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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform

V100R004

Commissioning Guide

Issue 01
Date 2008-08-01
Part Number 00440775

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


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Notice
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but the statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd
OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Commissioning Guide Contents

Contents

About This Document.....................................................................................................................1


1 Preparations for Commissioning............................................................................................1-1
1.1 Safety Operation Guide...................................................................................................................................1-2
1.1.1 Alarm and Safety Symbols.....................................................................................................................1-2
1.1.2 Safe Usage of Fibers..............................................................................................................................1-3
1.1.3 Operations on the Equipment with Power on.........................................................................................1-5
1.1.4 ESD........................................................................................................................................................1-5
1.2 Instruments and Tools.....................................................................................................................................1-7
1.3 Reference Documents.....................................................................................................................................1-8
1.4 Engineering Design Information.....................................................................................................................1-8
1.4.1 Engineering Survey Document..............................................................................................................1-8
1.4.2 Engineering Design Document..............................................................................................................1-9
1.5 Commissioning Conditions Check .................................................................................................................1-9
1.6 Requirements of Commissioning Engineers...................................................................................................1-9
1.7 Testing Connection Points..............................................................................................................................1-9
1.8 General Commissioning Procedures.............................................................................................................1-11
1.9 List of Commissioning Items........................................................................................................................1-12

2 Configuring NE and Network.................................................................................................2-1


2.1 Connecting the NM Computer........................................................................................................................2-3
2.1.1 Connecting the T2000 Server Directly...................................................................................................2-3
2.1.2 Connecting the T2000 Server Through a LAN......................................................................................2-4
2.2 Starting the T2000...........................................................................................................................................2-5
2.2.1 Starting the T2000 Server......................................................................................................................2-6
2.2.2 Logging In to the T2000 Client..............................................................................................................2-6
2.3 Creating an Optical Network Element (ONE)................................................................................................2-7
2.4 Creating an NE................................................................................................................................................2-9
2.4.1 Searching to Create NEs......................................................................................................................2-10
2.4.2 Creating an NE Manually.....................................................................................................................2-11
2.5 Logging In to an NE......................................................................................................................................2-12
2.6 Setting NE ID and IP.....................................................................................................................................2-13
2.7 Creating Boards.............................................................................................................................................2-16
2.8 Configuring Board WDM Interface Attributes.............................................................................................2-16

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Contents Commissioning Guide

2.9 Synchronizing NE Time with the T2000 Server Manually...........................................................................2-18


2.10 Starting or Stopping Performance Monitoring of the Specified NE...........................................................2-20
2.11 Setting Master/Slave Subracks....................................................................................................................2-20
2.12 Setting Manually Extended ECC Communication......................................................................................2-23
2.13 Creating Fiber Connections in Graphic Mode............................................................................................2-25

3 Commissioning Optical Power ...............................................................................................3-1


3.1 Guidelines for Commissioning Optical Power................................................................................................3-3
3.1.1 Basic Requirements................................................................................................................................3-3
3.1.2 General Commissioning Consequence...................................................................................................3-3
3.1.3 Commissioning Tools and Instruments..................................................................................................3-5
3.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTU Board...............................................................................................3-5
3.2.1 Forcing the OTU Board to Emit Light...................................................................................................3-5
3.2.2 Adjusting the Input Optical Power of OTU Board................................................................................3-6
3.3 Commissioning Optical Power of Tributary Board........................................................................................3-7
3.4 Commissioning Optical Power of Line Board................................................................................................3-7
3.5 Commissioning Optical Power of EDFA OAU Board...................................................................................3-7
3.5.1 Adjusting the Input Optical Power of OAU Board................................................................................3-8
3.5.2 Adjusting the Gains of OAU..................................................................................................................3-8
3.6 Commissioning Optical Power of Raman Amplifier Board.........................................................................3-10
3.7 Commissioning Optical Power of OSC Board..............................................................................................3-12
3.7.1 Commissioning the Optical Power of OSC Board...............................................................................3-12
3.7.2 Commissioning the ESC board............................................................................................................3-13
3.8 Commissioning Optical Power of Multiplexer and Demultiplexer Board....................................................3-14
3.8.1 Commissioning the Optical Power of M40V and D40V Board...........................................................3-14
3.8.2 Commissioning the Optical Power of FIU Board................................................................................3-15
3.9 Commissioning Optical Power of FOADM Board.......................................................................................3-16
3.10 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board.....................................................................................3-16
3.10.1 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board (ROAM+ROAM)..............................................3-17
3.10.2 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board (WSD9+WSM9)...............................................3-19
3.10.3 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board (WSD9+RMU9)................................................3-20
3.10.4 Adjusting the Optical Power of the ROADM (WSMD4+WSMD4).................................................3-22
3.11 Commissioning Optical Power of the DCM...............................................................................................3-24
3.12 Example of Commissioning Optical Power................................................................................................3-24
3.12.1 Example Description..........................................................................................................................3-25
3.12.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Transmit End.....................................................................3-26
3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.............................................................................................3-28
3.12.4 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Receive End.......................................................................3-30
3.12.5 Commissioning Optical Power of FOADM.......................................................................................3-33
3.12.6 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM (ROAM+ROAM)........................................................3-35
3.12.7 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM (WSD9+WSM9)..........................................................3-38
3.12.8 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM (WSD9+RMU9)..........................................................3-42
3.12.9 Commissioning the Optical Power of the ROADM (WSMD4+WSMD4)........................................3-45

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Commissioning Guide Contents

3.13 Example of Commissioning Optical Power Based on 40Gbit/s Single-Wavelength System.....................3-48


3.13.1 Description of the Example................................................................................................................3-49
3.13.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Transmit End.....................................................................3-55
3.13.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.............................................................................................3-58
3.13.4 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Receive End.......................................................................3-60

4 Commissioning Network.........................................................................................................4-1
4.1 Checking Network-Wide Software Version....................................................................................................4-2
4.2 Testing Protection Switching..........................................................................................................................4-2
4.2.1 Testing the Optical Line Protection Switching......................................................................................4-4
4.2.2 Testing the Intra-Board 1+1 Protection Switching................................................................................4-6
4.2.3 Testing Client 1+1 Protection Switching...............................................................................................4-7
4.2.4 Testing SW SNCP Protection Switching...............................................................................................4-9
4.2.5 Testing ODUk SNCP Protection Switching.........................................................................................4-11
4.2.6 Testing VLAN SNCP Protection Switching........................................................................................4-14
4.2.7 Testing Tributary SNCP Protection Switching....................................................................................4-16
4.2.8 Testing Board-Level Protection Switching..........................................................................................4-18
4.2.9 Testing the Cross-Subrack or Cross-NE DBPS and MS SNCP Protection Switching........................4-20
4.2.10 Testing Intra-Subrack DBPS Protection Switching...........................................................................4-25
4.2.11 Testing DLAG Protection Switching.................................................................................................4-28
4.2.12 Testing ODUk SPRing Protection Switching....................................................................................4-30
4.2.13 Testing Optical Wavelength Shared Protection Switching................................................................4-32
4.3 Testing System Features................................................................................................................................4-34
4.3.1 Testing IPA..........................................................................................................................................4-35
4.3.2 Testing ALC.........................................................................................................................................4-36
4.3.3 Testing APE.........................................................................................................................................4-37
4.3.4 Testing EAPE.......................................................................................................................................4-39
4.4 Testing Bit Errors..........................................................................................................................................4-41
4.4.1 Testing the 10-Minute Bit Errors of Each Optical Channel.................................................................4-41
4.4.2 Testing All-Channel Bit Errors............................................................................................................4-42
4.5 Testing Orderwire Functions.........................................................................................................................4-44
4.6 Backing Up NE Database..............................................................................................................................4-44

A Commissioning CRPC Board................................................................................................A-1


B Glossary......................................................................................................................................B-1
C Acronyms and Abbreviations................................................................................................C-1
Index.................................................................................................................................................i-1

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Commissioning Guide Figures

Figures

Figure 1-1 Protective caps recommended............................................................................................................1-3


Figure 1-2 Protective caps not recommended......................................................................................................1-4
Figure 1-3 Wearing an ESD wrist strap ..............................................................................................................1-6
Figure 1-4 Testing connection points on the subrack of the OptiX OSN 6800.................................................1-10
Figure 2-1 Position of the jumper on the AUX..................................................................................................2-21
Figure 2-2 Figure 2-2 Jumper.............................................................................................................................2-21
Figure 3-1 Figure 3-1 Networking diagram of Project X ....................................................................................3-4
Figure 3-2 Jumpers on the CRPC board.............................................................................................................3-11
Figure 3-3 Diagram of networking with MR2+MR2.........................................................................................3-16
Figure 3-4 Diagram of networking with ROAM+ROAM.................................................................................3-18
Figure 3-5 Diagram of networking with WSD9+WSM9...................................................................................3-19
Figure 3-6 Diagram of networking with WSD9+RMU9...................................................................................3-21
Figure 3-7 Diagram of networking with WSMD4+WSMD4............................................................................3-23
Figure 3-8 Network diagram of Project X .........................................................................................................3-26
Figure 3-9 Fiber connection of OTM station A.................................................................................................3-27
Figure 3-10 Fiber connection of OLA station B................................................................................................3-29
Figure 3-11 Fiber connection of OTM station C................................................................................................3-31
Figure 3-12 Fiber connection of FOADM station E..........................................................................................3-33
Figure 3-13 Fiber connection of ROADM station E (networking with ROAM)...............................................3-36
Figure 3-14 Fiber connection of ROADM station E (networking with WSD9+WSM9)..................................3-39
Figure 3-15 Fiber connection of ROADM station E (networking with WSD9+RMU9)...................................3-42
Figure 3-16 Fiber connection of ROADM station E (networking with WSMD4+WSMD4)............................3-46
Figure 3-17 Service requirement matrix in Project H........................................................................................3-49
Figure 3-18 Wavelength allocation diagram of Project H..................................................................................3-50
Figure 3-19 Optical amplifier configuration diagram of Project H....................................................................3-50
Figure 3-20 Board_caps Configuration of ONE A and ONE D (OTM)............................................................3-51
Figure 3-21 Board_caps Configuration of ONEs B and C (OLA).....................................................................3-52
Figure 3-22 Mixed optical spectrum of 40G signals and 10G signals ..............................................................3-54
Figure 3-23 Fiber connection diagram of OTM station A ................................................................................3-56
Figure 3-24 Fiber connection diagram of OLA station B .................................................................................3-59
Figure 3-25 Fiber connection diagram of OTM station D.................................................................................3-61
Figure 4-1 Testing the optical line protection......................................................................................................4-4
Figure 4-2 Testing intra-board 1+1 protection switching....................................................................................4-6

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Figures Commissioning Guide

Figure 4-3 Testing the client 1+1 protection........................................................................................................4-8


Figure 4-4 Testing the SW SNCP......................................................................................................................4-10
Figure 4-5 Testing ODUk SNCP protection switching......................................................................................4-12
Figure 4-6 Testing VLAN SNCP protection switching ....................................................................................4-15
Figure 4-7 Testing tributary SNCP protection switching...................................................................................4-17
Figure 4-8 Connection for testing the board-level protection switching............................................................4-19
Figure 4-9 DBPS and MS SNCP protection (normal).......................................................................................4-22
Figure 4-10 DBPS and MS SNCP protection (switching).................................................................................4-23
Figure 4-11 DBPS and SW SNCP protection (normal).....................................................................................4-26
Figure 4-12 DBPS and SW SNCP protection (switching).................................................................................4-27
Figure 4-13 DLAG protection (normal).............................................................................................................4-29
Figure 4-14 DLAG protection (switching).........................................................................................................4-29
Figure 4-15 Testing ODUk SPRing protection switching..................................................................................4-31
Figure 4-16 Testing optical wavelength shared protection switching................................................................4-33
Figure 4-17 IPA verification diagram................................................................................................................4-35
Figure 4-18 ALC verification diagram...............................................................................................................4-37
Figure 4-19 The APE function test configuration diagram................................................................................4-38
Figure 4-20 EAPE verification diagram.............................................................................................................4-40
Figure 4-21 Network diagram of Project G........................................................................................................4-41
Figure 4-22 Testing bit errors of one channel....................................................................................................4-42
Figure 4-23 Fiber connection of all-channel bit error test..................................................................................4-43

vi Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Issue 01 (2008-08-01)


Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd
OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Commissioning Guide Tables

Tables

Table 1-1 Symbols on the WDM equipment........................................................................................................1-2


Table 1-2 Fiber connection requirement of the CRPC.........................................................................................1-5
Table 1-3 Instruments and tools...........................................................................................................................1-7
Table 1-4 Function Description of the testing connection points.......................................................................1-10
Table 1-5 Function description of the testing buttons........................................................................................1-11
Table 1-6 Commissioning items.........................................................................................................................1-12
Table 3-1 Commissioning stations reference list...............................................................................................3-54
Table A-1 Recommended optical power values of Raman pump of different fibers..........................................A-3

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Commissioning Guide About This Document

About This Document

Purpose
This document provides guides to practice the commissioning and testing operations after
hardware installation. It describes the preparations, methods and procedures for the station
commissioning and network commissioning.

Related Versions
The following table lists the product versions related to this document.

Product Name Version

OptiX OSN 6800 V100R004

OptiX iManager T2000 V200R007C01

Intended Audience
The intended audiences of this document are:

l Commissioning engineer

Organization
This document is OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform Commissioning
Guide. It is organized as follows.

Chapter Describes

1 Preparations for The preparations for commissioning the OptiX OSN 6800.
Commissioning

Issue 01 (2008-08-01) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential 1


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About This Document Commissioning Guide

Chapter Describes

2 Configuring NE and Network This chapter describes the methods to creating the network
connection and setting the NE ID and IP.

3 Commissioning Optical The consequence, requirements and detailed instruction of


Power optical power commissioning.

4 Commissioning Network Network commissioning items and provides the detailed


procedures.

Appendix A Commissioning The procedure of CRPC commissioning.


CRPC Board

Appendix B Glossary The terms that are used in this document.

Appendix C Acronyms and The acronyms and abbreviations that are used in this
Abbreviations document.

Conventions
Symbol Conventions
The following symbols may be found in this document. They are defined as follows.

Symbol Description

Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk which, if not avoided,


will result in death or serious injury.
DANGER

Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk which, if


not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.
WARNING

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided,


could cause equipment damage, data loss, and performance
CAUTION
degradation, or unexpected results.
TIP Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save you
time.

NOTE Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement


important points of the main text.

General Conventions
Convention Description

Times New Roman Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman.

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Commissioning Guide About This Document

Convention Description

Boldface Names of files, directories, folders, and users are in


boldface. For example, log in as user root.

Italic Book titles are in italics.

Courier New Terminal display is in Courier New.

Command Conventions
Convention Description

Boldface The keywords of a command line are in Boldface.

Italic Command arguments are in Italic.

[] Items (keywords or arguments) in square brackets [ ] are


optional.

{ x | y | ... } Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by


vertical bars. One is selected.

[ x | y | ... ] Optional alternative items are grouped in square brackets and


separated by vertical bars. One or none is selected.

{ x | y | ... } * Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by


vertical bars. A minimum of one or a maximum of all can be
selected.

GUI Conventions
Convention Description

Boldface Buttons, menus, parameters, tabs, window, and dialog titles


are in boldface. For example, click OK.

> Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">"


signs. For example, choose File > Create > Folder.

Keyboard Operation
Format Description

Key Press the key. For example, press Enter and press Tab.

Key 1+Key 2 Press the keys concurrently. For example, pressing Ctrl+Alt
+Ameans the three keys should be pressed concurrently.

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Format Description

Key 1, Key 2 Press the keys in turn. For example, pressing Alt,A means the
two keys should be pressed in turn.

Mouse Operation
Action Description

Click Select and release the primary mouse button without moving
the pointer.

Double-click Press the primary mouse button twice continuously and


quickly without moving the pointer.

Drag Press and hold the primary mouse button and move the pointer
to a certain position.

Update History
Updates between document versions are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document version
contains all updates made to previous versions.

Updates in Issue 01 (2008-08-01) Based on Product Version V100R004


The seventh commercial release has the following updates:
l Chapter 3 Commissioning Optical Power
"Example of Commissioning Optical Power Based on 40Gbit/s Single-Wavelength
System" is added.
l Chapter 3 Commissioning Optical Power
"Basic Commissioning Operation" is deleted.
l Chapter 4 Network Commissioning
"Testing the Tributary SNCP Protection Switching" is added.
"Testing the Cross-Subrack or Cross-NE DBPS and MS SNCP Protection Switching" is
added.
"Testing Intra-Subrack DBPS Protection Switching" is added.
"Testing DLAG Protection Switching" is added.

Updates in Issue 03 (2008-03-08) Based on Product Version V100R003


The seventh commercial release has the following updates:
l Chapter 4 Network Commissioning
"Testing Client 1+1 Protection Switching" is added.
"Testing SW SNCP protection Switching" is added.
"Testing ODUk SNCP protection Switching" is added.

4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Issue 01 (2008-08-01)


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Commissioning Guide About This Document

"Testing VLAN SNCP protection Switching" is added.


"Testing Board_Level protection Switching" is added.
"Testing ODUk SPRing protection Switching" is added.

Updates in Issue 01 (2007-12-25) Based on Product Version V100R003


The sixth commercial release has the following updates:
l Chapter 3 Optical Power Commissioning
Commissioning network with WSMD4 is added.
MON specifacation of ITL is added.
l Chapter 4 Network Commissioning
"Testing OWSP Protection Switching" is added.
"Testing EAPE" is added.

Updates in Issue 02 (2007-12-25) Based on Product Version V100R002


The sixth commercial release has the following updates:
l Some bug is fixed.

Updates in Issue 01 (2007-08-20) Based on Product Version V100R002


The fifth commercial release has the following updates:
l Chapter 4 Network Commissioning
"Testing Orderwire Function" is added.

Updates in Issue 04 (2007-08-20) Based on Product Version V100R001


The forth commercial release has the following updates:
l Chapter 4 Network Commissioning
"Testing APE" is added.

Updates in Issue 03 (2007-06-29) Based on Product Version V100R001


The third commercial release has the following updates:
l The structure is adjusted. The Chapter 2 "Configuring NE and Network" is added.
l The Appendix A "Commissioning CRPC Board" is added.

Updates in Issue 02 (2007-04-18) Based on Product Version V100R001


The second commercial release has the following updates:
l The structure is adjusted.
l The Chapter "NE Commissioning" is deleted.

Updates in Issue 01 (2007-02-14) Based on Product Version V100R001


The first commercial release of the OptiX OSN 6800V100R001.

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd
OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Commissioning Guide 1 Preparations for Commissioning

1 Preparations for Commissioning

About This Chapter

This chapter describes how to prepare for the OptiX OSN 6800 commissioning.

1.1 Safety Operation Guide


This section describes the safety operation guide. It contains the personal safety regulations and
equipment operating regulations. These regulations must be strictly followed to avoid personal
injury and damage to equipment during operation.
1.2 Instruments and Tools
This section describes the tools and testers that are used in the equipment commissioning.
1.3 Reference Documents
This section describes the required reference documents during the commissioning process.
1.4 Engineering Design Information
This section describes the engineering survey document and engineering design document.
1.5 Commissioning Conditions Check
Before the commissioning of the OptiX OSN 6800, it is required to check the commissioning
conditions.
1.6 Requirements of Commissioning Engineers
This section describes the requirements of commissioning engineers.
1.7 Testing Connection Points
This section describes the types of connection points, including the corresponding function and
connection types.
1.8 General Commissioning Procedures
This section describes the general commissioning procedures.
1.9 List of Commissioning Items
This section lists the commissioning items in details.

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1 Preparations for Commissioning Commissioning Guide

1.1 Safety Operation Guide


This section describes the safety operation guide. It contains the personal safety regulations and
equipment operating regulations. These regulations must be strictly followed to avoid personal
injury and damage to equipment during operation.

1.1.1 Alarm and Safety Symbols


When you install and maintain equipment, observe the precautions indicated by the alarm and
safety symbols to prevent personal injury or equipment damage.
1.1.2 Safe Usage of Fibers
This section describes the safe usage of fibers.
1.1.3 Operations on the Equipment with Power on
This section describes the requirements when performing operations on the equipment with
power on.
1.1.4 ESD
When you install and maintain equipment, take antistatic measures to prevent equipment
damage.

1.1.1 Alarm and Safety Symbols


When you install and maintain equipment, observe the precautions indicated by the alarm and
safety symbols to prevent personal injury or equipment damage.
Table 1-1 describes the symbols on WDM equipments.

Table 1-1 Symbols on the WDM equipment


Symbol Describes

ESD protection symbol.


Indicates a caution that you need to wear an ESD
wrist strap or glove to avoid damage caused by
electrostatic discharge to boards.

Laser level symbol.


CLASS 1 Indicates the laser level and a warning that laser
LASER beams may cause injuries to eyes.
PRODUCT

Grounding symbol.
Indicates the position of the grounding point.

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Commissioning Guide 1 Preparations for Commissioning

Symbol Describes

! ATTENTION 注意 Regular cleaning symbol.


CLEAN PERIODICALLY 定期清扫 Indicates a warning that you need to regularly
clean the air filter.

严禁在风扇高速旋转时接触叶片 Fan warning symbol.


DON'T TOUCH THE
FANLEAVESBEFORE Indicates a warning that you cannot touch the fan
THEYSLOW DOWN !
blade before the fan stops.

1.1.2 Safe Usage of Fibers


This section describes the safe usage of fibers.

DANGER
The laser beams of the optical interface board or inside the optical fiber might cause damage to
the eyes. Do not expose the eyes to the laser beams.

Protection of Optical Connectors


All idle optical connectors of fiber jump and optical interfaces on optical interface boards must
be covered with protective caps. The optical interfaces of the replaced boards must be covered
with protective caps in time. Store them in proper packages to keep the optical interfaces clean.
Protective caps recommended are shown in Figure 1-1.

Figure 1-1 Protective caps recommended

Protective caps not recommended are shown in Figure 1-2.

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1 Preparations for Commissioning Commissioning Guide

Figure 1-2 Protective caps not recommended

NOTE

The protective caps that are not recommended are made of soft rubber. The caps tend to collect dust and
sundries. It is hard to clean this type of caps and the caps give no perfect dust proof effect.

Connecting Fibers

CAUTION
When using fiber jumper to perform a hardware loopback test on optical interfaces, increase the
attenuation to avoid damage to equipment due to high power of laser beam. For the boards where
optical attenuators can be added, add optical attenuators on the receive optical interface, but not
on the transmit optical interface.

Insert the fibers into the optical connectors carefully when connecting fibers. If the optical power
is too high, add a fixed optical attenuator to avoid damage to optical interfaces due to the high
input optical power.

DANGER
Before removing or inserting fibers from/into the CRPC board, shut down the pump laser to
avoid damage to human body due to the high optical power from the laser. The laser class of the
CRPC board is CLASS 4. The maximum output optical power of the optical interface on the
board is more than 27 dBm (500 mW).

The CRPC board raises high requirements on fiber loss of the line nearby. For details, refer to
Table 1-2.

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Commissioning Guide 1 Preparations for Commissioning

Table 1-2 Fiber connection requirement of the CRPC

Distance Loss (dB) Connector (piece)

0–10 (km) ≤0.1 0

10–20 (km) ≤0.2 0

NOTE

For CRPC board, only the ODF has one terminal. Other connection points adopt the fiber splicing form.

For details on how to connect fiber connectors, refer to the Installation Guide..

Cleaning Fibers
The fiber connectors and optical interfaces of lasers must be cleaned by using special cleaning
tools and materials. The following are some common cleaning tools:

l Cleaning solvent
l Non-woven lens tissue
l Special compressed gas
l Dust-free cotton stick
l Special cleaning roll, using with cleaning solvent listed in the first item
l Fiberscope

For details on how to clean fibers, refer to the Troubleshooting.

1.1.3 Operations on the Equipment with Power on


This section describes the requirements when performing operations on the equipment with
power on.

Note the following requirements when performing operations on the equipment with power on.

l Do not install or disassemble the equipment with power on.


l Do not install or remove power cables with power on.
l Before connecting cables, ensure that the cable and cable label are consistent with the actual
requirement.

1.1.4 ESD
When you install and maintain equipment, take antistatic measures to prevent equipment
damage.

The general rules for electrostatic prevention are as follows:

l Check that the equipment is securely grounded.


l Always wear an ESD wrist strap during the operation.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
1 Preparations for Commissioning Commissioning Guide

CAUTION
Wear a well-grounded ESD wrist strap whenever you touch any equipment or board. Make sure
that the wrist strap fully touches your skin. Insert the connector of the ESD strap into the ESD
socket in the subrack.

For the method of how to wear an ESD wrist strap, refer to Figure 1-3.

Figure 1-3 Wearing an ESD wrist strap

When you take antistatic measures, take the following precautions:

l Check the validity and functionality of the wrist strap. Its resistance value must be within
0.75 megaohm to 10 megaohm. If the validity period (usually two years) of the wrist strap
expires or the resistance value fails to meet requirements, use a functioning wrist strap.
l Do not touch a board with your clothing. It generates static electricity beyond the protection
scope of the wrist strap.
l Wear an ESD wrist strap and place the board on an antistatic pad when you replace
board software or chips. Use antistatic tweezers or extraction tools to replace chips. Do not
touch chips, circuits, or pins with your bare hands.
l Keep the boards and other ESD sensitive parts to be installed in antistatic bags. Place the
removed boards and components on an antistatic pad or other antistatic materials. Do not
use non-antistatic materials such as white foams, common plastic bags, or paper bags to
pack boards or let them touch boards.
l Wear an ESD wrist strap when operating the ports of boards because they are also ESD-
sensitive. Discharge the static electricity of cables and protective sleeves before you connect
them to the ports.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Commissioning Guide 1 Preparations for Commissioning

l Reserve some materials for board installation (such as antistatic boxes and bags) in the
room for future use.

1.2 Instruments and Tools


This section describes the tools and testers that are used in the equipment commissioning.
Table 1-3 lists the tools and testers that are used in the equipment commissioning.

Table 1-3 Instruments and tools


Tool or Tester Usage

Optical power meter Used to test the actual received optical power, the receiver
sensitivity and the receiver overload at optical interfaces.
Mainly used to test the optical power on the client side and the
WDM side of the OTU, and the general optical power of the
multiplexed signals.

Laptop Used to install the T2000 LCTduring the network element (NE)
commissioning.

Multimeter Used to test the voltage, resistance, and current intensity during
the power test.

Fiber microscope Used for checking the cleanness of the endface of the fiber.

Fiber jumper Used for connections during the optical power test of optical
interfaces at the optical distribution frame (ODF) side.

Cassette cleaner or lens It is used to clean the end faces of fibers.


tissue

Flange It is used to transfer the fiber jumper.

Fixed optical attenuator Used to weaken the strong light received by an optical module.

Variable optical attenuator Used to weaken the strong light received by an optical module
(VOA) and test the receiver sensitivity and the receiver overload.

Optical spectrum analyzer It is mainly used to test the optical power, optical signal-to-noise
ratio (OSNR) and the central wavelength of each wavelength in
the multiplexed signals.

SDH analyzer Used in the network commissioning and the index test of SDH
service.

GE tester Used in the GE service index test.

10GE tester Used in the 10GE service index test.

ESCON tester Used in the ESCON service index test.

FICON/FC tester Used in the FICON service and FC service index test.

Cross screwdriver It is used to install or uninstall the board screws.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
1 Preparations for Commissioning Commissioning Guide

Tool or Tester Usage

Special compressed gas It is used to clean the optical interfaces of boards.

NOTE

The optical power of single wavelength in the multiplexed signals needs to be test with an optical spectrum
analyzer. The commissioning method is more accurate and does not need to consider the influence of noise.

Align the optical spectrum analyzer before using it to test the optical power. The method to
verify the alignment is as follows.

Test the optical power of the OUT optical interface on the OTU with an optical spectrum analyzer
and compare the value with the value tested by an optical power meter. If the difference is less
than 0.5 dB, the alignment is acceptable. If not, align the optical spectrum analyzer again.

1.3 Reference Documents


This section describes the required reference documents during the commissioning process.

The following reference documents are required for equipment commissioning:

l OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform Product Description


l OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform Planning Guidelines
l OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform Hardware Description
l OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform Installation Guide
l OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform Configuration Guide
l OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform/OptiX OSN 3800 Compact
Intelligent Optical Transport Platform Feature Description
l OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform Web LCT Operation Guide

1.4 Engineering Design Information


This section describes the engineering survey document and engineering design document.

1.4.1 Engineering Survey Document


This section describes the required engineering survey documents.
1.4.2 Engineering Design Document
This section describes the required engineering design documents during equipment
commissioning.

1.4.1 Engineering Survey Document


This section describes the required engineering survey documents.

The required engineering survey documents include the survey report and survey guide.

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Commissioning Guide 1 Preparations for Commissioning

1.4.2 Engineering Design Document


This section describes the required engineering design documents during equipment
commissioning.

The required engineering design documents during equipment commissioning are listed below:

l Network diagram (including networking diagram of the entire network, basic topologies
diagram and network management diagram)
l Board layout diagram of the cabinet
l Wavelength allocation table
l Cabinet fiber connection diagram
l Configuration diagram of optical amplifiers
l Fiber connection diagram
l Optical attenuator list
l Design description file

1.5 Commissioning Conditions Check


Before the commissioning of the OptiX OSN 6800, it is required to check the commissioning
conditions.

For the details of commissioning conditions check, refer to Installation Guide.

1.6 Requirements of Commissioning Engineers


This section describes the requirements of commissioning engineers.

Commissioning engineers must have received professional training on optical network


commissioning and are skilled at using the tools.

The commissioning engineer must be familiar with:

l WDM, SDH, and Ethernet theories


l The OptiX OSN 6800 equipment
l The T2000, and service configuration with the T2000
l The testers (WDM, SDH and Ethernet)

1.7 Testing Connection Points


This section describes the types of connection points, including the corresponding function and
connection types.

Figure 1-4 shows the testing connection points on the subrack of the OptiX OSN 6800. For the
function description of the testing connection points and the buttons, refer to the Table 1-4 and
Table 1-5.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
1 Preparations for Commissioning Commissioning Guide

Figure 1-4 Testing connection points on the subrack of the OptiX OSN 6800

Table 1-4 Function Description of the testing connection points


Interface Silk- Function Description Connection
Screen Type

COM Commissioning interface, used for RJ-45


communications between the EFI and AUX boards

ALMO1 Generally the alarm output is sent to the centralized RJ-45


ALMO2 alarm and power distribution cabinet by output
interfaces and cascading interfaces. Or other
ALMO3 modes can be configured to send the alarm output
ALMO4 for assembly displaying the alarm. The OptiX OSN
6800 provides eight channels of alarm output. The
former three by default are critical alarm, major
alarm and minor alarm. The other five channels are
reserved for alarm output cascading.

SERIAL OAM interface, that is serial network management DB9


(NM) interfaces, which supports X.25 protocol.
When the interface is served as COA management
interface, it can manage the COA, TDA, DCU and
other external equipments. The rate of serial
interface is 9.6kbit/s.

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Commissioning Guide 1 Preparations for Commissioning

Interface Silk- Function Description Connection


Screen Type

ALMI1 The external alarm input function is designed for RJ-45


ALMI2 external system whose alarms need remote
monitoring (for example, environment monitoring
system). The names of the eight channels of alarms
can be set to realize the remote monitoring of the
external alarms with the external system.

LAMP1 Used to drive the running indicators and alarm RJ-45


LAMP2 indicators of the cabinet where the subrack is
housed.

NM_ETH1 Connects the network interface on the OptiX OSN RJ-45


NM_ETH2 6800 through a network cable to that on the T2000
server to achieve the management of the T2000
over the OptiX OSN 6800.
Connects the NM_ETH1/NM_ETH2 network
interface on one NE through a network cable to that
on another NE to achieve communication between
NEs.

ETH1/ETH2/ETH3 Connects the ETH1/ETH2/ETH3 interface on one RJ-45


subrack through a network cable to such interfaces
on the other subrack to achieve the communication
between the master subrack and the slave subracks.

Table 1-5 Function description of the testing buttons

Interface Silk-Screen Function Description

RST RESET button, used to reset the SCC board

ALM CUT Trigger switch, used to mute the alarm of the subrack. Transiently
press the button to mute the prompt of current alarm. Press the
button for five seconds to mute the alarm.

LAMP TEST Used to test the indicators. After you press down the button, all
indicators are lit.

1.8 General Commissioning Procedures


This section describes the general commissioning procedures.

The commissioning procedures of the OptiX WDM can be divided into two parts: optical power
commissioning, and network commissioning.

l Optical power commissioning is to commission the optical power values of NEs and boards
one by one according to the optical signal flow, and to remove the abnormal attenuation of

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
1 Preparations for Commissioning Commissioning Guide

lines or boards according to the requirements on optical power, gain and insertion loss of
the boards.
l Network commissioning includes commissioning protection function, testing bit errors and
other function commissioning operations of network level.
After optical power commissioning of all NEs is complete, start the network commissioning of
the product in the central T2000 station.

1.9 List of Commissioning Items


This section lists the commissioning items in details.
Table 1-6 lists the commissioning items.

Table 1-6 Commissioning items


No. Item

1 Checking the connection of the T2000 server

2 Setting the NE ID and IP

3 Checking master/slave subracks

4 Setting manual extended ECC communication

5 Creating and configuring the network

6 Commissioning the optical power of each board

7 Checking the network-wide software version

8 Testing protection switching

9 Testing orderwire

10 Testing system features

11 Testing bit errors

12 Backing up NE databases

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Commissioning Guide 2 Configuring NE and Network

2 Configuring NE and Network

About This Chapter

This chapter describes how to configure NE and network.

