1 ⎟ = 4 1 − 3 + 3a = 7

⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠ a=3

2−b+3= 4

b =1

(b)(ii)

3

Line l is perpendicular to the normals to both planes:

⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 0⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ −3 ⎟ × ⎜ −1⎟ = ⎜ 5 ⎟

⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜1 ⎟ ⎜ 5 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛1⎞ ⎛0⎞ ⎛1⎞ ⎛ 0⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

l : r = ⎜ 1 ⎟ + α ⎜ 1 ⎟ where α ∈ or r = ⎜ 1 ⎟ + α ⎜ 5 ⎟ where α ∈

⎜ 3⎟ ⎜1⎟ ⎜ 3⎟ ⎜ 5⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

4 (a)

2

1 1 ⎛2 ⎞ 4

V = π r 2 h = π ⎜ h ⎟ h = π h3

3 3 ⎝5 ⎠ 75

dV 4

= π h2

dh 25

dV dV dh

=

dt dh dt

At h = 15m:

4 dh

25= π (15) 2

25 dt

dh 25

= ≈ 0.221 ms -1

dt 36π

(b)(i)

2

V = π r 2 h + π r 3 = 500

3

1500 − 2π r 3

h=

3π r 2

500 2

h= 2 − r

πr 3

S = 2π rh + π r 2 + 2π r 2

⎛ 500 2 ⎞

= 2π r ⎜ 2 − r ⎟ + 3π r 2

⎝πr 3 ⎠

1000 4 2

= − π r + 3π r 2

r 3

1000 5 2

= + πr

r 3

4

(b)(ii)

1000 5 2

S= + πr

r 3

dS 1000 10

= − 2 + πr

dr r 3

dS 1000 10

For minimum surface area: = − 2 + πr = 0

dr r 3

1000 10

= πr

r2 3

300

r3 =

π

r = 4.570781497

r ≈ 4.57 cm

d 2 S 1000 10

= 3 + π > 0 (verified r = 4.57 gives a minimum surface area)

dr 2 r 3

(b)(iii)

1000 5

S min = + π (4.570781497) 2 = 328.1714518

4.570781497 3

Costminimum = (328.1714518)(0.02) ≈ $6.56

5 (i) Use stratified sampling. Divide the student population into different strata

for example PU1, PU2 and PU3 (or any other logical strata) and select

students randomly from each strata according to the strata’s proportion to

the population until 50 students have been selected.

Disadvantage: Time-consuming

6 0.4 Win

0.4

M starts Draw

0.5 first 0.2

Lose

0.2 Win

0.5 0.5

M starts Draw

second 0.3

Lose

5

(b)

P ( N made the 1st move game ends in draw )

P ( N made the 1st move ∩ game ends in draw)

=

P(game ends in draw)

0.5 × 0.5

=

0.45

= 0.556

(c)

P ( M wins game) = P ( M loses game)

0.4 p + 0.2(1 − p) = 0.2 p + 0.3(1 − p)

1

p = ≈ 0.333

3

8 (i)

x=

∑ x = 449 = 56.125

n 8

y = 1.144(56.125) + 79.914 = 144.121

b + 1023

= 144.121

8

b ≈ 130

(ii)

6

(iii) Using GC, r = 0.9888 ≈ 0.989

(iv) A r value that is close to 1 alone does not lead to the conclusion

that there is a strong linear relationship between 2 variables

because a r value close to 1 could be a result of outliers.

(v)

150 = 1.144 x + 79.914

x ≈ 61 .

The age of the man is 61.

(vi) Age is the independent variable (can be precisely controlled) and the

estimate from the regression line of y on x is appropriate.

(Also accept r is close to 1, using any of the 2 regression lines will result

in a close estimate. Thus, the estimate is appropriate).

D ~ N (1.6, 0.22 )

Let M be the mass of a durian

M ~ N (0.3, 0.052 )

(i)

Let P( D > m) = 0.8

Using GC, m = 1.43167 ≈ 1.43 kg.

(ii)

D(3) + M (4) ~ N (3 × 1.6 + 4 × 0.3, 3 × 0.22 + 4 × 0.052 ) = N (6, 0.13)

P ( D(3) + M (4) > 6.5) = 0.08275892 ≈ 0.0828

⎛ 0.22 ⎞

(iii) D ~ N ⎜ 1.6, ⎟

⎝ n ⎠

P ( D < 1.45) = 0.0122

⎛ ⎞

⎜ 1.45 − 1.6 ⎟

P⎜Z < ⎟ = 0.0122

⎜ 0.2 ⎟

⎜ ⎟

⎝ n ⎠

1.45 − 1.6

= −2.2507717

0.2

n

n≈9

7

(iii)

8 D(3) + 3M (4) ~ N (8 × 4.8 + 3 ×1.2, 82 × 3 × 0.22 + 32 × 4 × 0.052 )

= N (42, 7.77)

P ( 8 D(3) + 3M (4) < 45 ) ≈ 0.859

10 Let X be the number of people infected with the disease

X B(12, 0.2)

P ( X ≥ 4)

= 1 − P( X ≤ 3)

= 1 − 0.794568

≈ 0.205

X B(100, 0.6)

np = 60 > 5; n(1 − p) = 40 > 5

P (60 ≤ X ≤ 80)

cc

= P(59.5 ≤ X ≤ 80.5)

= 0.541

Y B(100, 0.03)

np = 3 < 5; n > 50, p < 0.1,

Y Po(3) approximately

P (Y ≤ 5)

= 0.916

11 (i)

12349

= 246.98 ≈ 247

n 50

Unbiased estimates of the population variance,

8

1 ⎡ ⎛ ∑ ( x) ⎞ ⎤

2

s = ⎢∑ ( x ) − n ⎜ ⎥

⎜ n ⎟⎟ ⎥ = 88.30571429 ≈ 88.3

2 2

n −1 ⎢ ⎝ ⎠

⎣ ⎦

(ii) H 0 : μ = 250

H1 : μ < 250

Use z-test, p-value = 0.01153 (z = -2.272)

p-value = 0.01153 < 0.05, reject H 0

At 5% significance level, the producer is overstating the mean volume.

approximately follow a normal distribution. The z-test can still be

conducted. There is no need to assume that the volume of a packet

of soya bean follow a normal distribution.

(iv) The significance level of 5% means that 0.05 is the probability that

we conclude the producer has overstated the mean volume when the

mean volume is actually 250 ml.

(v) σ 2 = 85 (given)

Level of significance = 0.05.

Use z-test.

246.98 − 250

Do not reject H 0 if z = > −1.6448536

85 / n

n < 25.215

n ≤ 25

9

2

1 Given that

r −1 r 2

f (r ) = − + ,

r ! ( r − 1) ! ( r − 2 ) !

use the method of differences to prove that

N

N +1

∑ f (r )=

r =2

2−

N!

. [3]

Hence, give a reason why the series is convergent and state the sum to infinity. [2]

2 (i) Find

dx

( )

d x2 +1

e . [1]

∫x e

3 x 2 +1

(ii) Hence, find dx . [3]

(x e )

1

∫

3 x 2 +1

(iii) Find the exact value of + e 2 dx . [2]

0

3 xn

xn +1 =

2 + xn

for n ≥ 1.

(i) Given that as n → ∞, xn → α, find the exact value of α . [2]

[Turn over

3

x−4

4 (i) Express f ( x ) = in partial fractions.

( x + 1)( 3x + 2 )

Hence, expand f ( x ) in ascending powers of x, up to and including the

term in x3 . [4]

(ii) State the range of values of x for which this expansion is valid. [1]

(i) z − 5 = 3 + 7i , [1]

(ii) z − 6 − 3i = z − 4 + 3i . [1]

Two complex numbers that satisfy the above equations are represented by p and q,

where Re( p ) < Re(q ) . By using the cartesian equations of the loci, find p and q.

Hence, determine the value of arg( p − q ) . [5]

6 Newton’s Law of Cooling states that the rate at which the temperature of a body

falls is proportional to the amount by which its temperature exceeds that of its

surroundings. At time t minutes after cooling commences, the temperature of the

body is θ o C . Assuming that the room temperature remains constant at 30 o C

and the body has an initial temperature of 90 o C , show that θ= 30 + 60e − kt ,

where k is an arbitrary constant. [5]

Given that it takes 8 minutes for the temperature of the body to drop from 90 o C

to 55 o C , determine how much more time is needed for the body to cool to 35 o C ,

leaving your answer to one decimal place. [3]

4

1

7 (a) A geometric progression has first term a and common ratio − . The first

2

two terms of the geometric progression are the first and fourth terms

respectively of an arithmetic progression. Find the sum of the first n even-

numbered terms of the arithmetic progression in terms of a and n. [4]

the middle of the month, the customer pays $x to the bank. On the last day

of every month, the bank adds interest at a rate of 3.5% of the remaining

amount owed after payment has been made. This repayment process is

repeated every month until the loan is repaid in full.

(i) Find, in terms of x, the amount owed at the beginning of the third

month. [1]

(ii) Show that, if the repayment of the loan is completed upon the nth

1750(1.035n −1 )

payment, then x ≥ . [4]

1.035n − 1

C is a maximum point.

A ( −2, 75 )

C (1, 12 )

B ( 0, 3)

0 x

[Turn over

5

diagrams, sketch the graphs of

(i) y f (1 − 2 x ) ,

= [3]

(ii) y2 f ( x) − 3 .

= [3]

9 A line l passes through the points A and B with coordinates ( 0, −1, 2 ) and (1, 0,1)

respectively.

(ii) Hence, find the shortest distance from the origin to the line l. [1]

4.

6

f : x cos x for x∈ ,

1

g : x ln for − 1 < x ≤ 1,

1+ x

1

ln for −1 < x < 1,

h:x 1+ x

−1 for x= 1.

(i) Show that the composite function fg exists. [2]

(ii) Find the series expansion for fg( x) up to and including the term in x3 . [4]

(iii) Write down the value of h −1 (−1) . Hence, find h −1 ( x) , expressing your

answer in the form

p( x) for x > a,

h −1 : x

c for x = −1,

where a and c are constants, and p is a function of x. [4]

z 3 + i and w =−1 + i 3 .

n

(a) 0 . [4]

(b) Sketch an Argand diagram, with origin O, showing the points Z, W and P

representing the complex numbers z, w and z + w respectively. Show that

OWPZ is a square. [3]

5π

By considering the argument of z + w , deduce that tan = 2+ 3 . [3]

12

[Turn over

MJC/2010 JC2 Preliminary Examination/9740/01

7

2 x 2 − 3x + 1

12 The curve C has equation y = .

x2 − 4

(i) Prove, using an algebraic method, that C cannot lie between

7−3 5 7+3 5

and . [3]

8 8

(ii) Sketch the curve C, showing clearly all asymptotes, axial intercepts and

turning points. [4]

(iii) R is the point on C where x = −5 . The tangent and normal to the curve at

R cut the y-axis at P and Q respectively. Show, to 3 significant figures,

that the coordinates of P and Q are ( 0,5.15 ) and ( 0, −9.31) respectively.

Section A: Pure Mathematics [40 marks]

x+7

1 Without using a calculator, solve the inequality ≤ 1. [4]

4 + 3x − x 2

λp , where λ is a scalar.

Show that q − 3r = [2]

5

It is also given that p is a unit vector, q = 5 , r = 2 and the angle between q and r is cos −1 .

