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2D’ COMMANDS

CLEANSCREENON : IT IS USED TO HIDE ALL THE TOOLBARS AT A


TIME.

CLEANSCREENOFF : IT IS USED TO DISPLAY ALL THE TOOLBARS


AT A TIME.
NOTE : TO MAKE CLEANSCREENON / OFF USE “CTRL + 0” (ZERO).

LINE (L) : IT IS USED TO CONSTRUCT THE LINE WITH OR WITHOUT


DISTANCE.
( CLOSE / UNDO )
CLOSE : IT IS USED TO CLOSE THE LINE.
UNDO : IT IS USED TO CANCEL THE RECENT LINE.

ORTHO : IT IS USED TO DRAW THE LINES STRIGHTELY.


( ON / OFF )

TO MAKE ORTHO ON / OFF


§ CLICK ON ORTHO IN THE STATUS BAR.
§ USE F8 KEY
§ CTRL + L

ERASE : IT IS USED TO ERASE THE SELECTED OBJECTS.


SELECTION METHODS :
1. MOUSE : IN THIS OBJECTS ARE SELECTED BY USING
MOUSE.

2. ALL : IT IS USED TO SELECT ALL OBJECTS ON THE PAGE.

3. WINDOW (W) : IN THIS OBJECTS WHICH ARE COMPLETED IN


THE GIVEN WINDOW ARE SELECTED.
4. CROSSING (C) :IN THIS OBJECTS WHICH ARE COMPLETED
AS WELL AS CROSSED TO THE GIVEN WINDOW ARE
SELECTED.

5. WINDOW POLYGON (WP): IN THIS OBJECTS WHICH ARE


COMPLETED IN THE GIVEN POLYGON ARE SELECTED.

6. CROSSING POLYGON (CP): IN THIS OBJECTS WHICH ARE


COMPLETED AS WELL AS CROSSED TO THE GIVEN
POLYGON ARE SELECTED.

7. FENCE (F):IN THIS THE OBJECTS WHICH ARE CROSSED TO


THE FENCE LINE ARE SELECTED.

8. REMOVE (R): IT IS USED TO REMOVE THE OBJECTS FROM


SELECTED.

9. ADD (A): IT IS USED TO ADD THE OBJECTS TO THE


SELECTED.

10. LAST ( L ): IT IS USED TO SELECTED LAST OBJECT ON THE


PAGE.
CO ORDINATE SYSTEM :
IT IS USED TO LOCATE POINTS .

ABSOLUTE METHOD:

IN THIS EACH AND EVERY POINT CALCULATED W.R.T . ORIGIN.


SYNTAX IS X, Y
RELATIVE METHOD :

IN THIS EACH AND EVERY POINT CALCULATED W.R.T IT’S PREVIOUS


POINT.
SYNTAX IS @X,Y
POLAR METHOD:

IN THIS EACH AND EVERY POINT CALCULATED W.R.T ANGLE.


SYNTAX IS @DISTANCE< ANGLE

NOTE :

ABSOLUTE, RELATIVE METHODS ARE KNOWN AS CARTEESIAN METHODS.


THESE ARE USED IN ISOMETRICAL DESIGNS (3D).

POLAR METHOD IS KNOWN AS ANGULAR METHOD. IT IS USED IN


ORTHOGRAPHICAL DESIGNS (2D).
PICKBOX : IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE SIZE OF PICKBOX.
DEFAULT IS 3
RANGE IS 0--- 50

NOTE: PICKBOX IS USED TO SELECT OBJECTS.

CURSORSIZE: IT IS USED TO CHANGE SIZE OF CURSOR.


DEFAULT IS: 5
RANGE IS : 1 --- 100.

APERTURE : IT IS USED TO CHANGE OBJECT SNAPTARGET HEIGHT.


DEFAULT IS : 10 pixels
RANGE IS : 1 --- 50.
UNDO ( U ) : IT IS USED TO CANCEL THE GIVEN PREVIOUS COMMAND.

TO APPALY UNDO INFINATE TIMES


USE “ U “
USE UNDO KEY
CTRL + Z

REDO : IT IS USED TO CANCEL THE GIVEN PREVIOUS UNDO COMMAND.

NOTE : REDO MUST IMMEDIATELY FOLLOW THE UNDO.

TO APPALY REDO INFINATE TIMES


USE REDO KEY
CTRL + Z.

OOPS : IT IS USED TO BRING BACK THE DELETED OBJECTS.


NOTE: IT CAN APPLY ONCE ONLY

SAVE : IT IS USED TO SAVE OBJECTS WITH PARTICULAR NAME.


.DWG IS THE AUTOCAD SAVING EXTENSION.
CTRL + S IS THE SHORT KEY.

OPEN : IT IS USED TO OPEN THE PREVIOUSLY SAVED FILES.


CTRL + O IS THE SHORT KEY.
OSNAP ( OS or –OS ): IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE OBJECT SNAP
POINT SETTINGS.

TO MAKE OSNAP ON /OFF


1. CLICK ON OSNAP IN THE STATUS BAR.
2. USE F3 KEY.

NOTE : TO DISPLAY OSNAP POINTS WEHAVE TO USE ANY COMMAND.

