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THEJUS 31.08.2008

cm{ãob kwL«\hpw cm{ãob sIme]mXIhpw IqSpXÂ I®qcnÂ

Xncph\´]pcw: I®qÀ PnÃbn Gähpw IqSpX kwLÀjapWvSm¡nbXv


kn.]n.Fw BsW¶p IW¡pIÄ. 2006 hsc I®qcn \S¶ 2,343 cm{ãobkwL«\§fnÂ
14 F®samgn¨pÅ kwLÀj§fnseÃmw kn.]n.F½pImÀ ]¦mfnIfmWv. C{Xbpw
kwL«\§Ä \S¶ I®qÀ Xs¶bmWv Gähpw IqSpX cm{ãob sIme]mXI§Ä \S¶
PnÃbpw. I®qcn Gähpw IqSpX kwLÀjw \S¶Xv F³.Un.F^pw
BÀ.Fkv.Fkpw X½nemsW¶mbncp¶p kÀ¡mÀ sslt¡mSXnsb Adnbn¨Xv.
F¶mÂ, 2006 hsc I®qÀ PnÃbn F³.Un.F^pw BÀ.Fkv.Fkpw X½n Hcp
kwLÀjw t]mepw dnt]mÀ«v sNbvXn«nsöp hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw I®qÀ
Fkv.]n 2006 P\phcn 14\v \ÂInb dnt]mÀ«n hyàam¡p¶p.
hkvXpX CXmbncns¡ kn.]n.Fw `cW¯ntednb tijw NmÀPv sNbvX tIkpIfpsS
F®¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n bmYmÀYyw ad¨p]nSn¡m\mWv kÀ¡mcnsâ {iaw.
I®qÀ PnÃbnse {Iakam[m\w aäp PnÃIfnteXp t]msebmsW¶pw Hcp ]
XnämWvSnse IW¡p ]cntim[n¨m I®qÀ PnÃbn sIme]mXI§Ä
IpdhmsW¶pw IgnªZnhkw sslt¡mSXnsb kÀ¡mÀ Adnbn¨ncp¶p. F¶mÂ,
2006 hscbpÅ cm{job sIme]mXI§Ä am{Xw ]cntim[n¨m Gähpw ap¶nÂ
I®qÀ PnÃbmWv. 46 cm{ãob sIme]mXI§fmWv I®qcn \S¶Xv. 18
kn.]n.F½pImcpw 22 _n.sP.]n¡mÀ cWvSphoXw tIm¬{KÊpImÀ,
apkvenweoKpImÀ, aäp cWvSpt]cpamWv C¡mebfhn sImÃs¸«Xv.
CXpambn _Ôs¸«p Pbnen Ignbp¶hcpsS F®¯nepw kn.]n.Fw Xs¶bmWv
ap¶nÂ. 90 kn.]n.F½pImscbmWp cm{ãob sIme]mXIhpambn _Ôs¸«p
Pbnente¡b¨Xv. Gähpw IqSpX t]À sImÃs¸s«¶p kXyhmMvaqe¯nÂ
kqNn¸n¨ncn¡p¶ Xncph\´]pcw PnÃbn 2006 hsc cWvSp cm{ãob
sIme]mXI§Ä am{XamWp \S¶ncn¡p¶Xv.
aäp PnÃIfn \S¶ km[mcW sIme]mXI§sf IqSn DÄs¸Sp¯n I®qcnse
kn.]n.F½nsâ tNmcs¡mXnbpsS IW¡v ad¨phbv¡m\mWp kÀ¡mÀ {ian¡p¶Xv.

DESHABHIMANI WEEKLY 31 AUG 2008

hn-i¸n-sâ ZmÀ-i\n-IX tXSn-


ju-¡¯en-Jm³-

\m-SIm-Nm-cy³- sI Sn- ap-l½Zn-\v- \m-SI¯n-sâ Cu-än-ñam-b htócn-


\m-«nð-\n-óv- aq-óv- ]Xn-äm-ïv- ap-só 1976 ð- Hcp- £Wap-ïm-bn.- - B
Im-es¯ Ac§p-Isf kPo-ham¡n-b "kr-jv-Sn'- Fó \m-SIw- kn-\n-a-bm-¡Ww.- Xn-
c¡Ybpw- kw-`m-jWhpw sI Sn- Xsó.- kw-hn-[m-\hpw- At±lw- \nÀ-hln-¨mð-
Gsd \ñXv.- htócn- \m-«n-se hSt¡¡m-Sn-\Sp-¯p-Å ]n- ]n- Ip-ªl½Zv- Fó bp-h
A`n-`m-jIsâ \m-SI¡¼¯nð-\n-óp-Å kn-\n-am¸Xn-¸p-IÄ- kp-lr-¯m-b kemw-
Im-ctÈcn- hgn- tIm-gn-t¡m-«§m-Sn-bn-eq-sS sI Sn-bp-sS sNhn-bn-ep-
sa¯n.- C§s\sbm-cp- hn-fn- hcp-t¼mÄ- AXv- sI Sn-¡pw- Ffp-¸w- X«n-am-
äm-\m-hp-óXñ.- htócn- \m-Sn-\v- \m-SIhp-am-bp-Å \m-`o-\m-f_Ôw-Xsó
Im-cWw.- Ac§n-sâ {]t£m-`_es¯ km-aq-ly-am-ä¯n-\p-Å kmw-kv-Im-cn-I
thZn-bm-¡n- am-äp-óXnð- htócn-tbm-fw- t]m-ó BZy-Im-e am-Xr-IIfn-ñ.-
hn-Sn-bpw- Fw-BÀ-_n-bpw- t{]w-Pn-bpw- (Fw-]n- `«Xn-cn-¸m-Sv)- ]n- sI
ap-l½Zv- Ip-ªn-bp-sam-s¡ Cu- {]tZi¯v- \m-SI¯n-eq-sS am-ä¯n-sâ Xo-¸´§Ä-
DbÀ-¯n-¸n-Sn-¨n-«p-ïv.- 1939 ð- ]p-óbqÀ-¡p-f¯n-\Sp-¯p-Å sIm-cªn-bq-
cnð- s]m-óm-\n- Xm-eq-¡v- IÀ-jI kt½f\ hmÀ-jn-Imt-Lm-j¯n--\p-thïn-bm-
Wv- hSt¡¡m-s« ISem-bn- a\bnð- - C Fw- FÊn-sâbpw- F sI Pn-bp-sSbpw-
\nÀ-_Ôhpw- \nÀ-tZihpw- {]Im-cw- sI Zm-tam-Zc³- ]m-«_m-¡n- Fó \m-SIw-
cNn-¡p-óXv.- cïp- aq-óp- Zn-hkw-sIm-ïm-Wv- \m-SIcN\bpw- AhXcWhpw-
\SóXv.- 1938 ð- ]n-dó "EXp-aXn'-bpw- 1930 se "ad¡p-S¡p-Ån-se alm-
\cI'-hpw- kaq-l¯n-se A\m-Nm-c§Ä-¡pw- AÔhn-izm-k§Ä-¡pw- am-aq-ep-IÄ-
¡p-saXn-scbp-Å Ac§n-sâ kÀ-Khn-kv-t^m-S\§fm-bn-cp-óp.- FsIPn-sb t]m-
ep-Å alm-cYòmÀ- hsc Cu- \m-SI¯nð- Aóv- A`n-\bn-¨n-cp-óp.-- tIm-gn-t¡m-
Sv- tI{µ Iem-kan-Xn- tI{µo-Icn-¨v- ae_m-dn-se \m-SIkan-Xn-Isf GtIm-]n-
¸n-¡p-óXn-\pw- ap-tó htócn-bnð- Iem-kan-Xn- cq-]o-Icn-¨v- \m-SI§Ä-
Act§dn-bn-cp-óp.- Cu- \m-SIkan-Xn-bp-sS \m-SIam-bn-cp-óp- "½ow-
tam-fpw'- (1953).- tZim-`n-am-\n-bp-sS BZy-Im-e ]{Xm-[n-]cm-bn-cp-
ó ]n- sI ap-l½Zv-Ip-ªn- cN\bpw- kw-hn-[m-\hpw- \nÀ-hln-¨p.- htócn- Iem-
kan-Xn- tIcf¯n-\v- kw-`m-h\sNbv-X \m-SI {]Xn-`bm-Wv- Im-«p-am-Sw-
\m-cm-bW³.-

\m-SIs¯ Bßm-hnð- Bhm-ln-¨ Cu- tZit¯¡v- sI Sn-bpw- At±l¯n-sâ {_tZgv-kv-


ayq-kn-Iv- ¢_pw- sI ]n- D½dp-am-bn- \m-SIw- AhXcn-¸n-¡m³- hóXv- Ahn-
kv-acWo-bam-b A\p-`ham-Wv.- s]m-óm-\n-bnð-\n-óv- It\m-en- I\m-en-
eq-sSbm-Wv- {_tZgv-kv- ayq-kn-Iv- ¢_n-sâ "shfn-¨w- hn-f¡t\z-jn-¡p-óp'-
Fó \m-SIw- htócn-bn-se¯n-bXv.- \m-SI¯n-se sI Sn- -S¨n-s\¸än- tI«dn-ª
htócn-bn-se \m-SIkw-Lw- s]m-óm-\n- Xm-eq-¡n-se Hm-Ww- tIm-dm-aq-
ebn-te¡v- sI«p-hÅw- hmS-Is¡Sp-¯v- sI Sn-sbbpw- Iq-«p-Im-scbpw- hcthð-
¡p-Ibm-bn-cp-óp.-

Aós¯ \m-SIm-hXcW¯n-eq-sS htócn- \m-«nse \m-SI {]hÀ-¯Isc sI Sn- ASp-


¯dn-ªp.- htócn-bp-sS \mSI a\Êv- a\Ên-em-¡n-bn-«p-Å sI Sn- k-emw- Im-
ctÈcn-¡v- hm-¡p-sIm-Sp-¡p-Ibpw- ]n- _n- Ip-ªl½Zv- Fó \m-SI¡¼¡m-ct\m-
Sv- htócnbn-se¯n- _m-¡n- Im-cy-§Ä- NÀ-¨sN¿m-saóv- ]dbp-Ibpw- sNbv-
Xp.- ]n- F³- tat\m-sâ "Hm-fhpw- Xo-chpw'- Fó kn-\n-abn-eq-sS kv-äp-Un-
tbm-Ifnð-\n-ópw- hn-e]n-Sn-¨ Hmu-«v-tUmÀ- bq-Wn-äp-Ifnð-\n-ópw- ]p-
d¯v- ISóv- aebm-f kn-\n-a \n-fm-\Zo- Xocs¯ \n-em-hpw- ]p-fn-\hpw- Xn-
cn-¨dn-bp-Ibpw- ap-In-ep-IÄ- tabp-ó Ip-ón³-sNcn-hpw- ssIX¡m-Sp-Ifp-sS
lcn-X`w-Kn-bpw- {]Xn-^en-¸n-¡p-Ibpw- sNbv-Xp- Xp-S§n.-- Cu- AIr-{Xn-
aem-hWyw- a\Ên-em-¡n-bn-«m-hWw- sI Sn-bpw- htócn- \m-«n-se
sX§n³-]d¼p-Ifp-sS Du-ªm-em-«hpw- ]q-gn- hn-Xdn-b ]ôm-c aWen-sâ
aµlm-khpw- Xsâ kn-\n-abn-epw- kón-thin-¸n-¡m-\m-bn- Iym-ad¡m-ep-IÄ-
"]m-«_m-¡n'-bp-sS a®nð- Ip-¯n- \ndp--¯n.-

HF³hn- Ip-dp-¸v- Nn-«s¸Sp-¯n-b \m-ep- ]m-«p-Ifm-Wv- "kr-jv-Sn-'-bn-ep-


ÅXv.- kr-jv-Sn- X³- ku-µcy ap-´n-cn-¨m-dnð,- elcn..- elcn......-\o-sbsâ
elcn- (Fð- BÀ- Cu-iz-cn,- C{_m-lnw-Ip-«n)- \n-Xy-Imap-Io- \n-só¯n-cªp- F³-
Pò§Ä- Aeªp- (-Pm-\-In)- Bbn-cw- s]m³-]Ww- ho-Wp-In-«n....- A\iz-c Iem-
Im-c³- - _m-_p-cm-Pv- Bbn-cp-óp- kw-Ko-X- kw-hn-[m-\w- \nÀ-hln-¨n-cp-
óXv.-

IStem-c {Km-a§fm-b Fcaw-Kew,- am-dtôcn,- Xp-dmWw-Ip-óv- Fón-hn-


S§fnem-bn-cp-óp jq-«n-Mv.- - ]nð-¡m-e¯v- tPm¬- A{_lmw- A\p-hÀ-¯n-¨
Hcp- P\Io-b kz-`m-hw- Cu- Nn-{X\nÀ-am-W¯n-\p-ïm-bn-cp-óp.-- jq-«nMv-
Ign-ªv- \m-bI\S\pw- klIm-cn-Ifpw- \m-«p-Im-cp-sS Iq-sS Dñm-kkhm-cn-
¡pw- sIm-«IIfnð- kn-\n-a Im-Wm-\pw- t]m-Ip-ambn-cp-óp.- Ahn-Sp-s¯
{Km-ao-Wcp-sS a\Ênð- Cópw- kr-jv-Sn-bn-se \So-\Sòm-cp-sSbpw- km-
t¦Xn-I hn-ZKv-[cp-sSbpw- HmÀ-an-¨n-{X§fp-ïv.- AXn-sshIm-cn-IXtbm-sS
tZjy-s¸«pw- s]m-«n-¨n-cn-¨pw- Icªpw- Iym-ad¡v- ]n-ónð- BIv-j\pw-
I«pw- ]dªv- _m-[ Ibdn-bt]m-s-e Hm-Sn-\S¡p-ó sh-fp-¯p -XSn-¨v- Ijïn-¡m-
c\m-b kw-hn-[m-bI\pap-ïv.-- IÀ-¡SIkÔy-t]m-se Ccp-ïp- aq-Sn-s¸bv-Xpw-
ao-\am-k kq-cy-s\t¸m-se {]kóhZ-\\m-bpw- At±lw- kn-\n-abp-sS ]qÀ-
WX¡v- kaÀ-¸n-¡s¸«p.-

htócn-¡v- kao-]w- Xm-akap-Å Xsâ Kp-cp-hn-s\ hkXn-bnð- sNóp-Iïv-


hW§n-bXn-\pt-ijam-Wv- sI Sn- "kr-jv-Sn-'-bp-sS kzn-¨v- Hm-¬- IÀ-aw-
\S¯n-bXv.- Hcp-thf Xsó \m-SItem-It¯¡v- ssI]n-Sn-¨p- {]thin-¸n-¨ Kp-cp-hn-
sâ kao-]yw- sI Sn-¡v- Bßhn-iz-kw- hÀ-[n-¸n-¨n-cn-¡mw.-

am-k¯nð- cïp- XhW Xe ap-Þ\w- sN¿s¸Sp-ó Hcp- _m-ey-Im-eap-ïm-bn-cp-


óp- If¯n-§ð- sXm-Sn-Ibnð- ap-l½Zn-\v.- kp-µcam-b B sam-«¡m-ew.- ln-
Zm-b¯v- kv-Iq-fn-ð- Aômw-¢m-knð- ]Tn-¡p-t¼mÄ- sam-«¯e Iïn-«m-Wv-
hn-Zzm³- sI Fkv- cm-a³- Fó A[ym-]I³- Ahs\ \m-SI¯n-seSp-¯Xv.- kv-Iq-fn-sâ
hmÀ-jn-Im-tLm-j¯n-\v- cm-a³- am-kv-äÀ- cN\bpw- kw-hn-[m-\hpw- \nÀ-
hln-¨ \m-SI¯nð- bm-NIsâ thj¯nð- sam-«¯eb³- Ip-«n- XIÀ¸³- A`n-\bam-Wv-
Im-gv-Nsh¨Xv.- CXm-Wv- \m-SI¯n-sâ tem-It¯¡p- Ibdn-t¸m-Im-\pw- sI Sn-
Fó cï£c¯n-te¡v- B hy-àn-Xzw- hn-Ikn-¡p-hm-\pw- Im-cWam-bXv.- AXp-
sIm-ïp-Xsóbm-Wv- sI Sn- hµy-Kp-cp-hn-s\ Xn-cp-h{Xbn-ep-Å ho-«nð-
t]m-bn-¡ïv- Xsâ kn-\n-am- kw-hn-[m-\ DZy-a¯n-\v- A\p-{Kl§Ä- hm-§nbXv.-

km-¼¯n-I _m-[y-X Xo-sc hcm-¯ hn-[¯nð- Hcp- ho-Sv- At\z-jn-¨p- \Só kn\n-
am- kw-L¯n-\v- klr-Zb ]n-´p-Wtbm-sS aq-óp- hn-Sp--IÄ- Xcs¸«p.-- Fcaw-
Kes¯ ]¿¸p-Ån- t]m-¡cn-sâ hn-kv-Xr-X `h\¯n-em-bn-cp-óp- sI Snbpw- km-
t¦Xn-I hn-ZKv-[cpw- Xm-akn-¨Xv.- am-dtôcn- aón-§-bnð- aq-kbp-sS I¿m-
ebnð- kv-{Xo-IÄ-¡v- Xm-akku-Icyw- In-«n.- D½bpw- cïv- B¬-Ip-«n-Ifpw-
Dïm-bn-cp-ó sIm-«m-cw-t]m-ep-Å ho-«n-ð-\n-óv- D½sb ASp-¯p-Å _Ôp-
ho-«n-te¡v- am-än-¸mÀ-¸n-¨n-«m-Wv- aq-¯ aI³- t]m-¡À- Cu- kmw-kv-Im-
cn-I Zu-Xy-t¯m-Sp- klIcn-¨Xv.- jq-«nMv- Xo-cp-óXp-hsc aq-óp-am-kw--
ho-Spw- ]cn-kchpw- Cu- Ip-Spw-_w- kn-\n-a¡m-bn- HcWt]m-epw- hm-SI-
hm-§m-sX hn-«p-sIm-Sp-¯p.- kn-\n-abn-se IYm-Ir-¯n-sâ hoSm-bn- Nm-
´n-¸p-d¯v- am-am-sâ ho-Spw- In-«n.-

Iym-ad¡v- ]n-ónð- cm-aN{µ\pw- B\µ-¡p-«\pw- sI Sn-bp-sS \nÀ-tZi§Ä-¡v-


Im-tXmÀ-¯p.- Xm-c§fp-sS Np-ïnð- Ubtem-Kp-IÄ- ]p-ds¸Sm-¯ hm-¡m-bn.-
Xm-c§Ä- Hópw- an-ïm-sX Bw-Kyw- Im-«n- A\§p-ó X«n-¸p- t\m-¡n- P\w-
s]m-«n-¨n-cn-¨p.-- Iq-ä³- dn-^v-fIv-Sdp-IÄ- Xm-§n-¸n-Sn-¨v- sseäv- t_m-
bv-kv.- Im-¡n -{Su-kdpw- Ip-¸m-bhp-an-« hn-bÀ-¸p-ac§fnð-\n-óv- aZn-
cm-in-¯an-gv- t]¨p-IÄ- Xe§fpw- hn-e§pw- C¦h´m-¨v.- A¸n-Sn-bm- BakÀ-
þFw-Pn-Bdn-âbpw- in-hPn-bp-sSbpw- `m-jIfm-bn- P\w- Xn-cn-¨dn-ªp.-

Fcaw-Kew- Ir-jv-Wbnð- "]m-em-«v-- tIm-a\v'- am-än-\n-¡v- lu-kv- ^p-Åm-


bn- Sn-¡äv- In-«m-sX aS§n-bhÀ- A§m-Sn-¡¸p-d¯v- s]tce¸d¼nð- "Hm-
Sbnð-\n-ón-'ð- A`n-\b N{IhÀ-¯n- kXy-t\m-sSm-¸w- sIm-ôn-¡p-gª {]Wb kq-
\w- sI]n-Fkn- efn-X Po-ht\m-sSbn-cp-óv- ta¡]v-am-sâ I®m-Sn-bnð- ap-Jw-
an-\p-¡p-óXv- Iïv- A´w-hn-«p--\n-óp.-- Xn-¡n-epw- Xn-c¡n-epw- s]«v-
ASqÀ-`-hm-\n-sb Iïv- N¡n- lm-bv- N¡n- Fóv- hn-fn-¨p-Iq-hn.- sIm-¼³- ao-
i ]n-cn-¨p-sh¨ kp-µc\m-b sNdp-¸¡m-cs\ Nq-ïn- Btcm- ]dªp- AXm-Wv- \m-
bI³,- hn-Pb³- Fóm-Wv- t]cv.- Xo-£v-Wam-b `m-h§fnð- Ip-¯n-¯d¨ \£{X¡®p-
am-bv- kp-cm-kp,- - chn- Bep-½q-S³- Fó Fw-F hn-ZymÀ-Yn.-

"I«v'- þIjïn-¡m-csâ Nq-Sn-fIn-bn-cn-¡p-óp- AXm-Wv- kw-hn-[m-bI³- þ sI


Sn- ap-l½Zv.- jq-«nMv- Im-Wm³- hóhÀ- X§Ä-¡v- In-«n-b sNdn-b sNdn-b
hn-hc§Ä- ssIam-dp-óp.-- kn-\n-abp-sS t]cv- kr-jv-So- óm-þ hey- \m-SI¡m-
c\m-Wv.- "shfn-¨w- hn-f¡t\z-jn-¨v- '-Fó \m-SIw- s]cp-¼S¸nð- hóv- Ifn-
¨t¸mÄ- Rm³- t]m-bn- IïXtñ.-

No-as¡m-ó Ip-¯n-b AXn-cv- s]m-fn-¨pw- then-¸gp-Xv- XIÀ-¯pw- jq-«nMv-


Im-Wm³- sX§pw- ]d¼nð- BÄ-¡mÀ- Iq-Sn-¡q-Sn- hóp.-

Ip-«n-IÄ- Hm-¯p-]Ån-bnð- t]m-Im-sX am-dtôcn-bnð- Nm-´n-¸p-ds¯ am-


am-³-¡m-s« I¿m-ebn-te¡v- Hm-Sn-¡bdp-óp.- ao³- It¨m-S¡mÀ- ap-¡m-Sn--
¡v- t]m-Im-sX Ah[n-sbSp-¡p-óp.-- Hm-Sp-]p-cIfp-sS tam-´m-bw- Ip-t¯ï
_m-e\m-im-cn- Iym-adm-am-sâ ASp-¯v-óv- am-dy- t\cey.-

Nq-ïen-Sm³- t]m-Ip-ó Itïm-¸n-bpw- ]Ww-sh¨v- No-«p-Ifn-¡p-ó ]n-Kv- am-


½Zpw- t^m-dn³- It¨m-S¡m-c³- ho-c¡p-ªp-hpw ap-«pw-_v-fn- C{_m-ln-
apw- ]q-\n-em-hv- Adap-J\pw- `Khm-³- cm-P\pw- jq-«nMv- Øe¯v- cm-hn-
se X¼Sn-¡pw.- ]n-só skäv- ]n-cn-ªn-t« - ]n-cn-bq.- ]Wn-¡v- Bsf In-«m-Xm-
bn.- {Km-ao-W DÕhw-t]m-se kr-jv-Sn- Fó kn-\n-abp-sS N{Xo-IcWw- ]p-
tcm-Kan-¡p-óp.-
A¤zm-¡cpw- sIm-¡v- kp-{_p-hpw- Ct¸m- ]Ww-sh¨p-Å No-«v- Ifn-bpw-
Xhf]n-Sp-¯hpw- \ndp--¯n- kr-jv-Sn-bp-sS kw-hn-[m-bIsâ I¿m-fm-bn- \nð-
¡mWv.-- tdj³- ISbp-sS \o-ï Iyq-hnð-\n-óv- No-cp-hn-sâ ]cZq-jWw.-

A§mSn-bnð- kn-\n-am- NÀ-¨IÄ- Xo-cp-ón-ñ.- \m-«p-ImÀ- a¦p-Zm-Z Fóv-


hn-fn-¡p-ó kn-\n-am- Hm-¸tdäÀ- Iïv- Ku-fn- cma³- þ kn-\n-asS jq-«nMv-
Iï¸fey- ]lbm- Asâ X«n-¸v- a\Ên-em-bXv.- Pb`m-cXn- \ko-dn-s\ sI«n-¸n-Sn-
¡p-óXv- Iy-atdm-ïp-Å Hcp- Im-«etey.-

Cóv- jq-«n-Mv- Cñ.-

Ft´þ

sI Sn- tIm-gn-t¡m-t«¡v- aq-¸sc _m-¸m-s\ Im-Wm-³- t]m-bn-cn-¡ym-Wv.-

jq-«n-§n-\n-sS sI Sn- _m-¸sb Im-Wm-\m-bn- t]m-bn-cp-óXn-\mð- Hóp-


cïp- Zn-hkw- kn-\n-am- Nn-{Xo-IcWw- ap-S§n-bn--cp-óp.-

Hcp- kn-\n-a sNehv- Ip-d¨v- F§s\ FSp-¡mw- FóXn-\v- am-Xr-Ibm-bn-cp-óp-


Cu- sI Sn- kn-\n-a.- aZn-cm-in-bnð-\n-óv- kp-Pm-X Fóp-- t]cp-Å bq-Wn-
äm-Wv- hón-cp-óXv.- t_mw-s_bn-se¯p-ó k¦ev-] IYm-]m-{X¯n-sâ
AhXcW¯n-\v- t_mw-s_ ]«Ww- Nn-{Xo-Icn-¡m³- ln-µn-kn-\n-abp-sS t]m-kv-
ädp-IÄ- tN¡p-ap-¡n-se sXcp-hnð- ap-gp-\o-fw- H«n-¨p-sh¡p-Ibm-bncp-óp-
Iem-kw-hn-[m-bI³- ]n- sI Ir-jv-W³.- 70 Ifnð- tIm-S¼¡s¯ hn-eIq-Sn-b Xan-
gn-sâbpw- sXep-¦n-sâbpw- skäp-IÄ- Hgn-bp-ó \«¸m-Xn-cIsf Im-¯v- aebm-
f kn\na Dd¡an-f¨ncn-¡p-ó Im-e¯m-Wv- \q-dp-iXam-\hpw- {Km-ao-W ]iv-
Nm-¯e¯nð- Cu- kn-\n-a sI Sn- X¸n-sbSp-¯Xv.-

sI Sn-bp-sS \m-SI dn-tlgv-kep-IÄ- t]m-seXsó IÀ-¡ihpw- kq-£v-ahpw- Ku-


hchXchp-am-bn-cp-óp- kr-jv-Sn-bp-sS kn-\n-am- dn-tlgv-kepw.- kr-jv-Sn-
bp-sS ]n- BÀ- H Bbn- {]hÀ-¯n-¨n-cp-ó,- am-dtôcn-bnð- kz-ØPohn-Xw-
\bn-¡p-ó \m-SI kw-hn-[m-bI³-- Sn- BÀ- kn- A\p-kv-acn-¡p-óp.- sI Sn- Fó
\m-SIIm-csâ ImÀ-¡iy-§fpw- ITn-\XIfpw- \SòmÀ-¡v- {]iv-\§Ä- kr-jv-Sn-¨n-cp-
óp.-- AXn-\mð- \m-SI¯nse t]m-se þthsd thsdþ jq-«v- sN¿m-¯ dn-tlgv-kep-
IÄ- sI Sn- {]tXy-Iw- \S¯n-bn-cp-óp.- Ubtem-Kv- ]dbp-t¼mÄ- `m-h§Ä- thï
co-Xn-bnð- ap-J¯v- Bhn-jv-Icn-¡m-Xn-cp-ó Im-cW¯mð- Hcp- {]ap-J \Ss\ sI
Sn- ]e {]hiyw- Kp-WtZm-jn-¨n-«p-ïv.- ISð-¸m-ew- Fó kn-\n-abnð- kXy³-
Ubtem-Kv- sXän-¨t¸mÄ- sI Sn- im-kn-¨n-«p-sïóv- Po-hn-X¯n-sâ dn-tlgv-
kð- Fó Hm-À-a¡p-dn-¸nð- sI Sn-sb¡p-dn-¨v- Xm-l am-Sm-bn-bpw- ]dbp-
óp.-- A`n-\b¯n-sâ Nn-«IÄ- IÀ-i\am-bn- ]m-en-¡m-¯hÀ- Bcm-bm-epw- sI
Sn- CSs]«n-cp-óp.-- A`n-\b¯n-sâ {Iq-cam-b ckX{´w- t{]£Isc A\p-`hn-¸n-
¨n-cp-ó kp-cm-kp-hn-s\ sI Sn- Xn-cp-¯m³- {ian-¨n-cp-óp.- ImÀ-¡iy-§fpw-
h\y-am-b s]cp-am-ä§fpw- Cjv-Ss¸Sm-¯ sI Sn- kp-cm-kp-hp-am-bn- sXän.-
Uºn§n-\v- {io-aq-e\Kcw- hnPb\m-Wv- kp-cm-kp-hn-\p-thïn- i_v-Zw- \ð-In-
bXv.- hn-iz-cq--]-¯n-se _m-etKm-]m-es\ A\iz-cam-¡n- \S\tem-I¯v- {i²t\Sn-b
kab¯m-Wv- kp-cm-kp-hn-s\ sI Sn- Xsâ kn-\n-abn-te¡v- hn-fn-¡p-óXv.-
kr-jv-Sn-bp-sS Xn-c¡Ybp-sS an-\p-¡p-]Wn-Ifp-am-bn- \m-SIcw-Ks¯ Cu- aq-
¯m-im-cn- jq-«n-Mv- Ign-ªpw- Fcaw-Kes¯ ho-«n-en-cp-óv- AÀ-[cm-{Xn-
bn-epw- Ip-¯n-¡p-dn-¨n-cp-óp.- cm-hn-se FSp-t¡ï ko-\p-Ifp-sS an-\p--¡p- ]
Wn-Ifm-bn-cn-¡mw.- "Idhä ]ip'-hn-sâ Bap-J¯nð- Cu- s]cp-´¨³- C§s\ Ip-dn-
¨n-«p: - "Adn-hpw- A\p-`h§fpw- F\n-¡v- FtâXm-b Po-hn-Xw- Im-Wn-¨p-
Xóp.-- At§m-«v- F\n-¡v- {]thi\an-sñódn-bmw.'- hn-i¸n-sâ ZmÀ-i\n-I {]iv-
\§fm-bn-cp-óp- kr-jv-Sn-bn-se {]tabw.- k¦ev-]§Ä-¡pw- bm-YmÀ-Yy-§Ä-¡pw-
at[y- hn-i¸v- hn-ñ\m-bn- hóv- `£W¯n-\p-thïn- BÀ-¯«lkn-¡p-ó cw-Kw.- Iem-
Im-csâ kz-]v-\tem-I \nÀ-hr-Xn-¡v- ]p-dtI hÀ-¯am-\¯n-sâ Idp-¯ ]q-¨IÄ-
^mâkn-IÄ-¡v- Ip-dp-sI A]iIp-\§Ä- XoÀ-¡p-t¼mÄ- kr-jv-Sn-bp-sS hn-ip-² ]p-
kv-XIw- aS¡n-sh¨v- {kjv-Sm-hm-b Iem-Im-c³- s]m-«n-sbm-en-¡p-ó thZ\IÄ-
kln-¡m³- Ign-bm-sX lr-Zbw- XIÀ-óv- Xn-cn-ªp- \S¡m³- Xp-S§p-ó Po-hn-X¯n-
sâ IZ\`m-c§fpw- I\ð-¨o-fp-Ifpw- kr-jv-Sn-bn-ep-ïv.- F\n-¡v- hn-i¡p-tó F\n-¡v-
a\p-jy-s\t¸m-se hn-i¡p-tó Fóm-Wv- sI Sn-bp-sS IYm-]m-{Xw- kn\n-abnð-
Aedn-hn-fn-¡p-óXv.- chn- Bep-½q-S³- Fó tIm-tfPv- hn-ZymÀ-Yn-sbs¡m-ïv-
A`n-\b¯n-sâ ckhn-Zy-IÄ- ]dªp-]dªv- ^en-¸n-s¨Sp-¡p-Ibm-bn-cp-óp sI Sn.-
- \n-ch[n- dn-tlgv-kep-IÄ-s¡m-Sp-hn-em-Wv- þkXy-s\t¸m-epw- Xn-cp-¯n-b
þ ssIcfn-bp-sS \m-SIku-`m-Kyw- Cu- ko-\n-\v- H sI ]dªXv.- Nfn-\n-dª Hcp-
shÅs¡«nð-\n-óv- Hcp- IYm-]m-{Xw -shÅw- FSp-¯p- Ip-Sn-¡p-ó asäm-cp-
ko-³- F{X FSp-¯n-«pw- \Ssâ ap-J¯v- `m-hw- hcm-sXbm-bt¸m-Ä- Xn-c¡Ym-
Ip-dn-¸v- am-än- sh¨v- sI Sn- A£a\m-bn-]dªp.-- sh-Åw- cïp-ssIsIm-ïv- tIm-
cn-sbSp-¯v- icn-¡pw- Hó§«v- Ip-Sn-t¨m?- ]n-só Xm-akap-ïm-bn-ñ,- Nfn-
bpw- am-en-\y-§fpw- \n-dª,- Cós¯t¸m-se tIm-gn-thkv-äp-IÄ- Atijw- hóp-
ho-gm-¯,- B ]¦Pew- \S³- ssIsIm-ïv- tIm-cn-sbSp-¯v- XoÀ-YPew-t]m-se
Cd¡n- kw-hn-[m-bIs\ Xr-]v-X\m-¡n.-

am-d-tô-cn- ]-ôm-b-¯nð-s]-«- Xp-dm-Ww- Ip-ónð-sh-¨v- Ip-sd- `m-K-§Ä-


jq-«v- sN-bv-Xp.- F-c-aw-K-e-¯v- sh-¨m-bn-cp-óp- "-e-l-cn....-e-l-cn- F-ó- ]
m-«p- ko-³.- sX-§n-sâ- a-d-hnð-\n-ópw- A-Xn-sâ- a-ï-bnð-sh-¨- tIm-fm-
¼n- ssa-¡nð-\n-óv- e-l-cn- F-ó- ]m-«v- H-gp-In-sb-¯p-t¼mÄ,- hn-P-b-³ F-
ó- \-S-³ ap-tóm-«v- h-e-Xp-Imð- sh-¨v- Nm-Sn-ho-gp-óp.- A-Sp-¯- e-l-cn-
ap-g-§p-t¼mÄ- k-ao-]-s¯- A-Sp-¯- sX-§n-³a-d-hnð-\n-óv- \m-bn-I- ir-¦m-c-
hpw- \m-W-hpw- I-eÀ-ó- \r-¯-¨p-h-Sn-em-Ip-óp.- bp-Ü-Km-\w- ]m-Sn- {]-
W-b-tPm-Sn-IÄ- hn-Zq-c-X-bnð- e-bn-¡p-óp-þ- kw-hn-[-b-I-³ I-«v- ]-d-bp-
óp.-

sNm-ÆñpÀ- Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n- Fó km-ln-Xy-Im-c\pw- aWhm-f A_p-hpw-


Xt±io--bcm-b am-\p-®n- am-kv-äÀ,- {]kv- A_p,- Sn- BÀ- kn- Fón-hcpw-
Nn-e {][m-\ thj§Ä- sNbv-Xn-cp-óp.--

aq-óp- am-kt¯m-fap-ïm-bn-cp-óp- jq-«n-Mv.- tIcf¯n-se F ¢m-kv- Xn-


tbädp-Ifnð- cïv- Bgv-Ntbm-fw- kn-\n-a Hm-Sn.- "sX½m-Sn- the¸\pw'
"_m-_p-tam-\pw'- "Bbn-cw- Pò§fpw'- XIÀ-¯m-Sn-b 70 Ifp-sS Xp-S¡¯nð- kr-
jv-Sn- t]m-sebp-Å sI Sn-bp-sS "]p-en-Pò'-§Ä- Cós¯t¸m-se cm-Pam-Wn-Iy-
¯n-\pw- t]m-¯³-hmh¡pw- ]cp-´n-\pw- ap-ónð- thjw-sI«p-Ifp-sSbpw-
DSem-«§fp-sSbpw- Bbn-cw- hm-«v- hnZypXv-{]`bnð- s]«n-Ifn-en-cp-óv-
am-ap-\n-Ifm-bn- hm-ßo-Iw- Na¨p.-

sI]n-Fkn- efn-X¡v- "kr-jv-Sn'-bn-se A`n-\b¯n-\v- kl\Sn-¡p-Å AhmÀ-Uv-


In-«n.- kn-\n-a s_À-en³- ^o-enw- s-^kv-än-hen-te¡v- sXcsªSp-¡s¸«p-þ
aebm-f kn-\n-am- Ncn-{X¯n-se Im-elcWs¸« ]p-Shbn-se a§n{Zhn-¨ HmÀ-
a¡khv.-

\m-SI¯n-eq-sS kaq-ls¯ am-än-adn-¡msaóv- kz-]v-\w-Iï km-aq-ly- ]cn-jv-IÀ-


¯IfpsSbpw- \thm-°m-\ \m-bIcp-sSbpw- Im-eSn-¸m-Sp-IÄ- ]Xn-ªaÀ-ó a®n-
te¡m-Wv- 35 hÀ-j§Ä-¡v- ap-só hn-i¸n-sâ ZmÀ-i\n-I {]iv-\§fp-sS At\z-
jWhpw- B[n-bpw- hym-[n-bp-sam-s¡bm-bn- Xsâ \m-SI¯n-sâ Zr-iym-hn-jv-
Im-c¯n-\m-bn- sI Sn- Fó a\p-jy-kv-t\ln-bm-b Iem-Im-c³- hóXv.-

A-c-§v- Gð-¸n-¨- kÀ-K-[-\y-X-bp-sS- D-tò-j-¯nð- sI- Sn- k-½m-\n-¨- HmÀ-a-


¡m-Sp-I-fnð- I-¯n-b-aÀ-ón-«pw- I-\-ep-IÄ- sI-Sm-sX- In-S-¸p-ïv.- H-cp- sN-
hn- F-só-tó-¡p-am-bn- A-S-¨p-]n-Sn-¨v- Zr-iy-s]-cp-¼-d-bp-sS- 3 Pn- ssh-
am-Iv-kv- Im-e-§-fn-te-¡v- a-dp-sN-hn- Xp-d-óp-sh-¨n-cn-¡p-ó- ]p-Xp-Im-
e- sam-ss_ð- a-e-bm-fn- Cu- A-W-bm-¯- I-\-ep-I-fn-se- Xo-s¸m-cn-IÄ- F-
só-¦n-epw- Xn-cn-¨-dn-bp-tam-?