2.1 Connecting the NM Computer


This section describes how to connect the NM computer to an NE, so that the NM can manage
the NE.
2.2 Starting the T2000
This section describes how to start the T2000 server and the client.
2.3 Creating an Optical Network Element (ONE)
Use this procedure to create an optical NE (ONE) manually. On the T2000, the WDM equipment
is managed as an ONE.
2.4 Creating an NE
This section describes the two methods of creating a NE: creating NEs in batches by using the
searching function and creating NEs one by one manually.
2.5 Logging In to an NE
On the T2000, a user can operate an NE only after the user logs in to the NE.
2.6 Setting NE ID and IP
ECC protocol recognizes NE through the NE ID. NE ID is also used as the key word of index
on the T2000 interface and database. Therefore, when planning the network, you must assign a
unique ID for each NE. If an NE ID conflicts with another one, ECC routing collision is caused.
In this case, some NEs cannot be managed. In the commissioning or expansion process, if you
need to change the NE ID because of planning adjustment, you can change the NE ID on the
T2000.
2.7 Creating Boards
You can add a certain board manually on the T2000. After the board is added, you can add
customized information into the remarks of the board to facilitate the future maintenance and
troubleshooting.
2.8 Configuring Board WDM Interface Attributes
Configure the WDM interface attributes of boards to meet the engineering requirements. Every
board has its own specific parameters, but the parameters are set in the same way. All interface
parameters can be queried.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
2 Configuring NE and Network Commissioning Guide

2.9 Synchronizing NE Time with the T2000 Server Manually


For NEs without the NTP service configured, to enable the T2000 to record the alarm and
performance events occurring time correctly, you are suggested to check whether the NE time
is consistent with the T2000 server time or not during routine maintenance. If not, synchronize
the NE time with the T2000 server manually.
2.10 Starting or Stopping Performance Monitoring of the Specified NE
Performance monitoring keeps a detailed record of the operation of an NE, helping the
maintenance engineer to monitor and analyze the operation status of the NE. Use this procedure
to start or stop performance monitoring.
2.11 Setting Master/Slave Subracks
The OptiX OSN 6800 supports the master/slave subrack management. The ID of the master or
slave subrack is set through the AUX board in the subrack. To prevent subrack ID conflict and
avoid the communication error, set the IDs of the master and slave subracks correctly.
2.12 Setting Manually Extended ECC Communication
When there is no optical path between two or more NEs for communication, the Ethernet port
of the SCC can be used to realize the extended ECC communication. If the number of NEs
exceeds four, the manually extended ECC communication is recommended. During setting of
the manually extended ECC communication, set one or more NEs to the server and other NEs
to the client.
2.13 Creating Fiber Connections in Graphic Mode
In graphic mode, you can create fiber connections on the Main Topology or the signal flow
diagram directly. This mode is applicable to scenarios where a small number of fiber connections
are to be created one by one.

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Commissioning Guide 2 Configuring NE and Network

2.1 Connecting the NM Computer


This section describes how to connect the NM computer to an NE, so that the NM can manage
the NE.
2.1.1 Connecting the T2000 Server Directly
This section describes how to connect the T2000 server to ETHERNET interface in the subrack
by using a cable.
2.1.2 Connecting the T2000 Server Through a LAN
This section describes how to connect the T2000 server to the NE through a LAN.

2.1.1 Connecting the T2000 Server Directly


This section describes how to connect the T2000 server to ETHERNET interface in the subrack
by using a cable.

Prerequisite
The IP addresses of the NE and the LAN must be in the same network segment.

The IE agent must be removed.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Computer, network cable

Precautions
None

Procedure
Step 1 Check the cable. One end of the cable should be connected to the network interface of the NM
computer. And the other end should be connected to the NM_ETH1/NM_ETH2 interface of the
AUX board.

Step 2 Check whether the indicator of the network card interface of the NM computer is constantly on.

Step 3 Check the indicators of the equipment. The indicator of the NM_ETH1/NM_ETH2 interface of
the AUX board and the green "LINK" indicator should be constantly on. The orange "ACT"
indicator should flash.

Step 4 Click Start. Select Control Panel from the Start Menu, and the Control Panel window is
displayed.

Step 5 Select Network Connection, and the Network Connection window is displayed.

Step 6 Right-click Local Area Connection and then click Properties. The Local Area Connection
Properties window is displayed.

Step 7 Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties. The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
window is displayed.

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2 Configuring NE and Network Commissioning Guide

Step 8 Check the Use the following IP address check box. In the IP address field, enter an IP address
that is in the same network segment with that of the NE, for example, 129.9.0.N, where N is an
integer from 1 to 255. Note that the IP address cannot be the same as any of the existing IP
addresses.
Step 9 In the Subnet mask field, enter 255.255.0.0.

CAUTION
When configuring the Use the following IP address check box in direct connection, do not
configure the gateway lest the configured gateway lead to the failure of connection. If the T2000
server has more than one network cards, choose the corresponding local connection of the
network card connected to the subrack.

Step 10 Click OK.

----End

2.1.2 Connecting the T2000 Server Through a LAN


This section describes how to connect the T2000 server to the NE through a LAN.

Prerequisite
When the T2000 server connects to the NE through a LAN, set the IP address in a similar way
as described in the previous section. Note the following requirements:
l The IP addresses of the NE and the LAN must be in the same network segment.
l The NE must connect to a HUB, router or Ethernet switch through straight-through cables.
l The IE agent must be removed.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000

Precautions
None

Procedure
Step 1 Connect the computer into the LAN.

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Commissioning Guide 2 Configuring NE and Network

Step 2 Check the cable. The NM computer is connected to the LAN by cables. And the equipment is
connected to the LAN through the NM_ETH1/NM_ETH2 interface of the AUX board by cables.
Step 3 Check whether the indicator of the network card interface of the NM computer is constantly on.
Step 4 Check the indicators of the equipment. The indicator of the NM_ETH1/NM_ETH2 interface of
the AUX board and the green "LINK" indicator should be constantly on. The orange "ACT"
indicator should flash.
Step 5 Click Start. Select Control Panel from the Start Menu, and the Control Panel window is
displayed.
Step 6 Select Network Connection, and the Network Connection window is displayed.
Step 7 Right-click Local Area Connection and then click Properties. The Local Area Connection
Properties window is displayed.
Step 8 Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties. The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
window is displayed.
Step 9 Check the Use the following IP address check box. In the IP address field, enter an IP address
that is in the same network segment with that of the NE, for example, 129.9.0.N, where N is an
integer from 1 to 255. Note that the IP address cannot be the same as any of the existing IP
addresses.
Step 10 In the Subnet mask field, enter 255.255.0.0.

CAUTION
When configuring the Use the following IP address check box in direct connection, do not
configure the gateway lest the configured gateway lead to the failure of connection. If the T2000
server has more than one network cards, choose the corresponding local connection of the
network card connected to the subrack.

Step 11 Click OK.

----End

2.2 Starting the T2000


This section describes how to start the T2000 server and the client.

2.2.1 Starting the T2000 Server


After starting the computer, you need to start the T2000 server. Then you can log in to the
T2000 to manage the network.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
2 Configuring NE and Network Commissioning Guide

2.2.2 Logging In to the T2000 Client


You can manage the network in the graphic user interface (GUI) only after logging in to the
T2000 client.

2.2.1 Starting the T2000 Server


After starting the computer, you need to start the T2000 server. Then you can log in to the
T2000 to manage the network.

Prerequisite
l The computer where the T2000 is installed must be started correctly.
l The operating system of the T2000 server must be running correctly.
l The T2000 license must be in the server directory.
l The SQL Server must be started and work normally.

Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the T2000Server icon on the desktop of the T2000 server.
Step 2 In the Login dialog box, enter User Name, Password and Server. For example, User Name:
admin, Password: T2000 (T2000 is the default password of the admin user.) and Server:
Local.
NOTE

Periodically change the password and memorize it.

Step 3 Click Login. Wait until the database process, T2000 core process, and the processes that are
optional according to the actual situation are in the Running state. Now the T2000 server is
started successfully.
Step 4 Optional: When needed, you can also start the Extended NE Management Process, NGWDM
NE Management Process, RTN NE Management Process, SDH NE Management
Process, WDM NE Management Process, ASON SDH Management Process, ASON WDM
Management Process, End-to-End Common Management Process, End-to-End Eth
Management Process, End-to-End OTN Management Process, End-to-End SDH
Management Process, and Northbound Interface Module(SNMP) Process processes
manually.
NOTE

If the System Monitor application is started, you can restart the T2000 server on the System Monitor.
Perform the following step:
Choose System > Start Server on the Main Menu of the System Monitor. Wait until the database process,
T2000 core process, and the processes that are optional according to the actual situation are in the
Running state, the T2000 server is started properly.

----End

2.2.2 Logging In to the T2000 Client


You can manage the network in the graphic user interface (GUI) only after logging in to the
T2000 client.

Prerequisite
The T2000 server must be started correctly.

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Commissioning Guide 2 Configuring NE and Network

Background Information
When the T2000 server and the T2000 client are not on a computer, you need to install the client
on the computer where the server resides. Set ACL on the client and then issue the ACL setting
to the server.
l On the T2000 client, choose System > NMS Security Settings > ACL from the Main
Menu.
l Click Add. In the dialog box displayed, enter related information.
– Select IP Address or Segment and set an IP address or network section that can be
accessed according to the Example of format.
– Select Start IP address to end IP address and set the rang of IP addresses that can be
accessed according to the Example of format.

Procedure
Step 1 On the computer of the T2000 client, double-click the T2000Client icon on the desktop.
Step 2 Enter the User Name, Password of the T2000 client. For example, User Name: admin;
Password: T2000.
NOTE

l After the automatic login is selected, you do not need to enter the user name and password.
l By default, the initial user name is admin, and the password is T2000. To protect the T2000 from
unauthorized logins, you need to immediately change this password.
l The administrator needs to create new T2000 users and assign them to certain authority groups.

Step 3 Optional: Set the server parameters.

1. Click to display the Server Setting dialog box.


2. Click New to display another Add Server dialog box.
3. In the Add Server dialog box, specify the IP Address, Mode and Server Name.
NOTE

l The IP address is the IP address used by the T2000 server.


l The Mode has two options including Common and Security (SSL). When you choose the
Security (SSL) mode, the communication between the client and the server is encrypted.
l The communication mode of the client must be consistent with that of the server. Otherwise, the
client cannot log in to the server. To view the communication mode of the server, choose
System > Communication Mode Settings on the Main Menu of the System Monitor.
l You need not enter the Port number. After the Mode is specified, the system selects a Port
number automatically.
4. Click OK to complete adding a server.
5. Click OK to complete the server settings.
Step 4 Select a server and click Login to access the T2000.

----End

2.3 Creating an Optical Network Element (ONE)


Use this procedure to create an optical NE (ONE) manually. On the T2000, the WDM equipment
is managed as an ONE.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
2 Configuring NE and Network Commissioning Guide

Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.

Background Information
The T2000 manages the WDM equipment as an ONE. The optical NE has threetypes:
WDM_OTM、WDM_OLA and WDM_OADM.

Procedure
Step 1 Right-click on the Main Topology and choose Create > Device.
Step 2 Select the optical NE type for the optical NE in the Add Object dialog box.
Step 3 In the right-hand pane, click the General Attributes tab. Type in the name of the ONE. For
other fields, adopt the default values.

Step 4 Click the Resource Division tab. Select the created NEs from the Available Boards pane, and

add them to the Selected Boards pane by clicking .

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Commissioning Guide 2 Configuring NE and Network

Step 5 Click OK, the cursor changes to a "+".


NOTE

l If you click OK in Step 5, the Main Topology is displayed.


l If you click Apply in Step 5, the Create Topology Object dialog box is displayed after Step 6.

Step 6 Click on the Main Topology. The icon of this NE appears on where you click.
NOTE

If you click OK in Step 5, the Main Topology is displayed.


If you click Apply in Step 5, the Add Object dialog box is displayed after Step 6.

----End

2.4 Creating an NE
This section describes the two methods of creating a NE: creating NEs in batches by using the
searching function and creating NEs one by one manually.

Background Information
The OptiX OSN 6800 supports master-slave subrack mode. The slave subracks do not need the
independentNEID andNEIP. When you create the NE, create the master subrack only. The slave
subracks attached with the master subrack can be automatically identified through the master
subrack. They need not be configured independently.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
2 Configuring NE and Network Commissioning Guide

2.4.1 Searching to Create NEs


When the T2000 communicates with the GNE properly, you can create NEs in batch by searching
for all NEs that communicate with the GNE, through the IP address of the GNE or the network
segment the IP address is associated to or the NSAP address of the NE. This method is quicker
and more accurate than manual creation.
2.4.2 Creating an NE Manually
On the T2000, all equipment is managed in units of NEs. You can create a single NE manually.

2.4.1 Searching to Create NEs


When the T2000 communicates with the GNE properly, you can create NEs in batch by searching
for all NEs that communicate with the GNE, through the IP address of the GNE or the network
segment the IP address is associated to or the NSAP address of the NE. This method is quicker
and more accurate than manual creation.

Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE administrator" authority or higher.
The T2000 must communicate with the GNE properly.

Procedure
Step 1 Choose File > Search for NE from the Main Menu.
Step 2 Click Add and the Input Search Domain dialog box is displayed.

Step 3 Set Address type to IP Address Range of GNE, IP Address of GNE or NSAP Address, and
enter the Search Address, User name and Password. Click OK.

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Commissioning Guide 2 Configuring NE and Network

NOTE

You can repeat steps 2 through 3 to add multiple search fields. You can delete the system default search
field.
l If you use IP address to search for NEs, and the IP address of the T2000 computer and that of the GNE
are within the same network segment, you can select IP Address Range of GNE or IP Address of
GNE.
l If the IP addresses are not within the same network segment, you can only select IP Address of
GNE.
l If you use NSAP address of OSI protocol to search for NEs, you can only select NSAP address.
l The initial User Name is root and the Password is password.

Step 4 Click Start.


Step 5 After the search is ended, select the uncreated NEs in the Result list and click Create. The
Create dialog box is displayed.
Step 6 Enter the NE user name and password.
NOTE

l Default user name: root


l Default password: password

Step 7 Click OK. The NE is allocated to the Idle ONE.


NOTE

For details on how the NE created through searching is allocated to the specified ONE, refer to 2.3 Creating
an Optical Network Element (ONE).

----End

2.4.2 Creating an NE Manually


On the T2000, all equipment is managed in units of NEs. You can create a single NE manually.

Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.

Procedure
Step 1 Right-click on the Main Topology and choose Create > Device... . The Add Object dialog
box is displayed.
Step 2 Choose Object Type > NE > NG WDM Series > OptiX OSN 6800 。
Step 3 Enter the attribute values of the NE.

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2 Configuring NE and Network Commissioning Guide

NOTE

l Default user name: root

l Default password: password

NOTE

When the NE to be created is a non-gateway NE, set Affiliated Gateway to the gateway NE of the subnet.

Step 4 Click OK. The Operation succeed dialog box is displayed, indicating the NE is created
successfully. Then click Cancel and finish creating the NE.

NOTE

For WDM NEs, the Operation succeeded dialog box is displayed and indicates that the operation
succeeded. Click Open to provision the boards on the subrack, or click Cancel to finish the operation. For
details on how to create the boards, refer to Configuring an NE Manually.

----End

2.5 Logging In to an NE
On the T2000, a user can operate an NE only after the user logs in to the NE.

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Commissioning Guide 2 Configuring NE and Network

Prerequisite
The NE must be created and the NE must be working normally.
The user must log in to the T2000.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000

Background Information
On the T2000, a user can see an NE only when the user has the authority to log in to the NE.

Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the desired ONE icon in the Main Topology to display the NE Panel of the ONE.
Step 2 Right-click the desired NE and choose Login from the displayed menu. Click Close on the
Operation Result dialog box.

----End

2.6 Setting NE ID and IP


ECC protocol recognizes NE through the NE ID. NE ID is also used as the key word of index
on the T2000 interface and database. Therefore, when planning the network, you must assign a
unique ID for each NE. If an NE ID conflicts with another one, ECC routing collision is caused.
In this case, some NEs cannot be managed. In the commissioning or expansion process, if you
need to change the NE ID because of planning adjustment, you can change the NE ID on the
T2000.

Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with NE and network operator authority or higher.
The ECC GNE or ECC non-gateway NE must be created.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000

Background Information
The master and slave subracks are displayed as one NE on the T2000. They share one NE ID
and one NE IP.

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2 Configuring NE and Network Commissioning Guide

Precautions

CAUTION
l Modifying the NE ID is a dangerous operation, which may interrupt NE communication.
l Before modifying the NE ID, delete the service and function connected with the NE ID,
for example, the protection group, IPA, ALC, fiber connection and so on. After modifying
the NE ID, reconnect the fiber connection and re-configure the protection group, IPA, ALC
and other function connected with NE ID.

Procedure
l For Non-Gateway NEs
1. Log in T2000, delete the NE service configuration and the NE fiber connection.
2. In the NE Explorer, select an NE and choose Configuration > NE Attribute from
the Function Tree.
3. Click the Modify NE ID. In the Modify NE ID window, enter the New ID and the
New Extended ID. Click OK. Click OK in the Warning dialog box.
4. Create an NE and set the same equipment type for the new NE as the one for the
original NE. Set the ID and Extended ID of the new NE to the modified ID and
extended ID of the original NE.
NOTE

l For details to create an NE, refer to Configuration Guide..


l Before you create an NE, you need to wait until the SCC board of the original NE resets,
that is, until the NE icon turns gray.
5. Double-click the new NE and select Copy NE Data in the NE Configuration
Wizarddialog box. Click Next.
6. In the NE Replicationdialog box, select the original NE you want to replicate. Click
Start. Click OK in the Confirm dialog box that appears twice. Click Close in the
Operation Resultdialog box.
7. Delete the fibers from the original NE.
8. Right-click the original NE and choose Delete from the shortcut menu. Click OK in
the Delete NEdialog box.

CAUTION
For non-gateway NEs, after you set the NE ID, you need to re-create fibers between this
NE and other NEs.

l For Gateway NEs


1. Log in T2000, delete the NE service configuration and the NE fiber connection.
2. In the NE Explorer, select the GNE and choose Configuration > NE Attribute from
the Function Tree.

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Commissioning Guide 2 Configuring NE and Network

3. Click Modify NE ID. In the Modify NE ID window, enter the New ID and the New
Extended ID. Click OK. Click OK in the Warning dialog box.
4. In the Main Topology, right-click the GNE and choose Delete from the shortcut menu.
Click OK in the Delete NE dialog box.
NOTE
Before you delete an NE, you need to wait until the SCC board of the original NE resets, that
is, until the NE icon turns gray.
5. In the Main Topology, click File > Search for NE.
6. Click Start. After searching, Click Stop.

7. Select the modifying NE,click Create.


8. Back to the Main Topology, right-click the original NE, and choose Attribute。

9. Select Resource Division,select the new NE, click , click OK.


10. In the Main Topology, double-click the new NE and choose Upload in the NE
Configuration Wizard dialog box.
11. Click Next. Click OK in the Confirm dialog box. The Upload window is displayed
showing the progress of uploading.
12. After the uploading is complete, click Close in the Operation Result dialog box.

CAUTION
For GNEs, after you set the NE ID, you need to re-create fibers between this NE and other
NEs. Also, you need to specify the active GNE for non-gateway NEs that are originally
connected to the GNE.

l Setting NEs IP
1. In the NE Explorer, select a NE and choose Communication > Communication
Parameters from the Function Tree.
2. Set the communication parameters of the NE, including IP, extended IP, gateway IP
and subnet mask.
3. Click Apply. Click OK in the two displayed Warning dialog boxes. Then click
Close in the displayed Operation Result dialog box.

CAUTION
After you change the IP address, the communication of the NE is interrupted. Hence, you
need to create a new NE. For details, see Steps 3 to 12 in "Setting the Gateway NE ID."
For GNEs, after you set the NE IP, you need to specify the active GNE for non-gateway
NEs that are originally connected to the GNE.

----End

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2 Configuring NE and Network Commissioning Guide

2.7 Creating Boards


You can add a certain board manually on the T2000. After the board is added, you can add
customized information into the remarks of the board to facilitate the future maintenance and
troubleshooting.

Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
The NE must be created successfully. The NE must be in running state.

Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the ONE icon on the Main Topology. The NE Panel tab is displayed.
Step 2 Select the desired NE from the left-side NE list. Right-click the slot that is to be configured with
a board. Select a proper board from the displayed board list.
Step 3 Optional: Right-click the added board and select Remark. A Modify Remark dialog box is
displayed.

NOTE

Enter information such as service type and circuit number into Remark to facilitate the future maintenance
and troubleshooting.

Step 4 Optional: Enter the related information in Remark in the Modify Remark dialog box.
Step 5 Optional: Click OK, and the Operation Result dialog box is displayed. Click Close.

----End

2.8 Configuring Board WDM Interface Attributes


Configure the WDM interface attributes of boards to meet the engineering requirements. Every
board has its own specific parameters, but the parameters are set in the same way. All interface
parameters can be queried.

Background Information
For details on the parameters, refer to the Hardware Description.

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Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the ONE icon on the Main Topology. The NE Panel tab is displayed.

Step 2 Right click the NE icon and select NE Explorer.

Step 3 In the NE Explorer, select the desired board and choose Configuration > WDM Interface from
the Function Tree.

Step 4 Click By Board/Port(Channel). Select Channel or Board from the drop-down list. Click
Query. The parameter list of each optical port or channel is listed in the interface.

NOTE

When By Function is selected, the parameters of boards and channels can be queried and set from the
perspective of function.

Step 5 Select Basic Attributes or Advanced Attributes tabs. Double-click corresponding parameter
fields and enter or select parameters.

Step 6 Click Apply. A prompt appears to indicate that the operation was successful. Click Close.

----End

Configuration Example: Configuring Tunable Wavelengths


NOTE

l OTUs are classified into tunable OTUs and untunable OTUs. Untunable OTUs support setting of
transmitting wavelengths through hardware (such as optical module replacement). Tunable OTUs
support setting of transmitting wavelengths on NMs.
l The NMs provides two parameters: Configuration Wavelength and Actual Wavelength. The Actual
Wavelength is the currently adopted wavelength of the OTU. The Configuration Wavelength is the
reserved wavelength for future plan. For a tunable OTU, you can set the Configuration
Wavelength change its Actual Wavelength. For a untunable OTU, when its Configuration
Wavelength and Actual wavelength are inconsistent, the system reports CFGDATA_OUTRANGE
alarm.

Configure the tunable wavelength function of the OTU board based on the actual needs.

The wavelength configuration of the L4G board is taken as an example.

1. Double-click the ONE icon on the Main Topology. The NE Panel tab is displayed.
2. Right click the NE icon and select NE Explorer.
3. In the NE Explorer, select the board with tunable wavelength function and choose
Configuration > WDM interface in the Function Tree.
4. Select By Board/Port(Path). Select Path or Board from the drop-down list. Click
Query. The parameter list of each optical port or channel is listed in the interface.

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5. Select Advanced Attributes tab. Double-click Configuration Wavelength No./


Wavelength(nm)/Frequency(THz) parameter field. Select the wavelength from the
displayed drop-down list.
6. Click Apply. A prompt appears to indicate that the operation was successful. Click
Close.
7. Click Query. The wavelengths displayed in the Actual Wavelength No./Wavelength
(nm)/Frequency(THz) field should be consistent with those in the Configuration
Wavelength No./Wavelength(nm)/Frequency(THz) field.

2.9 Synchronizing NE Time with the T2000 Server Manually


For NEs without the NTP service configured, to enable the T2000 to record the alarm and
performance events occurring time correctly, you are suggested to check whether the NE time
is consistent with the T2000 server time or not during routine maintenance. If not, synchronize
the NE time with the T2000 server manually.

Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
The synchronous mode of NE time is set to NM or None.

Background Information
Synchronize the time of each NE with the T2000 before configuring alarm and performance
parameters.
Before synchronizing the NE time, verify that the system time on the T2000 server is correct.
If you want to change the system time, exit the T2000 to reset the time and then start the T2000
again.

Procedure
Step 1 Choose Configuration > NE Time Synchronization from the Main Menu.
Step 2 All NEs are selected by default on the T2000. Select the NEs in the left pane and click the double-
right-arrow button (red).
NOTE

After only the NEs are selected, the double-right-arrow button turns red.

Step 3 In the right-hand NE list, double-click the Synchronous Mode field and select NM for all NEs.

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Commissioning Guide 2 Configuring NE and Network

NOTE

l Hold down the left button of the mouse and choose several NEs at a time. Then, right-click to set the
synchronization mode.
l When the NE is selected, right-click in the blank space and choose Synchronize with NM Time in
the shortcut menu, and set the NE to be synchronous with the T2000.

Step 4 Click Apply, and the Operation Result dialog box is displayed. Click Close.
Step 5 Right-click the desired NE and select Synchronize with NM Time.

Step 6 Click Yes in the Time Synchronization Operation dialog box. Click Close in the Operation
Result dialog box.

----End

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2 Configuring NE and Network Commissioning Guide

2.10 Starting or Stopping Performance Monitoring of the


Specified NE
Performance monitoring keeps a detailed record of the operation of an NE, helping the
maintenance engineer to monitor and analyze the operation status of the NE. Use this procedure
to start or stop performance monitoring.

Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher.
NE time is synchronized with the T2000 server.

Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, click an NE and choose Performance > NE Performance Monitor
Time from the Function Tree.
Step 2 Select one NE, and set 15-minute and 24-hour performance monitoring parameters according
to the requirements.
Step 3 Click Apply.

----End

2.11 Setting Master/Slave Subracks


The OptiX OSN 6800 supports the master/slave subrack management. The ID of the master or
slave subrack is set through the AUX board in the subrack. To prevent subrack ID conflict and
avoid the communication error, set the IDs of the master and slave subracks correctly.

Prerequisite
The T2000 server and client should be started normally.
The master/slave subracks should be installed.
Fiber connection should be done.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000

Background Information
The master subrack and the slave subrack are connected through the ETH1/ETH2 of the AUX
or the ETH3 of the EFI. The ID of the master subrack is 0 by default. The AUX board can be
used to set the ID of the slave subrack. The setting is realized by jumpers.
The AUX board has three jumpers, which can be used to realize eight states that represent
decimal values 0–7.Each jumper represents a binary value: 0 or 1. The default value of the three
jumpers is 000. Figure 2-1 shows the jumper.

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l The jumpers are numbered 3 to 1 from the side close to CPU.


l The jumpers are numbered 1 to 3 from the most significant bit to the lest significant bit.
l When a jumper cap is placed over the right-hand two pins in the figure or the three pins are
not placed with any jumper cap, it represents the value 1.
l When a jumper cap is placed over the right-hand two pins in the figure, it represents the
value 0.

In Figure 2-2 the value represented by the three jumpers is 001, which is 1 in decimal system.
That is, the subrack ID is 1.

Figure 2-1 Position of the jumper on the AUX.

jumpers

CPU

Figure 2-2 Figure 2-2 Jumper

jumper cap

representing 0 representing 0 representing 1

1 2 3

NOTE

The dashed line between two pins in the figure indicates that a jumper cap may or may not be placed over
the two pins.

The LCD front panel of the SCC indicates the ID of the subrack. The ID of the master subrack
is 0 and the ID of the slave subrack ranges from 1 to 7.

On the NMS, the master subrack and the multiple slave subracks are displayed as one NE with
one ID and one IP.

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2 Configuring NE and Network Commissioning Guide

Precautions

CAUTION
Modifying the NE ID is a dangerous operation, which may interrupt service.

Procedure
Step 1 Check whether any ID displayed on the SCCs of the master/slave subracks repeats or blinks. If
so, there is conflict in subrack ID. Adjust the jumpers of corresponding AUX boards against
repetition.
NOTE
After jumper adjustment, the NE or subrack must be reset. For details, refer to Step 4.

Step 2 Log in the T2000.

Step 3 Double-click the optical NE to display the status figure of the ONE.

Step 4 Right-click the NE to display the NE Explorer.


1. If there is repetition or blink in master subrack ID in step 1, power-off reset the NE.
2. If there is repetition or blink in slave subrack ID in step 1, warm reset all boards in this
slave subrack, or power-off reset the NE.
NOTE

l During deployment commissioning, the reset operation can be realized by reboot of the subrack power
supply. For example, to reset the NE, you can close the power supplies of all master and slave subracks.
Reopen the power supplies when all boards stop working.
l To avoid service interruption in upgrade and expansion process, you can warm reset all boards of
original subracks and then reboot the power supply of the new-inserted subrack that causes the conflict.

Step 5 In the Main Topology, choose Fault > Browse Current Alarms.

Step 6 In the aviation tree on the left side, choose the NE to be queried. Click .

Step 7 In the status figure of the ONE, right-click the NE to display the Browse Current Alarms.

Step 8 In the view on the right side, check where there is any SUBRACK_LOOP in the current and
history alarms.
1. If there is, check the network cable connection to ensure that the connections between the
master subrack and the slave subracks are chains.
2. Warm reset all boards in the master and slave subracks.

Step 9 Check whether there is any SUBRACK_ID_CONFLICT in the current and history alarms.
1. If there is, adjust the jumpers of corresponding AUX boards against repetition.
2. Refer to step 4 to reset the board.

Step 10 Insert a physical board in the slave subrack and add the corresponding logical board on the
T2000. Check whether the board can be available and operate normally (displayed as green). If
so, the configuration of the master/slave subrack is correct.

----End

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Commissioning Guide 2 Configuring NE and Network

2.12 Setting Manually Extended ECC Communication


When there is no optical path between two or more NEs for communication, the Ethernet port
of the SCC can be used to realize the extended ECC communication. If the number of NEs
exceeds four, the manually extended ECC communication is recommended. During setting of
the manually extended ECC communication, set one or more NEs to the server and other NEs
to the client.

Prerequisite
The NE must be created on the T2000.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000

Background Information
The OptiX OSN 6800/3800 achieves extended ECC communication through the Ethernet
interface on the AUX board. The Ethernet interface can be connected to the Ethernet interface
of another Huawei transmission equipment. In this way, the ECC communication between
different products is achieved.

When configuring the manually extended ECC, configure one or multiple NEs as the server end
and other NEs as the client end.

CAUTION
l The ECC extended mode of the remote NEs must be modified first, and that of the gateway
NE must be modified last.
l The extended ECC communication is avoided between the subnet gateway NEs.
l Do not set the gateway NE to the server side.

NOTE

l One server NE can have a maximum of eight client NEs.


l The NE closest to the gateway NE is recommended to be the server NE.

Procedure
l Setting the Client NE
1. Log in to the T2000.
2. Double-click the ONE icon, and the status figure of the ONE is displayed.
3. Select any one NE as the server NE. Right-click the NE and select NE Explorer.
4. Choose Communication > Communication Parameter from the left-hand Function
Tree. Observe the NE IP in the right-hand view and record the NE IP.

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5. In the status figure of the ONE, right-click any one remote NE and select NE
Explorer.
6. Choose > Communication > ECC Management from the left-hand Function Tree.
7. Set the ECC Extended Mode to Specified mode in the right-hand Functional Panel.

8. Enter the IP of the server NE in the IP field and the port number in the Port field of
the Set Client interface. The port number cannot be the same as the value entered in
the Port field of the Set Server interface.
NOTE
The port number is the port number of the local NE for communication with the server NE.
9. Click Apply in Set Client interface.
10. An Operation Result dialog is displayed indicating an Operation succeeded
message. Click Close.
NOTE

l The IP addresses of NEs cannot be repeated and must be within the same subnet.
l The client NE can be the server NE of the next lower level. At that time, the client port and the
server port of the local NE can not be the same. For specific procedure, refer to "Setting the Server
NE".
l The port number must be within the range from 1601 to 1699, for example, 1610.

l Setting the Server NE


1. Log in to the T2000.
2. Double-click the ONE icon, and the status figure of the ONE is displayed.
3. Right-click the NE and select NE Explorer.
4. Choose Communication > ECC Management from the left-hand Function Tree.
5. Set the ECC Extended Mode to Specified mode in the right-hand Functional Panel.
6. Enter the IP of any one NE in the IP field and the port number in the Port field of the
Set Client interface. The port number cannot be the same as the value entered in the
Port field of the Set Server interface.

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NOTE

l The port number is the port number of the local NE for communication with the client NE.

l The port number of the server NE must be the same as that of the client NE for
communication.
7. Enter the port number in the Port field of the Set Server interface. The port number
must be the consistent with that value entered in the Port field of the Set Client
interface of the client NE.
8. Click Apply in Set Server interface.
9. An Operation Result dialog is displayed indicating an Operation succeeded
message. Click Close.

----End

2.13 Creating Fiber Connections in Graphic Mode


In graphic mode, you can create fiber connections on the Main Topology or the signal flow
diagram directly. This mode is applicable to scenarios where a small number of fiber connections
are to be created one by one.

Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.

The boards to be connected with the fiber or cable have been created.

Background Information
For service configuration, fibers between NEs and boards inside NEs need to be connected.

Connection between NEs can be done on the Main Topology. Connection between boards inside
an NE can be done either on the Main Topology or in the optical NE signal flow diagram. The
latter is recommended.

If the fiber information is retained on the NE side, you can use the Synchronize Fiber operation
to synchronize the fiber information with the T2000 side. Refer to Synchronizing Fiber
Connections.

Procedure
l Connect fibers between NEs.

1. Select the shortcut icon on the toolbar of the Main Topology and the cursor
changes to a "+".
2. Click the source ONE on the Main Topology. The Select the source end of the
link dialog box is displayed.
3. Select the source NE of the fiber or cable. Select the source board and port in the
Select the source end of the link dialog box.

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4. Click OK, and the source port is selected. The cursor changes to a "+".
5. Click the sink ONE on the Main Topology. The Select the sink end of the link dialog
box is displayed.
6. Select the sink NE of the fiber or cable. Select the sink board and port in the Select
the sink end of the link dialog box.

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7. Click OK, and the sink port is selected. The Create Fiber/Cable dialog box is
displayed.
8. Enter the information of the fiber or cable in the Create Fiber/Cable dialog box.