1) END POINT DISPLAYS ON LINES AND ARCS.


2) MID POINT DISPLAYS ON LINES AND ARCS.

3) CENTRE DISPLAYS ON CIRCLES AND ARCS.

4) NODE DISPLAYS AT POINTS


5) QUADRANT DISPLAYS ON CIRCLES AND ARCS.

6) INTERSECTION DISPLAYS AT CUTTING POINTS.

7) EXTENSION DISPLAYS ON LINES AND ARCS.


8) INSERTION DISPLAYS AT TEXT.

9) PERPENDICULAR DISPLAYS ON ALL OBJECTS.


10) TANGENT DISPLAYS ON CIRCLES AND ARCS.

11) NEAREST DISPLAYS ON ALL OBJECTS.

12) APPARENT INTERSECTION IS THE INTERSECTION POINT OF TWO


IMAGINARY EXTENTION LINES.
13) PARALLEL IS USED TO DRAW PARALLEL LINES.

NOTE : TO CHANGE THE OSNAP POINTS SETTINGS THROUGH COMMAND


LINE THEN USE “_OS “ .

SNAP ( SN ): IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE MOVEMENT OF CURSOR.


( ON / OFF / ASPECT / STYLE / TYPE )

ON / OFF : TO CONTROL THE DISPLAY SNAPPING.

ASPECT : TO CHANGE THE SNAP SPACING.


BY THE DEFAULT HORIZANTAL IS 0.5
VERTICAL IS 0.5

STYLE : TO CHANGE CURSOR STYLE.


( STANDARD / ISOMETRIC )

TYPE : TO CHANGE SNAP TYPE .


(POLAR / GRID)

POLAR IS OFF
GRID IS ON

NOTE : THE ENTIRE SNAP FUNCTION DEPENDS UPON THIS.

TO MAKE SNAP ON / OFF


CLICK ON SNAP IN THE STATUS BAR.
USE F9 KEY
CTRL + B
GRID : IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE SIZE OF PAPER BY MEANS OF GRIDS.

( ON / OFF / ASPECT /LIMITS )

ON /OFF : TO CONTROL THE DISPLAY GRIDS.

ASPECT : TO CHANGE THE GRID SPACING.


BY THE DEFAULT HORIZANTAL IS 0.5
VERTICAL IS 0.5

LIMITS : TO DISPLAY THE GRIDS BEYOND THE LIMITS.


( YES / NO

NOTE : THIS IS A SYSTEM VARIABLE COMMAND. SO WE HAVE TO REFRESH


PAGE.

TO REFRESH THE PAGE


USE REGENERATE (RE)
ZOOM / ALL
GRID ON / OFF
TO MAKE GRID ON / OFF
CLICK ON GRID IN THE STATUS BAR.
USE F7 KEY
CTRL + G

UNITS (UN): IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE UNIT SETTINGS.

LIMITS: IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE SIZE OF PAPER.


(ON / OFF)
BY THE DEFAULT LOWER LEFT CORNER IS 0, 0
UPPER RIGHT CORNER IS 12, 9

ON: BY KEEPING LIMITS ON, WE CAN DRAW THE OBJECTS WITH


IN THE PAGE LIMIT ONLY.

OFF : BY KEEPING LIMITS OFF, WE CAN DRAW THE OBJECTS EITHER


IN THE PAGE OR OUT OF THE PAGE.

LIMMAX : IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE SIZE OF PAPER BY GIVING THE


LIMITS MAXIMUM.
DRAW COMMANDS

POINT ( PO ) : IT IS USED TO INSERT POINTS.

DDPTYPE: IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE STYLE AND SIZE OF POINT.

DEFAULT STYLE IS . (DOT)

SIZE IS 5%.
CIRCLE ( C ) : IT IS USED TO DRAW CIRCLE BY PARTICULAR

METHOD.

SPECIFY THE CENTRE POINT OF CIRCLE OR [ 3P / 2P / Ttr / TTT ]

i. by giving centre , radius

ii. by giving centre , diameter

iii. by giving 3 points

iv. by giving 2 points

v. tan ,tan , radius

vi. tan ,tan ,tan

NOTE: FOR TTT , GO TO DRAW MENU BAR IN THAT CONSIDER CORCLE,

SELECT TAN,TAN,TAN.

RECTANGLE ( REC ) : IT IS USED TO DRAW RECTANGLE


PARTICULAR METHOD.

SPECIFY THE FIRST CORNER POINT OR [ CHAMFER /ELEVATION / FILLET /

THICKNESS / WIDTH ]

i. by giving area

ii. by giving DIMENSIONs

iii. by giving rotation


SPECIFY THE FIRST CORNER POINT OR [ CHAMFER /ELEVATION / FILLET /

THICKNESS / WIDTH ]

iv. by giving chamfer

v. by giving elevation
vi. by giving fillet

vii. by giving thickness


viii. by giving width.

NOTE : TO SEE THE ELEVATION AND THICKNESS , GO TO VIEW COMMAND

( V ) , IN THAT SELECT FRONT VIEW FOR ELEVATION,

SW ISOMETRIC VIEW FOR THICKNESS.

