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(). 2001. .380. 6. .847-849. . . .:
The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic
effects. - Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001, Vol. 380, Numbers 1-6, p. 499-501.
DOI 10.1023/A:1012348127085.
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Key words: water quality, pollution, hazards, synergism, synecological,
summation of anthropogenic effects, synthetic surfactants, detergents, tensides,
filtering activity, marine bivalves, oysters, mussels, adult and juvenile mollusks,
phytoplankton, algae, Pavlova lutheri , Monochrysis lutheri, Crassostrea gigas,
Mytilus galloprovincialis, pollutants, filtration rate, clearance rate, filter feeders,
suspension feeders, nutrients, phosphorus, environmental chemistry and toxicology,
ecotoxicology, trophic chain


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Problems, Trends and Prospects. Berlin et al.: Springer-Verlag. 1991. 272 p.


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Abstract
THE HAZARD OF A TWO-LEVEL SYNERGISM OF SYNECOLOGICAL SUMMATION OF
ANTHROPOGENIC EFFECTS

S.A.Ostroumov
/ Published : Ostroumov S.A. The hazard of a two-level
synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects. Doklady Akademii
Nauk (DAN) 2001. Vol.380. No.6. pp. 847-849. Translated into English and
published: Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001, Volume 380, Numbers 1-6, p. 499-501.
..
// . 2001.
.380. 6. .847-849.
The paper presents the studies of the effects of some detergents on the filtering activity
of marine bivalves Crassostrea gigas Thunberg and Mytilus galloprovincialis Lam.
The detergents Vesna-Delikat, IXI, and Tide-Lemon inhibited water filtering by
bivalves, including filtering activity of both adult and juvenile organisms. The
concentrations of the detergents producing that effect were relatively low. The different
types of responses of phytoplankton and bivalves to some chemicals that co-occur in
the water (under the conditions of complex water pollution, or pollution with a mix of
chemicals) may produce consequences important to the state of the ecosystem. Because
of the trophic chain organization, there is a hazard in the summation of the negative
results of the effects of contaminants on the organisms of different trophic levels. The
concrete examples of synergism were found when anthropogenic impacts affected
organisms of two adjacent trophic levels. Bioeffects were described of the action of
synthetic detergent Vesna (1 mg/l) on oysters Crassostrea gigas, detergent IXI (10
mg/l) on mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis, detergent Tide-Lemon (50 mg/l) on M.
galloprovincialis. The hazards of simultaneous influence of contamination of
environment (e.g., by detergents) on organisms of two trophic levels may occur when
the polluting chemicals produce effects on algae and bivalves that are filter-feeders.
[Publisher MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica, distributed by Springer Science+Business
Media LLC.; ISSN 0012-4966 (Print) 1608-3105 (Online)] DOI
10.1023/A:1012348127085.]

..
: ..
// . 2001.
.380. 6. .847-849.
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..:
World-wide, international citing: publications authored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov, examples; 10.3.2011.
http://www.scribd.com/doc/50443283/

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