NOTE

The WDM system adopts the two-fiber bidirectional mode to achieve bidirectional
transmission. The created fiber connection is single-fiber unidirectional. For example, when
you create the fiber connections of the FIU boards at two stations, you need to create another
fiber connection in the other direction.
9. Click OK, and the fiber connection between ports is created.
NOTE

l Click OK, and then the fiber connection is created. Click Apply, and then you can start to
create a new fiber connection.
l This operation is also applied to internal fiber connection of the NE. However, the operation
efficiency is low. The signal flow diagram mode is recommended.
l Connect fibers between boards inside the NE.
1. On the Main Topology, double-click the NE icon to display the NE status diagram.
In the NE status diagram, click Signal Flow Diagram.
2. In the signal flow diagram, draw the board icons according to the engineering design
document. This is for convenience in fiber connection.

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3. Right-click in the blank inside the signal flow diagram, choose Create Fiber. Then
the cursor turns to "+".
4. Click the source board of the fiber and choose the source port of the fiber. Click
OK. The cursor turns to "+".

5. Click the sink board of the fiber and choose the sink port of the fiber. Click OK. A
Create Fiber/Cable dialog box is displayed.

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6. In Create Fiber/Cable dialog box, modify the attribute value according to actual
requirement.

NOTE

The WDM system adopts the two-fiber bidirectional mode to achieve bidirectional
transmission. The created fiber connection is single-fiber unidirectional. For example, when
you create the fiber connections of the SC2 board and the FIU board at one station, you need
to create another fiber connection in the other direction.
7. Click OK to complete the settings.

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NOTE

After the internal fiber connections of the NE are created, you need to manually adjust the
signal flow that is generated by the system automatically.

----End

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

3 Commissioning Optical Power

About This Chapter

This chapter describes the consequence, requirements and detailed instruction of optical power
commissioning.

3.1 Guidelines for Commissioning Optical Power


This section describes the basic operations, methods, and tools of configuring optical power.
3.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTU Board
This section describes how to commission the optical power of OTU board.
3.3 Commissioning Optical Power of Tributary Board
This section describes how to commission the optical power of tributary board.
3.4 Commissioning Optical Power of Line Board
This section describes how to commission the optical power of line board.
3.5 Commissioning Optical Power of EDFA OAU Board
This section describes how to commission the optical power of EDFA OAU board.
3.6 Commissioning Optical Power of Raman Amplifier Board
This section describes how to commission the optical power of Raman amplifier board.
3.7 Commissioning Optical Power of OSC Board
This section describes how to commission the optical power of OSC board.
3.8 Commissioning Optical Power of Multiplexer and Demultiplexer Board
This section describes the basic requirements of commissioning the optical power of multiplexer
and demultiplexer board.
3.9 Commissioning Optical Power of FOADM Board
This section describes the basic requirements of commissioning the optical power of FOADM
board.
3.10 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board
This section describes the basic requirements of commissioning the optical power of ROADM
board.
3.11 Commissioning Optical Power of the DCM
The per-channel input optical power of the DCM should not be larger than –3 dBm.

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3.12 Example of Commissioning Optical Power


This section takes the Project X as an example to introduce the optical power commissioning
procedures of OTM, OLA and OADM stations.
3.13 Example of Commissioning Optical Power Based on 40Gbit/s Single-Wavelength System
This section describes how to commission the single-channel 40G (hereinafter referred to as
40G) OTM and OLA, stations.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

3.1 Guidelines for Commissioning Optical Power


This section describes the basic operations, methods, and tools of configuring optical power.

3.1.1 Basic Requirements


This section describes the basic requirements of optical power commissioning.
3.1.2 General Commissioning Consequence
This section describes the general consequence of commissioning optical power.
3.1.3 Commissioning Tools and Instruments
The optical power meter and the optical spectrum analyzer are needed in optical power
commissioning.

3.1.1 Basic Requirements


This section describes the basic requirements of optical power commissioning.
Basic requirements of optical power commissioning are as follows:
l The optical power under commissioning should be between the allowable maximum and
minimum values.
l Allowance is required to ensure that the power fluctuation within a range brings no impact
on the services.
l Optical power commissioning should meet the requirement of system expansion from the
customer.
Requirements of CWDM Commissioning:
l The CWDM network does not support the OA. Only the optical power commissioning is
needed in CWDM commissioning. The OSNR and flatness commissioning are not needed.
l Only the received optical power of the OTU is needed in optical power commissioning.
The specific commissioning requirements, procedures are similar to these of the DWDM
system.

3.1.2 General Commissioning Consequence


This section describes the general consequence of commissioning optical power.

General Consequence of Optical Power Commissioning


Optical power commissioning is to commission the optical power values of NEs and boards one
by one according to the optical signal flow, and to remove the abnormal attenuation of lines or
boards according to the requirements on optical power, gain and insertion loss of the board.
The commissioning is performed according to the requirements of optical power commissioning
for the optical amplifier unit (OA), OTU, OSC boards.

Optical Power Commissioning Procedures


Generally, the stations between the two OTMs in the OptiX WDM system form one network
segment. One network segment has two signal flow directions of transmit direction and receive
direction.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

The OptiX WDM system commissions the optical power of each NE one by one according to
the signal flow in each network segment.
Firstly, complete the optical power commissioning of one OTM in transmit direction. Then
commissions the optical power of each downstream NE one by one and complete the optical
power commissioning of destination OTM in receive direction. Finally, complete the optical
power commissioning of the other signal flow in the reverse direction of the previous signal
flow.
Project X is an example to introduce the optical power commissioning procedures.
Figure 3-1 shows the networking diagram of Project X. The ONEs A, B, C, D, E and F are the
Optical OSN 6800 systems, which form the ring network. Among these ONEs, the ONE A and
ONE C are the back-to-back OTM stations; the ONE B, ONE D and ONE F are the OLA stations,
and the ONE E is the OADM station.

Figure 3-1 Figure 3-1 Networking diagram of Project X


Station A 2OTM Station F OLA Station E OADM

135km/39dB 85km/27dB

55km/15dB 60km/16dB

80km/26dB 100km/30dB

Station B OLA Station C 2OTM Station D OLA

:OTM :OLA : OADM

Project X consists of two network segments: A–B–C and A–F–E–D–C.


First follow the consequence to commission the optical power in A–B–C network segment.
l Commission the optical power in A–B–C signal flow:
– Commission the optical power of station A in A-to-B transmit direction.
– Commission the optical power of station B in A-to-B receive direction.
– Commission the optical power of station B in B-to-C transmit direction.
– Commission the optical power of station C in B-to-C receive direction.
l Commission the optical power in C–B–A signal flow:
– Commission the optical power of station C in C-to-B transmit direction.
– Commission the optical power of station B in C-to-B receive direction.
– Commission the optical power of station B in B-to-A transmit direction.
– Commission the optical power of station A in B-to-A receive direction.
Then refer to the previous procedures to complete the optical power commissioning of the A–
F–E–D–C network segment in two directions.
NOTE

For the details about the NE commissioning, refer to 3.12 Example of Commissioning Optical Power.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

3.1.3 Commissioning Tools and Instruments


The optical power meter and the optical spectrum analyzer are needed in optical power
commissioning.
l Optical power meter: It is mainly used to test the optical power on the client side and the
WDM side of the OTU, and the general optical power of the multiplexed signals.
l Optical spectrum analyzer: It is mainly used to test the optical power, optical signal-to-
noise ratio (OSNR) and the central wavelength of each wavelength in the multiplexed
signals.

Align the optical spectrum analyzer before using it to test the optical power. The method
to verify the alignment is as follows.
Test the optical power of the OUT optical interface on the OTU with an optical spectrum
analyzer and compare the value with the value tested by an optical power meter. If the
difference is less than 0.5 dB, the alignment is acceptable. If not, align the optical spectrum
analyzer again.
NOTE

The optical power of single wavelength in the multiplexed signals needs to be test with an optical spectrum
analyzer. The commissioning method is more accurate and does not need to consider the influence of noise.

3.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTU Board


This section describes how to commission the optical power of OTU board.

CAUTION
The overload of the APD receiver laser is –9 dBm. If the input optical power is higher, the APD
laser may be damaged. Therefore, it is recommended to inserted the fiber loosely from the input
optical interface of the OTU during commissioning. After commissioning, make sure the input
optical power is lower than the receiver overload before you insert the fiber.

For the receiver sensitivity, overload and output optical power indices of the OTU, refer to the
Product Description.
3.2.1 Forcing the OTU Board to Emit Light
This section describes how to force the OTU board to emit light.
3.2.2 Adjusting the Input Optical Power of OTU Board
This section describes how to adjust the input optical power of OTU board.

3.2.1 Forcing the OTU Board to Emit Light


This section describes how to force the OTU board to emit light.

Prerequisite
The NE must be created on the T2000.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Tools, Equipments and materials


T2000

Background Information
The signals accessed to the client side or the WDM side should be the service signals in actual
transmission or the optical signals generated by forcing the board to emit light.
The WDM side of the OTU board is forced to emit light by default. If it does not emit light, refer
to the following procedure to query whether the board is forced to emit light and set the board
to emit light.

Precautions

CAUTION
l The prerequisite for commissioning the ESC is forcing the OTU to emit light.
l After ESC commissioning is completed, the WDM-side interfaces of the OTU board keep
being forced to emit light.

Procedure
Step 1 Log in to the T2000.
Step 2 Double click the ONE icon, and the status figure of the ONE is displayed.
Step 3 Right-click the NE and select NE Explorer.
Step 4 Select the desired OTU from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane, and choose
Configuration > WDM interface from the Function Tree.
Step 5 Choose By Board/Port (Path).
Step 6 Choose Path in the drop-down list under the By Board/Port (Path) button.
Step 7 Click the General Attributes tab. Set the Automatic Laser Shutdown of the optical interface
on the WDM side of the OTU to Disabled and the Laser State to Open.
Step 8 Click Apply.

----End

3.2.2 Adjusting the Input Optical Power of OTU Board


This section describes how to adjust the input optical power of OTU board.

Commissioning Requirements
l Adjust the input power of the input optical interface RXn on the client side and the input
power of the input optical interface IN on the WDM side of the OTU to be within the
optimal range: from higher than the sensitivity value by 3 dBm to lower than the overload
value by 5 dBm.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

NOTE

For a certain OTU, if the overload of the optical module is 0 dBm, and if the receiver sensitivity is
–17 dBm, the receive optical power should be adjusted within the range from –14 dBm to –5 dBm.
l The optical preamplifier on the WDM side of the OTU has output the standard optical
power of single wavelength. Hence, the input optical power on the WDM side can be
adjusted on the basis of the actual optical power by adding, changing or removing the fixed
optical attenuators.
l After commissioning, insert the fiber into the input optical interface on the OTU when the
input optical power turns to normal.

3.3 Commissioning Optical Power of Tributary Board


This section describes how to commission the optical power of tributary board.

Background Information
The tributary boards include the TBE, TDX, TDG, TQX, TOM, TSXL, TQM and TQS.
For the specification of the tributary unit, refer to the Product Description.

Commissioning Requirements
Before the optical signals of single wavelength are accessed into the corresponding tributary
unit, adjust the input power of the client-side optical interface RXn of the tributary unit to be
within the optimal range: from higher than the sensitivity value by 3 dBm to lower than the
overload value by 5 dBm.

3.4 Commissioning Optical Power of Line Board


This section describes how to commission the optical power of line board.

Background Information
The line board includes the NS2 and ND2.
For the specification of the line unit, refer to the Product Description.

Commissioning Requirements
l Before the optical signals of single wavelength are accessed to the corresponding line unit,
adjust the input power of the WDM-side optical interface IN of the line unit to be within
the optimal range: from higher than the sensitivity value by 3 dBm to lower than the
overload value by 5 dBm.
l Generally the commissioning of the output optical power is not needed. However, if the
station is an OADM station or configured with wavelength protection, adjust the VOA of
the output interface on the WDM side of the line unit to flat the gain of each add wavelength
amplified by the OAU.

3.5 Commissioning Optical Power of EDFA OAU Board


This section describes how to commission the optical power of EDFA OAU board.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

The EDFA OAU board includes OAU1, OBU1, OBU2 and HBA.
l Four types of OAU1 are valid: OAU101, OAU102, OAU103 and OAU105.
l Three types of OBU1 are valid: OBU101, OBU103 and OBU104.
l One type of OBU2 is valid: OBU205.

The relation between the multiplexed signal and the single wavelength of the OAU in terms of
the optical power is as follows.
Optical power of multiplexed signal = Optical power of single wavelength + 10lgN (N is the
number of wavelengths of the multiplexed signal)
3.5.1 Adjusting the Input Optical Power of OAU Board
This section describes how to adjust the input optical power of OAU board.
3.5.2 Adjusting the Gains of OAU
This section describes how to adjust the gains of the OAU.

3.5.1 Adjusting the Input Optical Power of OAU Board


This section describes how to adjust the input optical power of OAU board.

Commissioning Requirements
Adjust the average single wavelength input optical power of the IN interface of the OAU and
make it close to the typical input power of single wavelength. Ensure that the number of
wavelengths whose optical power is larger than the typical value is extremely close to the number
of wavelengths whose optical power is smaller than the typical value.
l Typical input power of single wavelength of the HBA is –19 dBm (40-channel) and –12
dBm (10-channel).
l Typical input power of single wavelength of the OBU101 is –20 dBm (40-channel) and –
23 dBm (80-channel).
l Typical input power of single wavelength of the OBU103 is –19 dBm (40-channel) and –
22 dBm (80-channel).
l Typical input power of single wavelength of the OBU104 is –17 dBm (40-channel) and –
20 dBm (80-channel).
l Typical input power of single wavelength of the OBU205 is –16 dBm (40-channel) and –
19 dBm (80-channel).
l Typical input power of single wavelength of the OAU101 is –16 dBm (40-channel) and –
19 dBm (80-channel).
l Typical input power of single wavelength of the OAU103 is –20 dBm (40-channel) and –
23 dBm (80-channel).
If the average single wavelength input optical power before the input end of the OAU is added
with a VOA is higher than the typical input power of single wavelength, adjust the VOA before
the OAU to make the average single wavelength input optical power reach the typical value.
If the average single wavelength input optical power before the input end of the OAU is added
with a VOA is lower than the typical input power of single wavelength, no VOA is needed.

3.5.2 Adjusting the Gains of OAU


This section describes how to adjust the gains of the OAU.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

Prerequisite
The commissioning of the optical power of the upstream board must be completed.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, optical power meter

Commissioning Requirements
For the OAU1, set the gain to ensure that the mean output optical power equals the maximum
output optical power of single wavelength, which is 4 dBm. Gain = Maximum output power of
single wavelength – Mean input optical power of single wavelength.

After setting the gain, use the optical spectrum analyzer to check whether the mean output optical
power of single wavelength is within the range from 3.5 dBm to 4.5 dBm. If it exceeds this
range, finely tune the gain value.
l If the mean output optical power of single wavelength is more than 4.5 dBm, decrease the
gain value to adjust the mean output optical power of single wavelength to 4 dBm. The
allowable deviation is within ±0.5 dBm.
l If the mean output optical power of single wavelength is less than 3.5 dBm, increase the
gain value to adjust the mean output optical power of single wavelength to 4 dBm. The
allowable deviation is within ±0.5 dBm.

Procedure
Step 1 Confirm the board type and query the adjustable range of the gain.

Step 2 Use an optical power meter to test the optical power at the input power of the RDC interface
and the output power of the TDC interface and calculate the insertion loss of the DCM.

Insertion loss of the DCM = output power of the TDC – input power of the RDC

Step 3 Calculate the settable range of the gain of the OAU board according to the intermediate insertion
loss.

Settable Gain range = gain range of the OAU – insertion loss of the DCM

Step 4 Ensure that the input power of the OAU is the average input power of single wavelength Pin.
Calculate the gain value.

Gain = maximum output power of single wavelength – average input power of single wavelength

Step 5 Check whether the gain is within the value range calculated in Step 3.
l If the gain is less than the minimum gain calculated in Step 3, increase the attenuation value
of the VOA at the input end of the OAU to decrease the average input power of single
wavelength to the standard value.
l If the gain is more than the maximum gain calculated in Step 3, decrease the attenuation
value of the VOA at the input end of the OAU to increase the average input power of single
wavelength. If the gain cannot meet the requirement, confirm with the network designer that
the network design value is correct or not.

Step 6 Enter the NE Explorer on the T2000.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Step 7 Select the desired OAU1 from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane, and choose
Configuration > WDM interface from the Function Tree.

Step 8 Choose By Board/Port (Path).

Step 9 In the General Attributes tab, set the Nominal Gain of the OAU1 board.

Step 10 Click Apply.

Step 11 Click Query. Query the Nominal Gain displayed on the T2000. If the gain difference of the
actual value and the set nominal value is within 0.5 dB, the setting succeeds. If the setting fails,
check whether the gain set is within the gain range.

----End

3.6 Commissioning Optical Power of Raman Amplifier


Board
This section describes how to commission the optical power of Raman amplifier board.

Precautions

DANGER
Raman amplifier emits strong light. Do not insert or remove the fiber connector when the laser
is working, to avoid damage to human body. The laser safety level of CRPC is CLASS 4. The
maximum output power of each optical interface is more than 27 dBm (500 mW).

Commissioning Requirements
Raman amplifiers extend the distance of a span and improve the OSNR. After the Raman
amplifier is used, the optical power that is close to the fiber line should be tested on the LINE
interface on the Raman amplifier. Shut down the pump lasers of the Raman amplifier before the
test.

NOTE

There are two types Raman board of OptiX OSN 6800: CRPC01 and CRPC03. For details of
commissioning CRPC board, refer to A Commissioning CRPC Board.

The following are the basic commissioning requirements of Raman amplifier unit:
l Test the optical power on the SYS interface of the Raman unit when the laser is enabled
and when it is disabled. Determine the on-off gain of the Raman unit.
l On-off gain = Optical power on the SYS interface when the laser is enabled – Optical power
on the SYS interface when the Raman laser is disabled
l When the Raman amplifier is used, the output optical power is rather great. The greater the
optical power is, the higher the requirements of the fiber jumper become. Great optical
power may bring damages to equipment and injuries to human body. Hence, the power of
the Raman pumping light should be as low as possible on the premise that the on-off gain
is not less than 10 dB. The maximum optical power should be not more than 29 dBm.

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l Raman amplifier is used in the case of extremely low input optical power. When the SYS
interface of the Raman amplifier is connected to the OAU, if the input optical power of the
OAU is smaller than the standard per-channel input optical power of the OAU, no variable
attenuator is required. If the input optical power of the OAU is larger than the standard per-
channel input optical power of the OAU, a variable attenuator is required.
l The output optical power reaches 27 dBm when the Raman amplifier is used in backward
or forward pumping. Be careful of this. The fiber connector should be the special LSH/
APC fiber connector. If the PC fiber connector is used, great reflection will burn the fiber
connector.
l As for the Raman board used for backward pumping, the strong pump light enters the fiber
through the input end (LINE) instead of the output end (SYS). Do not add any attenuator
or fiber jumper before the input end.
l The bending radius of the fiber that goes to the LINE port of the Raman amplifier should
meet the requirement. The bending should not be too great; otherwise, the fiber jumper is
burnt.
l The laser is by default turned off after the Raman amplifier is powered on. The laser can
be turned on by issuing a command.
l Before the laser of the Raman amplifier is turned on, connect the fiber of the input end
(LINE port of the Raman Amplifier) and that of the FIU. Keep the fiber clean when
removing or inserting the fiber. If there is dirt on the surface of the connector, the connector
can be easily damaged.
l The Raman amplifier has a very strict requirement on the loss of the near-end line fiber.
Such a fiber should have no connector within the distance of 0 km to 20 km (12 mi.). The
fibers should be connected to each other by splicing.
l The requirement on the fiber line from the Raman board lies on the single-point additional
loss in the line cable. The following are the requirements of the single-point additional loss:
– 0 km–20 km (0 mi.–12 mi.): Do not use fiber connectors.
– 0 km–10 km (0 mi.–6 mi.): The single-point additional loss is less than 0.1 dB (G.652)
or 0.2 dB (G.655).
– 10 km–20 km (6 mi.–12 mi.): The single-point additional loss is less than 0.2 dB (G.
652) or 0.4 dB (G.655) and the single-point return loss is not less than 40 dB.

Setting Jumper
There are two groups of jumpers on the CRPC boards. The two groups are identified as J3 and
J4.Figure 3-2 shows the number of each jumper.

Figure 3-2 Jumpers on the CRPC board


CRPC
J4 J3
10

2
9

CPU
10
2

1
9

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Jumpers 9 to 10 in J3 and 1 to 6 in J4 are used for internal identification on the board. To ensure
the normal operation of the board, follow the requirements below to set the jumpers.
l Do not connect jumpers 1 to 2 in J3.
l Do not connect jumpers 3 to 4 in J3.
l Do not connect jumpers 5 to 6 in J3.
l Do not connect jumpers 7 to 8 in J3.
l Do not connect jumpers 9 to 10 in J3.
l Connect jumpers 1 to 2 in J4.
l Connect jumpers 3 to 4 in J4.
l Connect jumpers 5 to 6 in J4.

Jumpers 7–8 and 9–10 in J4 are used to set the IP of the CRPC board. When several CRPC
boards are used in an NE, an IP for each board is required to prevent IP conflict. The following
are jumper setting regulations:
l When jumpers 7–8 and 9–10 in J4 are not connected, the board IP is 192.168.0.28.
l When jumpers 7–8 in J4 are connected and jumpers 9–10 are not connected, the board IP
is 192.168.0.29.
l When jumpers 7–8 in J4 are not connected and jumpers 9–10 are connected, the board IP
is 192.168.0.30.
l When jumpers 7–8 and 9–10 in J4 are connected, the board IP is 192.168.0.31.

3.7 Commissioning Optical Power of OSC Board


This section describes how to commission the optical power of OSC board.

The OptiX OSN 6800 offers two types of supervisory channels:


l Optical supervisory channel (OSC)
l Electrical supervisory channel (ESC)

The OSC requires the optical supervisory channel unit SC1 and SC2. The unit is used to transmit
and receive the supervisory information.

The ESC does not need the optical supervisory channel units. In this mode, the optical
transponder unit (OTU) multiplexes the supervisory information into the service channels for
transmission.

NOTE

Once the boards work, the ESC and OSC are enabled by default.

3.7.1 Commissioning the Optical Power of OSC Board


This section describes how to commission the optical power of the OSC board.
3.7.2 Commissioning the ESC board
This section describes how to commission the ESC board.

3.7.1 Commissioning the Optical Power of OSC Board


This section describes how to commission the optical power of the OSC board.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

Prerequisite
The commissioning of the optical power at the transmit end of the upstream station must be
completed.

Tools, Equipments and Materials


Optical power meter, fixed attenuator

Commissioning Requirements
The received optical power of OSC is within the range from –48 dBm to –3 dBm, and the
transmitted optical power of OSC is within the range from –4 dBm to 0 dBm. Basic requirements
of the optical power commissioning on the OSC are as follows:

l The optical power of the OSC should be within the range from –45 dBm to –8 dBm.
l A 15 dB fixed attenuator is required for the interconnection between the OSCs in the station.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the fiber connection of the OSC unit.
l The RM interface of the OSC board connects with the TM interface of FIU board in the local
station.
l The TM interface of the OSC board connects with the RM interface of FIU board in the local
station.

Step 2 Set the wavelength of the optical power meter to 1510 nm. Then measure the transmit optical
power of the OSC board. It should be in the range from –4 dBm to 0 dBm.

Step 3 Set the wavelength of the optical power meter to 1510 nm. Then measure the actual receive
optical power of the OSC board. It should be in the range from –48 dBm to –3 dBm.
NOTE

If the result does not meet the requirement, clean the optical fiber. If the problem still exists, check whether the
OSC is faulty. Clear the fault.

Step 4 Set the wavelength of the optical power meter to 1510 nm. Then test the insertion loss between
the IN and TM interfaces, and between the RM and OUT interfaces of the FIU. The values should
be less than 1.5 dBm.

----End

3.7.2 Commissioning the ESC board


This section describes how to commission the ESC board.

Commissioning Requirements
When the OTU starts to work and the service is normal, the ESC route is set up.

Forcing the Laser of the OTU board, refer to 3.2.1 Forcing the OTU Board to Emit Light.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Procedure
Step 1 Log in T2000, select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog box.

Step 2 Select the OTU board from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane and choose
Configuration > WDM Interface。

Step 3 Choose Channel。

Step 4 Click Query, and ensure the Laser on the WDM side of the OTU board is open.

Step 5 Choose Board,and set ESC Auxiliary Switch to Enabled。

Step 6 Click Apply。

----End

3.8 Commissioning Optical Power of Multiplexer and


Demultiplexer Board
This section describes the basic requirements of commissioning the optical power of multiplexer
and demultiplexer board.

Only the VMUX board of the multiplexer and demultiplexer unit have strict requirements for
optical power commissioning. The M40, D40, and FIU have no requirements for optical power
commissioning, they only need to note the insertion loss.
3.8.1 Commissioning the Optical Power of M40V and D40V Board
This section describes the basic requirements of commissioning the optical power of M40V and
D40V board
3.8.2 Commissioning the Optical Power of FIU Board
This section describes the basic requirements of commissioning the optical power of FIU board.

3.8.1 Commissioning the Optical Power of M40V and D40V Board


This section describes the basic requirements of commissioning the optical power of M40V and
D40V board

Commissioning Requirements
Adjust the optical power and the flatness of OSNR of each wavelength at the receive end to meet
the requirements by adjusting the built-in VOA.
l Adjust the attenuation of the VOAs in each channel of the M40V/D40V at the transmit end
to 5 dB before commissioning.
l Connect the optical spectrum analyzer to the MON interface of the last OAU of the signal
flow. Test the optical power and the OSNR of each channel in WDM mode.
l According to the optical spectrum figure, find out the channels with the largest or the
smallest optical power (or OSNR). Adjust the VOA in the corresponding channels of the
M40V/D40V to make the optical power (or OSNR) closer to the average value.
l Ensure that the maximum difference of optical power among all the channels is within 4
dB and that of OSNR is within 2 dB.

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NOTE

Generally the output optical power values of all OAUs do not have obvious change after the previous
commissioning. If the change is obvious, adjust the VOA before the first OAU of the signal flow to make
the input optical power reach the standard value. Do not need to adjust the successive OAUs. Ensure that
the OSNR is flat and the optical power is around the standard value.

3.8.2 Commissioning the Optical Power of FIU Board


This section describes the basic requirements of commissioning the optical power of FIU board.

Commissioning Requirements
For FIU boards, note the insertion loss of them.
l IN–>TC insertion loss = Input optical power of IN interface – Output optical power of TC
interface
l RC–>OUT insertion loss = Input optical power of RC interface – Output optical power of
OUT interface
l IN–>TM insertion loss = Input optical power of IN interface – Output optical power of TM
interface
l RM–>OUT insertion loss = Input optical power of RM interface – Output optical power
of OUT interface

The optical power can be measured with an optical power meter and an optical spectrum
analyzer. The basic requirements of measurement are as follows.

Method one: measurement with an optical power meter


l For IN–>TC insertion loss, the insertion loss must be equal to or less than 1.0 dB.
l For RC–>OUT insertion loss, measure the optical power of the OUT interface in the case
of disconnecting the fiber of the RM interface. The insertion loss must be equal to or less
than 1.0 dB.
l For IN–>TM insertion loss, the insertion loss must be equal to or less than 1.5 dB.
l For RM–>OUT insertion loss, measure the optical power of the OUT interface in the case
of disconnecting the fiber of the RC interface. The insertion loss must be equal to or less
than 1.5 dB.

Method two: measurement with an optical spectrum analyzer


l For IN–>TC insertion loss, compare the optical power of the IN interface with that of TC
interface at a certain wavelength with an optical spectrum analyzer. The insertion loss must
be equal to or less than 1.0 dB.
l For RC–>OUT insertion loss, compare the optical power of the OUT interface with that of
RC interface at a certain wavelength with an optical spectrum analyzer. The insertion loss
must be equal to or less than 1.0 dB.
l For IN–>TM insertion loss, compare the optical power of the IN interface at 1510 nm with
that of TM interface at 1510 nm with an optical spectrum analyzer. The insertion loss must
be equal to or less than 1.5 dB.
l For RM–>OUT insertion loss, compare the optical power of the OUT interface at 1510 nm
with that of RM interface at 1510 nm with an optical spectrum analyzer. The insertion loss
must be equal to or less than 1.5 dB.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

3.9 Commissioning Optical Power of FOADM Board


This section describes the basic requirements of commissioning the optical power of FOADM
board.

Networking with MR2+MR2


Figure 3-3 shows the diagram of networking with MR2+MR2.

Figure 3-3 Diagram of networking with MR2+MR2

1 2 3 4

MO
OA OA
OUT IN OUT
TC IN OUT IN MI OUT RC
IN F F
MR2 MR2 I
I
U U
MI
OA OA
OUT MO IN OUT IN
OUT RC OUT IN TC

O O O O
West T T T T East
U U U U

1: west FIU 2: west optical amplifier board at the receive end


3: east optical amplifier board at the transmit end 4: east FIU

Commissioning Requirements
The commissioning requirements of the FOADM board such as the MR2 are as follows.
l In pass-through direction, adjust the VOA between the OAU and the MR2, the VOA
between MR2s, and make the pass-through wavelength meet the requirement of the input
optical power of the OAU at the transmit end.
l In drop wavelength direction, add a proper fixed optical attenuator at the input end of the
OTU, and make the drop wavelength meet the requirement of input optical power of the
OTU.
l In add wavelength direction, adjust the VOA between the OUT interface of the OTU adding
wavelengths and the MR2 to ensure the gain flatness between the add wavelength and the
pass-through wavelength.

3.10 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board


This section describes the basic requirements of commissioning the optical power of ROADM
board.

This section takes the west-to-east signal flow as an example to illustrate the commissioning
requirements of the ROADM in four kinds of ring networks with:

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

l ROAM+ROAM
l WSD9+WSM9
l WSD9+RMU9
l WSMD4+WSMD4

NOTE

l The requirements of the intra-ring grooming and inter-ring grooming of the WSM9, WSD9, RMU9
and WSMD4 are the same.
l The automatic power adjustment mode must be chosen in creating optical cross-connection. For
applications not supporting automatic power adjustment, choose the manual power adjustment mode.
l The optical power of the OUT interface at the receive end and the rated optical power of the IN interface
at the transmit end of the OAU have their default values on the T2000.

3.10.1 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board (ROAM+ROAM)


This section describes the basic commissioning requirements of networking with ROAM
+ROAM.
3.10.2 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board (WSD9+WSM9)
This section describes the basic commissioning requirements of networking with WSD9
+WSM9.
3.10.3 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board (WSD9+RMU9)
This section describes the basic commissioning requirements of networking with WSD9
+RMU9.
3.10.4 Adjusting the Optical Power of the ROADM (WSMD4+WSMD4)
This section describes the basic commissioning requirements of networking with WSMD4
+WSMD4.

3.10.1 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board (ROAM


+ROAM)
This section describes the basic commissioning requirements of networking with ROAM
+ROAM.

Networking with ROAM+ROAM


Figure 3-4shows the diagram of networking with ROAM+ROAM.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Figure 3-4 Diagram of networking with ROAM+ROAM

1 2 3 4

OAU

OAU
F OUT IN F
IN OUT
I ROAM ROAM I

OAU
OAU
U U
OUT IN OUT IN

OBU OBU

West East

D40 D40

O O O O
T T T T
U U U U

1: west FIU 2: west optical amplifier board at the receive end


3: east optical amplifier board at the transmit end 4: east FIU

Commissioning Requirements
l Automatic power adjustment is supported in add and pass-through wavelength directions.
– In add wavelength direction: Create the optical cross-connection from the east OTU at
the transmit end to the east FIU, and set the rated optical power of the IN interface of
east OAU at the transmit end to the typical input power of single wavelength. Then the
system automatically determines and adjusts the output optical power to ensure that the
input optical power of the OAU at the transmit end meets the requirements in adding
wavelength.
– In pass-through direction: Create the optical cross-connection from the west FIU to the
east FIU, and set the rated optical power of the IN interface of east OAU at the transmit
end to the typical input power of single wavelength. Then the system automatically
determines and adjusts the output optical power to ensure that the input optical power
of the OAU at the transmit end meets the requirements in pass-through wavelength.
l Manual power adjustment is needed in drop wavelength direction.
Configure the fixed optical attenuator at the IN interface of the west OTU at the receive
end. Select the fixed optical attenuator according to the input optical power of the OTU to
ensure that the input optical power meets the requirements. The VOA (in the dashed frame)
between the ROAM and D40 boards is used to adjust the input optical power of the optical
amplifier to a value within the nominal range. If the input optical power is within the
nominal range when the VOA is not added, the VOA is not required.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

NOTE

l If the OAU101, OAU103 or OBU103 is configured as the optical amplifier at the receive end,
the OBU and VOA are not required.
l If the OBU101 or OBU104 is configured as the optical amplifier at the receive end and an
avalanche photodiode (APD) is configured on the WDM side of the OTU board at the receive
end, the OBU and VOA are not required.
l If the PIN photodiode is configured at the receive end, the OBU and VOA in the dashed frame
are required.

3.10.2 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board (WSD9


+WSM9)
This section describes the basic commissioning requirements of networking with WSD9
+WSM9.

Networking with WSD9+WSM9


Figure 3-5 shows the diagram of networking with WSD9+WSM9.

