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,

()
INTERSTATE COUNCIL FOR STANDARDIZATION, METROLOGY AND CERTIFICATION
(ISC)

8.586.1
2005
( 5167-1:2003)


ISO 5167-1:2003
Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in
circular cross-section conduits running full
Part 1: General principles and requirements
(MOD)

32006/31

8.586.12005

, 1.092 . 1.297 . ,
. , , ,

1
( ), - ( ),
-
, , (),
2

3 , ( 28 9 2005 .)
:

( 3166) 00497


( 3166) 00497

AM

BY
KZ
KG

MD
RU

TJ
TM
UZ
UA

4
5167-1:2003 ,
. 1.
(ISO 5167-1:2003 Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in circular
cross-section conduits running full Part 1: General principles and requirements) , , .
1.52001 ( 3.6)
5 31
2006 . 237- 8.586.12005 ( 5167-1:2003) .
c . 1.
1 2007 .
II

8.586.12005
6
( ) .

, .

, 2007
,

III

8.586.12005

1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
3.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
3.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
4.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
4.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5.4 , ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5.5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
6.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
6.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
6.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . 13
() . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
() . . . . . . . . 17
() . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
() . . . . 25
() . . . . . . . . . 27
() . . . . 28
() . . . 35
()
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
()
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
IV

8.586.12005

8.586.1-2005 8.586.5-2005
.
( ) :
- 1. ;
- 2. . ;
- 3. . ;
- 4. . ;
- 5. .

:
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[1] :
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8.586.5.
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.

1)

[3] .

8.586.12005
( 5167-1:2003)




1

State system for ensuring the uniformity of measurements.
Measurement of liquids and gases flow rate and quantity by means of orifice instruments. Part 1. Principle of the method of
measurements and general requirements
20070101

1
, , .
, , .
, ,
.

2
:
8.4172002 .
8.56699 . .
8.586.22005 ( 5167-2:2003) .
. 2. .
8.586.32005 ( 5167-3:2003) .
. 3. .
8.586.42005 ( 5167-4:2003) .
. 4. .
8.586.52005 .
. 5.
278973 .
293963 .
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8.586.12005

, 1
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3
15528 [6],
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3.1
3.1.1 : ( ), , , .

( ) ( ).

3.1.2 : ,
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3.1.3 : ,
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3.1.4 :

.
3.1.5 : .
3.1.6 : , .
3.1.7 : , , ( ) ,

.
,
.

3.2
3.2.1 : , , ( ).
3.2.2 : ,

,
8.586.2 8.586.4.
3.2.3 : , .
3.2.4 : ( 1932,
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.
2

8.586.12005
3.2.5 : ,
, .
3.2.6 : ,
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3.2.7 1932: , , .
3.2.8 : , .
3.2.9 : , 1932,
().
3.2.10 : ,
, (), ().
3.2.11 :
, .
3.2.12 :
,
b=

d
D

(3.1)

3.2.13 : ,
, .
3.2.14 :
, 8.586.2 8.586.4.
3.3
3.3.1 : ( ,
), () .
3.3.2 : ,
() .
3.3.3 : , .
3.3.4 : , .
3.3.5 , :
, 2939 0,101325 ,
20 C ( ).
3.3.6 : ,

Re =

4q r
4q
4q r
wDr
= m = c c = v .
pmD
pmD
pmD
m

(3.2)

3.3.7 () : ,

8.586.12005

k=

r p
.
p r s

(3.3)

, . .

3.3.8 -: ,
m JT =

T
p

m JT =
H

RT 2 Z
.
Mpc p T p

(3.4)

3.3.9 :
,
=

qm
.
p 2
d E 2 D pr
4

(3.5)

E
= 1/ 1 - b 4 .

(3.6)

C E .

3.3.10 : ,
,
.
, ,
, .

3.4
3.4.1 : , , , ,
, 8.586.2 8.586.5.
3.4.2 :
(.
2789 [7]).

1 , .
2 .

3.4.3 : , , ,
.
,

(3.7)
R = pR.

3.4.4 : ,
(, , , . .).
3.4.5 :
, () .
3.4.6 : , .
3.4.7 : , .
4

8.586.12005
3.4.8 :
.
3.5
3.5.1 : ,
, .
3.5.2 : ,
.
3.5.3 : , .
3.5.4 : , ,
, , ,
.
3.5.5 :
,
.
3.5.6 : ,
, , , ,
.
3.5.7 : , .