POLYGON ( POL ): IT IS USED TO DRAW THE POLYGON BY


PARTICULAR METHOD.

DEFAULT NO OF SIDES : 4

RANGE : 3 --- 1024.

NOTE : IF THREE OR MORE THAN THREE SIDES MAKES A SINGLE CLOSED


OBJECT IS KNOWN AS POLYGON.

ENTER NUMBER OF SIDES < 4 >:

SPECIFY CEN OF POLYGON OR [ EDGE ]

ENTER AN OPTION [ INSCRIBE /CIRCUMSCRIBE]

INSCRIBED IN CIRCLE

CIRCUMSCRIBED ABOUT CIRCLE


EDGE:

ARC ( A ): IT IS USED TO DARW ARC BY PARTICULAR METHOD.


ELLIPSE ( EL ): IT IS USED TO DARW ELLIPSE BY PARTICULAR METHOD.
SPECIFY AXIS END POINT OF ELLIPSE OR [ ARC / CENTRE]

SPECIFY OTHER END POINT OF AXIS:

XLINE ( XL ): IT IS USED TO DRAW YHE INFINITE LENGTH OF LINE.


SPECIFY A POINT OR [HOR/VER/ANG/BISECT/OFFSET]:

HOR : TO DRAW XLINE HORIZANTALLY.

VER : TO DRAW XLINE VERTICALLY.

ANG : TO DRAW XLINE WITH AN ANGLE.

BISECT : TO DRAW XLINE AS A BISECTOR OF SELECTED ANGLE.

OFFSET : IT IS USED TO COPY SELECTED XLINE WITH OR WITHOUT

DISTANCE PARALLELY.

RAY : IT IS USED TO DRAW INFINITE LENGTH OF LINE FROM A


START POINT.
REVISIONCLOUD ( REVCLOUD): IT IS USED TO DRAW THE CLOUDS.
SPECIFY START POINT OR [ARC LENGTH/OBJECT/STYLE] <OBJECT>:

ARC LENGTH : IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE MIN,MAX ARC LENGTH.

NOTE : MAXIMUM ARC LENGTH CANNOT EXCEED THREE TIMES THE


MINIMUM ARC LENGTH.

OBJECT : IT IS USED TO CHANGE OBJECT INTO CLOUDS.


STYLE : IT IS USED TO CHANGE STYLE OF CLOUDS.

Select arc style [Normal/Calligraphy] <Calligraphy>:

MULTILINE ( ML ): IT IS USED TO DRAW THE MULTILINES.


SPECIFY START POINT OR [JUSTIFICATION/SCALE/STYLE]:

JUSTIFICATION: IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE POSITION OF CURSOR.

enter justification type [top/zero/bottom] <top>:

SCALE: IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE SCALE FACTOR OF MLINE.


DEFAULT : one

STYLE: IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE STYLE OF MLINE.


DEFAULT IS standard.

MULTILINE STYLE ( MLSTYLE ): IT IS USED TO CREATE THE NEW


STYLES OF MLINES.

NOTE: THE MAX NO OF LINES TO ADD IS 16.

SPLINE ( SPL ): IT IS USED TO DRAW THE CONTINIOUS CURVED LINE.

NOTE: TO EXIT FROM THIS COMMAND USE ENTER THREE TIMES.

POLYLINE ( PL ): IT IS USED TO DRAW THE SINGLE ENTITY CONTINIOUS


LINE.
NOTE: PL IS A SINGLE ENTITY BUT A LINE IS MULTI ENTITY.
PL HAS TWO GRIPS BUT A LINE HAS THREE.
PL CAN MODIFY BUT A LINE CAN’T.

pline enter
specify start point:
specify next point or [arc/close/halfwidth/length/undo/width]:
MODIFY COMMANDS

MULTIPLE : IT IS USED TO REPEAT THE COMMAND.

MOVE ( M ) : IT IS USED TO MOVE THE SELECTED OBJECTS WITH OR


WITHOUT DISTANCE.

i. move enter
ii. select objects:
iii. specify base point or
iv. specify second point

NOTE : TO MOVE THE SELECTED OBJECTS WITH PARTICULAR DISTANCE


USE CO ORDINATE SYSTEM.

COPY ( CO ) : IT IS USED TO COPY THE SELECTED OBJECTS WITH OR


WITHOUT DISTANCE MULTIPLE TIMES.

ROTATE ( RO ): IT IS USED TO ROTATE THE SELECTED OBJECTS WITH


PARTICULAR ANGLE.

select objects:
specify base point:
specify rotation angle or [copy/reference] <0>: 45

SCALE ( SC ): IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE SCALE FACTOR OF SELECTED


OBJECTS.

scale
select objects: 1 found
select objects:
specify base point:
specify scale factor or [copy/reference] <1.0000>: 2
MOCORO : IT IS USED BEING IN ONE COMMAND TO MOVE, COPY,
ROTATE, SCALE THE SELECTED OBJECTS.

mocoro
select objects: 1 found
select objects:
base point:
[move/copy/rotate/scale/base/undo]<exit>: .