Figure 3-5 Diagram of networking with WSD9+WSM9

O O O O O O O O
T T T T T T T T
U U U U U U U U
1 2 3 4
D40 M40

OA WSD9 WSM9 OA
F IN OUT IN OUT F
I I
U U

OA WSM9 WSD9 OA
OUT IN OUT IN

M40 D40
West East

O O O O O O O O
T T T T T T T T
U U U U U U U U

1: west FIU 2: west optical amplifier board at the receive end


3: east optical amplifier board at the transmit end 4: east FIU

Commissioning Requirements
Automatic power adjustment is supported in add, drop and pass-through wavelength directions.
l In drop wavelength direction: Create the optical cross-connection from the west FIU to the
west OTU at the receive end. and set the optical power of the OUT interface of the west
OAU at the receive end to maximum output power of single wavelength. Then the system
automatically calculates and adjusts the attenuation of the VOA in each channel of the
WSD9 to ensure that the input optical power of the OTU meets the requirements in drop
wavelength.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

NOTE

Automatic power adjustment can be realized when the WSD9 drops wavelength directly to the OTU
or through the MR2 or D40 to the OTU.
l In pass-through direction: Create the optical cross-connection from the west FIU to the east
FIU. Set the optical power of the OUT interface of the west OAU at the receive end to
maximum output power of single wavelength, and the rated optical power of the IN
interface of the east OAU at the transmit end to the typical input power of single wavelength.
Then the system automatically calculates and adjusts the attenuation of the VOA in each
channel of the WSD9 and WSM9 to ensure that the input optical power of the OAU at the
transmit end meets the requirements in passing through wavelength.
l In add wavelength direction: Create the optical cross-connection from the east OTU at the
transmit end to the east FIU, and set the rated optical power of the IN interface of the east
OAU at the transmit end to typical input power of single wavelength. Then the system
automatically calculates and adjusts the attenuation of the VOA in each channel of the
WSM9 to ensure that the input optical power of the OAU at the transmit end meets the
requirements in adding wavelength.
NOTE

When the OTU board directly adds/drops wavelengths or when it adds/drops wavelengths through through
the MRX board, a VOA (in the dashed frame) needs to be added before the optical amplifier at the transmit
end. When the OTU board adds wavelengths through the M40 board, the VOA is not required.

3.10.3 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM Board (WSD9


+RMU9)
This section describes the basic commissioning requirements of networking with WSD9
+RMU9.

Networking with WSD9+RMU9


Figure 3-6 shows the diagram of networking with WSD9+RMU9.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

Figure 3-6 Diagram of networking with WSD9+RMU9


O O O O O O O O
T T T T T T T T
U U U U U U U U
1 2 3 4

OA
D40 MRX M40 T
O
A
ROA
OA WSD9 RMU9 OA
F IN OUT IN OUT F
I I
U U
IN
OA RMU9 WSD9 OA
OUT ROA OUT IN
T
O
A M40 MRX D40
West East
OA

O O O O O O O O
T T T T T T T T
U U U U U U U U

1: west FIU 2: west optical amplifier board at the receive end


3: east optical amplifier board at the transmit end 4: east FIU

Commissioning Requirements
l Automatic power adjustment is supported in drop wavelength, pass-through wavelength,
add wavelength directly of the OTU, and add wavelength through the M40V board.
– In drop wavelength direction: Create the optical cross-connection from the west FIU to
the west OTU at the receive end, and set the optical power of the OUT interface of the
west OAU at the receive end to the maximum output power of single wavelength. Then
the system automatically calculates and adjusts the attenuation of the VOA in each
channel of the WSD9 to ensure that the input optical power of the OTU meets the
requirements in drop wavelength.
NOTE

Automatic power adjustment can be realized when the WSD9 drops wavelength directly to the
OTU or through the MR2 or D40 to the OTU.
– In pass-through direction: Create the optical cross-connection from the west FIU to the
east FIU. Set the optical power of the OUT interface of the west OAU at the receive
end to the maximum output power, and the rated optical power of the IN interface of
the east OAU at the transmit end to the typical input power of single wavelength. Then
the system automatically calculates and adjusts the attenuation of the VOA in each
channel of the WSD9 to ensure that the input optical power of the OAU at the transmit
end meets the requirements in passing through wavelength.
– In add wavelength directly of the OTU direction: Create the optical cross-connection
from the east OTU at the transmit end to the east FIU, and set the rated optical power
of the IN interface of the east OAU at the transmit end to the typical input power of
single wavelength. Then the system automatically calculates and adjusts the attenuation
of the VOA in each channel of the RMU9 to ensure that the input optical power of the
OAU at the transmit end meets the requirements in add wavelength.
l When wavelengths are added through the MR2/MR4/MR8 board or the M40 board, the
optical power needs to be manually adjusted.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

When wavelengths are added through the M40/M40V board, an optical amplifier needs to
be configured between the TOA and ROA on the RMU9 board, and a VOA needs to be
configured between the ROA and the optical amplifier. When wavelengths are added
through the MR2/MR4/MR8 board, the TOA and the ROA interfaces of the RMU9 are
directly connected to each other by fibers.
Adjust the VOA between the OTU and the MR2, MR4, MR8 or M40 board to ensure that
the flatness of the input optical power of add wavelengths and pass-through wavelengths
on the east OAU at the transmit end meets the system requirements.
l The add wavelength signal of the RMU9 must meet a certain requirement to enable the
APE function in networking with WSD9+RMU9.
– Configure the VA1 or VA4 board between the OTU and the RMU in the case that the
OTU adds wavelength directly to the RMU9, the APE function can be realized
automatically.
– Use the M40V board in the case that the OTU adds wavelength to the RMU9 through
the multiplexer and demultiplexer boards, the APE function can be realized
automatically.
– If the VA1, VA4 and M40V are not used, the APE cannot be realized.

3.10.4 Adjusting the Optical Power of the ROADM (WSMD4


+WSMD4)
This section describes the basic commissioning requirements of networking with WSMD4
+WSMD4.

Networking with WSMD4+WSMD4


This section describes the commissioning requirements of the WSMD4. In this section, the
networking diagram for two-dimensional grooming is used as an example for illustration. The
commissioning requirements of multi-dimensional grooming are similar. Figure 3-7 shows the
diagram of networking with WSMD4+WSMD4.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

Figure 3-7 Diagram of networking with WSMD4+WSMD4


1 2 3 4

DM4
OA OA
F IN OUT IN AM4 OUT IN OUT F
I WSMD4 WSMD4 I
U U
AM4 IN
OA OA
OUT IN OUT DM1 DM4 OUT IN
AM1 AM1 DM1

OA OA
West East

D40 M40 M40 D40

O O O O
T T T T
U U U U

1: west FIU 2: west optical amplifier board at the receive end


3: east optical amplifier board at the transmit end 4: east FIU

NOTE

l In the diagram, the AM2/DM2 and AM3/DM3 optical interfaces of the WSMD4 board are not shown.
The two pairs of interfaces are used for signal grooming in other direction, respectively.
l The single-wavelength signals are transmitted directly to the AMn optical interface by the OTU
board.

Commissioning Requirements
The commissioning requirements of the WSMD4 are as follows:
l In the drop wavelength direction, manual power adjustment is required.
You need to select and configure a fixed attenuator at the IN optical interface of the OTU
board on the east and west receive end, respectively, according to the input optical power
range of the OTU board. In this way, the input optical power to the OTU board can meet
the OTU design requirement. The optical power of the VOA (in the dashed frame) between
the demultiplexer and WSMD4 should be adjusted so that the input optical power is within
the nominal input range of the optical amplifier. If the input optical power is already within
the nominal input range of the optical amplifier when the VOA is not added, the VOA is
not required.
NOTE

l If the OAU101, OAU103 or OBU103 is configured as the optical amplifier at the receive end,
the OBU and VOA are not required.
l If the OBU101 or OBU104 is configured as the optical amplifier at the receive end and an APD
module is configured on the the WDM side of OTU at the receive end, the OBU and VOA are
not required.
l If a PIN module is configured as the optical amplifier at the receive end, the OBU and VOA in
the dashed frame need to be configured.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

l In pass-through direction, automatically adjusting the optical power is supported.


Create the optical cross-connection from the west FIU to the east FIU and from the east
FIU to the west FIU. The system automatically calculates and adjusts the attenuation of the
VOA in each channel of the WSMD4 to ensure that the input optical power of the OAU at
the transmit end meets the requirements of the pass-through wavelength.
l In add wavelength direction, automatically adjusting the optical power is supported.
Create the optical cross-connection from the east OTU at the transmit end to the east FIU
and from the west OTU to the west FIU. Then the system automatically calculates and
adjusts the attenuation of the VOA in each channel of the WSMD4 to ensure that the input
optical power of the OAU at the transmit end meets the requirements in adding wavelength.
NOTE

When the OTU adds/drops wavelengths directly or through the MRX, a VOA (in the solid frame)
needs to be added before the optical amplifier at the transmit end. When the OTU adds wavelengths
through the M40, the VOA is not required.

3.11 Commissioning Optical Power of the DCM


The per-channel input optical power of the DCM should not be larger than –3 dBm.

Prerequisite
Fiber connections on the DCM must be correct.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, optical power meter, fiber jumper

Procedure
Step 1 Measure the input optical power of the DCM. The per-channel input optical power should not
be larger than –3 dBm.

Step 2 Measure the output optical power of the DCM.

Step 3 Calculate the DCM insertion loss. The insertion loss should be within the specification range.

DCM insertion loss = Input optical power of DCM – Output optical power of DCM

----End

Related Information
For details on the specifications of the DCM insertion loss, refer to the Product Description.

3.12 Example of Commissioning Optical Power


This section takes the Project X as an example to introduce the optical power commissioning
procedures of OTM, OLA and OADM stations.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

CAUTION
Ensure that the interfaces and fibers involved in the commissioning are clean. If not, it influences
the system performance.

l All the channels must be accessed with service signals or forced to emit light before optical
power commissioning. Hence, all the OTU can emit light normally. Then start
commissioning station by station.
l Enable the performance monitoring of NEs during optical power commissioning. Compare
the value reported by the NE and the value tested by instruments. Ensure that the two values
of optical power are the same.
NOTE

The optical power queried by the T2000 is general optical power. The difference between the value and
the value tested by instruments should be within ± 1 dB.

3.12.1 Example Description


This section describes the networking of Project X.
3.12.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Transmit End
This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow at the
transmit end of an OTM station.
3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA
This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in an
OLA station.
3.12.4 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Receive End
This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow at the
receive end of an OTM station.
3.12.5 Commissioning Optical Power of FOADM
This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in the
FOADM station.
3.12.6 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM (ROAM+ROAM)
This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in the
ROADM station in the ROAM+ROAM mode.
3.12.7 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM (WSD9+WSM9)
This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in the
ROADM station in the WSD9+WSM9 mode.
3.12.8 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM (WSD9+RMU9)
This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in the
ROADM station in the WSD9+RMU9 mode.
3.12.9 Commissioning the Optical Power of the ROADM (WSMD4+WSMD4)
This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in the
ROADM station in the WSMD4+WSMD4 mode.

3.12.1 Example Description


This section describes the networking of Project X.
Figure 3-8 shows the networking diagram of the Project X. The ONEs A, B, C, D, E and F are
the Optical OSN 6800 systems which form the ring network. Among these ONEs, the ONE A

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and ONE C are the back-to-back OTM stations, the ONE B, ONE D and ONE F are the OLA
stations, and the ONE E is the OADM station.
The station E can use the FOADM boards or ROADM boards to form the network.
l If it uses the FOADM boards, refer to the 3.9 Commissioning Optical Power of FOADM
Board for commissioning description.
l If it uses the ROADM boards, refer to the 3.10 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM
Board for commissioning description.

Figure 3-8 Network diagram of Project X


Station A 2OTM Station F OLA Station E OADM

135km/39dB 85km/27dB

55km/15dB 60km/16dB

80km/26dB 100km/30dB

Station B OLA Station C 2OTM Station D OLA

: OTM :OLA : OADM

NOTE

In the commissioning example, the signal flow from west to east is taken as an example to illustrate the
commissioning procedure. The commissioning method of the signal flow from east to west is the same as
that of the signal flow from west to east.

3.12.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Transmit End


This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow at the
transmit end of an OTM station.

Prerequisite
The fiber connection and NE commissioning must be complete.

Tools, Equipments and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, optical power meter, signal analyzer, optical fiber, fixed optical
attenuator, VOA

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

Set-up Diagram

Figure 3-9 Fiber connection of OTM station A


Station A
D01 Tx Rx M01
DCM LQM LQM
TDC RDC D02 M02
LINE C SYS M
D L4G L4G
R OAU1 4 OBU1
P 4
IN TC IN OUT IN 0 OUT OUT RC OUT
C 0
D40 M40 IN
LSX LSX
F TM RM1 RM F
TM2
West To F I SC2 I To B East
U RM TM1 TM U
M01 D01 RM2
Rx Tx
LQM LQM
M02 D02
M L4G L4G D D
OBU1 4 4 OBU1 C
0 M
OUT 0 TC IN
M40 IN OUT
RCOUT IN OUT D40 IN
LSX LSX

Fixed optical attenuator ODF side


VOA

Procedure
Step 1 Check the fiber connection of each board according to fiber connection diagram. The optical
fiber of the input interface Rx on the client side of the OTU needs to be loosely inserted.

Step 2 Access the signal of the client side on east OTU.

Step 3 Query the bar code of the front panel or manufacturing information of the board to obtain the
information of the optical module on the client side of the OTU.

Step 4 Obtain the launched optical power and information of optical module on the client side. Compare
the launched optical power of the client equipment with the received optical power on the client
side of the OTU to prepare the fixed optical attenuator beforehand.

Step 5 Test the optical power of fiber jumper of the RX interface on the client side of the OTU with an
optical power meter.

Step 6 Add the fixed optical attenuator to make the input optical power of the OTU meet the
requirements.

Step 7 If all input optical powers meet the requirements of the OTU, insert the fiber into the RX interface
of the OTU and record the input optical powers of the RX interface in the commissioning record.

Step 8 Check whether the OUT interfaces on the WDM sides of all east OTU emit light. If they do not
emit light, check whether the accessed services are normal, and whether lasers of the OTU are
open.

Step 9 Test the optical power of the OUT interface on the WDM side of the OTU with an optical power
meter.

Step 10 Test the input optical power of the Mn interface of the M40, and record the value in the
commissioning record. If the difference between the optical power of the Mn interface and the
OUT on the WDM side of the OTU exceeds 1 dB, check the routing and cleanness of the fibers.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Step 11 Connect the optical spectrum analyzer to the OUT interface of the M40 to scan the multiplexed
signal. Adjust the attenuator before the M40 to adjust the optical power flatness of add
wavelengths.

Step 12 Record the optical power of each wavelength and multiplexed signal and calculate the insertion
loss of each wavelength of the M40. Check whether the insertion loss of each wavelength meets
the requirements after passing through the M40. If the optical power is abnormal, check the fiber
connection of the Mn interface.

Step 13 Connect the optical spectrum analyzer to the fiber jumper of the IN interface on the East-
Transmit-to-West-Receive OBU1 to scan the multiplexed signal. Test the optical power of the
IN interface of the OBU1.

Step 14 Adjust the VOA connected to the output optical interface on the OTU, to ensure the flatness of
the optical power of all the wavelengths at the IN optical interface on the OBU1.

Step 15 Test the optical power of each output wavelength of the OUT interface on the OBU1 with an
optical spectrum analyzer. Check whether the mean output optical power of single wavelength
is in the standard range.

Step 16 Calculate the gain of each wavelength of the OBU1. Gain = output optical power of single
wavelength - input optical power of single wavelength. The gain flatness of single wavelength
should be less than 2.0 dB.

Step 17 Record the optical power of IN interface and OUT interface, input and output optical power,
gain of each wavelength on the OBU1.

Step 18 Query the input and output optical power of multiplexed signal of the OBU1 by the T2000. The
difference between the value on the T2000 and the test value should be less than 2.0 dB.

Step 19 Test the input optical power of the RC interface of the FIU with an optical power meter. If the
optical power difference between the RC interface of the FIU and the OUT interface of the OBU1
is more than 1 dB, check the routing and the cleanness of optical fibers.

Step 20 Test the output optical power of the OUT interface of the FIU with an optical power meter (in
the case of disconnecting the fiber to the RM interface). Calculate the insertion loss from RC to
OUT interface of the FIU. The insertion loss should be equal to or less than 1.0 dB.

Step 21 Test the output optical power of the TM2 interface on the SC2 with an optical power meter, and
then test the input optical power of the RM interface on the FIU. If the difference between the
two values is more than 1 dB, check the routing and the cleanness of the optical fibers.

Step 22 Test the output optical power of the OUT interface on the FIU with an optical power meter (in
the case of disconnecting the fiber to the RC interface). Calculate the insertion loss from RM to
OUT interface of the FIU. The insertion loss should be equal to or less than 1.5 dB.

Step 23 Test the output optical power on the ODF side. Compare the value with the output optical power
of the OUT interface of the FIU to check whether the fiber is correctly routed.

----End

3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA


This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in an
OLA station.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

Prerequisite
The fiber connection and NE commissioning must be complete.

The optical power commissioning of station A at the transmit end must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, optical power meter, signal analyzer, optical fiber, fixed optical
attenuator, VOA

Set-up Diagram

Figure 3-10 Fiber connection of OLA station B

Station B
D
C OBU1
IN TC M IN OUT RC OUT

TM RM1 TM2 RM
FI SC2 FI
West To A U U To C East
RM TM1 RM2 TM

D
OBU1 C OAU1
M
OUT RC OUT IN OUT IN TC IN
RDC TDC

Fix optical attenuator ODF side


VOA

Procedure
Step 1 Test the optical power of the IN interface on the west FIU with an optical power meter. Compare
the value with optical power of the OUT interface on the east FIU of station A to calculate the
line attenuation between station A and station B on the line side. If the actual line attenuation is
larger than the line attenuation designed in networking, check the line attenuation to determine
whether the cable attenuation is overlarge or the fiber routing is faulty. If the cables are faulty,
clear the fault accordingly.

Step 2 Test the input optical power of the IN interface and the output optical power of the TM interface
on the west FIU at 1510nm with an optical spectrum analyzer. Record the optical power values
in the commissioning record.

Step 3 Calculate the insertion loss from the IN interface to the TM interface of the west FIU. The
insertion loss should be equal to or less than 1.5 dB.

Step 4 Test the input optical power of the RM1 interface on the SC2 with an optical spectrum analyzer.
Add a proper attenuator to make the input power less than –3dB.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Step 5 Test the output optical power of the TM2 interface of the SC2 with an optical spectrum analyzer.
Record the input optical power of the RM1 interface and the output optical power of the TM2
interface in the commissioning record.

Step 6 Test the input optical power of the RM interface and the output optical power of the OUT
interface on the east FIU at 1510nm with an optical spectrum analyzer. Record the optical power
values in the commissioning record.

Step 7 Calculate the insertion loss from the RM interface to the OUT interface on the east FIU. The
insertion loss should be equal to or less than 1.5 dB.

Step 8 Test the input optical power of the IN interface and the output optical power of the TC interface
on the west FIU at a certain wavelength with an optical spectrum analyzer. Record the optical
power values in the commissioning record.

Step 9 Calculate the insertion loss from the IN interface to the TC interface on the west FIU. The
insertion loss should be equal to or less than 1.0 dB.

Step 10 Connect the optical spectrum analyzer to the fiber jumper of the IN interface on the East-
Transmit-to-West-Receive OBU to scan the multiplexed signal. Adjust the VOA before the OBU
to commission the mean input optical power of single wavelength of the OBU to typical value.

Step 11 Test the input and output optical power of the DCM. Calculate the insertion loss of the VOA
and DCM.

Step 12 The optical power commissioning method of the OBU is the same as that at the transmit end of
the OTM. For details, refer to Step 14 through Step 18 in 3.12.2 Commissioning Optical Power
of OTM Transmit End.

Step 13 Test the input optical power of the RC interface and the output optical power of the OUT interface
of the east FIU at a certain wavelength with an optical spectrum analyzer. Record the optical
power values in the commissioning record.

Step 14 Calculate the insertion loss from the RC interface to the OUT interface on the east FIU. The
insertion loss should be equal to or less than 1.0 dB.

----End

3.12.4 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Receive End


This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow at the
receive end of an OTM station.

Prerequisite
The fiber connection and NE commissioning must be complete.

The optical power commissioning of station B must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, optical power meter, signal analyzer, optical fiber, fixed optical
attenuator, VOA

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

Set-up Diagram

Figure 3-11 Fiber connection of OTM station C


Station C

D01 Tx Rx M01
TDC RDC LQM LQM
D02 M02
D D L4G L4G M
OAU1 C OBU1 4 OBU1
4
IN OUT M IN 0 0 OUT IN OUT RC OUT
TC D40 M40
LSX LSX

F TM RM1 TM2 RM F
West I SC2 I East
To B To D
U RM TM1 RM2 TM U
M01 Rx Tx D01
LQM LQM
OUT M02 D02
M L4G L4G D
OBU1 4 4 OAU1
IN 0 0 IN OUT IN TC IN
OUT RC OUT
M40 D40 DCM
LSX LSX RDC TDC

Fixed optical attenuator ODF side


VOA

Procedure
Step 1 Check the fiber connection of each board according to fiber connection diagram. The optical
fiber of the input interface on the OTU needs to be loosely inserted.

Step 2 The line attenuation test is the same as that of the OLA station. Refer to Step 1 in 3.12.3
Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 3 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TM interface
on the west FIU, refer to Step 2 and Step 3 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 4 For optical power commissioning of the SC2, refer to Step 4 and Step 5 in 3.12.3 Commissioning
Optical Power of OLA.

Step 5 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the RM and OUT interface
on the east FIU, refer to the Step 6 and Step 7 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA

Step 6 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TC interface
on the west FIU, refer to the Step 8 and Step 9 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of
OLA.

Step 7 Connect the optical spectrum analyzer to the fiber jumper of the IN interface on the East-
Transmit-to-West-Receive OAU1 to scan the multiplexed signal. Record the optical power and
OSNR of each wavelength of the IN interface on the OAU1.

Step 8 Connect the optical spectrum analyzer to the fiber jumper of the OUT interface on the East-
Transmit-to-West-Receive OAU1 to scan the multiplexed signal. Adjust the gain of the OAU1
on the T2000 to commission the launched optical power of single wavelength of the OAU1 to
the maximum value.
NOTE

For the methods and requirements of gain adjustment of the OAU, refer to the 3.5 Commissioning Optical
Power of EDFA OAU Board.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Step 9 Calculate the gains of each wavelength of the OAU1. Record the input and output optical power,
gain of each wavelength, and the input and output optical power of the multiplexed signal.

Step 10 Check whether the input and output optical power of the multiplexed signal is compliant to the
typical value by the T2000.

Step 11 The tested OSNR of each received wavelength must be more than 20 dB. The other testing
indices are the same as what mentioned before.

Step 12 The commissioning method of the East-Transmit-to-West-Receive OBU and DCM is the same
as that of the OLA station. For specific procedures, refer to Step 10 through Step 12 in 3.12.3
Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 13 Connect the optical spectrum analyzer to the fiber jumper of the IN interface on the west D40
to scan the multiplexed signal. Record the input optical power of each wavelength.

Step 14 Test the output optical power of each wavelength of the Dn interface on the D40 with an optical
spectrum analyzer.

Step 15 Calculate the insertion loss of each wavelength of the D40. The insertion loss must be less than
8 dB, and the maximum difference between the insertion loss values must be less than 2.0 dB.

Step 16 Test the input optical power of the IN interface on the WDM side of the OTU. Check whether
the optical power of the IN interface on the OTU is within the standard range.
NOTE

If a PIN receiver is used on the WDM side of the OTU, no fixed optical attenuator is needed. If an APD
is used on the WDM side of the OTU, a 10 dB fixed optical attenuator needs to be added to ensure that the
input optical power of the IN interface of the OTU meets the requirements. If the optical power does not
meet the requirements, add, change or remove the fixed optical attenuator to ensure that the received optical
power is within the standard range.

Step 17 Securely insert the optical fiber into the IN interface of the OTU after the input optical power
meets the requirements.

Step 18 Test the output optical power on the client side of the OTU and the optical power of the ODF.
Compare the two values to check whether the fiber jumper on the client side is correctly
connected. The fiber attenuation must be less than 1 dB.

Step 19 Query the input and output optical power of each OTU by the T2000. The difference between
the values on the T2000 and the test values must be less than 2.0 dB. The number of error
corrections in 15-minute of the board with FEC function is required to be less than 100,000. If
the number of error corrections is comparatively large, locate the fault.

Step 20 If the client equipment accessed is new, test the 24-hour network-wide bit errors of the client
equipment. If the client equipment is not connected or not used, loop back the TX and RX
interfaces on the client sides of all OTU of station C at the ODF side. In addition, a fixed optical
attenuator needs to be added before the RX interface.
NOTE

3.12.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Transmit End, 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power
of OLA and 3.12.4 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Receive End shows the commissioning
process for the optical multiplex section. The commissioning of the multiplex sections at OTM and OLA
stations is similar.

----End

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

3.12.5 Commissioning Optical Power of FOADM


This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in the
FOADM station.

Prerequisite
The fiber connection and NE commissioning must be complete.

The optical power commissioning of station D must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, optical power meter, signal analyzer, optical fiber, fixed optical
attenuator, VOA

This section takes the station E formed by the MR2s as an example to describe the optical power
commissioning procedure of the FOADM station.

Set-up Diagram

Figure 3-12 Fiber connection of FOADM station E


Station E
TM RM1 TM2 RM
SC2
IN RM TM1 RM2 OUT
TM

D IN MO MO OUT OUT
FI C OBU1 OBU1 FI
U TC M IN OUT IN MI MI IN OUT RC U To F East
West To D
MR2 MR2 MR2 MR2
OUT MI MI IN
OBU1 OAU1
RC OUT IN IN OUT
OUT MO MO IN TC
OUT IN
DCM
RDC TDC

L L L L L L L L
Q 4 4 4 S S Q 4
M G G G X X M G

Fix optical attenuator ODF side


VOA

Procedure
Step 1 Check the fiber connection of each board according to fiber connection diagram. The optical
fiber of the input interface on the OTU needs to be loosely inserted.

Step 2 The line attenuation test is the same as that of the OLA station. Refer to Step 1 in 3.12.3
Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 3 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TM interface
on the west FIU, refer to Step 2 and Step 3 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Step 4 For optical power commissioning of the SC2, refer to Step 4 and Step 5 in 3.12.3 Commissioning
Optical Power of OLA.

Step 5 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the RM and OUT interface
on the east FIU, refer to Step 6 and Step 7 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 6 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TC interface
on the west FIU, refer to Step 8 and Step 9 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 7 The commissioning method of the OAU at the receive end and DCM is the same as that of the
OLA station. For details, refer to Step 10 through Step 12 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical
Power of OLA.
NOTE

The TDC and RDC interfaces of the OAU1 can access the DCM module. After input optical power
commissioning, set the gain to adjust the output optical power to the standard value. The tests of optical
power, gain and OSNR are the same as what mentioned before.

Step 8 Test the output optical power of the D1 and D2 interfaces on the two MR2 boards of west
respectively after commissioning the west OBU1 at the receive end. Find out the optical interface
with the largest output optical power.

Step 9 Add a fixed optical attenuator at the receive end of the OTU to adjust the input optical power of
the IN interface of the OTU to meet the requirement.
NOTE

l The optimal range of the input power of the OTU: from higher than the sensitivity value by 3 dBm to
lower than the overload value by 5 dBm.
l For the specific indexes of the OTU, refer to the Product Description.

Step 10 Insert the optical fiber into the IN interface on the WDM side of the OTU after the input optical
power meets the requirements.

Step 11 Test the optical power of the IN, D1, D2 and MO interfaces on the west MR2 with an optical
spectrum analyzer.

Step 12 Calculate the drop insertion loss from the IN interface to the D1 interface and to the D2 interface,
and the passing through insertion loss from the IN interface to the MO interface on the first MR2
of west.

Step 13 In the same way, test the optical power of each wavelength of the IN, D1, D2 and MO interfaces
on the second MR2 of west. Calculate the drop insertion loss of the MR2.

Step 14 Test the input optical power of the east OBU1 at the transmit end. Adjust the VOA between the
east MR2 and the west MR2 at East-Transmit-to-West-Receive to adjust the mean input optical
power of the pass-through wavelength of the IN interface on the east OBU1 at the transmit end
to the standard value.

Step 15 Test the optical power of the add wavelength of the east OTU with an optical power meter.

Step 16 Test the input optical power of the IN interface on the east OBU1 at the transmit end with an
optical spectrum analyzer. Adjust the VOA of the OTU to adjust the input optical power of the
add wavelength of the IN interface on the east OBU1 at the transmit end to the typical input
power of single wavelength.

Step 17 Test the optical power of the MI, A1, A2 and OUT interfaces on the east MR2 with an optical
spectrum analyzer.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

Step 18 Calculate the add insertion loss from the A1 interface and the A2 interface to OUT interface,
and the pass-through insertion loss from the M1 interface to OUT interface of the east MR2.
Step 19 Test the optical power of single wavelength of each output wavelength on the OUT interface of
the east OBU1 with an optical spectrum analyzer.
Step 20 Calculate the gain of each wavelength of the OBU1. Gain = output optical power of single
wavelength – input optical power of single wavelength. The gain flatness of each wavelength
should be less than 2 dB.
Step 21 Query the input and output optical power of the multiplexed signal of the OBU1 by the T2000.
The difference between the value on the T2000 and the test value should be less than 2 dB.
Step 22 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the RC and the OUT
interfaces on the east FIU, refer to the Step 13 and Step 14 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical
Power of OLA.

----End

3.12.6 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM (ROAM+ROAM)


This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in the
ROADM station in the ROAM+ROAM mode.

Prerequisite
The fiber connection and NE commissioning must be complete.
The optical power commissioning of station D must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, optical power meter, signal analyzer, optical fiber, fixed optical
attenuator, VOA

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Testing Diagram (Networking with ROAM+ROAM)

Figure 3-13 Fiber connection of ROADM station E (networking with ROAM)

Station E

TM RM1 TM2 RM
SC2
RM TM1 RM2 TM
IN OUT
EXPO
F OBU1 OBU1 F
To D IN OUT EXPI IN OUT To F
I ROAM ROAM I
EXPI U
West U OBU1 OAU1 East
OUT IN EXPO OUT IN

DM M M
DM DCM
0 0
OUT 1 1 RDC TDC IN
OBU OBU

D40 D40

L L L L
Q 4 Q 4
M G M G

Fix optical attenuator ODF side


VOA

Procedure
Step 1 Check the fiber connection of each board according to fiber connection diagram. The optical
fiber of the input interface on the OTU needs to be loosely inserted.
Step 2 The line attenuation test is the same as that of the OLA station. Refer to Step 1 in 3.12.3
Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.
Step 3 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TM interface
on the west FIU, refer to Step 2 and Step 3 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.
Step 4 For optical power commissioning of the SC2, refer to Step 4 and Step 5 in 3.12.3 Commissioning
Optical Power of OLA.
Step 5 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the RM and OUT interface
on the east FIU, refer to Step 6 and Step 7 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.
Step 6 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TC interface
on the west FIU, refer to Step 8 and Step 9 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.
Step 7 The commissioning method of west-receive OBU1 at the receive end is the same as that of the
OLA station. For details, refer to Step 12 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.
Step 8 Set the optical power of the OUT interface of the west OBU1 at the receive end to the maximum
output power of single wavelength. Set the rated optical power of the IN interface of east OBU1
at the transmit end to the typical input power of single wavelength. Create the optical cross-
connection from the west FIU to the east FIU and that from east OTU at the transmit end to the
east FIU on the T2000.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

NOTE

For the details on how to create the optical cross-connection, refer to the Configuration Guide.

Step 9 Connect the optical power meter to the fiber of IN interfaces of the west OTUs one by one.
Configure the fixed optical attenuator to ensure that the input optical power of the west OTUs
meets the requirements.
NOTE

l If a PIN module is configured as the optical amplifier at the receive end, the OBU and VOA in the
dashed frame need to be configured. If the OAU101, OAU103 or OBU103 is configured as the optical
amplifier at the receive end, the OBU and VOA are not required.
l If the OBU101 or OBU104 is configured as the optical amplifier at the receive end and an APD module
is configured on the WDM side of the OTU at the receive end, the OBU and VOA are not required;
instead, a 10 dB fixed optical attenuator needs to be configured.
l There are two types of optical receive modules: PIN and APD. The specific type can be identified
through the bar code information pasted on the front panel. For APD, there is a corresponding APD
warning identifier on the panel of the board.

Step 10 After ensuring that the optical power meets the requirements, tightly insert the fiber into the
input interface on the WDM side of the OTU.

Step 11 Test the optical power of the IN, DM and EXPO interfaces of the west ROAM with an optical
power meter, and measure the input optical power at the IN interface and the single-wavelength
output optical power at the Dn interface of the D40.

Step 12 Calculate the drop insertion loss from the IN interface to the DM interface and the pass-through
insertion loss from the IN interface to the EXPO interface of the west ROAM and the insertion
loss of the D40. The insertion loss of the D40 should be equal to or less than 6.5 dB.
NOTE

l For the ROAM board, Insertion loss = Insertion loss when the inside VOA of the board is zero + Attenuation
value of the inside VOA of the board
l When the attenuation of the inside VOA is zero, for the insertion loss of the ROAM board, refer to the
Product Description.

Step 13 Adjust the optical power of the add wavelengths and pass-through wavelengths of the ROAM.
The method 1 is recommended.
1. Method 1: Select Automatic related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
The ROAM automatically adjusts the optical power of the add wavelength of east OTU
and west pass-through wavelength. This ensures that the average input power of the IN
interface of the east OBU1 at the transmit end is equal to the typical input power of single
wavelength.
2. Method 2: Select Manualrelated to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
Manually adjust the attenuation value of each VOA inside the ROAM board. This ensures
that the average input power of the IN interface of the east OBU1 at the transmit end is
equal to the typical input power of single wavelength.

Step 14 Test the optical power of the EXPI, Mn and OUT interfaces of the east ROAM with an optical
spectrum analyzer.

Step 15 Calculate the add insertion loss from the Mn interface to the OUT interface and the pass-through
insertion loss from the EXPI interface to the OUT interface of the east ROAM.