4
4.1
1.
1

d
d20

1
/( )

20 C

D20

20 C

Dt

, ( )

K
K
K
K

1
/
1

,
, 20 C

, , 20 C

, L = l/D

1
5

8.586.12005
1

p
p

p
qv

3/

qm
qc

3/

R
R

/( )

R = 8,31451

Re

T
uy

u'y

() : T = 273,15 + t
y

U y

%
/

at
b

Dp
Dw


, ,

: n = m/r

2/

/3

m JT


.
6

8.586.12005
4.2
:
;
;
;
max ;
min .
( ) , .
4.3
:
;
;
;
;
;
.

4.4
(
SI).
8.417
, , SI,
SI.

5
5.1
5.1.1 .
,
, , .
( ) , , , ,
.

qm = (pd 2/4) e (2 r D p)0,5.

(5.1)

(5.1) .
5.1.2 . , , [2] [3], .
5.1.3 . , ,
[2], .
5.1.4

qm = (pd 2/4)e (2rDp)0,5.

(5.2)

[2] [3] 8.586.2 8.586.3


.

5.1.5 , , ,
qm = qv r = qc rc.

(5.3)
7

8.586.12005
5.2
, , .
, ,
.
5.3
qm (5.2)
, ,
.
, . . ( )
( ) Re, , , . .
8.586.5 ( 8).
5.4 , ,

5.4.1
5.4.1.1
.
, , , , .

,
(. 8.566).
5.4.1.2 , ( ) ,
.

8.586.5 ( 6.4.1).


.

.

8.586.5 ( 6.4.2).
5.4.2
5.4.2.1 ,
, 8.586.5.
5.4.2.2 , ,
( ), [. 8.586.2 ( 5.2); 8.586.3 ( 5.1.5 5.3.3); 8.586.4 ( 5.4)].

, (
), 1.

8.586.12005

( ) ( ).
1


.

.
8.586.5
( 6.2).
5.4.3
, .
( )
.

, ,
8.586.5 ( 6.3).
5.5

d D :
d = d20Kc;

(5.4)

D = D20K;

(5.5)

Kc = 1 + at cy(t 20);

(5.6)

K = 1 + at (t 20),

(5.7)

at cy ;
at .

(.1), .
9

8.586.12005

6
6.1
6.1.1 ,
.
, ,
.
6.1.2 --
, .
6.2
6.2.1 (, ),
().
6.2.2 . (, ) .

1 , (, , .) .
2 ,
.

6.3
6.3.1 .
, [8] [9]:
1 n

(Dpi - Dp)2
n
i =1

Dp

0, 5

0, 1,

(6.1)

n , ;
i ;
Dpi i- ;
Dp =

1 n
Dpi .
n i =1

8.586.5 ( ).
(6.1) , ,
,
, , 8.586.5 ( ).
8.586.5 ( ).

6.3.2 .
6.3.2.1
.

() .
6.3.2.2 .
0 T, ,

Dp

0 = 1 -
p

K -1
K

(6.2)

()
.
10

8.586.12005
6.3.3 , 0,25.
6.3.4 Re , 8.586.2 (
5.3.1), 8.586.3 ( 5.1.6.1, 5.2.6.1, 5.3.4.1), 8.586.4 ( 5.5.2, 5.5.3, 5.5.4),
.
6.3.5 .

7
7.1
7.1.1 . ,
( 2D), , , .
7.1.2 , .
.
7.1.3 ,
.
, , ,
, ,
0,4 % .
,
.
, , .
7.1.4
, 0,5D, ,
30 .
, .

10D ( ,
10D) 4D ( 4d),
( ).
, , .
7.1.5 , , .
, 10D
( , 10D)
4D ( 4d). .
2D .
R 8.586.2 ( 5.3.2.3),
8.586.3 ( 5.1.6.4, 5.2.6.4), 8.586.4 ( 6.4.2). ,
. R ,
0,75 , R . R
.
,
R.
R
11

8.586.12005
R = R/p,

(7.1)

R [10].
R , ,
1
(7.2)
-(
)
R
9,34
= 3,71 10 2 l .
Re l


l=

2 Dp D
lm rw

(7.3)

Dp l m .

w
w=

4q m
4q r
4q
= c 2c = v2 .
rpD
rpD 2
pD

(7.4)

R .1 ( ).
[11].
7.1.6 () . , .
.
0,08D.
0,5D .
, . ,
,
30.
, .
() .
2
.

