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Bureau Veritas Naval rules

ISTANBUL
October, 4th 2010

Yves LE GAL Manager Naval business


SUMMARY

1 BACKGROUND

2 SPECIFIC NAVAL REQUIREMENTS

3 KEY ELEMENTS

4 IMO CONVENTIONS

5 CLASSIFICATION AREA

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BACKGROUND
Organisation of Defense in
France

Our Experience
The Beginning

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BACKGROUND : Organisation
THE BEGINNING of Defense in France
– STEERING COMMITTEE

  
  
    




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BACKGROUND : Organisation
THE BEGINNING of Defense in France
– STEERING COMMITTEE

•President of Republic is responsible for


• Defense Policy
• Decisions in case of emergency situations
•Chief of armies reports directly to him
• Chief of Navy –is responsible for the
• definition of Navy needs including technical specifications for new equipment
• operational evaluation of prototypes
• use of equipment by the navy forces
•Minister of Defense –under supervision of Prime Minister- is responsible through
• DGA of :
• prospective analysis of needs
• bringing proper equipment to the forces
• defining and monitoring technology and industrial strategies

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BACKGROUND : Request for BV involvement

•Starting several years ago, but in a more comprehensive way for military units from early 2000:
• Navy –expressed the wish to involve classification society (BV) to
• better comply with Solas, Marpol,…
• use more « commonly used in Merchant Marine» equipment and technologies
• define «commonly agreed technical standards » for discussions with DGA, Yards, …
Later:
• provide structured process for regular inspection for vessels in service
• DGA confirmed the wish of French Navy and emphasized the interest for the use of BV
• to benefit more, starting at design stage, from experience of non military best standards;
• allowing easier purchase, and more competitive offers from yards and equipment suppliers;
• with understanding miltary specificities (crewing, weapons, …) through « adapted » rules
• DCN understood that BV could bring:
• benefit through good guidance for design, and more « common » equipment requirements,
• more clarity in all discussions between DGA and yards military or non military.

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BACKGROUND : BV Experience
BV EXPERIENCE
INVOLVED IN NAVAL SHIP BUILDING SINCE 1978
Patrol ships - Watch frigates - Landing ships
- Replenishment tankers – Vehicle carriers

STEEL SHIP RULES APPLIED TO NAVY SHIPS


Parts of BV & IMO rules were applied to French navy ships

STRONG CO-OPERATION WITH

THE FRENCH NAVY/MINISTRY OF DEFENSE (DGA)


At pre- design stage
After building contract signed
-approval of drawings
-survey of buildings
-attendance to tests, trials and delivery
After delivery follow up of vessels with regular inspections, reports,…
New request from DGA: certification/conformity assessment for vessels built
abroad.
Confidentialiy procedure is strictly followed in here above processes.
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BACKGROUND : BV Experience in France
BV EXPERIENCE

List of vessels duly classed by BV during recent years:

2000-2001: 1 research ship (80m) for France, built at Alstom Leroux Naval,

2001-2005: 2 BPC landing platform helicopter & landing ship docks (200 m),
built at Chantiers de l’Atlantique & DCN Brest

2003-2004: 1 research ship (105m) for France, built at Alstom Leroux Naval,

2003-2004: 1 research ship (95m) for France, built at Royal Niestern Sanders,
2003-2004: 1 research ship (56m) for France, built at SOCARENAM, France

2005-2015: 11 frigates (130m) for France, FREMM project, built at DCNS Lorient,
2006-2007: 2 patrol vessels (40m) for France, built at SOCAREMAN, France

2007-2009: 1patrol vessels (85 m) for DCNS(demonstrator), built at DCNS Lorient,


2009-2010: 1 BPC(No3) landing platform helicopter & landing ship docks (200 m),
built at Chantiers de l’Atlantique & DCN Brest, France

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BACKGROUND : BV Experience Outside of France
BV EXPERIENCE RECENT YEARS