Deshabhimani Varanthappathippu 30.08.2008

COMMINIST PARTY IN KASARAGOD

Xpfp-\m-S³ kmaq-ly cmjv{Sob Pohn-X-¯nsâ P\-Iob aptóäNcn{X¯nð hgn-


¯n-cnhv krãn¨ ss]h-fnsK càkm£n-I-fp-sS PohXymK¯n\v- 2008 sk]vXw-_À
Hón-\v Ac\q-äm-ïv. khÀWta[m-hn-Xz-¯n-sâbpw PmXn-bp-sSbpw A\m-
Nm-c-§Ä- ]e Xe-§-fnð- \ne-\nð¡pó Xpfp-\m-«nð, Ac\qäm-ïpap¼v Iayq-
WnÌv IÀjI {]Øm-\-¯nsâ ]n´p-W-tbmsS Irjn-¡mÀ \S-¯nb [oc-amb sNdp-
¯p\nð¸nsâ CXn-lm-k-am-Wv ss]h-fnsK. Cu [oc-amb sNdp¯p\nð¸n-\n-S-
bnð ss]h-fnsK {Kma-¯nsâ Irjn`qan-bnð acn-¨p-hoW alm-_esj«n,
sNó¸sj«n, kpµcsj«n Fóo ktlm-Z-c-òm-cpsS càkm£n-Xzw, Xpfp-\m-«nse
Iayq-WnÌv {]Øm-\-¯nsâ hfÀ¨-bnð \nÀWm-bI]¦v- -h-ln-¨p.-

1957þð tIc-f-¯nð A[n-Im-c-¯nð hó C Fw Fkv kÀ¡mÀ \S-¸m-¡m³ XpS-§nb


Irjn-¡mÀ¡-\p-Iq-e-amb \b-§Ä, tIc-f-¯ns-eót]mse ss]h-fnsK {Kma-¯nepw
Irjn-`qan kwc-£W t]mcm-«-§Ä¡v Bthiw ]IÀóp. Cu- ]Ým-¯-e-¯nemWv-
1958 sk]vXw-_À Hón-\v ss]h-fn-sK-bnse IÀjIIpSpw-_-¯ns\Xnsc Pòn-amÀ
Bkq-{Xn-X-amb IS-óm-{I-aWw \S-¯n-bXv. kw`-h-a-dnªv aWn-¡q-dp-IÄ¡p-
Ånð F- sI Pn DÄs¸-sS-bpÅ t\Xm-¡Ä HmSn-sb-¯n. kw`hw \S-¡p-t¼m-Ä awK-
em-]p-c¯v hnZymÀYn-bm-bn-cpó cà-km-£n-I-fpsS Cfb ktlm-Z-c³ bp -Ir-
jvW³sj«n ]nóoSv \m«nð Xncn-s¨-¯n Xsâ ktlm-Z-c-òmÀ Poh³ \ðInb Iayq-
WnÌv IÀjI {]Øm\w kwL-Sn-¸n-¡m³ apón-«n-d-§n. Pòn-am-cpsS hnlm-c-`q-
an-bm-bn-cpó ss]h-fn-sK-bnð sXmgn-emfnhÀK{]Øm\w hfÀ¯n-sb-Sp-¡p-
ó-Xnð- At±lw ap-ón-«n-d§n.-

tIc-f-¸n-d-hn¡p-ap¼v a{Zmkv kwØm-\-¯nse ku¯v Im\d Pnñ-bnð DÄs¸-«n-


cpó thï{X cmjv{Sob DWÀhv t\Sn-bn-«n-ñm¯ {]-tZ-i-am-bn-cpóp Xpfp-
\mSv. tZiob kzmX-{´y-k-ac{]Øm-\tam AXnsâ aptóm-Sn-bmbn aäp {]tZ-
i-§-fnð- iàn-s¸-«phó \thm-°m\ {]Øm-\-§tfm Xpfp-\m-«nð kzm[o\w sNep-
¯n-bn-cp-ón-ñ. ]n- IrjvW-]n-ÅbpsS {]hÀ¯-\-¯n-\n-S-bn-ð- awK-em-]p-c¯v
1938 ð¯só Iayq-WnÌv ]mÀSn skð cq-]o-Icn-¡-s¸-«n-cp-óp.

]nóoSv _n -hn--I-¡n-ñm-bÀ, Xn-½IpÀ IrjvWsj«n, _n -Fw cma¿-sj-«n, tUm.-


kpº-dm-hp, cma-¸-am-ÌÀ, ]p¯nsK AÐpÄdlvam³ amÌÀ XpS-§nb kaÀ¸nX a\-
kvIÀ-- Iayq-WnÌv {]Øm-\-¯n-te¡v BIr-ã-cm-bn.- 1937þð tIcf ]mÀSn-bpsS
BZy skð tImgn-t¡m«v cq]w sImït¸mÄ B tbmK-¯nð ]mÀSn- tI{µ I½nän
{]Xn-\n-[n-bmbn ]n kp-µ-c-¿-tbm-sSm¸w ]s¦-Sp-¯Xv awK-em-]pcw kztZ-
in Fkv- hn -Lms« Bbn-cpóp.

atô-iz-cs¯ BZy-Ime ]mÀSn {]hÀ¯-\-s¯-¡p-dn¨v sI -am-[-th-«³ tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯p-


óp-. "atô-iz-c¯v cma-¸-am-Ì-dpw tUm.- kpº¿-dmhpw cma-¿sj«nbp-amWv
]mÀSn hfÀ¯n-bXv. _n -hn -I-¡n-ñm-b-cpsS klmbwIqSnbp-ïm-bn-cp-óp.
Cu- t\Xm-¡-fpsS amXr-`mj Xpfp Bb-Xp-sImïv DÄ\m-S³ {Kma§-fnð Cd-§n-
s¨óv Irjn¡m-cp-ambn \ómbn {]hÀ¯n-¡m³ ChÀ¡v Ign-ªp. Hgn-¸n-¡-ens\Xn-
cmb ka-c-am-bn-cpóp IÀjIkwLw hf-cm³ apJy-Im-c-Ww.'

IÀjIkwL-¯nsâ sImSn-¡o-gn-ð \S¯nb CS-s]-S-ep-I-fn-eqsS Irjn-¡mÀ DÄs¸-sS-


bpÅ km[m-cWP\-§fpsS hnizmkw t\Sn-sb-Sp¯ Iayq-WnÌv {]Øm\w {ItaW
Xpfp-\m-«nð P\-]n-´p-W-bmÀPn-¨p. 1948þð I𡯠Xnkn-kns\¯pSÀóv
\ntcm-[n-¡-s¸« Iayq-WnÌv ]mÀSn-bpsS IÀWm-SI kwØm-\-¯nse {]apJ
t\Xmhv Fkv- F³ slmÅsb tImS-Xn-bnð lmP-cm¡n I®qÀ sk³{Sð Pbn-en-te¡v
sImïp-t]m-Ipt¼mÄ- atô-izcw sdbnðth tÌj-\nðh¨v Iayq-WnÌv ]mÀSn hfân-
bÀamÀ s]meokv IÌ-Un-bnð\nóp c£-s¸-Sp-¯nb kw`hw, A¡m-es¯ Cu taJ-e-
bnse Iayq-WnÌv ]mÀSn-bpsS \nÝbZmÀVy-¯n-sâbpw [oc-X-bpsSbpw
DZm-l-c-W-ambn Ncn-{X-¯nð CSw-t\Sn.- F -sI Pn amk§-tfmfw Hfn-hnð
Xma-kn¨ {Kma-§Ä Xpfp-\m-«n-ep-ïv.

IÀjI{]Øm\w XpS¡wapXte kzm-[o\w sNep-¯nb ]p¯nsK {Kma-¯nse AwK-Sn-


ap-K-dnsâ A\p-`hw Bth-i-I-c-am-bn-cpóp. t_mÀUv kvIqfnð-

A[-ym-]-I-\m-bn-cpó AÐpÄdlvam³ amÌÀ IÀjI kwLw t\Xm-hmbn DbÀóp.


IÀj-I-kwLw CÉm-an-s\Xn-cm-sWóv apÉn-w {]am-Wn-amÀ ]Ån A[n-Ir-Xsc
D]-tbm-Kn¨v {]kvXm-h-\ Cd¡n. Fómð- ]p¯nsK AÐpÄdlvam³ amÌÀ sXñpw
Ipep-§nbnñ. Pòn ]£-]m-Xn-I-fpsS {]Nm--c-W-¯n-s\-Xnsc Jpdm³ hN-\-§Ä D²-
cn-¨v, IÀjIkwLw Dó-bn¨ Bh-i-y-§Ä Jpdm³ A\p-im-k-\-¯nðs¸«-Xm-sWóv
kaÀYn-¨v AÐpÄdlvam³ amÌÀ \S-¯nb {]kvXm-h\ FXncmfnI-fpsS \mh-S¡n.
Ien-bn-f-Inb Ia-yq-WnÌv hncp-²À AÐpÄdlvam³ amÌ-dpsS IS-¯p-tXmWn
hne-¡n-b-t¸mÄ At±lw ]pg \o´n¡Sóv- ]mÀSn-tbm-K-§-fnð ]s¦-Sp¯ Imcyw ]
p¯n-sKbnse ]gb Xe-apd Ct¸mgpw HmÀan-¡p-óp.

ss]h-fns-K-bpsS Abð{Km-a-amb ]p¯n-sK-bnð IÀjI{]Øm\w Bcw-`n-¡m³ CS-


bmb kml-N-cys¯¡pdn¨v sI am[-th-«³ Fgp-Xn-bXv hmbn-¡pI: "1946þð
t_mws_-bnð \Só {_n«ojv hncp² \mhnIIem-]-¯nð ]s¦-Sp-¯-Xnsâ t]cnð ]«m-
f-¯nð\nóp ]ncn¨phnS-s¸« cïv apÉn-w sNdp-¸-¡mÀ A¦SnapKdnð Xncn-s¨¯n
IÀjI{]Øm\w ]Sp--¯p-bÀ¯m³ {]hÀ¯n¨p.' apÉn-w `qcn-]£{]tZ-i-amb ]
p¯nsK ]ôm-b-¯nð kn]nsF Fw Xsó-bmWv Ct¸mgpw kp{]-[m\
cmjv{Sobiàn.

kzmX{´yeÏn-¡p-tijw Aó-s¯ ImkÀtImSv Xmeq¡v ImkÀtIm-Sv, tlmkvZpÀKv


Xmeq-¡p-I-fmbn hn`-Pn-¡-s¸-«-t¸mÄ Xpfp-\mSv DÄs¡m-Åpó ImkÀtIm-Sv
Xmeq¡v ]mÀSn I½n--än sk{I-«-dn-bmbn ]mÀSn \ntbm-Kn-¨Xv A¡m-es¯
{]KÛ t\Xm-¡-fnð Hcm-fm-bn-cpó F³ Pn I½-¯n-s\-bm-bn-cp-óp.

1984þð ImkÀtIm-Sv- Pnñm cq]o-I-c-W-t¯msS Cu taJ-e-bnse ]mÀSn


{]hÀ¯-\-¯n\v IqSp-Xð {i-²bpw {]m[m-\yhpw e`n¨p. 1992þð _m_dn
akvPnZv XIÀ¡-s¸-«-Xns\¯pSÀóv cmPy¯v ]e Øe-§-fnepw D-ïmb- hÀKob{[p-
ho-I-cWw Xpfp-\m-Sn-s\bpw kzm[o-\n-¨p. Cu Ime-L-«-¯nð Cu taJ-e-bnð
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sI ]n -k-XojvN{µ³

Islamic finance gains momentum in US


(GULFNEWS)
By N.C. Aizenman, Los Angeles Times-Washington Post News Service
Published: May 19, 2008, 00:27
The mortgage industry may be in meltdown, but at least one class of lender
appears to be flourishing: Islamic finance companies that offer home buyers
alternative arrangements such as lease-to-own deals so they can avoid making the
sort of interest payments that many believe their religion forbids.
Officials at Guidance Residential, a Reston, Virginia, company that has financed
more than 5,000 home purchases since it began in 2002, said the company is
having its best year yet, with business up seven per cent in the first quarter of
2008 from the first quarter of 2007.

At University Islamic Financial, which began in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and has
expanded its operations to Virginia, California, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland,
New Jersey, Texas and New York, officials said the number of home-financing
applications quadrupled from last March to this March.

Representatives of the four major Islamic home-finance institutions in the United


States said they do not track the reasons customers choose them over
conventional mortgage brokers. Several speculated that it was due to the natural
growth of what is still a fledgling retail industry, as well as two side effects of the
mortgage crisis: The drop in prices in many regions has brought homes back within
reach of first-time buyers, who make up a sizable chunk of Islamic financiers'
customers. And the drumbeat of negative publicity about the practices of subprime
mortgage lenders has amplified the distrust and discomfort the conventional
mortgage industry already inspired in many Muslims.

"Folks have to be questioning the methods used by conventional mortgage


companies over the last three or four years based on what's happening today," said
Hussam Qutub, a spokesman for Guidance. "And I think that makes more people
think, 'Well what about the emergence of this (Islamic-) compliant financing
industry? Let me give it a look and educate myself about it to see if it could
perhaps be more beneficial to me'."

That was the prevailing sentiment among potential customers who approached an
advertising booth staffed by Guidance representatives at the annual spring fair held
by the All Dulles Area Muslim Society in Sterling, Virginia, on a recent weekend.

Nabila Zerrarka, an Algerian-born woman wearing a white-and-green headscarf


and pushing a stroller, wanted to find out if Guidance's home-finance options were
more straightforward than those offered by traditional mortgage brokers.

"Deep down, I don't feel comfortable paying interest because it is against my


beliefs," said Zerrarka, 29, who is searching for her first home and has already
obtained a prequalification letter for a conventional loan from Bank of America.
"But I also feel it's against my financial interests to pay interest. ... What we've
seen is that with interest-bearing loans, there are all these gimmicks and hidden
costs and tricks that they can surprise you with. ... If there is a possibility of doing
it the Islamic way, we'd like to explore it."

Mounir Elhaj, 45, a native of Sudan who works at a moving company, wanted to
know how Guidance deals with customers who fall behind on their payments. He
said he recently helped move a woman whose house was foreclosed on after she
missed payments. "She had been paying her mortgage for 17 years, and the bank
still took her house," Elhaj said to the Guidance sales representative. "So I want to
know if I bought a house and then fail to pay, can you help me?"

The representative, Amr Mohammad, smiled and replied, "Yes, we can," adding
that Islamic law, known as sharia, forbids businesses from profiting from a
customer's financial hardship. So if a customer is late on payments, Guidance
charges him or her a flat administrative fee to cover processing costs but none of
the percentage-based penalties and additional fees that conventional mortgage
companies can pile on.

Principles

Islamic home financing aims to offer Muslim buyers the same opportunities as
conventional lenders but with a twist that gets around sharia's prohibition against
the payment of riba. Generally defined as excessive gain, riba has over the years
come to be considered the equivalent of making money by renting money - in
other words, charging interest - because the borrower shoulders risk while the
lender is guaranteed a return.

In one of the alternative arrangements offered by Islamic finance companies, the


company buys the house, then sells it to the home buyer in fixed monthly
installments at an agreed-upon marked-up price. The markup rate is kept
competitive with the prevailing interest rate on a conventional mortgage.

So apart from a few additional transaction costs from the atypical nature of the
arrangement, the buyer's monthly payment is roughly equivalent to what it would
be with a conventional mortgage.

A second option is for the financier and the home buyer to enter a lease-to-own
contract similar to those used to buy cars. Once again, the rental portion of the
monthly payment is kept equivalent to prevailing interest payments. The third
model, which is favoured by Guidance, is also based on a lease-to-own
arrangement, except that the buyer and the finance company form a limited-
liability entity to own shares of the property.

All three arrangements got a major boost in 2001 when Freddie Mac agreed to
begin buying them on the secondary market, ultimately including not just Guidance
and University Islamic, but also Devon Bank in Chicago and American Finance
House Lariba of Pasadena, California. Last year, Freddie Mac bought more than
$250 million in Islamic home loans - a tiny fraction of the corporation's $1.77
trillion business but nonetheless a slight increase over previous years, according to
spokesman Brad German.

While Islamic finance companies have convened boards of prominent scholars to


certify that their finance arrangements comply with sharia, not all Muslim thinkers
are convinced that they are necessary.

Mahmoud Amin Al Gamal, an economics professor at Rice University specialising in


Islamic finance, noted that even in Muslim countries, sharia-based financing was
developed in only the past several decades. And he argued that because
conventional mortgages are secured by a physical good, namely the home, that is
usually the only asset the lender can repossess if the borrower fails to repay, such
loans should not be considered the equivalent of making money by renting money.

In any case, Al Gamal maintained, Islamic home-finance products are so closely


modelled on conventional mortgages as to constitute a distinction without a
difference. "This is an industry that preys on people's religious insecurities by
selling them a product that they claim is different when it's not. It's false
advertising, and it's a case of supply creating demand," Al Gamal said.

But Hirsi Dirir, a Somali-born technology analyst who recently obtained financing
from Lariba to buy a townhouse in Annandale, Virginia, said such objections pale in
comparison with the peace of mind he has gained from making the extra effort to
adhere to his faith.

"I wish I could avoid everything that Islam doesn't allow, but I can't," said Dirir, 32.
"So if I have the opportunity and the choice to avoid interest, then it's very
important to me not to mess with it."

Rizwan Jaka, 35, president of the All Dulles Area Muslim Society, also said the
emergence of such arrangements constitutes an important milestone in the
integration of Muslims in the American mainstream.

"It definitely marks a coming of age for us. ... It's part of the whole process of
being a part of this country while being able to have our faith accommodated," he
said. "The American dream is to purchase a house, and the American Muslim
dream is to be able to do so in an Islamic manner."

It definitely marks a coming of age for us. ... It's part of the whole process of being
a part of this country while being able to have our faith accommodated ... The
American dream is to purchase a house, and the American Muslim dream is to be
able to do so in an Islamic manner."

Slimming down big fat weddings/ GULFNEWS


By Ajay Jha, Chief Correspondent
Published: August 10, 2007, 23:43
New Delhi: It is a bar but of a different kind. With no alcohol, no non-vegetarian
food, Sikh weddings would not remain the same in the capital.

The big fat Sikh weddings, an occasion to flaunt their wealth, are out and few are
shedding tears on the blanket ban imposed by the Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management
Committee (DSGMC).

With prominent Sikh community leaders and individuals coming out in support of the
move, the DSGMC is hopeful that their noble move may find acceptance all over the
country sooner than latter.

What it in reality means is that prominent non-resident Indians like US-based


hotelier Sant Singh Chatwal may have to risk social boycott or forget bringing the
world to India, as he did during his son Vikram Chatwal's wedding last year.

The Chatwal wedding was inarguably among the most expensive Delhi had ever
witnessed.

Fallacy

What it also means is that five star hotels and farm houses may lose considerable
business. No matter how rich one may be, they may no longer try to imitate
Chatwal. They now have to book space inside one of the 350-odd Gurdwaras of Delhi
to solemnise weddings.

"It is a fallacy to think all Sikhs are well off. True you will not find a Sikh beggar, but
they can be as poor as anyone. Delhi is full of them. Just go to those colonies where
widows of the 1984 anti-Sikh riots live and you will know what I mean," says
Arvinder Singh, a west Delhi businessman.

He, along with some likeminded Sikhs, has been generating funds to enable the poor
Sikh families meet cost of those weddings, which is traditionally borne by the girl's
family.

"The expenses have been going up all the time. Besides dowry, one of the conditions
of the grooms' parents is always that it must be a big affair," Arvinder adds.

According to him, he knows about some marriages which could not be solemnised
since the brides' families were unable to muster resources to host it in hotels or farm
houses.

DSGMC president Paramjit Sigh Sarna has already instructed all local Gurdwaras to
create additional facilities to host weddings.

"I have received congratulatory messages from several other communities who say
they would also like to emulate us," Sarna says, adding that he is hopeful that the
Amritsar-based supreme Sikh body, the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak
(management) Committee, would also follow suit. Sarna is convinced that one of the
reasons for dwindling birth rate of baby girls, which stands at 935 girls for 1,000
boys, in Punjab is the inability of parents to bear the cost of the wedding. "It is
directly linked to female foeticide being resorted to by parents," Sarna argues.

The DSGMC on July 28 came out with its orders. All weddings must be solemnised in
Gurdwaras, that too before noon or else marriage certificates would not be issued.

Once that is achieved, it would be easier to implement the bar on serving alcohol and
non-vegetarian food since alcohol and non-veg food can anyway not be served in a
Gurdwara.

Advisory

The DSGMC has asked Sikh clerics and leaders not to attend ostentatious weddings
as a mark of protest. Thus those who violate this ban face a social boycott of the
community.

The DSGMC ban in essence is only advisory and cannot stand legal scrutiny "One can
still register marriages in court and get the requisite certificate and host an
expensive reception. A marriage to me is a lifetime event and an occasion to
celebrate. Only the bride's family should not be forced to spend beyond their
means," said Surinder Singh Ahluwalia, a software professional.

However, voices of dissents like his are far and few since social boycott are what no
Sikh is ready for.

The DSGMC does not claim their code to be original in nature. They point out that
such a code is in force in Mumbai where majority of the Sikh weddings take place
before noon in Gurdwaras and a fixed simple menu is served to those attending the
weeding.

According to Sarna, the resolution passed by the DSGMC can become effective only
when the rich Sikh families abandon the splurge of wealth in the name of a wedding
and set the example for others.

To start with, the DSGMC has constituted teams of 11 members to talk to all Sikh
families.

Thejas Online

09.08.2007

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apgph³ aXs¯ \in¸n¡m³ XmdpSp¯nd§nb sI C F³, KpPdm¯nse CcIÄ¡p thn
Hcnäp I®oÀ hogv¯nbXnsâ t]cn hn Fkv AS¡apÅhcpsS Zrãnbn apc¯
aXauenIhmZnbmbn hntijn¸n¡s¸« ]cnXØnXnbnÂ, at\mlcamb kz´w
XmSntcma§tfmSpw Xe¸mhnt\mSpw, kÀthm]cn GXp {]XnIqe
kmlNcy¯nepw cmPnbmhm³ hnk½Xn¡p¶ hnizmk{]amWt¯mSpw
\oXn]men¨psImp aAvZ\n¡v tdmUnsâ CSXphiw tNÀ¶v F{XZqcw
k©cn¡m\mhpw?

Thejas Online
02.08.2007

hn[n¡p ap¼v aAvZ\n in£ A\p`hn¨p

PÌnkv ]n sI jwkp±o³

hn[n¡p ap¼v H¼XchÀjw PbnÂin£ A\p`hn¨bmfmWp tImb¼¯qÀ t_mw_v


kvt^mS\t¡kn hnNmcW¯ShpImc\mbn Pbnen¡gnª A_vZp¶mknÀ aAvZ\n.
At±l¯ns\Xntc \nc¯nb sXfnhpIÄ ZpÀ_ehpw Ipä§Ä sXfnbn¡m³
aXnbmhm¯XpamsW¶p tIkt\zjW dn¡mÀUpIÄ ]cntim[n¨ F\n¡p
t_m[ys¸«ncp¶p. aAvZ\nbpsS `mcy kq^nb, tIkpambn _Ôs¸«p ]eXhW Fs¶
IWv Sncp¶p.
Pmay¯n\p thWv Sn kp{]nwtImSXn hsc ]eXhW kao]ns¨¦nepw Xangv\mSv
kÀ¡mcnsâ iàamb FXnÀ¸paqew Pmayw \ntj[n¡s¸SpIbmWpWv SmbXv.
KpcpXcamb BtcmKy{]iv\§fpÅ aAvZ\n¡v Pbnen thWv ScoXnbnÂ
NnInÂkbpw \ÂInbnÃ. ASp¯ _Ôp acn¨n«pt]mepw At±l¯n\p ]tcmÄ \ntj[n¨p.
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hIp¸pIÄ{]ImcamWv F¶p hniZoIcn¡pI am{XamWp PUvPn
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No^v PpUojy aPnkvt{Sämb F¨v sI iÀabmWp IgnªhÀjw Hcp cq]
Pmay¯n hn«b¨Xv. Cu kw`hw {i²bnÂs¸« kp{]nwtImSXn kzta[bm
tIskSp¡pIbpw a¨mMn\v aq¶pe£w cq] \ã]cnlmcw \ÂIm³ hn[n¡pIbpw
sNbvXp.
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l\o^ns\ Bkvt{Xenbbn AdÌv sNbvXp PbneneS¨p. sXäp]änsb¶p
t{]mknIyqj³ Xs¶ k½Xn¨v ]n¶oSv At±ls¯ Ipähnapà\m¡n. sXfnhnsö
ImcW¯m At±l¯n\p tImSXn Pmayw \ÂInbn«pw Bkvt{Xenb³ kÀ¡mÀ hnk
d±m¡n IkväUnbn h¨Xns\Xntc temIs¯ÃmbnS¯pw a\pjymhImi {]hÀ¯IcpsS
iàamb {]Xntj[amWv DbÀ¶Xv.
Ahkm\w C´ybnte¡p Xncn¨pt]mhm³ Bkvt{Xenb³ kÀ¡mÀ
k½Xn¡pIbmbncp¶p. Hcp Dul¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n sXfnhnÃmsX
IkväUnbnseSp¡p¶Xpw hnNmcW¯Shv A\nÝnXImet¯¡p \o«ns¡mWv
Spt]mhp¶Xpw KpcpXcamb {]XymLmXw krãn¡psa¶mWv A\p`h§Ä
sXfnbn¡p¶Xv.
aAvZ\n¡v A\pIqeamb tImb¼¯qÀ PUvPnbpsS hn[ns¡Xntc {]t£m`w
kwLSn¸n¡m\mWp _n.sP.]n tZiob t\XrXz¯nsâ Xocpam\w. tImSXnIÄ
sXfnhpIfpsS ASnØm\¯nemWp hn[n ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xv.
sXäp]änbn«psWv S¶p t{]mknIyqj\v tXm¶nbm AXns\Xntc A¸o t]mhm³
A\phmZhpapWv Sv. A¸oen\p thWv Sn cm{ãobk½À±w sNep¯p¶Xp \Ã
{]hWXbÃ. aAvZ\nbpsS cm{ãobho£W§tfmSv F\n¡p tbmPn¸nÃ.
Xo{hhmZhpw `oIcXbpw sImSnb ]m]amWv. AXnt\mSp
hn«phogvNbpanÃ. F¦nepw \nc]cm[nIÄ IpäwsN¿msX Pbnen IgntbWv
Snhcp¶ AhØbpWv Smhm³ ]mSnÃ. \S]SnIfn \oXnt_m[hpw
a\pjymhImi§fpw Im¯pkq£n¡pIbmWp thWv SXv.

05.112007 tXPkv ssZzhmcnI

Ncn{X¯n CSs]Sm³ Hcp ]{Xm[n]À¡pÅ I¯v

• Aºmkv Imft¯mSv

ioÀjIw F³. Fk.v am[hsâ "Bbnc¯n cWvSmas¯ cmhv' F¶ IYbnÂ\n¶p


ISwsImWvSXmWv. Xncp¯v, apwss_ XpS§nb am[hIYItfmSp
apkvvenwhmb\¡mÀ ISs¸«ncn¡p¶p. "lnKznä' F¶ IYbnse hnÃ\p "PºmÀ' F¶p
\maIcWw sNbvXXn hmb\¡mÀ¡p hntbmPn¸papWvSv. s]¬hmWn`¡Ybnse
Iq«ns¡mSp¸pImc\mbn«mbncp¶tÃm Pºmdnsâ \ntbmKw. "lnKznä'
IYbmWv. IY IYtbmftabpÅq. D¯cm©enepw O¯okvKUnepw anjWdn
{]hÀ¯\w \S¯p¶hÀ¡nSbn BZnhmkns¸¬Ip«nIsf ]oUn¸n¨ IYIÄ hÀ¯am\Imes¯
hmÀ¯bmWv. "lnKznä'bnse KohÀKok¨sâ {]XnOmb¡p a§te¡p¶Xp
kw`hIYIfnemsW¶p am{Xw.
F«psImÃw ap³]msW¶ptXm¶p¶p, A³kmcn Fs¶mcmÄ "lnKznä'sb
apkvvenw]£¯p \n¶psImWvSp hnaÀin¡pIbpWvSmbn. hnaÀiIsâ
\mhS¡m\mhmw, am[hsâ {]XnIcWan§s\:
""F¦nepw hncense®mhp¶ ]Tm·mÀ.......'' AhcnsemcmfmWp PºmÀ F¶p
Npcp¡w. "Xncp¯n'epw Hcp ]TmWn hcp¶pWvSv. AXp]t£, hfsc
t]mknänhmbn«mWv. am[hsâ Dt±iyip²n¡p Pmayw \n¡p¶Xpw Cu ]
TmWnbmWv.
""Cfw\oe kÂhmÀ kq«n«v CJv_m Cd§nh¶p. Ahsâ AÑs\t¸mse
apgp]TmWnbmbn«v....''
H.hn.hnPbsâ Jkm¡nsâ CXnlmkw hmbn¨ Ime¯p anbm³ sibvJnsâ aJv_dbnÂ
knbmd¯v sN¿m\pÅ tamlapWvSmbncp¶p. ]me¡mSv PnÃbnse X{km¡v F¶
{KmaamWv CXnlmk`qanIsb¶dnªtXmsS Jkm¡nte¡pRm³ bm{X Bcw`n¨p.
`qanimkv{X]cambn X{km¡n\pw Jkm¡n\pw X½nepÅ
s]m¡nÄs¡mSn_Ôsamgn¨p\nÀ¯nbm X{km¡nse "Rmäp]pc'bnencp ¶v
hnPb³ ]S¨phn« IYIÄ¡p bmYmÀYyhpambn Hcp _ÔhpanÃ. Ad_n¸Ån F¶p
hnPb³ ]dbp¶ sNdnsbmcp \akvImc¸ÅnbpsS ]p\cp²mcWw \S¡p¶pWvSv.
anbm³ sibvJnsâ aJv_d tXSnsb¯nb Rm³ hnUvVnbpambn. AÅm]n¨
samÃm¡bpsS ]n·pd¡mÀ kµÀiIÀ¡p ap¼nse ImgvNhkvXp¡fmbn. ]ecpw
ssaaq\sbbmWp Xncbp¶Xv.
Ncn{XIY\¯n ambwtNÀ¡p¶hÀ ap³IqÀ PmaysaSp¡p¶ ]XnhpapWvSv.
Ipamc\mim³ ZpchØbn PmaysaSp¯Xp ImWpI:
""aZzN\§Ä¡p amÀ±hansænþ
ept±iyip²nbm am¸p\ÂIn³''
aS¡bm{Xbn ]me¡mSv sslthbneqsS hcpt¼mÄ Ipamc\mim\n \n¶p
XpS§n am[h\n Ahkm\n¡p¶ hnaÀi\¯nsâ AXnthK]mXsb¡pdn¨mbncp¶p
NÀ¨. kw`mjWat[y Fsâ kplr¯p ]dªp:
""ZpchØbn \n¶pw ]pet¸Snbnte¡pÅ Zqcw KWns¨Sp¡pt¼mÄ
am{XamWp Xncn¨dnhpIÄ DWvSmhp¶Xv.''
am[h³ ZpchØsb ip²nsNbvXp ]pet¸Sn krãns¨¶p kmcw. Bimsâ
kmhn{XnþNm¯·mcpsS AbpànbnÂ\n¶p am[hsâ kmhn{XnþNm¯·mcpsS
bpànbnse¯pt¼mgmWp am[hsâ Dt±iyip²nbpsS Kcna IqSpXÂ
Zriyamhp¶Xv.

F´nhÀ¡n§s\ tXm¶m³!