1 ; 2 ; 3 ; 4 ; 5 ()

2
12

8.586.12005
7.1.7 , , .
.
.
.
, , 5D 5D .
, , 5D 5D .
( ) , [12].
0,3 C 1,5 C
.
.
7.2
7.2.1 . , 6
8.586.2, 8.586.3 8.586.4.
,
:
- 2 ;
- , 2D,

5 % .

.
7.2.2
.
.
, . , - , .

13

8.586.12005

()


,
.1.
, 0, 1 2 (. .1),
, .

.1

1 2 (. .1):
p1
w2
w2
p
w2
w2
w2
+ F1 1 + y1 1 = 2 + F 2 2 + y 2 2 + x 2 ,
r
2
2
r
2
2
2

(.1)

F 1, F 2 ,
,

F =

dF

w F

y 1, y 2 , 1 2;
x ;
F .

w0F 0 = w1F 1 = w2F 2
14

8.586.12005
w1 w2 w0 F0 :
w1 = w0 b 2 ;

(.2)

w2 = w0 b ;

b2

(.3)

,
b2 = F0/F1,

(.4)

m ,
m = F2/F0.
(.5)
w1 w2, w0, (.1). w0 :
m
(.6)
q m = rF0 w 0 = F0
2r( p1 - p2 ).
F 2 + Y2 + x - F 1b4 m 2 - y 1b4 m 2
E = 1 / (1 - (F0 / F1 )2 ) ,
:
qm = rF0w0 = F0CE

2r( p1 - p2 ) ,

(.7)

m 1 - b4

C=

F 2 + y 2 + x - F 1b m - y 1b m

(.8)

, , . , ,
.
(A.7) , . . .
( ).
:
1

p k
r 2 = r1 2 .
p1

(.9)

:
d

w2
dp
+ gdh +
+ dL = 0 ,
2
r

(.10)

L , ;
h ,
.
(.10) :
w 22 - w 12
+ g (h 2 - h 1) +
2

dp
+ L = 0.
r
1

(.11)

(.11) (.9)
k -1

p2 k - 1 .

1
L = 0, h1 = h2 :
2

dp
k p
r = k - 1 r11
1

r1w1 = r0 w0 b 2 ;

(.12)

r 2 w 2 = r 0 w 0 /m ,

(.13)

m .
15

8.586.12005
:
2

p2 k
k
p1

qm = r 0 F0 w 0 = F0 E 2r1 ( p1 - p2 )
k - 1 ( p1 - p2 ) p1

m 2 (1 - b4 )

2
k

p
1 - b4 m 2 2
p1

k -1

p2 k
1 -
.
p1

(.14)

(.14) ,
:
qm = F0CEe 2r1 ( p1 - p2 ),

(.15)

e=

k
p1
m

k - 1 ( p1 - p2 ) m

2
k -1

p2 k
p2 k (F 2 + y 2 + x - F 1b4 m 2 - y 1b4 m 2 )

1 -
.
2
p1

p1

k
p

1 - b4 m 2 2
p1

, F 1 = F 2 = m = m = 1 y
:
2

e=

p2 k
k
p1

k - 1 ( p1 - p2 ) p1

= y 2 =x = 0. (.16)

(1 - b4 )
2
k

p
1 - b4 2
p1

(.16)

k -1

p2 k
1 -
.
p1

(.17)

(.16) , : F 1, F 2, m, m , y 1, y 2, x. ,
(.16) .
, ,
.

16

8.586.12005

()


.1 , .1.
.1

, R.

50 1000 .
, .

,

, ,
100 .

,

1932


,
, .

0,8.
.
100
,

.
500 .


R > 107.

,


.
, .

0,8

.
630 .


R > 107.

2 %


.
,
, 1932 .
R

.

Re.


.
,
,
.
.
,
.
1200

17

8.586.12005
.2 .1 100 . 1932 , .
1932 . ,
. , , ,
.
.3 .
) , , , ,
.
( ) ,
, .
) . , .
, (. 1)
. , .