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NOTE

l Insertion loss = Insertion loss when the inside VOA of the board is zero + Attenuation value of the inside
VOA of the board
l When the attenuation of the inside VOA is zero, for the insertion loss of the ROAM board, refer to the
Product Description.

Step 16 Test the optical power of IN interface and single wavelength optical power of each output
wavelength of the OUT interface of east OBU1 with an optical spectrum analyzer.
Step 17 Calculate the gain of each wavelength of the OBU1. The gain flatness of each wavelength should
be less than 2 dB.
Step 18 Query the input and output optical power of the multiplexed signal of the OBU1 by the T2000.
The difference between the values on the T2000 and the test values should be less than 2 dB.
Step 19 For the optical power commissioning of insertion loss calculation of the RC and the OUT
interfaces of the east FIU, refer to Step 13 and Step 14 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power
of OLA.

----End

3.12.7 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM (WSD9+WSM9)


This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in the
ROADM station in the WSD9+WSM9 mode.

Prerequisite
The fiber connection and NE commissioning must be complete.
The optical power commissioning of station D must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, optical power meter, signal analyzer, optical fiber, fixed optical
attenuator, VOA

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

Testing Diagram (Networking with WSD9+WSM9)

Figure 3-14 Fiber connection of ROADM station E (networking with WSD9+WSM9)

L L L L L L L L
Q 4 S 4 Q 4 S 4
M G X G M G X G

Station E

D40 M40

TM RM1 TM2 RM
SC2
IN RM TM1 RM2 OUT
TM

DM AM
West F EXPO F East
OBU1 WSD9 WSM9 OBU1
I I
To D TC IN OUT IN EXPI OUT IN OUT RC U To F
U

EXPI
OBU1 WSM9 WSD9 OAU1
EXPO
RC OUT IN OUT IN OUT TC
AM DM
OUT DCM IN
M40 D40 RDC TDC

L L L L L L L L
Q 4 S 4 Q 4 S 4
M G X G M G X G

Fix optical attenuator ODF side


VOA

NOTE

An OTU is a transceiver that can process transmitting signals and receiving signals for the same wavelength
at the same time.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the fiber connection of each board according to fiber connection diagram. The optical
fiber of the input interface on the OTU needs to be loosely inserted.

Step 2 The line attenuation test is the same as that of the OLA station. Refer to Step 1 in 3.12.3
Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 3 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TM interface
on the west FIU, refer to Step 2 and Step 3 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 4 For optical power commissioning of the SC2, refer to Step 4 and Step 5 in 3.12.3 Commissioning
Optical Power of OLA.

Step 5 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the RM and OUT interface
on the east FIU, refer to Step 6 and Step 7 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Step 6 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TC interface
on the west FIU, refer to Step 8 and Step 9 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 7 The commissioning method of west-receive OBU1 at the receive end is the same as that of the
OLA station. For details, refer to Step 12 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 8 Set the optical power of the OUT interface of the west OBU1 at the receive end to maximum
output power of single wavelength. Set the rated optical power of the IN interface of east OBU1
at the transmit end to the typical input power of single wavelength. Create the optical cross-
connections from the west FIU to west OTU at the receive end, from the west FIU to the east
FIU and from east OTU at the transmit end to the east FIU on the T2000.
NOTE

For the details on how to create the optical cross-connection, refer to the Configuration Guide.

Step 9 Adjust the optical power of the west drop wavelength. The method 1 is recommended during
deployment commissioning.
1. Method 1: Select Automatic related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
The WSD9 automatically adjusts the optical power of the drop wavelength. This ensures
that the average input power of the IN interface of the west OTU at the receive end meets
the requirements.
NOTE

After the optical power is automatically adjusted, query the actual optical power at the IN optical
interface on the OAU1. If the actual power differs slightly from the power as required, use the second
method to fine tune the power.
2. Method 2: Select Manual related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
Manually adjust the attenuation value of each VOA corresponding to the drop wavelength
of the WSD9 board. This ensures that the average input power of the IN interface of the
west OTU at the receive end meets the requirements.

Step 10 Test the optical power of IN interface on the OTU. After ensuring that the optical power meets
the requirements, tightly insert the fiber into the input interface on the WDM side of the OTU.

Step 11 Adjust the optical power of the west pass-through wavelength. The method 1 is recommended
during deployment commissioning.
1. Method 1: Select Automatic related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
The WSD9 and the WSM9 automatically adjust the optical power of the west pass-through
wavelength. This ensures that the average input power of pass-through wavelengths of the
IN interface on the east OBU1 at the transmit end is equal to the typical input power of
single wavelength.
NOTE

After the optical power is automatically adjusted, query the actual optical power at the IN optical
interface on the OAU1. If the actual power differs slightly from the power as required, use the second
method to fine tune the power.
2. Method 2: Select Manual related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
Manually adjust the attenuation value of each VOA corresponding to the pass-through
wavelength of the WSD9 and WSM9 boards. This ensures that the average input power of
pass-through wavelengths of the IN interface on the east OBU1 at the transmit end is equal
to the typical input power of single wavelength.

Step 12 Test the output power of the IN/DMn/EXPO interface of the west WSD9 board with an optical
spectrum analyzer.

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Step 13 Test the input and output optical power of D40, and calculate the insertion loss of it. The insertion
loss of the D40 board should be equal to or less than 6.5 dB.
Step 14 Calculate the drop insertion loss from the IN interface to the DMn interface and the pass-through
insertion loss from the IN interface to the EXPO interface of the east WSD9.
NOTE

l Insertion loss = Insertion loss when the inside VOA of the board is zero + Attenuation value of the inside
VOA of the board
l When the attenuation of the inside VOA is zero, the insertion loss of the WSD9 board should be equal to or
less than 8 dB.

Step 15 Adjust the output power of the add wavelength of the east OTU. The method 1 is recommended
during deployment commissioning.
1. Method 1: Select Automatic related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
The WSM9 automatically adjusts the optical power of the add wavelength of the east OTU.
This ensures that the average input power of add wavelengths of the IN interface on the
east OBU1 at the transmit end is equal to the typical input power of single wavelength.
NOTE

After the optical power is automatically adjusted, query the actual optical power at the IN optical
interface on the OAU1. If the actual power differs slightly from the power as required, use the second
method to fine tune the power.
2. Method 2: Select Manual related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
Manually adjust the attenuation value of each VOA corresponding to the pass-through
wavelength of the WSM9 boards. This ensures that the average input power of pass-through
wavelengths of the IN interface on the east OBU1 at the transmit end is equal to the typical
input power of single wavelength.
NOTE

When the OTU adds/drops wavelengths directly or through the MRX, a VOA (in the solid frame)
needs to be added before the optical amplifier at the transmit end. When the OTU adds wavelengths
through the M40, the VOA is not required.

Step 16 Test the input and output optical power of M40, and calculate the insertion loss of it. The insertion
loss of the M40 board should be equal to or less than 6.5 dB.
Step 17 Test the optical power of the EXPI, AMn and OUT interfaces of the WSM9 with an optical
spectrum analyzer.
Step 18 Calculate each add wavelength insertion loss from the AMn interface to the OUT interface and
pass-through insertion loss from the EXPI interface to the OUT interface of the WSM9.
NOTE

l Insertion loss = Insertion loss when the inside VOA of the board is zero + Attenuation value of the
inside VOA of the board
l When the attenuation of the inside VOA is zero, the insertion loss of the WSM9 board should be equal
to or less than 8 dB.

Step 19 Test the optical power of IN interface and single wavelength of each output wavelength of the
OUT interface of the east OBU1 with an optical spectrum analyzer.
Step 20 Calculate the gain of each wavelength of the OBU1. The gain flatness of each wavelength should
be less than 2 dB.
Step 21 Query the input and output optical power of the multiplexed signal of the OBU1 by the T2000.
The difference between the values on the T2000 and the test values should be less than 2 dB.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Step 22 For the optical power commissioning of insertion loss calculation of the RC and the OUT
interfaces of the east FIU, refer to Step 13 and Step 14 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power
of OLA.

----End

3.12.8 Commissioning Optical Power of ROADM (WSD9+RMU9)


This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in the
ROADM station in the WSD9+RMU9 mode.

Prerequisite
The fiber connection and NE commissioning must be complete.
The optical power commissioning of station D must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, optical power meter, signal analyzer, optical fiber, fixed optical
attenuator, VOA

Testing Diagram (Networking with WSD9+RMU9)

Figure 3-15 Fiber connection of ROADM station E (networking with WSD9+RMU9)

L L L L L L L L
Q 4 S 4 Q 4 S 4
M G R G M G R G

Station E

D40 MR4

TM RM1 TM2 RM
SC2
IN RM TM1 RM2 TM OUT
TOA
DM AM
F EXPO ROA F
OBU1 WSD9 RMU9 OBU1
I I
TC IN OUT IN EXPI OUT OUT RC U To F East
West To D U
IN

OUT EXPI
OBU1 RMU9 WSD9 OAU1
ROA EXPO
RC OUT IN TC
OUT
IN
IN AM DM
OUT TOA DCM IN
MR4 D40 RDC TDC

L L L L L L L L
Q 4 S 4 Q 4 S 4
M G R G M G R G

Fix optical attenuator ODF side


VOA

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

NOTE

An OTU is a transceiver that can process transmitting signals and receiving signals for the same wavelength
at the same time.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the fiber connection of each board according to fiber connection diagram. The optical
fiber of the input interface on the OTU needs to be loosely inserted.

Step 2 The line attenuation test is the same as that of the OLA station. Refer to Step 1 in 3.12.3
Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 3 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TM interface
on the west FIU, refer to Step 2 and Step 3 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 4 For optical power commissioning of the SC2, refer to Step 4 and Step 5 in 3.12.3 Commissioning
Optical Power of OLA.

Step 5 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the RM and OUT interface
on the east FIU, refer to Step 6 and Step 7 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 6 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TC interface
on the west FIU, refer to Step 8 and Step 9 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 7 The commissioning method of west-receive OBU1 at the receive end is the same as that of the
OLA station. For details, refer to Step 12 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 8 Set the optical power of the OUT interface of the west OBU1 at the receive end to the maximum
output power of single wavelength. Set the rated optical power of the IN interface of east OBU1
at the transmit end to the typical input power of single wavelength. Create the optical cross-
connections from the west FIU to west OTU at the receive end, from the west FIU to the east
FIU on the T2000. Create the optical cross-connection from the east OTU that is connected with
RMU9 directly at the transmit end to the east FIU.
NOTE

For the details on how to create the optical cross-connection, refer to the Configuration Guide.

Step 9 Adjust the optical power of west drop wavelengths. The method 1 is recommended during
deployment commissioning.
1. Method 1: Select Automatic related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
The WSD9 automatically adjust the optical power of the drop wavelength from the west
OTU. This ensures that the input power of the IN interface of the west OTU at the receive
end is equal to the typical input power of single wavelength.
NOTE

After the optical power is automatically adjusted, query the actual optical power at the IN optical
interface on the OBU1. If the actual power differs slightly from the power as required, use the second
method to fine tune the power.
2. Method 2: Set the attenuation value of each drop channel of the WSD9 on the T2000. Ensure
that the input power of the IN interface of the west OTU is equal to the typical input power
of single wavelength.

Step 10 Test the optical power of IN interface on the OTU. After ensuring that the optical power meets
the requirements, tightly insert the fiber into the input interface on the WDM side of the OTU.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Step 11 Test the input and output optical power of the west D40. Calculate the insertion loss of the D40
board, which should be equal to or less than 6.5 dB.

Step 12 Adjust the optical power of west pass-through wavelengths. The method 1 is recommended
during deployment commissioning.
1. Method 1: Select Automatic related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
The WSD9 automatically adjusts the corresponding VOA of each pass-through
wavelength. This ensures that the input power of single pass-through wavelength of the
OBU1 is equal to the typical input power of single wavelength.
NOTE

After the optical power is automatically adjusted, query the actual optical power at the IN optical
interface on the OBU1. If the actual power differs slightly from the power as required, use the second
method to fine tune the power.
2. Method 2: Select Manual related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000. Test
the input power of east OBU1 with an optical spectrum analyzer. Manually set the
corresponding VOA of each pass-through wavelength of the west WSD9. This ensures that
the input power of single pass-through wavelength of the OBU1 is equal to the typical input
power of single wavelength.

Step 13 Test the output power of the IN/DMn/EXPO interface of the west WSD9 board with an optical
spectrum analyzer.

Step 14 Calculate the drop insertion loss from IN interface to DM interface and the pass-through insertion
loss from IN interface to EXPO interface of the WSD9 board.
NOTE

l Insertion loss = Insertion loss when the inside VOA of the board is zero + Attenuation value of the inside
VOA of the board
l When the attenuation of the inside VOA is zero, the insertion loss of the WSD9 board should be equal to or
less than 8 dB.

Step 15 Adjust the optical power of add wavelengths of the east OTU board (the OTU is directly
connected to the RMU9 board). The method 1 is recommended during deployment
commissioning.
1. Method 1: Select Automatic related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
The RMU9 automatically adjusts the corresponding VOA of each add wavelength of each
east OTU. This ensures that the input power of single add wavelength of the OBU1 is equal
to the typical input power of single wavelength.
NOTE

After the optical power is automatically adjusted, query the actual optical power at the IN optical
interface on the OBU1. If the actual power differs slightly from the power as required, use the second
method to fine tune the power.
2. Method 2: Select Manual related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000. Test
the input power of east OBU1 with an optical spectrum analyzer. Manually set the
corresponding VOA of each add wavelength of the east OTU in the east RMU9. This
ensures that the input power of single add wavelength of the OBU1 is equal to the typical
input power of single wavelength.

Step 16 As for wavelengths added through the RMU9 after the wavelengths are multiplexed by the MR4,
perform the following substeps:
1. Set the attenuation of the corresponding RMU9-imbedded VOA connected to the MR4 to
3 dB.

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

2. Set the VOA attenuation between the MR4 and OTU to the minimum.
3. Find out the smallest one among the input optical power values of wavelengths added
through the MR4 to the IN interface of the OBU1. Adjust the optical power of each of the
other wavelengths to this smallest value to flatten the optical power.
4. Set the attenuation of the corresponding RMU9-imbedded VOA connected to the MR4 to
obtain the typical input power of single wavelength added through the MR4.

Step 17 Test the input and output optical power of MR4, and calculate the insertion loss of it. The
insertion loss of the MR4 board should be equal to or less than 1.5 dB.

Step 18 Test the optical power of the EXPI, AMn and OUT interfaces of the RMU9 with an optical
spectrum analyzer.

Step 19 Calculate each add wavelength insertion loss from the AMn interface to the OUT interface and
pass-through insertion loss from the EXPI interface to the OUT interface of the RMU9.
NOTE

l Insertion loss = Insertion loss when the inside VOA of the board is zero + Attenuation value of the
inside VOA of the board
l When the attenuation of the inside VOA is zero, for the insertion loss of the RMU9 board, refer to the
Product Description.

Step 20 Test the optical power of IN interface and single wavelength of each output wavelength of the
OUT interface of the east OBU1 with an optical spectrum analyzer.

Step 21 Calculate the gain of each wavelength of the OBU1. The gain flatness of each wavelength should
be less than 2 dB.

Step 22 Query the input and output optical power of the multiplexed signal of the OBU1 by the T2000.
The difference between the values on the T2000 and the test values should be less than 2 dB.

Step 23 For the optical power commissioning of insertion loss calculation of the RC and the OUT
interfaces of the east FIU, refer to Step 13 and Step 14 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power
of OLA.

----End

3.12.9 Commissioning the Optical Power of the ROADM (WSMD4


+WSMD4)
This section describes how to commission the optical power of a west-to-east signal flow in the
ROADM station in the WSMD4+WSMD4 mode.

Prerequisite
l The fiber connection and NE commissioning must be complete.
l The optical power commissioning of station D must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, optical power meter, signal analyzer, optical fiber, fixed optical
attenuator, VOA

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Testing Diagram (Networking with WSMD4+WSMD4)


This section describes the commissioning procedure for the WSMD4 board. In this section, the
networking diagram for two-dimensional grooming are used as an example for illustration. The
networking of multi-dimensional grooming can be considered as a network with multiple
networks providing two-dimensional grooming.

Figure 3-16 Fiber connection of ROADM station E (networking with WSMD4+WSMD4)

Station E
TM RM1 TM2 RM
SC2
RM TM1 RM2 TM

DM4
OBU1 OAU1
F IN OUT IN AM4 OUT IN OUT F
West I WSMD4 WSMD4 I East
U AM4 U
IN
OBU1 DM4 OBU1
OUT IN OUT DM1 AM1 OUT IN
AM1 DM1
OBU

OBU

D40 M40 M40 D40

L L L L
4 S 4 S
G X G X

Fixed optical attenuator ODF side


VOA

NOTE

l In the diagram, the AM2/DM2 and AM3/DM3 optical interfaces of the WSMD4 board are not shown.
The two pairs of interfaces are used for signal grooming in other direction, respectively.
l The single-wavelength signals are transmitted directly to the AMn optical interface by the OTU board.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the fiber connection of each board according to fiber connection diagram. The optical
fiber of the input interface on the OTU needs to be loosely inserted.

Step 2 The line attenuation test is the same as that of the OLA station. Refer to Step 1 in 3.12.3
Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 3 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TM interface
on the west FIU, refer to Step 2 and Step 3 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

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Step 4 For optical power commissioning of the SC2, refer to Step 4 and Step 5 in 3.12.3 Commissioning
Optical Power of OLA.

Step 5 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the RM and OUT interface
on the east FIU, refer to Step 6 and Step 7 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 6 For the optical power commissioning and insertion loss calculation of the IN and TC interface
on the west FIU, refer to Step 8 and Step 9 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA.

Step 7 The commissioning method of west-receive OBU1 at the receive end is the same as that of the
OLA station. For specific procedures, refer to Step 12 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power
of OLA.

Step 8 Set the optical power of the OUT interface of the west OBU1 at the receive end to maximum
output power of single wavelength. Set the rated optical power of the IN interface of east OBU1
at the transmit end to the typical input power of single wavelength. Create Single-Station Optical
Cross-Connection from the west FIU to the east FIU and that from east OTU at the transmit end
to the east FIU on the T2000.
NOTE

The details to create the optical cross-connection, refer to the Configuration Guide.

Step 9 Connect the optical power meter to the fiber of IN interfaces of the west OTUs one by one.
Configure the fixed optical attenuator to ensure that the input optical power of the west OTUs
meets the requirements.
NOTE

l If a PIN module is configured as the optical amplifier at the receive end, the OBU and VOA in the
dashed frame need to be configured. If the OAU101, OAU103 or OBU103 is configured as the optical
amplifier at the receive end, the OBU and VOA are not required.
l If the OBU101 or OBU104 is configured as the optical amplifier at the receive end and an APD module
is configured on the WDM side of the OTU at the receive end, the OBU and VOA are not required;
instead, a 10 dB fixed optical attenuator needs to be configured.
l The previous commissioning method is for the OTU board with PIN photodiode. For the OTU with
APD, a 10 dB fixed attenuator needs to be configured.
l There are two types of optical receive modules: PIN and APD. The specific type can be identified
through the bar code information pasted on the front panel. For APD, there is a corresponding APD
warning identifier on the panel of the board.

Step 10 Test the optical power of IN interface on the OTU. After ensuring that the optical power meets
the requirements, tightly insert the fiber into the input interface on the WDM side of the OTU.

Step 11 Test the optical power of the IN and DMn interfaces of the west WSMD4 with an optical power
meter. And test the output optical power of the D40.

Step 12 Calculate the drop insertion loss from the IN interface to the DMn interfaces of the west WSMD4
and the insertion loss of the D40. The insertion loss of the D40 should be equal to or less than
6.5 dB.
NOTE

l For the WSMD4 board, insertion loss = insertion loss when the inside attenuation is zero + the
attenuation value of the inside VOA of the board.
l When the attenuation of the inside VOA is zero, for the insertion loss of the WSMD4 board, refer to
the Product Description.

Step 13 Adjust the optical power of the add wavelengths and pass-through wavelengths of the WSMD4.
The method 2 is recommended. Method 2 is recommended during deployment commissioning.

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1. Method 1: Select Automatic related to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
The WSMD4 automatically adjust the optical power of the add wavelength of the east OTU
and the west pass-through wavelength. This ensures that the average input power of pass-
through wavelengths of the IN interface on the east OAU1 at the transmit end is equal to
the typical input power of single wavelength.
NOTE

After the optical power is automatically adjusted, query the actual optical power at the IN optical
interface on the OAU1. If the actual power differs slightly from the power as required, use the second
method to fine tune the power.
2. Method 2: Select Manualrelated to the optical cross-connection mode on the T2000.
Manually adjust the attenuation value of each VOA inside the WSMD4 board. This ensures
that the average input power of the IN interface of the east OAU1 at the transmit end is
equal to the typical input power of single wavelength.

Step 14 Test the output optical power of the AMn and OUT interfaces of the east WSMD4 with an optical
spectrum analyzer.

Step 15 Calculate the add insertion loss and the pass-through insertion loss from the AMn interface to
the OUT interface of the east WSMD4.

Step 16 Test the single wavelength optical power of IN interface and single wavelength optical power
of each output wavelength of the OUT interface of east OAU1 with an optical spectrum analyzer.

Step 17 Calculate the gain of each wavelength of the OAU1. The gain flatness of each wavelength should
be less than 2 dB.

Step 18 Query the input and output optical power of the multiplexed signal of the OAU1 by the T2000.
The difference between the values on the T2000 and the test values should be less than 2 dB.

Step 19 For the optical power commissioning of insertion loss calculation of the RC and the OUT
interfaces of the east FIU, refer to Step 13 and Step 14 in 3.12.3 Commissioning Optical Power
of OLA.

----End

3.13 Example of Commissioning Optical Power Based on


40Gbit/s Single-Wavelength System
This section describes how to commission the single-channel 40G (hereinafter referred to as
40G) OTM and OLA, stations.

CAUTION
Ensure that the optical interfaces and fibers involved in the commissioning are clean. Otherwise,
the system performance will be affected.

NOTE
When commissioning the optical power, ensure that all channels configured for the project access service
signals, or that the WDM side is forced to emit light. Hence, all the OTU can emit light normally. Then,
start the commissioning station by station.

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NOTE
The optical power queried on the T2000 is general optical power. The difference between the value and
the value tested by instruments should be within 1 dB.

3.13.1 Description of the Example


The commissioning of the 40G system imposes higher requirements, compared with the
commissioning of low-rate service line. In this example, the system to be commissioned is a
long haul 40G link.
3.13.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Transmit End
This section considers direction 1 as an example to describe how to commission the optical
power at the transmit end of the OTM. The objective of commissioning is to ensure that the total
transmit optical power meets the specification requirement and the optical power flatness of
every wavelength is realized.
3.13.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA
In the case of the OLA station, you need to commission only the total optical power in terms of
optical power commissioning.
3.13.4 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Receive End
The commissioning rule of the OTM station is that "commission the optical power at the transmit
end based on the optical power at the receive end". At the receive end of the OTM station, you
need to commission only the total input optical power. Then, adjust the attenuation of every
wavelength of the M40 at the transmit end according to the optical power flatness at the receive
end.

3.13.1 Description of the Example


The commissioning of the 40G system imposes higher requirements, compared with the
commissioning of low-rate service line. In this example, the system to be commissioned is a
long haul 40G link.

Networking Diagram
Figure 3-17shows the network topology of Project H. In a chain network, optical network
elements (ONEs) A, B, C and D are the stations installed with the OptiX OSN 6800. ONE A
and ONE D are configured as OTM stations. ONE B and ONE C are two OLA stations. There
are several OLA stations between ONE B and ONE C. 10-channel 40G services are transmitted
between ONEs A and D.

Figure 3-17 shows the span loss and distance between NEs. G.655 fiber is used as the line optical
fiber.

Figure 3-17 Service requirement matrix in Project H


A 80 km/22dB B C 76 km/20.9dB D
OLA

:OTM :OLA

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Wavelength Allocation Diagram


Figure 3-18 shows the wavelength allocation diagram of Project H. The solid line represents
the working channel and the dashed line represents the protection channel.

Figure 3-18 Wavelength allocation diagram of Project H


A D

STM-256
LSXL 192.10THz LSXL 192.10THz
STM-256
LSXL 192.20THz LSXL 192.20THz
STM-256
LSXL 192.30THz LSXL 192.30THz
STM-256
LSXL 192.40THz LSXL 192.40THz
STM-256
LSXL 192.50THz LSXL 192.50THz
STM-256
LSXL 192.60THz LSXL 192.60THz
STM-256
LSXL 192.70THz STM-256 LSXL 192.70THz
LSXL 192.80THz LSXL 192.80THz
STM-256
LSXL 192.90THz LSXL 192.90THz
STM-256
LSXL 196.00THz LSXL 196.00THz

Optical Amplifier Configuration Diagram


Figure 3-19 shows the configuration of the optical amplifier on each station in Project H.

Figure 3-19 Optical amplifier configuration diagram of Project H


A B C D

DCM DCM DCM


to
OAU D40
OBU OAU OAU
103
from 103 103 103 至
M40 OLA D40

OAU OAU OAU OBU


to 103 103 103 103 来自
D40 from
V40
DCM DCM DCM M40

80 km 76 km
22dB 20.9dB

NE board_caps Configuration
NOTE

At the OTM station, the WDM-side optical module supports DRZ 100 GHz. The OAU1 type is
TN11OAU103, and the OBU1 type is TN11OBU103.

Figure 3-20shows the board configuration of ONE A and ONE D. The board configurations of
ONEs B and C are the same as the board of the other OLAs, as shown in Figure 3-21

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

Figure 3-20 Board_caps Configuration of ONE A and ONE D (OTM)

PDU PDU

P
I
L L L U
F S S S S P
I X X X C I
U L L L CU
A
U
X

P P
I I
U L L U
O L L F S S P
F M D
M S P S
I 4
B
4R S S C I I X X C I
U 0
U
02 X X CU U L L CU
1 L L A
A
U U
X X

P P
I I
U L L L U
O O F S S P
F S S P S S
A B M C I
I C C I I X X X
U U C CU
U 1 CU U L L L
1 1 A A
A
U U
X X

DCM DCM

NOTE
The LSXL occupies four slots.

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Figure 3-21 Board_caps Configuration of ONEs B and C (OLA)

PDU

P
I
U
O O
F F S S P
A A
I I C C I
U U
U U 2 CU
1 1 A
U
X

DCM

Commissioning Rules
The following rules must be observed when you commission the 40G system:
l In the case of the commissioning of the 40G system, an optical spectrum analyzer must be
used in the commissioning to ensure that the optical power is commissioned precisely.
l The objective of 40G system commissioning is to commission the receive OSNR flatness
of a multiplex section to ±1 dB and to make sure that the optical power flatness at each
station is less than ±1.5dB.
l During the equalization of the system optical power, the actual incident optical power of
every section cannot deviate from the typical incident optical power over ±2 dB regardless
of the fiber type. Otherwise, the system performance degrades quickly and the BER before
FEC increases rapidly.

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l The optical power at the IN optical interface on the 40 OTU board_caps should be within
the range from –8 dBm to –3 dBm.
l The objective of the system commissioning is to ensure the optical power flatness and the
OSNR flatness. When the difference between the OSNR flatness and optical power flatness
is small, the system OSNR flatness can be obtained by maintaining the optical power
flatness.
l In the case of 40G system commissioning, adjust the optical power of each wavelength at
the transmit end to make it flat. Then, adjust the optical power difference between each
wavelength at each two equilibrium stations (stations that balance the optical power,
including ROADM, back-to-back OADM, and back-to-back OTM ) to a value not more
than 0.5 dB. If the spacing between two equilibrium stations is less than or equal to four
spans, you only need to adjust the output optical power difference of equilibrium stations
at the transmit end to 0.5 dB.
l When commissioning the 40G ODB 80-channel system, test the signal power and OSNR
of the even wavelengths by shutting down the odd wavelengths and then test the signal
power and OSNR of the odd wavelengths by shutting down the even wavelengths.
l When the 10G signal and the 40G signal are mixed in transmission, the general
commissioning method is same as that for 40G system commissioning. When the 10G
signal is adjacent to the 40G signal, however, make sure that the optical power of the 10G
signal is not more than nominal power of a single wavelength. Under the condition that the
10G signal is stable for a long time, commission the power of the 10G signal to a value 1
dB less than the power of the adjacent 40G signal.
l In the mixed spectrum of the 40G signal and the 10G signal, the spectrum of 40G signal is
wider and its amplitude is lower than that of the 10G signal. Actually, the power of the 10G
signal, however, is equal to the power of the 40G signal. Thus, measure optical power of
the 40G wavelength and the 10G wavelength accurately, Figure 3-22 shows the mixed
optical spectrum.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

Figure 3-22 Mixed optical spectrum of 40G signals and 10G signals

10G signals

40G signals

TIP
When the system has more than 20 spans, the noise signal of the short wavelengths increases and there is
a great difference between OSNR flatness and optical power flatness. Thus, during the extra long-haul 40G
transmission, avoid using short wavelengths. If short wavelengths must be used, you need to take into
account the OSNR limits of the short wavelengths when planning the network.

Commissioning Procedure

Table 3-1 Commissioning stations reference list


Station Commissioning Method and Fiber Connection Diagram

A Refer to 3.13.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Transmit End

B,C Refer to 3.13.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA

D Refer to 3.13.4 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Receive End

For the commissioning method of each station in project H and the fiber connection diagram of
each station, refer to Table 3-1. The commissioning is performed in two directions:

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Direction 1:A→B→C→D

Direction 2:D→C→B→A
Because the commissioning in the two directions are performed in a similar way, only the
commissioning in direction 1 is described.

CAUTION
Before the OptiX OSN 6800 is connected to the line fiber in each station, you must:
l Test the span loss to ensure the value is in accordance with the requirement of the
engineering design.
l Test the transmission distance of the line signals to ensure the value is in accordance with
the requirement of the engineering design.
l Check the type of the line fiber to ensure the value is in accordance with the requirement
of the engineering design.
If any one of the above conditions is not met, the system commissioning will be affected. Thus,
when the above conditions are not met, give feedback to the construction party who is in charge
to solve the problem.

NOTE

The fibers between the FIU and ODF subrack, the fibers between the LSXL and client equipment and the
fibers between cabinets are all external fibers that should be routed on site.

3.13.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Transmit End


This section considers direction 1 as an example to describe how to commission the optical
power at the transmit end of the OTM. The objective of commissioning is to ensure that the total
transmit optical power meets the specification requirement and the optical power flatness of
every wavelength is realized.

Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher.
The fiber connections must be correct.
All channels must be accessed with services or must be forced to emit light, to make the OTU
emits light normally.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, Optical power meter, Fiber jumper, Flange, Fixed optical attenuator,
Variable optical attenuator

Background Information
In this example, the specifications of the hardware are as follows:
l G.655 fiber is used as the line optical fiber.
l At the OTM station, the WDM-side optical module supports DRZ 100 GHz.

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3 Commissioning Optical Power Commissioning Guide

l In the 40x40G system, ten wavelengths are added.


l The OAU1 type is TN11OAU103 and the OBU1 type is TN11OBU103.
NOTE
When the 40G ODB system is used, a dual-module ITL board_caps must be configured at the transmit and
receive ends. If certain OADM stations add/drop ODB wavelengths (wavelengths with 100 GHz channel
spacing), a dual-module ITL board_caps also must be used at the transmit and receive ends. In the case of the
ROADM stations with 50 GHz channel spacing, no ITL board_caps is required because the 50 GHz WSS module
provides the 50 GHz filter function.

Test Connection Diagram

Figure 3-23 Fiber connection diagram of OTM station A

Station A
Rx M31
LSXL
M32
LSXL M
4 OBU1 To B
0 OUT IN OUT RC OUT
M40
LSXL

TM RM F
SC1 I

D31
RM TM U
Tx
LSXL
D32
LSXL D
4 OAU1 From B
0
IN OUT TC IN
D40 DCM
LSXL RDC TDC

Variable optical Fixed optical


attenuator attenuator ODF

Procedure
Step 1 Check if the fiber connection between boards is correct based on the fiber connection diagram
and if the fiber on each board is inserted properly. If not, correct the error immediately.

Step 2 Access real service signals on the client sides of all OTU board_caps.

Step 3 Obtain the information on the optical module of the OTU by observing the bar code on the front
panel or the board manufacturing information.

Step 4 Ask the equipment engineer of the customer to provide the transmitting optical power and the
optical module type of the equipment. Compare the optical power with the receiving optical
power on the client side of the OTU to determine if the fixed attenuator should be adjusted.
Record the receiving optical power on the client side of the OTU.

In the case of Project H, the receiving optical power of the client-side OTU (the input optical
power of the client-side LSXL interfaces) must be within the range from –5 dBm to +3 dBm
(LSXL).

Step 5 Check whether the WDM-side OUT interfaces on all OTUs emit lights or not. If not,

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Commissioning Guide 3 Commissioning Optical Power

l Check whether the accessed SDH/SONET services are normal or not. If not, clear the fault
first.
l Check whether the OTU having no services emits light and whether the laser on the OTU
is open or not. If not, refer to 3.2.1 Forcing the OTU Board to Emit Light to force the
OTU to emit light and to open the laser.

Step 6 Test the output optical power of the OUT interface on the OTU. In the case of LSXL, the value
must be within the range from 0 dBm to –5 dBm and is –3 dBm normally.

Step 7 Test the receiving optical power of the Mn interface of the M40 and record the value.
NOTE

Mn refers to the interfaces M31–M40 that are used in this example.


If the difference between the optical power and the optical power of the OUT interface on the OTU is
greater than 1 dB, check the fiber routing and clean the fiber.

Step 8 Pre-adjust the attenuation of the Variable optical attenuator attached to the M40 to +3 dB to
facilitate the fine tuning of the attenuation in the subsequent steps.