2004-2006: 1 Military RoRo (160m) for Egypt, built at Alexandria Shipyard, Egypt

2005-2010: 4 Patrol ship (94m) BAM, for Spain, built at IZAR San Fernando,
Spain

2007-2009: 21 patrol vessels (30m) for Algeria, built at OCEA, France

2007-2009: 4 patrol vessels (20m) for Tunisia, built at RAIDCO, France

2008-2010: 1patrol vessels (70 m) for Morocco, built at STX Lorient, France

2009-2012: 1 frigates (130m) for Morocco, FREMM design, built at DCNS Lorient,
France

2009-2010: 2 patrol vessels (66m) for the Romanian police, built at Damen Galati,
Romania

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THE BEGINNING – STEERING COMMITTEE
BACKGROUND MILITARY RULES DEVELOPMENT
12 working groups for each specific
Technical area over 2 years

BVMili
BV MiliSteering
Steering
Committee
Committee

Combat Environmental
Subdivision Scantling Power
Strengthening

Stability Automation Propulsion Shock

NBC etc Material

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THE BEGINNING – BUILDING BLOCK
BACKGROUND MILITARY RULES DEVELOPMENT

y
V ar
BV B ilit es
M ul
Military R

Rules

International
Conventions

Additional naval reqts

n
tio
le
De
Adaptation

BV 2000

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SPECIFIC NAVAL REQUIREMENTS

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NEWBUILDING
SPECIFIC NAVAL REQUIREMENTS

Part A : principles and notations

NC HULL MACH Construction mark


Frigate Service notation
Unrestricted navigation Navigation notation
AUT-QAS Automation notation
AVM-APM Propulsion redundancy notation
CLEAN-SHIP Pollution notation
REFSTORE Refrigerated stores notation

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SPECIFIC NAVAL REQUIREMENTS

Part A : Survey regime

Survey Regime is not constrained by International Conventions

Survey Cycle over 6 years (against 5 yrs for merchant ships)

Use of planned maintenance scheme taken into consideration

Option to qualify chief engineer/naval technicians for survey of


engineering systems

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BVSPECIFIC
MILITARY SHIPS
NAVALRULES
REQUIREMENTS

MAIN SPECIFICITIES

STABILITY - SURVIVABILITY

HULL GIRDER

PROPULSION

ELECTRICITY

AUTOMATION

SAFETY

ADDITIONAL NOTATIONS

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BVSPECIFIC
MILITARY SHIPS
NAVALRULES
REQUIREMENTS

STABILITY - SURVIVABILITY

Stronger wind conditions than for merchant ships

Subdivision determined by damage stability criteria

Max angle of heel larger than for merchant ships

Additional notation FFS Flooding Fighting Systems

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SPECIFIC NAVAL REQUIREMENTS

HULL GIRDER STRENGTH

• Yielding check : increase of vertical wave bending moment by 10%


( only for « frigate » and for « aircraft carrier » )

• Ultimate strength : increase of PSF* from 1.1 to 1.2

• Fatigue criteria for design life over 30 years ( up to 40 years )

• Minimum thickness for bottom plating of aircraft carriers

• Water impact considered on underside of sponsoons for aircraft


carrrier ( fore part )

* PSF : partial safety factor

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SPECIFIC NAVAL REQUIREMENTS

PROPULSION

Insertions :
- continual operation with a partially flooded machinery compartment

- increase of admissible heel angles for damage stability verifications

- constraints with respect to NBC openings protection


- Increase of safety coefficients for gearboxes
- More detailed calculation of propellers + cavitation requirements
- Lateral vibration calculations of main propulsion shafting required

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BV MILITARY SHIPS RULES
SPECIFIC NAVAL REQUIREMENTS

ELECTRICITY

Additional requirements for weapon systems operation.