18

8.586.12005

()


.1 ,
,
, , .
, :
- , ;
- , ,
;
- , ;
-
.
.
.2
( ) , , Re , , , .
(. 5.1.4) .
Re (. ) [.
8.586.5 ( 8)].
(. 5.1.4) Re:
Re =

Re*
K ,
C K

(.1)

C , Re, 106;
K , ,
Re = 106;
Re* ,
1 2
(.2)
d C EK K e (2 Dpr)0,5 .
Re* =
Dm
(. 5.1.4) (.1) :
) C K , (.2), Re*;
) , Re = Re*
Re
Re*
Re1 =
K ;
C K

(.3)

) d1 Re1 Re*
d1 =

Re1 - Re*
Re1

:
| d1| 104.

(.4)
(.4) , Re1 (.1), Re
Re*
Re2 =
K ,
C K

(.5)

Re = Re1;
) d2 Re2 Re1
d2 =

Re 2 - Re1
Re 2
19

8.586.12005
:
| d2 | 104.

(.6)
(.6) , Re2 (.1), Re
Ren+1 =

Re*
K ,
C K

(.7)

Re , n- ,

Re n - Re n -1
Ren+1 = Ren dn
.
dn - dn -1

(.8)

Re :
Re n + 1 - Re n
10 -4 ;
Re n + 1

(.9)

) Re, (5.2).
.3
:
- qm min , qm max , D , , , r, m, k;
- D, R,
[. 8.586.2 ( 5.3.2.4)].
:
) :
D 0,25 .
(.10)
(.10) , ,
, ,
(.10);
) [. 8.586.2 ( 5.3.1), 8.586.3
( 5.1.6.1, 5.2.6.1, 5.3.4.1), 8.586.4 ( 5.5.2, 5.5.3, 5.5.4)]
R R R ;
) Rmax Rmin R
:
Remax =

4q m max
;
pDm

Re min =

4q m min
pDm

:
Re Remax ;

(.11)

Re Remin .

(.12)

(.11) (.12) , ,
(.11) (.12) ;
)
A=

Re max m
;
D(2rDp )0, 5

(.13)

) [. 8.586.2 ( 5.3.1), 8.586.3


( 5.1.6.1, 5.2.6.1, 5.3.4.1), 8.586.4 ( 5.1.2, 5.1.3, 5.1.4)],
b b b ;
) 1 2 :
B1 = E1C1K11 b 2 e1 ;

(B.14)

E2C2K22 b 2 e2 ,

(B.15)

B2 =

1 ,2 b b, ;
1 Remax b;
2 Remax b;
1 b ( 1 = 1);
20

8.586.12005
2 b ( 2 = 1);
1 Remax b ( 1 = 1);
2 Remax b ( 2 = 1);
e1 b, Dp, k ;
e2 b, Dp, k .
d1 d2 :
d1 = (1 )/;
d2 = (2 )/.
d1 d2 , , b , .
d1 d2 , ;
) b :
= K b 2 e .

(.16)

(.16) .
:
- b
b = (b + b)/2;

(.17)

- b
= b2 e,

(.18)

Remax, e Dp, k p;
- :
d = |( )/| < 5 105.

(B.19)

(.19) , b (B.17), ,
< , b = b, ,
b = b.
b (.18) (.19).
, b, b b
(B.17) b, .
b (.19);
) b, [. 8.586.2
( 5.3.1), 8.586.3 ( 5.1.6.1, 5.2.6.1, 5.3.4.1), 8.586.4 ( 5.5.2, 5.5.3, 5.5.4)],
(R) (R) Re (.11)
(.12). , b, ),
, ;
) b, ),
d20 = bD/Kc.
(.20)
,
d20 [. 8.586.2 ( 5.3.1)]. , d20 .
.4
:
- qm min, qm max, , r, m , k;
- b, d , D, R,
[. 8.586.2 ( 5.3.2.4)].
:
) Rmax Rmin R
:
4q
4q
Remax = m max ; Re min = m min
pDm
pDm
:
Re Remax;

(.21)

Re Remin .

(.22)
21

8.586.12005
Re Re Re, b
[. 8.586.2 ( 5.3.1), 8.586.3 ( 5.1.6.1, 5.2.6.1, 5.3.4.1), 8.586.4 ( 5.5.2, 5.5.3, 5.5.4)].
(.21) (.22) , ,
;
) S
2

S=

8
q m max
,
2

r pCEK K d

(.23)

Remax;
) ,
S. , D :
D = S e2.