1921se ae_mÀIem]Ime¯v Cïp \n¶pw c£s¸« kmhn{Xn A´ÀP\¯n\p Nm¯sâ


Nmf A`bØm\amhp¶XmWp ZpchØbn kw`hn¡p¶Xv. ZpchØ
apkvvenwhncp²amsW¶ Bt£]w kw`hIme¯p Xs¶ \nehnepWvSv. AXn\v
Bim³ \ÂInb \ymboIcWw kpt_m[yamhWsa¦n ZpchØbpsS hcnIÄ¡nSbnÂ
\n¶pXs¶ AXp hmbns¨Sp¡Ww. Cu AXnhmb\bv¡v Fs¶ t{]cn¸n¨Xv, bqk^en
tIt¨cnbpw _meN{µ³ NpÅn¡mSpw amXr`qanbn \S¯nb kwhmZ§fmWv.
"C½qÀJÀ¡oizcNn´bntÃ?' F¶Xnse "aqÀJ³' hfsc t{ijvTamsbmcp
{]tbmKambmWv F\n¡\p`hs¸«Xv. ImcWw, \mKmcm[\bn aqÀJ\pÅ
{]m[m\yw Xs¶. asäm¶p aqÀJtâXv B{IaWaÃ; {]Xntcm[amWv. C§s\
"Im«pam¡m³,' "cm£k³' XpS§nb ]Z§fpsS AXnhmb\ Xcs¸Sp¶tXmsS
ZpchØbpsS BkzmZ\w kpKaamhp¶p.
apä¯p tNmchmÀ¶p InS¡p¶ _ÔpP\s¯¡pdn¨pÅ kmhn{XnbpsS hÀW\bpw
tNtXmlcamWv:
"]mh\amw apäant¸mÄ `cWn\mÄ
Imhn¡pcpXn¡fw IW¡mbv'
sImSp§ÃqÀ`cWn\mfn ImhpXoWvSn tImgn¡pcpXn \S¯p¶Xp ]
pWyamWtÃm. Cu {]XoImßIXbnse {ZmhnUkv]Àiw ae_mÀIem]¯n\v Hcp
¢mknIvhn¹h¯nsâ ]cnthjw \ÂIp¶pWvSv.
"F´nhÀ¡n§s\ tXm¶phm³?' F¶p ]cn`hn¡p¶ kmhn{Xn AXnsâ ImcW§fpw
Ncn{X¯nÂ\n¶p NnIsªSp¡p¶pWvSv:
""X¼pcm¡·mcpw Xncpap¸mS·mcpw
ht¼dpamVy·mÀ aäptÅmcpw
Ip¼nSpw hµy\§n¸od tPm\IÀ
ap¼n XeXmgv¯n \n¸mbtÃm''
X¼pcm¡·mcpsS XeIp\n¸m³ am{Xw XtâSapÅ Cu "]od'IÄ
Bcmbncp¶ncn¡mw?
"F¶Ãnhcn ]ecpw a\bv¡oe
¡p¶phmcs¯ Irjn¡mctÃm'
B IÀjI³ "{Iqcaml½ZÀ' BbsX§s\sb¶p ZpchØ km£ys¸Sp¯p¶p.
""l´ \mbI·mÀ XpS§n Iogvt¸m«pÅ
lnµp¡fmbpancpt¶mcs{X
B«pw hne¡pw hgnbm«pw aäpanþ
¡q«À kln¨p s]mdpXnap«n
hn«Xmw lnµpaXw.................''
1843se tNdqÀ¸Sbv¡p tijw AhÀWÀ Iq«t¯msS Ckvvemante¡p ]cnhÀ¯\w
sNbvXXmbn ae_mÀ am\zen hneyw temK³ ASbmfs¸Sp¯p¶p:
""1871\pw 81\panSbn tIcf¯n 65iXam\w sNdpaÀ Ckvvemante¡p ]
cnhÀ¯\w sN¿s¸«p. Hcp sNdpasâtbm atäsX¦nepw XmWPmXn¡mcsâtbm
ta Ckvvemansâ _lpaXn AÀ¸n¡s¸«mÂ, AhÀ kmaqlnItkm]m\¯nÂ
Hä¨m«¯n\v At\I]Sn Dbc¯nse¯p¶p. Cu Ahkcw sNdpacpw aäp
XmWkapZmb¡mcpambn sam¯w 50,000 t]À
D]tbmKs¸Sp¯nbn«psWvS¶mWp IW¡pIÄ tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xv.''
"AÅm aX¯n ]nSn¨p tNÀ¯Ã' Ckvvemw tIcf¯n ]cnWmaKp]vXn
{]m]ns¨sX¶pw ZpchØ km£ys¸Sp¯p¶p.
""F{Xtbm Zqcw hgnsXän \nÂt¡tWvSmþ
tcgs¨dpa³ t]mbv sXm¸nbn«mÂ
Nn{Xahs\¯n¨mc¯ncp¶nSm³
sNäpw t]Snt¡WvS \¼qcmtc
C{X kpe`hpamÝcyhpambnþ
Ên²n¡pw kzmX{´ykuJysa¦nÂ
_p²nbptÅmcn§mt{ibÊpt]£n¨p
_²cmbv tahptam PmXntPenÂ''
am{XhpaÃ, kpckpµcnbmb, "sI«n\Is¯ _me' bmb kmhn{Xn A´ÀP\s¯
"{Iqcaml½ZÀ' F´psImWvSmWp "tIdn¸nSn¡m'Xncp¶Xv F¶Xpw
AÚmXas{X!
""F´psImsWvSs¶ elf¯nSp¡¯nÂ
l´! apkÂam·mcmcmªnÃ''
AhÀ¡p tPmen thsdbpWvSmbncp¶p. "{Iqcaml½ZÀ Nn´p¶ sslµh tNmc'
Fs¶ms¡ càk½À±w Iq«m³ Hmtcm¶p ]dsª¦nepw HSphn Bim³
PmaysaSp¡p¶pWvSv:
""aZzN\§Ä¡v amÀ±hansænþ
ept±iyip²nbm am¸p\ÂIn³''
"amäphn³ N«§sf, kzbwamäpaXpIfo \n§sf¯m³' F¶p s\©pdt¸msS ]dbm³
Bim\p {]tNmZ\ambXp ae_mÀIem]ambncp¶p F¶ hkvXpXbpw
hnkvacn¨pIqSm.
apÃm \kvdp±osâ Nncn
ssN{X]uÀWan ZÀin¨psImWvSp NmÀt¸mfn apà aeÀ¶pInS¡pIbmbncp¶p.
ImÀtaL¡odn\pÅn ]uÀWan¨{µnI Ibdnsbmfn¡pt¼mÄ apà \Ã
ab¡¯nepambncp¶p. s]s«¶v! ]cn{`m´ntbmsS NmSnsbWoäp N{µnIsb
Xnc¡p¶ apÃsb¡WvSv, InWäpIcbn shÅw tImcpIbmbncp¶ `mcy Icoa
hnfn¨p]dªp:
"ZmtWvS InS¡p¶p, InWänÂ.....'
HmSns¨¶p InWänte¡p t\m¡nb apà IWvSXv, Pekam[nbmbn InS¡p¶ ]
uÀWansbbmWv. Nn´n¡m³ t\canÃ. ]mXmf¡cWvSn sImWvSp N{µnIsb
hen¨pIbäp¶Xn\nSbnÂ, AXnsâ A{Kw InWänsâ h¡n Ipcp§n.
kÀhiànbpsaSp¯v Bªphen¨t¸mÄ a®nfIn ]mXmf¡cWvSn ]pd¯ph¶Xpw apÃ
am\w t\m¡n aeÀ¶phoWXpw H¸ambncp¶p. Nncn¡nSbn Icoa ]dªp:
"AZv`pXw! Zm \n¡p¶p, BImi¯v.....'
apà amtemItcmSmbn ]dªp:
""H¶mtemNn¨p t\m¡q. Rm³ N{µnIsb hosWvSSp¯nÃmbncps¶¦nÂ....
t\m¼papWvSmhnÃ; s]cp¶mfpapWvSmhnÃ.''
KpW]mTw:
1. ZpÀ{KmlyambXp ioeam¡mXncn¡pI.
2. Imfs]sä¶p tI«m IbsdSp¡mXncn¡pI.
3. Dt±iyip²n¡p am¸p\ÂIpI.

02.08.2007 THEJUS DAILY


aAvZ\nþ Ahkm\w \oXn hnPbn¨p

H A_vZpÃ

apwss_ kvt^mS\t¡kn kp{]kn² kn\nam\S³ kRvPbvZ¯v Ipähmfnsb¶p IWv


Sv BdphÀjs¯ ITn\XShn\p in£n¡s¸«Xnsâ sXm«p]ntä¶p tImb¼¯qÀ
kvt^mS\t¡kn 14mw {]Xnbmbn Ipäw Npa¯s¸« ]n.Un.]n sNbÀam³
AÐp¶mknÀ aAvZ\n ]cn]qÀWambpw Ipähnapà\m¡s¸« kw`hw C´y³
\oXn]oT¯nsâ \njv]£Xbnte¡pw kXykÔXbnte¡pw iàambn hncÂNqWv Sp¶p.
XnI¨pw aµKXnbnemWv Cu cWv Sp tIkpIfpsSbpw hnNmcW \S¶sX¦nepw
_mlyk½À±§Ä H¯ncnbmbncp¶p. AÐp¶mknÀ aAvZ\nbpsS Imcy¯nÂ
kwØm\ \nbak` At±ls¯ \ncp]m[nIw hn«b¡Wsa¶mhiys¸«v GIIWvTambn
{]tabw ]mkm¡pIt]mepapWv Smbn.
kRvPbvZ¯nsâ Imcy¯nemhs«, tIkv hnNmcW \S¯pIbpw in£ hn[n¡pIbpw
sNbvX PUvPn ]n Un tImsU hyàn]cambn kRvPbvZ¯nsâ Imcy¯nÂ
At±l¯n\pÅ BIpeX FSp¯p]dbpIt]mepapWv Smbn. Xm¦fpsS Hcp]t£,
\qdphbÊphsc \oWv Sp\n¡mhp¶ BbpÊn tIhew BdphÀjw am{XamWp
Xm³ No´nsbSp¡p¶sX¶pw Bßhnizmkw ssIhnSmsX apt¼m«pt]mhWsa¶pw
aäpapÅ BizmkhN\§tfmsSbmWp PUvPn hn[n{]kvXmhw \S¯nbXv. C´y³
PpUojydnbpsS Ncn{X¯n C¶phsc DWv Smbn«nÃm¯hn[w ]{´Wv Sp t]sc
sIme¡bdn sI«n¯q¡n acn¡m³ hn[n¨ PUvPnbptSXmWp kRvPbnt\mSpÅ
BizmkhN\§Ä Ft¶mÀ¡Ww.
F¶ph¨mÂ, \nbaw AXnsâ hgn¡p \o§p¶p. AXn hyàn]camb Cãm\nã§fpsS
{]iv\ta DZn¡p¶nÃ. AXn\m Ipä¡mcs\¶p tImSXn IsWv S¯nb kRvPbvZ¯v,
At±l¯n\p in£ hn[n¡s¸Sp¶tXmsS t_mfnhpUv I\¯ {]XnkÔn
t\cnSpsa¶dnªpsImWv SpXs¶ in£n¡s¸«p. AÐp¶mknÀ aAvZ\n
in£n¡s¸«pImWm\pw At±lw Pbnen¡nS¶p Nmhp¶Xp IWv Sp ckn¡m\pw
t\m¼pw hgn]mSpambn \S¶ncp¶hÀ XZmhiymÀYw izmkw]nSn¨p
\n¶ncp¶psh¦nepw kw`h¯nte¡p aAvZ\n hen¨ngbv¡s¸SpIbmbncp¶p F¶p
a\Ênem¡n tImSXn At±ls¯ \ncp]m[nIw hn«b¨p.
aAvZ\nbpsS \ncp]m[nIamb tamN\w Kuchamb Nne tNmZy§fpbÀ¯p¶p.
\nc]cm[nbmb Hcp a\pjys\, At±lw \nch[n tcmK§fpsS
XShdbnemsW¶dnªn«pw bmsXmcp X¯zZo£bpanÃmsX XShnen«p ]
oUn¸n¡pIbpw Ahkm\w I£n Ipähnapà\m¡s¸«t¸mÄ BinÀhZn¡m\pw
A\p{Kln¡m\pambn ]msª¯n At±lt¯msSm¸w tÌPn Ccn¸nS¯n\mbn
aÂkcn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ `cWIqShpw `cWIqSs¯ ]oUt\m]IcWambn
D]tbmKn¡p¶ cm{ãob¡mcpamWv kXy¯n aAvZ\nkw`h¯n {]Xn¡q«nÂ.
tImb¼¯qÀ kw`h¯nse 167 {]XnIfn Hcn¡Ât¸mepw Pmayw e`n¡m¯
XShpImc\mWp tImSXn Ipähnapà\m¡nb aAvZ\n. kpamÀ ]¯phÀjw ap¼v
I¯pdp¦neSbv¡s¸« aAvZ\n, kqcys\ ImWp¶Xv AäanÃm¯ ]IepIÄ¡p tijw
C¶sebmWv. CXnt\¡mÄ ITn\hpw {Iqchpamb Ipämtcm]nXÀ t]mepw
tImb¼¯qÀ kw`h¯neS¡w Pmayw t\Sn ]pd¯pIS¡pt¼mgmWp aAvZ\nbpsS
Imcy¯n Cu sImSpw{IqcX F¶p a\Ênem¡Ww.
A¶s¯ Xangv\mSv apJya{´n PbefnX A¡mcy¯n ]camh[n Ifn¨p. A¶Xns\
hnaÀin¨ Un.Fw.sI t\Xmhv IcpWm\n[n A[nImc¯n h¶n«pw ØnXnbn Hcp
amähpapWv SmbnÃ. F¶Ã, aAvZ\nbpsS Imcyhpw ]dªv Hcmfpw B hgn¡p
htcWv SXnà Fs¶mcp at\m`mhw tImb¼¯qÀ PbnÂ]cnkc¯p XfwsI«n\n¶p.
GtXm Hcp alm]cm[w sNbvX sImSpw{Iqcsâ Imcy¯n  Pmaytam F¶
\nebv¡mWp kwL]cnhmc§Ä {]iv\s¯ t\m¡n¡Wv SXv.
A¶p ImTvaÞphn \n¶v C´y³ hnam\w A^vKm\nse Im´lmdnte¡p
X«ns¡mWv Spt]mIsh, X«ns¡mWv Spt]mbhcpsS Hcmhiyw aAvZ\nbpsS
tamN\amsW¶p ]dªp aAvZ\nsb cm{ãm´cob `oIcXbpambn _Ôn¸n¡m³ ap³
_n.sP.]n tI{µkla{´n bmsXmcp DÄ¡p¯panÃmsX \«m apfbv¡m¯ \pW
X«nhn«p.
_n.sP.]n {]`rXnIfpsS \ne]mSv XpS¡w apXÂt¡ apkvenw kapZmbt¯mSpw
Ckvemant\mSpw F¡me¯pw AhÀ¡pÅ \ne]mSnt\mSp \qdp¡p\qdpw
s]mcp¯s¸Spwhn[ambncp¶p. aAvZ\n c£s¸Spt¶m F¶v AhÀ
I®nse®sbmgn¨p Im¯ncp¶p. Htc hnNmcXcwK¯n Nn´n¡p¶ PbefnXbpsS
IÀ¡i\ne]mSp aAvZ\nsb ImemImew aSbn AS¨nSWsa¶mbXn\mÂ
C¡mcy¯n _n.sP.]n¡v Imcyamsbm¶pw sN¿m\pWv Smbncp¶nÃ. ]
mÀesaân aX`oIcXsb¡pdn¨p kwkmcn¡sh, temIw IWv SXn h¨v Gähpw
henb `oIc\mb AÐp¶mknÀ aAvZ\nsb ]n´m§p¶hÀ F¶p]dªv AhÀ Htcbhkcw
tIm¬{KÊns\bpw CSXpap¶Wnsbbpw Ifnbm¡n.
aAvZ\nsb \ncp]m[nIw hn«b¨ hn[nbn Dds¡ ZpxJw {]ISn¸n¡p¶ C´ybn
se Htcsbmcp kwLSnXhn`mKw kwL]cnhmcamWv. AhÀ t{]mknIyqjs\
Ipäs¸Sp¯p¶p. sXfnhpIÄ ]ckv]cw _Ôn¸n¡m³ t{]mknIyqj\v BbnÃs{X.
F´p sXfnhpIÄ? HcmfpsS aq¡n\p cWv Sp ZzmcapWv Sv F¶Xp aXn
AbmÄ¡p IpäIrXy§fn ]¦psWv S¶p sXfnbm³! \oWv S H¼Xn¸cw hÀjw
PUvPnamÀ amdnamdn Acn¨ps]dp¡n hoWv Spw Acn¨v Danbpw ]Xncpw
\o¡nbn«pw IsWv S¯m¯ sXfnhpIÄ kwL]cnhmc¡mc³ sXcphnencp¶p IsWv
S¯p¶sX§s\?
B\pjwKnIambn ]dbs«, X§Ä apkvenwIÄs¡Xncsöp kwL]cnhmcw CSbv¡nsS
^enXw ]dbp¶Xp {i²bnÂs¸SmdpWv Sv. Cu ASp¯ Znhkw bphtamÀ¨bpsS
UÂln kt½f\w JpÀB³ ]mcmbWt¯msSbmWv Bcw`n¨Xv F¶Xp sXfnhmbn
NqWv Sn¡mWn¡p¶p. GsX¦nepw Hcp {]iv\¯n Ct¶mfw kwL]cnhmcw
apkvenw]£¯p \n¶Xnsâ HcpZmlcWsa¦nepw NqWv Sn¡mWn¡m\mhptam?
AYhm A§s\ H¶psWv S¦n AÐp¶mknÀ aAvZ\n F¶ a\pjys\ \oWv ShÀjw
Pbnenen«Xp {Iqcambnt¸mbn F¶p ]dªpsImWv SmWv AhÀ X§fpsS
\ne]mSnse kXykÔX sXfnbnt¡Wv Snbncp¶Xv. AXpWv Smbnsöp
am{XaÃ, tImSXn hn«b¨ At±ls¯ hoWv Spw ]nSnIqSm\mbn
kp{]nwtImSXnsb kao]n¡m\mWp XnSp¡w Iq«p¶Xv. ]ns¶ FhnsS,
Ft¸mgmWmthm apkvenw kvt\lw {]ISamhpI. \tS¸dªt]mse JpÀB³
HmXns¡mtWv Sm!
tIcf¯n apJy[mcm cm{ãob{]Øm\§Ä ip² Cc«¯m¸mWp aAvZ\nbpsS
Imcy¯nepS\ofw kzoIcn¨Xv. aAvZ\nsb ""R½bmsWtSm Xangv\mSv
t]menkn\p ssIamdnbXv'' F¶v A¨Sn¨ A£c§Ä ]n.BÀ.Un _p¡vseänÂ
DÅnSt¯mfwImew ]q´pd kndmPv F{X IcWwadnªmepw C¡mcy¯nÂ
CSXp]£¯nsâ BßmÀYX tNmZywsN¿s¸SmXncn¡nÃ.
hn Fkv ANypXm\µ³ ]pd¯p ]pc«m³ sImSp¯b¨ ]nÞssXew sImWv Sp am{Xw
CXp ad¨p]nSn¡pI km[yaÃ. Ccp cm{ãobap¶WnIfpw aAvZ\nsb
cm{ãobem`¯n\p amdnamdn D]tbmKn¨p. Ahkm\hnPbw
CSXp]£¯n\mbncp¶p. CS¡me¯v F sI B âWn apJya{´nbmbncns¡,
aAvZ\n¡p ]tcmÄ \ntj[n¡s¸«Xpw aäpamb kw`hw ]q´pd kndmPns\bpw
aAvZ\nbpsS `mcy kq^nbsbbpw kz´w ]£t¯¡p sImWv Sphcm³ CSXp]£¯n\p
klmbIambn.
Nne BßmÀYamb \o¡§Ä DWv Smbnsöp ]dbp¶nÃ. F¦nepw \oXn \ntj[n¡s¸«
Hcp hyàntbmSp `cWIqSw sNbvX sImSpw{IqcX aXnbmb AfhnÂ
hnebncp¯s¸SpItbm hnaÀin¡s¸SpItbm DWv SmbnÃ. \nbak` GIIWvTambn
{]tabw ]mkm¡nbXv FSp¯p]dbmhp¶ \S]SnbmWv.
F¶mÂ, AXn\\pkcn¨p kÀhcpw klIcn¨psImWv SpÅ {]t£m`kac§Ä \S¶nÃ.
Xangv\mSv `cWIqS¯nsâ Dd¡wsISp¯p¶ A¯c¯nepÅ Hcp {]Xntj[amÀ¨pw
{]t£m`hpw \S¶ncps¶¦n Hcpthf H¶p ]tcmfnend§m\pw ]gb kqcys\bpw
N{µs\bpw Hcpt\m¡p ImWm\pw AÐp¶mknÀ aAvZ\n¡v CXnepw F{Xtbm
t\ct¯ Ahkcw e`n¡pambncp¶p.

13.08.2007 THEJUS

GIm´XbpsS H¼Xc hÀj§Ä

_m_cn akvPnZnsâ Zpc´mhinã§fn \n¶p `bhpw hntZzjhpw t£m`§fpw


s]cpw]«SIfpw C´ymalmcmPy¯nsâ Bßmhnte¡p I¯n¸SÀ¶Imew. tIcf¯nse
apkvenwcm{ãob kmlNcyw Iepjhpw k¦oÀWhpambncp¶p. kapZmb
cmjv{Sob t\XrapJy[mcbn Acnbn«phmgn¡s¸«hÀ A[nImct¯msSm«n\n¶p.
kapZmb hnImc§tfmSp apJw Xncn¨p. At¸mÄ, AÐp¶mknÀ aAvZ\nsb¶ Hcp
XoXp¸p¶ \mhv apkvenwcm{ãob¯nsâ tIÄhn¸pd§fnte¡p kmlNcy§fpsS
kzm`mhnI \ntbmKw t]mse \oWv Sph¶p.
BÄ¡q«§fn \n¶p henb BÄ¡q«§fnte¡v, Bch§fneqsS aAvZ\n B\bn¡s¸«p.
NneÀ¡v Bthiambn, aäp NneÀ¡p ISp¯ Atemkcambn XcwK§fpw
sI«pImgvNIfpambn B ap¸¯mdpImc³ A§s\ apt¶dsh, H¼XchÀjw ap¼v, Hcp
cmhnsâ adhn Nne \mSIobXIÄ. 1998 amÀ¨v 31\v Act§dnb B Zpc´\mSIw
Hcp ZiIt¯mfw \oWv Sp.
3,400 Znhkt¯mfw \oWv S PbnÂhmk¯nse ]oU\m\p`h§Äs¡mSphn 2007
BKkvXv H¶n\p cm{Xn 7.55\p aAvZ\n tamNnX\mbn. ]¯phÀjw ap¼v
H¶pamtemNn¡msX FÃmw sh«n¯pd¶p]dbpambncp¶p, aAvZ\n. Ct¸mÄ
Hcp]mSv BtemNn¨n«pw H¶pw Xpd¶p]dbp¶nà F¶XmWv At±l¯nÂ
{]ISamhp¶ {][m\ amäw.
s]mXpkaqlw D¯cw tXSp¶ {][m\ tNmZy§fn \n¶pÅ aAvZ\nbpsS
Hgnªpamäw, ]nWdmbn ]dªXpt]mepÅ kmXznI kao]\¯nsâ `mKtam
{]mtbmKnIXIfnte¡pÅ ]pXnb Xncn¨dnthm Fs¶ms¡bpÅXp Im¯ncp¶p
ImWWw.
PbnÂtamN\¯n\p tijw tXPkn\mWp aAvZ\n BZy A`napJw A\phZn¨Xv.
A`napJ¯n \n¶v:
]¯phÀjt¯mfw \oWv S PbnÂhmk¯n\p tijapÅ tamN\¯nsâ Cu BZy \nanj§fn F
´p hnImcamWp tXm¶p¶Xv?
n AXp ]dªp ^en¸n¡m\mhnÃ. Fs¶ kvt\ln¡p¶hcpsS {]mÀY\ BÃmlp tI«p.
Rm³ tamNnX\mbn ChnsSbncn¡pt¼mÄ, Pbnenepw ]pd¯pw Fs¶ Gähpw
IqSpXÂ t{Zmln¨ cWv Sp t]menkv DtZymKØÀ CXp ImWm³ `qanbnenÃ.
AIme¯n AhÀ cWv Spt]cpw acWs¸«p.
Rm\nt¸mÄ tamNnX\mbn Fsâ \m«n Xncns¨¯n. AÃmlphnsâ
\oXnbmWXv...!
tamN\¯n\p tijapÅ Xm¦fpsS au\w sImSp¦män\p ap¼pÅ im´XbmtWm?
n Hcn¡epaÃ. Rm\msI amdn. C\nsbsâ cà¯nepw \mhnepw \S]SnIfnepw ]
Itbm hntZzjtam DWv SmhnÃ, Dd¸v.
PbnÂhmk¯n\nSbn ZkqJnb XzcoJ¯n BIrã\mbXmbn tI«p. AXmtWm Cu
amä§Ä¡p {]tNmZ\w?
n sibvJv apJvXmÀ Aen apl½Zv Aºmkns\ Pbnen h¨p hmb\bneqsS
ASp¯dnªp. At±l¯nsâ ZÀi\§Ä kzoImcyambnt¯m¶n. At±ls¯ IqSpXÂ
AdnbWsa¶pWv Sv.
Xangv\mSv Pbnense BZy\mfpIÄ...?
n Ipd¨p Znhk§Ä¡Iw Pmayw In«psa¶mbncp¶p {]Xo£n¨Xv. AXpsImWv
SpXs¶ BZyw henb {]iv\w tXm¶nbnÃ. aq¶pamkw ]qÀ¯nbmbt¸mÄ
Ipä]{Xw e`n¡m¯Xn\m Pmayw Xcm³ tImb¼¯qÀ tImSXn D¯chn«p. F\n¡p
Pmayw e`n¡mXncn¡m³ Xangv\mSv kÀ¡mÀ tZiob kpc£m\nbaw
_m[Iam¡n. At¸mgmWp bYmÀY¯n Ipcp¡p apdpInsb¶pw tamN\w
AIsebmsW¶pw t_m[ys¸«Xv.
tZiob kpc£m\nbaw \S¸m¡nbtXmsS Pbne\p`h§Ä {Iqcambn¯pS§n. \nbaw
\S¸m¡nb Znhkw cWv Sv sF._n DtZymKØÀ tNÀ¶p 16 aWn¡qÀ ]¨shÅw
t]mepw XcmsX tNmZyw sNbvXp. Fsâ Imensâ apdn¨ `mK¯n\papIfn B
\oWv S Ccp¸n \ocph¶p hoÀ¡p¶Xp thZ\tbmsS Rm\dnªp.
thZ\bpw k¦Shpw ZpxJhpw \nb{´n¡m\mhmsX h¶t¸mÄ Rm³
s]m«ns¯dn¨pt]mbn. JpÀB³ Fsâ IqsSbpÅnSt¯mfw Fs¶ ]oUn¸n¨psImÃm³
\n§Ä¡mhnsöp Rm³ Dds¡¸dªp. shdpw knaâpXdbnemWv A¶p Rm³
InS¶Xv. Znhk§tfmfw Hcp t]mf I®S¨nÃ...

B Zn\m´y§Ä F§s\bmbncp¶p Pbnen ?


n AXnITn\ambncp¶p. ]cp]cp¯ N¸m¯nbpw D¸pIeÀ¶ NphbpÅ
shÅhpambncp¶p IpSn¡m³ In«nbXv.
Pbnen BZys¯ t\m¼pImew h¶t¸mÄ k¦SwsImWv Sp ]et¸mgpw lrZbw
s]m«n. ]t£, IcªnÃ. JpÀB³ ]mcmbW¯neqsS a\Êp ]XdmsX \nÀ¯n. JpÀB³
Xs¶bmbncp¶p Ft¸mgpw Iq«v.
Gähpw thZ\mP\Iamb A\p`hw..?
n Hcp]mSpWv Sv. BZys¯ daZm³ Imew ]oU\§fptSXp am{Xambncp¶p.
Hcp N¸m¯n¡jWw sImWv Sp t\m¼p Xpd¶p. A¯mganÃmsX F{Xtbm
t\m¼pIÄ. B A\p`h§fn ]t£, DÅn hÃm¯ kt´mjambncp¶p. AÃmlphn¦Â
{]Xn^ew IqSpIbmsW¶ hnizmkw Fs¶ kzbw kam[m\n¸n¨p.
F§s\bmbncp¶p PbnÂPohnX¯nse Zn\NcyIÄ?
n Dd¡w hcmsX InS¡pw. \mepaWns¡ms¡ Fgpt¶Â¡pw. hpfp sNbvXp t\sc
JpÀB³ FSp¡pw. kp_vln \akvImc¯n\p tijw ]ns¶bpw Iptd t\cw AXp ]
mcmbWw sN¿pw. ]n¶oSv ]{X§fpw hmcnIIfpw In«n¯pS§nbtXmsS
cm{XnbpsS Gdnb]¦pw JpÀB³ HmXm\mbn amänh¨p.
Icªpt]mb A\p`h§Ä..?
n imcocnIamb thZ\Ifn IcbmsX ]nSn¨p\n¶n«pWv Sv. tk«pkmln_nsâ
acWhmÀ¯bdnªt¸mgpw aq¶v sF._n DtZymKØÀ Fkv F _mjbpambn
_Ôs¸Sp¯n tNmZyw sNbvXp ]oUn¸n¨t¸mgpw Icªpt]mbn.
tk«pkmln_ns\ Ahkm\ambn Hcpt\m¡p ImWm\mhm¯Xp henb
BLmXambncp¶p. ]nXrXpey\mbncp¶p B henb a\pjy³. At±l¯nsâ
aKv^nd¯n\mbn Pbnen h¨p JpÀB³ HmXm\mbXp `mKyw.
Xm¦fpsS tamN\¯n\v Bsc¦nepw BßmÀYambn {ian¨p F¶p IcpXp¶ptWv Sm?
n apIpµ³ kn tat\ms\ \µntbmsS kvacn¡p¶p. ]pd¯p\n¶pÅ klmb§sfm¶pw
hneIpd¨pImWp¶nÃ. F¶mÂ, Nne A`n`mjIÀ a\pjyXz]cambn
CSs]«Xn\memWp tamN\w km[yambXv.
apkvenwt\XrXzw Xm¦tfmSp \oXn ImWn¨Xmbn IcpXp¶ptWv Sm?
n apkvenwt\Xm¡fmcpw Fs¶ Xncnªpt\m¡nbnà F¶Xp FÃmhÀ¡pw Adnbp¶
ImcyamWv. ]t£, apkvenw kapZmbw Häs¡«mbn F\n¡p thWv Sn ZpB
sNbvXXn\p ^eapWv Smbn.
Ct¸mÄ BtcmsS¦nepw ]Itbm hntZzjtam tXm¶p¶ptWv Sm..?
n BtcmSpw ]IbnÃ. C\n DWv SmhpIbpanÃ.
Xm¦sf Hcp KqVmtemN\bpsS `mKambn tIcf t]menkv Adkväv sNbvXp
\mSpIS¯nbXmsW¶p IcpXp¶ptWv Sm?
n XoÀ¨bmbpw. UÂlnbn _ÔapÅ, \ocmdmh¯v DÄs¸sSbpff aq¶p t]menkv
DtZymKØsc D]tbmKn¨p kwL]cnhmcamWv Fs¶ PbneneS¨Xv.
t_mws_dnªp sImÃm³ {ian¨ kwL]cnhmcw, Pbnen Fs¶ ]oUn¸n¡m³ FÃm
{ia§fpw \S¯n. PbefnXkÀ¡mcn kwL]cnhmc¯n\p AXn\pÅ kzmX{´yw
e`n¨p.
tIcf cm{ãobt\XrXz¯n Bsc¦nepw KqVmtemN\bn ]¦mfnbmsW¶p
IcpXp¶ptWv Sm?
n Nnescsbms¡ kwibn¡m³ X¡Xmbncp¶p A¶s¯ kmlNcyw.
B Nnecn ]n sI Ipªmen¡p«n DÄs¸«psh¶p hnizkn¡p¶ptWv Sm?
n A§s\ IcpXp¶nÃ. AtX¡pdn¨v C\n Hcp NÀ¨tbm hnebncp¯tem
B{Kln¡p¶panÃ. "]mkväv Cukv ]mÌv!'
Nne cm{ãobt\Xm¡tfmsS¦nepw hntZzjw tXm¶p¶nsöXp Xm¦fpsS
HgnªpamdetÃ?
n hntZzjanÃ. ]t£, F sI BâWntbmSpw aäpw iàamb {]Xntj[w Ct¸mgpapWv
Sv. D½q½bpsS acWm\´cNS§pIfn ]s¦Sp¡m³ ]tcmÄ e`n¡m³ Ahkcw
ssIh¶t¸mÄ BâWnbpsS t]menkv F\ns¡Xncmbn dnt]mÀ«v \ÂIn. BâWn¡p
Ft¶mSp hntcm[tam aäpÅhtcmSp Xm¸cytam Bbncp¶mepw Hcp
aebmfnsb¶ ]cnKW\sb¦nepw F\n¡p \ÂIWambncp¶p. AsXms¡ Ignªp.
A\p`h§Ä Xm¦sf F´mWp ]pXpXmbn ]Tn¸n¨Xv..?
n Hcp]mSpImcy§Ä. csWv S®amWXn C\n ]ca{][m\w: 1. apkvenw
kapZmbs¯ `n¶n¸n¡p¶ Hcp \S]Snbpw F¶n \n¶pWv SmhnÃ. 2. C{Xtbsd
JpÀB³ HmXnb Cu \mhpsImWv Sv C\n Hcmsfbpw thZ\n¸n¡nÃ.
kvtXm`hpw t£m`hpanÃm¯ Hcp aAvZ\nkmln_v AWnIÄ¡p
kzoImcy\mhptam..?
n B [mcW sXämWv. Rms\mcn¡epw Bscbpw t£m`n¸n¨n«nÃ. A¶s¯
kmlNcy§Ä AXmbncp¶p. A¶p kq£vaXbnÃmsX hm¡pIÄ D]tbmKn¨psh¶Xp
kXyw. ]t£, AsXm¶pw Bscsb¦nepw {]tIm]n¸n¡m\mbncp¶nÃ. B Imes¯ Fsâ
t]mcmbvaIsf Rm³ Bg¯n hnebncp¯nbn«pWv Sv.
F´mWp `mhn]cn]mSnIÄ..?
n kwØm\¯v Ccp]tXmfw tIkpIfpWv Sv. AXnsâ Imcy§Ä icnbm¡nbtijw ]mÀ«n
]p\ÊwLS\.
FÂ.Un.F^v ¹mäv t^man kPohamhm\mtWm Xocpam\w? FÂ.Un.F^v
Xm¦sf IqsS Iq«psa¶p IcpXp¶ptWv Sm?
n FÂ.Un.F^n {]tXyIn¨p kPohamtIWv S ImcyanÃ. Ignª XncsªSp¸nÂ
kzoIcn¨ kao]\w Xs¶bmWp XpScp¶Xv. »m¦v sNs¡m¶pw CSXpap¶Wn¡p
sImSp¯n«nÃ.