6

By considering ( q − 3r ) ⋅ ( q − 3r ) , find the exact values of λ . [4]

∑ 3( 2 r ) 3 ( 2n +1 ) − n ( n + 1) − 6 for n ∈ + .

n

3

3 Prove by induction r

−= [5]

r =1 2

∑ 3( 2 − r ) > 5800 .

n

r

Hence, find the least value of n for [3]

r =5

= x + ln ( xy )

3

y

dy

Find the value of when both x and y are equal to 1. [4]

dx

(b)

45

Water is poured at a constant rate of 1 cm3s -1 into a cone of semi-vertical angle 45

with its axis vertical and vertex downwards (see diagram). At the beginning, the cone is

partially filled with 30 cm3 of water. Find the rate at which the depth of water is

increasing after 2 minutes. [6]

[Turn Over

3

x2 y 2 y x

5 (i) The region R is bounded by the ellipse 2 + 2 =1 and the line − =1 as shown in

a b b a

the diagram below.

y

y x

− =1

b b a

R

−a a x

O

x2 y 2

−b + =

1

a 2 b2

1 0 b

Show that the area of R is − ab + ∫ a 2 − x 2 dx . Hence, by substituting x = a sin θ ,

2 − a a

find the exact area of R in terms of a and b. [8]

(ii) Find the volume of revolution formed when R is rotated completely about the y-axis.

Give your answer in the form ka 2b , where k is a constant to be determined. [4]

6 There are 800 students in PPQZ Secondary School where 65% of the students are boys. A

random sample of 200 students is selected to find out their preferred canteen stalls.

(a) Student A suggests selecting the sample by taking the first 120 boys and the first 80

girls who visit the canteen during recess time. Identify the sampling method used.

State, in the context of the question, one disadvantage of this method used. [2]

(b) Student B suggests using systematic sampling using the following steps:

(1) Label all the students from 1 to 800.

(2) Using a sampling interval of 5, he randomly selects an integer from 1 to 5 to

determine the first student to be chosen and selects every 5th student thereafter until

200 students are chosen.

Identify the mistake that student B made and write down the correct step. [2]

7 In a computer game played by a single player, the player has to find, within a fixed time, the

path through a maze shown on the computer screen. On the first occasion that a particular

player plays the game, the computer shows a simple maze, and the probability that the player

5

succeeds in finding the path in the time allowed is . On subsequent occasions, the maze

7

shown depends on the result of the previous game. If the player succeeded on the previous

occasion, the next maze is harder, and the probability that the player succeeds is one third of

the probability of success on the previous occasion. If the player failed on the previous

occasion, another simple maze is shown and the probability of the player succeeding is

5

again .

7

(iii) the player has exactly two failures given that the player has at least one success. [2]

8 (a) Find the number of teams of 8 players that can be selected from a group of 13 players if

at least two of the three tallest players and at most one of the two shortest players are to

be included. [4]

(i) How many different 5-letter secret codes can be sent? [3]

(ii) How many different 5-letter secret codes will begin and end with Y? [1]

[Turn Over

5

9 The time t minutes spent queuing at an ice-cream bar by each customer in a random sample of

∑ t = 213.5 and ∑ ( t − t ) =

2

50 customers was measured and it was found that 44.105 where

t is the mean time spent at the ice-cream bar by each customer in the sample.

Test, at 1% level of significance, whether the mean time spent is less than 4.5 minutes. [4]

Determine the smallest level of significance of the test where the null hypothesis is rejected. [1]

State, giving a reason, whether any assumptions about the population are needed in order for

the test to be valid. [1]

10 On average, a hospital and a police station receive 36 and 15 calls respectively in a three-week

period. Calls are received at random times. The number of calls received by the hospital may

be assumed to be independent of the number of calls received by the police station.

(i) Find the probability that the hospital and the police station receive a total of more than 11

calls in a randomly chosen week. [3]

(ii) Using a suitable approximation, find the probability that out of 50 randomly chosen weeks,

the number of weeks in which the hospital and police station receive a total of more than

11 calls is greater than 45. [4]

(iii) A nurse records the number of calls received by the hospital per week for 100 randomly

chosen weeks. She then calculates the average number of calls received per week based on

her data. Another nurse independently goes through the same procedure. Find the

probability that the sum of the two averages obtained by the nurses is at most 23. [3]

11 (a) King Crabs and Snow Crabs are sold by weight. The masses, in kg, of King Crabs and

Snow Crabs are modelled as having normal distributions with means and variances as

shown in the table.

Mean Mass Variance

King Crabs 1.65 0.71

Snow Crabs 1.10 0.34

King Crabs and Snow Crabs are sold at $40 and $45 per kg respectively.

(i) Find the probability that the average mass of 3 King Crabs and 2 Snow Crabs is

less than 1.5 kg. [3]

(ii) Find the probability that the total selling price of a King Crab and a Snow Crab

exceeds $140. [3]

(iii) State an assumption for your working in (i) and (ii) to be valid. [1]

(b) The masses of bars of chocolate are normally distributed with mean µ kg and standard

deviation σ kg. It is known that 20% of the bars of chocolate have masses which differ

from µ kg by at most m kg. Find the probability that a randomly chosen bar of

chocolate has a mass which exceeds µ kg by at least 3m kg. [5]

[Turn Over

7

12 The table below shows the number of monthly new car licences, x, issued by the government

and the selling price of a car, $y in year 2009. A student wants to investigate how the selling

price of a car depends on the number of monthly new car licences issued by the government.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

x 1432 1339 1664 1774 2055 2275 2221 2173 1749 1854 1360 2012

y 42000 48000 37000 36000 32850 31800 31800 32050 36000 34500 46000 33000

(i) Plot a scatter diagram for the data and explain, in the context of the question, if a linear

model is appropriate in the long run. [3]

(ii) State, with a reason, which of the following model is most appropriate to fit the data points.

(A)=

y ae x + b

(B)=

y ax 2 + b

b

(C) y= a + [2]

x

(iii) For the model chosen in (ii), calculate the product moment correlation and comment on its

value. [2]

(iv) Use an appropriate regression line to estimate the selling price of the car when the monthly

number of new car licences issued is (a) 1300 and (b) 2000. Comment on the reliability of

your answers. [4]

(v) The student concluded that the decrease in the number of new car licences issued causes the

selling price of the car to rise. State, with a reason, whether you agree with this

conclusion. [1]

H2 MATHS (9740) JC2 PRELIMINARY EXAM 2010

PAPER 1 SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS

Qn Solution

1 Method of Differences

N ⎛

N

r −1 r 2 ⎞

∑

r =2

f (r ) = ∑ ⎜⎜

r =2 ⎝ r !

− + ⎟

( r − 1)! ( r − 2 )! ⎟⎠

⎡1 2 2

=⎢ − +

⎣ 2! 1! 0!

2 3 2

+ − +

3! 2! 1!

3 4 2

+ − +

4! 3! 2!

4 5 2

+ − +

5! 4! 3!

+ M

N −3 N −2 2

+ − +

( N − 2 ) ! ( N − 3) ! ( N − 4 ) !

N −2 N −1 2

+ − +

( N − 1)! ( N − 2 )! ( N − 3)!

N −1 N 2 ⎤

+ − + ⎥

N ! ( N − 1) ! ( N − 2 ) !⎦

N −2 N N −1

= −2 + 2 + 2 + − +

( N − 1)! ( N − 1)! N !

N ( N − 2 ) − N 2 + ( N − 1)

= 2+

N!

N +1

= 2−

N!

N +1

As N → ∞, → 0 , hence the series is convergent.

N!

∑ f (r ) = 2

r =2

Qn Solution

2 Integration (by part)

(i)

dx

e( )

d x2 +1

= 2 xe x +1

2

(ii)

∫ x e dx

3 x 2 +1

= ∫ ( 2 xe ) ( x ) dx

1 x 2 +1 2

2

=

2

(

1 2 x2 +1

x e − ∫ 2 xe x +1dx

2

)

( e x +1 2

)

2

=

1 2 x2 +1 x2 +1

2

x e −e +c =

2

( x − 1) + c

(iiii)

(x e )

1

∫

3 x 2 +1

+ e 2 dx

0

1

⎡1 ⎤

= ⎢ ⎡ x 2 e x +1 − e x +1 ⎤ + e 2 x ⎥

2 2

⎣2 ⎣ ⎦ ⎦0

⎡ ⎤ ⎡ ⎤

= ⎢ ( e 2 − e 2 ) + e 2 ⎥ − ⎢ ( −e ) ⎥

1 1

⎣ 2 ⎦ ⎣ 2 ⎦

= e 2 + 0.5e

0

Qnn Solution

3 Recurrrence Relatioon

(i)) As n → ∞, xn → α & xn +1 → α

3α 9α 2

⇒α= ⇒ α2 =

2+α 2+α

⇒ α 2 ( 2 + α ) − 9α 2 = 0

⇒ α 2 ( α − 7 ) = 0 ⇒ α = 0 or α = 7.

Thus α = 7 since α > 0.

3xn

xn +1 − xn = − xn

2 + xn

3xn

h y = xn +1 − xn =

Sketch − xn

2 + xn

From the

t graph:

For 0 < xn < α : xn +1 − xn > 0 ⇒ xn +1 > xn

Thereffore the sequuence is stricctly increasinng.

Thereffore the sequuence is stricctly decreasing. [Shownn]

Methood 2 [Graph

hical]

3x

hy=x &y=

Sketch

2+ x

xn

xn +1

α

xn +1

xn From the

t graph:

For 0 < xn < α : xn +1 > xn

Thereffore the sequuence is stricctly increasinng.

Thereffore the sequuence is stricctly decreasing.

[Shown]

Metho od 3 [Algebrraic]

3 xn 3x − x 2 + xn

xn +1 − xn = − xn = n n

2 + xn 2 + xn

=

(

xn 3 − 2 + xn )

2 + xn

For 0 < xn < α :

2 + xn > 0, xn > 0 & 3 − 2 + xn > 0 sincee 2 + xn < 9 = 3

Thus: xn +1 − xn > 0 ⇒ xn +1 > xn

Thereffore the sequuence is stricctly increasinng.

For xn > α

2 + xn > 0, xn > 0 & 3 − 2 + xn < 0 sincee 2 + xn > 9 = 3

Thus: xn +1 − xn < 0 ⇒ xn +1 < xn

Thereffore the sequuence is stricctly decreasing.

[Showwn]

Qnn Solutioon

4 Binomiial Expansioon

x−4 A B

Let f ( x ) = = +

(i) ( x + 1)(( 3x + 2 ) x + 1 3x + 2

⇒ x − 4 = A ( 3 x + 2 ) + B ( x + 1)

Using cover

c up rulee,

2 2 ⎛1⎞

For x = − , − − 4 = B ⎜ ⎟ ⇒ B = −14

3 3 ⎝3⎠

For x = −1 , −1 − 4 = A ( −1) ⇒ A = 5

5 14

∴f ( x) = −

x + 1 3x + 2

5 14

f ( x) = −

x + 1 3x + 2

= 5 (1 + x ) − 14 ( 3 x + 2 )

−1 −1

−1

⎡ ⎛ 3x ⎞ ⎤

= 5 (1 + x ) − 14 ⎢ 2 ⎜1 + ⎟ ⎥

−1

⎣ ⎝ 2 ⎠⎦

−1

14 ⎛ 3 x ⎞

= 5 (1 + x ) −

−1

⎜1 + ⎟

2⎝ 2 ⎠

= 5 (1 − x + x 2 − x 3 +K)

⎛ ⎛ 3x ⎞ ( −1)( −2 ) ⎛ 3x ⎞ ( −1)( −2 )( −3) ⎛ 3x ⎞ ⎞

2 3

−7 ⎜1 + ( −1) ⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟ + K ⎟⎟

⎜ ⎝ 2 ⎠ 2! ⎝ 2 ⎠ 3! ⎝ 2 ⎠

⎝ ⎠

⎛ 3x 9 x 27 x2 3

⎞

= 5 (1 − x + x 2 − x 3 +K) −7 ⎜1 − + − + K⎟

⎝ 2 4 8 ⎠

11 43 149 3

= −2 + x − x 2 + x +K

2 4 8

(ii)

Expansion of (1 + x )

−1

is valid for −1 < x < 1

−1

⎛ 3x ⎞ 2 2

Expansion of ⎜1 + ⎟ is valid for − <x<

⎝ 2 ⎠ 3 3

2 2

− <x< .