(.24)

(.24) :
- D1
D1 = S/ 0,9409;
-
D2 =S e-22 ,
e1 D = D1;
-
D3 =S e-22 ,
e2 D = D2.
-
Dp = Dp3 +

( D p3 - D p2 ) 2
;
(2 Dp2 - Dp3 - Dp1 )

(.25)

) S1
2

S1 =

q m min
8
,
2

r pCEK K d

(.26)

Remin;
) ,
S1. , D :
D = S1 e-2.

(.27)
(.27) , [. )].
.
.5
.5.1
.5.1.1 : wmax,
qmmin, qmmax, r m .
.
Amin, Amax, :
4q
(.28)
Amin = m min ;
pm
Amax =
=

4q m max
;
pm

4q m max
.
w max pr

(.29)
(.30)

R, b, D d
8.586.2 ( 5.3.1), 8.586.3 ( 5.1.6.1, 5.2.6.1, 5.3.4.1),
8.586.4 ( 5.1.2, 5.1.3, 5.1.4, 5.5.2, 5.5.3, 5.5.4).
Re = 5000, 1932 Re1 = 70000
Re2 = 20000.
.5.1.2
22

8.586.12005
b

Amin /(1,7 10 5 C ).

(.31)

(.31) , .
.5.1.3 N , N , N * :
N = /D 2 ;

(.32)

/D 2 ;

(.33)

N =
N *

= (1/C )(A

2
max /Re) .

(.34)

, 1932, N*
N * = (1/C )(Amin/Re)2.
1932
*
N 1

= (1/C

*
N 2

= (1/C

(.35)
N*1 ,

N*2

)(Amin /Re1)2;
)(Amin /Re2)2.

(.36)
(.37)

, (.32) (.37),
, .
.5.1.4 N D
:
N = Nmin = max(N , N * );

(.38)

D = /N .

(.39)

.5.1.5 1932 b :
*
N Nmax 1 = min(N , N 1
);

N < Nmax 2 = min(N ,

*
),
N 2

(.40)
(.41)

0,3 b < 0,44 (.40);


0,3 b < 0,80 (.40) (.41).
, .
.5.1.6 , :
N Nmax = min(N , N * ).

(.42)

(.42) , .
(.42) ,
:
max (bD, d) bD.

(.43)

(.43) , .
(.43) , N, D (.39)
, (.42).
.5.2

.5.2.1 ,b , p, D, qm max, qm min,r, m , k.
.
R, D d 8.586.2 ( 5.3.1), 8.586.3 ( 5.1.6.1, 5.2.6.1, 5.3.4.1), 8.586.4
( 5.1.2, 5.1.3, 5.1.4, 5.5.2, 5.5.3, 5.5.4).
Re = 5000.

A = E e (pb 2 /4) 2rDp .

(.44)

.5.2.2 (.28), (.29) : Amin Amax.


.5.2.3 D * D *
:
D * = max(D; d /b);
D *

= D.

(.45)
(.46)
23

8.586.12005
.5.2.4 :
N = Amax/ (ReD * );

(.47)

,
N = Amin/ (ReD * );

(.48)


N = min (N1; N2),

(.49)

Amin/(ReD* ); N2

= (Amin/170000)/(b D* )2.
N1 =
N N .5.1.3.
N < N , .
.5.2.5 N N , :
N N N.

(.50)

.5.2.6 D* D D* D
F = (q *m max q m max )/ qm max = 0,

(.51)

q *m max =ANCKD 2.

(.52)

C, , K 8.586.2
( 5.3.2,), 8.586.3 ( 5.1.6.2, 5.1.6.4 ,5.2.6.2, 5.3.4.2), 8.586.4 ( 5.5.2, 5.5.3, 5.5.4).
Re
Re = Amax/ (DN ).
(.53)
.5.2.7 (.51) :
) D1 = D* ; D2 = D* , qm max1, qm max2
(.52) F1 , F2 (.51);
)
D* = (D1 + D2)/2
q*m max (.52) , F * (.51);
|F *| < 0,001 D * ,
);
) F * F1 > 0, D1 = D* F1 = F * ;
F * F1 < 0, D2 = D* F2 = F * ;
).