13.08.2007 THEJUS DAILY

Acs§mgnªXp Ncn{Xt¯msSm¸w \S¶ ]ÞnX³


keow sFZoZv

ae¸pdw: ttIcf apkvvenw Ncn{X¯nsâ \m«phgnIfneqsS k©cn¡pIbpw


t]mbImes¯ IpWv SpwsXm«pw AdnbpIbpw sNbvX Hcp {]Xn`IqSn a¦S
AÐp Akokv auehnbpsS acWt¯msS CÃmXmbn.
kapZmb {]iv\§fpambn _Ôs¸Spt¼mÄ Hcp \nco£Isâ tdmfn Ccn¡msX
CSs]SepIÄ \S¯nb {]^. a¦S AÐp Akokv auehn ASp¸apÅhÀ¡v Akokv
auehnbmbncp¶p.
apkvvenweoKnsâbpw Fw. C.Fknsâbpw apPmlnZv {]Øm\¯nsâbpw
thZnIfn \ndªp\n¶ auehn ssaXm\ {]kwK§tf¡mÄ D]cn
¢mkpIsfSp¡m\mbncp¶p Cãs¸«Xv.
apkvenw eoKnsâ ]gb Ncn{XiIe§Ä ]pds¯Sp¯p Nncn¸n¨pw Nn
´n¸n¨pambncp¶p ¢mkpIÄ. ap³ \nbak`m XncsªSp¸p Ime¯v Akokv
auehnbpambn \S¯nb A`napJ¯n C¯c¯nepÅ Hcp]mSv A\p`h§Ä At±lw ]
¦ph¨ncp¶p.
AXnsem¶v C§ns\bmbncp¶p: apkvenw eoKv Øm\mÀYn¡p thm«v
A`yÀYn¨pÅ _lpam\s¸« _m^Jn X§fpsS Adnbn¸v F¶ t]cn Ad_n
aebmf¯nepÅ t\m«okpambn Hcp]äw eoKv {]hÀ¯IÀ ]pcbnse¯nbt¸mÄ
\ÂInb t\m«okv hm§ms\mcp§nb henbp½ AXnte¡p It®mSn¨p tjm¡Sn¨
a«n ]dªp. “""]p¶mc a¡sf F\n¡v hpfp (AwKip²n) CÃ. acptamfpWv Sp
\akvIcn¨ncn¡p¶p. Hmsf ssIbn sImSp¯m aXn''.
Cu kw`h¯n ]cmaÀin¨ hpfphnÃmsX eoKnsâ t\m«okv t]mepw hmbn¡m³
aSn¨ XeapdbnÂs¸«htcmSmbncp¶p apkvvenw eoKn At±l¯n\p IqSpXÂ
_ÔapWv Smbncp¶Xv.
Cu ]Ým¯ew sImWv SmhWw apkvenweoKn IeÀ¸p IWv St¸msgms¡
Akokv auehn AXns\Xntc iàambn Ieln¨p. CXp ]et¸mgpw ]
cn[nhn«psh¶pt]m epw Nne t\Xm¡Ä clkyambn ]dbmdpWv Smbncp ¶p.
eoKv apJ]{X¯nsâ ]{Xm[n]cmbncp¶ At±lw Xsâ ssIsbm¸p ]Xn¨p
Xs¶bmbncp¶p N{µnIbpsS ]ShpIÄ Cd§nbXv.
apPmlnZv {]Øm\¯nsâ t\Xm¡fn Hcmfmbncp¶ At±lw kwLS\ ]nfÀ¶t¸mÄ
FSp¯pNmSn ]£wtNÀ¶nÃ. ]t£, F hn AÐpdlvam³ lmPn acWs¸«tXmsS
\Zvh¯p apPmlnZosâ t\Xr]Zhnbnte¡p hcm³ \nÀ_ÔnX\mbn.
Ignª \nbak`m XncsªSp¸p Ime¯p apkvvenw eoKnt\mSv CSªp\n¶ncp¶
\Zvh¯p apPmlnZo³ hn`mKs¯ eoKpambn hoWv Spw ASp¸n¡m\pÅ
{ia¯nembncp¶p Ahkm\Ime¯v Akokv auehn.
tIcf apkvenw Ncn{Xs¯ sXm«dnª \nch[n {]Kev`À Xs¶ ASp¯Ime§fnÂ
a¬adªp.
sImtWv Sm«nbnse sI sI apl½Zv AÐpÂIcow, s\Ãn¡p¯n C¡gnª Znhkw A
´cn¨ Ben apkveymcpsS ]u{X³ apl½Zv Aen apkveymÀ XpS§nbhÀ
CXnÂs¸Sp¶p. Cu t{iWnbn Xs¶bmWv Akokv auehnbpw \nesImÅp¶Xv.
Akm[mcWamb [njWm tijnbpÅ ]ÞnX\mbncp¶p At±lw. Ad_n`mjbnse
Gddhpw ]pXnb {]h WXIsf¡pdn¨p B[nImcnIambn kwkmcn¡pt¼mÄ ¯s¶
aebmfnIÄ cNn¨ ] gb Ad_n ss_¯pIÄ a\¸mTambncp¶p auehn¡v. eo
Knt\mSpw apPmlnZv hn`mKt¯mSpÅ ASp¸w At±l¯n\p aäp kwLS\Ifpambn
_Ôs¸Sp¶Xn\p XSÊambncp¶nÃ.
aX]ÞnX\mbncp¶ X¿n I½men apkveymcpsS bpw Ipªm¯p½bpsS bpw
aI\mbn 1931 Pqsse 15\mWp X¿n A Ðp  Akokv au ehnbpsS P\\w.
IÀ¡nSIw Kh. FÂ.]n kvIqÄ, a¦S lbÀ Fesaâdn kvIqÄ, \qdp Ckvemw aZvdk
Xncqc§m Sn, due¯p Deqw Ad_nIv tImfPv ^tdm¡v F¶nhnS§fn \n¶p
{]mYanI hnZym`ymkw t\Sn.
a{Zmkv bq\nthgvknänbn \n¶v A^vZep Dea ]mkmbtijw AenKUv
apkvenw bq\nthgvknänbn \n¶v Fw.F _ncpZw t\Sn.
^tdm¡v Hmdnbâ sslkvIqÄ, a¦S lbÀ sk¡ ³Udn kvIqÄ, Xncph\´]pcw Kh.
_mÀ«³ln tKÄkv kvIqÄ, s]cn´Âa® Kh¬saâv sslkvIqÄ, tImgnt¡mSv Kh.
BÀSvkv tImfPv, Fw.C.Fkv tImfPv s]m¶m\n, a¼mSv Fw.C.Fkv tImfPv,
bp.F.Cbnse A sF³ C´y³ Ckvemln kvIqÄ F¶nhnS§fn tkh\a\pjvTn¨p.
1989 apXÂ 1999 hsc N{µnI Zn\]{X¯nsâ No^v FUnädpw P\dÂ
amt\Pdpambncp¶p. \yq\]£ I½oj\wKw, Imen¡äv bq\nthgvknänbnÂ
CkvemanIv ÌUokn hnknänMv {]^kÀ, Imen¡äv bq\nthgvknän
FIvkvs]À«v I½nän t^mÀ Ad_nIv sSIvkväv _pIvkv saw_À, t_mÀUv
sNbÀam³, sk\äv saw_À, ^m¡Âän saw_À, Kh¬saâv Icn¡pew I½nän
saw_À, sI.F.Sn.F^v kwØm\ {]knUâv, Fw. C.Fkv tI{µ \nÀhmlI kanXnbwKw,
tÌäv sshkv {]knUâ,v sk³{SÂ tImfPkv I½nän sNbÀam³, a¦S alÃv Jmkn, a¦S
HmÀ^t\Pv I½nän {]knUâv, apkvenw eoKv kwØm\ Iu¬kneÀ XpS§nb ]
ZhnIÄ hln¨ncp¶p.
Ipssh¯v, J¯À, en_nb, Cdm³, kndnb, _lvdbv³, bp.F.C, Ham³ F¶o cmPy §Ä
kµÀin¨p.
aebmfw, Ad_n, Cw¥ojv `mjIfn AhKmlw t\Snb At±lw \à {]mkwKnI\pw
Fgp¯pImc\pambncp¶p.
C_v\p _¯q¯bpsS k©mcIYIÄ (hnhÀ¯\w), tIcf apkvenw Ncn{Xw: ImWm¯
I®nIÄ, kmaqXncn¡v kaÀ¸n¨ Ad_n almImhyw, ^Xvlp apCu³ ]cn`mj,
XoÀ°mS\ `qanbneqsS XpS§nbhbmWp {] [m\ IrXnIÄ.

28.08.2008 Deshabhimani
^o-kn-sâ t]cnð- tIkv- \S¯p-óXv- ss{Ikv-XhamÀ-Kañ: Ago-t¡m-Sv-

- Xn-cp-: hn-ZymÀ-Yn-I-fp-sS- ^o-kv- Ip-d-bv-¡m-¯- {In-kv-Xp-a-Xw- a-tä-


tXm- {In-kv-Xp-a-X-am-sW-óv- tUm.- kp-Ip-amÀ- A-go-t¡m-Sv- ]-d-ªp.- tI-
c-f- kÀ-h-I-em-im-em- bq-Wn-b-sâ- {]-`m-j-W-]-c-¼-c- D-Zv-Lm-S-\w-sN-
¿p-I-bm-bn-cp-óp- A-t±-lw.- ]-c-¼-c-bv-¡v- Xp-S-¡w-Ip-dn-¨v- "-a-Xw,- hn-
izm-kw,- hÀ-Ko-b-X-'- F-ó- hn-j-b-¯n-em-Wv- A-go-t¡m-Sv- {]-`m-j-Ww-
\-S-¯n-b-Xv.- hn-Zym-`ym-kw- ku-P-\y-am-bn- \ð-Ip-I-tbm- G-ä-hpw- Ip-d-
ª- ^o-kv- hm-§p-I-tbm- B-Wv- a-X-§Ä- \-S-¯p-ó- Øm-]-\-§Ä- sN-t¿-ï-Xv.- Iq-
Sp-Xð- ^o-kn-\m-bn- {]-iv-\w- tIm-S-Xn-bn-te-¡v- h-en-¨n-g-bv-t¡-ï- Im-
cy-an-ñ.- ]m-h-s¸-«-h-sâ- I-®oÀ- Xp-S-bv-¡m-³ ]-cn-{i-an-¡m-¯-Xv- a-X-a-
ñ.- Ip-«n-IÄ- ]-Ww- sIm-Sp-t¯- hn-Zym-`ym-kw- t\-Sm-³ ]m-Sp-Åq- F-
óp- ]-d-bp-ó-h-sc- N-cn-{X-tZ-h-X- Ip-ä-hm-fn-sb-óp- hn-[n-¡p-sa-tómÀ-¡-
Ww.- a-Xw- ]-d-ªp- \-S-¡m-\p-Å-X-ñ,- B-cm-tWm- a-X-s¯-¸-än- A-[n-Iw- ]-d-
bp-ó-Xv- A-h-sc- kw-i-bn-¡-Ww.- B-cm-tWm- a-X-s¯-¸-än- kw-km-cn-¡m-
Xn-cn-¡p-ó-Xv- A-hÀ-¡v- a-X-ap-ïv.- Kp-cp-hm-bq-cnð-t]m-bn- {]mÀ-Yn-
¡p-ó- I-cp-Wm-I-c-³ tem-I-¯n-\p-th-ïn- {]mÀ-Yn-t¨m-?- Nn-eÀ- {]mÀ-Yn-
¨mð- {io-Ir-jv-W-³ sN-In-S-\m-bn- `-hn-¡pw.- G-ä-hpw- h-en-b- Kp-cp-hm-
bqÀ- `-à-³ I-cp-Wm-I-c-\-ñ,- ]q-´m-\-hpw- tað-¸-¯qÀ- `-«-Xn-cn-¸m-Sp-am-
Wv.- H-cp- a-X-¯n-sâ- t\-Xm-¡Ä- _m-¡n-bp-Å- a-X-§Ä-s¡-Xn-sc- kw-km-cn-
¡p-I-bpw- a-X-¯n-sâ- t]-cnð- Np-«p-sIm-ñp-I-bpw- sN-¿p-ó-Xv- F-§-s\- \o-
Xo-I-cn-¡p-sa-óv- A-t±-lw- tNm-Zn-¨p.- a-e-bm-f-kn-\n-a-bnð- A-`n-t\-Xm-
¡Ä- B-h-iy-¯n-sâ- ]-¯n-c-«n- `m-j-bm-Wv- D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-ó-Xv.- A-`n-\-bw-
F-ó-Xv- `m-jm- {]-tbm-K-a-sñ-óv- a-\-Ên-em-¡-Ww.- Po-hn-X-¯nð- B-h-iy-
¯n-\p- am-{X-am-Wv- `m-j- D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-ó-Xv.- A-`n-\-b-¯n-epw- B-h-iy-
¯n-e-[n-Iw- kw-`m-j-W-¯n-sâ- Im-cy-an-ñ.- tam-l-³em-epw- a-½q-«n-bpw-
kp-tc-jv-tKm-]n-bpw- `m-j- D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-ó-Xn-sâ- Xo-{h-X-b-ñ- A-`n-\-b-
¯n-sâ- A-f-hp-tImð.- \n-i-Ð-X-sIm-ïpw- A-`n-\-bw-sIm-ïpw- t{]-£-I-tcm-Sv-
kw-h-Zn-¡m-³ I-gn-b-W-sa-ópw- A-go-t¡m-Sv- ]-d-ªp.-

Cªú oKêlú ÇnúXdïÈ aïEù/


MATHRUBHUMI

öJ.iñ.÷LêdJñhêt

``öYêrïkêqïltLŒïEú jê^ðilñù oêhêEálñhêi


lïaáêgáêoŒïöus oô ヘ ù BaádêUŸw EkãñªYú
fòtnôêoï YöªiêXú. höšêjñ lïbŒïvdçsƒêv

fòtnôêoïiêXú AYïöEYïjêiï ÷dêjêTêu Blmáhêi


BiñbŸw öYêrïkêqïltLŒïEú
EkãñªYú.''

_hêtJúoú, GùLvoú
(J˜áòXï‚ú hêEïöe÷‚ê)

÷JjqŒïök J˜áòXï‚ú dêtˆïiñöT zêdJ ÷EYêlêi dï.


ÇnådïÈiñöT AœŒïöiêœYêù OjhlêtnïJù Cªú.
`oKêlú' Fªñ hê¦ù dsƒêv AYú oKêlú ÇnådïÈiêXú.
Cø olï÷mnYYöª ÇnådïÈÀú ÷JjqŒïök
ödêYñQðlïYŒïkñù lïdël‹zêEŒïkñhñÈ AEñdhhêi
zêEöŒiêXú oòOïdçï¼ñªYú. Föª BjêXú
J˜áòXï‚ñdêtˆïiïv AùLhê¼ïiYú Fªñ ÷OêaïOþêv
dï.oñEúajàiñù Foú.dï.Mêöˆiñù BöXªñ
dsiêöhËïkñù AkçùJòTï ATñŒ AtZŒïv oKêlú
ÇnådïÈiêöXªñù dsiêöhªú C.Fù.Foú. dsƒYïöus
AtZlñù höšêªkë.

÷JjqŒïök J˜áòXï‚ú dêtˆïiñöT zêdJ÷EYêlêi dï.


ÇnådïÈ QEïOþYú ÷Jêˆiù Qïkëiïv Dwödçˆ
ööl¼ŒêXú, 1906_v. A•u hXdçÈï EêjêiXuEêijñù
A˜ dsòtlðˆïv dêtlþYïiñù. A˜êlÓêjñöT oùj&XiïkêXú
ÇnådïÈ lqtªYú. dsòt dr¼hñÈ Hjñ YslêTêiïjñªñ.
ÇnådïÈ QEï¼ñ÷œê÷r¼ñù AYñ JTñŒ
aêjïÎáŒï÷k¼ñ lrñYïlðXïjñªñ. AYñöJêûñYöª Eêkêù
Jëêoæú löj÷i dUï¼êu JrïƒïjñªñÈò. ÇnådïÈiñöT
dYïhòªêù lioæïv A˜iñù dYïEêkêù lioæïv A•Eñù
hjïOþ÷YêöT JñTñùfù YðtŒñù AEêZhêiï. Jøhêj‹êiù
Jrïiñù hñœú ÇnådïÈ ööl¼ù Jêiv JTªú
BkdçñriïökŒï JitöŒêrïkêqïiêiï. dïªðTú ööo¼ïw
JTiïkñù Jêdçï¼Tiïkñù hšñù ÷Qêkï öOÂñ.

1921_v ööl¼öŒ lðˆï÷k¼ñ YïjïOþñ÷dêª


ÇnådïÈöi aêjïÎálñù öYêrïkïkëêÁiñù
Akˆïö¼êûïjñöªËïkñù hpê#êLê‡ïiñöT jùL‹÷lmlñù
ööl¼ù oYáêÜplñù QðlïYlð&XŒïkñù
Batmk&áŸqïkñù hêšùljñŒï. pïEúaïdUElñù Kasñù
ÇnådïÈöi BJtnïOþñ. DŒ÷j ヘ áu ELjŸw
oEúatmïOþñ. 1929_v Eêˆï÷k¼ñ hTŸïi ÇnådïÈ
haïjêmïiïök a&ïXgêjY pïEúaï ‹OêjJogiñhêiï
f‡ödçˆú pïEúaï ‹OêjJEêiï ¥dçòXïŒñsiïv dñYïi
QðlïYù BjùgïOþñ.

1931_v dàªòjïkñù ÷Jêrï÷¼êˆú JTdçñsŒñù ETª


DdçñoYáêÜpŒïv döËTñŒú JUïEhtaEù. YñTtªú,
öJ. ÷Jqdç÷EêTñù F.öJ. ÷Lêdêk÷EêTñù ÷Otªú
Lñjñlêiòt ÷&¦÷hêOE oYáêÜpŒïv. ÷JêxÜoæïv
jòdùöJêû CTYñd&¼êjñöT ÷JêxÜoú ÷oênákï‚ú
dêtˆï 1934_v ÷JjqŒïkñù mêK YñTŸñªñ. CYïöus
öoƈsï ÇnådïÈiêiïjñªñ. oï.Fu.dï.iñöT AKï÷k ヘ á
QEsv öoƈsï Qi‹Jêmú EêjêiXEñù ÷Qêiusú
öoƈsïhêt Fù.Bt.hoêEïiñù C.Fù.Foæñhêiïjñªölªú
CTYñd&ŒïEñ ÷JjqŒïkñûêiïjñª oôêbðEm¹ï¼ñ
öYqïlêiï Ojï¦dñoíJŸw oê&áödçTñŒñªñ.
oï.Foú.dï.iïv Fª÷dêök EïihïljñŠhêi
J˜áòXï‚ñdêtˆiïkñù ‹ltŒïOþïjñª dï.oñEúajàiñù
Foú.dï.Mêöˆiñù hšñù ÷Jjqù oEúatmïOþú
CTYñd& ÷EYê¼öq J˜áòXï‚ú dêtˆïiï÷k¼ú
BJtnï¼êu YñTŸï. 1936_v Baáù dï.ÇnådïÈiñù
YñTtªú C.Fù.Foæñù J˜áòXï‚ú dêtˆïiïv ÷Otªñ.
AljñöT djoáhêi ‹ltŒE jùLù ÷JêxÜoæñù
oï.Foú.dï.iñù Biïjñªñ.

÷JjqŒïv J˜áòXï‚ú dêtˆï jòdðÇYhêiYïEñ ÷mnhñÈ


dêtˆïiñöT Ojï¦ù ÇnådïÈiñöT Ojï¦ùYöªiêXú. dïXsêiï
o÷˜qE JêkŒú Hqïlïv÷dçêi ÇnådïÈ 1940 odíùft
15_ök oê¾êQálïjñŠ ohjŸw¼ú ÷E¥Yôù Ekãï.
1938 v YïjñlïYêùJòsïök DŒjlêaïŒ ‹÷&êgŸw¼ú dï
ヘ ñX Ekãïö¼êûú Bkdçñr_÷OtŒk Yêkò¼ñJqïök
öYêrïkêqïJw ETŒïi jê^ði dXïhñT¼ïöus
Ahj¼êjEñù ÇnådïÈiêiïjñªñ.

1948_v dêtˆï Eïihlï÷bihêiï. HqïlïvEïªñ ÇnådïÈ


dñsŒñlªñ. dêtˆïöi Eïihlï÷bihêiï
dñEüoùMTïdçï¼êu ÇnådïÈ LXáhêi dËñ
lpïOþñ.1948 eï{ljïiïv Jv¼Œiïv ÷Otª jûêù oï.dï.öF.
÷JêxÜoæïv döËTñŒú YïjïOþñlªú ÇnådïÈ
dñYïöiêjñ ohj÷lkï÷išŒïEñ ÷E¥Yôù öJêTñ¼êu
Hqïlïv Jrïiñªñ. 1948 BLoíú 19_Eú hñp˜ÀTñŒú
J¯êt¼êˆú öOkë¼ûŒïv lðˆïvölOþú dêœñJTï÷išñ
hjï¼ñªñ. 18 ltn¼êkù ÷JjqŒïöus
oôêYÔáohjŒïkñù lïdël‹zêEŒïkñù EïsƒñEïª oKêlú
AJêkŒïv ödêkïƒñ.

dêtˆïiñöT DªYzêEðiêi QEsv öoƈsï hñYv oêbêjX


AùLŸqñù AEñgêlïJqñù löj `oKêlú' Fªú où÷fêbE
öOàñª ÇnådïÈiñöT Ojï¦ù GYêEñù Oïk
GTñJqïkòöT......

OtOþJw¼ñù Oï ヘ Jw¼ñù Cl YñT¼hêlñù;


÷JjqŒïök J˜áòXï‚ú ‹zêE Ojï¦ù
dUï¼ñªlt¼ïTiïökËïkñù.
ohj÷Jjqù ÷JêjïŒjïOþ Eïhïnù

1930 öhiú 12 ‹gêYù. ÷Jêrï÷¼êTú jêQlðZïiïökêjñ


Bjlù. `l÷EúahêYj'Œïöus Aköiêkï. `oôYÔgêjYŒïöu
B÷lmhÔhêi `hpê#êLê‡ï Jð Qiú' m}ù.

hñp˜aú A}ñspïhêu, dï.ÇnådïÈ, Bt.lï. mth,


öJ.hêblEêt, Çnåoôêhï Aàt YñTŸïiljñöT ÷E¥YôŒïv
QêZ. Eêkç÷Yêqù ÷dt. ÇnådïÈiñöT ööJiïv
gêjYŒïöus B÷lmOï»hêi ÷amðidYêJ.

QêZ JTv¼jiïökŒï. ATñdçñJòˆêEñÈ CnéïJJw Eïjªñ.


YðJòˆï. A}ñspïhêu, öhêiêjŒú mËju, dêkŒïv
÷Lêdêku, AsñhñKu, Çnåoôêhï Aàt,
oï.fêkÇnå¼ñsñdçú_Alt JTkïvEïªú DdçñölÈù
öJêûñlªñ. ATñdçïvEïªñù DdçñölÈù Oò÷TêöT lêŸï.
lkïöiêjñ ÷dêkðoúoùMù Fkëêù ÷Eê¼ïEïªñ.
B÷lm÷ŒêTñù D÷aôêL÷ŒêTñù QEŸqñù. Qiú
lïqïJw Ditªñ. JTv¼ê÷ššú hòltXö¼êTï CqJïiêTï.
÷dêkðoú oò‹ûú AbïJêjŒïöus m}hñitŒï:
``CöYêjñ EïihlïjñŠ÷iêLhêXú. EïŸw dïjïƒñ÷dêJXù.''

``Ckë dïjïƒñ÷dêJïkë.''_ oôêYÔáaêpŒïöus DŒjù.

``OêtQú''. ÷dêkðoú OêTïlðXñ. kêŒïiTïiñöT


m}ù, Æòjht‰Eù.ÇnådïÈiñöT ööJiïkïjñª öJêTï
dïTïöOþTñ¼êu ÷dêkðoú YðرhŒïkêXú. öJêTï
ÇnådïÈiñöT ööJiïkñù lTï Bt.lï. mt˜iñöT ööJiïkñù.
Alt Cjñljñù AYñ lïˆñöJêTñ¼êu HjñŸïiïkë. Fkëêlïb
htaEŸqñù GšñlêŸï Alt öJêTï JêŒñoò&ïOþñ.

A}ñspïhêu DdçñOˆï DitŒï. ÷dêkðoú ht‰Eù


YñTŸï. jûñ÷dêkðoñJêt spïhêöus JrñŒïv kêŒïiïˆú
öSjïOþñ. ATïYñTŸï. Oˆï ödêˆïŒJtªú YêörlðXñ.YJtª
Jnåù A÷‰pù lïûñù DitŒïdçïTïOþñ. ÷dêkðoú
A÷‰pŒïöus JrñŒñöSjïOþñ. YkYêrúŒï, h¯ïv
Ykhñˆï B mjðjŒïök OñTñ÷Oêj hXkïv Cšïšñ lðXñ.
`hê¥gòhï' AªöŒ oùglù, CŸöE lïljïOþñ:

``÷dêkðoñJêt dklïbŒïkñù lqûïithêöj DdÎlïOþñ.


kêŒïJw DijñªYñù YêrñªYñù JêXêhêiïjñªñ.
`hpê#êLê‡ï Jï Qiú' Fªú BtŒñlïqïOþñöJêûú
Çnåoôêhï Aàjñù jêhEêhù DOþŒïv DjñlïˆñöJêûú
Bt.lï.mt˜iñù ATïJw o÷ヘ êndòtlù opïOþñ.

ATïöJêÈêŒl÷jê JñŒñöJêÈêŒl÷jê
lqûïithêjñöTJòˆŒïv lqöj Oñjñ¼hêiïjñªñ.
÷dêkðoú oò‹ûú fêwJëïiñù öVdáòˆï oò‹ûú Bhñlñù
ofú CuöoçÅt JñƒïjêhuEêijñù lqûïithêöj ÷kêgù
JòTêöY ATï¼ñJiñù fòˆúoïˆú OlïˆñJiñù öOÂïjñªñ.

÷amðidYêJ dïTïOþT¼êEñÈ ±hŒïv lqûïithêjñù


÷dêkðoñJêjñù Y˜ïv fkdjð&Xù ETªñ. dïTïlkï¼ïTiïv
lTï mt˜iñù öJêTï ÇnådïÈiñù ööJiïkê¼ï. ÷dêkðoú
lqöj dXïödçˆïˆñù AljYñ lïˆñöJêTñŒïkë. mthöiiñù
ÇnådïÈöiiñù As‚ñ öOÂYú CŸöE ÷amðidYêJöi
j&ï¼êEñÈ ±hŒïEïTiïkêXú.''

(lï.Bt. ÷h÷Eêu, hê¥gòhïiñöT Ojï¦ù,

Hªêù lêkáù_1973. dñsù 258_59)

1942 v Fk¼ñTï ofúQiïkïv Eïªñù lïhñ¹Eêi DTu


oKêlú Y˘öi lïlêpù JrïOþñ. JŒñJqïkòöTiñÈ f‡ù
÷EjöŒ Dûú.

oKêlïöus lïlêplêtŒ Asïƒ÷dçêw opbt˜ïXïöi JêXêu


hkfêt oKê¼w BÜpïOþñ. AöYêjñ oôðJjXhê¼êu Alt
djïdêTïöiêjñ¼ï.

oKêlïEú hkfêsïv JT¼êu là. ot¼êt Eï÷jêbEhñûú.


HqïlïkñhêXú. Y˘öi höšêjñ oKêlïöus JòöT
hkfêsï÷k¼iÀñlêu YðjñhêEïOþñ.

``F÷dçêrê ÷dê÷JûYú?'' Y˘ Yïj¼ï.

``Cªñ öölJðˆú.''

Y˘ EïªñdjñŸï. oêjïiñù fëøoñhïkë.

``F ヘ ê YToæù?''

lqöj hTïOþêöXËïkñù Y˘ Jêjáù dsƒñ.

oKêlú dsƒñ: ``Sêu FrñYï HdçïˆñYªïjñª ÷eêsŒïv


AöYêªñù Dûêiïjñªïkë÷këê! Eð FEï¼ú C÷Ylöj
ntˆñù hñûñù Hªñù lêŸïŒªïˆïkë÷këê. Eð GYñ
‹zêEŒïEñ÷lûïiê÷Xê ‹ltŒï¼ñªYú B ‹zêEhêXú Al
lêŸïŒ÷jûYú.''

Y˘ lûïiïv Jisï Cjï¼ñ÷œêw Hjêw HêTïöOþªú Hjñ


ödêYïöJêTñŒñ. ÷Jêrï÷¼êˆú öOªú AYñ
Yñsªñ÷Eê¼ï_ oêjïiñù fëøoñù!

H÷ªJêv k&ù eûïöEdçšï

H÷ªJêv k&ù eûú dïjïlïöus Jrïƒ hòªñhêo¼êköŒ


AEñglŸqñù JX¼ñù J˜ïšï djï÷mêbïOþñ. Bsñhêoù
hñœú dêtˆï ETŒïi dYïEêiïjù jòdiñöT eûïEú
dïjïƒñJïˆïiYñhêiï YêjYháödçTñŒï ÷Eê¼ñ÷œêw
CŒlX dïjïOþYú JòTñYv DøtQïYhêiï
BjùgïOþïˆñöûªú JêXêlñªYêXú.

d÷&, CŒlX Eêù dïjï¼êu YðjñhêEïOþïˆñÈYú


H÷ªJêv k&ù J. iêöXªYñù B oùKáYöª YïjöƒTñdçñ
öOklñJw, DOþgênïXï, ‹oæú hñYkêil¼ñ
AEêlmáhêiïˆñÈ YêöXªñù Hêt÷¼ûYñûú. B Eïk¼ú
eûïöus ‹êbêEáù Hê÷jê oKêlñù mjï¼ñù
hEoæïkê¼ïiïˆñûú Fªñ ÷Yêªñªïkë. JêjXù
(F) hkfêsïkêöJiñÈ dêtˆï öhœthêjïv EêkçYñ
mYhêEù hê¦öh dêtˆïeûú ATOþïˆñÈò; BöJiñÈ
dïjïlïöus CjñdYñmYhêEù hê¦öh dêtˆï
öhœthêjïvEïªñ JïˆïiïˆñÈò.

(fï) dêtˆï öhœthêjñhêiï YêjYháödçTñŒï


÷Eê¼ñ÷œêw JòTñYv AEñgêlïJqïvEïªñ
dïjïOþïˆñöûªñ dsiêù. FËïkñù Hê÷jê dêtˆï oKêlñù
dêtˆï eûú dïjïlñù Hjñ Jêjáhêi JThiêiï FTñŒñ
‹ltŒï¼ñJiêöXËïv oêbáhêJñªYïkñù F¦÷iê
JñsOþñhê¦÷h dïjïlñûêiïˆñÈò.

(oï) dêtˆïiñöT BgïhñKáŒïv ödêYñ÷iêLŸqñù


sêkïJqñù ETŒñ÷œêw eûñdïjïlñ ETŒñJ FªYú Hjñ
OñhYkiêiï dêtˆïoKê¼w CEïiñù FTñŒïˆïkë.
ödêYñ÷iêLŸqïvEïªñ dïjïƒ oùKáiïv hñ¼êvgêLlñù
F.öJ. ÷LêdêkuYöª iê¦ÀïTiïv dïjïOþYêXú.

Oñjñ¼Œïv, oùzêEJ˜ïšï ÷Ejïˆú dX¼êjêi


AEñgêlïJqïvEïªñù dêtˆï öhœthêjïvEïªñù
dïjïOþdXhêXú ‹bêE ljlú. ÷amêgïhêEïiïv
B×÷Yêsñù FrñYñªYkëêöY, dêtˆïeûú dïjïlú dêtˆï
oKê¼qñöTiñù mêKJqñöTiñù ööaEùaïE ‹ltŒEŒïv
CEïiñù Hjñ ‹zêEhêiï Jrïƒïˆïkë....

odíùft, H÷Åêft, Elùft, Vïoùft hêoŸqïkêiï


öhœtnïdçñYñJiïv BöJiñÈ 1624 J. 6 AX 2 d. BXú
dïjïƒñJïˆïiïˆñÈYú. hkfêsïkêöJ 2700 dêtˆï
öhœthêjêXú. Alt hêoù÷Yêsñù ÇYáhêiï jûX
öhœtnïdçú hê¦ù ATÀñJiêöXËïv Eêkñ hêoŒïEñÈïv
1350 J.JïˆXù. d÷&, F¦÷iê öhœthêt
öhœtnïdçïEñdñsöh öklï JòTï ATÀñªñûú. BöJ dïjïƒñ
JïˆïiYú 1600 jòdiêXú. AYêiYú öhœtnïdçñù öklïiñù
ATÀêŒljñù JñTï マ ïJiê¼ñªljñù bêjêqhñöûªtZù.

FŸöE öOklñ öOÂñ ?

dêtˆï eûñù öhœtnïdçñù öklïiñù hšñ Oïkës


ljlñJqñù JòTï Jrïƒ EêkñhêoŒïEJù dêtˆï¼êiñÈ
27,800 J.÷iêqù Jïˆïiïˆñûú. CYïv 500J. jûú
DOþgênïXïJw¼ú; 5300J. JTù lðˆêu; 2100J.iïkbïJù
oùzêE, Qïkëê J˜ïšï öhœthêt¼ú; 2000J. iïkbïJù
Yêkò¼ñJw¼ú YïjöƒTñdçú öOklï÷k¼ú. 1600
J.iê¦êöOþklú; 3000J. oï.oï. ¼iOþYú; 2600J.
Hêeðoú öOklú.fê¼ïiñÈYú ÷amêgïhêEï ‹oæú
lïdñkðJjï¼êu ÷lûïöiTñŒñ. d÷&, AYïEú B oùKá
hYïiêJêöYlªYñöJêûú 15,000J. öoussïvEïªñù
JTùlêŸñJiñù öOÂïjï¼ñªñ ......

(1946 QEljïiïök `dêtˆï oùMêTJEï'v (Eœt Hªú)


ÇnådïÈ ‹oïŠödçTñŒïiYú)

dïXsêiïiñù JháòXï‚ú dêtˆïiñù

Yk÷マ jïiïvEïªñù AÖñööhv AJök¼ïT¼ñª dïXsêiï Fª


ÜêhŒïv ÷Otª ÷JêxÜoú ÷oênákï‚ú ‹ltŒJjñöT Hjñ
jpoáo÷˜qEhêXú ÷JjqŒïv JháòXï‚ú dêtˆï
jòdðJjïOþYú. JháòXï‚ú dêtˆï¼ú QÓù EvJïi Cø
o÷˜qEù 1939 AloêEŒïkêXú. jûñaïloù EðûñEïª
Cø o÷˜qEù dïXsêiïiïök dêsdçñsöhª ‹÷amŒñÈ
Hjñ lêiEmêkê öJˆïTŒïvölOþêXú ÷OtªYú.

AªöŒ o÷˜qEŒïv döËTñŒ dkt¼ñù Cø zkù


GöYªú AsïƒñJòTêiïjñªñ. ÇnådïÈ ‹÷YáJù YïjöƒTñŒ
÷JêxÜoú ÷oênákï‚ú dêtˆï ‹ltŒJjêXú
o÷˜qEŒïEñ÷lû Hjñ¼Ÿw öOÂYú. ÇnådïÈ
FkëêŒïEñù ÷E¥Yôù EvJï. AŸöE Cø
öJêOþñÜêhŒïEú ÷JjqŒïök JháòXï‚ú ‹zêEŒïöus
CøšïkëhêJêu gêLáù oïŠïOþñ. dêtˆï¼ú QÓù EvJïi
Cø öJêOþñÜêhù Cªú JháòXï‚ú hêtJæï‚ú dêtˆïiñöT
m¹ï÷JÿŸqïv HªêXú. J¯òjïETñŒñÈ hêlïkêiïök
öEkëï¼ûï ödê¼u Fª dêlödçˆ Hjñ
öOŒñöYêrïkêqïiñöT dêtdçïThêXú dêtˆïiñöT
BaáöŒ oùzêE J˜ïšï Hêeðoêiï ÇnådïÈ YïjöƒTñŒYú.
ÇnådïÈiêiïjñªñ Baá dêtˆï öoƈsï.

(d#Eêgu, ÷amêgïhêEï lêjïJ, BLoíú 15,


1971)
DmïjñÈ Eêijñù FOþïv ödsñ¼ïEêijñù

1931. Lñjñlêiòt oYáêÜpù. ÷&¦gêjlêpïJw


oYáêÜplqûïithêöj dk÷dçêrñù htaï¼ñhêiïjñªñ.
÷&¦ETiïv Jêlkñûú. ÷&¦ŒïEñ Oñšñù hñÈñ÷lkïiñù
öJˆïiïˆñûú. Hjñ aïloù dï.ÇnådïÈ ÷&¦Œï÷k¼ñ
÷dêiï. Jêlv¼êt YTƒñ. AYñ lJöl¼êöY ÷&¦ŒïEñÈïv
JTªñ. ÷oêdêEŒïv¼isï hXïiTïOþñ öYêrñYñ.
÷oêdêEŒïv¼isï hXïiTïOþñ öYêrêu {ê ン XöEêrïöJ
höšêjñ QêYï¼ñù AlJêmhïkë. Jêlv¼êt dïªêököiŒï.
dïöª lTïöJêûú ÇnådïÈiñöT dñsŒú ATïiêiï.
A÷dçêrñù ÇnådïÈ EïtŒêöY hXïiTïOþñ. Jêlv¼êt
ATïiñù YñTtªñ. OïjïOþñöJêûú oKêlú dsƒñ:
``DmïjñÈ Eêit hXïiTï¼öˆ, FOþïv ödsñ¼ï Eêit
AljñöT dñsŒTï¼öˆ!''

oKêlñù SêEñù

1942 Baáù `oKêlï'öE Jû÷dçêrñûêi oùoêjlñù


jðYïiñù hñKáhÔï lï.Foú. AOáñYêEEúau lïljï¼ñªñ:

``oKêlú , H÷jêjñŒjñhêiï Akç÷Ejù HšÀñ


oùoêjïOþYïEñ÷mnù dïªðTú Fkëêl÷jêTñù
ödêYñöl oùoêjï¼ñªYêXú. Bjùgï¼ñ÷œêw lïljù
Asïiï¼êù'' Fª hsñdTï Jïˆï. Akç÷Ejù Jrïƒú hñJqïv
öOkëêu Asïiïdçñ JïˆïiYEñojïOþú hñJqïv FŒï.
AgïhñKhêiï JïTª J÷ojiïv Cjï¼êu Blmáödçˆñ.
Baáhêiï JñTñùflïljŸw A÷EônïOþñ. dïªðTú eêÅsï
öYêrïkêqïJqñöT ödêYñzïYï, eêÅsï J˜ïšï, iòEïiu
‹ltŒEù, dêtˆï÷iêTú öYêrïkêqïJqñöT
h÷Eêgêlù...... YñTŸïi ÷OêaáŸw. FkëêŒïEñù
hsñdTï EvJï. AlïOêjïYhêiï Hjñ ÷Oêaáù.....