Step 9 Connect the optical spectrum analyzer to the OUT optical interface on the M40 by using a fiber
jumper. Scan the M40 to output multiplexed signals and record the optical power of every
wavelength and the multiplexed optical power. Then, calculate the wavelength insertion loss of
the M40 to check whether the wavelength insertion loss of the M40 meets the specification
requirement.
NOTE

When calculating the wavelength insertion loss of the M40, note that the attenuation of the M40 is pre-
adjusted to +3 dB.
If the detected output optical power is abnormal, check whether optical interfaces M31–M40 are connected
improperly.

Step 10 Connect the fiber jumper that needs to be connected to the IN optical interface on the OBU1 to
an optical power meter. Adjust the attenuation of the optical attenuator attached to the IN optical
interface on the OBU to ensure that the total input optical power of the OBU is about –9 dBm.
NOTE

According to the commissioning rules, commission the total input optical power of the signals to ensure
that the total optical power meets the specification requirement . Then, ensure the optical power flatness
of every wavelength so that the single-wavelength optical power meets standards. The total input optical
power is calculated based on the nominal single-wavelength optical power. The calculation formula is as
follows: Total input optical power = Nominal single-wavelength input optical power + 10logN (N equals
10). If the nominal single-wavelength input optical power is -19dBm, the input total optical power is -9
dBm.

Step 11 Test the output optical power at the OUT optical interface on the OBU1, and ensure that the
total output optical power of the multiplexed wavelengths reaches about +14 dBm.
NOTE

The fixed gain of the TN11OBU103 is 23 dB. In the case, the input optical power of the IN interface on
the OBU1 is -9dBm, so the output optical power of the OUT interface is + 14dBm.
NOTE
The nominal single-wavelength input optical power of the G.655 fiber is +4 dBm, and the maximal single-
wavelength input optical power should be not more than +5.5 dBm.
You can obtain the total output optical power by using the following formula: Total output optical power =
Single-wavelength output optical power + 10logN (N equals 10).

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Step 12 Connect the OUT optical interface on the OBU1 to the optical spectrum analyzer to query the
optical power of every wavelength. Adjust the wavelength attenuation of the Variable optical
attenuator attached to the M40 so that the output optical power flatness is about 0.5 dB.

Step 13 Use an optical power meter to test the optical power at the RC interface of the FIU board_caps
and record the test result.
NOTE

If the difference between the optical power at the RC interface and the optical power at the OUT interface
on the OBU1 is greater than 1 dB, check the fiber routing and clean the fibers.

Step 14 Test the optical power of the OUT interface on the FIU (in the case of disconnecting the fiber
to the RM interface), and determine the RC-OUT insertion loss.

RC-OUT insertion loss on the FIU = Input optical power of the RC on the FIU – Optical power
of the OUT on the FIU

Step 15 Test the output optical power of the TM interface on the SC1 with an optical power meter, and
then test the input optical power of the RM interface on the FIU. If the difference between the
two values is more than 1 dB, check the routing and the cleanness of the optical fibers.

Step 16 Test the output optical power of the OUT interface on the FIU with an optical power meter (in
the case of disconnecting the fiber to the RC interface). Calculate the insertion loss from RM to
OUT interface of the FIU. The insertion loss should be equal to or less than 1.5 dB.

----End

3.13.3 Commissioning Optical Power of OLA


In the case of the OLA station, you need to commission only the total optical power in terms of
optical power commissioning.

Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher.

The fiber connections must be correct.

All channels must be accessed with services or must be forced to emit light, to make the OTU
emits light normally.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, Optical power meter, Fiber jumper, Signal analyzer, Flange, Fixed
optical attenuator, Variable optical attenuator

Background Information
In this example, the specifications of the hardware are as follows:
l G.655 fiber is used as the line optical fiber.
l At the OTM station, the WDM-side optical module supports DRZ 100 GHz.
l In the 40x40G system, ten wavelengths are added.
l The OAU1 type is TN11OAU103.

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Test Connection Diagram

Figure 3-24 Fiber connection diagram of OLA station B

Station B

DCM
TDC RDC
TC OUT
RC
IN
OAU1
IN OUT

F TM RM1 TM2 RM F
From A I SC2 I To C
U RM TM1 RM2 TM U
West East
RC OUT IN TC
OAU1

OUT RDC TDC IN


DCM

Variable optical Fixed optical


attenuator attenuator ODF

Procedure
Step 1 Test the optical power of the IN interface on the west FIU with an optical power meter. Compare
the value with optical power of the OUT interface on the east FIU of station A to calculate the
line attenuation between station A and station B on the line side. If the actual line attenuation is
larger than the line attenuation designed in networking, check the line attenuation to determine
whether the cable attenuation is overlarge or the fiber routing is faulty. If the cables are faulty,
clear the fault accordingly.

Step 2 Test the input optical power of the IN interface and the output optical power of the TM interface
on the west FIU at 1510nm with an optical spectrum analyzer. Record the optical power values
in the commissioning record.

Step 3 Calculate the insertion loss from the IN interface to the TM interface of the west FIU. The
insertion loss should be equal to or less than 1.5 dB.

Step 4 Test the input optical power of the RM1 interface with an optical spectrum analyzer. Add a
proper attenuator to make the input power less than –3dB.

Step 5 Test the output optical power of the TM2 interface of the SC2 with an optical spectrum analyzer.
Record the input optical power of the RM1 interface and the output optical power of the TM2
interface in the commissioning record.

Step 6 Test the input optical power of the RM interface and the output optical power of the OUT
interface on the east FIU at 1510nm with an optical spectrum analyzer. Record the optical power
values in the commissioning record.

Step 7 Calculate the insertion loss from the RM interface to the OUT interface on the east FIU. The
insertion loss should be equal to or less than 1.5 dB.

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Step 8 Test the input optical power of the IN interface and the output optical power of the TC interface
on the west FIU at a certain wavelength with an optical spectrum analyzer. Record the optical
power values in the commissioning record.

Step 9 Calculate the insertion loss from the IN interface to the TC interface on the west FIU. The
insertion loss should be equal to or less than 1.0 dB.

Step 10 Connect the fiber jumper that needs to be connected to the IN optical interface on the west OAU1
to an optical power meter. Adjust the attenuation of the optical attenuator attached to the IN
optical interface on the OAU1 to ensure that the total input optical power of the OAU1 is about
–10 dBm.
NOTE

According to the commissioning rules, commission the total input optical power of the signals to ensure
that the total input optical power meets the specification requirement. Then, ensure the optical power
flatness of every wavelength so that the single-wavelength optical power meets the specification
requirement. The total input optical power is calculated based on the nominal single-wavelength optical
power. The calculation formula is as follows: Total input optical power = Nominal single-wavelength input
optical power + 10logN (N equals 10). If the nominal single-wavelength input optical power is -20 dBm,
the input total optical power is -10 dBm.

Step 11 Query the output optical power at the OUT optical interface on the west OAU1, and then adjust
the gain of the OAU1 on the T2000 to ensure that the total output optical power of the multiplexed
wavelengths reaches about +14 dBm.
NOTE
The nominal single-wavelength input optical power of the G.655 fiber is +4 dBm. and the maximal single-
wavelength input optical power should be not more than +5.5 dBm.
The total output optical power of the multiplexed wavelengths can be obtained by using the following formula:
Total output optical power = Nominal single-wavelength output optical power + 10logN (N equals 10).

Step 12 Test the input and output optical power of the DCM and calculate the DCM insertion loss.

DCM insertion loss = DCM input optical power – DCM output optical power

Step 13 Use an optical power meter to test the optical power of the RC interface on the FIU and record
the value.
NOTE

If the difference between the optical power and the optical power of the OUT interface on the OAU is
greater than 1 dB, check the fiber routing and clean the fiber.

Step 14 Test the optical power of the OUT interface on the east FIU (in the case of disconnecting the
fiber to the RM interface) and calculate the RC-OUT insertion loss.

RC-OUT insertion loss on the FIU = Input optical power of the RC on the FIU – Optical power
of the OUT on the FIU

----End

3.13.4 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Receive End


The commissioning rule of the OTM station is that "commission the optical power at the transmit
end based on the optical power at the receive end". At the receive end of the OTM station, you
need to commission only the total input optical power. Then, adjust the attenuation of every
wavelength of the M40 at the transmit end according to the optical power flatness at the receive
end.

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Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher.
The fiber connections must be correct.
All channels must be accessed with services or must be forced to emit light, to make the OTU
emits light normally.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


Optical spectrum analyzer, Optical power meter, Signal analyzer, Fiber jumper, Flange, Fixed
optical attenuator, Variable optical attenuator

Background Information
In this example, the specifications of the hardware are as follows:
l G.655 fiber is used as the line optical fiber.
l At the OTM station, the WDM-side optical module supports DRZ 100 GHz.
l In the 40x40G system, ten wavelengths are added.
l The OAU1 type is TN11OAU103. The OBU1 type is TN11OBU103.

Test Connection Diagram

Figure 3-25 Fiber connection diagram of OTM station D

Station D

D31 Tx
TDC RDC
DCM
LSXL
D32
D LSXL
From C OAU1
4
IN TC OUT IN 0
D40
LSXL

F TM RM1
I SC1
U RM TM1
M31 Rx
LSXL
OUT M32
M LSXL
To C OBU1 4
OUT RC OUT
IN 0
M40
LSXL

Variable optical Fixed optical


attenuator attenuator ODF

Procedure
Step 1 Check if the fiber connection between boards is correct based on the fiber connection diagram
and if the fiber on each board is well inserted. If not, correct the error immediately.

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Step 2 Test the optical power of the FIU and the SC1 by referring to 3.13.2 Commissioning Optical
Power of OTM Transmit End.
Step 3 Perform the commissioning on the OAU1 by referring to 3.13.3 Commissioning Optical Power
of OLA.
Step 4 Connect the fiber jumper which is to be inserted into the IN interface of the D40 to optical
spectrum analyzer. Scan the multiplexed signal and record the optical power of each channel.
Step 5 Connect the optical spectrum analyzer to the fiber jumper of the IN interface on the west D40
to scan the multiplexed signal. Record the input optical power of each wavelength.
Step 6 Test the output optical power of each wavelength of the Dn interface on the D40 with an optical
spectrum analyzer.
Step 7 Calculate the insertion loss of each wavelength of the D40. The insertion loss must be less than
8 dB, and the maximum difference between the insertion loss values of each wavelength of the
D40 must be less than 2.0 dB.
Step 8 Test the input and output optical power of the DCM and then obtain the insertion loss of the
DCM by using the following formula:
Insertion loss of the DCM = Input optical power of the DCM – Output optical power of the
DCM.
Step 9 Test the input optical power of the IN interface on the WDM side of the OTU. Check whether
the optical power of the IN interface on the OTU is within the standard range.
NOTE

The input optical power on the WDM side of the LSXL board must be within the range from -14 dBm to
-2 dBm. In practical applications, you should adjust the input optical power to a higher level. The range
from -8 dBm to -3 dBm is recommended. If the test results do not meet the specification requirement, you
need to add, replace, or remove a/the fixed optical attenuator according to the test results so that the receive
optical power of the OTU board is within the normal range.

Step 10 Securely insert the optical fiber into the IN interface of the OTU after the input optical power
meets the requirements.
Step 11 Test the output optical power on the client side of the OTU and the optical power of the ODF.
Compare the two values to check whether the fiber jumper on the client side is correctly
connected. The fiber attenuation must be less than 1 dB.
Step 12 Query the input and output optical power of each OTU by the T2000. The difference between
the values on the T2000 and the test values must be less than 2.0 dB. The system OSNR flatness
must be around ±1 dB after the commissioning. If the optical power equalization of every
wavelength is adjusted normal, test the OSNR on the optical spectrum analyzer. The OSNR
tested should be meet the specification of the equipment. And the OSNR flatness of every
wavelength should be ensured. In addition, check whether the TDCM is adjusted to the optimal
value and whether the bit error rate conforms to the expected value.
Step 13 If the client equipment accessed is new, test the 24-hour network-wide bit errors of the client
equipment. If the client equipment is not connected or not used, loop back the TX and RX
interfaces on the client sides of all OTU of station C at the ODF side. In addition, a fixed optical
attenuator needs to be added before the RX interface.

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NOTE

3.13.2 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Transmit End, 3.13.3 Commissioning Optical Power
of OLA and 3.13.4 Commissioning Optical Power of OTM Receive End shows the commissioning
process for the optical multiplex section. The commissioning of the multiplex sections at OTM and OLA
stations is similar.

----End

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Commissioning Guide 4 Commissioning Network

4 Commissioning Network

About This Chapter

Perform the network commissioning after each node and the optical power of the network are
commissioned. This chapter introduces the network commissioning of the OptiX OSN 6800
through case study.
Network commissioning serves to:
l Connect all the NEs in a network in line with the engineering design scheme.
l Test the services of the network to verify the configuration.
l Test the functions of the network, such as the orderwire and protection switching.
l Test quality of the long-term communication in the network through alarms and
performance events.
4.1 Checking Network-Wide Software Version
After you query the software version, you obtain the state version information of each on the
NE.
4.2 Testing Protection Switching
This section describes how to test the protection switch function.
4.3 Testing System Features
The system features are IPA, ALC, APE, and EAPE.
4.4 Testing Bit Errors
The network-wide bit error test must cover all the service channels in the network. You can
perform the bit error tests to the concatenated service channels or to the service segments. There
must be no bit error in consecutive 24 hours.
4.5 Testing Orderwire Functions
Orderwire function test consists of addressing call test and conference call test.
4.6 Backing Up NE Database
After the configuration data is delivered, it is required to backup the NE database. The NE
database can ensure that the SCC restores to normal operation automatically upon data loss or
power failure.

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4 Commissioning Network Commissioning Guide

4.1 Checking Network-Wide Software Version


After you query the software version, you obtain the state version information of each on the
NE.

Prerequisite
The T2000 and the client side must be started up.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000

Procedure
Step 1 Log in to the client side on the T2000, and choose Report > Board Information Report from
the main menu.

Step 2 Click the from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane to update the Navigator Tree. Then
select the desired NE from the Navigator Tree, and click the double-right-arrow button.
Step 3 Click Query. If a message indicating a successful operation is displayed in the prompt Operation
Result dialog box, the operation is successful.
Step 4 Click Close. The status and version information of each of the NE are displayed in the interface.

Step 5 Record the versions of the BIOS, software, FPGA and PCB.

Step 6 The versions of each NE and each should be the same because of the packet loading. If the
versions are different, please feed back to the regional office of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd
in time.

----End

4.2 Testing Protection Switching


This section describes how to test the protection switch function.
OptiX OSN 6800 supports the following protection modes:
l Optical line protection
l Intra-board 1+1 protection
l Client 1+1 protection
l SW SNCP protection
l ODUk SNCP protection
l VLAN SNCP protection
l OWSP protection
l ODUk SPRing protection
l Board_level protection

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l Tributary SNCP Protection


l Cross-Subrack or Cross-NE DBPS and MS SNCP Protection
l Intra-Subrack DBPS Protection
l DLAG Protection

For the working principle of each protection mode and the operating process, refer to the Feature
Description.
The testing methods of different protection switching are similar. The only difference lies in that
the navigation path on the T2000 is different.
4.2.1 Testing the Optical Line Protection Switching
This section takes a ring network formed by two OTM stations to describe the test procedure of
the optical line protection switching.
4.2.2 Testing the Intra-Board 1+1 Protection Switching
This section takes a network formed by two OTM stations as an example to describe the test
procedure of the intra-board 1+1 protection switching that is realized by using the OLP.
4.2.3 Testing Client 1+1 Protection Switching
This section takes a network formed by two OTM stations as an example to describe the test
procedure of the client 1+1 protection switching that is realized by using the OLP.
4.2.4 Testing SW SNCP Protection Switching
This section takes a ring network formed by two stations as an example to describe the test
procedure of the SW SNCP protection switching.
4.2.5 Testing ODUk SNCP Protection Switching
This section takes a ring network formed by two stations in which the tributary board and the
line board are jointly used as an example to describe the test procedure of the ODUk SNCP
protection switching.
4.2.6 Testing VLAN SNCP Protection Switching
This section takes a ring network formed by two stations as an example to describe the test
procedure of the VLAN SNCP protection switching.
4.2.7 Testing Tributary SNCP Protection Switching
This topic considers a ring network as an example to describe the test procedure of the tributary
SNCP protection switching. The ring network consists of two stations in which the tributary
board and the line board are jointly used
4.2.8 Testing Board-Level Protection Switching
The board-level protection is classified into two modes: the general mode and the extended
mode. In the extended mode, the SCS board is required. This section takes the extended board-
level protection by using two OTM stations as an example to describe the test procedure of the
board-level protection switching.
4.2.9 Testing the Cross-Subrack or Cross-NE DBPS and MS SNCP Protection Switching
This topic describes the testing procedure for the DBPS and MS SNCP protection switching. In
this topic, the service between station A and station C in a ring that consists of three stations is
considered as an example.
4.2.10 Testing Intra-Subrack DBPS Protection Switching
This topic describes the testing procedure for the intra-subrack DBPS protection switching. In
this topic, the service between station A and station C is considered as an example.
4.2.11 Testing DLAG Protection Switching

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This topic describes the testing procedure for the DLAG protection switching that is triggered
by the line failure after the fiber is removed.
4.2.12 Testing ODUk SPRing Protection Switching
This section takes a ring network formed by four stations, two adjacent ones of which bear
services, as an example to describe the test procedure of the ODUk SPRing protection switching.
4.2.13 Testing Optical Wavelength Shared Protection Switching
OptiX OSN 6800 supports OWSP (optical wavelength shared protection) protection. This
section describes the testing procedure for the OWSP protection. In this section, two adjacent
stations with services in a ring that consists of four stations are used as an example for illustration.

4.2.1 Testing the Optical Line Protection Switching


This section takes a ring network formed by two OTM stations to describe the test procedure of
the optical line protection switching.

Prerequisite
The optical line protection must be configured.

The fiber connections between station A and station B must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, signal analyzer, optical fiber, flange, optical attenuator

Set-up Diagram
The diagram of testing optical line protection switching is shown in Figure 4-1.

Figure 4-1 Testing the optical line protection

Rx TI TO1 RI1 RO
Signal
analyzer OTU1 O OTU1
O RI1 TO1
Tx A A
D FIU OLP OLP FIU D
OTUn M M OTUn
TO2 RI2
RO RI2 TO2 TI

Station A Station B

: Fixed optical attenuator

Procedure
l Connecting Test Instruments
1. In station A, respectively connect the output and input optical interfaces of the signal
analyzer to the input optical interface RX and output optical interface TX on the client
side of the OTU with the fixed optical attenuator in between.

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2. In station B, connect the input optical interface RX and the output optical interface
TX on the client side of the OTU with the fixed optical attenuator in between to realize
the loopback on the client side, as shown in Figure 4-1.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of the Station A
The related parameters of the OLP are configured on the T2000. For configuration
procedure, refer to the Creating Optical Line Protection in the Feature Description.
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click the ONE icon of the Station A in the Main Topology,
and the status figure of the ONE is displayed.
2. Right-click the NE icon where the OLP board is located and select NE Explorer to
display the NE Explorer dialog box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree and choose Configuration > Port
Protection from the Function Tree.
4. Click Query, and all protection groups are listed in the protection group list in the
right-hand pane.
5. Check the channel status of the optical line protection. The Working Channel is 1
(RI1/TO1) and the Protection Channel is 2(RI2/TO2). The Working Channel
Status and the Protection Channel Status is Normal.
l Testing the Protection Switching of the Equipment
1. The switching test of the optical line protection can be performed in two ways.
– Method 1: fiber removing. Remove the fiber of the RI1 interface of the OLP board
in Station A to perform the switching.
– Method 2: forced switching. On the T2000, log in to station A. Right-click the
desired protection group , and select Force to Protection Channel to perform the
switching.
2. Query the channel states of the optical line protection after the switching in station A.
– In the fiber removing mode, Working Channel is 1(RI1/TO1), and Protection
Channel is 2(RI2/TO2). Working Channel Status is SF; Protection Channel
Status is Normal. Switching Status is SF Switched.
– In the forced switching mode, Working Channel is 1(RI1/TO1), and Protection
Channel is 2(RI2/TO2). Working Channel Status and the Protection Channel
Status is Normal. Switching Status is Force to Protection Channel.
3. In the NE panel of the Station A, right-click the OLP board and select Browse Current
Alarms. The OLP_PS alarm must be reported.
4. Test the services and switching time by using a signal analyzer. The services should
be available, and the switching time should be less than 50 ms.
5. To restore the test environment of the two switching modes in Step 1, the following
two modes can be respectively used:
– Fiber removing mode: Reconnect the fiber.
NOTE

If the Revertive Mode field is set to Non-Revertive, right-click the desired protection
group and then choose Manual to Working Channel from the short-cut menu. After that,
right-click the same protection group again and then choose Clear from the short-cut menu.
– Forced switching mode: Right-click the desired protection group in the Protection
Group, and select Clear.
6. Click Query, and Switching Status of the protection group should be Idle.
----End

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4 Commissioning Network Commissioning Guide

4.2.2 Testing the Intra-Board 1+1 Protection Switching


This section takes a network formed by two OTM stations as an example to describe the test
procedure of the intra-board 1+1 protection switching that is realized by using the OLP.

Prerequisite
The intra-board 1+1 protection must be configured.

The fiber connections between station A and station B must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, signal analyzer, optical fiber, flange, optical attenuator

Set-up Diagram
The diagram of testing intra-board 1+1 protection switching is shown in Figure 4-2.

Figure 4-2 Testing intra-board 1+1 protection switching

TO1 O RI1
O
A A
FIU FIU
RI1 D D TO1
Rx TI RO Tx
O M M O
Signal
T RO OLP OLP TI T
analyzer TO2 RI2
U O O U
Tx Rx
A A
FIU FIU
RI2 D D TO2
M M

Station A Station B

: Fixed optical attenuator

Procedure
l Connecting Test Instruments
1. In station A, respectively connect the output and input optical interfaces of the signal
analyzer to the input optical interface RX and output optical interface TX on the client
side of the OTU with the fixed optical attenuator in between.
2. In station B, connect the input optical interface RX and the output optical interface
TX on the client side of the OTU with the fixed optical attenuator in between to realize
the loopback on the client side, as shown in Figure 4-2.
3. Test the channel by using a signal analyzer to ensure that no bit error is generated.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of the Station A
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click the ONE icon in the Main Topology, and the status
figure of the ONE is displayed.
2. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog
box.

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3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane and choose
Configuration > Port Protection from the Function Tree.
4. Click Query, and all protection groups are listed in the protection group list in the
right-hand pane. The switching status of intra-board protection and channel status
should be Normal.
5. Check the channel status of the intra-board 1+1 protection. The Working Channel is
1(RI1/TO1) and the Protection Channel is 2(RI2/TO2). The Working Channel
Status and the Protection Channel Status is Normal.
l Testing the Protection Switching of the Equipment
1. The switching test of the intra-board protection can be performed in two ways.
– Method 1: fiber removing. Remove the fiber of the TI1 interface of the OLP board
in Station A to perform the switching, as shown in Figure 4-2.
– Method 2: forced switching. In the protection group user interface of station A,
right-click the desired protection group, and select Force to Protection
Channel to perform the switching.
2. Query the channel states of the intra-board 1+1 protection in station A.
– When remove the fiber of the main optical channel, Working Channel is 1(RI1/
TO1), and Protection Channel is 2(RI2/TO2).Working Channel Status is SF,
Protection Channel Status is Normal. Switching Status is SF Switched.
– When selecting Force to Protection Channel, Working Channel is 1 (RI1/
TO1), and Protection Channel is 2 (RI2/TO2). Working Channel Status and
the Protection Channel Status is Normal. Switching Status is Force to
Protection Channel.
3. In the NE panel of the Station A, right-click the OLP board and select Browse Current
Alarms. The INTRA_OTU_PS alarm must be reported.
4. Test the services and switching time by using a signal analyzer. The services should
be available, no bit error is generated, and the switching time should be less than 50
ms.
5. To restore the test environment of the two switching modes in Step 1, the following
two modes can be respectively used:
– Fiber removing mode: Reconnect the fiber.
NOTE

If the Revertive Mode field is set to Non-Revertive, right-click the desired protection
group and then choose Manual to Working Channel from the short-cut menu. After that,
right-click the same protection group again and then choose Clear from the short-cut menu.
– Forced switching mode: Right-click the desired protection group in the Protection
Group, and select Clear.
6. Click Query, and Switching Status of the protection group should be Idle.
----End

4.2.3 Testing Client 1+1 Protection Switching


This section takes a network formed by two OTM stations as an example to describe the test
procedure of the client 1+1 protection switching that is realized by using the OLP.

Prerequisite
The client 1+1 protection must be configured.

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The fiber connections between station A and station B must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, signal analyzer, optical fiber, flange, optical attenuator

Set-up Diagram
The diagram of testing client 1+1 protection switching is shown in Figure 4-3.

Figure 4-3 Testing the client 1+1 protection

TO1 O F O RI1
A F
I A
OTU1 D I OTU3
RI1 U D TO1
M U RO
M
Signal TI
analyzer OLP OLP
TO2 O O RI2
RO F F TI
A A
OTU2 I I OTU4
RI2 D D TO2
U U
M M

Station A Station B

: Fixed optical attenuator

Procedure
l Connecting Test instruments
1. In station A, respectively connect the output and input optical interfaces of the signal
analyzer to the TI and RO interfaces on the client side of the OLP board through two
fixed optical attenuators.
2. In station B, connect the RO interface to the TI interface on the client side of the OLP
board through a fixed optical attenuator, to realize the loopback on the client side, as
shown in Figure 4-3.
3. Test the channel by using a signal analyzer to ensure that no bit error is generated.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of the Station A
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click the ONE icon of the Station A in the Main Topology,
and the status figure of the ONE is displayed.
2. Right-click the NE icon where the OLP board is located and select NE Explorer to
display the NE Explorer dialog box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree and choose Configuration > Port
Protection from the Function Tree.
4. Click Query, and all protection groups are listed in the protection group list in the
right-hand pane.
5. Check the channel status of the client 1+1 protection. The Working Channel
Status and the Protection Channel Status is Normal.
l Testing the Protection Switching of the Equipment

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1. The switching test of the client 1+1 protection can be performed in two ways.
– Method 1: fiber removing. Remove the fiber of the IN optical interface of the
working OTU1 board in station A to perform the switching, as shown in Figure
4-3.
– Method 2: forced switching. On the T2000, log on into station A. Right-click the
desired protection group, and select Force to Protection Channel to perform the
switching.
2. Query the channel states of the client 1+1 protection in station A.
– In the fiber removing mode, Working Channel is 1(RI1/TO1), and Protection
Channel is 2(RI2/TO2). Working Channel Status is SF; Protection Channel
Status is Normal. Switching Status is SF Switched.
– In the forced switching mode, Working Channel is 1(RI1/TO1), and Protection
Channel is 2(RI2/TO2). Working Channel Status and the Protection Channel
Status is Normal. Switching Status is Force to Protection Channel.
3. In the NE panel of the Station A, right-click the OLP board and select Browse Current
Alarms. The CLIENT_PORT_PS alarm must be reported.
4. Test the services and switching time by using a signal analyzer. The services should
be available, no bit error is generated, and the switching time should be less than 50
ms.
5. To restore the test environment of the two switching modes in Step 1, the following
two modes can be respectively used:
– Fiber removing mode: Reconnect the fiber.
NOTE

If the Revertive Mode field is set to Non-Revertive, right-click the desired protection
group and then choose Manual to Working Channel from the short-cut menu. After that,
right-click the same protection group again and then choose Clear from the short-cut menu.
– Forced switching mode: Right-click the desired protection group in the Protection
Group, and select Clear.
6. Click Query, and Switching Status of the protection group should be Idle.
----End

4.2.4 Testing SW SNCP Protection Switching


This section takes a ring network formed by two stations as an example to describe the test
procedure of the SW SNCP protection switching.

Prerequisite
The SW SNCP protection must be configured.
The fiber connections between station A and station B must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, signal analyzer, optical fiber, flange, optical attenuator

Set-up Diagram
The diagram of testing SW SNCP switching is shown in Figure 4-4.

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Figure 4-4 Testing the SW SNCP

Signal
analyzer

F OA OADM OADM OA F
1 2
I I
U U

OA OA

West A East

OA OA
F OADM OADM F
I 3 4 I
U U

OA OA

B
East West

1,2.3,4: OTU Board


: Fixed optical attenuator

Procedure
l Connecting Test instruments
1. In station A, respectively connect the output and input optical interfaces of the signal
analyzer to the input optical interface RX and output optical interface TX on the client
side of the OTU with the fixed optical attenuator in between.
2. In station B, connect the input optical interface RX and the output optical interface
TX on the client side of the OTU with the fixed optical attenuator in between to realize
the loopback on the client side, as shown in Figure 4-4.
3. Test the channel by using a signal analyzer to ensure that no bit error is generated.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of the Station A
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click the ONE icon of the Station A in the Main Topology,
and the status figure of the ONE is displayed.
2. Right-click the NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog
box.

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3. Click the NE in the NE Explorer, and choose Configuration > WDM Service
Management from the Function Tree. Click SNCP Service Control.
4. Click Query, and all protection groups are listed in the protection group list in the
right-hand pane. The Current Status of SW SNCP should be Normal State.
5. Check the channel status of the SW SNCP. the Channel Status of Working cross-
connection is Normal, the Channel Status of Protection cross-connection is
Normal.
l Testing the Protection Switching of the Equipment
1. The switching test of the SW SNCP can be performed in two ways.
– Method 1: fiber removing. Remove the fiber of the IN optical interface of the 2nd
working OTU in station A to perform the switching, as shown in Figure 4-4.
– Method 2: forced switching. In the SNCP Service Control interface of station A,
select the working cross-connection, and click Function. In the displayed menu,
select Force to Protection to perform the switching.
2. Query the channel states of the SW SNCP protection in station A.
– In the fiber removing mode, Channel Status of the working cross-connection is
SF, and Channel Status of the protection cross-connection is Normal. Current
Status of the protection group is SF Switching.
– In the forced switching mode, Channel Status of the working cross-connection is
Normal, and Channel Status of the protection cross-connection is also Normal.
Current Status of the protection group is Forced (from Working to Protection)
Switching State.
3. In the NE panel of the Station A, right-click the SCC board and select Browse Current
Alarms. The SW_SNCP_PS alarm must be reported.
4. Test the services and switching time by using a signal analyzer. The services should
be available , no bit error is generated, and the switching time should be less than 50
ms.
5. To restore the test environment of the two switching modes in Step 1, the following
two modes can be respectively used:
– Fiber removing mode: Reconnect the fiber.
NOTE

If the Revertive Mode field is set to Non-Revertive, select the desired working cross-
connection, and click Function. In the displayed menu, choose Manual to Working
Channel . After that, right-click the same working cross-connection again, click
Function. In the displayed menu, choose Clear.
– Forced switching mode: Select the working cross-connection, and click
Function. In the displayed menu, select Clear.
6. Click Query, and Current Status of the protection group should be Normal State.

----End

4.2.5 Testing ODUk SNCP Protection Switching


This section takes a ring network formed by two stations in which the tributary board and the
line board are jointly used as an example to describe the test procedure of the ODUk SNCP
protection switching.

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Prerequisite
The ODUk SNCP protection must be configured.

The fiber connections between station A and station B must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, signal analyzer, optical fiber, flange, optical attenuator

Set-up Diagram
The diagram of testing ODUk SNCP protection switching is shown in Figure 4-5.

Figure 4-5 Testing ODUk SNCP protection switching

Signal
analyzer

OADM 2 3 OADM
F OA OA F
I I
U U

OA OA

A
West East

OA OA
F 4 F
I I
U U
OADM 5 6 OADM

OA OA

East B West

1,4: Tributary Unit 2,3,5,6: Line Unit


: Fixed optical attenuator

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Procedure
l Connecting Test Instruments
1. In station A, respectively connect the output and input optical interfaces of the signal
analyzer to the input optical interface RX and output optical interface TX on the client
side of the tributary board with the fixed optical attenuator in between.
2. In station B, connect the input optical interface RX and the output optical interface
TX on the client side of the tributary board with the fixed optical attenuator in between
to realize the loopback on the client side, as shown in Figure 4-5.
3. Test the channel by using a signal analyzer to ensure that no bit error is generated.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of Station A
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click the NE A in the Main Topology, and the status
figure of the NE B is displayed.
2. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog
box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane and choose
Configuration > WDM Service Management from the Function Tree. Click SNCP
Service Control.
4. Click Query, and all protection groups are listed in the protection group list. Current
Status of the ODUk SNCP protection is Normal State.
5. Query the channel states of the ODUk SNCP protection. Channel Status of the
working cross-connection is Normal, and Channel Status of the protection cross-
connection is Normal.
l Testing the Protection Switching of the Equipment
1. The switching test of the ODUk SNCP protection can be performed in two ways.
– Method 1: fiber removing. Remove the fiber between the D1 optical interface on
the OADM board and the IN optical interface on working line board 3 in station
A to perform the switching, as shown in Figure 4-5.
– Method 2: forced switching. In the SNCP Service Control interface of station A,
select the working cross-connection, and click Function. In the displayed menu,
select Force to Protection to perform the switching.
2. Check the channel status of ODUk SNCP protection of station A
– In the fiber removing mode, Channel Status of the working cross-connection is
SF, and Channel Status of the protection cross-connection is Normal. Current
Status of the protection group is SF Switching.
– In the forced switching mode, Channel Status of the working cross-connection is
Normal, and Channel Status of the protection cross-connection is also Normal.
Current Status of the protection group is Forced (from Working to Protection)
Switching State.
3. In the NE panel of the Station A, right-click the SCC board and select Browse Current
Alarms. The ODU_SNCP_PS alarm must be reported.
4. Test the services and switching time by using a signal analyzer. The services should
be available , no bit error is generated, and the switching time should be less than 50
ms.
5. To restore the test environment of the two switching modes in Step 1, the following
two modes can be respectively used:
– Fiber removing mode: Reconnect the fiber.