PAN ( P ): IT IS USED TO MOVE THE TOTAL PAGE .

NOTE : TO APPALY PAN WITHOUT USING PAN COMMAND


BY USING PAN TOOL
BY PRESSING CENTRE BUTTON OF MOUSE.

ZOOM ( Z ): IT IS USED TO MAGNIFY THE OBJECTS ON THE PAGE.


[ALL/CENTER/DYNAMIC/EXTENTS/PREVIOUS/SCALE/WINDOW/OBJECT] <REAL TIME>:

ALL: TO FIT THE OBJECTS AS PER THE PAGE.

CENTRE : TO ZOOM THE OBJECTS BY MEANS OF HEIGHT.

DYNAMIC: TO ZOOM THE OBJECTS BY USING DYANAMIC BOX.

EXTENTS : TO ZOOM THE OBJECTS UPTO EXTENTS.

PREVIOUS : TO SEE PREVIOUS ZOOM OPTIONS.

SCALE : TO ZOOM THE OBJECTS BY USING SCALE FACTOR.

WINDOW : TO ZOOM THE OBJECTS BY USING THE WINDOW.

OBJECT : TO ZOOM THE SELECTED OBJECT.

NOTE : THE DEFAULT VALUE IS “ REAL TIME “


IT IS USED FOR BOTH ZOOM IN / OUT.
WE CAN APPALY ZOOM PREVIOUS MAX 10 TIMES.
WE CAN APPALY ZOOM SCALE AND WINDOW DIRECTLY.
OFFSET ( O ): IT IS USED TO COPY SELECTED OBJECT WITH OR
WITHOUT DISTANCE PARALLELY AND CONCENTRICALLY

offset enter
specify offset distance or [through/erase/layer] <1.0000>: .5
select object to offset or [exit/undo] <exit>:
specify point on side to offset or [exit/multiple/undo] <exit>: m
specify point on side to offset or [exit/undo] <next object>:

OFFSETGAPTYPE : IT IS USED TO CONTROL DISPLAY OF EDGES WHILE


OFFSETTING.
MIRROR ( MI ): IT IS USED TO CREATE THE DUPLICATE OBJECTS OF
THE SELECTED BY USING REFERENCE LINE.

ARRAY ( AR or –AR ): IT IS USED TO ARRANGE THE OBJECTS IN A


PARTICULAR METHOOD.

POLAR
RECTANGULAR
EXTEND ( EX ): IT IS USED TO EXTEND THE SELECTED OBJECTS UPTO
THE SELECTED BOUNDARY.

NOTE : EX DOUBLE ENTER IS USED TO EXTEND THE OBJECTS DIRECTLY.

TRIM ( TR ): IT IS USED TO TRIM THE UNWANTED OBJECTS UPTO THE


SELECTED CUTTING EDGE.

NOTE : TR DOUBLE ENTER IS USED TO TRIM THE OBJECTS DIRECTLY.


BY USING SHIFT WE CAN EXTEND IN TRIM COMMAND AS WELL AS
WE CAN TRIM IN EXTEND COMMAND.

CHAMFER ( CHA ): IT IS USED TO MAKE CHAMFER TO ANY EXISTING


CORNERS.

FILLET ( F ): IT IS USED TO MAKE FILLET TO ANY EXISTING CORNERS


GRIPS : .IT IS USED TO CONTROL THE DISPLAY OF GRIPS.

0 is off
1 is on

NOTE : GRIPS ARE USED TO MOVE OR STRECTH OR SHRINK THE


SELECTED OBJECTS.

GRIPSIZE : .IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE SIZE OF GRIP.


DEFAULT IS 5
RANGE IS 1 --- 255.

GRIPCOLOR: .IT IS USED TO CHANGE COLOR OF THE GRIP.


RANGE IS 1 --- 255.

GRIPHOT: .IT IS USED TO CHANGE COLOR OF THE SELECTED GRIP.


RANGE IS 1 --- 255.

VIEWRES : IT IS USED TO GIVE THE SMOOTHNESS TO THE CIRCLES.


DEFAULT ZOOM % IS 1000
RANGE IS 1 --- 20000.
ZOOM % IS 10000
DSVIEWER : .IT IS USED TO ZOOM THE OBJECTS BY USING AREIAL
WINDOW.
BLIPMODE : IT IS USED TO DRAW THE BLIP MARKS

( ON / OFF ).

REDRAW ( R ): IT IS USED TO REMOVE BLIP MARKS FROM THE PAGE.


NOTE: UNDO CAN’T APPLY FOR THIS.
EXPLODE ( X ) : IT IS USED TO MAKE THE SINGLE ENTITY OBJECT INTO
MULTIPLE SEGMENTS.

NOTE : IT CAN’T APPALY TO CURVED OBJECTS ONLY.

REGION ( REG ): IT IS USED TO MAKE THE INDIVIDUAL OBJECTS INTO A


SINGLE OBJECT.

NOTE : IT CAN APPALY TO CLOSED OBJECTS ONLY.