``EïŸw F ヘ ïEêXú JháòXï‚ú dêtˆïiïv ÷OtªYú?''

``Föª÷dçêök ÷QêkïöOàñªljñöTiñù hšñ


dêlödçˆljñöTiñù LñXŒïEñ÷lûï EïköJêÈñª
‹zêEhêXú JháòXï‚ú dêtˆï Fªñ hEoæïkê¼ï B
dêtˆïiïv ÷Otªñ.''

``E˜ñöT dêtˆï Hjï¼v dsiñJiêXú. Cø ot¼êjñJqñù


htaEŒïv ‹Yï÷nbï¼êu Hjñ dXïhñT¼ñ ETŒXöhªú.
EïŸqñöT iòEïiu Oïk÷dçêw AEñJòkïOþïökëªñ ljêù.
EïŸw dXïhñT¼ñ÷hê?''

``YðtOþiêiñù hñT¼ñù.''

``A÷dçêw hñYkêqï EïŸöq dïjïOþñlïTï÷kë?''

``lï÷ˆ¼êù.''

``.....eêÅsïiïök öYêrïkêqïJöq AXïEïjŒêu JrïiXù.


YYú¼êkù dïjïOþñlïˆêkñù dïöªiñù ÷Qêkïiïv
‹÷lmï¼êu AlojhñûêJñù. ÷kê¼dçïv öOkëñ÷œêw
÷dêkðoïöus lJ `o˜êElñù' Jïˆïöiªñ ljêù. ÷kê¼dçïv
Jisïiïˆñ÷ûê?, ÷dêkðoïöus oôgêlù mjï¼ñ
hEoæïkê¼ïiïˆñ÷ûê? öOsñdçŒïöus Cø
B÷lmöhkëêù ÷kê¼dçïv öOkëñ÷œêw
dsªñ÷dêöiªñljñù.''

``iòEïiu jùLŒñù hšñù DsOþñEïªú ‹ltŒïOþïˆñÈ


ClïTöŒ dk oKê¼w¼ñù CöYkëêù Jñösöiêö¼
Asïƒïˆñöûªïjïö¼ FEï¼ñù djï±hïOþêv
oêbï¼ñöhªêXú JjñYñªYú.''

``mjï , ÷Eê¼öˆ.''

EïnãqËhêiï Hªñ OïjïOþïˆú YêröŒ hñsïiïv ÷dêiï


Cjï¼êu Blmáödçˆñ. dïªðTú Fkëêl÷jiñù
HªïOþïjñŒï HªjhXï¼ò÷sêqù oùoêjïOþñ.

(Bkdçñr Qïkëê oùMêTJ ohïYï¼ñ


÷lûï Fù.F. ÷ffï FVïšñ öOÂú ‹oïŠðJjïOþ kMñ÷kKiïv
Eïªú)

12 Aug, 2007/ MATHRUBHUMI


OŸêŒ hòkbEŒïöus AYáêdŒú
Fu.öJ.Feñù Jñös DdÜp JœEïJqñù ÷OtªêXú JïVúEï
eø÷ûnu Jñùg÷JêXŒïEú jòdù öJêTñŒYú. Cø DdÜp JœEïJqïv
BltŒïOþú JêXñª ‹Yïgêoù eêjïoú Afòf¼sêXú Fªú Fu.öJ.Feú.
oê&áödçTñŒñªñ. eêjïoñhêiï lá¹ïdjhêi f‡hñöûªú añööj
Fu.öJ.Feïöus A÷EônX oùM÷ŒêTú o˜Yï¼ñJiñù öOÂñ

lêÛödçTñªljñù lðÛödçTñªljñù _ 2
Adçñ¼ñˆu lqqï¼ñªú

lïlêaŒïöus öOsïöiêjñ Yðödçêjï AYêXú C÷dçêw öY¼ñJïr¼u


Gnáiïök Gšlñù lkïi Jñùg÷JêXhêi oïËdçòt JïVúEï eø÷ûnu
lïlêaŒïEïTiê¼ïiYú. AYïv Eïªú dñsŒñOêTïi bòh÷JYñlïöus
lêkêXú C÷dçêw ÷JjqŒïök o꜌ïJ_jênúÑði lïlêaŸqïv Ditªñ
Eïv¼ñª AÌmálá¹ïYôù.

YñT¼ù oôtXù dòmïi Têdçïv Eïªêiïjñªñ. oïËdçòjïök JïùJðšú


÷sêVïök jûñ÷JêTïiï÷kös lïkiñÈ Fu.öJ.Feú. öJˆïTŒïök dÔûêù
Eïkiïök Oðeú FJæïJáòˆðlïöus fêŒúsòhïv Jû 1000 ÷Vêqt lïkiñÈ
Têdçñù lïkdïTïdçñÈ JñqïhñsïDdJjXŸqñù. oïËdçòjïök CùLëðnú
aïEd¦hêi 'oúöÑiúšúööTùoï'v hñYïtª d¦‹ltŒJ oòou ÷kêNú FrñYïi
lïhtmEê#Jhêi ÷kKEŒïv Eïªú.

EêˆñJêjïv Eïªú oùgêlE dšï ETŒñª Hjñ zêdEŒïöus o꜌ïJ


oñYêjáYiïkëêÁiêXú oòou ÷kêŸú ‹Yï¼òˆïv EïtŒïiYú. Oðeú
FJæïJáòˆðlú Hêeðot Tï.TïañööjiñöT mœqù 60000 ÷Vêq÷sê?
Hªêù Jëêoïv hê¦ù lïhêEiê¦÷iê. eûúohêpjXŒïEú luöOklñJ÷qê.
dïöª lý¼ ÷jêLïJw¼ú F ヘ ú opêiù? Fu.öJ.Feïöus dñ÷jêLhEdjhêi
fïoïEoæú hê¥JÀú o꜌ïJ oñYêjáYiïkë, lïlêaŸqñöT gêjù ÷dsñª
÷YêTïv EïªYú dñsŒñl÷jûYñûú Fªñù. lïdXïiïök bthYŒôŸqêXú
Oêjïšï zêdEöŒ Eiï¼ñªöYËïv ölqïödçTñŒkïöusiñù
DŒjlêaïYôŒïöusiñù JUïEhêi Eïklêjlñù AYïEú fêbJhêXú. AYêXú
oòou ÷kêNú DªiïOþYú _eûú oùgjï¼ñ÷œêw kê÷g•iïökëªñù
ödêYñ zêdEhêöXªñù dsiñJ. Yjù Jïˆñ÷œêw oôJêjáù Fªñdsƒú
YTïYdçñJ. ödêYñQEŸw lïljù ÷YTñ÷œêw AYú kgáhê¼ï÷i dšò.
(oòou ÷kêŸïöus ÷OêaáŸw YöªiêXú eêjïoú AT¼hñÈl÷jêTú
÷JjqŒïök hêbáhŸqñù ÷Oêaï¼ñªYú Fª ohêEYiñù ClïöT
djêhtmï¼öˆ)
k&¼X¼ïEú ÷Vêqt ohêpjïOþ lu lïQihêi Hjñ eûúohêpjX Oêjïšï
‹atmEŒïöus dï÷šªêiïjñªñ 'oúöÑiúšúööTùoï'öus Cø ÷Oêaáù
öOàv. ‹Yð&ïOþYñ ÷dêök Yöª oòou ÷kêŸïEñù
'oúöÑišúööTùoï'öus ‹oêbJjêi oïËdçòt ‹oú
÷pêwVïNúoïEñöhYïöj añööjiñù Fu.öJ.Feñù EnúTdjïpêjù
Blmáödçˆú AdJðtŒï ÷Joú öJêTñŒñ. lqusïithêt ETŒñª
Fu.öJ.Feïv ‚êeïEú lu ÷fêXoú EvJñJiêöXªú Hjï¼v Hjñ £ð C_öhiïv
o÷EúamhiOþñ. Hjñ k&ù ÷dtö¼Ëïkñù AYú Jïˆï. añööj
÷JoñöJêTñŒñ. djêYï¼êjï HTñlïv djoáhêiï hêdçú ÷OêaïOþñ.
Ajk&ù ÷Vêqt EnúTdjïpêjù Ev÷JûYêiñù lªñ. Bvlïu kïu Fª Hjñ
Fu.öJ.Feú. lqusïit añööj öQšïv HªêùJëêoæïv dsªñ ET¼ñª
BqêöXªñù hê÷EQúöhusú ÷jêLïJqñöT dXù
bòtŒTï¼ñJiêöXªñù höšêjñ lqusïi÷sêTú dsƒïjñªñ. AYïEñù
añööj ÷Joú öJêTñŒñ. öYqïiï¼êu BlêöY lqusïit EnúTdjïpêjù
EvJï ÷JêTYï¼ú dñsŒú HŒñYðtdçê¼ï.

Fªêv JjñŒjêi oïËdçòt d¦zêdE÷ŒêTú EïihiñŠŒïEïsŸïi


Fu.öJ.Feú._oï.C.H. dŒú aïloöŒ lïOêjXiïv jûêù Eêw Yöª
÷JêTYïiïv Eïªú ÷Joú dïulkïOþú HêTêu Eïtf‡ïYEêiï. Yöus lêtnïJ
mœqù Bsú k&ù ÷VêqsêöXªñù. dÔûñhêoöŒ ÷fêXoñù
dšñªñöûªñù. fïoïEoæú JëêoïkkëêöY Hªêù Jëêoæïv lïhêEiê¦
ETŒñªñöûªñù A÷‰pŒïEú ölqïödçTñ÷Œûïlªñ. kêoúölLêoïv
eûú oôjòdï¼êu iê¦ öOÂYïEú 70000 ÷Vêqt öOklêöiªñù
d¦zêdEŒïöus AgïgênJu alðÿt oïŸïöus FYït lïoíêjŒïv añööj
o˜YïOþñ. AŸöE EnúTdjïpêjù ÷OêaïOþ zêEŒú oïËdçòt ‹oú
÷pêwVïŸïEú ÷JêTYï öOklêiï 556000 oïËdçòt ÷Vêqt
(15012000 jòd) dJjù Fu.öJ.FeïEú Ev÷Jûïlªñ.

C÷YŒñTtªêXú ÷kêJ‹moí HêVïšïNú zêdEhêi öJ.dï.Fù.Qï.iñù


oïËdçòt Llxöhusïöus ArïhYï A÷EônXlïgêLhêi Jsdúšú
‹êJúTðooú Cuöl‚ï÷Lnu fáò÷sêiñù jùLŒñlªYú. ÷JêTYï oùglù
oïËdçòt QEYiïkñûê¼ïi ‹Yï÷nblñù ‹YïJjXlñù lïljï¼êEêlïkë.
Fu.öJ.Feïöus BzêEŒú 'JÈu' Fª OñhöjrñŒú. jûñ aïloù öJêûú
6800 ÷kös ‹Yïhêo oùgêlE¼êt dïulêŸï. Fu.öJ.Feïöus
lïQimïkçïiêiï JX¼ê¼ïiïjñª añööj jêQïöl¼öhªêlmáödçˆñöJêûú
40000 ÷djñöT Hêxööku ödšðnEñJw........

VisJúTt ÷fêtVñù oï.C.H.iñù jêQïölOþñ. dñYïi A÷EônXlñù


÷Joñù lªñ. dêdçjêiï ‹Káêdï¼Xöhª añööjiñöT ÷Joñù. fêËú
A¼øûïv Eïªú dXù ÷OêtŒïiñÈ Hqï÷Oþêˆù lï÷amŒñ EïªñÈ
As‚ú, Arïöi¯v CöYêö¼ Hjñ Eðû djœjiêiï oïËdçòjïöE C÷dçêrñù
Cq¼ï hsï¼ñªñ. Fu.öJ.Feïöus lqtOþiïv Eïªñù ÷EˆŒïv Eïªñù
jênúÑðikêgù ÷dêkñöhTñŒ gjXJ&ï AYïöus YïjöƒTñdçñ ÷dêkñù
ödêYñQE÷jênù giªú Eðˆï. (‹bêEhÔïiñöT dYúEïiêiïjñªñ
Fu.öJ.Feïöus ÷dÑu.)

÷Jjqðit ÷Ejïˆú f‡ödçTñª OïkJêjáŸw Cø Jñùg÷JêXöŒ YñTtªú


ölqïödçˆYï÷k¼ú JT¼êù. Tï.TïañööjiñöT Gšlñù ATñŒ
oñpóŒêXú eêjïoú Afòf¼t Fª ölqïödçTñŒkêXú AYú.
Tï.Tï.añööjiñùFu.öJ.Feñù eêjïoú Afòf¼sñhêiñÈ djoálñù
jpoálñhêiñÈ fïoïEoæú JòˆêÁiñù. CYïöus hslïv Fu.öJ.Feïöus eûú
eêjïoïöus zêdEŸqï÷k¼ú HrñJï. Fu.öJ.Feú. hñ÷KE eêjïoú
oïËdçòt Eïihù kùMïOþú C ヘ áiïv Eïªú Böq AiOþú láêQ÷jKJqïv
÷Qêkï öOàï¼ñJ ÷dêkñù öOÂñ.

Fu.öJ.Feñù Jñös DdÜp JœEïJqñù ÷OtªêXú JïVúEï eø÷ûnu


Jñùg÷JêXŒïEú jòdù öJêTñŒYú. Cø DdÜp JœEïJqïv BltŒïOþú
JêXñª ‹Yïgêoù eêjïoú Afòf¼sêXú Fªú Fu.öJ.Feú.
oê&áödçTñŒñªñ. eêjïoñhêiï lá¹ïdjhêi f‡hñöûªú añööj
Fu.öJ.Feïöus A÷EônX oùM÷ŒêTú o˜Yï¼ñJiñù öOÂñ

öYqïlñJw lá¹hê¼ñªYú 2000 löj ÷JêTðmôj÷Eê, Jñ÷fj÷Eê,


láêdêj‹hñK÷Eê Hªñhkë eêjïoú. AiêqñöT ÷eêtöˆ oï‚ùoú
Baáhêiï YñTŸñªYú 1999 odíùft 16_EêXú. Qòkêiú 15_Eú AYú
kïJôï÷Všú öOàödçˆñ. dïªðTYú 2000 BLoíú 21_Eú A÷Y ÷djïv
A÷hjï¼iïök öElêaiïv dñEjlYjïOþñ. lðûñù AYú 2002 Qòkêiú
15_Eú dïjïOþñlïˆñ. Fªêv dïjïOþñlïTödçˆ B JœEï¼ú Fu.öJ.Feú.
2001Eñù 2003 EñhïTÀú ÷oêeúšú ölit Jjêt AEñojïOþú ÷JêTïJw
EvJïiYêiï ÷jKJw dsiñªñ.

2000 QEljï 24_Eú eêjïoú Afòf¼t Oðeú FJæïJáòˆðlêiï


÷‹ê÷ˆêxölfú öoêkáònuoú Bjùgï¼ñ÷œêw AYïöus öhêŒù
hòkbEù 74.6 k&ù jòdhê¦hêXú. 2002 QòXïkêXú CŒjöhêjñ
zêdEŒïEú 45 k&ù ÷Vêqsïöus Jjêt Fu.öJ.Feú. EvJñªYú. AlïöT
EïªêXú ÷JêTïJqï÷k¼ñÈ eêjïoïöus EêrïJ¼këñJw YñTŸñªYú.

añööjiñöT H.Qï.Fkëñù eêjïoïöus ÷‹ê÷ˆêxölfñù oùiñ¹hêiêXú


÷‹ê÷ˆêxölfú fï.dï.H. ETŒïiYú. ÷‹ê÷ˆêxölfú fï.dï.H.iñöT Hjñ
{êÖú Hêeðoú oïËdçòjïv YñTŸï. añööjiñöT Jòˆêqïiêi
öhšïvViñöT o÷pêajïöi oïËdçòjïök {êÖú GQusê¼ï EïÊiïOþñ.
eêjïoú hïOþïLXïv YñTŸïi Hjñ DdÜp JœEïiêXú Feú.oï.Fù.oï.
÷‹ê÷ˆêxölfú fï.dï.H.lïEú Jêwöoust Jjêt ‹JêjhñÈ dXù Cø
A÷hjï¼u HêeðoïkêXú AiOþYú. FYêûú 10 k&ù ÷Vêqt.
sïöotOþú Fª Hjñ zêdEŒïöus ÷djïv Fu.öJ.Feú. 123000 ÷Vêqt
EvJïiïˆñûú. ÷‹ê÷ˆêxölfïöus C ヘ áiïök Hjñ VïlïnEêXú AöYËïkñù.
Fu.öJ.Feïöus BqñJöq oïËdçòjï÷k¼ú sïÆòˆú öOÂïjñª GQuoï
dXï¼êXú Cø ‹Yïekù Fªú JjñYñªñ.

2000 eï{ljï 21_Eú eêjïoú BjùgïOþ höšêjñ DdÜp JœEïiêXú


Fùdlt. öOööª Bt.F. dñjŒú Üðuöliúoú ÷sêVú FJú‚unEïök
GrêùEœt ÷sêVïkêXú Cø Hêeðoú lïkêoù. eêjïoú VisJúTsêi Cø
JœEï 2002 hñYv ‹ltŒï¼ñªïkë. JœEï ÷kê ÷fêtVïöus lálzJw
dêkï¼êŒYêXú JêjXöhªêXú lïmaðJjXù. Fªêv Cø FùdlsïEñù
2004_v Fu.öJ.Feú. 91000 ÷Vêqt EvJï. Vêš FuÑï Jjêt
AEñojïOþú. zk¼ñslñhòkù eêjïoïöus zêdEŸöq¼ñsïOþñù
CTdêTñJöq¼ñsïOþñù JòTñYv lïljï¼ñªïkë. Fu.öJ.Feïöus
añööjiñù hšñù ÷OtªñÈ Qï.Fu.Bsñhêiñù hšú
DdÜpzêdEŸqñhêiñù Fu.öJ.Feïöus ÷JêTïJw lrïYïjïOþñlïˆ
dXhêXú eêjïoú lrï öOööªiïkñù ÷JjqŒïkñöhŒïiïˆñÈYú Fªú
lá¹hêXú. CYñù EêkÖñltnŒïEJhñÈ ‹Yïgêoù. d¦hñThiñù
÷JêTïJqñöT oùgêlE¼êjEñù BJñªYïöusiñù B¼ñªYïöusiñù
GJ÷amOï¦ù ÷hv lïljïOþYïv Eïªú Jïˆñù.

A÷dçêw 90_Jqïv A÷hjï¼iïv ödêqïƒú dêqðoêi eêjïoú C÷dçêw


÷JêTïJw öJêûú Jqï¼ñª eêjïoú BJñªYú EêkÖñltn¼êköŒ
añjòphêi oïËdçòt_öOööª_÷Jjq o꜌ïJ ATïöiêrñ¼ïkòöTiêXú.
CYïEú ATïzêEhêiYú Fu.öJ.Feïöus oï.C.H. Tï.Tï.añööjiñhêiñÈ
ATñŒ OŸêŒlñù. AYïv Eïªú lïJoïOþYêXú J÷Œêkï¼ê ogiñöT
d¦Œïv Eïªú YñTŸï oï.dï.F˜ïöus Hø÷aáêLïJ lïgêLlñù
d¦OêEkñJqñù ÷JjqŒïök gòhïhêeïiJqñù Hö¼iêiñÈ f‡lñù
G÷JêdElñù.

añööjiñhêiñÈ f‡ù FlïöT Eïªú YñTŸï? YYúJêkù lá¹hkë.


eêjïoïöE¼êqñù hïTñ÷¼êöT hêbáh‹ltŒJjïv Eïªñù ‹oïŠðJjXŒïv
Eïªñù Hrïƒñhêsñª BqêXú añööj Fªú oòou ÷kêNú Yöª
oê&áödçTñŒñªñ. Fªêv Fu.öJ.Feïöus sï÷dçêtˆïv Hjñ
ölqïödçTñŒkñûú. AYú lý¼ ÷jêLïJqñöT Viêkïoïoïv
÷JÿðJjïOþïjñª oïËdçòt JïVúEï eø÷ûnu Høˆú ÷oêrúoïNú, Vêš
FuÑï YñTŸïi kêgJjhêi fïoïEoæú ÷hKkJqï÷k¼ú JTªYïöEdçšï
ETŒñª ölqïödçTñŒkïkêXú. A¼òˆŒïv lý¼ láêdêjöŒdçšï
oòOïdçï¼ñªñûú. Cø oòOE AtZLtghêöXªú hê¦ù YYúJêkù
dsƒñöl¼öˆ.

(AloêEïOþñ)

YïjñŒú: mEïiêrúOöŒ d¦Œïv lª ÷kKEŒïöus BaágêLŒú


hòªêù KXúVïJiïv 824 ÷JêTïjòd Enédjïpêjhêiï kgï¼ñªYïEñ÷lûï
FªYú 32.4 ÷JêTï jòd Fªñù HœYêù KXúVïJiïv 3240 ÷JêTï jòd
Fªñ lªYú 32.40 ÷JêTï jòd Fªñù 1425 ÷JêTï jòd FªñlªYú 14.25
÷JêTï jòd Fªñù YïjñŒï lêiï÷¼ûYêXú. dïmJú dšïiYïv ÷Kaï¼ñªñ
_ ÷kKJu

÷JêTïJw ööJ¼òkï lêŸñªlt Cªú


jêQê¼Óêt_ Fù.Fu. lïQiu
2007
öJêTñŸkëòt: AœYñjòd ööJ¼òkï lêŸïi Böq JÈöEªñù
jûñù hòªñù ÷JêTï jòd ööJ¼òkï lêŸïilöj
jêQê¼Óêjêiñù lêrï¼ñª JêkhêXïöYªú ö‹êe. Fù.Fu.
lïQiu Agï‹êiödçˆñ. Ehñ¼ú Oï ヘ ï¼ñlêu÷dêkñù
JrïiêŒEïkiïv dXŒïöus ödjñ¼Ÿw Eö˜ lkiù
öOÂñJrïƒñ. dXù lêŸñ÷œêw÷dêkñù Hjñ ÷JêTï¼ú
F¦ dòQáŸw Döûªú AsïiêŒ EïkiêXú_ A÷‰pù
dsƒñ. jê^ði_hêeïi AOþñYûïöEYïöj ÷oêqïVêjïšï
oùMTïdçïOþ QEJði o÷˜qEù DaúMêTEù
öOàñJiêiïjñªñ lïQiu.

Cªú ÷JêTïJöqdçšï dsiñ÷œêw ÷JêTïJöqdçšïikë


dsiñªYú, hsïOþú ÷JêTïJqêiï ltŠïOþ jòdiñöT
hòká÷mênXöŒ¼ñsïOþêXú. FŸöEiêXú dXù
Cjˆï¼ñªöYªú ÷OêaïOþêv kêgùöJêûêXú dXù
ltŠï¼ñªöYªñù kêgù láêdêjŒïöusiñù
DkçêaEŒïöusiñù ekhêöXªñù dsiêù. AYñöJêûú
láêdêjïJqñù DkçêaJjñhêi hñYkêqïhêt ClïTöŒ
jê^ðiöŒ oôêbðEï¼ñlêu ±hï¼ñªYêXú ÷JjqŒïöus
m}lñù C ヘ áiñöT m}lñù. dXù oôêbðEï¼ñJiñù
dXhñûê¼ñª GQuoïJw jê^ðiù Eït˜ï¼ñJiñù Agï‹êiù
Eït˜ï¼ñJiñù öOàñªñ _ A÷‰pù Oòûï¼êˆï.

hòªêsïv oùglïOþYêXú FlïöTiñù oùglï¼ñªYú.


jê^ðiù Hjñ Tòsï‚ú o÷ËYhêiï Yðtªïjï¼ñªñ. Eïihù
CTƒú J¯ú Oï˜ïi÷dçêw lkïi hðEñJw j&ödçTñªñ.
Tòsïoù Jêmäðjïv ljñŒïi lïE jêQáŒïöus hñªïv
C÷dçêrñù EïkEïv¼ñªñ. E˜ñöT EêTú Ehñ¼ú
Qðlï¼êEñÈYñù lïjñªñJêt¼ú ljñlêEñÈYñhêXú.
lïjñªñJêt¼ú oôt$lñù Ehñ¼ú EjJlñhêlñª Hjñ EêTú
Ehñ¼ú Blmáhïkë _ lïQiu dsƒñ. öJ.Fù. nêQñ
Abá&Eêiï. oùzêE öoƈsï dï. hñQðfú spúhêu,
AVô. mïlu hUŒïv Fªïlt ‹oùLïOþñ.

C ヘ áu ÜêhŸqñöT AùfêoVt/ MATHRUBHUMI

pjïpt oôjòdú

d¦‹ltŒEŒïök ETªñ dYïƒ lrïJqïkòöTikë


dï.oêiúEêZïöus oÖêjù. jê^ði
lïrñdçk¼ñJöq¼ñsï÷Oþê Hêpjï lïdXïiñöT
lïoäi÷kêJöŒdçšï÷iê ÷fêqïlñVïöus hêoäjïJY÷iê
A÷‰pù sï÷dçêtˆú öOàêsïkë. AbïJêjŒïöus
CTEêrïJJqï÷kê dÖE&¦ lïjñªñJqï÷kê A÷‰pù Hjñ
oêªïŠálñhkë. lïaòjlñù añnú‹êdálñhêi C ヘ áu
ÜêhŸqêXú oêiúEêZïöus d¦‹ltŒEŒïöus gòhïJ.
AlïTŸqïök Eïoæpêijñù gêLápðEjñhêi oú¦ð
dñjñnÓêöj E˜ñöT hñKábêjê hêbáhŸqñöT
YêqñJqïv AlYjïdçïOþYú A÷‰phêXú. ÜêhðX
d¦‹ltŒE÷ŒêTñù ÜêhðX QEYJ÷qêTñhñÈ Cø
‹YïÉêfŠYÀñÈ AùLðJêjhêiêXú `Gnáu ÷Eêfv o˜êEù'
FªsïiödçTñª shx öhLúoöo AlêtVú Cö¼êkëù
oêiúEêZïöE ÷YTïöiŒïiYú. `a pïEúañ' aïEd¦Œïöus
ÜêhJêjá FVïšsêXú oêiúEêZú.

ÜêhŸqïök QðlïY‹mîŸw, aêjïÎáù, aqïYú QðlïYù,


B÷LêqðJjXŒïöus ‹YáêMêYŸw YñTŸïiliêXú
oêiúEêZïöus Cné÷hKkJw. `dˆïXï, lïmdçú Fªïlöi
oùf‡ïOþú ÷kêJöŒ Gšlñù lkïi lïa@jïökêjêw' FªêXú
oêiúEêZïöE lïKáêY bEmêoú¦Éu AhtYáê öou
lï÷mnïdçïOþYú. ltnŒïv hñªòsñ aïloùlöj ÜêhŸqïv
öOklrï¼ñJ FªYêXú A÷‰pŒïöus jðYï. ÷Ejïˆsïƒ
Eðsñª oêhòpïJ _o꜌ïJ iêZêtZáŸw oêiúEêZú
d¦ŒêqñJqïkòöT AlYjïdçï¼ñ÷œêw gjXJòTŸw¼ú
AYú AlLXï¼êEêlêöY ljñªñ.

B¸ê‹÷amñJêjEêi oêiúEêZú C ヘ áiñöT hñu jê^dYï


lï.lï. LïjïiñöT dø¦EêXú. Vvpïiïök Qlptkêv öEpúsñ
otlJkêmêkiïv Eïªñ Oj歷ïv fïjñaêE ヘ j fïjñaù ÷ETïi
÷mnù 1980 v iñ.Fu.öF.Fª lêtŒê
GQuoïiïkòöTiêXú oêiúEêZú d¦‹ltŒEù BjùgïOþYú.
dïªðTú `fëïšúoú' lêjïJiñöT lï÷amJêjá FVïšsñù
öVdáòˆï FVïšsñhêiï.

1990 Jqïv Ejoïùpsêlñ ot¼êt GtödçTñŒïi o꜌ïJ


djïnãjXŸw oêiúEêZïöus d¦‹ltŒE QðlïYŒïv
lrïŒïjïlêiï. Ddjïlt$ QðlïYöömkïJqïkñù
Dd÷gêLoùoãêjŒïkñù hêbáh±Š
÷JÿðJjï¼ödçTñªYêiï A÷‰pù hEoæïkê¼ï.
B÷LêqðJjXekhêiï lsOˆïiïv Eïªú FjïYðiï÷k¼ñ dYïOþ
ajïÎ QðlïYŸöq ohòp±Šiïv öJêûñljXöhªú A÷‰pù
YðtOþödçTñŒï. C ヘ áu ÜêhŸqïv oÖjïOþñ
sï÷dçêtˆñJw Yàêsê¼êEêiï A÷‰pù `ööTùoú
Hêeú C ヘ á'iñöT öe÷këênïdçïEú A÷d&ïOþYú
AŸöEiêXú.

AÖñ oùzêEŸqïök dŒñ dïªê¼ QïkëJqïv oÖjïOþú


84 sï÷dçêtˆñJw A÷‰pù `ööTùoú Hêeú C ヘ á'iïv
‹oïŠödçTñŒï. Cø sï÷dçêtˆñJqïv Eïªñ
YïjöƒTñŒliêXú dïªðTú `Fljï fVï klúoú F LñVú
÷½êˆú' Fª ÷djïv dñoíJjòdŒïv ohêpjïOþYú.
`öduLôïu C ヘ á' ‹oïŠðJjïOþ Cø Ü™ù Hjñ öf‚ú
öokësêiïjñªñ.

2004 kêXú oêiúEêZú `a pïEúañ'lïökŒñªYú.


B¸iï÷kiñù lïatgiï÷kiñù liEêˆï÷kiñöhêö¼ ÜêhðX
_JêtnïJ ‹mîŸw `a pïEúañ'lïöus YêqñJqïkòöT
A÷‰pù ohòp±Šiïv öJêûñlªñ. `ÜêhðX ajïÎöj
CáiñöT ödêYñ÷fêbŒïv dñEü‹YïnõïOþ d¦‹ltŒJu'
Fªñ hLúoöo dñjoãêj ohïYï oêiúEêZïöE
lï÷mnïdçïOþYïv Hˆñù AYïm÷iê¹ïiïkë

DESHABHIMANI
t\Xr-Xzw- ]gbXp-am-{Xw- Adn-ªmð- t]m-cm-;
]p-Xn-bXpw- Adn-bWw-
hn- hn- Z£n-Wm-aqÀ-¯n-

""kn-]n-sF F½n-s\ \bn-¡p-ó ]p-Xn-b Xeap-dbn-se t\Xm-¡Ä-¡v- cm-Py-s¯


Iayq-Wn-Ìv- ]mÀ-Sn- sI«n-¸Sp¡m³- At\Im-bn-c§Ä- \S¯n-b Xym-Ks¯¡p-dn-
¨v- Adn-bn-ñ.- hbem-dn-epw- ]p-ó{]bn-ep-sam-s¡ \Só sFXn-lm-knIam-b
t]m-cm-«§sf¡p-dn-¨pw- ho-cam-b càkm-£n-Xz-s¯¡p-dn-¨pw- Adn-bn-ñþ''-
P\p-hcn- cïn-sâ P\bp-Kw- ]{Xw- dn-t¸mÀ-«p-sNbv-X kn-]n-sF sk{I«dn-
shfn-bw- `mÀ-Khsâ {]kw-K¯n-sâ Hcp- `m-KamWv- taep-²cn-¨Xv.- kn-]n-
sFbpw- kn-]n-sF F½pw- ]ckv-]cw- s]m-cp-Xp-óXv- ]m-h§fp-sS {]Xo--£Isf
XIÀ-¡p-Ibm-sWópw- ]mÀ-Sn- ]n-fÀ-¯nb-hÀ-¡p-Xsó Ct¸mÄ- sXäv- a\Ên-em-
bn-cn-¡p-Ibm-sWópw- shfn-bw- Iq-«n-t¨À-¯n-cn-¡p-óp.- Ct¸mÄ- kn-]n-sF
F½n-s\¡p-dn-¨v- C§s\sbm-cp- ]cm-aÀ-iw- \S¯m³- shfn-bs¯ t{]cn-¸n-¨
tNtXm-hn-Im-cw- F´m-sWóv- a\Ên-em-Ip-ón-ñ.- Cu- cïp- ]mÀ-Sn-Ifpw-
tbm-Pn-¨v- {]hÀ-¯n-¡Wsaóm-Wv- R§fp-sS A`n-{]m-bw.- CSXp-]£ap-óWn-
bp-sS \s«ñv- Cu- cïp- ]m-À-Sn-Ifpw- X½nep-Å sFIyam-sWópw- R§fp-sS ]
mÀ-Sn- hn-ebn-cp-¯p-óp.- CSXp-]£ sFIyw- iàn-s¸«m-te tZio-bcm-{ão-
b¯nð- tIm¬-{Kkn-s\bpw- _n-sP]n-sbbpw- am-än-\nÀ-¯n- aq-ómw-_Zð-
cq-]o-Icn-¡p-ó {]{In-b hn-Pbn-¡p-Ibp-Åq-shópw- R§fp-sS ]mÀ-Sn-¡v- A`n-
{]m-bap-ïv.- CSXp-]£ sFIyw- in-Yn-eam-bmð- aq-ómw-ap-óWn- {]m-hÀ-
¯n-Iam-¡m³- Ign-bp-óXñ.- AXp-sIm-ïp-Xsó kn-]n-sF F½pw- kn-]n-sFbpw-
X½nð- s]m-cp-Xm³- ]m-Sn-sñóv- R§Ä- Dd¨p-hn-iz-kn-¡p-óp.- Ccp-]mÀ-
Sn-Ifpw- X½nð- t]m-cm-Sp-óXn-\p-Å km-lNcyw- kr-ãn-¡p-óXn-\v- klm-
bIam-b Hcp- \n-e]m-Spw- kn-]n-sF F½n-sâ `m-K¯p-\n-óv- Dïm-bn-«n-sñó
hkv-Xp-Xbpw- Xd¸n-¨p-]dbm³- Ign-bpw.-

kn-]n-sF F½n-sâ 19þmw- ]mÀ-Sn- tIm¬-{Kkn-\pw- kn-]n-sFbp-sS


20þmw- tIm¬-{Kkn-\p-ap-Å Hcp-¡§Ä- \S¡p-Ibm-Wv.- cïp- ]mÀ-Sn-Ifpw-
AXm-Xn-s³-d ssZ\w-Zn-\{]hÀ-¯\§fpw- kzo-Icn-¨p-hcp-ó \b§fpw- `m-hn-
bnð- kzo-Icn-t¡ïp-ó AShp-Ifpw- kzm-`m-hn-Iam-bpw- hn-hn-[ kt½f\§fnð-
NÀ-¨sN¿pw.- cïp- ]mÀ-Sn-Ifm-bXp-sIm-ïv- A`n-{]m-bhy-Xym-k§Ä- NÀ-
¨bn-epw- adp-]Sn-bn-epw- {]kw-K§fn-ep-sam-s¡ DbÀ-óp-hcp-óXpw-
kzm-`m-hn-Iam-Wv.- amÀ-Iv-kn-Ìv- kn-²m-´w- A\p-kcn-¨p-Xsó sFIy-ap-
óWn-bp-sS AShp-Ifnð- sFIy-hpw- kachpap-ïv.- A`n-{]m-bhy-Xym-kap-Å
hn-jb§sf¸än- ]cky-am-b kw-hm-Zw- \S¡p-óXnð- sXsäm-óp-an-ñ.- Fómð,-
A¯c¯nð- Bib]cam-b Hcp- kw-hm-Zañ shfn-b¯n-sâ `m-K¯p-\n-óv- Dïm-bn-
cn-¡p-ósXóv- Nq-ïn-¡m-Wn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡m³- \nÀ-hm-lan-ñ.- {]m-bw- Iq-Sn-
bhcpw- a[y-hbkv-Icpw- sNdp-¸¡m-cpsam-s¡ tNÀ-ó t\Xr-Xz-am-Wv- kn-]n-
sF F½n-\p-ÅXv.- AX§s\Xsóbm-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw- thWsaóm-Wv- R§fp-sS A`n-
{]m-bw.- hmÀ-[Iyw- _m-[n-¨hÀ-Xsó Fñm- Im-e¯pw- ]mÀ-Sn-sb \bn-
¡Wsaóv- \nÀ-_Ôn-¡cp-Xv.- ]gb Xeap-dbp-sS A\p-`hk¼¯pw- {]hÀ-¯\]cn-
Nbhpw- ]p-Xn-b Xeap-dbp-sS DuÀ-Pkz-eXbpw- tNÀ-óXm-Wv- icn-bm-b
t\Xr-Xzw.- hbem-dn-epw- ]p-ó{]bn-epw- kac¯nð- t\cn-«v- ]s¦Sp-¡m-¯hÀ-
¡pw- t]m-cm-«¯n-sâ DÅS¡hpw- {]m-[m-\yhpw- DÄ-s¡m-Åm³- Ign-bpw.- ]
p-ó{]bp-sSbpw- hbem-dn-sâbpw- sXe-¦m-\bp-sSbpw- tX`m-Kbp-sSbpw-
I¿q-cn-sâbpw- Icn-shÅq-cn-sâbpw- Im-hp-¼m-bn-bp-sSbpw ]m-Sn-¡p-
ón-sâbpw- ap-\b³-Ip-ón-sâbpw- Hôn-b¯n-sâbp-sam-s¡ DuÀ-Pw- icn-bm-
bn- DÄ-s¡mïXp-sIm-ïp-Xsóbm-Wv,- CSÀ-¨bn-ñm-sX AXn-sâsbm-s¡ Xp-SÀ-
¨bm-bn- D{Kam-b t]m-cm-«w- \S¯n- kn-]n-sF F½n-\v- ap-tódm-\pw-
Cós¯ \n-ebn-se¯m-\pw- Ign-ªXv.- 1946sebpw- '-48sebpw- kac§Ä- XÅn-
¸dª ]m-c¼cy-an-ñm-¯ ]mÀ-Sn-bm-Wv- kn-]n-sF Fw- Fóp-Iq-Sn- shfn-bw-
HmÀ-¡p-óXv- \ñXm-Wv.-

