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YOJANA

(Suryasiddhānta and the Great


Pyramid)
by Petko Nikolic Vidusa

The oldest sanskrit astronomical texts to survive were written


around 600 AD. One of the most notable of these is the
Suryasiddhānta survives in a much revised version. In 1858
Ebenezer Burgess published an annotated English translation of
this text, available now as Surya-Siddhanta, a text-book of Hindy
astronomy*

Surya (Sanskrit) the Sun, its regent or informing divinity; in the


Vedas Surya is the the Sun-God. Surya presiding over the space of
the solar system.

The Mount Meru may actually refer to the “center of the world”.
In Indian mythology Meru is a sacred mountain which is usually
identified as the golden mountain, the great central mountain of
the world and the naval of the earth.

A yojana is Vedic measure of distance used in ancient India. The


exact measurement is disputed amongst scholar with distances
being given between 6 to 15 km (4 and 9 miles).

Verse 1.59 of the Suryasiddhānta gives the diameter of the


Earth as 1600 yojanas.
_________________
*Ebenezer Burgess, Surya-Siddhanta: A Text Book of Hindu
Astronomy,
Kessinger Publishing Company, 1998.
1

Figure 1. Earth globe. Verse 1.59 of the Suryasiddhānta gives the


diameter of the
Earth as 1600 yojanas.

Figure 2. Geometry of the Great Pyramid

Height of the Great Pyramid = 147.6505019 m


Circumference of the Circle A = 147.6505019 m
d = 46.99865415 m

Area of the Circle A = 1734.843719 m² = Area of the Square B


c = 41.65145518 m

Width of the Pyramid’s King Chamber = 206.0658189 inches = 10 Royal Cubits =


= 523.40718 cm = 5.2340718 m
2

c = 41.65145518 m

41.65145518 : 5.2340718 = 7.957753881

Verse 1.59 of the Suryasiddhānta gives the diameter of the Earth as 1600
yojanas:

1600 x 7.957753881 = 12,732.40621 = in kilometres it’s the average diameter of


the Earth.

12,732.40621 x 3.14159 = 40,000 = in kilometres it’s the average circumference of


the Earth.

Conclusion: yojana = 7.957753881 km = 4.944719017 miles

Figure 3. Geometry of the yojana

1 yojana = 7.957753881 (km) = c

Area of the Square B = 63.32584683 km² = Area of the Circle A


d = 8.979367488 km

Circumference of the Circle A = 28.20949111 km

28.20949111 x 3.14159 = 88.62265518 = c (Figure 4)

Figure 4. Geometry is the source of the yojana

c = 88.62265518 km

Area of the Square B = 7853.975011 (km²) = 2500Pi = Area of the Circle A

d = 100

Circumference of the Square A = 314.159 = 100Pi

In Indian mythology Meru is a sacred mountain which is usually indentified as


the golden mountain, the great central mountain of the world and the naval of the
Earth.
Figure 5. The Great Pyramid is the central point of the Earth’s
land mass

Suryasiddhānta mentions that Mt Meru lies in the middle of the


Earth "bhoogola-madhya") in the land of the Jamboonada. E.
Burgess translates "bhoogola-madhya" as "the centre of the
earth-globe" and not as “bhoo-madhya” which is used for
equator in sanskrit and Hindi texts.

Suryasidhhānta explicitly mention that Mt Meru lies at the


middle of the Earth
("bhoogola-madhya"), in the land of Jamboonada in
Jamboodveepa (one of the
continents on the Earth): the Great Pyramid lies in the middle of
the Earth and the
Great Pyramid is the Mt Meru from the Suryasidhhānta.
Figure 5. The center of the “moonstone” at the entrance
of the Abhayagiri
monastery, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka (left) and Seal or Boss on the
Granite Leaf,
which is located inside of the Antechamber of the Great Pyramid
(right): sign for
the Earth.

The Mount Meru is the Great Pyramid

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