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NOTE

If the Revertive Mode field is set to Non-Revertive, select the desired working cross-
connection, and click Function. In the displayed menu, choose Manual to Working . After
that, right-click the same working cross-connection again, click Function. In the displayed
menu, choose Clear.
– Forced switching mode: Select the working cross-connection, and click
Function. In the displayed menu, select Clear.
6. Click Query, and Current Status of the protection group should be Normal State.
----End

4.2.6 Testing VLAN SNCP Protection Switching


This section takes a ring network formed by two stations as an example to describe the test
procedure of the VLAN SNCP protection switching.

Prerequisite
The VLAN SNCP protection must be configured.
The fiber connections between station A and station B must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, signal analyzer, optical fiber, flange, optical attenuator

Set-up Diagram
The diagram of testing VLAN SNCP protection switching is shown in Figure 4-6.

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Figure 4-6 Testing VLAN SNCP protection switching

Signal
analyzer

F OA OADM OADM OA F
1 2
I I
U U

OA OA

West A East

OA OA
F OADM OADM F
I 3 4 I
U U

OA OA

East B West

1,2.3,4: OTU Board


: Fixed optical attenuator

Procedure
l Connecting Test Instruments
1. In station A, respectively connect the output and input optical interfaces of the signal
analyzer to the input optical interface RX and output optical interface TX on the client
side of the OTU with the fixed optical attenuator in between.
2. In station B, connect the input optical interface RX and the output optical interface
TX on the client side of the OTU with the fixed optical attenuator in between to realize
the loopback on the client side, as shown in Figure 4-6.
3. Test the channel by using a signal analyzer to ensure that no bit error is generated.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of Station A
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click the NE A in the Main Topology, and the status
figure of the NE A is displayed.
2. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog
box.

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3. Select the desired Ethernet board in the NE Explorer, and choose Configuration >
Ethernet Service > Ethernet Line Service .
4. Click the VLAN SNCP Service Management tab. Click Set/Query Switching and
select Query Switching Status, all the current protection groups are displayed.
Current Status of VLAN SNCP should be Normal State.
5. Query the channel states of the VLAN SNCP protection. Link Status of the working
service is Normal, and Link Status of the protection service also is Normal.
l Testing the Protection Switching of the Equipment
1. The switching test of the VLAN SNCP protection can be performed in two ways.
– Method 1: fiber removing. Remove the fiber in the IN optical interface of the
working OTU 2 in station A to perform the switching, as shown in Figure 4-6.
– Method 2: forced switching. On the T2000, log on into station A. In the VLAN
SNCP Service Management, choose working service, click Set/Query
Switching. Select Force to Protection in the displayed menu to perform the
switching.
2. Query the channel states of the VLAN SNCP protection in station A.
– In the fiber removing mode, Link Status of the working service is SF, Link
Status of protection service is Normal, Current Status of the protection group
is Automatic Switching State.
– In the forced switching mode, Link Status of the working service is Normal, Link
Status of the protection service is Normal, Current Status of the protection group
is Forced (from Working to Protection) Switching State.
3. In the NE panel of the Station A, right-click the L4G or the TBE board and select
Browse Current Alarms. The VLAN_SNCP_PS alarm must be reported by the L4G
or the TBE.
4. Test the services by using a signal analyzer. The services should be available, and no
bit error is generated.
5. To restore the test environment of the two switching modes in Step 1, the following
two modes can be respectively used:
– Fiber removing mode: Reconnect the fiber.
NOTE

If the Revertive Mode field is set to Non-Revertive, select the desired working cross-
connection, and click Set/Query Switching. In the displayed menu, choose Manual to
Working . After that, right-click the same working cross-connection again, click Set/
Query Switching. In the displayed menu, choose Clear.
– Forced switching mode: Select the working service, and click Set/Query
Switching. In the displayed menu, select Clear.
6. Click Set/Query Switching, and select Query Switching Status. Current Statusof
the protection group should be Normal State.

----End

4.2.7 Testing Tributary SNCP Protection Switching


This topic considers a ring network as an example to describe the test procedure of the tributary
SNCP protection switching. The ring network consists of two stations in which the tributary
board and the line board are jointly used

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Prerequisite
The tributary SNCP protection must be configured.

The fiber connections between station A and station B must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, optical fiber, flange, signal analyzer, optical attenuator

Test Connection Diagram


The diagram of testing tributary SNCP protection switching is shown in Figure 4-7.

Figure 4-7 Testing tributary SNCP protection switching

Station A Station B

TQS1 TQS1

OM OD
O TQS2
N F F N TQS2 O
Signal
L S I I S L
analyzer
P 2 U U 2 P
TQS1 TQS1

OD OM
TQS2 TQS2

: Fixed Optical Attenuator

Procedure
l Connecting Test Instruments
1. At station A, connect the output and input optical interfaces of the signal analyzer to
the RX and TX interfaces on the client side of the OLP protection board respectively
with the fixed optical attenuator in between.
2. At station B, connect the input optical interface RX and the output optical interface
TX on the client side of the OLP protection board with the fixed optical attenuator in
between to realize the loopback on the client side, as shown in Figure 4-7.
3. Test the channel by using a signal analyzer to ensure that no bit error is generated.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of Station A
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click the NE A in the Main Topology, and the status
figure of the NE A is displayed.
2. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog
box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane, choose Configuration
> WDM Service Management from the Function Tree, and click SNCP Service
Control.

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4. Click Query, and all protection groups are listed in the protection group list. Current
Status of the tributary SNCP protection is Normal State.
5. Query the channel states of the tributary SNCP protection. Channel Status of the
working cross-connection is Normal, and Channel Status of the protection cross-
connection is Normal.
l Testing the Protection Switching of the Equipment
1. The switching test of the tributary SNCP protection can be performed in two ways:
– Method 1: fiber removing. Remove the fiber in the TXn optical interface on
working line board TQS1 in station A to perform the switching, as shown in Figure
4-7.
– Method 2: forced switching. In the SNCP Service Control interface of station A,
select the working cross-connection, and click Function. In the displayed menu,
select Force to Protection to perform the switching.
2. Check the channel status of tributary SNCP protection of station A
– In the fiber removing mode, Channel Status of the working cross-connection is
SF, and Channel Status of the protection cross-connection is Normal. Current
Status of the protection group is SF Switching.
– In the forced switching mode, Channel Status of the working cross-connection is
Normal, and Channel Status of the protection cross-connection is also Normal.
Current Status of the protection group is Forced (from Working to Protection)
Switching State.
3. In the NE panel of the Station A, right-click the SCC board and select Browse Current
Alarms. The ODU_SNCP_PS alarm must be reported.
4. Test the services and switching time by using a signal analyzer. The services should
be available , no bit error is generated, and the switching time should be less than 50
ms.
5. To restore the test environment of the two switching modes in Step 1, the following
two modes can be respectively used:
– Fiber removing mode: Reconnect the fiber.
NOTE

If the Revertive Mode field is set to Non-Revertive, select the desired working cross-
connection, and click Function. In the displayed menu, choose Manual to Working . After
that, right-click the same working cross-connection again, click Function. In the displayed
menu, choose Clear.
– Forced switching mode: Select the working cross-connection, and click
Function. In the displayed menu, select Clear.
6. Click Query, and Current Status of the protection group should be Normal State.

----End

4.2.8 Testing Board-Level Protection Switching


The board-level protection is classified into two modes: the general mode and the extended
mode. In the extended mode, the SCS board is required. This section takes the extended board-
level protection by using two OTM stations as an example to describe the test procedure of the
board-level protection switching.

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Prerequisite
The board-level protection must be configured.
The fiber connections between station A and station B must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, signal analyzer, optical fiber, flange, optical attenuator

Set-up Diagram
Figure 4-8 shows the connection for testing the board-level protection switching.

Figure 4-8 Connection for testing the board-level protection switching


TX1
TBE1 TBE1
TI1

O O
TBE2
S L A F F A L TBE2
Signal
C 4 D I I D 4
analyzer
S G M U U M G
TBE1 TBE1

RX1
RO1 TBE2 TBE2

Station A Station B

: Fixed optical attenuator

Procedure
l Connecting Test Instruments
1. In station A, respectively connect the output and input optical interfaces of the signal
analyzer to the input optical interface RO1 and output optical interface TI1 on the
client side of the SCS with the fixed optical attenuator in between.
2. In station B, connect the output optical interface TX1 and the input optical interface
RX1 on the client side of the TBE with the fixed optical attenuator in between to
realize the loopback on the client side, as shown in Figure 4-8.
3. Test the channel by using a signal analyzer to ensure that no bit error is generated.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of the Station A
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click NE A in the Main Topology, and the status figure
of the NE A is displayed.
2. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog
box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane and choose
Configuration > Board-Level Protection from the Function Tree.
4. Click Query, and all protection groups are listed in the protection group list in the
right-hand pane. The switching status of board-level protection should be Idle.
5. Check the board status of board-level protection. If the TBE1 is in slot IU7 and the
TBE2 is in slot IU8, then Working Board is 7-TBE; Working Board Status is

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Available; Protection Board is 8-TBE; Protection Board Status is Available, and


Active Board is Working Board.
l Testing the Protection Switching of the Equipment
1. The switching test of the board-level protection can be performed in two ways.
– Method 1: fiber removing. In station A, remove the fiber of the RX1 interface of
the TBE1, as shown in Figure 4-8.
– Method 2: forced switching. In the board-level protection user interface of station
A, right-click the desired protection group on the T2000, and select Forced
Switching to Protection to perform the switching.
2. Check the board status of station A
– In the fiber removing mode, Working Board is 7-TBE; Working Board
Status is Unavailable; Protection Board is 8-TBE; Protection Board Status is
Available; Switching Status is Auto Switching; and Active Board is Protection
Board.
– In the forced switching mode, Working Board is 7-TBE, Working Board
Status is Available; Protection Board is 8-TBE; Protection Board Status is
Available; Switching Status is Forced Switching to Protection; and Active
Board is Protection Board.
3. Test the services and switching time by using a signal analyzer. The services should
be available , no bit error is generated, and the switching time should be less than 50
ms.
4. If all the previous items meet the requirements, two methods can be used to restore
the switching status to normal.
– Reconnect the fiber.
NOTE

If the Revertive Mode field is set to Non-Revertive, select the desired working cross-
connection, and click Function. In the displayed menu, choose Manual to Working. After
that, right-click the same working cross-connection again, click Function. In the displayed
menu, choose Clear.
– Right-click the desired protection group in the Protection Group, and select Force
Switching to Working. Select Clear to clear the switching configuration.
5. Click Query, the switching status should be restored to Idle within the time set in
WTR Times(s) field.
----End

4.2.9 Testing the Cross-Subrack or Cross-NE DBPS and MS SNCP


Protection Switching
This topic describes the testing procedure for the DBPS and MS SNCP protection switching. In
this topic, the service between station A and station C in a ring that consists of three stations is
considered as an example.

Prerequisite
An MS SNCP protection group and a DBPS protection group must be configured at station A
(or subrack m).
An MS SNCP protection group and a DBPS protection group must be configured at station B
(or subrack n).

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An SW SNCP protection group must be configured at station C.


A service path is configured between the GE port (TX2/RX2) of the L4G board at station C and
the GE port (TX1/RX1) of the TBE board at station A for observation. See Figure 4-9.

NOTE

The signal flow of the service path is as follows: The DSLAM forwards the service data from the BRAS
to another GE port (TX2/RX2) of the L4G. The service data is output through the GE port (IN/OUT) for
transmission over the line after the electrical cross-connection is performed. Then, the GE port (IN/OUT)
of the L4G at station A receives the service data. The service data is output through the GE port (TX1/
RX1) of the TBE1 board after the electrical cross-connection is performed. For the configuration of the
electrical cross-connection, refer to the Configuration Guide.

The fiber connections among station A, station B and station C must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, SmartBits (SMB), optical fiber, flange

Background Information
The cross-subrack (or cross-NE) DBPS protection must work with the MS SNCP protection.
For the MS SNCP protection switching that is triggered by the fault on the OTN side, refer to
4.2.4 Testing SW SNCP Protection Switching.

Test Connection Diagram


The diagram of testing DBPS and MS SNCP protection switching is shown in Figure 4-9.
Figure 4-9 and Figure 4-10 show the DBPS protection and MS SNCP protection in the normal
and switching states.

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4 Commissioning Network Commissioning Guide

Figure 4-9 DBPS and MS SNCP protection (normal)


SMB
P1 P2 P3
TX RX TX RX TX RX

RX TX RX TX

Bras 1 Bras 2
Master Slave

RX1 TX1 RX2 TX2 RX2 TX2


RX3 TX1
TBE 1 Master TBE 2 Slave
TX3 RX1

L4G L4G RX1 TX1


L4G L4G
TX1 RX1
OUT IN IN OUT
Station A Station B

IN OUT OUT IN
L4G
L4G Service signals
L4G
TX2 RX2 TX1 RX1
Observed service signals
RX1 TX1
DSLAM
TX2 RX2

Station C

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Figure 4-10 DBPS and MS SNCP protection (switching)

SMB P1 P2 P3
TX RX TX RX TX RX

RX TX RX TX

Bras 1 Bras 2
Slave Master

RX1 TX1 RX2 TX2 RX2 TX2


RX3 TX1
TBE 1 Slave TBE 2 Master
TX3 RX1

L4G RX1 TX1


L4G L4G
TX1 RX1 L4G
OUT IN IN OUT
Station A Station B

IN OUT OUT IN

L4G
L4G
TX2 RX2 TX1 RX1 Service signals

RX1 TX1
Observed service signals
DSLAM
TX2 RX2

Station C

Procedure
l Connecting Test Instruments
1. Connect a SmartBits (SMB) at the line convergence point of stations A and B. See
Figure 4-9. Bind P2 and P3 ports as a group to send the same packets at the same
time. Make P1 receive the service signals (data packets from P2 or P3) forwarded by
the DSLAM.
2. Create the electrical cross-connection from the IN interface of the L4G to the TX2
interface of the TBE1 at station A. For the configuration of the electrical cross-
connection, refer to the Configuration Guide.
3. Use fibers to connect the output optical interface of the DSLAM to the RX2 interface
of the L4G at station C so that a loopback is enabled. Then, create the electrical cross-
connection from the RX2 interface of the L4G to the OUT interface of the L4G. For

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4 Commissioning Network Commissioning Guide

the configuration of the electrical cross-connection, refer to the Configuration


Guide.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of station A, as shown in Figure 4-9.
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click NE A in the Main Topology and the status figure
of NE A is displayed.
2. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog
box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane, and choose
Configuration > Distributed Board-Level Protection from the Function Tree.
4. Click Query, DBPS protection groups are listed in the protection group list.Working
board is TBE1,Protection Board Status is Master.
5. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane and choose
Configuration > WDM Service Management.
6. Choose WDM Cross-Connection Configuration and click Query. In this case, the
uplink dual fed cross-connection mode is used in the MS SNCP protection. That is,
the TBE1 board duplicates the cross-connection and sends the cross-connections to
the west and east L4G boards.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of station B, as shown in Figure 4-9.
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click NE B in the Main Topology, and the status figure
of NE B is displayed.
2. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog
box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane, and choose
Configuration > Distributed Board-Level Protection from the Function Tree.
4. Click Query, DBPS protection groups are listed in the protection group list.Working
board is TBE2, Protection Board Status is Slave.
5. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane and choose
Configuration > WDM Service Management.
6. Choose WDM Cross-Connection Configuration and click Query. In this case, the
pass-through cross-connection mode is used in the MS SNCP protection. That is, the
cross-connection passes through the west and east L4G boards.

l Querying the Protection Switching Channel Status of Station A


1. Remove the fiber in the RX2 optical interface of TBE1 board in station A to perform
the switching, as shown in Figure 4-10.
2. Log in to the T2000. Double-click NE A in the Main Topology, and the status figure
of NE A is displayed.

3. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog


box.
4. In the NE Explorer dialog box, select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand
pane, and choose Configuration > Distributed Board-Level Protectionfrom the
Function Tree.
5. Click Query, DBPS protection groups are listed in the protection group list.Working
board is TBE1,Protection Board Status is Slave.
6. Choose Configuration > WDM Service Management from the Function Tree.

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7. Choose WDM Cross-Connection Configuration and click Query. In this case, the
pass-through cross-connection mode is used in the MS SNCP protection. That is, the
cross-connection passes through the west and east L4G boards.
l Querying the Protection Switching Channel Status of Station B, as shown in Figure
4-10.
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click NE B in the Main Topology, and the status figure
of NE B is displayed.
2. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog
box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane, and choose
Configuration > Distributed Board-Level Protection from the Function Tree.
4. Click Query, DBPS protection groups are listed in the protection group list.Working
board is TBE2, Working Board Status is Master.
5. Choose Configuration > WDM Service Management from the Function Tree.
6. Choose WDM Cross-Connection Configuration and click Query. In this case, the
uplink dual fed cross-connection mode is used in the MS SNCP protection. That is,
the TBE2 board duplicates the cross-connection and sends the cross-connections to
the west and east L4G boards.
7. Reconnect the fiber into the RX2 optical interface of TBE1 board in station A.
l Switching time calculation: Switching time = (Packets sent by P2 or P3 - Packets received
at P1) / Packet sending speed. The switching time of the transmission equipment must be
less than 200ms.
----End

4.2.10 Testing Intra-Subrack DBPS Protection Switching


This topic describes the testing procedure for the intra-subrack DBPS protection switching. In
this topic, the service between station A and station C is considered as an example.

Prerequisite
A SW SNCP protection group and a DBPS protection group must be configured at station A.
A SW SNCP protection group must be configured at station C.
A service path must be configured between the GE port (TX2/RX2) of the L4G board at station
C and the GE port (TX1/RX1) of the TBE board at station A for observation. See Figure
4-11.
NOTE

The signal flow of the service path is as follows: The DSLAM forwards the service data from the BRAS
to another GE port (TX2/RX2) of the L4G. The service data is output through the GE port (IN/OUT) for
transmission over the line after the electrical cross-connection is performed. Then, the GE port (IN/OUT)
of the L4G at station A receives the service data. The service data is output through the GE port (TX1/
RX1) of the TBE1 board after the electrical cross-connection is performed. For the configuration of the
electrical cross-connection, refer to the Configuration Guide.

The fiber connections among station A, station B and station C must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, SmartBits (SMB), optical fiber, flange

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Background Information
The intra-subrack DBPS protection must work with the SW SNCP protection.

Test Connection Diagram


The diagram of testing intra-subrack DBPS protection switching is shown in Figure 4-11.
Figure 4-11 and Figure 4-12 show the DBPS protection and SW SNCP protection in the normal
and switching states.

Figure 4-11 DBPS and SW SNCP protection (normal)


SMB P1 P2 P3
TX RX TX RX TX RX

RX TX RX TX

Bras 1 Master Bras 2 Slave

RX1 TX1 RX2 TX2 RX2 TX2


RX3 TX1
TBE 1 Master TBE 2 Slave
TX3 RX1

L4G L4G
OUT IN IN OUT
Station A

IN OUT OUT IN

L4G
L4G
TX2 RX2 TX1 RX1

RX2 TX2
Service signals
DSLAM Observed service signals
TX1 RX1

Station C

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Figure 4-12 DBPS and SW SNCP protection (switching)


SMB
P1 P2 P3
TX RX TX RX TX RX

RX TX RX TX

Bras 1 Slave Bras 2 Master

RX1 TX1 RX2 TX2 RX2 TX2


RX3 TX1
TBE 1 Slave Master TBE 2
TX3 RX1

L4G L4G
OUT IN IN OUT
Station A

IN OUT OUT IN

L4G
L4G
TX2 RX2 TX1 RX1

Service signals
RX2 TX2
DSLAM Observed service signals
TX1 RX1 Station C

Procedure
l Connecting Test Instruments
1. Connect a SmartBits (SMB) at the line convergence point of stations A and B. See
Figure 4-11. Bind P2 and P3 ports as a group to send packets at the same time. Make
P1 receive the packets (from P2 or P3) forwarded by the DSLAM.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of Station A, as shown in Figure 4-11.
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click the NE A in the Main Topology, and the status
figure of the NE A is displayed.
2. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog
box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane and choose
Configuration > Distributed Board-Level Protection from the Function Tree.

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4. Click Query, DBPS protection groups are listed in the protection group list.Working
board is TBE1,Protection Board is TBE2;Working board Status is Master,
Protection Board Status is Slave.
5. Choose Configuration > WDM Service Managementfrom the Function Tree.
6. Choose WDM Cross-Connection Configuration and click Query. Then, the related
cross-connections are displayed. In this case, the working and protection L4G boards
in the SW SNCP protection group have cross-connections only with the working TBE1
in the DBPS protection.
l Querying the Protection Switching Channel Status of Station A
1. Remove the fiber in the RX2 optical interface of TBE1 board in station A to perform
the switching, as shown in Figure 4-12.
2. In the NE Explorer dialog box, select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand
pane and chooseConfiguration > Distributed Board-Level Protectionfrom the
Function Tree.
3. Click Query, DBPS protection groups are listed in the protection group list.Working
board is TBE1,Protection Board is TBE2;Working board Status is Slave,
Protection Board Status is Master.
4. Choose Configuration > WDM Service Management from the Function Tree,
clickWDM Cross-Connection Configuration.
5. Click Query. Then, the related cross-connections are displayed. In this case, the
working and protection L4G boards in the SW SNCP protection group have cross-
connections only with the working TBE2 in the DBPS protection.
6. Reconnect the fiber into the RX2 optical interface of TBE1 board in station A.
l Switching time calculation: Switching time = (Packets sent by P2 or P3 - Packets received
at P1) / Packet sending speed. The switching time of the transmission equipment must be
smaller than 200ms.

----End

4.2.11 Testing DLAG Protection Switching


This topic describes the testing procedure for the DLAG protection switching that is triggered
by the line failure after the fiber is removed.

Prerequisite
A DLAG protection group must be configured at station A.

The fiber connections between station A and station B must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, SmartBits (SMB), optical fiber, flange

Test Connection Diagram


The diagram of testing DLAG protection switching is shown in Figure 4-13.

Figure 4-13 and Figure 4-14 show the status of the DLAG protection.

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Figure 4-13 DLAG protection (normal)


SMB P1 P2
TX RX TX RX

RX1 TX1
Port1/1
DSLAM
Port2/1 Port2/2
TX RX TX RX

RX1 TX1 RX1 TX1

Master Slave
TBE 1 TBE 2

L4G
OUT IN Station A

Figure 4-14 DLAG protection (switching)


SMB P1 P2
TX RX TX RX

RX1 TX2
Port1/1
DSLAM
Port2/1 Port2/2
TX RX TX RX

RX1 TX1 RX1 TX1

Slave Master
TBE 1 TBE 2

L4G
OUT IN Station A

Procedure
l Connecting Test Instruments
1. Connect a SmartBits (SMB). See Figure 4-13. Make P2 send data packets and P1
receive the data packets.

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l Querying the Normal Channel Status of station A, as shown in Figure 4-13


1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click NE A in the Main Topology, and the status figure
of NE A is displayed.
2. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog
box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane and choose
Configuration > Ethernet Distributed Link Aggregation Management from the
Function Tree.
4. Click Query. In this case, Main Board is TBE1, and Slave Board is TBE2.
l Querying the Protection Switching Channel Status of Station A.
1. Remove the fiber in the RX1/TX1 optical interface of the TBE1 board in station A to
perform the switching, as shown in Figure 4-14.
2. In the NE Explorer dialog box, select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand
pane and choose Configuration > Ethernet Distributed Link Aggregation
Management from the Function Tree.
3. Click Query. In this case, Main Board is TBE2, and Slave Board is TBE1.
4. Reconnect the fiber into the RX1/TX1 optical interface of TBE1 board in station A.
l Switching time calculation: Switching time = (Packets sent by P2 - Packets received at
P1) / Packet sending speed. The protection switching time must be smaller than 100ms.
----End

4.2.12 Testing ODUk SPRing Protection Switching


This section takes a ring network formed by four stations, two adjacent ones of which bear
services, as an example to describe the test procedure of the ODUk SPRing protection switching.

Prerequisite
The ODUk SPRing protection must be configured.
The fiber connections between station A and station B must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, signal analyzer, optical fiber, flange, optical attenuator

Set-up Diagram
The diagram of testing ODUk SPRing protection switching is shown in Figure 4-15.

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Figure 4-15 Testing ODUk SPRing protection switching

Signal
analyzer

Tx Rx ODU1-2 ODU1-2
Tributary Line OADM FIU FIU OADM Line Tributary
(West) (East)
ODU1-1 ODU1-1
Line Line

OADM OADM
ODU1-2 (East) ODU1-1 ODU1-1 (West) ODU1-2

FIU A D FIU

FIU FIU
B C

ODU1-2 OADM ODU1-1 ODU1-1 OADM ODU1-2


(West) (East)

Line Line
ODU1-1 ODU1-1

Line OADM FIU FIU OADM Line


Tributary (East) (West) Tributary
Rx Tx ODU1-2 ODU1-2

: Fixed optical attenuator

Procedure
l Connecting Test Instruments
1. In station A, respectively connect the output and input optical interfaces of the signal
analyzer to the input optical interface RX and output optical interface TX on the client
side of the OTU with the fixed optical attenuator in between.
2. In station B, connect the input optical interface RX and the output optical interface
TX on the client side of the OTU with the fixed optical attenuator in between to realize
the loopback on the client side, as shown in Figure 4-15.

3. Test the channel by using a signal analyzer to ensure that no bit error is generated.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of the Station A
1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click the NE A in the Main Topology, and the status
figure of the NE B is displayed.
2. Right-click the desired NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE
Explorer dialog box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane and choose
Configuration > ODUk SPRing Protection from the Function Tree.

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4. Click Query, and all protection groups are listed in the protection group list in the
right-hand pane. The switching status of ODUk SPRing protection should be Idle.
5. Check the channel status of the ODUk SPRing protection. The Channel Status of the
east working unit is Normal, the Channel Status of east protection unit is Normal.
The Channel Status of west working unit is Normal, the Channel Statusof west
protection unit is Normal.
l Testing the Protection Switching of the Equipment
1. The switching test of the ODUk SPRing protection can be performed in two ways.
– Method 1: fiber removing. In station A, remove the fiber of the main optical
channel from the D1 interface of east OADM board to the IN interface of the
working line board, as shown in Figure 4-15.
– Method 2: forced switching. In the ODUk SPRing protection user interface of
station A, right-click the desired East Working Unit on the T2000, and select
Forced Switching-Ring to perform the switching.
2. Check the channel status of the ODUk SPRing protection of station A.
– In the fiber removing mode, Channel Status of East Working Unit is SF;
Channel Status of East Protection Unit is Normal; and Switching Status is
East Switching.
– In the forced switching mode, Channel Status of East Working Unit is
Normal; Channel Status of East Protection Unit is also Normal; and Switching
Status is East Switching.
3. In the NE panel of the Station A, right-click the SCC board and select Browse Current
Alarms. The ODUKSP_PS alarm must be reported.
4. Test the services and switching time by using a signal analyzer. The services should
be available , no bit error is generated, and the switching time should be less than 50
ms.
5. If all the previous items meet the requirements, two methods can be used to restore
the switching status to normal.
– Reconnect the fiber.
– Right-click the desired protection group in the East Protection Unit, and select
Clear.
6. Click Query, the switching status should be restored to Idle.
----End

4.2.13 Testing Optical Wavelength Shared Protection Switching


OptiX OSN 6800 supports OWSP (optical wavelength shared protection) protection. This
section describes the testing procedure for the OWSP protection. In this section, two adjacent
stations with services in a ring that consists of four stations are used as an example for illustration.

Prerequisite
The OWSP protection must be configured.
The fiber connections between station A, station B, station C and station D must be complete.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, signal analyzer, optical fiber, flange, optical attenuator

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Set-up Diagram
The diagram of testing optical wavelength shared protection switching is shown in Figure
4-16.

Figure 4-16 Testing optical wavelength shared protection switching


Signal analyzer

Tx Rx Tx Rx
OTU1 OTU2 OTU1 OTU2

λ2 λ2
λ2/λ1 λ1/λ2 λ1 λ1 λ2/λ1 λ1/λ2
2 x DCP OADM FIU FIU OADM 2 x DCP
(West) (East)
λ1 λ1
λ2 λ2
OADM OADM
λ2/λ1 (East) λ1/λ2 λ2/λ1 (West) λ1/λ2

FIU A D FIU

FIU FIU
B C

OADM λ1/λ2 λ2/λ1 OADM λ1/λ2


(West) (East)
λ2 λ2
λ2/λ1 λ1 λ1
OADM FIU FIU OADM
2 x DCP (East) 2 x DCP
(West)
λ2/λ1 λ1/λ2 λ1 λ1
λ2 λ2
λ2/λ1 λ1/λ2
OTU2 OTU1 OTU2 OTU1
Rx Tx Rx Tx

: Working signal : Protection signal

: Fixed optical attenuator

Procedure
l Connecting Test Instruments
1. In station A, respectively connect the output and input optical interfaces of the signal
analyzer to the input optical interface Rx and output optical interface Tx on the client
side of the OTU1 with the fixed optical attenuator in between.
2. In station B, connect the input optical interface Rx and the output optical interface Tx
on the client side of the OTU2 with the fixed optical attenuator in between to realize
the loopback on the client side, as shown in Figure 4-16.
3. Test the channel by using a signal analyzer to ensure that no bit error is generated.
l Querying the Normal Channel Status of Station A

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1. Log in to the T2000. Double-click the ONE icon of station A in the Main Topology,
and the status figure of the ONE is displayed.
2. Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog box.
3. Select the NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane and choose
Configuration > Optical Wavelength Shared Protection from the Function Tree.
4. Click Query, and all protection groups are listed in the protection group list in the
right-hand pane. The switching status of the OWSP protection should be Idle.
5. Check the channel status of the OWSP protection. East Working Channel is 4-
DCP-1(RI11), Channel Status is Normal. East Protection Channel is 2-DCP-2
(RI12), Channel Status is Normal. West Working Channel is 2-DCP-1(RI11),
Channel Status is Normal. West Protection Channel is 4-DCP-2(RI12), Channel
Status is Normal.
NOTE

"4" in 4-DCP-2(RI12) is the slot number as supposed.


l Testing the Protection Switching of the Equipment
1. The switching test of the OWSP protection can be performed in two ways:
– Remove the fiber of the main optical channel from D1 interface of the east OADM
to the RI11 interface of the DCP, as shown in Figure 4-16.
– Right-click the East Working Channel on the T2000, select Forced Switching-
Ring to perform the switching.
2. Check the channel status of the OWSP protection of station A, which should be
consistent with the actual situation.
– After the fiber of the main optical channel is removed, the status of East Working
Channel is displayed as 4-DCP-1(RI11), the value of Channel Status is SF, the
status of East Protection Channel is displayed as 2-DCP-2(RI12), the value of
Channel Status is Normal and the value of Switching Status is East
Switching.
– After the Forced Switching-Ring is selected, the status of East Working
Channel is displayed as 4-DCP-1(RI11), the value of Channel Status is
Normal, the status of East Protection Channel is displayed as 2-DCP-2(RI12),
the value of Channel Status is Normal, the value of Switching Status is East
Switching.
3. Query the alarms on the T2000. The OWSP_PS alarm must be reported by SCC.
4. Test the services and switching time by using a signal analyzer. The services should
be available , no bit error is generated, and the switching time should be less than 50
ms.
5. If all the previous items meet the requirements, two methods can be used to restore
the switching status to normal.
– Reconnect the fiber.
– Right-click East Working Channel, and select Clear.
6. Click Query, the switching status should be restored to Idle.
----End

4.3 Testing System Features


The system features are IPA, ALC, APE, and EAPE.

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4.3.1 Testing IPA


This section describes how to test the IPA function.
4.3.2 Testing ALC
This section describes how to test ALC function.
4.3.3 Testing APE
The APE function ensures the optical power flatness at the receive end and thus ensures the
signal-to-noise ratio. The APE test is performed to check if the APE function is started.
4.3.4 Testing EAPE
This section describes how to test EAPE function.

4.3.1 Testing IPA


This section describes how to test the IPA function.

Prerequisite
Optical power commissioning must be completed.

The IPA must be configured.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, optical power meter

Background Information
The IPA can be rebooted by using three methods: automatic reboot, manual reboot, testing
reboot .

This section takes the manual reboot as an example to describe the procedure for testing IPA.

IPA Verification Diagram


For the IPA verification diagram, see Figure 4-17.

Figure 4-17 IPA verification diagram


Station A Station B

Optical Optical
amplifier unit 1 amplifier unit 2
fiber break

Optical Optical
amplifier unit 4 amplifier unit 3

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4 Commissioning Network Commissioning Guide

Procedure
Step 1 Log in to the T2000. Double-click the ONE icon in the Main Topology, and the status figure of
the ONE is displayed.

Step 2 Right-click a NE icon and select NE Explorer to display the NE Explorer dialog box.

Step 3 Select a NE from the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane and choose Configuration > IPA
Management from the Function Tree

Step 4 In IPA Protection in the right-hand pane, set the IPA Status to Enabled.

Step 5 Remove the fiber of output interface of the OAU1.


NOTE

In the case of the IPA function, if the Raman amplifier is configured and the optical supervisory channel
(OSC) board functions as the auxiliary detection board, you need to remove the fiber from the OUT interface
of the amplifier board 1 and the fiber from the output interface of the OSC board.

Step 6 Log in the NE A and NE B separately. In the Navigator Tree in the left-hand pane, choose
Configuration > IPA Management.

Step 7 In IPA Protection, select the desired IPA protection pair. Then right-click the Status column,
and select Query State. The state Power off should be displayed.

Step 8 Insert the fiber of output interface of the OAU1.

Step 9 In IPA Protection, click Manual Reboot, and a message indicating a successful operation is
displayed in the prompt dialog box.
NOTE

Click Manual Reboot, and the laser shut down should be open again after the off period of the laser.

Step 10 Click Close.

Step 11 In IPA Protection, select Status, and then right-click Query State. Restart should be displayed.
After the Off Period, the board state is displayed as Power on.