3 3

(iii)

n ⎡ ⎛3⎞ ⎤

n n

⎛3⎞

Coefficient of x = ( −1) 5 + ( −1) 7 ⎜ ⎟ = ( −1) ⎢5 − 7 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥

n n n +1

⎝2⎠ ⎣⎢ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎦⎥

Qn Solution

5 Complex Numbers (Loci)

Im

z − 5 = 3 + 7i

p

6 + 3i

Re

5

4 − 3i

q

z − 6 − 3i = z − 4 + 3i

Cartesian equation of (i):

( x − 5) 2 + y 2 = 42 ---- (1)

=

3− − 3( )= 3

6−4

Cartesian equation of (ii):

1

y=− ( x − 5) ---- (2)

3

p = 1.5359 + 2i

q = 8.4641 − 2i

⎛ 4 ⎞ 5π

∴ arg( p − q ) = π − sin −1 ⎜ ⎟ = = 2.62 (3 s.f.)

⎝8⎠ 6

Alternative:

p − q = −6.9282 + 4i

4

∴ arg ( p − q ) = π − tan −1 = 2.62 (3s.f.)

6.9282

Or using GC,

∴ arg ( p − q ) = 2.62 (3s.f.)

Qn Solution

6 Differential Equations

dθ

= − k (θ − 30 ) , k > 0

dt

1

∫ θ − 30 dθ = − ∫ k dt

ln θ − 30 = − kt + C

θ − 30 = e − kt +C

θ − 30 = ±e− kt eC = Ae− kt (where A = ±eC )

θ = 30 + Ae− kt

when t = 0, θ = 90

90 = 30 + A

A = 60

∴θ = 30 + 60e− kt (shown)

when t = 8, θ = 55

55 = 30 + 60e −8 k

5

e −8 k =

12

1 5

k = − ln

8 12

when θ = 35,

⎛1 5 ⎞

⎜ ln ⎟t

35 = 30 + 60e⎝ 8 12 ⎠

⎛1 5 ⎞

⎜ ln ⎟t 1

e⎝ 8 12 ⎠

=

12

t = 22.707

∴ additional time needed = 22.707 − 8 = 14.7 min (1d.p.)

Qn Solution

7 AP and GP

(a) 1

ar = a + 3d ⇒ d = − a

2

Sum of first n even-numbered terms

n⎡ ⎛1 ⎞ ⎤

= ⎢ 2 ⎜ a ⎟ + (n − 1) ( −a ) ⎥

2⎣ ⎝2 ⎠ ⎦

n

= [ 2a − an]

2

an ( 2 − n )

=

2

(b)(i) Amount owed at the beginning of the third month

= ⎣⎡( 50000 − x ) (1.035) − x ⎦⎤ (1.035)

= 50000(1.0352 ) − (1.035 + 1.0352 ) x

(b)(ii) Amount owed at the beginning of the nth month

= 50000(1.035n −1 ) − (1.035 + 1.0352 + L + 1.035n−1 ) x

50000(1.035n−1 ) ≤ (1 + 1.035 + 1.0352 + L + 1.035n−1 ) x

1.035n − 1

≤ x

1.035 − 1

1.035n − 1

≤ x

0.035

1750(1.035n−1 )

Thus x ≥ .

1.035n − 1

Qn Solution

8 Transformation of Graphs + System of Linear Equations

(i) y ⎛3 ⎞

A ' ⎜ , 75 ⎟

⎝2 ⎠

C ' ( 0, 12 ) ⎛1 ⎞

B '⎜ , 3⎟

⎝2 ⎠

0 x

y = f (1 − 2 x )

(ii) (

A" −2, 72 )

C " (1, 3)

B " ( 0, 0 )

α β

0 x

C "' (1, − 3 )

(

A"' −2, − 72 )

Let the curve be y = ax3 + bx 2 + cx + d .

Since the points ( −2, 75 ) , ( 0,3) and (1,12 ) lie on the curve.

Using ( 0,3) , d = 3

Using ( −2, 75 ) , a ( −2 ) + b ( −2 ) + c ( −2 ) + d = 75

3 2

Using (1,12 ) , a + b + c + d = 12

a + b + c = 9 LLL (2)

dy

Since (1,12 ) is a maximum point, = 0.

dx

3ax 2 + 2bx + c = 0

3a + 2b + c = 0 LLL (3)

a = −8, b = 7, c = 10

Qn Solution

9 Vectors (line and planes)

⎛1⎞ ⎛1⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

r = ⎜0⎟ + λ ⎜ 1 ⎟, λ∈R

⎜1⎟ ⎜ −1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛0⎞⎛1⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⎜ −1 ⎟ . ⎜ 1 ⎟

⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎜ −1 ⎟ −3

⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠ 3

cos θ = = =

5 3 15 15

θ = 39.232 ≈ 39.2 (1 d.p.)

o o

(ii) Let the shortest distance from the origin to the line l be x.

x

sin θ =

5

x = 1.41( 3 s.f.)

(iii) Since

⎛1⎞ ⎛1⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜0⎟ .⎜ 2 ⎟ = 4 ⇒ A point on l lies on π 1

⎜1⎟ ⎜ 3⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛1⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

and ⎜ 1 ⎟ . ⎜ 2 ⎟ = 0 ⇒ l is parallel to π 1

⎜ −1 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

Since

⎛ 0 ⎞ ⎛1⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ -1⎟ . ⎜ 2 ⎟ = 4 ⇒ Point A on l lies on π 1

⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎜ 3⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛1⎞ ⎛1⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ 0 ⎟ . ⎜ 2 ⎟ = 4 ⇒ Point B on l lies on π 1

⎜1⎟ ⎜ 3⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

∴ line l lies on π 1

Alternative Solution (2):

Since

⎡ ⎛1⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎤ ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛1 + λ ⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞

⎢ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟⎥ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⎢ ⎜ 0 ⎟ + λ ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎥ . ⎜ 2 ⎟ = ⎜ λ ⎟ . ⎜ 2 ⎟ = 1 + λ + 2λ + 3 − 3λ = 4

⎢⎣ ⎜⎝ 1 ⎟⎠ ⎜ −1⎟ ⎥ ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ 1 − λ ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟

⎝ ⎠⎦ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

∴ line l lies on π 1

⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛1⎞ ⎛ 5 ⎞

(iv) ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

normal of π 2 = ⎜ 1 ⎟ × ⎜ 2 ⎟ = ⎜ −4 ⎟

⎜ −1 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ 1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 5 ⎞ ⎛1⎞ ⎛ 5 ⎞

π 2 : r . ⎜⎜ −4 ⎟⎟ = ⎜⎜ 0 ⎟⎟ . ⎜⎜ −4 ⎟⎟

⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜1⎟ ⎜ 1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 5⎞

π 2 : r . ⎜⎜ −4 ⎟⎟ = 6

⎜1⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 5 ⎞ ⎛ 14 ⎞ ⎛1⎞

(v) ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

normal of π 3 = ⎜ 2 ⎟ × ⎜ −4 ⎟ = ⎜ 14 ⎟ = 14 ⎜ 1 ⎟ OR

⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜ −14 ⎟ ⎜ −1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛ ⎞

1

⎜ ⎟

normal of π 3 = director vector of l = ⎜ 1 ⎟

⎜ −1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛1⎞

π 3 : r . ⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟ = d

⎜ −1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠

d d

perpendicular distance from origin to π 3 = =

⎛1⎞ 3

⎜ ⎟

⎜1⎟

⎜ −1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠

d

=± 3 ∴ d = ±3

3

⎛1⎞ ⎛1⎞

π 3 : r . ⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟ = 3 or π 3 : r . ⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟ = −3

⎜ −1 ⎟ ⎜ −1 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

Qn Solution

10 Functions + Maclaurin’s Series

(i) R g = [− ln 2, ∞) and D f =

Since R g ⊆ D f , the composite function fg exists.

(ii) ⎛ 1 ⎞

fg( x) = cos ⎜ ln ⎟

⎝ 1+ x ⎠

= cos ( − ln (1 + x ) )

⎛ x 2 x3 ⎞

≈ cos ⎜ − x + − ⎟

⎝ 2 3⎠

2 4

⎛ x 2 x3 ⎞ ⎛ x 2 x3 ⎞

⎜ − x + − ⎟ ⎜ − x + − ⎟

≈ 1− ⎝ 2 3⎠ ⎝

+

2 3⎠

−L

2! 4!

1 ⎡⎛ ⎤

2 2

x2 ⎞ ⎛ x 2 ⎞ ⎛ x3 ⎞ ⎛ x3 ⎞

= 1 − ⎢⎜ − x + ⎟ − 2 ⎜ − x + ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ +L

2 ⎢⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎥⎦

⎣

= 1 − ( x 2 − x3 ) + L

1

2

1 1

= 1 − x 2 + x3 + L

2 2

For −1 < x < 1 , h( x ) = − ln(1 + x ) so h( x ) > − ln 2 .

Thus h −1 ( x) = e− x − 1 for x > − ln 2 .

Thus

−1 e− x − 1 for x > − ln 2,

h :xa

1 for x = −1.

Qn Solution

11 Complex Numbers

(a) ⎛ π π⎞

z = 3 + i = 2 ⎜ cos + i sin ⎟

⎝ 6 6⎠

⎛ nπ nπ ⎞

z n = 2 n ⎜ cos + i sin ⎟

⎝ 6 6 ⎠

⎛ nπ ⎞

z n − ( z * ) = 2i Im( z n ) = 2i ⎜ 2n sin

n

⎟=0

⎝ 6 ⎠

nπ

sin =0

6

nπ

= kπ , k ∈ Z +

6

The set of values of n is {n : n = 6k , k ∈ Z + }

(b) z+w= ( ) (

3 −1 + i 1+ 3 )

Im

(

i 1+ 3 ) P

W i 3

i Z

Re

−1 O 3 −1 3

3 2π

arg( w) = π − tan −1 =

1 3

2π π π

∠WOZ = − =

3 6 2

OZ= z = 2

OW= w = −1 + i 3 = 2

π

Since ∠WOZ = and OZ = OW , OWPZ is a square. (shown)

2

π π 5π

arg( z + w) = arg( z ) + ∠POZ = + =

6 4 12

3 +1

Also, arg( z + w) = tan −1

3 −1

5π 3 +1

∴ = tan −1

12 3 −1

( )

2

5π 3 +1 3 +1 4+2 3

∴ tan = = = = 2 + 3 (deduced)

12 3 −1 3 −1 2

Qn Solution

12 Graphing + tangent/normal

(i) 2 x 2 − 3x + 1

Let y =

x2 − 4

yx 2 − 4 y = 2 x 2 − 3 x + 1

( 2 − y ) x 2 − 3x + ( 4 y + 1) = 0

For real roots of x,

Discriminant ≥ 0

( −3) − 4 ( 2 − y )( 4 y + 1) ≥ 0

2

(

9 − 4 8 y + 2 − 4 y2 − y ≥ 0 )

16 y 2 − 28 y + 1 ≥ 0

For 16 y 2 − 28 y + 1 = 0

( −28 ) − 4 (16 )

2

28 ±

y=

2 (16 )

28 ± 720

=

32

7±3 5

=

8

∴16 y 2 − 28 y + 1 ≥ 0

7−3 5 7+3 5

y≤ or y≥

8 8

7−3 5 7+3 5

Hence, C cannot lie between and

8 8

(ii)

y

2 x 2 − 3x + 1

y=

x2 − 4

y=2

( 0.764, 0.0365) ( 5.23,1.71)

1 1

O x

1 2

−

4

x = −2 x=2

(iii) 22

At x = −5, y=

7

dy

Using GC, = 0.40136

dx x =−5

Equation of tangent at x = −5 is

22

y− = 0.40136 ( x + 5 )

7

y = 0.40136 x + 5.149657

When x = 0, y = 5.149657 = 5.15 (to 3 s.f)

The coordinates of P are ( 0,5.15 ) (shown)

Equation of normal at x = −5 is

22 −1

y− = ( x + 5)

7 0.40136

y = −2.4915 x − 9.3148

When x = 0, y = −9.3148 = −9.31 (to 3 s.f)

The coordinates of Q are ( 0, −9.31) (shown)

1

Area of PQR = ( 5.15 + 9.31)( 5 )

2

= 36.2 units2

H2 MATHS (9740) JC2 PRELIMINARY EXAM 2010

PAPER 2 SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS

Qn Solution

1 Equations and Inequalities

x+7

≤1

4 + 3x − x 2

x+7

−1 ≤ 0

4 + 3x − x 2

(

x + 7 − 4 + 3x − x 2

≤0

)

4 + 3x − x 2

x + 7 − 4 − 3x + x2

≤0

− ( x2 − 3x − 4 )

x2 − 2 x + 3

≥0

x 2 − 3x − 4

Since x 2 − 2 x + 3 = ( x − 1)2 + 2 > 0 for x ∈ ,

x 2 − 3x − 4 > 0

( x − 4 )( x + 1) > 0 + − +

x < −1 or x > 4 −1 4

Qn Solution

2 Vectors

p × q = 3p × r

p × ( q − 3r ) = 0

p // ( q − 3r )

q − 3r = λ p , where λ is a scalar.