24

8.586.12005

()



, [13] [14]:
at =106[a0 + a1(t /1000) + a2(t /1000)2],

(.1)

0, 1, 2 , .1.
.1 0, 1, 2 (.1)

(.1)

tmin

tmax

35

10,260

14,000

40

700

45

11,600

40

100

20

9,830

18,812

14,191

40

600

12189

16,466

5,360

3,000

40

700

15, 20

10,800

10,000

40

600

22

9,142

34,340

43,526

40

400

16

9,903

20,561

15,675

40

600

092

10,680

12,000

40

500

10

10,800

9,000

4,200

200

700

15

11,100

7,900

3,900

200

700

20

11,100

7,700

3,400

200

700

30,35

10,200

10,400

5,600

200

700

40,45

10,821

17,872

1 0,986

40

700

102

9,940

22,667

40

400

38

12,345

5,433

5,360

40

600

40

10,819

15,487

9,280

40

700

15

11,448

12,638

7,137

200

700

30, 30

10,720

14,667

200

500

121

10,000

9,600

6,000

200

700

251

10,235

18,640

13,000

40

600

12,020

8,000

40

600

155

10,100

2,700

200

700

1824

11,065

11,224

5,381

40

600

383

11,446

9,574

4,945

40

700

0813

9,971

9,095

4,115

40

800

1213

9,557

11,067

5,000

40

800

2013

9,520

11,333

40

600

3013

9,642

9,600

4,472

40

800

2521

25

8.586.12005
.1

(.1)

tmin

tmax

1014144

15,220

13,000

40

900

081810

15,325

11,250

40

500

12189

15,600

8,300

6,500

200

700

121810,
121812

16,206

6,571

40

900

081810

15,470

10,500

40

700

08226

6,400

60,000

40

300

371288

15,800

40

100

31199

16,216

6,400

40

1000

0628

9,153

30,944

26,478

40

600

20

11,660

9,000

40

700

25

10,750

12,500

40

500


, .1, [13].

26

8.586.12005

()


.1 R,
R U R


,
,
,

:
-
-
-

R 103,

R 103,

U R

0,03

0,01

100

0,01

0,003

100

0,03

0,01

100

0,03
0,10
0,10

0,01
0,03
0,03

100
100
100

:
-
-

0,10
0,10

0,03
0,03

100
100

0,15

0,045

33

0,25

0,08

20

1,25

0,375

60

0,6

100

0,04

0,0125

20

0,15

0,045

33

0,13

0,04

100

0,25

0,08

100

1,25

0,4

25

1,5

0,5

100

0,04

0,0125

20

0,03

0,01

100

0,05

0,015

100

27

8.586.12005

()


.1
.1.1 .
,
.
, ,
8.586.2 ( 6.3.1).
, , .
.1.2
x=

Dw
0,5rw

(.1)

Dw .
.2
.2.1
, ,
.
AMCA Etoile.
.2.2
.1.
, .
19, 10d, d . . .
, 19 , 8.586.2
( 6.3.2).
, . , 19 ,
0,025D, 0,75.

28

8.586.12005

)
b)

L 2D 3D, 2D.
, 0,95D Df D.

1 ; 2 ; 3 ( 0,025D); 4

.1

, .
.2.3 AMCA
, .2. , .

0,25.

29

8.586.12005

.2

.2.4 Etoile
Etoile .3.
, . .
.
Etoile 0,25.

.3 Etoile

.3
.3.1
, , .
Gallagher, K-Lab NOVA, NEL (Spearman), Sprenkle
Zanker.
.3.2 Gallagher
Gallagher o . o ,
, .4 .5.
Gallagher .
30

8.586.12005

.
, .
c)
3,2 D 50 75 , 6,4 D 100 450 , 12,7 D 500 600 , 12,7 D
50 300 , 17,1 D 350 600 .
d)
3,2 D 50 75 , 6,4 D 100 450 , 12,7 D 500 600 .
b)

1 ; 2 o

.4 Gallagher

1 :
19 ( ); 2 : 8
0,125D 0,25D, (
); 3
: 3816 (. )

:
3 ,
0,15D 0,155D.
,
3 % 5 % ;
8 ,
0,44D 0,48D.
, 19 % 21 % ;
16 ,
0,81D 0,85D.
,
25 % 29 % .