C´y-bn-se `cWhÀ-Khp-am-bp-Å sFIy-ap-óWn-bpw- ap-Xem-fn-¯bn-Xc ]m-


Xbpw- kam-[m-\]cam-b ]cn-hÀ-¯\hpw- tZio-b P\m-[n-]Xy-hpw- Iayq-Wn-
Ìv- ]mÀ-Sn-bn-se Um-t¦]£w- DbÀ-¯n-s¡m-ïp-hóXn-sâ ^eam-bn-«m-Wv- ]
mÀ-Sn-bnð- ]n-fÀ-¸p-ïm-bXv.- ]n-fÀ-¸n-sâ bYmÀ-Y Im-cW§fpw- ]n-fÀ-¸n-
sâ D¯chm-Zn- BscóXp-sam-s¡ hn-iZam-bn- ASp-¯ `m-K¯v- {]Xn-]m-Zn-
¡mw.- kn-]n-sFbnð- - AWn-Ifn-se¦n-epw- Ip-ds¨m-s¡ sNdp-¸¡mÀ- Im-Wp-
atñm.- AhÀ- AsXm-s¡ ]Tn-¡Wsaóm-Wv- R§Ä- Im-Wp-óXv.- hbem-dpw- ]p-
ó{]bpw- Ncn-{X¯n-sâ Ahkm-\am-bn-«ñ R§Ä- Im-Wp-óXv.- AXp-sIm-ïp-
Xsóbm-Wv- 1964se Ggmw- ]mÀ-Sn- tIm¬-{Kkn-\ptijhpw- Xym-K]qÀ-
Wam-b kac§Ä- A\pkyq-Xw- Xp-SÀ-óXpw- Cópw- Xp-Scp-óXpw.- 1962ð-
ssN\m-Nm-còm-scóv- ap-{ZIp-¯n- ]mÀ-«n-¡Is¯ Hcp-hn-`m-Kw- t\Xm-¡Ä--
Pbn-en-eSbv-¡s¸«Xv- kn-]n-sF t\Xm-¡Ä- HmÀ-¡p-óp-ïm-bn-cn-¡pw.- kn-]n-
sFbp-sS- Aós¯ sNbÀ-am³- Fkv- F Um-t¦bm-Wv- Aóv- Häp-Im-c\m-bn-
{]hÀ-¯n-¨Xv.- ]mÀ-Sn-¡Is¯ Hcp-hn-`m-Kw- t\Xm-¡sf i{Xp-hÀ-Kw- Pbn-en-
eS¨t¸mÄ- {]Xn-tj[kz-cw-t]m-epw- DbÀ-¯m³- ]m-Sn-sñóm-bn-cp-óp- Um-
t¦bp-sS A`n-{]m-bw.- Ahn-`à ]mÀ-Sn-bp-sS `q-cn-]£w- t\Xm-¡fpw- B \n-
e]m-Sm-Wv- kzo-Icn-¨Xv.- Cu- \n-e]m-Spw- ]mÀ-Sn-sb ]n-fÀ-¸n-te¡v- \bn-
¨ Im-cW§fn-sem-óm-Wv.-

1964ð- kn-]n-sF F½n-sâ Ggmw- ]mÀ-Sn- tIm¬-{Kkv- HtÎm-_À- 31 ap-Xð-


\hw-_À- Ggp-hsc Ið-¡¯bnð- tNÀ-óv- P\Io-b P\m-[n-]Xy-hn-¹h¯n-sâ ]cn-]m-
Sn- Aw-Ko-Icn-¨p.- 1964 Un-kw-_dnð- ssN\m-Nm-còm-scóv- Btcm-]n-¨v-
kn-]n-sF Fw- t\Xm-¡sf ho-ïpw- Pbn-en-eS¨p.- 1965ð- tIcf \n-bak`bn-te¡v-
sXcsªSp-¸v- \Sóp.- kn-]n-sF F½n-\v- 40 ko-äpw- kn-]n-sF¡v- aq-óv- ko-
äpw- e`n-¨p.- AXnðXsó DSp-¼tôm-ebn-ð- tP¡_m-im-\v- kn-]n-sF Fw- ]n-
´p-W \ð-In-bXm-Wv.- AXp-sIm-ïp-Xsó cïc ko-säóv- ]dbp-óXm-bn-cn-¡pw-
icn.- Ct¸mÄ- ]mÀ-Sn- ]n-fÀ-¯n-bhsc¸än- ]dbp-ó kn-]n-sF Aóv- R§sf ]n-fÀ-
¸òm-scóm-Wv- hn-fn-¨v- B-t£]n-¨Xv.- ]n-fÀ-¸òm-scóv- \n-§Ä- hn-fn-¨v- B-
t£]n-¨n-«pw ssN\m-Nm-còm-scóv- tIm¬-{Kkpw- P\kw-Lhpw- Hcp-an-¨p-
tNÀ-óv- R§sf hn-fn-¨n-«pw- tIcf¯n-se P\§Ä- kn-]n-sF F½n-s\ Ahcp-sS sXm-
gn-em-fn-hÀ-K hn-¹h]mÀ-Sn-bm-bn- Aw-Ko-Icn-¨p- Fóm-Wv- sXcsªSp-¸p-
^ew- sXfn-bn-¨Xv.-

]¯p-hÀ-jw- Ign-ªv-

_p-²n- DZn-¡p-óhÀ-

kn-]n-sF Fw- t\Xm-¡Ä- _p-²n- DZn-¡p-óXnð- ]¯p-hÀ-jw- ]n-dIn-em-sWóv-


Btcm- ]dªXm-bn- tI«p.- C´y-bpw- ssN\bpw- X½n-ep-Å AXnÀ-¯n-¯À-¡w-
bp-²¯n-eq-sS ]cn-lcn-¡m³- km-[y-asñópw- kam-[m-\]cam-b NÀ-¨bn-eq-
sS ]cn-lcn-¡Wsaóp-ap-Å Dd¨ \n-e]m-Sm-Wv- kn-]n-sF Fw- kzo-Icn-¨Xv.-
ssN\ ssIbS¡n-h¨Xm-bn- ]dbp-ó 12,-000 NXp-c{i In-tem-ao-äÀ- Øew- {io-
cm-a³- ko-Xm-tZhn-sb ho-sïSp-¡m³- bp-²w-sNbv-Xv- cm-hWsâ Xebdp-
¯Xp-t]m-se,- Abð-cm-Py-am-b ssN\bp-am-bn- bp-²w-sNbv-Xv- hosïSp-
¡Wsaóp-am-bn-cp-óp- kn-]n-sF t\Xm-¡Ä- A¡m-e¯v- {]kw-Kn-¨p-\SóXv.-
A§s\ {]kw-Kn-¨hcnð- ]ecpw- Cóp- Po-hn-¨n-cn-¸n-ñ.- ssN\bp-am-bn- bp-
²w-sh«m³- emð-Ir-jv-W AZzm-\n-t]m-epw- X¿m-dm-bn-ñ.- tI{µa{´n-
k`bnð- kn-]n-sFIq-Sn- Hcn-¡ð- ]¦m-fn-bm-bn-cp-ótñm.- B`y-´ca{´n-Øm-
\w- In-«p-Ibpw- sNbv-Xp.- Aópw- ssN\bp-am-bn- bp-²w-sNbv-Xn-ñ.- BÀ-
¡m-Wv- t\cs¯ _p-²n D-Zn-¨Xv,- sshIn- _p-²n D-Zn-¨Xv- FóXn-\v- thsd sXfn-
hv- thïtñm.-

1975ð- Cµn-cm-Km-Ôn- sIm-ïp-hó ASn-b´cm-hØbv-¡v- ]qÀ-W ]n-´p-W \ð-


In-b GI ]mÀ-Sn-bmWv- kn-]n-sF.- t_m-Wkv- \m-ev- iXam-\am-bn- sh«n-
¡p-d¨Xn-s\ kzm-KXw-sNbv-X ]mÀ-Sn-bm-Wv- kn-]n-sF.- ANyp-Xtat\m³-
A¡m-e¯v- ap-Jy-a{´n-bm-bn-cp-óp.- kn-]n-sF Fw- t\Xm-¡Ä- Pbn-en-ep-
am-bn-cp-óp.- `«n³-Ubn-se¯n-bt¸m-gm-Wv- ASn-b´cm-hØsb ]n-´p-
W¨Xv- sXäm-bn-cp-óp- Fóv- Xp-dóp-k½Xn-¨Xv.- _p-²n- sshIn- D-Zn-¨Xv-
BÀ-¡m-sWóXn-\v- C\n-bpw- sXfn-hv- lm-Pcm-t¡ïXp-tïm.-

F-kv- F- Um-t¦- I-ayq-Wn-Ìp-Im-c-\-sñ-ópw- {_n-«o-jv- `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-I-


tfm-Sv- am-¸p-]-d-ªv- tam-N-\w- hm-§n-b- B-fm-sW-ópw- Um-t¦-sb- ]p-d-
¯m-¡-W-sa-ópw- A-hn-`-à- ]mÀ-Sn-bnð- hm-Zn-¨-h-cm-Wv- \m-j-Wð- Iu-
¬-kn-enð-\n-óv- C-d-§n-t¸m-ó-Xv.- Um-t¦- ]n-óo-Sv- F-hn-sS-sb-¯n- F-
óv- ]n-óo-Sv- kn-]n-sF- t\-Xm-¡Ä-¡pw- t_m-[y-am-b-Xm-W-tñm.- Um-t¦-sb-
¸-än- t\-c-s¯- hn-e-bn-cp-¯m-³ I-gn-ª-XmÀ-¡m-Wv.- ssh-In- hn-e-bn-cp-
¯m-³ I-gn-ª-XmÀ-¡m-Wv.- ]-g-b- ]-e- I-Y-I-fpw- kn-]n-sF- Fw- t\-Xm-¡Ä-¡v-
A-dn-bn-sñ-óv- sh-fn-b-s¯-t¸m-se- _-lp-am-\y-\m-b- H-cmÄ- ]-d-bp-
t¼mÄ,- Nn-e-sXm-s¡- HmÀ-an-¸n-t¡ïn hcp-óp.-- kn-]n-sF- Fw- t\-Xm-¡Ä-
h-b-em-dpw- ]p-ó-{]-bpw- HmÀ-¡p-I-am-{X-a-ñ,- kz-bw- Xym-Kw- k-ln-
¨p-sIm-ïpw- k-a-cw- sN-bv-Xp-sIm-ïpw- aÀ-Z-\w- k-ln-¨p-sIm-ïpw- P-bnð-
hm-kw- A-\p-`-hn-¨p-sIm-ïp-am-Wv- t\-Xr-Xz-¯n-te-¡v- D-bÀ-óp-h-ó-sX-óv-
HmÀ-¡p-ó-Xv- \-ñ-Xm-Wv.- 1962epw- '-65epw- '-75epw- P-bnð-hm-kw-
þ- ]-Ýn-a-_w-Km-fn-epw- tI-c-f-¯n-epw- AÀ-[-^m-kn-Ìv- co-Xn-bn-ep-Å- B-
{I-a-Ww.- s]m-eo-kpw- Kp-ï-I-fpw- \-Iv-k-sse-äp-I-fp-sa-ñmw- I-S-óm-{I-a-
Ww- \-S-¯n.- Cu-bn-sS- I-®q-cnð- ]mÀ-Sn-bp-sS- Pn-ñm- k-t½-f-\w- \-S-ó-
t¸mÄ- Cu- Im-e-b-f-hnð- ]mÀ-Sn-¡p-th-ïn- Po-h-³ \ð-In-b- 146 [o-c-c-à-km-
£n-I-fp-sS- t]-cm-Wv- A-hn-sS- X-¦-en-]n-I-fnð- F-gp-Xn-h-¨-Xv.- C-tôm-
Sn-ôv- t]m-cm-Sn-bm-Wv- kn-]n-sF- Fw- C-ó-s¯- \n-e-bnð- h-fÀ-ó-sX-
tómÀ-¡-Ww.- _-lp-am-\-s¸-«- sh-fn-b-¯n-sâ- ]mÀ-Sn-¡v- ]-g-b- Xym-K-s¯-¸-
än- A-b-hn-d-¡mw.- F-ómð,- sF-Xn-lm-kn-I-am-b- t]m-cm-«-¯n-sâ- N-cn-
{Xw- A-dn-bn-sñ-óp- ]-d-tb-ïn-h-ó-Xnð- tJ-Z-ap-ïv.- A-Xp-sIm-ïp-X-só- Xo-
£v-W-am-b- k-a-c-¯n-sâ- Xo-¨q-f-bnð-¡q-Sn- h-fÀ-óp-h-ó-Xm-Wv- kn-]n-
sF- Fw- F-óv- A-dn-bp-I.- C-sXm-ópw- HmÀ-an-¡m-sX- A-[n-t£-]n-¡-cp-Xv.-
A-]-am-\n-¡m-³ {i-an-¡-cp-Xv.-

SikhSpectrum.com Quarterly Issue


No.21, August 2005

Fury Over A Fatwa: Muslims Contest Deobandi Mufti’s Opinion on


Imrana Rape Case

Yoginder Sikand

The rape of a Muslim woman, Imrana, by her father-in-law some weeks ago has
now snowballed into a major controversy following a controversial fatwa issued by
a mufti of the Deoband madrasa announcing that the marriage between Imrana and
her husband now stands dissolved. Further complicating the controversy, the
Hindutva lobby is using the fatwa as an excuse to step up its campaign for the
abolition of Muslim personal law, presenting itself as savior of Muslim women, its
complicity in the mass rape and murder of Muslim women notwithstanding. And
making matters even more messy, sections of the ‘mainstream’ media, ever on the
prowl for stories of ‘oppressed’ Muslim women as a stick to beat Muslims with,
have sought to sensationalize the issue all out of proportion, presenting the fatwa as
further ‘evidence’ of the unrepentant ‘obscurantism’ of the mullahs, as if Hindu
priests were any better when it comes to the violation of women’s rights.

For all the heat that it has generated, the Imrana case has, in a sense, proved to be a
blessing in disguise, for it has generated considerable soul-searching within the
Muslim community about the institution and authority of the ‘ulama or Muslim
clerics, who see themselves as authoritative spokesmen of the faith. It has also led to
heated discussion as to precisely what the shariah or Islamic law is or lays down
and as to whether or not traditional Islamic jurisprudence or fiqh can or cannot be
modified or reformed .

Increasingly, as these discussions suggest, alternate voices seek to speak for Islam,
challenging the authority that the ‘ulama of the madrasas claim for themselves. The
responses to the Imrana controversy are also bringing out into the open the
considerable diversity of views among the ‘ulama of different schools of thought on
matters of Islamic jurisprudence, as some non-Deobandi ‘ulama have joined the fray
in critiquing the Deobandi fatwa. These voices indicate the fluidity and contested
nature of precisely what the shariah is seen as constituting, and at the same time
point to the possibility of developing new, more gender-just perspectives on
jurisprudence from within a broadly defined ‘Islamic’ paradigm.

The ‘ulama, predictably, are divided on the fatwa, this reflecting the ambiguous
nature of the shariah and the different sectarian understandings of it that, on several
points, are mutually contradictory. Most Hanafi ‘ulama, both Deobandis and
Barelvis, who represent the majority of the Indian Muslims, appear to concur with
the fatwa, as the fatwa is said to be in accordance with the Hanafi interpretation of
the shariah as laid down in the classical Hanafi fiqh texts. For their part, the Ahl-i
Hadith, the Indian counterpart of the Saudi ‘Wahhabis’, have consciously distanced
themselves from the fatwa. Unlike the Hanafis, they are not bound by the corpus of
traditional fiqh, following the guidance only of the Qur’an and the Hadith,
statements attributed to the Prophet Muhammad.

In a recent statement, a leading Ahl-i Hadith scholar, Abdul Wahhab Khilji, has
declared that neither of these primary sources of Islam law calls for dissolution of
marriage on account of rape by a woman’s father-in-law, unlike what the Deobandis
claim. Hence, he argues, the fatwa is not ‘Islamically’ valid. A similar statement
critiquing the fatwa has been issued by the newly-constituted All-India Shia Muslim
Personal Law Board. Incidentally, one of the reasons for the setting up of this Board
was that several Shia ‘ulama felt that the All-India Muslim Personal Law Board was
heavily over-represented by the Deobandis and hence unwilling to listen to alternate
perspectives from the other Islamic schools of thought.

Likewise, another recently-established Muslim organisation, the All-India Muslim


Women’s Personal Law Board, has condemned the fatwa as unjust, claiming that it
had ‘misinterpreted’ the tenets of Islam. No doubt this organisation of spirited
Muslim women will see Deoband’s latest fatwa as added justification for the setting
up of a separate Muslim Women’s Personal Law Board and as further proof of the
fact that Muslim women need to interpret Islam for themselves, rather than rely on
conservative patriarchs to explain their faith to them.

It is not likely, however, that the ‘ulama of Deoband will be moved by the
arguments of these critics. The Deobandis, by and large, see the Ahl-i Hadith and
the Shias as heretics and not ‘true’ Muslims at all, and hence lacking the authority to
speak for or about Islam. And as for the women behind the All-India Muslim
Women’s Personal Law Board, they are probably seen by many Deobandis as
‘ignorant’ ‘upstarts’, at best, or as ‘agents’, unwitting or otherwise, of the ‘enemies’
of Islam, at worst.

Not all Deobandi ‘ulama would necessarily concur with the fatwa, however. I am
given to understand by a friend of mine, who describes himself as a ‘dissident
Deobandi’, that a small, yet significant, number of younger Deobandi scholars,
particularly those who have also studied at universities, are resentful of the fatwa.
My friend, who pleads to remain anonymous for fear of being attacked by his fellow
Deobandi ‘ulama, says that the fatwa goes against the basic Islamic tenet of ‘adl or
justice. ‘Why should a woman be punished for a crime committed by someone else?
This is totally against what the Qur’an teaches’, he explains. He tells me that the
fatwa is simply the personal opinion of a particular mufti and that it is not binding
or the ultimate word on the subject, unlike what the media presents it as or as the
authorities at Deoband might like Muslims to believe. He argues that although the
fatwa is in accordance with the traditional Hanafi view, which the Deobandis
staunchly defend, there is actually no compelling religious argument for Muslims to
blindly follow Hanafi jurisprudential precedent.

The Shafi, Hanbali and Maliki schools of Islamic law, regarded by Sunni Muslims
as equally ‘orthodox’ as the Hanafi school, do not lay down dissolution of marriage
if a woman is raped by her father-in-law, he tells me. Hence, he says, there is no
reason why Hanafi Muslims cannot ‘benefit from’ these other schools of Sunni
jurisprudence on this or any other matter. Yet, he complains, it is unlikely that the
majority of his fellow Deobandi ‘ulama would agree to this proposal. ‘They insist
on blindly following Hanafi fiqh, although they also claim that the other three
schools are also valid’, he says, adding that their ‘lack of familiarity with the real-
world problems of Muslims’ makes for their dogged resistance to any reform in
traditional Hanafi jurisprudence. He insists, however, that such reforms are urgent.
‘Islam and the Islamic shariah cannot be reduced to Hanafi jurisprudence and the
Deoband school’, he stresses.

Numerous Muslim intellectuals have also spoken the fatwa, arguing that it is not in
accordance Islam as they understand it. In this way, they have sought to question the
authority of the conservative ‘ulama as ultimate religious authorities, arguing for the
right to interpret their faith for themselves. One of the most outspoken critics of the
fatwa is Dr. Mustafa Kamal Sherwani, president of the All-India Muslim Forum and
presently Dean of the Faculty of Law and shariah at the University of Zanzibar,
Tanzania. In a recent statement he has condemned the fatwa as ‘most retrograde’
and as being ‘in total violation of the shariah’. He claims that the Qur’an testifies
that ‘nobody can be punished or subjected to adverse consequences for any deed
which he or she was compelled to commit, and the commission of which could not
be resisted despite all human efforts’.

‘According to Qur’nic injunctions’, he adds, ‘even if a woman is forced into


prostitution by those under whose custody she is, she is free from any guilt, sin or
whatever might be associated with it’. Hence, he says, punishing Imrana for being
subjected to rape by having her divorced ‘is a gross injustice which can never be
authenticated by the shariah’ He condemns the fatwa as unambiguously ‘un-
Islamic’ and fears that it is ‘bound to project Islam as a cruel and unjust religion’.

‘I am sure’, he says, ‘that by acting in this most heinous and negative manner, these
obscurantist clergy are ruthlessly damaging the image of Islam’. He argues that the
fatwa and ‘similar developments’ ‘amply manifest’ the fact that the traditional
madrasas and mullahs have ‘lost their utility’ and that ‘the more free hand they are
given in tampering with the shariah, the more disastrous they will prove for the
social and religious fabric of the community’.

‘Now is the time’, he concludes in what will obviously been seen by the traditional
‘ulama as a major assault, ‘when a sustained movement must be launched to keep
the illiterate Muslim masses away from the nefarious ideology of these madarsas
and maulvis if Islam is to survive as a modern religion in the twenty-first century’.

Another bitter critic of the fatwa is Juzar Bandukwala, professor at the M.S.
University, Vadodara. He argues that while Islam obviously condemns consensual
sexual relations between a father-in-law and his daughter-in-law, for which it lays
down strict punishment for both parties, the Imrana case is clearly different since it
involves rape. Hence, rather than being punished, as the fatwa in effect advises,
Imrana ‘demands compassion and kindness’ in accordance with the teachings of the
Qur’an, particularly because she is the mother of five young children and comes
from a poor family.

‘I am surprised’, he says, that ‘the Deoband ulama failed to apply these Qur’anic
commands’, and laments that they have ‘erred badly’. At the same time as he
critiques the fatwa, Bandukwala expresses the fear that the Imrana case might be
used by Hindutva forces to promote its anti-Muslim agenda by ‘stereotyping
Muslims’ and by ‘shedding crocodile tears for the plight of Muslim women’. While
welcoming the concern for Imrana expressed by human rights and women activists,
he warns of the risk of playing into the hands of the Hindutva lobby. ‘We may be on
the verge of another Shah Bano disaster’, he cautions, ‘and the last thing the country
needs at this stage is another issue to widen the gulf between Hindus and Muslims’.

Yet another vocal critic of the fatwa is the Washington D.C.-based Kaleem Kawaja,
president of the Association of Indian Muslims of America. He believes that the
case should have been handled by the state courts, in accordance with secular laws,
instead of having been taken to the mullahs for their decision. He berates some
Deobandi ‘ulama and certain members of the All-India Muslim Personal Law Board
for ‘compounding the problem’ by ‘making highly irrational statements regarding
the marital status of Imrana’, thereby subjecting the victim to ‘further misery’.

Rather than seeing the problem as rooted essentially in patriarchal fiqh formulations,
he claims that the fatwa is based on ‘obscurantist tribal customs’. In any case, he
stresses the need for both the Deoband madrasa and the All-India Muslim Personal
Law Board to ‘make structural changes in their set-up’ in order to ‘stop such
obscurantism and injustice to women in the name of Islam’. He suggests that at least
a third of the 40-member Working Committee of the Board should consist of
women, in place of the sole woman that it has today, and argues that there are
indeed several learned Muslim women who are qualified to fill such a role.

Other Muslim intellectuals, while criticising the fatwa, have argued that it points to
the urgent need for ijtihad or contextually sensitive re-readings of Islamic
jurisprudence to meet contemporary demands. One of the foremost proponents of
ijtihad today, the Islamic law expert Professor Tahir Mahmood insists that Imrana’s
fate cannot be decided by ‘ancient juristic wisdom’ laid down ‘by some religious
jurists of Arabia over a thousand years ago’. That rule, he added, may have been a
pro-women provision for its times, in a society when remarriage for divorced
women was easy, but in India today, he says, the rule ‘need not be strictly imposed
on an innocent and unwilling couple desirous of continuing in marriage’.

In a similar vein, Ghulam Faruki, an Indian Muslim commentator based in the


United States, opines that the fatwa indicates that the Indian ‘ulama ‘are way behind
their counterparts in other countries’, and urges then to interpret shariah laws,
through a process of ijtihad, in a more gender-equitable manner. In case the ‘ulama
refuse to consider any such reforms, he suggests, Muslims must struggle for the
right for individuals to ‘opt for a uniform code’ in order to ensure gender justice.

Several Muslim critics of the fatwa appear to be incensed with what they see as its
‘un-Islamic’ conflation of patriarchy and shariah. They have also berated some
senior leaders of the All-India Muslim Personal Law Board for apparently
approving of the fatwa, arguing that this indicates that the Board is unwilling to give
women their due. Thus, a certain Zafar Iqbal, a frequent contributor to several
Muslim internet discussion groups, accuses the author of the fatwa and members of
the Board that have approved of it of double standards for men and women. ‘If the
rapist is being dealt with under civil law’, he asks, why should the victim be
‘subjugated to Islamic law?’ ‘If is difficult to justify why Islamic laws of
punishment should apply to female victims, not to male perpetrators’, he asserts.

Echoing the same view, Arshad Alam, an Indian Islamic scholar based in Germany,
argues that the fatwa clearly indicates that traditional understandings of Islamic
jurisprudence ‘do not give adequate protection to women’, and hence are in need of
reform. He stresses what he sees as the deep-rooted patriarchy underlying the
Deobandi version of Islam, arguing that this is clearly evident from the fact that
while the author of the fatwa ‘categorically wants the separation of the women in
question from her husband, he suggests that the rapist father in law should be tried
under the Indian penal code’. In other words, ‘while women are to be covered under
Personal Law, the men are free to enjoy the reformed secular law’.
Supporting Alam’s argument, another Muslim writer, Parveen Khan, writes that the
fatwa ‘exposes the fact that Muslim women cannot expect justice from patriarchal
mullahs’, and predicts that the chain of shariah courts all over the country that both
the all-India Muslim Personal Law Board and the largely Deobandi Jami‘at
ul-‘Ulama-i Hind have recently started demanding ‘will lead to a hundred thousand
Imranas, Gudiyas and Shah Banos, on an unimaginable scale’. At the same time, she
warns that the Imrana case should not be sensationalized out of proportion in order
to portray Islam as ‘irredeemably misogynist’. She rightly critiques a marked
tendency in the ‘mainstream’ media to highlight instances of ‘oppressed’ Muslim
women, while downplaying or even ignoring similar or even worse cases of
oppression of Hindu women, including of such heinous crimes as sati and girl-child
sacrifice that are not practiced among any non-Hindu communities, including the
Muslims.

For their part, and not surprisingly, various ‘secular’ political parties, with their eyes
on Muslim votes, have refused to condemn the fatwa, except for the CPI(M), which
has called for a review of gender unjust laws. Since the conservative mullahs
exercise a powerful political influence among significant sections of Muslim voters,
these parties are consistently wary of antagonizing them. Instead, they go out of
their way to court them in order to stress their ‘secular’ credentials. This symbiotic
relationship brings the politicians Muslim votes while it at the same time reinforces
the mullahs’ claims to being the authoritative spokesmen of the Muslim community.
The fear of antagonizing the mullahs, even if at the cost of legitimizing the
oppression of women, thus explains ‘secular’ hero Mulayam Singh Yadav’s claim
that the fatwa must have been the effort of considerable ‘thought’, because, so he
alleges, the mullahs ‘are all very learned and they understand the community and its
sentiments’.

The Congress has adopted a similar stance, and its leader in Uttar Pradesh Salman
Khurshid has announced that the issue is an ‘individual one’ which should be dealt
in accordance with the shariah. The Congress’ position is, of course, entirely
predictable, given the historically close ties between the party and the Deobandi
mullahs, reinforced lately by the participation of its President in the recently-held
meeting of the Deobandi Jamiat ul-‘Ulama-i Hind.

Between obdurate mullahs, anti-Muslim Hindutva ideologues, unscrupulous


politicians, newspapers hungry for sensational stories and unrepentant patriarchs the
fate of Imrana and countless other women like her precariously hangs in the
balance. Yet, as the spirited critique of the fatwa mounted by sections of the ‘ulama
as well as Muslim intellectuals indicates, a new Muslim leadership is today in the
making, one that is sensitive to the real-world concerns of hitherto silent voices like
Imrana and her brothers and sisters who now refuse to remain mute.
THEJUS DAILY/ 01.02.2008

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MADHYAMAM
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    
   
   

 
  
 
  
      
   
  
     

         
 
  
 
 
  
 
    
   
  
     

  
  
  
  
   
 
 
  
  
  
  
  
     

    
  
   
  
 
   
    

  
  
 
   
  
  
   

   
   
   
  
   
   

  
  
  
  
    

  
   
 
  
  
   
      
 
   
  
 
    
  

  
   
    
 
     
   
   
   
 
   
     

    
    
  
   
  
   
   

    
  
    
  
  
   
  
    
 
     
  
   
   
   

 
  
    
   
  
   

   
   
     
 
   
  
  
  
    
   
 
    
   
 
   
  


        
    
 
   
  
 

   
   
   
   
    
 
  
  
   
   

     
   
  
       
   
     
     
    
  
   
   

   
  
    
  
    
   
   

 
    
 
   
  
  
    
     
  
    
  
     
    
  
 
  
  
   
  
  
   
  
   
  
 
   
   
     

  
   
   
  
   
  
  
  
 
   
   
   
    

   
  

          

  
    
  
     
    
   
  
  
 
   
    
   
   
   
   
  
     
   
 
   
  
   

 
    
  
  
   
 

    
    
   
  
   
      
     
  
   
 
 
   
   
   
    
  
  
   

   
   
  
   
  
   
    
   
   
   
  
   
   
   
   
  
 
   
  
   
   
  
  
     
 
    
  
  
   

   

  
   
   
    
   
     
  
   
    
  
    
  
  
 
    
  
  
  
  
   
    

   
  
   
     
    
    

  

   
 
       

       
 
   

       
    

   
   
      

    
          
   
   
 
    
   
      
 
   

   
   
   
     
  
  
  

 
   
   
             
      
  
   
   
 
   
    

   
   
   
   
    
 
  
      
    
    
     
     

    
   
  

       
   
  
  
     
  
  
  
 
  
  
   
  
  
   
 
  
   
  
 
   
   
   
 
  
  
 
    
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
  
  
 
  
    
 
   
   
   
 

   
    
   
   
  
 
    
  
  
  
 
  
  
  

 
 
  

   
 
  
  
   

   

 
  
   
  
  
 
   
   
   

       
    

  
  
  
  
  
 
    
 
   

 
  
  
 
  
  
  
  
  
 
  
   
   
 
     
  
 
 
  
 
   
  
   
  
  
   
  
   
  
  
    
   
 
  
   
 

 
 
  

   
 
  

  
  
  
   
  
  
     
  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   

 
  
 
 
   
   
  
  
  
  
  
   
   
  
 
 
 
 
  
 
  
   
  

 

  

 
  
  
   
  
 
 
  
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12.12.2007/ THEJUS

At¿m, Abmfnt¸mÄ kvämdà In«n ssZhamWv

BZw Abq_v

1983Â Xncph\´]pc¯v ØncXmakam¡nbXp apXÂ Rms\mcp


kn\nam[ym]I\mWv. CXphsc Bbnc¯ne[nIw hnZymÀYnIsf kn\na
A`ykn¸n¨n«pWvSv.
C¡gnª Znhkw Fsâ Hcp ]qÀh hnZymÀYnsb IWvSt¸mÄ, ]gb ]e
hnZymÀYnItfbpw Ipdn¨v At\zjn¨p. ]ecpw tZiob, kwØm\ AhmÀUpIÄ t\Sn.
aebmfkn\na IqSmsX lnµn, Xangv, sXep¦v, Hdnb F¶o `mjm kn\naIfnepw ]
ecpw {]hÀ¯n¡p¶pWvSv. A[ym]I³ F¶ \nebn F\n¡`nam\n¡mhp¶ Imcy§Ä
Xs¶.
s]s«¶v Cu hnZymÀYn ]dªp:
"kmdn\v A`nam\n¡m³ thsdm¶p IqSnbpWvSv.'
"F´m AXv' Rm³ tNmZn¨p:
"kmdnsâ cWvSp hnZymÀYnIÄ Ct¸mÄ Ip«nssZh§fmWv.'
"Ip«nssZh§tfm?' Rm³ A¼c¶p.
"AsX, F¶ph¨m kzmanamÀ, BÄssZh§Ä.'
"kn\na ]Tn¨n«p kzman BhpItbm.' F\n¡p ]nSnIn«nbnÃ. AbmÄ hniZoIcn¨p:
"kmdnsâ cWvSp injy·mÀ C¶p "kzman' amcmbn e£§Ä sIm¿p¶p.'
kn\nabÃmsX Bßob Imcy§sfm¶pw Rm³ ]Tn¸n¨n«nÃ. F\n¡Xn\pÅ ]
cnÚm\hpanÃ.
"cWvSpt]cn HcmÄ tImgnt¡mSv Hcm{iaw \S¯p¶p' Bsf ]dªt¸mÄ F\n¡p
a\Ênembn. \me©p kn\naIÄ kwhn[m\w sN¿pIbpw Nne kn\naIÄ
\nÀan¡pIbpw sNbvXn«pff BfmWv. ]Tn¡p¶ Ime¯v BÄ \Ã Hcp ssaw
BÀ«nkväv IqSnbmbncp¶p.
"AtX, Abmfnt¸mÄ ]qÀhm{ia¯nse t]scms¡ Dt]£n¨p ]pXnb t]cn .......
kzman Bbn Adnbs¸Sp¶p.'
"atä Btfm?' Rm³ tNmZn¨p:
AbmÄ Xncph\´]pc¯v ]Snªmtd tIm«bn Hcp kzmanbmbn hnekp¶p. ]
pÅn¡pw kmam\yw \Ã Bcm[Ihrµhpw AXns\m¯ hcpam\hpapWvSv.
kvss{XW `mh¡mc\mbncp¶ B kn\nam hnZymÀYnbpsS apJhpw HmÀabnÂ
\n¶p NnIsªSp¯p. CsX§s\ kw`hn¨p? ChÀs¡§s\ s]s«¶p ZnhyXzw ssIh¶p?
Rm³ CtX¡pdn¨t\zjn¡m³ Xocpam\n¨p. A¼c¸n¡p¶ clky§fmWp Rm³
IsWvS¯nbXv. AhbpsS Npcpfgn¡pIbmWnhnsS:
kv]ncn¨z am^nb
t»Uv am^nb, aWÂ am^nb, kv]ncnäv am^nb, skIvkv am^nb, bmNI
am^nb, emâv am^nb F¶n§s\ ]e am^nbItf¡pdn¨pw \mw tI«n«pWvStÃm.
CXpt]mse KqVambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ Hcp kwLSnX irwJebmWp kv]ncn¨zÂ
am^nb AYhm Bßob am^nb. Cu kwL§Ä C´ybn {]hÀ¯\w XpS§nbn«p ]
XnämWvSpItfsdbmbn. AhÀ P·w sImSp¯ ]e BÄssZh§fpw C¶p
tImSn¡W¡n\p cq] BkvXnbpÅ h³km{amPy§Ä sI«n¸Sp¯p Ignªp. C.Fw.
tImhqÀ apX ]e bpànhmZnIfpw Nne am[ya§fpw ChcpsS Iůc§Ä Xpd¶p
Im«nbn«psWvS¦nepw (AÔ)hnizmkw a\pjysâ Hcp ZuÀ_eyambXn\mÂ
C¡q«À F®¯nepw h®¯nepw hÀ[n¨psImtWvSbncn¡pIbmWv.
Ignhpw Xm¸cyhpapÅhsc IsWvS¯pI F¶XmWv Cu am^nbbpsS
dn{Iq«nMv hn`mK¯nsâ ZuXyw. XnIª `à·msc ChÀ Xncªp]nSn¡pw. Gähpw
{][m\s¸« ASnØm\ tbmKyX hmNmeXbmWv. (au\n _m_amcpw CÃmXnÃ)
tPymXnjw, kwkvIrXw F¶o hnjb§fn ]cnÚm\apsWvS¦n hfsc \ÃXv.
dn{Iq«nMv Ignªm¸ns¶ Bdpamks¯ ]cnioe\amWv. Hcp KqVkt¦X¯nÂ
Kpcp¡fpsS in£W¯n Bßob Imcy§sf kw_Ôn¡p¶ Hcp {Imjv tImgvkv.
AXymhi¯n\p Iptd tÇmI§Ä a\x]mTam¡Ww. AhbpsS hymJym\§Ä ]Tn¡Ww.
AtXmsSm¸w Xs¶ amPn¡pImÀ ImWn¡p¶ Nne sN¸SnhnZyIfpw. ]ns¶
\S¡p¶Xv "{_mâv tabv¡¸v' BWv. BZyw BßobssNX\yapsÅmcp t]cp
kzoIcn¡pI. ]ns¶ Bßob ]cnthjw krãn¡m\pÅ DSbmSIÄ XncsªSp¡pI. ]ns¶ Nne
t]gvk\ am\dnk§Ä cq]s¸Sp¯nsbSp¡pI. AXmbXv Ccn¡p¶XnÂ, \S¡p¶XnÂ,
Bcm[Isc B{Kln¡p¶XnÂ, A´co£¯n \n¶p hn`qXnbpw aäpw
krãn¡p¶Xnsems¡ kzX:kn²amb Hcp ssien kzmb¯am¡pI. C{Xbpw
Bbn¡gnªm ]qÀhm{iaw Dt]£n¨p ]pXnb cq]¯nÂ, ]pXnb \ma¯nÂ, ]pXnb
Øe¯p {]Xy£s¸Sp¶p. km[mcWKXnbn \Kc¯nse {]m´{]tZi§fmWv ChÀ
B{ia§fpw XncsªSp¡p¶Xv. F¶mÂ, kz´w \m«n¯s¶ B{iaw
Øm]n¡p¶hcpapWvSv. A§s\bpÅhÀ X§Äs¡t¸mÄ, FhnsSh¨v, F§s\
shfn]mSpWvSmbn F¶Xn\p hnkvabn¸n¡p¶ Hcp IYbpw X¿mdm¡n
h¨ncn¡Ww. A§s\bpÅhÀ kz´w A½sbt¸mepw "aItf......hÂtk...'
Fs¶ms¡bmbncn¡pw hnfn¡pI. aäpÅhcpsS ap¼n A½ kz´w aIsâ ]mZ]qP
\S¯pIbpw sN¿pw.

