Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 25

w 

 

Õ Ý 

Õ Ý 


Õ Ý 






Õ Ý 





 



 
Õ Ý 





 



    



Õ 
           

ñ     



Information Systems

Æ g   
        
          
 

Æ             



  
      

            


      !   

            
          
IT and IS

‡ w     "


± g           
 

‡ w     #"


±      
  
      
±           $ 
       
±            
    
Vanagement 



‡ V#
±            
   

±         


  

         


           

‡ V# &$&           
 V#       
         '
 ( (  

‡ g  
±   
± %$ 
± #   
V    
# * +' $

‡    '    $    


 

‡      $  

‡ )          


   
‡ ë$        $     
 $     

‡           


 
Glob loduc
  lopmen
 ndoduc
on

G 
l l c
 l
  c

Õ  
 
    
Õ 
  

Õ 
   
Õ        
Õ    
      
Jl  

 l
 
 
c
c

International information systems architecture:
Õ he basic information systems required by
organizations to coordinate worldwide trade and
other activities
Business driver:
Õ A force in the environment to which businesses
must respond and that influences the direction of
the business
International Information Systems
Infrastructure

‡    ' ,      - 


        ,       
     $ 

‡            


 
        

            ,
‡             
 $        ,
'    
      ,

‡           


            $


 l
 
 
c


G 
a   ll 

eneral:
Õ îultural particularism: Regionalism, nationalism,
language differences
Õ Social expectations: Brand-name expectations,
work hours
Õ Political laws: ransborder data and privacy laws,
commercial regulations
a   ll
Specific:
Õ Standards: Different Electronic Data Interchange
(EDI), telecommunications standards
Õ Reliability: Phone networks not uniformly
reliable
Õ Speed: Different data transfer speeds, many
slower than United States
Õ Personnel: Shortages of skilled consultants
l l

   a    

hree kinds of organizational structure:

Õ îentralized (in the home country)

Õ Decentralized (to local foreign units)

Õ îoordinated (all units participate as equals)


a  

 
Domestic exporter strategy:
Õ Œeavy centralization of corporate activities in the
home country of origin
Multinational strategy:
Õ îentralized financial management and control
while decentralizing production, sales, and
marketing operations to units in other countries
’   
a 

o develop a global company and information


systems support structure:
Õ Ôrganize value-adding activities along lines of
comparative advantage
Õ Develop and operate systems units at each level of
corporate activity Ȅregional, national, and
international
Õ Establish at world headquarters
V  
 ll  Jl l l 

Õ Agreeing on common user requirements

Õ Introducing changes in business processes

Õ îoordinating applications development

Õ îoordinating software releases

Õ Encouraging local users to support global systems


c l ll l l 

îomputing platforms and systems integration:

Õ Develop global, distributed, and integrated


systems to support digital business processes
spanning national boundaries

Õ Use of same hardware and operating system does


not guarantee integration.

Õ Establish data and technical standards


c l ll l l 

îonnectivity:
Õ Ôvercoming disparate national technical
standards, data exchange restrictions and service
levels

Õ User of Internet technology to create global


intranets, extranets, virtual private networks
(VPNs)

  ll
Unique challenges for application software:
Õ îost of new interface designs
Õ Integrating new systems with old
Õ User interface design
‡ Differences in language and conventions
V  



Ability to lower costs through global scale
economies by building international systems for
producing and selling goods and services in
different regions of the world
V   

 l



Ý !"