Compliance with Stanag 1008
Possibility of no emergency generator provided enough
redundancy level of power generation
Essential services include combat systems.
Dangerous area requirements for aircraft spaces and aviation
refuelling stations.

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SPECIFIC NAVAL REQUIREMENTS

AUTOMATION

Principal consideration :
Centralized system with high automation level
Insertions
- Requirement for single fault tolerant network
- AUT- QAS & AUT- IAS close to merchant ship rules
- AVM - APM compulsory for Frigates
- AVM - DPS compulsory for aircraft carriers

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SPECIFIC NAVAL REQUIREMENTS

FIRE SAFETY

Increase of passive fire protection level

Rules for ship evacuation :

Inspired from Solas cargo ship for Frigate

Inspired from Solas passenger ship for Aircraft carrier


Management of smokes & hot gas
Autonomy of safety zones (detection, alarms, fighting)

Autonomy of vulnerability zone, versus power supply.

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BV MILITARY SHIPS RULES
SPECIFIC NAVAL REQUIREMENTS

Part E : additional notations

Automation : AUT-QAS, AUT-IAS, AUT-PORT


Machinery redundancy : AVM-APM, AVM-DPS, AVM-IPS x(V)
Comfort : COMF-Noise, COMF-Vib
Flooding fighting systems : FFS
Fire protection : Fire
Prevention of pollution : CLEANSHIP, CLEANSHIP SUPER
Monitoring : MON-HULL, MON-SHAFT
Ship motion : SEA-KEEP
Bridge ergonomy : SYS-NEQ, SYS-NEQ 1
VERISTAR : STAR-HULL, STAR-MACH

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RULES DEVELOPMENT KEY ELEMENTS

KEY ELEMENTS

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RULES ARCHITECTURE

NAVAL RULES 2006 CONTENT

5 PARTS

A : Classification and surveys


B : Hull and stability
C : Machinery, systems, fire protection
D : Service notations : Frigate, Aircraft carrier
E : Additional class notations

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BV NAVAL RULES EDITIONS

• French version edition June 2002

• English version edition June 2003

• First update : September 2006


Benefit of the experience of the
FREMM project
New chapter for aircraft carrier

• October 2008 AMENDMENTS mainly for aircraft carrier


• October 2008 new chapter for Corvettes

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IMO INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANISATION
IMO CONVENTIONS

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IMO INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANISATION

166 flag states – 60 NGO (consultative) including IACS

Issue the international conventions applicable by the


flag states when ratified

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IMO INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANISATION

Load-Line (Franc bord – Stabilité)

SOLAS (Construction – Équipement – Radio – ISM)

MARPOL (Machine – Cargaison – Air)

COLREG (Prévention des collisions)

STCW (Formation des équipages)

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IMO INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANISATION

IMO conventions not covered by classification rules

Load-Line (Franc bord – Stabilité)

COLREG (Prévention des collisions)

STCW (Formation des équipages)

But nethertheless verified by classification societies

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IMO SOLAS

SOLAS Items covered by BV rules


Structural fire protection and escape routes

Items specifically covered by SOLAS


Life saving appliances
Davits

Life boats and life rafts

Life jackets

Fire fighting and fire protection equipment

Navigation equipment

Radio communication equipment

ISM

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IMO MARPOL

MARPOL Items covered by BV rules


Bunkering

Piping of machinery

Full compliance with MARPOL in case of additional notation Cleanship

Items specifically covered by MARPOL


Sewage

Garbage

Air pollution

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CLASSIFICATION AREA

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CLASSIFICATION AREA

Items covered by classification

Vérifications of safety requirements :


Hull and hull equipment

Main and auxiliary engines

Electrical equipment

Fire safety and escapes routes

Stability

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CLASSIFICATION AREA

Items not covered by classification

Items from owner’s specification

Paint

Air conditioning

Consumption of engines

performances of the ship

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NAVAL CLASSIFICATION RULES

Thank you for your


attention

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