CcIsf NqWvSbnSp¶ hn[w


C\n, _nkn\Êv XpS§p¶sX§s\ F¶p t\m¡mw. kz´w \m«n Bcpw Hcmsf s]s«¶p
Znhy\mbn AwKoIcn¡m³ X¿mdmhnÃ. {]tXyIn¨pw AbmfpsS ]qÀhNcn{Xw
Adnbmhp¶hÀ. AXpsImWvSv, am^nbbpsS P\k¼À¡hIp¸v {]hÀ¯\w
XpS§p¶Xp hnZqcØe§fnembncn¡pw. AhÀ A\ykwØm\§fnsehntSsb¦nepw
BZysamcp Ccsb IsWvS¯pw. GsX¦nepw Xc¯nepÅ {]iv\§fnÂs¸«pgep¶ Hcp
[\mVy\mbncn¡pw AXv. _nkn\ÊpImÀ, kn\nam¡mÀ, cm{ãob¡mÀ F¶nhcnÂ
AÔhnizmknIÄ [mcmfapWvSv. {]iv\§Ä km¼¯nItam, sXmgnÂ]ctam,
IpSpw_]ctam, BtcmKy]ctam, \nba]ctam Bhmw. BZyw Cu GPâpamÀ Ccsb
kw_Ôn¡p¶ kIehnhc§fpw tiJcn¡p¶p. F¶n«bmfpsS sNhnbnse¯¯¡h®w AIse
tIcf¯nepÅ Znhysâ A]Zm\§Ä {]IoÀ¯n¡p¶p. H¸w kz´w {]iv\§Ä¡p ]cnlmcw
kn²n¨Xnsâ AZv`pXIYIfpw. ]ecn \n¶pw hnizk\obamb C¯cw IYIÄ
tIÄ¡pt¼mÄ, [\mVy³ ]co£WmÀYw Znhys\ H¶pImWm³ Xocpam\n¡p¶p.
"A\p`hØ'cpsS klmbt¯msS, AbmÄ ZoÀLZqcw bm{X sNbvXp
Xncpk¶n[nbnse¯p¶p. AbmÄ F¯p¶Xn\p ap¼pXs¶ Abmsf kw_Ôn¡p¶
kIehnhc§fpw Znhy\p e`n¨n«pWvSmhpw. Ccsb IWvS am{XbnÂ, Znhy³
CcbpsS {]iv\§Ä AbmtfmSv At§m«p ]dbp¶p. AZv`pXkvX_v[\mbncn¡p¶
CcbpsS ap¼n AbmÄ ]cnlmc{InbIfpw \nÀt±in¡p¶p. ]IpXn hnizmkt¯msS
Cc Xncn¨pt]mhp¶p. Z£nWbmbn \ÂIp¶ ]Ww kzman kzoIcn¡p¶nÃ. CXp
hnizmkyX hÀ[n¸n¡p¶p. C§s\ \me©ncIÄ ]eØe§fn \ns¶¯n kzmanbpsS
A\p{Klhpw hm§nt¸mhpt¼mÄ, bmZrÝnIambn Ft¸msg¦nepw
BcpsSsb¦nepw {]iv\§Ä kz`mhnIambn ]cnlcn¡s¸«mÂ, AbmÄ ]ns¶
kzmansb ImWm³ hcp¶Xp henb "Z£nW'bpambn«mbncn¡pw. AXp
Nnet¸mÄ hyànbpsSbpw Imcy¯nsâbpw Kucha\pkcn¨p e£§Ä hsc Bhmw. ]
ns¶ [\mVysâ \m«n kzmanbpsS {][m\ injy\pw {]NmcI\pw AbmÄ
Xs¶bmbncn¡pw.

kz´w hnam\¯n bm{X


C§s\ hnZqctZi§fn \n¶v Bfpw AÀYhpw {]hln¡m³ XpS§pt¼mgmWp
\m«pImÀ Znhys\ {i²n¡m³ XpS§p¶Xv. ]ns¶ {ItaW Znhysâ hebw AIe§fnÂ
\n¶p kao]§fnte¡p ]nSnapdp¡pw.
FÃm kwØm\§fnepw, FÃm {][m\ \Kc§fnepw Cu am^nbbpsS I®nIfpWvSv.
Hcp Znhy³ Øm\apd¸n¨p IgnªmÂ, AbmfpsS hcpam\¯nsâ 40 iXam\¯n\p
am{Xta AbmÄ¡hImiapÅq. _m¡n 60 iXam\w am^nb¡pÅXmWv.
hcpam\¯nsâ IW¡pIÄ IrXyambn kq£n¡p¶Xn\pw AhchcpsS ]¦pIÄ hoXn¨p
\ÂIp¶Xnepw Ipäaä kwhn[m\apWvSv. an¡t¸mgpw {][m\injy³ am^nbbpsS
Bfmbncn¡pw. hoXw hbv¡ensâ NpaXe AbmÄ¡mbncn¡pw. am^nbbpsS
Xeh³ kwØm\¯nse, Asæn {]apJ\Kc§fnse GsX¦nepw D¶X
hyànbmbncn¡pw.
Xncph\´]pc¯v CXnsâ Xeh³ Adnbs¸Sp¶ Hcp hyhkmbn BWv. At±l¯nsâ
Iogn \nch[n Øm]\§Ä {]hÀ¯n¡p¶pWvSv. hyhkmbnI kmwkvImcnI
taJeIfnse Hcp kPoh km¶n²yamWt±lw. C§s\bpÅ Znhy·mÀ FÃm
aX§fnepapWvSv temI{]ikvX\mb Hcp ip{iqjI³ (Miracle healer) A´anÃm¯
kz¯p¡fpsS DSabmWv. temIw apgph³ ]d¶p\S¶p tcmKim´nip{iqj \S¯p¶
Ct±lw GXm\pw hÀj§Ä¡p ap¼p _mw¥qcnepw Hcp h³ kwcw`w
\S¯nbncp¶p. sNss¶ BØm\am¡n {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ asämcp ip{iqjI³ ho¼nf¡p¶Xv,
Atacn¡³ {]knUâns\t]mse, {]tXyIw X¿mdm¡nb kz´w hnam\¯n bm{X
sN¿p¶ BfmWv Xms\¶mWv.

apkvenw Znhy³
Cu At\zjW¯nsâ `mKambn, Xncph\´]pc¯v Imcbv¡maWvU]w F¶ Øe¯v
DÄ{]tZi¯pÅ Hcp apkvenw Znhyt\bpw ImWm³ t]mbncp¶p.
_oUnhenbmWv Bßobkn²n hcp¯m\pÅ At±l¯nsâ hnZy. Hcp Xme¯n \ndtb
_nUn Iq«nbn«ncn¡p¶p. AbmÄ Hmtcm _oUn Bªp hen¨p ]pIhnSp¶p.
ASp¯ncn¡p¶ injy³ ]pXnb _oUn I¯n¨p \ÂIp¶p. _oUn
Bªphen¡p¶Xnt\msSm¸w AbmÄ icocw thK¯n B«pIbpw sN¿p¶p.
_oUnhenbpw B«hpw aqÀ²\ymhØbn F¯pt¼mÄ, AbmÄ _oUnhen \nÀ¯n
I®S¨p [ym\\ncX\mhp¶p. At¸mÄ injy³ kµÀiItcmSp {]iv\w AhXcn¸n¡m³
Bhiys¸Sp¶p. {]iv\w tI«n«v AbmÄ AXn\p {]Xnhn[n ]dbp¶p. ]ns¶ Hcp
ISemkn Ad_n A¡§Ä FgpXn (A£c§fnÃ) GeÊnem¡n \ÂIp¶p. {]Xn^ew
ssIsImWvSp hm§nÃ. asämcp Xme¯n \nt£]n¡m³ ]dbp¶p. Xmew \ndsb
\qdnsâ t\m«pIfmbXpsImWvSv, ]pXpXmbn h¶hcpw AXpXs¶ \nt£]n¡p¶p.
C§s\ a\pjysâ hnizmk§sf NqjWw sN¿p¶hÀ, PmXnaX§Ä¡XoXambn FÃm
aX¡mscbpw Hcpt]mse BIÀjn¡p¶p.
`uXnIPohnXt¯mSp tXm¶p¶ hncàn aqew, A[ymßIXbnte¡v DÄhenªpbÀ¶
Nn´bpw efnXPohnXw F¶ Bibt¯msS B{ia§Ä Øm]n¡p¶hcpw
BXpcip{iqjbnepw km[pP\ tkh\¯nepw apgpIn. PohnXw ta¸dª
KW¯nÂs¸Sp¶nÃ. AhtcmSpÅ kIe BZchpw \ne\nÀ¯ns¡mWvSp Xs¶, Bßob
IÅ\mWb§sf Xncn¨dnbpI. ]WapWvSm¡m³ thWvSn am{Xw thjw sI«n, P\§sf
sXän²cn¸n¡p¶ I]SZnhy·msc kq£n¡pI.
C§s\ t\m¡nbm kn\namXmcamhp¶Xnt\¡mÄ F´psImWvSpw \ÃXv
BÄssZh§fmhpIbtÃ? {]ikvXn, Bcm[\, ]Ww.... FÃmw h¶p Im¡ aqSp¶p.

12.12.2007/ THEJUS

BÄ ssZh§Ä¡v]n¶nÂ....?

sI.C.F³

BÄssZh§Ä¡p ]pdIn hyàamb Hcp km{amPyXz APWvS Hfn¨ncn¸pWvSv.


C¶s¯ km¼¯nI \b¯nsâ A\´c^eambn Ac£nXcpw AkwXr]vXcpamb
hensbmcp hn`mKw P\s¯ Hcp AZriy XShdbntebv¡p hogv¯pI F¶ APWvS.
Npäp]mSpIfntebvt¡m kmaqlnI bmYmÀYy§fntebvt¡m I®p
Xpd¡m\\phZn¡msX Hcp Xeapdsb Npw_\§fnepw km´z\¯nepw
Ahkm\n¸n¡pI F¶Xv Cu APWvSbpsS `mKamWv. ab¡s¸«, abs¸« Hcp
P\XsbbmWp km{amPyXz¯n\mhiyw. CXn\mhiyamb \nÀtem`amb
^WvSnMv km{amPyXz GP³knIÄ \ÂIn hcp¶Xn\m BÄssZh§Ä¡p ]W¯n\p
bmsXmcp Ipdhpw hcnÃ.
hmWnPyh¡cn¡s¸« BßobXbmWv ChÀ apt¶m«phbv¡p¶Xv. CXp bYmÀY
BßobXbpsS XnckvImcamWv. It¼mfh¡cn¡s¸« BßobXbpsS {][m\ e£yw
k¼mZ\amWv. Cu hymP BßobX s]m§¨§fntebv¡pw {]uVnbntebv¡pw
A¸¯¯ntebv¡pw sshIrX§fntebv¡papÅ Hcp IpXn¸mWv. bYmÀY BßobX
ChnsSsbÃmw \ncmkhpw.
Hmtcm BÄssZh¯n\pw ]ckykwhn[m\§fpw {]tam«Àamcpw
kvt]m¬kÀamcpw DWvSv. `mhnbn BÄssZh§Ä X½nepÅ bp²tam
HsscIyap¶Wntbm cq]w sImÅm³ km[yXbpWvSv. I¨hSamhpt¼mÄ
CsXÃmw kw`hyamWv.
khÀW {]Xybimkv{XamWv C´y³ BÄssZh§fpsS ]n¶nse NmeIiàn.
BÄssZh§Ä¡p ]n¶n AWn\nc¡p¶ P\s¯ ]nSns¨Sp¡pI F¶Xp ^mjnk¯nsâ
Xm¸cyamWv. AXn\mÂ, BÄssZh§fpsS kwc£Icpw Imh¡mcpw
{]NmcIcpsaÃmw C´y³ ^mjnkw Xs¶bmWv. AarXm\µabnbpsS
kwc£I\mbn ]n.]ctaizc³ ]et¸mgpw Cc¨pIbdp¶Xv CXnsâ {]Xy£
DZmlcWamWv.
cm{ãob¯n \n¶p hn«p\n¡m\mWv BÄssZh§fpsS Blzm\w. "a¡tf F´n\mWp
cm{ãobw' F¶mWv AarXm\µabnbpsS Hcp tNmZyw. CXp ^mjnk¯n\pÅ ]
tcm£ ]n´pW IqSnbmWv. IpSpw_LS\bpsS AIt¯bv¡p am{Xambn PohnXs¯
sh«n¨pcp¡m\pÅ {iaw ^mjnk¯nsâ ImgvN¸mSmWv. C´ybnse {]_e
BÄssZh§fmb AarXm\µabntbm chni¦tdm kXykmbn _m_tbm C¶phsc
kwL]cnhmdns\Xnsc sNdphnc A\¡nbXmbn \mw tI«n«nÃ; KpPdm¯nse
a\pjy IpcpXnsb¸än Chcmcpw Hc£cw DcnbmSnbXmbpw.
BÄssZh§fpsS Bcm[\ D]t`mKkwkvImc¯n \n¶pSseSp¡p¶XmWv.
I¬kyqadnk¯n\v Hcp Xew am{Xta DWvSmhp. AXp Ipdp¡phgnbneqsS
km£m¡cn¡m³ {ian¡p¶p. AXp X¯zNn´bv¡p FXncmbncn¡pw. ]
mc¼cyaqey§sf \ncmIcn¡pw. AXp kq£vaamb a\pjysâ A\p`htemIt¯mSpw
A\p`qXnItfmSpw s]mcp¯s¸SmdnÃ. A¯c¯n \½psS PohnXw cq]s¸Spt¼mÄ
AXn\v AXntâXmb ssZh§fpw BNmc§fpw A\nhmcyamhp¶p. CXp hfsc
Imeambn XpSÀ¶pt]mcp¶, ASp¯Ime¯p iànbmÀPn¨ Bßob ]m¸coIcW¯nsâ
^eamWv. temI¯nse Hcp aX¯n\pw BÄssZhs¯ AwKoIcn¡m\mhnÃ. F¶Ã,
Imcy§sf kq£vaambn A]{KYn¨p Nn´n¡p¶ HcmÄ¡pw Cu X«n¸ns\
DÄsImÅm\mhnÃ. F¦nepw BÄssZh§Ä C¶v FÃm \nebv¡pw
AwKoIcn¡s¸SpIbmWv. CXnsâ ASnØm\w At\zjWw Ipdªphcp¶ Hcp
kaqlamWv C¶t¯Xv F¶XmWv.
a\pjyPohnXs¯ Ipdn¨pÅ At\zjW§Ä¡v A]Nbw kw`hn¡p¶ kab¯v C¯cw Øm]\§Ä
DbÀ¶p hcpw. ChnsS Ct¸mÄ IebpsS aÞe¯n D]t`màr h¡cWapWvSv.
_Ô§fpsS aÞe¯nepapWvSv. AXpt]mse `ànbpsS taJebn kw`hn¨
Dt]mt`màr h¡cW¯nsâ ^eamWv BÄssZh§Ä.

12.12.2007 THEJUS

hmZ{]XnhmZ¯n\vIfsamcp§p¶p / i{Xp¡fà kvt\lnX·mÀ

• H. A_vZpÃ

\s¶ Imes¯gpt¶äp A§mSnbnsems¡ H¶p t]mbnhcpI tPyjvT³


Al½ZvIp«nbpsS ]Xnhmbncp¶p. {Kma¯n tdUntbm, Zn\]{Xw BZnbmb
hmÀ¯m hn\nab§sfm¶panÃmXncp¶ A¡me¯p {]`mXk©mc¯n\nSbnemWp
XteZnhks¯ hmÀ¯IÄ tiJcn¡mdv. almßmKmÔn shSntbäp acn¨ hnhcw Rm³
AdnªX§s\bmWv. KmÔnPnsb shSnh¨p sIm¶p F¶v Al½ZvIp«n ]dªt¸mÄ
sIm¨pIp«nbmbncp¶ Rm³ tNmZn¨p: BcmWv KmÔnPn? DSs\ Xsâ aq¶mw
Xc¯nse aebmf]pkvXI¯nse Nn{Xw ImWn¨psImWvSp tPyjvT³ ]dªp:
Ct±lamWp KmÔnPn. KmÔnPnbpsS Cu ]Sw tPyjvTsâ aebmf ]
mT]pkvXI¯n ]eXhW IWvSncp¶XpsImWvSv F\n¡p Zp:Jw tXm¶n.
Ime¯v A§mSnbn \n¶p tPyjvT³ Hcp t\m«okpambmWp h¶Xv. Ah³
t\m«okv Dds¡ _m¸sb hmbn¨p tIĸn¨p. "apPmlnZvþPamA¯v kwhmZw,
tNµawKÃqcnÂ'þt\m«nkv hmbn¨ptI«bpSs\ _m¸bpsS tNmZyw:
PamA¯pImÀ A{Xbv¡mtbm? XnI¨pw {]kàambncp¶p tNmZyw.
hncense®mhp¶ PamAs¯ Ckveman {]hÀ¯Itc A¡me¯p tNµawKÃqcnÂ
DWvSmbncp¶pÅq. sI.Sn.sI, sI.kn.BÀ, sI.Sn.kn. ]ns¶ CSbv¡nSbv¡p
h¶pt]mhp¶ sI.kn. A_vZpà auehnbpw sNdq¸bn \n¶p Xmakw
amänsb¯nb bp.sI. C_vdmlow auehn F¶ A_qklvebpw. {Kmaw ssIbS¡nb
apPmlnZv{]Øm\t¯mSp a¸nSp¯w \S¯m³ ChÀ BcmWv? I¶p]q«m\mbn
ImenItfbpw sImWvSp ]Snªmdp `mKt¯bv¡p t]mb aqgn¡Â Ip«nlk³ BWv
FÃmäntâbpw ImcW¡mc³. ]q«p Ignªp ImenIfpsS apJw Ing¡p tNµawKÃqÀ
`mKt¯bv¡p Xncn¨ph¨p Ah DSaØsâ BebpÅ Zn¡nte¡p Xs¶bmWp t]mhp¶Xv
F¶pd¸p hcp¯nb tijw Ip«nlk³ hmepw an¶n ]Snªmtdm«p \S¶p. Iptd\S¶p
IpµawKes¯¯nbt¸mgpWvSv Hcp ImfhWvSn hb\mSvþssakqÀ `mKt¯bv¡p
t]mhp¶p. AXn Xq§n¡bdnb Ip«nlk³ F¯nt¨À¶Xp ssakqcnse Hcp
_oUn¡¼\nbnÂ. _oUns¯mgnemfnIsf kwLSn¸n¨pw AhcpsS AhImi§Ä¡p
thWvSn s]mcpXnbpw Ip«nlk³ kJmhv sI.Sn.sIbmbn. _oUnsXdp¸p
I¼\nbn ap¼p apXÂt¡ Hcp ]XnhpWvSv. aäpÅhÀ _oUnsXdp¸nteÀs¸Sth
HcmÄ FÃmhÀ¡pw thWvSn ]{X{]kn²oIcW§Ä Dds¡ hmbn¡pI. hmbn¡p¶hsâ
AXmXp Znhks¯ Iqen aäpÅhscÃmw tNÀ¶p hnlnXsaSp¯p \ÂIpw. sI.Sn.sI.
\Ã hmb\¡mc\pw \ncq]I\pambncp¶p. _oUn¡¼\nbnse hmb\mtPmen
Ip«nlks\ IqSpX {]_p²\m¡n. F¶mÂ, Ime{Ia¯n I½yqWnÌv am\n^tÌm
hmbn¨p hniZoIcn¨p kJmhv Ip«nlk³ sshcp²ym[njvTnX `uXnIhmZ¯nsâ
Dujc`qanbn \n¶p t\sc F¯nt¨À¶Xp ka{KCkvemansâ imZze`qanbnemWv.
AXn\pÅ {]tNmZ\amhs« k¿nZv A_p AAvem auZqZnbpsS
DÀZpkmlnXy§fpw.
HcpZnhkw shfp¸m³Ime¯p tNµawK ÃqÀ ]p¸d¼nse {km¼nbn JpÀB³
¢mkv. GXm\pw bphm¡Ä h«an«ncp¶p ¢mkv {i²n¡p¶p. shfp¯ ss]Pmabpw
shfp¯ IpÀ¯bpw shfp¯ sXm¸nbpw Idp¯ NnÃpIfpÅ I®Sbpw [cn¨ Hcp
sNdp¸¡mc³ ¢mskSp¡p¶p. IWvShÀ IWvShÀ tNmZn¨p: CXp \½psS
\mSphn«pt]mb B ]gb Ip«nlk³ AtÃ? PamA¯v {]hÀ¯IÀ ]dªp: AtX, \½psS
sI.Sn.sI. \m«pImcWhcn NneÀ AS¡w]dªp. I®mSn Ip«nlk³. AXn\pap¼p
shÅnbmgvN Znhk§fn ]Ånbn "AÂþIlv^v kqd¯v' HmXm\ÃmsX
\m«nemcpw kZm ¥mkph¨p \S¡pI ]XnhnÃ. AXn\mÂ, sIdvhpXoÀ¡m³ AhÀ
sI.Sn.sIbv¡p t]cn«p: I®mSn Ip«nlk³!

cmbn³ apl½Zv
ImkÀtImUv Benbm Ad_ntImfPv hnZymÀYnbmbncns¡ "bphm¡fnÂ\n¶v
BZyw CÉmw kzoIcn¨' Ioc³sXmSn Im\¡p¶¯p sNdnb _ocm³ F¶ sI.Sn.knbpw
sI.Sn.sIbpw tNÀ¶p _kvsalk\m¯v F¶ bphP\t^mdw cq]oIcn¨p \m«nse
bphm¡fn hmb\mioehpw CkvemanINn«bpw hfÀ¯p¶Xnsâ `mKambn
DÀZp`mj htbmP\§sf ]Tn¸n¨p.
Iq«¯n Hcp ]pXnb {]kn²oIcWw AhÀ hnXcWw sNbvXp. {]t_m[\w! PamAs¯
CkvemanbpsS aebmf ssZzhmcnI. ae¸pdw PnÃbnse FS¸mfn \n¶p shfp¯
XmSn h¨ XmPp±o³ F¶p t]cmb HcmÄ At\Iw IntemaoädpIÄ {]t_m[\w F¶p
t_mÀUph¨p ssk¡nfn bm{X sNbvXp CSbv¡nsS tImgnt¡mSv PnÃbnse
aetbmc`mKs¯ Ip{Kmaamb tNµawKÃqcn h¶p. ]¯pw ap¸Xpw
IntemaoädpIÄ \S¶mWp PamA¯p {]hÀ¯IÀ Nnet¸mÄ {]t_m[\w ]cnkc§fnÂ
hnXcWw sNbvXXv. sI.kn. cmbn³apl½Zv F¶ sI.kn.BÀ AXnsâ Hcp tIm¸n
kZmaS¡n ssIbn ]nSn¨p. Hcp ^pÄssSw ]mÀ«n{]hÀ¯Is\ t]mse ]mÀ«n¡p
thWvSn ]WnsbSp¯ sI.kn.Bdnsâ AXymhiyw Acn¡p
hIbpWvSm¡ns¡mSp¯ncp¶ ac¯nsâ GÀ¸mSv AtXmsS \ne¨p. IpµawKew
^À¡bpsS H¶mas¯ PamA¯v kt½f\¯n\p sI.kn.Bdnsâ hoSp thZnbmbn.
tNµawKÃqÀ hn«m IpµawKeambncp¶p ASp¯ PamA¯v t]m¡äv.

{]t`m, [\w!
]Xn AÐp JmZÀ apkveymÀ CXdnªp IpµawKe¯p ]msª¯n. kp¶nIÄ Hcp¡nb
Kw`ocamb kZÊns\ ap³\nÀ¯n ]Xn apkveymÀ ]dªp: PamAs¯
Ckveman¡mÀ¡p ]W¯nsâ Imcy¯nte Xm¸cyapÅq. IWvSntà AhcpsS
{]kn²oIcW¯nsâ t]cv. {]t`m [\wþ {]t`m, [\w Xcq F¶v! {]hmNIsâ ]p{Xn
^m¯nabpsS ]p{X³ lpkbv\pambmWp k¿nZv auZqZnbpsS hwimhen¡p
_Ôw. ]Xn ]t£, auZqZnbpsS t]cp t]mepw shdpsXhn«nÃ. ]Xn ]dªp:
AÃmlphmWv AAvem AYhm AXyp¶X³. CbmÄ AAvebÃ. A_p AAvebmWv.
AYhm AXyp¶X\mb ssZh¯nsâ ]nXmhv. Cu HäImcW¯m Xs¶ CbmÄ ]ng¨
BfmWv. auZqZn F¶ hm¡ns\bpw ]Xn apkveymÀ hnaÀi\ hnt[bam¡n. au
F¶m 44. ZqZv F¶m ]pgp. auZqZn: 44se ]pgp. apkveymcpsS ]
mWvUnXyw IWvSp A\pbmbnIÄ A¼c¶p. kakvXt\Xmhv iwkp Deam C.sI
A_q_¡À apkveymcpw B tbmK¯n {]kwKn¨p.

"auZqZnIfpsS \_n'
ImgvNbn kpapJ\pw Kmw`ocyapÅ hyànXz¯nsâ DSabpamb Hcp
aX]WvUnX³ C¡me¯v CSbv¡nsS tNµawKÃqcn h¶p PamA¯v {]hÀ¯IÀ¡v
D]tZi\nÀt±i§Ä \ÂInsImWvSncp¶p, sImSphÅn Xes¸cna®bnse Ip¶¯p
Nmen _mh aI³ lpkbv³ apkveymÀ aI³ sI.kn.AÐpà auehn. sImSnb¯qcnÂ
InXm_v HmXm³ h¶p AhnsS t`Zs¸« IpSpw_¯n \n¶p hnhmlw Ign¨p
sImSnb¯qcn ØncXmakam¡nb lpkbv³ apkveymcpsS aq¶mas¯ aI\mb
sI.kn. A¶p ImkÀtImSv a{Zk¯p Benbbn A[ym]I\mbncp¶p. ssIIÄ
hi§fntebv¡p hoin CSt¯mt«m het¯mt«m t\m¡msXbpw A§mSnbnÂ
X§msXbpapÅ \S¯w. A§mSnbn Ip«nIÄ auehnsb IWvSt¸mÄ Ifn\nÀ¯n.
apXnÀ¶hÀ _lpam\]pcÊcw Fgpt¶äp. NneÀ ]Xps¡ AS¡w ]dªp: auZqZnIfpsS
\_n!

A_vZpkemw auehn
Al½ZvIp«n A§mSnbn \n¶p cmhnse sImWvSph¶p _m¸sb hmbn¨p tIĸn¨
t\m«oknse Hcp I£n sI.kn. A_vZpà auehnbmWv.
At±ls¯ t\cnSp¶Xmhs« {]tZi¯pImÀ¡p kp]cnNnX\pw aqPmlnZv Øm]\¯nsâ
DÖzehmÜnbpw apkvenweoKv t\Xmhpamb F³.hn. A_vZpkemw auehn!
Xpey iànIÄ X½nepÅ t]mcm«ambXpsImWvSp kw`hw Ie¡psa¶pd¸v.
kwhmZw \S¡m³ t]mhp¶Xnsâ GXm\pw Znhkw ap¼v A¡me¯p
IÃymWkZÊpIfnse \nXykm¶n[yambncp¶ \tÃm³ F¶ `n£mS\¡mct\mSv Hcp
PamA¯pImc³ tNmZn¨p: \nsâ A_vZpkemw auehnsb¡pdns¨
´mW`n{]mbw?
Hchkcw Im¯ncp¶t]mse \tÃm³ A_vZpkemw auehnbpsS t]À tI«am{XbnÂ
NqSmbn. Abmsf F\n¡p tIÄt¡WvS! hmgbn tambn³Ip«n F¶mWbmfpsS
icnbmb t]À, AbmÄ A¶w apS¡nbmWv. ]mh§Ä `£Ww Ign¡p¶Xv AbmÄ¡p
IWvSpIqSm! AbmÄ apPmlnZpw ]dªp hcp¶Xn\pap¼v, \m«nse¼mSpw
t\À¨Ifpw Du«pISIfpapWvSmbncp¶p. Cu hlm_n h¶Xn ]ns¶ FÃmw
CÃmXmbn. Bsc¦nepw acn¨m ]«nIsf Ipgn¨nSp¶ amXncn Ipgn¨n«p
t]mcp¶p. kZybpanÃ, k¡mchpanÃ. F\n¡bmsf tIÄt¡WvS.
`n£¡mc³ F{X XcwXmgv¯n ]dªmepw tNµawKÃqÀ¡mÀ¡v A_vZpkemw
auehntbmSpw apPmlnZv t\Xm¡tfmSpw \Ã aXn¸mbncp¶p. AbÂ{]tZi§fmb
sImSnb¯qÀ, ap¶qÀ, ap¡w, ImctÈcn apXemb {Kma§Ä AÔhnizmk¯nsâ
Icn¼Sw ]pX¨pd§nbt¸mÄ A¯cw kIe hnizmk§sfbpw Xqs¯dnªp
tNµawKÃqcns\ ]cnjvImc¯nsâ ]p¯³]mXbnepsS ssI]nSn¨p \S¯nbXp
apPmlnZv{]Øm\amWv.
apPmlnZv {]Øm\¯nsâ kPoh km¶n²yapWvSmbncp¶nsæn AbÂ
{Kma§sft¸mse tcmKw _m[n¨m X§·mtcbpw kn²·mtcbpw kao]n¨p \qepw
shÅhpw a{´n¨pw {]khthZ\ h¶m ]nªmWw FgpXn¡pSn¨pw Cu {Kmaw
L\mÔImc¯n IgntbWvSnhcpambncp¶p. 1940IfpsS BZy¯n Xs¶ kIehn[
AÔhnizmk§fpw hens¨dnªp Npäp]mSpIÄ¡p t]Snkz]v\amhpamdp
\thmYm\¯nsâ hn¹h]XmIbpambn cwK¯nd§m³ R§fpsS {Kmas¯
AWnbns¨mcp¡nbXp apPmlnZv {]Øm\amWv. AhÀ ImSp sh«ns¯fn¨p
DgpXp icns¸Sp¯nbXn hnf Cd¡pIbmWp PamAs¯ Ckveman sNbvXXv.