( q − 3r ) . ( q − 3r ) = λ p.λ p

q − 6q.r + 9 r = λ 2 p

2 2 2

⎛5⎞

52 − 6 × 5 × 2 ⎜ ⎟ + 9 ( 2 ) = λ 2 (1)

2 2

⎝6⎠

λ 2 = 11

λ = ± 11

Qn Solution

3 Mathematical Induction

(i) Let Pn be the statement:

∑ 3( 2− r ) = 3 ( 2n +1 ) − n ( n + 1) − 6, ∀n ∈ + .

n

r 3

r =1 2

Check P1 ,

∑ 3( 2 − r ) = 3 ( 21 − 1) = 3

1

r

LHS of P1 :

r =1

RHS of P1 : 3 ( 21+1 ) −

3

(1)(1 + 1) − 6 = 12 − 3 − 6 = 3 = LHS

2

∴ P1 is true.

Assume Pk true for some k ∈ + .

∑ 3(2

− r ) = 3 ( 2k +1 ) − k ( k + 1) − 6 ----(*)

k

r 3

r =1 2

k +1

Prove Pk +1 true, i.e. ∑ 3 ( 2r − r ) = 3 ( 2k + 2 ) − ( k + 1)( k + 2 ) − 6

3

r =1 2

LHS of Pk +1 :

⎡ k

k +1

∑

r =1

3 2 r

− r =

⎣ r =1 ⎦

= 3 ( 2k +1 ) − k ( k + 1) − 6 + 3 ⎡⎣ 2k +1 − ( k + 1) ⎤⎦

3

2

= 3 ( 2k +1 ) − k ( k + 1) − 6 + 3 ( 2k +1 ) − 3 ( k + 1)

3

2

= 3 ( 2k +1 ) + 3 ( 2k +1 ) − k ( k + 1) − 3 ( k + 1)

3

2

⎛1 ⎞

= 2 ⎡⎣3 ( 2k +1 ) ⎤⎦ − 3 ( k + 1) ⎜ k + 1⎟

⎝2 ⎠

= 3 ( 2k + 2 ) − ( k + 1)( k + 2 ) − 6 = RHS

3

2

∴ Pk true ⇒ Pk +1 true

Since P1 is true and Pk true ⇒ Pk +1 true , therefore, by Mathematical

Induction, Pn is true ∀n ∈ + .

n

(iii) r

r =5

n 4

r

r =1 r =1

⎡ ⎤ ⎡ ⎤

⎢⎣3 ( 2 ) − 2 ( n )( n + 1) − 6 ⎥⎦ − ⎢⎣3 ( 2 ) − 2 ( 4 )( 5 ) − 6 ⎥⎦ > 5800

n +1 3 4 +1 3

⎡ ⎤

⎢⎣3 ( 2 ) − 2 ( n )( n + 1) − 6 ⎥⎦ − 60 > 5800

n +1 3

3 ( 2 n +1 ) − ( n )( n + 1) − 66 > 5800

3

2

3 ( 2 n +1 ) − ( n )( n + 1) > 5866

3

2

Using GC, using table method

⎡ ⎤

When n = 9, ⎢3 ( 2n +1 ) − ( n )( n + 1) ⎥ = 2737<5866

3

⎣ 2 ⎦

⎡ ⎤

When n = 10, ⎢3 ( 2n +1 ) − ( n )( n + 1) ⎥ = 5979>5866

3

⎣ 2 ⎦

∴ Least n = 10

Qn Solution

4 Application of Differentiation (Rate of change)

(a) y = x + ln ( xy )

3

= x + 3ln ( x ) + 3ln ( y )

dy 1 3 3 dy

= + +

dx 2 x x y dx

when x = 1 and y = 1,

dy 7

=−

dx 4

(b) 1

V = π r 2h

3

1 3

= π h (from diagram r = h)

3

dV

= π h2

dh

dh dh dV

= .

dt dV dt

1

= 2 (1)

πh

After 2 min, amt of water poured into cone = 2 × 1× 60

= 120 cm3

Amt of water in cone after 2 min = 120 + 30

= 150 cm3

1

∴ π r 2 h = 150

3

1 3

π h = 150

3

450

h= 3

π

dh 1

= 2

dt ⎛ 450 ⎞

π⎜3 ⎟

⎝ π ⎠

= 0.0116

Qn Solution

5 Integration (area and volume)

y

(i)

b

R

-a a x

-b

Area of R = Area of quadrant-Area of triangle

0 b2 x2 1

=∫ b2 − 2

dx − ab

−a a 2

1 0 b

= − ab + ∫ a 2 − x 2 dx (shown)

2 − a a

x = a sin θ

dx

= a cos θ

dθ

⎛ 0 = a sin θ ⇒ θ = 0 ⎞

⎜ ⎟

⎜ −a = a sin θ ⇒ θ = − π ⎟

⎝ 2⎠

0 b 1

∫ −a a a − x dx − 2 ab

2 2

b 0 1

= ∫ π a 2 − ( a sin θ ) ( a cos θ ) dθ − ab

2

a 2 − 2

a 2b 0 1

= ∫ π 1 − sin 2 θ ( cos θ ) dθ − ab

a − 2

2

0 1

= ab ∫ π cos 2 θ dθ − ab

− 2

2

0 1 + cos 2θ 1

= ab ∫ π dθ − ab

− 2 2

2

sin 2θ ⎤

0

⎡1 1

= ab ⎢ θ + ⎥ − ab

⎣2 4 ⎦ −π 2

2

⎡ ⎛ 1 ⎛ π ⎞ sin ( −π ) ⎞ ⎤ 1

= ab ⎢0 + 0 − ⎜ ⎜ − ⎟ + ⎟ ⎥ − ab

⎢⎣ ⎝2⎝ 2 ⎠ 4 ⎠ ⎥⎦ 2

⎛π ⎞ 1

= ab ⎜ ⎟ − ab

⎝4⎠ 2

ab

= (π − 2 ) units 2

4

(ii) Volume generated

b 1

= π ∫ x 2 dy − π a 2b

0 3

2 2

b a y 1

= π ∫ a 2 − 2 dy − π a 2b

0 b 3

b

⎡ a2 y3 ⎤ 1

= π ⎢ a 2 y − 2 ⎥ − π a 2b

⎣ 3b ⎦ 0 3

⎡ 2 a 2b3 ⎤ 1 2

= π ⎢a b − 2 ⎥ − π a b

⎣ 3b ⎦ 3

⎡ a 2b ⎤ 1 2

= π ⎢ a 2b − − πa b

⎣ 3 ⎥⎦ 3

⎛2 ⎞ 1

= π ⎜ a 2 b ⎟ − π a 2b

⎝3 ⎠ 3

1

= π a 2b

3

Qn Solution

6 Sampling Methods

(a) Quota sampling.

It will not be representative of the cohort as it misses out those who do not visit

the canteen.

OR

It is not random.

The interval size should be 4 students. He should pick the random start student

from the 1st-4th student and select every 4th student thereafter.

Qn Solution

7 Probability

(i) Set: S = Success; F = Failure

5. 5 2

7 7

S F

5 16 5 2

21 21

7 7

S F S F

5 58 5 2 5 16 5 2

63 63 7 7 21 21 7 7

S F F S S F S F

⎛ 5 ⎞ ⎛ 16 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 5 ⎞ ⎛ 16 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 5 ⎞

Required Prob = ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 7 ⎠ ⎝ 21 ⎠ ⎝ 7 ⎠ ⎝ 7 ⎠ ⎝ 7 ⎠ ⎝ 21 ⎠ ⎝ 7 ⎠ ⎝ 7 ⎠ ⎝ 7 ⎠

380

=

1029

(ii) Required Prob = 1 − P ( Player fails in all three games )

⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ 335

= 1− ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ =

⎝ 7 ⎠ ⎝ 7 ⎠ ⎝ 7 ⎠ 343

Let Event B = Player has at least one success

P ( A ∩ B)

Required Prob = P ( A | B ) =

P ( B)

⎛ 380 ⎞

(i) ⎜⎝ 1029 ⎟⎠

= =

(ii) ⎛ 335 ⎞

⎜ ⎟

⎝ 343 ⎠

76

=

201

Qn Solution

8 Permutations and Combinations

(a) No of teams

3 tallest, no shortest ⎛ 3 ⎞⎛ 8 ⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ = 56

⎝ 3 ⎠⎝ 5 ⎠

3 tallest, 1 shortest ⎛ 3 ⎞⎛ 2 ⎞⎛ 8 ⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ = 140

⎝ 3 ⎠⎝ 1 ⎠⎝ 4 ⎠

2 tallest, no shortest ⎛ 3 ⎞⎛ 8 ⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ = 84

⎝ 2 ⎠⎝ 6 ⎠

2 tallest, 1 shortest ⎛ 3 ⎞⎛ 2 ⎞⎛ 8 ⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ = 336

⎝ 2 ⎠⎝ 1 ⎠⎝ 5 ⎠

= No of codes using {X,Y,Z,Z,Z}+ No of codes using {X,Y,Y,Z,Z}+No of codes

using {Y,Y,Z,Z,Z}

5! 5! 5!

= + +

3! 2!2! 2!3!

= 20 + 30 + 10 = 60

= 1+ 3 = 4

Qn Solution

9 Hypothesis Testing

Unbiased estimate of μ is t =

∑ t = 213.5 = 4.27

n 50

1 ⎡

( )

∑ t −t ⎤

2

Unbiased estimate of σ 2 is s 2 =

n − 1 ⎣⎢ ⎦⎥

1

= [ 44.105]

49

= 0.90010 ≈ 0.900 (3 s.f)

⎛ σ2 ⎞

Since n = 50 is large, by Central Limit Theorem, X N ⎜ μ , ⎟

⎝ 50 ⎠

approximately.

H0: μ = 4.5

H1: μ < 4.5

X −μ

Test Statistic: Z =

S

n

Level of significance: 1%

Critical Region: Reject H0 if p -value < 0.01

Since p -value = 0.0432 > 0.01 , we do not reject H0 and conclude that there is

no significant evidence, at 1% level, that the population mean time spent is less

than 4.5 minutes.

⇒ α > 4.3244

4.33% is the smallest level of significance resulting in the rejection of H0.

It is not necessary to assume that the population follows a normal distribution

for the test to be valid because since n = 50 is large, by Central Limit Theorem,

⎛ σ2 ⎞

X N ⎜ μ , ⎟ approximately.

⎝ 50 ⎠

Qn Solution

10 Binomial + Poisson (incl. CLT)

(i) Let H be the number of calls received by the hospital in a week.

Let S be the number of calls received by the police station in a week.

Then H ~ Po (12 ) , S ~ Po ( 5 ) .

Also, H + S ~ Po (17 ) .