----End

Related Information
For details on the function, principle, and how to configure IPA protection groups, refer to the
Feature Description.

4.3.2 Testing ALC


This section describes how to test ALC function.

Prerequisite
The ALC Link must be created. And the parameters must be configured according to Table
12-2 in the Feature Description.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, optical power meter

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Commissioning Guide 4 Commissioning Network

ALC Verification Diagram


For the ALC verification diagram, see Figure 4-18.

Figure 4-18 ALC verification diagram

Optical Optical Optical Optical


amplifier unit 1 amplifier unit 2 amplifier unit 3 amplifier unit 4

Procedure
Step 1 Enable the ALC after creating ALC links.
Step 2 In the ALC link, adjust the variable optical attenuator (VOA) between optical amplifier boards
1 and 2 to increase the attenuation between the two amplifier boards by 3 dB.
Step 3 Query the input optical power of the OAU2 on the T2000. Compare the test value with the input
optical power before adjusting the VOA to ensure that the former optical power is 3 dB lower.
Step 4 Query the output optical power of the OAU2, the input and output optical power of the OAU3
on the T2000. Compare the test values with the value before adjustment to check whether they
are the same. If that is the case, it indicates that the ALC has been enabled.
NOTE

If the OAU1 is the adjustment board, use the following formula


Adjustment range of the OAU1 with DCM = Adjustment range of the OAU1 without DCM - DCM insertion
loss - 1 dBm

----End

Related Information
For details on the function, principle and how to configure ALC links, refer to the Feature
Description.

4.3.3 Testing APE


The APE function ensures the optical power flatness at the receive end and thus ensures the
signal-to-noise ratio. The APE test is performed to check if the APE function is started.

Prerequisite
The system optical power commissioning must be completed.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000

Background Information
When the flatness of the optical power of each channel at the receive end differs greatly from
that configured in deployment commissioning, the APE function can automatically adjust the

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4 Commissioning Network Commissioning Guide

optical power of each channel at the transmit end. This ensures that the flatness of the optical
power at the receive end is close to that configured in deployment commissioning. For detailed
description of the APE, refer to the Feature Description.

In the OptiX OSN 6800, the boards supporting APE function are the M40V, WSM9, WSMD4,
ROAM and RMU9 boards. This section describes the APE commissioning on the M40V board.

This section takes the M40V as an example to describes the APE function.

The following descriptions provide the details of commissioning the APE from west to east. The
commissioning of the APE from east to west is the same as the commissioning from west to
east.

The APE function testing configuration is described in Figure 4-19.

Figure 4-19 The APE function test configuration diagram

OTU M OTU
D
4
OA OA 4
0
0 OTU
OTU V
F F MCA
SC1 I I SC1
U U
OTU D M OTU
4 OA OA 4
0 0
OTU OTU
V

Procedure
Step 1 Configure the APE function on the T2000. Set the standard optical power curve and the
wavelength to be checked, and then save the configuration data.
NOTE

It is recommended to set the power unbalance threshold to 1.5 dB. For details on how to configure the APE
function and how to start the APE function on the T2000, refer to the Configuration Guide.

Step 2 Add more VOAs at any OTU WDM-side output port, and adjust the attenuation to minimum.

Step 3 Step up the attenuation of the VOA until the MCA detects that the optical power of the channel
has decreased by 3 dB.
NOTE

l The attenuation of a channel is configurable. The attenuation of a channel must be higher than the
power unbalance threshold. It is recommended that the attenuation of a channel is set to 3 dB.
l The ALC function is probably enabled after the optical power decreases.

l After the MCA scan cycle, the APE event report dialog window appears, indicating that the power is
unbalanced.

Step 4 On the T2000, start the APE function. After the APE adjusts the power, the difference between
the system optical power curve flatness at the receive end and the standard optical power curve
flatness should be less than the power unbalance threshold.

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NOTE

The APE must finish adjusting the power within 5 minutes. After the adjustment, the APE event report
dialog window appears, indicating that the adjustment is successful.

Step 5 Remove the VOAs at the OTU WDM-side output port added in step 2.
Step 6 On the T2000, start the APE function. After the APE adjusts the power, the difference between
the system optical power curve flatness at the receive end and the standard optical power curve
flatness should be less than the power unbalance threshold.
NOTE

The APE must finish adjusting the power within 5 minutes. After the adjustment, the APE event report
dialog window appears, indicating that the adjustment is successful.

----End

4.3.4 Testing EAPE


This section describes how to test EAPE function.

Prerequisite
Optical power commissioning must be completed.
There is no optical power alarm or bit error alarm in the system.
The EAPE functions of the related trails are enabled.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000, Optical power meter, VOA

Background Information
When the receive performance of each channel at the receive end of the system changes greatly,
the EAPE function adjusts the optical power of each channel at the transmit end. In this way, it
is ensured that the performance of the optical signals at the receive end is close to that in the
deployment commissioning.
This section considers the west-to-east signal flow, the L4G, and the VA4 as an example to
describe the EAPE commissioning, and the EAPE function is configured to the OCh trail where
the L4G is located.

EAPE Verification Diagram


For the EAPE verification diagram, see Figure 4-20.

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4 Commissioning Network Commissioning Guide

Figure 4-20 EAPE verification diagram

L4G V M M L4G
A R OA OA R
4 4 4 LSX
LSX
F F
West SC1 I I SC1 East
U U
L4G M V L4G
M
R OA OA R A
LSX 4 4 4 LSX

Procedure
Step 1 Add a variable optical attenuator at the output interface of the source L4G board. Adjust the
attenuation to the minimum value.

Step 2 In main menu, choose Fault > Browse Abnormal Events.

Step 3 In the Object Tree, select the NE and click .

Step 4 Click Query, and the abnormal events are listed in the right-hand pane.

Step 5 Increase the attenuation of the VOA section by section and click Refresh. Stop the adjustment
until EAPE abnormal event notification is displayed in the abnormal event list. In this case,
the EAPE adjustment needs to be started. The adjustment steps are as follows.

Step 6 On the T2000, select Trail > WDM Trail Management.

Step 7 In the Set Trail Browse Filter Condition dialog box, select a proper filtering condition.

Step 8 Select the OCh trail where the L4G board is located. click Maintenance, and then select EAPE
Management from the drop-down list.

Step 9 If Status is Can Be Adjusted. Click Start Adjustmentto Start EAPE adjustment. The
Operation Result dialog box appears, indicating that the verification is successful. After the
adjustment completes, Status isAdjustment Not Required.

Step 10 Repeat Step 2 through Step 4. Check the abnormal event list. EAPE adjustment result event
notification should be reported, indicating the adjustment is successful.

----End

Related Information
For details on the description and how to configure EAPE function, refer to the Feature
Description.

The recommended commissioning environment is that there are more than three amplifier boards
and long fibers are used in the line.

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Commissioning Guide 4 Commissioning Network

4.4 Testing Bit Errors


The network-wide bit error test must cover all the service channels in the network. You can
perform the bit error tests to the concatenated service channels or to the service segments. There
must be no bit error in consecutive 24 hours.
This section takes Project G as an example to illustrate the test of network-wide bit errors. For
the network diagram of Project G, see Figure 4-21.

Figure 4-21 Network diagram of Project G

A B C D E

: OTM : OLA : OADM

Each of the stations A, C and E has four LSX board.

CAUTION
Before the test, make sure that the input and output optical power of each board is in the optimal
range, and that there is no abnormal alarm or performance event.

4.4.1 Testing the 10-Minute Bit Errors of Each Optical Channel


To ensure that the 24-hour network-wide bit error test is complete successfully, perform a 10-
minute bit error test to each channel in advance.
4.4.2 Testing All-Channel Bit Errors
The all-channel bit error test is performed to ensure that all the function units and channels in
the transmission link are normal.

4.4.1 Testing the 10-Minute Bit Errors of Each Optical Channel


To ensure that the 24-hour network-wide bit error test is complete successfully, perform a 10-
minute bit error test to each channel in advance.

Prerequisite
There must be no abnormal alarm or performance event in the entire network.

Tools, Equipments and Materials


Signal analyzer, fiber jumper, optical attenuator, flange

Testing Diagram
For the bit error test of one channel of the LSX, see Figure 4-22.

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4 Commissioning Network Commissioning Guide

Figure 4-22 Testing bit errors of one channel

IN Tx Rx
Signal
LSX LSX
analyzer
OUT Rx Tx

Station A Station E

: Fixed optical attenuator

Procedure
Step 1 In station A, respectively connect the receive and transmit optical interfaces of a signal analyzer
to the output optical interface TX and input optical interface RX with the fixed optical attenuator
in between.

Step 2 In station E, connect the output optical interface TX to the input optical interface RX with a
fixed optical attenuator in between to realize the loopback on the client side.

Step 3 Use the signal analyzer to perform a 10-minute bit error test to the service channel.

Step 4 If there are bit errors, clear the fault and perform a 10-minute bit error test again until there is
no bit error.

Step 5 Refer to steps 1 to 4, perform 10-minute bit error tests to all the channels between station A and
station C, between station C and station E, and between station A and station E.

----End

4.4.2 Testing All-Channel Bit Errors


The all-channel bit error test is performed to ensure that all the function units and channels in
the transmission link are normal.

Prerequisite
There must be no abnormal alarm or performance event in the entire network.

Tools, Equipments and Materials


Signal analyzer, fiber jumper, optical attenuator, flange

Fiber Connection
At the local end, connect the transmit optical interface of the signal analyzer to the RX interface
of the first OTU. After remote loopback, the signal is output from the TX interface of the first
OTU. That is the connection of single channel. Connect the TX interface of the first OTU to the
RX interface of the second OTU with a fixed optical attenuator. Then connect the second OTU
and the third OTU in the same way. Connect the OTUs by the same way until the OTU N to
realize the cascading of N channels. At the end, connect the TX interface of the OTU N to the
receive optical interface of the signal analyzer.

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Precautions

CAUTION
l The number of cascaded OTUs should be less than or equal to 13.
l There are five types of LC connector-shape fixed optical attenuators: 15 dB, 10 dB, 7dB, 5
dB and 2 dB. According to the requirement of the optical power, use the fixed optical
attenuators of a proper type when you perform the network commissioning.

Testing Diagram
This section takes Project G as an example to illustrate the test of all-channel cascading. For the
fiber connection of all-channel bit error test, see Figure 4-23. Because no signals are inserted
into or extracted from the OLA station and repeater station, no symbols of them are included in
the following figure.

Figure 4-23 Fiber connection of all-channel bit error test

OUT Rx Station A Station E


LSX1 LSX1

LSX2 LSX2
Signal
analyzer LSX3 LSX3

LSX4 LSX4
IN Tx

L L L L
S S S S
X X X X
1 2 3 4

Station C

: Fixed optical attenuator

Procedure
Step 1 Follow Figure 4-23, and connect the fibers according to Fiber Connection.

Step 2 Use the signal analyzer to perform the 24-hour bit error test.

Step 3 If there are bit errors, clear the fault and perform a 24-hour test again until there is no bit error.

----End

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4 Commissioning Network Commissioning Guide

4.5 Testing Orderwire Functions


Orderwire function test consists of addressing call test and conference call test.

Prerequisite
l Orderwire in each NE must be configured.
l The orderwire phone set must be installed correctly in related stations.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000

Procedure
Step 1 Testing the Addressing Call.
1. In a station, use the orderwire phone to dial the orderwire of other NEs.
2. Check whether the orderwire phone of the called station rings.
3. Check the voice quality during the conversation. The voice must be clear and without noise.
4. Refer to previous steps to test the addressing call at other stations.

Step 2 Testing the Subnet Conference Call.


1. In a station, use the orderwire phone to dial the subnet conference call number.
2. Check whether the orderwire phone of the other station rings.
3. Check the voice quality during the conversation. The voice must be clear and without noise.
4. Refer to previous steps to test the subnet conference call at other stations.

----End

4.6 Backing Up NE Database


After the configuration data is delivered, it is required to backup the NE database. The NE
database can ensure that the SCC restores to normal operation automatically upon data loss or
power failure.

Prerequisite
The NE must have been configured.

Tools, Equipment and Materials


T2000

Procedure
Step 1 Log in to the T2000. In the Main Topology, select Configuration > Configuration Data
Management.

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Step 2 Select the NE with database to be backed up in the left-hand pane. Click the double-right-arrow
button.
Step 3 Select the NE to be backed up from the list on the right-hand pane.
Step 4 Right-click the NE and select Backup to Database from the drop-down menu.
Step 5 Click OK in the prompt box.

----End

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Commissioning Guide A Commissioning CRPC Board

A Commissioning CRPC Board

This section describes how to commission CRPC board.

Procedure
Step 1 Checking your protective clothing and noting the precautions
1. Be aware of the laser security level, possible injury and protective precautions.
2. Wear laser-protective glasses (Class 4). Wear long-sleeve antistatic coat, shoe covers, and
protective gloves.
3. Confirm the amount of adopted CRPC boards. Be familiar with the connection between
these fibers and the upstream/downstream sites. Be familiar with the location of the
connector. Take the drawings into the equipment room.
4. Prepare tools for fiber cleaning: CLETOP cassette cleaner, fiber microscope (400x or
above). Ethyl Alcohol with wipes. Only use a video scope.

Step 2 Checking fiber connection for CRPC boards before cabinet power-on

CAUTION
l Strictly follow the following procedure which is significant for operation security.
l The LINE port of CRPC board has extremely high output optical power. Be very careful
during operation.

1. Ensure that the cabinet is in power-off state before any operation.


2. Check whether the SYS port of the CRPC board is well-connected to the IN port of the FIU
board with fibers.
3. The connection surface should have no dust or scratch. If there is any, immediately replace
the line-side fiber. (It is recommended that the customer prepares spare fibers.)

Step 3 Connecting LINE-side fiber and powering on the cabinet


1. Connect one end of the line-side fiber to the ODF frame.
2. Connect another end of the line-side fiber to the LINE port of the CRPC board.
3. Insert the CRPC board. Power on the cabinet.

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A Commissioning CRPC Board Commissioning Guide

Step 4 Checking laser and IPA status of CRPC board


1. Log in T2000, enter the Optical NE Explorer.
2. Choose Configuration > IPA Management from the left hand Navigator Tree.
3. Make sure that the IPA Status is Close. If it is not, set IPA Status to Close, and click
Apply.
4. Select the desired CRPC from the left-hand Navigator Tree and choose Configuration >
WDM Interface.
5. Select By Board/Port (Path).
6. Click the General Attributes tab, and ensure that the Laser Status of the CRPC-1(LINE)-1
port and the CRPC-1(LINE)-2 of Raman board WDM Interface is Close.

Step 5 Adjusting optical power of CRPC boards in the receive direction.

CAUTION
l If the IPA status is enabled, shut down the pump lasers of the CRPC before deleting IPA.
l If the IPA status is enabled, modify the parameters of the IPA can make the laser status of
the CRPC to open. At this time, avoid the damage to human body when operating the fiber
connected to the CRPC.

1. Disconnect the fiber between the SYS port of the CRPC board and the IN port of the FIU
board.
2. Connect the fiber from the SYS port to the test port of the spectrum analyzer. Scan the
spectrum and obtain the actual signal optical power and record it.
3. Reconnect the SYS port of the CRPC board to the IN port of the FIU board.
4. Log in T2000, choose Configuration > IPA Management from the left hand Navigator
Tree.

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Commissioning Guide A Commissioning CRPC Board

5. Set IPA Status to Enabled.


NOTE

If the IPA status is enabled, shut down the pump lasers of the CRPC before deleting IPA.
6. Select the desired CRPC from the left-hand Navigator Tree and choose Configuration >
WDM Interface.
7. Select By Board/Port (Path), and click the Advanced Attributes tab.
8. Set the optical power of the pump laser to the recommended value in the Fixed Pump
Optical Power. For details, refer to the following description.
NOTE

The on-off gain of each channel must be greater than 10 dB, which is required by the reverse Raman
amplifier. The gain medium of the reverse Raman amplifier is transmission fiber, so the gain value
depends on the type, length and attenuation of the transmission fiber. If the gain values are required
to be the same, different fibers should correspond to different optical power of pumps. Set the initial
optical power of the Raman amplifier during network commissioning to the optical power values in
the following table.

Table A-1 Recommended optical power values of Raman pump of different fibers.

P1(Optical Power of Pump P2(Optical Power of Pump


Fiber Type Group 1) Group 2)

G.652/ G.655 24.0 dBm 24.0 dBm

G.653 23.0 dBm 22.5 dBm

9. Select General attributes on the T2000. Set the Laser Statusof the CRPC-1(LINE)-1 port
and the CRPC-1(LINE)-2 port of the WDM Interface items to Open.

10. Connect the fiber from the MON port of the CRPC board to the test port of the spectrum
analyzer. Scan the spectrum and obtain the actual signal optical power and record it.
11. Calculate the on-off gain of SYS port by using the following formula:

SYS on-off gain = MON output power (CRPC laser enabled) + 20 – SYS output power
(CRPC laser disabled)

NOTE

This gain value should be 1 dB greater than the actual gain value.

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A Commissioning CRPC Board Commissioning Guide

12. If the on-off gain is smaller than 10 dB, you can properly increase the optical power of the
two groups of pumps. Increase the optical power of both groups of pumps by 0.1 dB
respectively at a time till the minimum on-off gain of each channel is greater than 10 dB.
Note that no PUM_BCM_ALM alarm should occur under the set pump optical power. If
this alarm occurs, the pump optical power set is excessive and must be decreased. If this
alarm occurs while the gain does not reach 10 dB, shut down the pump lasers and check
the fibers. Replace the fibers if necessary.
Step 6 Adjusting the pump power to ensure that the gain spectrum meets the requirement
After adjusting the on-off gain to 10 dB, compare whether the gain flatness of each wavelength
is within 3 dB or not. If yes, the gain flatness requires no adjustment.
If the gain flatness of each wavelength exceeds 3 dB, adjust the pump optical power according
to the Raman gain spectrum to improve the gain flatness. Perform as follows:
1. Find the wavelengths of the highest and lowest gains.
2. If the shortwave gain is low, increase the optical power of pump laser group 1 to elevate
the shortwave gain or decrease the optical power of pump laser group 2 to lower the long-
wave gain. Adjust the pump optical power in steps of 0.1 dB till the optical power difference
meets the requirement that the gain flatness of each wavelength is within 3 dB.
3. If the shortwave gain is high, decrease the optical power of pump laser group 1 to lower
the shortwave gain or increase the optical power of pump laser group 2 to elevate the long-
wave gain. Adjust the pump optical power in steps of 0.1 dB till the optical power difference
meets the requirement that the gain flatness of each wavelength is within 3 dB.
4. Retest the on-off gains to check whether the on-off gain of each wavelength is greater than
10 dB or not. If not, increase the optical power of both pump laser groups 1 and 2 in steps
of 0.1 dB till the on-off gain of each wavelength is greater than 10 dB.
NOTE

After step (3), the pump optical power is changed. As a result, the on-off gains need be retested. If the on-
off gain of any wavelength is smaller than 10 dB (or the specified in section 1.2.8), the optical power of
both pump laser groups 1 and 2 need be increased to meet the gain requirement on the basis of that the
difference between P1 and P2 must not be changed. Add 0.1 dB to P1 and P2 each time until the gain of
all channels is more than 10 dB.

----End

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Commissioning Guide B Glossary

B Glossary

Numerics

1+1 protection A protection mechanism in which the same service is sent to the working and protection
channels (dual fed) at the transmit end and the receive end selects the service in the
working channel under normal situations. When the working channel is faulty. The
receive end selects the service in the protection channel. It is also called single-ended
switching, that is, switching occurs only at the receive end. This protection mechanism
is applicable to channel level protection, board level protection, and even equipment
level protection.

Alarm A visible or an audible indication to notify the person concerned that a failure or an
emergency has occurred. See also Event.
ALC link A piece of end-to-end configuration information, which exists in the equipment (single
station) as an ALC link node. Through the ALC function of each node, it fulfils optical
power control on the line that contains the link.
ALC node The ALC functional unit. It corresponds to the NE in a network. The power detect unit,
variable optical attenuator unit, and supervisory channel unit at the ALC node work
together to achieve the ALC function.
APD Avalanche Photodiode. A semiconductor photodetector with integral detection and
amplification stages. Electrons generated at a p/n junction are accelerated in a region
where they free an avalanche of other electrons. APDs can detect faint signals but require
higher voltages than other semiconductor electronics.

Back up A method to copy the important data into a backing storage in case that the original is
damaged or corrupted.

Channel The trail at the channel layer.

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B Glossary Commissioning Guide

Configuration data The data that configures the NE hardware for coordination between this NE and other
NEs in the entire network, and for operation of specified services. Configuration data is
the instruction file of NEs, and it is a key element to ensure that the network runs
efficiently. The typical configuration data includes board configuration, clock
configuration and protection relationship.
Configure To set the basic parameters of an operation object.
Connection A "transport entity" which consists of an associated pair of "unidirectional connections"
capable of simultaneously transferring information in opposite directions between their
respective inputs and outputs.
CWDM Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplexing. The technology for transmitting signals at
multiple wavelengths through the same fiber with wide spacing between optical
channels. Typical spacing is several nanometers or more.

D
DCM Dispersion Compensation Module. A module, which contains dispersion compensation
fibers to compensate for the positive dispersion of transmitting fiber.
DWDM Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing. The technology utilizes the characteristics of
broad bandwidth and low attenuation of single mode optical fiber, employs multiple
wavelengths with specific frequency spacing as carriers, and allows multiple channels
to transmit simultaneously in the same fiber.

E
EDFA Erbium Coped Fiber Amplifier. An optical device that amplifies the optical signals. The
device uses a short length of optical fiber doped with the rare-earth element Erbium and
the energy level jump of Erbium ions activated by pump sources. When the amplifier
passes the external light source pump, it amplifies the optical signals in a specific
wavelength range.
ESC Electric Supervisory Channel. A technology realizes the communication among all the
nodes and transmits the monitoring data in the optical transmission network. The
monitoring data of ESC is introduced into DCC service overhead and is transmitted with
service signals.
ESCON Enterprise System Connection. A path protocol which connects the host with various
control units in a storage system. It is a serial bit stream transmission protocol. The
transmission rate is 200 Mbit/s.
ESD Electrostatic Discharge. The phenomena the energy being produced by electrostatic
resource discharge instantly.
Ethernet A data link level protocol comprising the OSI model's bottom two layers. It is a broadcast
networking technology that can use several different physical media, including twisted
pair cable and coaxial cable. Ethernet usually uses CSMA/CD. TCP/IP is commonly
used with Ethernet networks.

F
Fault A fault is the inability of a function to perform a required action. This does not include
an inability due to preventive maintenance, lack of external resources, or planned actions.

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Commissioning Guide B Glossary

Fiber jumper The fiber which is used to connect the subrack with the ODF, subrack or connect the
board interfaces.
Flow An aggregation of packets that have the same characteristics. On the T2000 or NE
software, flow is a group of classification rules. On boards, it is a group of packets that
have the same quality of service (QoS) operation. At present, two flows are supported:
port flow and port+VLAN flow. Port flow is based on port ID and port+VLAN flow is
based on port ID and VLAN ID. The two flows cannot coexist in the same port.
Forward error A data encoding technology. It is a method to control errors in communication. In this
correction method, extra (redundant) bits are inserted into the data stream towards other equipment
to control errors. The equipment at the receive end can use these redundant bits to detect
errors and correct errors if possible.
Frame A cyclic set of consecutive time slots in which the relative position of each time slot can
be identified.

G
Gain The ratio between the optical power from the input optical interface of the optical
amplifier and the optical power from the output optical interface of the jumper fiber,
which expressed in dB.

H
Hardware loopback A connection mode in which a fiber jumper is used to connect the input optical interface
to the output optical interface of a board to achieve signal loopback.

I
IP address The only address in the TCP/IP protocol that is used to identify the communication port.
The IP address consists of four bytes in the decimal format, for example, 129.9.161.55.
IPA Intelligent Power Adjustment. The technology that the system reduces the optical power
of all the amplifiers in an adjacent regeneration section in the upstream to a safety level
if the system detects the loss of optical signals on the link. The loss of optical signals
may due to the fiber is broken, the performance of equipments trend to be inferior or the
connector is not plugged well. Thus, the maintenance engineers are not hurt by the laser
being sent out from the slice of broken fiber.

L
Label A mark on a cable, a subrack, or a cabinet for identification.
Laser The device that generates the directional light covering a narrow range of wavelengths.
Laser light is more coherent than ordinary light. Semiconductor diode lasers are the used
light source in fiber-optic system.

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B Glossary Commissioning Guide

M
Main Topology The default T2000 client interface, a basic component of the human-machine interactive
interface. The topology clearly shows the structure of the network, the alarms of different
NEs, subnets in the network, the communication status as well as the basic network
operation status. All topology management functions are accessed here.
Main Topology The default T2000 client interface, a basic component of the human-machine interactive
interface. The topology clearly shows the structure of the network, the alarms of different
NEs, subnets in the network, the communication status as well as the basic network
operation status. All topology management functions are accessed here.
Mapping The process by which tributary signals are adapted into the corresponding virtual
container at the PDH/SDH edge.
MO Managed Object. The management view of a resource within the telecommunication
environment that may be managed via the agent. Examples of SDH managed objects
are: equipment, receive port, transmit port, power supply, plug-in card, virtual container,
multiplex section, and regenerator section.

N
NE A network unit, including the hardware and software. Normally a network unit has at
least one SCC board, which manages and monitors the entire network unit. NE software
runs on the SCC board.
Network segment Consists of the network components that provide a virtual connection between two circuit
sections. The network provider is responsible for the performance of the network section.

O
OADM Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer. A device that can be used to add the optical signals of
various wavelengths to one channel and drop the optical signals of various wavelengths
from one channel.
ODF Optical Distribution Frame. A frame which is used to transfer and spool fibers.
ODF Optical Distribution Frame. A frame which is used to transfer and spool fibers.
OLA A piece of equipment that functions as an OLA to directly amplify the input optical
signals and to compensate for the line loss. Currently, the key component of the OLA is
the EDFA amplifier.
OLP A protection mechanism that adopts dual fed and selective receiving principle and single-
ended switching mode. In this protection, two pairs of fibers are used. One pair of fibers
forms the working route. The working route transmits line signals when the line is
normal. The other pair of fibers forms the protection route. The protection route carries
line signals when the line is broken or the signal attenuation is extremely large.
ONE Optical Network Element. An independent physical entity in an optical transmission
network. An ONE provides the functions that are similar to an NE. The ONE can be an
OTM, OLA, or OADM. One ONE can consist of multiple NEs.
Optical Amplifier A device or subsystem in which optical signals are amplified by means of photon energy
transfer.

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Commissioning Guide B Glossary

Optical attenuator A passive device that increases the attenuation in a fiber link. It is used to ensure that the
optical power of the signals received at the receive end is not extremely high. It is
available in two types: fixed attenuator and variable attenuator.
Optical spectrum An instrument that scans the spectrum to record power, measures the value of loss
analyzer insertion and tests the performance of the wavelength and optical signal noise ratio
(OSNR) of each channel.
Optical wavelength In the optical wavelength shared protection (OWSP), the service protection between
shared protection different stations can be achieved by using the same wavelength, realizing wavelength
sharing. This saves the wavelength resources and lowers the cost. The optical wavelength
shared protection is mainly applied to the ring network which is configured with
distributed services. It is achieved by using the OWSP board. In a ring network where
services are distributed at adjacent stations, each station requires one OWSP board. Then,
two wavelengths are enough for configuring the shared protection to protect one service
among stations.
Orderwire The link that provides voice communication between stations for operators or
maintenance engineers.
OSC Optical Supervisory Channel. A technology realizes communication among nodes in
optical transmission network and transmits the monitoring data in a certain channel (the
wavelength of the working channel for it is 1510 nm and that of the corresponding
protection one is 1625 nm).
OSNR Optical Signal-to-Noise Ratio. Ratio of the optical power of the transmitted optical signal
to the noise on the received signal.
OTU Optical Transponder Unit. A device or subsystem that converts the accessed client signals
into the G.694.1/G.694.2-compliant WDM wavelength.
Output optical power The ranger of optical energy level of output signals.

P
Pass-Through A mode in which the transmission equipment directly forwards the received services to
the next station and the local station only detects the signal quality.
PIN Photodiode. A semiconductor detector with an intrinsic (i) region separating the p- and
n-doped regions. It has fast linear response and is used in fiber-optic receivers.
Pointer An indicator whose value defines the frame offset of a virtual container with respect to
the frame reference of the transport entity on which it is supported.
Power box A direct current power distribution box at the upper part of a cabinet, which supplies
power for the subracks in the cabinet.

R
Receiver sensitivity Receiver sensitivity is defined as the minimum acceptable value of average received
power at point R to achieve a 1 x 10-12 BER.
Ring network One type of network that all network nodes are connected one after one to be a cycle.

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
B Glossary Commissioning Guide

S
SD Signal Degrade. A signal that indicates the associated data has degraded in the sense that
a degraded defect condition is active.
Service protection A measure that ensures that the services can be received at the receive end.
Settings Parameters of an operation that can be selected by the user.
SF Signal Fail. A signal that indicates the associated data has failed in the sense that a near-
end defect condition (non-degrade defect) is active.
Side panel The panel on the side of the cabinet.
Subnet The logical entity in the transmission network and comprises a group of network
management objects. A subnet can contain NEs and other subnets. A subnet planning
can enhance the organization of a network view.
Support The frame on the bottom of a cabinet, when installing the cabinet on the antistatic floor.

T
T2000 A network management system that Huawei provides to manage transmission networks.
The T2000 is located between the NE level and the network level in the
telecommunication management network structure. That is, the T2000 is a subnetwork
management system. The T2000 provides all management functions at the NE layer and
some of the management functions at the network layer.
T2000-LCT A simplified version of the T2000. The T2000-LCT is located at the NE management
layer in an optical transmission network. It can manage SDH and WDM series optical
transmission equipment.
TCP/IP One of the key protocols in the Internal protocol suite. The hosts that connect to each
other through the TCP protocol can create connection between each other and exchange
data. The TCP protocol ensures that the data can be transmitted from the transmitter to
the receiver in a reliable and orderly manner. The TCP can also distinguish data for the
concurrent applications on the same host.

U
User The user of the T2000 client, and the user and password define the corresponding
authority of operation and management of the T2000.

W
Washer A washer which is used to level the cabinet.
WTR Wait to Restore. This command is issued when working channels meet the restoral
threshold after an SD or SF condition. It is used to maintain the state during the WTR
period unless it is pre-empted by a higher priority bridge request.

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Commissioning Guide C Acronyms and Abbreviations

C Acronyms and Abbreviations

ALC Automatic Level Control

ALS Automatic Laser Shutdown

APD Avalanche Photo Diode

APE Automatic Power Equilibrium

CWDM Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplex

DCM Dispersion Compensation Module

DWDM Dense Wave Division Multiplexer

EDFA Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier

FEC Forward error correction

FOADM Fixed Optical add/drop Multiplexer

GUI Graphical User Interface

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C Acronyms and Abbreviations Commissioning Guide

IC Integrated Circuit

ID Identity

IP Internet Protocol

IPA Intelligent Power Adjustment

LAN Local Area Network

LCT Local Craft Terminal

NE Network Element

NM Network Management

OADM Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer

OAM Operation Administration and Maintenance

ODF Optical Distribution Frame

ODUk Optical Channel Data Unit-k

OLA Optical Line Amplifier

OLP Optical Line Protection

OSC Optical Supervisory Channel

OSN Optical Switch Node

OSNR Optical Signal-to-noise Ratio

OTM Optical Transport Module

OTU Optical Transponder Unit

PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy

PGND Protection Ground

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Commissioning Guide C Acronyms and Abbreviations

PIN Positive Intrinsic Negative

ROADM Reconfiguration Optical Add/drop Multiplexer

SCC System Control & Communication

SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

SNCP Subnetwork Connection Protection

VLAN Virtual Local Area Network

VOA Variable Optical Attenuator

WDM Wavelength Division Multiplex

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Commissioning Guide Index

Index

A setting, 2-23
master/slave subrack
ALC testing, 4-36 setting, 2-20

B N
backup the NE database, 4-44 NE
bit error creating by manually, 2-11
10-minute bit error, 4-41 creating by searching, 2-10
all-channel bit error, 4-42 NE ID
board, 2-16 setting, 2-13
tunable wavelengths, 2-16 NE IP
WDM interface attributes, 2-16 setting, 2-13
NE time synchronization
C synchronizing NE time with the T2000 server
manually, 2-18
commissioning condition check, 1-9
connect the T2000 server, 2-3
creating, 2-16
O
creating in graphic mode, 2-25 optical line protection switching test, 4-4
creating optical network element, 2-8 optical power commissioning
d40v, 3-14
D EDFA, 3-8
fiu, 3-15
DCM, 3-24 foadm board, 3-16
line board, 3-7
E m40v, 3-14
osc board, 3-12
EAPE testing, 4-39 otu, 3-5
ESD, 1-5 Raman amplifier board, 3-10
ESD wrist strap, 1-5 ROAM, 3-17
tributary board, 3-7
F WSD9+RMU9, 3-20
WSD9+WSM9, 3-19
fibers, 2-25 WSMD4+WSMD4, 3-22
OWSP protection switching test, 4-32
I
instrument and tool, 1-7, 3-5 P
intra-board 1+1 protection switching test, 4-6 performance monitoring
IPA testing, 4-35 start, 2-20
stop, 2-20
M
manually extended ECC communication

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OptiX OSN 6800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Index Commissioning Guide

S
safe usage of fiber, 1-3
safety operation
alarm symbol, 1-2
safety symbol, 1-2
software version, 4-2
starting T2000
logging in to T2000 client, 2-6
starting T2000 server, 2-6

T
T2000 client
login, 2-6
T2000 server
starting, 2-6
testing APE, 4-37
testing connection point, 1-9
testing orderwire function, 4-44

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