SOLID ( SO ): IT IS USED TO FILL THE SOLID TO THE POLYGONAL
OBJECTS.

DONUT ( DO ): IT IS USED TO DRAW THE SOLID FILLED CIRCLES.


donut enter
specify inside diameter of donut <0.5000>:

specify outside diameter of donut <1.0000>:

specify center of donut or <exit>:

NOTE:

IF ID IS 0.5 AND OD IS 1 THEN

IF ID IS 1 AND OD IS 0.5 THEN

IF ID IS 1 AND OD IS 1 THEN
IF ID IS 0 AND OD IS 1 THEN

IF ID IS 1 AND OD IS 0 THEN

` Value must be positive and nonzero.

TRACE : IT IS USED TO DRAW THE SOLID FILLED LINES.

Trace enter
specify trace width <0.0500>:
specify start point:
specify next point:
specify next point:

NOTE : IN THIS TO DISPLAY LINE UPTO LAST POINT, WE HAVE TO THE


NEXT POINT.

FILL : IT IS USED TO CONTROL THE DISPLAY OF SOLID FILLING.


( ON / OFF )
NOTE: IT IS ASYSTEM VARIABLE COMMAND SO, WE HAVE TO REFRESH
THE PAGE.

REGENERATE( RE ): IT IS USED TO REFRESH THE PAGE.

GROUP( G ): IT IS USED TO MAKE THE INDIVISUAL OBJECTS IN TO A


SINGLE GROUP WITH PARTICULAR NAME.

CALCULATOR( CAL ): IT IS USED TO PERFORM THE NUMERICAL


OPERATIONS, SCIENTIFIC OPERATIONS.
IN THIS WE CAN CONVERT THE UNITS FROM ONE SYSTEM TO
ANOTHER BY USING “CVUNIT “.

SYNTAX IS CVUNIT ( VAL, SU, DU)

QUICK CALCULATOR( QC ); IT IS USED TO PERFORM THE


CALCULATOR OPERATIONS BY USING A WINDOW.

DIVIDE( DIV ): IT IS USED TO DIVIDE THE SELECTED OBJECTS IN TO


PARTICULAR NO OF SEGMENTS.

MEASURE ( ME ): IT IS USED TO MEASURE THE SELECTED OBJECTS.

BREAK ( BR ) : IT IS USED TO BREAK THE SELECTED OBJECTS.

NOTE: BY THE DEFAULT SELECTION POINT IS CONSIDER AS FIRST BREAK


POINT.
TO GIVE THE BREAK POINTS OTHER THAN SELECTION POINT THEN
USE SUB COMMAND “ FIRSTPOINT “.
TO GIVE THE BREAK WITH PARTICULAR DISTANCE THEN USE
CO-ORDINSTES.
TO GIVE THE BREAK WITH ZERO DISTANCE OR AT A POINT THEN
USE @ AS A SECOND BREAK POINT.
LENGENTHEN ( LEN ): IT IS USED TO CHANGE EXISTING LINE LENGTH
BY USING DIFFERENT METHODS.

SELECT AN OBJECT OR [DELTA/PERCENT/TOTAL/DYNAMIC]:

DELTA: IT IS USED TO INCREASE OR DECREASE THE LINE LENGTH BY


VALUES.
+ ve to increase
- ve to decrease

PERCENT: IT IS USED TO INCREASE OR DECREASE THE LINE LENGTH BY


GIVING PERCENTAGE.
standard is 100%.
>100% to increase.
< 100% to decrease.
TOTAL: IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE LINE LENGTH BY TOTAL VALUE.

DYNAMIC: IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE LINE LENGTH BY MOUSE.

PEDIT ( PE ): IT IS USED TO CONVERT THE LINES IN TO POLYLINE


OR
IT IS USED TO EDIT THE EXISTING POLYLINE.

TO CONVERT THE LINES IN TO POLYLINE


pedit enter
Select polyline or [Multiple]: M
Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 7 found
Select objects:
Convert Lines and Arcs to polylines [Yes/No]? <Y>
Enter an option [Close/Open/Join/Width/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype
gen/Undo]: J
Join Type = Extend
Enter fuzz distance or [Jointype] <0.0000>:
6 segments added to polyline
TO EDIT THE EXISTING POLYLINE
pedit enter
select polyline or [multiple]:
enter an option [close/join/width/edit vertex/fit/spline/decurve/ltype
gen/undo]:

PROPERTIES:

COLOR: IT IS USED TO LOAD THE NEW COLORS.

LINETYPE( LT ): IT IS USED TO LOAD THE NEW TYPE OF LINES.

LINETYPESCALE ( LTS ): IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE SCALE FACTOR


OF LINE TYPES.

LINE WEIGHT ( LW ): IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE LINEWEIGHT


SETTINGS.

NOTE: TO DISPLAY OR HIDE THE LINEWEIGHTS, USE LWT IN THE STATUS


BAR.

CHANGE PROPERTIES ( -CH ): IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE


PROPERTIES OF SELECTED OBJECTS.

MATCH PROPERTIES ( MA ): IT IS USED TO APPLY THE PROPERTIES


OF ONE OBJECT TO ANOTHER.