P ( H + S > 11) = 0.91533

≈ 0.915

(ii) Let W be the number of weeks, out of 50, in which the hospital and police

station receive a total of at most 11 calls.

Then W ~ B ( 50,1 − 0.91533 ) . i.e. W ~ B ( 50, 0.08467 ) .

W ~ Po ( 4.2335 ) approximately.

From GC,

P (W ≤ 4 ) = 0.58332

≈ 0.583

⎛ 12 ⎞

H N ⎜ 12, ⎟ approximately

⎝ 100 ⎠

⎛ 12 12 ⎞

H1 + H 2 N ⎜12 + 12, + ⎟ ( approximately )

⎝ 100 100 ⎠

P ( H1 + H 2 ≤ 23) = 0.020613

≈ 0.0206

Qn Solution

11 Normal Distribution

(a)(i) Let the weight of 1 King Crab and 1 Snow Crab be K and S respectively.

K ~ N (1.65, 0.71)

S ~ N (1.10, 0.34 )

K1 + K 2 + K3 + S1 + S2

Let T =

5

1

E (T ) = ⎡⎣3E ( K ) + 2E ( S ) ⎤⎦

5

1

= ⎣⎡3 (1.65 ) + 2 (1.10 ) ⎦⎤

5

= 1.43

1

Var (T ) = ⎡3Var ( K ) + 2Var ( S ) ⎤⎦

52 ⎣

1

= ⎡3 ( 0.71) + 2 ( 0.34 ) ⎤⎦

25 ⎣

= 0.1124

∴ T ~ N (1.43, 0.1124 )

P ( T < 1.5 ) = 0.583

(ii) Let the selling price of 1 King Crab and 1 Snow Crab be X and Y respectively.

( )

X = 40 K ~ N 40 × 1.65, 402 × 0.71 ⇒ X ~ N ( 66,1136 )

( )

Y = 45S ~ N 45 ×1.10, 45 × 0.34 ⇒ Y ~ N ( 49.5, 688.5 )

2

Let the total selling price of an King Crab and a Snow Crab be C = X + Y

C ~ N ( 66 + 49.5,1136 + 688.5 ) ⇒ C ~ N (115.5,1824.5 )

P ( C > 140 ) = 0.283

NOTE: Weight of snow crab and weight of king crab is independent of each other

is insufficient, students need to bring out that the weight of all crabs are

independent of one another.

P( X − μ ≤ m) = 0.2

P( Z ≤ m ) = 0.2

σ

P( − m ≤ Z ≤ m ) = 0.2

σ σ

P( Z ≤ − m ) = 0.4

σ

m = 0.25335

σ

P( X − μ ≥ 3m)

= P( Z ≥ 3m )

σ

= P( Z ≥ 0.76004)

= 0.224

Qn Solution

12 Correlation & Regression

(i) y

48000

31800

1339 2275 x

The linear model is not valid in the long run, as it is impossible to have the

selling price of the car to be $0 or negative when the number of new car licenses

increases to a certain number.

(ii) Model C is the most appropriate, as when x increases, y decreases at a

decreasing rate.

It indicates a strong positive linear correlation between y and 1 / x .

Regression line:

(iv) 50012000

y = 8452.3 + (5.s.f)

x

50012000

y = 8452.3 + = 46923.07 = $46900 (3s.f.)

1300

Since x =1300 lies outside the data range, the linear relation may no longer hold,

hence, the estimate is unreliable.

50012000

y = 8452.3 + = 33458.30 = $33500 (3s.f.)

2000

Since x =2000, lies within the data range, and r = 0.978 is close to 1, the

estimate is reliable.

(v) No, I do not agree, as there is no causal effect between the two variables. The

rise in the selling price of the car could be due to other factors like the

production cost of the car.

NATIONAL JUNIOR COLLEGE

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS

Higher 2

MATHEMATICS 9740/01

Paper 1 13 September 2010

3 hours

Additional Materials: Answer Paper

List of Formulae (MF15)

Cover Sheet 0815 – 1115 hours

Write your name, registration number, subject tutorial group, on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a soft pencil for diagrams or graphs.

Do not use paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of

angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically states

otherwise. Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question,

you are required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator

commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in the brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

[Turn Over

2

1 The sum of the digits in a three-digit-number is 15. Reversing the digits in that number

decreases its value by 594. Also, the sum of the tenth digit and four times the unit digit is

five more than the hundredth digit. Find the number. [4]

p 2

2 Find the value of p such that 0

3x dx

ln 3

. [2]

The graph of y 3x for 0 x 1 , is shown in the diagram below. Rectangles, each of width

1

, where n is an integer, are drawn under the curve.

n

y

y 3x

x

0 1 2 3

n3 n 2 n 1

1

n n n n n n

2 3n 1

. [2]

(i) 1

n 3n 1

3

3 The points A and B have position vectors a and b respectively, relative to the origin O such

that a = b . The point P with position vector p lies on AB such that b • p = a • p .

(ii) Determine the position vector of the point D in terms of a and b, where D is the

reflection of O about the line AB. [2]

π

4 The diagram shows the graph of y sin x for 0 x . P is a fixed point on the curve

2

with coordinates x1 ,sin x1 and Q is a point on the curve with coordinates

x ,sin x , where

1 1 is measured in radians.

y sin x

Q

x

O

(i) Prove that the gradient of PQ is . [2]

(ii) Given that is sufficiently small for 3 and higher powers of to be neglected,

express the gradient of PQ as a linear expression in terms of . [2]

Verify that the gradient of PQ approximates to the gradient of the tangent at P when

tends to zero. [2]

4

5 Given that z 3 4i 5 , illustrate the locus of the point P representing the complex

The locus of point Q, representing the complex number w, satisfies the relation

w 2i w ai , where a is a real number, a 2 . Find the range of values of a such that

6 By using the substitution y vx , find the general solution of the differential equation

dy

x 3x y 2 . [4]

dx

(i) State the equation of the locus where the stationary points of the solution curves lie.

[1]

(ii) Sketch, on a single diagram, the graph of the locus found in part (i) and two

members of the family of solution curves where the arbitrary constant in the solution

is non-zero. [3]

7(a) By considering x 2 A(2 2 x) B where A and B are real constants, or otherwise, find

x2

x2 2x 8

dx. [5]

1

(b) Show that e x cos 2 x dx e x (cos 2 x 2 sin 2 x) c , where c is an arbitrary constant.

5

x

5

Write down the expression for S n Sn 1 . Hence, find the value of the common difference.

[3]

(b) A metal screw of length L (measured in millimetre) is driven into a concrete wall by an

electrical screwdriver, such that its distance driven into the wall is proportional to the angle

turned by the screwdriver.

Wall

L

Due to some reasons, every subsequent turn by this electrical screwdriver can only achieve

an 80% of the angle turned previously.

(i) Given that the initial angle turned by the screwdriver is radians, write down the

expressions for the first 3 distances driven into the concrete wall, leaving your

answers in terms of and k, where k is the constant of proportionality. [2]

(ii) Find the total distance driven into the concrete walls after n turns, leaving your

answer in the form ak 1 b n , where a and b are constants to be determined. [3]

(iii) Given that k 2 and assuming that the total distance driven could never exceed the

length of the screw, find the minimum length of the metal screw required, giving

your answer in terms of . [2]

6

0

9 Relative to the origin O, the point A has position vector given by OA 1 and A lies on

0

1

the plane 1 with equation defined by r • 3 3 . Another plane 2 has equation y x .

2

The planes 1 and 2 intersect at line l.

7

(ii) Show that the cosine of the acute angle between the planes 1 and 2 is . [2]

7

(iii) Find the position vector of the foot of perpendicular, OF , from point A to the line l.

Hence, find the exact length of projection of AF onto the plane 2 . [5]

(iv) Another plane 3 has equation px qy 1 , where p and q are real constants. Find

the condition in which p and q must satisfy such that the planes 1 , 2 and 3

intersect at exactly one point. [2]

z 2 (a i) z * 16 bi 0 ,

where z * is the conjugate of the complex number z, find the values of a and b, where a and

b are real constants [3]

(b) (i) Solve the equation z 5 1 0 , expressing the solutions in the form rei , where r 0

i i

(ii) For π π , show that 1 e 2 cos e 2 . [2]

2

5

(iii) [3]

7

ax 2 bx 1

f(x) , where a, b and c are real constants.

xc

Given that the line y 2 x 1 is an asymptote of C, find the value of a and show that

b 2c 1 . [3]

(i) For c 1 , using algebraic method, prove that the curve C cannot lie between 2

2 x2 x 1

(ii) Sketch the graph of f(x) , showing clearly its asymptotes, the coordinates of

x 1

the axial intercepts, and turning point(s) (if any). [3]

Hence, state the range of x for which f(x) is concaving downwards. [1]

(iii) Given that the line y kx k 3 ,where k is a real constant, passes through the

intersection of the asymptotes of C, deduce the range of k where

2 x 2 x 1 (kx k 3)( x 1)

8

The tangent to C at point P 2 2 , 3 2 cuts the y-axis at point Q. Show that the equation

4 y 3 x 2 4 3 . [2]

(a) (i) C cuts the y-axis at the point R. Find the area of triangle PQR, A, in terms of . [2]

(ii) If x increases at a rate of 4 units per second when 2 , find the rate of change of

A at that instant. [3]

(b) Calculate the exact area of the region bounded by the curve C, the tangent to C at

point P when 2 and the y-axis. [5]

End of Paper

9

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS

Higher 2

MATHEMATICS 9740/01

Higher 2 Paper 1

13 September 2010, Monday 0815 – 1115 hours

For office use

Question No. Marks TOTAL

over Page Obtained MARKS

1 4

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

2 5

Write your name, registration number, subject

tutorial group, subject tutor’s name and calculator 3 5

model in the spaces provided on the cover sheet

and attached it on top of your answer paper. 4 6

arrange your answers in NUMERICAL ORDER.

6 8

Write your calculator’s model number(s) in the

box below. 7 10

9 10

11 11

12 13

Presentation –1 / –2

TOTAL 100

GRADE

NATIONAL JUNIOR COLLEGE

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS

Higher 2

MATHEMATICS 9740/02

Paper 2 17 September 2010

3 hours

Additional Materials: Answer Paper

List of Formulae (MF15)

Cover Sheet 0815 – 1115 hours

Write your name, registration number, subject tutorial group, on all the work you hand in.

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.

You may use a soft pencil for diagrams or graphs.

Do not use paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of

angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically states

otherwise. Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question,

you are required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator

commands.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in the brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

[Turn Over

2

1

g : x 2 x 1 , x 0,

2

h : x x 3x 2, x 0.

2

(i) Justify why hg exists and find the range of hg. [3]

(ii) The function h has an inverse if its domain is restricted to x b . Find the value of b

for this domain to be maximal. Sketch the graph of h and its inverse on the same

diagram. [2]

xn 1 3 ln xn 1 for n 1 . Given that the sequence converges to L, find the value of L.

2

[3]

r 2 7r 11 A B

(b) (i) By expressing in the form where A and B are

r 4 ! r 2 ! r 4 !

n

r 2 7 r 11 5 n5

real constants, show that

r 1

r 4 ! 4! n 4 !

. [3]

(ii) Use the method of mathematical induction to prove your result in (i). [5]

r 2 9r 19

(iii) Hence, find r 5!

r 1

. [3]

3

dy

3 Given that y 2 esin x , show that 2 y cos x .

dx

By further differentiation of this result, find the Maclaurin’s series for y, up to and

including the term in x3 . [5]

Deduce the Maclaurin’s series for e sin x up to and including the term in x 2 . [3]

4 x2 x

4 (i) Use the substitution x 2 tan to show dx C , where C is an

4 x

2 2 4 x2

y

(ii)

3 15y 3 x 2

1,

5

x

–2 O 2

4 x2

The diagram above shows the curve with equation y 2 with stationary

4 x 2 2

3

1, .