.5 Gallagher ( )
31

8.586.12005
.3.3 K-Lab NOVA
K-Lab NOVA, K-Lab NOVA, . 25 , , .6. 0,125D 0,15D.
, .
Re.
Re 8 105 :
(0,18629 0,00077)D;
8 (0,163 0,00077)D,
0,5D 0,5 ;
16 (0,1203 0,00077)D, 0,85D
0,5 .
8 105 > Re 105 :
(0,22664 0,00077)D;
8 (0,16309 0,00077)D,
0,5D 0,5 ;
16 (0,12422 0,00077)D, 0,85D
0,5 .
K-Lab NOVA .

.6 K-Lab NOVA

.7 NEL (Spearman)

32

.3.4 NEL
(Spearman)
NEL (Spearman) .7. .
:
4 (d1) 0,10D, 0,18D;
8 (d2) 0,16D, 0,48D;
16 (d3) 0,12D, 0,86D.

0,12D.

NEL (Spearman) 3,2.

8.586.12005
.3.5 Sprenkle
Sprenkle .8.
Sprenkle ,
(1 0,1)D .
, 45
, 40 % .
, 0,05D (. .8).
,
, .
Sprenkle 11,
, 14 .

.8 Sprenkle
.3.6 Zanker
Zanker .9.
Zanker , (
), (. .9).
, .
Zanker .
.3.7 Zanker
Zanker , .3.6. , 0,15D
, .

33

8.586.12005

)
b)
c)
d)
e)

4 0,141D, 0,25D.
8 0,139D, 0,56D.
4 0,1365D, 0,75D.
8 0,11D, 0,85D.
8 0,077D, 0,90D.
.9 Zanker

Zanker 32 ,
. .10.
0,1 D < 100 .
, l, , 0,12D l 0,15D. ; .
)

4
(0,141 0,001)D,
(0,25 0,002)D.
b)
8 (0,139 0,001)D,
(0,56 0,005)D.
c)
4 (0,1365 0,001)D,
(0,75 0,0075)D.
d)
8 (0,110 0,001)D,
(0,85 0,085)D.
e)
8 (0,077 0,001)D,
(0,90 0,009)D.
.10 Zanker
Zanker .
34

8.586.12005

()

.1 ,
.1.1 .1.2 .1.5
, , 0,67.
.1.6,
b 0,67.
, .1.7, .
.1.2 ,
, ,
, , ,
:
- 8.586.2 ( 5.3.2.1 5.3.3.1) ;
- 8.586.3 ( 5.1.6.2 5.1.7.1) 1932;
- 8.586.3 ( 5.2.6.2 5.2.7.1) ;
- 8.586.3 ( 5.3.4.2 5.3.5.1) ;
- 8.586.4 ( 5.5.2 5.7.1) ;
- 8.586.4 ( 5.5.3 5.7.2) ;
- 8.586.4 ( 5.5.4 5.7.3)
.
.1.3 , b, 0,67. , , , ,
.1.2, 0,23 %, :
a) , ( 8.586.2 ( 4)
b, 0,67);
) , 50 %, ,
;
) , (
18D 24, 30D
20). .
Chevron, .1.
, ) ), ,
, . 8.586.2 ( 4) b, 0,67.
,
:
- ;
- ;
- .
Chevron [15] [16].

35

8.586.12005

.1 Chevron
.1.4 , b, 0,4. .1.3
, ) .1.3.
.1.5 Re,
, .1.3 .1.4 Re,
, ) ), ) .1.3 Re.
Re, , :
104 Re1 106 Re2 > 106

(.1)

l1 l2 0,0036,

(.2)

l1, l2 , Re1 Re2, ,


[10]
1
18,7
2R
= 1,74 - 2 log10 +
.
Re l
l
D

(.3)

Re > 3 106, .1.3 .1.4 Re, 3 106.


,
.1.3 .1.4 Re,
Re .
, .1.3 .1.4
36

8.586.12005
D, , ) ), ) .1.3
D.
:
D1 0,11 ;

(.4)

D2 0,19 .

(.5)

.1.6 , 0,67, .1.2 .1.5. , .1.2 .1.5, bmax,


.
(0,63bmax 0,192) %.
Re, .1.5, :
104 Re1 106 Re2 > 106

(.6)

l1 l2

0,00241b max - 0,000735


.
,5
b 3max

(.7)

, .1.2 .1.6, b bmax.