03.09.2008 Deshabhimani
c-à-Ip-¶p-aw- A-Wn-ª-e-dp-ó- P-½p-þ-I-iv-aoÀ-
kpIp-amÀ Ago-t¡mSv
Im- iv-ao-cw,- Im-iv-ao-c-Iw,- Im-iv-ao-c-Pw,- Im-iv -ao-cyw- F-sóm-s¡- ]-
d-ªmð- kw-kv-Ir-X-¯nð- Ip-¦p-aw- F-óm-WÀ-Yw.- tI-c-f-s¯- ]-c-ip-cm-a-³ I-S-
enð-\n-óv- D-bÀ-¯n-sb-Sp-¯p- F-ó- I-Y-sb- HmÀ-an-¸n-¡p-am-dv- Im-iv-ao-
c-tZ-i-s¯- H-cp- X-Sm-I-¯nð-\n-óv- I-iy-]-³ F-ó- E-jn- D-bÀ-¯n-bp-ïm-¡n- F-
sóm-cp- ]p-cm-W-I-Y-bp-ïv- Cu- \m-Sn-sâ- HmÀ-a-bp-sS- D-Ånð-þ-I-iy-]v-
amÀ- I-iv-aoÀ- B-sb-óv.- C-´ym- `q-J-Þ-¯nð- I-iv-aoÀ- Xm-gv-h-c- (]m-
¼qÀ)- F-óv- hn-fn-¡-s¸-Sp-ó- Ø-e-¯p-\n-óp-am-{X-am-Wv- Ip-¦p-aw- D-
ïm-¡p-ó-Xv.- A-§-s\- \n-e-hnð- h-ó- \m-a-a-tñ- I-iv-ao-cw- F-ópw- Du-ln-
¡m-³ ]-gp-Xp-ïv.- Ip-¦p-aw- F-{X-tbm- Im-e-am-bn- C-´y-bnð- aw-KfIÀ-
a¯n--sâ-bpw- A-e-¦m-c-¯n-sâ-bpw- C-ã-h-kv-Xp-hm-Wv.- C-óm-I-s«,- P-
½p -I-iv-aoÀ- F-ó- `m-c-X- kw-Øm-\w- c-à-Ip-¦p-a-¨m-sdm-gp-¡n- -A-ss\-
Iy-¯n-sâ- A-eÀ-¨- Xp-SÀ-¨-bm-bn- \-S-¯p-I-bm-Wv.- A-tim-I-³ _p-²-a-X-¯n-
eq-sS- A-lnw-km- ktµiw- {]-N-cn-¸n-¨- {]m-No-\-tZ-i-a-ñ-;- kw-kv-Ir-X-
km-ln-Xy-¯n-se- H-tc-sbm-cp- N-cn-{X- a-lm-Im-hy-am-b- "-cm-P-X-cw-
Kn-Wn--'-bp-sS- IÀ-¯m-hm-b- Ið-lW\pw--- kw-kv-Ir-X-¯n-se- Im-hy-ao-
amw-kbnð- h-en-sbm-cp- ]-¦v- kr-ãn-¨- a-lm- {]-Xn-`m-im-en-I-fm-b- `-c-
X-ap-\n,- B-\-µ-hÀ-[-\-³,- A-`n-\-h-Kp-]v-X-³ F-óo- {Xn-aqÀ-¯n-IÄ- am-{X-a-
ñ,- {]-i-kv-X- km-ln-Xy- ao-amw-kIcm-b -`mal-³,- hm-a\³,- a½S³ ap-X-em-
b-h-cpw- ]n-d-óv- \q-äm-ïp-I-sf- {]-tim-`n-X-am-¡n-b- \m-Sv.- hn-iz-Nn-
´-I-\m-b- i-¦-cm-Nm-cyÀ- kÀ-h-Ú-\m-bn- Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-ó-Xn-\v- I-\-I-]
o-Tw- H-cp-¡n-b- tZ-i-hpw- a-säm-ó-ñ.- ln-am-e-b-¯n-sâ- kzÀ-W-In-co-Sw-
t]m-se- D-bÀ-óp-In-S-¡p-ó- Cu- `q-an- C-´y-bp-tS-Xm-Wv,- C-´y-sb- kr-
ãn-¨- ssN-X-\y-{]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä- F-{X-tbm- \q-äm-ïp-IÄ- \-S-ó- {]-tZ-i-am-Wv.-
C-´y-sb- I-sï-¯n-b- s\-lv-dp- Cu- k-Xyw- I-sï-¯n.- A-Xn-\mð- ]m-In-Øm-sâ-
H-cp- hm-Z-s¯-bpw- C-´y-bn-se- cm-{ão-b-t\-Xm-¡Ä--ssI-s¡m-ïn-ñ.- B-sI-
C-´y-bp-sS- P-\-kw-Jy-bp-sS- H-cp- i-X-am-\w- P-\-§Ä-am-{Xw- A-[n-h-kn-
¡p-ó- Cu- \m-Sn-sâ- A-h-Im-iw- \nÀ-W-bn-t¡-ï-Xv- B-sf-®n- P-\-Io-b- thm-
s«-Sp-¯n-«-ñ- ("-s¹-_n-ssk-äv-'),- A-Xn-sâ- kz-Xz-s¯- I-W-¡n-se-Sp-¯p-sIm-
ïm-h-Ww.- ]-ïv- ln-µpþ-_u-² -a-X-§-fpw- ]n-óo-Sv- C-Ém-apw- B- Xm-gv-h-
c-bnð- H-ón-¨p-- Ign-ªp-Iq-Sn.- A-aÀ-\m-Yv-Pn-bp-sS Kp-lm-t£-{X-hpw- l-
{k-¯v-_m-ð- h-en-b-]-Ån-bpw- ]-Xn-\m-bn-c-¡-W-¡n-\v- XoÀ-Ym-S-I-sc-
sIm-ñw-tXm-dpw- B-IÀ-jn-¨p-h-cp--óp.- a-X-\n-b-{´n-X-§-fm-b- P-\-k-aq-l-
§-fm-Wv- P-½p-þ-I-iv-ao-cnð- G-sd-¡m-e-am-bn- h-fÀ-óp-h-ón-«p-Å-Xv.-
ap-l-½-Zv-\-_n-bp-sS- H-cp- tcm-aw- l-{k-¯v-_m-ð- ]-Ån-bnð-\n-óv- 1963
Un-kw-_dnð- Im-Wm-Xm-b-Xn-sâ- t]-cnð- F-{X- hym-]-I-hpw- `o-I-c-hp-
am-b- I-em-]-§fm-Wv- D-ïm-b-Xv- F-óv- C-óv- ]-e-cpw- a-d-óp-t]m-bn.-
Im-Wm-Xm-b- h-kv-Xp- ]n-óo-Sv- I-ïp-In-«n-sb-¦n-epw- ap-dn-ª-I-ó- k-aq-
l-a-\-Êp-IÄ- ]n-só-bpw- A-I-óp-t]m-hp-Itb- D-ïm-bp-Åq.- X-S-hnð- I-gn-ªn-
cp-ó- sj-bv-¡v- A-Ðp-Å-sb- s\-lv-dp- tam-Nn-¸n-¨-Xpw- Xp-SÀ-óv- C-µn-
cm-Km-Ôn- sj-bv-¡n-s\- ap-Jy-a-{´n-bm-¡n-b-Xpw- \m-Sn-sâ- a-\-Ênð- h-
óp-s]-«- {h-W-s¯- D-W-¡m-\m-bn-cp-óp.- C-Xn-\p-ti-j-hpw- C-Xn-\p-ap-
¼pw- Cu- {h-W-¯nð- Iq-Sp-Xð- ]-gp-¸p-ïm-¡p-ó- A-{I-a-kw-`-h-§Ä- H-cp-]
m-Sp-ïm-bn.- G-ä-hpw- H-Sp-hnð- \mw- I-ïXv -A-aÀ-\m-Yv- Kp-lm-t£-{X-
¯nð- F-¯n-t¨cp--ó- XoÀ-Ym-S-IÀ-¡v- I-gn-ªp-Iq-Sm-\p-Å- `q-an-bp-sS- hn-
[n- kw-_-Ôn-¨p-Å- Ip-g-¸w.- I-iv-ao-cnð- sN-dn-b- I-em-]-§-fn-ñ.- F-{X-
tbm- B-gv-N-I-fm-bn- Cu- kw-LÀ-jw- Xp-S-§n-bn-«v.- I-gn-ª- c-ïv- Z-im-Ð-
¯nð- H-cn-¡-epw- D-]-tbm-Kn-¨n-«n-ñm-¯-{X- I-Sp-¯- ssk-\n-I- {]-Xn-tcm-
[-am-Wv- I-iv-ao-cnð- \-S-ó-Xpw- C-t¸m-gpw- \-S-óp-sIm-ïn-cn-¡p-ó-Xpw.-
C-´ym-- K-h--sa-âv,- hn-tZ-i-{]-iv-\-§-fnð- kz-X-th- Im-Wn-¨n-cp-ó A-\n-Ýn-
X-Xz-¯n-sâ- h-d-hp-N-«n-bnð- In-S-óv- -s]m-cn-bp-I-bm-Wv.- XoÀ-Ym-
SIcp-sS ku-Icy-¯n-\m-bn- \q-td¡À- h\`q-an- t£-{X-t_mÀ-Un-\v- I-iv-aoÀ- K-
h--sa-âv- \ð-In-b-Xm-Wv- Ip-g-¸-§-fp-sS- s]-s«-óp-Å- kv-t^m-S-\-¯n-\v- h-
gn-a-cp-ón-«p-sIm-Sp-¯-Xv.- I-iv-ao-cn-sâ- P-\-kw-Jym-L-S-\-sb- A-«n-a-
dn-¡m-\p-Å- H-cp- Kq-V-X-{´-¯n-sâ- Xp-S-¡-am-Wn-sX-óv- lp-dn-b-¯v-
tIm--^-d-³kv- Xp-S-§n-b- ap-Énw- kw-L-S-\-IÄ hn-iz-kn-¡p-I-bpw- {]-N-cn-
¸n-¡p-I-bpw-sN-bv-Xp.- I-cp-¯n-ñm--¯- I-iv-aoÀ- K-h--sa-âv- F-XnÀ-¸n-sâ- I-
Sp-¸w- t\-cn-«-t¸mÄ- A-´w-hn-«v- e-¡p-sI-«-Xp-t]m-se- {]-Xn-I-cn-¨p-þ-A-
hÀ- B- Ið¸-\- s]-s«-óv- ]n-³h-en-¨p.- ]-gp-Xv- Im-¯p-\nð-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-ó-
ssl-µh- hÀ-Ko-b-i-àn-IÄ- D-S-s\- cw-K-¯p-Nm-Sn-ho-Wv- a-dp-{]-t£m-`§Ä-
kw-L-Sn-¸n-¨p.- {]-t£m-`-§Ä- hn-P-bn-¡p-ó-Xv- P-\-kw-Jy-bp-sS- an-I-hp-
sIm-ï-ñ,- A-h- {]-ISn-¸n-¡p-ó- Xo-{h-X-bpw- `o-I-c-X-bpw- sIm-ïm-Wv.- H-
cp- h-i-¯v- I-hn-sªm-gp-Ip-ó- ]p-g-bpw- a-dp-h-i-¯v- A-e-dp-ó- h-\y-ar-K-§-
fpw- D-Å-t¸mÄ- F-t§m-«pw- Xn-cn-bm-\m-hm-¯- bm-{X-¡m-c-s\-t¸m-se-
bm-bn- I-iv-aoÀ- K-h--sa-âv.- ]m-In-Øm-s\-bpw- P-½p -I-iv-ao-cn-s\-bpw-
thÀXn-cn-¡p-ó- \n-b-{´-W-tc-J- ew-Ln-¡m-³ ap-XnÀ-ó- h-³ {]-t£m-`-kw-L-
s¯- H-Xp-¡m-³ ]m-Sp-s]-«- K-h--sa-âv- an-¡-hm-dpw- "-D-tïm- C-ñ-tbm-'-
F-ó- A-h-Ø-bn-se-¯n.- lp-dn-b-¯v- t\-Xm-hv- A-ÐpÄ-A-ko-kv- H-cp- G-äp-
ap-«-enð- sIm-ñ-s¸-«-Xv- K-h--sa-âv- `m-K-¯p-\n-óv-- h-kv-Xp-X-I-sf- ap-
³\nÀ-¯n,- F-{X- \n-tj-[n-¨m-epw,- F-XnÀ-]-£w- A-Xv- hn-iz-kn-¡p-tam-?- A-
aÀ-\m-Yv- kw-LÀ-j-k-an-Xn- ssl-µ-h-]-£-s¯- G-ä-hpw- cq-£-am-b- co-Xn-
bnð- D-bÀ-¯n-¸n-Sn-¡m-³ ap-tóm-«p-h-cn-I-bpw-sN-bv-Xp.- tam-i-¯nð-\n-
óv- No-¯-bn-te-¡v- A-Xn-th-K-¯nð- h-gp-Xn-ho-gp-ó- H-cp- km-l-N-cy-¯n-
em-Wv- CÑm-_-e-an-ñm-¯- K-h--sa-âv- k-am-[m-\- kw-`m-j-W-§Ä- Xp-S-
cp-ó-Xv.- Cu- te-J-\w- F-gp-Xn--¡-gn-bm-dm-b-t¸m-gm-Wv- kw-LÀ-jw- Xð-
¡m-ew- XoÀ-só-ó- hmÀ-¯- e-`n-¨-Xpw.- aq-e-bn-en-cn-¡p-ó- tIm-Sm-en-
sb-Sp-¯v- Im-en-tò-en-«v- I-c-bp-ó- Ip-«n-sb-t¸m-se- I-ã-s¸-Sp-I-bm-Wv-
K-h--sa-âv.- B- tIm-Sm-en- F-Sp-¯p-am-än-b-t¸mÄ- B-izm-k-am-bn.- C-
Xn-s\-ñm-a--Snbnð- In-S-¡p-ó-Xpw- Iq-Sp-Xð- B-i-¦m-P-\-I-hp-am-b- A-h-
Ø- K-h--sa-âv- t\-cn-Sp-ó- Cu- hn-]ð-k-Ôn-b-ñ,- a-dn-¨v- Cu- cm-Py-¯n-se-
G-ä-hpw- A-]-cn-lm-cy-am-b- Zp-cn-X-{]-iv-\-§-fnð- H-ómw-Øm-\-¯v- \nð-
¡p-ó-Xv- a-X-§Ä- X-½n-ep-Å- t]m-c-Sn-Ifm--Wv.- a-\p-jy-a-\-Ênð- \n-Xy-
am-b- im-´n- {]-Zm-\w-sN-¿m-\m-bn- ssZ-hm-\p-{K-l-t¯m-sS,- ln-am-e-b-
km-\p-hnð-\n-ópw- A-td-_y- acp-`q-an-bnð-\n-ópw- P-ò-sa-Sp-¯- c-ïv- t{i-
jv-TaX§-fp-sS- A-\p-bm-bn-IÄ- lnw-km-hm-Zn-I-fm-b- km-{am-Py-Xz-i-àn-
I-sf-t¸m-se- a-\p-jy-sc- h-[n-¡p-I-bpw- sI-«n-S-§-fpw- a-äpw- \n-Ê-t¦m-Nw-
\n-ew-]-cn-im-¡p-I-bpw- sN-¿p-ó- Im-gv-N- B- ]-g-b- {]-hm-N-I-òmÀ- Im-
Wp-óp-tïm- B-thm-?- ssZ-h-¯n-sâ-tbm- ]n-im-Nn-sâ-tbm- G-Xp -a-X-am-
Wv- C-h-sc- Cu- \clXy-bn-te-¡v- \-bn-¡p-ó-Xv.- H-cp- Bw-K-e-]-{X-¯nð- (ln-
µp- 20þ-8þ-2008)- ap-³]p-d-¯p-- I-ï- H-cp- Nn-{Xw,- Ip-sd-ap-¼v- Kp-P-
dm-¯nð- A-`-bmÀ-Yn-bm-b- H-cp- bp-hm-hv- Po-h-\p-th-ïn- sXm-gp-ssI-
bm-bn- {]mÀ-Yn-¡p-ó-Xn-sâ- Nn-{Xw-t]m-se,- F-sâ- a-\-Ênð- Xo-cm-¯- th-
Z-\-bm-bn- F-ópw- \nð-¡p-sa-óv- Rm-³ t]-Sn-¡p-óp-þ-Nn-cn-¨p-I-fn-¨p-\-S-
t¡-ï- {]m-b-¯nð- A-Ñ-\-½-am-cpw- C-ã-s¸-«-hÀ- F-ñm-h-cpw- \-ã-s¸-«v,- F-
´m-Wn-sX-óv- a-\-Ên-em-¡m-\m-hm-sX- I-®p-IÄ- \n-d-sb- G-tXm- ]-c-a-
Zpx-J-¯n-sâ- X-Åð-sIm-ïv- Xp-dn-¨p-t\m-¡p-ó-Xp-aq-ew- Iu-am-c-ku-µ-
cyw- Xo-sc- am-ªp-t]m-b- c-ïv- sIm-¨p-Ip-«n-IÄ-!- A-XnÀ-¯n-bnð-h-¨v- c-
£m-`-S-òmÀ- Cu- Ip-ªp-§-sf- ho-sï-Sp-¯p.- A-aÀ-\m-Yn-se- tZ-hm,- \o- C-
Xp-Im-Wm-sX- Kp-l-bnð-¯só- I-gn-bp-I-bm-tWm- -th-ï-Xv-?- Ip-ªp-§-sf-
t]m-än-h-fÀ-t¯-ï- Zn-hy-i-àn-IÄ- H-fn-¨p-I-gn-bp-t¼mÄ- I-iv-aoÀ- Ip-¦p-a-
Im-´n- AWn-ªp-\nð-¡Ww.-- h-Å-t¯mÄ- a-lm-I-hn- ]m-Sn-b-Xp-t]m-se,- "-
£-X-tKm-_n-X-¯mð- I-iv-ao-cIw-- NmÀ-¯n-s¡m-ïv-' Cu- Xmð-¡m-en-I- k-am-
[m-\-s¯- \o- im-iz-X-am-¡p-I-bn-tñ?-
03.09.2008 DESHABHIMANI
]q-¨ s]ämð- hmÀ-¯bm-¡p-óhÀ- I\ym-kv-{Xo- Xn-cp-hkv-{Xw- D-
t]£n-¨Xv- ap-¡n-: Ago-t¡m-Sv-

- tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv-: H-cp- ]q-¨- \m-ep- Ip-«n-I-sf- {]-k-hn-¨mð- I-fÀ-]-S-hpw-


hmÀ-¯-bpw- \n-c-¯p-ó- ]-{X-§Ä-¡v- I-\ym-kv-{Xo- Xn-cp-h-kv-{Xw- D-t]-
£n-¨-Xv- hmÀ-¯-bm-Im-Xn-cp-ó-Xv- F-´p-sIm-ïm-sW-óv- kp-Ip-amÀ- A-go-
t¡m-Sv- tNm-Zn-¨p.- Xr-iqÀ- sk-âv-ta-co-kv- tIm-tf-Pv- {]n-³kn-¸ð- tUm.-
P-kv-an- I-t¯m-en-¡- k-`-bp-sS- am-\-kn-I-]o-U-\w- k-ln-¡-h-¿m-sX- Xn-cp-
h-kv-{Xw- D-t]-£n-¨- hmÀ-¯- ap-¡n-b- "-a-e-bm-f- a-t\m-c-a-'-s¡-Xn-sc- A-
go-t¡m-Sv- cq-£-hn-aÀ-i-\w- \-S-¯n.- a-e-¸p-dw- ]n- aq-k-bp-sS- H-ómw-
N-c-a-hmÀ-jn-I-¯n-sâ- `m-K-am-bn- tI-c-f- ]-{X-{]-hÀ-¯-I- bq-Wn-b-³ kw-L-
Sn-¸n-¨- "-am-dp-ó- tI-c-f-hpw- am-[y-a-§-fpw-'- F-ó- sk-an-\mÀ- D-Zv-
Lm-S-\w-sN-¿p-I-bm-bn-cp-óp- A-t±-lw.- kw-L-Sn-X-i-àn-I-fp-sS- B-[n-]-Xy-
¯nð- hy-àn-IÄ- I-cn-ªp-t]m-Ip-óp.- ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-¯n-sâ- Cu- I-Tn-\-NÀ-aw-
Ip-¯n-¸n-fÀ-¡-Ww.- tI-c-f-¯n-se- Nn-e- ]-{X-§Ä- aq-óp-X-h-W- hm-bn-¨m-
epw- Cu- hmÀ-¯- Im-Wn-ñ.- Im-c-Ww- hm-bn-¡-s¸-Sm-Xn-cn-¡m-³ H-cp-
aq-e-bn-em-Wv- hmÀ-¯- sIm-Sp-¯-Xv.- ]-{X-{]-hÀ-¯-\-¯nð- C-Xp- [mÀ-an-I-
X-b-ñ.- P-\-§-fp-sS- A-dn-bm-\p-Å- A-h-Im-iw- \n-tj-[n-¡-em-Wv.- I-\ym-kv-
{Xo-¡p-ïm-b- ]o-U-\-§-fpw- P-\-§Ä- A-dn-tb-tï-?- A-Xv- A-dn-bn-¡m-\p-Å-
_m-[y-X- am-[y-a-§Ä-¡n-tñ-?- I-\ym-kv-{Xo-bp-sS- Xn-cp-h-kv-{Xw- D-t]-
£n-¡ð- tI-c-fo-b- k-aq-l-s¯- sR-«n-¨- kw-`-h-am-Wv.- ]-{X-§Ä- C-tX-¡p-dn-
¨v- F-Un-täm-dn-bð- F-gp-X-Ww.- H-cp- ]mÀ-Sn-bp-sS- {_m-ôv- sk-
{I-«-dn- ]mÀ-Sn- hn-«mð- B-dp-tIm-fw- hmÀ-¯-sIm-Sp-¡p-ó- ]-{X-§Ä-¡v-
Cu- kw-`-hw- hmÀ-¯-bm-bn-ñ.- `-£-W-¯nð- am-bw- tNÀ-¡p-ó-Xv- Ip-ä-I-c-
am-sW-ó-Xp-t]m-se- hmÀ-¯-bnð- am-bw- tNÀ-¡p-ó-Xpw- i-cn-b-ñ.-
sNm-«p- hn-Zy-I-fpw- D-]m-b-§-fpw- hm-¡p-IÄ-sIm-ïp-Å- I-fn-bp-am-bn-
a-e-bm-f- ]-{X-{]-hÀ-¯-\w- ap-tó-dp-óp.- hmÀ-¯-I-tfm-Sv- k-Xy-k-Ô-X-
bpw- hn-izm-ky-X-bpw- Im-Wn-¡m-³ am-[y-a-§Ä- X-¿m-dm-h-W-sa-óv- A-
go-t¡m-Sv- ]-d-ªp.- ]m-Ým-Xy-tem-I-¯v- ]-{X-§Ä- {]-Xn-k-Ôn- t\-cn-Sp-
t¼mÄ- C-´y-bnð- Øn-Xn- hy-Xy-kv-X-am-sW-óv- ap-³ \-b-X-{´-Ú-³ Sn- ]n-
{io-\n-hm-k-³ ]-d-ªp.- C-t¸m-gp-Å-Xn-t\-¡mÄ- F-{X-tbm- C-c-«n- ]-{X-§-
fm-Wv- C-\n-bpw- h-cm-³ t]m-Ip-ó-Xv.- A-Xn-\mð- am-[y-a-{]-hÀ-¯-IÀ-¡v-
tPm-en- In-«m-³ {]-bm-k-an-ñ.- ]m-Ým-Xy-cm-Py-§-fnð- C-âÀ-s\-än-sâ-
kzm-[o-\w- ]-{X-§-sf- _m-[n-¨p.- C-´y-bnð- C-t¸m-gpw- ]-{X-§-tfm-Sv-
ssh-Im-cn-I-_-Ô-am-Wp-Å-sX-óv- A-t±-lw- ]-d-ªp.- I-\ym-kv-{Xo- Xn-cp-h-
kv-{Xw- D-t]-£n-¨- hmÀ-¯- X-a-kv-I-cn-¨-Xv- \o-Xo-I-cn-¡m-\m-hn-sñ-óv-
tI-c-f- {]-kv- A-¡m-Z-an- sN-bÀ-am-³ F-kv- BÀ- i-àn-[-c-³ ]-d-ªp.- ]-{Xw- D-
S-a-IÄ- ]-{X-{]-hÀ-¯-I-sâ- ssI-bpw- Im-epw- sI-«n-bn-cn-¡p-óp.- H-cp- ]-
{X-¯n-\pw- \n-jv-]-£- \n-e-]m-Sn-sñ-óv- i-àn-[-c-³ ]-d-ªp.- F-³ ]n- cm-tP-{µ-
³,- t]mÄ- a-W-enð- F-ón-hÀ- kw-km-cn-¨p.- ]n- ]n- i-io-{µ-³ A-[y-£-\m-bn-
cp-óp.- F-³ ]-ß-\m-`-³ kzm-K-X-hpw- I-amð- h-c-ZqÀ- \-µn-bpw- ]-d-ªp.-
03.09.2008 THEJUS

Hdok I¯pt¼mÄ k` hoWhmbn¡p¶p / AlvaZv ico^v ]n

t{Kbw kvsäbn³kv F¶ {InkvXy³ anj\dn{]hÀ¯I\mb kmbv]ns\ Np«psIm¶


Hdokbv¡pw ap¼v KpPdm¯n\p kw`hn¨t]mse Xo¸nSn¨ncn¡p¶p. A¶p
KpPdm¯n 2000 t]À sImÃs¸«Xnt\mfw `oIcasænepw lnµpXz^mjnkw
hÀKobXmÞhamSpt¼mÄ c£bv¡mbn ss{IkvXh \yq\]£¯nÂs¸«hÀ HdokbnÂ
s\t«m«tamSpIbmWv. I\ymkv{XoIÄ ImSpIfn IgntbWvSnh¶ncn¡p¶p.
C¯cw ZmcpWmhØIÄ krãn¡s¸Spt¼mgpw A\oXns¡Xntc iÐapbÀ¯msX C´y
hnd§en¨p\n¡p¶Xnsâ ImcW§Ä C\nbpw ]Tn¨n«pthWw.
Hcp ]S¡w s]m«p¶ iÐw tI«m kvXw`n¡p¶XmWv C´y. F¶m a\pjysc
Poht\msS Np«psImÃp¶ \ct`mPnkwkvImcw XeapSn Agn¨n«mSpt¼mÄ
\mw \nÊwKcmWv. Cu Cc«¯m¸n\p t\sc I®S¨m Ccp«mhnÃ. C¶se
KpPdm¯v, C¶v Hdok, \msf GXp kwØm\ambncn¡pw? bp.]nbmbncp¶p
kwL]cnhmce£ysa¶p Im¬]qcnse _PvcwKvZÄ kvt^mS\w hyàam¡n¯cp¶p.
\nÀamW¯n\nsS t_mw_v s]m«n _PvcwKvZÄ {]hÀ¯IÀ acn¡m\nSbmbXpw ]
Xnhpt]mse apkvenw Xo{hhmZnIfpsS B{IaWambn Nn{XoIcn¡m³
IgnbmsX t]mbXpw GtXm Hcp \oXnam\mb t]menkv DtZymKØsâ ssIhiw
{]kvXpX tIkv h¶ps]«Xpw ssZhhn[nbmhWw. tZiob kpc£m
D]tZãm¡fpsSbpw CâenP³knsâbpw X§fpsS CÑm\phÀ¯nIfmb t]menkv
DtZymKØcpsSbpw `oIchncp² kvIzmUnsâbpw apkvenw th«
XpSÀ¶psImWvSncnt¡bmWv Hdok I¯n¸Scp¶Xv.
_n.sP.]n¡v A[nImc¯n hcm\pw F sI AUzm\n¡v {][m\a{´nbmhm\pw
hÀKobIem]§Ä hoWvSpw A\nhmcyambn h¶ncn¡p¶p. Hdokbpw XpSÀ¶p
bp.]nbpw icn¡psam¶p I¯nbaÀ¶m \njv{]bmkw AUzm\nsb
A[nImccY¯nencp¯msa¶mWp kwL]cnhmc¯nsâ IW¡pIq«Â.
F{X Iem]§Ä \S¶pIgnªmepw \mw ]Tn¡p¶nÃ; Iem]§fnÂ, \mw Im¯pkq£n¨ Fs
´ms¡ I¯nbaÀ¶mepw C´y³ kaqlw DcnbmSp¶nÃ. 1999 t{Kbw sÌbn³kpw
cWvSp a¡fpw sh´pacn¨t¸mÄ {InkvXy³ kaqlw {]Xntj[n¨ncp¶p. Ct¸mÄ
{InkvXy³ A\mYmeb¯nse Hcp Poh\¡mcn sh´pacn¡pIbpw aäp 15 t]À
sImÃs¸SpIbpw sNbvXt¸mÄ cmPys¯ 45,000 kz´w kvIqfpIÄ AS¨n«p
asämcp {]Xntj[hpw. Cäen t]mepÅ ]mÝmXycmPy§Ä {]XnIcn¡p¶Xpw
Im¯ncn¡pIbmWv ss{IkvXh ]ptcmlnX³amÀ.
Hdokbn kzman e£vaWm\µbpw aäp \mept]cpw Zpcqlambn
sImÃs¸«Xmbncp¶p {]tIm]\w. KpPdm¯n k_ÀaXn FIvkv{]Ên\v Xoh¨v
GXm\pw t]sc sIm¶Xmbncp¶p XpS¡w. XohWvSn¡p Xoh¨Xv
IÀtkhIcmbncp¶psh¶p ]n¶oSv sXfnªp. kzman e£vaWm\µsb h[n¨Xp
X§fmsW¶v Hcp amthmhmZn kwLS\ AhImiap¶bn¨n«pWvSv. F¶mÂ, ]
cnhmckwLS\IÄ¡pÅnse B`y´c On{ZXbmsW¶mbncp¶p BZy\nKa\§Ä.
2007epw CtX kzmans¡Xntc h[{iaw \S¶ncp¶p. F´mbmepw Hdokm
Iem]¯nsâ cm{ãobt\«§Ä Int«WvShÀ¡p In«n¡gnªncn¡pw. IÀ^yq ewLn¨v
A{Ia§Ä¡v Cd§n¯ncn¨hsct¸mepw kwc£n¡pIbmbncp¶p \nba]meIÀ.
am{XaÃ, t{Kbw sÌbn³kns\ Np«psIm¶ [mcmknMn\v PbnenÂt¸mepw
hn.sF.]n ]cnKW\bmbncp¶p. Hdokbnse {Kma§Ä AXnthKw
hÀKobh¡cn¡s¸SpIbmsW¶ ]T\§Ä [mcmfw ]pd¯ph¶n«pWvSv.
CXnteähpw A]lmky \ne]mSv tI{µ Kh¬saântâXmWv. tZiob atXXc
tIm¬{Kkv Kh¬saâv F¶hImis¸SpIbpw cmPy¯p P\§sf Np«psImÃp¶Xpw
_emÂkwKw sN¿p¶Xpw IWvSncn¡pIbpsa¶XmWp a³taml³knMv
Kh¬saânsâ \nehnepÅ \bw. Hdokbn kn._n.sF At\zjWw thWsa¶mWp
tI{µKh¬saâv B{Klas{X. C´y `cn¡p¶ Kh¬saâv hàmhmWv C¸dbp¶Xv.
ap¼pw C§s\bmbncp¶p. apwss_bn Iem]w sImSp¼ncns¡mWvSt¸mgpw
AXn\p ap¼mbn _m_cn akvPnZv XIÀ¶phoWt¸mgpw au\w k½Xam¡n
amdn\n¡pIbmbncp¶p tIm¬{KÊnsâ ]Xnhv. AXns\mcp \ymbhpw
F¶pahÀ¡p Iq«n\pWvSmhpwþ {Iakam[m\w tÌänsâ NpaXebmWv. Cu
\nba¯nsâ ad]nSn¨p kwØm\ Kh¬saâpIfpsS ]qÀW AdnthmsSbpw
k½Xt¯msSbpw t]menkns\ D]tbmKn¨pXs¶bmWp apwss_bnepw
KpPdm¯nepw Ct¸mÄ Hdokbnepw C´y³ ]uc·mÀ Xs¶bmb ]¨a\pjysc
Iq«t¯msS Zln¸n¨Xv. F¶n«pw apwss_bn ssk\ys¯ Ab¡m³ hfsc sshIn.
KpPdm¯n AXnt\¡mÄ hfsc hfsc sshIn. HdokbpsS Imcy¯n Iem]ImcnIÄ
kzbw ]n³hm§p¶Xp hsc Im¯ncn¡m\mhpw tI{µ¯nsâ Xocpam\w. Atbm[ybnÂ
_m_cn akvPnZv XIÀ¶p Xcn¸Wamhp¶Xphsc, AIse Im¯p\n¶
ssk\nIhyqlt¯mSv hn{ian¡m³ Bhiys¸SpIbmbncp¶p. C{]Imcw kwØm\
Kh¬saânsâ ]£]mXw kv]ãamb L«§fnÂt¸mepw kz´w ]uc·msc c£n¡m³
tI{µw DWÀ¶n«nÃ. AYhm, kwL]cnhmc kwLS\IfpsS Iem]m\´c
ap{ZmhmIy§Ä \qdpiXam\w icnhbv¡p¶XmWv cmPy¯v C¶pw XpScp¶
kw`hhnImk§Äþ t]menkv lamcm km¯v sl.
Hdokm kw`h§Ä¡p Ipd¨p IqSn ckIcamb am\apWvSv. {]Xntj[n¡p¶ {InkvXy³
kwLS\Itfm {InkvXy³ ]{X§fmb Zo]nItbm aebmf at\mcatbm t]mepw
hn.F¨v.]n, BÀ.Fkv.Fkv, _PvcwKv ZÄ, _n.sP.]n kwLS\Isf t]scSp¯p
hnaÀin¡mt\m {]Xn¡q«n Ibämt\m X¿mdmhp¶nÃ.
CXc \yq\]£§Äs¡Xntc B{IaWapWvSmhpt¼mÄ iÐn¡m¯ CâÀ NÀ¨v Iu¬knÂ
sNbÀam³ _nj]v amÀ ]uƯnens\t¸mepÅ ]ptcmlnXt{ijvT³amÀ HdokbnÂ
C{Xta `oIchmgvN \S¶n«pw BÀ.Fkv.Fknsâ t]cp]dbm³ Iq«m¡m¯Xp
ZpcqlamWv. Hdok I¯pt¼mÄ At±lw \S¯nb {]kwK§fn Hdokbnse
Iq«s¡metb¡mÄ ]mT]pkvXI¯nse "Iq«s¡me'bmbncp¶p hnjbw. A{Ian ]
SnhmXn¡ {Xniqe§fpw sIme¡¯nbpambn NmSnhogm³ \n¡pt¼mgpw ]
tcm£i{Xpsh¶ ISens\ t]scSp¯p hnaÀin¡m³ ]uƯnen\v Ass[cyanÃ. F¶mÂ,
{]Xy£i{Xpsh¶ sNIp¯ms\ t]scSp¯p hnaÀin¡m³ At±l¯n\p \mhpbcp¶nÃ.
At±l¯ns\¶Ã Hcp {InkvXy³ aXtae[y£\pw AXn\p XtâSw ImWn¨n«nÃ. X§Ä
ISen\pw sNIp¯m\panSbnemsW¶v hne]n¨p\S¡pIbmWhÀ.
CcIfpsS am{XaÃ, an¡ atXXc _p²nPohnIfpsSbpw Cu XtâSanÃmbvabpw
hIXncnhnÃm¯ am[ya§fpsS {]Xy£hpw ]tcm£hpamb ]n´pWbpamWv
kwL]cnhmcs¯ CÆn[w hfÀ¯nbXv.
tIcf¯n CXphsc A¡uWvSv Xpd¡m³ Ignbm¯ _n.sP.]nsb Bizkn¸n¡m³
aqhmäp]pgbn _n.sP.]n kzX{´\v hnPbw k½m\n¨Xpw "sNIp¯m³amcpsS'
t\Xmhmb FÂ sI AUzm\nsbs¡mWvSp tIm«b¯v ss{IkvXh¨S§v DZvLmS\w
sN¿n¨Xpw k`m t\Xm¡·mcpsS sImÅcpXmbvabn \n¶pWvSmhp¶
Zpjv{]hWXIfmWv. NneÀ sImWvSmepw ]Tn¡nsöÀYw.
ASp¯ XncsªSp¸n ]cnhmc§Ä A[nImc¯nse¯ptam Fs¶mcmi¦ {InkvXy³
tae[y£³amsc Ae«p¶pWvSmhWw. Hdok I¯nbacpt¼mgpw ]mÌÀamÀ
sImÃs¸Spt¼mgpw {]_e ss{IkvXhkm¶n[yapÅ tIcf¯n ]mT]pkvXI
hnhmZw sImgp¸n¡m\mWhcpsS DZyaw. Nne apkvenw kwLS\Ifpw AtX
ISh¯pXs¶bmWnt¸mgpw \n¡p¶Xv. ]mT]pkvXI hnhmZm\´cw Ht«sd shÅw
\ZnbneqsS HgpInt¸mbtXm cmPy¯v aäp ]e kw`hhnImk§fpapWvSmbtXm
Chcdnªn«nÃ. Hdokm Iem]tam Im¬]qcn KpPdm¯n\p kam\amb t_mw_v
\nÀamW¯n\nsS _PvcwKvZfpImÀ sImÃs¸«tXm XpSÀ¶pWvSmb Imcy§tfm
tIcf¯nse apkvenw kwLS\Ifpw t\Xm¡fpadnªn«nÃ.
XnI¨pw BßlXym]camb C¯cw \o¡§fmWv CcIfpsS ]£¯p\n¶pWvSmhp¶sX¦nÂ
AhÀ¡ÀlXs¸«Xv Bß_enbmbn¯ocp¶Xn AZv`pXanÃ.

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