FILTER ( FI ): IT IS USED TO SEPARATE THE UNIQUE OBJECTS FROM THE


PAGE.

QSELECT : IT IS USED TO SEPARATE THE OBJECTS BY USING


PROPERTIES.
ENQUIRY COMMANDS

IDENTIFICATION ( ID ): IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE CO ORDINATES OF


SELECTED POINTS.

DISTANCE ( DI ): IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE DISTANCE BETWEEN ANY


TWO SELECTED POINTS.

AREA : IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE AREA OF THE SELECTED CLOSED


OBJECTS.

NOTE: IN THIS PERIMETER ALSO WILL DISPLAY.

TIME: IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE TOTAL EDITING TIME.

LIST ( LI ): IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE PROPERTIES OF SELECTED


OBJECTS.

DBLIST: IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE PROPERTIES OF ALL OBJECTS ON


THE PAGE.

NOTE: IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE PROPERTIES FROM THE COMMAND


WINDOW TO TEXT WINDOW, USE F2 KEY.
WORKING WITH BLOCKS

BLOCK ( B ): IT IS USED TO MAKE THE INDIVISUAL OBJECTS IN TO A


SINGLE BLOCK WITH PARTICULAR NAME TEMPORARLY.

WBLOCK ( W ): IT IS USED TO MAKE THE INDIVISUAL OBJECTS IN TO A


SINGLE BLOCK WITH PARTICULAR NAME PERMANANTLY.

INSERT ( I ): IT IS USED TO INSERT THE BLOCKS.


NOTE: THE BLOCK WHICH CAN BE OBTAIN BY USING MIRROR IS KNOWN
AS NEGATIVE BLOCK.
THE BLOCK WHICH IS INSIDE A BLOCK IS KNOWN AS NESTED
BLOCK.
THE BLOCK WHICH CAN BE MODIFY BY USING THE GRIPS IS KNOWN
AS DYANAMIC BLOCK.

AUTOCADDESIGNCENTRE ( ADC ) : IN THIS A FEW IMPARTANT


MECHANICAL, ELECTRICAL,CIVIL ETC READYMADE DESIGNS ARE
AVALIABLE BY MEANS OF BLOCKS.

SHORT KEY IS CTRL + 2.

TOOLPALETTE ( TP ): IN THIS A FEW IMPARTANT MECHANICAL,


ELECTRICAL,CIVIL ETC READYMADE DESIGNS ARE AVALIABLE BY MEANS
OF DYANAMIC BLOCKS.

SHORT KEY IS CTRL + 3.


WORKING WITH LAYERS

LAYER ( LA ): IT IS USED TO CREATE THE NEW LAYERS.


Or
TO EDIT THE EXISTING LAYERS.

TO CREATE A NEW LAYER:


by enter
click on new layer option
alt + n
give the right click,select new layer.

LAYER ON / OFF: IN THIS OBJECTS ARE INVISIBLE BUT WE CAN USE.

LAYER FREEZE / THAW: IN THIS OBJECTS ARE INVISIBLE AND WE


CAN’T USE.

NOTE : CURRENT LAYER CAN’T FREEZE.

LAYER LOCK / UNLOCK : IN THIS OBJECTS ARE VISIBLE BUT WE


CAN’T USE.

CLAYER : IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE CURRENT LAYER.

LAYERP : IT IS USED TO SEE THE PREVIOUS LAYER.

PURGE ( PU ): IT IS USED TO CANCEL THE UNUSED LAYERS.


WORKING WITH HATCH PATTERNS

HATCH ( H ): : IT IS USED TO APPALY THE HATCH PATTERNS TO THE


REGULAR AND IRREGULAR BOUNDARIES.

default pattern is ansi31


default scale is 1
default angle is 0

IT IS USED TO APPALY THE HATCH PATTERNS TO THE


REGULAR BOUNDARIES .

IT IS USED TO APPALY THE HATCH PATTERNS TO THE


IRREGULAR BOUNDARIES.
BY KEEPING THIS OPTION, WHEN THE BOUNDARY
MOVES PATTERN ALSO WILL MOVE TOGETHER.

BY KEEPING THIS OPTION, WHEN THE BOUNDARY


MOVES PATTERN WILLNOT MOVE TOGETHER.

IT IS USED TO APPALY HATCH PATTERN OF ONE


OBJECT TO ANOTHER.

GRADIENT: IT USED TO USED TO APPALY THE COLORS INSTEAD OF


HATCH PATTERNS TO THE REGULAR BOUNDARIES .

HATCHEDIT ( HE ): IT IS USED TO EDIT THE EXISTING HATCH PATTERN.


WORKING WITH TEXT

TEXT ( DT ): IT IS USED TO WRITE THE TEXT.


DEFAULT HEIGHT IS 0.2
ANGLE IS 0

specify start point of text or [justify/style]:


specify height <0.2000>:
specify rotation angle of text <0>:

JUSTIFY :

[Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]:

Align : IN THIS BOTH HEIGHT AND WIDTH WILL CHANGE.

Specify first endpoint of text baseline:


Specify second endpoint of text baseline:

Fit : IN THIS HEIGHT REMAINS CONSTANT.