.1.7 , ,
:
- ( ) ( ) ;
- ( ).
.
.2 ,

.
, , , , .1.2, 0,23 %.
(0,63b 0,192) % b > 0,67.
, :
- 8.586.2 ( 5.3.2.1 5.3.3.1) ;
- 8.586.3 ( 5.1.6.2 5.1.7.1) 1932;
- 8.586.3 ( 5.2.6.2 5.2.7.1) ;
- 8.586.3 ( 5.3.4.2 5.3.5.1) ;
- 8.586.4 ( 5.5.2 5.7.1) ;
- 8.586.4 ( 5.5.3 5.7.2) ;
- 8.586.4 ( 5.5.4 5.7.3)
.

37

8.586.12005

()

,

.1

8.4172002

8.56699

8.586.22005

5167-3:2003
, . 2. (MOD)

8.586.32005

5167-3:2003
, . 3. (MOD)

8.586.42005

5167-4:2003
, . 4. (MOD)

8.586.52005

278973

293963

1552886

:
- MOD .

38

8.586.12005

()

.1
5167-1:2003

4.1

4.1

4.2

4.2

4.3

4.4

5
5.1

5
5.1
*

5.2

5.2

5.3

5.3

5.4 ,

5.4 ,
,

5.5

6.1

6.1

6.2

6.2

6.3

6.3

7.1

7.1

7.2

7.2

7.3

7.4 (. )

8
8.1

**

8.2
39

8.586.12005
.1
5167-1:2003

()

()

()

()

()

B ()
, k

()

C ()

()

()

()

* , .
** , 8.586.5 ( 10).

40

8.586.12005

[1] 5167-1:2003
(International Standard ISO 5167-1:2003)

[2] 5167-2:2003
(International Standard ISO 5167-2:2003)

[3] 5167-3:2003
(International Standard ISO 5167-3:2003)

[4] 5167-4:2003
(International Standard ISO 5167-4:2003)

[5] 5168: 2005


(International Standard ISO 5168:2005)

[6]
2999
[7] 4288:1996
(International Standard ISO 4288:1996)

, . 1.

(Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential


devices inserted in circular cross-section conduits running
full Part 1: General principles and requirements)
, . 2.
(Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential
devices inserted in circular cross-section conduits running
full Part 2: Orifice plates)
, . 3.
(Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential
devices inserted in circular cross-section conduits running
full Part 3: Nozzles and Venturi nozzles)
, . 4.
(Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential
devices inserted in circular cross-section conduits running
full Part 4: Venturi tubes)
.
.
(Measurement of fluid flow Procedures for the evaluation of
uncertainties)
.

(GPS).
. .
(Geometrical Product Specification (GPS) Surface texture:
Profile method Rules and procedures for the assessment of
surface texture)
[8] 3313:1998
. (ISO/TR 3313:1998)
,
(Measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits Guidelines on
the effects of flow pulsations on flow-measurement instruments)
[9] Studzinski, W. and Bowen, J. White Paper on Dynamic Effects on Orifice Measurement, Washington D.C., American
Petroleum Institute, 1997
[10] . . . -
., 1969
[11] .. / . .. . 3- ., . . .: , 1992. 672 .

[12] 41-032003
[13] .., .. . . . 3-, . . .:
,1981. 391 .
[14] 8.563.197 .
. , 1932 , .
[15] Studzinski, W., Karnik, U., Lanasa, P., Morrow, T., Goodson, D., Husain, Z. and Gallagher, J. White paper on Orifice
Meter Installation Configurations with and without Flow Conditiners, Washington D.C., American Petroleum Institute,
1997
[16] Shen, J.J.S. Characterization of Swirling Flow and its Effects on Orifice Metering. SPE 22865, Richardson, Texas:
Society of Petroleum Engineers, 1991

41

8.586.12005
681.121.842:006.354

17.020

86

: , , , , , , ,
1932, , ,

42

..
..
..
..
05.12.2006. 10.01.2007. 6084 1 8. . .
. . . . 5,58. .-. . 4,50. 704 . . 1. C 3558.
, 123995 , ., 4.
www.gostinfo.ru
info@gostinfo.ru
.
. , 105062 , ., 6.

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