5

4 x2

(a) The region bounded by the curve y and the line

4 x2

2

answer in the form bπ. [4]

4 x2

(b) Sketch the gradient graph of y . [2]

4 x 2 2

4

5 The Head of Mathematics department of Holistics Junior College decides to take a survey

of opinions of 700 graduating students regarding the quality of teaching of the subject.

(i) What is the sampling frame in the context of the question? [1]

(ii) Describe clearly how a systematic sample of size 140 can be obtained. [3]

6 The data in the table below were obtained in an experiment to estimate the relation between

d, the duration of a television commercial (in seconds) and s, the average sales of a

particular brand of detergent (in thousands of bottles):

Duration, d 15 18 22 25 26 29 34 39

Average Sales, s 0.43 1.12 1.75 1.98 2.11 2.26 2.40 2.44

(ii) Fit a model of the form s ln d to the data above and find the least squares

estimates of and . [1]

Hence state the product moment correlation coefficient between ln d and s, and explain

whether your answer suggests that a linear model is appropriate for the transformed

variables. [2]

(iii) Using the regression model in part (ii), predict the average sales if the duration of a

television commercial is 28 seconds. Comment on the reliability of your answer.

[3]

5

7 Four married couples attend a wedding dinner. One of the couples brought along two

children. Find the number of ways in which these ten people can be seated round a table if

(ii) each couple must sit together. [3]

They are to take a photo with the bride and bridegroom. The twelve people are to arrange in

two rows of six and the bride and bridegroom must be together in the middle of the front

row. How many ways can the photographer arrange the twelve people such that the two

children must also be in the front row? [3]

In this question, give each of your answers as an exact fraction in its lowest term.

8 (a) In a certain sample space, it is known that events A and B are independent. Given that

3 2

P A B and P A ' B , where A ' is the complement of event A, find

4 15

(i) P B , [3]

(ii) P A B A B . [2]

(b) A teacher is to form two groups of 4 students from a class of 3 boys and 5 girls for

Mathematics consultation session. Three of the girls, Ivy, Tamie and Cassy are good friends

from the class. Find the probability that

6

9 Suppose that the arrival and departure of aircrafts at a domestic airport follow two

independent Poisson distributions. In a one-hour period, it is expected that there are 4

arrivals and 3 departures.

(i) Show that the probability that there are at least 13 arrivals in a two-hour period is

0.0638, correct to 3 significant figures. [1]

(ii) Find the probability that, in a randomly selected one-hour period, there are less than

2 departures given that the airport handles a total of exactly 9 arrivals and departures.

[3]

A study of the domestic airport arrivals for 60 randomly selected two-hour periods is being

conducted to see if there are at least 13 arrivals for each two-hour period.

(iii) Giving two reasons, in this context, explain why the binomial distribution is a

suitable model for the study of the domestic airport arrivals. [2]

(iv) Using a suitable approximation, find the probability that there are at most 50 two-

hour periods with less than 13 arrivals each, explaining clearly why the

approximation is appropriate. [3]

7

10 The national average for monthly electricity usage measured in kilowatts hour (kWh), of

Housing Development Authority (HDA) units is 380 kWh. The monthly electricity usage of

3-room units follows a normal distribution with mean of 290 kWh and variance, 2 ,

whereas the monthly electricity usage of 5-room units follows an independent normal

distribution with mean of 450 kWh and variance 105 kWh2.

(i) Calculate the probability that the monthly electricity usage of two randomly chosen

3-room units exceeds 290 kWh each and a randomly chosen 5-room unit’s monthly

electricity usage is less than 450 kWh. [2]

(ii) Given that the probability of the total monthly electricity usage of four randomly

chosen 3-room units exceeds thrice the national average is 0.868, find 2 , correct to

the nearest integer, [3]

With effect from 1 July 2010, the monthly electricity bill is charged at 24 cents per

kilowatts hour.

(iii) Determine the value of a, correct to 2 decimal places, such that the probability of the

monthly electricity bill of a randomly chosen 5-room unit exceeding $a is 0.9. [2]

(iv) Eighty 5-room units are randomly selected. Using a suitable approximation, find the

probability that there are not less than seventy 5-room units with monthly electricity

bill exceeding $a. [3]

8

11 The drying time, X minutes, of Noppin brand paint under specified test conditions is known

to have mean value 75 minutes.

(a) On one occasion, in the manufacture of a large batch of Noppin paint, it was suspected that

an accidental chemical contamination had resulted in a change in the drying time of the

paint. Due to the high costs involved in discarding the entire batch of paint, the

manufacturer decided he will only do so if there was strong evidence from a test at 5% level

of significance to suggest that the drying time has changed. 50 random and independent

specimens of paint samples were taken from the batch and the drying time is summarised as

follows

x 3791 x

2

and 287959 .

(i) Determine whether the manufacturer will discard the entire affected batch of paint.

[6]

(ii) Assuming that the unbiased estimate of the population variance is the same as the

one found in the above sample, find the probability such that the total drying time of

another 60 randomly selected specimens of paint samples obtained from the same

batch is between 72 hours and 76 hours. [3]

(b) On another occasion, chemists proposed a new additive designed to decrease the drying

time. The mean and standard deviation from 20 random and independent specimens of paint

samples with the new additive are x minutes and 7.5 minutes respectively. A test is to be

carried out at the 5% level of significance to determine whether the new additive had been

effective.

(i) Determine the largest value of x for which the chemists can claim that their new

additive had been effective in decreasing the drying time of the paint. [3]

End of Paper

NJC 2010 9740/02/2010 [Turn Over

9

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS

Higher 2

MATHEMATICS 9740/02

Higher 2 Paper 2

17 September 2010, Friday 0815 – 1115 hours

For office use

Question No. Marks TOTAL

over Page Obtained MARKS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1 7

tutorial group, subject tutor’s name and calculator

model in the spaces provided on the cover sheet 3 8

and attached it on top of your answer paper.

4 11

Circle the questions you have attempted and

arrange your answers in NUMERICAL ORDER. 5 4

box below.

7 7

Scientific Calculator Model:

8 10

9 9

Graphic Calculator Model:

10 10

11 13

Presentation –1 / –2

TOTAL 100

GRADE

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

x + y + z = 15 − (1)

⇒ 99 x − 99 z = 594 − (2)

y + 4z = x + 5

⇒ −x + y + 4z = 5 − (3)

x = 8, y = 5, z = 2 .

2 p 2

∫ 0

3x dx =

ln 3

p

⎡ 3x ⎤ 2

⎢ ln 3 ⎥ = ln 3

⎣ ⎦0

1 2

ln 3

( 3 p − 30 ) =

ln 3

3 −1 = 2

p

3p = 3

∴ p =1

2(i) Total area of all the n rectangles, A

1 ⎛ 1n ⎞ 1 ⎛ n2 ⎞ 1 ⎛ n3 ⎞ 1 ⎛ nn ⎞

= 3

⎜ ⎟ + 3

⎜ ⎟ + 3

⎜ ⎟ + L + ⎜3 ⎟

n⎝ ⎠ n⎝ ⎠ n⎝ ⎠ n⎝ ⎠

1 ⎛ 1n 2 3 n

⎞

= ⎜ 3 + 3 + 3 +L + 3 ⎟

n n n

n⎝ ⎠

⎛ ⎛ 1 ⎞n ⎞

1⎜ ⎜ 3n ⎟ − 1 ⎟

3 ⎜⎝ ⎠

n

⎟

= ⎜ 1 ⎟

n ⎜ n

3 −1 ⎟

⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ ⎞ 1

2 ⎜ 3n ⎟

= ⎝ ⎠

⎛ 1 ⎞

n ⎜ 3 n − 1⎟

⎝ ⎠

Page 1 of 16

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

2(ii) As n → ∞ ,

limit of A = area under the curve y = 3x for 0 ≤ x ≤ 1

1

= ∫ 3x dx

0

2

=

ln 3

uuuv uuuv

3(i) AB ⋅ OP = ( b − a ) • p

=b•p–a•p

= a • p – a • p (since b • p = a • p)

=0

Hence, AB is perpendicular to OP.

uuur 1

Using ratio theorem, OP = ( a + b )

2

uuuv uuuv

Thus, OD = 2OP

⎛1 ⎞

= 2 ⎜ (a + b ) ⎟

⎝ 2 ⎠

=a+b

(2) magnitude of a vector which is perpendicular to a and b.

4(i) Gradient of PQ

sin( x1 + θ ) − sin x1

=

( x1 + θ ) − x1

sin x1 cos θ + cos x1 sin θ − sin x1

=

θ

sin x1 (cos θ − 1) + cos x1 sin θ

= (shown)

θ

Gradient of PQ

2

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

=

θ

⎡⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎤

sin x1 ⎢⎜ 1 − θ 2 ⎟ − 1⎥ + θ ( cos x1 )

≈ ⎣⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎦

θ

1

= cos x1 − θ sin x1

2

⎛ 1 ⎞

lim ⎜ cos x1 − θ sin x1 ⎟

gradient of PQ = θ →0 ⎝ 2 ⎠

= cos x1

d

= ( sin x )

dx x = x1

= cos x1

5 Im (z)

× ( −3, 4 )

Re (z)

O

–1

= (−3 − 1) 2 + (4 − 0) 2 − 5

= 32 − 5 or 4 2 −5

3

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

a+2

w − 2i = w − ai represents the perpendicular bisector y =

2

Im (z)

a+2

y=

2

× ( −3, 4 )

Re (z)

O

–1

a+2

−1 < <9

2

−2 < a + 2 < 18

∴−4 < a < 16 (ans)

6 dy dv

y = vx ⇒ =v+ x

dx dx

dy

x = 3x + y − 2

dx

dv

⇒ x(v + x ) = 3 x + vx − 2

dx

dv 3 x − 2

⇒ =

dx x2

3 2

⇒ ∫ dv = ∫ − dx

x x2

2

⇒ v = 3 ln | x | + + C

x

⇒ y = 3 x ln | x | +2 + Cx

4

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

6 (i) dy

= 0 ⇒ y = −3 x + 2

dx

6 (ii) (ii)

C > 0

C <0

y = −3 x + 2

7(a) x − 2 = A(2 − 2 x) + B

By comparing coefficient of

1

x :1 = −2 A ⇒ A = −

2

constant: − 2 = 2 A + B ⇒ B = −1

x−2

∫ −x + 2x + 8

2

dx

1

− (−2 x + 2) − 1

=∫ 2 dx

− x2 + 2x + 8

1 −2 x + 2 1

=− ∫ dx − ∫ dx

2 −x + 2x + 8

2

3 − ( x − 1) 2

2

1 ⎛ x −1 ⎞

=− (2 − x 2 + 2 x + 8) − sin −1 ⎜ ⎟+C

2 ⎝ 3 ⎠

⎛ x −1 ⎞

= − − x 2 + 2 x + 8 − sin −1 ⎜ ⎟+C

⎝ 3 ⎠

5

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

7 (b)

∫e

x

cos 2 x dx = e x cos 2 x − ∫ e x ( −2 sin 2 x ) dx

1 x

∫e cos 2 x dx = e (cos 2 x + 2 sin 2 x) + c (shown)

x

∫e

x

cos 2 x dx

1 x

2∫

= e (1 + cos 2 x) dx

1 1

= ∫ e x dx + ∫ e x cos 2 x dx

2 2

1 x 1 x

= e + e (cos 2 x + 2 sin 2 x) + c (ans)

2 10

8(a) Given Sn = n 2 − 2n .

(

Sn − Sn−1 = n 2 − 2n − ( n − 1) − 2 ( n − 1)

2

)

= n 2 − 2n − ( n − 1) + 2n − 2

2

= 2n − 3

= 2n − 3 − ( 2 ( n − 1) − 3)

= 2.