Specify first endpoint of text baseline:


Specify second endpoint of text baseline:
Specify height <0.2000>: .5

Center:
Middle :

Right :

TL:

TC :
TR :

ML :

MC :

MR :

BL :
BC :

BR :

STYLE : IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE STYLE OF TEXT.


DEFAULT IS STANDARD.

STYLE ( ST ) : IT IS USED TO CREATE THE NEW TEXT STYLES.


(Or)
TO CHANGE THE FONT OF THE EXISTING TEXT.

DEFAULT FONT IS TXT.SHX

MIRRTEXT: IT IS USED TO CONTROL DISPLAY OF IMAGE OF TEXT.

0 IS PLANE
1 IS INVERSE.

QUICKTEXT ( QTEXT ): IT IS USED TO HIDE THE TEXT.


( ON / OFF )

NOTE: IT IS A SYSTEM VARIABLE COMMAND, SO USE REGENERATE.

SPELL : IT IS USED TO CHECK THE SPELLING OF EXISTING TEXT.


DDEDIT ( ED ): IT IS USED TO MODIFY THE EXISTING TEXT.

TEXTFIT : IT IS USED TO STRETCH OR SHRINK THE EXISTING TEXT.

TEXTEXPLODE ( TXTEXP ): IT IS USED TO EXPLODE THE EXISTING


TEXT.

MULTILINETEXT ( MT or T ): IT IS USED TO WRITE THE TEXT IN


A PASSAGE OR PARAGRAPH BY USING TEXT FORMATING WINDOW.

NOTE : TO EXIT FROM THIS COMMAND USE OK IN THE TEXT FORMATING


WINDOW OR CTRL + ENTER.

ARCTEXT : IT IS USED TO WRITE THE TEXT ALONG THE ARC.


WORKING WITH ATTRIBUTES

ATTRIBUTES: IT IS USED TO GIVE INFORMATION ABOUT DESIGN.

ATTDEF( ATT ): IT IS USED TO GIVE THE VALUE TO THE SELECTED TAG


IN PARTICULAR MODE.
ATTDIA : IT IS USED TO CONTROL THE DISPLAY OF REQUEST DIALOUGE
BOX.

0 is in command

1 is in a window.

ATTDISP : IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE ATTRIBUTE VALUES.


( NORMAL / ON / OFF )

ATTMODE : IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE ATTRIBUTE VALUES BY


VALUES.
0 is off

1 is normal

2 is on

ATTEDIT : IT IS USED TO MODIFY THE ATTRIBUTE VALUES.

BATTMAN : IT IS USED TO CHANGE MODE OF THE ATTRIBUTE VALUES.


WORKING WITH IMAGES

IMAGEMANAGER( IM ): IT IS USED TO ATTACH THE SELECTED IMAGE.


( ATTACH / UNLOAD / RELOAD / DETTACH )

IMAGEADJUST : IT IS USED TO ADJUST THE BRIGHTNESS, CONTRAST,


FADE OF THE SELECTED IMAGE.

IMAGEFRAME : IT IS USED TO CONTROL THE DISPLAY OF IMAGE FRAME.


(0/1/2)

a) by keeping ‘0’ frame willhide.

b) by keeping ‘1’ frame will display as well as present in

the printout.

c) by keeping ‘2’ frame will display but not present in the printout.

IMAGECLIP : IT IS USED TO CUT THE SELECTED IMAGE.


IMAGECLIP

select image to clip: specify opposite corner:

enter image clipping option [on/off/delete/new boundary] <new>:

enter clipping type [polygonal/rectangular] <rectangular>:

specify first corner point:

specify opposite corner point:


DRAWORDER ( DR ): IT IS USED TO ADJUST THE POSITION OF THE
SELECTED IMAGE.

ENTER OBJECT ORDERING OPTION [ABOVE OBJECTS/UNDER


OBJECTS/FRONT/BACK] <BACK>:

NOTE : TRACING THE FEATURES ON THE SELECTED IMAGE IS CALLED


DIGITIZATION.

STEPS

• ATTACH THE SELECTED IMAGE TO THE GUI PAGE.


• READ THE IMAGE BY ZOOM / PAN
• CREATE THE REQUIRED LAYERS
• DIGITIZE THE FEATURES OF EACH LAYER BY PLINE
• MODIFY BY USING GRIPS
• MODIFY BY USING PEDIT--- EDIT VERTEX--- INSERT
• MODIFY BY USING BREAK,JOIN
• MODIFY BY USING CHANGE or MATCH PROPERTIES
• WRITE THE TEXT BY USING TEXT COMMAND
• FINALLY SAVE FEATURES AFTER REMOVE THE IMAGE.
` WORKING WITH DIMENSIONS

DIM: IT IS USED TO ENTER INTO DIMENSION PROMPT.

DIM1 : IT IS USED TO ENTER INTO DIMENSION PROMPT, IT WILL APPALY


FOR ONLY ONE DIMENSION.

NOTE : ALL DIMENSIONAL PROMPTS ARE SHOULD APPLY IN THE


DIMENSION COMMAND ONLY.