OR

d = T2 − T1

= 1 − ( −1)

=2

(i) n = 1 , d = kθ

⎛8⎞

n = 2 , d = ⎜ ⎟ kθ or 0.8kθ

⎝ 10 ⎠

2

⎛ 8⎞

n = 3 , d = ⎜ ⎟ kθ or 0.64kθ

⎝ 10 ⎠

6

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

2 n −1

⎛ 8⎞ ⎛ 8⎞ ⎛ 8⎞

= kθ + ⎜ ⎟ kθ + ⎜ ⎟ kθ + ... + ⎜ ⎟ kθ

⎝ 10 ⎠ ⎝ 10 ⎠ ⎝ 10 ⎠

⎛ ⎛ 8⎞ ⎛ 8⎞ 2

⎛ 8⎞

n −1

⎞

= kθ ⎜ 1 + ⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟ + ... + ⎜ ⎟ ⎟⎟

⎜ ⎝ 10 ⎠ ⎝ 10 ⎠ ⎝ 10 ⎠

⎝ ⎠

⎛ ⎛ 8 ⎞n ⎞

⎜ 1− ⎜ ⎟ ⎟

10

= kθ ⎜ ⎝ ⎠ ⎟

⎜ ⎛ 8⎞ ⎟

⎜ 1 − ⎜ 10 ⎟ ⎟

⎝ ⎝ ⎠ ⎠

⎛ ⎛ 4 ⎞n ⎞

= 5kθ ⎜1 − ⎜ ⎟ ⎟

⎜ ⎝5⎠ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

4

a =5, b =

5

(iii) Distance driven in the long run

⎛ ⎛ 4 ⎞n ⎞

= lim 5kθ ⎜1 − ⎜ ⎟ ⎟

n →∞ ⎜ ⎝5⎠ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

= 5kθ

9 (i) ⎛1⎞

⎜ ⎟

r • ⎜ 3 ⎟ = 3 ⇒ x + 3y + 2z = 3

⎜ 2⎟

⎝ ⎠

Π2 : −x + y + 0z = 0

⎛3⎞ ⎛ 1⎞

⎜4⎟ ⎜− 2 ⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ 3⎟ ⎜ 1⎟

Using GC: l: r = + λ − , λ ∈R

⎜4⎟ ⎜ 2⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜⎜ 0 ⎟⎟ ⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

OR

⎛3⎞

⎜4⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎛1⎞

⎜ 3⎟ ⎜ ⎟

r= + λ ⎜ 1 ⎟, λ ∈

⎜4⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ −2 ⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎜⎜ 0 ⎟⎟

⎝ ⎠

7

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

y = x ⇒ −x + y + 0z = 0

⎛ −1⎞

⎜ ⎟

Let n 2 be normal vector to plane Π 2 , then n 2 = ⎜ 1 ⎟

⎜0⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ −1⎞

⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟

⎜ 3⎟ ⎜ 1 ⎟

⎜ 2⎟ ⎜ 0 ⎟ 2 1 7

∴ cos θ = ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ = = = (shown)

14 2 28 7 7

⎛3⎞ ⎛3 ⎞

⎜4⎟ ⎜ 4 +λ⎟

⎛1⎞ ⎜

uuur ⎜⎜ 3 ⎟⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜3

⎟

Let OF = +λ⎜ 1 ⎟ = + λ ⎟ for some λ .

⎜4⎟ ⎜4 ⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ −2 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎜⎜ 0 ⎟⎟ ⎜⎜ −2λ ⎟⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛3 ⎞ ⎛ 3 ⎞

⎜ 4 +λ⎟ ⎜ 4 +λ ⎟

uuur ⎜⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎛0⎞ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 1

Then AF = + λ −⎜1⎟ = − + λ ⎟

⎟

⎜4 ⎟ ⎜ 4 ⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜⎝ 0 ⎟⎠ ⎜ ⎟

⎜⎜ −2λ ⎟⎟ ⎜⎜ −2λ ⎟⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⎛1⎞

uuur uuur ⎜ ⎟

Now, AF ⊥ l ⇒ AF • ⎜ 1 ⎟ = 0

⎜ −2 ⎟

⎝ ⎠

⎛ 3 ⎞

⎜ 4 +λ ⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎛1⎞

⎜− 1 + λ⎟ • ⎜ 1 ⎟ = 0

⎜ 4 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜⎝ −2 ⎟⎠

⎜⎜ −2λ ⎟⎟

⎝ ⎠

1

λ=−

12

8

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

⎛3 1 ⎞ ⎛2⎞

⎜ 4 − 12 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟

uuur ⎜⎜ 3 1 ⎟⎟ ⎜⎜ 2 ⎟⎟

OF = − =

⎜ 4 12 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟ ⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟

⎝ 6 ⎠ ⎝6⎠

⎛ 3 1 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞

⎜ 4 − 12 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟

uuur ⎜⎜ 1 1 ⎟⎟ ⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟

AF = − − = −

⎜ 4 12 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟ ⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟

⎝ 6 ⎠ ⎝ 6 ⎠

2 2 2

uuur ⎛ 2⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛1⎞ 7

AF = ⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ − ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟ =

⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 6⎠ 12

Π1

A

l

θ

F Π2

uuur

Hence, exact length of projection from AF to the plane Π 2

uuur

= AF cos θ

7 ⎛ 7⎞

= ⎜ ⎟

12 ⎜⎝ 7 ⎟⎠

1 1 3

= = or

12 2 3 6

OR

uuur

exact length of projection from AF to the plane Π 2

uuur n

= AF × 2

n2

9

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

9 (iv) ⎛3⎞

⎜4⎟

⎛1⎞

uuur ⎜⎜ 3 ⎟⎟ ⎜ ⎟

OP = + λ ⎜ 1 ⎟ , for some λ ∈

⎜4⎟

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ −2 ⎟

0 ⎝ ⎠

⎜⎜ ⎟⎟

⎝ ⎠

Π 3 has equation px + qy = 1 .

⎛ p⎞

⎜ ⎟

∏3 : r • ⎜ q ⎟ = 1

⎜0⎟

⎝ ⎠

For the three planes to intersect exactly a point, l is not parallel to Π 3 , then:

⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ p⎞

⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟

⎜ 1 ⎟•⎜ q ⎟ ≠ 0

⎜ −2 ⎟ ⎜ 0 ⎟

⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

⇒ p+q ≠ 0

∴ p ≠ − q (ans)

10(a) z 2 + (a − i) z * + 16 + bi = 0

( 2 + 3i ) + (a − i) ( 2 − 3i ) + 16 + bi = 0

2

⇒ −5 + 12i + 2a − 3ai − 2i − 3 + 16 + bi = 0

⇒ 8 + 2a + (10 − 3a + b ) i = 0

Real: 8 + 2a = 0 ⇒ a = −4 (ans)

Im :10 − 3a + b = 0 ⇒ b = −22 (ans)

10(b) z5 +1 = 0

z 5 = −1

z 5 = eiπ

z 5 = ei( 2 k +1) π

i ( 2 k +1) π

z=e 5

, k = 0, ±1, ± 2

10

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

iπ iπ i3π i3π

− −

z = −1, e 5 , e 5

,e 5 ,e 5

Im( z )

1

×

×

× Re( z )

–1 O 1

×

×

–1

(i) iθ iθ

⎛ −iθ2 iθ ⎞

1+ e = e ⎜e + e 2 ⎟

2

⎝ ⎠

iθ⎛ ⎛ θ⎞ ⎛ θ⎞ ⎛θ ⎞ ⎛θ ⎞⎞

= e 2 ⎜ cos ⎜ − ⎟ + i sin ⎜ − ⎟ + cos ⎜ ⎟ + i sin ⎜ ⎟ ⎟

⎝ ⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2⎠ ⎝2⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠⎠

θ

⎛θ ⎞ i

= 2 cos ⎜ ⎟ e 2 (shown)

⎝2⎠

i ( 2 k +1) π

z=e 5

i( 2 k +1) π

⇒ w −1 = e 5

i ( 2 k +1) π

∴ w = 1+ e 5

From (i),

i( 2 k +1) π

⎛ ( 2k + 1) π ⎞ i

( 2k +1) π

∴ w = 1+ e 5

= 2 cos ⎜ ⎟e

10

⎝ 10 ⎠

for k = 0, ±1, ± 2 .

11

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

11 ax 2 + bx + 1 1 − bc + ac 2

f(x) = = (ax + b − ac) +

x+c x+c

ax + b − ac = 2 x − 1

∴ a = 2 (ans) and b − ac = −1 ⇒ b = 2c − 1 (shown)

(i) 2

Given c = 1, f(x ) = 2 x − 1 +

x +1

2

Let y = 2 x − 1 +

x +1

( x + 1) y = (2 x − 1)( x + 1) + 2

2 x 2 + (1 − y ) x + (1 − y ) = 0

D ≥ 0

⇒ (1 − y ) − 4(2)(1 − y ) ≥ 0

2

⇒ ( y + 7)( y − 1) ≥ 0

⇒∴ y ≤ −7 or y ≥ 1

Hence, y cannot lie between -7 and 1.

(ii)

y

y = 2x −1

( 0,1)

( −2, −7 )

x = −1

12

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

2x2 + x + 1

⇒ = kx + k − 3

x +1

The line kx + (k − 3) passes through the point (−1, −3) , which is the intersection of the

asymptotes. Since the oblique asymptote passes through the point (−1, −3) and using the

graph in (ii), the gradient of the line kx + k − 3 has to be more than 2 for the above equation to

have 2 real solutions.

Hence, k > 2 .

12

(18, 29 )

(0 , 2 )

x = 2 ( 0 ) = 0 ; y = ( 03 ) + 2 = 2

2

When λ = 0,

x = 2 ( 3) = 18 ; y = ( 3) + 2 = 29

2 3

When λ = 3,

dx dy

= 4λ , = 3λ 2

dλ dλ

dy 3λ 2 3λ

= =

dx 4λ 4

Equation of tangent:

13

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

3λ

y − (λ 3 + 2) = ( x − 2λ 2 )

4

4 y − 4 ( λ 3 + 2 ) = 3λ x − 6λ 3

4 y = 3λ x − 6λ 3 + 4λ 3 + 8

4 y = 3λ x + 8 − 2λ 3

4 y = 3λ x + 2 ( 4 − λ 3 ) (shown)

(a)

(i)

R ( 0, 2 ) P( 2λ2,λ3 +2)

⎛ 4 − λ3 ⎞

Q ⎜ 0, ⎟

⎝ 2 ⎠

4 − λ3

When x = 0, 4 y = 3λ ( 0 ) + 2 ( 4 − λ 3 ) = 2 ( 4 − λ 3 ) ⇒ y =

2

⎛ 4 − λ3 ⎞

Coordinates of Q is ⎜ 0 , ⎟.

⎝ 2 ⎠

1⎛ 4 − λ3 ⎞ 2 ⎛ 4−4+λ ⎞

3

λ5

− ⎟( λ ) ⎜ 2 ⎟ 2 units2

= λ

2

A= ⎜ 2 2 =

2⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

(ii) dx

Given: = 4 when λ = 2 .

dt

λ5 dA 5λ 4

A= ⇒ =

2 dλ 2

14

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

dA dA dλ

By chain rule, = ⋅ .

dt dλ dt

dλ dx dx dλ dλ

(Find ) For λ = 2 , = ⋅ ⇒ 4 = 4 ( 2) ⋅

dt dt dλ dt dt

dλ 1

∴ =

dt 2

dA 5 ( 2 )

4

dt 2

(b)

R ( 0, 2 ) P ( 8 , 10 )

Q ( 0, −2 )

Coordinates of P is ( 8,10 ) .

Coordinates of Q is ( 0, −2 ) .

Method 1

Area

8 8 1

= ∫ y dx − ∫ ( 3x − 4 ) dx

0 0 2

8

1 ⎡ 3x 2 ⎤

= ∫ ( λ + 2 ) ( 4λ ) dλ − ⎢

2

3

− 4x⎥

0 2⎣ 2 ⎦0

1

[96 − 32 − 0]

2

= ∫ 4λ 4 +8λ dλ −

0 2

15

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 1

2

⎡ 4λ 5 ⎤

=⎢ + 4λ 2 ⎥ − 32

⎣ 5 ⎦0

⎡ 208 ⎤

=⎢ − 0 ⎥ − 32

⎣ 5 ⎦

48 3

= or 9 or 9.6 (ans)

5 5

OR Method 2

1

10 10

Area of region = ∫

−2 3

( 2 y + 4 ) dy − ∫ x d y

2

1

10

=∫

−2 3

( 2 y + 4 ) dy

1 10

= ⎡⎣ y 2 + 4 y ⎤⎦

3 −2

1

= (140 − ( −4 ) )

3

= 48

10

= ∫ x dy

2

2

⎡6 ⎤

= ∫ 2λ 2 ( 3λ 2 ) dλ = ⎢ λ 5 ⎥

2

0

⎣ 5 ⎦0

2

= ∫ 6λ dλ

4

0

6

= ( 32 − 0 )

5

192

=

5

192 48 3

Area of region = 48 − = or 9 or 9.6 (ans)

5 5 5

16

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 2

1(i) ⎛ 1 5⎤

Rg = ⎜ , ⎥ and Dh = [ 0, ∞ ) .

⎝ 2 2⎦

⎛ 1 5⎤ ⎡ 1 3⎤

Dh g = Dg = ( −∞, 0] → ⎜ , ⎥ → ⎢ − , ⎥ = Rhg

⎝ 2 2⎦ ⎣ 4 4⎦

(ii) y y=x

y=h −1

( x)

y = h (x )

( –0.25,1.5)

x

0

(1.5, –0.25)

(iii) To solve for exact value of h −1 ( x) = x is same as solving h( x) = x ,

x 2 − 3x + 2 = x

x2 − 4x + 2 = 0

( −4 ) − 4 (1)( 2 )

2

4±

∴x =

2

4± 8

=

2

= 2 − 2 (rejected Q x ≥ 1.5) or 2+ 2

2(a) As n → ∞ , xn → L , xn +1 → L .

xn +1 = 3 − ( ln ( xn + 1) )

2

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 2

⇒ L = 3 − ( ln ( L + 1) )

2

⇒ 3 − ( ln ( L + 1) ) − L = 0

2

Using GC to solve 3 − ( ln ( L + 1) ) − L = 0 ,

2

2 (b) r 2 + 7 r + 11 A B

= +

( r + 4 )! ( r + 2 )! ( r + 4 )!

r 2 + 7 r + 11 = A ( r + 3)( r + 4 ) + B

When r = −3, B = −1

When r = 0, A = 1

r 2 + 7r + 11 1 1

Hence, = − .

( r + 4 )! ( r + 2 )! ( r + 4 )!

n ⎛ r 2 + 7 r + 11 ⎞ n ⎛ 1 1 ⎞

∑ ⎜⎜ ( r + 4 )! ⎟⎟ = ∑ ⎜⎜ − ⎟⎟

⎝

r =1 ⎠ r =1 ⎝ ( r + 2 ) ! ( r + 4 ) ! ⎠

1 1

= −

3! 5!

1 1

+ −

4! 6!

1 1

+ −

5! 7!

1 1

+ −

6! 8!

+ M

1 1

+ −

( n − 1)! ( n + 1)!

1 1

+ −

n ! ( n + 2 )!

1 1

+ −

( n + 1)! ( n + 3)!

1 1

+ −

( n + 2 )! ( n + 4 )!

Page 2 of 16

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 2

1 1 1 1

= + − −

3! 4! ( n + 3) ! ( n + 4 ) !

4 +1 n + 4 +1

= −

4! ( n + 4 ) !

5 n+5

= −

4! ( n + 4 ) !

(ii) n ⎛ r 2 + 7 r + 11 ⎞ 5 n+5

Let Pn be the proposition that ∑ ⎜

⎜

r =1 ⎝

⎟⎟ = −

( r + 4 )! ⎠ 4! ( n + 4 )!

for all n ∈ +

.

Consider P1:

5 1+ 5 5 6 25 − 6 19

RHS of P1 = − = − = = .

4! (1 + 4 ) ! 4! 5! 5! 5!

1 ⎛ r 2 + 7 r + 11 ⎞ 12 + 7 + 11 19

LHS of P1 = ∑ ⎜⎜

r =1 ⎝

⎟= =

( r + 4 )! ⎟⎠ (1 + 4 )! 5!

= RHS of P1

Hence, P1 is true.

+

Assume Pk is true for some k ∈ .

k ⎛ r 2 + 7 r + 11 ⎞ 5 k +5

ie. ∑ ⎜

⎜

r =1 ⎝

⎟⎟ = −

( r + 4 )! ⎠ 4! ( k + 4 )!

Consider Pk+1:

5 k +1+ 5 5 k +6

RHS of Pk+1 = − = − .

4! ( k + 1 + 4 ) ! 4! ( k + 5 ) !

k +1 ⎛ r 2 + 7 r + 11 ⎞

LHS of Pk+1 = ∑ ⎜⎜

r =1 ⎝

⎟

( r + 4 )! ⎟⎠

⎛ r 2 + 7 r + 11 ⎞ ( k + 1) + 7 ( k + 1) + 11

2

k

= ∑ ⎜⎜ ⎟+

r =1 ⎝ ( r + 4 )! ⎟⎠ ( k + 1 + 4 )!

5 k +5 k 2 + 2k + 1 + 7 k + 7 + 11

= − +

4! ( k + 4 ) ! ( k + 5)!

5 k 2 + 10k + 25 − k 2 − 2k − 1 − 7 k − 7 − 11

= −

4! ( k + 5)!

5 k +6

= − = RHS of Pk+1

4! ( k + 5 ) !

Page 3 of 16

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 2

Since P1 is true and Pk is true implies Pk+1 is also true, by Mathematical Induction, Pn is

true for all n ∈ + .

∞ ⎛ r 2 + 9r + 19 ⎞ ∞ ⎛ ( j − 1)2 + 9 ( j − 1) + 19 ⎞

∑ ⎜⎜

r =1 ⎝

⎟=

( r + 5)! ⎟⎠ ∑ ⎜⎜ ( j − 1 + 5 ) !

⎟

⎟

j −1=1

⎝ ⎠

∞ ⎛ 2

j − 2 j + 1 + 9 j − 9 + 19 ⎞

= ∑ ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟

j =2 ⎝ ( j + 4 )! ⎠

∞ ⎛ 2

j + 7 j + 11 ⎞

= ∑ ⎜⎜ ⎟

j =2 ⎝ ( j + 4 )! ⎟⎠

∞ ⎛ 2

r + 7 r + 11 ⎞

= ∑ ⎜⎜ ⎟, since j is a dummy variable

r =2 ⎝ ( r + 4 )! ⎟⎠

∞ ⎛ 2

r + 7 r + 11 ⎞ 12 + 7 + 11

= ∑ ⎜⎜ ⎟−

r =1 ⎝ ( r + 4 )! ⎟⎠ (1 + 4 )!

⎛5 n + 5 ⎞ 19

= lim ⎜⎜ − ⎟−

n →∞ ⎝ 4! ( n + 4 )! ⎟⎠ 5!

5 19

= −

4! 5!

5 19

= −

4! 4!( 5 )

6 1

= or

5! 20

3 Let y = 2 esin x

y 2 = 4esin x

dy

2y = 4esin x cos x = y 2 cos x

dx

dy

2 = y cos x (shown)

dx

Page 4 of 16

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 2

d 2 y dy

⇒2 = cos x − y sin x

dx 2 dx

d3 y d 2 y dy dy

⇒ 2 3 = 2 cos x − sin x − sin x − y cos x

dx dx dx dx

3 2

d y d y dy

∴ 2 3 = 2 cos x − 2 sin x − y cos x

dx dx dx

When x = 0, y = 2

dy

=1

dx

d2 y 1

=

dx 2 2

d3 y 3

3

=−

dx 4

⎛1⎞ 2 ⎛ 3⎞ 3

⎜ ⎟x ⎜− ⎟x

2 4⎠

∴ y ≈ 2+ x+ ⎝ ⎠ + ⎝

2! 3!

x 2 x3

y = 2+ x+ − (ans)

4 8

Method 1

y2 1 x 2 x3

esin x = ≈ (2 + x + − ) 2

4 4 4 8

1 x 2 x3

e− sin x = esin( − x ) ≈ [2 − x + + ]2 (Replace x by − x)

4 4 8

1 x 2 x3

= [2 − ( x − − )]2

4 4 8

1⎡ x 2 x3 ⎞ ⎤

2

⎛ x2 ⎞ ⎛

= ⎢ 4 − 4 ⎜ x − + ... ⎟ + ⎜ x − − ⎟ ⎥

4⎢ ⎝ 4 ⎠ ⎝ 4 8 ⎠ ⎥

⎣ ⎦

1

≈ ⎡⎣ 4 − 4 x + x 2 + x 2 ⎤⎦

4

1

= ( 4 − 4x + 2x2 )

4

x2

= 1− x + (ans)

2

OR Method 2

y2 1 x 2 x3

esin x = ≈ (2 + x + − ) 2

4 4 4 8

Page 5 of 16

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 2

e − sin x = ( esin x )

−1

−1

⎛ y2 ⎞

=⎜ ⎟

⎝ 4 ⎠

x 2 x3 −2

= 4(2 + x + − )

4 8

x x 2 x3

= (1 + + − ) −2

2 8 16

⎛ x x 2 x3 ⎞ ( −2 ) ( −3 ) ⎛ x x 2 x3 ⎞

2

= 1− 2 ⎜ + − ⎟ + ⎜ + − ⎟ +L

⎝ 2 8 16 ⎠ 2! ⎝ 2 8 16 ⎠

x2 ⎛ x2 ⎞

= 1− x − + 3 ⎜ ⎟ +L

4 ⎝ 4 ⎠

2

x

= 1− x + (ans)

2

4(i) dx

x = 2 tan θ ⇒ = 2 sec 2 θ

dθ

4 − x2 4 − 4 tan 2 θ

∫ dx = ∫ ( 2sec θ ) dθ

2

(4 + x )

2 2

( 4 + 4 tan θ ) 2 2

4 − 4 tan 2 θ

=∫ ( 2sec θ ) dθ

2

( 4sec θ ) 2 2

4 − 4 tan 2 θ

=∫ dθ

8sec 2 θ

1 1 tan 2 θ

= ∫ − dθ

2 sec 2 θ sec 2 θ

1

= ∫ cos 2 θ − sin 2 θ dθ

2

1

2∫

= cos 2θ dθ

1⎛1 ⎞

= ⎜ sin 2θ ⎟ + C

2⎝2 ⎠

1

= ( sin θ cos θ ) + C

2

1⎛ x ⎞⎛ 2 ⎞

= ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟+C

2 ⎝ 4 + x ⎠ ⎝ 4 + x2 ⎠

2

x

= +C

4 + x

2

Page 6 of 16

Suggested Solutions to 2010 NJC SH2 H2 Math Prelim Paper 2

(a) 2

⎛ ⎞ ⎡ 2

4− x ⎟ − 3 ( x + 2 ) ⎤ dx

2

=π∫ ⎜

1

⎟ ⎢⎣ 15 ⎥

−2 ⎜

⎝ (4 + x )2 2

⎠ ⎦

2

1 4 − x2 ⎛ 3⎞

= π∫ ⎟⎟ ( x + 2 ) dx

2

− ⎜⎜

−2

(4 + x )2 2

⎝ 15 ⎠

1

⎡ x ⎛ 3 ⎞ ( x + 2) ⎤

3

= π⎢ −⎜ ⎟ ⎥

⎢⎣ 4 + x ⎝ 225 ⎠ 3 ⎥⎦ −2

2

⎡ 1 ⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛ 27 ⎞ ⎛ −2 ⎞ ⎤

= π⎢ −⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ − ⎜ ⎟⎥

⎣ 5 ⎝ 225 ⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 8 ⎠ ⎦

33

= π (ans)

100

33

∴b =

100

(ii) dy

(b)

y y=

dx

–2 O 2 x

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