HOR : IT IS USED TO GIVE THE HORIZANTAL DIMENSION.

VER : IT IS USED TO GIVE THE VERTICAL DIMENSION.


ALI : IT IS USED TO GIVE THE ALLIGNED DIMENSION.
ANG : IT IS USED TO GIVE THE ANGULAR DIMENSION.
RAD : IT IS USED TO GIVE THE RADIUS OF THE SELECTED CIRCLES AND
ARCS.
DIA : IT IS USED TO GIVE THE DIAMETER OF THE SELECTED CIRCLES AND
ARCS.

TOFL : IT IS USED TO GIVE THE DIAMETER, RADIUS FROM THE CENTRE.


CEN : IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE CENTRE OF CIRCLE OR ARC
PERMENTLY.

CON : IT IS USED TO GIVE THE DIMENSION FROM THE LAST EXTENTION


LINE.
BASE: IT IS USED TO GIVE THE DIMENSION FROM A BASE POINT.

LEADER ( L ): IT IS USED TO CREATE A LINE THAT CONNECTS OBJECT


AND ANNOTATION.

TEDIT : IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE POSITION OF THE TEXT.

tedit enter
select dimension:
specify new location for dimension text or [left/right/center/home/angle]: l
LEFT:

RIGHT:

CENTER:
HOME :

ANGLE:

OBLIQUE: IT IS USED TO CHANGE EXTENSION LINE ANGLE.


WORKING WITH SYSTEM VARIAB DIMENSIONS

UPDATE( UP ): IT IS USED TO UPDATE THE GIVEN DIMENSIONS.

TXT : IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE HEIGHT OF SELECTED DIMENSIONAL


TEXT

DEFAULT IS 0.18

EXE: IT IS USED TO EXTEND THE EXTENTION LINES.


DEFAULT IS 0.18

EXO: IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE GAP B/W ORIGN TO EXTENTION LINES.


DEFAULT IS 0.0625
ASZ: IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE ARROW HEAD SIZE.
DEFAULT IS 0.18

GAP : IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE GAP B/ W DIMENSION LINES TO TEXT.


DEFAULT IS 0.09

SCALE : IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE SCALE FACTOR OF SELECTED


DIMENSION.
DEFAULT IS 1
BLK : IT IS USED TO CHANGE SYMBOL OF ARROWS.
TIX : IT IS USED TO FIT THE DIMENSION B/W EXTENTION LINES.
( OFF / ON )

TIH : IT IS USED TO FIT THE TEXT ALONG THE OBJECT.


( ON / OFF )

TAD : IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE POSITION OF TEXT.


0 IS CENTRE.
1 IS ABOVE
2 IS BELOW.

” 0”

“1”

“2”
WORKING WITH COLORS

CLRT: IT IS USED TO ASSIGN THE COLOR TO SELECTED TEXT.


DEFAULT IS BY BLOCK

CLRE: IT IS USED TO ASSIGN THE COLOR TO EXTENSION LINES.

DEFAULT IS BY BLOCK

CLRD: IT IS USED TO ASSIGN THE COLOR TO DIMENSION LINES.


DEFAULT IS BY BLOCK
WORKING WITH TOLORENCE VALUES

TOL: IT IS USED TO GIVE THE TOLENRENCE VALUES.

TP: IT IS USED TO GIVE THE POSITIVE TOLENRENCE VALUES.

TM: IT IS USED TO GIVE THE NEGATIVE TOLENRENCE VALUES.

WORKING WITH UNITS

ORDER OF UNITS:
1. SCIENTIFIC
2. DECIMAL
3. ENGINEERING
4. ARCHITECTURAL
5. FRACTIONAL

LUNIT : IT IS USED TO CHANGE UNITS OF SELECTED DIMENSION.


DEFAULT IS 2

DEC : IT IS USED TO CHANGE DECIMALS OF SELECTED DIMENSION.


DEFAULT IS 4

DSEP : IT IS USED TO CHANGE DECIMAL SEPARATOR OF SELECTED


DIMENSION.
DEFAULT IS . ( DOT ).

WORKING WITH ALTERNATE UNITS.

ALT : IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE ALTERNATE UNITS OF SELECTED


DIMENSION.
ALTU: IT IS USED TO CHANGE ALTERNATE UNITS OF SELECTED
DIMENSION.

DEFAULT IS 2

ALTD: IT IS USED TO CHANGE THE DECIMALS OF THE ALTERNATE UNITS


OF SELECTED DIMENSION.

DEFAULT IS 2

POST : IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE NAME OF UNIT BESIDE IT.

APOST : IT IS USED TO DISPLAY THE NAME OF ALTERNATE UNIT BESIDE


IT.
WORKING WITH SUPRESSING DIMENSIONS.

SD1: IT IS USED TO SUPRESS THE DIMENSION LINE 1.

SD2 : IT IS USED TO SUPRESS THE DIMENSION LINE 2

SE1 : IT IS USED TO SUPRESS THE EXTENTION LINE 1.


SE2 : IT IS USED TO SUPRESS THE EXTENTION LINE 2.